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1.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 76-84, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007277

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the effect of Dendrobium officinale polysaccharide (DOP)on CCl4-induced hepatic fibrosis(HF)and its mechanism. MethodsA total of 56 male SD rats were randomly divided into seven groups: normal group(NG),model group(MG),colchicine group(CG, 0.1 mg/kg), Fuzheng Huayu group(FG, 0.45 g/kg),low-dose DOP group(LDG, 0.05 g/kg),middle-dose DOP group(MDG, 0.1 g/kg)and high-dose DOP group(HDG,0.2 g/kg),with 8 rats in each group. HF rat model was established by subcutaneous injection with 40% CCl4 olive oil mixture, every 3-day for 10 weeks. At the end of the sixth week, the drug groups were treated with colchicine, Fuzheng Huayu and DOP solution by gavage respectively, once a day for 4 weeks. NG and MG groups were similarly handled with an equal amount of 0.9 % normal saline. Liver histopathology was detected using hematoxylin-eosin (HE), Masson and Sirius red staining; blood biochemistry was tested for liver function and four indicators of HF; RT-qPCR and Western Blot were used to measure the expression of α-SMA, Col-I, E-cadherin, and ZEB1 genes and proteins in the liver tissues of rats, respectively. ResultsHE, Masson, and Sirius red staining showed that the liver tissue of MG rats had typical pathologic features of HF, and the degree of HF was alleviated in LDG, MDG, and HDG rats, respectively. Liver function test results showed that the serum AST, TBIL, and AKP levels were significantly lower in LDG, MDG, and HDG, compared with those of the MG (P < 0.05 or < 0.01). Meanwhile, ALT levels in serum deceased remarkably except in LDG (P < 0.05 or < 0.01). The four results of HF showed that the serum HA, LN, PC-Ⅲ, and COL-Ⅳ levels in LDG, MDG, and HDG rats were significantly decreased compared with those of the MG (P < 0.05 or < 0.01). The relative expressions of α-SMA, COL-I, and ZEB1 genes and proteins were significantly decreased in the liver tissues of LDG, MDG, and HDG (P < 0.05 or < 0.01), and the relative expression of E-cadherin gene and protein increased (P < 0.05 or < 0.01). In addition, the expressions of HA, α-SMA, COL-I, ZEB1 and E-cadherin were dependent on the dose of DOP. ConclusionDOP alleviated the degree of CCl4 induced HF in rats by inhibiting the epithelial-mesenchymal transition in liver tissue.

2.
Natal; s.n; 24 ago. 2023. 134 p. ilus, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1532149

ABSTRACT

As lesões odontogênicas epiteliais benignas constituem um grupo heterogêneo de lesões. A proteína CLIC4 atua na regulação dos processos de parada de crescimento e apoptose, participando também do processo de transdiferenciação dos fibroblastos em miofibroblastos que passam a expressar α-SMA. Além disso, a expressão de CLIC4 pode interferir no processo de transição epitélio-mesenquima (TEM) em neoplasias. Este trabalho avaliou a imunoexpressão de CLIC4, α-SMA, E-caderina e Vimentina em ameloblastomas (AM) (n = 16), ceratocistos odontogênicos (n = 20) e tumores odontogênicos adenomatóides (TOA) (n = 8). A análise da expressão imunoistoquímica das proteínas CLIC4, E-caderina e vimentina no componente epitelial das lesões e de CLIC4 e α-SMA no tecido conjuntivo foi realizada de forma semi-quantitativa por um avaliador previamente calibrado. A expressão no componente epitelial de CLIC4 foi analisada separadamente no núcleo e no citoplasma, bem como a marcação de E-caderina que foi avaliada na membrana e no citoplasma. As comparações dos percentuais de imunorreatividade em relação aos grupos estudados foram realizadas por meio dos testes não paramétricos de Kruskal-Wallis e Mann-Whitney. Possíveis correlações entre a expressão de CLIC4, α-SMA, E-caderina e Vimentina foram avaliadas por meio do teste de correlação de Spearman. O nível de significância foi estabelecido em 5% (p < 0,05). Foram observados diferentes padrões de marcação entre os grupos analisados, observando-se que a imunoexpressão exclusivamente citoplasmática da CLIC4 no componente epitelial dos AM (p < 0,001) e TOA (p < 0,001) foi significativamente superior a dos CO, não demonstrarando significância estatística entre os AM e TOA. A imunoexpressão (nuclear e citoplasmática) da CLIC4 no revestimento epitelial CO foi significativamente superior à encontrada no componente epitelial dos AM (p < 0,001) e dos TOA (p < 0,001). A imunoexpressão estromal de CLIC4 foi significativamente superior nos AM (p = 0,009) e CO (p = 0,004) quando comparados aos TOA. A imunoexpressao de α-SMA significativamente maior em AM (p = 0,016) e CO (p = 0,034) quando comparados aos TOA. Para a imunoexpressão membranar da E-caderina em CO foi significativamente superior em comparação à encontrada nos AM (p = 0,009) e nos TOA (p = 0,024). Foi observada maior imunoexpressão de E-caderina (membranar e citoplasmática) nos COs, quando comparados aos AM (p < 0,001) e aos TOAs (p < 0,001). A expressão de Ecaderina citoplasmática foi significativamente maior nos AM e TOA (p < 0,001) quando comparados aos CO. Observou-se diferença estatisticamente significativa na imunoexpressão de vimentina entre os casos de AM e os casos de TOA (p = 0,038) e CO (p < 0,001), bem como entre o TOA e CO (p < 0,001). As correlações testadas entre os escores das proteínas estudadas evidenciou que no grupo dos AM foi possível evidenciar moderada correlação positiva e estatisticamente significativa (r = 0,527; p = 0,036) entre a expressão citoplasmática da CLIC4 e a expressão citoplasmática da E-caderina. Também foi verificada fraca correlação negativa e estatisticamente significativa (r = -0,499; p = 0,049) entre a expressão núcleo-citoplasmática da CLIC4 e a expressão citoplasmática da E-caderina nos AM. Além disso, uma moderada correlação positiva e estatisticamente significativa entre a expressão estromal da CLIC4 e a expressão da α-SMA nos AM (r = 0,648; p = 0,007) e nos CO (r = 0,541; p = 0,014). Foi observada forte correlação negativa e estatisticamente significativa (r = -0,813; p < 0,001) entre a expressão da E-caderina e a expressão da vimentina nos AM. Os resultados deste estudo sugerem um potencial envolvimento de CLIC4 no processo de transdiferenciação de miofibroblastos, e que a presença destas células é mais frequentemente associada a lesões de comportamento biológico mais agressivo como os AM e CO, além de uma possível atuação desta proteína na regulação do ciclo celular e na TEM nas lesões estudadas (AU).


Benign epithelial odontogenic lesions constitute a heterogeneous group of lesions. the CLIC4 protein acts in the regulation of growth arrest and apoptosis processes, also participating in the process of transdifferentiation of fibroblasts Into myofibroblasts that begin to express α-SMA. Furthermore, CLIC4 expression can interfere with the epithelialmesenchymal transition (EMT) process in neoplasms. This work evaluated the immunoexpression of CLIC4, α-SMA, e-cadherin and vimentin in ameloblastomas (AM) (n = 16), odontogenic keratocysts (OK) (n = 20) and adenomatoid odontogenic tumors (AOT) (n = 8). The analysis of the immunohistochemical expression of the proteins CLIC4, ecadherin and vimentin in the epithelial component of the lesions and of CLIC4 and α-SMA in the connective tissue was carried out in a semi-quantitative way by a previously calibrated evaluator. Expression in the epithelial component of CLIC4 was analyzed separately in the nucleus and cytoplasm, as well as e-cadherin labeling, which was evaluated in the membrane and cytoplasm. Comparisons of the percentages of immunoreactivity in relation to the studied groups were carried out using the nonparametric kruskal-wallis and mann-whitney tests. Possible correlations between the expression of CLIC4, α-SMA, e-cadherin and vimentin were evaluated using the spearman correlation test. The significance level was set at 5% (p < 0.05). Different staining patterns were observed between the groups analyzed, observing that the exclusively cytoplasmic immunoexpression of CLIC4 in the epithelial component of AM (p < 0.001) and AOT (p < 0.001) was significantly higher than that of OK, not demonstrating statistical significance between the AM and AOT. The immunoexpression (nuclear and cytoplasmic) of CLIC4 in the co epithelial lining was significantly higher than that found in the epithelial component of AM (p < 0.001) and AOT (p < 0.001). Stromal CLIC4 immunoexpression was significantly higher in AM (p = 0.009) and OK (p = 0.004) when compared to AOT. The immunoexpression of α-SMA is significantly higher in AM (p = 0.016) and OK (p = 0.034) when compared to AOT. For e-cadherin membrane immunoexpression in co was significantly higher compared to that found in AM (p = 0.009) and AOT (p = 0.024). Greater immunoexpression of e-cadherin (membrane and cytoplasmic) was observed in OK, when compared to AM (p < 0.001) and AOT (p < 0.001). Cytoplasmic ecadherin expression was significantly higher in AM and AOT (p < 0.001) when compared to OK. A statistically significant difference in vimentin immunoexpression was observed between cases of AM and cases of AOT (p = 0.038) and OK (p < 0.001), as well as between AOT and OK (p < 0.001). The correlations tested between the scores of the proteins studied showed that in the am group it was possible to demonstrate a moderate positive and statistically significant correlation (r = 0.527; p = 0.036) between the cytoplasmic expression of clic4 and the cytoplasmic expression of e-cadherin. A weak and statistically significant negative correlation (r = -0.499; p = 0.049) was also found between the nucleus-cytoplasmic expression of clic4 and the cytoplasmic expression of e- cadherin in AM. Furthermore, a moderate positive and statistically significant correlation between the stromal expression of CLIC4 and the expression of α-SMA in AM (r = 0.648; p = 0.007) and OK (r = 0.541; p = 0.014). Additionally, a strong negative and statistically significant correlation (r = -0.813; p < 0.001) was observed between the expression of ecadherin and the expression of vimentin in AM. The results of this study suggest a potential involvement of CLIC4 in the myofibroblast transdifferentiation process, and that the presence of these cells is more frequently associated with lesions with more aggressive biological behavior such as AM and OK, in addition to a possible role of this protein in the regulation of cell cycle and EMT in the lesions studied (AU).


Subject(s)
Ameloblastoma/pathology , Odontogenic Cysts/pathology , Cadherins/metabolism , Epithelium/injuries , Vimentin/metabolism , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Retrospective Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric , Myofibroblasts/pathology , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition
3.
Indian J Pathol Microbiol ; 2023 Jun; 66(2): 237-245
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-223425

ABSTRACT

Aims: To investigate the relationship between E-cadherin, beta-catenin, N-cadherin, ZEB1, and ?SMA as epithelial-mesenchymal transformation markers with tumor stage, lymph node metastasis (LNM), and overall survival (OS) in laryngeal squamous cell carcinomas (LSCC). Materials and Methods: A total of 100 cases diagnosed with LSCC were included in the study. Data about the lymphovascular invasion (LVI), perineural invasion (PNI), necrosis, and LNM were recorded by evaluating hematoxylin-eosin–stained slides. Markers of E-cadherin, beta-catenin, N-cadherin, ZEB1, and ?SMA were applied to the sections prepared from paraffin blocks of tumor samples. Results: Ninety-five male and five female patients were included in the study, and 38 of them exited. A significant relationship was observed between OS with advanced tumor stage, presence of LNM and PNI. A significant relationship was found between increased tumor Zeb1 expression and advanced tumor stage. In univariate and multivariate analyses, a significant negative relationship with OS, and increased Zeb1 expression in tumor and tumor stroma was seen. Any relationship was not observed between E-cadherin, beta-catenin, N-cadherin, and ?SMA and OS. Conclusion: Among the EMT markers, we evaluated in our study, it was seen that Zeb1, which is an EMT transcription factor, is associated with tumor stage, LNM, and OS. Remarkably, Zeb1 expression observed in tumor stroma was also significant for OS. Any similar data reported for LSCCs have not been encountered in the literature, and it was thought that it would be appropriate to support our findings with further studies to be performed on this subject.

4.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 89(3): 401-409, May-June 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1447704

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective MicroRNA-29a-3p has been reported in a variety of cancers, but its role in hypopharyngeal cancer remains unclear. This study was to determine the role of microRNA-29a-3p in the occurrence and development of hypopharyngeal cancer. Methods 40 patients with hypopharyngeal cancer who underwent surgery in the Affiliated Hospital of Jining Medical University from April 2013 to November 2017 were selected for this study. The cancer tissue samples of the patients were collected, and the patients were followed up for three years. The expression of microRNA-29a-3p in tissue samples was detected by in situ hybridization with fluorescent probe, and the relationships among microRNA-29a-3p and clinicopathological factors, postoperative recurrent-metastasis, survival time were studied. Immunohistochemical was used to detect the expression of Ki67 and E-cadherin in tissue samples. Results Combined with HE staining results showed that microRNA-29a-3p expression was relatively high in non-cancer tissue cells (red blood cells and fibroblasts in tumor interstitial vessels), but was relatively low in cancer tissue and cells. According to the follow-up data of 40 patients with hypopharyngeal cancer, tumor size, T-stage, tumor differentiation, postoperative recurrent-metastasis of hypopharyngeal cancer patients were significantly negatively correlated with microRNA-29a-3p (p< 0.05). Immunohistochemica results further confirmed that microRNA-29a-3p was negatively correlated with the expression of Ki67 and E-cadherin. The survival time of patients positively related with microRNA-29a-3p expression (p< 0.05). Moreover, ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the curve of the combined detection of miRNA-29a-3p+Ki67+E-cadherin was larger than that of the single detection of the three indexes. Conclusions The expression of microRNA-29a-3p is closely related to the occurrence, development and prognosis of hypopharyngeal cancer, and it affects the proliferation and invasion. This indicates that microRNA-29a-3p serves as a therapeutic target for the occurrence and development of hypopharyngeal cancer. The evidence of study designs of this study is IV using "Oxford Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine 2011 Levels of Evidence".

5.
Indian J Pathol Microbiol ; 2023 Mar; 66(1): 44-53
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-223462

ABSTRACT

Background: Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is the heart of invasion. EMT associated with cancer progression and metastasis is known as type III EMT. Beta-catenin, E-cadherin, and MMP9 markers of EMT are routinely employed for diagnostic purposes. Aims: We employed these markers to study EMT by immunohistochemistry (IHC) in gall bladder cancer (GBC) with respect to depth of tumor invasion, clinical outcome, and disease-free survival. Settings and Design: This was a prospective case-control study. Material and Methods: Seventy gall bladders were included (50 GBC and 20 CC). After detailed histology, immunoexpression was studied in terms of percentage and strength of expression. Statistics Analysis Used: Expression was compared between CC and GBC by Student t test and analysis of variance. Kaplan–Meier was used for survival analysis, and the extent of agreement (“Kappa”) was calculated. Results and Conclusions: The age of incidence of GBC was 49.40 (+11.6) years with female predominance (F:M = 4:1). In 88% (44/50) of GBC, the fundus was involved. Moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma was most frequent [54%; 27/50]. Significant downregulation of E-cadherin (P = 0.022) and beta-catenin (P < 0.001) and upregulation in MMP9 (P < 0.001) were seen in GBC with respect to CC with significant association among them. MMP9 expression was significantly associated with higher tumor stage but with chemotherapeutic response. Our results display that epithelial-mesenchymal transition type III plays a role in GBC invasion. MMP9 overexpression and loss of membranous beta-catenin may be considered a marker for poor clinical outcomes and advanced disease.

6.
Rev. invest. clín ; 75(1): 37-44, Jan.-Feb. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1450101

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background Reduced or null expression of E-cadherin protein is a frequent cause of diffuse gastric cancer (DGC). More than 50% of patients with DGC present somatic variants in CDH1 gene. Objectives The objectives of this study were to study E-cadherin expression and identify variants in the CDH1 gene in gastric tumors of patients with DGC. Methods We studied 18 Mexican DGC patients who attended a hospital of the Mexican Social Security Institute; E-cadherin expression was determined by immunohistochemistry, and variants were identified by Sanger sequencing in promoter and coding regions. Predictive analysis was performed using PolyPhen-2 and HOPE software. Results We found that 56% of DGC patients showed reduced expression of E-cadherin. All patients carried CDH1 variants; overall, 12 different CDH1 variants were identified. Predictive analysis revealed that the rs114265540 variant was probably damaging, with a value of 0.985, indicating a functional impact on the E-cadherin protein. Variants rs34939176 and rs33964119 were identified as risk factors for DGC (odds' ratios [OR] = 31.3, 95% CI 6.3-154.0, p < 0.001; OR = 6.1, 95% CI 2.0-19.0, p < 0.001, respectively) given their elevated frequency and by comparing it with those reported for MXL population in the 1000 Genomes Project database. Conclusions In this Mexican population, the percentage of diffuse gastric tumors with reduced expression of E-cadherin was similar to that reported in other populations. All gastric tumors of DGC patients studied had somatic CDH1 gene variants; however, the rs114265540, rs34939176, and rs33964119 variants were importantly related to DGC.

7.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 355-359, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992307

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the expression and clinical significance of microRNA-574-3p (miR-574-3p) in colon cancer.Methods:A total of 106 colon cancer patients who were admitted to the First Hospital of Qinhuangdao and Shijiazhuang Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine from June 2012 to June 2015 were selected as the research objects. Real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to detect the expression level of miR-574-3p in colon cancer tissues and normal adjacent tissues. The relationship between the expression of miR-574-3p and the clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis of patients with colon cancer was analyzed. Immunohistochemical staining was used to detect the relationship between the expression of miR-574-3p and the expression of CyclinA2 or E-cadherin.Results:Compared with normal tissues adjacent to cancer, the expression level of miR-574-3p in 106 cases of colon cancer was significantly lower ( P<0.01). The decreased expression of miR-574-3p was related to tumor diameter, Dukes stage, histological grade and lymph node metastasis (all P<0.05), but not to age and tumor location (all P>0.05). The patients with low expression of miR-574-3p, high Dukes stage and histological grade, and lymph node metastasis had poor survival (all P<0.05). The 5-year overall survival rate of patients with decreased miR-574-3p expression in cancer tissue was significantly lower than that of patients without decreased miR-574-3p expression ( P=0.007 6). Compared with patients with no decreased miR-574-3p expression, patients with decreased miR-574-3p expression had higher CyclinA2 protein integrated optical density (IOD) value and lower E-cadherin protein IOD value in colon cancer tissues (all P<0.05). Conclusions:The decreased expression of miR-574-3p is related to the poor prognosis of colon cancer patients, which may affect tumor recurrence and metastasis by regulating the expression of CyclinA2 and E-cadherin proteins.

8.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 886-896, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011093

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the expression and importance of Piezo1, E-cadherin, and Vimentin in nasal polyps patients. Methods:Thirty-five patients undergoing endoscopic sinus surgery under general anesthesia were streamed into 20 cases of nasal polyps(NP group) and 15 cases of simple septoplasty without any sinus disease(Control group). Immunofluorescence staining and Western Blot were applied to detect the protein level of Piezo1, E-cadherin, and Vimentin in NP tissues and nasal polyp-derived primary human nasal epithelial cells(pHNECs). Also, BEAS-2B cell lines were treated with human TGF-β1 protein to establish epithelial mesenchymal transition(EMT) model in vitro and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction were used to calculate Piezo1 and above biomarkers in the model. Results:Compared with control group, Piezo1 and Vimentin showed higher level while E-cadherin was lower in NP tissues and pHNECs.In EMT model in vitro, Piezo1 and Vimentin were demonstrated higher expression with decreased level of E-cadherin. Conclusion:The tendency of Piezo1 is consistent with the mesenchymal-related biomarker Vimentin, going against with epithelial-related biomarker E-cadherin, implying its involvement with EMT process in nasal polyps.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomarkers/metabolism , Cadherins/metabolism , Chronic Disease , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Nasal Polyps/metabolism , Rhinosinusitis , Sinusitis , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/metabolism , Vimentin/metabolism
9.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 561-574, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010964

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Xiaotan Sanjie recipe (XTSJ), a Chinese herbal compound medicine, exerts a significant inhibitory effect on gastric cancer (GC) metastasis. This work investigated the mechanism underlying the XTSJ-mediated inhibition of GC metastasis.@*METHODS@#The effect of XTSJ on GC metastasis and the associated mechanism were investigated in vitro, using GC cell lines, and in vivo, using a GC mouse model, by focusing on the expression of Glc-N-Ac-transferase V (GnT-V; encoded by MGAT5).@*RESULTS@#The migration and invasion ability of GC cells decreased significantly after XTSJ administration, which confirmed the efficacy of XTSJ in treating GC in vitro. XTSJ increased the accumulation of E-cadherin at junctions between GC cells, which was reversed by MGAT5 overexpression. XTSJ administration and MGAT5 knockdown alleviated the structural abnormality of the cell-cell junctions, while MGAT5 overexpression had the opposite effect. MGAT5 knockdown and XTSJ treatment also significantly increased the accumulation of proteins associated with the E-cadherin-mediated adherens junction complex. Furthermore, the expression of MGAT5 was significantly lower in the lungs of BGC-823-MGAT5 + XTSJ mice than in those of BGC-823-MGAT5 + solvent mice, indicating that the ability of gastric tumors to metastasize to the lung was decreased in vivo following XTSJ treatment.@*CONCLUSION@#XTSJ prevented GC metastasis by inhibiting the GnT-V-mediated E-cadherin glycosylation and promoting the E-cadherin accumulation at cell-cell junctions. Please cite this article as: Huang N, He HW, He YY, Gu W, Xu MJ, Liu L. Xiaotan Sanjie recipe, a compound Chinese herbal medicine, inhibits gastric cancer metastasis by regulating GnT-V-mediated E-cadherin glycosylation. J Integr Med. 2023; 21(6): 561-574.


Subject(s)
Male , Mice , Animals , Stomach Neoplasms/genetics , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Glycosylation , Cell Line, Tumor , Cadherins/metabolism
10.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992, Impr.) ; 69(7): e20230371, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1449106

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: The expression of cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen 4, E-cadherin, and CD44 in the area of tumor budding was investigated in breast carcinomas in our study. METHODS: Tumor budding was counted at the invasive margins in 179 breast carcinomas. To understand the microenvironment of tumor budding, we examined the expression status of the immune checkpoint molecules such as cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen 4, E-cadherin, and CD44. RESULTS: Tumors were separated into low (≤5) and high tumor budding groups (>5) based on the median budding number. Lymphovascular, perineural invasion, and the number of metastatic lymph nodes were significantly higher in high-grade budding tumors (p=0.001, p<0.001, and p=0.019, respectively). Tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes were significantly higher in tumors without tumor buddings (p<0.001). When the number of budding increases by one unit, overall survival decreases by 1.07 times (p=0.013). Also, it increases the risk of progression by 1.06 times (p=0.048). In high tumor budding groups, the cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 staining percentage of lymphocytes was significantly higher (p=0.026). With each increase in the number of buds, an increase in the percentage of cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 staining was seen in lymphocytes in the microenvironment of TB (p=0.034). CONCLUSION: Tumor budding could predict poor prognosis in breast carcinomas, and anti-cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 immunotherapies may be beneficial in patients with high tumor budding tumors.

11.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 15-23, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971366

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Cervical squamous cell carcinoma is the most common cancer in female reproductive system. This study aims to explore the effect of microRNA-9-5p (miR-9-5p) on the migration, invasion, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) process of cervical squamous cells.@*METHODS@#Bioinformatics were used to predict the miRNAs that could bind to E-cadherin (E-cad). The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database was used to analyze and extract significantly differentially expressed miRNAs from part of cervical squamous cell carcinoma tissues and normal cervical tissues, and miR-9-5p was selected as the main research target. The translated regions (UTR) of wild-type E-cad (E-cad-WT 3'-UTR) or the 3'-UTR of mutant E-cad (E-Cad-MUT 3'-UTR) was transfected with miR-9-5p mimic normal control (NC), and miR-9-5p mimic was co-transfected human embryonic kidney cells (293T). The relationship between miR-9-5p and E-cad was detected by double luciferase assay. The expression of miR-9-5p in normal cervical epithelial cell lines (H8) and cervical squamous cell lines (C33A, siha, caski and Me180) were detected by quantitative real-time PCR. Then, the experiments were divided into groups as follows: a block control group, an overexpression control group (mimic-NC group), a miR-95p overexpression group (mimic group), an inhibitory expression control group (inhibitor-NC group), and a miR-9-5p inhibitory expression group (inhibitor group). The changes of migration ability were detected by scratch assay. Transwell invasion assay was used to analyze the changes of invasion ability, and the mRNA and protein changes of E-cad and vimentin were detected by quantitative real-time PCR and Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#MiR-9-5p had a targeting binding relationship with E-cad. Compared with the normal cervical tissue H8 cell line, the miR-9-5p was highly expressed in cervical cancer cell lines (C33A, siha, caski and Me180) (all P<0.05). The luciferase activity of E-cad-MUT was increased compared with that of E-cad-WT in miR-9-5p mimic cells (P<0.05). Compared with the blank control group, the protein and mRNA expressions of E-cad were decreased in the miR-9-5p mimic group (both P<0.05), which were increased in the miR-9-5p inhibitor group (both P<0.05). Compared with H8 cell line, the miR-9-5p was highly expressed in the cervical squamous cell lines (all P<0.05). Compared with the mimic-NC group, the distance of wound healing, the number of caski and Me180 cells invaded below the membrane, and the mRNA and protein expressions of vimentin were all increased in the miR-9-5p mimic group (all P<0.05), while the mRNA and protein of E-cad were decreased (both P<0.05). Compared with the inhibitor-NC group, the distance of wound healing, the number of caski and Me180 cells invading the membrane, and the mRNA and protein expressions of vimentin were decreased in the miR-9-5p inhibitor group (all P<0.05), but the mRNA and protein expressions of E-cad were increased (both P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The miR-9-5p is highly expressed in cervical squamous cell carcinoma, which can increase the migration and invasion ability, and promote the EMT process of cancer cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Cell Line, Tumor , Vimentin/metabolism , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/genetics , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition/genetics , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/genetics , Cell Movement/genetics , RNA, Messenger , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic
12.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 46-50, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971038

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the significance of E-cadherin and the association between E-cadherin methylation status and prognosis in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) by examining the mRNA and protein expression of E-cadherin and its gene methylation status in bone marrow mononuclear cells of children with ALL.@*METHODS@#The samples of 5 mL bone marrow blood were collected from 42 children with ALL who were diagnosed for the first time at diagnosis (pre-treatment group) and on day 33 of induction chemotherapy (post-treatment group). RT-qPCR, Western blot, and methylation-specific PCR were used to measure the mRNA and protein expression of E-cadherin and the methylation level of the E-cadherin gene. The changes in each index after induction chemotherapy were compared.@*RESULTS@#The mRNA and protein expression levels of E-cadherin in the post-treatment group were significantly higher than those in the pre-treatment group (P<0.05), while the positive rate of E-cadherin gene methylation in the post-treatment group was significantly lower than that in the pre-treatment group (P<0.05). At the end of the test, the children with negative methylation had significantly higher overall survival rate and event-free survival rate than those with positive methylation (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#E-cadherin expression is associated with the development of ALL in children, and its decreased expression and increased methylation level may indicate a poor prognosis.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Cadherins/genetics , DNA Methylation , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , Prognosis , RNA, Messenger
13.
Indian J Pathol Microbiol ; 2022 Dec; 65(4): 755-760
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-223339

ABSTRACT

Aim: To evaluate the expression of E-cadherin (E-cad) in oral epithelial dysplasia (OED) and oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Material and Method: Immunohistochemistry was used to detect E-cad expression in 20 cases each of normal oral mucosa, oral epithelial dysplasia and squamous cell carcinoma. Statistical Analysis Used: Inferential statistical methods for statistical analysis used were Chi-square test for comparison of the frequency between different severity of dysplasia and OSCC. Results: Upon assessing the expression of E-cad in OED and OSCC, increase in E-cad immunoreactivity was seen in early lesions. However, the expression of E-cad decreased significantly as the grade of dysplasia increased. Conclusion: We observed a significant decrease in E-cad expression from dysplasia to poorly differentiated squamous cell carcinoma suggesting that loss of expression of E-cad is closely related to carcinoma.

14.
Indian J Pathol Microbiol ; 2022 Sept; 65(3): 589-597
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-223305

ABSTRACT

Background: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most prevalent malignancies in Egypt. HCCs usually have a poor prognosis because of late diagnosis, aggressive metastasis, and early invasion. Heterogeneous ribonucleoproteins (HnRNPs) are nuclear proteins that play a variety of roles in telomere formation, DNA repair, cell signaling, and gene regulation. Zincfinger Eboxbinding homeoboxes (ZEBs) are transcription factors that have a consistent inverse correlation with Ecadherin in numerous types of cancer and associated with poor prognosis. Aim: This study aimed to verify the prognostic expression of HnRNP A1, ZEB1, and E-cadherin in HCC. Settings and Design: The retrospective study consisted of 54 formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue blocks of hepatocellular carcinoma. Methods and Material: Immunohistochemical staining was performed using antibodies against HnRNP A1, ZEB1, and E-cadherin. The patients were followed at the Clinical Oncology Department from May 2018 to July 2021. Statistical Analysis: SPSS version 20 using the Chi-square test to compare data and the Kaplan–Meier plot for comparing survival. Results: HnRNP A1 high positivity was detected in 59.3% of the cases, whereas negative E-cadherin and ZEB 1 expression presented in 37% and 70.4% of the patients, respectively. A statistically significant relation was present between HnRNP A1, ZEB1, E-cadherin, and various clinicopathological variables. The mean progression-free survival and overall survival in low HnRNP A1 and negative ZEB1 expressions were longer than those exhibited in high HnRNP A1 and positive ZEB1 expressions. Conclusion: HnRNP A1 and ZEB1 expressions are poor prognostic factors of HCC. E-cadherin has an important role in the development of differentiated HCCs and favorable outcome.

15.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 9(2): 1-9, June 2022. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1512600

ABSTRACT

Cisplatin, the first platinum compound approved for cancer treatment, is widely used in the treatment of various cancers including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). HCC incidence rates rise globally. Epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT) is implicated in cancer invasion and metastasis, which are associated with increased mortality. Cisplatin dose might influence cancer invasion and metastatic behavior of the cells. The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of low-dose cisplatin treatment on EMT- related changes in HepG2 cells. Following treatment with 4 µM cisplatin, HepG2 cells were evaluated morphologically. Gene expression of E-cadherin, Vimentin, Snail1 was assessed by quantitative PCR. Immunofluorescence analyses of NA-K ATPase were performed. Although the low-dose cisplatin treated cells exhibited a more stretched morphology, no statistical difference was detected in gene expression of E-cadherin, Vimentin, Snail1 and immunofluorescence of NA-K ATPase. Findings on low-dose cisplatin effects in HepG2 might contribute to the knowledge of antineoplastic inefficacy by further understanding the molecular mechanisms of drug action.


El cisplatino, el primer compuesto de platino aprobado para el tratamiento del cáncer, es ampliamente utilizado en el tratamiento de varios tipos de cáncer, incluido el carcinoma hepatocelular (CHC). Las tasas de incidencia de CHC aumentan a nivel mundial. La transición mesenquimal epitelial (EMT) está implicada en la invasión del cáncer y la metástasis, que se asocian con un aumento de la mortalidad. La dosis de cisplatino podría influir en la invasión del cáncer y el comportamiento metastásico de las células. El objetivo del estudio fue investigar el efecto del tratamiento con dosis bajas de cisplatino en los cambios relacionados con la EMT en las células HepG2. Tras el tratamiento con cisplatino de 4 µM, se evaluaron morfológicamente las células HepG2. La expresión génica de E-cadherina, vimentina, caracol1 se evaluó mediante PCR cuantitativa. Se realizaron análisis de inmunofluorescencia de NA-K ATPasa . Aunque las células tratadas con cisplatino en dosis bajas exhibieron una morfología más estirada, no se detectaron diferencias estadísticas en la expresión génica de E-cadherina, vimentina, Snail1 e inmunofluorescencia de NA-K ATPasa. Los hallazgos sobre los efectos del cisplatino en dosis bajas en HepG2 podrían contribuir al conocimiento de la ineficacia antineoplásica al comprender mejor los mecanismos moleculares de la acción del fármaco.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cisplatin/administration & dosage , Antineoplastic Agents/administration & dosage , Vimentin/drug effects , Vimentin/genetics , Vimentin/metabolism , Cadherins/drug effects , Cadherins/genetics , Cadherins/metabolism , Cells, Cultured , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Microscopy, Confocal , Hep G2 Cells , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Snail Family Transcription Factors/drug effects , Snail Family Transcription Factors/genetics , Snail Family Transcription Factors/metabolism , Neoplasm Invasiveness
16.
Natal; s.n; 23 jun. 2022. 169 p. ilus, tab, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1532559

ABSTRACT

Os tumores de glândula salivar (TGS) apresentam notável complexidade clínica e biológica, razão para a qual muitos estudos investigam os eventos envolvidos na sua progressão. Uma das dinâmicas envolvidas na invasão tumoral de diversos tipos de carcinomas é a transição epitélio-mesênquima (TEM). Neste processo, as células epiteliais sofrem transição para um estado mesenquimal móvel, favorecendo a invasão e metástase. Sendo assim, esta pesquisa analisou a expressão imuno-histoquímica de E-caderina, Twist1, Snail1, α-SMA, metaloproteinases de matriz 9 (MMP-9) e Vimentina (VM) em 90 casos de TGS, correlacionando-os entre si e com parâmetros clinicopatológicos. Foram selecionados 20 casos de Adenoma pleomórfico (AP), 20 casos de Carcinoma mucoepidermoide (CME), 20 casos de Carcinoma adenoide cístico (CAC), 10 casos de Adenocarcinoma polimorfo (ACP), 10 casos de Carcinoma epitelial-mioepitelial (CEME) e 10 casos de Carcinoma ex-adenoma pleomórfico (CexAP). A análise de E-caderina, Twist1, Snail1 foi realizada em parênquima tumoral sendo observado o percentual de células positivas (PP), com escores variando de 0 a 4, e a intensidade de expressão (IE), cujos escores variaram de 0 a 3. A avaliação de MMP-9 foi realizada em parênquima e estroma tumoral, também avaliando-se a PP e a IE, ambos baseados em escores que variaram de 0 a 3. A marcação para α-SMA e VM foi analisada em região de estroma tumoral. Células positivas para α-SMA foram contabilizadas em 10 campos, obtendo-se, então a média. A VM foi avaliada de forma qualitativa, utilizando-se 4 escores de acordo com a IE e se a marcação é difusa ou focal. Os dados obtidos foram analisados no software Statistical Package for Social Science, GraphPad Prism e STATA. O nível de significância de 5% foi adotado para os testes estatísticos. Foi verificada menor imunomarcação de E-caderina nos APs em relação às neoplasias malignas de glândula salivar (NMGS). Observou-se baixa imunoexpressão de Twist1 e Snail1 em APs. Em relação a expressão nuclear do Twist1, constatou-se maior expressão nas neoplasias malignas quando comparadas aos APs. Ainda, Twist1 em núcleo foi correlacionado à expressão citoplasmática de E-caderina nas NMGS. No que concerne aos parâmetros clinicopatológicos, esta proteína se relacionou estatisticamente com maiores chances de óbito. Foi evidenciada baixa imunoexpressão de Snail1 entre as NMGS. No entanto, na análise dos CACs, foi verificada maior expressão nuclear na variante sólida em relação às demais. A expressão de MMP-9 em parênquima demonstrou correlação positiva com Twist1 citoplasmático e Snail1nuclear nas NMGS. A MMP-9 também apresentou correlação positiva na comparação da sua imunoexpressão em região de parênquima e de estroma. A VM se apresentou como um biomarcador a ser considerado na avaliação clínica dos pacientes, já que esta apresentou relação significativa com tamanho do tumor (T3-T4) e maior frequência de óbito. Ademais, a alta expressão desta proteína se apresentou como um fator preditivo independente para piores taxas de sobrevida global (SG). A avaliação dos demais fatores clinicopatológicos apresentou estágios clínicos avançados como indicador de valor prognóstico independente para menores taxas de SG, enquanto que para a sobrevida livre da doença, estes foram a localização em glândula salivar menor e presença de metástase à distância. Os resultados deste estudo sugerem que o processo de TEM pode estar relacionado ao estágio de diferenciação celular em APs e à progressão tumoral nas NMGS. Ressalta-se, também, maior participação de Twist1 e MMP-9 no cenário da TEM em tumores malignos de glândula salivar, além da possibilidade de utilização da VM como indicador de valor prognóstico (AU).


Salivary gland tumors (SGTs) present remarkable clinical and biological complexity; therefore, many studies investigate the events involved in their progression. One of the dynamics involved in the tumor invasion of different types of carcinomas is the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). In this process, epithelial cells undergo a transition to a mobile mesenchymal state, favoring invasion and metastasis. Therefore, this research analyzed the immunohistochemical expression of E-cadherin, Twist1, Snail1, α-SMA, vimentin (VM) and matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) in 90 SGTs cases; correlations among the biomarkers, as well as between the biomarkers and clinicopathological parameters were made. We selected 20 cases of pleomorphic adenoma (PA), 20 cases of mucoepidermoid carcinoma (MEC), 20 cases of adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC), 10 cases of polymorphous adenocarcinoma (PAC), 10 cases of epithelial-myoepithelial carcinoma (EMC) and 10 cases of carcinoma ex-pleomorphic adenoma (CXPA). E-cadherin, Twist1, and Snail1 were analyzed in tumor parenchyma, observing the percentage of positive cells (PP) using scores ranging from 0 to 4, and the expression intensity (EI), whose scores were ranged from 0 to 3. The evaluation of MMP-9 was performed in tumor parenchyma and stroma, also evaluating PP and IE, both based on scores that ranged from 0 to 3. The labeling for α-SMA and VM was analyzed in stromal cells. Positive cells for α-SMA were counted in 10 fields and the mean was calculated. VM was evaluated qualitatively, using 4 scores according to EI and whether the labeling was diffuse or focal. Obtained data were analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Science, GraphPad Prism, and STATA software. The significance level of 5% was adopted for the statistical tests. Patients were mostly female, with a mean age of 49.8 years; the major salivary glands were the most affected anatomical site, mainly the parotid gland. A lower E-cadherin immunostaining was verified in PAs in comparison to malignant neoplasms of salivary glands (MNSGs). Low immunoexpression of Twist1 and Snail1 was observed in PAs. Regarding the nuclear expression of Twist1, it was found greater expression in malignant neoplasms than in PAs. Furthermore, Twist1 in the nucleus was correlated with cytoplasmic expression of E-cadherin in MNSGs. Regarding clinicopathological parameters, this protein was statistically related to higher chances of death. Low immunoexpression of Snail1 was evidenced among the MNSGs. However, in the analysis of CACs, greater nuclear expression was observed in the solid variant compared to the others. Expression of MMP-9 in parenchyma showed a positive correlation with cytoplasmic Twist1 and Snail1nuclear in MNSGs. MMP-9 also showed a positive correlation when comparing its immunoexpression in the parenchyma and the stroma. VM was presented as a biomarker to be considered in the clinical evaluation of patients since it showed a significant correlation between greater tumor size and a higher frequency of death. Furthermore, the high expression of this protein appeared as an independent predictive factor for worse overall survival (OS) rates. The evaluation of the rest of the clinicopathological factors showed advanced clinical stages as an indicator of independent prognostic value for lower rates of OS. For disease-free survival, these indicators were the location in the minor salivary gland and the presence of distant metastasis. Our results suggest that the EMT may be related to myoepithelial differentiation in PAs and tumor progression in MNSGs. Also, Twist1 and MMP-9 appear to play a greater role in the scenario of EMT in MNSGs; finally, VM might be used as a prognostic value indicator (AU).


Subject(s)
Vimentin/metabolism , Cadherins/metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9/metabolism , Twist-Related Protein 1/metabolism , Salivary Gland Neoplasms/pathology , Statistics, Nonparametric , Myofibroblasts , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition
17.
Indian J Pathol Microbiol ; 2022 Mar; 65(1): 35-41
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-223236

ABSTRACT

Aim: To assess HER2/neu expressions and correlate with E-cadherin and Serum HER2 level in gastric carcinoma. Method: 31 gastric biopsies and 1 resected specimen were taken in the study with patient details and stained with H and E for histopathological details following Lauren's classification. Immunohistochemistry for HER2 and E-cadherin expression was conducted followed by serum HER2/neu ELISA. Result: Adenocarcinoma with 61% diffuse, 29% intestinal, and 10% other type were observed with predominant HER2 immunoexpression in intestinal-type than in diffuse-type adenocarcinoma. Other observations marked 44% as 3+/positive and 56% as 2+/equivocal in intestinal type while 26% cases as 3+/positive, 69% as 2+/equivocal, and 1% as 1+/negative were observed in diffuse type. The data presented 33% membranous positivity and 67% both membranous + cytoplasmic positivity in intestinal type while 2% showed membranous positivity, 47% both membranous + cytoplasmic, and 42% only cytoplasmic positivity in diffused type. On comparing the localization pattern of HER2 and E-cadherin, 25% of cases showed membranous staining while 50% of cases showed membranous with cytoplasmic staining for both. No cytoplasmic HER2 staining as well as no any staining for E-cadherin was shown by 6% cases. Conclusion: Thus, it can be concluded that cytoplasmic expression of HER2 in gastric adenocarcinoma (mainly diffuse type) may be due to shedding of its extracellular domain, leading to loss of membranous E-cadherin expression on immunohistochemistry. The loss of membranous expression of E-cadherin and increased serum HER2 ELISA were correlated well with these findings.

18.
Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases ; (12): 237-244, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920527

ABSTRACT

Objective@# To explore whether RhoA plays a role in the migration and invasion of the salivary adenoid cystic carcinoma cell lines SACC-LM and SACC-83.@*Methods@#Total RNA and total protein were extracted from 20 salivary adenoid cystic carcinoma (SACC) and normal adjacent tissues frozen in liquid nitrogen to detect RhoA expression. RhoA-siRNA was constructed to transfect two cell lines (SACC-LM and SACC-83) for cytological experiments. The research included an experimental group (RhoA-siRNA transfection), negative control group (siRNA-NC transfection) and blank group by transient transfection with liposomes. Expression of RhoA mRNA and protein as well as the protein expression of biomarkers of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) were analyzed, including E-cadherin, N-cadherin, and Vimentin. Furthermore, the changes in invasion and migration of cells in each group were analyzed by comparing the number of transmembrane cells in the Transwell assay and the results of the scratch test.@*Results@#Compared with normal adjacent tissues, RhoA protein and mRNA levels increased in SACC tissues. Compared with the control group, the relative expression levels of RhoA mRNA and protein decreased (P < 0.01), the relative expression levels of E-cadherin protein increased, and the relative expression levels of N-cadherin and vimentin protein increased in the experimental group (P < 0.01). Additionally, the trial results revealed that RhoA knockdown restrained cell migration and invasion (P < 0.01).@*Conclusion @#RhoA expression increased in SACC tissue. Silencing RhoA in vitro could effectively restrain cell migration and invasion in SACC-LM and SACC-83 cells through the regulation of EMT signaling pathways.

19.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 128-138, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940184

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explain the scientific connotation of Morindae Officinalis Radix (MOR) processed by Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma (Gly) by comparing the effect of raw products of MOR and processed products of MOR with different proportions of Gly (GMOs) on the improvement of renal function and hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axis, the protein expression of Wnt/β-catenin and transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1)/Smad signal pathways in kidney Yang deficiency model rats induced by adenine. MethodGMOs were prepared according to method under MOR in 2020 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia. Rat model of kidney Yang deficiency was established by intragastrical administration of adenine, levels of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), estradiol (E2) and testosterone (T) were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Levels of urea nitrogen (BUN) and serum creatinine (SCr) were measured by spectrophotometry, hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was used to evaluate the pathological changes of kidney, testis and epididymis. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) was used to analyze the protein expression of E-cadherin, α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), Wnt2b, β-catenin, Smad1 and Smad4. ResultMOR processed with 100∶6 and 100∶12 proportions of Gly (short for GMO/100∶6 and GMO/100∶12) had the most obvious improvement on the body posture of kidney Yang deficiency model rats. GMO/100∶12 had the best effect on reducing the levels of BUN, SCr, FSH, LH and the ratio of E2/T. GMO/100∶6 and GMO/100∶12 had the best effect on regulating the protein expression of E-cadherin, α-SMA, Wnt2b, β-catenin, Smad1 and Smad4. ConclusionGMO/100∶6 and GMO/100∶12 have the a good effect on the improvement of renal function and HPG axis in kidney Yang deficiency model rats induced by adenine, which is related with the fact that they can regulate Wnt/β-catenin pathway in renal and testicular tissue and TGF-β1/Smads pathway in testicular tissue.

20.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 128-138, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940152

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explain the scientific connotation of Morindae Officinalis Radix (MOR) processed by Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma (Gly) by comparing the effect of raw products of MOR and processed products of MOR with different proportions of Gly (GMOs) on the improvement of renal function and hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axis, the protein expression of Wnt/β-catenin and transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1)/Smad signal pathways in kidney Yang deficiency model rats induced by adenine. MethodGMOs were prepared according to method under MOR in 2020 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia. Rat model of kidney Yang deficiency was established by intragastrical administration of adenine, levels of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), estradiol (E2) and testosterone (T) were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Levels of urea nitrogen (BUN) and serum creatinine (SCr) were measured by spectrophotometry, hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was used to evaluate the pathological changes of kidney, testis and epididymis. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) was used to analyze the protein expression of E-cadherin, α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), Wnt2b, β-catenin, Smad1 and Smad4. ResultMOR processed with 100∶6 and 100∶12 proportions of Gly (short for GMO/100∶6 and GMO/100∶12) had the most obvious improvement on the body posture of kidney Yang deficiency model rats. GMO/100∶12 had the best effect on reducing the levels of BUN, SCr, FSH, LH and the ratio of E2/T. GMO/100∶6 and GMO/100∶12 had the best effect on regulating the protein expression of E-cadherin, α-SMA, Wnt2b, β-catenin, Smad1 and Smad4. ConclusionGMO/100∶6 and GMO/100∶12 have the a good effect on the improvement of renal function and HPG axis in kidney Yang deficiency model rats induced by adenine, which is related with the fact that they can regulate Wnt/β-catenin pathway in renal and testicular tissue and TGF-β1/Smads pathway in testicular tissue.

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