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Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 26(1): 137-147, Jan.-Mar. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364923


Abstract Introduction Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has claimed millions of lives. Adequate protection of the professionals involved in patient care is essential in the battle against this disease. However, there is much uncertainty involving safety-relarted topics that are of particular interest to the rhinologist in the context of COVID-19. Objective To evaluate the current evidence regarding three safety-related topics: mask and respirator use, performance of nasal endoscopic procedures, and use of topical nasal and intranasal medications (saline irrigation and nasal corticosteroids). Methods A literature review was performed on the PubMed, Scopus, and Cochrane databases, with standardized search queries for each of the three topics of interest. Results In total, 13 articles on mask use, 6 articles on the safety of nasal corticosteroids, 6 articles on the safety of nasal endoscopic procedures, and 1 article on nasal irrigation with saline solution were included in the final analysis. Conclusion N95 respirators are essential for the adequate protection of otolaryngologists. If reuse is necessary, physical methods of sterilization must be employed. No evidence was found to contraindicate the use of nasal corticosteroids, whether acute (in the management of sinonasal inflammatory conditions) or continued (in patients who use them chronically). Nasal irrigation with saline solution apparently does not increase the risk in the context of COVID-19. Nasal endoscopic procedures should only be performed after testing the patient for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), and the surgical team must wear full personal protective equipment to prevent aerosol exposure.

Medicina UPB ; 41(1): 67-74, mar. 2022. tab, Ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1362702


La hemorragia del tracto digestivo superior (HTDS) es el sangrado originado por encima del ángulo de Treitz. A pesar del aumento en las estrategias de prevención, del incremento en los tratamientos con Inhibidor de bomba de protones (IBP) y de la intervención endoscópica temprana, esta patología sigue siendo una causa frecuente de consulta a urgencias, con una morbimortalidad no despreciable y alta carga para el sistema de salud. Esta revisión se enfoca en la HTDS de causa diferente a las varices. La principal causante de esta entidad es la enfermedad ácido-péptica, que es consecuencia del gran consumo de antiinflamatorios no esteroideos (AINES) y de la infección por Helicobacter Pylori. Otras causas son el síndrome de Mallory Weiss, la esofagitis erosiva, las malformaciones arteriovenosas y la malignidad.

Upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) refers to any bleeding originating above the angle of Treitz. Despite an increase in prevention strategies, proton pump inhibitor (PPI) therapy and early endoscopic intervention, this pathology continues to be an important cause of admission to the emergency department for gastrointestinal causes, having a pretty high morbidity and mortality in addition to a high burden on the health system. This review focuses on non-variceal UGIB. The main cause of this entity being peptic acid disease, due to great consumption of NSAIDs and Helicobacter Pylori infection. Other causes are Mallory Weiss syndrome, erosive esophagitis, arteriovenous malformations, and malignancy.

A hemorragia do trato digestivo superior (HTDS) é o sangrado originado acima do ângulo de Treitz. Apesar do aumento nas estratégias de prevenção, do incremento nos tratamentos com Inibidor da bomba de prótons (IBP) e da intervenção endoscópica precoce, esta patologia segue sendo uma causa frequente de consulta a urgências, com uma morbimortalidade não depreciável e alta carga para o sistema de saúde. Esta revisão se enfoca na HTDS de causa diferente às varizes. A principal causante desta entidade é a doença ácido-péptica, que é consequência do grande consumo de anti-inflamatórios não esteróideos (AINES) e da infecção por HelicobacterPylori. Outras causas são a síndrome de Mallory Weiss, a esofagites erosiva, as malformações arteriovenosas e a malignidade. Palavras-chave: hemorragia gastrointestinal; úlcera péptica; endoscopia gastrointestinal; inibidores da bomba de prótons; medicina geral.

Humans , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage , Peptic Ulcer , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Helicobacter pylori , Gastrointestinal Tract , Emergency Service, Hospital , Esophagitis , Proton Pump Inhibitors , Mallory-Weiss Syndrome , Neoplasms
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 98(1): 26-32, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360553


Abstract Objective: To assess intra- and interobserver agreement among non-expert pathologists in identifying features of the eosinophilic esophagitis histologic scoring system (EoEHSS) in pediatric patients. Patients and methods: The authors used 50 slides from patients (aged 1-15 years; 72% male) with EoE. EoEHSS evaluates eosinophilic inflammation and other features including epithelial basal zone hyperplasia, eosinophilic abscesses, eosinophil surface layering, dilated intercellular spaces, surface epithelial alteration, dyskeratotic epithelial cells, and lamina propria fibrosis. Grade and stage of abnormalities are scored using a 4-point scale (0 normal; 3 maximum change). Four pathologists determined EoEHSS findings on two occasions. Intra- and interobserver agreement was assessed using Kappa (κ) statistics and intra-class correlation coefficients. Results: Intra- and interobserver agreement for the identification of eosinophil counts ≥ 15/high power field (HPF) was excellent, however varied when assessing additional features of the EoEHSS. For the more experienced pathologist, agreement for most EoEHSS items and the composite scores was substantial to excellent. For the less experienced pathologists, intraobserver agreement ranged from absent to substantial for individual features and ranged from moderate to substantial for the composite scores. Conclusion: Most items of the EoEHSS had substantial to excellent reliability when assessed by a pathologist experienced in the diagnosis of EoE but presented lower repeatability among less experienced pathologists. These findings suggest that specific training of pathologists is required for the identification of EoEHSS characteristics beyond eosinophil count, as these features are considered useful in the evaluation of response to treatment and correlation with clinical manifestations and endoscopic findings.

Coluna/Columna ; 21(1): e246193, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364778


ABSTRACT Objectives: To compare microdiscectomy (MD) and endoscopic interlaminar discectomy (EID) as methods for the surgical treatment of lumbar disc herniation, describing their efficiency in reducing hospitalization time, pain, and neurological deficit, and comparing the findings and the quality of studies that used the microscopic and endoscopic techniques. Methods: A systematic literature review that used the PRISMA protocol as a methodology. The search was conducted in the PUBMED/MEDLINE and The Cochrane Library databases, using publications from the last 5 years in Portuguese and English. After applying the inclusion and exclusion criteria and validating the qualified studies via STROBE and CONSORT, there were a total of 16 studies for data compilation. Results: A sample of 1004 patients who underwent lumbar discectomy was obtained, 62% of whom were male, and 493 of whom underwent EID (49%) and 511 MD (51%). The mean patient age was 38.7 years and the predominant vertebral level operated was L5-S1 (64.8%). The EID had shorter surgical time (66.38 min) and hospitalization time (3.3 days), in addition to greater variation in the VAS LLLL score (5.38), while the MD presented greater variation in the VAS LUMBAR score (3.14). Conclusion: EID demonstrated efficacy like that of MD, given the similarity in the results obtained, in addition to non-inferiority in the reduction of pain and neurological deficit, and superiority in surgical and hospitalization times. Level of Evidence I; Systematic review .

RESUMO Objetivos: Comparar a microdiscectomia (MD) e a discectomia endoscópica interlaminar (DEI) como métodos de tratamento cirúrgico da hérnia de disco lombar, descrevendo a sua eficiência quanto à redução do tempo de hospitalização, da dor e do déficit neurológico e comparando os achados e a qualidade de estudos que utilizaram as técnicas microscópica e endoscópica. Métodos: Revisão sistemática da literatura que utilizou o protocolo PRISMA como metodologia. A busca foi realizada nas bases de dados: PUBMED/MEDLINE e The Cochrane Library, utilizando publicações dos últimos 5 anos, em português e inglês. Aplicados os critérios de inclusão e exclusão, bem como a validade dos estudos qualificados via STROBE e CONSORT, totalizaram 16 estudos para compilação de dados. Resultados: Foram obtidas amostras de 1.004 pacientes submetidos à discectomia lombar, sendo 493 com DEI (49%) e 511 com MD (51%), do sexo masculino (62%), média de idade de 38,7 anos e o nível vertebral L5-S1 (64,8%) como mais prevalente. A DEI mostrou menor tempo cirúrgico (66,38 min.) e de hospitalização (3,3 dias), além de maior variação no escore EVA MMII (5,38), enquanto a MD apresentou maior variação na EVA Lombar (3,14). Conclusões: A DEI demonstrou eficácia similar à MD diante dos resultados obtidos, além da não inferioridade na redução da dor e do déficit neurológico e da superioridade no tempo de cirurgia e de hospitalização. Nível de Evidência I; Revisão sistemática .

RESUMEN Objetivos: Comparar la microdiscectomía (MD) y la discectomía endoscópica interlaminar (DEI) como métodos de tratamiento quirúrgico de la hernia de disco lumbar, describiendo su eficiencia para reducir el tiempo de hospitalización, el dolor y el déficit neurológico y comparando los hallazgos y la calidad de los estudios que utilizaron la técnicas microscópicas y endoscópicas. Métodos: Revisión sistemática de la literatura que utilizó el protocolo PRISMA como metodología. La búsqueda se realizó en las bases de datos: PUBMED / MEDLINE y The Cochrane Library, utilizando publicaciones de los últimos 5 años, en portugués e inglés. Tras aplicar los criterios de inclusión y exclusión, así como la validez de estudios calificados a través de STROBE y CONSORT, se recopilaron un total de 16 estudios para la compilación de datos. Resultados: Se obtuvieron muestras de 1004 pacientes sometidos a discectomía lumbar, 493 con DEI (49%) y 511 con MD (51%), hombres (62%), edad promedio de 38,7 años y el nivel vertebral L5-S1 (64,8%) como más prevalente. La DEI mostró un menor tiempo quirúrgico (66,38 min) y de hospitalización (3,3 días), además de una mayor variación en el puntaje EVA MMII (5,38), mientras que el MD presentó una mayor variación en el EVA Lumbar (3,14). Conclusión: DEI demostró una eficacia similar a la MD mediante los resultados obtenidos, además de la no inferioridad en la reducción del dolor y del déficit neurológico, y de la superioridad en el tiempo de cirugía y hospitalización. Nivel de Evidencia I; Revisión Sistemática .

Acta ortop. bras ; 30(1): e249489, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355581


ABSTRACT Introduction This study aims to investigate the clinical-functional results of a new surgical technique, Percutaneous Endoscopic Lumbar Interbody Fusion (PELIF), in patients with a clinical diagnosis of low back or sciatic pain and segmental instability who were submitted to surgery using this technique assisted by the attending physician. Materials and methods Patients completed a consent form and were clinically and radiographically re-assessed by independent evaluators using the visual analog scale (VAS) for pain, the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), and the SF-36 Quality of Life Score in the pre- and postoperative periods. Their medical records were also reviewed for surgical time, length of hospital stay, need for blood transfusion, return to work, and radiographic fusion evaluation. Results In the group of 19 patients with 33 levels operated, VAS and ODI decreased from 10.0 and 64% to 2.0 and 28%, respectively. The SF-36 showed significantly higher scores in 5 of its 7 domains at the end of the follow-up as compared to the preoperative period scores. Only 1 case of pseudoarthrosis was diagnosed radiographically. Conclusions Percutaneous Endoscopic Lumbar Interbody Fusion (PELIF) has been shown to be a safe and efficient technique for the treatment of patients with segmental instability associated with low back or sciatic pain. Level of Evidence VI; Therapeutic Study; Case Series.

RESUMO Introdução Este estudo tem como objetivo investigar os resultados clínico-funcionais de uma nova técnica cirúrgica, artrodese lombar endoscópica percutânea (PELIF) em pacientes com diagnóstico clínico de dor lombar ou ciática e instabilidade segmentar, submetidos à referida técnica pelo médico responsável. Materiais e métodos Os pacientes preencheram um termo de consentimento livre e esclarecido e foram reavaliados clínica e radiograficamente por avaliadores independentes que usaram a Escala Visual Analógica (EVA) para dor, Índice de Incapacidade de Oswestry (ODI) e o Short Form Health Questionnaire SF-36 nos períodos pré e pós-operatório. Foram também pesquisados nos prontuários médicos tempo de cirurgia, tempo de internação hospitalar, necessidade de transfusão de sangue, retorno ao trabalho e avaliação radiográfica da fusão. Resultados Na amostra final de 19 pacientes com 33 níveis operados, EVA e ODI diminuíram de 10,0% e 64% para 2,0% e 28%, respectivamente. O SF-36 mostrou escores significativamente maiores em 5 de seus 7 domínios no final do acompanhamento, em comparação com o período pré-operatório. Somente 1 caso de pseudoartrose foi diagnosticado por radiografia. Conclusões A artrodese lombar endoscópica percutânea (PELIF) tem se mostrado uma técnica segura e eficiente para o tratamento dos pacientes com instabilidade segmentar associada a lombalgia ou ciatalgia. Nível de Evidência IV; Estudos Terapêuticos; Série de Casos.

International Eye Science ; (12): 677-679, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922990


@#AIM: To investigate the prognostic value of DIP endoscopic scoring system for simultaneous operation of chronic dacryocystitis complicated with sinusitis.METHODS: From January 2018 to February 2021, 96 patients(96 eyes)with chronic dacryocystitis complicated with sinusitis who underwent nasal endoscopic sinus surgery and dacryocystorhinostomy were enrolled in a prospective single-blind study. Patients were examined by nasal endoscopy and recorded video to get DIP endoscopic score before operation. The patients were followed-up for 6mo, and the curative effect was based on the results of the last follow-up. The receiver operating characteristic curve(ROC curve)was drawn according to DIP endoscopic scoring system and postoperative curative effect, and the value of DIP endoscopic scoring system in predicting the prognosis of nasal endoscopic sinus surgery combined with dacryocystorhinostomy was evaluated. According to the best cutoff value obtained by ROC curve analysis, patients were analyzed in subgroups, and the age and sex constituent ratio of two groups were compared. RESULTS: Among the 96 eyes with chronic dacryocystitis complicated with sinusitis, 86 eyes(90%)were cured, 4 eyes(4%)were improved, and 6 eyes(6%)were invalid. ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the ROC curve(AUC)of DIP endoscopic score for predicting the curative effect of nasal endoscopic sinus surgery combined with dacryocystorhinostomy was 0.905. When Yoden index reached its peak, the DIP endoscopy score was 16.5 as the best cutoff value. At the same time, the sensitivity was 80.0% and the specificity was 86.0%. In the subgroup analysis, there was no significant difference in age and sex constituent ratio between the two groups(<i>P</i>>0.05); The surgical efficiency of patients with DIP endoscopic score <16.5 was better than the patients with DIP endoscopic score ≥16.5(<i>P</i><0.05).CONCLUSION: DIP endoscopic scoring system has a good predictive value for the prognosis of endoscopic of transnasal endoscopic sinus opening combined with dacryocystorhinostomy.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920816


@#Objective    To compare the short- and long-term efficacy of surgery and endoscopy in the treatment of early esophageal cancer by a systematic review and meta-analysis. Methods    We extracted data independently from The Cochrane Library, PubMed, EMbase, Web of Science for studies comparing surgery with endoscopy from 2010 to 2020. The primary outcomes including R0 resection rate, long-term overall survival (OS), disease-specific survival (DSS), major complications, recurrence, hospital stay and cost. Meta-analysis was performed using RevMan 5.3 and Engauge Digitizer was used to extract survival curves from relevant literature, and relevant data were calculated based on statistical methods. Results    A total of 17 studies involving 3 705 patients were included. It was found that patients in the surgery group had a higher R0 resection rate compared with the endoscopic group (OR=0.13, 95%CI 0.07 to 0.27, P<0.001, I2=6%). The total complications rate of resection of esophageal cancer was higher than that of the endoscopic group (OR=0.28, 95%CI 0.16 to 0.50, P<0.001, I2=68%). The length of hospitalization in the endoscopic group was obviously shorter than that in the surgery group (MD=–8.28, 95%CI –12.44 to –4.13, P<0.001, I2=96%). The distant recurrence rate (OR=0.58, 95%CI 0.24 to 1.41, P=0.230, I2=0%) and the local recurrence rate after resection (OR=1.74, 95%CI 0.66 to 4.59, P=0.260, I2=40%) in the endoscopic group was similar to those of the surgery group. There was no significant difference in 5 year-OS rate between the two groups (HR=0.86, 95%CI 0.67 to 1.11, P=0.25, I2=0%), which was subdivided into two groups: adenocarcinoma (HR=0.55, 95%CI 0.15 to 2.05, P=0.37, I2=0%) and squamous cell carcinoma (HR=0.68, 95%CI 0.46 to 1.01, P=0.06, I2=0%), showing that there was no difference between the two subgroups. There was no significant difference in the DSS rate (HR=0.72, 95%CI 0.49 to 1.05, P=0.090, I2=0%) between the two groups. The cost of the surgery group was significantly higher than that of the endoscopic group (MD=–12.97, 95%CI –18.02 to –7.92, P<0.001, I2=93%). Conclusion    The evidence shows that endotherapy may be an effective treatment for early esophageal neoplasm when considering the long-term outcomes whether it is squamous or adenocarcinoma, even though it is not as effective as surgery in the short-term efficacy.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920573


Objective @#To evaluate the clinical effect of endoscopic-assisted subgingival scaling and root planning (SRP) in the treatment of periodontitis. @*Methods@#PubMed, EMBASE, The Cochrane Library, Web of Science, CNKI, WanFang Data, and VIP databases were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) related to endoscopy-assisted SRP. The search time limit was from the establishment of the database to September 15, 2021. The outcome indicators included in the study included the plaque index (PLI), probing depth (PD), attachment loss (AL), and bleeding index (BI). Review Manager 5.4 and Stata 12.0 software were used for the meta-analysis.@* Results@#A total of 111 studies were retrieved, and 5 quantitative studies were included after screening. Meta-analysis showed that for sites with 4 mm ≤ PD < 6 mm, 3 and 6 months after treatment, there was no significant difference in the PD value between the endoscope assisted group and the simple SRP group (P > 0.05); for sites with PD ≥ 6 mm, the PD value of the endoscope assisted group was smaller than that of the simple SRP group 3 and 6 months after treatment. The difference between the two groups was statistically significant (P < 0.05), but there was no significant difference in PLI, Al or BI between the two groups (P > 0.05). @*Conclusion@#Compared with simple SRP, the auxiliary use of endoscopy has a better effect on reducing PD in deep periodontal pockets (PD ≥ 6 mm). However, for clinical indicators such as PLI, AL, and BI, there was no difference between the therapeutic effects of the two methods.

Rev. Méd. Inst. Mex. Seguro Soc ; 59(6): 560-567, 01-dic-2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357659


Introducción: el sangrado gastrointestinal de origen oscuro es una entidad poco frecuente y se reserva a los casos en los que ya se ha realizado exploración del intestino delgado (endoscópica/radiológica) sin encontrar la causa. Actualmente el estándar de oro es la videocápsula, que se ha descrito como una técnica segura, útil y eficaz para el diagnóstico y tratamiento de las enfermedades del intestino delgado. Objetivo: describir variables demográficas, indicaciones, hallazgos, segmento explorado, tratamiento y tiempo de procedimiento quirúrgico de la enteroscopía transoperatoria en 15 pacientes con diagnóstico de sangrado de tubo digestivo de origen oscuro. Material y métodos: se incluyeron 15 pacientes adultos con el diagnóstico de sangrado de origen oscuro con panendoscopía y colonoscopía negativa a sangrado. A todos se les realizó laparotomía exploradora y enteroscopía transoperatoria con un gastroduodenoscopio. Resultados: se realizaron 15 enteroscopías transoperatorias con gastroduodenoscopio; 10 en mujeres y 5 en hombres, con promedio de edad de 67.2 años. Se exploró la tercera y cuarta porción del duodeno, yeyuno e íleon terminal. Los diagnósticos encontrados fueron enfermedad de Crohn en 1 paciente (6.66%), adenomas en 2 (13.3%), divertículo yeyunal en 6 (40%) y angiectasias en 6 casos (40%). La localización fue en yeyuno [12 casos (80%)] e íleon [3 casos (20%)]. Conclusiones: la enteroscopía intraoperatoria es una alternativa diagnóstica en el sangrado de origen oscuro cuando no se cuente con la enteroscopía doble balón o la videocápsula endoscópica.

Background: Bleeding of dark origin is a rare entity and it is reserved for cases in which exploration of the small intestine has already been performed (endoscopic / radiological) without finding the cause. Currently, the gold standard is the videocapsule which has been described as a safe, useful and effective technique for the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the small intestine. Objective: The objective was to describe demographic variables, indications, findings, explored segment, treatment and time of the surgical procedure of the intraoperative enteroscopy in 15 patients with a diagnosis of gastrointestinal bleeding of dark origin. Material and methods: 15 adult patients with the diagnosis of bleeding of dark origin with panendoscopy and negative colonoscopy to bleeding were included. All of these underwent exploratory laparotomy and intraoperative enteroscopy with a gastroduodenoscope. Results: 15 intraoperative enteroscopies were performed with a gastroduodenoscope; 10 women and 5 men with an average age of 67.2 years. Third and fourth portions of the duodenum, jejunum, and terminal ileum were explored. The diagnoses found were Crohn's disease 1 (6.66%), Adenomas 2 (13.3%), jejunal diverticulum 6 (40%) and angiectasias in 6 cases (40%). The location was in jejunum, 12 cases (80%) and ileum, 3 cases (20%). Conclusions: Intraoperative enteroscopy is a diagnostic alternative in bleeding of dark origin when there is no double balloon enteroscopy or endoscopic video capsule.

Humans , Male , Female , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Crohn Disease , Colonoscopy , Endoscopes, Gastrointestinal , Mexico , Adenoma , Diverticulum , Gastrointestinal Tract , Duodenum , Endoscopy , Hemorrhage , Intestine, Small , Jejunum , Laparotomy
Iatreia ; 34(4): 375-382, oct.-dic. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350838


RESUMEN Introducción: el SARS-CoV-2 es un nuevo coronavirus descrito por primera vez en China y con alta capacidad de propagación. Su presentación clínica más frecuente son los síntomas respiratorios, aunque se han descrito otros como los gastrointestinales. La transmisión ocurre por gotas, aerosoles, vía fecal oral, conjuntiva, fómites y por contacto directo con fluidos corporales del paciente. En este sentido, los procedimientos realizados en las salas de endoscopia deben considerarse de alto riesgo. Objetivo: describir y analizar las medidas de prevención frente al SARS-CoV-2 para la práctica endoscópica-anestésica u otros procedimientos que requieran sedación, con el fin de disminuir la exposición y así minimizar el contagio del personal de salud. Resultados: la respuesta global se ha enfocado en la utilización de elementos de protección personal para tratar de disminuir el riesgo al que se encuentra expuesto el personal de salud. Sin embargo, debido a la prontitud de la emergencia, no se han podido generar evidencias de alta calidad que permitan dar recomendaciones definitivas. Reflexión: el personal de salud debe tomar todas las medidas de protección que puedan ser consideradas como efectivas, además deconstruir protocolos y fomentar la adherencia a los mismos.

SUMMARY Introduction: SARS-CoV-2 is a new coronavirus described for the first time in China, with high capacity of propagation. Its most frequent clinical presentation is respiratory symptoms; however, others have been described as gastrointestinal. Transmission occurs by droplets, aerosols, oral fecal route, conjunctiva, fomites and by direct contact with body fluids of the patient. In this sense, the procedures performed in endoscopy rooms should be considered high risk. Objective: To describe and analyze preventive measures against SARS-CoV-2 for endoscopic-anesthesia practice or other procedures that require sedation, in order to reduce exposure and thus minimize contagion of health personnel. Results: The global response has focused on the use of personal protective equipment to try to reduce the risk to which health care personnel are exposed, but due to the urgency of the emergency, it has not been possible to generate high quality evidence to give definitive recommendations. Reflection: Health personnel should take all protective measures that can be considered effective, and also deconstruct protocols and encourage adherence to them.

Humans , Coronavirus , Personal Protection , Endoscopy , Conscious Sedation , Anesthesia
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(6): S222-S235, dic. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353097


El reflujo gastroesofágico es una situación frecuente en el primer año de vida. En ausencia de signos y síntomas de alarma, se lo considera fisiológico. No requiere estudios y puede ser abordado por el pediatra con medidas no farmacológicas. La enfermedad por reflujo (definidaporsíntomasmolestosocomplicaciones) debe ser manejada por el gastroenterólogo. Los exámenes complementarios tienen indicaciones precisas y el tratamiento incluye medidas no farmacológicas, farmacológicas y quirúrgicas (si fuera necesario). Nuestro objetivo es describir los diferentes métodos diagnósticos, sus indicaciones y limitaciones, así como los recursos terapéuticos disponibles, incluidas las indicaciones y los efectos adversos

Gastro esophageal reflux is a frequent condition in infants. In the absence of warning symptoms and signs, it is considered physiologic. No exam is required and a non-pharmacologic approach can be instituted by pediatricians. Gastro esophageal reflux disease is characterized by troublesome symptoms or complications and should be managed by a pediatric gastroenterologist. Diagnostic tests have accurate indications and treatment includes pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic measures as well as surgery. Our objective is to describe the different diagnostic methods, their indications and limitations as well as the therapeutic resources available, including indications and adverse effects.

Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Gastroesophageal Reflux/diagnosis , Gastroesophageal Reflux/therapy
Más Vita ; 3(4): 33-40, dic. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1355015


La gastritis es una enfermedad con una alta morbilidad a nivel mundial, el principal factor de riesgo es la infección por Helicobacter pylori. Objetivo: Describir las características clínicas, histopatológica y endoscópicas en una población con gastritis crónica. Material y métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional de tipo descriptivo, retrospectivo, se incluyeron 49 pacientes que acudieron a la consulta externa del área de gastroenterología, de 18 a 65 años, a quienes se realizó el estudio histopatológico y endoscópico en el Servicio de Gastroenterología en el Hospital General Quevedo, de Los Ríos-Ecuador, durante septiembre 2017 ­ septiembre 2018. Resultados: Se observó predominio del género masculino (65%); en mayores de 40 años (55%), la epigastralgía y la sensación de acidez estomacal, 39% y 35% respectivamente, fueron los síntomas más frecuentes, La positividad para Helicobacter pylori, alcanzó el 86%, y la lesión no erosiva un 73%, existió mayor presencia de la forma no atrófica (84%) sobre la atrófica. Conclusiones: La gastritis crónica predominó en el grupo etario mayor a 40 años y de género masculino, siendo los factores de riesgo de mayor prevalencia la infección por Helicobacter pylori y los asociados al consumo de antiinflamatorios no esteroideos, mala alimentación, alcohol y tabaco, los síntomas como epigastralgía y la sensación de acidez estomacal fueron los más frecuentes. El hallazgo endoscópico fue mayor para las formas no erosivas, y de acuerdo a la histopatología la gastritis no atrófica antral moderada fue la más frecuente(AU)

Gastritis is a disease with high morbidity worldwide, the main risk factor is Helicobacter pylori infection. Objective: To describe the clinical, histopathological and endoscopic characteristics in a population with chronic gastritis. Material and methods: An observational, descriptive, retrospective study was carried out, including 49 patients who attended the outpatient consultation of the gastroenterology area, aged 18 to 65 years, who underwent a histopathological and endoscopic study in the Gastroenterology Service at the Quevedo General Hospital, Los Ríos-Ecuador, during September 2017 - September 2018. Results: A predominance of the male gender was observed (65%); In people over 40 years of age (55%), epigastralgia and the sensation of heartburn, 39% and 35% spectively, were the most frequent symptoms, the positivity for Helicobacter pylori, reached 86%, and the non-erosive lesion 73 %, there was a greater presence of the non-atrophic form (84%) over the atrophic one. Conclusions: Chronic gastritis predominated in the age group over 40 years of age and male, the most prevalent risk factors being Helicobacter pylori infection and those associated with the consumption of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, poor diet, alcohol and tobacco. symptoms such as epigastric pain and the sensation of heartburn were the most frequent. The endoscopic finding was greater for non-erosive forms, and according to histopathology, moderate antral non-atrophic gastritis was the most frequent(AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal , Helicobacter pylori/drug effects , Dyspepsia/etiology , Gastric Mucosa/pathology , Gastritis/physiopathology , Peptic Ulcer , Signs and Symptoms , Biopsy , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Acidity , Gastroenterology
Arch. méd. Camaguey ; 25(6): e7648, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355664


RESUMEN Fundamento: el tricobezoar es poco frecuente y el síndrome de Rapunzel es muy raro, pero se debe tener presente como diagnóstico diferencial en niñas con trastornos psicológicos y tricofagia, que refieran o no manifestaciones gastrointestinales. Objetivo: presentar el caso de una escolar de nueve años con historia de tricofagia que acude a servicio de Gastroenterología por presentar tumor palpable localizado en epigastrio. Presentación del caso: paciente de nueve años, femenina, que presenta tricotilomanía y tricofagia desde los dos años de vida, que acude por tumor palpable en epigastrio, sin otras manifestaciones clínicas. Conclusiones: el diagnóstico temprano del tricobezoar evita las complicaciones que pueden ser graves y se recomienda un manejo multidisciplinario con el servicio de psiquiatría para controlar la enfermedad de base. La evolución de la paciente fue favorable.

ABSTRACT Background: the tricobezoar is not very frequent and the syndrome of Rapunzel is very strange, but it should be taken into account as differential diagnosis in girls with psychological dysfunctions and trichophagia that refer or not gastrointestinal manifestations. Objective: to present the case of a nine year-old school girl with trichophagia history that goes to service of Gastroenterology to present palpable tumor in epigastrium. Case report: patient of nine years, feminine that presents trichotollomania and trichophagia since she was two years old, she goes for palpable tumor in lengthened epigastrium, without other clinical manifestations. Conclusions: early diagnosis of trichobezoar avoids complications that can be serious, and multidisciplinary management with the psychiatry service is recommended to control the underlying disease. The evolution of the patient was favorable.

Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 36(4): 455-462, oct.-dic. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360969


Resumen Introducción y objetivos: el "efecto fin de semana" se define como un incremento en la mortalidad en pacientes que ingresan a centros asistenciales durante el fin de semana o días festivos. Este estudio se realizó para evaluar el posible "efecto fin de semana" en pacientes con hemorragia digestiva superior (HDS) con base en una experiencia de 3 años en un hospital de alta complejidad en Latinoamérica. Materiales y métodos: estudio observacional descriptivo realizado entre 2016 y 2018. Se describieron las características demográficas, factores de riesgo, síntomas de ingreso, hallazgos endoscópicos y diferentes intervenciones médicas. Además, se compararon los tiempos de realización de endoscopia, estancia hospitalaria y mortalidad entre los pacientes admitidos durante el fin de semana frente a días entre semana. Resultados: el análisis incluyó 274 pacientes en fines de semana y festivos (39,1 %) frente a pacientes en días entre semana (60,9 %). La mediana de edad fue de 68,5 años (rango intercuartílico [RIC]: 53-79), el 56,6 % fueron hombres. Las manifestaciones más comunes fueron melenas y hematemesis. La úlcera péptica fue el diagnóstico endoscópico más común (48,7 %). Los tiempos de estancia hospitalaria (7,38 ± 8,7 frente a 7,38 ± 7,1; p = 0,234) y mortalidad (1,9 % frente a 4,2 %; p = 0,274) fueron similares en ambos grupos. Se realizó una mayor cantidad de endoscopias después de las 24 horas en pacientes ingresados el fin de semana (19,6 % frente a 9,6 %; p = 0,041). Conclusiones: en esta cohorte no se presentó el "efecto fin de semana", no se observan diferencias en relación con la estancia hospitalaria, ni con la mortalidad en pacientes ingresados por HDS.

Abstract Introduction and Objectives: The "Weekend Effect" refers to an increase in mortality of patients admitted to health care centers on weekends or holidays. This study was performed to assess the impact of weekend admissions in patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) based on a three year-experience in a high-complexity hospital in Latin America. Materials and Methods: A descriptive observational study was performed between 2016 and 2018. Data on demographic characteristics, risk factors, symptoms, endoscopic findings, and medical treatment was described. Moreover, the time to perform an endoscopy, the length of hospital stay, and the mortality level among patients admitted on weekends were compared with the same factors during the week. Results: The analysis included 274 patients admitted during the weekend and holidays (39.1%) versus patients admitted during the week (60.9%). The median age was 68.5 years old (interquartile range [IQR]: 53-79), and 56.6% were men. The most common conditions were tarry stools and hematemesis. Peptic ulcer was the most common endoscopic diagnosis (48.7%). Similar results were found in the length of hospital stay (7,38 ± 8,7 versus 7,38 ± 7,1; p = 0,234) and mortality groups (1,9 % versus 4,2 %; p = 0,274). A higher number of endoscopies 24 hours after the patient was admitted was performed (19,6 % versus 9,6 %; p = 0,041). Conclusions: The "Weekend Effect" was not present in the analyzed group, and there are no significant differences related to the length of hospital stay or the mortality of patients diagnosed with UGIB.

Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 36(4): 473-479, oct.-dic. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360971


Resumen Introducción: en pacientes con obstrucción biliar distal maligna en quienes la derivación biliar mediante colangiopancreatografía retrógrada endoscópica (CPRE) no sea factible o sea fallida, el drenaje biliar guiado por ultrasonido endoscópico mediante coledocoduodenostomía es una opción terapéutica viable, de la que se describen altas tasas de éxito técnico y clínico con una baja morbimortalidad. Adicionalmente, este método podría ser superior en la mejora de la calidad de vida en comparación con el manejo percutáneo o quirúrgico. Objetivo: describir la experiencia inicial con el drenaje biliar guiado por ultrasonido endoscópico en pacientes con obstrucción biliar maligna en un centro de referencia. Métodos: es una serie de casos retrospectiva de 6 pacientes con obstrucción biliar maligna a quienes se les realizó inicialmente una CPRE que fue fallida, por lo cual se procedió a realizar coledocoduodenostomía guiada por ultrasonografía endoscópica. Se describieron las tasas de éxito técnico, éxito clínico, eventos adversos, tasas de disfunción y tiempo de supervivencia de los pacientes. Resultados: se analizaron 6 casos, predominó el sexo femenino, con un promedio de edad de 71,8 ± 19,8 años; las indicaciones fueron adenocarcinoma de páncreas, tumor periampular y colangiocarcinoma distal. Se observó un éxito técnico en el 100 % de los casos y éxito clínico en 83,3 % de los casos. No se registraron eventos adversos graves. En el seguimiento de los casos se observó una supervivencia del 66,7 % a los 30 días. Conclusión: la coledocoduodenostomía es una alternativa terapéutica viable, segura y efectiva en pacientes con obstrucción biliar maligna en quienes la CPRE fue fallida, con una alta tasa de éxito técnico y clínico.

Abstract Introduction: Patients with malignant biliary distal obstruction who cannot be treated with endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) or who had a failed ERCP, can find alternative treatment in endoscopic ultrasound-guided biliary drainage via choledochoduodenostomy. EUS-CDS performs with high rates of technical and clinical success and with low rates of morbimortality. Moreover, this method could have the potential to improve the patient's quality of life, compared with percutaneous or surgical means. Objective: This study aims to describe the initial experience with endoscopic ultrasound-guided biliary drainage in patients with malignant biliary distal obstruction in a reference center. Methods: Retrospective case review of six patients with malignant biliary obstruction and prior ERCP-placed and failed. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided biliary drainage via choledochoduodenostomy was performed as an alternative method. Technical and clinical success rates, adverse event rates, dysfunction rates, and patient survival time were described. Results: 6 cases were analyzed with a higher proportion of female patients, with a mean age of 71,8 ± 19,8 years. The symptoms were related to pancreas adenocarcinoma, periampullary tumor, and distal cholangiocarcinoma. The procedure was technically successful in 100% of cases and clinically successful in 83% of cases. Serious adverse events were nor reported. After 30 days, a survival rate of 66,7 % was observed. Conclusion: Choledochoduodenostomy is a viable, safe, and effective method in patients with malignant biliary obstruction who had a failed ERCP, and it has high rates of technical and clinical success.

Arq. gastroenterol ; 58(3): 337-343, July-Sept. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345291


ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic has changed digestive endoscopy services around the world. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to measure the number of urgent/emergency endoscopic procedures performed in a Brazilian hospital, comparing it to the same period in the previous year, and to identify risk factors in COVID-19 patients undergoing endoscopic procedures for upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB). METHODS: This was a retrospective, cross-sectional, observational, single-center study. The study evaluated urgent/emergency endoscopic procedures performed on adult patients from March to August in 2019 and 2020. The COVID-19 patients included were diagnosed using RT-PCR, aged over 18 years with complete medical record information. The variables evaluated were age, sex, comorbidities, length of stay, D-dimer, need for intensive care unit (ICU) and mechanical ventilation. Student's t-test for independent samples or the non-parametric Mann-Whitney test was used to compare quantitative variables. Categorical variables were analyzed using Fisher's exact test. A P-value <0.05 indicated statistical significance. RESULTS: A total of 130 urgent/emergency endoscopic procedures were performed in 2020 and 97 in 2019. During the study period, 631 patients were hospitalized due to COVID-19, of whom 16 underwent urgent/emergency endoscopic procedures, 10 (1.6%) due to UGIB. Of the variables analyzed, the need for ICU and/or mechanical ventilation during hospitalization was statistically significant as a risk factor for UGIB. CONCLUSION: This study showed increased urgent/emergency endoscopic procedures during the pandemic at the study site. Among the patients hospitalized with the novel coronavirus, there is a higher risk for UGIB in those needing ICU and/or mechanical ventilation.

RESUMO CONTEXTO: A pandemia da COVID-19 tem alterado o funcionamento de serviços de endoscopia digestiva pelo mundo. OBJETIVO: O presente estudo tem por objetivo medir o número de exames endoscópicos de urgência/emergência realizados em um hospital público brasileiro, comparando-o ao mesmo período do ano anterior, além de avaliar os fatores de risco dos pacientes com COVID-19 que realizaram exame endoscópico por hemorragia digestiva alta (HDA). MÉTODOS: Estudo retrospectivo, transversal, observacional e unicêntrico. Foram avaliados todos os exames endoscópicos de urgência/emergência realizados em pacientes acima de 18 anos, nos períodos de março a agosto dos anos de 2019 e 2020. Os pacientes com COVID-19 incluídos foram diagnosticados por RT-PCR, acima de 18 anos, com informações completas em prontuário. As variáveis avaliadas foram: tipo de exame endoscópico, idade, sexo, comorbidades, tempo de internação, d-dímero, necessidade de UTI e ventilação mecânica durante a internação. A comparação dos grupos em relação a variáveis quantitativas foi feita através do teste t de Student para amostras independentes ou o teste não-paramétrico de Mann-Whitney. As variáveis categóricas foram avaliadas pelo teste exato de Fisher. Valores de P<0,05 indicaram significância estatística. RESULTADOS: Observaram-se 130 exames endoscópicos de urgência/emergência no período avaliado em 2020, e 97 em 2019. No período do estudo foram internados 631 pacientes por COVID-19, dos quais 16 realizaram exame endoscópico de urgência/emergência, sendo 1,6% por HDA. Dentre as variáveis analisadas, necessidade de UTI e/ou ventilação mecânica durante o internamento foram estatisticamente significativos como risco para desenvolvimento de HDA. CONCLUSÃO: O presente estudo mostra que para a realidade local houve incremento de exames endoscópicos de urgência/emergência durante a pandemia. Dentre os pacientes internados com o novo coronavírus, há maior risco de HDA naqueles que necessitam de UTI e/ou ventilação mecânica.

Humans , Adult , Pandemics , COVID-19 , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , SARS-CoV-2 , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/etiology , Middle Aged
Rev. cuba. pediatr ; 93(3): e1510, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1347545


La ingestión de un cuerpo extraño es un tipo de lesión no intencionada muy frecuente en la infancia, particularmente en lactantes mayores de 6 meses y preescolares. El propósito deseado con la publicación de esta guía es contar con herramientas actualizadas en el diagnóstico y tratamiento de esta afección que permitan sistematizar la conducta y mejorar la calidad de la asistencia médica. Dentro de los cuerpos extraños más frecuentes tenemos: monedas, imanes, baterías, juguetes pequeños, plásticos, joyas, botones, huesos e impactaciones alimentarias en los niños mayores. La sintomatología varía según la naturaleza del cuerpo extraño, el lugar donde se impacte, que casi siempre es en las estrecheces anatómicas o adquiridas del tubo digestivo o por la presencia de complicaciones. Para confirmar el diagnóstico son necesarios diferentes estudios imagenológicos y endoscópicos, estos últimos con un valor terapéutico. El tratamiento depende de factores como la edad, el tiempo de ingerido, la localización, la presencia de complicaciones, la naturaleza del cuerpo extraño, su número y el potencial lacerante, tóxico o corrosivo. En la mayoría de los casos los cuerpos extraños son expulsados de forma espontánea y tienen un pronóstico favorable, pero queda un grupo de pacientes donde es necesario un tratamiento quirúrgico. Después de realizar una búsqueda de revisiones sistemáticas de calidad y tomando en cuenta la experiencia del Servicio de Cirugía Pediátrica de Matanzas en el tratamiento de estos pacientes se elaboró esta guía que fue discutida y aprobada en el IV Simposio Nacional de Cirugía Pediátrica. La publicación de esta guía permitiría a los servicios de Cirugía Pediátrica emplearla como referencia y aplicarla en sus propias instituciones con el consecuente beneficio para los pacientes(AU)

Ingestion of a foreign body is a very common type of unintentional injury in childhood, particularly in infants older than 6 months and preschoolers. The desired purpose with the publication of this guideline is to have up-to-date tools in the diagnosis and treatment of this condition that allow to systematize the behavior and improve the quality of medical care. Within the most frequent foreign bodies we have: coins, magnets, batteries, small toys, plastics, jewelry, buttons, bones and food impactations in older children. Symptomatology varies depending on the nature of the foreign body, the place where it impacted, which is almost always in anatomical or acquired narrowness of the digestive tract, or by the presence of complications. To confirm the diagnosis, different imaging and endoscopic studies are necessary, the latter with a therapeutic value. Treatment depends on factors such as age, ingestion time, location, presence of complications, the nature of the foreign body, the amount and the lacerating, toxic or corrosive potential. In most cases foreign bodies are expelled spontaneously and have a favorable prognosis, but there is a group of patients left for whom surgical treatment is necessary. After conducting a search for quality systematic reviews and taking into account the experience of Matanzas province's Pediatric Surgery Service in the treatment of these patients, this guideline was created and it was discussed and approved at the IV National Symposium of Pediatric Surgery. The publication of this guideline would allow Pediatric Surgery services to use it as a reference and apply it in their own institutions with the consequent benefit for patients(AU)

Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Diagnostic Imaging/methods , Practice Guideline , Gastrointestinal Tract/injuries , Foreign Bodies/therapy , Medical Care
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(4): 696-702, 20210000. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1291256


Los tumores neuroendocrinos se definen como un grupo heterogéneo de neoplasias de origen epitelial, provenientes de células enterocromafines diseminadas por todo el organismo, y representan alrededor del 1 al 4 % de todas las neoplasias. Su mayor distribución se encuentra en el tracto gastrointestinal, donde se localiza el 75 % de los tumores neuroendocrinos, siendo los ubicados en el recto, el 27 % de todos los que afectan el tracto gastrointestinal. A propósito de esta revisión de tema, presentamos el caso de un paciente de 71 años de edad, que consultó por sangrado rectal rojo rutilante, sin otra sintomatología asociada, y se le diagnosticó un tumor neuroendocrino grado 1, que se comportaba como una lesión benigna del recto

Neuroendocrine tumors are defined as a heterogeneous group of neoplasms of epithelial origin from enterochromaffin cells disseminated throughout the body, and represent about 1% to 4% of all neoplasms. Its largest distribution is found in the gastrointestinal tract, where 75% of neuroendocrine tumors are located, being 27% of those in the rectum. We present the case of a 71-year-old patient who consulted for bright red blood per rectum, with no other associated symptoms, and was diagnosed with a grade 1 neuroendocrine tumor, which behaved as a benign lesion of the rectum

Humans , Rectal Neoplasms , Enterochromaffin Cells , Endoscopy, Digestive System , Carcinoma, Neuroendocrine , Diagnosis
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 87(4): 469-477, July-Aug. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285719


Abstract Introduction Most rhinologic procedures, particularly endoscopic sinonasal procedures, are liable to produce aerosols. The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-Co V-2) transmits via respiratory droplets, but the degree of its spread through airborne routes by aerosol is unclear. Objective The aim of this article is to counsel rhinologists on how to modify their conventional practice during the COVID-19 pandemic by prioritising the need of procedures, identifying aerosol- generating procedures and using precise personal protection equipment for various endonasal procedures. Methods We did a review of articles indexed for MEDLINE on PubMed, ENT Cochrane, DOAJ and Web of Science databases using the keywords nasal endoscopy, SARS-CoV-2, COVID-19, aerosol generating medical procedures and rhinology to formulate guidelines for the safety of healthcare workers. Results The review included evidence from 28 articles from the otorhinolaryngology, surgery, infectious disease, head and neck surgery and cancer biology literature. We have provided recommendations and relevant information for rhinologists during the COVID-19 pandemic, based on the available studies and data, to warrant high-quality patient care and requisite levels of infection prevention during rhinology procedures. Conclusion In rhinology, marked care is advised during nasal packing, electrocauterisation and use of high-speed rotating devices in potentially infected tissue as they are considerable aerosol- producing procedures. The choice of personal protective equipment is based on the risk of exposure and possible modes of aerosol generation.

Resumo Introdução A maioria dos procedimentos rinológicos, principalmente os procedimentos endoscópicos nasossinusais, é suscetível à produção de aerossóis. A síndrome respiratória aguda grave coronavírus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) é transmitida através de gotículas respiratórias, mas o grau de sua disseminação através de aerossóis por via aérea não é claro. Objetivos Orientar os rinologistas sobre como modificar sua prática convencional durante a pandemia de Covid-19, priorizar a necessidade de procedimentos, identificar procedimentos geradores de aerossol e usar equipamento de proteção individual de precisão para vários procedimentos endonasais. Método Fizemos uma revisão de artigos indexados na Medline por meio das bases de dados PubMed, ENT Cochrane, DOAJ e Web of Science, com as palavras-chave nasal endoscopy, SARS-CoV-2, Covid-19, aerosol-generating medical procedures e rhinology para formular diretrizes para a segurança dos profissionais de saúde. Resultados A revisão incluiu evidências de 28 artigos de otorrinolaringologia, cirurgia, doenças infecciosas, cirurgia de cabeça e pescoço e biologia do câncer. Fornecemos recomendações e informações relevantes para rinologistas durante a pandemia de Covid-19, com base nos estudos e dados disponíveis, para garantir atendimento de alta qualidade ao paciente e níveis necessários de prevenção da infecção durante procedimentos de rinologia. Conclusões Em rinologia, recomenda-se cuidado acentuado durante o tamponamento nasal, eletrocauterização e uso de dispositivos rotativos de alta velocidade em tecidos potencialmente infectados, pois esses procedimentos são consideráveis produtores de aerossóis. A escolha do equipamento de proteção individual é baseada no risco de exposição e nos possíveis modos de geração de aerossol.

Rev. Rede cuid. saúde ; 15(1): [1-11], 15/07/2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1282324


Objetivou-se caracterizar as EDA realizadas na Comunidade de Saúde de Mossoró, RN, no período de 2008 a 2013, definindo a taxa de exames normais e a prevalência dos principais achados sugestivos de patologias digestivas. Trata-se de um estudo transversal e retrospectivo, no qual se analisou 10311 laudos de EDA. As análises estatísticas foram realizadas pelo SPSS (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences, versão 20.0), com nível de confiança95% e um p < 0,05, utilizando-se testes Qui-quadrado. Pelos dados levantados, constatamos que a EDA é um exame prático e seguro, com raríssimas complicações, sendo a agitação e a presença de alimento no estômago as limitações mais comuns. Na análise descritiva geral observou-se que a maioria dos exames foi realizada no gênero feminino, formando mais de 70% da amostra total. A faixa etária predominante, independente do gênero, foi 41 a 60 anos. As patologias frequentes no segmento esofágico foram as Esofagites. No segmento gástrico, a maior frequência de achados foram as Gastrites, que são mais frequentes com o avançar da idade. Na Transição Gastroduodenal, as úlceras de Canal Pilórico são os achados mais descritos, mas observamos também modestos achados de duodenites. No duodeno, os principais achados foram úlceras duodenais, seguidas pelas duodenites e sinais de atrofia. Portanto, as EDA são mais realizadas no gênero feminino, mas apresentam maior percentual de exames normais, sendo a maior frequência de achados encontrada no gênero masculino. Assim, após analisar as 10.311 EDA, é possível prever os achados mais comuns encontrados a EDA.

This study aimed to characterize the EDA held in Mossoro Health Community, RN, from 2008 to 2013, setting the rate of normal examinations and the prevalence of the main findings suggestive of digestive pathologies. It is a cross-sectional retrospective study, which analyzed 10,311 reports of EDA. Statistical analyzes were performed using SPSS (Statistical Package for Social Sciences, version 20.0), with a confidence level 95% and p <0.05, using chi-square tests. Raised by the data, we found that EDA is a practical and safe exam, with very few complications, agitation and presence of food in the stomach the most common limitations. In general descriptive analysis it was observed that most of the exams was held in females, forming more than 70% of the total sample. The predominant age group, regardless of gender, was 41-60 years. The frequent pathologies in esophageal segment were Esophagitis. Gastric segment, the highest frequency of findings were Gastritis, which are more common with advancing age. Gastroduodenal in Transition, the Channel Pyloric ulcers are the most described findings, but also observed modest findings of duodenitis. In the duodenum, the main findings were duodenal ulcers, followed by duodenitis and signs of atrophy. Therefore, the EDA are more performed in females, but have a higher percentage of normal results, with the highest frequency of findings found in males. So after analyzing 10,311 EDA, it is possible to predict the most common findings EDA.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Diagnosis , Duodenitis , Endoscopy , Esophagitis , Gastritis