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1.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 32: e74486, jan. -dez. 2024.
Article in English, Spanish, Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1554452

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: analisar a relação entre apoio social e qualidade do sono de pessoas idosas que cuidam de outros idosos em ambiente de vulnerabilidade social. Método: estudo transversal realizado com 65 cuidadores entrevistados por meio de instrumento de caracterização, Índice de Katz, Escala de Lawton e Brody, Índice de Qualidade do Sono de Pittsburgh e Escala de Apoio Social do Medical Outcomes Study, com dados analisados com testes de comparação e de correlação. Resultados: a maioria eram mulheres, cônjuges do idoso cuidado e possuíam sono de má qualidade. Observou-se correlação fraca e inversa entre má qualidade do sono e a dimensão interação social positiva (Rho=-0,27; p=0,028). Identificou-se relação significativa entre: apoio material e disfunção diurna (p=0,034); apoio afetivo e eficiência do sono (p=0,026); interação social positiva e qualidade subjetiva do sono (p=0,001) e disfunção diurna (p=0,008). Conclusão: Quanto maior a interação social positiva, melhor é a qualidade do sono.


Objective: to analyze the relationship between social support and sleep quality of elderly individuals who care for other elderly individuals in a socially vulnerable environment. Method: a cross-sectional study conducted with 65 caregivers interviewed using a characterization instrument, Katz Index, Lawton and Brody Scale, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, and Medical Outcomes Study Social Support Scale, with data analyzed using comparison and correlation tests. Results: the majority were women, spouses of the elderly being cared for, and had poor sleep quality. A weak and inverse correlation was observed between poor sleep quality and the positive social interaction dimension (Rho=-0.27; p=0.028). Significant relationships were identified between: material support and daytime dysfunction (p=0.034); emotional support and sleep efficiency (p=0.026); positive social interaction and subjective sleep quality (p=0.001), as well as daytime dysfunction (p=0.008). Conclusion: The higher the positive social interaction, the better the sleep quality.


Objetivo: analizar la relación entre el apoyo social y la calidad del sueño de personas mayores que cuidan de otras personas mayores en entornos socialmente vulnerables. Método: estudio transversal realizado con 65 cuidadores entrevistados mediante un instrumento de caracterización, Índice de Katz, Escala de Lawton y Brody, Índice de Calidad del Sueño de Pittsburgh y Escala de Apoyo Social del Medical Outcomes Study, los datos fueron analizados mediante pruebas de comparación y correlación. Resultados: la mayoría eran mujeres, cónyuges del adulto mayor que recibe el cuidado y tenían mala calidad del sueño. Se observó una correlación débil e inversa entre la mala calidad del sueño y la dimensión de interacción social positiva (Rho=-0,27; p=0,028). Se identificó que había relación significativa entre: apoyo material y disfunción diurna (p=0,034); apoyo afectivo y eficiencia del sueño (p=0,026); interacción social positiva y calidad subjetiva del sueño (p=0,001) y disfunción diurna (p=0,008). Conclusión: Cuanto mayor sea la interacción social positiva, mejor será la calidad del sueño.

2.
Semina cienc. biol. saude ; 45(1): 183-198, jan./jun. 2024. ilus; tab.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1554828

ABSTRACT

O câncer, frequentemente relacionado ao envelhecimento, impulsiona pacientes a buscarem tratamento hospitalar ou métodos alternativos, como plantas medicinais. Este estudo visou avaliar os perfis sociodemográfico e clínico e o consumo de plantas para fins medicinais entre pacientes idosos em tratamento oncológico no Hospital Araújo Jorge (HAJ). Dados de 55 pacientes foram analisados, abrangendo informações sociodemográficas, tipos de câncer, tratamento, a utilização de plantas medicinais, o objetivo de uso, as fontes de informações sobre plantas e se notaram alguma reação adversa após o consumo. A faixa etária mais encontrada foi 61 a 70 anos (67,27%), a maioria dos pacientes eram homens (63,64%), com ensino fundamental incompleto (32,73%), casados (56,36%) e que moram no interior de Goiás (43,64%). Quanto ao tratamento, a maioria realizava quimioterapia (40,00%) e o câncer gástrico foi mais relatado (14,54%). Sobre o uso de plantas medicinais, a maioria relatou simpatizar com o consumo (58,18%), e acredita em sua segurança devido à origem natural (59,37%). Informações sobre o uso de plantas medicinais eram obtidas com amigos, vizinhos e familiares (21,81%). Ao relatar sobre o consumo de plantas medicinais durante a quimioterapia, a maioria não percebeu nenhum efeito (40,63%). Foram citadas 17 plantas, que eram utilizadas no tratamento anticâncer (29,00%) e preparadas como infusões (18,75%) pelo uso das folhas frescas (60,00%), principalmente para uso interno (46,87%). Diante disso, a atenção farmacêutica se mostra vital para guiar pacientes nas práticas seguras e eficazes de consumo. Isso inclui direcionar sobre doses adequadas, efeitos colaterais e interações, garantindo bem-estar e prevenindo riscos à saúde.


Cancer, which is often related to ageing, drives patients to seek hospital treatment or alternative methods such as medicinal plants. This study aimed to evaluate the sociodemographic and clinical profile and the consumption of plants for medicinal purposes among elderly patients undergoing cancer treatment at the Araújo Jorge Hospital (AJH). Data from 55 patients was analyzed, covering sociodemographic information, types of cancer, treatment, the use of medicinal plants, the purpose of use, the source of information about plants and whether they noticed any adverse reactions after consumption. The most common age group was 61 to 70 years (67.27%), the majority of patients were men (63.64%), had incomplete primary education (32.73%), were married (56.36%) and lived in the interior of Goiás (43.63%). With regard to treatment, the majority were undergoing chemotherapy (40,00%) and gastric cancer was the most frequently reported (14.54%). With regard to the use of medicinal plants, the majority were sympathetic to their consumption (58.18%) and believed them to be safe due to their natural origin (59.37%). Information on the use of medicinal plants was obtained from friends, neighbors and family members (21.81%). When reporting on the consumption of medicinal plants during chemotherapy, the majority did not notice any effect (40.63%). Seventeen plants were mentioned, which were used for anticancer treatment (29,00%) and prepared as infusions (18.75%) with fresh leaves (60,00%), mainly for internal use (46.87%). In view of this, pharmaceutical care is vital to guide patients in safe and effective consumption practices. This includes guidance on appropriate doses, side effects and interactions, ensuring well-being and preventing health risks.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over
3.
Enferm. foco (Brasília) ; 15: 1-7, maio. 2024.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1553712

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Analisar a prática do enfermeiro da atenção primária à saúde acerca da aferição da circunferência da panturrilha no rastreio da sarcopenia em idosos. Métodos: Estudo descritivo de abordagem qualitativa, realizado com enfermeiros que atuam na atenção primária à saúde. As entrevistas foram realizadas mediante utilização de roteiro semiestruturado, nos meses de maio a julho de 2019. Resultados: Participaram do estudo 24 enfermeiros com idade média de 31,4 anos, predominantemente do sexo feminino. O tempo de formação dos participantes variou de cinco meses a 15 anos e, a maioria dos entrevistados relatou possuir pós-graduação (n=18), principalmente nas áreas de saúde da família e urgência e emergência. A maioria não utilizava em sua prática diária a avaliação da circunferência da panturrilha e alguns a realizavam apenas em idosos hipertensos e diabéticos. Conclusão: Há uma escassa utilização da aferição da circunferência da panturrilha na prática clínica do enfermeiro, o que compromete o rastreio da sarcopenia, e consequentemente dificulta a realização de ações que minimizam as complicações desta doença. (AU)


Objective: To analyze the practice of nurses in primary health care about measuring the circumference of the calf in screening for sarcopenia in the elderly. Methods: Descriptive study with a qualitative approach, carried out with nurses who work in primary health care. The interviews were conducted using a semi-structured script, from May to July 2019. Results: 24 nurses with a mean age of 31.4 years, predominantly female, participated in the study. Participants' training time ranged from five months to 15 years, and most respondents reported having a postgraduate degree (n=18), mainly in the areas of family health and urgency and emergency. Most did not use calf circumference assessment in their daily practice and some performed it only in hypertensive and diabetic elderly. Conclusion: There is little use of calf circumference measurement in clinical nursing practice, which compromises sarcopenia screening and, consequently, makes it difficult to carry out actions that minimize the complications of this disease. (AU)


Objetivo: Analizar la práctica de enfermeras de atención primaria de salud sobre la medición de la circunferencia de la pantorrilla en el cribado de sarcopenia en el anciano. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo con abordaje cualitativo, realizado con enfermeras que laboran en la atención primaria de salud. Las entrevistas se realizaron mediante un guión semiestructurado, de mayo a julio de 2019. Resultados: Participaron del estudio 24 enfermeras con una edad promedio de 31,4 años, predominantemente mujeres. El tiempo de formación de los participantes osciló entre cinco meses y 15 años, y la mayoría de los encuestados informó tener un título de posgrado (n = 18), principalmente en las áreas de salud familiar y urgencia y emergencia. La mayoría no utilizó la evaluación de la circunferencia de la pantorrilla en su práctica diaria y algunos la realizaron solo en ancianos hipertensos y diabéticos. Conclusión: La medición del perímetro de la pantorrilla es escasa en la práctica clínica de enfermería, lo que compromete el cribado de sarcopenia y, en consecuencia, dificulta la realización de acciones que minimicen las complicaciones de esta enfermedad. (AU)


Subject(s)
Weights and Measures , Aged , Sarcopenia , Geriatric Nursing
4.
Rev. cienc. salud (Bogotá) ; 22(2): 1-15, 20240531.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1555035

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la fragilidad, entendida como un estado previo a la discapacidad, confiere mayor vulnerabi-lidad a estresores externos y contribuye a desenlaces negativos como caídas, hospitalización, discapacidad y mortalidad. El objetivo de este estudio fue identificar su prevalencia y evaluar los factores asociados en los pacientes del Servicio Ambulatorio de Geriatría del Hospital Universitario San Ignacio (husi) en Bogotá (Colombia). Materiales y métodos: estudio de corte transversal con 689 pacientes atendidos en la consulta externa de geriatría del husi entre agosto de 2016 y marzo de 2020. Mediante regresiones logísticas se iden-tificaron los factores relacionados con la fragilidad. Resultados: la prevalencia fue del 35.4 %. En el análisis bivariado, las variables asociadas con la fragilidad fueron edad mayor de 80 años (or: 2.07; ic95 %: 1.40-3.20; p = 0.001), sexo femenino (or: 1.40; ic95 %: 0.99-2.02; p = 0.03), multimorbilidad (or: 2.13; ic95 %: 1.40-2.90; p < 0.001) y malnutrición (or: 2.23; ic95 %: 1.22-4.07; p = 0.009). En el análisis multivariado, la multimor-bilidad (or: 2.46; ic95 %: 1.62-3.75; p = 0.001), la velocidad de la marcha lenta (or: 5.15; ic95 %: 3.0-8.60; p = 0.001) y el perímetro de pantorrilla bajo (or: 1.60; ic95 %: 1.03-2.50; p = 0.06) se vincularon con la fragilidad. Conclusión: la prevalencia de fragilidad en el servicio de geriatría del husies mayor a la de los referentes nacionales; adicionalmente, las variables analizadas coinciden con las encontradas en la literatura; todo esto respecto a la gran complejidad clínica de los pacientes. Es clave la detección de los factores que se asocian con fragilidad, a fin de intervenirlos y prevenir desenlaces adversos


Introduction: Frailty, understood as a pre-disability state, increases vulnerability to external stressors and contributes to negative outcomes such as falls, hospitalization, disability, and mortality. This study aims to identify the prevalence of frailty and assess the associated factors in patients attending the geriatric outpatient service of the Hospital Universitario San Ignacio (husi). Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study involving 689 patients treated at the husigeriatric outpatient clinic between August 2016 and March 2020. Logistic regressions were conducted to identify factors associated with frailty. Results: The prevalence of frailty was 35.4 %. In bivariate analysis, variables associated with frailty included age over 80 years (or: 2.07; ci95 %: 1.40-3.20; p = 0.001), female sex (or: 1.40; ci95 %:0.99-2.02; p= 0.03), multimorbidity (or: 2.13; ci95 %:1.40-2.90; p < 0.001) and malnutrition (or: 2.23; ci95 %: 1.22-4.07; p = 0.009). In multivariate analysis, multimorbidity (or: 2.46; ci95 %: 1.62-3.75; p = 0.001), slow walking speed (or: 5.15; ci95 %: 3.0-8.60; p = 0.001) and low calf perimeter (or: 1.60; ci95 %: 1.03-2.50; p = 0.06) were associated with frailty. Conclusion: The prevalence of frailty in our center exceeds national references; and the identified variables align with those reported in the literature; reflecting the considerable clin-ical complexity of our patients. Detecting factors associated with frailty is crucial for intervention and prevention of adverse outcomes


ntrodução: a fragilidade, entendida como um estado anterior à incapacidade, confere maior vulnerabi-lidade a estressores externos e contribui para desfechos negativos como quedas, hospitalização, incapa-cidade e mortalidade. O objetivo deste estudo foi identificar a prevalência e avaliar os fatores associados à fragilidade em pacientes do ambulatório de geriatria do Hospital Universitário San Ignacio (husi) de Bogotá, Colômbia. Materiais e métodos: estudo transversal com 689 pacientes atendidos no ambulatório de geriatria do husi entre agosto de 2016 e março de 2020. Foram realizadas regressões logísticas para identificar fatores associados à fragilidade. Resultados: a prevalência de fragilidade foi de 35.4 %. Na análise bivariada, as variáveis associadas à fragilidade foram: idade acima de 80 anos (or:2.07; ic95 %:1.40-3,20; p = 0.001), gênero feminino (or:1.40; ic95 %:0.99-2.02; p = 0.03), multimorbidade (or: 2.13; ic95 %: 1.40-2.90; p < 0.001) e desnutrição (or:2.23; ic95 %:1.22-4.07; p = 0.009). Na análise multivariada, multimorbidade (or:2.46; ic95 %: 1.62-3.75; p = 0.001), velocidade lenta de caminhada (or:5.15; ic95 %:3.0-8.60; p = 0.001) e baixa circunferência da panturrilha (or: 1.60; ic95 %: 1.03-2.50; p = 0.06) foram associados à fragilidade. Conclusão: a prevalência de fragilidade no husi é superior à das referências nacionais; adicionalmente, as variáveis associadas coincidem com as encontradas na literatura; tudo isso em relação à grande complexidade clínica dos nossos pacientes. É fundamental detectar os fatores associados à fragilidade para intervir e prevenir resultados adversos


Subject(s)
Humans , Frail Elderly , Hospital Medicine
5.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1558098

ABSTRACT

Los desafíos del envejecimiento de la población y la acumulación de daño oral nos obligan a desarrollar herramientas diagnosticas validas y confiables que nos permitan caracterizar a la población, evaluar sus necesidades terapéuticas, planificar intervenciones significativas y realizar seguimiento de su condición. Con este propósito realizamos una revisión sistemática de la literatura relevante para establecer una metódica secuencial para la validación de la herramienta diagnostica Examen Dental Preventivo del Adulto Mayor. Seleccionamos 48 artículos relevantes, cuya heterogeneidad impidió la realización de un metaanálisis. Sin embargo, los artículos seleccionados fueron sometidos a una síntesis cuantitativa analítica, que nos permitió identificar los dominios y estrategias relevantes para la validación y proponer un protocolo de cinco fases secuenciales que presentamos en extenso en el presente artículo.


The challenges of population aging and the accumulation of oral damage force us to develop valid and reliable diagnostic tools to characterize the population, evaluate their therapeutic needs, plan significant interventions, and monitor their condition post treatment. We carried out a systematic review of the relevant literature to establish a sequential method for the validation of the Preventive Dental Examination of the Elderly diagnostic tool. We selected 48 relevant articles, whose heterogeneity prevented us from performing a meta-analysis. However, the selected articles were subjected to an analytical quantitative synthesis, which allowed us to identify the relevant domains and strategies for validation and then propose a protocol of five sequential phases that we present in detail in this article.

6.
Medisan ; 28(2)abr. 2024.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1558527

ABSTRACT

El envejecimiento es un conjunto de modificaciones morfológicas y fisiológicas, que aparecen como consecuencia de la acción del tiempo sobre los seres vivos, e implican cambios en los sistemas orgánicos que influyen en el desplazamiento. Teniendo en cuenta las insuficiencias detectadas en la preparación de los especialistas en medicina general integral para efectuar el diagnóstico temprano de ancianos con trastornos de la marcha, surgió la necesidad de sistematizar los referentes teóricos que sustentan la superación de estos profesionales. En tal sentido, en el presente artículo se describen los cambios en los sistemas de órganos relacionados con la marcha, la clasificación clínica, las causas y las consecuencias, lo cual ayudará a solucionar esta problemática en la atención primaria de salud.


Aging is a group of morphological and physiologic modifications that appear as consequence of the time action on living beings, and imply changes in the organic systems that influence in movement. Taking into account the inadequacies detected in the preparation of comprehensive general medicine specialists to make the early diagnosis of elderly with gait disorders, it was necessary to systematize the theoretical referents that sustain the training of these professionals. In such a sense, changes in the systems of organs related to gait, clinical classification, causes and consequences are dsecribed in this work, which will help to solve this problem in primary health care.

7.
Invest. educ. enferm ; 42(1): 53-68, 20240408. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1554605

ABSTRACT

Objective. To analyze the effectiveness of an educational intervention among nursing professionals and caregivers to prevent urinary tract infections in institutionalized elderly people. Methods. this is a quasi-experimental study carried out with 20 people (7 nurses and 13 formal caregivers). A questionnaire was applied during the pre-intervention stage, then professional training was carried out and finally, the questionnaire was reapplied 6 months after the intervention. The prevalence profile and factors associated with urinary infections in 116 elderly people was evaluated before and after the educational interventions. Statistical analysis was performed using association and correlation tests, logistic regression model comparison and prevalence rates. Results. The average number of correct answers by the nursing professionals Invest Educ Enferm. 2024; 42(1): e05Educational interventions to prevent urinary infections in institutionalized elderly people. Quasi-experimental Studyand caregivers after the educational intervention increased from the pre to the post-test by 52% regarding signs of urinary infection, 32% regarding its symptoms, 72.5% regarding its treatment, 40% regarding personal/behavioral and morbidity-related risk factors, 59% regarding conditional factors and 43.8% regarding its preventive measures. The team of caregivers showed a greater gain in knowledge compared to the nursing team in almost every question (p<0.05). The length of time working in elderly care showed no positive correlation with any variable (R<1; p>0.05). The prevalence of urinary tract infection in the pre-intervention period was 33.62%, and 20% in the post-intervention period. Conclusion.The educational intervention was effective in preventing urinary tract infections in the elderly. The increased knowledge acquired by nurses and caregivers was associated with a reduction in the infection rate and an improvement in the most prevalent modifiable factors for the development of this type of pathology


Objetivo. Analizar la eficacia de una intervención educativa con profesionales de enfermería y cuidadores para prevenir las infecciones urinarias en ancianos institucionalizados. Métodos. Estudio cuasi-experimental realizado con 20 personas (7 enfermeros y 13 cuidadores formales). Se aplicó un cuestionario antes de la intervención, se llevó a cabo la capacitación de los enfermeros y se volvió a aplicar el cuestionario 6 meses después de la intervención. Se evaluó el perfil de prevalencia de las infecciones urinarias y los factores asociados de 116 ancianos antes y después de las intervenciones educativas. En el análisis estadístico se utilizaron pruebas de asociación y correlación, comparación de modelos de regresión logística y tasas de prevalencia. Resultados. El promedio de respuestas correctas del equipo de enfermería y de los cuidadores tras la intervención educativa aumentó del pre al post-test en un 52% con los signos de infección urinaria, un 32% con los síntomas, un 72.5% con el tratamiento, y un 40% con los factores de riesgo personales/conductuales y los relacionados con la morbilidad, un 59% con los factores condicionales y un 43.8% con las medidas preventivas. El equipo de cuidadores mostró una mayor aprehensión de conocimientos en relación al equipo de enfermería en casi todas las preguntas (p<0.05). El tiempo dedicado al cuidado de ancianos no mostró correlación positiva con ninguna variable (R<1; p>0.05). La prevalencia de infección urinaria en el período pre-intervención fue del 33.62% y en el post-intervención del 20%. Conclusión. La intervención educativa fue eficaz en la prevención de las infecciones urinarias en ancianos. El aumento de conocimientos adquiridos por los enfermeros y por los cuidadores se relacionó con la reducción de la tasa de infecciones y el mejoramiento de los factores modificables más prevalentes para desarrollar este tipo de patología.


Objetivo. Analisar a efetividade de intervenção educativa com profissionais de enfermagem e cuidadores para prevenção de infecções do trato urinário de idosos institucionalizados. Métodos. Estudo quase experimental realizado com 20 pessoas (7 enfermeiros e 13 cuidadores formais). Aplicou-se questionário na pré-intervenção, realizou-se capacitação dos profissionais e reaplicação do questionário 6 meses pós-intervenção. O perfil de prevalência de infecções urinárias e fatores associados de 116 idosos foi avaliado antes e após as intervenções educativas. Na análise estatística utilizou-se testes de associação e de correlação, comparação de modelos de regressão logística e de taxas de prevalência. Resultados. A média de acertos da equipe de enfermagem e de cuidadores, após intervenção educativa, aumentou do pré para o pós-teste em 52% com relação aos sinais de infecção urinária, 32% a sintomas, 72.5% tratamento, e 40% sobre fatores de risco pessoais/comportamentais e relacionados a morbidade, 59% a fatores condicionais e 43,8% sobre medidas preventivas. A equipe de cuidadores apresentou maior ganho de conhecimento em relação à equipe de enfermagem em quase todas as questões (p<0.05). O tempo de cuidado com idoso não apresentou correlação positiva com nenhuma variável (R<1; p>0.05). A prevalência de infecção do trato urinário no período pré-intervenção foi de 33.62% e pós intervenção 20%. Conclusão. A intervenção educativa foi efetiva na prevenção às infecções do trato urinário dos idosos. O aumento do conhecimento adquirido por enfermeiros e cuidadores foi associado à redução da taxa de infecções e à melhoria dos fatores modificáveis mais prevalentes para o desenvolvimento desse tipo de patologia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Health Education , Homes for the Aged
8.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 39(3): 421-429, 2024-04-24. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1554113

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El objetivo de este estudio fue comparar los desenlaces a corto plazo de la gastrectomía laparoscópica en adultos vs. adultos mayores con cáncer gástrico localmente avanzado en una cohorte de un país occidental. Métodos. Estudio de cohorte prospectivo en pacientes sometidos a gastrectomía laparoscópica por cáncer gástrico localmente avanzado, en el Hospital Universitario Erasmo Meoz, de Cúcuta, Colombia, entre noviembre de 2014 y diciembre de 2018. Se realizó análisis descriptivo, de comparación de grupos y bivariado. Resultados. De un total de 116 pacientes, 51 pacientes (44 %) tenían 65 años o más y 63 pacientes (54 %) eran hombres. No se encontró diferencia estadísticamente significativa al comparar los pacientes menores de 65 años con los de 65 años o más. La mediana del tiempo operatorio fue de 240 minutos en ambos grupos (p>0,05), la mediana de los márgenes de resección macroscópica fue 6 cm vs. 5 cm (p>0,05), la mediana de los ganglios linfáticos disecados fue 25 vs. 19 (p>0,05), la mediana de ganglios linfáticos positivos fue 4 vs. 3 (p>0,05), la mediana de estancia fue de 7 días en ambos grupos (p>0,05). La tasa general de complicaciones posoperatorias no difirió significativamente entre adultos (7%) y adultos mayores (11 %) (p>0,05) y no se observaron diferencias significativas en las tasas de complicaciones menores (Clavien-Dindo grado II; 3-5 % vs. 6-12 %; p>0,05) y graves (Clavien-Dindo ≥ IIIa; 3-5 % vs. 4-8 %; p>0,05). Conclusiones. No se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas en los resultados a corto plazo entre los pacientes adultos y adultos mayores con cáncer gástrico localmente avanzado tratados con gastrectomía laparoscópica. Esta técnica es segura en ancianos.


Introduction. The objective of this study was to compare the short-term outcomes of laparoscopic gastrectomy in adults vs. older patients with locally advanced gastric cancer from a Western country cohort. Methods. Prospective cohort study in patients undergoing laparoscopic gastrectomy for locally advanced gastric cancer at the Hospital Universitario Erasmo Meoz, de Cúcuta, Colombia, between November 2014 and December 2018. Descriptive, group comparison and bivariate analysis was performed. Results. Of a total of 116 patients, 51 patients (44%) were 65 years or older and 63 patients (54%) were men. No statistically significant difference was found when comparing patients under 65 years of age with those 65 years of age or older. The median operating time was 240 minutes in both groups (p>0.05), the median macroscopic resection margins were 6 cm vs. 5 cm (p>0.05), the median number of lymph nodes dissected was 25 vs. 19 (p>0.05), the median number of positive lymph nodes was 4 vs. 3 (p>0.05), the median stay was 7 days in both groups (p>0.05). The overall rate of postoperative complications did not differ significantly between adults (7%) and older adults (11%) (p>0.05) and no significant differences were observed in the rates of minor (Clavien-Dindo grade II; 3-5% vs. 6-12%; p>0.05) and severe complications (Clavien-Dindo ≥ IIIa; 3-5% vs. 4-8%; p>0.05). Conclusions. No statistically differences were found in short-term outcomes between adult and older patients with locally advanced gastric cancer treated with laparoscopic gastrectomy. This technique is safe in the elderly.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stomach Neoplasms , Aged , Gastrectomy , Postoperative Complications , Laparoscopy , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures
9.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1558168

ABSTRACT

Aging is a gradual and adaptive process that entails a series of changes, leading to reduced functional and physiological capacity. Each elderly person presents heterogeneous health conditions that must be considered by the interdisciplinary team responsible for their functional maintenance and overall health. This descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted on elderly individuals with deficient removable dental prostheses, treated at the dental prosthetic rehabilitation centre of Hospital Del Salvador, in Santiago de Chile between the years 2021 and 2023. Instruments and indices were used to record and measure muscular conditions, such as the hand grip strength measurements, the Timed Up and Go test, and the calf circumference measurement. Information on educational levels, geriatric syndromes, chronic diseases, and medication consumption was collected. Of the participants, 58.9 % were female, and 41.1 % were male, with a mean age of 84.2 years for males and 80.4 years for females. 20.8 % had access to higher education, and 22.6 % lived alone. 78.5 % had lost all posterior support zones. 81.5 % had visual impairments; 36.3 % had auditory impairments, and 31.5 % had experienced one or more falls in the last 6 months. The mean sum of medications consumed per person was 4.32. The most prevalent morbidities were arterial hypertension (66.4 %) and type II diabetes (32.7 %). Means values for male/ female were: Hand Grip Strength 27.84 Kg/17.99 kg, Timed Up and Go 14.3 sec/14.9sec, BMI 27.16/ 26.44, and calf circumference 35.5 cm /35.2cm, values were within the normal range of values. The data collected is important to consider when treatment planning and implementing actions aimed at maintaining oral and general functionality. These aspects should be addressed from a multidimensional perspective, including risk factors, in both the diagnosis and dental treatments.


Envejecer es un proceso gradual y adaptativo que conlleva cambios, que reducen la capacidad funcional y fisiológica. Cada persona mayor presenta condiciones de salud heterogéneas que deben ser consideradas por el equipo interdisciplinario a cargo de su mantención funcional y estado de salud. Estudio descriptivo, corte transversal, en personas mayores portadoras de prótesis dentales removibles deficientes, del servicio dental de rehabilitación protésica del Hospital Del Salvador de Santiago de Chile, entre los años 2021-2023. Se emplearon instrumentos e índices para realizar registro y medición de condiciones musculares como fuerza de presión manual, prueba Timed Up and Go y medición del perímetro de pantorrilla. Se recolectó información asociada a nivel de escolaridad, síndromes geriátricos, enfermedades crónicas y cantidad de fármacos que consumen. Un 58,9 % eran mujeres, la edad media de hombres fue de 84,2 años y la de mujeres fue de 80,4 años. Un 20,8 % tuvo acceso a educación superior. El 22,6 % vive solo. Un 78,5 % ha perdido todas las zonas de soporte dentario posterior. Un 81.5 % tiene alteraciones visuales; un 36.3 % alteraciones auditivas; un 31.5 % ha tenido 1 o más caídas en los últimos 6 meses. La media de fármacos fue de 4.32 por persona. Las morbilidades más prevalentes fueron hipertensión arterial (66.4 %) y diabetes tipo II (32,7 %). Los valores promedios encontrados para hombres/mujeres en fuerza de prensión manual fueron 27,84 Kg/17,99 kg, Timed Up and Go fueron 14,3 sec / 14,9 sec, IMC 27,16/ 26,44 y perímetro de pantorrilla 35,5 cm / 35,2 cm. Todos los datos clasificaron en el rango de normalidad. Las características observadas son importantes a considerar al momento de planificar tratamientos e implementar medidas orientadas a mantener funcionalidad oral y general. Éstas deben ser abordadas desde una mirada multidimensional, incluyendo los factores de riesgo, tanto en el diagnóstico como su tratamiento odontológico.

10.
Licere (Online) ; 27(01): 21-44, março.2024.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1554247

ABSTRACT

O presente trabalho trata-se de um estudo que analisa os processos de sociabilidade que acontecem em um grupo de convivência para idosos na cidade de João Neiva, no Espírito Santo (ES). Para isso, apropriamo-nos do conceito de sociabilidade desenvolvido pelo filósofo alemão Georg Simmel e do conceito de "pedaço" do antropólogo José Guilherme Cantor Magnani, estendendo essa concepção ao Centro Associativo Renascer (CEAR), onde foram observadas relações de tensões, mas principalmente de um forte sentimento de pertencimento que sustenta uma rede de sociabilidade entre os frequentadores do local.


The present work is a study that analyzes the processes of sociability that take place in a coexistence group for the elderly in the city of João Neiva, in Espírito Santo (ES). For this, we appropriated the concept of sociability developed by the german philosopher Georg Simmel and also the concept of "piece" by the anthropologist José Guilherme Cantor Magnani, extending this conception to the Centro Associativo Renascer (CEAR), where relations of tensions were observed, but mainly from a strong sense of belonging that sustains a sociability network among the locals.

11.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 57: e13282, fev.2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1557303

ABSTRACT

Abstract Sarcopenia is a pathology resulting from a progressive and severe loss of muscle mass, strength, and function in the course of aging, which has deleterious consequences on quality of life. Among the most widespread studies on the issue are those focused on the effect of different types of physical exercise on patients with sarcopenia. This randomized controlled study aimed to compare the effects of a whole-body vibration exercise (WBV) session on the inflammatory parameters of non-sarcopenic (NSG, n=22) and sarcopenic elderly (SG, n=22). NSG and SG participants were randomly divided into two protocols: intervention (squat with WBV) and control (squat without WBV). After a one-week washout period, participants switched protocols, so that everyone performed both protocols. Body composition was assessed by dual-energy radiological absorptiometry (DXA) and function through the six-minute walk test (6MWD) and Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB). Plasma soluble tumor necrosis factor receptors (sTNFR) were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and measured before and immediately after each protocol. After exercise with WBV, there was an increase in sTNFR2 levels in the NSG (P<0.01; d=-0.69 (-1.30; -0.08) and SG (P<0.01, d=-0.95 (-1.57; -0.32) groups. In conclusion, an acute session of WBV influenced sTNFr2 levels, with sarcopenic individuals showing a greater effect. This suggested that WBV had a more pronounced impact on sTNFr2 in those with loss of muscle strength and/or physical performance. Additionally, WBV is gaining recognition as an efficient strategy for those with persistent health issues.

12.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 57: e13344, fev.2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1557312

ABSTRACT

Reminiscence therapy (RT) attenuates psychological disorders in cancer patients. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of RT on anxiety, depression, spiritual well-being, and quality of life in elderly patients with unresectable, metastatic gastrointestinal cancer. A total of 222 elderly patients with unresectable, metastatic gastrointestinal cancer were randomized into RT group (RT plus usual care, n=112) or control group (usual care, n=110) with a 6-month intervention. Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale for Anxiety (HADS-A) and Depression (HADS-D), Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Spiritual Well-Being Scale (FACIT-Sp), and Quality of Life Questionnaire-Core 30 (QLQ-C30) were evaluated at month (M)0, M1, M3, and M6. Concerning the primary outcome, HADS-A score at M6 decreased in the RT group compared to the control group (P=0.005). As to secondary outcomes, the RT group showed decreased HADS-A scores at M3, anxiety rate at M3, HADS-D scores at M3 and M6, depression rate at M6, as well as greater FACIT-Sp scores at M1, M3, and M6 vs the control group (all P<0.050). Additionally, QLQ-C30 global health score was elevated at M1 (P=0.046) and M6 (P=0.005), functions score was greater at M6 (P=0.038), and symptoms score was lower at M3 (P=0.019) in the RT group than in the control group. Subgroup analysis revealed that the addition of RT was more effective for patients with anxiety or depression at baseline. In summary, RT alleviated anxiety and depression, and improved the spiritual well-being and quality of life within 6 months in elderly patients with unresectable, metastatic gastrointestinal cancer.

13.
Medisan ; 28(1)feb. 2024.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1558505

ABSTRACT

El proceso fisiológico de envejecimiento conlleva situaciones de riesgo y el deterioro acelerado de la salud; sin embargo, se detectan insuficiencias en la preparación del médico de la familia para la identificación y el tratamiento del anciano frágil. Por tal motivo, en este artículo se describen los referentes teóricos para la superación profesional sobre el síndrome de fragilidad en la atención primaria de salud. Se analizan criterios diagnósticos y manifestaciones clínicas de dicho síndrome, así como los requerimientos para la integración de los factores multidimensionales necesarios, que garanticen la calidad de la atención al paciente desde los puntos de vista integral e interdisciplinario.


The aging physiologic process leads to risk situations and quick deterioration of health; however, some inadequacies in the preparation of the family doctor for the identification and treatment of the fragile elderly are detected. For such a reason, in this work the theoretical referents for professional training on the fragility syndrome in primary health care are described. Diagnostic criteria and clinical manifestations of this syndrome are analyzed, as well as the requirements for the integration of the necessary multidimensional factors that guarantee quality of patient care from the integral and interdisciplinary points of view.

14.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 12(1): 1-4, jan.-dez. 2024. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1554327

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Segmental and Focal Glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) is an entity characterized by glomerular damage involving the podocyte as the main target. A variant with a worse prognosis, poor response to corticosteroid therapy, and rapid progression to end-stage renal disease is recognized as collapsing FSGS. Case Report: A 102-year-old man with nephrotic syndrome and acute kidney injury underwent renal biopsy, revealing collapsing FSGS. He achieved an excellent response to immunosuppressive treatment, presenting renal recovery, and was discharged from dialysis treatment. Discussion: Diagnosis and definition of treatment in the elderly are challenging, and each case must be individualized and have functionality and risk assessed in a naturally immunosuppressed population.


Introdução: Glomeruloesclerose Segmentar e Focal (GESF) é uma entidade caracterizada por lesão glomerular que envolve o podócito como principal alvo. Uma variante de pior prognóstico, baixa resposta à corticoterapia, e rápida evolução para doença renal terminal é reconhecida como GESF colapsante. Relato de Caso: Um homem de 102 anos com síndrome nefrótica e lesão renal aguda foi submetido a biópsia renal, revelando GESF colapsante. Ele obteve excelente resposta ao tratamento imunossupressor, apresentando recuperação renal e recebendo alta de terapia renal substitutiva. Discussão: Diagnóstico e definição de tratamento nos idosos são desafiadores, devendo-se individualizar cada caso, avaliar funcionalidade e risco em uma população naturalmente imunossupressa.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged, 80 and over , Aged , Frail Elderly , Glomerulonephritis , Kidney Failure, Chronic , Nephrotic Syndrome
15.
Nursing (Ed. bras., Impr.) ; 27(308): 10095-10105, fev.2024. tab.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1537204

ABSTRACT

Identificar os cuidados de enfermagem necessários para o banho de aspersão seguro para idosos no quotidiano de uma instituição de longa permanência. Método: Revisão Integrativa da literatura, recorte entre 2001 e 2022. Os dados dos estudos incluídos resultaram em uma síntese descritiva, fundamentada na Teoria das Necessidades Humanas Básicas. Resultados: Obteve-se 13 estudos sobre cuidados no banho com e sem auxílio, envolvendo o equilíbrio psicobiológico, psicossocial e psicoespiritual, remoção de barreiras ambientais, adaptação domiciliar, maneiras de abordagem, musicoterapia e cuidados com a integridade da pele, oportunizando segurança e qualidade nas ações prestadas. Conclusões: Os cuidados precisam estar integrados às necessidades humanas básicas, respeitando as peculiaridades do processo de envelhecimento e as fragilidades dos idosos mais vulneráveis. A qualificação dos profissionais de enfermagem/cuidadores formais visa a padronização da execução do procedimento e a redução de ocorrência de desvios de procedimento.(AU)


To identify the nursing care necessary for safe spray baths for elderly people in daily life in a long-term care institution. Method: Integrative literature review, cut between 2001 and 2022. Data from the included studies resulted in a descriptive synthesis, based on the Theory of Basic Human Needs. Results: 13 studies were obtained on bath care with and without assistance, involving psychobiological, psychosocial and psychospiritual balance, removal of environmental barriers, home adaptation, approaches, music therapy and care for the integrity of the skin, providing safety and quality in the actions provided. Conclusions: Care needs to be integrated with basic human needs, respecting the peculiarities of the aging process and the weaknesses of the most vulnerable elderly people. The qualification of nursing professionals/formal caregivers aims to standardize the execution of the procedure and reduce the occurrence of procedural deviations.(AU)


Identificar los cuidados de enfermería necesarios para baños de aspersión seguros para personas mayores en la vida diaria en una institución de cuidados a largo plazo. Método: Revisión integrativa de la literatura, cortada entre 2001 y 2022. Los datos de los estudios incluidos resultaron en una síntesis descriptiva, basada en la Teoría de las Necesidades Humanas Básicas. Resultados: Se obtuvieron 13 estudios sobre cuidados del baño con y sin asistencia, involucrando equilibrio psicobiológico, psicosocial y psicoespiritual, remoción de barreras ambientales, adaptación domiciliaria, abordajes, musicoterapia y cuidado de la integridad de la piel, brindando seguridad y calidad en las acciones. proporcionó. Conclusiones: Los cuidados deben integrarse con las necesidades humanas básicas, respetando las peculiaridades del proceso de envejecimiento y las debilidades de las personas mayores más vulnerables. La calificación de los profesionales de enfermería/cuidadores formales tiene como objetivo estandarizar la ejecución del procedimiento y reducir la ocurrencia de desviaciones procesales.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Baths , Patient Safety , Homes for the Aged , Nursing Care
16.
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1553402

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Due to the aging of the population, nursing processes have been adapted to these patients, who require a high level of care and guidance. Objective: Analyzing the degree of dependence on nursing care by elderly patients (65 years or older) with femur fractures. Materials and Methods: retrospective, with a quantitative approach, carried out in a private hospital from April 2021 to April 2022. The sample comprehends 41 patients, analyzed epidemiological data and degree of dependence Study of nursing care during hospitalization, environment of hospitalization and discharge, according to the SCP. Results: Composed of 41 patients, mean age of 84 years and female predominance (75.61%). With regard to fractures, there was a greater occurrence due to falls from standing height and predominance of neck fractures, with an average time until surgery of less than 16 hours. Systemic Arterial Hypertension and Diabetes Mellitus were predominant. The average of the SCP estimates presented 24.26 in the 1st, 26.12 in the 2nd and 26.24 in the 3rd. The length of hospital stay was 7 days and no deaths were reported. Discussion: The findings on sociodemographic data, reasons for falls, location, comorbidities, degree of dependence and length of hospital stay are similar to those available in databases. They differ, in better quality, under time until surgery and clinical. Conclusions: The study presents specific knowledge to carry out the care of the intra-hospital nursing process, thus allowing the systematization of the team's assistance.


Subject(s)
Health of the Elderly , Classification , Femoral Fractures , Nurses Improving Care for Health System Elders , Nursing Assessment
17.
Online braz. j. nurs. (Online) ; 23: e20246676, 02 jan 2024. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1538198

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Descrever os aplicativos voltados para a segurança do paciente idoso cirúrgico nos períodos pré e pós-operatório. MÉTODO: Prospecção tecnológica com abordagem qualitativa realizada nas lojas virtuais Apple Store, Google Play e aplicativo web. Como estratégia de busca utilizou-se os termos: 'autocuidado idoso', 'pré-operatório', 'pós-operatório', 'segurança do paciente', 'segurança do paciente idoso'. RESULTADOS: Foram identificados 12 aplicativos na loja virtual Apple Store, 17 na Google Play e um web app, os quais estavam voltados a gamificação de profissionais da saúde e da população; aplicativos educacionais aos profissionais de saúde e usuários do sistema de saúde; aplicativos relacionados como ferramenta de trabalho para os profissionais de saúde; aplicativos como ferramenta de autocuidado para usuários do sistema de saúde; e, aplicativos voltados para pós-operatório de usuários do sistema de saúde. CONCLUSÃO: Não foram encontradas tecnologias voltadas para o autocuidado e segurança do paciente idoso nos períodos pré e pós-operatório


OBJECTIVE: To describe applications focused on the safety of elderly surgical patients in the pre- and postoperative periods. METHOD: Technology prospecting with a qualitative approach in the Apple Store, Google Play virtual stores, and web application. As a search strategy, the following terms were used: 'elderly self-care', 'preoperative', 'postoperative', 'patient safety', 'elderly patient safety'. RESULTS: 12 applications were identified in the Apple Store, 17 in Google Play, and a web app, which focused on the gamification of health and population professionals; educational applications to health professionals and health system users; related applications as a work tool for health professionals; applications as a self-care tool for health system users; and, post-operative applications for health system users. CONCLUSION: Technologies aimed at self-care and the safety of elderly patients were not found in the pre- and postoperative periods.

18.
rev.cuid. (Bucaramanga. 2010) ; 15(1): 1-13, 20240101.
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1562280

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Violence against older adults is a public health problem, being camouflaged in society due to the relationship between aggressors and victims. Objective: To analyze the profile of violence against older person in Brazil according to data from Brazilian capitals between 2011 and 2019, emphasizing the characteristics of the victims, the aggressors and the violence. Materials and Methods: This is a temporal ecological epidemiological research, collecting information from the DATASUS database of the Ministry of Health, and consulting the Notifiable Diseases Information System (SINAN). The population was made up of older adults with reported cases of violence between 2011 and 2019. Results: The majority of cases were female, with schooling corresponding to incomplete 1st-4th grade, white, with physical violence being the most recurrent, with repetition, within the residence, and the main aggressors were the children. Discussion: The predominance of females is justified by gender /sociocultural, the majority of victims are white, consistent with Brazilian self-declaration, level of education and greater distribution of uneducated older adults. Physical violence is the most prevalent, as it is more visible, favoring its identification. Older adults spend more time at home, triggering risk factors related to the aggressors, with children being more prevalent due to family structural changes. Conclusion: The study made it possible to profile violence against the old person, exposing the characteristics of this population and identifying possible risk/protective factors; the study also made it possible to identify the importance of correctly filling out the report form and the need to readjust the physical form and the information system.


Introducción: La violencia contra las personas mayores es un problema de salud pública, camuflándose en la sociedad debido a la relación entre agresores y víctimas. Objetivo: Analizar el perfil de la violencia contra las personas mayores en Brasil según datos de las capitales brasileñas entre 2011 y 2019, destacando las características de la víctima, el agresor y la violencia. Materiales y Métodos: Se trata de una investigación epidemiológica ecológica temporal, recogiendo información de la base de datos DATASUS del Ministerio de Salud, consultando el Sistema de Información de Enfermedades De Notificación (SINAN). La población estuvo constituida por personas mayores con casos de violencia reportados entre 2011-2019. Resultados: La mayoría de los casos fueron del sexo femenino, con escolaridad de 1º a 4º grado incompleta, de raza blanca, siendo la violencia física la más recurrente, con repetición, dentro de la residencia y los principales agresores fueron los hijos. Discusión: El predominio del sexo femenino se justifica por el género/sociocultural, la mayoría de las víctimas son blancas, en consonancia con la autodeclaración brasileña, el nivel de escolaridad y la mayor distribución de ancianos sin escolarización. La violencia física es la más prevalente, ya que es más visible, favoreciendo su identificación. Las personas mayores pasan más tiempo en casa, lo que desencadena factores de riesgo relacionados con el agresor, siendo más prevalentes los hijos debido a los cambios estructurales familiares. Conclusión: El estudio permitió perfilar la violencia contra el anciano, exponiendo las características de esta población e identificando posibles factores de riesgo/protección; permitió identificar la importancia del correcto llenado del formulario de notificación y la necesidad de reajustar el formulario físico y el sistema de información.


Introdução: A violência contra a pessoa idosa é um problema de saúde pública, sendo camuflada na sociedade devida relação entre agressores e vítimas. Objetivo: analisar o perfil da violência contra o idoso no Brasil de acordo com dados das capitais brasileiras entre 2011- 2019, enfatizando as características da vítima, do agressor e da violência. Materiais e Métodos: trata-se de uma pesquisa epidemiológica ecológica temporal, com coleta de informações na base de dados do DATASUS do Ministério da Saúde, consultando-se o Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificação (SINAN). A população foi composta por idosos com casos de violência notificados entre 2011-2019. Resultados: a maioria dos casos foi do sexo feminino, escolaridade de 1ª-4ª séries incompletas, cor branca, sendo a violência física mais recorrente, com repetição, dentro da residência e como principal agressor os filhos. Discussão: a predominância do sexo feminino se justifica pelo gênero/socioculturais, a maioria das vítimas são brancas, condizendo com a autodeclaração brasileira, nível de escolaridade e maior distribuição de idosos sem instrução. A violência física é a mais predominante, por ser mais visível, o favorecendo sua identificação. O idoso passa mais tempo em casa, desencadeando fatores de risco relativos ao agressor, sendo os filhos mais prevalentes pelas mudanças estruturais familiares. Conclusão: O estudo possibilitou perfilar a violência contra o idoso, expondo as características dessa população e identificando possíveis fatores de risco/proteção; possibilitou identificar a importância do preenchimento correto da ficha de notificação e a necessidade de readequação da ficha física e do sistema de informação


Subject(s)
Violence , Aged , Elder Abuse
19.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 214-218, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006181

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the effects of renally inappropriate medication (RIM) on the frailty of elderly patients with diabetes. METHODS The data of elderly patients with diabetes mellitus admitted to a third-grade class A hospital in Yunnan province from January to December 2022 were collected, and Beers criteria (2019 edition) and Chinese version of FRAIL scale were used to evaluate RIM and the frailty of the patients; the patients were divided into the trial group (with RIM) and the control group (without RIM) according to whether there was RIM. The propensity score matching was used to balance confounding factors between two groups, and the influence of RIM on the frailty of elderly diabetic patients was analyzed by the Logistic regression model. RESULTS Among the 367 patients, 80 patients (21.80%) had RIM, the drugs involved RIM were spironolactone (82.56%), rivaroxaban (13.95%) and gabapentin (3.49%). After reaching the balance between groups using the propensity score matching method, the incidence of frailty was 77.94% in trial group and 27.94% in control group (P<0.001); the difference was not statistically significant in other confounding factors between the two groups (P>0.05). Results of Logistic regression analysis showed that the risk of frailty in the experimental group was 3.118 times that of the control group (odds ratio was 3.118,95% confidence interval was 1.758-5.530, P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS RIM is a risk factor for the frailty of elderly patients with diabetes, which can be considered as an indicator for early identification and screening of the frailty of elderly diabetes patients.

20.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 157-160, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005930

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the distribution characteristics of blood uric acid level and blood glucose status and their potential interaction in elderly hypertensive patients. Methods The randomized study enrolled elderly patients with essential hypertension who were treated in our hospital from January 2020 to January 2022 and received antihypertensive therapy. Collected patients’ sociodemographic information, medical history, treatment history, etc., and detected their blood uric acid and blood glucose levels. Analyzed and described the subjects’ basic characteristics and the distribution of blood uric acid and blood glucose, and the potential interaction between them. Results A total of 205 subjects were included in this study, including 108 males and 97 females, with an average age of 70.94 years and an average BMI of 23.19kg/m2. During the study period, the average blood pressure level was controlled at SBP 151.34±10.96mmHg and DBP 96.24±9.87mmHg, and the proportion of excellent blood pressure control reached 89.27%. The blood uric acid level of the subjects was elevated by increasing of subjects' age and BMI (P < 0.05), and blood glucose only elevated by the increasing of BMI (P < 0.001). High BMI, high DBP, family history of hypertension, high blood uric acid level, and current history of diabetes were risk factors for elevated hypertension grade. Conclusions High DBP, high BMI, high blood uric acid level, current history of diabetes and family history of hypertension are risk factors in elderly hypertensive patients, we could make clinical treatment strategies for these patients accordingly.

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