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1.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 122(2): e202310094, abr. 2024. tab, fig
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1532934

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La asociación entre los marcadores lipídicos en la infancia/adolescencia y la incidencia de eventos clínicos cardiovasculares en la adultez está poco explorada en la literatura. El objetivo de esta revisión sistemática fue analizar la evidencia disponible sobre este tema. Población y métodos. Esta revisión sistemática se realizó de acuerdo con las guías PRISMA. Se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica para detectar los estudios que evaluaron la asociación entre los niveles lipídicos en la edad pediátrica y la incidencia de eventos cardiovasculares en la edad adulta. No hubo restricciones idiomáticas ni geográficas en la búsqueda. Resultados. En total, cinco estudios observacionales (todas cohortes prospectivas) que incluyeron 43 540 pacientes fueron identificados y considerados elegibles para este estudio. Cuatro estudios evaluaron el nivel de triglicéridos; todos reportaron una asociación significativa entre este marcador en la edad pediátrica y los eventos cardiovasculares en la adultez. Un estudio reportó la misma asociación con el nivel de colesterol total, mientras que otro evidenció el valor predictivo de la lipoproteína (a) para el mismo desenlace clínico. Un solo estudio evaluó el colesterol asociado a lipoproteínas de alta densidad (C-HDL), sin encontrar una relación con el punto final de interés. El análisis del colesterol asociado a lipoproteínas de baja densidad (C-LDL) arrojó resultados contradictorios, aunque la asociación fue significativa en los estudios con un tamaño muestral más grande y con un mayor número de eventos durante el seguimiento. Conclusión. Los datos de esta revisión sugieren que las alteraciones de los marcadores lipídicos en la infancia y la adolescencia se asocian con un mayor riesgo cardiovascular en la adultez temprana y media.


Introduction. The association between lipid markers in childhood/adolescence and the incidence of clinical cardiovascular events in adulthood has been little explored in the bibliography. The objective of this systematic review was to analyze available evidence on this topic. Population and methods. This systematic review was conducted in accordance with the PRISMA guidelines. A comprehensive bibliographic search was done to find studies assessing the association between lipid levels in childhood and the incidence of cardiovascular events in adulthood. There were no language or geographic restrictions. Results. A total of 5 observational studies (all prospective cohorts) including 43 540 patients were identified and considered eligible for this study. Four studies assessed triglyceride levels; all reported a significant association between this lipid marker in childhood and cardiovascular events in adulthood. A study reported the same association with total cholesterol level, while another showed the predictive value of lipoprotein (a) for the same clinical outcome. Only one study assessed high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), but it did not find an association with the endpoint of interest. The analysis of lowdensity lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) showed contradictory results, although the association was significant in the studies with a larger sample size and a higher number of events during follow-up. Conclusion. According to this review, alterations in lipid markers in childhood and adolescence are associated with a higher cardiovascular risk in early and middle adulthood.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Cholesterol , Triglycerides , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Observational Studies as Topic , Cholesterol, HDL , Cholesterol, LDL
2.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 12(1): 1-5, jan.-dez. 2024. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1530657

ABSTRACT

Aim: this study aimed to evaluate the effects of surgical treatment for endometriosis on the metabolic profile of women diagnosed with deep endometriosis. Methods: we conducted a prospective observational study with a sample of 30 women in the menacme diagnosed with deep endometriosis who underwent videolaparoscopic surgery in a reference center in Brazil between October 2020 and December 2021. A total of 30 women performed clinical and laboratory tests regarding their metabolic profile on two occasions, during preoperative tests and six months after video-laparoscopy. Results: patients had lower average levels of Total Cholesterol (TC), Low-Density Cholesterol (LDL-c), Triglycerides (TGC), and Fasting Glycemia (FG) after the surgical procedure. The average TC level was 8.2% lower after surgery, LDL-c was 12.8% lower, TGC was 10.9% lower, and FG was 7.3% lower. The results showed a statistically significant difference for all these parameters (p < 0.001). Conclusions: video-laparoscopy was associated with a favorable lipid profile compared to the preoperative lipid profile, with a significant improvement in the average levels of LDL-c, HDL-c, TC, TGC, and FG. Long-term follow-up studies are needed to determine whether surgical treatment for endometriosis can improve the metabolic parameters of women with endometriosis and favor a lower predisposition to atherogenesis.


Objetivo: Aeste estudo teve como objetivo avaliar os efeitos do tratamento cirúrgico da endometriose no perfil metabólico de mulheres com diagnóstico de endometriose profunda. Métodos: foi realizado um estudo observacional prospectivo com uma amostra de 30 mulheres na menacme, com diagnóstico de endometriose profunda, que foram submetidas à videolaparoscopia em um centro de referência no Brasil, entre outubro de 2020 e dezembro de 2021. As mulheres realizaram exames clínicos e laboratoriais quanto ao seu perfil metabólico em duas ocasiões, durante exames pré-operatórios e seis meses após a videolaparoscopia. Resultados: as pacientes apresentaram níveis médios mais baixos de Colesterol Total (CT), Colesterol de Baixa Densidade (LDL-c), Triglicerídeos (TGC) e Glicemia de Jejum (GJ) após o procedimento cirúrgico. O nível médio de CT foi 8,2% menor após a cirurgia, o LDL-c foi 12,8% menor, o TGC foi 10,9% menor e a GJ foi 7,3% menor. Os resultados mostraram diferença estatisticamente significativa para todos esses parâmetros (p < 0,001). Conclusões: a videolaparoscopia foi associada a um perfil lipídico favorável em comparação ao perfil lipídico pré-operatório, com melhora significativa nos níveis médios de LDL-c, HDL-c, CT, TGC e GJ. Estudos de acompanhamento a longo prazo são necessários para determinar se o tratamento cirúrgico da endometriose pode melhorar os parâmetros metabólicos de mulheres com endometriose e favorecer uma menor predisposição à aterogênese.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Endometriosis , Comorbidity , Comprehensive Metabolic Panel
3.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 95-105, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016468

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo evaluate the effect of antihypertensive and lipid-regulating Chinese patent medicine combined with conventional Western medicine in the treatment of hypertension with dyslipidemia. To carry out the evidence synthesis of clinical research and provide evidence-based evidence support for clinical decision-making. MethodThe databases including China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI),Wanfang Data Knowledge Service Platform (WF),VIP,SinoMed,Embase,PubMed,Web of Science (WOS),and the Cochrane Library were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCT) of all listed Chinese patent medicines in the treatment of hypertension with dyslipidemia from the establishment of the databases to April 15,2023. The literature was screened and extracted,and the risk of bias tool 2.0 (RoB2) was used to assess the quality and risk of bias of the methodology. Revman 5.4.1 software was used to analyze the outcome indicators. Grading of Recommendations Assessment,Development and Evaluation (GRADE) was applied to assess the quality of evidence formed by clinical research data. The inclusion and recommendation of Chinese patent medicines in the National Drug Catalogue for Basic Medical Insurance,Work-related Injury Insurance and Maternity Insurance (2022) and domestic guidelines and consensus were searched to form a bubble chart. ResultA total of 15 studies were included. The evaluation of the methodological quality of each study showed that the risk of bias stemmed from the lack of blinding and allocation concealment,and low sample size. The comprehensive analysis of clinical studies showed that Dengzhan Shengmai capsules combined with rosuvastatin and amlodipine besylate,Yindan Xinnaotong capsules combined with simvastatin and levamlodipine tablets,Xiaoshuan Tongluo capsules combined with nifedipine controlled release tablets and pravastatin sodium tablets,Xinshubao capsules combined with atorvastatin calcium tablets and irbesartan,Wenyading capsules combined with enalapril,and Jiangzhining tablets combined with conventional Western medicines were all superior to conventional Western medicines used in the control group in improving systolic blood pressure (SBP),diastolic blood pressure (DBP),cholesterol (TC),triglyceride (TG),low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C),and high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C). There was no significant difference in the incidence of adverse reactions between the two groups. The GRADE evaluation of the main outcome indicators showed that the evidence quality of SBP and incidence of adverse reactions was graded as B,that of DBP as C,and that of total TC,TG,LDL-C,and HDL-C as D. The evaluation of Chinese patent medicines covered by medical insurance and recommended by guidelines and consensus showed that Yindan Xinnaotong soft capsules,Dengzhan Shengmai capsules and Xiaoshuan Tongluo capsules belonged to class B drugs of medical insurance,and were recommended for 7,6 and 3 times in the guidelines and consensus,respectively. ConclusionCompared with simple medicine treatment,Chinese patent medicine combined with conventional Western medicine has more advantages in improving blood pressure and blood lipid,and shows higher safety. Among them,Yindan Xinnaotong soft capsules,Dengzhan Shengmai capsules and Xiaoshuan Tongluo capsules have stronger clinical applicability and economy. All the trials included in this article adhered to the principle of randomization and reported the outcome measures. However,the quality of evidence in related clinical studies was low. In terms of trial design,large-sample,multi-center,blinded randomized controlled trials based on the consolidated standards of reporting trials (CONSORT) statement are still needed for comprehensive trial designs and reporting,to further improve the GRADE quality evaluation and guideline formulation under the guidance of evidence-based medicine,so as to provide higher quality evidence-based research evidence for clinical decision-making.

4.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1550908

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El riesgo cardiovascular es importante en la evaluación de los pacientes con esclerosis sistémica. Objetivo: Determinar el riesgo cardiovascular en pacientes con esclerosis sistémica. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio transversal y descriptivo en pacientes protocolizados del Servicio de Reumatología, en el período de enero 2020 a enero 2022. Se recogieron variables demográficas, clínicas, y se aplicó la calculadora de riesgo cardiovascular Framingham. Resultados: Se incluyeron 105 pacientes con edad media de 48,6 ± 15,3 años, el grupo más frecuente de 50 a 59 años (36,2 por ciento), predominó el sexo femenino 92,2 por ciento el color de piel blanca (74,3 por ciento), el tiempo de evolución fue mayor a 5 años (66,7 por ciento) con una media de 10,5 ± 9,3. El valor promedio de la escala de gravedad modificada de Medsger fue 5,1 ± 2,7 y el 72,4 por ciento con afectación leve. El fenómeno de Raynaud y la fibrosis pulmonar fueron más frecuentes con un 89,5 por ciento y 55,2 por ciento. El índice de Rodnan en promedio fue de 13,1 ± 8,0 y los reactantes de fase aguda normales en la mayoría. Los factores de riesgo cardiovascular más frecuentes fueron la HTA (30,2 por ciento) y dislipidemia (19,9 por ciento). El índice de masa corporal que predominó fue de peso adecuado (54,3 por ciento). Predominó el riesgo cardiovascular bajo según score de Framingham (86 por ciento). Existieron diferencias significativas entre las medias del tiempo de evolución y el riesgo cardiovascular (10 ± 6,9 frente a 9,6 ± 8,8 frente a 16,9 ± 10,8; p = 0,032). Conclusiones: El riesgo cardiovascular en los pacientes con esclerosis sistémica fue bajo(AU)


Introduction: Cardiovascular risk is important in the evaluation of patients with systemic sclerosis. Objective: To determine the cardiovascular risk in patients with systemic sclerosis. Methods: A cross-sectional and descriptive study was carried out in protocolized patients of Rheumatology Service, from January 2020 to January 2022. Demographic and clinical variables were collected, and Framingham cardiovascular risk calculator was used. Results: One hundred five patients were included with a mean age of 48.6 ± 15.3 years, the most frequent group was 50 to 59 years (36.2percent), female sex (92.2percent) predominated, as well as white skin color (74.3percent). The evolution time was greater than 5 years (66.7percent) with a mean of 10.5 ± 9.3. The average value of modified Medsger severity scale was 5.1 ± 2.7 and 72.4percent had mild involvement. Raynaud's phenomenon and pulmonary fibrosis were more common at 89.5percent and 55.2percent. Rodnan index on average was 13.1 ± 8.0 and the acute phase reactants were normal in the majority. The most frequent cardiovascular risk factors were HBP (30.2percent) and dyslipidemia (19.9percent). The predominant body mass index was adequate weight (54.3percent). Low cardiovascular risk according to Framingham score prevailed (86percent). There were significant differences between the mean duration of evolution and cardiovascular risk (10 ± 6.9 vs. 9.6 ± 8.8 vs. 16.9 ± 10.8; p = 0.032). Conclusions: The cardiovascular risk in patients with systemic sclerosis was low(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pulmonary Fibrosis/epidemiology , Raynaud Disease/diagnosis , Scleroderma, Systemic/complications , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies
5.
Rev. cuba. med ; 62(4)dic. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1550892

ABSTRACT

La esquizofrenia es una enfermedad que está caracterizada por su complejidad psicopatológica agravada por una frecuente asociación de enfermedades físicas como la obesidad, la intolerancia a la glucosa, la diabetes y la dislipidemia. Además, indicadores metabólicos como la glucemia, el colesterol y los triglicéridos en sangre, así como la obesidad, tienen relevancia en estos pacientes, según lo planteado en la literatura especializada sobre el tema. Por otra parte, las enfermedades físicas asociadas como los indicadores metabólicos, tienen su impacto en el sistema nervioso central con independencia de la esquizofrenia. La suma de los trastornos mentales y físicos implica la necesidad de atender ambos problemas simultáneamente y se recomienda la intervención interdisciplinaria. El protocolo de actuación para la atención de los pacientes con esquizofrenia y psicosis relacionadas en el Hospital Clínico Quirúrgico Hermanos Ameijeiras es un ejemplo del abordaje señalado(AU)


Schizophrenia is a disease characterized by a psychopathological complexity, aggravated by frequent association of physical diseases such as obesity, glucose intolerance, diabetes and dyslipidemia. In addition, there are other metabolic indicators such as blood glucose, cholesterol and triglycerides which are relevant in these patients, and the international literature has been suggested so. On the other hand, both associated physical diseases and metabolic indicators have their impact on the central nervous system in addition to schizophrenia. The sum of mental and physical disorders implies the need to address both problems simultaneously, which is why interdisciplinary intervention is recommended. Hermanos Ameijeiras Clinical Surgical Hospital is an example of the action protocol for patients with schizophrenia and psychosis(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Schizophrenia/epidemiology , Glucose Intolerance , Diabetes Mellitus , Dyslipidemias , Obesity/epidemiology
6.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-220330

ABSTRACT

Background and Objective: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, with high-risk patients requiring effective management to reduce their risk of cardiovascular events. Bempedoic acid is a novel therapeutic agent recently approved as an add-on therapy to statins in patients with uncontrolled LDL-c. Bempedoic acid inhibits cholesterol synthesis in the liver, which ultimately reduces the risk of cardiovascular events. Therefore, the present study aims to assess the efficacy and safety of bempedoic acid in patients with uncontrolled LDL-c (Previously on moderate or high-intensity statins) with a high risk of CVD in real-world settings. Methods: This is a multicenter, retrospective, observational study on the data of high-risk-CVD patients collected from Bempedoic Acid on Efficacy and Safety in patients (BEST) Registry. The clinical data of 140 patients who were already on statin therapy and were receiving Bempedoic acid at a dose of 180 mg, along with measurements of the level of LDL-c, HbA1c, HDL, TG, TC, PPPG, FPG, AST, ALT, serum creatinine was taken into consideration. The primary outcome includes a change in LDL-c level, and secondary outcomes involve a change in the level of HbA1c, HDL, TG, TC, PPPG, FPG, AST, ALT, and serum creatinine at week 12 and 24. Adverse events were reported at both time points. Results: A total of 140 patients were included in the present study with a mean age of 51.8 ± 9.2 years and had primary confirmed diagnosis of dyslipidemia with uncontrolled LDL-c. The mean levels of LDL-c decreased from the mean baseline value of 142.67 ± 46.49 mg/dL, to 106.78 ±33.92 mg/d; a statistically significant reduction by 23.23% (p < 0.01) at week 12. Similarly, at week 24, the mean LDL-c value reduced to 90.39 ± 38.89 mg/dL. A 33.38 % decrease was observed (p < 0.01). Other parameters such as non-HDL, FPG, PPPG, AST and serum creatinine also showed statistically significant reduction at week 12 and week 24. Conclusion: The present study demonstrates that bempedoic acid is an effective add-on medication in lowering LDL-c levels in high-risk CVD patients with uncontrolled LDL-c.

7.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-220162

ABSTRACT

Background: Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) is one of the largest contributors to mortality and morbidity worldwide. Globally, CHD accounts for 17.5 million deaths in 2012, with over 75% of deaths occurring in developing countries. By 2015, 16% of all female and male deaths were caused by CHD. Dyslipidemia is the most common risk factor of CHD for the excessive level of lipids in blood. Most dyslipidemias are hyperlipidemias in developing countries; that is, an accumulation in blood lipids. CHD was 18 times more likely to grow according to hypertension with dyslipidemia category than with non-dyslipidemias. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of dyslipidemia associated with hypertension for coronary heart disease and identify risk factors for CHD among cardiac patients. Material & Methods: This was a case control study and was conducted in the Department of Medicine, LABAID Specialized Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh during the period from May,2022 to March,2023. We included 170 cardiac patients in our study. The patients were divided into two groups – Case group (Patients diagnosed with CHD) & Control group. Results: In total 170 patients from both the groups completed the study. In our study we found most of our patients were male (58%) compared to female (42%). We found the mean age was 46.1±11.3 & 47.1±9.3 years in case & control group respectively. Family history of hypertension was significantly higher in case group (52%). Among all patients, BMI was higher in case group. Cholesterol, systolic & diastolic bp was found significantly higher in case group than control group. HDL was found lower & LDL was found higher in case group. Among 85 cases, majority (68%) had dyslipidemia associated with hypertension. We found dyslipidemia was 55% & 36% in case & control group respectively. Hypertension was also found significantly higher in case group. Age ? 60 years, family history of CHD, smoking, diabetes & obesity were also individual risk factors of CHD among cardiac patients. In dyslipidemia with hypertension group 68 patients were diagnosed with CHD which is higher than non-hypertension group. Conclusion: In our study, we found that dyslipidemia, hypertension, age ? 60 years, family history of CHD, smoking, diabetes & obesity are individual risk factors of CHD development. Relationship of dyslipidemia with coronary heart disease in hypertension is significant. We also found dyslipidemia with hypertension is an established risk factor of prime importance that increased the risks of CHD among cardiac patients

8.
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 2023 May; 71(5): 1948-1952
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-225007

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To determine the association between serum lipid levels and primary open?angle glaucoma (POAG). Methods: In this case?control study, 50 patients with POAG documented by clinical tests using standard ophthalmologic equipment and 50 age?matched controls were investigated. Twelve?hour fasting serum lipid profiles, including total cholesterol, serum triglycerides, low?density lipoproteins (LDLs), and high?density lipoproteins (HDLs), were compared between the cases and controls. Results: The mean age of cases and controls was 62.84 ± 9.68 and 60.12 ± 8.65, respectively (P = 0.65). High total cholesterol levels (>200 mg/dl) were found in 23 cases (46%) and 8 controls (16%); high serum triglyceride levels (>150 mg/dl) were found in 24 cases (48%) and 7 controls (14%); high LDL levels (130 mg/dl) were found in 28 cases (56%) and 9 controls (18%); and low HDL levels (<40 mg/dl) were found in 38 cases (76%) and 30 controls (60%). The mean total cholesterol levels were 205.24 ± 36.90 mg/dl in cases and 177.68 ± 22.56 mg/dl in controls (P < 0.001); the mean serum triglyceride levels were 150.42 ± 49.55 mg/dl and 130.84 ± 23.16 mg/dl, respectively (P = 0.013); and the mean LDL levels were 139.50 ± 31.03 mg/dl and 114.96 ± 17.73 mg/dl, respectively (P < 0.001). The mean cholesterol, triglyceride, and LDL levels were significantly higher in cases than in controls (P < 0.05). Conclusion: The present study shows that higher proportion of POAG patients have dyslipidemia compared to age?matched controls. Though these findings need to be replicated by others. This study opens new vistas for further studies, such as lowering dyslipidemia, lowering the intra?ocular pressure and incidence of POAG, and whether the use of statins to reduce dyslipidemia affects the progression of POAG.

9.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-219010

ABSTRACT

Background: The impact of uric acid as a stand-alone risk factor for non-communicable illness has been debated for decades. Strong free radical scavengers like hydroxyl ions, peroxynitrite, and other an?oxidants like ascorbic acid are all scavenged by serum uric acid. Neuroprotec?ve agents include uric acid and its connec?on to ischemic stroke is s?ll debatable. Therefore, the current study tried to evaluate the serum uric levels in acute ischemic stroke pa?ents. Methods: Pa?ents with acute stroke were included in the trial, thus if rTPA was given to them, it was noted. The pa?ent’s baseline blood pressure was taken (in a supine posi?on). All acute stroke pa?ents had blood drawn within 24 hours of admission to assess their lipid profiles, fas?ng blood sugar levels, and uric acid levels. A neurologist assessed each pa?ent, and computer tomography (CT) and magne?c resonance imaging were used to dis?nguish between ischemic stroke and other types of stroke (MRI). Results: Serum UA levels were found to be significantly higher in stroke pa?ents, with 77.5 percent of pa?ents having high levels (>6 mg/dL) compared to 30.0 percent of controls. When compared to the controls, the mean serum UA level in pa?ents was considerably higher (p=0.0212). Mul?ple logis?c regression analysis was used to determine the rela?onship between serum UA levels and outcome. Independent of other prognos?c criteria, pa?ents with high serum UA levels had a significantly worse outcome. Conclusion: A significant rela?onship exists between high serum UA levels and ischemic stroke, stroke subtypes (excluding lacunar stroke), and poor outcomes. Finding and managing modifiable risk factors for stroke has advanced quite a bit. Hyperuricemia could be therapeu?cally targeted in the same manner that other risk factors, such as dyslipidemia and blood pressure, are regularly treated a?er stroke.

10.
Indian J Physiol Pharmacol ; 2023 Mar; 67(1): 15-20
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-223972

ABSTRACT

Objectives: Diabetic dyslipidaemia (DD) is characterised by hypertriglyceridaemia and elevated or normal levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and decreased levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol with Type 2 diabetes mellitus. Statins and anti-diabetic medication are coprescribed for optimal control. Materials and Methods: The objective of the study was to compare the safety and efficacy of Saroglitazar 4-mg and Fenofibrate 200 mg in combination with low dose Atorvastatin (10 mg) in patients with DD. Run-in period of 4 weeks for life-style and diet modification followed by 12 weeks of treatment with saroglitazar or fenofibrate and low dose of atorvastatin was followed. Primary outcome of this study was an absolute change in serum triglyceride level at baseline and end of treatment period (12 weeks). Secondary outcome was changed from baseline lipid profile, fasting blood glucose and glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c) at the end of treatment period. Safety assessment was also done during the duration of study. Results: Forty patients of DD were randomly divided into two groups. One group received Saroglitazar 4 mg along with Atorvastatin 10 mg. Patients in second group received Fenofibrate 200 mg along with Atorvastatin 10 mg. Improvement in deranged lipid levels in both the groups was observed and this difference in improvement statistically was not found to be significant. We also observed that Saroglitazar significantly improves glycaemic profile by decreasing fasting blood sugar levels and HbA1c (P = 0.01, P < 0.01). Adverse events reported during this study were mild and none of the patients reported serious adverse events. Conclusion: Saroglitazar could be a potential drug to control both hyperglycaemia and dyslipidaemia in patients with DD.

11.
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 93(1): 77-87, ene.-mar. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1429708

ABSTRACT

Abstract Hypertension and dyslipidemia are key risk factors for cardiovascular disorders and mortality worldwide. To understand the local health system challenges faced in the management of the two conditions, a semi-systematic approach was adopted for quantifying stages of the journey of care of adult Mexican patients, namely, awareness, screening, diagnosis, treatment, adherence, and control. A structured literature search was conducted for articles published in English from 2010 to 2019 in EMBASE and MEDLINE databases. The articles restricted to patient subgroups, or not having national representativeness, thesis abstracts, letters to the editor, editorials, or case studies were excluded. In addition, an unstructured unrestricted literature search was conducted, on websites of Incidence and Prevalence Database, World Health Organization, Country's Ministry of Health, and Google. Last search was run on 28 August 2020 for Hypertension and 12 November 2019 for Dyslipidemia. Weighted or simple means were calculated for the pooled data. Seven articles of 647 retrievals for hypertension and 11 articles of 1265 retrievals for dyslipidemia were included in the review. The prevalence of hypertension was estimated to be 24.1%, while 59.9% of patients had awareness, 97.5% underwent screening, 18.4% had diagnosis, 50% received treatment, 50% were adherent to treatment, and 49.9% had disease control. Prevalence of dyslipidemia was estimated as 36.7%, while 8.6% of patients had awareness, 48.1% underwent screening, 28% had diagnosis, 68.9% received treatment, 50% were adherent to treatment, and 30% had disease control. The study suggested that addressing the synergistic effect of hypertension and dyslipidemia could reduce cardiovascular risk associated with these conditions.


Resumen La hipertensión y la dislipidemia -especialmente la hipercolesterolemia- son factores de riesgo cardiovascular que impactan directamente en la prevalencia e incidencia de enfermedades cardiovasculares en todo el mundo y México no es la excepción. Para comprender los desafíos que enfrenta el sistema de salud de nuestro país, especialmente en lo relacionado con el diagnóstico, tratamiento y control de los factores de riesgo cardiovascular mencionados, realizamos un análisis semi-sistemático de la literatura con el objetivo de evaluar las fases del proceso de atención de pacientes adultos mexicanos en lo relacionado con el conocimiento, detección, diagnóstico, tratamiento, adherencia y control de hipertensión y dislipidemia. Se llevó a cabo una investigación bibliográfica semi-sistemática de los artículos publicados en inglés del año 2010 al año 2019; las bases de datos exploradas fueron EMBASE y MEDLINE. Se excluyeron del análisis los artículos sin representatividad nacional, así como los resúmenes de tesis, cartas al editor, editoriales o estudios de casos. Además, se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica sin restricciones, en los sitios Web de las bases de datos sobre Incidencia y Prevalencia, Organización Mundial de la Salud, Secretaría de Salud de México y Google. La última búsqueda sobre hipertensión se realizó el 28 de agosto del 2020 y sobre dislipidemia el 12 de noviembre del 2019. Se calcularon las medias ponderadas o simples para la recolección de datos. En la revisión, se incluyeron 7 artículos de 647 sobre hipertensión y 11 artículos de 1,265 sobre dislipidemia. Se estimó que la prevalencia de hipertensión en México es de 24.1%; 97.5% de la población reportó haber sido sometida a alguna prueba de detección; 59.9% tuvo conocimiento del diagnóstico; 18.4 % se reconocen con hipertensión; 50% reciben tratamiento; 50% es adherente al mismo, y finalmente solo un 49.9 % tienen control de la hipertensión. Se estimó que la prevalencia de dislipidemia en México es de 36.7%; 48.1% de la población reportó haber sido sometida a alguna prueba de detección; 8.6% tuvo conocimiento del diagnóstico; 28% se conocen con dislipidemia; 68.9% reciben tratamiento; 50% es adherente al mismo, y finalmente solo 30% tuvo control de la dislipidemia. La evidencia revisada hace evidente una gran área de oportunidad para mejorar los índices de diagnóstico, tratamiento y control de estos dos factores sinérgicos para el riesgo de enfermedades cardiovasculares.

12.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-217928

ABSTRACT

Background: The prevalence of chronic renal failure has increased, as has the need for renal replacement therapy, as both diabetes and hypertension have become more prevalent. Patients’ mortality rates from cardiac causes have increased despite effective monitoring and care. Dyslipidemia significantly contributes to the risk of arteriosclerotic cardiovascular disease, the main cause of death in people with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Aims and Objectives: The objectives of this study were to measurement of hyperlipidemia in patients with CKD on hemodialysis/conservative management. Materials and Methods: The investigation was conducted on 250 patients with CKD at all stages who were receiving hemodialysis and conservative of both sexes aged 20 years or more and sex-matched healthy control subjects. Lipid profiles of each subject were measured in specimens. Results: In our study, dyslipidemia was identified as having high levels of total cholesterol, triglycerides, and low-density lipoprotein and low levels of high-density lipoprotein. Conclusion: The significance of dyslipidemia as a standalone risk factor for coronary artery disease (CAD) in CKD patients was examined in this study. Hence, based on the evidence presented above, we conclude that close monitoring of the ideal cholesterol levels in CKD patients is necessary to reduce the risk of CAD-related death. In CKD patients, monitoring and treating dyslipidemia can reduce mortality.

13.
J Indian Med Assoc ; 2023 Feb; 121(2): 41-43
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-216688

ABSTRACT

Aims : To calculate the prevalence of Dyslipidemia in patients with Mycobacterium Tuberculosis infection (Mtb) and Diabetes Mellitus (DM). Materials and Methods : A study done on 294 patients infected with Mtb were enrolled in the study. Patients infected with Tuberculosis (TB) were selected from Medicine and Pulmonary Medicine Departments in MLN Medical College Prayagraj. Patients were segregated into two groups on the basis of glucose tolerance; Abnormal Glucose Tolerance (AGT) and Normal Glucose Tolerance (NGT). Results: A total of 294 patients with TB were taken in the study, 143 patients in AGT group and 151 patients in NGT group. The average age of the patients in AGT group was 47.91 years. Among AGT and NGT, Dyslipidemia was found to be statistically significant among AGT group (p=0.01). Mean Serum Triglycerides (209.8, p<0.004) and LDL Cholesterol (144.3, p<0.0001) in AGT group. Conclusion : Patient with TB DM are more prone for Dyslipidemia and atherogenicity

14.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 67(1): 19-44, Jan.-Feb. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1420106

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence of total cholesterol (TC) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) alterations in children and adolescents in Brazil. Materials and methods: A systematic review and meta-analysis of prevalence. The search for articles was carried out in the databases: Medline (PubMed), Embase, Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO), Latin American and Caribbean Literature in Health Sciences (Lilacs). The meta-analysis was performed using the random effects model. The I² test was used to identify heterogeneity. Results: The present metanalysis revealed a significant prevalence of altered lipid profile in children and adolescents in Brazil. Regarding lipoprotein fractions, the prevalence of altered TC level was 27.47% (95% CI 24.36-30.82), and a smaller prevalence was observed for LDL cholesterol (19.29% - 95% CI 15.21-24.16). The models revealed high heterogeneity (I² = 99%; p < 0.01), however the precise source of it was not identified; although type of school, age group, year and the region of Brazil appeared to influence the estimations of altered lipid profiles. Conclusion: An important prevalence of lipid alterations was observed among Brazilian children and adolescents. Those results reinforce the importance of knowing the lipid profile of children and adolescents to perform early interventions for this public.

15.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-217898

ABSTRACT

Background: Diabetes and dyslipidemia commonly coexist, frequently associated with various cardio-vascular (CV) risk factors and good glycemic control is key for prevention of long-term CV complications. Although diabetes and dyslipidemia commonly coexist in India, there is a lack of evidence on pattern of dyslipidemia and whether dyslipidemia is adequately managed or not, particularly in rural population in a real-world setting. Aims and Objectives: This study was conducted to assess present glycemic status and lipid profile of the population residing in a rural tribal locality of Jharkhand (India) as part of project for fellowship in diabetes course by Department of Endocrinology, DEDU, CMC, Vellore. Materials and Methods: This non-interventional cross-sectional study was conducted in a tribal locality of Jharkhand (India) after concept note approval for ethical clearance from CMC Vellore. Whole-blood and sera of diabetic patients were analyzed for fasting-blood-sugar, Glycated-hemoglobin (HbA1c), total-cholesterol (CH), triglycerides (TGs), high-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol, low-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol, and very-VLDL-C. Correlation test of HbA1c with lipid-ratios and individual lipid indexes was done. Results: Mean Hb1Ac level was 7.24 ± 1.80 and interestingly, was marginally higher (7.31 ± 1.92 vs. 6.92 ± 1.16) in patients with DM <5 years as compared to those with DM >5 years. Mixed dyslipidemias were common with abnormal TG, LDL, VLDL, High-density lipoprotein (HDL), and Total CH values. Hb1Ac-levels showed significant positive correlation with serum CH, TG, LDL, and VLDL levels while significant negative correlation with HDL levels in the study. Conclusion: Apart from a reliable indicator of long-term glycemic control, HbA1c can also be used as a predictor of dyslipidemia and thus early diagnosis of dyslipidemia can prevent life-threatening CV-complications.

16.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-217092

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study has evaluated risk factors, especially dyslipidemia, for an acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in postmenopausal women. Materials and Methods: This was a hospital-based, observational, single-center study among 100 postmenopausal women admitted to the medicine ward with AMI. They were categorized based on lipid profile groups, viz., dyslipidemic group and non-dyslipidemic group. All clinical parameters were studied between the groups. Results: Among anthropometric profiles, in the comparison of mean height (cm), weight (kg), body mass index (BMI) (kg/m2 ), and waist circumference (WC) (cm) for the dyslipidemic group and non-dyslipidemic group, only WC was statistically significant (P < 0.001). Most patients were hospitalized between 6 and 12 h after the onset of symptoms. At the time of hospitalization, most patients from both groups were observed to have diabetes and hypertension with poor control of postprandial blood sugar, glycated hemoglobin, and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) (P < 0.05). The dyslipidemic group’s mean C-reactive protein was higher (P < 0.05). The comparison of mean total cholesterol, triglyceride (TG), low density lipoprotein-cholesterol in mg/dL, and TG: high density lipoprotein was significantly increased (P < 0.001), while high density lipoprotein-cholesterol (mg/ dL) was significantly decreased (P < 0.001) in the dyslipidemic group. ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction is standard in both groups. The maximum patient has regional wall motion abnormality in echocardiography after day 3 of admission. Among the dyslipidemic group, ejection fraction was on the lower side, and the predominant complication was in the left ventricular failure (LVF) (P < 0.05). Conclusion: WC has a positive association with patients with AMI who have dyslipidemia and can be used as an indicator of the risk of AMI when BMI is normal. WC is a surrogate marker of abdominal fat mass (subcutaneous and intra-abdominal); increased WC is a significant component marker of metabolic syndrome and insulin resistance related to cardiovascular mortality. There was poor glycemic control and blood pressure (mainly DBP) among the dyslipidemic patients. Hypertriglyceridemia is the most common lipid abnormality, followed by hypercholesterolemia among the dyslipidemic group. LVF is the most common complication in dyslipidemic patients.

17.
Chinese Journal of Health Management ; (6): 437-443, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993684

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the predictive value of plasma atherosclerosis index (AIP) on metabolic associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD) in physical examination population.Methods:It was a cross-sectional study. Total of 97 076 people who completed physical examination in the Health Management Center of the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University from January to December 2021 and met the integrity of the study were selected as study subjects. Of the subjects, 31 176 people who met the diagnostic criteria of MAFLD were set as the MAFLD group, and the other 65 900 people were set as the non-MAFLD group. Laboratory indexes, height, weight, blood pressure, liver ultrasound and other indicators in the two groups were collected, and the AIP was calculated. The t-test was used for measurement data and chi-square test was used for counting data to compare the differences between the two groups. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression were used to analyze the influencing factors of MAFLD. The two groups were grouped further according to gender and age, and the difference of AIP prediction efficiency in different groups was evaluated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Results:The average age (47.3 years, Z=-31.734), male proportion (76.9%, χ2=7 837.54) and the average value of AIP (0.23, Z=-155.089) in MAFLD group were all higher than those in non-MAFLD group (all P<0.001). After stratified by age, gender, body mass index (BMI), hypertensive or not, hemoglobin A1c (HbA 1c), triglyceride (TG), fasting blood glucose (FBG), the difference of AIP between the two groups was still statistically significant (all P<0.001). Multifactorial regression analysis showed that alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ( OR=1.024), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) ( OR=0.974), serum creatinine (sCr) ( OR=0.975), serum uric acid ( OR=1.004), HbA 1c ( OR=1.231), hemoglobin (HB) ( OR=1.011), platelet(PLT) ( OR=1.002), FBG ( OR=1.131), BMI ( OR=1.419), AIP ( OR=11.318), systolic blood pressure ( OR=1.002), and diastolic blood pressure ( OR=1.012) were independent risk factors for MAFLD (all P<0.001). In the overall population, AIP had an area under the ROC curve (AUC) of 0.808, a cut-off value of 2.045, a sensitivity of 74.5% and a specificity of 72.4%; in the gender subgroup, the AUC was greater in women than in men (0.815 vs 0.764), and the cut-off values, sensitivities and specificities in the two groups were -0.044 vs 0.091, 75.6% vs 72.2%, 73.3% vs 67.6%, respectively; in the age sub-group, the largest AUC (0.848), cut-off value (0.034), sensitivity (79.1%) and specificity (75.3%) were found in the 18-44 years group; the differences were statistically significantin the ROC curve analysis of each group ( P<0.001). Conclusion:AIP is an independent risk factor for MAFLD, which has good predictive value for the occurrence of the disease, and has better predictive effect in women and young groups (18-44 years old).

18.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 183-185, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989542

ABSTRACT

Patients with gastric cancer often have different degrees of dyslipidemia, and the level of lipid changes is closely related to the occurrence, development and prognosis of gastric cancer. The mechanism of lipid metabolism in gastric cancer has also attracted much attention, and it may be related to the reverse cholesterol transport function, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. In addition, statins may reduce the risk of gastric cancer and associated mortality. Further research on the correlation between blood lipid levels and gastric cancer is aimed to provide new ideas for the future prevention and precision diagnosis and treatment of gastric cancer.

19.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 982-992, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010157

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the correlation between dyslipidemia and rheumatoid arthritis associa-ted interstitial lung disease (RA-ILD) by retrospective analysis of the clinical data.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), who were hospitalized in the Department of Rheumatism and Immunology of Peking University Shenzhen Hospital from January 2015 to July 2020 and fulfilled the criteria of the 2010 Rheumatoid Arthritis Classification Criteria established by American College of Rheumatology/European League Against Rheumatism collaborative initiative, were collected and analyzed.@*RESULTS@#There were 737 RA patients included, of whom 282(38.26%)were with interstitial lung disease (ILD). The median time from the onset of the first RA-related clinical symptoms to the onset of ILD was 13 years (95%CI 11.33-14.67). By multivariate Logistic regression analysis, we found that low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) was an independent risk factor for RA-ILD (OR 1.452, 95%CI 1.099-1.918, P=0.009), whereas high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) was a protective factor for RA-ILD (OR 0.056, 95%CI 0.025-0.125, P < 0.001). The RA patients with high LDL-C or low HDL-C had higher incidence of ILD than that of the RA patients with normal LDL-C or HDL-C(57.45% vs. 36.96%, P < 0.001; 47.33% vs. 33.81%, P < 0.001, respectively). The median time of ILD onset in the RA patients with low HDL-C was shorter than that of the RA patients with normal HDL-C [10.0(95%CI 9.33-10.67)years vs.17.0 (95%CI 14.58-19.42) years, P < 0.001]. HDL-C level was negatively correlated with disease activity. Among the RA-ILD patients, the patients with low HDL-C had higher percentage of usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP) then that of the patients with normal HDL-C (60.00% vs. 53.29%, P=0.002). The RA-ILD patients with high LDL-C had higher incidence rate of decrease in forced vital capacity (FVC) than that of the RA-ILD patients with normal LDL-C (50.00% vs. 21.52%, P=0.015). The RA-ILD patients with low HDL-C had higher incidence rate of decrease in FVC (26.92% vs. 16.18%, P=0.003) and carbon monoxide diffusion (80.76% vs. 50.00%, P=0.010) than that of RA-ILD patients with normal HDL-C.@*CONCLUSION@#LDL-C was possibly a potential independent risk factor for RA-ILD. HDL-C was possibly a potential protective factor for RA-ILD. HDL-C level was negatively correlated with disease activity of RA. The median time of ILD onset in the RA patients with low HDL-C was significantly shorter than that of the RA patients with normal HDL-C.


Subject(s)
Humans , Retrospective Studies , Cholesterol, LDL , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/complications , Lung Diseases, Interstitial/complications , Dyslipidemias/epidemiology
20.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3865-3873, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981519

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the effect of guarana on plasma lipid metabolites in obese rats and analyzed its mechanism in the treatment of dyslipidemia in obesity. High-fat diet was used to establish obese rat models, and the therapeutic effect of guarana on obese rats was evaluated by measuring body weight, white fat, liver weight, and lipid content, as well as observing liver histomorphology. Lipid metabolites in plasma of rats in each group were detected by UHPLC-Q-TOF-MS lipidomics. The protein expressions of fatty acid synthase, acetyl-CoA carboxylase 1, triglyceride synthesis enzyme, carnitine palmitoyltransferase Ⅰ, and acetyl-coenzyme A acyltransferase 2 in rat liver were detected using Western blot. The results revealed that guarana significantly reduced body weight, white fat, and liver weight of obese rats due to high-fat diet, and alleviated dyslipidemia and liver steatosis. Lipidomics showed that some triglycerides and phospholipids were significantly elevated in the high-fat model group, and part of them was reduced after guarana treatment. Western blot found that guarana inhibited the expression of hepatic fatty acid and triglyceride synthesis-related proteins and increased the expression of fatty acid β-oxidation-related proteins. Abnormalities in triglyceride and phospholipid metabolism are the main characteristics of plasma lipid metabolism in obese rats induced by high-fat diet. Guarana may regulate partial triglyceride and phospholipid metabolism by inhibiting hepatic fatty acid and triglyceride synthesis and increasing fatty acid β-oxidation, thereby improving rat obesity and dyslipidemia.

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