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1.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 22: e239237, Jan.-Dec. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1399762

ABSTRACT

Aim: To estimate the prevalence and associated factors of self-reported depressive symptoms in undergraduate and graduate dental students. Methods: The Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-21) was applied, and only the depression domain was verified. A structured questionnaire was used to collect sociodemographic, behavioral, and COVID-19 pandemic-related fear variables. Academic performance was assessed based on academic records, ranging from 0 (worst possible grade) to 10 (best possible grade). Respondents included 408 regularly enrolled dental students. Bi- and multivariate analyses were performed using Poisson regression with robust variance to verify the association between at least moderate depressive symptoms and independent variables. Results: The prevalence of at least moderate depression was 40.5% among undergraduate students and 26% among graduate students. The prevalence of fear and anxiety due to the COVID-19 pandemic was 96.1% among undergraduate students and 93.5% among graduate students. In the final multivariate analysis, being female (prevalence ratio [PR]:2.01; 95% confidence interval [95%CI]:1.36­2.96) was associated with a higher PR for depression. Conversely, no exposure to smoking (PR:0.54; 95%CI:0.36­0.82) and a final academic performance average ≥7.0 (PR:0.56; 95%CI:0.41­0.76) was associated with a lower PR for depression. Finally, among graduate students, a non-heterosexual orientation was associated with a higher PR for depression (PR:6.70; 95%CI:2.21­20.29). Conclusion: Higher rates of depression symptoms were observed in female undergraduates, students with lower academic performance and smoking exposure, and graduate dental students with a non-heterosexual orientation


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Students, Dental , Tobacco Use Disorder , Mental Health , Depression/epidemiology , Academic Performance
2.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 29: e2022_0157, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394817

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: The increase in the number of students experiencing depression severely impacts the physical and mental health of college students. Objective: Explore the effect of an exercise intervention on patients with depression by analyzing its rehabilitation effect. Methods: Physical education combined with extracurricular activities were chosen. The experimental physical education group completed about 45 minutes of low-intensity running, performing physical recovery and rest under teacher guidance. The sport form of extracurricular activity was basketball, twice a week. Physical education combined with extracurricular activities totaled a total of 4 times a week, lasting six weeks. Results: The exercise intervention reduced the participants' psychological test scores, relieving them of their psychological conditions. The exercise intervention improved somatization factors (obsessive-compulsive, depression, interpersonal, paranoid, anxiety, and negative symptoms). Conclusion: The personalized exercise plan is recommended for students with depression, with the promotion of corresponding physical exercise out of class, aiming to improve students' psychological state and mental health. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment outcomes.


RESUMO Introdução: O aumento no número de estudantes que sofrem depressão tem um impacto negativo severo na saúde física e mental dos estudantes universitários. Objetivo: Explorar o efeito da intervenção do exercício em pacientes com depressão, analisando o seu efeito de reabilitação. Métodos: Elegeu-se a forma de educação física combinada com atividades extracurriculares. O grupo experimental de educação física completou cerca de 45 minutos de corrida de baixa intensidade, realizando a recuperação física e o descanso sob orientação dos professores. A forma esportiva de atividades extracurriculares foi o basquete, duas vezes por semana. A educação física combinada com as atividades extracurriculares totalizou um total de 4 vezes semanais, com duração total de seis semanas. Resultados: A intervenção no exercício teve efeito redutor nos escores do teste psicológico dos participantes, revelando um alívio de suas condições psicológicas. A intervenção no exercício apresentou efeitos evidentes sobre a melhoria dos fatores de somatização (sintomas obsessivo-compulsivos, depressão, interpessoais, paranoicos, de ansiedade e hostis). Conclusão: O plano de exercício personalizado é recomendado para os alunos com depressão, sendo a promoção do exercício físico correspondente extraclasse, visando melhorar o estado psicológico dos alunos e melhorar sua saúde mental. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción: El aumento del número de estudiantes que sufren depresión tiene un grave impacto negativo en la salud física y mental de los universitarios. Objetivo: Explorar el efecto de la intervención de ejercicio en pacientes con depresión analizando su efecto de rehabilitación. Métodos: Se eligió la forma de educación física combinada con actividades extraescolares. El grupo experimental de educación física realizó unos 45 minutos de carrera de baja intensidad, realizando recuperación física y descanso bajo la dirección de los profesores. La forma deportiva de las actividades extracurriculares era el baloncesto, dos veces por semana. La educación física combinada con las actividades extraescolares se realizaba un total de 4 veces por semana, con una duración total de seis semanas. Resultados: La intervención de ejercicio tuvo un efecto reductor en las puntuaciones de las pruebas psicológicas de los participantes, revelando un alivio de sus condiciones psicológicas. La intervención del ejercicio mostró efectos evidentes en la mejora de los factores de somatización (síntomas obsesivo-compulsivos, de depresión, interpersonales, paranoides, de ansiedad y hostiles). Conclusión: Se recomienda el plan de ejercicio personalizado para los alumnos con depresión, con la promoción del correspondiente ejercicio físico extra clase dirigido a mejorar el estado psicológico de los alumnos y a mejorar su salud mental. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.

3.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 29: e2021_0385, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1387933

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction Being a soccer player is one of the dreams most present in the popular imagination of Brazilian children. However, the path to professionalization is arduous and several reasons can be pointed out for this difficulty: a very competitive environment, few chances, and poor career counseling, among others. In competitive soccer, the athlete must be ready for all the demands that will be made, as well as accept the demand for the best possible performance. Furthermore, athletes from the youth system are still adolescents and youths in development, usually up to 21 years of age, who are often forced to choose soccer and its demands, at the expense of their studies and family lives, to become professional players. In this scenario, a still little-debated topic is mental health among soccer players. Objectives To verify the frequency of anxiety and depression symptoms among soccer players of the under-20 youth categories of Pernambuco clubs and to assess its association with sociodemographic, athletic, and health data. Methods The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) was applied and socio-demographic, athletic, and health data were collected. A marginal descriptive analysis was conducted, as well as categorical and numerical assessments of anxiety- and depression-related variables. Finally, a linear regression study of the anxiety and depression scores was conducted. Results A statistically significant association was found between income received and an increase in anxiety symptoms. An increase in depressive symptoms as income decreased was also identified. Conclusion Further research with larger numbers of participants is needed, as well as with a greater variety of clubs, to better understand the relationship observed. Level of Evidence II; Prognostic study - Investigation of the effect of a patient characteristic on the outcome of their illness.


RESUMEN Introducción Ser jugador de fútbol es uno de los sueños más presentes en el imaginario popular de los niños brasileños. Sin embargo, el camino hacia la profesionalización es arduo y se pueden señalar varias razones para esta dificultad: un entorno muy competitivo, pocas oportunidades, asesoramiento insatisfactorio en la carrera, entre otras. En el fútbol de competición, el deportista debe estar preparado para todas las exigencias que se le planteen, así como para aceptar la demanda de un excelente desempeño . Junto a ello, los deportistas de la categoría de base son todavía adolescentes y jóvenes en formación, normalmente hasta los 21 años, que muchas veces se ven obligados a elegir el fútbol y sus exigencias, en detrimento del estudio y el entorno familiar, para convertirse en jugadores profesionales. En este escenario, un tema aún poco debatido es la salud mental entre los futbolistas. Objetivos Verificar la frecuencia de los síntomas de ansiedad y depresión entre los futbolistas de las categorías sub-20 de los clubes de Pernambuco y evaluar su asociación con datos sociodemográficos, deportivos y de salud. Métodos Se aplicó la Escala de Ansiedad y Depresión Hospitalaria (HAD), y se recopilaron datos sociodemográficos, deportivos y de salud. Se realizó un análisis descriptivo marginal, así como una evaluación categórica y numérica de las variables relacionadas con la ansiedad y la depresión. Por último, se realizó un estudio de regresión lineal para las puntuaciones de ansiedad y depresión. Resultados Hubo una asociación estadísticamente significativa entre los ingresos recibidos y el aumento de los síntomas de ansiedad. También se identificó un aumento de los síntomas de depresión con la disminución de la renta recibida. Conclusión Es necesario realizar más investigaciones, con un mayor número de participantes, así como una mayor variabilidad de clubes, para entender mejor la relación encontrada. Nivel de Evidencia: II; Estudio pronóstico - Investigación del efecto de una característica del paciente en el resultado de la enfermedad.


RESUMO Introdução Ser jogador de futebol é um dos sonhos mais presentes no imaginário popular da criança brasileira. Entretanto, o caminho para a profissionalização é árduo, e diversos motivos podem ser apontados para essa dificuldade: ambiente muito acirrado, poucas chances, aconselhamento insatisfatório na carreira, entre outros. No futebol competitivo, o atleta deve estar pronto para todas as cobranças que vierem a ser feitas, assim como aceitar a exigência da melhor performance possível. Aliado a isso, atletas da categoria de base ainda são adolescentes e jovens em formação, normalmente até os 21 anos, que são muitas vezes obrigados a escolher o futebol e suas exigências, em detrimento do estudo e do convívio familiar, para se tornarem jogadores profissionais. Nesse cenário, um motivo ainda pouco debatido é a saúde mental entre jogadores de futebol. Objetivos Verificar a frequência de sintomas de ansiedade e depressão entre jogadores de futebol das categorias de base sub-20 dos clubes pernambucanos e avaliar sua associação a dados sociodemográficos, atléticos e de saúde. Métodos Aplicou-se a Escala Hospitalar de Ansiedade e Depressão (HAD), assim como foram colhidos dados sociodemográficos, atléticos e de saúde. Realizou-se uma análise descritiva marginal, assim como avaliação categórica e numérica das variáveis relacionadas com ansiedade e depressão. Por fim, foi feito um estudo de regressão linear para os escores de ansiedade e depressão. Resultado Verificou-se associação estatisticamente significativa entre renda recebida e aumento de sintomas de ansiedade. Também foi identificado aumento de sintomas de depressão com a diminuição da renda recebida. Conclusão Mostra-se necessário a realização de mais pesquisas, com um número maior de participantes, assim como maior variabilidade de clubes, para melhor entender a relação encontrada. Nível de Evidência: II; Estudo prognóstico - Investigação do efeito de característica de um paciente sobre o desfecho da doença.

4.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e226321, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1354787

ABSTRACT

Aim: This cross-sectional observational study aimed to evaluate the influence of the Universities lockdown measures on academic perspectives and psychosocial aspects of Brazilian finalyear dental students. Methods: 268 undergraduate students regularly enrolled in a Dentistry course at public universities were asked about anxiety, depression, stress sensitivity, and their academic perspectives by using an online survey. The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) was used to measure anxiety and depression, while the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) evaluated stress levels. The academic perspective was evaluated by five affirmatives regarding possible difficulties that will be faced when school reopens and after graduation. The possible association between fear of having COVID-19 with psychosocial outcomes and COVID-19 association with academic perspectives were analyzed by ANOVA and chisquare tests, respectively, considering a significance level of 5%. Results: Considering possible associations between the fear of having COVID-19 and psychosocial aspects, significant values were found for anxiety (P = 0.018) and stress sensitivity (P = 0.002). Regarding students' academic perspectives, COVID-19 had significant impact on less opportunity to perform procedures (P = 0.023), additional expenses with personal protective equipment (P = 0.007), and concerns of consulting elderly people (P = 0.012). Conclusion: The COVID-19 pandemic led to increased psychological impairments and enlarged concerns with learning and biosecurity, which might impact academic perspectives. Thus, being aware of these apprehensions, university professors and staff can improve the clinical training of final-year dental students in an empathetic way


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Anxiety , Students, Dental , Depression , Pandemics , COVID-19
5.
Arch. pediatr. Urug ; 93(2): e206, dic. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1383653

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el intento de autoeliminación (IAE) y el suicidio han aumentado en adolescentes, es un problema de alta prioridad. Objetivo: establecer la epidemiología y su relación con factores de riesgo (FR) y protección (FP) de conducta suicida en usuarios de un Espacio Adolescente en el primer nivel de atención del subsector público (diciembre 2016-setiembre 2017). Material y método: encuesta anónima a adolescentes de ambos sexos, entre 12 y 19 años. Se compararon FR y FP entre: franjas etarias (12 a 14 años y 15 a 19 años); sexo; IAE previo versus su ausencia e institucionalización o no. Se consideró p menor a 0,05 como estadísticamente significativa. Los datos se ingresaron en Excel y se analizaron con Epi Info 7.2.0.1. Resultados: 107 entrevistados, 60 mujeres, edad: 13,3 (media); IAE previo más frecuente entre 15 y 19 años y sexo femenino (p 95%). FP p 95%: actividad recreativa, autoestima elevada, y buena resolución de problemas. FR p 95%: maltrato, abuso sexual, muerte de ser querido, consumo de sustancias y enfermedad psiquiátrica. Comparando edades, FP: familia unida, proyectos y amigos (p 95%); FR: consumo de sustancias, enfermedad psiquiátrica, maltrato, abuso sexual, familiar con enfermedad psiquiátrica, muerte de ser querido, trastorno del sueño, institucionalización, ideación y planificación suicidas (p 95%). Al comparar sexos, no se encontraron FP p 95% FR. Conclusiones: se deben estimular actividades recreativas en adolescentes y ofrecer asistencia en salud mental a aquellos que presentan FR de conducta suicida.


Introduction: self-harm (SH) and suicide have increased in adolescents, and they have become a high health priority. Objective: to establish the epidemiology and its relationship with risk factors (RF) and protection (PF) of suicidal behavior in users of a Primary Care Adolescent Center of the State Health Sector (December 2016 - September 2017). Materials and methods: confidential survey of adolescents of both sexes, between 12 and 19 years of age. We carried out a descriptive analysis in order to compare RF and PF between ages (12 to 14 and 15 to 19); sex; previous SH self-harm versus its absence and institutionalization or not. p less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Data were entered into Excel and analyzed using Epi Info 7.2.0.1. Results: 107 interviewees, 60 females, age: 13.3 (mean); Most frequent previous SH between 15 and 19 years and female sex (p 95%). PF p 95 %: recreational activity, high self-esteem, and good problem-solving skills. RF p 95 %: child abuse, sexual abuse, death of a loved one, substance use and mental illness. Comparing ages, PF: close family, projects and friends (p 95%); RF: substance use, mental illness, child abuse, sexual abuse, family with mental illness, death of loved one, sleep disorder, institutionalization, suicidal ideation and suicidal planning (p 95%). When comparing sexes, PF were not found p 95% as RF. Conclusions: recreational activities should be encouraged in adolescents and Mental Health assistance should be provided to those who present RF of suicidal behavior.


Introdução: tentativa de suicídio e suicídio tem aumentado na adolescência, adquirindo alta prioridade. Objetivo: estabelecer a epidemiologia e sua relação com fatores de risco (FR) e proteção (FP) de comportamento suicida em usuários do chamado "Espaço Adolescente" no Primeiro Nível de Atenção no Subsetor Público do Sistema de Saúde (dezembro 2016-setembro 2017). Materiais e métodos: inquérito anônimo aos adolescentes de ambos os sexos, entre 12 e 19 anos de idade. Foram comparados FR e FP entre: grupos de idades (12 a 14 e 15 a 19); sexo; tentativa de suicídio anterior versus sua ausência e institucionalização ou não. Considerou-se p menor a 0,05 como estatisticamente significativa. Os dados foram processados no programa Excel e utilizando-se o programa Epi Info 7.2.0.1. Resultados: 107 entrevistados, 60 do sexo feminino, idade: 13,3 (média); antecedentes de tentativa de suicídio mais frequentes entre 15 e 19 anos e sexo feminino (p 95%). FP p 95%: atividade recreativa, autoestima elevada, e boas habilidades de resolução de problemas. FR p 95%: maltrato, abuso sexual, perda de pessoa querida, consumo de substâncias e doença psiquiátrica. Comparadas as idades, FP: família unida, projetos e amigos (p 95%); FR: consumo de substâncias, doença psiquiátrica, maltrato, abuso sexual, familiar com doença psiquiátrica, perda de pessoa querida, transtorno do sono, institucionalização, ideação suicida e planejamento suicida (p 95%). Comparados ambos os sexos, não se encontraram FP p 95% FR. Conclusões: atividades recreativas devem ser estimuladas nos casos de adolescentes e assistência à Saúde Mental deve ser fornecida aos portadores de FR suicida.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Young Adult , Suicide/statistics & numerical data , Primary Health Care , Uruguay/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Health Surveys , Public Sector , Sex Distribution , Protective Factors
6.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 30: e65524, jan. -dez. 2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1392817

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: determinar os níveis de resiliência de pacientes com insuficiência cardíaca e sua associação com a qualidade de vida e sintomas depressivos. Método: estudo transversal envolvendo 102 pacientes. O período da coleta foi de janeiro a dezembro de 2019. Foram aplicados os seguintes instrumentos: o Minnesota Living With Heart Failure Questionnaire, o World Health Organization Quality of Life - WHOQOL-Bref, o instrumento Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale na subescala depressão e a Escala de Resiliência de Wagnild e Young. Para avaliar correlação dos escores das escalas foram utilizados os testes coeficiente de Correlação de Pearson ou Coeficiente de Correlação de Spearman. Resultados: ao associar a escala de resiliência com qualidade de vida e sintomas depressivos, apenas o HADS-D foi significante com a escala de resiliência. Conclusão: nesse estudo observou-se que os indivíduos mais resilientes não possuíam sintomas depressivos.


Objective: to determine levels of resilience among heart failure patients and its association with quality of life and depressive symptoms. Method: in this cross-sectional study involving 102 patients, data were collected from January to December 2019, by administering the following instruments: the Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire, the World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL-Bref) questionnaire, the depression subscale of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS-D), and the Wagnild and Young Resilience Scale. Pearson's Correlation Coefficient and Spearman's Correlation Coefficient tests were used to assess correlation among scale scores. Results: when associating the resilience scale with quality of life and depressive symptoms, the only significant association found was between the resilience scale and the HADS-D. Conclusion: in this study, the most resilient individuals were found not to have depressive symptoms.


Objetivo: analizar la asociación entre el riesgo de violencia y la calidad de vida de ancianos en el ambiente hospitalario. Método: estudio cuantitativo, transversal, multicéntrico, desarrollado junto a 323 pacientes atendidos en dos hospitales universitarios de Paraíba. Se utilizaron instrumentos de caracterización sociodemográfica, riesgo de violencia y calidad de vida. Los datos fueron analizados mediante estadística descriptiva e inferencial, utilizando la prueba de chi-cuadrado de Pearson, correlación de Spearman y regresión logística múltiple. Resultados: el riesgo de violencia fue prevalente en ancianas con baja calidad de vida. Los ancianos con baja calidad de vida fueron 5,24 (IC = 3,04 - 9,05; p < 0,001) más propensos a estar en riesgo de violencia. Conclusión: se identificó una asociación estadísticamente significativa entre la calidad de vida y el riesgo de violencia entre los ancianos.

7.
Acta colomb. psicol ; 25(2): 158-170, July-Dec. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1393775

ABSTRACT

Resumen El objetivo principal de este estudio fue analizar la dimensionalidad del BDI-II, así como demostrar la invarianza según el sexo y construir datos normativos en población general peruana. Para ello, se contó con la participación de 1665 personas (51.83 % mujeres) procedentes de diferentes regiones del Perú (75.92 % de Cajamarca, 11.05 % de Lima, 6.42 % de La Libertad y 2.62 % de Lambayeque), con un rango de edad de 18 a 54 años (M = 24.99; DE = 8.73), a quienes se les administró el BDI-II. Mediante un análisis factorial confirmatorio se probaron catorce modelos basados en estudios previos. Los resultados indicaron que los modelos bifactor y de segundo orden tenían problemas de convergencia, mientras que los bidimensionales y el unifactorial presentaban adecuados índices de ajuste. Se seleccionó el modelo unidimensional debido a su coherencia teórica, pues los creadores del BDI-II señalan que la prueba se debe interpretar de manera global, sumando los 21 ítems, y desaconsejan la interpretación mediante el cálculo de puntajes separados por dimensiones. Incluso, los antecedentes indican que la varianza explicada del segundo factor es muy baja, por lo cual dicha práctica estaría injustificada. Además, los estudios previos han señalado correlaciones interfactoriales muy altas. Finalmente, se demostró invarianza según el sexo, y los datos normativos, calculados mediante percentiles, mostraron que las puntuaciones superiores a 11 serían clínicamente relevantes. En conclusión, el BDI-II muestra buenas propiedades psicométricas en una estructura unidimensional con 21 ítems, la cual es invariante según el sexo y tiene datos normativos adecuados para población general peruana.


Abstract The aim of this study was to analyze the dimensionality of BDI-II, as well as to demonstrate gender invariance and construct normative data in the general Peruvian population. For this purpose, the BDI-II was administered to 1665 participants (51.83% women) from different cities of Peru (75.92% from Cajamarca, 11.05% from Lima, 6.42% from La Libertad and 2.62% from Lambayeque), with an age range of 18 to 54 years (M = 24.99; SD = 8.73). Fourteen models, based on previous studies, were tested by confirmatory factor analysis. The results indicated that the bifactor and second-order models had convergence problems, whereas the two-dimensional and unifactor models had adequate goodness-of-fit indices. The unidimensional model was selected due to its theoretical coherence, since the BDI-II creators point out that the test should be interpreted globally by adding the 21 items, and discourage interpretations by calculating scores separated by dimensions. Furthermore, the antecedents indicate that the variance explained by the second factor is very low. Therefore, this approach would be unjustified. In addition, previous studies have indicated very high interfactor correlations. Finally, gender invariance was demonstrated, and normative data were calculated using percentiles, indicating that scores above 11 would be clinically relevant. In conclusion, the BDI-II has good psychometric properties in a unidimensional structure with 21 items, which is sex invariant and has adequate normative data for the general Peruvian population.

8.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 42(3): 163-167, sept. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1396921

ABSTRACT

El siguiente trabajo presenta la historia de una paciente de 19 años oriunda de China, que cursó una internación en una sala de psiquiatría de un hospital general por un cuadro de características depresivas. El caso es notable por el polimorfismo en la sintomatología clínica que presentó. El objetivo es analizar, a partir de él, la necesidad de un enfoque interdisciplinario que trate a la cultura como una variable significativa en la construcción de una enfermedad, entendiendo que los modelos fisiopatológicos resultan necesarios pero no suficientes para comprender de qué modo se constituye. Para dicho fin se hará un breve recorrido por los estudios efectuados en la década del 80 en China por el psiquiatra y antropólogo Arthur Kleiman y se desarrollará la perspectiva de la psicoanalista Helena Lunazzi, quien en su libro Alexitimia desarrolla cómo la cultura influye en la expresión verbal de las emociones. (AU)


The following work presents the history of a 19-year-old patient from China who was hospitalized in a psychiatric ward of a general hospital due to a depressive illness, being the case remarkable for the polymorphism in the clinical symptoms that she presented. The objective is to analyze the need for an interdisciplinary approach that treats culture as a significant variable in the construction of a disease, understanding that pathophysiological models are necessary but not sufficient to comprehend how they are constituted. For this purpose, a brief review will be made of the studies carried out in the 1980s in China by the psychiatrist and anthropologist Arthur Kleiman and the perspective of the psychoanalyst Lunazzi Helena, who in her book "Alexithymia" develops how culture influences the verbal expression of emotions. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Psychophysiologic Disorders/complications , Cross-Cultural Comparison , Depression/complications , Psychotherapy , Translating , Ethnicity , China/ethnology , Mental Health/ethnology , Interdisciplinary Communication , Emigration and Immigration
9.
Rev. Soc. Argent. Diabetes ; 56(suple. 2): 19-22, may. - ago. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1396186

ABSTRACT

La aparición de una enfermedad crónica, como la diabetes mellitus (DM), pone a prueba la respuesta del universo físico y psíquico de un individuo. Como objetivo general, se propone evaluar el estado emocional de las personas con DM en la consulta ambulatoria. Como objetivo particular, detectar y monitorear las necesidades psicológicas que deben formar parte integral del cuidado de la DM mediante el uso de métodos validados. El cuestionario WHO-5 se incluye como índice de bienestar general, el PAID-5 revela la existencia de una posible angustia emocional vinculada a la enfermedad, y el PHQ- 9 como índice de depresión. Ante esta situación, el Comité de Aspectos Psicosociales recomienda explorar estos aspectos para optimizar el control y el tratamiento de la enfermedad, proponiendo estas herramientas para que el equipo de salud las emplee en la detección y el reconocimiento del estado emocional de las personas con DM


Occurrence of a chronic disease, such as diabetes, prove the response of the physical and psychic universe of individuals. As a general objective, is proposed to evaluate emotional state of people with diabetes in the outpatient clinic. As principal objective, detection and monitoring the psychological needs should be a main part of diabetes care, using validated tools to evaluate this aspect. WHO-5 questionnaire is included as an index of general well-being, PAID-5, reveals the existence of a possible emotional distress linked to disease, and PHQ-9 is used as an index of depression. At this situation, the Committee on Psycho-Social Aspects recommends explore these psychological aspects, as a way to optimize the control and treatment of disease, and propose the cited tools, to be used by the health team, in detection and recognition of emotional state in people with diabetes.


Subject(s)
Diabetes Mellitus , Psychology , Depression , Psychological Distress
10.
Univ. salud ; 24(2): 144-153, mayo-ago. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1377463

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La depresión es una problemática de salud pública responsable de alta carga de mortalidad, afecta principalmente a jóvenes universitarios. La evidencia sugiere que la participación en actividad física genera beneficios en salud mental. Resulta importante estudiar esta asociación teniendo en cuenta otra serie de factores como variables sociodemográficas y el tipo de carrera universitaria. Objetivo: Estimar la prevalencia de sintomatología depresiva y evaluar si el nivel de actividad física podría ser un factor protector en estudiantes de una universidad con enfoque deportivo. Materiales y métodos: Estudio transversal con muestra representativa de 291 estudiantes. Se aplicó cuestionario Beck II y versión larga del International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ). Se realizó análisis univariado y bivariado con razones de prevalencia para depresión, según nivel de actividad física ajustadas mediante modelos de regresión generalizados con vínculo logarítmico de distribución binomial. Resultados: Las prevalencias de síntomas de depresión e inactividad física son respectivamente 27% y 22%. La prevalencia de síntomas de depresión es 46% mayor en quienes no son suficientemente activos (RP: 1,46 IC95%:0,95-2,25). Conclusiones: La prevalencia de síntomas de depresión e inactividad física más bajas comparadas con poblaciones similares, probablemente se relacionan con el enfoque deportivo de la institución.


Introduction: Depression is a public health problem that has a burden of high mortality, mainly affecting the young university student population. The evidence suggests that participation in physical activity generates mental health benefits. It is important to study this association as well as the relationship between depression and sociodemographic variables and university program. Objective: To estimate the prevalence of depressive symptomatology and assess whether physical activity levels can be a Protective factor in university students enrolled in sports programs. Materials and methods: Cross-sectional study with a representative sample of 291 students. The Beck II questionnaire and long version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) were applied. Univariate and bivariate analyses were performed with prevalence ratios for depression, according to the level of physical activity adjusted by generalized regression models with logarithmic link of binomial distribution. Results: The prevalence rates of depression symptoms and physical inactivity were 27% and 22%, respectively. The prevalence of depression symptoms is 46% higher in those who are not sufficiently active (RP: 1.46 IC95%:0.95-2.25). Conclusions: Prevalence of depressive symptoms and physical inactivity were lower compared to similar populations and are probably related to the sport focus of the institution.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Exercise , Public Health , Health , Mental Health , Depression , Energy Metabolism , Movement
11.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 37(4): 423-429, Jul.-Aug. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394739

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Implantable cardiac pacemakers or cardioverter defibrillators are alternatives for the treatment of arrhythmias, however, their use has caused changes in the emotional state of patients. The objective of this study was to compare the measures of anxiety and depression symptoms in individuals according to their sex, type of cardiac device, and diagnosis of Chagas disease. Methods: This is an observational and cross-sectional study conducted with adults with implantable cardiac pacemakers or cardioverter defibrillators. Data was collected using a sociodemographic and clinical questionnaire and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. We used the Student's t-test for independent samples and the Chi-squared test, with a significance level of 0.05. Results: Two hundred forty-four patients participated in the study, 168 with cardiac pacemakers and 76 with implantable cardioverter defibrillators; 104 had Chagas cardiomyopathy (85 with cardiac pacemakers and 19 with implantable cardioverter defibrillators). No statistically significant differences were found in measures of anxiety and depression symptoms according to device type (P=0.594 and P=0.071, respectively) and the presence of Chagas etiology (P=0.649 and P=0.354, respectively). Women had higher mean scores for anxiety (P=0.002) and depression symptoms (P<0.001). Conclusion: In the comparison between the groups, according to the type of implanted device and the diagnosis of Chagas disease, no significant differences were found in the measures of anxiety and depression symptoms. Women showed higher means when compared to men, indicating the need to test and implement interventions to minimize these symptoms in this population.

12.
Interdisciplinaria ; 39(2): 355-368, ago. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385935

ABSTRACT

Resumen El sentido de vida se ha convertido en una importante variable salutogénica en las poblaciones más jóvenes. La investigación ha evidenciado que el sentido de vida está relacionado con la disminución de comportamientos de riesgo, como el consumo de sustancias psicoactivas, y es un factor protector frente a diferentes problemáticas de salud, que van desde los eventos cardiovasculares hasta la disminución de la aparición de sintomatología ansiosa y depresiva. El objetivo de este estudio fue identificar cómo esta variable se asocia con la ansiedad y la depresión en un grupo de adolescentes y jóvenes. Se analizaron los datos de 596 participantes colombianos cuyas edades oscilaron entre 18 y 24 años (M = 21; DE = 1.74; 68 % mujeres y 32 % hombres). Se utilizaron la Escala Dimensional de Sentido de Vida y la Escala para la Depresión, la Ansiedad y el Estrés (DASS-21). En primer lugar, se encontraron diferencias significativas en las puntuaciones de sentido de vida en las siguientes variables: los participantes que reportaron algún diagnóstico de enfermedad, consumo de sustancias psicoactivas y estrato socioeconómico. Se presenta un modelo resultante de un análisis de ecuaciones estructurales basado en cuadrados mínimos parciales. El modelo tuvo índices de ajuste adecuado (NFI = .84; SRMR = .06). El sentido de vida se asoció negativa y significativamente con la ansiedad y la depresión. Los resultados encontrados presentan implicaciones para la investigación al tiempo que se constituyen en sustento empírico para incluir la variable en programas de intervención y prevención, de tal forma que puedan evaluarse objetivamente y consigan disminuir las puntuaciones de ansiedad y depresión en jóvenes.


Abstract Around 300 million people in the world suffer from depression and anxiety. Both have become, according to the main organizations, one of the first causes of disability and lost work years on the planet. Not to mention that depression is one of the main antecedents of deaths by suicide. Both have a special impact on young populations and adolescents. In Colombia the data is not more encouraging, around 53 % of the young people has at least one symptom of anxiety and 80 % have at least one symptom of depression. Given this data, anxiety and depression constitute important health problems that require sufficient attention. On the other hand, the meaning in life has become an important salutogenic variable in younger populations. Recent research has shown that the meaning in life is related to the reduction of risk behaviors, such as the consumption of psychoactive substances, and is a protective factor against different health problems, ranging from cardiovascular events to the reduction of the appearance of anxious and depressive symptoms. Based on the above, the objective of this study was to identify how the meaning in life is associated with anxiety and depression in adolescents and young people. The data of 596 Colombian participants whose ages ranged between 18 and 24 years (M = 21; SD = 1.74; 68 % women and 32 % men) were analyzed, the only condition to participate was knowing how to read and write. The Dimensional Meaning Life Scale and the Scale for Depression, Anxiety and Stress (DASS-21) were used. Firstly, significant differences were found in the meaning in life scores in the participants who reported a diagnosis of disease, consumption of psychoactive substances and socioeconomic condition. The highest meaning scores were obtained by people who did not have a diagnosis of medical or psychological illness, who did not consume any psychoactive substances, and people in the highest socioeconomic status. Likewise, there were differences for anxiety and depression, people with a diagnosis of disease and who consume psychoactive substances had higher scores for both anxiety and depression. Women had higher anxiety scores, and people from the lowest socioeconomic conditions had the highest scores for depression. A model resulting from an analysis of structural equations based on partial least squares is presented. The model had adequate fit indices (NFI = .84; SRMR = .06). The meaning in life was negatively and significantly associated with anxiety and depression. The path coefficients of the latent variable meaning in life show an impact of -.49 on anxiety and -.71 on depression. According to the R squared values, the meaning of life explains 24 % of the presence of anxiety symptoms and around 51 % of depression. Regarding the measurement model, both the Dimensional Meaning in Life Scale and the Scale for Depression, Anxiety and Stress (DASS-21) showed excellent adjustments in the measurement and operationalization of the latent variables. The results found present implications for research, and they also constitute empirical support to include the variable in intervention and prevention programs that can be objectively evaluated and reduce anxiety and depression scores in adolescents and young people, which would also allow to reduce all the negative consequences associated with both pathologies. Other projections and limitations associated with what was found in this research are discussed.

13.
Nursing (Säo Paulo) ; 25(290): 8127-8136, julho.2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1379895

ABSTRACT

Objetivo. Identificar a associação entre as necessidades, ansiedade e depressão em familiares de pacientes internados em Unidade de Terapia Intensiva. Método. Revisão integrativa da literatura, utilizando bases de dados, LILACS, MedLine, BDENF, PubMed, EMBASE, SCOPUS, CINAHL e Web of Science, no período de 2007 a 2019, nos idiomas português, inglês e espanhol. Resultado. A amostra final foi composta por 15 artigos. Desses, a maioria oriundos de pesquisas quantitativas 60% (9) e os demais 40% (6) de pesquisas qualitativas. Ansiedade e depressão foram abordadas em 66,7% (10) dos artigos, enquanto as necessidades em 33,3% (5) deles. Conclusão. Foi possível identificar a falta de comunição sobre o estado do familiar internado em uma Unidade de Terapia Intensiva gerada nos familiares sintomas de medo, angustia, ansiedade e consequentemente depressão. Portanto, é imperativo o norteamento de ações e intervenções acolhedoras, proporcionando melhor atenção ao familiar e contribuindo com a saúde desses familiares.(AU)


Objective. To identify the association between needs, anxiety and depression in family members of patients hospitalized in the Intensive Care Unit. Method. Integrative literature review, using databases LILACS, MedLine, BDENF, PubMed, EMBASE, SCOPUS, CINAHL and Web of Science, from 2007 to 2019, in Portuguese, English and Spanish. Result. The final sample consisted of 15 articles. Of these, the majority came from quantitative research, 60% (9) and the remaining 40% (6) from qualitative research. Anxiety and depression were addressed in 66.7% (10) of the articles, while needs were addressed in 33.3% (5) of them. Conclusion. It was possible to identify the lack of communication about the state of the family member hospitalized in an Intensive Care Unit generated in the family members with symptoms of fear, anguish, anxiety and consequently depression. Therefore, it is imperative to guide welcoming actions and interventions, providing better care for the family member and contributing to the health of these family members.(AU)


Objetivo. Identificar la asociación entre necesidades, ansiedad y depresión en familiares de pacientes internados en la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos. Método. Revisión integrativa de la literatura, utilizando las bases de datos LILACS, MedLine, BDENF, PubMed, EMBASE, SCOPUS, CINAHL y Web of Science, de 2007 a 2019, en portugués, inglés y español. Resultado. La muestra final estuvo compuesta por 15 artículos. De estos, la mayoría provino de investigación cuantitativa, el 60% (9) y el 40% restante (6) de investigación cualitativa. La ansiedad y la depresión fueron abordadas en el 66,7% (10) de los artículos, mientras que las necesidades fueron abordadas en el 33,3% (5) de ellos. Conclusión. Se pudo identificar la falta de comunicación sobre el estado del familiar internado en una Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos generada en los familiares con síntomas de miedo, angustia, ansiedad y consecuentemente depresión. Por lo tanto, es imperativo orientar acciones e intervenciones de acogida, brindando una mejor atención al familiar y contribuyendo a la salud de estos familiares.(AU)


Subject(s)
Anxiety , Patients , Family , Depression , Intensive Care Units
14.
Rev. enferm. Inst. Mex. Seguro Soc ; 30(3): 68-76, 18-jul-2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1379527

ABSTRACT

Introducción: uno de los efectos nocivos de las tecnologías de la información y la comunicación (TIC) es su uso sin control, lo que ha generado una adicción hacia ellas. Objetivo: conocer la prevalencia de tecnoadicción de las TIC en estudiantes universitarios de nivel superior, posgrado y profesionistas de diferentes áreas. Metodología: estudio descriptivo cuya población fueron universitarios de nivel superior, posgrado y profesionistas de diferentes áreas de la Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM) y del Instituto Politécnico Nacional (IPN) durante el ciclo escolar 2020-2. El muestreo fue no probabilístico. Resultados: al analizar los datos de la Escala de adicción de internet, el 49% respondió que permanece en internet más tiempo del que desea y el 38.2% mencionó que intenta reducir la cantidad de tiempo que pasa en línea. En cuanto al uso compulsivo, el 32.8% mencionó que sigue usando internet a pesar de que su intención es reducir su uso; el 30.5% dice que está corto de sueño debido al uso de internet. Conclusiones: existe tecnoadicción entre profesionistas y estudiantes universitarios de nivel superior y posgrado de la UNAM y del IPN. El personal de salud debe establecer estrategias de prevención del uso del internet para evitar trastornos de salud mental como depresión y aislamiento, entre otros.


Background: One of the harmful effects of the information and communication technologies (ICTs) is their uncontrolled use, which has generated an addiction to them. Objective: To know the prevalence of technology addiction of ICTs in university students of higher level, postgraduate and professionals from different areas. Methodology: Descriptive study whose population was university students of higher level, postgraduate degrees and professionals from different areas of the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM) and the National Polytechnic Institute (IPN) during the 2020-2 school year. The sampling was non-probabilistic. Results: When analyzing the data of the Internet addiction scale, 49% responded that they stay on the internet much more time than what they want to, and 38.2% mentioned that they try to reduce the amount of time they spend online. As for compulsive use, 32.8% mentioned that they continue to use the internet despite the fact that their intention is to use it less; 30.5% say they are short of sleep due to internet use. Conclusions: There is technology addiction among professionals and university students of higher and postgraduate levels of UNAM and IPN. Health personnel must establish prevention strategies for the use of internet, in orded to avoid mental health disorders such as depression, isolation, among others.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Students/statistics & numerical data , Internet Addiction Disorder/epidemiology , Schools/statistics & numerical data , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prevalence , Surveys and Questionnaires , Information Technology/statistics & numerical data
15.
Saúde Redes ; 8(Sup 1): 249-260, 20220708.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1395575

ABSTRACT

Modelo do estudo: Revisão integrativa da literatura. Objetivo: encontrar as melhores evidências disponíveis sobre a eficácia e efetividades da eletroconvulsoterapia(ECT) no tratamento da depressão maior, resistente a psicofármacos Metodologia: A busca foi realizada de outubro a novembro de 2020 nas bases de dados MEDLINE (acessado via PubMed), Register of Controlled Trials (Cochrane CENTRAL), Centre for Reviews and Dissemination (CRD), Web of Science e Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO), LILACS (via BVS), Periódicos Capes, e Scholar Google. Resultados: A pesquisa nas diversas bases de dados totalizou 801 citações, das quais 12 foram avaliadas conforme os critérios de inclusão e exclusão. Nos dozes artigos analisados, 11 concluem que a eletroconvulsoterapia é um tratamento eficaz em pacientes com depressão. Conclusa?o: Os estudos analisados mostraram que ha? Poucas evidências sobre o tema investigado. A eletroconvulsoterapia e uma técnica segura, conforme os estudos apresentados, e se mostra eficaz no tratamento de transtorno depressivo grave.

16.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 68(7): 893-897, July 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394585

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the factors associated with behavioral problems in children with congenital pseudarthrosis of the tibia. METHODS: Random sampling is utilized to obtain a sample of 90 patients. The behavioral problems of the patients are detected by Achenbach Children's Behavior Scale. Parental emotional problems are investigated by the Self-Rating Depression Scale and Self-Rating Anxiety Scale. RESULTS: The results demonstrate that the detection rate of behavioral problems in children with congenital pseudarthrosis of the tibia is 53.3% (48/90). Among these behavioral problems, an abnormal rate is higher in the four dimensions: thinking, violation of discipline, social interaction, and aggression. The anxiety and depression scores of caregivers are statistically higher in the abnormal group than in the normal group. The results of the multivariate analysis show that the anxiety degree of the parents had a significant impact on the behavior of the children. CONCLUSIONS: Children with congenital pseudarthrosis of the tibia are facing the issues of high rates of behavioral problems. Parents of children with congenital pseudarthrosis of the tibia had higher levels of anxiety and depression than parents of normal children. The anxiety and depressive state of mind of parents or caregivers had a significant impact on the behavior of children with congenital pseudarthrosis of the tibia.

17.
Acta colomb. psicol ; 25(1): 137-150, ene.-jun. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364262

ABSTRACT

Resumen En México, el estudio de la autolesión cuenta con pocas investigaciones, y menos si se trata de estudios que conformen posibles modelos explicativos. Teniendo esto en cuenta, en el presente trabajo se planteó como objetivo conocer la relación de la autolesión con la depresión, la desregulación emocional y los estilos de afrontamiento, con el fin de generar un modelo explicativo de la problemática. El estudio se realizó a partir de un diseño cuantitativo, transversal y con alcance explicativo, y se contó con una muestra de 5835 adolescentes (M edad = 11-15 años) inscritos en 62 secundarias públicas del estado de Sonora. Se realizaron regresiones logísticas para el análisis de los datos, y como resultado se encontró que, para los estudiantes con autolesión severa (3.54 %), el modelo explica el 61 % de la varianza en los datos (R1 de Nagelkerke = .61) y clasifica correctamente al 84.1 % de los participantes; mientras que, en la autolesión leve (5.29 %), el modelo explica el 72 % de la varianza en los datos (R2 de Nagelkerke = .72) y clasifica correctamente al 88.2 % de los estudiantes. Asimismo, las dimensiones de depresión mostraron el mayor nivel explicativo (cognitiva-afectiva, somática) y correlaciones positivas con la desregulación emocional y el estilo de afrontamiento de evitación, así como correlaciones negativas con el estilo de afrontamiento de aproximación. Al final se discute respecto a la importancia de las variables independientes para futuras investigaciones, y sobre los resultados anómalos y otros datos de interés.


Abstract In Mexico, there is little research on the study of self-injury and even less on possible explanatory models. With this in mind, this study aimed to determine the relationship between self-injury and depression, emotional dysregulation, and coping styles, to generate an explanatory model of the problem. The study was carried out using a quantitative, cross-sectional, explanatory scope, design and a sample of 5835 adolescents (Mage = 11-15 years) enrolled in 62 public high schools in the state of Sonora. Logistic regressions were performed for data analysis, and as a result it was found that, for students with severe self-injury (3.54 %), the model explains 61 % of the variance in the data (Nagelkerke's R2 = .61) and correctly classifies 84.1 % of the participants; whereas, in mild self-injury (5.29 %), the model explains 72 % of the variance in the data (Nagelkerke's R2 = .72) and correctly classifies 88.2 % of the students. Likewise, the depression dimensions showed the highest explanatory level (cognitive-affective, somatic) and positive correlations with emotional dysregulation and avoidance coping style, as well as negative correlations with approach coping style. At the end, the importance of the independent variables for future research is discussed, as well as anomalous results and other data of interest.

18.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 28(3): 174-176, May-June 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365712

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Depression is a common disease worldwide. The main treatment methods currently include medication, psychotherapy, and physical therapy. However, due to limitations in treatment methods, treatment compliance is poor. Participating in various sports is very effective in treating depression. Objective: To verify the influence of sports on the condition of depression and on the effect of its clinical treatment. Methods: The article selected a total of 60 hospitalized patients with depression who were randomly divided into two groups: an experimental group and a control group. The control group took antidepressant drugs for eight weeks, and the experimental group took the drugs with the supplementary practice of sports. The two groups of patients were tested for serum β-endorphin (β-EP) levels before and after treatment, and HAMD scores were performed. Results: The scores and serum β-endorphin (β-EP) levels of the two groups of patients were different, showing that effect of the treatment was better in the experimental group. Conclusion: Physical exercise therapy can mobilize the enthusiasm of patients with depression. This treatment plan increases treatment efficiency and is suitable for long-term clinical promotion and application. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment results.


RESUMO Introdução: A depressão é uma doença comum em todo o mundo. Os principais métodos de tratamento atuais incluem medicação, psicoterapia e fisioterapia. Contudo, graças às limitações dos métodos de tratamento, a aderência a eles é pequena. Participar de vários esportes é uma maneira eficiente de se tratar a depressão. Objetivo: Verificar a influência de esportes na condição depressiva e seu efeito no tratamento clínico da doença. Método: Selecionou-se 60 pacientes hospitalizados, que foram aleatoriamente divididos em dois grupos: um grupo experimental e um grupo controle. O grupo controle tomou antidepressivos por oito semanas, e o grupo experimental usou os medicamentos somados à prática de esportes. Testou-se os níveis de beta-endorfina (β-EP) dos dois grupos antes e depois do tratamento, e a pontuação na escala HAMD foi avaliada. Resultados: Houve diferença na pontuação e nos níveis de β-EP entre os grupos, indicando que o efeito do tratamento foi melhor no grupo experimental. Conclusão: A terapia com exercício físico é capaz de mobilizar o entusiasmo dos pacientes com depressão. Esse plano de tratamento aumenta a eficiência da terapia e é adequado para promoção e aplicação a longo prazo. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação de resultados de tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción: La depresión es una enfermedad común en todo el mundo. Los principales métodos de tratamiento actuales incluyen medicación, psicoterapia y fisioterapia. Sin embargo, gracias a las limitaciones de los métodos de tratamiento, la adherencia a los mismos es baja. Practicar varios deportes es una forma eficaz de tratar la depresión. Objetivo: Verificar la influencia de los deportes en la condición depresiva y su efecto en el tratamiento clínico de la enfermedad. Método: Se seleccionaron 60 pacientes hospitalizados, que fueron aleatoriamente divididos en dos grupos: un grupo experimental y un grupo control. El grupo control tomó antidepresivos por ocho semanas, y el grupo experimental usó los medicamentos sumados a la práctica de deportes. Se analizaron los niveles de beta-endorfina (β-EP) de ambos grupos antes y después del tratamiento, y se evaluó la puntuación de la escala HAMD. Resultados: Hubo diferencia en la puntuación y en los niveles de β-EP entre los grupos, indicando que el efecto del tratamiento fue mejor en el grupo experimental. Conclusión: La terapia con ejercicio físico es capaz de movilizar el entusiasmo de los pacientes con depresión. Este plan de tratamiento aumenta la eficacia de la terapia y es adecuado para la promoción y aplicación a largo plazo. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - investigación de resultados de tratamiento.

19.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 140(3): 406-411, May-June 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1377398

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Frailty is consensually understood to be a clinical syndrome in which minimal stressors can lead to negative outcomes such as hospitalization, early institutionalization, falls, functional loss and death. Frailty is more prevalent among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), and those on dialysis are the frailest. Depression contributes towards putting patients with CKD into the frailty cycle. OBJECTIVE: To assess frailty and its relationship with depression among patients with CKD undergoing hemodialysis. DESIGN AND SETTING: Observational and quantitative cross-sectional study conducted in a renal therapy unit, located in the interior of the state of São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: This investigation took place in 2019, among 80 patients. The following instruments were applied: a sociodemographic, economic and health condition characterization and the Subjective Frailty Assessment (SFA) and Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9). RESULTS: Among the patients, there was higher prevalence of females, individuals with a steady partner and retirees, and their mean age was 59.63 (± 15.14) years. There was high prevalence of physical frailty (73.8%) and depression (93.7%). Depression was associated with frailty, such that patients with depression were 9.8 times more likely to be frail than were patients without depression (odds ratio, OR = 9.80; 95% confidence interval, CI, 1.93-49.79). CONCLUSION: Based on the proposed objective and the results achieved, it can be concluded that depression was associated with the presence of frailty among patients with CKD on hemodialysis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/complications , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/therapy , Frailty/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Frail Elderly , Renal Dialysis , Depression/etiology , Depression/epidemiology , Middle Aged
20.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 140(3): 412-421, May-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1377378

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Workplaces can be sources of mental distress. In healthcare services, this can also affect patients. OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of and factors associated with depressive symptoms, burnout, job satisfaction and patient safety culture and the relationships between these constructs, among healthcare workers. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study in a university hospital in Manaus, Brazil. METHODS: Randomly selected workers were interviewed based on Brazilian-validated tools. We calculated the prevalence ratio (PR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) of depressive symptoms and burnout using Poisson regression with robust variance; and the β-coefficient of safety culture and job satisfaction using linear regression. Outcome relationships were assessed using partial least-squares structural equation modeling. RESULTS: 300 professionals were included; 67.3% were women. The prevalence of depressive symptom was 19.0% (95% CI: 14.5; 23.5%) and burnout, 8.7% (95% CI: 5.2; 12.3%). Lack of work stability increased depression (PR = 1.88; 95% CI: 1.17; 3.01) and burnout (PR = 2.17; 95% CI: 1.03; 4.57); and reduced job satisfaction (β = -11.93; 95% CI: -18.79; -5.07). Depressive symptoms and burnout were positively correlated, as also were job satisfaction and safety culture (P < 0.001); job satisfaction was negatively correlated with burnout (P < 0.001) and depression (P = 0.035). CONCLUSION: Impermanent employment contracts increased depression and burnout and reduced job satisfaction. Job satisfaction reduced poor mental health outcomes and increased safety culture. Job satisfaction and safety culture were directly proportional (one construct increased the other and vice versa), as also were depression and burnout. Better working conditions can provide a virtuous cycle of patient safety and occupational health.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Burnout, Professional/epidemiology , Job Satisfaction , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Patient Satisfaction , Safety Management , Depression/epidemiology , Patient Safety , Latent Class Analysis , Hospitals, University
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