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Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 156-161, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711649


Objective To delay the atrophy of denervated skeletal muscle by baby-sitting in reverse end-to-side fashion and explore the feasibility of this operation to improve the recovery of denervated muscle in rats.Methods From July,2015 to March,2016,32 female SD rats were divided into 4 groups randomly and the tibial nerve of each rats was transected.In immediate repair group,the transected tibial nerve was sutured in situ.In unprotected group,the tibial nerve stump was putting-aside.The sural nerve was transected in other 2 groups.The proximal sural nerve was connected to the distal tibial nerve stump directly in end-to-end (ETE) protected group and to the side of the distal tibial nerve stump in end-to-side (ETS) protected group.After 3 months,connected the two ends of tibial nerve except immediate repair group.After another 3 months,the tibial nerve functional index,electrophysiological testing,histology and morphology were examined.Results The gastrocnemius muscle was atrophy obviously in unprotected group,while in other groups the muscle structure was well protected.The tibial nerve functional index (-39.54±24.32),motor nerve conduction velocity[(30.25±12.65)m/s],and muscle contraction [(0.98 ± 0.38)N)] indicated that the gastrocnemius muscle function in ETS protected group was statistically better recovery than in unprotected group [-75.65±32.13,(24.93±8.69)m/s and (0.64±0.20)N,respectively] and ETE protected group [-62.34± 21.65,(16.90±7.92)m/s and (0.75-±0.15)N,respectively](P<0.05).The contractility of muscle were poor recovery in ETE protected group,which was similar to unprotected group(P>0.05).Conclusion Sensory nerve baby-sitting in reverse end-to-side fashion is a effective method to improve the recovery of denervated muscle in rats.

Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 69(3): 519-524, June 2011. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-592514


OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the results of a double nerve transfer at the level of the hand for recovery of the motor and sensory function of the hand in cases of high ulnar nerve injuries. METHOD: Five patients underwent a transfer of the distal branch of the anterior interosseous nerve to the deep ulnar nerve, and an end-to-side suture of the superficial ulnar nerve to the third common palmar digital nerve. RESULTS: Two patients recovered strength M3 and three cases were graded as M4; recovery of protective sensation (S3+ in three patients and S4 in two) was observed in the fourth and fifth fingers, and at the hypothenar region. The monofilament test showed values of 3.61 or less in all cases and the two-point discrimination test demonstrated values of 7 mm in three cases and 5 mm in two. CONCLUSION: This technique of double nerve transfer is effective for motor and sensory recovery of the distal ulnar-innervated side of the hand.

OBJETIVO: Demonstrar os resultados obtidos com uma dupla transferência nervosa ao nível da mão para tratamento de lesões do nervo ulnar localizadas acima do cotovelo. MÉTODO: Cinco pacientes foram submetidos à transferência do nervo interósseo anterior para o ramo profundo do nervo ulnar, associado à sutura término-lateral do nervo ulnar superficial ao terceiro nervo digital comum. RESULTADOS: Dois pacientes recuperaram força M3 e os outros três casos foram graduados como M4. Recuperação de sensibilidade protetora (S3+ em três pacientes e S4 em dois) foi observada nos quarto e quinto dedos, além da região hipotenar. O teste de monofilamentos demonstrou valores iguais ou menores do que 3,61 em todos os casos e o teste de discriminação de dois pontos apresentou valores de 7 mm em três casos e 5 mm em dois. CONCLUSÃO: A técnica de dupla transferência nervosa é eficaz como modalidade de tratamento para lesões altas do nervo ulnar.

Adolescent , Adult , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Nerve Transfer/methods , Ulnar Nerve/injuries , Ulnar Nerve/surgery , Follow-Up Studies , Sutures , Treatment Outcome