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1.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 28(2): 110-113, Mar-Apr. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365678

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Regular and moderate exercise can keep the body in good function and prolong life. The therapeutic effect of exercise on digestive system diseases is also obvious. In particular, it can alleviate the anxiety of patients with functional dyspepsia. Objective: To explore how moderate physical exercise can reduce the anxiety caused by functional dyspepsia. The causes of anxiety in patients with this disease are also analyzed. Methods: A questionnaire was applied to patients with functional dyspepsia who attend our hospital and develops exercise programs. The regression analysis method was used to analyze the influence of physical exercise on the anxiety caused by functional dyspepsia. Results: The anxiety of patients with functional dyspepsia who did not do physical exercise was significantly different from the anxiety after exercise. Conclusion: Exercise can reduce the anxiety of patients with functional dyspepsia. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment results.


RESUMO Introdução: Atividade física moderada e regular pode manter o bom funcionamento do corpo e prolongar a expectativa de vida. O efeito terapêutico da atividade física nas doenças do sistema digestivo também é evidente. Ela pode, em particular, diminuir a ansiedade de pacientes com dispepsia funcional. Objetivo: Explorar como atividade física moderada pode diminuir a ansiedade causada por dispepsia funcional. As causas da ansiedade em pacientes com essa doença também foram analisadas. Métodos: Aplicou-se um questionário aos pacientes com dispepsia funcional que frequentam nosso hospital e desenvolveu-se um programa de exercícios. O método de análise de regressão foi usado para avaliar a influência da atividade física na ansiedade causada por dispepsia funcional. Resultados: A ansiedade de pacientes com dispepsia funcional que não praticavam atividades físicas foi significativamente diferente daquela de pacientes após os exercícios. Conclusão: A atividade física pode diminuir a ansiedade de pacientes com dispepsia funcional. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação de resultados de tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción: La actividad física moderada y regular puede mantener el buen funcionamiento del cuerpo y prolongar la expectativa de vida. El efecto terapéutico de la actividad física en las enfermedades del sistema digestivo también es evidente. Esta puede, en particular, disminuir la ansiedad de pacientes con dispepsia funcional. Objetivo: Explorar cómo la actividad física moderada puede disminuir la ansiedad causada por dispepsia funcional. Las causas de la ansiedad en pacientes con esta enfermedad también fueron analizadas. Métodos: Se aplicó un cuestionario a los pacientes con dispepsia funcional que frecuentan nuestro hospital y se desarrolló un programa de ejercicios. El método de análisis de regresión fue usado para evaluar la influencia de la actividad física en la ansiedad causada por dispepsia funcional. Resultados: La ansiedad de pacientes con dispepsia funcional que no practicaban actividades físicas fue significativamente diferente de aquella de pacientes después de los ejercicios. Conclusión: La actividad física puede disminuir la ansiedad de pacientes con dispepsia funcional. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - investigación de resultados de tratamiento.

2.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 140(2): 199-206, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1366037

ABSTRACT

Abstract BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms are frequent complaints from individuals with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Dyspepsia is a universal clinical symptom and is among the most common GI complaints observed in the general population, but its prevalence in the population with NAFLD has not been previously investigated. OBJECTIVE: To compare the prevalence of functional dyspepsia (FD) between patients with NAFLD and controls without liver disease. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study at the Outpatient Liver Clinic, University Hospital, Belo Horizonte, Brazil. METHODS: We included 96 NAFLD patients and 105 controls without liver disease. All participants were assessed for GI symptoms in accordance with the Rome III criteria. Evaluation methods included a questionnaire for FD (validated in Brazil), laboratory tests and upper GI endoscopy. RESULTS: Mean age and sex were similar between the groups. The NAFLD group presented higher frequency of proton-pump inhibitor usage (31.3% vs 4.8%; P < 0.001) and prevalence of FD (25.0% versus 12.4%; P = 0.021). The symptom frequencies were as follows: postprandial distress, 22.9% versus 11.4% (P = 0.030); postprandial fullness, 18.8% versus 10.5% (P = 0.095); early satiation, 8.3% versus 5.7% (P = 0.466); and epigastric pain or burning, 18.8% versus 5.7% (P = 0.004), in NAFLD patients and controls, respectively. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that female sex (odds ratio, OR 6.97; 95% confidence interval, CI: 1.51-32.12; P = 0.013) and NAFLD diagnosis (OR 2.45; 95% CI: 1.14-5.27; P = 0.021) were independently associated with FD occurrence. CONCLUSION: FD occurs more frequently in individuals with NAFLD than in controls without hepatic disease.

3.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 58(3): 364-369, July-Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345292

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Dyspeptic symptoms are among the eight symptoms that most lead to the use of self-medication globally. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the frequency of use and profile of the population doing self-medication to control dyspeptic symptoms in a capital from South Brazil. METHODS: Application of a survey consisting of topics regarding individual's socio-cultural data, self-reported comorbidities, use of self-medication in the 15 days prior to the interview and information on the use of this medication. Statistical analysis was performed on the data collected to determine the prevalence of self-medication for dyspeptic symptoms (SMDS) and to establish correlations with independent factors, such as gender, age, body mass index (BMI), education, family income and self-reported comorbidities. RESULTS: A total of 719 individuals from the public health system were interviewed. Overall, 67.7% were female, 65.3% had a BMI greater than 25; 28.4% presented with self-reported hypertension, 21.4% with depression and 13.8% with diabetes. The prevalence of self-medication to control digestive symptoms in this population was 28.7% (95%CI: 25.3-32), 91.8% (n=189) due to complaints of dyspeptic origin. Proton pump inhibitors were the most used class of medication (67%), followed by antacids (15%). There was a relationship between SMDS and age >38 years (OR=1.734, 95%CI: 1.177-2.580, P=0.001), BMI >26 (OR=1.660, 95%CI: 1.166-2.362, P<0.001) and self-reported depression (OR=1.471, 95%CI: 0.983-2.201, P=0.04). CONCLUSION: There was a higher prevalence of the use of self-medication to control dyspeptic symptoms in relation to previous data from the literature. Age >38 years, BMI >26 and self-reported depression were associated with SMDS.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: Os sintomas dispépticos estão entre os oito sintomas que mais levam uso de automedicação. OBJETIVO: O presente estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a prevalência e o perfil da população que utiliza automedicação para controle dos sintomas dispépticos em uma capital do Sul do Brasil. MÉTODOS: Aplicação de inquérito composto por tópicos relativos aos dados socioculturais do indivíduo, comorbidades autorreferidas, uso de automedicação nos 15 dias anteriores à entrevista e informações sobre o uso deste medicamento. Foi realizada a análise estatística dos dados coletados para determinar a prevalência de automedicação para controle dos sintomas dispépticos e estabelecer correlações com fatores independentes, como sexo, idade, índice de massa corporal (IMC), escolaridade, renda familiar e comorbidades autorrelatadas. RESULTADOS: Foram entrevistados 719 indivíduos atendidos pela atenção primária. Destes, 67,7% de indivíduos do sexo feminino, 65,3% apresentavam IMC maior que 25 kg/m², 28,4% autorrelataram apresentar hipertensão arterial sistêmica, 21,4% depressão e 13,8% diabetes. A prevalência de uso de automedicação para controle de sintomas digestivos nesta população foi de 28,7% (n=206, IC95% 25,3-32), 91,8% (n=189) por queixas de origem dispéptica. A classe de medicação mais utilizada foi a dos inibidores de bomba de prótons (67%), seguidos dos antiácidos (15%). Houve relação entre o uso deste tipo de automedicação e idade maior de 38 anos (OR=1,734, IC95% 1,177-2,580, P=0,001), IMC acima de 26 kg/m² (OR=1,660, IC95% 1,166-2,362, P<0,001) e presença de autorrelato de depressão (OR= 1,471, IC95% 0,983-2,201, P=0,04). CONCLUSÃO: O presente estudo revelou uma alta prevalência do uso de automedicação para controle dos sintomas dispépticos em comparação com dados da literatura, sendo os inibidores de bomba de prótons a classe de droga mais utilizada. Idade maior que 38 anos, índice de massa corporal maior 26 kg/m² e autorrelato de depressão foram associados ao uso de automedicação para sintomas dispépticos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Primary Health Care , Brazil/epidemiology , Prevalence , Surveys and Questionnaires , Self Report
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912881

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the efficacy of acupoint sticking with Jianpi Tongjing Zhitong ointment in the treatment of functional dyspepsia due to liver-qi stagnation and spleen deficiency and its effect on serum 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and ghrelin contents. Methods: One hundred patients with functional dyspepsia due to liver-qi stagnation and spleen deficiency were divided into a treatment group and a control group by the random number table method, with 50 cases in each group. The treatment group received acupoint sticking with Jianpi Tongjing Zhitong ointment and the control group was treated with mosapride citrate orally. Patients were treated for 4 weeks as a course. The therapeutic efficacy was compared after one-course treatment and the differences in gastric emptying rate, and serum 5-HT and ghrelin contents between groups were compared before and after treatment. Results: The total effective rate was 79.6% in the control group and 89.4% in the treatment group, showing significantly different between groups (P<0.05). After treatment, the gastric emptying rate and serum ghrelin content of the two groups increased significantly, and the serum 5-HT content decreased significantly, the intra-group differences were significant (all P<0.01). After treatment, the gastric emptying rate and serum ghrelin content were significantly higher in the treatment group than those in the control group, while the serum 5-HT was significant lower in the treatment group, the inter-group differences were significant (all P<0.05). A negative correlation (r=-0.59) was observed between serum 5-HT content and gastric emptying rate, and a positive correlation (r=0.64) was observed between serum ghrelin content and gastric emptying rate, showing statistical significance (all P<0.01). Conclusion: Acupoint sticking with Jianpi Tongjing Zhitong ointment has a remarkable clinical efficacy in treating patients with functional dyspepsia due to liver-qi stagnation and spleen deficiency and is able to influence the secretion of serum 5-HT and ghrelin. Improving the gastrointestinal motility through the regulation of related brain-gut peptides is suggested as an underlying mechanism for this therapy.

5.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 522-527, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912206

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the overlapping prevalence and risk factors of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), functional dyspepsia (FD) and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) among rural adults in Shaanxi Province.Methods:From February 1 to October 31 in 2019, 12 villages in Shaanxi Province were randomly selected for household questionnaire survey through multistage stratified cluster sampling. A total of 2 423 subjects were enrolled, including 1 037 males and 1 386 females, with age of (45.3±16.9) years old. GERD was diagnosed according to the Montreal criteria, FD and IBS were diagnosed according to the Rome Ⅳ criteria. The overlapping prevalence of the three diseases were calculated. The risk factors for the overlapping of GERD, FD and IBS were analyzed. Multivariate logistic regression was used for statistical analysis.Results:Among the 2 423 subjects, 624 cases had GERD (302 cases), FD (377 cases) or IBS (167 cases), of which 30.77% (192/624) patients had overlap of ≥two diseases. The overlap rates of GERD and FD, GERD and IBS, FD and IBS, GERD, FD and IBS were 2.56% (62/2 423), 1.61% (39/2 423), 2.52% (61/2 423) and 1.24% (30/2 423), respectively. The results of Multivariate analysis showed that female and migraine without aura were positively correlated with the overlap of GERD and FD, FD and IBS, and GERD and IBS (odds ratio ( OR)=3.08, 2.68, 3.66, 7.37, 5.91 and 4.46, 95% confidence interval ( CI) 1.35 to 7.01, 1.35 to 5.30, 1.52 to 8.83, 3.97 to 13.69, 1.78 to 19.60 and 2.01 to 9.92; all P<0.05). Heavy drinking (alcohol intake≥50 g/d (male) or≥30 g/d (female)) was positively correlated with the overlap of FD and IBS, GERD and IBS, and GERD, FD and IBS ( OR=3.69, 4.20 and 4.91, 95% CI 1.19 to 11.48, 1.01 to 17.50 and 1.23 to 19.52; all P<0.05). Heavy smoking (smoking≥20 cigarettes per day) was positively correlated with the overlap of GERD and FD, FD and IBS, GERD and IBS, and GERD, FD and IBS ( OR=3.44, 6.25, 8.27 and 7.04, 95% CI 1.07 to 11.01, 1.60 to 24.44, 1.80 to 38.07 and 1.76 to 28.12; all P<0.05). The educational level of junior or senior high school and age≥60 years old were negatively correlated with the overlap of GERD and FD, FD and IBS, GERD and IBS, and GERD, FD and IBS ( OR=0.47, 0.29, 0.20, 0.05, 0.23, 0.10, 0.37 and 0.16, 95% CI 0.23 to 0.93, 0.09 to 0.95, 0.09 to 0.42, 0.01 to 0.19, 0.09 to 0.60, 0.02 to 0.65, 0.15 to 0.87 and 0.03 to 0.81; all P<0.05). Conclusions:The overlap of GERD, FD and IBS is common and affected by many factors. Female, age≥60 years old, heavy smoking, heavy drinking, low education level and history of migraine without aura are associated with multiple overlaps of GERD, FD and IBS.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907659

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical effect of acupuncture treatment based on Tiaoshen theory for the patients with functional dyspepsia (FD) and depression with liver-stomach disharmony syndrome. Methods:A total of 76 FD patients from May 2018 to August 2019 were randomly divided into 2 groups with 38 patients in each group. In the routine group, acupoints were selected routinely, and in Tiaoshen group, acupoints were selected by Tiaoshen theory. Both groups were treated for 28 days. The results were evaluated by Nepean Dyspepsia Index (NDI), TCM Syndrome Score and Hamilton Depression Scale-24 (HAMD-24). Results:The total effective rate of both groups was 94.6% (35/37) in Tiaoshen group and 75.0% (27/36) in routine group. There was significant difference between the two groups ( χ2=6.125, P=0.011). The NDI in Tiaoshen group was significantly lower than that of routine group ( t=3.038, P=0.003). The scores of interference domain, control domain, food and beverage domain and sleep disturbance domain in Tiaoshen group were significantly higher than those in routine group ( t=3.096, 2.460, 2.225, 2.732, P<0.05); the TCM Syndrome Score in Tiaoshen group was significantly lower than that of routine group ( t=3.241, P=0.002), and that of HAMD-24 was significantly lower than that of routine group ( t=2.767, P=0.007). Conclusion:Treatment based on Tiaoshen theory can improve the quality of life of FD patients in the fields of interference, control, food and beverage and sleep disturbance, and reduce the patients’depression.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905934

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical efficacy and safety of modified Heweitang in the treatment of functional dyspepsia (FD) due to liver-stomach disharmony and its regulation of gastrointestinal hormones and brain-gut peptides. Method:One hundred and twenty-six eligible patients were randomized into a control group (62 cases) and an observation group (64 cases). Patients in the observation group took the modified Heweitang granules with warm water 30 min after meals, 10 g/time, 3 times/day, while those in the control group took the corresponding placebo granules at the same dose in the same manner. The treatment in both groups lasted for four weeks. Before and after treatment, the four main symptoms including postprandial satiety, early satiety, upper abdominal pain, and upper abdominal burning sensation were scored, followed by the examination of gastric emptying (GE) and the scoring of the functional digestive disorders quality of life questionnaire (FDDQL), 7-point global overall symptom scale (GOSS), and liver-stomach disharmony syndrome. The cholecystokinin (CCK), motilin (MTL), gastrin (GAS), serotonin (5-HT), vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP), and substance P (SP) levels before and after treatment were detected, and then the safety was evaluated. Result:After treatment, the scores of the four main symptoms, GOSS, and liver-stomach disharmony syndrome in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01), while the GE rate and FDDQL scores in the observation group were higher (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The CCK, GAS, 5-HT, and VIP levels of the observation group declined as compared with those of the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01), whereas the MTL and SP levels were elevated (<italic>P</italic><0.01). After treatment, the overall response rate in the observation group was (51/57)89.47%, higher than (15/56)26.79% in the control group (<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=45.696, <italic>P</italic><0.01). No drug-related adverse reactions were found during the trial. Conclusion:The modified Heweitang is efficient and safe in relieving the main and related symptoms and traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndrome, regulating the secretion of gastrointestinal hormones and brain-gut peptides, promoting GE rate, and improving the quality of life of patients with FD due to liver-stomach disharmony.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905859

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effects of Chaihu Shugansan on gastric motility and mitochondrial function and mitophagy in rats with functional dyspepsia (FD) and to preliminarily reveal its mechanism in preventing and treating FD. Method:Thirty-two SD rats of SPF grade were randomly divided into the normal group, model group, Chaihu Shugansan (4.8 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) group, and domperidone group (4.5 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>) after one week of adaptive feeding, with eight rats in each group. Rats in all groups except for the normal group were exposed to modified tail-clamping stimulation for inducing FD. Four weeks later, the semi-solid nutritive medium was used to observe the gastric emptying rate of FD rats, and the serum citrate synthase (CS), motilin (MTL), and gastrin (GAS) were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The pathological changes in gastric tissue were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining, the mitochondrial characteristics by transmission electron microscopy, and the expression of microtubule-associated protein light chain 3 (LC3) and voltage-dependent anion-selective channel 1 (VDAC1) by immunofluorescence co-localization. The mitochondria were extracted from fresh gastric tissue for measuring the reactive oxygen species (ROS), malondialdehyde (MDA), and superoxide dismutase (SOD) levels using the biochemical kits. The mitochondrial LC3, yeast Atg6 homologous(Beclin1), and p62 protein expression was assayed by Western blot. Result:Compared with the normal group, the model group exhibited significantly reduced gastric emptying rate (<italic>P</italic><0.01) and serum CS, MTL, and GAS levels (<italic>P</italic><0.01). HE staining showed no pathological changes like erosion or ulcer in the gastric tissue of rats in each group. However, the mitochondria in the gastric tissue were observed swollen and dilated under the transmission electron microscope, and vacuolar lesions appeared. The co-expression of LC3 with VDAC1 increased significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The mitochondrial ROS and MDA levels were elevated significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.01), while SOD content was significantly reduced (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The protein expression levels of LC3 and Beclin1 were significantly up-regulated (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), whereas p62 protein expression was down-regulated significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the model group, Chaihu Shugansan and domperidone elevated the gastric emptying rate (<italic>P</italic><0.05) and serum CS, MTL, and GAS levels (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). It was observed under the transmission electron microscope that the mitochondrial nuclear membrane of the gastric tissue was intact, with clear structure and high density of mitochondrial cristae, and mitochondrial fission and fusion were observed in some parts. The co-localization area of LC3 and VDAC1 was significantly reduced (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The mitochondrial ROS and MDA levels declined significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), whereas SOD level rose (<italic>P</italic><0.05). The protein expression levels of LC3 and Beclin1 were significantly down-regulated (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), while that of p62 was obviously up-regulated (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:The mechanism of Chaihu Shugansan in preventing and treating FD may be related to the improvement of mitochondrial function and the inhibition of mitophagy in gastric tissue.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888085

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to explore the mechanism of Xiaoyao San(XYS) in the treatment of three diseases of liver depression and spleen deficiency, ie, depression, breast hyperplasia, and functional dyspepsia, and to provide a theoretical basis for the interpretation of the scientific connotation of "treating different diseases with the same method" of traditional Chinese medicines. Traditional Chinese medicine systems pharmacology database and analysis platform(TCMSP) was used to screen the active components of XYS which underwent principal component analysis(PCA) with the available drugs for these three diseases to determine the corresponding biological activities. The targets of XYS on depression, breast hyperplasia, and functional dyspepsia were obtained from GeneCards, TTD, CTD, and DrugBank databases. Cytoscape was used to plot the "individual herbal medicine-active components-potential targets" network. The resulting key targets were subjected to Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes(KEGG) pathway analysis and gene ontology(GO) enrichment analysis. A total of 121 active components of XYS and 38 common targets in the treatment of depression, breast hyperplasia, and functional dyspepsia were collected. The key biological pathways were identified, including advanced glycation and products(AGEs)-receptor for advanced glycation and products(RAGE) signaling pathway in diabetic complications, HIF-1 signaling pathway, and cancer-related pathways. The key targets of XYS in the treatment of depression, breast hyperplasia, and functional dyspepsia included IL6, IL4, and TNF, and the key components were kaempferol, quercetin, aloe-emodin, etc. As revealed by the molecular docking, a strong affinity was observed between the key components and the key targets, which confirmed the results. The therapeutic efficacy of XYS in the treatment of diseases of liver depression and spleen deficiency was presumedly achieved by reducing the inflammatory reactions. The current findings are expected to provide novel research ideas and approaches to classify the scientific connotation of "treating different diseases with the same method" of Chinese medicines, as well as a theoretical basis for understanding the mechanism of XYS and exploring its clinical applications.


Subject(s)
Depression/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Dyspepsia/drug therapy , Humans , Hyperplasia/drug therapy , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Molecular Docking Simulation
10.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1084-1088, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921014

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the efficacy difference between conventional needling depth and deep needling for dyspepsia after ischemic stroke.@*METHODS@#A total of 120 patients with dyspepsia after ischemic stroke were randomized into an observation group (60 cases, 4 cases dropped off) and a control group (60 cases, 3 cases dropped off). Basic treatment was given in the both groups. In the observation group, deep needling was applied at Zhongwan (CV 12), Tianshu (ST 25) and Liangmen (ST 21) for 60-70 mm, after even reinforcing-reducing manipulation of lifting-thrusting technique, the needles were withdrew to 35-50 mm. In the control group, the same acupoints as the observation group were selected and punctured for 25 mm. The needles were retained for 30 min, once a day, 6 times a week for 2 weeks in the both groups. The dyspepsia TCM symptom score was observed before treatment, 1 day and 1, 2 weeks into treatment, and the clinical efficacy was evaluated 2 weeks into treatment in the both groups.@*RESULTS@#The effective rate was 92.9% (52/56) in the observation group, which was superior to 78.9% (45/57) in the control group (@*CONCLUSION@#Conventional needling depth and deep needling can both improve the clinical symptoms in patients with dyspepsia after ischemic stroke, and deep needling has faster and better efficacy.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Brain Ischemia , Dyspepsia/therapy , Humans , Ischemic Stroke , Stroke/therapy
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877663

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the clinical effect of acupuncture for the improvements in various dyspeptic symptoms of postprandial distress syndrome.@*METHODS@#The secondary analysis on the data of a multi-center randomized controlled trial (RCT) was conducted. 278 patients with postprandial distress syndrome were randomized into an acupuncture group (138 cases) and a sham-acupuncture group (140 cases). In the acupuncture group, acupuncture was applied to Baihui (GV 20), Danzhong (CV 17), Zhongwan (CV 12), Qihai (CV 6), Neiguan (PC 6), Zusanli (ST 36), etc. In the sham-acupuncture group, 6 sites, neither located on meridians nor belonged to meridian acupoints, were selected and punctured shallowly. The duration of treatment was 20 min each time, 3 times a week, for 4 weeks totally in the two groups. The follow-up visit lasted for 12 weeks. The scores of dyspeptic symptoms were compared between the two groups before treatment, during treatment (in week 1, 2, 3 and 4) and during follow-up (in week 8, 12 and 16) separately.@*RESULTS@#Besides the scores of early satiety and vomiting in the sham-acupuncture group in week 1, the scores of the other dyspepsia symptoms during treatment and follow-up were all reduced in the two groups as compared with those before treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture remarkably relieves postprandial fullness, early satiety, upper abdominal bloating and belching in patients with postprandial distress syndrome.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Dyspepsia/therapy , Humans , Meridians , Treatment Outcome
12.
Acta Paul. Enferm. (Online) ; 34: eAPE001985, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1349828

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo Identificar o histórico familiar de primeiro grau de câncer gástrico em pacientes com sintomas dispépticos atendidos em um serviço público de endoscopia. Métodos Estudo transversal, realizado com pacientes dispépticos que tinham indicação para realizar o exame de endoscopia digestiva alta. A associação entre o histórico familiar de câncer gástrico e os resultados do exame endoscópico foi verificada por meio dos testes de Qui-quadrado ou Fisher, e medida seu efeito por meio da razão de chance e intervalo de confiança em analises uni e multivariadas. Utilizou-se regressão logística na análise dos dados. Resultados Observou-se que dos 751 pacientes dispépticos investigados, 44 (5,9%) possuíam histórico familiar de câncer gástrico, destes a maioria era do sexo feminino (70,5%), com idade maior ou igual a 45 anos (56,8%). Os pacientes com histórico familiar de câncer gástrico tinham maiores chances de não apresentarem diagnostico endoscópico de úlcera péptica (p=0,05; RC=2,33; IC=0,99-5,48). Além de maiores chances de alterações na mucosa gástrica (p=0,05; RC=1,06; IC=1,04-1,08) e infecção pela Helicobacter pylori (p=0,04; RC=1,79; IC=0,94-3,39) mesmo após ajustes nas análises. Conclusão A alteração endoscópica da mucosa gástrica e a infecção pela Helicobacter pylori em pacientes com sintomas dispépticos, mostraram associação independente com o histórico familiar de câncer gástrico. Diante disso, faz-se necessário a elaboração de protocolos de assistência à saúde para melhor investigação e vigilância dos familiares de câncer gástrico, bem como ações de educação em saúde para orientar os pacientes a respeito do rastreio e prevenção do câncer gástrico.


Resumen Objetivo Identificar los antecedentes familiares de primer grado de cáncer gástrico en pacientes con síntomas dispépticos atendidos en un servicio público de endoscopía. Métodos Estudio transversal llevado a cabo con pacientes dispépticos que habían sido derivados a realizar un estudio de endoscopía digestiva alta. La relación entre los antecedentes familiares de cáncer gástrico y los resultados del estudio endoscópico fue verificada mediante la prueba χ2 de Pearson o de Fisher, y su efecto fue medido a través de la razón de momios y del intervalo de confianza en análisis uni y multivariados. Se utilizó la regresión logística en el análisis de los datos. Resultados Se observó que de los 751 pacientes dispépticos investigados, 44 (5,9 %) tenían antecedentes familiares de cáncer gástrico, de los cuales la mayoría era de sexo femenino (70,5 %), de 45 años o más (56,8 %). Los pacientes con antecedentes familiares de cáncer gástrico tenían mayores chances de no presentar diagnóstico endoscópico de úlcera péptica (p=0,05; RC=2,33; IC=0,99-5,48). Además de mayores probabilidades de alteraciones en la mucosa gástrica (p=0,05; RC=1,06; IC=1,04-1,08) e infección por Helicobacter pylori (p=0,04; RC=1,79; IC=0,94-3,39), inclusive después de ajustes en los análisis. Conclusión La alteración endoscópica de la mucosa gástrica y la infección por Helicobacter pylori en pacientes con síntomas dispépticos mostraron relación independiente con los antecedentes familiares de cáncer gástrico. Ante este escenario, es necesaria la elaboración de protocolos de atención a la salud para una mejor investigación y observación de los familiares de cáncer gástrico, así como también acciones de educación en salud para orientar a los pacientes sobre la detección y prevención del cáncer gástrico.


Abstract Objective To identify first-degree relative history of gastric cancer in patients with dyspeptic symptoms receiving care at a public endoscopy service. Methods A cross-sectional study, performed with dyspeptic patients referred for an upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. The association between the family history of gastric cancer and the findings of the endoscopic examination was verified using the Chi-square or Fisher tests, and its effect was shown using odds ratio and confidence interval in univariate and multivariate analyses. Logistic regression was used to analyze the data. Results Among the 751 dyspeptic patients enrolled, 44 (5.9%) had a family history of gastric cancer, mostly females (70.5%) aged 45 years or older (56.8%). Patients with a family history of gastric cancer were more likely to have no endoscopic diagnosis of peptic ulcer (p=0.05; OR=2.33; CI=0.99-5.48). In addition, higher chances of gastric mucosal changes (p=0.05; RC=1.06; CI=1.04-1.08) and Helicobacter pylori infection (p=0.04; RC=1.79; CI=0.94-3.39) were found, even after adjusting the analyses. Conclusion The endoscopic gastric mucosal changes and Helicobacter pylori infection in patients with dyspeptic symptoms showed an independent association with family history of gastric cancer. Therefore, it is necessary to develop health care protocols for better investigation and surveillance of gastric cancer relatives, as well as health education actions to guide patients regarding screening and prevention of gastric cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Stomach Neoplasms/prevention & control , Endoscopy, Digestive System , Dyspepsia/diagnosis , Medical History Taking , Logistic Models , Cross-Sectional Studies
13.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-213318

ABSTRACT

Background: Helicobacter pylori infection is widely prevalent in the world especially in the developing countries. The common clinical presentation of this disease includes peptic and duodenal ulcer. A major post-infection complication of this disease is gastric carcinoma. The scope of this study was to determine the prevalence of active H. pylori infection in the local population by retrospective review of patient records, which can give a better picture of the current situation and estimate the at-risk population of gastric carcinoma. Objective of the study was to determine the prevalence of H. pylori infection in biopsy specimens obtained from upper gastrointestinal endoscopy performed in dyspeptic patients in a tertiary-care hospital.Methods: The study was performed as a retrospective review of biopsy reports of 262 dyspeptic patients with previously unknown H. pylori status who underwent upper gastrointestinal endoscopy during the months of January 2018 to May 2018. Biopsy obtained from stomach was evaluated for the presence of H. pylori infection by Rapid Urease Test (RUT) or histopathological examination.Results: The prevalence of H. pylori infection in dyspeptic patients obtained from the above study was 44.7% and was found to be more common in males compared to females.Conclusions: H. pylori is a risk factor for gastric carcinoma. Determining the prevalence with early identification of active infections results in better treatment and post infection monitoring for malignancy.

14.
Prensa méd. argent ; 106(7): 439-443, 20200000.
Article in English | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1366962

ABSTRACT

Background: There are many studies highlight the association between Helicobacter pylori seropositivity with typhoid fever in human populations and there is no study in Iraq. Aim: Our study designed to estimate the correlation between seroprevelace of H. pylori and Typhoid fever in clinically examined patients as dyspeptic and typhoid fever infected. Methods: From May (2016) to February (2018), a total of 213 patients (134 females and 79 male) attending an enterology outpatient clinic in AL-Najaf province, Iraq. The patients with age range from 10 to 90 years and with symptoms of dyspepsia and typhoid fever (as fever, diarrhea, headache), were referred to serologic diagnosis of antibodies against H. pylori (IgG) and Typhoid (IgG and/or IgM), using the Rapid Tests Cassette. Results: Of a total of 213 clinically examined as dyspeptic and typhoid fever infected patients,134 (63.0%) were females and 79 (37.0%) were males.In this study, 82 (38.5 %) of 213 patients were seropositive for typhoid fever and 131 patients were seronegative. Moreover, 128 (60.1 %) of 213 patients were seropositive for H.pylori IgG (51 case,39.8%, typhoid seropositive, and 77 case,60.2%, typhoid seronegative) and 82 were seronegative. The serologic co-infection diagnosed in 51 (24.0%) patients. The seropositivity of typhoid fever was higher in H. pylori seropositive patients, co-infections (62.2 %), than H. pylori seronegative patients (37.8%). The co-infection was more in female (64.7%) than male (35.3%). In respect of age H. pylori seropositivity was more prevelance (25.8%) in 30s age group where as co-infection was more prevalence in 40s age group (29.4%). But the statistical analysis showed insignificant association of H. pylori with typhoid fever (P value = 0.6203), gender (P value = 0.4770) and age groups (P value = 0.0745). Conclusion: Our study indicates that H. pylori seropositive dyspepsia more susceptiple to typhoid fever particularly in female and 40s ages and suggest there was insignificant relationship amongst seropositivity of H. pylori and typhoid fever within dyspepsia patient


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Typhoid Fever/diagnosis , Helicobacter Infections/complications , Dyspepsia/complications
15.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-213107

ABSTRACT

Background: More than half of the world’s population is infected with Helicobacter pylori, the primary cause of chronic gastritis. Chronic gastritis is associated with peptic ulcer and in advanced stages with an increased risk of developing gastric adenocarcinoma. The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection in dyspeptic patients and its relationship with gastroduodenal pathologies using gastric biopsy histology.Methods: A cross sectional prospective study was conducted from 1st January 2018 to 30th June 2019. It included out-patients and in-patients, presenting with dyspeptic symptoms and undergoing upper GI Endoscopy, at S. Nijalingappa Medical College and HSK hospital, Bagalkot, Karnataka, India. Endoscopic impressions were noted. In case of any abnormal findings on upper gastrointestinal endoscopy, endoscopic biopsy was obtained. Histopathological assessment of gastric mucosa was done after staining with H and E stain and Giemsa stain. The histopathological diagnosis of Helicobacter pylori infection in biopsy specimen will be mainly done using the Modified Giemsa stain.Results: 105 patients with dyspepsia were studied in total. Out of which, 44 patients (41.9%) were detected positive for Helicobacter pylori infection.Conclusions: The burden of Helicobacter pylori infection in patients with dyspepsia was high. Early diagnosis and eradication of Helicobacter pylori not only improves symptoms but also help to prevent complications associated with Helicobacter pylori infections.

16.
Oncol. (Guayaquil) ; 30(2): 123-132, 31 de agosto del 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1141469

ABSTRACT

Introducción:Existen estudios que asocian a los grupos sanguíneos con el desarrollo de cáncer gástrico, estableciendo una relación entre los individuos con grupo sanguíneo A y la predisposición a esta neoplasia, sin embargo estos reportes podrían estar sesgados por la prevalencia poblacional del tipo sanguíneo de la región. El objetivo de este estudio es establecer la relación predicha en una zona de alta prevalencia de tipo sanguíneo O. Métodos: Este estudio observacional, analítico fue llevado a cabo en pacientes que se realizaron biopsia de estómago vía endoscópica atendidos en el Instituto de Cáncer SOLCA Cuenca en el período 2013 ­2018; el muestreo es no probabilístico de todos los casos posibles. Para el análisis se conforma el grupo 1 (G1) con pacientes con Biopsia Positiva para Cáncer Gástrico, el grupo 2 con pacientes con Biopsia negativa para Cáncer Gástrico. Se realiza análisis de asociación con Razón de Prevalencia (RP). Resultados: Fueron 433 casos de cáncer gástrico en G1y 2606 casos negativos para Cáncer Gástrico en G2. La prevalencia del tipo de sangre "O" en G1fue 328/433 casos (75.75%) Vs. 1946/2606 casos (74.67%); la prevalencia del tipo de sangre "A" en G1 fue 71/433 casos (16.4%) Vs 485/2606 casos (18.61%) en G2; RP=0.875 (IC95% 0.69 -1.11), P=0.27. Conclusiones: No se demostró asociación entre el tipo de sangre y la presencia de Cáncer Gástrico en el presente reporte.


Introduction:There are studies that associate blood groups with the development of gastric cancer, establishing a relationship between individuals with blood group A and a predisposition to this neoplasia, however these reports could be biased by the population prevalence of the blood type of the region. The objective of this study is to establish the predicted relationship in an area with a high prevalence of blood type O. Methods: This observational, analytical study was carried out in patients who underwent endoscopic stomach biopsy treated at the SOLCA Cuenca Cancer Institute in the period 2013 -2018; the sampling is non-probability of all possible cases. For the analysis, group 1 (G1) is made up of patients with a Positive Biopsy for Gastric Cancer, group 2 with patients with a negative Biopsy for Gastric Cancer. Association analysis with Prevalence Ratio (PR) is performed. Results: There were 433 cases of gastric cancer in G1 and 2606 negative cases for Gastric Cancer in G2. The prevalence of blood type "O" in G1 was 328/433 cases (75.75%) Vs. 1946/2606 cases (74.67%); the prevalence of blood type "A" in G1 was 71/433 cases (16.4%)Vs 485/2606 cases (18.61%) in G2; PR = 0.875 (95% CI 0.69 -1.11), P = 0.27. Conclusions: No association between blood type and the presence of Gastric Cancer was demonstrated in this repor


Subject(s)
Humans , Stomach Neoplasms , ABO Blood-Group System , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Risk Factors , Dyspepsia
17.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-214723

ABSTRACT

Cholelithiasis is one of the most common problems encountered in surgery department. It has always been a challenge to distinguish upper gastrointestinal symptoms due to gall stones from other causes. The persistence of abdominal symptoms even after cholecystectomy is highly discouraging for surgeons.METHODSThis is a prospective study conducted on 50 cases at the Department of Surgery, MMU Hospital, Mullana among ultrasonographically proven gall bladder stones. After history taking and examination, all the patients were subjected to endoscopy 1-2 days prior cholecystectomy, and biopsies were obtained for histopathology if required.RESULTSOut of a total of 50 patients, 44 (88%) were females and 6 (12%) were males with a M:F ratio of 3:22. 28 (56%) presented with typical pain and 22 (44%) presented with atypical pain. All patients were subjected to upper gastrointestinal endoscopy (UGE) and no lesion was found on endoscopy of 28 patients who presented with typical pain while out of 22 patients who presented with atypical pain, 18 (81.8%) had abnormal endoscopic finding and only 4 (18.2%) had normal endoscopy (p<0.001). Gastritis (72.2%) was the most common finding on upper gastrointestinal endoscopy followed by duodenitis (27.8%), oesophagitis (22.2%) and peptic ulcer (11.1%). On follow-up after 1 week of cholecystectomy all the patients except 10 from atypical group had persistence of preoperative symptoms.CONCLUSIONSPresence of atypical pain in patients with gall stones is highly likely to have other coexisting upper gastrointestinal pathologies. Hence, upper gastrointestinal endoscopy prior to elective cholecystectomy in patients with atypical presentation can be clinically helpful.

18.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-212186

ABSTRACT

Background: Helicobacter pylori infection has been associated with hyperglycemia among type 2 diabetics. The objective of this study was to compare the H. pylori infection frequency in diabetic and non-diabetic patients.Methods: This case-control study was done at Al-Tibri Medical College and Hospital from May 2019 to August 2019. After written and informed consent, patients between 18-75 years with epigastric burning, dyspepsia, regurgitation were included and with history of eradication therapy, antibiotic or NSAID use in the last 6 months or surgery of upper GI tract months were excluded. Type 2 diabetics were placed in one group and non-diabetic individuals in another. Both groups were compared for presence of H. pylori infection. Data was analysed using SPSS. Demographic variables included age, gender and status of H. pylori infection. Quantitative data was expressed as frequency and percentages. Chi-square test was applied to test for significance keeping p-value of <0.05 statistically significant.Results: From 480 patients, 355 patients showed positive H. pylori, among them 282 were diabetic and 73 non-diabetic (p-value <0.001). Amongst the 355 diabetics, 55% were male Among 73 non-diabetics, 64% were male. All the patients in the study had dyspeptic symptoms and complained of dyspepsia, epigastric burning and regurgitation.Conclusions: A substantial relationship between H. pylori infection among type 2 diabetes mellitus patients was observed compared to non-diabetics. As a result, diabetic patients having active dyspeptic symptoms should undergo further confirmatory tests for diagnosing H. pylori infection.

19.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-202845

ABSTRACT

Introduction: In our day to day practice we encountermany patients who present with dyspepsia. Approximately50% of world’s population is estimated to be infected withHelicobacter pylori. The prevalence of this bacterium ishigher in developing countries when compared to developedcountries. The aim of this study was to look at the uppergastrointestinal (GI) tract endoscopic findings in patientspresenting with dyspepsia and the presence of H.pyloriinfection in those patients.Material and methods: It was a prospective study involving107 patients over a period of 10 months visiting the outpatientdepartment of Assam Medical College and Hospital fordyspepsia and meeting the inclusion criteria. Patientsunderwent upper GI endoscopy and tissue sampling fordetection of urease enzyme production by H.pylori.Results: 74 males and 33 females participated in the studywith mean age of 39.6 years (SD ± 12.10). 74% of studypopulation tested positive for H.pylori infection by detectionof urease enzyme produced by H.pylori. 77.5% of the studypopulation had ulcer in stomach or duodenum as detected byupper GI endoscopy.Conclusion: This study shows that H.pylori infection isdetected in a significant number of patients presenting withdyspepsia with no other specific risk factors for acid pepticdisease (eg: alcohol, smoking, usage of NSAID).

20.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 57(1): 74-78, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098051

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The role of Helicobacter pylori infection on eosinophilic infiltration in duodenal mucosa is poorly studied. An increase in the number of eosinophils in duodenum has been associated with functional dyspepsia. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of H. pylori infection on duodenal eosinophil count and the role of eosinophilic infiltrate of duodenum in functional dyspepsia. METHODS: Positive and negative H. pylori individuals were included. Both functional dyspeptic patients according to Rome III criteria (cases) and individuals without gastrointestinal symptoms (controls) were enrolled. They were submitted to upper endoscopy and H. pylori infection was verified by gastric histopathology and urease test. Eosinophils in the duodenal mucosa were counted in five high-power fields, randomly selected on slides of endoscopic biopsies. RESULTS: Thirty-nine H. pylori positive (mean age 40.5 and 69.2% women) and 24 negative patients (mean age 37.3 and 75% women) were included. The influence of the infection was observed in the duodenal eosinophil count, which was higher in infected individuals: median 13.2 vs 8.1 in non-infected individuals (P=0.005). When we analyzed patients according to symptoms, cases - mean age 39.6; 71.4% women - and controls - mean age 38.7; 71.4% women - had similar duodenal eosinophil count: median 11.9 and 12.6 respectively (P=0.19). CONCLUSIONS: We did not demonstrate association of duodenal eosinophil count with functional dyspepsia but found association with H. pylori infection.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: O papel de infecção por Helicobacter pylori no infiltrado eosinofílico duodenal ainda é pouco compreendido. Um aumento no número de eosinófilos duodenais tem sido associado a dispepsia funcional. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a influência do H. pylori na contagem de eosinófilos duodenais e o papel do infiltrado eosinofílico duodenal na dispepsia funcional. MÉTODOS: Indivíduos H. pylori positivo e negativo foram incluídos. Ambos os grupos, compreendendo dispépticos funcionais pelos critérios de Roma III (casos) e indivíduos sem sintomas gastrointestinais (controles), foram submetidos à endoscopia digestiva alta para pesquisa de H. pylori, efetuada por histopatologia e teste de urease. Eosinófilos na mucosa duodenal foram contabilizados em cinco campos de maior aumento, selecionados randomicamente nas lâminas de biópsia endoscópicas. RESULTADOS: Trinta e nove indivíduos H. pylori positivo (média de idade 40,5 e 69,2% mulheres) e 24 H. pylori negativos (média de idade 37,3 e 75% mulheres) foram incluídos. A influência da infecção por H. pylori foi observada na contagem de eosinófilos, que foi maior nos positivos: mediana 13,2 vs 8,1 (P=0,005). Quando analisados pacientes de acordo com sintomas, os casos (média de idade 39,6 e 71,4% mulheres) e controles (média de idade 38,7 e 71,4% mulheres), apresentaram semelhante contagem de eosinófilos duodenais: mediana 11,9 e 12,6, respectivamente (P=0,19). CONCLUSÃO: Não demonstramos associação da contagem de eosinófilos duodenais com dispepsia duodenal, mas encontramos associação com infecção por H. pylori.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter Infections/pathology , Duodenum/pathology , Dyspepsia/microbiology , Eosinophilia/pathology , Gastric Mucosa/pathology , Biopsy , Case-Control Studies , Gastroscopy , Duodenum/microbiology , Dyspepsia/pathology , Gastric Mucosa/microbiology , Middle Aged
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