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Braz. j. oral sci ; 22: e236508, Jan.-Dec. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1398929


Aim: To evaluate the resistance of the union between a glass fiber post and radicular dentine after cleaning the root with 17% EDTA and filling with different endodontic cements. Methods: Forty uniradicular bovine incisors were removed to obtain root lengths of 18 mm. Endodontic treatment was performed on all roots using different filling cements (zinc oxide and eugenol-based, OZE; cement based on epoxy resin, AH) and cleaning solutions (saline, SA or EDTA), which made it possible to obtain four groups: OZESA, OZEEDTA, AHSA and AHEDTA. Subsequently, 12 mm of filling material was removed from the roots, and they were prepared to receive fiber posts luted with resin cement. To execute the mechanical cycles (2x106 cycles, 90 N, 4 Hz), coronal reconstruction was performed with a silicon matrix. The roots were then sliced (2-mm thick) to perform the push-out test. The results were analyzed using analysis of variance (one factor and two factors) and Tukey's test (α=0,05). Results: Bond strength (Mpa) was significantly higher for OZEEDTA (9,18) and AHEDTA (8,70) than for OZESA (6,06) AHSA (8,7). OZEEDTA also presented the highest values in the cervical region (15,18) but was significantly lower in the apical region (2,99). However, AHEDTA had a homogeneous bond strength in all thirds. Conclusion: Regardless of the endodontic cement used, EDTA was used as an irrigating solution, culminating in a higher bond strength between the glass fiber post and dentin

Animals , Cattle , Zinc Oxide-Eugenol Cement , Efficacy , Edetic Acid , Tooth, Nonvital , Endodontics
Braz. j. oral sci ; 22: e237338, Jan.-Dec. 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1397295


Aim: Endocrown restorations are commonly used to rehabilitate endodontically treated posterior teeth and their use is well-founded in these cases. However, to date, there is little scientific evidence of their behavior in anterior teeth. The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the compressive strength of upper central incisors teeth, restored with glass-ceramic total crowns by the conventional anatomical core technique, and compare them to teeth restored with endocrowns with and without the presence of ferrule. Methods: Thirty teeth were randomly distributed into three groups: GE2 - endocrown group with 2 mm ferrule, GE0 - endocrown group without a ferrule, and GC - conventional crown with intraradicular post group. Crowns were cemented and teeth submitted to the 45o compression test until the fracture happened. Fractured specimens were analyzed to determine the fracture pattern. Descriptive analysis of the variables was performed and one-way analysis of variance was utilized to analyze the data for significant differences at p < 0.05. Results: The results of the control group (284.5 ± 201.05N) showed the highest fracture resistance value, followed by the 2mm group (274.54 ± 199.43N) and by the 0mm group (263.81 ± 80.05N). There was no statistically significant difference between all the groups (p = 0.964). Conclusions: The absence of a cervical enamel necklace favored a debonding of the pieces and endodontically treated anterior teeth could be restored with endocrown, which could be considered a conservative and viable treatment option

Computer-Aided Design , Crowns , Endodontics , Flexural Strength
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e223759, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1355009


Aim: To evaluate the fracture resistance of roots restored with CAD/CAM-fabricated posts, receiving or not intracanal laser treatment, compared with glass fiber posts under mechanical cycling. Methods: Twenty-seven endodontically treated, single-rooted teeth were divided into 3 groups: group 1 (control), prefabricated glass fiber posts relined with resin composite; group 2, CAD/CAM-fabricated intraradicular posts using Resin Nano Ceramic (RNC) blocks; and group 3, CAD/CAM-fabricated intraradicular posts using RNC blocks in canals irradiated with a 940-nm diode laser (100 mJ, 300-um optic fiber, coronal-apical and apical-coronal helical movements, speed of 2 mm/second, 4 times each canal). After cementation of the coping, cyclic loading was applied at an angle of 135° to the long axis of the root, with a pulse load of 130 N, frequency of 2.2 Hz, and 150,000 pulses on the crown at a point located 2 mm below the incisal edge on the lingual aspect of the specimen. Every 50,000 cycles, the specimens were evaluated for root fracture occurring below or above the simulated bone crest. Results were analyzed by one-way ANOVA followed by Tukey's test (p<0.05). Results: Group 1 was the least resistant, while groups 2 and 3 were the most resistant. Group 1 differed significantly from groups 2 and 3 (p<0.01), but there was no difference between groups 2 and 3 (p<0.01). Conclusion: Treatment of the intracanal surface with diode laser had no influence on fracture resistance of roots restored with CAD/CAM-fabricated posts, but a longer cycling time is required to evaluate the real benefits of diode laser irradiation

Humans , Tooth Fractures/rehabilitation , Tooth Root/injuries , Dental Pins , Dentistry , Lasers, Semiconductor/therapeutic use
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e227932, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1384157


Aim One of the reasons for the failure of adhesion in composite restorations and secondary caries may be the chemical irrigants used during the endodontic treatment. NaOCl is widely used for the biomechanical preparation of root canals due to its antimicrobial properties and capacity to dissolve organic material. In addition, another very effective decontamination solution is chlorhexidine 2%. There are few studies about the effect of root canal irrigation solutions on bond strength of universal adhesives therefore, in this study we have investigated the influence of CHX 2% and NaOCl 5.25% on micro-tensile bond strength of G-Premio Bond. Methods Twenty-four human teeth were randomly allocated to the following groups: G1, immersion in saline solution 0.9% for 30 minutes (control); G2, immersion in CHX 2% for 30 minutes; G3, immersion in NaOCl 5.25% for 30 minutes. After restoration, the dentin/resin interface was tested by micro-tensile bond strength. The surfaces morphology was analyzed by Scanning Electron Microscopy. Data were analyzed by ANOVA followed by Tukey test in SPSS software Version 24. Results There was a statistically significant difference between G3 and G1 (P < 0.05). There were no statistically significant differences among G1 and G2, G2 and G3. Conclusion Root canal irrigation with NaOCl 5.25% significantly reduced the micro-tensile bond strength in the G-Premio Bond at self-etch mode, but the use of CHX did not make a significant difference.

Sodium Hypochlorite , Chlorhexidine , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Endodontics
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e226666, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1393341


Aim: This study analyzed public procurements for different endodontic materials used in the Brazilian public health system and evaluated the variables related to their cost. Methods: A time-series study was performed by screening materials for endodontic application in the public Brazilian Databank of Healthcare Prices from 2010 to 2019. Data were categorized according to material composition and clinical application. The collated variables were used in a multiple linear regression model to predict the impact of unit price in procurement processes. Results: A total of 5,973 procurement processes (1,524,693 items) were evaluated. Calcium hydroxides were found in 79% of the observations (4,669 processes). Prices drop each year by US$1.87 while MTAs and epoxy resins are increasingly purchased at higher prices (US$50.87; US$67.69, respectively). The microregion, the procurement modality, and the type of institution had no influence on unit prices in the adjusted model (p > 0.05). Conclusions: Calcium hydroxide-based materials were the cheapest and most frequently purchased endodontic materials in the public health care system. Novel formulations are being implemented into clinical practice over time and their cost may be a barrier to the broad application of materials such as MTAs, despite their effectiveness

Biomedical and Dental Materials , Public Health Dentistry , Costs and Cost Analysis , Endodontics , Translational Science, Biomedical , Public Expenditures
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 43(3): 48-53, set.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1381107


A ciência endodôntica possui um vasto conhecimento e com esse conhecimento os seus inúmeros questionamentos. Algumas teorias e conceitos mudam constantemente e trazem à tona contradições e divergências clínicas no âmbito biológico e prático. A patência foraminal é uma prática que permite que um instrumento de pequeno calibre ultrapasse o forame apical, com o intuito de limpar passivamente e prevenir o acúmulo de detritos e inibir a proliferação de microorganismos que podem causar infecções pós tratamento endodôntico. Essa prática gera discussão interna entre especialistas da área, mas as vantagens da técnica são inúmeras, principalmente no que diz respeito aos casos de polpa necrosada. Casos como esse não são solucionados com sucesso sem a utilização da patência apical. Por outro lado, existem contradições em relação aos casos em que a polpa está viva. Esse trabalho tem como objetivo analisar as vantagens e desvantagens da patência apical, bem como, se os benefícios excedem os possíveis danos que ela pode trazer(AU)

Endodontic science has vast knowledge and with this knowledge its countless questions. Some theories and concepts are constantly changing and bring to light clinical contradictions and divergences in the biological and practical scope. Foraminal patency is a practice that allows a small-caliber instrument to go beyond the apical foramen, in order to passively clean and prevent the accumulation of debris in the region and inhibit the proliferation of microorganisms that can cause infections after endodontic treatment. This practice generates internal discussion among specialists in the field, but the advantages of the technique are numerous, especially with regard to cases of necrotic pulp. Cases like this are not successfully resolved without the use of apical patency. On the other hand, there are contradictions regarding the cases where the pulp is alive. This work aims to analyze the advantages and disadvantages of apical patency, as well as whether the benefits exceed the harm it can bring(AU)

Humans , Male , Adult , Root Canal Therapy , Tooth Apex , Root Canal Preparation , Infections
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e224013, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1354702


Aim: The aim of the study was to evaluate the cleaning of mandibular incisors with WaveOne Gold® (WO) under different preparation techniques. Methods: A total of 210 human mandibular incisors were selected and divided into seven groups (n = 30), prepared by WO single-files (Small 20/.07 ­ WOS; Primary 25/.07 ­ WOP; Medium 35/.06 ­ WOM; or Large 45/.05 - WOL) and sequential-file techniques (WOS to WOP; WOS to WOM; and WOS to WOL). Further subdivision was made according to irrigation protocol: control group (manual irrigation - CON), E1 Irrisonic® - EIR, and EDDY® - EDD. Debris removal and the smear layer were evaluated by scanning electron microscopy. Data were analyzed by using Spearman's correlation test. The significance level was set at 5%. Results: For debris and smear layer removal, WOS and WOP, EIR differed from CON and EDD (p <0.05). Conclusion: Regardless of the instrumentation used, the agitation of the irrigant solution provided better cleanability. These findings reinforce the need for agitation techniques as adjuvants in cleaning root canal systems in mandibular incisors

Root Canal Irrigants , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Root Canal Preparation , Endodontics
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e225232, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1354773


Aim: The objective of this study was to describe a case series concerning internal bleaching of anterior traumatized teeth that underwent regenerative endodontic procedures (REP). Methods: Seven non-vital maxillary anterior teeth discolored after regenerative endodontic procedures were included and divided into two groups according to the medication protocol used in the REP: (1) Triple antibiotic paste (TAP) group (n=4); (2) Calcium hydroxide and 2% chlorhexidine gel (HC+CHX) (n=3). The bleaching technique used was walking bleach, where sodium perborate associated with distilled water was used. Bleaching agent was replaced weekly until the darkened tooth was slightly lighter than the adjacent tooth. The color was recorded with the aid of a digital spectrophotometer in two moments (T1: prior the first session of bleaching, T2: fourteen days after the last session of bleaching). The change in color after the procedure (ΔE) was calculated and reported in a descriptive analysis. Results: The ΔE for all teeth showed color differences exceeding the perceptibility threshold (ΔE > 3.7). Both groups showed similar ΔE (TAP: 18.3 ± 11.5; HC+CHX: 14 ± 11.2) at the end of the treatment. The average number of sessions needed to achieve satisfactory results was 1.7 ± 0.6 for HC+CHX group and 2.3 ± 0.5 for TAP group. Conclusion: Internal bleaching with sodium perborate associated with distilled water is effective in treating discolored teeth after regenerative endodontic procedures

Tooth Bleaching , Tooth Discoloration , Regenerative Endodontics
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e225580, jan.-dez. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1354782


Aim: This study aimed to evaluate the decision-making by patients to replace temporary restorations with permanent restorations after endodontic treatment and to verify the associated factors and evaluate the quality/integrity of the temporary restorative material within one month. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study using non-probabilistic sampling which analyzed patients after one month of endodontic treatment. The self-administered questionnaire contained sociodemographic, treatment decision-making and endodontic treatment questions. The restoration present in the mouth was evaluated in the clinical oral examination. The Poisson Regression test was used to verify the prevalence ratio. Results: The prevalence failure to perform permanent restorations was 61.1% of patients, and 42.7% reported not having adhered. The reasons are lack of time and not knowing the importance of replacing the restoration with a definitive one. The glass ionomer temporary restorative frequency was higher among those who chose not to replace the temporary restoration with a permanent one (PR=5.19; 95%CI 2.10-12.33). In addition, there was an association between the quality of the restorative material and the type of material, and the best clinical quality of the restoration was statistically associated with glass ionomer and composite resin. Conclusions: The findings show the importance of guidance by the dental surgeon in helping patients decide to replace their temporary restoration

Humans , Male , Female , Surveys and Questionnaires , Dental Restoration, Permanent , Dental Restoration, Temporary , Endodontics
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 8(3): 29016, out. 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1399337


Introdução:Durante o tratamento endodôntico, devido às complexidades anatômicas dos canais radiculares, a ação mecânica dos instrumentos não é suficiente para a completa desinfecção dos condutos. Dessa forma, se faz necessário o uso de soluções irrigadoras que possampotencializar a desinfecção do sistema de canais radiculares. Objetivo:Realizar uma revisão integrativa da literatura para comparar as propriedades antimicrobianas da clorexidina com o hipoclorito de sódio.Metodologia:A busca na literatura foi realizada no período de setembro de 2019 a agosto de 2021, nas seguintes bases de dados: PUBMED/MEDLINE, LILACS e SCIELO. Utilizando os descritores: clorexidina, hipoclorito de sódio, irrigante do canal radicular e limpeza. Utilizou-se como critérios de busca, trabalhos experimentais laboratoriais in vitro, publicados entre os anos de 2017 e 2021.Resultados:Foram encontrados 165 artigos, dos quais 15 foram selecionados ao final do processo. 8 trabalhos não encontraram diferença estatisticamente significativa entre a clorexidina e o hipoclorito,5 artigos apresentaram resultados superiores dohipoclorito de sódioem 2 a clorexidina foi superior. Conclusões:Após análise da literatura, observamos semelhança entre a ação antimicrobiana do hipoclorito de sódioe da clorexidina, e podemos concluir que ambas apresentam boa ação antimicrobiana, justificando seu uso clinicamente (AU).

Introduction:During endodontic treatment, due to the anatomical complexities of the root canals, the mechanical action of the instruments is not sufficient for the complete disinfection of the canals. Thus, it is necessary to use irrigating solutions that can makethe disinfection of the root canal system.Objective:Conduct an integrative literature review to compare the antimicrobial properties of chlorhexidine with sodium hypochlorite.Methodology:The literature search was carried out from September 2019 to August 2021, in the following databases: PUBMED/MEDLINE, LILACS and SCIELO. Using the descriptors: chlorhexidine, sodium hypochlorite, root canal irrigant and cleaning. As search criteria, in vitro laboratory experimental works published between 2017 and 2021 were used.Results:A total of 165 articles were found, of which 15 were selected at the end of the process. 8 studies did not find a statistically significant difference between chlorhexidine and hypochlorite, 5 articles showed superior results for NaOCl and in 2 chlorhexidine was superior.Conclusions:After analyzing the literature, we observed a similarity between the antimicrobial action of sodium hypochlorite and chlorhexidine, and we can conclude that both have good antimicrobial action, justifying their clinical use (AU).

Introducción:Durante el tratamiento endodóntico, debido a las complexidades anatómicas de los conductos radiculares, la acción mecánica de los instrumentos no es suficiente para la desinfección completa de los conductos. Por lo tanto, es necesario utilizar soluciones de irrigación que puedan mejorar la desinfección del sistema de conductos radiculares.Objetivo: Realice una revisión integradora de la literatura para comparar las propiedades antimicrobianas de la clorhexidina con el hipoclorito de sodio.Metodología: La búsqueda bibliográfica se realizó desde septiembre de 2019 hasta agosto de 2021, en las siguientes bases de datos: PUBMED/MEDLINE, LILACS y SCIELO. Usando los descriptores: chlorhexidine, sodium hypochlorite, root canal irrigant and cleaning. Como criterio de búsqueda se utilizaron trabajos experimentales de laboratorio in vitro publicados entre 2017 y 2021.Resultados: Se encontraron un total de 165 artículos, de los cuales 15 fueron seleccionados al final del proceso. 8 estudios no encontraron diferencia estadísticamente significativa entre clorhexidinae hipoclorito, 5 artículos mostraron resultados superiores para NaOCl y en 2 la clorhexidina fue superior.Conclusiones: Después de analizar la literatura, observamos una similitud entre la acción antimicrobiana del hipoclorito de sodio y la clorhexidina,y podemos concluir que ambos tienen una buena acción antimicrobiana, lo que justifica su uso clínico (AU).

Root Canal Irrigants/therapeutic use , Sodium Hypochlorite/pharmacology , Chlorhexidine/pharmacology , Anti-Infective Agents
Braz. dent. j ; 33(3): 18-27, July-Sept. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1384028


Resumo O objetivo deste ensaio clínico randomizado foi comparar a prevalência e a intensidade da dor pós-operatória em casos de retratamento endodôntico, utilizando instrumentos manuais ou reciprocantes (automatizados). O tempo necessário para desobturação e reinstrumentação do canal radicular também foi avaliado. Quarenta e oito indivíduos possuindo um dente unirradicular tratado endodonticamente e portador de periodontite apical assintomática foram incluídos no estudo. Os pacientes foram aleatoriamente distribuídos em dois grupos (n=24/grupo): retratamento com instrumentos manuais de aço inoxidável ou um sistema reciprocante de níquel-titânio (Reciproc; VDW, Munique, Alemanha). A reintervenção endodôntica foi realizada em duas consultas, sendo aplicada medicação intracanal à base de hidróxido de cálcio por 14 dias, antes da obturação. O tempo clínico gasto com os protocolos de desobturação e reinstrumentação do canal radicular foi registrado com um cronômetro digital. Após cada visita, a intensidade da dor pós-operatória foi avaliada em 12, 24, 48 horas e 7 dias por meio da escala de estimativa numérica (Numerical Rating Scale - NRS). Além do registro da dor, os pacientes foram questionados quanto ao uso de analgésicos. Os dados obtidos foram analisados por testes Qui-quadrado e Mann-Whitney (α=0.05). Não foi detectada diferença significativa entre os grupos quanto à prevalência e intensidade da dor ou uso de analgésicos em nenhum dos períodos avaliados. O tempo clínico foi significativamente menor no grupo reciprocante (18 versus 41 minutos). Pode-se concluir que os instrumentos manuais e reciprocantes foram equivalentes quanto à prevalência e intensidade de dor pós-operatória e uso de analgésicos, mas a desobturação e reinstrumentação do canal radicular foram duas vezes mais rápidas com o sistema reciprocante.

Abstract The present randomized clinical trial compared the prevalence and intensity of postoperative pain in cases of endodontic reintervention using manual or engine-driven reciprocating instruments. As secondary objectives, the analgesic intake and time required for the root canal filling removal and re-instrumentation were also evaluated. Forty-eight individuals with an endodontically treated single-rooted tooth diagnosed with asymptomatic apical periodontitis were included in the study. Patients were randomly assigned to two comparison groups (n=24/group): reintervention with stainless steel manual instruments or a nickel-titanium reciprocating system (Reciproc; VDW, Munich, Germany). The endodontic reintervention was performed in two sessions with a calcium hydroxide-based intracanal medication applied for 14 days before root canal obturation. Working time for the root canal filling removal and re-instrumentation was recorded with a digital stopwatch. After each visit, postoperative pain intensity was assessed at 12, 24, and 48 hours and seven days using the Numerical Rating Scale (NRS). The patients were also asked about analgesic intake. Data were analyzed using Pearson chi-square, T and Mann-Whitney U tests (α=0.05). No significant differences between groups were found regarding the prevalence and intensity of pain or the need for analgesic intake at any time point (P > 0.05). Working time was significantly shorter in the reciprocating group (18 versus 41 minutes). In conclusion, manual and reciprocating instruments achieved the same results in terms of prevalence and intensity of postoperative pain and analgesic intake. However, filling material removal and re-instrumentation of the root canals were more than twice as fast when using the reciprocating system.

Braz. dent. j ; 33(3): 28-37, July-Sept. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1384035


Abstract This study aimed to investigate the effect of ultrasonic activation (UA) of three endodontic sealers on the bond strength to root dentin and root canal filling quality. Ninety six bovine incisors were instrumented and root canal filling was carried out using AH Plus (AP), Sealer Plus (SP), or Sealer Plus BC (BC), with or without UA (n=16/group). Two 1.5-mm slices were obtained from each root third. The first slice was subjected to push-out testing and failure mode analysis, while the second was observed under a stereomicroscope for filling quality assessment. Data were analyzed by Kruskal-Wallis, Mann-Whitney and Friedman tests (α=0.05). SP showed higher bond strength and fewer voids than BC in the apical third and when root thirds data were pooled. SP also had higher bond strength compared with AH Plus in the apical third. UA improved the bond strength when BC was used but did not affect the filling quality of any sealer. There were no significant differences between the ultrasonically activated sealers regarding bond strength and filling quality. When root thirds were compared, the bond strength was similar along the root, but there was a tendency to worsen filling quality, with more voids, in the apical segment. In conclusion, UA was effective in increasing the bond strength of the calcium silicate-based sealer but did not improve its filling quality. For the epoxy resin-based sealers, these properties were not affected by UA.

Resumo Este estudo teve como objetivo investigar o efeito da ativação ultrassônica de três cimentos endodônticos na resistência de união à dentina radicular e na qualidade da obturação do canal radicular. Noventa e seis incisivos bovinos foram instrumentados e a obturação dos canais radiculares foi realizada com AH Plus (AP), Sealer Plus (SP) ou Sealer Plus BC (BC), com ou sem AU (n=16/grupo). Duas fatias de 1,5 mm foram obtidas de cada terço radicular. A primeira fatia foi submetida ao teste push-out e análise de modo de falha, enquanto a segunda foi observada em um estereomicroscópio para avaliação da qualidade da obturação. Os dados foram analisados ​​por testes de Kruskal-Wallis, Mann-Whitney e Friedman (α=0,05). SP mostrou maior resistência de união e menos espaços vazios na massa obturadora do que BC no terço apical e quando os dados dos terços radiculares foram agrupados. SP também apresentou maior resistência de união em comparação ao AH Plus no terço apical. A AU melhorou a resistência de união quando BC foi usado, mas não afetou a qualidade da obturação de nenhum dos cimentos. Não houve diferença significante entre os cimentos ativados por ultrassom em relação à resistência de união e qualidade da obturação. Quando comparados os terços radiculares, a resistência de união foi semelhante ao longo da raiz, mas houve uma tendência de pior qualidade no preenchimento, com mais vazios, no terço apical. Concluindo, a AU foi eficaz em aumentar a resistência de união do cimento à base de silicato de cálcio, mas não melhorou a qualidade da obturação. Para os cimentos à base de resina epóxi, essas propriedades não foram afetadas pela AU.

Braz. dent. j ; 33(3): 1-7, July-Sept. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1384036


Abstract The present study aimed to compare the filled volume by gutta-percha and sealer in the apical region of the main canal and ramifications, after instrumentation at two different working lengths using nano-computed tomography (nano-CT). Twenty-two premolars with apical ramifications were selected after micro-computed tomography evaluation and were randomly divided into groups for further endodontic instrumentation at two different working lengths: G1 - Root canals shaped 1 mm short of the apical foramen (n=11), and G2 - Root canals shaped at the apical foramen (n=11). After completing root treatment, nano-CT images were acquired, and the filled volume by gutta-percha and sealer in the main canal apical 0-4 mm and 0-1 mm ranges, and apical ramifications were objectively measured by an operator specialized in both radiology and endodontics, blinded for both groups. The Mann-Whitney test was applied to compare both groups regarding the filling of the main canal apical ranges and apical ramifications with a significance level of 5% (α ≤ 0.05). It was observed that root canals shaped at the apical foramen had a larger volume of the main canal filled than root canals shaped 1 mm short of the apical foramen, at both apical ranges (0-4 and 0-1 mm) (p<0.05). Regarding the filling of the apical ramifications, there was no significant difference between groups (p>0.05). In conclusion, the root canals shaped at apical foramen exhibited increased filling volume of the main canal in the apical region. However, neither of both working lengths influenced filling of the apical ramifications.

Resumo O presente estudo teve como objetivo comparar o volume preenchido por guta-percha e cimento na região apical do canal principal e ramificações, após instrumentação em dois comprimentos de trabalho diferentes, por meio de nano tomografia computadorizada (nano-TC). Vinte e dois pré-molares com ramificações apicais foram selecionados após avaliação por micro-tomografia computadorizada e foram divididos aleatoriamente em grupos para posterior instrumentação endodôntica em dois comprimentos de trabalho diferentes: G1 - Canais radiculares instrumentados 1 mm aquém do forame apical (n = 11) e G2 - Canais radiculares instrumentados até o forame apical (n = 11). Após a obturação dos canais radiculares, imagens de nano-CT foram adquiridas, e o volume preenchido por guta-percha e cimento nas faixas apicais de 0-4 mm e 0-1 mm do canal principal, e ramificações apicais, foram avaliadas objetivamente por um especialista em radiologia e endodontia, cego para ambos os grupos. O teste de Mann-Whitney foi aplicado para comparar os dois grupos quanto ao preenchimento das faixas apicais do canal principal e ramificações com nível de significância de 5% (α ≤ 0,05). Observou-se que canais radiculares instrumentados até o forame apical apresentaram maior volume do canal principal preenchido do que canais radiculares instrumentados 1 mm aquém do forame apical, em ambas as faixas apicais (0-4 e 0-1 mm) (p <0,05) Em relação ao preenchimento das ramificações apicais, não houve diferença significativa entre os grupos (p> 0,05). Em conclusão, os canais radiculares instrumentados até o forame apical mostraram um maior volume de preenchimento na região apical do canal principal. No entanto, os dois diferentes comprimentos de trabalho não influenciaram o preenchimento das ramificações apicais.

Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 43(2): 43-48, maio-ago. 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1362032


Casos de fraturas dentárias oblíquas muitas vezes possuem um prognóstico desfavorável, geralmente com indicação da extração do elemento dental. O presente artigo visou relatar o tratamento do caso clínico de um paciente do sexo masculino, 12 anos, que compareceu à Unidade de Saúde Bucal do Hospital Universitário de Brasília com encaminhamento de extração do dente 12, apresentando fratura oblíqua que se estendia subgengivalmente na face vestibular. O trauma havia ocorrido há três anos e o paciente havia sido submetido a diversas intervenções endodônticas, apresentando no momento da consulta inicial por nossa equipe uma lesão periapical extensa. Após a realização da anamnese, exame clínico e radiográfico, foi adotada uma abordagem multidisciplinar conservadora com a manutenção do dente e a realização da enucleação da lesão periapical por meio de intervenção cirúrgica e posterior reabilitação. Em uma mesma sessão, foi realizada a obturação do conduto com cone de guta percha e cimento sealer 26 e a cirurgia parendodôntica juntamente com a apicoplastia. Uma semana após a intervenção cirúrgica foi realizada restauração classe IV com resina composta baseada no enceramento dos modelos de diagnóstico montados em articulador. Com base em uma avaliação criteriosa e multidisciplinar, foi possível adotar uma abordagem conservadora no caso em questão, com a manutenção e reabilitação de um dente permanente em um paciente jovem, evitando a indicação de exodontia(AU)

Cases of oblique dental fractures often have an unfavorable prognosis, usually with the indication of extraction of the dental element. The present article aimed to report the treatment of the clinical case of a 12-year-old male patient, who attended the Oral Health Unit of the Hospital Universitário de Brasília with a referral for extraction of tooth 7, presenting an oblique fracture that extended subgingivally on the labial surface. The trauma had occurred three years ago and the patient had undergone several endodontic interventions, presenting an extensive periapical lesion at the time of the initial consultation by our team. After anamnesis, clinical and radiographic examination, a conservative multidisciplinar approach was adopted with the maintenance of the tooth and the enucleation of the periapical lesion through surgical intervention and subsequente rehabilitation. In the same session, the conduit was filled with gutta-percha cone and sealer cement 26 and parendodontic surgery was performed together with apicoplasty. One week after the surgical intervention, class IV restoration was performed with composite resin based on the waxing of the diagnostic models mounted on an articulator. Based on a careful and multidisciplinary evaluation, it was possible to adopt a conservative approach in the case in question, with the maintenance and rehabilitation of a permanent tooth in a young patient, avoiding the indication of extraction(AU)

Humans , Male , Child , Tooth Fractures/therapy , Dental Pulp Cavity/surgery , Dental Pulp Cavity/injuries , Periapical Abscess , Root Canal Therapy , Tooth Fractures , Tooth Fractures/surgery , Tooth Fractures/diagnosis , Incisor
Rev. ADM ; 79(4): 224-231, jul.-ago. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1396483


La OMS cataloga al cáncer como uno de los principales problemas en el ámbito mundial, los pacientes sometidos a terapia oncológica son más vulnerables a desarrollar complicaciones en los tejidos de la cavidad bucal entre las que tenemos: mucositis, infecciones, osteorradionecrosis. En el manejo endodóntico hay que tomar en consideración que los trata- mientos como yodoterapia, radioterapia y quimioterapia pueden generar efectos sobre el complejo dentinopulpar. El objetivo de este artículo es determinar el estatus del tejido pulpar postratamiento oncológico mediante la revisión sistemática en bases de datos de gran relevancia científica, como PubMed, Scielo, Medigraphic, Science direct. Se concluye que el sistema estomatognático es un receptor importante de estos efectos y secuelas en pacientes con terapia oncológica, el tejido pulpar no está libre de estas secuelas ya que genera daño celular, como la hipovascularidad, hipocelularidad e hipoxia la cual incrementa el riesgo de necrosis de la región (AU)

The WHO lists cancer as one of the main problems worldwide, patients undergoing oncological therapy are more vulnerable to developing complications in the tissues of the oral cavity among which we have: mucositis, infections, osteoradionecrosis. In endodontic management, it should be taken into consideration that treatments such as iodine therapy, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy can generate effects on the dentin-pulp complex. This article aims to determine the status of the pulp tissue after oncologic treatment. Through a systematic review in databases of great scientific relevance, such as PubMed, Scielo, Medigrafhic, Science direct. It is concluded that the stomatognathic system is an important receptor of these effects and sequelae in patients with oncological therapy, the pulp tissue is not free of these sequelae as it generates cellular damage because of the hypo vascularity, hypocellularity, and hypoxia which increases the risk of necrosis of the region (AU)

Humans , Radiotherapy/adverse effects , Dental Pulp/physiopathology , Dental Pulp Diseases/etiology , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Neoplasms/complications , Osteonecrosis , Mucositis , Hypoxia
Odontol. Sanmarquina (Impr.) ; 25(3): e23207, jul.-sept. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1380385


Se presenta una niña de 12 años con diagnóstico de trastorno del espectro autista (TEA), epilepsia y déficit intelectual, quien fue llevada a la clínica odontológica para pacientes con necesidades especiales de la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidade Federal Rio Grande do Sul, por sangrado gingival a la altura del diente 21, luego de caer por una convulsión. El examen clínico identificó una paciente con lesiones de caries activas y se observó la presencia de biofilm visible en casi todas las superficies dentales. El examen radiográfico del diente 21 mostró una fractura en el tercio medio radicular del mismo. Se realizaron todos los procedimientos dentales necesarios para realizar el tratamiento de endodoncia del 21, rellenando el conducto con pasta de hidróxido de calcio. Al inicio de la atención odontológica, la paciente presentó un comportamiento agitado que requirió un manejo especializado, manteniendo siempre al cuidador en el ambiente clínico, para que el paciente se sintiera bienvenido. Se concluyó que el conocimiento de las particularidades de la paciente reportada con TEA fue de suma importancia para la realización de su tratamiento odontológico, permitiendo tener comportamientos adecuados en su rehabilitación.

A 12-year-old girl diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), epilepsy, and intellectual deficit, was seen at the dental clinic for patients with special needs at the Dental School of the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, due to a gingival hemorrhage on tooth 21, after a fall due to a seizure. The clinical examination of the patient identified active caries and the presence of visible biofilm on almost all dental surfaces. A radiographic exam of tooth 21 showed a fracture in the middle-third root of the tooth. All the necessary dental procedures were carried out during the endodontic treatment on tooth 21, filling the canal with calcium hydroxide paste. During the beginning of the care, the patient presented an agitated behavior requiring specialized management, always keeping the caregiver in the same clinical setting so that the patient felt welcomed. It concluded the knowledge of the particularities of the patient-reported with ASD was of utmost importance for the conduct of her dental treatment, enabling appropriate behaviors in her rehabilitation.

Rev. Fac. Odontol. Univ. Antioq ; 34(1): 14-30, ene.-jun. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394659


Abstract Introduction: Nickel-Titanium (NiTi) endodontic files are made of hyperelastic material with shape memory. However, these files suffer a sudden fracture during the endodontic treatment, which is considered an unfavorable prognosis. Many studies have been conducted to establish fatigue resistance focused on file brands and determine which is better. Although the most common failure mechanisms have been established for motorized endodontic files, the information is scattered, making it difficult to develop clear research trends. Methods: a scoping review was carried out using Scopus,, Web of Science, and Science Direct databases to answer screening questions related to the predominant fracture mechanism in NiTi files, test types, and equipment used for experimentation and to identify the most active authors. Results: using the general search terms, 432 research papers were found, of which 75 were finally selected after eliminating duplicates and applying exclusion criteria. Conclusions: typical failure mechanisms for rotatory and reciprocating files were identified based on the panoramic review and bibliometric indicators. Also, the standard mechanical tests for endodontic files and the characteristics of their assemblies were summarized. The most active authors in the area and their nationality were tagged. Finally, gaps for future research are proposed to generate a comprehensive knowledge of NiTi file failure.

Resumen Introducción: las limas de Níquel-Titanio (NiTi) utilizadas en endodoncia están hechas de un material hiperelástico con memoria de forma. Sin embargo, estas limas sufren fractura repentina durante el tratamiento, lo cual se considera un pronóstico desfavorable. Se han realizado diversos estudios para establecer la resistencia a la fatiga de limas, y determinar cuál marca es mejor. Aunque se han establecido los mecanismos de falla más comunes para las limas de endodoncia motorizadas, la información se encuentra dispersa, dificultando la definición de tendencias claras de investigación. Métodos: se realizó una revisión de cobertura temática utilizando las bases de datos Scopus,, Web of Science y Science Direct, para responder a preguntas orientadoras relacionadas con el mecanismo de fractura predominante en las limas NiTi, tipos de pruebas y equipos utilizados para la experimentación e identificar los autores más activos en el área. Resultados: utilizando términos generales de búsqueda, se encontraron 435 trabajos de investigación. Finalmente se seleccionaron 75, tras eliminar duplicados y aplicar criterios de exclusión. Conclusiones: a partir de la revisión panorámica de literatura y empleando algunos indicadores bibliométricos, se identificaron los mecanismos de falla más comunes para las limas rotatorias y reciprocantes. Se obtuvo información sobre ensayos mecánicos y los montajes más utilizados para las limas de endodoncia. Se identificaron los autores más activos en el área y su nacionalidad. Por último, se sugieren oportunidades de investigación para generar un conocimiento exhaustivo sobre la falla de las limas NiTi.

Titanium , Endodontics , Nickel , Review
Int. j. high dilution res ; 21(1): 11-11, May 6, 2022.
Article in English | LILACS, HomeoIndex | ID: biblio-1396584


Arnica montana 6CH is a medicine indicated for inflammatory and painful conditions, especially in muscle structures. The RDC / TMD Axis II questionnaire is a validated tool for the diagnosis of Temporomandibular Muscle Dysfunction. Objective: This multicenter, randomized and controlled study, approved by Human or Animal Research Ethics Committee UniFOA -CAAE: 48680015.3.0000.5237 aimed to verify the clinical performance of Arnica montana 6CH in contractures and muscle pain triggered by isometric stress. Materials and Methods: 70 patients underwent prolongeddental treatment sessions, and they were selected after clinical examination and positive responses to the RDC / TMD questionnaire to confirm signs and symptoms of Temporomandibular Muscle Dysfunction at the first consultation. Randomly, Arnica montana 6CH was prescribed for 35 patients called group I, and placebo for 35 patients called group II, at a dose of 5 globules, 03 times a day, for 1 week. In the second endodontic consultation, after 15 days, a new clinical examination was performed at the beginning and end of the prolonged dental consultation with crossing of data from the RDC questionnaire, to monitor the prevalence of TMD muscle signs and symptoms. The data were tabulated and analyzed. Statistical analysis: The test t de Student was used for paired samples, significant at the level ≤ 0.05%. Results:Anamnetic data from the RDC questionnaire, 86% of the individuals in the GI had lower pain and muscle contracture rates in the second consultation, compared with 22% in the GII. Conclusion:The drug Arnica montana 6CH proved to be effective in preventing muscle changes and clinical symptoms resulting from isometric efforts with a statistically significant difference (p ≤ 0.05).

Humans , Arnica , Oral Surgical Procedures/rehabilitation , Myalgia/therapy , Thermography
Acta odontol. latinoam ; 35(1): 39-44, Apr. 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1383423


ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to compare the capacity of two reciprocating NiTi instruments in removing gutta-percha/sealer material from simulated curved root canals (SCRC). The time required for filling material removal was also recorded. Twenty SCRCs were divided into two groups of 10 (n=10) samples each. In Group 1, the SCRC were prepared to a R25 Reciproc Blue instrument (RCPB; VDW, Munich, Germany). In Group 2 the SCRC were prepared to a Primary WaveOne Gold instrument (PWOG; Dentsply, Ballaigues, Switzerland). In both groups, the canals were filled with matched-taper single gutta-percha cones and AH Plus sealer. Filling materials were removed with R25 RCPB (Group 1) and PWOG (Group 2). The amount of remaining gutta-percha/sealer was calculated at three predetermined levels of evaluation located at 2, 6 and 10 mm from the WL and expressed in percentages. Canals re-treated with RCPB contained significantly less remaining gutta-percha/sealer compared to canals prepared with PWOG (P=0.02). The RCPB instruments required significantly less time to complete the retreatment procedures (P<0.01). No unwinding or instrument separation was noted. RCPB instruments removed significantly more gutta-percha/sealer from simulated curved root canals than PWOG. However, neither of the tested instruments completely removed all filling materials.

RESUMEN El propósito del presente estudio fue comparar la capacidad de dos instrumentos de NiTi de movimiento reciproco para remover la obturación de gutapercha/sellador durante el retratamiento de conductos curvos simulados (SCRC). El tiempo requerido para la remoción del material fue también registrado. Se utilizaron veinte (n=20) SCRC divididos en dos grupos de diez especimenes (n=10) cada uno. En el Grupo 1 los SCRC se prepararon hasta un instrumento Reciproc Blue R25 (RCPB; VDW, Munich, Germany). En el Grupo 2, los SCRC se prepararon hasta un instrumento WaveOne Gold Primary (PWOG; Dentsply, Ballaigues, Switzerland). En ambos grupos los conductos se obturaron con cono único de gutapercha de conicidad creciente y el sellador AH Plus. La remoción de los materiales de obturación se realizó mediante los instrumentos RCPB R25 (Grupo 1) o PWOG (Grupo 2). La cantidad de gutapercha/sellador remanente se calculó en tres niveles de evaluación predeterminados ubicados a 2, 6 y 10 mm de la LT, y finalmente fue expresada en porcentajes. La cantidad de gutapercha/ sellador remanente en los SCRC retratados con RCPB fue significativamente menor en comparación con los que fueron retratados con PWOG (P=0.02). Los instrumentos RCPB requirieron un tiempo significativamente menor para completar el retratamiento (P<0.01). No se observaron deformaciones o separación de los instrumentos. Los instrumentos RCPB removieron una cantidad significativamente mayor de gutapercha/sellador que los instrumentos PWOG en conductos curvos simulados. Sin embargo, ninguno de los instrumentos ensayados removió completamente los materiales de obturación.

Odovtos (En línea) ; 24(1)abr. 2022.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1386568


Abstract Cetrimide (CTR) is a cationic surfactant detergent with antimicrobial and antibiofilm activity. The aim of this study was to evaluate setting time, pH, solubility and antibiofilm activity of tricalcium silicate cement (TSC) with zirconium oxide (ZrO2) and its association with 0.2 and 0.4% cetrimide. Initial and final setting times (IST and FST) were assessed based on ISO-6876. pH was evaluated at periods of 1,3,7,14 and 21 days. Solubility was analyzed by weight loss. A modified direct contact test (MDCT) on the biofilm of Enterococcus faecalis formed on bovine root dentin blocks was performed, after 6 hours of manipulation and 15 hours of contact time. The analysis was performed by UFC mL ¯¹ counting. The data were analyzed by ANOVA and Tukey's tests (α=0.05). Higher IST was observed for TSC/ZrO2+CTR in both concentrations than for TSC/ZrO2 and lower FST for TSC/ZrO2+0.4% CTR (p0.05). All materials exhibited increased mass. TSC/ZrO2+CTR 0.4% had lower mass gain than the other materials (p<0.05). The highest antibiofilm activity was observed for TSC/ZrO2+CTR in both concentrations, when compared with the positive control (p<0.05). In conclusion, CTR exhibited potential to promote greater antibiofilm activity to tricalcium silicate cement, without harming its physicochemical properties of setting time, pH and solubility.

Resumen Cetrimida (CTR) es un detergente y surfactante catiónico con actividad antimicrobiana y antibiofilm. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar el tiempo de fraguado, pH, solubilidad y actividad antibiofilm del cemento de silicato tricálcico (CST) con óxido de zirconio (ZrO2) y su asociación con CTR a 0.2% y 0.4%. Tiempo de fraguado inicial y final (TFI y TFF) fueron determinados con base en las normas ISO-6876. pH fue evaluado en los períodos de 1,3, 7,14 y 21 días. Solubilidad fue analizada por la pérdida de masa/peso. El test de contacto directo modificado (TCDM) fue realizado sobre biofilm de Enterococcus faecalis formado en dentina radicular bovina, después de 6 horas de manipulación de los cementos y 15 horas de contacto. El análisis fue realizado por la cuantificación de UFC mL¯¹. Los datos fueron analizados usando las pruebas de ANOVA y Tukey (α=0.05). Mayor TFI fue observado para CST/ ZrO2+CTR en las dos concentraciones que para TSC/ZrO2 y menor TFF para TSC/ ZrO2+CTR 0.4% (p0.05). Todos los materiales mostraron aumento de masa. TSC/ZrO2+CTR 0.4% tuvo menor gano de masa que los otros materiales (p<0.05). Mayor actividad antibiofilm fue observado para CST/ZrO2+CTR en las dos concentraciones, cuando comparados con el grupo control positivo (p<0.05). En conclusión, CTR demostró potencial para promover superior actividad antibiofilm al cemento de silicato tricálcico (CST), sin perjudicar sus propiedades físico-químicas de tiempo de fraguado, pH y solubilidad.

Silicate Cement/analysis , Dental Plaque , Cetrimonium/analysis