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Más Vita ; 2(1): 16-20, mar 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1255332


Los pacientes con insuficiencia renal crónica se realizan hemodiálisis 3 veces a la semana. Una de las principales situaciones que se da, es la ganancia de peso o sobrecarga hídrica entre una diálisis y otra, ocasionando una serie de complicaciones que ponen en riesgo la vida del paciente. Objetivo: Determinar los factores que incrementan el peso interdialisis de pacientes sometidos a hemodiálisis. Método: El diseño de la investigación que se empleó fue cuantitativo, de tipo no experimental, transversal y descriptivo. La muestra estuvo representada por 14 pacientes adultos con enfermedad renal crónica. El análisis de los resultados se realizó a través del programa de IBM SPSS Statistcs versión 22. Resultados: A pesar de que el centro de diálisis tiene un programa de educación continua con temas de alimentación orientada hacia los pacientes, estos no siguen las recomendaciones ingiriendo líquidos a libre demanda provocando sobre peso al realizarse las hemodiálisis generalmente ocasionando dificultad en su tratamiento de hemodiálisis Conclusión: Los conocimientos de autocuidado que posee cada paciente, que presenta una enfermedad crónica como la insuficiencia renal, son esenciales porque pueden evitar las repetidas hospitalizaciones(AU)

Patients with chronic renal failure are performed hemodialysis 3 times a week. One of the main situations that occurs is the weight gain or water overload between one dialysis and another, causing a series of complications that put the patient's life at risk. Objective: To determine the factors that increase the interdialisis weight of patients undergoing hemodialysis. Method: The research design was quantitative, non-experimental, transversal and descriptive. And14 adult patients with chronic kidney disease represented the sample. The analysis of the results was carried out through the IBM SPSS Statistcs version 22 program. Even though the dialysis center has a continuous education program with patient-oriented feeding issues, they do not follow the recommendations, and ingest liquids on free demand, causing overweight at hemodialysis usually causing difficulty in hemodialysis treatment. Conclusion: The self-care knowledge that each patient has, which represents a chronic disease such as kidney failure, are essential because can avoid repeated hospitalizations(AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Renal Dialysis , Diet Therapy , Renal Insufficiency/complications , Kidney Diseases , Self Care , Urinary Retention , Overweight
Ciênc. rural (Online) ; 49(1): e20180749, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1045235


ABSTRACT: Cotton cultivation in Brazil tends to occur mostly in the rainy season, and at the time of developing the crop there are often prolonged periods of low solar radiation. The objective of this work was to evaluate the root development of cotton cultivars subjected to shading in the initial phase. The experiment was carried out in a greenhouse, using rhizotrons. The experimental design was a 2x2 factorial in randomized blocks with five replications. The treatments were composed of cotton cultivars TMG 1WS (early) and TMG 8WS (late) and luminosity conditions: non-shaded and shaded (50% reduction of luminosity). There were no interactions between the factors "shading" and "cultivars" for any parameter evaluated. Shading reduced total and lateral root growth from the 21 days after emergence (DAE) and the main root at 24DAE. Shading caused reductions in length (60%), surface (65%), mean diameter (15%), root volume (69%), root dry matter mass (83%) and shoot (64%), as well as decreasing the content (36%) and the accumulation of carbohydrates in the shoot (73%). Shading at early cotton development reduces the shoot carbohydrates production, affecting dry matter accumulation and root growth, and this response is independent of the cultivar.

RESUMO: O cultivo do algodoeiro no Brasil está concentrado no período chuvoso, e no momento do estabelecimento da lavoura frequentemente há períodos prolongados de baixa radiação solar. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o desenvolvimento radicular de cultivares de algodoeiro submetidos ao sombreamento na fase inicial da cultura. O experimento foi realizado em ambiente controlado, em rizotrons. O delineamento experimental foi um fatorial 2x2 em blocos ao acaso com cinco repetições. Os tratamentos foram as cultivares de algodão TMG 11WS (precoce) e TMG 81WS (tardia) e as condições de sombra: sem sombra e com sombra (50% de redução da luminosidade). Não houve interação entre os fatores "sombra" e "cultivares estudadas" para nenhum parâmetro avaliado. A sombra reduziu o crescimento radicular total e das raízes laterais a partir dos 21 dias de emergência (DAE) e da raiz principal aos 24DAE. O sombreamento reduziu o comprimento (60%), a superfície (65%), o diâmetro médio (15%), o comprimento por volume (60%), o volume radicular (69%), a massa de matéria de seca da raiz (83%) e da parte aérea (64%), o teor (36%) e o acúmulo de carboidratos na parte aérea (73%). Em conclusão, o sombreamento na fase inicial de desenvolvimento do algodoeiro reduz a produção de carboidratos da parte aérea, afetando o acúmulo de matéria seca e o crescimento radicular, sendo que essa resposta independe da cultivar.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816106


OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationship between dry weight setting and the related parameters of PEW of multicenter hemodialysis patients in Guizhou. in order to provide the basis for setting dry weight in patients. METHODS: We conducted the research in patients of 11 hemodialysis center in Guizhou province. We collected demographic data(age, gender, nationality, marital status, education level, income status and so on) by questionnaire; are collected dry weight, ECW, ICW, fat mass,lean body mass and so on by bioelectrical impedance analysis, and then we also collected physical measurement indexes, such as waist circumference, hip circumference, medium arm circumference(MAC), tricep fold thickness(TSF)and crus diameter. The data is divided into three groups according to the dry weight setings. Group 1: dry weight setting was slightly lower(dry weight setted by doctors was slightly lower than bioelectrical impedance analysis results,withen 1 kg); group 2: dry weight setting was normal; group 3: dry weight setting slightly higher group(dry weight setted by doctors was slightly higher than bioelectrical impedance analysis results,withen 1 kg). We used Chi-square analysis to analyze PEW prevalence, compared differences of the PEW indications by variance analysis, and then we used Spearman correlation analysis to analyze the correlation between PEW and the indications. Influence of various factors on the PEW was analyzed by logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: The PEW morbidity of group 3 was higher than the other two groups. PEW indicators such as upper arm midpoint diameter, tricep fold thickness, hip circumference, fat mass, BMI, Hb, Alb and prealbumin were lower than the other two groups, the difference being statistically significant(P<0.05). Correlation analysis results show that the degree of the factors associated with the PEW was as follows in turn BMI(r=-0.677, P<0.05), dry weight(r=0.636, P<0.05), upper arm midpoint diameter(r=-0.589, P<0.05), albumin(r=-0.562, P<0.05) and hip circumference(r=-0.475, P<0.05). Logistic regression showed that the factors affecting PEW were albumin(OR = 0.883, 95%CI: 0.782-0.997, P<0.05), BMI(OR = 0.671, 95%CI: 0.509-0.884, P<0.05), upper arm midpoint diameter(OR = 0.457, 95% CI: 0.318-0.655, P<0.05) and dry weight(OR = 1.191, 95%CI: 1.041-1.363, P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The dry weight setting too high, insufficient amount of ultrafiltration and inadequate dialysis can increase the occurrence of PEW.

Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716082


Chronic volume overload is associated with left ventricular hypertrophy and high cardiovascular mortality in patients undergoing dialysis. Therefore, estimating body fluid status is important in these patients. However, most dry-weight assessments are still performed clinically, while attempts have been made to measure the volume status and dry weight of patients undergoing dialysis using bioimpedance analysis (BIA). BIA uses the electrical properties of the human body to alternate current flow and measures resistance values to estimate body water content and composition. BIA is divided into single-frequency BIA, multi-frequency BIA, and bioimpedance spectroscopy (BIS) according to the number of frequencies used, and into whole-body and segmental BIA according to whether or not the whole body is divided into segments. Extracellular water (ECW), intracellular water, and total body water (TBW) contents can be measured with BIA. Dry weight can be estimated by measuring the volume overload of the patient through the ECW/TBW and ECW-to-body weight ratios. Other estimation methods include the normovolemia/hypervolemia slope method, a resistance-reactance (RXc) graph, overhydration measurements using a body composition monitor, and calf BIS. In this review, we will examine the principles of BIA, introduce various volume status measurement methods, and identify the optimal method for patients undergoing dialysis.

Body Composition , Body Fluids , Body Water , Dialysis , Human Body , Humans , Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular , Methods , Mortality , Spectrum Analysis , Water
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-851593


Objective To prepare 15 batches of Chuanxiong Rhizoma standard decoction, and establish HPLC fingerprint and physical fingerprint for quality evaluation. Methods Fifteen batches of Chuanxiong Rhizoma standard decoction were prepared according to preparation conditions of the traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) standard decoction in “Technical Requirements for Quality Control and Standard Formulation of Prescription Granules of TCM (draft for soliciting opinions)”. The mobile phase of HPLC consisted of 0.6% aqueous solution of phosphoric acid and acetonitrile with gradient elution, column temperature of that was 30 ℃, flow rate of that was 1.0 mL/min and detection wavelength of that was 324 nm. Physical fingerprint that consisted of nine secondary indexes (relative homogeneity index, intergranular porosity, Karl index, loose density, vibrating density, dry weight loss, hygroscopicity, Hausner ratio, and angle of repose) was established. Results There were 13 common peaks in the HPLC control fingerprint, and three of them were identified as chlorogenic acid, caffeic acid, and ferulic acid respectively. Taking ferulic acid as a reference peak, the relative retention time and relative peak area of each co-owned peak were analyzed, and the limits of relative retention time and relative peak area of each co-owned peak were specified. The HPLC and physical fingerprint were established, and the similarity should greater than 0.9. Conclusion The HPLC and physical fingerprint of the Chuanxiong Rhizoma standard decoction can be used as reasonable and stable index to evaluate the quality of Chuanxiong Rhizoma standard decoction. Which provides a reference for the preparation and quality control of Chuanxiong Rhizoma dispensing granule.

rev. udca actual. divulg. cient ; 20(2): 299-310, jul.-dic. 2017. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1094680


Los métodos no destructivos y confiables para estimar el área del limbo y el peso seco de los órganos de durazno de la variedad Jarillo están limitados para el investigador. Por el contrario, en este estudio, se desarrollaron unos modelos estadísticos para estimar el área y el peso seco del limbo, de frutos y de ramas de la variedad Jarillo, para ser utilizados, como herramientas, para facilitar la recolección de datos. El estudio, se realizó en las montañas de Pamplona, noroeste de Colombia. Se seleccionaron 240 hojas, de 2,5 meses; 240 frutos, de 3,5 y 7 meses y 240 ramas, de 9 meses de edad, para desarrollar los modelos. Los resultados del análisis de regresión indicaron que varios modelos son adecuados para estimar el área del limbo y el peso seco de los órganos de durazno de la variedad Jarillo. Los datos observados y estimados se compararon estableciendo la relación, mediante una regresión lineal simple, para la rama y el limbo. La relación para el fruto fue de tipo cuadrático. El número de yemas, de volumen, de longitud y el diámetro basal/medio de las ramas mixtas, el peso seco del fruto, el muestreo, el diámetro longitudinal del fruto, la altitud, la longitud del limbo, el peso seco del limbo, el producto de la longitud por el ancho del limbo, el ancho del limbo, el peso seco del limbo, están involucrados en la estimación del área del limbo y el peso seco de los órganos de Prunus persica (L.), variedad Jarillo.

Non-destructive, rapid and reliable methods for estimating the area of limb and dry weight of peach organs for the Jarillo variety are limited. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to produce a statistical model to estimate the area and dry weight of limb fruit and branches of this specific variety that can be used as a tool to facilitate data collection. The study was performed in the mountains of Pamplona, Northwest of Colombia. Two Hundred and forty leaves (240) from 2.5 months old limb, 240 fruits of 3.5 and 7 months old fruits and 240 branches of 9 months old branches were selected and used to develop the model. Results of the regression analysis indicated that several models were suitable to estimate the area limb and the dry weight. The observed and estimated data were compared by establishing the relationship by means of a simple linear regression for the branch and limb. The relation for the fruit was quadratic type. The number of buds, volume of branches, length of mixed branches and basal/mean diameter, dry weight of fruit, sampling, longitudinal diameter of the fruit, altitude, length of limb, dry weight of limb, the product of the length by the width of the limb, width of the limb, should be considered in the estimation of the area limb and dry weight of the peach organs of P. persica (L.) Jarillo variety.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-506099


Objective To investigate both in mechanism of hyperoxia-induced acute lung injury (HALI) by vivo experiment,to observe the Bruton' s tyrosine kinase (Btk) and nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) signals expression level.Methods Total of 72 healthy male Kunming mice were randomly (random number) divided into four groups:air control group,hyperoxia exposure 3 days group (H3d group),hyperoxia exposure 3 days + inhibitor group (H3d + Ⅰ group) and inhibitor groups.Then the pathological changes of lung tissues were observed under light microscope;The total protein content (TP) of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and wet/dry weight ratio (W/D) of lung were detected;The protein expression of Btk,p-Btk,pNF-κB p65 were mersured by Western blot;tlhe mRNA level of IL-6 was determined by real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR);the level of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) in serum was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).Statistcal significance was determined by 1-way ANOVA.Results There were no significant difference in the data between the control group and the inhibitor group (P > 0.05).The pathological injury in light microscope,content of total protein in BALF,W/D ratio of lung tissues in H3d group were significantly higher than H3d + Ⅰ group (Respectively P =O.002,P =0.000).Western blot analysis showed that expression of Btk,p-Btk,pNF-κB p65 in H3d group were significantly higher than those in H3d + Ⅰ group (Respectively P =0.002,P =0.013,P =0.000).RT-qPCR results showed that the expression of IL-6 mRNA in H3d group were significantly higher than control group (P =0.004),inhibitor group (P =0.000) and H3d + Ⅰ group (P =0.021).In addition,The serum MCP-1 levels in H3d group were higher markely than the control group (P =0.002),inhibitor group (P =0.000) and H3d + Ⅰ group (P =0.009).The correlation analysis showed that pNF-κB p65 were positively correlated wiht Btk and p-Btk (r =0.902 and 0.954,P < 0.01).Conclusions Btk may trigger the release of IL-6 and MCP-1 by mediating the signaling pathway of NF-κB in vivo study,which was most important in the occurrence of HALI.Therefore,inhibiting the Btk activity would alleviate the severity of lung injury effectively.

Neotrop. ichthyol ; 15(4): e160170, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-895106


This study proposes eight stages according to the main discernible changes recorded throughout the embryonic development of Jenynsia multidentata. The development of morphological embryo structures, pigmentation, and changes in tissues connecting mother and embryo were included in the stage characterization. From the fertilized egg (Stage 1), an embryo reaches the intermediary stages when presenting yolk syncytial layer (Stage 2), initial pigmentation of the outer layers of the retina and dorsal region of the head (Stage 3), and the sprouting of the caudal (Stage 4), dorsal and anal fins (Stage 5). During the later stages, the ovarian folds enter the gills, and the body pigmentation becomes more intense (Stage 6), the body becomes elongated (Stage 7), and there is a greater intensity in body pigmentation and increased muscle mass (Stage 8). The dry weight of the batches varied between 0.6 ± 0.3 mg (Stage 3) to 54.6 ± 19.7 mg (Stage 8), but the dry weight of the maternal-embryonic connecting tissues remained almost constant. After controlling the effect of those reproductive tissues, the gain in dry weight of the batches throughout development increased exponentially from Stage 6, reflecting the increase in size and weight of the embryos due to matrotrophy.(AU)

Este estudio propone una clasificación constituida por ocho etapas, establecidas con base en los principales cambios macroscópicos registrados a lo largo del desarrollo embrionario de Jenynsia multidentata. El desarrollo de estructuras embrionarias, los patrones de pigmentación y los cambios en los tejidos de conexión entre la madre y el embrión fueron incluidos en la caracterización de cada etapa. Inicia con el huevo fertilizado (Etapa 1), siguiendo con etapas intermedias del embrión en las cuales es visible la capa sincitial del vitelo (Etapa 2), la pigmentación inicial de las capas externas de la retina y el dorso de la cabeza (Etapa 3), y la aparición de las aletas caudal (Etapa 4), dorsal y anal (Etapa 5). En las etapas posteriores, los pliegues del tejido ovárico se introducen por las branquias y se intensifica la pigmentación corporal (Etapa 6), el cuerpo se extiende (Etapa 7) y hay un marcado aumento en la pigmentación corporal y masa muscular (Etapa 8). El peso seco de los lotes varió entre 0,6 ± 0,3 mg (Etapa 3) y 54,6 ± 19,7 mg (Etapa 8); sin embargo, el peso seco del tejido que conecta a la madre con el embrión se mantuvo prácticamente constante. Después de controlar el efecto del peso seco de estos tejidos, la ganancia de peso seco de los lotes de embriones a lo largo del desarrollo aumentó de forma exponencial a partir de la Etapa 6, evidenciándose en el aumento en tamaño y peso de los embriones debido a la matrotrofia.(AU)

Animals , Cyprinodontiformes/embryology , Viviparity, Nonmammalian/genetics
Braz. j. microbiol ; 47(2): 279-286, Apr.-June 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-780848


Abstract Organic decomposition is a complex interaction between chemical, physical and biological processes, where the variety of aquatic vascular plants is essential for the trophic dynamics of freshwater ecosystems. The goal of this study was to determine the aquatic macrophyte Eichhornia azurea (Sw.) Kunth decomposition rate, the time relation with the limnological parameters, and whether this relationship is a result of decomposition processes. To that end, we collected water and leaves of E. azurea in Surf Leopoldo, PR. The experiment consisted of two treatments: 25 containers with 450 mL of water and 0.8 g of biomass dry weight were used with or without the addition of macrophytes. Samples were collected in triplicate at times 0, 3 h, 6 h, 12 h, 24 h, 72 h, 120 h, 168 h and 240 h. When the container was removed, the plant material was dried in an oven. After 48 h, the material was measured to obtain the final dry weight. Analyses of pH, conductivity, dissolved oxygen, total phosphorus N-ammonia (NH4), soluble reactive phosphorus (PO4) and dissolved organic carbon were performed, and the decomposition rate was calculated. The results showed significant temporal variation of limnological parameters in the study. Additionally, dissolved oxygen, conductivity, dissolved organic carbon and total phosphorus were correlated with the dry weight of the biomass, suggesting that E. azurea decomposition significantly interferes with the dynamics of these variables.

Bacteria/metabolism , Eichhornia/microbiology , Bacteria/growth & development , Biodegradation, Environmental , Kinetics , Ecosystem , Eichhornia/chemistry
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-490453


Objective To explore the effect of therapeutic hypothermia on the activation of inflammasome in the lung tissue of rats with hemorrhagic shock (HS).Methods Twenty-four male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly (random number) divided into three groups:sham group,normothermia resuscitation (NR) group and hypothermia resuscitation (HR) group.Rats of each group were subjected to pressure-controlled (MAP 40 mmHg) HS for 1 h,then the NR group and the HR group were resuscitated with lactated Ringer and MAP was maintained at 90 mmHg for 1 h.Four hours later,the rats in each group were sacrificed by exsanguination.Hematoxylin eosin staining was used to observe the injury of lung tissue.The desiccation method was used to detect the edema of lung tissue.RT-PCR and western blot were employed to evaluate the mRNA and protein expression of NLRP-3,IL-1β,caspase-1.Analysis of variance was used for comparison among groups,and SNK-q test was used for comparison between two groups.Results (1) The injury of lung tissue in HR group was significantly milder than that in NR group;(2) Wet/dry (W/D) weight ratio of lung in HR group decrease compared with NR group [HR group 5.85 ± 0.102;NR group 6.471 ± 0.165 8 (t =3.14,P < 0.05)];(3) NLRP-3 and of Caspase-1 protein expression in the HR group were lower than those in NR group.(4) The NLRP-3 mRNA expression in HR group was lower compared with NR group [(HR group 1.027 ± 0.143;NR group 1.3487 ± 0.163 (t =4.36,P < 0.05)] and IL-1 mRNA expression in HR group was lower compared with NR group [HR group 162.3 ± 0.125;NR group 2.388 ± 0.229 (t =7.72,P < 0.05)].Conclusions Therapeutic hypothermia attenuated ALI induced by HS in rats by modulation of signal way of inflammasome.

Electron. j. biotechnol ; 18(4): 267-272, July 2015. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-757862


Background The size and weight of tomato seeds depend on genetics and can be modified by environment and management. In some species, a strong relation has been described between physical aspects of the seeds and the quality of the corresponding seedlings, but this cannot be considered a general rule. The objective of this research was to identify any association between the biometric characteristics of tomato seeds and the growth and development of their seedlings. Results A total of 18 lots of hybrid tomato seeds were used (from indeterminate plants with round fruits), belonging to six varieties from two reproduction seasons. Each lot was evaluated for seed size and weight, and seed quality, in terms of the germination test (5 and 14 d after sowing). The number of normal roots emerged with a length above 2 mm was also evaluated at d 3, 4 and 5 after sowing. The length of the seedlings and their total and partial dry weight were measured 5 d after sowing. The results indicate that there was no association between seed size and weight and subsequent seedling emergence, and only weak correlations were found between the dry weight of the radicle and cotyledon and seed size. Conclusion There is little association between the physical characteristics of the seeds and the subsequent seedlings, making it impossible to propose the use of seed weight or size as a compliment to quality evaluation tests.

Lycopersicon esculentum/anatomy & histology , Lycopersicon esculentum/growth & development , Seedlings/anatomy & histology , Seedlings/growth & development , Seeds , Biometry
Rev. biol. trop ; 63(1): 127-138, Jan.-Mar. 2015. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-753780


The estimation of biomass in insect populations is a key factor to quantify the available resources and energy fluxes in ecosystems food webs. Cornops aquaticum is a common herbivore in Eichhornia plants in wetlands of Northeast Argentina. We aimed to analyse its biomass variation, related to the different grasshopper age categories populations in two host-plants: Eichhornia azurea and Eichhornia crassipes. For this, standard samplings of C. aquaticum populations were carried out with an entomological net of 70cm diameter in two wetlands with E. azurea and E. crassipes, in Corrientes and Chaco Provinces; besides, dry weight was also obtained (directly and indirectly), and a regression model to indirectly estimate the biomass from a linear dimension measure (hind femur length) is proposed. A total of 2 307 individuals were collected and separated in different age categories; their abundance and linear dimension data were obtained. The model proposed was lnDM=lna+b*lnH (where DM=dry mass, a and b are constants and H=hind femur length) (R²=0.97). The population biomass variations of C. aquaticum were due to the relative abundance of each age category and the grasshopper individual dry weight. No significant differences were found between populations biomasses obtained by direct and indirect methods in E. azurea and E. crassipes floating meadows. This model made easier the C. aquaticum biomass calculation for both individuals and the population, and accelerated the processing of high number of samples. Finally, high biomass values of populations and individual age category (especially in adults) emphasize the importance of C. aquaticum as a consumer and a resource for predators on Eichhornia floating meadows food webs. Rev. Biol. Trop. 63 (1): 127-138. Epub 2015 March 01.

La estimación de la biomasa en las poblaciones de insectos, es un factor clave para cuantificar los recursos disponibles y los flujos de energía en las redes tróficas de los ecosistemas. Cornops aquaticum es un herbívoro común en las plantas de Eichhornia en los humedales del nordeste de Argentina. Nuestro objetivo fue analizar la variación de su biomasa en relación a las distintas categorías de edades de la población de este acridio, en dos plantas huésped: Eichhornia azurea y Eichhornia crassipes. Para ello, se realizaron muestreos estándar de las poblaciones de C. aquaticum con una red entomológica de 70cm de diámetro, en dos humedales con E. azurea y E. crassipes en las provincias de Corrientes y Chaco; además, se obtuvo el peso seco de los individuos (de manera directa e indirecta) y, se propuso un modelo de regresión para estimar la biomasa de C. aquaticum de manera indirecta a partir de una medida de dimensión lineal (longitud del fémur posterior). Un total de 2 307 individuos fueron recolectados y separados en distintas categorías de edades; se obtuvo su abundancia y distintas medidas de dimensión lineal. El modelo propuesto fue lnPS=lna+b*lnH (donde PS=peso seco, a y b son constantes y H=longitud del fémur posterior) (R²=0.97). Las variaciones en la biomasa de las poblaciones de C. aquaticum se debieron a la abundancia relativa de cada categoría de edad y al peso seco individual de estos acridios. No hubo diferencias significativas entre la biomasa de las poblaciones de C. aquaticum obtenida por los métodos directo e indirecto en las praderas flotantes de E. azurea y E. crassipes. Este modelo facilita el cálculo de la biomasa individual y poblacional de C. aquaticum y acelera el procesamiento de un gran número de muestras. Finalmente, los valores altos de biomasa poblacional e individual de las categorías de edades (especialmente en adultos) enfatizan la importancia de C. aquaticum como consumidor y como recurso para los depredadores en las redes alimenticias de las praderas flotantes de Eichhornia.

Animals , Ecosystem , Eichhornia/parasitology , Grasshoppers/physiology , Argentina , Biomass , Eichhornia/classification , Grasshoppers/classification , Population Density , Wetlands
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-462026


Objective To investigate the effects of microRNA-21-5p (miR-21-5p) on hyperoxic acute lung injury (HALI) in rats and provide a theoretical basis for HALI gene therapy. Methods One hundred and sixty Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into four groups with number table:hyperoxia control group, phosphate buffer saline (PBS) group, blank virus group and miRNA-21-5p group (each, n = 40). The rats in hyperoxia control group were fed directly in the hyperoxia box (oxygen concentration > 90%); in the other three groups, 200 μL PBS, 200μL slow virus and 200μL miRNA-21-5p slow virus were dropped into the nose respectively, and then they were fed in the hyperoxia box. The rats were exposed to hyperoxia in the boxes for 0, 24, 48 and 72 hours in all the groups, and at each time point, 10 rats were taken randomly from each group to perform arterial blood-gas analysis, calculate oxygenation index (OI) and respiratory index (RI). Afterwards the rats were sacrificed by blood-letting from carotid artery under intra-peritoneal anesthesia, and the lung tissues were obtained to measure the left lung wet/dry weight (W/D) ratio, hemotoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was made and the pathological changes of the right lung were observed under light microscope and the pathological score was measured. Results At 0 hour, the OI, RI, lung W/D ratio and the lung tissue pathology score in rats with hyperoxic injury had no statistically significant differences among the four groups (all P>0.05). With the extension of time, the level of OI was gradually reduced, and the levels of RI, pathologic score and W/D ratio of lung tissues were gradually increased. Compared with the hyperoxia control group, in miRNA-21-5p group, the levels of OI were increased significantly at 24, 48 and 72 hours after the exposure to hyperoxia [mmHg (1 mmHg = 0.133 kPa): 24 hours 358.10±29.25 vs. 306.19±37.23, 48 hours 336.67±29.27 vs. 269.70±29.00, 72 hours 323.81±19.05 vs. 203.81±43.40, all P 0.05). Under the optical microscope, along with the prolongation of exposure to hyperoxia, the structure of alveoli was gradually disturbed, their walls fractured and damaged, alveolar septa widened, edematous, infiltrated with inflammatory cells and in part of the rats a small amount of red blood cell exudates could be seen, but the degree of lung pathological injury in miRNA-21-5p group was much milder than that of the other groups. Conclusion The rat persistently exposed to hyperoxia for 24 hours can establish the rat model of HALI successfully, and the miRNA-21-5p can protect the lung tissue from the damage to some degrees in HALI rats.

Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 104-111, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-444427


Objective To estimate dry weight (DW) and prevent dialysis-related hypotension and hypertension with the on-line monitoring of relative blood volume (RBV) and other judgments.Methods One hundred and eight maintenance hemodialysis patients were assigned to three groups according to their blood pressure:normal blood pressure group (A group,n=43),hypotension group (B group,n=35) and hypertension group (C group,n=35).The level of hemoglobin,serum albumin,dialysis adequacy were determined.Systolic blood pressure,diastolic blood pressure,mean arterial pressure,heart rate,ultrafiltration volume,relative blood volume changes and the corresponding clinical symptoms were monitored during hemodialysis in all patients.Each of the patients was continuously monitored of the indicators above for 10-12 times.At the observing period,the inferior vena cava diameter (IVCD),brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) and cardiothoracic ratio(CTR) were measured.Then according to the monitoring results,appropriate clinical interventions were given under on-line blood volume monitoring guidance.Results (1)The shape of RBV curve in group A showed doubleexponential curve early,then down to the final linear decling ended during hemodialysis.(2)The RBV curve in group B was stable in the former two hours,then rapidly linear declined.RBV changes were significantly higher in group B than group A (P < 0.05),but when changes in RBV were plotted against ultrafiltration volume,there was no significant difference in the two groups.The level of RBV reduction at which symptomatic hypotension occurred showed considerable inter-individual variability (P < 0.05,coefficient of variation=0.28).(3)The RBV curve in group C slowly linear declined.At the end of dialysis,RBV changes were significantly lower in group C than group A (P < 0.05).(4)The IVCD values in three groups of patients before dialysis were greater than normal,significantly decreased after the dialysis (P < 0.05),but that in group B and group C were still greater than that in group A (P < 0.05).The BNP values were significantly greater in three groups before and after dialysis (P < 0.05),but after dialysis,the values decreased significantly than that before dialysis (P < 0.05).(5)After appropriate clinical intervention were given under on-line blood volume monitoring in hemodialysis,the patients of group B controlled weight gain,and even cut dry weight,the RBV change significantly decreased at the end of dialysis and significantly reduced the incidence of hypotension events (P < 0.05); When the patients of group C cut dry weight,increased ultrafiltration,the RBV change increased,the mean arterial pressure decreased significantly than before (P< 0.05).Conclusions (1)Hemodialysis patients with symptomatic hypotension show larger RBV decline rate in the forth hour and lager total RBV changes,which provides important information for forecasting the symptomatic hypotension in hemodialysis.(2)IVCD and CTR have certain significance to the adjustment of dry weight,but the BNP has guiding significance to volume change.(3)On-line monitoring of RBV can effectively guide the adjustment of dry weight,reduction of symptomatic hypotension occruence,and controlling of refractory hypertension in hemodialysis.

China Medical Equipment ; (12): 25-28, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-443996


Objective: According to the relevant principles of blood volume monitoring and monitoring methods, to apply online monitoring data information management in the blood volume monitoring for hemodialysis patients. Methods:through the relevant technical form and its function of monitoring data to study and analyze of treatment parameters of hemodialysis patients described in online blood volume monitor, to achieve data analyzed by using information management system. Results: the blood volume can be visually monitored during the hemodialysis to understand changes in the blood volume of hemodialysis patients, it helps to avoid the occurrence of hypotension and evaluation of patients with dry weights during the hemodialysis. The data can be downloaded, exported, and edited at the same the while fully access to treatment data by effective using of blood volume monitoring data management system (BVMS), in order to achieve data analyzed by using information management system. Conclusion:by understanding the correlation betweenΔBV and blood pressure screen composition can help to speculate the reasons for drop in blood pressure;by combining the examination data can help to control dry weight management, by fully accessing to data can help to manage hemodialysis patient data information management system, and according to patients expression and display of blood volume monitoring to determine the appropriate amount of ultrafiltration, adjust dry weight and develop an appropriate treatment plan.

Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 660-664, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-455837


objective To investigate the value of NT-proBNP in assessing the volume status in maintenance hemodialysis patients with non-dominant edema.Methods One hundred and forty-five patients were recruited.Bioimpedance measurements were performed for overhydration (OH).NT-proBNP was detected by colloidal gold method.Patients were divided into three groups by levels of OH variability (△ OH,equal to OH minus weight increase) as group H (hypervolemia,n=90); group N (normovolemia,n=36) and group L (hypovolemia,n=19).Hemoglobin,albumin,blood urea nitrogen and serum creatinine were assayed,blood pressure and body mass increase were recorded.Dry weight of patients in Group H were adjusted in 3 months,the relationship between NT-proBNP and volume change were assessed.Results (1) At baseline,overall plasma NT-proBNP levels were higher than normal range.The median NT-proBNP levels in group H and group N were [1318.50(IQR 717.00,3154.25) pg/ml] and [703.50 (IQR 873.00,450.50) pg/ml],respectively.NT-proBNP was positively correlated with △OH value (r=0.801,P < 0.001).(2) After 3 months,NT-proBNP levels in group H was significantly lower than baseline.Forty-one patients reached normal volume range (group H1),49 patients were resistant hypervolemia (group H2).The median NT-proBNP levels in group H1 and group H2 were [685.00 (IQR 422.50,988.50) pg/ml] and [1569.00 (IQR 982.50,2500.50) pg/ml],△ OH in group H1 and group H2 were [(0.63±0.23)L] and [(1.75±0.71)L],respectively.NT-proBNP and △ OH value in two groups had significant difference (P < 0.05).NT-proBNP was positively correlated with △ OH value (r=0.684,P < 0.001).(3) The area under ROC curve for NT-proBNP was 0.818,95%CI (0.733~ 0.904),P < 0.001,since the absolute value of normovolemia was defined as ≤ 1.The cut off value of plasma NT-proBNP was set at 962.50 pg/ml in MHD patients with non-dominant edema,the diagnostic specificity and sensitivity were 79.6% and 73.2%.Conclusion NT-proBNP could be used to assess volume status in MHD patients with non dominant edema.

Braz. j. biol ; 73(3): 593-604, ago. 2013. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-689843


Length-weight equations were determined for the main microcrustacean species of Três Marias and Furnas reservoirs (state of Minas Gerais, Brazil), and evaluated the fluctuations of their biomass. We examined the following species: Thermocyclops minutus, Bosminopsis deitersi, Bosmina hagmanni, Ceriodaphnia cornuta, and Moina minuta (Três Marias Reservoir), and Notodiaptomus henseni, Daphnia ambigua, Ceriodaphnia silvestrii, Diaphanosoma spinulosum, D. fluviatile, and Bosmina freyi (Furnas Reservoir). Dry weight was obtained in a microbalance for each size class (Cladocera) or developmental stage (Copepoda). Microcrustacean mean biomass varied from 5.76 mg DW.m−3 and 20.36 mg DW.m−3 (Furnas Reservoir) and from 3.75 mg DW.m−3 and 18.14 mg DW.m−3 (Três Marias Reservoir). Significant differences (p < 0.000) between seasons were registered with higher biomass during the rainy seasons. Thermocyclops minutus was the most important species in Três Marias, whereas in Furnas, N. henseni contributed in equal proportion. In Furnas, the higher cladoceran biomass was explained by the contribution of larger-sized species, such as D. ambigua, C. silvestrii, D. spinulosum, and D. fluviatile. Even though both reservoirs are considered oligotrophic, there were significant differences in the estimated microcrustacean biomass, which reinforces the importance of this parameter for the description of the real contribution of each species in the community.

Equações peso-comprimento foram determinadas para as principais espécies de microcrustáceos dos reservatórios de Três Marias e Furnas (Minas Gerais, Brasil), assim como a flutuação de sua biomassa. Foram consideradas as espécies mais abundantes: Thermocyclops minutus, Bosminopsis deitersi, Bosmina hagmanni, Ceriodaphnia cornuta, e Moina minuta (Reservatório de Três Marias) e Notodiaptomus henseni, Daphnia ambigua, Ceriodaphnia silvestrii, Diaphanosoma spinulosum, D. fluviatile e Bosmina freyi (Reservatório de Furnas). O peso seco foi obtido em microbalança para cada classe de tamanho no caso dos Cladocera ou para cada estágio do desenvolvimento no caso dos Copepoda. Valores médios de biomassa dos microcrustáceos variaram de 5,76 mg PS.m−3 a 20,36 mg PS.m−3 (Reservatório de Furnas) e de 3,75 mg PS.m−3 a 18,14 mg PS.m−3 (Reservatório de Três Marias), durante os períodos de seca e chuva, respectivamente. Diferenças significativas (p < 0.000) foram registradas entre os períodos com maior biomassa durante os períodos de chuva. Thermocyclops minutus foi a espécie mais importante em Três Marias, enquanto em Furnas, N. henseni contribuiu em igual quantidade para a biomassa. Em Furnas, a maior biomassa de Cladocera foi observada devido a espécies de maior tamanho corporal como D. ambigua, C. silvestrii, D. spinulosum, e D. fluviatile. Mesmo ambos os reservatórios considerados oligotróficos, há diferenças significativas na biomassa de microcrustáceos, que reforçam a importância deste parâmetro para determinar a real contribuição de cada espécie na comunidade.

Animals , Cladocera/anatomy & histology , Copepoda/anatomy & histology , Rotifera/anatomy & histology , Biomass , Brazil , Cladocera/classification , Copepoda/classification , Fresh Water , Population Density , Rotifera/classification , Seasons
Acta sci., Biol. sci ; 35(3): 311-318, jul.-set. 2013. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-859222


This study assessed the desiccation effects on biomass and algal density of periphyton in a subtropical lentic ecosystem. This experiment was conducted with only one in situ experimental desiccation event for 15 hours in a mature periphytic community. The periphyton after desiccation was distinct in density and biomass estimators (dry weight and chlorophyll a ) when compared to the control periphyton. After the tenth day of desiccation, the community presented similar values for biomass estimators when compared to the control periphyton. The density and biomass estimators of the periphyton community was affected by the desiccation event and required about ten days to recover to pre-disturbance conditions.

Este estudo avaliou os efeitos do dessecamento sobre a biomassa e a densidade algal do perifíton em ecossistema lêntico subtropical. Neste experimento foi realizado um evento in situ de 15h de emersão sobre a comunidade perifítica em estágio maduro de desenvolvimento. O perifíton sujeito ao dessecamento foi distinto na densidade e nos estimadores de biomassa (peso seco e clorofila) em relação ao perifíton controle. Após do décimo dia de dessecamento, a comunidade apresentou valores similares dos estimadores de biomassa quando comparado com o perifíton controle. A densidade e os estimadores de biomassa da comunidade perifítica foram afetadas pelo evento de dessecamento e requereu dez dias para retornar as condições de pré-distúrbio.

Biomass , Chlorophyll , Periphyton
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 818-823, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-439354


Objective To evaluate fluid distribution in patients on maintenance hemodialysis (HD) by bioimpedance analysis and on the effect of adjusting the dry weight in hemodialysis patients.Methods Forty maintenance HD patients from the dialysis center of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Dalian Medical University were enrolled as study group.One hundred and two individuals who were tested of physical examination in the same hospital were enrolled as the control group.Sex and age of the two groups were recorded.Body weight,body high,blood pressure,bioimpedance of HD patients (pre-dialysis and post-dialysis) and controls were measured.Bioimpedance was measured by multifrequency segmental bioimpedance analysis,including right arm (RA) bioimpedance,trunk (TR) bioimpedance and right leg (RL) bioimpedance.Bioimpedance ratio (BIR) of three parts was calculated as of 100kHz and 20kHz including RA-BIR,TR-BIR and RL-BIR.Then eight HD patients who had high RA-BIA or TR-BIA according to the reference range which were obtained from 102 controls were chosen for dry weight adjustment.Post-dialysis body weight,blood pressure,and bioimpedance of the eight HD patients were measured again after adjusting the dry weight.Results (1) BIR of three parts in pre-dialysis HD patients were all significantly higher than that in the control group (P < 0.05).BIR of three parts of the post-dialysis HD patients were still higher than that of the control group,but RL-BIR was not significantly (P > 0.05).BIR of three parts of the post-dialysis HD patients were lower than BIR of three parts of the pre-dialysis HD patients,and there was significant different (P < 0.05) with RA-BIR and RL-BIR.(2) After adjusting the dry weight,BIR of three parts of the post-dialysis HID patients were still higher than that of the control group,but none of them was significantly (P >0.05).BIR of three parts of the HD patients after adjusting the dry weight were lower than BIR of three parts of the HD patients before adjusting the dry weight,but there was no significant different with TR-BIR(P > 0.05).After adjusting the dry weight,systolic blood pressure of the post-dialysis HD patients were significantly decrease[(150.00 ± 29.28) vs (140.63± 20.78) mm Hg,P< 0.05].Conclusions Bioimpedance analysis may be an effective method for adjusting dry weight in hemodialysis patients,and the bioimpedance of arms is the most effective method.The bioimpedance reference range of hemodialysis patients can be according to the reference range of normal individuals.

Indian J Ophthalmol ; 2012 Nov-Dec; 60(6): 511-515
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-144910


Context: The eye lens grows throughout life by the addition of new cells inside the surrounding capsule. How this growth affects the properties of the lens is essential for understanding disorders such as cataract and presbyopia. Aims: To examine growth of the human lens in the Indian population and compare this with the growth in Western populations by measuring in vitro dimensions together with wet and dry weights. Settings and Design: The study was conducted at the research wing of a tertiary eye care center in South India and the study design was prospective. Materials and Methods: Lenses were removed from eye bank eyes and their dimensions measured with a digital caliper. They were then carefully blotted dry and weighed before being placed in 5% buffered formalin. After 1 week fixation, the lenses were dried at 80 °C until constant weight was achieved. The constant weight was noted as the dry weight of the lens. Statistical Analysis Used: Lens parameters were analyzed as a function of age using linear and logarithmic regression methods. Results: Data were obtained for 251 lenses, aged 16–93 years, within a median postmortem time of 22 h. Both wet and dry weights increased linearly at 1.24 and 0.44 mg/year, respectively, throughout adult life. The dimensions also increased continuously throughout this time. Conclusions: Over the age range examined, lens growth in the Indian population is very similar to that in Western populations.

Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Aged , Eye/growth & development , Humans , Lens, Crystalline/anatomy & histology , Lens, Crystalline/growth & development , India , Tertiary Care Centers