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Braz. j. oral sci ; 22: e237545, Jan.-Dec. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1433748


Aim: To evaluate dentin permeability after pretreatment with 2.5% aqueous solution of titanium tetrafluoride (TiF4), followed by a self-etching universal adhesive system. Methods: Forty dentin discs (1.5 mm thick) were randomly divided into groups according to the application or non-application of a pretreatment, and the type of adhesive system to be tested (two-step self-etching/ Clearfil SE Bond/ Kuraray Medical, or universal adhesive system/ Single Bond Universal/ 3M ESPE). Both sides of the discs were conditioned with 37% phosphoric acid to remove the smear layer. The first hydraulic conductivity measurement (L1) was performed in a permeability machine, under 5 PSI pressure. The samples were sanded again to form a standardized smear layer. The teeth designated for pre-treatment with TiF4 received the TiF4 solutions applied actively for 60 seconds, and the adhesive systems were applied according to the manufacturer's instructions. Then, a new hydraulic conductivity measurement (L2) was performed for the purpose of calculating the hydraulic conductance at a later time, considering the water viscosity and the thickness of the specimen. The percentage (L) of dentin permeability after application of the adhesive system was obtained (L (%) = [(L1-L2) x100] / L1). The Mann-Whitney non-parametric test was applied. Results: There was no difference between the two adhesive systems, or between the groups with or without pretreatment, as regards dentin permeability (p>0.05). Conclusion: Pretreatment with 2.5% TiF4 did not influence dentin permeability, irrespective of the adhesive system used

Titanium , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Dentin Permeability , Fluorides
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969307


@#Proanthocyanidin (PA), as a kind of natural plant polyphenol, have a variety of biological functions, such as promoting remineralization, inducing collagen cross-linking, inhibiting protease activity and inhibiting bacteria. Therefore, PA could be broadly used in the clinical application of treatment and repair of deep caries in the future; for example, PA could promote dentin remineralization, improve resin-dentin bonding durability and improve the dentin acid erosion effect. This application potential of PA arises from several features, firstly, PA can not only promote dentin remineralization on its own or with other remineralizers but also exhibits antibacterial effects, which can inhibit acid production while reducing the formation of cariogenic pathogens and their biofilms. Based on the above features, PA can reduce the incidence of caries disease; thus, PA improves deep caries and long-term effects after treatment. In addition, PA added to adhesives or etch agents can improve the etching and bonding effect of dentin by inducing collagen cross-linking and inhibiting protease activity, thus achieving the ultimate goal of improving the bonding performance of deep caries. This paper summarizes recent progress of research on PA for the treatment and repair of deep caries, including the promotion of dentin remineralization and antibacterial activity as well as the improvement in dentin bonding and acid etching effect, to provide a more comprehensive reference for treating and restoring deep caries in clinical practice.

Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e226262, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1354997


Aim: To evaluate the impact of a dual-cured adhesive system on the in situ degree of conversion (DC), bond strength (BS) and failure mode (FM) of adhesive interfaces in dentin cavities restored with a bulk-fill resin composite. Methods: 4-mm-deep dentin cavities with a 3.1 C-factor were created in 68 bovine incisors (n = 17 per group). The lightcured (Scotchbond™ Universal) or the dual-cured (Adper™ Scotchbond™ Multi-purpose Plus) adhesive system was applied to the cavities, which were then restored with a bulkfill resin composite (Filtek™ Bulk Fill). In situ DC analysis was performed by means of micro Raman spectroscopy at the top and bottom interfaces. Push-out BS was measured in a universal testing machine after 24-h or 6-month water storage. FM was determined with a stereomicroscope. Data of in situ DC and BS were analyzed by two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Tukey test (p<0.05), while the FM was analyzed descriptively. Results: The groups that received the dual-cured adhesive system showed statistically higher in situ DC and BS than those that received the light-cured adhesive system. Cohesive failure mode was the most frequent in all conditions. Conclusion: In situ DC and BS were influenced by the curing strategies of the adhesive systems with better performance of the dual-cured material

Aging , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Composite Resins , Physical Phenomena , Polymerization
Acta odontol. latinoam ; 35(3): 188-197, Dec. 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1419945


ABSTRACT Eighth-generation adhesives may be applied with total etch, selective-etch or self-conditioning, and serve as primers for non-dental substrates. Aim: To determine the bonding characteristics of universal adhesives applied to the deep pulp wall with different strategies, by means of shear bond strength and laser microscopy. Materials and Method: Cavities 4 mm deep and maximum width were carved in 36 extracted molars. Nine groups were formed according to dental substrate treatment and adhesives, as follows: Total-etch: group 1-Monobond 7 self-etch, group 2-One coat 7 universal, and group 3-Single bond universal; Adamantine etch: group 4-Monobond 7 self-etch, group 5-One coat 7 universal, and group 6-Single bond universal; Self-conditioning: group 7-Monobond 7 self-etch, group 8-One coat 7 universal, and group 9-Single bond universal. Molars were filled following the manufacturer's instructions. Three specimens per group (27 altogether) were used to determine shear bond strength using a universal testing machine, while layer thicknesses were measured on the remaining specimens using microscope images and Olympus LEXT 3D Software. Analysis of variance was used to compare data. Results: Mean (standard deviation) bond strength in megapascals (MPa) was: group 1: 7.06±3.01; group 2: 10.74±4.36; group 3: 8.20±3.92; group 4: 7.41±2.23; group 5: 6.84±1.50; group 6: 5.86±2.10; group 7: 5.83±1.94; group 8: 7.14±2.37; group 9: 8.06±3.51. Bond strength was higher (p=0.049) for total-etch (8.61±3.96) than for selective etch (6.71±1.98) and self-conditioning (6.91±2.68). No significant difference was found among the three adhesives (p=0.205). Adhesive layer in micrometers (μm) was total-etch 8.71±4.93, selective etch 5.49±1.70 and self-conditioning 6.27±3.01, with no significant difference. Conclusions: There were significant differences among bonding strategies, with the highest values for total-etch. No significant difference was observed between self-conditioning and selective etch. No significant difference was found among the adhesives, which all behaved similarly. The greatest adhesive layer thicknesses were recorded in the total-etch group, with no significant difference among the various adhesive approaches.

RESUMEN Los adhesivos universales de octava generación pueden ser aplicados con diferentes estrategias de unión: grabado total, grabado selectivo o autoacondicionamiento. Además, imprimen sustratos no dentales. Objetivo: Determinar las caracteristicas de unión de adhesivos universales con diferentes estrategias en pared pulpar profunda mediante resistencia adhesiva al corte y microscopía laser. Materiales y Método: En 36 molares se tallaron cavidades de 4 mm de profundidad y ancho máximo. Se dividieron en 9 grupos según tratamientos y adhesivos. Grabado total: grupo 1-Monobond 7 self-etching, grupo 2-One coat 7 universal y grupo 3-Single bond universal; Grabado selectivo: grupo 4-Monobond 7 self-etching; grupo 5-One coat 7 universal y grupo 6-Single bond universal y Autoacondicionamiento: grupo 7-Monobond 7 self-etching; grupo 8-One coat 7 universal y grupo 9-Single bond universal. Las obturaciones se realizaron siguiendo las instrucciones del fabricante. La resistencia adhesiva al corte se determinó utilizando una máquina de ensayo universal sobre 27 especímenes mientras que los restantes fueron empleados para evaluar los espesores de la capa generado sobre imágenes obtenidas con microscopía y con el software Olympus LEXT 3D. Se ultilizó análisis de varianza. Resultados: Resistencia adhesiva en megapascal (MPa) media (desviación estándar): grupo 1: 7,06±3,01; grupo 2: 10,74±4,36; grupo 3: 8,20±3,92; grupo 4: 7,41±2,23; grupo 5: 6,84±1,50; grupo 6: 5,86±2,10; grupo 7: 5,83±1,94; grupo 8: 7,14±2,37; grupo 9: 8,06±3,51. Grabado total (8,61±3,96) registró los valores mayores (p=0,049) en comparación a grabado selectivo (6,71±1,98) y autoacondicionamiento (6,91±2,68). Los adhesivos no tuvieron diferencias significativas (p=0,205). Capa adhesiva en μm: Grabado total (8,71±4,93); grabado selectivo (5,49±1,70) y autoacondicionamiento (6,27±3,01) sin diferencias significativas (p=0,073). Conclusiones: Las estrategias de unión mostraron diferencias significativas; los valores más altos se obtuvieron con grabado total y entre autoacondicionamiento y grabado selectivo no hubo significancia. Los adhesivos evidenciaron comportamientos similares sin registrar diferencias significativas. Los mayores espesores de capa fueron con grabado total sin diferencias significativas entre las técnicas.

Medicentro (Villa Clara) ; 26(4): 897-914, oct.-dic. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1405681


RESUMEN Introducción: Buscando satisfacer la demanda con procedimientos adhesivos más rápidos, menos sensibles a la técnica y facilidad de uso, se han desarrollado los adhesivos universales, que brindan al profesional la opción de seleccionar la estrategia de adhesión con diferentes modos de grabado, ya sea con grabado y enjuague, autograbado o grabado selectivo. Debido a la poca información existente, se han generado dudas sobre el rendimiento, propiedades y la aplicación de una técnica adhesiva adecuada sobre los tejidos dentales. Objetivo: Determinar el nivel de adhesión con el uso de adhesivos universales en modo de grabado y enjuague y autograbado. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión de la literatura, a través de la búsqueda electrónica en las bases de datos: SciELO, Scopus, PubMed, Springer y EBSCO. Inicialmente se seleccionaron por título y resumen, artículos duplicados se consideraron solo una vez, se incluyeron artículos de acceso libre y pagos, escritos en idioma español e inglés, publicados desde el año 2015, de los cuales 39 artículos fueron seleccionados para el estudio. Conclusiones: El uso de adhesivos universales sobre dentina presenta un nivel de adhesión mayor cuando se aplica en modo de autograbado. La aplicación activa del adhesivo universal en esmalte mejora la fuerza y resistencia de unión. El nivel de adhesión en el esmalte es mayor cuando se aplica en modo de grabado y enjuague. La resistencia inicial y por fatiga del adhesivo, no mejora con los tiempos prolongados del grabado ácido.

ABSTRACT Introduction: universal adhesives have been developed to satisfy the demand with faster adhesive procedures, less sensitive to the technique and ease of use, which offer the professional the option of selecting the adhesion strategy with different etching modes, either with etch-and-rinse, self-etch or selective etching ones. Doubts have been generated about the performance, properties and application of an adequate adhesive technique on dental tissues due to the little existing information. Objective: to determine the level of adhesion with the use of universal adhesives in etch-and-rinse and self-etch modes Methods: an electronic search of the literature was carried out in SciELO, Scopus, PubMed, Springer and EBSCO databases. Initially, articles were selected by title and abstract, duplicate ones were considered only once, free and paid access articles, written in Spanish and English and published since 2015 were included; 39 of them were selected for the study. Conclusions: the use of universal adhesives on dentin presents a higher level of adhesion when applied in self-etch mode. The active application of the universal adhesive improves the enamel bond strength. The level of adhesion on the enamel is higher when applied in etch-and-rinse. The initial fatigue resistance of the adhesive does not improve with prolonged acid etching times.

Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e227932, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1384157


Aim One of the reasons for the failure of adhesion in composite restorations and secondary caries may be the chemical irrigants used during the endodontic treatment. NaOCl is widely used for the biomechanical preparation of root canals due to its antimicrobial properties and capacity to dissolve organic material. In addition, another very effective decontamination solution is chlorhexidine 2%. There are few studies about the effect of root canal irrigation solutions on bond strength of universal adhesives therefore, in this study we have investigated the influence of CHX 2% and NaOCl 5.25% on micro-tensile bond strength of G-Premio Bond. Methods Twenty-four human teeth were randomly allocated to the following groups: G1, immersion in saline solution 0.9% for 30 minutes (control); G2, immersion in CHX 2% for 30 minutes; G3, immersion in NaOCl 5.25% for 30 minutes. After restoration, the dentin/resin interface was tested by micro-tensile bond strength. The surfaces morphology was analyzed by Scanning Electron Microscopy. Data were analyzed by ANOVA followed by Tukey test in SPSS software Version 24. Results There was a statistically significant difference between G3 and G1 (P < 0.05). There were no statistically significant differences among G1 and G2, G2 and G3. Conclusion Root canal irrigation with NaOCl 5.25% significantly reduced the micro-tensile bond strength in the G-Premio Bond at self-etch mode, but the use of CHX did not make a significant difference.

Sodium Hypochlorite , Chlorhexidine , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Endodontics
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(1): 1-9, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1361885


Objetivo: O objetivo foi avaliar a resistência de união de seis adesivos experimentais contendo sistemas fotoiniciadores binários ou ternários, associados a três diferentes concentrações de MDP (0-12% em peso) após 12 meses de armazenamento em água destilada. Material e Métodos: Adesivos experimentais foram preparados com: bis-GMA, UDMA, bis-EMA, TEGDMA, HEMA, BHT e etanol, contendo sistemas fotoiniciadores binários (CQ/amina) ou ternários (CQ/amina/DPIHFP ­ 0,5% em peso). Foi adicionado a esta composição 0%, 6% ou 12% em peso de MDP. Os sistemas adesivos foram aplicados seguindo o protocolo com condicionamento ácido. Moldes cilíndricos transparentes foram colocados sobre a dentina hibridizada, preenchidos com resina composta e fotopolimerizados. Os corpos-de-prova foram armazenados em água destilada a 37oC por 24h ou 12 meses e submetidos ao ensaio de microcisalhamento (n=6). Os dados foram analisados por ANOVA de três fatores e teste de Tukey (α=5%). Resultados: Para o sistema binário, após 12 meses de armazenamento, todos os valores de resistência de união foram semelhantes. Em relação à degradação da resistência de adesão ao longo do tempo, as formulações de MDP de 6% e 12% mostraram resistência de união mais estável do que 0% de MDP. Para o sistema ternário, todas as formulações (0%, 6% e 12% em massa de MDP) mostraram resistência de união estável em função do tempo. Conclusão: Para o sistema binário, as concentrações de 6 e 12% em massa de MDP foram capazes de manter a resistência de união em função do tempo, enquanto que para o sistema ternário, a estabilidade de união foi obtida independentemente da concentração de MDP. Pode-se concluir que, para a formulação dos adesivos utilizados neste estudo, independente do sistema fotoiniciador, a concentração de 12% MDP apresentou valores de resistência de união mais estáveis após 12 meses de armazenamento em água (AU)

Objective: The aim was to evaluate the bond strength of six experimental adhesives containing binary or ternary photoinitiator systems, associated with three different MDP concentrations (0-12wt%) after 12 months of storage in distilled water. Material and Methods: Experimental adhesives were prepared with: bis-GMA, UDMA, bis-EMA, TEGDMA, HEMA, BHT, and ethanol, containing binary (CQ/amine) or ternary (CQ/amine/DPIHFP (diphenyliodonium hexafluorophosphate) ­ 0.5wt%) photoinitiator systems. It was added to this composition 0wt%, 6wt%, or 12wt% of MDP. The adhesive systems were applied following the etch-and-rinse protocol. Transparent cylindrical molds were placed on the hybridized dentin, filled with composite resin and light-cured. The specimens were stored in distilled water at 37oC for 24h or 12 months and submitted to a microshear bond strength test (n=6). Data were analyzed by three-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (α=5%). Results: For the binary system, after 12 months of storage, all bond strength values were similar. Regarding bond strength degradation over time, 6wt% and 12wt% MDP formulations showed more stable bond strength than 0wt% MDP. For the ternary system, all formulations (0wt%, 6wt% and 12wt%) showed stable bond strength over time. Conclusion: For the binary photoinitiator system, the 6wt% and 12wt% MDP concentrations were able to keep bond strength stable over time, while for the ternary system, bond strength stability was achieved regardless the MDP concentration. (AU)

Dental Cements , Photoinitiators, Dental
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e219342, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1253927


Aim: The aim of this study was to compare the microtensile bond strength (µTBS) and the characteristics of the adhesive interface of Scotchbond Universal - SU ­ etch-and-rise mode (3M ESPE) and Adper Scotchbond Multi-Purpose - MP (3M ESPE) to dentin over time. Methods: Class I cavity preparations were performed in 60 human molars that were randomly divided according to the dentin bonding system (DBS) used (n=30): (1) Acid conditioning + SU and (2) Acid conditioning + MP. For bonding strength (BS) analysis, 30 teeth (n = 15) were sectioned into sticks and submitted to the microtensile test in a universal testing machine after 24 hours and 12 months. The adhesive interface of the others 30 teeth was analyzed in a confocal microscope after 24 hours and 12 months. The data of µTBS were analyzed by two-way repeated measures ANOVA and Tukey's HSD (α = 0.05). Results: SU presented the lowest DBS compared to MP (p=0.000). Time did not influenced DBS for both adhesive systems (p=0.177). Confocal microscopy analysis showed no cracks between both adhesive systems tested. Conclusion: The results indicate that MP - µTBS showed a better performance compared to SU in total-etch mode

Humans , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Microscopy, Confocal , Dentin , Methacrylates
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e210525, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1253928


Aim: Recent reports indicate that deproteinization of acid-etched dentin surface can extend penetration depth of adhesive agents. The main goal of the present research was to investigate the deproteinization effect of Nd:YAG and diode 940 lasers on acid-etched dentin and microleakage grade in class V composite restorations. Methods: 36 extracted human premolar teeth were selected to make standard buccal and lingual class V cavities. These samples were randomly split into three sub-groups: 1.Control group, in which composite was applied for restoration after etch and bonding process without deproteinization; 2.Nd:YAG laser group, in which the teeth were deproteinized with Nd:YAG laser after etching and painting internal surfaces of cavities with Van Geison stain and then composite restorations applied just as control group; 3.Diode laser group, in which the process was similar to Nd:YAG laser group, but instead, diode 940 laser was irradiated. The teeth were bisected into two equal longitudinal buccal and lingual halves. Marginal microleakage of samples was scored by using a stereomicroscope. Kruskal- Wallis, Mann-Whitney U and Fisher's statistical tests were employed for analysis of the obtained data. Results: A significant reduction in marginal microleakage was observed for both groups treated with laser (Nd:YAG and diode 940)compared to control (p=0.001 & p=0.047). There was no significant difference in marginal microleakage between Nd:YAG laser and diode 940groups (P = 0.333). Conclusion: Nd:YAG and diode 940 laser deproteinization of acid-etched dentin decreased the marginal microleakage of in-vitro class V resin composite restorations

Humans , Acid Etching, Dental , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Dental Leakage , Lasers
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385753


ABSTRACT: This study aimed to compare the effect of four irrigation solutions for post space cleaning on the bond strength between glass fiber post and root dentine. Forty bovine roots were root-filled and randomly divided into four groups (n=10), according to the irrigation solution: CG (Control Group): saline solution; SH (Sodium Hypochlorite Group); CLX (Chlorhexidine group) and EDTA (ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid group). Specimens were submitted to mechanical aging and push-out test. Statistical analysis (ANOVA two-way and Tukey test; p<0.05) was performed. A stereomicroscope was used for failure mode classification. EDTA showed higher bond strength values, differing statistically from SH and CG (p<0.05). Adhesive failure between dentin and resinous cement was predominant, followed by mixed failures. SEM images showed pronounced smear layer removal in the EDTA group. 17 % EDTA was better than other solutions for cleaning of post space when using glass fiber posts.

RESUMEN: Este estudio tuvo como objetivo comparar el efecto de cuatro soluciones de irrigación para la limpieza del espacio del poste sobre la fuerza de unión entre el poste de fibra de vidrio y la dentina radicular. Se rellenaron cuarenta raíces bovinas y se dividieron aleatoriamente en cuatro grupos (n = 10), según la solu- ción de riego: CG (Grupo Control): solución salina; SH (Gru- po de hipoclorito de sodio); CLX (grupo clorhexidina) y EDTA (grupo ácido etilendiaminotetraacético). Las muestras se sometieron a una prueba de envejecimiento mecánico y de expulsión. Se realizó análisis estadístico (ANOVA bidireccional y prueba de Tukey; p <0,05). Se utilizó un microscopio estereoscópico para la clasificación del modo de falla. EDTA mostró valores de fuerza de unión más altos, difiriendo estadísticamente de SH y CG (p <0,05). Pre-dominó la falla adhesiva entre dentina y cemento resinoso, seguida de fallas mixtas. Las imágenes SEM mostraron una eliminación pronunciada de la capa de frotis en el grupo de EDTA. El EDTA al 17 % fue mejor que otras soluciones para la limpieza del espacio de los postes cuando se utilizan postes de fibra de vidrio.

Acta odontol. latinoam ; 34(1): 10-17, Apr. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284929


ABSTRACT Dentin hypersensitivity is caused by increased dentinal permeability due to total or partial exposure of dentinal tubules, which in turn can be produced by alterations of dental structures or failure of restorative procedures. The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the efficacy of the application of different kinds of adhesive systems to prevent dentin permeability before and after an erosive challenge. Fifty bovine dentin discs (6x1 mm) were prepared and the specimens were divided into 5 groups (n=10): (SB2) Single Bond 2, (SBU) Universal Single Bond, (CSB) Clearfil SE Bond, (SM) Scotchbond Multipurpose and (C) Control. Hydraulic conductance of dentin was recorded after adhesive application (HC-1) and after erosive challenge (HC-2). Dentin surface images of post-treatment and post-erosive challenge were obtained by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Data were analyzed using Kruskal Wallis, Mann-Whitney with Bonferroni correction and Wilcoxon tests (p<0.05). Reduction in dentin permeability was observed with the application of adhesive systems (p<0.05). After the erosive challenge, dentin permeability increased for SBU and CSB (p<0.05), while SB2 and SM did not differ in HC-1 or HC-2 (p>0.05). The conventional, self-etching and universal adhesive systems reduce dentinal permeability by more than 80%, and dentin demineralization may contribute to the increased permeability of universal and self-etching systems.

RESUMO Diversos pacientes apresentam hipersensibilidade dentaria ou falha nos procedimentos restauradores, devido á exposigao total ou parcial de túbulos dentinários. O objetivo deste estudo in vitro foi o de avaliar a influencia da aplicagao de diferentes tipos de sistemas adesivos na permeabilidade da dentina e após o desafio erosivo. Cinquenta discos de dentina bovina (6x1 mm) foram confeccionados e os espécimes foram divididos em 5 grupos (n = 10): (SB2) Single Bond 2, (SBU) Universal Single Bond, (CSB) Clearfil SE Bond, (SM) ScotchbondMultiuso e (C) Controle. A condutáncia hidráulica da dentina foi registrada após a aplicagao do adesivo (HC-1) e após o desafio erosivo (HC-2). Imagens da superficie da dentina de pós-tratamento e pós-desafio erosivo foram obtidas por microscopia eletronica de varredura (MEV). Os dados foram analisados pelos testes de Kruskal Wallis, Mann-Whitney com correçâo de Bonferroni e Wilcoxon (p <0,05). Reduçâo da permeabilidade dentinária foi observada com a aplicaçâo dos sistemas adesivos (p <0,05). Após o desafio erosivo, a permeabilidade dentinária aumentou para SBU e CSB (p <0,05), enquanto SB2 e SM nao diferiram em HC-1 e HC-2 (p> 0,05). Os sistemas adesivos convencionais, autocondicionantes e universais reduzem a permeabilidade dentinária em mais de 80%, e a dentina desmineralizada pode gerar um aumento da permeabilidade dos sistemas adesivos universais e autocondicionantes.

J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 10(1): 1-7, feb. 24, 2021. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1282565


Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the micro-push-out bond strength of a mineral-based root canal sealer, BioRoot RCS in canals prepared by K3XF rotary systems of two different tapers. Material and Methods: Eighty caries free maxillary central incisors were used in this study. The samples were allocated into 4 groups (n=20) according to the root canal sealer and taper of the rotary instruments. The samples were obturated using single cone obturation technique. From each root 1mm thick slices at coronal, middle and apical thirds were collected using hard tissue microtome under continuous water coolant. Push-out tests were done for these sections using a Universal testing machine (INSTRON 8801) at a crosshead speed of 1mm/min. One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to compare the bond strengths within groups and Tukey's multiple post hoc analysis was used for pair-wise comparison of bond strengths. Results: AH Plus exhibited higher micro-push-out bond strength than BioRootRCS though they did not differ significantly (p>0.05). Preparation of root canals with 6% taper rotary instruments showed higher bond strength than 4% though they did not differ significantly (p>0.05). Conclusion: There was no significant difference between micro-push-out bond strength values of BioRoot RCS and AH Plus. The bond strength values were high in 6% taper canals than 4% canals though the difference was not significant statistically.

Objetivo: El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar la fuerza de unión por micro-expulsión de un sellador de conductos radiculares de base mineral, BioRoot RCS, en conductos preparados por sistemas rotativos K3XF con dos conos diferentes. Material y Métodos: En este estudio se utilizaron 80 incisivos centrales superiores libres de caries. Las muestras se distribuyeron en cuatro grupos (n = 20) de acuerdo al sellador del conducto radicular y al cono de los instrumentos rotativos. Las muestras se obturaron mediante la técnica de obturación de un solo cono. De cada raíz se recogieron rodajas de 1 mm de grosor en los tercios coronal, medio y apical utilizando un micrótomo de tejido duro con refrigeración continua por agua. Posteriormente, se realizó una prueba de expulsión para estas secciones utilizando una máquina de prueba universal (INSTRON 8801) a una velocidad del cabezal transversal de 1mm/min. Se utilizó el análisis de varianza unidireccional (ANOVA) para comparar las resistencias de la unión dentro de los grupos y el análisis post hoc multiple de Tukey se utilizó para la comparación por pares de las resistencias de la unión. Resultados: AH Plus exhibió una fuerza de unión de micro-expulsión más alta que BioRootRCS, aunque no difirieron significativamente (p>0,05). La preparación de los conductos radiculares con instrumentos rotativos ahusados al 6% mostró una fuerza de unión superior al 4%, aunque no difirieron significativamente (p>0,05). Conclusión: No hubo diferencias significativas entre los valores de fuerza de unión de micro-expulsión de BioRoot RCS y AH Plus. Los valores de la fuerza de unión fueron más altos en canales cónicos al 6% que en canales al 4%, aunque la diferencia no fue significativa estadísticamente.

Humans , Root Canal Filling Materials , Root Canal Obturation/methods , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Flexural Strength , Resins, Synthetic , Analysis of Variance , Root Canal Preparation , Dental Pulp Cavity , Epoxy Resins/chemistry , Minerals
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1346674


ABSTRACT Objective: To assess the scientific evidence on direct and indirect bonding techniques to analyse the differences related to treatment time, number of appointments and number of bracket detachments. Material and Methods: The MEDLINE and Cochrane Library databases were searched through to March 2021. Reference lists from the retrieved publications were also examined. The following article types that described data on the different types of direct and indirect bonding techniques in orthodontics were included: prospective and retrospective cohort studies, case-control studies and randomized controlled clinical trials (RCCTs). Two review authors independently assessed eligibility, extracted data, and ascertained the quality of the studies. Results: The search strategy initially resulted in 824 articles, and after a careful selection comprising the inclusion criteria, 12 articles were picked for the final review, specifically 2 cohort studies, 4 case-control studies and 6 RCCTs. The methodological quality was low in 4 studies, medium in 2, and high in 6 articles. Conclusion: The evidence currently available suggests that the use of computer-aided bonding is related to a reduction in treatment time and the number of appointments compared to direct and manual indirect bonding. However, the total bonding time for computer-aided bonding technique, including digital bracket placement, was longer than for direct bonding. Further high-quality RCTs on the differences between direct and indirect bonding are necessary to determine more precise data, as well as additional advantages and disadvantages.

Dental Bonding/instrumentation , Orthodontic Brackets , Dental Materials , Methods , Retrospective Studies , Italy
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1155012


ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate the difference of chemical bonds between urethane dimethacrylate (UDMA) bonding agents with ethanol solvent and acetone solvent on dentin collagen. Material and Methods: This experimental comparison study used three groups: G1 (Control): UDMA and collagen; G2: UDMA, collagen and ethanol; and G3: UDMA, collagen and acetone. The groups were then pelleted and analysed with FTIR, then the peak value of carbonyl absorption band from each study group was calculated. The result of FTIR analysis and the peak of carbonyl absorption band (P) was calculated using the formula: P = (BC / AB) X 100; AB. BC is measured in centimeters. The study of chemical bond differences between ethanol-solvent UDMA agents compared with acetone-solvent on dentin collagen resulted in a graph of peak of carbonyl absorption bands of UDMA and dentin collagen groups. To determine the chemical bonds of UDMA from the top of the carbonyl ester absorption bands with wavenumber absorption in range 1700-1750 cm-1, the decreasing peak of the carbonyl absorption bands is assumed as more chemical bonds that formed. Data were analysed using Anova one way and Tukey HSD test. Results: There were significant differences between the three study groups (p<0.05). Conclusion: UDMA bonding agents' chemical bonds with acetone solvent are much higher than the chemical bonds between UDMA bonding agents with ethanol solvent on dentin collagen.

Dental Bonding/instrumentation , Dental Materials , Dentin , Ethanol/chemistry , Solvents/chemistry , Intervention Studies , Analysis of Variance , Collagen/chemistry , Statistics, Nonparametric , Indonesia
Rev. cuba. invest. bioméd ; 39(4): e683, oct.-dic. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156456


Objetivo: Determinar las propiedades antimicrobianas de la incorporación de nanopartículas de óxido de zinc y cobre en un adhesivo de grabado y lavado total sobre Streptococcus mutans en pacientes con restauraciones de resina compuesta confeccionadas con adhesivo cargado. Métodos: Estudio experimental, randomizado, la muestra estuvo conformada por 25 pacientes, de ambos sexos, pertenecientes al posgrado de Ortodoncia de la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad de Chile, en los cuales se confirmó presencia de Streptococcus mutans en saliva. Se confeccionaron restauraciones de resina compuesta oclusales, en premolares superiores con indicación de exodoncia por el tratamiento de ortodoncia, con adhesivo cargado (cuya composición fue 5/0,2 por ciento ZnO y Cu, respectivamente) y control (sin presencia de nanopartículas en su composición), según el listado de aleatorización. Se tomaron muestras microbiológicas en tres tiempos con la técnica de la cubeta (antes, 1 semana y 4 semanas posterior a la confección de las restauraciones). Se obtuvieron, aislaron e identificaron colonias de Streptococcus mutans a partir de las muestras obtenidas. Se usó el test de Mann-Whitney mediante el paquete estadístico SPSS v.21 Resultados: El promedio del recuento de UFC de Streptococcus mutans en el grupo experimental fue mayor posterior a la confección de las restauraciones de resina compuesta. Los resultados de la identificación molecular por PCR demuestran la presencia de Streptococcus mutans en 20 de 25 muestras. Conclusiones: No existen diferencias en el recuento de Streptococcus mutans antes y después de la aplicación del adhesivo sobre las restauraciones de resina compuesta(AU)

Objective: To determine the antimicrobial properties of the incorporation of zinc and copper oxide nanoparticles in an etching and total wash adhesive on Streptococcus mutans in patients with composite resin restorations made with loaded adhesive. Methods: Experimental and randomized trial, the sample were 25 patients, of both sexes, belonging to the FOUCH Orthodontic postgraduate program, in whom the presence of Streptococcus mutans in saliva was confirmed. Occlusal composite resin restorations were made in upper premolars with indication of extraction by orthodontic treatment, with loaded adhesive (whose composition is 5 / 0.2% ZnO and Cu respectively) and control (without the presence of nanoparticles in their composition), according to the scrambling listing. Microbiological samples were taken in three stages with the cuvette technique (before, 1 week and 4 weeks after the restoration was made). Colonies of Streptococcus mutans were obtained, isolated and identified from the samples obtained. The statistical analysis used the SPSS v.21 software, the data was analyzed by Mann Whitney test Results: The average CFU count of Streptococcus mutans in the experimental group (adhesive modified with zinc oxide and copper nanoparticles) was higher after the fabrication of composite resin restorations. The results of molecular identification by PCR demonstrate the presence of Streptococcus mutans in 20 of 25 samples. Conclusions: There are no differences in the count of Streptococcus mutans before and after the application of the adhesive on the composite resin restorations(AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Streptococcus mutans/growth & development , Colony Count, Microbial/methods , Dental Cements/therapeutic use , Metal Nanoparticles/standards
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 9(5): 405-413, oct. 31, 2020. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1179032


Introduction: This study evaluated the influence of sonic vibration and thermocycling on the bond strength of fiberglass posts using conventional dual-cured and self-adhesive resin cements. Material and Methods: Ninety-six single-rooted endodontically treated teeth were divided randomly into eight groups according to the cement used (dual-cured or self-adhesive resin cement), use of sonic vibration during post accommodation, and aging conditions (24h in distilled water or 5,000 thermal cycles). The fiberglass posts (White Post DC1, FGM) were cleaned with alcohol, treated with silane and cemented with dual-cured (Allcem Core, FGM) or with self-adhesive resin cement (seT, SDI). For groups in which sonic vibration was used, the posts were accommodated, and sonic vibration was applied for 10 s using a special tip placed on top of the post (Sonic Smart Device, FGM). Pull-out tests were performed after storage in distilled water for 24h at 37°C or after thermocycling (5000 cycles, at 5°C and 55°C). The results were evaluated using three-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (α=0.05). Results: Significant differences were not observed between the bond strengths of dual-cured (87.93±41.81 N) and self-adhesive cement (82.53±41.43 N). Bond strength for the sonic vibration groups (100.36±42.35 N) was significantly higher than for groups without sonic vibration (70.13±34.90 N). There were significant differences between specimens subjected to thermocycling (98.33±39.42 N) and those stored for 24h in distilled water (72.16±39.67 N). Conclusion: It can be concluded that both sonic vibration and thermocycling significantly improved bond strength of fiberglass posts with the two evaluated resin cements.

Introducción: Este estudio evaluó la influencia de la vibración sónica y el termociclado en la fuerza de unión de los postes de fibra de vidrio utilizando cementos de resina autoadhesivos y de curado dual convencionales Material y Métodos: Se dividieron aleatoriamente noventa y seis dientes tratados endodónticamente de raíz única en ocho grupos según el cemento utilizado (cemento de resina de curado dual o autoadhesivo), el uso de vibración sónica durante la acomodación posterior y las condiciones de envejecimiento (24 horas agua destilada o 5.000 ciclos térmicos). Los postes de fibra de vidrio (White Post DC1, FGM) se limpiaron con alcohol, se trataron con silano y se cementaron con cemento de curado dual (Allcem Core, FGM) o con cemento de resina autoadhesivo (seT, SDI). Para los grupos en los que se utilizó vibración sónica, se acomodaron los postes y se aplicó la vibración sónica durante 10 s utilizando una punta especial colocada en la parte superior del poste (Sonic Smart Device, FGM). Las pruebas de extracción se realizaron después del almacenamiento en agua destilada durante 24 horas a 37ºC o después del termociclado (5000 ciclos, a 5ºC y 55ºC). Los resultados se evaluaron mediante ANOVA de tres vías y la prueba de Tukey (α = 0.05). Resultados: No se observaron diferencias significativas entre las resistencias de adhesión del cemento de curado dual (87,93 ± 41,81 N) y el cemento autoadhesivo (82,53 ± 41,43 N). La fuerza de unión para los grupos de vibración sónica (100,36 ± 42,35 N) fue significativamente mayor que para los grupos sin vibración sónica (70,13 ± 34,90 N). Hubo diferencias significativas entre los especímenes sometidos a termociclado (98,33 ± 39,42 N) y los almacenados durante 24 h en agua destilada (72,16 ± 39,67 N). Conclusión: Se puede concluir que tanto la vibración sónica como el termociclado mejoraron significativamente la fuerza de unión de los postes de fibra de vidrio con los dos cementos de resina evaluados.

Humans , Vibration , Post and Core Technique/instrumentation , Resin Cements/chemistry , Flexural Strength , Glass , Sonication/methods , Tooth Root , Dental Bonding , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Dentin/chemistry , Ultrasonic Waves
Acta odontol. latinoam ; 33(2): 135-142, Sept. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1130744


ABSTRACT This study evaluated the influence of the mode and time of solvent evaporation on the tensile strength (TS), flexural strength (FS) and elastic modulus (EM) of two adhesive systems: Scotchbond Multipurpose (SBMP) and Clearfil SE (CSEB). For this purpose, rectangular samples (2x1x7 mm) were prepared with 10 μL of primer and the solvents were evaporated with air spray at (23±1) ºC, (40±1) ºC and negative control (without spray). For each temperature, the times of 5, 20, 30, and 60 seconds were investigated. The statistical results showed that evaporation at 40±1ºC resulted in better EM for the two adhesives tested and all the evaporation times evaluated. However, there were no significant differences between the times and modes of evaporation for TS. The results of this study indicate that evaporation at a temperature of (40±1) °C could improve the elastic modulus of both adhesives tested, regardless of the evaporating time.

RESUMO Este estudo avaliou a influência do modo e do tempo de evaporação do solvente na resistência à tração (RT), resistência à flexão (RF) e módulo de elasticidade (MR) de dois sistemas adesivos: Scotchbond Multipurpose (SBMP) e Clearfil SE (CSEB). Para isso, amostras retangulares (2x1x7 mm) foram preparadas com 10 μL de primer e os solventes foram evaporados com aerossol a (23±1) ºC, (40±1) ºC e controle negativo (sem aerossol). Para cada temperatura, foram avaliados os tempos de 5, 20, 30 e 60 segundos. Os resultados estatísticos mostraram que a evaporação a (40±1) ºC resultou em melhor MR para os dois adesivos testados e todos os tempos de evaporação avaliados. No entanto, não houve diferenças significativas entre os tempos e modos de evaporação na RT. Os resultados deste estudo indicam que a evaporação a uma temperatura de (40±1) °C poderia melhorar o módulo de elasticidade de ambos os adesivos testados, independentemente do tempo de evaporação.

Humans , Solvents/pharmacology , Tensile Strength , Adhesives/chemistry , Dentin-Bonding Agents/chemistry , Dental Cements/chemistry , Volatilization , Materials Testing , Desiccation
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e105, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132706


Abstract The aim of this research was to evaluate the influence of MDP (10-methacryloyloxydecyl dihydrogen phosphate) concentration and application mode of experimental adhesives on microshear bond strength (μSBS) to dentin after storage in distilled water at 37°C for 24h and 6 months. Five experimental adhesives were prepared with: CQ, DABE, BHT, ethanol, HEMA, TEGDMA, Bis-EMA, UDMA, and Bis-GMA. Concentrations of 0 wt%, 3 wt%, 9 wt%, 12 wt% or 15 wt% of MDP were added to their composition. The adhesives were applied to flat dentin surfaces in etch-and-rinse or self-etching modes. Cylindrical molds filled with light-cured composite resin were placed above the dentin. The specimens were stored in distilled water at 37oC for 24h or 6 months and submitted to μSBS testing. The adhesives were also submitted to pH analysis. The data were analyzed by one-way ANOVA, three-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (α = 5%). All the adhesives used in the etch-and-rinse mode showed significantly higher bond strength than the adhesives applied in the self-etching approach. The 9 wt% adhesive showed the highest bond strength values, and 3 wt% was most stable after storage. A strong negative correlation between MDP concentration and pH was observed. It was concluded that the formulations with low concentrations of MDP (up to 9 wt%) showed better results for bond strength and bond strength degradation over time.

Dental Bonding , Tensile Strength , Materials Testing , Adhesiveness , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Composite Resins , Resin Cements , Dental Cements , Dentin
Braz. j. oral sci ; 19: e200181, jan.-dez. 2020. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1152205


Aim: To evaluate the behavior of experimental dental adhesives with hydroxyapatite (HAp), alpha-tricalcium phosphate (α-TCP) or octacalcium phosphate (OCP) after storing them in three different media: dry storage, distilled water, or lactic acid. Methods: An experimental adhesive resin was formulated with bisphenol A glycol dimethacrylate, 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate, and photoiniciator/co-initiator system. HAp(GHAp), α-TCP (Gα-TCP), or OCP (GOCP) were added to the adhesive resin at 2 wt.%, and one group remained without calcium phosphates to be used as a control (GCtrl). The adhesives were evaluated for surface roughness, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and ultimate tensile strength (UTS) after storing in distilled water (pH=5.8), lactic acid (pH=4) or dry medium. Results: The initial surface roughness was not different among groups (p>0.05). GHAp showed increased values after immersion in water (p<0.05) or lactic acid (p<0.05). SEM analysis showed a surface variation of the filled adhesives, mainly for Gα-TCP and GHAp. GHApshowed the highest UTS in dry medium (p<0.05), and its value decreased after lactic acid storage (p<0.05). Conclusions: The findings of this study showed that HAp, OCP, and α-TCP affected the physical behavior of the experimental adhesive resins in different ways. HAp was the calcium phosphate that most adversely affected the surface roughness and the mechanical property of the material, mainly when exposed to an acid medium

Polymers , Tensile Strength , Acids , Calcium Phosphates , Dentin-Bonding Agents
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20190499, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1101251


Abstract Enzymatic degradation of the hybrid layer can be accelerated by the activation of dentin metalloproteinases (MMP) during the bonding procedure. MMP inhibitors may be used to contain this process. Objective To evaluate the degree of conversion (DC%), dentin bond strength (µTBS) (immediate and after 1 year of storage in water), and nanoleakage of an experimental (EXP) and a commercial (SB) adhesive system, containing different concentrations of the MMP inhibitor GM1489: 0, 1 µM, 5 µM and 10 µM. Methodology DC% was evaluated by FT-IR spectroscopy. Dentin bond strength was evaluated by µTBS test. Half of beams were submitted to the µTBS test after 24 h and the other half, after storage for 1 year. From each tooth and storage time, 2 beams were reserved for nanoleakage testing. Data were analyzed using ANOVA and Tukey's test to compare means (α=0.05). Results All adhesive systems maintained the µTBS after 1 year of storage. Groups with higher concentrations of inhibitor (5 µM and 10 µM) showed higher µTBS values than groups without inhibitor or with 1 µM. The nanoleakage values of all groups showed no increase after 1 year of storage and values were similar for SB and EXP groups, in both storage periods. The inhibitor did not affect the DC% of the EXP groups, but the SB5 and SB10 groups showed higher DC% values than those of SB0 and SB1. Conclusions The incorporation of GM1489 in the adhesive systems had no detrimental effect on DC%. The concentrations of 5 µM GM1489 for SB and 5 µM or 10 µM for EXP provided higher μTBS than groups without GM1489, in the evaluation after 1 year of storage; whereas the concentration of inhibitor did not affect adhesive systems nanoleakage.

Humans , Polyethylene Glycols/chemistry , Polymethacrylic Acids/chemistry , Dental Cements/chemistry , Dentin/chemistry , Matrix Metalloproteinase Inhibitors/chemistry , Methacrylates/chemistry , Reference Values , Surface Properties , Tensile Strength , Time Factors , Materials Testing , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Dental Bonding/methods , Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared , Statistics, Nonparametric , Dental Leakage , Dentin/drug effects , Dental Etching/methods