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1.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 117(6): 1170-1178, dez. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350043

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento Em 2007, a Food and Drug Administration (FDA) determinou revisões sobre segurança dos agentes de contraste ecocardiográfico (ACE) disponíveis no mercado após relatos de mortes. Ao longo desses anos, diversos estudos comprovaram a segurança dos ACE, porém com poucos estudos relacionados ao SonoVue®. Objetivos Avaliar a segurança do SonoVue® durante o ecocardiograma sob estresse farmacológico (EEF) por meio da análise da incidência de reações alérgicas e da comparação entre os grupos quanto ao surgimento de arritmia, efeitos colaterais menores e eventos adversos. Métodos Estudo observacional, prospectivo, no qual 2.346 pacientes foram submetidos ao EEF e divididos em dois grupos: grupo 1 com ACE (n=1.099) e grupo 2 sem ACE (n=1.247). Os pacientes foram avaliados durante o EEF - 24 horas e 30 dias. Foi definido p significativo quando <0,05. Resultados O grupo 1 apresentou efeitos colaterais mais leves, como cefaleia (5/0,5% vs. 19/1,5%, p=0,012) e hipertensão reativa (3/0,3% vs . 19/1,5%, p=0,002), menos arritmias como extrassístoles ventriculares (180/16,4% vs . 247/19,8%, p=0,032) e taquicardia paroxística supraventricular (2/0,2% vs . 15/1,2%, p=0,003), assim como nenhum evento adverso como infarto agudo do miocárdio (IAM) e óbito. No grupo 2, um paciente apresentou IAM <24h (1/01%) e dois óbitos <30 dias (2/0,1%). Urticária relacionada ao SonoVue® foi observada em 3 (0,3%) pacientes sem reação anafilática. Conclusão SonoVue® demonstrou segurança durante o EEF, não sendo observados morte, IAM ou reação anafilática. Observou-se menor incidência de efeitos colaterais mais leves e arritmias no grupo que utilizou o ACE, assim como baixa incidência de reações alérgicas leves.


Abstract Background In 2007, the United States Food and Drug Administration mandated safety reviews of commercially available echocardiographic contrast agents (ECA), following reports of death. During the past years, different studies have proven the safety of ECA, but there have been few studies on SonoVue®. Objectives To evaluate the safety of SonoVue® during pharmacological stress echocardiography (PSE), by analyzing the incidence of allergic reactions and comparing groups regarding the appearance of arrhythmia, minor side effects and adverse events. Methods In this observational, prospective study, 2346 patients underwent PSE, and they were divided into the following 2 groups: group 1 with ECA (n = 1099) and group 2 without ECA (n = 1247). Patients were evaluated during PSE, at 24 hours, and at 30 days. Statistical significance was defined as p < 0.05. Results Group 1 had fewer minor side effects, such as headache (5/0.5% versus 19/1.5%, p = 0.012) and less reactive hypertension (3/0.3% versus 19/1.5%, p = 0.002); fewer arrhythmias, such as ventricular extrasystoles (180/16.4% versus 247/19.8%, p = 0.032) and paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (2/0.2% versus 15/1.2%, p = 0.003); and no adverse events, such as acute myocardial infarction (AMI) or death. In group 2, 1 patient had AMI in < 24 hours (1/01%), and there were 2 deaths in < 30 days (2/0.1%). SonoVue®-related urticaria was seen in 3 (0.3%) patients, without anaphylactic reaction. Conclusion SonoVue® demonstrated safety during PSE. No cases of death, AMI, or anaphylactic reaction were observed. There was a lower incidence of minor side effects and arrhythmias in the group that received ECA, as well as a low incidence of mild allergic reactions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Contrast Media/adverse effects , Echocardiography, Stress , Phospholipids , Sulfur Hexafluoride , United States , Echocardiography , Prospective Studies
2.
Rev. habanera cienc. méd ; 20(2): e3675, mar.-abr. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1251797

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La Endocarditis infecciosa sigue desafiando a la Medicina moderna a pesar de no ser una entidad frecuente. Objetivo: Se presenta un caso con una lesión valvular previa no diagnosticada antes, y sin síntomas, y que se consideró el diagnóstico tempranamente de endocarditis en el nivel hospitalario. Presentación del caso: Paciente de 20 años, mujer, con antecedentes de salud referidos, fumadora. Ingresa en sala del Servicio de Medicina el 21 de enero de 2020 por fiebres que se mantienen todo el día de 38-38,50 C, con picos que alcanzan los 400 C con escalofríos en determinados momentos. Desde hace un mes presenta esta sintomatología. Ruidos cardiacos rítmicos, taquicárdicos, de buena intensidad. Clic sistólico con arrastre sistólico fuerte de regurgitación IV/VI audible en foco mitral con frémito que se irradia a la axila, anemia, VSG acelerada, leucocitosis con desviación izquierda, hemocultivos negativos y en ecocardiograma prolapso de válvula mitral, valva anterior y posterior, con regurgitación que ocupa toda la aurícula izquierda hasta el techo de la misma. Múltiples vegetaciones en cara auricular de valva posterior de válvula mitral, la mayor de 7 x 3 mm. Conclusiones: El método clínico es fundamental en el proceso diagnóstico en la práctica clínica secundado por los medios diagnósticos como en la enfermedad que nos ocupa(AU)


Introduction: Infective endocarditis continues to be a great challenge for modern medicine although it is not a frequent entity. Objective: We present a case of an undiagnosed previous valve lesion without symptoms. The early diagnosis of endocarditis was made at the hospital level. Case Presentation: A 20-year-old woman, smoker, with previous history of good health was admitted to the medical ward on January 21, 2020. The patient reported continuous fever (38-38,50 C) throughout the day, with spikes up to 400 C and intermittent chills. She has been having these symptoms for a month. Rhythmic heart sounds and high intensity tachycardia and systolic click with strong systolic displacement of regurgitation grade IV/VI audible in mitral area with fremitus radiating to the armpit were heard. Anemia, accelerated ESR, leukocytosis with left deviation, and negative blood cultures were confirmed. The echocardiogram showed a mitral valve prolapse with regurgitation of anterior and posterior valves that occupies all the left atrium until its top. There was multiple vegetation in the atrial side of the posterior leaflet of the mitral valve; the greatest is 7 x 3 mm. Conclusions: The clinical method is essential in the diagnostic process performed in clinical practice supported by diagnostic means, as in the current case(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Young Adult , Mitral Valve Prolapse/diagnosis , Mitral Valve Prolapse/prevention & control , Early Diagnosis , Endocarditis/diagnosis , Blood Culture/methods
3.
Prensa méd. argent ; 107(1): 44-46, 20210000. fig
Article in English | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1362189

ABSTRACT

The diagnosis of a hiatus hernia (HH) is typically confirmed with an upper gastrointestinal barium X-ray, gastroscopy or upper-intestinal endoscopy. In several cases, HH has been diagnosed with an echocardiogram. We here describe a case of an HH visible on an echocardiogram in a male patient with chest pain.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Echocardiography , Gastroscopy , Barium Enema , Hernia, Hiatal/diagnosis
4.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 695-700, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910900

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the impact of obstructive sleep apnea(OSA)on cardiac structure and function in elderly patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2DM).Methods:This was a case-control study.Elderly patients with T2DM aged 65 years and above at the Department of Geriatrics of Tianjin Medical University General Hospital were consecutively enrolled in this study, and eventually 61 patients with complete general information were included.All patients were examined with polysomnography(PSG). They were divided into the T2DM group and the T2DM+ OSA group based on whether there was concurrent OSA.Differences in cardiac structure and function were compared between the two groups and between patients with mild OSA and those with moderate-severe OSA.The correlation of OSA with cardiac structure and function in T2DM patients was analyzed by using Pearson correlation and multiple linear regression analysis.Results:The left ventricular ejection fraction(LVEF)was lower in the T2DM+ OSA group than in the T2DM group(52.38±4.70 % vs.56.34±5.92%, t=2.892, P=0.005). The anteroposterior diameter of the right ventricle, inter-ventricular septum thickness and left ventricular posterior wall thickness increased in the T2DM+ OSA group compared with the T2DM group(21.50±1.49 mm vs.20.55±1.05 mm, 10.21±0.88 mm vs.9.52±1.04 mm, 10.42±0.83 mm vs.9.83±0.83 mm, t=-2.670, -2.770 and -2.716, P=0.010, 0.007 and 0.009). LVEF was lower in patients with moderate-severe OSA than in those with mild OSA group(50.58±3.55% vs.55.83±4.83%, t=3.813, P=0.001). The anteroposterior diameter of the right ventricle, inter-ventricular septum thickness and left ventricular posterior wall thickness were greater in patients with moderate-severe OSA than in those with mild OSA(21.86±1.39 mm vs.20.79±1.46 mm, 10.48±0.82 mm vs.9.69±0.75 mm, 10.68±0.80 mm vs.9.92±0.64 mm, t=-2.231, -2.871 and -2.943, P=0.032, 0.007 and 0.006). Pearson correlation analysis showed that the Apnea Hypopnea Index(AHI)was correlated with LVEF, the anteroposterior diameter of the right ventricle, inter-ventricular septum thickness and left ventricular posterior wall thickness( r=-0.425, 0.340, 0.458 and 0.473, P=0.001, 0.007, <0.001 and <0.001). After adjusting for age, body mass index, systolic blood pressure and triglycerides, multiple linear regression analysis showed that AHI was also correlated with LVEF, the anteroposterior diameter of the right ventricle, inter-ventricular septum thickness and left ventricular posterior wall thickness( β=-0.385, 0.520, 0.604 and 0.388, P=0.036, 0.011, 0.001 and 0.039). Conclusions:OSA aggravates cardiac remodeling and systolic insufficiency in T2DM patients and may be related to the severity of intermittent hypoxia.

5.
Rev. urug. cardiol ; 36(3): e203, 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1366959

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la degeneración valvular protésica es un problema clínico; los métodos de imagen convencionales permiten diagnosticarla en las últimas etapas. La tomografía por emisión de positrones (PET) con 18Ffluoruro puede detectar de manera precoz la degeneración subclínica. Objetivo: correlacionar parámetros de deterioro estructural protésico por PET con parámetros hemodinámicos ecocardiográficos al año de la sustitución valvular aórtica (SVA) por bioprótesis porcina. Métodos: estudio prospectivo ad hoc de un ensayo clínico. Se reclutaron pacientes sometidos a SVA por bioprótesis porcina en dos centros nacionales entre el 01/01/2019 y el 13/02/2020. Se realizaron controles clínicos y ecocardiográficos. Se seleccionaron aleatoriamente 19 sujetos a los que se les realizó PET 18Ffluoruro de sodio con angiotomografía al año de la SVA. Se midió la captación del trazador en la válvula (SUVavV) y aurícula derecha (SUVavA), calculando el índice SUVavV/SUVavA, que se comparó con los gradientes ecocardiográficos medio y máximo al año, mediante análisis de correlación de Spearman. Resultados: de 140 sujetos sometidos a SVA se realizó PET a 19, a los 16,3 meses (15,9-16,9) luego de la SVA. La mediana del índice SUVavV/SUVavA fue de 1,17 (1,11-1,27). Se encontró una correlación negativa moderada entre la captación de 18Ffluoruro y el gradiente medio (coeficiente de correlación -0,516, p = 0,028) y máximo (coeficiente -0,589, p = 0,010) al año. Conclusiones: en el seguimiento de los pacientes en los que se le realizó una sustitución valvular aórtica con bioprótesis, encontramos valores bajos de captación en el PET y gradientes ecocardiográficos normales con una correlación negativa moderada entre estos hallazgos


Introduction: prosthetic valve degeneration is a relevant clinical disorder; conventional imaging methods allow diagnosis in the later stages. 18Ffluoride positron emission tomography (PET) can detect subclinical degeneration earlier. Objective: correlate parameters of prosthetic structural deterioration by PET with echocardiographic hemodynamic parameters one year after aortic valve replacement (AVR) by porcine bioprosthesis. Methods: prospective ad hoc study of a clinical trial. Patients undergoing AVR by porcine bioprosthesis were recruited in two national centers between 01/01/2019 and 02/13/2020. Clinical and echocardiographic controls were carried out. 19 subjects were randomly selected and underwent 18Fsodium fluoride PET with CT angiography one year after AVR. Tracer uptake in the valve (SUVavV) and right atrium (SUVavA) was measured, creating the SUVavV/SUVavA index, which was compared with the mean and maximum gradients at one year, using Spearman's correlation analysis. Results: of a total of 140 subjects, PET was performed on 19 at 16.3 months (15.9-16.9) after the AVR. The median SUVavV/SUVavA ratio was 1.17 (1.11-1.27). A moderate negative correlation was found between. 18Ffluoride uptake and the mean gradient (correlation coefficient -0.516, p = 0.028) and maximum (coefficient of -0.589, p = 0.010) at one year. Conclusions: we found low uptake values in PET, echocardiographic gradients in normal range and no positive correlation between both parameters. It is the first national report with these imaging techniques


Introdução: a degeneração da válvula protética é um problema clínico; os métodos convencionais de imagem permitem o diagnóstico nas fases posteriores. A tomografia por emissão de pósitrons (PET) com fluoreto18F pode detectar a degeneração subclínica precocemente. Objetivo: correlacionar parâmetros de deterioração estrutural protética por PET com parâmetros hemodinâmicos ecocardiográficos após um ano da troca valvar aórtica (SVA) por bioprótese suína. Métodos: estudo ad hoc prospectivo de um ensaio clínico. Pacientes submetidos a SVA por bioprótese suína foram recrutados em dois centros nacionais entre 01/01/2019 e 13/02/2020. Foram realizados controles clínicos e ecocardiográficos. 19 indivíduos foram selecionados aleatoriamente que foram submetidos a PET com fluoreto de sódio 18F com angiotomografia um ano após AVS. A captação do traçador na válvula (SUVavV) e átrio direito (SUVavA) foi medida, criando o índice SUVavV/SUVavA, que foi comparado com os gradientes médio e máximo em um ano, usando a análise de correlação de Spearman. Resultados: de um total de 140 indivíduos submetidos a SVA, PET foi realizado em 19, em 16,3 meses (15,9-16,9) após a SVA. A proporção média de SUVavV/SUVavA foi de 1,17 (1,11-1,27). Uma correlação negativa moderada foi encontrada entre a captação de fluoreto18F e o gradiente médio (coeficiente de correlação -0,516, p = 0,028) e máximo (coeficiente de -0,589, p = 0,010) em um ano. Conclusões: encontramos valores baixos de captação na PET, gradientes ecocardiográficos dentro da normalidade, sem correlação positiva entre os dois parâmetros. É o primeiro trabalho nacional com essas técnicas de imagem


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aortic Valve , Sodium Fluoride/administration & dosage , Bioprosthesis , Prosthesis Failure , Calcinosis/diagnostic imaging , Heart Valve Prosthesis , Echocardiography , Prospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Positron-Emission Tomography
6.
Rev. cuba. invest. bioméd ; 39(4): e829, oct.-dic. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156459

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Hace años, Cuba, en su Anuario Estadístico de Salud, viene presentando las enfermedades del corazón como la primera causa de muerte. Asociados a la morbimortalidad cardiovascular se encuentran el sobrepeso y la obesidad, también identificados por la American Heart Association como uno de los mayores e independientes factores de riesgo cardiovascular. Desde entonces, varios estudios han relacionado el aumento de peso con modificación de la morfofunción del corazón. Objetivo: Describir las modificaciones del patrón geométrico del ventrículo izquierdo y de la función cardiaca asociadas a malnutrición por exceso en sujetos de la provincia La Habana. Métodos: Se estudiaron 72 sujetos de ambos sexos, aparentemente sanos, que acudieron al Hospital Calixto García a chequearse. A todos se les realizó anamnesis, examen físico, se midió el porcentaje de grasa corporal utilizando un equipo de bioimpedancia; esto permitió clasificar a los sujetos en tres grupos: grupos N (normal), A (alto) y MA (muy alto) y un ecocardiograma. Se procedió a comparar los grupos entre sí mediante análisis estadístico. Resultados: En 23 sujetos con porcentaje de grasa corporal superior al normal, predominó el remodelado concéntrico del ventrículo izquierdo. A mayor composición de grasa corporal aumentó la frecuencia de relajación prolongada, comprometiendo la función diastólica y decreció ligeramente la fracción de eyección del ventrículo izquierdo. Conclusiones: En asociación con el aumento en el porcentaje de grasa corporal hubo cambios morfológicos del corazón, destacando la remodelación concéntrica y el deterioro de la función diastólica(AU)


Introduction: For years, Cuba, in its Statistical Health Yearbook, has presented heart disease as the leading cause of death. Associated with cardiovascular morbidity and mortality are overweight and obesity, also identified by the American Heart Association as one of the largest and independent cardiovascular risk factors. Since then, several studies have linked weight gain with modification of the morphofunction of the heart. Objective: To describe the modifications of the geometric pattern of the left ventricle and of the cardiac function associated with malnutrition due to excess in subjects from the province of Havana. Methods: Seventy-two apparently healthy subjects of both sexes who came to the Calixto García Hospital for a check-up were studied. All underwent anamnesis, physical examination, the percentage of body fat was measured using a bioimpedance equipment; This allowed the subjects to be classified into three groups: N (normal), A (high) and MA (very high) groups and an echocardiogram. The groups were compared with each other through statistical analysis. Results: In 23 subjects with a percentage of body fat higher than normal, concentric remodeling of the left ventricle predominated. A higher body fat composition increased the frequency of prolonged relaxation, compromising diastolic function, and the left ventricular ejection fraction decreased slightly. Conclusions: In association with the increase in the percentage of body fat, there were morphological changes of the heart, highlighting the concentric remodeling and the deterioration of the diastolic function(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Echocardiography/methods , Indicators of Morbidity and Mortality , Overweight/prevention & control , Malnutrition
7.
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 90(3): 274-283, Jul.-Sep. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131044

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: Comprobar las diferencias morfológicas y funcionales del corazón en dos poblaciones latinoamericanas con distintas características raciales y condiciones de vida. Métodos: Mediante el ecocardiograma transtorácico se obtuvieron datos de 206 personas: 103 del poblado de Atahualpa, Ecuador (nivel del mar, edad x̄ 75 ± 4.2 años, 53 mujeres) y 103 habitantes de la Ciudad de México (altitud de 2,300 m, edad x̄ 75 ± 4.2 años, 52 mujeres). Resultados: Las diferencias significativas entre Atahualpa y la Ciudad de México fueron frecuencia cardíaca, 66 vs. 80; diámetro diastólico ventricular izquierdo, 40.8 vs. 42.7; grosor del tabique, 9.8 vs. 11.6; pared posterior, 10.2 vs. 11.8; volumen-latido en centímetros cúbicos, 53.0 vs. 46.6; volumen auricular Izquierdo, 25.8 vs. 33.6; presión sistólica de la arteria pulmonar, 27.1 vs. 42.0; gasto cardíaco, 3.1 vs. 4.8; cociente E/Ea, 6.4 vs. 9.2; área mitral, 3.4 vs. 3.0. El comparativo de la función diastólica entre Atahualpa y la Ciudad de México fue: tipo 0: 2 vs. 1; tipo 1: 96 vs. 81; tipo 2: 5 vs. 20; tipo 3: 0 vs. 1. Conclusión: Las características ecocardiográficas que identifican los cambios adaptativos del corazón en Atahualpa coinciden con personas que viven a nivel del mar y con buena actividad física y en México con los habitantes de grandes altitudes y expuestos a contaminación ambiental. La función sistólica del ventrículo izquierdo fue similar en ambas poblaciones, lo que indica que los cambios adaptativos hacen posible que el corazón sea eficaz en diferentes circunstancias del ecosistema.


Abstract Objective: To compare morphological and functional differences of the heart in two Latin American populations with different ethnicity and living conditions. Methods: Using transthoracic echocardiogram we obtained data on 206 individuals: 103 from Atahualpa, Ecuador (living at sea level, mean age: 75 ± 4.2 years, 53 women) and 103 inhabitants from Mexico City (living at 2300 m above sea level, mean age: 75 ± 4.2 years, 52 women). Results: Significant differences between Atahualpa and Mexico were: Heart rate 66 versus 80 x’, left ventricular diastolic diameter 40.8 versus 42.7, septum thickness 9.8 versus 11.6, posterior wall 10.2 versus 11.8, stroke volume cc 53.0 versus 46.6, left atrial volume 25. 8 versus 33.6, systolic pressure of the pulmonary artery 27.1 versus 42.0, cardiac output 3.1 versus 4.8, E/Ea ratio 6.4 versus 9.2, and mitral area 3.4 versus 3.0. Comparison of diastolic function between Atahualpa and Mexico was: Type 0; 2 versus 1. Type 1; 96 versus 81. Type 2; 5 versus 20 and Type 3; 0 versus 1. Conclusion: Echocardiographic characteristics that identify adaptive changes of the heart in Atahualpa are coincident with people living at sea level and with good physical activity, and Mexico City, with inhabitants living at high altitudes and exposed to environmental pollution. The systolic function of the left ventricle was similar in both populations, indicating that adaptive changes allow the heart to be effective in different circumstances of the ecosystem.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Adaptation, Physiological/physiology , Echocardiography , Heart/diagnostic imaging , Exercise , Cross-Sectional Studies , Ecuador , Environmental Exposure/adverse effects , Environmental Pollution/adverse effects , Altitude , Mexico
8.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-194613

ABSTRACT

Background: The Electrocardiogram remains a crucial tool in the identification and management of acute myocardial infarction. A detailed analysis of patterns of ST segment elevation may influence decisions regarding the perfusion therapy. This study was undertaken to study the role of ECG in identifying the infarct related artery in acute ST elevation MI and to correlate its findings with 2 D ECHO and Coronary angiogram.Methods: A total of 100 patients who presented with acute ST elevation MI were randomly selected for the study. After admission all the patients underwent ECG, CPK, CK-MB levels, 2D ECHO and CAG. Patients with ST segment elevation from ECG was evaluated to identify culprit vessel and the ECG findings were then correlated with 2D ECHO and CAG to identify the Sensitivity, Specificity, Positive predictive value and Negative predictive value of ECG in identifying the infarct related artery.Results: Fifty-two (52%) patients had an Anterior wall MI, forty-two patients (42%) had an evidence of Inferior wall MI and Six patients (6%) were found to have Antero inferior wall MI in the study group. Thirty-eight (38%) had evidence of SVD, forty-six patients (46%) had DVD and Sixteen patients (16%) had TVD. Sensitivity, Specificity, PPV and NPV of the ECG in identifying the LAD artery occlusion were 60.5%, 100%, 100% and 44.4% respectively. Sensitivity, Specificity, PPV and NPV of ECG in identifying the RCA artery occlusion were 78.5%, 100%, 100% and 78.5% respectively. Sensitivity, Specificity, PPV and NPV of the ECG in identifying the LCx artery occlusion were 26%, 96%, 86% and 60% respectively.Conclusions: ECG was found to be a sensitive and specific tool in identifying the infarct related Coronary artery in acute ST elevation MI.

9.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-194545

ABSTRACT

Background: Hypothyroidism is usually associated with the involvement of the cardiovascular system in the form of the cardiac abnormalities. The Research data on this has been found to be limited. The dysfunction of the cardiac caused by hypothyroidism is usually reversible. Objective was to study the incidence of cardiac abnormalities in patients with hypothyroidism.Methods: Total 40 confirmed cases of hypothyroid disease were included in the present study. General investigations, ECG, ECHO was done in all the patients to assess for cardiovascular involvement. The data was entered in the Microsoft Excel worksheet and analysed using proportions.Results: One fourth of the patients were found to have the bradycardia. The Delayed ankle jerk was seen in 67.5% of the cases and the next common CNS manifestation was the hoarseness of the voice. 30% of the case had normal ECG findings. 40% of the cases had the bradycardia. 35% of the cases had the low voltage complexes. 32.5% of the cases had the normal ECHO reports. 27.5% of the cases had the pericardial effusion. Same proportion of the cases were found to have the diastolic dysfunction. But most of them had the dysfunction and the severe cases were found to be very few. Only two patients had IVS thickness.Conclusions: Majority of the cases of the hypothyroidism in the present study were found to have the cardiovascular involvement. This points towards the importance of the early diagnosis of hypothyroidism and the prevention of complications like the cardiovascular system and the central nervous system involvement.

10.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-194539

ABSTRACT

Background: Obesity constitutes a major health issue in the modern world. The purpose of this prospective study was to assess the effect of obesity on ventricular function by conventional 2D echocardiography and echocardiogram for assessment of early cardiac changes.Methods: In the present study, 50 asymptomatic obese subjects having BMI >30 were compared with 50 normal individuals having BMI in the range 20-24.9 to assess cardiac performance. The study was conducted over a period of 2 years, from 2009 to 2011.Results: There were 20(40%) males and 30(60%) females in both the groups. The ejection fraction was not significantly affected in obese subjects (60.86�34%) than normal individual (60.42�18%) which was found to be statistically not significant. So, in this study systolic function was not affected. The thickness of left ventricle was significantly increased in obese subjects (1.016�113 cm) than normal individual (0.77+0.073 cm) which was found to be statistically significant.Conclusions: The current study revealed increased wall thickness and mass of Left Ventricle (LV), significantly increased risk of LV diastolic dysfunction, evidence of Left Atrial (LA) enlargement associated with diastolic dysfunction, evidence of subclinical LV systolic dysfunction and Right Ventricular (RV) dysfunction among obese subjects in comparison with normal individuals.

11.
Med. interna (Caracas) ; 36(3): 138-148, 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1129863

ABSTRACT

Determinar la utilidad del protocolo FATE (Focused Assessment with Transthoracic Echocardiography) en la evaluación de los pacientes en shock. ingresados al Servicio de Cuidados Intermedios del Hospital Central Universitario Dr. "Antonio María Pineda", Barquisimeto, Venezuela en el período agosto-octubre 2019, Métodos: se realizó un estudio descriptivo transversal, de 30 pacientes, con promedio de edad de 56,86 ± 15,85 años, Resultados: predominó el grupo de 71-80 años (23,33%), de sexo masculino (63,33%). Según la clasificación del shock por Weil y Shubin el 50% presentó shock distributivo (todos por sepsis), 20% cardiogénico, 16,67% hipovolémico y obstructivo. 13,33% Los principales hallazgos ecocardiográficos fueron presencia de derrame pleural bilateral (33,33%), derrame pleural unilateral (30%) y derrame pericárdico (23,33%). Además, 26,67% presentaron espesor miocárdico patológico, 33,33% dimensiones de VD-VI aumentadas, 46,67% función sistólica ventricular alterada; sumado al hecho que 70% de la contractibilidad y 60% de la visualización pulmonar eran patológicas. El valor cualitativo del protocolo FATE resultó en: 43,33% soportaba la información disponible, 26,67% añadió información decisiva a la terapéutica, 23,33% agregó nueva información y 6,67% información fue pobre por mala ventana. La mortalidad a los 7 días fue de 43,33%, siendo más frecuente en pacientes con shock distributivo (61,54%), seguido de cardiogénico (23,08%) y obstructivo (15,38%), no hubo defunciones por shock hipovolémico. Los valores cualitativos del protocolo FATE en pacientes fallecidos; por shock distributivo 37,5%, soportó la información disponible y agregó nueva información, respectivamente. En cambio en 100% de los fallecidos por shock cardiogénico y obstructivo, el protocolo FATE añadió información decisiva a la terapéutica. Los resultados demuestran la importancia del Protocolo FATE en el manejo de pacientes con shock(AU)


To determine the usefulness of the FATE protocol (Focused Assessment with Transthoracic Echocardiography) in the evaluation of patients in shock admitted to the Intermediate Care Unit of the "University Hospital Antonio Maria Pineda" in Barquisimeto, Venezuela, during the period August-October 2019, Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was done, selecting 30 patients, with an average age of 56.86 ± 15.85 years; the most affected group was 71-80 years old (23.33%), with a predominance of the male sex (63.33%) Results: According to the classification of shock by Weil and Shubin, 50% were found to have distributive shock (all due to sepsis), 20% cardiogenic, 16.67% hypovolemic and obstructive 13.33%. The main echocardiographic findings were the presence of bilateral pleural effusion (33.33%), unilateral pleural effusion (30%) and pericardial effusion (23.33%). In addition, 26.67% presented pathological myocardial thickness, 33.33% increased RV-LV dimensions, 46.67% impaired ventricular systolic function; also, 70% of contractibility and 60% of pulmonary visualization were pathological. The qualitative value of the FATE protocol resulted in: 43.33% supported the available information, 26.67% added decisive information to the therapy, 23.33% added new information and 6.67% information was poor due to a bad US window. (Mortality at 7 days was 43.33%, being more frequent in patients with distributive shock (61.54%), followed by cardiogenic (23.08%) and obstructive (15.38%); there were no deaths due to hypovolemic shock. The qualitative values of the FATE protocol in patients with distributive shock who died, was that 37.5% In contrast, in 100% of those who died by cardiogenic and obstructive shock, the FATE protocol added decisive information to the therapy. Conclusion:The results demonstrate the importance of the FATE Protocol in the management of patients with shock(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Shock, Cardiogenic/physiopathology , Blood Volume , Ultrasonography , Focused Assessment with Sonography for Trauma , Pulmonary Embolism , Intensive Care Units , Myocardial Infarction
12.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-211839

ABSTRACT

Background: It was to evaluate the association of serum levels of vitamin D in patients with congestive heart failure.Methods: The present study was conducted in the department of Medicine at Chattrapati Shivaji Subharti Hospital among 100 patients, aged 18 years and above diagnosed as congestive heart failure on the basis of clinical and echocardiographic evidence. Clinical manifestations looked for CHF were: Dyspnea, orthopnea, acute pulmonary edema, cerebral symptoms, cheyne-stokes respiration, cyanosis, sinus tachycardia, raised jugular venous pressure, congestive hepatomegaly and pedal edema. In the present study deficiency/ insufficiency of vitamin D was considered when the presence of levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D was <30 ng/ml. Laboratory tests performed to diagnose congestive heart failure and serum vitamin D levels were complete blood count, KFT (urea, serum creatinine), serum electrolytes, ECG, chest X ray and echocardiogram. Data were tabulated and examined using the statistical package for Social Sciences Version 22.0.Results: When data was assessed for comparison in relation to NHYA grades and vitamin D levels, it was found to be statistically significant. The Mean±SD scores of serum urea (mg/dL) was found to be 44.7±56.4, 47.3±63.8 and 36.4± 18.3 in whole study sample, vitamin D levels <30 and vitamin D levels >30 respectively with statistically significant difference. The Mean±SD scores of CPK MB (IU/L) was found to be 33.1±20.8 and 18.6±13.3 among the subjects having vitamin D levels <30 and vitamin D levels >30 respectively with statistically significant difference.Conclusions: The results of the present study suggest that low levels of vitamin D may adversely affect the cardiovascular system.

13.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-211918

ABSTRACT

Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is a rare syndrome characterized by acute left ventricular dysfunction with regional left ventricular ballooning, mimicking myocardial infarction. This condition is often described in post-menopausal women. Authors present a case in an elderly primi with twin gestation immediately after Cesarean surgery. We discussed her presentation, investigations, diagnosis, management and outcome. 35 year female, a primi with twin pregnancy developed chest pain and shortness of breath immediately after Cesarean surgery. Her Electrocardiograph was abnormal, and Echocardiogram demonstrated abnormal apical ballooning of the left ventricle and severe dysfunction. Cardiac enzymes were elevated and chest skiagram showed pulmonary edema. She was managed in the intensive care unit with oxygen supplementation, diuretics and inotropes. She made an excellent recovery with normalization of left ventricular ejection fraction within 8 days. During the six months follow up, she was asymptomatic and left ventricular function remained normal.

14.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-204225

ABSTRACT

Background: To study the pattern of heart diseases in children aged 1 month to 12 years of age and to assess the pattern, age and gender specific distribution of congenital heart diseases and acquired heart diseases in various age groups like infants, toddler, preschool and school children to prevent morbidity and mortality. To study the various complications associated with various types of heart diseases.Methods: This is a descriptive study of one-year duration in which children with suspicion of heart disease were subjected to ECG, Chest X ray and Echocardiogram. Patients with confirmed heart disease were included and the infants less than 1 month, CCF due to anaemia or without any structural abnormality were excluded.Results: The prevalence of heart disease was 0.9% in author study. VSD is the commonest acyanotic lesion in all age group observed and TOF is the commonest cyanotic lesion. Most of the cyanotic lesions were observed in less than one year. Most of the acyanotic lesions fall within 5 to 12 years. RHD and rheumatic carditis forms the major acquired lesion followed by dilated cardiomyopathy. VSD, ASD, PDA, TOF, Pulmonary stenosis, Rheumatic carditis and MR were predominant in females whereas Aortic stenosis (Bicuspid aortic valve), AV canal defect, TGA, TAPVC were predominant in males. Among the nutritional status 64.2% of patients from acyanotic group and 100% patients from cyanotic group were malnourished. 35% of acyanotic and 100% of cyanotic group were stunted.Conclusions: Acyanotic lesion is the commonest, among which VSD is most common. TOF is the common cyanotic CHD. More than half of the patients were asymptomatic in acyanotic group and presented in the 5- 12 years age group and diagnosed on the basis of clinical suspicion on routine health visits or for some other reason.

15.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 71(4): 1107-1115, jul.-ago. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1038604

ABSTRACT

Radiografias torácicas e ecocardiogramas de 104 caninos foram avaliados e correlacionados quanto ao aumento das câmaras cardíacas. Os achados radiográficos foram correlacionados estatisticamente a fim de se estabelecer a acurácia do exame radiográfico na detecção do aumento cardíaco em comparação ao ecocardiográfico - padrão-ouro não invasivo. A correlação entre os achados radiográficos indicativos de aumento cardíaco e os índices ecocardiográficos mostrou-se fraca, significativa somente para VHS versus relação átrio esquerdo/aorta (r=0,3136), eixo curto versus relação átrio esquerdo/aorta (r=0,3813) e eixo curto versus velocidade da onda E (r=0,2021). A acurácia da radiografia na determinação subjetiva de aumento das câmaras cardíacas foi razoável, variando entre 72,1% e 80,8%. Em contrapartida, o VHS apresentou baixa acurácia (50,9%) na detecção de cardiomegalia.(AU)


Thoracic radiographs and echocardiograms of 104 canines were evaluated and correlated regarding cardiac chambers enlargement. The radiographic findings were statistically correlated in order to establish the accuracy of the radiographic examination in the detection of cardiac enlargement in comparison with the echocardiogram - non-invasive gold standard. The correlation between the radiographic findings indicative of cardiac enlargement and echocardiographic indexes was weak, significant only for VHS versus left atrium to aorta ratio (r= 0.3136), short axis versus left atrium to aorta ratio (r= 0, 3813) and short axis versus E wave velocity (r= 0.2021). The radiographic accuracy in the subjective determination of cardiac chamber enlargement was reasonable, ranging from 72.1% to 80.8%. On the other hand, VHS presented low accuracy (50.9%) in the detection of cardiomegaly.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Radiography, Thoracic/veterinary , Cardiomegaly/veterinary , Cardiomegaly/diagnostic imaging , Cardiomyopathies/diagnostic imaging , Echocardiography/veterinary
16.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-194410

ABSTRACT

Background: Diastolic heart failure occurs due to impaired myocardial relaxation and compliance. Of late, it has been suggested that the changes in the diastolic function occurs before the onset of diabetes, and present in the prediabetic patients. It is also said to be associated with insulin resistance.Methods: This observational study was performed on 50 diabetic patients, with asymptomatic type 2 diabetes. who came in for 2 D echocardiogram with suspected diastolic dysfunction.Results: The mean age among the 50 patients in the study was 54.1±10.99 years and in controls it was 49.56±10.63 years. The fasting sugar among the patients was 179.43±41.57 mg/dl and the post prandial was 236.72±76.24, and it was in the normal range in the controls. The HbA1c was 9.93±1.2 among the patients and 6.09 ± 0.34 in the controls. In the patients, the E/A ratio was 0.83±0.09 compared to 1.22±0.31 of the controls, which was highly significant as the E/e ratio which was 15.1±3.4 and 7.3±0.08 respectively.Conclusions: There was a higher prevalence of diastolic dysfunction among the patients with diabetes in our study. There was no relation of age or gender among the diabetic and the controls, while a strong association and indicators seem to be FBS, PLBS and HbA1c.

17.
Med. infant ; 26(2): 139-141, Junio 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1015939

ABSTRACT

El control ecocardiográfico al momento de la reparación de las cardiopatías congénitas es una estrategia cardiológica para mejorar los resultados quirúrgicos de nuestros pacientes. En este artículo les contamos cómo es el método, qué información nos brinda y cómo influye en la toma de decisiones en el quirófano y en el manejo posoperatorio (AU)


Echocardiographic monitoring at the time of congenital heart defects repair is a strategy to improve the surgical outcomes of our patients. In this article we discuss the method, what information it provides, and how it influences decision-making in the operating room and postoperative management (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Monitoring, Intraoperative/methods , Echocardiography, Transesophageal/adverse effects , Echocardiography, Transesophageal/methods , Heart Defects, Congenital/surgery , Heart Defects, Congenital/diagnostic imaging , Extracorporeal Circulation , Intraoperative Care
18.
Rev. costarric. salud pública ; 28(1): 74-82, ene.-jun. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013977

ABSTRACT

Resumen La amiloidosis es una enfermedad multisistémica, originada por un plegamiento proteico anormal el cual a su vez genera su depósito y acumulación en diferentes tejidos. A nivel cardiovascular, el amiloide se deposita en el tejido miocárdico generando las manifestaciones típicas de la enfermedad. Presenta hallazgos electrocardiográficos y ecocardiográficos distintivos que proporcionan una ayuda invaluable en el diagnóstico de la amiloidosis cardiaca. En el presente artículo se expone un caso de un paciente portador de amiloidosis AL, quien exhibe síntomas de falla cardiaca y en el cual se documenta posteriormente severo compromiso cardiovascular. Además, se presenta una revisión de las manifestaciones cardiovasculares y el diagnóstico de dicha patología.


Abstract Amyloidosis is a multisystemic disease, originated by an abnormal protein folding which in turn generates its deposit and accumulation in different tissues. At a cardiovascular level, amyloid is deposited in the myocardial tissue and thus generating the typical manifestations of the disease. It presents distinctive electrocardiographic and echocardiographic findings that provide invaluable help in the diagnosis of cardiac amyloidosis. In this article, a case of a patient with AL amyloidosis is presented. Said patient developed symptoms of heart failure, which later progressed into severe cardiovascular compromise. Furthermore, a review of the cardiovascular manifestations and the diagnosis of said pathology is presented.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Heart Diseases , Amyloidosis/complications , Amyloidosis/diagnostic imaging , Costa Rica
19.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(2): 229-232, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-990581

ABSTRACT

Abstract Advanced renal cell carcinoma accompanied by tumor thrombus in the venous system is present in up to 10% of cases. Extension of tumor thrombus above the diaphragm or into the right atrium represents level IV disease. Level IV tumors are typically treated with sterno-laparotomy approach with or without deep hypothermic circulatory arrest and veno-venous bypass. In this case report, the surgical technique for the resection of advanced RCC were described, with the concomitant use of transesophageal echocardiography for thrombus extraction without the veno-venous or cardiopulmonary bypass.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/surgery , Thrombectomy/methods , Echocardiography, Transesophageal/methods , Venous Thrombosis/surgery , Kidney Neoplasms/surgery , Vena Cava, Inferior/surgery , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Ultrasonography, Interventional , Venous Thrombosis/pathology , Kidney Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging
20.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-202194

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Diabetes mellitus is a complex metabolicdisorder associated with an increased risk of microvascularand macrovascular disease. Type 2 diabetes mellitus is aprevalent metabolic disorder that often leads to cardiovasculardiseases and diabetic cardiomyopathy, which may lead tochronic pressure overload and myocardial infarction. Thepresent study aimed at studying the extent and complexity ofcardiovascular lesions among diabetic patients and comparesame with non-diabetic patients.Materials and methods: The present study was a CaseControl (Analytical and Interventional) Study conductedover 18 months (October 2016 to March 2018). Case groupconsisted of 250 Diabetic patients with cardiac symptoms,with or without ECG changes, who have undergone coronaryangiography. And Controls group consisted of 250 NonDiabetic patients with cardiac symptoms, with or withoutECG changes, have undergone coronary angiography.Results: In the present study, among diabetics, there were52.8% male patients and 47.2% female patients, similarlyamong non diabetic group, 57.2% were males and 42.8%cases were females. 12.4% people were found normal, 37.6%were suffering from Single vessel disease, 28.8% people withDouble vessel disease and 21.2% people with Triple vesseldisease.Conclusions: According to the present study, among coronaryangiography diagnosis, severe forms of coronary artery lesionswere found common among diabetic patients as compared tonon diabetic patients.

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