Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 162
Filter
1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e242070, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1278554

ABSTRACT

Abstract Interactions between endophytic fungi (EFs) and their host plants range from positive to neutral to negative. The results of such interactions can vary depending on the organ of the infected host plant. EFs isolated from the leaves of some species of plants have potential for use as agents to inhibit seed germination and control invasive plants. The objectives of this study were to identify EFs present in the leaves of Copaifera oblongifolia and to evaluate the role of these fungi in seed germination and seedling development. A total of 11 species of EFs were isolated, which were identified using the internal transcribed spacers (ITS) sequence of the nuclear ribosomal DNA. The isolated species of EFs are generalists and probably are transmitted horizontally. Laboratory tests revealed that filtrates of these fungal isolates differently affect seed germination and seedling development of C. oblongifolia. The species Curvularia intermedia, Neofusicoccum parvum, Pseudofusicoccum stromaticum and Phomopsis sp. negatively affected seed germination, with N. parvum standing out for its negative effects, inhibiting seedling germination and survival in 89 and 222%, respectively. In addition, Cochliobolus intermedius negatively affected seedling development. Thus, the combined use of N. parvum and C. intermedius, or products from the metabolism of these microorganisms, in the control of invasive plants deserves attention from future studies.


Resumo As interações entre fungos endofíticos (FEs) e suas plantas hospedeiras variam de positivas, neutras a negativas. Os resultados destas interações podem variar dependendo do órgão da planta hospedeira infectada. FEs isolados de folhas de algumas espécies de plantas têm potencial para serem usados como agentes inibidores da germinação de sementes e no controle de plantas invasoras. Os objetivos deste estudo foram identificar os FEs presentes nas folhas de Copaifera oblongifolia e avaliar o papel destes fungos na germinação das sementes e no desenvolvimento das plântulas. Um total de 11 espécies de FEs foi isolado das folhas de C. oblongifolia e identificado através da sequência dos espaçadores internos transcritos do DNA ribossomal nuclear. As espécies de FEs isoladas são generalistas e provavelmente devem ser transmitidas horizontalmente. Os resultados dos testes de germinação mostraram que filtrados destes isolados fúngicos podem afetar diferentemente a germinação das sementes e o desenvolvimento das plântulas de C. oblongifolia. As espécies Curvularia intermedia, Neofusicoccum parvum, Pseudofusicoccum stromaticum e Phomopsis sp. afetaram negativamente a germinação das sementes de C. oblongifolia. Dentre estas espécies devemos destacar que N. parvum reduziu a germinação e a sobrevivência das plântulas em 89 e 222%, respectivamente. Além disso, Cochiliobolus intermedius afetou negativamente o desenvolvimento das plântulas. Assim, o uso combinado de N. parvum e C. intermedius, ou de produtos do metabolismo destas espécies de fungos, têm potencial para serem usados no manejo de plantas invasoras.


Subject(s)
Germination , Fabaceae , Ascomycota , Seeds , Plant Leaves , Seedlings , Fungi , Curvularia
2.
rev. udca actual. divulg. cient ; 25(1): e2098, ene.-jun. 2022. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1395184

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Masdevallia coccinea es una orquídea llamativa, endémica de Colombia, empleada en la generación de híbridos ornamentales con más de una década, clasificada como una especie en peligro de extinción. Entre las técnicas usadas para la propagación in vitro y ex situ de especies de la familia Orchidaceae, se estudia la simbiosis micorrízica, debido a que esta familia micoheterótrofa depende de una correlación con estos hongos para subsistir en las primeras etapas de desarrollo en estado silvestre. Con el objetivo de caracterizar e identificar los hongos asociados a las raíces de M. coccinea, se realizó un estudio histológico en raíces y, a partir de micropreparados, se caracterizó morfológicamente micro, macroscópica y molecularmente diez aislamientos. Se identificó a M. coccinea como una orquídea que presenta diferentes patrones de colonización micorrízicos y con posibles efectos endófitos de los géneros Aspergillus, Scopulariopsis, Trichoderma, Ilyonectria y del orden Xylariales en condiciones ex situ.


ABSTRACT Masdevallia coccinea is a striking orchid, endemic to Colombia, used in the generation of ornamental hybrids, with more than a decade classified as an endangered species. Among the techniques used for in vitro and ex situ propagation of species of the Orchidaceae family, mycorrhizal symbiosis is studied, because this mycoheterotrophic family depends on a correlation with these fungi to survive in the early stages of development in the wild. In order to characterize and identify the fungi associated with the roots of M. coccinea, a histological study was carried out on roots and 10 isolates were morphologically, macroscopically and molecularly characterized from micropreparations. M. coccinea is identified as an orchid with different mycorrhizal colonization patterns and with possible endophytic effects of the genera Aspergillus, Scopulariopsis, Trichoderma, Ilyonectria and the order Xylariales under ex situ conditions.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928015

ABSTRACT

A new polyketide, coptaspin A(1), along with two known compounds 4-acetyl-3,4-dihydro-6,8-dihydroxy-3-methoxy-5-methylisocoumarin(2), and cytochalasin Z_(12)(3), was isolated from the endophytic fungi Aspergillus sp. ZJ-58, which was isolated from the genuine medicinal plant Coptis chinensis in Chongqing after solid-state fermentation on rice and silica gel, MCI, and HPLC-based separation. Their structures were elucidated by MS, NMR, IR, UV, and ECD. The newly isolated compound 1 showed moderate inhibitory activities against LPS-induced NO production in RAW264.7 macrophages with the IC_(50) value of 58.7 μmol·L~(-1), suggesting its potential anti-inflammatory activity.


Subject(s)
Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology , Aspergillus/chemistry , Coptis chinensis , Plants, Medicinal , Polyketides/pharmacology
4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 872-878, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876528

ABSTRACT

In order to provide a scientific basis for the establishment of a Daphnes Cortex medicinal material fungus library and the screening of endophytic fungi that promote the growth of Daphnes Cortex and increase the content of daphnetin, we used Illumina high-throughput testing technology to analyze 9 Daphnes Cortex samples from Gansu and Shanxi provinces. A total of 632 766 valid sequences were obtained, including 348 OTUs, 4 phyla, 20 classes, 48 orders, 108 families, 154 genera, and 208 species. The sum of the first 3 fungal genera account for more than 65% of the total abundance, with the highest reaching 98.4%. Alternaria and Phoma are the main genuses of Daphne giraldii Nitsche, and Altemaria is the dominant genus. The endophytic fungi community of Daphnes Cortex is rich in diversity, and the order of fungal diversity in different producing areas is: Gangu County > Wutai County > Tanchang County.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906440

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the taxonomic structure and diversity of endophytic fungi from <italic>Datura metel </italic>and screen the strains with anti-dermatophyte activities, so as to provide resources for the development of new lead compounds against dermatomycosis. Method:Endophytic fungi were isolated from the roots, stems and leaves of <italic>D. metel</italic> after tissue block incubation and then identified by morphological analysis and rDNA-internal transcribed spacer(ITS) sequencing. Their anti-dermatophyte activities were detected by agar diffusion assay. Result:A total of 292 strains of endophytic fungi were isolated from <italic>D. metel</italic>, belonging to 34 genera, with<italic> Fusarium</italic> (72.97%) in roots, <italic>Fusarium </italic>(37.25%) and <italic>Plectosphaerella </italic>(28.43%) in stems, and <italic>Colletotrichum </italic>(39.66%) in leaves as the dominant species. The isolation rate (89.23%), colonization rate (84.62%), and diversity index (1.82) of endophytic fungi in leaves were significantly higher than those in roots (70.48%, 70.48% and 1.23) and stems (69.39%,68.03% and 1.64). The determination of anti-dermatophyte activities of 35 endophytic fungal fermented filtrates showed that the strains exhibiting inhibitory activities against <italic>Microsporum canis</italic>, <italic>Trichosporon mucoides</italic>, <italic>Trichophyton rubrum</italic> and <italic>Candida albicans </italic>accounted for 97.14%, 71.43%, 45.71%, and 25.71%, respectively. Among them, six strains (17.14%), namely <italic>Fusarium </italic>sp. R1, <italic>Penicillium </italic>sp. R5, <italic>Aspergillus </italic>sp. R7, <italic>Metarhizium </italic>sp.<italic> </italic>S18, <italic>Diaporthe </italic>sp. S19, and <italic>Glomerella </italic>sp.<italic> </italic>L57, all inhibited the four types of cutaneous fungal pathogens. Conclusion:The endophytic fungi in <italic>D. metel</italic> are diverse, and the proportion of endophytic fungi possessing anti-dermatophyte activities is high, allowing them to serve as potential resources for the development of new anti-dermatophyte agents.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887984

ABSTRACT

In order to reveal the distribution and population characteristics of endophytic fungi from Zanthoxylum nitidum and the antibacterial potential,this study performed molecular identification and analyzed the genetic diversity and antibacterial activity of endophytic fungi from Z. nitidum in Guangxi. Through culture and molecular identification,35 strains,belonging to 15 genera,12 families,10 orders,4 classes,and 2 phyla,were isolated from various tissues of Z. nitidum,of which Colletotrichum and Fusarium were the dominant genera,respectively accounting for 20% of total strains. The diversity of endophytic fungi was significantly different among roots,stems,and leaves,as manifested by the significantly higher Shannon index( H') in stems( 1. 678) than in roots( 0. 882 1) and leaves( 0. 515 4). The antimicrobial activity analysis showed that 14. 28% of endophytic fungi inhibited at least one indicator pathogen. Among them,Fusarium sp. ZN-34 and Fusarium sp. ZN-26 separately demonstrated the strongest inhibitory effect on Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. In general,Fusarium sp. ZN-26 and Phialemoniopsis plurioloculosa ZN-35 were advantageous in suppressing the two bacteria owing to the broad spectrum and strong efficacy. In summary,Z. nitidum in Guangxi boasts rich endophytic fungi with the majority showing strong antibacterial activity,which can be used as candidates for the extraction and separation of basic antibacterial substances and the development of natural antibacterial agents.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Anti-Infective Agents , China , Colletotrichum , Endophytes/genetics , Fungi/genetics , Genetic Variation , Humans , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Zanthoxylum
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887957

ABSTRACT

A new phenolic acid ester, 4'-hydroxyphenylethyl 4,8(R)-dihydroxyphenylpropionate(1), was isolated from an endophytic fungus Colletotrichum capsici of Paeonia lactiflora roots, along with eight known phenolic derivatives, tyrosol(2), 2-(4-hydroxyphenyl) ethyl acetate(3), methyl p-hydroxyphenylacetate(4), methyl m-hydroxyphenylacetate(5), 4-(4-hydroxyphene-thoxy)-4-oxobutanoic acid(6), 4-hydroxyphenethyl methyl succinate(7), trichodenol B(8) and 4-hydroxyphenethyl 2-(4-hydroxyphenyl) acetate(9). Their structures were identified by a combination of high-resolution electrospray ionization mass spectrometry(HR-ESI-MS), nuclear magnetic resonance(NMR) spectroscopy, ultraviolet(UV) spectroscopy and electronic circular dichroism(ECD) spectroscopy. Compounds 2-9 were isolated from this fungus for the first time.


Subject(s)
Colletotrichum , Esters , Hydroxybenzoates , Paeonia
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886687

ABSTRACT

@#Using a series of purification methods including silica gel, Sephadex LH-20 and preparative high performance liquid chromatography, secondary metabolites of Myrothecium sp. were purified from the ethyl acetate extract of the solid fermentation product. Based on structure characterization and investigation on the physical and chemical properties a, twelve monomeric compounds were identified as 3''-hydroxyverrucarin A (1), verrucarin A (2), verrucarin L acetate (3), verrucarin J (4), verrucarin K (5), roridin A (6), roridin D (7), roridin H (8), roridin J (9), verrol 4-acetate (10), (3S, 3aS, 6α, 6aR)-dihydrosporothrioride (11) and 4,6-dihydroxy-1(3H)-isobenzofuranone (12). Compounds 1, 5 and 9 -12 were isolated from Myrothecium sp. for the first time.Compounds 2, 3, 4, 7 and 8 exhibited strong inhibitory effects on Candida albicans, with a minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC50) of 0.318, 0.218, 0.047, 0.569 and 0.558 μg/mL, respectively.

9.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 572-587, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881155

ABSTRACT

Endophytic fungi are promising producers of bioactive small molecules. Bioinformatic analysis of the genome of an endophytic fungus

10.
Biota Neotrop. (Online, Ed. ingl.) ; 21(2): e20201069, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1180714

ABSTRACT

Abstract: This is a systematic review of scientific articles reporting the biodiversity of endophytic fungi isolated from endemic Cerrado plants in Brazil and exposes the potential applications of these microorganisms in the production of known and new metabolites. The "Portal de Periódicos" (CAPES), Science Direct, PubMed, Scielo, and Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde (BVS) databases were used. A total of 418 articles were found using the following sets of keywords: Endophytic, fungi, and Cerrado; endophytic, fungi, rupestrian, and grass lands; endophytic, fungi, Brazilian, and savanna; among these, 14 articles were selected. The articles were grouped into studies on the biodiversity of Cerrado endophytic fungi, chemical studies, and other subjects. All the articles were found to be related to the diversity present in the Cerrado of the southeastern and midwestern regions, they show high fungal biodiversity with Diaporthe genus predominant in almost all plants studied. In all the studies on the chemical diversity of endophytic fungi, new compounds or new natural products were found associated with a range of bioactivity, especially antifungal. It shows the great potential of endophytes in the production of new and bioactive secondary metabolites, as well as the unexplored chemical diversity of endophytes isolated from endemic plant species. The review shows that rare studies performed in regions where the Cerrado biome are predominant, including the central, north, and northeast regions, representing an important niche that is still unexplored.


Resumo: Esta é uma revisão sistemática de artigos científicos que relatam a biodiversidade de fungos endofíticos isolados de plantas endêmicas do Cerrado no Brasil, e expõe as possíveis aplicações desses microrganismos na produção de metabólitos novos e conhecidos. Foram utilizadas as bases de dados "Portal de Periódicos" (CAPES), Science Direct, PubMed, Scielo e Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde (BVS). Foram encontrados 418 artigos, usando os seguintes conjuntos de palavras-chave: Endophytic, fungi, and Cerrado; endophytic, fungi, rupestrian, and grasslands; endophytic, fungi, Brazilian, and savanna. Destes, 14 artigos foram selecionados. Os artigos foram agrupados em estudos sobre a biodiversidade de fungos endofíticos do Cerrado, estudos químicos e outros estudos. Todos os artigos foram relacionados à diversidade presente no Cerrado das regiões sudeste e centro-oeste, estes apresentam alta biodiversidade fúngica, com o gênero Diaporthe predominando em quase todas as plantas estudadas. Em todos os estudos sobre a diversidade química de fungos endofíticos, novos compostos ou novos produtos naturais foram identificados, associados a uma série de bioatividades, especialmente antifúngica. Isso mostra o grande potencial dos endófitos na produção de metabólitos secundários novos e bioativos, bem como a diversidade química inexplorada de endófitos isolados de espécies de plantas endêmicas. Esta revisão mostra que raros estudos foram realizados em regiões onde o bioma Cerrado é predominante, incluindo as regiões central, norte e nordeste, que representam um nicho importante ainda inexplorado.

11.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-210669

ABSTRACT

Endophytic fungi from healthy leaf tissues of Houttuynia cordata Thunb., a widely used ethnomedicinal plant ofNortheast India, were investigated, and an attempt has been made to characterize the antimicrobial metabolites fromsome potent endophytic strains. Altogether, 56 endophytic fungal isolates were obtained from surface-sterilized leaffragments of H. cordata. The endophytes consisted of fungi belonging to genera Colletotrichum, Curvularia, Bipolaris,Corynespora, and Pseudozyma and non-sporulating fungi categorized as mycelia sterilia. Assay for antimicrobialactivity revealed that 73.07% of the isolates showed activity against the test pathogens in varying degrees, whereas92.32% of the isolates showed anticandida activity against Candida albicans. Among the isolates, two endophyticfungi identified as Colletotrichum coccodes and Phyllosticta capitalensis showed a significant antimicrobial activityagainst all the test pathogens. The metabolites obtained from C. coccodes revealed the presence of different functionalgroups and bioactive compounds such as geranylgeraniol, farnesol, hexacosanol, oleic acid, and squalene. Metabolitesobtained from P. capitalensis also showed various functional groups and the presence of bioactive compound,1-Octacosanol among several others. The study indicated that the ethnomedicinal plants are colonized by the richdiversity of endophytic fungi with antimicrobial activity. A further detailed investigation could practically lead to thedevelopment of pharmaceutical agents in the future.

12.
Biosci. j. (Online) ; 36(5): 1742-1749, 01-09-2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1147925

ABSTRACT

We have previously reported that ß-(1→3,1→6)-ᴅ-glucans produced by endophytes Diaporthe sp. G27-60 and G65-65 (GenBank accession codes JF766998 and JF767007, respectively) are promising anti-proliferation agents against human breast carcinoma (MCF-7) and hepatocellular carcinoma (HepG2-C3A) cells. However, the literature fails to describe the effects of Diaporthe exopolysaccharides (EPS) on eukaryotic healthy cells. The fungus Metarhiziumanisopliae has been employed as model-system to evaluate the toxicity of pharmaceutical and agricultural-interest substances, taking into account, among other parameters, the speed of conidia germination. Current study verified the effect of different concentrations of Diaporthe ß-glucans on the germination speed of M. anisopliae. Conidia were incubated with ß-glucans treatments (50, 200 and 400 µg/mL) at 28ºC, sampled during 24 h and analyzed by light microscopy. At the end of a 24-h incubation, the amount of germinated conidia reached ≈99% for controls and ranged between 97.7 and 98.6% for treatments. Bayesian analysis indicated that Diaporthe glucans had no toxicity on M. anisopliaeand the curve of germination occurred as expected for this fungal strain. Considering the validity of filamentous fungi as model-systems, results are important data on the toxicity of endophytic EPS on healthy cells and may be associated with our previous results obtained for these polymers against tumor cells.


Anteriormente, um estudo mostrou que ß-(1→3,1→6)-ᴅ-glucanas produzidas pelos endófitos Diaporthe sp. G27-60 e G65-65 (códigos de acesso no GenBank JF766998 e JF767007, respectivamente) são agentes promissores com ação antiproliferativa contra células HepG2-C3A (hepatoma humano) e MCF-7 (adenocarcinoma mamário humano). No entanto, os efeitos de exopolissacarídeos (EPS) produzidos por fungos do gênero Diaporthe em células eucarióticas sadias não estão descritos na literatura atual. O fungo Metarhiziumanisopliae tem sido utilizado como sistema-modelo para avaliar a toxicidade de substâncias de interesse farmacêutico e agronômico, considerando, entre outros parâmetros, a velocidade de germinação de conídios. O presente estudo teve como objetivo verificar os efeitos de diferentes concentrações de ß-glucanas produzidas por Diaporthe sp. sobre a velocidade de germinação de M. anisopliae. Os conídios foram incubados com os tratamentos de ß-glucanas (50, 200 e 400 µg/mL) a 28 ºC, com amostras coletadas ao longo de 24 h, e analisados por microscopia de luz. Ao final das 24 h de incubação, o total de conídios germinados nos controles foi de ≈99%, e variou entre 97,7 e 98,6% para os tratamentos. A análise bayesiana indicou que as glucanas de Diaporthe sp. não apresentaram toxicidade sobre M. anisopliae, e a curva de germinação atendeu ao esperado para essa linhagem fúngica. Considerando a validade dos fungos filamentosos como sistemas-modelo, esses resultados representam dados importantes sobre a toxicidade dos EPS de endófitos sobre células sadias e podem ser associados aos resultados anteriormente obtidos para esses polímeros em testes contra células tumorais.


Subject(s)
Bayes Theorem , Endophytes , Fungi
13.
Chinese Herbal Medicines ; (4): 297-302, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-842009

ABSTRACT

Objective: In the present study, Gentiana rigescens was screened for fungi communities to clarify their diversity and community assemblage in hosts. Meanwhile, the identification and activity assays of the strains were also conducted. Methods: By culture-dependent (endophytic fungi isolations from plant sections) and culture-independent (metagenomic library and cloning from plant sections) techniques, fungi communities were studied. The metagenomic library was generated using direct DNA isolation of whole plants, plant radixes, plant stems, plant leaves, plant flowers and soils around the plant. Meanwhile, endophytes were isolated from all parts of G. rigescens plants. After fermentation of the fungi isolations, all the isolates were evaluated for their cytotoxicity against four kinds of human cancer cell lines (HCT116, BEL7404, A549, MDA-MB-231). Results: Eventually, 200 strains were isolated and 103 strains were further identified through the internal transcribed spacer (ITS, ITS1 and ITS2 regions) sequence by using the universal primers ITS5 and ITS4. A total of 59,106 fungal sequences corresponding to 374 putative operational taxonomic units (OTU) were identified by 454 pyrosequencing. Through 454 pyrosequencing, the main fungal genera were Sebacina, Botrytis, Mycosphaerella, Boletus and Gibberella, and the major fungal genera which were directly isolated were Aspergillus, Fusarium, Penicillium and Alternaria. Activity assays showed strains 5–26 (Aspergillus sp.) and 6–2 (Fusarium avenaceum) had the outstanding cytotoxicity to all the tested cell lines with IC50 values <5 μg/mL. Conclusion: This study revealed the abundance of endogenetic fungal resources and a variety of genetic information in G. rigescens by high-throughput 454 sequencing technology and fungi isolation methods. Activity assays indicated that endophytes were a promising natural source of potential anticancer agents.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846571

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the characteristics of endophytic fungi separated from the roots of Amomum villosum grown in Jinping County of Yunnan Province, including the culture, evaluation of phosphorus-solubilizing ability and taxonomic identification of target strains. Methods: Endophytic fungi in the roots of A. villosum were separated by culturing in the mediums of PDA and MEA, and purely cultured in PDA. The endophytic fungi with phosphorus-solubilizing ability were screened by solid and liquid mediums of Pikovaskaia’s (PVK) prepared with inorganic phosphorus source. Then, the phosphorus-solubilizing capacity and reasonable mechanism were analyzed by growth circle, biomass, effective phosphorus content, pH value, and phosphatase activity. Moreover, molecular identification of target strains with the capacity of phosphorus-solubilizing would be carried out by ribosome 18 S PCR amplification. Results: The results showed that 24 endophytic fungi were separated from the roots of A. villosum in total, 10 of which were dark septate endophytes (DSE). Eight strains could grow on PVK solid medium and produce phosporus-dissolved growth circle. The growth circle diameters of JP-20 and JP-23 were larger than others, and more than 9 cm, followed by JP-15 with the growth circle of 6.06 cm. Furthermore, it was shown that JP-23 had a strong ability of phosphate-solubilizing due to presenting a high biomass in the PVK liquid medium instead of the medium prepared by soluble phosphorus source. The content of effective phosphorus of JP-23 in PVK liquid medium was significantly increased with an obviously decreasing pH and a sharply rising of acid phosphatase (ACP) activity. Moreover, the strain JP-23 was preliminarily identified as Cladosporium sp. (GenBank: MK629004) by molecular identification. Conclusion: An assumption was concluded that strain JP-23 could decompose and use insoluble phosphorus sources by adjusting the pH value and secreting ACP in medium. Our findings would provide data support and theoretical basis for studying the phosphate absorption mechanism of plant-microbial symbiosis system and the ecological plantation of A. villosum.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846498

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the diversity and community structure of endophytic fungi in Corydali yanhusuo tuber and their correlations with tetrahydropalmatine content. Methods The endophytic fungi in C. yanhusuo tuber from eight localities (Pan’an of Zhejiang Province, Dongyang of Zhejiang Province, Jinyun of Zhejiang Province, Sanhe of Shanxi Province, Dongjiaying of Shanxi Province, Kaixian of Chongqing, Xuancheng of Anhui Province and Xinyang of Henan Province) were isolated and identified according to the morphology and ITS sequences, so as to analyze the community structure of endophytic fungi; HPLC was used to determine tetrahydropalmatine content, and Excel and SPSS were used to analyze their correlations and establish multiple linear regression equations at different levels of dominant genera and species. Results: A total of 1 742 endophytic fungi were isolated and divided into 19 taxa (14 were identified to species level and five to genera level), belonging to 3 phyla, 5 classes, 10 orders, 14 families and 15 genera; The tetrahydropalmatine content in C. yanhusuo tuber from eight localities was higher than the standard of Chinese Pharmacopoeia (2015 edition); The richness (S) and diversity index (H’) of endophytic fungi in C. yanhusuo tuber and tetrahydropalmatine content in Zhejiang Province were extremely significant or significantly higher than those in the other localities. The diversity index (H’) was significantly positive correlated with the tetrahydropalmatine content; There was the largest positive correlation between the tetrahydropalmatine content and T83 (Trichoderma sp.) (correlation coefficient: 0.793). Conclusion: There are abundant endophytic fungi resources in C. yanhusuo; T83 as a dominant endophytic fungus probably related to the accumulation of tetrahydropalmatine.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846278

ABSTRACT

Paclitaxel, a diterpenoid alkaloid, is known as one of the most effective plant antitumor drugs. At present, paclitaxel products are mainly obtained by semi-chemical synthesis, extraction from Taxus spp. plant and bark cell culture synthesis. This study emphatically analyzed the research progress in the production of paclitaxel. The identification of genes related to paclitaxel biosynthesis was summarized. Furthermore, it was assessed that the possibility of using the bark cell culture of Taxus chinensis, endophytic fungi fermentation and the synthetic biology heterologous synthesis to produce paclitaxel compounds. The review can provide theoretical reference for the establishment of green and sustainable industrial production methods of the paclitaxel active products and their precursors.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846214

ABSTRACT

Objective: To isolate and purify endophytic fungus from Glycyrrhiza uralensis, and screen the specific strain with better antibacterial and antioxidant activity (DPPH• radical scavenging, total reducing power, determination of hydroxyl radical scavenging) and anti-alpha-glucosidase activity. Methods: The endophytic fungi were isolated and purified from G. uralensis by tissue cutting. N-butanol, ethyl acetate and ethanol were used to extract the fermentation liquid and mycelium. Antibacterial activity was detected by filter paper. Three methods were used to characterize antioxidant activity. A total of 36 endophytic fungi were isolated from G. uralensis by PNPG method. Results: A total of seven genera were isolated from 108 samples by concentrated fermentation liquid extraction. Trichoderma. sp was the dominant species. The experimental results showed that 43.52% of the samples had different degrees of antibacterial effect, of which 8.33% performed well; The extracts showed different levels of antioxidant activity, of which 4.63% to 10.12% showed better performance in the three methods. 99.07% of the samples had different levels of anti-α-glucosidase activity, of which 5.56% of the samples performed well. Conclusion: The strains isolated from G. uralensis have good antibacterial activity, antioxidant activity, and anti-alpha-glucosidase activity, which further study is needed.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846213

ABSTRACT

Objective: The analysis of endophytic fungi diversity and the biomarkers in different varieties of Paridis Rhizoma were used to lay a foundation for the development of quality equivalence and identification and traceability technology. Methods: The amplicons of endophytic fungal community genes from three varieties of Paridis Rhizomaa were sequenced by using Illmina Hiseq high-throughput sequencing. Bioinformatic analysis was performed to study the diversity of flora and the difference of fungal community. Results: The α diversity of endophytic fungi from different varieties was different, but there was no significant difference in β diversity. The OTU of Paris fargesii var. petiolata (Baker ex C. H. Wright) in endophytic fungi was only 0.27%. The results of fungal community annotation showed that the three varieties were annotated to six identical phyla, but the composition ratios were different. Moreover, we explored the biomarker differences in three variants, and the Rhizophagus irregularis of Paris polyphylla through LEfSe analysis. is a biomarker with significant difference. Conclusion: The diversity change of endophytic fungi community of the three varieties was not significant, but the composition ratio was different. The results of this study provided the research basis for the development of quality equivalence and identification and traceability technology.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846195

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the secondary metabolites of the endophytic fungus Aspergillus oryzae from Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis in order to find new compounds. Methods: The endophytic fungus A. oryzae was fermented by liquid fermentation. After extraction, silica gel and macroporous adsorption resin were used to separate and purify the extract. The structures of the compounds were identified according to their physical and chemical properties and spectroscopic data. Results: Three compounds were isolated and their structures were identified as 3-amino-4,5-dihydroxy-4,6-dimethyl-2-(2-methylbutanoyl)cyclohex-2-enone (1), 12-N-methyl- cyclo-(L-tryptophyl-L-phenylalanyl) (2) and ditryptophenaline (3). Conclusion: Compound 1 is a new polyketide named asperpolyketide A.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846137

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the chemical composition and structure of the secondary metabolites of the endophytic fungus Aspergillus oryzae from Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis. Methods: A. oryzae was fermented by liquid fermentation. After extraction, it was separated and purified by various chromatography methods. The structure of the compounds was identified according to the physical and chemical properties and spectral data. Results: Four compounds were isolated and their structures were identified as 4-hydroxy-6-[(2S,3S)-3-hydroxybutan-2-yl]-3-methyl-2H-pyran-2-one (1), (R)-4-hydroxy-6-(1-hydroxy-2- methylpropyl)-3- methyl-2H-pyran-2-one (2), flufuran (3) and flufuran methyl ester (4). Conclusion: Compounds 1 and 2 are new α-pyronoids named asper-α-pyranone A and asper-α-pyranone B.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL