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1.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 29: e2022_0174, 2023. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394823

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: The knee joint is one of the sites of greatest mechanical stress in the lower limbs. The overload generated by impacts, blows from falls, and torsions in collisions can generate disabling tissue damage that is difficult to recover from. Although lacking clinical diagnosis, some studies have pointed out that implementing functional training in rehabilitation can reduce the period of disability and the harmful effects of immobilization. Objective: Study the clinical diagnosis and the optimization of training for knee sports injuries. Methods: This experiment uses the intra-group comparison method. The method used in the experiment is a rehabilitation training protocol for the knee joint, focusing on quadriceps muscle strength and balance. The training cycle is six times per week for one month. Results: The optimization in exercise training evidenced a good improvement in functional ability and pain condition, reflected in the athletes' balance ability. After training optimization, 9 out of 12 athletes recovered completely, and three improved significantly. Conclusion: Trainers should follow the physical rehabilitation orders and match them with the athletes' actual situation, sport types, etc., designing the appropriate sports mode for the athletes to promote training optimization and reduce sports joint injuries. Level of Evidence II; Therapeutic Studies - Outcome Investigation.


RESUMO Introdução: A articulação do joelho é um dos locais com maior estresse mecânico nos membros inferiores. A sobrecarga gerada por impactos, os golpes por quedas e torções em colisão podem gerar danos teciduais incapacitantes e de difícil recuperação. Embora careça de diagnósticos clínicos, alguns estudos têm apontado que a implementação do treinamento funcional na reabilitação pode reduzir o período de incapacitação e os efeitos deletérios da imobilização. Objetivo: Estudar o diagnóstico clínico e a otimização no treinamento para lesões esportiva do joelho. Métodos: Este experimento utiliza o método de comparação intragrupo. O método utilizado no experimento é o protocolo de um treinamento de reabilitação direcionado a articulação do joelho, com foco na força e equilíbrio muscular do quadríceps. O ciclo de treinamento é de 6 vezes por semana, durante 1 mês. Resultados: A otimização no treinamento do exercício evidenciou uma boa melhora na capacidade de funcional e condição de dor, refletindo na melhoria da capacidade de equilíbrio dos atletas. Após a otimização do treinamento, 9 dos 12 atletas se recuperaram completamente, e 3 atletas melhoraram significativamente. Conclusão: Os treinadores devem acatar as ordens de reabilitação física e combiná-las com a situação real dos atletas, tipos esportivos, entre outros fatores, projetando o modo esportivo adequado aos atletas, visando promover a otimização do treinamento e reduzir as lesões esportivas nas articulações. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción: La articulación de la rodilla es uno de los lugares de mayor tensión mecánica en los miembros inferiores. La sobrecarga generada por los impactos, los golpes de las caídas y las torsiones en colisión pueden generar daños tisulares incapacitantes y de difícil recuperación. Aunque carecen de diagnóstico clínico, algunos estudios han señalado que la aplicación del entrenamiento funcional en la rehabilitación puede reducir el periodo de discapacidad y los efectos nocivos de la inmovilización. Objetivo: Estudiar el diagnóstico clínico y la optimización del entrenamiento de las lesiones deportivas de la rodilla. Métodos: Este experimento utiliza el método de comparación intragrupo. El método utilizado en el experimento es el protocolo de un entrenamiento de rehabilitación dirigido a la articulación de la rodilla, centrado en la fuerza muscular del cuádriceps y el equilibrio. El ciclo de entrenamiento es de 6 veces por semana durante 1 mes. Resultados: La optimización en el entrenamiento de ejercicios evidenció una mejora en la capacidad funcional y en el estado del dolor, lo que se refleja en la mejora de la capacidad de equilibrio de los atletas. Tras la optimización del entrenamiento, 9 de los 12 atletas se recuperaron por completo, y 3 atletas mejoraron significativamente. Conclusión: Los entrenadores deben seguir las órdenes de rehabilitación física y combinarlas con la situación real de los atletas, los tipos de deporte, etc., diseñando el modo de deporte adecuado para los atletas, con el objetivo de promover la optimización del entrenamiento y reducir las lesiones articulares deportivas. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - investigación de resultados.

2.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1387510

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To translate and validate the Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers, Revised with Follow-Up (M-CHAT-R/F) from English to Brazilian Portuguese, taking transcultural differences into account. Methods: Permission for the translation was obtained from the author of the scale. Translation and back-translation were performed, and the document was then assessed for reference and general equivalence. Specialists in childhood autism evaluated the scale. A preliminary version was prepared and pre-tested in a sample population, and a final version was validated with the target population. Results: Only one question had issues relating to referential equivalence. The 10 individuals questioned in the pre-test all understood most of the instrument, although some suggested substituting certain terms to improve comprehension. The final version was reached following inclusion of pertinent suggestions and was submitted to validation with the target population, indicating a sensitivity of 88.2% for a cutoff point greater than 2 points. Conclusions: A Brazilian version of the M-CHAT-R/F scale, approved by specialists and understandable by the target audience, is now available for use.


RESUMO Objetivo: Realizar a tradução e validação do inglês para o português do Brasil da escala Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers, Revised with Follow-Up para triagem precoce do autismo, respeitando a equivalência transcultural. Métodos: Foi obtida permissão da autora da escala e realizaram-se tradução, retrotradução, avaliação da equivalência referencial e geral, avaliação de especialistas em autismo infantil, elaboração da versão preliminar, pré-teste, elaboração da versão final e validação com população-alvo. Resultados: Apenas uma das questões não foi 100% semelhante na avaliação da equivalência referencial. Das 10 pessoas interrogadas no pré-teste, todas compreenderam a maior parte do instrumento, contudo houve algumas sugestões de substituição de termos e exemplos para facilitar a compreensão. Após a incorporação das sugestões pertinentes, foi elaborada a versão final, que, submetida à validação com a população-alvo, indicou sensibilidade de 88,2% para ponto de corte maior que 2 pontos. Conclusões: O estudo torna disponível a versão em português da escala Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers, Revised with Follow-Up, considerada adequada por especialistas e compreensível pela população.

3.
Rev. flum. odontol ; 3(59): 22-36, set.-dez. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1380523

ABSTRACT

O objetivo desse estudo foi relatar as evidências disponíveis sobre o papel da saliva no diagnóstico da Covid-19. Trata-se de uma revisão narrativa da literatura de cunho qualitativo com buscas realizadas a partir das bases de dados eletrônicas PubMed, Google Acadêmico e Scielo, nos idiomas português e inglês utilizando os termos "Covid-19", "Diagnóstico" e "Saliva". Foi observado a utilização da saliva com a finalidade de se monitorar o estado de saúde e da doença de uma pessoa cujo objetivo tem se tornado extremamente desejável quanto à promoção da saúde e à pesquisa de cuidados em saúde. Nesse sentido, amostras de saliva podem ser usadas no diagnóstico da Covid-19. Um obstáculo crítico para o diagnóstico salivar pode ser a validação de amplo espectro em pacientes com Covid-19 durante o período de incubação, a fase de resposta viral e a fase inflamatória do hospedeiro de indivíduos assintomáticos e sintomáticos. Conclui-se que a saliva pode ter aplicações potenciais no contexto da Covid-19, mas, são necessários mais estudos para investigar o potencial diagnóstico da Covid-19 na saliva e seu impacto na transmissão desse vírus.


The aim of this study was to review the available evidence on the role of saliva in the diagnosis of Covid-19. This is a narrative review of the literature of a qualitative nature whose search was carried out from the digital databases PubMed, Academic Google and Scielo, in Portuguese and English, using the terms "Covid-19", "Diagnosis" and "Saliva". It was observed that the use of saliva in order to monitor a person's state of health and illness it became an objective extremely desirable in terms of health promotion and health care research. In this sense, saliva samples can be used in the diagnosis of Covid-19. A critical obstacle for salivary diagnosis may be broad-spectrum validation in patients with Covid-19 during the incubation period, the viral response phase, and the host inflammatory phase in asymptomatic and symptomatic patients. It is concluded that saliva may have potential applications in the context of Covid-19, but further studies are needed to investigate the diagnostic potential of Covid-19 in saliva and its impact on the transmission of this virus.


Subject(s)
Saliva , Public Health , COVID-19/diagnosis
4.
Rev. med. (São Paulo) ; 101(5): e-196228, set-out. 2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1395431

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Síndrome POEMS trata de um raro evento paraneoplásico, sem relato atual na literatura sobre sua real prevalência. A maior parte dos casos ocorre em homens de meia idade. Relato do Caso:Paciente masculino, 65 anos, com queixa edema e parestesia em pernas que evoluiu para plegia, associada a hiporexia e fadiga. Investigação ambulatorial inicial evidenciou Polirradiculoneuropatia Inflamatória Desmielinizante Crônica (PIDC) de etiologia indefinida. Excluídos secundarismos, o paciente foi diagnosticado com hipotireoidismo primário, hipogonadismo severo, lesões hipercrômicas em pele, ascite, derrame pleural e trombocitose, além de gamopatia monoclonal IgA Lambda por imunofixação sérica. Sorologias virais negativas. Excluída a possibilidade de Mieloma Múltiplo e outras gamopatias, foi aventada a hipótese de Síndrome POEMS, sendo realizada dosagem de VEGF plasmática (425 pg/mL; VR = <96.2). Trata-se de um caso atípico na medida em que, lesões ósseas, presentes em até 97% dos casos, não foram evidenciadas no paciente em questão, tornando desafiador o diagnóstico. Conclusões: O diagnóstico de síndromes raras, embora desafiante, traz ao clínico um olhar mais amplo do paciente na medida em que incrementa o raciocínio clínico. [au]


Introduction: POEMS syndrome is a rare paraneoplastic event, with no current report in the literature about its real prevalence. Most cases occur in middle-aged men. Case Report: Male patient, 65 years old, complaining of edema and paresthesia in the legs that evolved to plegia, associated with hyporexia and fatigue. Initial outpatient investigation revealed Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP) of undefined etiology. Excluding secondaries, the patient was diagnosed with primary hypothyroidism, severe hypogonadism, hyperchromic skin lesions, ascites, pleural effusion and thrombocytosis, in addition to monoclonal IgA Lambda gammopathy by serum immunofixation. Viral serologies was negative. Excluding the possibility of Multiple Myeloma and other gammopathies, the hypothesis of POEMS Syndrome was raised, and plasma VEGF measurement was performed (425 pg/mL; RV = <96.2). This is an atypical case in that bone lesions, present in up to 97% of cases, were not evidenced in the patient in question, making the diagnosis challenging. Conclusions: The diagnosis of rare syndromes, although challenging, brings the clinician a broader view of the patient as it increases clinical reasoning. [au]

5.
Medicina UPB ; 41(2): 107-113, julio-diciembre 2022. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1392148

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: los parásitos son organismos que viven en el interior o sobre otra especie para su propio beneficio. Logran afectar plantas, animales y humanos. Los niños son más vulnerables a infectarse, pero la incidencia ha disminuido en Costa Rica gracias a la mejora en salubridad. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar el conocimiento general que tiene la población costarricense con respecto a las parasitosis infantiles. Metodología: se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo de tipo transversal, a una muestra de 196 sujetos. Se presentó encuesta a costarricenses mayores de 18 años que tuvieran un dispositivo con acceso a internet. Se consultó sobre el conocimiento del cuadro clínico de las parasitosis infantiles en Costa Rica. Resultados: la mayoría de los participantes eran universitarios (68.3%). El 89.9% cree que los parásitos de las mascotas pueden infectar a los humanos. Los parásitos más conocidos fueron los piojos 173 (88.3%). La parte del cuerpo que se considera más afectada por los parásitos es el estómago (75.5%). La principal medida preventiva contra las parasitosis más conocidas es lavarse las manos (67.9%). Conclusión: muchos participantes creen que los humanos se pueden infectar por los mismos parásitos de los animales. Los piojos fueron los parásitos más conocidos y las garrapatas las menos conocidas. La mayoría considera el vómito o la diarrea como los síntomas principales de las parasitosis y creen que el estómago es el más afectado en una infección. Además, señalan que la principal medida preventiva para evitar el contagio es el lavado de manos.


Objective: parasites are organisms that live inside or on another species for their own benefit, managing to affect plants, animals, and humans. Children are more vulnerable to infection, but the incidence has decreased thanks to the improvement in Costa Rican sanitation. The aim was to evaluate the general knowledge that the Costa Rican population has regarding childhood parasitosis. Methodology: an observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study was carried out on a sample of 196 subjects. A survey was conducted among Costa Ricans over 18 years of age who had a device with internet access. The participants were asked about their knowledge on the clinical picture of childhood parasitosis in Costa Rica. Results: most of the participants were college students (68.3%). 89.9% of them believe that pet parasites can infect humans. The best-known parasites were lice, marked by 173 (88.3%) people. The stomach is the part of the body considered most affected, with 148 (75.5%) responses. The main known preventive measure is washing hands with soap and water, answered by 133 participants (67.9%). Conclusion: Many participants believe that humans can be infected by the same parasites as animals. Lice were the best known and ticks the least. Most of the people consider vomiting and/or diarrhea as one of the main symptoms and believe that the stomach is the most affected part during the infection. In addition, they consider that the main preventive measure to avoid contagion is hand washing.


Objetivo: Parasitas são organismos que vivem em ou sobre outra espécie para seu próprio benefício. Eles conseguem afetar plantas, animais e humanos. As crianças são mais vulneráveis à infecção, mas a incidência diminuiu na Costa Rica graças a melhorias no saneamento. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o conhecimento geral que a população costarriquenha tem sobre parasitas infantis.Metodologia: estudo observacional, descritivo, transversal, com amostra de 196 sujeitos.Uma pesquisa foi apresentada a costarriquenhos maiores de 18 anos que possuíam um dispositivo com acesso à internet. O conhecimento do quadro clínico de parasitas infantis na Costa Rica foi consultado.Resultados:a maioria dos participantes era universitária (68.3%). 89.9% acreditam que parasitas de animais de estimação podem infectar humanos. Os parasitas mais conhecidos foram os piolhos 173 (88.3%). A parte do corpo considerada mais afetada pelos parasitas é o estômago (75.5%). A principal medida preventiva contra os parasitas mais conhecidos é a lavagem das mãos (67.9%).Conclusão: muitos participantes acreditam que humanos podem ser infectados pelos mesmos parasitas de animais. Os piolhos foram os parasitas mais conhecidos e os carrapatos os menos conhecidos. A maioria considera vômito ou diarreia como os principais sintomas dos parasitas e acredita que o estômago é o mais afetado em uma infecção. Além disso, apontam que a principal medida preventiva para evitar o contágio é a lavagem das mãos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Cats , Cattle , Dogs , Parasitic Diseases , Parasites , Ticks , Water , Sanitation , Disease Transmission, Infectious , Knowledge , Diarrhea , Pets
6.
Braz. J. Psychiatry (São Paulo, 1999, Impr.) ; 44(4): 370-377, July-Aug. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394066

ABSTRACT

Objective: Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers add accuracy to the diagnostic workup of cognitive impairment by illustrating Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathology. However, there are no universally accepted cutoff values for the interpretation of AD biomarkers. The aim of this study is to determine the viability of a decision-tree method to analyse CSF biomarkers of AD as a support for clinical diagnosis. Methods: A decision-tree method (automated classification analysis) was applied to concentrations of AD biomarkers in CSF as a support for clinical diagnosis in older adults with or without cognitive impairment in a Brazilian cohort. In brief, 272 older adults (68 with AD, 122 with mild cognitive impairment [MCI], and 82 healthy controls) were assessed for CSF concentrations of Aβ1-42, total-tau, and phosphorylated-tau using multiplexed Luminex assays; biomarker values were used to generate decision-tree algorithms (classification and regression tree) in the R statistical software environment. Results: The best decision tree model had an accuracy of 74.65% to differentiate the three groups. Cluster analysis supported the combination of CSF biomarkers to differentiate AD and MCI vs. controls, suggesting the best cutoff values for each clinical condition. Conclusion: Automated analyses of AD biomarkers provide valuable information to support the clinical diagnosis of MCI and AD in research settings.

7.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 88(4): 633-641, July-Aug. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394149

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Cocaine is one of the most often used psychoactive drugs worldwide, being extracted from the leaves of Erytroxylus coca plant. Its abusive use can trigger several consequences for the human body, including the oral cavity. Objective: To identify the oral disorders that are most commonly found in individuals who abuse cocaine, in addition to the main diagnostic and treatment methods. Methods: An integrative review was carried out on the databases: LILACS, BBO, LIS, MEDLINE, SciELO, Science Direct and PubMed. The following keywords were used: ‟Cocaína", ‟Boca", ‟Palato" and ‟Odontologia", together with their synonyms and variations in English, obtained from DeCS andMeSH. The inclusion criteria were original articles, articles in Portuguese, English and Spanish, studies involving individuals, without restriction related to the year of publication. Animal studies, literature reviews, book chapters, theses and dissertations were excluded. Results: In total, 1373 records were identified. Of these, 22 articles were selected to comprise the review. Several oral alterations caused by cocaine abuse were found, primarily perforation of the palate, predisposition to periodontal diseases, temporomandibular disorders, bruxism, damage to oral tissues, dental caries, destructive lesions of the facial midline, xerostomia and ageusia. Among the diagnostic methods used by the professionals, anamnesis, intraoral examinations and head and neck computed tomography were the most frequently mentioned. As for treatment, in patients with palatal perforation, the reconstruction of the affected area or the use of prosthetic obturators is carried out. Conclusion: The management of these patients is not an easy task, as many of the users do not even seek professional help. The health professionals must be able to recognize these manifestations and alterations to establish timely and accurate diagnosis and treatment planning. © 2021 Associação Brasileira de Otorrinolaringologia e Cirurgia Cérvico-Facial. Published by Elsevier Editora Ltda. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). HIGHLIGHTS Integrative review aiming to detect oral changes in cocaine abusers. The main oral changes, methods of diagnosis and treatment were identified. Good anamnesis and qualified health professionals are necessary.


Resumo Introdução: A cocaína é uma das drogas psicoativas mais usadas no mundo, é extraída das folhas da Erytroxylus coca. Seu uso abusivo pode desencadear inúmeras consequências para o corpo humano, inclusive na cavidade oral. Objetivo: Identificar quais as alterações orais mais comumente encontradas nos indivíduos que fazem uso abusivo de cocaína, além das principais formas de diagnóstico e tratamento. Método: Fez-se uma revisão integrativa nas bases de dados Lilacs, BBO, LIS, Medline, Sci-ELO, Science Direct e PubMed. Foram usados os descritores ‟cocaína", ‟boca", ‟palato" e ‟odontologia" junto de seus sinônimos e variações em inglês, retirados do DeCS e MeSH. Os critérios de inclusão foram artigos originais, artigos nas línguas portuguesa, inglesa e espanhola, estudos que envolveram pessoas e sem restrição quanto ao ano de publicação. Foram excluídos estudos feitos em animais, revisões da literatura, capítulos de livros, teses e dissertações. Resultados: Foram identificados 1.373 registros. Desses, 22 artigos foram selecionados para compor a revisão. Diversas alterações orais causadas por uso abusivo de cocaína foram encontradas. As principais foram perfuração do palato, predisposição para doenças periodontais, desordens temporomandibulares, bruxismo, danos aos tecidos orais, cárie dentária, lesões destrutivas da linha média facial, xerostomia e ageusia. Entre as formas de diagnóstico usadas pelos profissionais, a anamnese, exames físicos intraorais e a tomografia computadorizada da região da cabeça e pescoço foram as mais mencionadas. Como tratamento, nos pacientes com perfuração palatina, é feita a reconstrução da área afetada ou o uso de obturadores protéticos. Conclusão: O manejo desses pacientes não é tarefa fácil, pois muitos usuários sequer procuram ajuda profissional. Os profissionais da saúde devem ser capazes de reconhecer tais alterações e manifestações para que sejam feitos diagnósticos e planejamentos de tratamentos oportunos e precisos. DESTAQUES Revisão integrativa que visa detectar alterações orais em usuários de cocaína. Identificaram-se as principais manifestações orais, formas de diagnóstico e tratamento. Necessidade da feitura de boa anamnese e profissionais da saúde capacitados.

8.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 82(3): 370-375, ago. 2022. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394453

ABSTRACT

Resumen La aplicación de las diferentes técnicas moleculares para el diagnóstico de los gliomas según la clasificación de la OMS, sigue sin estar al alcance de todos en nuestro país. Nuestro objetivo fue describir el protocolo diagnóstico desarrollado en función de los recursos disponibles, conforme con la clasificación vigente (2021). También, describir el perfil epidemiológico de los gliomas diagnosticados entre 2018-2021 en el Instituto Roffo y contrastarlo con la literatura. Se evaluó la mutación en IDH1-R132H, ATRX, el estado del 1p19q, CDKN2A, EGFR y del p53. Se incluyeron 94 pacientes, 53.2% fueron masculinos, con una edad promedio de 50.9 años. El diagnóstico más frecuente fue el de GB IDH1-no mutado (63.8%). Considerando únicamente a los gliomas grado 2 y 3, el astrocitoma difuso IDH1-Mutado/ATRX-Mutado/p53-sobreexpresado, grado 2 (11.7%) fue el más frecuente. En cuanto a su localización, el 67% de los tumores se ubicaron en el telencéfalo neocortical: 24.5% del total en el lóbulo frontal. En el 95.7% de los casos se arribó a un diagnóstico integrado concluyente siguiendo el algoritmo propuesto. Las características epidemiológicas coinciden con lo publicado en la literatura. La biología molecular nos permitió diferenciar nítidamente enfermedades que suponíamos emparentadas desde un punto de vista histológico, pero que observando su historia natural, su genética y su respuesta a tratamientos instaurados eran tumores distintos, aunque todos fueran llamados "gliomas". Los estándares internacionales no conciben su diagnóstico sin la biología molecular. No es aceptable que se siga diagnosticando únicamente con estándares histológicos. El algoritmo propuesto podría ser una alternativa viable y confiable.


Abstract The utilization of the different molecular techniques for the diagnosis of gliomas according to the WHO classification is still not available to everyone in our country. Our objective was to describe the diagnostic algorithm devel oped based on available resources, in accordance with the current classification (2021). Also, to describe the epidemiological profile of gliomas diagnosed between 2018-2021 at the Roffo Institute and compare it with the international literature. IDH1-R132H and ATRX mutation, as well as 1p19q status, CDKN2A, EGFR, and p53 were evaluated. 94 patients were included, 53.2% were male, with a mean age of 50.9 years. The most frequent diagnosis was GB IDH1-wild type (63.8%). Considering only grade 2 and 3 gliomas, diffuse astrocytoma IDH1- Mutated / ATRX-Mutated / p53-overexpressed, grade 2 (11.7%) was the most frequent diagnosis. Regarding their location, 67% of the tumors were located in the neocortical telencephalon: 24.5% of the total in the frontal lobe. In 95.7% of cases, a conclusive integrated diagnosis was reached following the proposed algorithm. The epidemiological characteristics coincide with what has been published in the literature. Molecular biology allowed us to clearly differentiate pathologies that we assumed were related from a histological point of view, but which, observing their natural history, their genetics and their response to established treatments were different tumors, although they were all called "gliomas". International standards do not conceive CNS tumor diagnosis without molecular biology. It is not acceptable to continue to diagnose only with histological standards. The proposed algorithm could be a viable and reliable alternative.

9.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 82(3): 408-414, ago. 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394457

ABSTRACT

Abstract The epidemiology of Paget's disease of bone (PDB) has changed in the last years but there is no update data on its clinical presentation, diagnosis and management in Latin America. Our aim was to describe its clinical features, diagnostic evaluation and responses to treatment in a group of PDB patients treated between June 2012 and December 2019 in an institution specialized in bone diseases, in Buenos Aires, Argentina. The frequency of PDB (180/10 714) was 1.68%. Median age was 67 (range 39-97) years and 59.5% were women. Most patients were asymptomatic (58.6%) and had monostotic disease (54.3%). Favorable responses were obtained in all patients who were treated with zoledronate (n = 36), in 10 out of 14 treated with pamidronate, in 9 out of 10 who received intravenous ibandronate and in 12 out of 13 who received oral bisphosphonates. The response rates were not significantly different when we compared monostotic vs. polyostotic disease. Among the biochemical parameters, mean values of bone specific and total alkaline phosphatase, and C-terminal cross-linked telopeptide of type I collagen decreased significantly after treatment with bisphosphonates. It seems that our results reflect the change in PDB epidemiology towards a more indolent disease. In the future, this would probably allow physicians to use lower doses of bisphosphonates than the ones historically recommended for these patients.


Resumen La epidemiología de la en fermedad de Paget ósea (EPO) ha cambiado en los últimos años. Son necesarios datos actualizados sobre su forma de presentación clínica, diagnóstico y tratamiento en nuestra región. Nuestro objetivo fue describir las características clínicas, evaluación diagnóstica y respuestas al tratamiento de un grupo de pacientes con EPO en un centro especializado en salud ósea de Buenos Aires, Argentina. Se evaluaron todos los pacientes que fueron atendidos en nuestra institución por enfermedades óseas entre junio de 2012 y diciembre de 2019. La frecuencia de EPO (180/10 714) fue de 1.68%. La mediana de edad fue de 67 (rango 39-97) años. El 59.5% eran mujeres. La mayoría se encontraba asintomático (58.6%) y tenían enfermedad monostótica (54.3%). Se objetivaron respuestas favorables en todos los que recibieron zoledronato (n = 36), en 10 de 14 pacientes que recibieron pamidronato, en 9 de 10 que utilizaron ibandronato endovenoso y en 12 de 13 con bifosfonatos orales. Los porcentajes de respuesta no variaron significativamente entre pacientes con formas monostóticas y poliostóticas. Entre los parámetros bioquímicos, los valores de fosfatasa alcalina total y ósea y de β cross-laps disminuyeron significativamente luego del tratamiento con bifosfonatos. Nuestros resultados reflejarían un cambio en la epidemiología de la EPO hacia una forma de presentación más indolente. Esto permitiría probablemente el uso de dosis más bajas de bifosfonatos que las históricamente recomendadas para estos pacientes.

10.
Radiol. bras ; 55(4): 242-252, Aug. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394561

ABSTRACT

Abstract In recent years, the development of new imaging techniques and scoring systems have improved the diagnosis and management of small renal masses. Imaging-based nephrometry scoring systems play an interesting role in the planning of nephron-sparing surgery, providing surgeons with the information necessary to determine the complexity of the renal mass, to deliver the appropriate postoperative care, and to predict adverse outcomes. The aim of this study was to review nephrometry scoring systems, evaluating their characteristics and the relationships among them. The urology and radiology communities should decide which nephrometry scoring system will prevail and be used in daily practice.


Resumo O diagnóstico e o manejo das pequenas massas renais têm sido aprimorados nos últimos anos com o desenvolvimento de técnicas de imagem e escores que desempenham papel interessante no planejamento da nefrectomia parcial, fornecendo informações importantes ao cirurgião para determinar o tipo de tratamento em relação a complexidade da massa renal, cuidados pós-operatórios e previsão de complicações após as cirurgias. O objetivo deste estudo é revisar os escores de nefrometria, suas características e relações entre eles no cenário da cirurgia. Os serviços de urologia e radiologia devem decidir qual é o melhor escore de nefrometria para ser utilizado na prática diária.

11.
Rev. Fac. Med. UNAM ; 65(4): 30-37, jul.-ago. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394633

ABSTRACT

Resumen El nudo verdadero de cordón umbilical es una patología con una incidencia relativamente baja. Se asocia a riesgo de pérdida del bienestar fetal y muerte perinatal. Existen factores de riesgo tanto maternos como fetales, con diferentes resultados perinatales asociados. El diagnóstico prenatal es un reto para el obstetra y la mayoría de casos son hallazgos al nacimiento, sin embargo, hoy en día se dispone de métodos ecográficos para su búsqueda intencionada, principalmente en pacientes con factores de riesgo. De igual forma debe sospecharse ante la presencia de un registro cardiotocográfico no tranquilizante, sobre todo cuando no existe respuesta a las maniobras habituales de reanimación intrauterina, como la posición en decúbito lateral izquierdo, oxígeno suplementario e hidratación materna. El objetivo del presente reporte es describir 4 casos de nudo verdadero en embarazos a término en un hospital de tercer nivel, en donde se estimó una incidencia del 0.03%, con una edad gestacional promedio de 39.3 semanas y una media de edad materna de 32.2 años. Los principales hallazgos intraparto fueron alteraciones en el registro cardiotocográfico, tales como desaceleraciones variables y tardías. La resolución del embarazo fue por vía vaginal en 2 de las pacientes, mientras que las otras 2 se resolvieron mediante cesárea. Se registró un caso de muerte perinatal.


Abstract The true umbilical cord knot is a pathology with an incidence relatively low. It is associated with the risk of loss of fetal well-being and stillbirth. There are both maternal and fetal risk factors, with different associated perinatal outcomes. Prenatal diagnosis of a true knot is a diagnostic challenge for the obstetrician, however, nowadays it is possible by ultrasound for incidental finding or by intentional search, mainly in patients with risk factors. In the same way it should be suspected in the presence of a non-reassuring cardiotocography, especially when there is no response to the usual intrauterine resuscitation maneuvers, such as left lateral decubitus position, supplemental oxygen and maternal hydration. The purpose of this report is to describe 4 cases of true knot in term pregnancies, in a third level hospital, where an incidence of 0.03% was estimated,, with a mean gestational age of 39.3 weeks and a mean maternal age of 32.2 years. The main intrapartum findings were alterations in the cardiotocography, such as variable and late decelerations. The route of pregnancy resolution was equitable among the patients, 2 were resolved by vaginal delivery and the other 2 by cesarean section. Pregnancy was resolved by vaginal delivery in 2 of the patients, while the other 2 were resolved by cesarean section. One case of stillbirth was registered

12.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 43(2): 25-28, maio-ago. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1361992

ABSTRACT

Benign fibrous histiocytoma (BFH) is a common mesenchymal lesion on the skin where it is better known as dermatofibroma. It mainly affects areas of the integument exposed to the sun. It can occur in the mucous membranes, being quite unusual in the oral cavity. This article presents a rare case of benign oral fibrous histiocytoma in childhood. An eleven-year-old male patient sought the stomatology clinic of the dentistry course at a reference university in northeastern Brazil, complaining of an asymptomatic increase in volume on the cheek, with an evolution of approximately two years. On intraoral examination, a lesion in the cheek mucosa was observed, measuring approximately 4 cm. The lesion had a nodular, circumscribed, reddish appearance, showing ulcerated areas covered by a yellowish pseudomembrane on its surface. The clinical diagnostic hypothesis was pleomorphic adenoma. Excisional biopsy was performed and, after morphological and immunohistochemical evaluation, the diagnosis of BFH was reached. Although it is a lesion with an excellent prognosis, BFH must be carefully analyzed for the differential diagnosis with malignant neoplasms that may have a mild appearance, such as fibrosarcoma or dermatofibrosarcoma. In addition, other benign lesions such as desmoplastic fibroblastoma, myofibroma, myopericytoma and nodular fasciitis may, in some histological sections, mimic the microscopic appearance of benign fibrous histiocytoma. In this reported case, immunohistochemical evaluation was essential to conclude the diagnosis of BFH(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Histiocytoma, Benign Fibrous/diagnosis , Histiocytoma, Benign Fibrous
13.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 37(4): 584-586, Jul.-Aug. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394724

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Endomyocardial fibrosis is a neglected tropical disease that leads to restrictive cardiomyopathy. Its etiopathogenis is unclear and involves the progression of 3 stages of the disease. Compared with echocardiography, cardiac magnetic resonance imaging shows better apical visualization of obliteration and thrombus and provides an early diagnosis. However, there is no specific drug therapy, although surgery can increase survival. Therefore, surgical resection of the fibrous and thickened endocardium is recommended for symptomatic patients. The risk of mortality increases as the ratio of endocardial fibrous tissue per body surface rises. The aim of this manuscript is to describe the surgical management of the right-sided endomyocardial fibrosis mimicking tumor with recurrent pulmonary embolism.

14.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 37(4): 466-471, Jul.-Aug. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394737

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has required changes in the management of pediatric cardiac surgery. We would like to share the patient treatment and surgical management strategies employed in our Pediatric Cardiovascular Surgery Clinic during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: A total of 112 patients were followed up in our clinic between 11.03.2020 and 02.07.2020. Their mean age was 1,118 (4-5,740) days. Management and treatment were performed by our pediatric heart team (pediatric cardiac anesthetists, general pediatricians, pediatric cardiologists, pediatric cardiac surgeons, and an infectious diseases specialist). We prepared new protocols and a surveillance system specific to the pandemic to prevent in-hospital transmission and reduce postoperative mortality and morbidity; our operations were performed according to these protocols. All decisions pertaining to the operation timing and treatment strategy of our COVID-19-positive patients were made by the same team. Results: During the study period, a total of 112 patients, 69 boys and 43 girls, were hospitalized in our clinic. A total of 333 COVID-19 real-time polymerase chain reaction tests were performed on patients and accompanying persons; positive results were found in three patients and two accompanying individuals. Conclusion: By employing new protocols and a surveillance system throughout the healthcare system, we think that early diagnosis and treatment of the pediatric congenital heart disease population, which is susceptible to infections, can continue unperturbed. This and similar approaches can increase postoperative success and prevent transmission in the pediatric population - which are frequently COVID-19 asymptomatic.

15.
Rev. med. vet. zoot ; 69(2): 155-165, mayo-ago. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1395018

ABSTRACT

Resumen Los virus de inmunodeficiencia y leucemia felina representan un problema de gran envergadura para los felinos domésticos debido a la multiplicidad de sintomatologías que manifiestan. El objetivo del presente estudio fue establecer, retrospectivamente, la prevalencia en la presentación de ViLeF y VIF en pacientes de seis clínicas de pequeños animales en Bogotá y Chía, en relación con factores como su edad, raza y género. Se realizó un estudio transversal y retrospectivo, mediante la recopilación de datos de 1.014 historias clínicas de pacientes felinos que ingresaron a seis clínicas de la ciudad de Bogotá y Chía, para determinar la prevalencia de VIF y ViLeF y la asociación de estas con factores como edad, género y raza, entre 2015 y 2019, a través de la prueba OR. La detección de los virus se realizó mediante una prueba rápida basada en inmunocromatografía. La mayor prevalencia para cada enfermedad por año fue: 12,3% para VIF en 2012 y 18% para ViLeF en 2019. Los machos presentaron mayores seroprevalencias para ambas enfermedades durante la mayoría los años evaluados. Factores como raza (criolla: VIF: 1,85; ViLeF: 2,01), género (macho: VIF: 1,53 OR; ViLeF: 1,64) y edad (> 7 años: VIF: 3,82; ViLeF: 3,21) se relacionaron positivamente con la presentación de ambas enfermedades en la población felina evaluada.


Abstract Immunodeficiency virus and feline leukemia virus represent major problems for domestic felines due to the multiplicity of symptoms they manifest. The objective of the present study was to establish, retrospectively, the prevalence in the presentation of FeLV and FIV in patients from six small animal clinics in Bogota and Chia, related to factors such as age, race, and gender. A cross-sectional and retrospective study was carried out, collecting data from 1.014 clinical records of feline patients who were admitted to six clinics in the city of Bogota and Chia, to determine the prevalence of FIV and FeLV and their association with factors such as age, gender, and race, between 2015 and 2019 through the OR test. The detection of the viruses was carried out through a rapid test based on immunochromatography. The highest prevalence for each disease per year was 12,3% for FIV in 2012 and 18% for FeLV in 2019. Males presented higher seroprevalences for both diseases during most of the years evaluated. Factors such as race (Creole: FIV: 1,85; FeLV: 2,01), gender (male: FIV: 1.53 OR, FeLV: 1,64), and age (> 7 years: FIV: 3.82; FeLV: 3.21) were positively related to the presentation of both diseases in the feline population evaluated.

16.
Univ. salud ; 24(2): 205-211, mayo-ago. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1377468

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: La presencia de abscesos periodontales es la tercera emergencia dental más frecuente (6%-14%). Objetivo: Reportar información sobre diferentes factores etiológicos de absceso periodontal en tres pacientes. Descripción de casos: Primer caso, mujer de 52 años quien acudió a consulta por sangrado espontáneo, al examen clínico se evidenció sangrado al sondaje (SS), presencia de bolsas periodontales (BP) y cálculos (C); como tratamiento se realizó raspado y alisado radicular (RAR), complementado con detoxificación con tetraciclina y tratamiento farmacológico posoperatorio. Segundo caso, hombre de 27 años quien acudió a consulta por agrandamiento de encía, se observó (SS), y (BP); se retiró la lesión y se realizó (RAR). Tercer caso, hombre de 21 años quien acudió a consulta de control, al examen clínico se evidenció presencia de cálculos en órganos dentarios y bolsas periodontales en órganos dentarios 16-17; se utilizó (RAR) complementado con detoxificación con tetraciclina y tratamiento farmacológico posoperatorio. Conclusión: La etiología del absceso periodontal en el primer y último caso se basó en la falta de profundidad durante el raspado y alisado radicular, y en el segundo estuvo relacionado a impactación de alimentos. El identificar la etiología permite determinar diagnóstico, pronóstico y tratamiento ideal.


Abstract Introduction: Periodontal abscesses are the third most frequent dental emergency (6%-14%). Objective: To describe different etiological factors of periodontal abscesses in three patients. Case description: The first case was a 52-year-old woman who sought treatment due to spontaneous bleeding. During the examination, she revealed bleeding on probing (BP), presence of periodontal pockets (PP), and calculi (C). Scaling and root planning (SRP) was performed as treatment, which was complemented with detoxification with tetracycline and postoperative pharmacological treatment. The second case was a 27-year-old man who came to the clinic due to gum enlargement and showed BP and PP. The lesion was treated and SRP was performed. Finally, the third patient was a 21-year-old male who sought a follow-up consultation. The clinical examination showed the presence of dental calculi and periodontal pockets in teeth 16 and 17. SRP complemented with detoxification with tetracycline and postoperative pharmacology were used as treatments. Conclusion: The etiology of the periodontal abscesses in the first and third cases was based on the lack of depth during root scaling and planning. The cause in the second case was effects of food. Identifying this etiology is useful to achieve proper diagnosis, prognosis and treatment of periodontal abscesses.

17.
An. bras. dermatol ; 97(4): 424-434, July-Aug. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1383596

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Chromoblastomycosis is a skin infection caused by dematiaceous fungi that take the form of muriform cells in the tissue. It mainly manifests as verrucous plaques on the lower limbs of rural workers in tropical countries. Objectives: The primary objective of this review is to evaluate the accuracy of diagnostic methods for the identification of chromoblastomycosis, considering the histopathological examination as the reference test. Methods: MEDLINE, LILACS and Scielo databases were consulted using the terms ‟chromoblastomycosis" AND ‟diagnosis". The eligibility criteria were: studies that evaluated the accuracy of tests for the diagnosis of chromoblastomycosis. Eleven studies were selected. Statistical analysis included the calculation of sensitivity and specificity of the diagnostic methods. Results: Considering the histopathological examination as the reference test, the culture showed a sensitivity (S) of 37.5% - 90.9% and a specificity (Sp) of 100%; while direct mycological examination showed S = 50% - 91.6% and Sp of 100% . Considering the culture as the reference test, the serology (precipitation techniques) showed S of 36% - 99%; and Sp of 80% - 100%; while the intradermal test showed S of 83.3% - 100% and Sp of 99.4% - 100%. Study limitations: The small number of studies and very discrepant sensitivity results among them do not allow the calculation of summary measures through a meta-analysis. Conclusions: Direct mycological examination, culture, intradermal test and serology show sensitivity and specificity values for the diagnosis of chromoblastomycosis with no significant difference between the studies.

18.
An. bras. dermatol ; 97(4): 501-504, July-Aug. 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1383598

ABSTRACT

Abstract COVID-19 disease caused by the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus causes a wide range of clinical manifestations, ranging from mild to severe, with the main ones affecting the respiratory tract, such as pneumonia. In patients with greater severity, the high frequency of bacterial and fungal coinfection stands out, a situation related both to the patient's pre-existing comorbidities and due to the hospitalization itself. Cases of mucormycosis associated with COVID-19 were highlighted in the lay and scientific media, with the increase in mycosis cases being directly and indirectly attributed to the viral infection. This report describes a case of rhino-orbito-cerebral mucormycosis in a diabetic patient hospitalized for COVID-19, whose diagnosis was confirmed by identifying the agent Rhizopus microsporus var. microsporus through culture for fungi and PCR examination.

19.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 119(2): 212-222, ago. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1383749

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento A amiloidose é definida como um distúrbio caracterizado pela deposição de material proteico amiloide extracelular nos tecidos. Objetivos O N-terminal pró-peptídeo natriurético tipo-B (NT-proBNP) é usado para prever a amiloidose cardíaca (AC), mas seu efeito diagnóstico no comprometimento por AC ainda não é claro, especialmente em termos de especificidade e sensibilidade. Métodos Foi feita uma busca de literatura nos bancos de dados Pubmed, Embase e a biblioteca Cochrane, e o QUADAS 2 foi utilizado para avaliação da qualidade. O comando Midas no Stata 12.0 foi usado para analisar os indicadores dos sujeitos. O teste Q de Cochran e o I2 foram usados como testes de heterogeneidade, e a heterogeneidade significativa foi definida como p <0,05 e/ou I2 >50%. A análise de correlação de Spearman foi usada para avaliar o efeito de limiar, e o viés da publicação foi avaliado pelo teste de assimetria. A significância estatística foi definida em p <0,05. Resultados Como resultados, 10 conjuntos de dados de 7 estudos foram incluídos para análise, apresentando alta qualidade metodológica e pequenos vieses de confusão. A sensibilidade e a especificidade do NT-proBNP no diagnóstico do comprometimento cardíaco para pacientes com amiloidose foram 0,93 e 0,84, respectivamente. As curvas ROC também sugeriram uma validade diagnóstica alta do NT-proBNP com AUC de 0,95. Um nomograma de Fagan demonstrou que as probabilidades de NT-proBNP positivo e negativo no avanço do comprometimento por AC eram de 90% e 8%, respectivamente. O gráfico de funil de Deek não sugeriu viés significativo de publicação entre os estudos incluídos, e os resultados foram estáveis e confiáveis. Conclusões O NT-proBNP desempenha um papel positivo no diagnóstico precoce do comprometimento por AC, com alta sensibilidade e especificidade.


Abstract Background Amyloidosis is defined as a disorder characterized by the deposition of extracellular protein material of amyloid in tissues. Objectives N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) is used to predict the cardiac amyloidosis (CA), but its diagnostic effect on CA involvement remains unclear, especially in terms of specificity and sensitivity. Methods A search for literature was conducted in the Pubmed, Embase, and Cochrane library databases, and QUADAS 2 was used for quality assessment. Midas command in Stata 12.0 was used to analyze the subject indicators. Cochran's Q and I2were to test for heterogeneity, and the significant heterogeneity was set at p < 0.05 and/or I2> 50%. Spearman correlation analysis was used to evaluate the threshold effect, and the publication bias was assessed using the asymmetry test. The statistical significance was set at p < 0.05. Results As results, 10 sets of data from 7 studies were included for analysis, showing high methodological quality and minimal confounding bias. The sensitivity and specificity of NT-proBNP in the diagnosis of cardiac involvement for patients with amyloidosis were 0.93 and 0.84, respectively. ROC curves also suggested a high diagnostic validity of NT-proBNP with an AUC of 0.95. A Fagan's nomogram plot showed probabilities for NT-proBNP positive and negative in developing CA involvement were 90% and 8%, respectively. The Deek's funnel plot suggested no significant publication bias across included studies, and the results were stable and reliable. Conclusions NT-proBNP plays the positive role in the early diagnosis of CA involvement with high sensitivity and specificity.

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