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1.
MedUNAB ; 25(1): 52-58, 202205.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1372542

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El dolor abdominal agudo es una causa frecuente de consulta en los servicios de urgencias. Su incidencia es alrededor del 5%, de los cuales el 10%- 25% de los pacientes requieren tratamiento quirúrgico. Las neoplasias apendiculares primarias son infrecuentes, actualmente representan 1% de las neoplasias malignas de origen gastrointestinal. Existe un predominio en mujeres y se debe sospechar en pacientes con factores de riesgo. El objetivo es entender la importancia del diagnóstico oportuno en el abordaje del paciente con dolor abdominal agudo. Presentación del caso. Mujer con cuadro clínico de 5 días de dolor abdominal, con hallazgo en tomografía de abdomen de marcada dilatación quística del apéndice cecal con calcificaciones lineales y nodulares en la pared y su interior. Intraoperariamente, se realizó hemicolectomía derecha con resultado histológico de neoplasia mucinosa del apéndice (adenoma serrado) con pérdida de la muscularis mucosae, catalogándolo como adenocarcinoma de bajo grado. Discusión. Los tumores apendiculares representan el 1% de las neoplasias malignas de origen gastrointestinal, son un hallazgo incidental (0.7-1.4%) en los procedimientos de apendicectomía. El diagnóstico es histopatológico y el pronóstico se relaciona con la clasificación. Es importante conocer, identificar y sospechar esta patología dada su infrecuencia, con lo cual se puede mejorar el pronóstico en los pacientes. Conclusión. Los tumores apendiculares son infrecuentes, los cuales deben ser incluidos en el grupo de patologías causantes de dolor abdominal agudo.


Introduction. Acute abdominal pain is a frequent cause of consultation to emergency services. Its incidence is about 5%, of which 10%-25% of patients require surgical treatment. Primary appendiceal neoplasms are infrequent. They currently represent 1% of malignant neoplasms of gastrointestinal origin. They are predominant in women and must be suspected in patients with risk factors. The objective is to understand the importance of timely diagnosis in approaching patients with acute abdominal pain. Case report. A woman with clinical condition of 5 days of abdominal pain. Marked cystic dilation of the cecal appendix with linear and nodular calcifications on its wall and interior found in a tomography of the abdomen. Intraoperatively, a right hemicolectomy was performed with a histological result of mucinous neoplasm of the appendix (serrated adenoma) with loss of the muscularis mucosae, classifying it as a low grade adenocarcinoma. Discussion. Appendiceal tumors represent 1% of malignant neoplasms of gastrointestinal origin, with an incidental finding (0.7-1.4%) in appendectomy procedures. The diagnosis is histopathological, and prognosis is related to its classification. It is important to know, identify and suspect this pathology due to its infrequency, which can improve the patient's prognosis. Conclusion. Appendiceal tumors are infrequent and should be included in the group of pathologies that cause acute abdominal pain.


Introdução. A dor abdominal aguda é causa frequente de consulta nos serviços de emergência. Sua incidência é em torno de 5%, dos quais entre 10% e 25% dos pacientes necessitam de tratamento cirúrgico. As neoplasias primárias de apêndice são raras, representando atualmente 1% das neoplasias malignas de origem gastrointestinal. Há predominância em mulheres e deve-se suspeitar em pacientes com fatores de risco. O objetivo é compreender a importância do diagnóstico oportuno na abordagem de pacientes com dor abdominal aguda. Relato de caso. Mulher com quadro clínico de dor abdominal por 5 dias, com achado tomográfico de abdome de dilatação cística acentuada do apêndice cecal com calcificações lineares e nodulares na parede e seu interior. No intraoperatório foi realizada hemicolectomia direita com resultado histológico de neoplasia mucinosa de apêndice (adenoma serrilhado) com perda da muscularis mucosae, classificando-a como adenocarcinoma de baixo grau. Discussão. Os tumores apendiculares representam 1% das neoplasias malignas de origem gastrointestinal, sendo um achado incidental (0.7-1.4%) em procedimentos de apendicectomia. O diagnóstico é histopatológico e o prognóstico está relacionado à classificação. É importante conhecer, identificar e suspeitar desta patologia dada a sua infrequência, o que pode melhorar o prognóstico dos pacientes. Conclusão. Os tumores apendiculares são pouco frequentes e devem ser incluídos no grupo de patologias que causam dor abdominal aguda.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Appendix , Abdominal Pain , Diagnosis, Differential , Intestinal Neoplasms
2.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1351-1355, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924709

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the value of ultrasound and contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in the differential diagnosis of mass-type autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) and pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). Methods A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data, ultrasound findings, and CEUS findings of 11 patients with mass-type AIP who were diagnosed in Tangshan Workers' Hospital from January 2015 to December 2020, and their characteristic manifestations were analyzed and compared with the data of 23 patients with PDCA. The chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between two groups. Results For the 11 patients with mass-type AIP, CEUS had a diagnostic accuracy of 63.64%, and all of these patients had hypoechoic single lesions; the patients with clear boundaries, regular morphology, pancreatic duct dilatation or cutoff, and blood flow signal accounted for 54.55%, 63.64%, 18.18%, and 36.36%, respectively, while in the PDCA group, such patients accounted for 30.43%, 34.78%, 78.26%, and 21.74%, respectively, and there was a significant difference in the presence or absence of pancreatic duct dilatation or cutoff between the two groups( χ 2 =11.089, P 0.05). For the 11 patients with mass-type AIP, CEUS showed that 7 patients (63.64%) had hyperenhancement and 4 (36.36%) had iso-enhancement in the arterial phase, and 5 patients (45.45%) had hyperenhancement in the arterial phase and 6 (54.55%) had iso-enhancement in the venous phase; for the 23 patients with PDCA, 22 (95.65%) had hypoenhancement of lesions in both arterial and venous phases, and there were significant differences in the enhancement pattern in arterial and venous phases between the two groups ( χ 2 =30.345 and 30.084, both P < 0.05). Conclusion The enhancement pattern of CEUS and the presence or absence of pancreatic duct dilatation or cutoff have a relatively high value in the differential diagnosis of mass-type AIP and PDCA.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934336

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the diagnostic value of triglyceride/cystatin C (TG/Cys-C) ratio combined with diabetic retinopathy, diabetes course and systolic pressure in patients with diabetic kidney disease (DKD).Methods:Patients with type 2 diabetes and renal insufficiency, who underwent renal biopsy in four Grade A tertiary hospitals in Xuzhou from January 2013 to February 2021 were included in this retrospective study. Patients were divided into DKD group ( n=51) and non-DKD (NDKD) group ( n=49) based on renal biopsy results. Another 50 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus without renal dysfunction were selected as control group. The first admission information and blood biochemical indexes were collected, and the TG/Cys-C ratio was calculated. The differences of clinical indexes between the DKD and NDKD groups were compared. The correlative factors of DKD in type 2 diabetes patients with renal dysfunction were analyzed by logistic regression. The ROC curve was used to evaluate the diagnostic value of TG/Cys-C ratio, diabetic retinopathy, duration of diabetes, systolic blood pressure and combined detection for DKD in patients with type 2 diabetes and renal dysfunction. Results:Among patients with type 2 diabetes with renal dysfunction, renal biopsy results showed that membranous nephropathy was the most common pathological type in NDKD group, accounting for 63.3% (31/49) of all NDKD patients. Compared with Type 2 diabetes mellitus without renal injury, type 2 diabetic patients with kidney injury had higher systolic blood pressure, higher total cholesterol, higher low-density lipoprotein, higher cystatin, higher creatinine, higher uric acid, higher fibrinogen level, more hypertension, more changes of urinary active sediment, lower hemoglobin, lower albumin, and the lower the glomerular filtration rate (all P<0.05). Compared with NDKD group, patients in DKD group had higher systolic and diastolic blood pressure, higher cystatin C and creatinine, more hypertension, more diabetic retinopathy, longer course of diabetes, lower concentration of hemoglobin, lower glomerular filtration rate, lower triglyceride and lower TG/Cys-C ratio (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that TG/Cys-C ratio was associated with DKD in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and renal impairment ( OR=0.298, P=0.007), diabetic retinopathy ( OR=12.209, P=0.005), duration of diabetes ( OR=1.016, P=0.034) and systolic blood pressure ( OR=1.049, P=0.006) were independent risk factors for DKD in type 2 diabetic patients with renal dysfunction. The ROC curve showed that AUC of the TG/Cys-C ratio was 0.866 (the cot-off point was 2.06), and the sensitivity was 88.2% and the specificity was 71.4% for the diagnosis of DKD, and AUC of the TG/Cys-C ratio in combination with diabetic retinopathy, diabetes duration and systolic blood pressure was 0.952, and the sensitivity was 92.2% and the specificity was 89.8% for the diagnosis of DKD. Conclusion:TG/Cys-C ratio has significant clinical value in the diagnosis of DKD. Combined detection of TG/Cys-C ratio with diabetic retinopathy, course of diabetes and systolic blood pressure could further improve the diagnostic efficacy of DKD.

4.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 117-124, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933767

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the additional value of unenhanced computed tomography (CT) in the differential diagnosis of brain tumors and non-neoplastic lesions.Methods:A total of 237 cases [140 males and 97 females; (49±16) years old; including 48 cases of low-grade glioma, 134 cases of high-grade glioma, 38 cases of primary central nervous system lymphoma, 9 cases of medulloblastoma, 5 cases of germinoma, and 3 cases of central neurocytoma] of brain tumors (diffuse gliomas and non-glial tumors) diagnosed by biopsy or surgery and pathology in the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University from September 2016 to October 2020 were collected retrospectively. Sixty-six cases [46 males and 20 females; (42±13) years old; including 12 cases of abscesses, 5 cases of infarcts, 33 cases of demyelinating lesions, 11 cases of autoimmune encephalitis, and 5 cases of central nervous system vasculitis] of brain non-neoplastic lesions were confirmed by biopsy or clinic. All patients underwent routine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan and unenhanced CT before the treatment. The images were reviewed by two neuroradiologists together blind to the final diagnosis with and without CT images respectively. The diagnostic results and reliability scores were recorded, and the accuracy of the two evaluations was compared.Results:CT hyperattenuation exhibited a higher specificity (95%) than conventional MRI scan (86%), and a lower diagnostic sensitivity (34% vs 86%). Compared to MRI alone, the combined modality of MRI and unenhanced CT significantly improved diagnostic accuracy (94% vs 86%). Additionally, the CT attenuation ratio of non-neoplastic lesions was significantly lower than that of neoplastic lesions [0.69 (0.61,0.78) and 1.14 (1.00,1.25), W=2 123, P<0.05]. The CT attenuation ratio in the non-glial origin tumor group was significantly higher than that in the diffuse glioma group [1.28 (1.18,1.41) and 1.13 (0.97,1.21), W=1 858, P<0.05]. There was no significant difference in grade Ⅲ and Ⅳ groups of diffuse glioma [1.11 (0.99,1.20) vs 1.16 (1.09,1.24), P>0.05 (Nemenyi test)]. However, both were significantly higher than that of grade Ⅱgroup of diffuse glioma [0.89 (0.76,1.07), P<0.05 (Nemenyi test)]. No significant difference was observed between astrocytic tumors and oligodendroglial tumors at the same grade. Conclusions:Hyperattenuation on unenhanced CT is highly specific for the diagnosis of brain tumors. Unenhanced CT plus MRI is more accurate for distinguishing the two entities in hypoattenuation lesion on unenhanced CT.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932793

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the clinical and MRI features of alpha-fetoprotein-negative hepatocellular carcinoma without cirrhosis to compare with those of hepatic focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH) to arrive at a correct differential diagnosis.Methods:The data of 105 patients who underwent liver surgery for alpha-fetoprotein-negative hepatocellular carcinomas without cirrhosis at Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University and the Traditional Chinese Medical Hospital of Nantong from March 2017 to November 2020 were retrospectively studied. There were 109 lesions in 95 males and 10 females. These patients had the age of (60.2±9.9) years. The data of 88 patients who were diagnosed to have hepatic FNH during the study period were collected, and there were 99 lesions in 36 males and 52 females. These patients had the age of (32.8±9.5) years. Variables including age, history of hepatitis B virus infection, T 1 weighted imaging (T 1WI), T 2 weighted imaging (T 2WI), diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI), apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), enhancement mode, lesion shape, lesion boundary and capsule were compared between the two groups. Results:The age and the proportion of patients with a history of hepatitis B in the alpha-fetoprotein-negative hepatocellular carcinoma and without cirrhosis group were significantly higher than those in the hepatic FNH group (both P<0.05). The proportion of lesions with quasi-circular shape, clear boundary and with capsule in hepatocellular carcinoma group were significantly higher than those in the hepatic FNH group (all P<0.05). There were also significant differences in the T 1WI, T 2WI, enhancement modes, DWI, and ADC map between the two groups of lesions (all P<0.05). The areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve for the alpha-fetoprotein-negative hepatocellular carcinoma without cirrhosis by the age >45.5 year, with a history of hepatitis B, with clear lesion boundary, with a "washin and washout" enhanced mode and with lesion encapsulation were 0.97(95% CI: 0.95-0.99), 0.79(95% CI: 0.72-0.85), 0.78(95% CI: 0.72-0.85), 0.94(95% CI: 0.90-0.97), 0.99(95% CI: 0.98-1.00) respectively. Conclusions:The presence of a capsule, clear lesion boundary and "washin and washout" enhanced mode are helpful in differentiating alpha-fetoprotein-negative hepatocellular carcinoma without cirrhosis with hepatic FNH.

6.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 643-649, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932546

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the differential diagnostic efficacy of a predictive model of breast imaging reporting and data system (BI-RADS) classification combined with mammography radiomics classifier for various X-ray phenotype of breast lesions.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on 2 055 female patients who underwent mammography examination and were confirmed by pathology from May 2013 to August 2020 in Zhongda Hospital, Southeast University. Breast lesion was classified into mass or non-mass according to the fifth edition of BI-RADS. The mass was further divided into small mass (maximum diameter ≤ 2 cm) and large mass (maximum diameter>2 cm), the non-mass was further divided into asymmetric, calcification and structural distortions. By manually segmenting the region of interest of the lesion, the radiomics features were extracted and the model was constructed. Receiver operating characteristic curve and area under the curve (AUC) were used to assess the diagnostic efficacy of the BI-RADS classification, the radiomics model and the combined model for various phenotypes of breast lesions. Differences among the AUC were analyzed by the DeLong test.Results:The AUCs based on the BI-RADS classification, the radiomics model and the combined model were 0.924±0.006, 0.827±0.009 and 0.947±0.005 respectively. Compared with BI-RADS classification and the radiomics model, AUC of the combined model was the highest, and the differences were statistically significant ( Z=9.29, 14.94, P<0.001). For large mass, small mass and non-mass, combined model (AUC=0.958±0.007, 0.933±0.013, 0.939±0.008) showed the best performance when compared to the BI-RADS classification (AUC=0.937±0.010, 0.896±0.020, 0.916±0.011; Z=5.32, 3.90, 5.08, P<0.001) or the radiomics model (AUC=0.872±0.012, 0.851±0.021, 0.758±0.016; Z=7.86, 4.53, 12.13, P<0.001). The AUC of the combined model for benign and malignant asymmetric breast lesions (0.897±0.017) was higher than that of the BI-RADS classification (AUC=0.866±0.020, Z=4.27, P<0.001) and the radiomics model (AUC=0.633±0.029, Z=7.44, P<0.001); however, the AUC of the combined model for benign and malignant calcification and structural distortion of breast lesions (0.971±0.010, 0.811±0.057, respectively) was only higher than that of the radiomics model (AUC=0.827±0.021, 0.586±0.075, Z=7.40, 3.15, P<0.001), and there was no significant difference with the BI-RADS classification (AUC=0.959±0.012, 0.800±0.061, Z=1.87, 0.39, P>0.05). Conclusion:The combined model shows better differential diagnostic performance, which is valued in the clinical application.

7.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 542-548, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932537

ABSTRACT

Objective:To develop a multimodal MRI-based radiomics model for the differential diagnosis of benign and malignant lung lesions, and to compare the discriminative abilities of different models.Methods:Totally 114 patients with 115 lesions (44 benign and 71 malignant) in Nantong First Peoples′s Hospital from January 2014 to October 2019 were included in the study. All patients underwent non-enhanced MR examination, and textural features from T 1WI,T 2WI and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) imaging were extracted. The feature selection methods included L1 based, mutual information, tree based, recursive feature elimination and F-test. Then we constructed a prediction model by using logistic regression (LR), support vector machine (SVM), random forest (RF) and k-nearest neighbor (KNN) respectively. In order to control the number of modeling features and reduce the ininterpretability of the model, the new model was obtained by manually modifying some parameters of the hyperparameter model. One hundred and fourteen cases were rotated as training and validation sets. The performance of each model was evaluated by confounding matrix and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Results:The area under the curve (AUC) of T 2WI based LR model for the differential diagnosis of benign and malignant pulmonary nodules/masses was 0.71 and the F1 score was 0.57. Based on T 1WI images, LR and SVM model could be used to identify benign and malignant pulmonary nodules, the AUC before parameter adjustment were 0.77 and 0.78, the accuracy after parameter adjustment (LR a,SVM a) was 0.67, 0.70, and both the AUC were 0.72. However, no matter which feature or classifier was selected, both the AUC and accuracy of ADC-based model were less than 0.70. Conclusion:Multimodal MRI-based radiomics model is valuable for the differential diagnosis of benign and malignant pulmonary nodules/masses, and T 1WI-based model shows the best discrimination.

8.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 36-42, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932480

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the classification performance of combined model constructed from CT signs combined with radiomics for discriminating COVID-19 pneumonia and other viral pneumonia.Methods:The clinical and CT imaging data of 181 patients with viral pneumonia confirmed by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction in 15 hospitals of Yunnan Province from March 2015 to March 2020 were analyzed retrospectively. The 181 patients were divided into COVID-19 group (89 cases) and non-COVID-19 group (92 cases), which were further divided into training cohort (126 cases) and test cohort (55 cases) at a ratio of 7∶3 using random stratified sampling. The CT signs of pneumonia were determined and the radiomics features were extracted from the initial unenhanced chest CT images to build independent and combined models for predicting COVID-19 pneumonia. The diagnostic performance of the models were evaluated using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis, continuous net reclassification index (NRI) calibration curve and decision curve analysis.Results:The combined models consisted of 3 significant CT signs and 14 selected radiomics features. For the radiomics model alone, the area under the ROC curve (AUC) were 0.904 (sensitivity was 85.5%, specificity was 84.4%, accuracy was 84.9%) in the training cohort and 0.866 (sensitivity was 77.8%, specificity was 78.6%, accuracy 78.2%) in the test cohort. After combining CT signs and radiomics features, AUC of the combined model for the training cohort was 0.956 (sensitivity was 91.9%, specificity was 85.9%, accuracy was 88.9%), while that for the test cohort was 0.943 (sensitivity was 88.9%, specificity was 85.7%, accuracy was 87.3%). The AUC values of the combined model and the radiomics model in the differentiation of COVID-19 group and the non-COVID-19 group were significantly different in the training cohort ( Z=-2.43, P=0.015), but difference had no statistical significance in the test cohort ( Z=-1.73, P=0.083), and further analysis using the NRI showed that the combined model in both the training cohort and the test cohort had a positive improvement ability compared with radiomics model alone (training cohort: continuous NRI 1.077, 95 %CI 0.783-1.370; test cohort: continuous NRI 1.421, 95 %CI 1.051-1.790). The calibration curve showed that the prediction probability of COVID-19 predicted by the combined model was in good agreement with the observed value in the training and test cohorts; the decision curve showed that a net benefit greater than 0.6 could be obtained when the threshold probability of the combined model was 0-0.75. Conclusion:The combination of CT signs and radiomics might be a potential method for distinguishing COVID-19 and other viral pneumonia with good performance.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931629

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the differential diagnostic value of intravoxel incoherent motion diffusion-weighted imaging (IVIM-DWI) combined with serum indicators for prostate cancer.Methods:We recruited 97 patients with prostate diseases who received treatment in Zhuji People's Hospital from March 2018 to September 2020 for this study. Patients with prostate cancer were included in the study group ( n = 46) and patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia in the control group ( n = 51). All patients were subject to IVIM-DWI and serum early prostate cancer antigen-2 level detection alone or in combination. The sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, and diagnostic efficacy of IVIM-DWI and serum early prostate cancer antigen-2 level detection alone or in combination were compared between the two groups. Results:D and f values in the study group were (0.50 ± 0.14) × 10 -3 mm 2/s and (0.35 ± 0.11), respectively, which were significantly lower than those in the control group [(0.71 ± 0.12) × 10 -3 mm 2/s, (0.59 ± 0.08), t = 7.95, 12.37, both P < 0.001]. D* value and serum early prostate cancer antigen-2 level in the study group were (6.24 ± 1.90) × 10 -3 mm 2/s and (62.5 ± 18.3) μg/L, which were significantly higher than those in the control group [(4.08 ± 1.34) × 10 -3 mm 2/s, (17.3 ± 6.8) μg/L, t = -6.52, -16.43, both P < 0.001]. The overall detection rate, sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of IVIM-DWI combined with serum early prostate cancer antigen-2 level detection for prostate cancer were 53.6% (52/97), 97.8% (45/46), 74.5% (38/51), and 85.6% (83/97), respectively. A receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed that the sensitivity of IVIM-DWI combined with serum indicators in the diagnosis of prostate cancer and the area under the curve were greater than those produced by IVIM-DWI and serum early prostate cancer antigen-2 level detection alone (both P < 0.05). Conclusion:IVIM-DWI combined with serum early prostate cancer antigen-2 level detection has a higher sensitivity in the diagnosis of prostate cancer than monotherapy. The combined therapy provides a new perspective for the differential diagnosis of prostate cancer and has a certain clinical value.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931275

ABSTRACT

Objective:To develop and verify a predictive model based on CT characteristics for predicting infected walled-off necrosis (IWON) in MSAP and SAP patients.Methods:The clinical and CT data of 1 322 patients diagnosed as MSAP and SAP according to the 2012 Atlanta revised diagnostic criteria in the First Affiliated Hospital of Naval Medical University from January 2015 to December 2020 were continuously collected. Finally, 126 patients who underwent enhanced CT scans within 3 days after admission and percutaneous catheter drainage of WON during hospitalization were enrolled. Among them, there were 63 MSAP and 63 SAP patients. According to the results of the culture from drainage fluid, the patients were divided into sterile walled-off necrosis group (SWON group, n=31) and infected walled-off necrosis group (IWON group, n=95). Patients were divided into training set (18 patients with SWON and 74 patients with IWON from January 2015 to December 2018) and validation set (13 patients with SWON and 21 patients with IWON from January 2019 to December 2020). Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis were performed to establish a model for predicting IWON. The model was visualized as a nomogram. The receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) was drawn. The predictive efficacy of the model was evaluated by the area under the curve (AUC), sensitivity, specificity and accuracy, and the clinical application value was judged by decision curve analysis (DCA). Results:Univariate regression analysis showed that age, etiology, WON with bubble sign and the lowest CT value of WON were significantly associated with IWON. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that older age, biliary acute pancreatitis, WON with bubble sign, and the greater minimum CT value of WON were independent predictors for IWON. The formula for the prediction model was 0.12+ 0.01 age-0.75 hyperlipidemia-1.62 alcoholic-2.62 other causes+ 19.18 WON bubble sign+ 0.10 minimum CT value of WON. The AUC, sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of the model were 0.85 (95% CI 0.76-0.94), 67.57%, 88.89%, and 71.74% in the training set and 0.78(95% CI0.62-0.94), 66.67%, 84.62%, and 73.53% in the validation set, respectively. The decision analysis curve showed that when the nomogram differentiated IWON from SWON at a rate greater than 0.38, using the nomogram could benefit the patients. Conclusions:The prediction model established based on CT characteristics might non-invasively and accurately predict the presence or absence of IWON in MSAP and SAP patients, and provide a basis for guiding treatment and evaluating prognosis.

11.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1843-1846, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941547

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the clinical features of patients with Wilson's disease (WD). Methods A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 83 patients with WD who were admitted to The Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University from April 2013 to August 2021, including clinical manifestations, Imaging examinations, laboratory examinations, liver histopathological examinations, and ATP7B gene testing results. The patients were divided into groups based on different clinical types. A one-way analysis of variance was used for comparison between groups. Results The youngest age was 3 years for the 83 patients with WD, among whom 39 (46.99%) had an age of ≤18 years, with a mean age of 21.16±14.87 years for all 83 patients. Of all patients, 63.86% had liver-type WD, 31 patients (37.35%) had developed liver cirrhosis at the time of consultation, and 5 patients (6.2%) attended the hospital due to acute or acute-on-chronic liver failure. Of all patients, 62(74.69%) were positive for corneal K-F ring, and the positive rate of K-F ring was 66.04% in the patients with liver-type WD. Among the 83 patients, 79(95.18%) had a reduction in blood ceruloplasmin, and 73(87.95%) had an increase in 24-hour urine copper. The liver histopathological results of 25 patients showed varying degrees of inflammation, fibrosis, steatosis, and copper particle deposition in liver tissue. The ATP7B gene testing results of 25 patients showed that c.2333G > T/p.R778L of exon 8 was the most common mutation site. Conclusion Most patients with WD have the manifestation of liver diseases, and the examinations of corneal K-F ring, serum ceruloplasmin, and 24-h urine copper have their own limitations. Liver pathology and ATP7B gene testing can be performed when it is unable to make a confirmed diagnosis.

12.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 21(4): 39-43, out.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1391279

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O cisto odontogênico glandular (COG) é um cisto odontogênico de desenvolvimento raro com potencial para agressividade e alta recorrência. Inicialmente denominado cisto sialodontogênico, por acreditarem que sua etiologia estaria possivelmente associada às glândulas salivares, posteriormente foi proposto o nome de COG e enfatizada a origem odontogênica para o mesmo. O objetivo deste trabalho foi relatar e discutir um caso de COG, analisando-se os aspectos clínicos, imaginológico e histológicos, discutindo com dados provenientes da literatura. Relato de caso: Paciente do sexo masculino, 22 anos, com diversas patologias de desenvolvimento dentário, cuja lesão localizava-se na região posterior da mandíbula associada a unidades dentárias não vitais simulando sinais de cisto radicular, foi realizada abordagem cirúrgica para extração dos dentes 36 e 37, curetagem da lesão e posterior acompanhamento de 5 anos sem recidiva. Considerações finais: O caso clínico demonstrou um COG que, pelas suas características clínicas e radiográficas, assemelhava-se a um cisto radicular em um paciente que apresentava alterações no desenvolvimento das unidades dentárias, contudo o laudo histopatológico foi fundamental para a elucidação diagnóstica e terapêutica adequada... (AU)


Introduction: Glandular odontogenic cyst (GOC) is a rare developing odontogenic cyst with potential for aggressiveness and high recurrence. Initially called sialodontogenic cyst, as they believed that its etiology was possibly associated with salivary glands, the name of COG was later proposed and its odontogenic origin was emphasized. The objective of this work was to report and discuss a case of COG, analyzing the clinical, imaging and histological aspects, discussing with data from the literature. Case report: Male patient, 22 years old, with several pathologies of dental development, whose lesion was located in the posterior region of the mandible associated with non-vital dental units simulating signs of radicular cyst, a surgical approach was performed to extract the teeth 36 and 37, curettage of the lesion and subsequent follow-up of 5 years without recurrence. Final considerations: The clinical case demonstrated a COG that, due to its clinical and radiographic characteristics, resembled a radicular cyst in a patient who presented alterations in the development of dental units, however the histopathological report was essential for the proper diagnostic and therapeutic elucidation... (AU)


Introducción: El quiste odontogénico glandular (GOC) es un quiste odontogénico en desarrollo poco común con potencial de agresividad y alta recurrencia. Inicialmente denominado quiste sialodontogénico, ya que creían que su etiología posiblemente estaba asociada a glándulas salivales, posteriormente se propuso el nombre COG y se enfatizó su origen odontogénico. El objetivo de este trabajo fue informar y discutir un caso de COG, analizando los aspectos clínicos, imagenológicos e histológicos, discutiendo con datos de la literatura. Caso clínico: Paciente masculino de 22 años con diversas patologías del desarrollo dental, cuya lesión se localizó en la región posterior de la mandíbula asociada a unidades dentales no vitales simulando signos de quiste radicular, se realizó un abordaje quirúrgico para extraer el dientes 36 y 37, curetaje de la lesión y seguimiento posterior de 5 años sin recidiva. Consideraciones finales: El caso clínico mostró un COG que por sus características clínicas y radiográficas se asemejaba a un quiste radicular en un paciente que presentaba alteraciones en el desarrollo de las unidades dentales, sin embargo el informe histopatológico fue fundamental para el adecuado esclarecimiento diagnóstico y terapêutico... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Jaw Cysts , Odontogenic Cysts , Diagnosis, Differential , Growth and Development
13.
MedUNAB ; 24(3): 359-364, 202112.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1353578

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El xantoastrocitoma pleomórfico es una lesión glial de bajo grado de malignidad (grado II), puede presentar transformación maligna progresando a xantoastrocitoma pleomórfico anaplásico o glioblastoma multiforme, clasificados en grado III y IV, respectivamente, de acuerdo con la OMS. El glioblastoma epitelioide es un subtipo morfológico poco común del glioblastoma, de comportamiento agresivo, asociado a recurrencia temprana y compromiso leptomeníngeo. Presentación del caso. Se describe un reporte de caso de paciente femenina de 13 años con hallazgos de xantoastrocitoma pleomórfico anaplásico asociado a glioblastoma epitelioide, neoplasia poco frecuente que suele presentarse en la población pediátrica y en los adultos jóvenes. Discusión. El diagnóstico de glioblastoma epitelioide constituye un desafío, solo se han reportado unas pocas series pequeñas en la población adulta y pediátrica. Conclusión. Los hallazgos imagenológicos en las dos entidades son similares y comparten características histopatológicas e incluso algunos hallazgos moleculares superpuestos, lo cual dificulta su diferenciación, por lo que continúa siendo de gran controversia si se presentan conjuntamente o si el xantoastrocitoma pleomórfico anaplásico es un precursor del glioblastoma epitelioide.


Introduction. Pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma is a glial lesion with low grade of malignancy (grade II), it can present malignant transformation progressing to anaplastic pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma or glioblastoma multiforme, classified as grade III and IV, respectively, according to the WHO. Epithelioid glioblastoma is a rare morphological subtype of glioblastoma, with aggressive behavior, associated with early recurrence and leptomeningeal compromise. Case Presentation. Case report of a 13-year-old female patient with findings of anaplastic pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma associated with epithelioid glioblastoma, a rare neoplasm that usually occurs in the pediatric population and in young adults. Discussion. The diagnosis of epithelioid glioblastoma is challenging, only a few small series have been reported in the adult and pediatric population. Conclusion. The imaging findings in the two entities are similar and share histopathological characteristics and even some overlapping molecular findings, which makes their differentiation difficult. For this reason, there is still a great controversy whether these entities are present continuously or whether the anaplastic pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma is a precursor of epithelioid glioblastoma.


Introdução. O xantoastrocitoma pleomórfico é uma lesão glial de baixo grau de malignidade (grau II), pode apresentar transformação maligna progredindo para xantoastrocitoma pleomórfico anaplásico ou glioblastoma multiforme, classificados como grau III e IV, respectivamente, de acordo com a OMS. O glioblastoma epitelióide é um subtipo morfológico raro de glioblastoma, com comportamento agressivo, associado a recorrência precoce e envolvimento leptomeníngeo. Apresentação do caso. É descrito um relatório de caso de uma paciente feminina de 13 anos com achados de xantoastrocitoma pleomórfico anaplásico associado ao glioblastoma epitelióide, uma neoplasia rara que geralmente ocorre na população pediátrica e em adultos jovens. Discussão. O diagnóstico do glioblastoma epitélioide é desafiador, apenas algumas pequenas séries foram reportadas na população adulta e pediátrica. Conclusão. As descobertas imagiológicas nas duas entidades são semelhantes e compartilham características histopatológicas e, até mesmo, algumas descobertas moleculares sobrepostas, o que dificulta sua diferenciação, portanto permanece controverso se ocorrem juntas ou se o xantoastrocitoma pleomórfico anaplásico é um precursor do glioblastoma epitélioide.


Subject(s)
Brain Neoplasms , Astrocytoma , Glioblastoma , Diagnosis, Differential , Glioma
14.
An. bras. dermatol ; 96(4): 494-496, July-Aug. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285088

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study reports the clinical case of a 42-year-old patient with ulcerated lesions who was followed up by general practitioners with the diagnosis of recurrent cellulitis. However, when referred to the Dermatology division a diagnosis of Behçet's syndrome was established based on clinical criteria. Although there are defined clinical criteria for this syndrome, sometimes its diagnosis can be challenging, due to lack of knowledge of the disease and extremely heterogeneous clinical phenotype. The authors highlight the potential difficulties in establishing the diagnosis considering the multiple clinical findings during the investigation process, contributing to the risk of increased morbidity and mortality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Behcet Syndrome/diagnosis , Referral and Consultation , Ulcer/diagnosis , Chronic Disease
15.
An. bras. dermatol ; 96(1): 97-99, Jan.-Feb. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152798

ABSTRACT

Abstract Leprosy is a chronic infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae and, depending on the host immune status, presents different clinical forms. This report describes the case of a 46-year-old man who had hypoesthetic lesions in the infrahyoid region for 30 days. The bacilloscopy was negative. The anatomopathological examination showed alterations corresponding to the tuberculoid pole (epithelioid histiocytes) and virchowian pole (foamy histiocytes), compatible with borderline-virchowian leprosy (Ridley and Jopling classification). Rapid tests for HIV I, II, and syphilis were positive, with a CD4 count of 223. The patient started treatment with multibacillary multidrug therapy, antiretroviral therapy, and benzathine penicillin, with marked clinical improvement in two months.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Leprosy, Borderline/drug therapy , Leprosy/drug therapy , Drug Therapy, Combination , Leprostatic Agents/therapeutic use , Middle Aged , Mycobacterium leprae
16.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 80(6): e0057, 2021. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357120

ABSTRACT

RESUMO A toxoplasmose ocular pode se manifestar de forma atípica, rara, bilateral e associada à necrose retiniana aguda. É apresentada em pacientes imunossuprimidos, resultando em grave perda visual, se não for solucionada rapidamente. Relata-se um caso atípico de toxoplasmose ocular em paciente diabético, que, em sua internação prévia, já evidenciava aspecto sistêmico, o qual foi elucidado pelo exame clínico oftalmológico e pela anamnese. Além disso, a rotina do setor de uveítes, ao solicitar as sorologias de forma direcionada e criteriosa, foi imprescindível para o diagnóstico da toxoplasmose sistêmica associado à lesão ocular atípica bilateral, mimetizando necrose retiniana aguda com desfecho favorável.


Abstract Ocular toxoplasmosis can present with an atypical, rare, bilateral involvement, and associated with acute retinal necrosis. It occurs in immunosuppressed patients, resulting in severe visual loss, if not quickly solved. We report an atypical case of ocular toxoplasmosis in a diabetic patient, who already showed a systemic aspect in a previous hospitalization, which was elucidated by the ophthalmologic examination and history. In addition, the routine of the uveitis sector requesting serology in a directed and careful way was essential for the diagnosis of systemic toxoplasmosis associated with atypical bilateral ocular lesion, mimicking acute retinal necrosis with good outcome.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Retinal Necrosis Syndrome, Acute/diagnosis , Toxoplasmosis/diagnosis , Toxoplasmosis, Ocular/diagnosis , Retina/diagnostic imaging , Fluorescein Angiography , Visual Acuity , Retinal Necrosis Syndrome, Acute/drug therapy , Toxoplasmosis/drug therapy , Toxoplasmosis, Ocular/drug therapy , Tomography, Optical Coherence , Slit Lamp Microscopy , Fundus Oculi , Infectious Mononucleosis
17.
Autops. Case Rep ; 11: e2021308, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285420

ABSTRACT

Angiomyolipoma with epithelial cysts (AMLEC) is a recently described entity and is an uncommon subtype of kidney angiomyolipomas. AMLEC is a benign entity but usually masquerades a renal cell carcinoma on imaging examination. AMLEC has a distinct histological and immunohistochemical staining pattern, which helps in the pathological diagnosis. We present a rare case of AMLEC in a 26-year-old female, which was provisionally diagnosed as renal cell carcinoma on radiology. We also summarize the differential diagnosis of this rare variant, its characteristic features, and a review of the literature.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/diagnosis , Angiomyolipoma/pathology , Kidney Neoplasms/diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Nephrectomy
18.
Ginecol. obstet. Méx ; 89(11): 891-897, ene. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1375550

ABSTRACT

Resumen ANTECEDENTES: La intoxicación por monóxido de carbono durante el embarazo es excepcional, aunque puede producir importantes daños al feto. Establecer un diagnóstico de sospecha y aplicar de forma correcta el tratamiento mejora los desenlaces perinatales. CASO CLÍNICO: Paciente de 40 años, en las 32 + 5 semanas del séptimo embarazo, con antecedente de preeclampsia en uno de los embarazos previos. Acudió a Urgencias debido a un cuadro de cefalea intensa, vómitos y tensión arterial elevada luego de un cuadro de convulsiones en una de sus hijas. Al ingreso al hospital la paciente continuó con los síntomas, pero con cifras de tensión arterial normales. En el registro cardiotocográfico se objetivaron desaceleraciones variables. La ecografía de Doppler y los estudios de laboratorio fueron normales, excepto un índice de proteínas-creatinina de 0.41 g/dL. En ese momento el pediatra comunicó que la hija de la paciente cursaba con un cuadro de intoxicación aguda por monóxido de carbono. Con base en esta nueva información se solicitaron estudios de gasometría venosa y cooximetría, con los que se confirmó el diagnóstico de intoxicación por monóxido de carbono. Se le aplicó oxígeno normobárico al 100%. La evolución de la madre y su feto fue favorable, con desaparición de los síntomas de la madre y normalización del registro cardiotocográfico. CONCLUSIONES: Para el diagnóstico de intoxicación por monóxido de carbono es necesario mantener un alto índice de sospecha, sobre todo en las embarazadas en virtud de los daños potencialmente graves que pueden producirse en el feto. Es decisivo el diagnóstico diferencial correcto para no demorar el tratamiento, disminuir la morbilidad y la mortalidad de la madre y el feto.


Abstract BACKGROUND: Carbon monoxide poisoning during pregnancy is exceptional, although it can cause significant damage to the fetus. Establishing a diagnosis of suspicion and applying the correct treatment improves perinatal outcomes. CLINICAL CASE: A 40-year-old woman, at 32 + 5 weeks of her seventh pregnancy, with a history of preeclampsia in one of her previous pregnancies. She came to the emergency department due to severe headache, vomiting and high blood pressure after a seizure in one of her daughters. On admission to the hospital, the patient continued with her symptoms, but with normal blood pressure. Cardiotocographic recording showed variable decelerations. Doppler ultrasound and laboratory studies were normal, except for a protein-creatinine index of 0.41 g/dL. At that time the pediatrician reported that the patient's daughter was suffering from acute carbon monoxide intoxication. Based on this new information, venous blood gas and cooximetry studies were requested, which confirmed the diagnosis of carbon monoxide poisoning. She was given 100% normobaric oxygen. The evolution of the mother and her fetus was favorable, with disappearance of the mother's symptoms and normalization of the cardiotocographic record. CONCLUSIONS: For the diagnosis of carbon monoxide poisoning, it is necessary to maintain a high index of suspicion, especially in pregnant women due to the potentially serious damage that can occur in the fetus. The correct differential diagnosis is decisive in order not to delay treatment and to reduce morbidity and mortality of the mother and fetus.

19.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 19: eRW5772, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154099

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Ground-glass opacity is a very frequent and unspecified finding in chest computed tomography. Therefore, it admits a wide range of differential diagnoses in the acute context, from viral pneumonias such as influenza virus, coronavirus disease 2019 and cytomegalovirus and even non-infectious lesions, such as vaping, pulmonary infarction, alveolar hemorrhage and pulmonary edema. For this diagnostic differentiation, ground glass must be correlated with other findings in imaging tests, with laboratory tests and with the patients' clinical condition. In the context of a pandemic, it is extremely important to remember the other pathologies with similar findings to coronavirus disease 2019 in the imaging exams.


RESUMO A opacidade em vidro fosco é uma alteração muito frequente e pouco específica na tomografia computadorizada de tórax. Ela admite grande leque de diagnósticos diferenciais no contexto agudo, desde pneumonias virais, como as causadas pelo vírus influenza, pela doença do coronavírus 2019 e pelo citomegalovírus, até mesmo lesões de origem não infecciosa, como vaping , infarto pulmonar, hemorragia alveolar e edema pulmonar. Para essa diferenciação diagnóstica, deve-se correlacionar o vidro fosco com os demais achados nos exames de imagem, exames laboratoriais e quadro clínico do paciente. É de suma importância, no contexto de pandemia, recordar as demais patologias com os achados semelhantes aos da doença do coronavírus 2019 nos exames de imagem.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnostic imaging , COVID-19/diagnostic imaging , Lung Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Pneumonia, Viral/classification , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Cytomegalovirus Infections/diagnostic imaging , Diagnosis, Differential , Influenza, Human/diagnostic imaging
20.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 1202-1207, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911858

ABSTRACT

Parkinson′s disease is a neurodegenerative disease with characteristic motor symptoms. Due to its increasing disease burden, it has been received widespread attention worldwide. At present, its diagnosis, differential diagnosis, assessment of symptoms and therapeutic effect mostly rely on the clinical experience of medical staff and the subjective feelings of patients, while lack objective and quantitative evaluation criteria. Gait analysis can quantify gait abnormalities by collecting spatiotemporal parameters in the walking cycle, providing new ideas for early identification, accurate discovery of disease progression, and reasonable selection of therapies of Parkinson′s disease. In the future, with the further improvement and maturity of gait analysis technology, it may become an indispensable and important method in the diagnosis and treatment of Parkinson′s disease.

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