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1.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1559732

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El cáncer de endometrio ocupa el sexto lugar en incidencia del cáncer en mujeres. La caracterización molecular de este cáncer permite optimizar la estratificación de riesgo para mejorar el tratamiento de las pacientes. Objetivo: Determinar el perfil molecular TCGA de pacientes con cáncer de endometrio en Bogotá, D.C., Colombia. Método: Estudio descriptivo en una cohorte de pacientes con cáncer de endometrio. Las mutaciones en los exones 9 a 14 del gen POLE fueron identificadas mediante amplificación por reacción en cadena de la polimerasa, seguida de secuenciación Sanger y análisis bioinformático. La expresión de las proteínas MMR y p53 se identificó mediante inmunohistoquímica. Resultados: Se incluyeron 40 pacientes con una mediana de edad de 66 años. El 15% presentaron mutaciones en el dominio exonucleasa de POLE. El 32% de las pacientes que no presentaron mutaciones manifestaron deficiencia en el sistema MMR. El 43,47% de las pacientes sin mutaciones en POLE ni alteración del sistema MMR presentaron alteración de la proteína p53. Conclusiones: La población de cáncer de endometrio analizada presenta un perfil molecular TCGA similar a lo reportado para otras poblaciones.


Introduction: Endometrial cancer ranks sixth in cancer incidence among women. Its molecular characterization allows for a more precise risk stratification with the aim of improving patient treatment. Objective: To determine the TCGA molecular profile of patients with endometrial cancer in Bogota, Colombia. Method: A descriptive study of a cohort of patients with endometrial cancer. The expression of MMR proteins and p53 was identified through immunohistochemistry. Mutations in exons 9 to 14 of the POLE gene were identified through polymerase chain reaction amplification, followed by Sanger sequencing and bioinformatic analysis. Results: Forty patients were included in the study, with a median age of 66 years, 15% of them exhibited mutations in the exonuclease domain of POLE, while 32% of patients without mutations showed deficiency in the MMR system. Forty three percent of patients without mutations in POLE or MMR alterations showed aberrant p53 protein expression. Conclusions: The analyzed population of endometrial cancer presents a TCGA molecular profile similar to that reported for other populations.

2.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics ; (12): 230-235, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014549

ABSTRACT

Endometrial cancer originates from the endometrium and is one of the common gynecologic malignancies, with its incidence and mortality rate increasing year by year. Although endometrial cancer is more prevalent in the peri- and postmenopausal female population, it has been an evident trend in recent years towards younger patients. For young patients who have not yet given birth but intend to do so, the application of progestins in endometrial cancer treatment has made significant progress in clinical practice. Considering the existence of large individual differences and unclear mechanisms of action in the clinical application of progestins, this paper aims to provide an overview of the current clinical application status, efficacy, hormone resistance, and its mechanisms in the context of hormone therapy.

3.
Clinics ; 79: 100337, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1557586

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives To investigate the impact of Three-Dimensional (3D) laparoscopy compared to traditional laparotomy on serum tumor markers and coagulation function in patients diagnosed with early-stage Endometrial Cancer (EC). Method The authors retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 75 patients diagnosed with early-stage EC and categorized them into two groups based on the surgical techniques employed. The 3D group consisted of 36 patients who underwent 3D laparoscopic surgery, while the Laparotomy group comprised 39 patients who underwent traditional laparotomy. The authors then compared the alterations in serum tumor markers and coagulation function between the two groups. Results Postoperatively, serum levels of CA125, CA199, and HE4 were notably reduced in both groups on the third day, with the levels being more diminished in the 3D group than in the Laparotomy Group (p < 0.05). Conversely, FIB levels escalated significantly in both groups on the third-day post-surgery, with a more pronounced increase in the 3D group. Additionally, PT and APTT durations were reduced and were more so in the 3D group than in the laparotomy group (p < 0.05). Conclusions When juxtaposed with traditional laparotomy, 3D laparoscopic surgery for early-stage EC appears to be more efficacious, characterized by reduced complications, and expedited recovery. It can effectively mitigate serum tumor marker levels, attenuate the inflammatory response and damage to immune function, foster urinary function recovery, and enhance the quality of life. However, it exerts a more significant influence on the patient's coagulation parameters, necessitating meticulous prevention and treatment strategies for thromboembolic events in clinical settings.

4.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992, Impr.) ; 70(5): e20231115, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1558942

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: Endometrial cancer is the most common gynecological cancer in developed countries, with a majority of cases being low-grade endometrioid endometrial cancer. Identifying risk factors for disease recurrence and poor prognosis is critical. This study aimed to assess the correlation between preoperative cancer antigen-125 levels and disease recurrence in early-stage endometrioid endometrial cancer patients. METHODS: The study was a retrospective analysis of 217 patients diagnosed with endometrioid endometrial cancer who underwent surgical treatment at a university-affiliated tertiary hospital between 2016 and 2022. Patients were divided into two groups based on their preoperative cancer antigen-125 levels and compared with clinicopathological findings and disease recurrence. Disease-free survival rates were calculated, and logistic regression analysis was performed to determine independent factors affecting disease-free survival. RESULTS: The mean age of patients was 61.59±0.75 years, and the mean follow-up time was 36.95±1.18 months. The mean cancer antigen-125 level was 27.80±37.81 IU/mL. The recurrence rate was significantly higher in the group with elevated cancer antigen-125 levels (p=0.025). Disease-free survival was lower in patients with elevated cancer antigen-125 compared with those with normal levels (p=0.005). Logistic regression analysis revealed that elevated cancer antigen-125 levels were associated with disease recurrence (OR: 3.43, 95%CI 1.13-10.37, p=0.029). CONCLUSION: The findings of this study suggest that preoperative cancer antigen-125 levels can be used as a predictor of disease recurrence in early-stage endometrioid endometrial cancer patients. cancer antigen-125 levels may be a useful tool for risk stratification and patient management in endometrial cancer.

5.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 88(4): 223-227, ago. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1515213

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Validar la técnica de ganglio centinela utilizando verde de indocianina en la estadificación del cáncer de endometrio. Método: Realizamos un estudio prospectivo entre enero y diciembre de 2021. Se incluyeron todas las pacientes portadoras de cáncer de endometrio clínicamente en etapa 1, de todos los grados de diferenciación e histologías. Todas las pacientes fueron sometidas a una estadificación laparoscópica. Se inició el procedimiento con identificación de ganglio centinela utilizando verde de indocianina. Posteriormente, se completó la cirugía de estadiaje estándar en todas las pacientes. Los ganglios centinelas fueron procesados con técnica de ultraestadiaje. Resultados: Se incluyeron 33 pacientes. El 81% presentaron histología endometrioide. El 100% fueron sometida además a una linfadenectomía pelviana estándar y el 20% a una linfadenectomía paraaórtica simultáneamente. Se detectó al menos un ganglio centinela en el 100% de los casos. La detección bilateral ocurrió en el 90,9%. La localización más frecuente fue la fosa obturatriz y la arteria hipogástrica. Obtuvimos una sensibilidad del 90% para detectar enfermedad ganglionar y un valor predictivo negativo del 95,8%. Conclusiones: La técnica de ganglio centinela utilizando verde de indocianina es replicable. Los resultados de nuestra serie nos permiten realizar procedimientos menos agresivos al estadificar el cáncer de endometrio.


Objective: To validate sentinel node mapping using indocyanine green in endometrial cancer staging. Method: A prospective study was conducted between January and December 2021. All patients with clinically stage 1 endometrial cancer, of all grades and histologies were included. All patients underwent laparoscopic staging. The procedure began with identification of the sentinel node using indocyanine green. Subsequently, standard staging surgery was completed in all patients. Sentinel nodes were processed using ultrastaging technique. Results: Thirty-three patients were enrolled. 81% of cases had endometrioid histology. All patients also underwent a standard pelvic lymphadenectomy and in 20% of cases a para-aortic lymphadenectomy. At least one sentinel node was detected in 100% of the cases. Bilateral detection occurred in 90.9%. The most frequent location was obturator fossa and hypogastric artery. Sensitivity to detect lymph node disease was 90% and negative predictive value 95.8%. Conclusions: Sentinel lymph node mapping using indocyanine green is a replicable technique. Our results allows us to perform less aggressive procedures in endometrial cancer staging.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Endometrial Neoplasms/diagnosis , Endometrial Neoplasms/pathology , Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy/methods , Predictive Value of Tests , Prospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Endometrial Neoplasms/surgery , Indocyanine Green , Lymph Node Excision , Neoplasm Staging/methods
6.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 45(7): 401-408, July 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1507876

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To analyze the outcomes of a cohort of patients with high-risk histologies of endometrial cancer (EC) treated at Instituto Nacional de Câncer (National Cancer Institute, INCA, in Portuguese), in Brazil. Materials and Methods We reviewed the medical records of patients with high-risk histologies of EC in any stage registered at INCA between 2010 and 2016 to perform a clinical and demographic descriptive analysis and to evaluate the outcomes in terms of recurrence and survival. Results From 2010 to 2016, 2,145 EC patients were registered and treated at INCA, and 466 had high-grade histologies that met the inclusion criteria. The mean age of the patients was 65 years, 44.6% were Caucasian, and 90% had a performance status of 0 or 1. The most common histology was high-grade endometrioid (31.1%), followed by serous carcinoma (25.3%), mixed (20.0%), carcinosarcoma (13.5%), and clear cell carcinoma (9.4%). Considering the 2018 Fédération Internationale de Gynécologie et d'Obstétrique (International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics, FIGO, in French) staging system, 44.8%, 12.4%, 29.8%, and 12.9% of the patient were in stages I, II, III or IV respectively. Age (> 60 years), more than 50% of myoinvasion, higher stage, poor performance status, serous and carcinosarcoma histologies, and adjuvant treatment were independent factors associated with recurrence-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) in the multivariate analysis. Conclusion The current findings reinforced the international data showing poor outcomes of these tumors, especially for serous and carcinosarcomas and tumors with advanced stages, with shorter survival and high recurrence rates in distant sites, independently of the FIGO stage. Adjuvant therapy was associated with better survival.


Resumo Objetivo Analisar os desfechos de uma coorte de pacientes com câncer de endométrio (CE) e histologias de alto risco atendida no Instituto Nacional do Câncer (INCA) entre 2010 e 2016. Materiais e Métodos Foram revisados prontuários de pacientes com histologias de alto risco de CE em qualquer estágio cadastradas no INCA entre 2010 e 2016 para realizar uma análise descritiva clínica e demográfica e avaliar os resultados em termos de recorrência e sobrevida. Resultados De 2010 a 2016, 2.145 pacientes com CE foram cadastradas e atendidas no INCA, e 466 tinham histologias de alto grau e atendiam aos critérios de inclusão. A média de idade das pacientes foi de 65 anos, 44,6% eram brancas, e 90% tinham performance status de 0 ou 1. A histologia mais comum foi endometrioide de alto grau (31,1%), seguida de carcinoma seroso (25,3%), misto (20,0%), carcinossarcoma (13,5%) e carcinoma de células claras (9,4%). Considerando o estadiamento da Fédération Internationale de Gynécologie et d'Obstétrique (Federação Internacional de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia, FIGO, em francês) de 2018, 44,8%, 12,4%, 29,8% e 12,9% apresentaram estágios I, II, III ou IV, respectivamente. Idade (> 60 anos), mais de 50% de mioinvasão, estágio avançado, performance status ruim, histologias serosas e carcinossarcoma, e tratamento adjuvante foram fatores independentes associados à sobrevida livre de recorrência e sobrevida global na análise multivariada. Conclusão Os achados atuais reforçam os dados internacionais que demonstram o prognóstico ruim desses tumores, principalmente para as histologias serosas e carcinossarcomas e para estágios avançados, com menor sobrevida e altas taxas de recorrência à distância, independentemente do estágio da FIGO. A terapia adjuvante foi associada a melhor sobrevida.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Brazil , Demography , Endometrial Neoplasms/therapy
7.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-220719

ABSTRACT

Endometrial cancer is the most common gynecological malignancy in developed countries and its incidence has been increasing over recent years. Symptoms include postmenopausal bleeding, abnormal vaginal bleeding, pelvic pain, and dyspareunia. Risk factors include obesity, unopposed estrogen exposure, family history of endometrial or ovarian cancer, and Lynch syndrome. Diagnosis is con?rmed through endometrial biopsy, hysteroscopy, or dilation and curettage. Treatment options depend on the stage and grade of the cancer and may include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or a combination. This review article summarizes the current state of knowledge on endometrial cancer, including its epidemiology, risk factors, clinical presentation, diagnostic methods, and treatment options. Recent advancements in the ?eld, including emerging biomarkers and targeted therapies, are highlighted. The authors conducted a systematic search of the literature on endometrial cancer, and the results were synthesized and presented using a narrative synthesis approach. The epidemiology of endometrial cancer underscores the importance of preventive measures, including regular gynecological checkups and lifestyle modi?cations to reduce obesity and improve reproductive health

8.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics ; (12): 42-50, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014697

ABSTRACT

AIM: To explore the effects of dendritic cells (DC) and cytokine-induced killer cells (CIK) carrying melanoma-associated antigen gene A3 (MAGE-A3) on endometrial cancer tumor stem cells and malignant progression. METHODS: Human peripheral blood was collected to separate mono-nuclear cells, and DC and CIK cells were induced by cytokines, respectively. DCs were incubated with MAGE-A3 and then co-cultured with CIK, and the phenotypes of DC-CIK and MAGE-A3-DC-CIK were detected by flow cytometry; The CD133

9.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1320-1324, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013755

ABSTRACT

Aim To build the model of the gene FKBP38(FK506 binding protein 38)conditional knock out in uterus and then investigate the effect on endometrial precancerous lesions and the underlying mechanism.Methods Transgenic mice whose FKBP38 gene was flanked with loxP were constructed by embryo microinjection. The conditional knockout of FKBP38 was obtained by breeding mice harboring two loxP sites in FKBP38(FKBP38

10.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 76-83, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971372

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Magnetic resonance diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) has important clinical value in diagnosis and curative effect evaluation on endometrial carcinoma. How to improve the detection rate of endometrial small lesions by DWI is the research focus of MRI technology. This study aims to analyze the image quality of small field MRI ZOOMit-DWI sequence and conventional single-shot echo-planar imaging (SS-EPI) DWI sequence in the scanning of endometrial carcinoma, and to explore the clinical value of ZOOMit-DWI sequence.@*METHODS@#A total of 37 patients with endometrial carcinoma diagnosed by operation and pathology in the Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University from July 2019 to May 2021 were collected. All patients were scanned with MRI ZOOMit-DWI sequence and SS-EPI DWI sequence before operation. Two radiologists subjectively evaluated the anatomical details, artifacts, geometric deformation and focus definition of the 2 groups of DWI images. At the same time, the signal intensity were measured and the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), contrast to noise ratio (CNR), and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) of the 2 DWI sequences were calculated for objective evaluation. The differences of subjective score, objective score and ADC value of the 2 DWI sequences were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The SNR of the ZOOMit-DWI group was significantly higher than that of the SS-EPI DWI group (301.96±141.85 vs 94.66±41.26), and the CNR of the ZOOMit-DWI group was significantly higher than that of the SS-EPI DWI group (185.05±105.45 vs 57.91±31.54, P<0.05). There was no significant difference in noise standard deviation between the ZOOMit-DWI group and the SS-EPI DWI group (P>0.05). The subjective score of anatomical detail and focus definition in the ZOOMit-DWI group was significantly higher than that of the SS-EPI DWI group (both P<0.05). The subjective score of artifacts and geometric deformation of ZOOMit-DWI group was significantly lower than that of the SS-EPI DWI group (both P<0.05). ADC had no significant difference between the ZOOMit-DWI group and the SS-EPI DWI group (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The image quality of ZOOMit-DWI is significantly higher than that of conventional SS-EPI DWI. In the MRI DWI examination of endometrial carcinoma, ZOOMit-DWI can effectively reduce the geometric deformation and artifacts of the image, which is more conducive to clinical diagnosis and treatment.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Signal-To-Noise Ratio , Endometrial Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Endometrium , Echo-Planar Imaging/methods , Reproducibility of Results
11.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 254-261, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986846

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the differences and characteristics of microsatellite instability (MSI) in endometrial cancer (EMC), by using colorectal cancer (CRC) as control.@*METHODS@#In the study, 228 cases of EMC were collected. For comparative analysis, 770 cases of CRC were collected. Mismatch repair (MMR) expression was detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC), and microsatellite instability (MSI) was analyzed by PCR and capillary electrophoresis fragment analysis (MSI-PCR). MSI-PCR was detected using five mononucleotide repeat markers: BAT-25, BAT-26, NR-21, NR-24, and MONO-27.@*RESULTS@#In EMC, we found 27.19% (62/228) of deficient mismatch repair (dMMR) using IHC, significantly higher than CRC (7.79%, 60/770). Meanwhile, subclonal expression of MMR protein was found in 4 cases of dMMR-EMC and 2 cases of dMMR-CRC. According to the criteria of major micro-satellite shift, we found 16.23% (37/228) of MSI-high (MSI-H), 2.63% (6/228) of MSI-low (MSI-L), and 81.14% (185/228) of microsatellite stability (MSS) in EMC using MSI-PCR. The discor-dance rate between MMR-IHC and MSI-PCR in EMC was 11.84% (27/228). In CRC, we found 8.05% (62/770) of MSI-H, 0.13% (1/770) of MSI-L, and 91.82% (707/770) of MSS. The discordance rate between MMR-IHC and MSI-PCR in CRC was only 0.52% (4/770). However, according to the criteria of minimal microsatellite shift, 12 cases of EMC showed minimal microsatellite shift including 8 cases of dMMR/MSS and 4 cases of dMMR/MSI-L and these cases were ultimately evaluated as dMMR/MSI-H. Then, 21.49% (49/228) of EMC showed MSI-H and the discordance rate MMR-IHC and MSI-PCR in EMC decreased to 6.58% (15/228). No minimal microsatellite shift was found in CRC. Compared with EMC group with major microsatellite shift, cases with minimal microsatellite shift showed younger age, better tumor differentiation, and earlier International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage. There were significant differences in histological variant and FIGO stage between the two groups (P < 0.001, P=0.006).@*CONCLUSION@#EMC was more prone to minimal microsatellite shift, which should not be ignored in the interpretation of MSI-PCR results. The combined detection of MMR-IHC and MSI-PCR is the most sensitive and specific method to capture MSI tumors.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Microsatellite Instability , Colorectal Neoplasms , Microsatellite Repeats , Endometrial Neoplasms , DNA Mismatch Repair
12.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 27-32, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986675

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of silenced RBM8A gene on the biological behavior (proliferation, migration, and apoptosis) of human endometrial cancer HEC-1A cells and its possible mechanism. Methods The hairpin shRNA targeted by the RBM8A gene was designed, and the best shRNA silencing fragment was screened. The recombinant lentiviral interference vector carrying the target gene was constructed and used to infect HEC-1A cells. Cells with stable knockdown of RBM8A gene were screened by puromycin as the experimental group (shRBM8A), while the shRNA of nonsense sequence was designed as the control group (shControl). CCK-8 method was used to detect cell proliferation, and flow cytometry was used to detect cell apoptosis. Transwell assay was used to detect cell migration and invasion. Western blot was used to analyze the expression of apoptosis-related proteins and EMT signal transduction pathway related proteins. Results In comparison with the shControl group, after RBM8A knockdown, HEC-1A cell proliferation was reduced, apoptosis was increased, migration and invasion ability were significantly inhibited (P < 0.05), the expression of apoptosis-related proteins cleaved caspase 9 and caspase 3 increased, EMT-related protein E-cadherin expression increased, and Vimentin expression decreased. Conclusion RBM8A gene silencing can inhibit the proliferation, migration, and invasion and promote the apoptosis of endometrial cancer cells. The inhibition of EMT signal transduction pathway may be its mechanism.

13.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992, Impr.) ; 69(10): e20230333, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514699

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the power of preoperative transvaginal ultrasonography, intraoperative macroscopic examination, and frozen section for predicting deep myometrial invasion in endometrial cancer. METHODS: This is a retrospective review involving 68 patients who underwent surgical staging for endometrial cancer from 2014 to 2017. Patients with grade 3 endometrial cancer and non-endometrioid tumors were excluded. The findings related to preoperative transvaginal ultrasonography, intraoperative macroscopic examination, and frozen section were compared with definitive histopathological diagnosis. RESULTS: The mean age, gravidity, and body mass index of the patients were 58.1±8.9 years (range: 30-80 years), 3.2±2.1 (range: 0-9), and 33.5±6.6 kg/m2 (range: 20-52 kg/m2), respectively. Only 11 (16.2%) patients were in the premenopausal period, while 57 (83.8%) were in the postmenopausal period. Grade 1 endometrial cancer was found in 29 patients (42.6%) and grade 2 tumors were specified in 39 patients (57.4%). Stage IA disease was found in 45 (66.2%) patients, while stage IB disease was observed in 23 (33.8%) patients. The 5-year survival rate was 91.2%. The sensitivity of preoperative transvaginal ultrasonography, intraoperative macroscopic examination, and frozen section were 56, 34, and 52%, respectively, for predicting deep myometrial invasion. In contrast, the specificity of preoperative ultrasonography, intraoperative macroscopic examination, and frozen section were 86, 100, and 100%, respectively. CONCLUSION: Transvaginal ultrasonography and intraoperative frozen section were found to have similar sensitivity and specificity for predicting deep myometrial invasion. Preoperative transvaginal ultrasonography appears as an efficient approach for predicting endometrial cancers with deep myometrial invasion.

14.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992, Impr.) ; 69(7): e20221730, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1449083

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the effect of lymphovascular space invasion on recurrence and disease-free survival in patients with low-risk endometrial cancer. METHODS: The study included patients with stage 1A, grade 1-2 endometrioid endometrial cancer who underwent a total hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy with pelvic lymphadenectomy. Independent prognostic predictors of endometrial cancer recurrence were assessed using the Cox regression model. Binary logistic regression analysis was used to identify the predictors of distant recurrence. Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to describe survival curves, and the log-rank test was used to compare the differences in survival curves. RESULTS: A total of 189 patients met the inclusion criteria, of whom 24 (12.7%) had lymphovascular space invasion. The median follow-up time was 60 (3-137) months. Distant recurrence was present in 11 of 22 patients who developed recurrence. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that the 5-year disease-free survival rates of patients with lymphovascular space invasion(+) and lymphovascular space invasion(-) were 62.5 and 91.9%, respectively, which were significantly lower (p<0.001). In multivariate Cox regression analysis, the presence of lymphovascular space invasion (p<0.001) and age ≥60 years (p=0.017) remained as prognostic factors for reduced disease-free survival. In binary logistic regression analysis, only lymphovascular space invasion (adjusted OR=13, 95%CI=1.456-116.092, p=0.022) was a prognostic factor for distant recurrence. CONCLUSION: lymphovascular space invasion is a prognostic risk factor for recurrence and distant metastasis and also a predictor of poorer disease-free survival outcomes in low-risk endometrial cancer.

15.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 44(12): 1117-1121, Dec. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1431600

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Although obesity can result in high morbidity and mortality in surgical outcomes because of multiple comorbidities, determinants of outcome in obese patients who underwent endometrial cancer surgery remain unclear. The aim of this study is to assess the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and surgical outcomes in obese patients with endometrial cancer. Methods An institutional retrospective review of the demographic details, clinical characteristics, and follow-up data of 142 patients with endometrial cancer who underwent surgery during a 72-month period was performed. The patients were divided into three groups based on their BMI; patients with BMI < 25 were identified as normal weight, patients with BMI between 25 and 30 were accepted as overweight, and those with BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2 were identified as obese. The groups' demographic and clinical variables were compared. Results Of the 142 patients, 42 were in the normal weight group, 55 in the overweight group, and 45 in the obese group. Age, surgical procedures, blood loss, preoperative health status, and metastatic lymph nodes did not show a significant difference between groups. However, surgery time and total lymph nodes were higher in the obese group. (p = 0.02, p = 0.00, and p = 0.00, respectively). Common complications were anemia, fever, intestinal injury, deep vein thrombosis, fascial dehiscence and urinary infection. There was no significant difference according to the complications. Conclusion Our results indicated that higher BMI was significantly associated with a longer duration of endometrial cancer surgery. Minimally invasive surgeries and conventional laparotomy could be performed safely in obese patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Endometrial Neoplasms/surgery , BMI-Age , Obesity
16.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-220524

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Obesity is a growing problem and has signi?cant implications for a variety of diseases, including human cancers. Obesity has now become an epidemic so is the increase of gynecological malignancies in this era. So we review the association of obesity and gynecological malignancies like breast, endometrial, cervical, ovarian, tubal and Vulvo-vaginal carcinoma as an independent etiological risk factor. To Aims and objectives: estimate the prevalence of overweight and obese female in western Indian population. To ?nd the association of different gynecological malignancies and obesity. To evaluate the effect of obesity on different gynecological malignancies in accordance with age, reproductive life and socioeconomic status A cross sectional study in western . Materials and methods: Indian states Gujarat, Maharashtra and Rajasthan from January 2019 to December 2021, 10245 sample size and with overweight and obese post menarchal women up to 70 years of age with BMI >25 kg/m2 were compared to matched controls. All the consented subjects were initially screened by questionnaire by ?eld worker and examined for routine and advanced screening and examinations like Manual Palpation of breast, per abdomen, per speculum per vaginal examination and Pap smear by certi?ed professionals according to standard protocols. Investigation was performed when required like mammography, Ultrasonography and laboratory investigations. Positive association of breast and endometrial Results: carcinoma especially in postmenopausal women and cervical carcinoma. Weak positive association for ovarian carcinoma only in premenopausal woman (not statistically signi?cant). We do not ?nd enough cases to conclude anything for vulvo vaginal and tubal carcinoma. Growing epidemic of obesity can be statistically correlated with increasing Conclusion: incidence of gynecological malignancies like breast, endometrial, ovarian and cervical. Large scale studies further needed for evaluation of correlation of vulvo vaginal and tubal carcinomas

17.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-223677

ABSTRACT

Background & objectives: Accurate and early diagnosis is imperial in the management of endometriosis, endometrioid carcinoma of ovary (ECO) and endometrioid endometrial cancer (EC), yet there are no definitive diagnostic methods available for these diseases. Therefore, the present study was aimed to evaluate the diagnostic potential of differentially expressed miRNAs in serum samples of women with endometriosis, ECO and EC to establish them as diagnostic biomarkers. Methods: Blood samples (5 ml) were obtained from 40 patients (n=10/study group) undergoing laparoscopy/laparotomy/hysterectomy. miRNA-rich RNA was extracted from the serum samples, and quantitative real-time (qRT)-PCR was performed to check the expression levels of miR-16, miR-99b, miR-20a, miR-145, miR-143 and miR-125a in all the samples. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was done to check the diagnostic potential. Results: In endometriosis, miR-16 was downregulated (P<0.05) whereas miR-99b, miR-125a, miR-143 and miR-145 were upregulated (P<0.05). In ECO group, downregulated expression of miR-16 and miR-125a (P<0.05) was observed, whereas miR-99b, miR-143 and miR-145 were upregulated (P<0.05). In endometrioid EC, miR-16, miR-99b, miR-125 and miR-145 were downregulated (P<0.05), whereas miR-143 was upregulated (P<0.05). ROC curve analysis showed that, for endometriosis, miR-99b, miR-125a, miR-143 and miR-145 served as diagnostic markers. miR-145 showed diagnostic power for ECO, and for endometrioid EC, miR-16, miR-99b, miR-125a and miR-145 showed diagnostic potential. Interpretation & conclusions: The present findings suggested that certain circulating miRNAs (miB99b, miR-16, miR-125a, miR-145) might act as indicators and discriminators of endometriosis and endometrioid subtypes of EC and ovarian cancer and might serve as potential biomarkers for early diagnosis and management of these debilitating diseases.

18.
Ginecol. obstet. Méx ; 90(10): 819-825, ene. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1430405

ABSTRACT

Resumen OBJETIVO: Describir, de forma retrospectiva, el comportamiento del cáncer de endometrio en pacientes diagnosticadas en el Complexo Hospitalario Universitario de Ourense MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS: Estudio descriptivo, observacional y retrospectivo efectuado en el Complexo Hospitalario Universitario de Ourense entre septiembre de 2014 y enero de 2018. Criterio de inclusión: diagnóstico, tratamiento y seguimiento en nuestro centro. Criterio de exclusión: historia incompleta y diagnóstico o tratamiento en otro centro. Variables de estudio: tipo de tumor y de tratamiento. Se realizó un análisis descriptivo. Las posibles asociaciones se comprobaron mediante χ2, Fisher, t de Student y prueba de Mann-Whitney. RESULTADOS: Se estudiaron 149 pacientes, con edad media al diagnóstico de 69.38 años ± 9.6 años. El 86.6% (n = 129) de las pacientes estaban en la posmenopausia. El 68% (n = 101) eran obesas y el 54.7% (n = 81) hipertensas. El 54.7% (n = 81) se diagnosticaron en estadio IA. El 68.4% de los tumores grado 3 tuvieron infiltración miometrial mayor al 50%, el 28.6% grado 1 (p < 0.001). De las pacientes que recibieron radioterapia o braquiterapia el 46% estaba en estadios avanzados; 76% en estadio IB, 26% en estadio IA (p < 0.001). El 91.3% de los tumores estadio I fueron tipo I, en los estadios avanzados hubo 48.6% de tumores tipo I (p < 0.001). El 87.4% de los tumores grados 1 o 2 se encontraron en estadio I, un 45.2% de los tumores grado 3 en estadio I (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONES: La mayoría de las pacientes tenía más de 60 años y eran diabéticas, hipertensas y obesas. El cáncer de endometrio suele diagnosticarse en estadios tempranos. La braquiterapia es la coadyuvancia más indicada.


Abstract OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively describe the behavior of endometrial cancer in patients diagnosed at the Complexo Hospitalario Universitario de Ourense. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Descriptive, observational and retrospective study in the Complexo Hospitalario Universitario de Ourense between September 2014 and January 2018. Inclusion criteria: diagnosis, treatment and follow-up in our center. Exclusion criteria: incomplete history and diagnosis or management in another center. Patient, tumor and treatment variables were collected. A descriptive analysis was performed. Possible associations were tested by Chi-square, Fisher, Student's t-test and Mann-Whitney test. RESULTS: 149 patients were studied, with mean age at diagnosis of 69.38 years ± 9.6 years. 86.6% (n = 129) of the patients were postmenopausal. 68% (n = 101) were obese and 54.7% (n = 81) hypertensive. 54.7% (n = 81) were diagnosed at stage IA. 68.4% of grade 3 tumors had myometrial infiltration greater than 50%, 28.6% grade 1 (p < 0.001). Of the patients who received radiotherapy or brachytherapy 46% were advanced stage; 76% stage IB, 26% stage IA (p < 0.001). 91.3% of stage I tumors were type I, in advanced stages there were 48.6% of type I tumors (p < 0.001). 87.4% of grade 1 or 2 tumors were stage I, 45.2% of grade 3 tumors were stage I (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Most patients were older than 60 years and were diabetic, hypertensive and obese. Endometrial cancer is usually diagnosed at early stages. Brachytherapy is the most indicated adjuvant.

19.
Ginecol. obstet. Méx ; 90(4): 316-322, ene. 2022. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385028

ABSTRACT

Resumen OBJETIVO: Determinar qué factores favorecen la predicción de recurrencia de cáncer de endometrio en diferentes estadios de la enfermedad. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS: Estudio retrospectivo efectuado en un grupo de pacientes con cáncer de endometrio atendidas entre el 2017 y 2020 en el Hospital Juan Ramón Jiménez de Huelva, España. Variables de análisis: edad, grado de diferenciación tumoral, invasión miometrial, estadio posquirúrgico e infiltración al espacio linfovascular, en todas las pacientes con recidiva. El análisis estadístico se procesó en el programa SPSS v23. Habiéndose realizado un análisis de Kolmogorov- Smirnov y tras haber obtenido un resultado no normal, se utilizó la prueba de χ2 para los datos categóricos paramétricos, e independientemente se aplicó la prueba U de Mann Whitney para los datos no paramétricos. Los valores de p < 0.01 se consideraron estadísticamente significativos. RESULTADOS: Se reunieron 9 pacientes con recidiva tumoral y seguimiento de 5 años luego del diagnóstico primario. Conforme al análisis estadístico no se encontró una relación de dependencia entre las variables recidiva e invasión miometrial (χ2 = 4.780; p = 0.092), recidiva y grado tumoral (χ2 = 7.765; p = 0.051) y recidiva y el estadio posquirúrgico (χ2 = 10.200, p = 0.070). Por el contrario, se observó relación de dependencia entre las variables afectación ganglionar e infiltración al espacio linfovascular positiva (χ2 = 9.954, Cc = 0.235, p < 0.01). En todas las pacientes se evaluó la infiltración al espacio linfovascular. Ésta fue negativa en 141 casos y 4 de estos casos tuvieron recurrencia de la enfermedad. 5 de 9 pacientes con recurrencia de la enfermedad tenían infiltración al espacio linfovascular positiva. CONCLUSIONES: Lo aquí encontrado muestra que más de la mitad de las pacientes con recurrencia de la enfermedad tuvieron infiltración al espacio linfovascular. Cuando ésta fue negativa hubo una reducción del riesgo de 2.8% de padecer una recurrencia.


Abstract OBJECTIVE: To determine which factors favor the prediction of endometrial cancer recurrence at different stages of the disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective study performed in a group of patients with endometrial cancer attended between 2017 and 2020 at the Juan Ramón Jiménez Hospital in Huelva, Spain. Analysis variables: age, degree of tumor differentiation, myometrial invasion, post-surgical stage and infiltration to the lymphovascular space, in all patients with recurrence. The statistical analysis was processed in SPSS v23. Having performed a Kolmogorov-Smirnov analysis and having obtained a non-normal result, a 2 test was used for parametric categorical data, and independently the Mann Whitney U test was used for non-parametric data. Values of p < 0.01 were considered statistically significant. RESULTS: Nine patients with tumor recurrence and 5-year follow-up after primary diagnosis were collected. According to the statistical analysis, no dependency relationship was found between the variables recurrence and myometrial invasion (χ2 = 4.780; p = 0.092), recurrence and tumor grade (χ2 = 7.765; p = 0.051) and recurrence and post-surgical stage (χ2 = 10.200, p = 0.070). In contrast, a dependency relationship was observed between the variables nodal involvement and positive lymphovascular space infiltration (χ2 = 9.954, Cc = 0.235, p < 0.01). The existence of infiltration of the lymphovascular space was evaluated in all patients. This was negative in 141 cases and 4 of these cases had disease recurrence. 5 of 9 patients with disease recurrence had positive lymphovascular space infiltration. CONCLUSIONS: The findings here show that more than half of the patients with disease recurrence have infiltration to the lymphovascular space and, in addition, if the infiltration to the lymphovascular space is negative, there is a 2.8% reduced risk of recurrence.

20.
Chinese Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; (6): 698-702, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989870

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the role of N 6-methyladenosine (m6A) and its regulator METTL3 in the non-coding RNA of endometrial cancer.Methods:The expression levels of m6A and METTL3 were quantified in 20 paired carcinoma and adjacent clinical tissue samples from patients at from Jul. 2016 to Dec. 2020. HEC-1-A cell lines were constructed with METTL3 overexpression and knockdown. Western blot was used to detect the phosphorylation levels of key molecules in METTL3 and Akt/mTOR. The quantitative detection of mRNA levels were used qRT-PCR. The binding level of m6A to its receptor DGCR8 was determined by RNA immunoprecipitation.Results:The results of the m6A RNA methylation quantification kit showed that m6A (1.0±0.15) vs (1.7±0.34) ( P<0.01) and METTL3 levels were elevated in endometrial cancer cells, and METTL3 (1.0±0.13) vs (2.5±0.45) ( P<0.05) levels were elevated in endometrial cancer cells. Western blot and qRT-PCR detection of miR-17-92 cell clusters overexpressing METTL3, METTL3 overexpression significantly increased m6A modification on pri-miR-17-92 ( P<0.05) . Phosphorylation levels of AKT/mTOR pathway-related proteins were upregulated. In addition, RIP test results indicated that the binding of DGCR8 to pri-miR-17-92 was significantly facilitated. Conclusion:METTL3 modification of m6A facilitates the processing of pri-miR-1792 into the miR-17-92 clusters via m6A/DGCR8-dependent mechanism, which in turn activated the AKT/mTOR pathway.

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