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Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 936-940, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971855


Portal pressure measurement plays an important role in the diagnosis and evaluation of portal hypertension, and at present, there is still no unified method for the assessment of portal vein pressure. With the wide application of endoscopic ultrasound in digestive system diseases, endoscopic ultrasound-guided portal pressure gradient (EUS-PPG) measurement was included in the research agenda of the 2021 Baveno-VII conference, thus attracting widespread attention of scholars. This article reviews portal pressure measurement techniques, the development of EUS-PPG measurement technique, and two commonly used methods for EUS-PPG measurement in China and globally and elaborates on the application prospect of EUS-PPG measurement technique. A number of studies around the world have shown that EUS-PPG measurement technique is a direct, minimally invasive, simple, accurate, and radiation-free technique with strong clinical operability, and it is an important supplement to portal pressure measurement methods and may gradually become one of the main methods for portal pressure measurement.

Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 296-299, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992295


Rectal cancer is a common malignancy of the gastrointestinal tract. Extramural vascular invasion (EMVI) is a key indicator of risk stratification for rectal cancer and an important reference factor in determining individualised treatment options, so it is important to accurately assess whether extramural vessels are infiltrated by the tumour before surgery. The main imaging methods for rectal cancer include magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography (CT) and transrectal ultrasound (TRUS). This article focuses on the performance and diagnostic efficacy of these imaging methods in the diagnosis of EMVI in rectal cancer, and provides clinical reference.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991883


Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy of qualitative and staging diagnosis of rectal tumors with dual contrast-enhanced ultrasonography and interventional biopsy.Methods:A total of 300 patients with rectal tumors who received treatment in The First People's Hospital of Huzhou from December 2019 to March 2022 were included in this study. All patients underwent dual contrast-enhanced ultrasonography and interventional biopsy followed by focus resection. Taking the postoperative histopathological test results as the gold standard, the efficacy of dual contrast-enhanced ultrasonography and interventional biopsy in the localization, qualitative analysis, and staging of rectal tumors was analyzed.Results:The compliance rate of dual contrast-enhanced ultrasonography and interventional biopsy in the localization of rectal tumors was 100%. The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of the dual contrast-enhanced ultrasonography and interventional biopsy for qualitative diagnosis of rectal tumors were 94.8%, 97.8%, and 96.7%, respectively. The Kappa value used for assessing agreement in the qualitative diagnosis of rectal tumors between dual contrast-enhanced ultrasonography and interventional biopsy and postoperative tissue pathological examination results was 0.947. The area under the curve plotted for qualitative diagnosis of rectal tumors was 0.974. The sensitivity, specificity, and sensitivity of dual contrast-enhanced ultrasonography and interventional biopsy for diagnosis of stage I-III rectal cancer were 94.1%-97.8%. The Kappa values used for assessing agreement in staging diagnosis of stage I-III rectal cancer between dual contrast-enhanced ultrasonography and interventional biopsy and postoperative tissue pathological examination results were 0.923, 0.912, and 0.927, respectively. The areas under the curve plotted for staging diagnosis of rectal cancer were 0.961, 0.955, and 0.970, respectively.Conclusion:Dual contrast-enhanced ultrasonography and interventional biopsy have a high efficacy in the localization, qualitative diagnosis, and staging diagnosis of rectal tumors.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991802


Objective:To investigate the clinical value of endoscopic ultrasound elastography versus contrast-enhanced computed tomography in the risk stratification of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs). Methods:Clinical and imaging data were obtained from 77 patients who were confirmed to have GISTs and underwent endoscopic or surgical treatment at Wenzhou Central Hospital between May 2019 and April 2021. Endoscopic ultrasound elastography based on a five-point scoring system and hypotonic gastrointestinal contrast-enhanced computed tomography were performed for preoperative risk stratification of GISTs. The two techniques were compared in terms of the accuracy of preoperative risk stratification of GISTs. The imaging features of the two techniques were summarized.Results:According to the postoperative pathological results, 13 patients were at high risk, 13 patients were at medium risk, 35 patients were at low risk, and 16 patients were at extremely low risk. These patients were divided into two groups according to postoperative pathological results: a low-risk group (low risk + extremely low risk) and a medium- and high-risk group (high + medium risk). In the low-risk group ( n = 51), 42 patients were identified by endoscopic ultrasound elastography to have low-risk GISTs and were recommended to receive endoscopic treatment, while the rest 9 patients were identified to have medium-risk GISTs. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography findings revealed that 30 patients had low-risk GISTs and were recommended to receive endoscopic treatment, and 21 patients had medium-risk GISTs. In the medium- and high-risk group ( n = 26), 4 patients were identified by endoscopic ultrasound elastography to have low-risk GISTs, and 22 patients had medium- or high-risk GISTs. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography findings revealed that 9 patients were identified to have low-risk GISTs, and 17 patients had medium- or high-risk GISTs. Endoscopic ultrasound elastography yielded an overall diagnostic accuracy of 83.11% (64/77), while contrast-enhanced computed tomography had an overall diagnostic accuracy of 61.04% (47/77). Endoscopic ultrasound elastography outperformed contrast-enhanced computed tomography in accurate risk stratification of GISTs ( χ2 = 4.66, P < 0.05). In terms of predicting high-risk GISTs, endoscopic ultrasound elastography had a sensitivity of 84.62% and a specificity of 82.35%, both were higher than those of contrast-enhanced computed tomography (sensitivity: 65.38%; specificity: 58.82%), but the differences in sensitivity and specificity between the two techniques were not significant (sensitivity: Fisher's exact test P = 0.590, specificity: χ2 = 0.93, P > 0.05). Conclusion:Endoscopic ultrasound elastography appears to have a better overall diagnostic accuracy in the risk stratification of GISTs compared with contrast-enhanced computed tomography. The combined use of these two techniques may offer a better comprehensive understanding of the perilesional structure and organ involvements and distant metastasis than a single technique, thereby providing a reliable reference for the choice of treatment for GISTs.

Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 50: e20233414, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1431271


ABSTRACT Neoplasms of the biliopancreatic confluence may present with obstruction of the bile tract, leading to jaundice, pruritus and cholangitis. In these cases drainage of the bile tract is imperative. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) with placement of a choledochal prosthesis is an effective treatment in about 90% of cases, even in experienced hands. In cases of ERCP failure, therapeutic options traditionally include surgical bypass by hepaticojejunostomy (HJ) or percutaneous transparietohepatic drainage (DPTH). In recent years, endoscopic ultrasound-guided biliary drainage techniques have gained space because they are less invasive, effective and have an acceptable incidence of complications. Endoscopic echo-guided drainage of the bile duct can be performed through the stomach (hepatogastrostomy), duodenum (choledochoduodenostomy) or by the anterograde drainage technique. Some services consider ultrasound-guided drainage of the bile duct the procedure of choice in the event of ERCP failure. The objective of this review is to present the main types of endoscopic ultrasound-guided biliary drainage and compare them with other techniques.

RESUMO Neoplasias da confluência biliopancreática podem cursar com obstrução da via biliar, levando a icterícia, prurido e colangite. Nesses casos a drenagem da via biliar é imperativa. A colangiopancreatografia endoscópica retrógrada (CPER) com colocação de prótese coledociana constitui tratamento eficaz em cerca de 90% dos casos mesmo em mãos experientes. Nos casos de insucesso da CPER, tradicionalmente as opções terapêuticas incluem a derivação cirúrgica por hepaticojejunostomia (HJ) ou drenagem percutânea transparietohepática (DPTH). Nos últimos anos as técnicas endoscópicas ecoguiadas de drenagem biliar ganharam espaço por serem menos invasivas, eficazes e apresentarem incidência aceitável de complicações. A drenagem endoscópica ecoguiada da via biliar pode ser realizada pelo estômago (hepatogastrostomia), duodeno (coledocoduodenostomia) ou pela técnica de drenagem anterógrada. Alguns serviços consideram a drenagem ecoguiada da via biliar o procedimento de escolha no caso de insucesso da CPER. O objetivo desta revisão é apresentar os principais tipos de drenagem biliar endoscópica ecoguiada e confrontá-los com outras técnicas.

Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 370-375, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964798


Objective To investigate whether endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) can be an alternative method for diagnostic endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) by comparing the ability of EUS versus CT and transabdominal ultrasonography (TUS) in the diagnosis of muddy stones of the common bile duct. Methods A prospective study was conducted for 53 patients suspected of muddy stones of the common bile duct who attended Nanxishan Hospital of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region from July 2019 to December 2021, and all patients underwent EUS, TUS, and CT before ERCP. With ERCP and endoscopic sphincterotomy (EST) for removing muddy stones of the common bile duct as the gold standard for the diagnosis of muddy stones of the common bile duct, EUS, TUS, and CT were compared in terms of their ability to display the muddy stones of the common bile duct. The chi-square test or the Fisher's exact test was used for comparison of categorical data between groups. Results In the 53 patients, EUS, TUS, and CT had a positive rate of 88.68%, 50.94%, and 62.26%, respectively, in detecting muddy stones of the common bile duct. As for the positive results confirmed by EST under ERCP, EUS had a sensitivity of 93.75%, a specificity of 60.00%, and an accuracy of 90.57% in detecting muddy stones of the common bile duct, while TUS had a sensitivity of 56.25%, a specificity of 100.00%, and an accuracy of 60.38% and CT had a sensitivity of 66.67%, a specificity of 80.00%, and an accuracy of 67.92%. There was a significant difference between EUS and CT in the accuracy in detecting muddy stones of the common bile duct ( χ 2 =8.26, P =0.004), and there was also a significant difference in diagnostic accuracy between EUS and TUS ( χ 2 =13.05, P < 0.001). Conclusion EUS is more accurate than TUS and CT in the diagnosis of muddy stones of the common bile duct, and instead of ERCP, EUS is thus recommended for suspected muddy stones of the common bile duct when TUS and CT fail to identify the lesions in clinical practice, so as to make a confirmed diagnosis and reduce related costs and complications.

Arq. gastroenterol ; 59(4): 456-461, Out,-Dec. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1420208


ABSTRACT Background: Endoscopic ultrasonography is used in the diagnosis and treatment of digestive diseases in adults. In children, its use is limited due to a lack of available expertise. Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the clinical impact of endoscopic ultrasonography on diagnostic and therapeutic strategy changes in pediatric patients. Methods: Over ten years, this study retrospectively and consecutively analyzed children aged ≤18 years who underwent endoscopic ultrasonography because of inconclusive imaging or laboratory tests. The indications, results, occurrence of adverse events, and clinical impact of the procedures were analyzed. The clinical impact was classified as major (when the findings led to changes in diagnosis and management), minor (change in diagnosis but not in management), or none (no change in diagnosis or management). Results: Overall, 107 children [77 (72%) of whom were female; mean age: 11.7 ± 4 years] underwent upper [102 (95.3%)] and lower [5 (4.7%)] endoscopic ultrasonography; 64 (58%) patients underwent diagnostic endoscopic ultrasonography, and 43 (42%) underwent interventional endoscopic ultrasonography. Endoscopic ultrasonography was used to investigate pancreaticobiliary, gastric, rectal, esophageal, duodenal, and mediastinal diseases in 81 (76%), 14 (13%), 5 (4.6%), 3 (2.8%), 2 (1.8%), and 2 (1.8%) patients, respectively. The clinical impact was significant in 81% of the children. Major and no clinical impact on pancreaticobiliary, gastrointestinal diseases, and mediastinal masses occurred in 50 (62%) and 13 (16%), 13 (54%) and 9 (37%), and 2 (100%) and 0 (0%) of the patients, respectively. Conclusion: This study evaluated the impact of diagnostic and interventional endoscopic ultrasonography in pediatric patients. When clinically and appropriately indicated, these procedures are safe and effective diagnostic or therapeutic interventions in pediatric patients with gastrointestinal or pancreaticobiliary disorders.

RESUMO Contexto: A ecoendoscopia (EUS) faz parte da prática clínica diária no diagnóstico e tratamento de doenças digestivas em adultos, no entanto, seu uso em crianças é limitado. Objetivo: O objetivo do trabalho foi avaliar o impacto clínico da ecoendoscopia diagnóstica (EUS-D) e ecoendoscopia intervencionista (EUS-I) na população pediátrica. Métodos: Por um período de 10 anos, analisamos retrospectivamente os prontuários de 107 crianças (≤18 anos) submetidas à ecoendoscopia alta [102 (95.3%)] e ecoendoscopia baixa [5 (4.7%)] que tiveram teste de imagem ou laboratorial inconclusivos. O impacto clínico foi classificado como forte (quando mudou o diagnóstico e a terapêutica), fraco (modificou o diagnóstico, mas não o manejo) e ausente (não houve mudança nem do diagnóstico e nem no manejo). Resultados: 107 meninas (72%) e 30 meninos (28%), média de idade 11.7±4 anos (5-18), foram submetidas à ecoendoscopia. 64 (58%) à EUS-D e 43 (42%) à EUS-I [EUS-FNA em 33 (77%) e 10 (33%) a drenagens (pseudocisto (5), walled off necrosis (2), perirectal abscesso (1)) e neurólise do plexo celíaco (2). O sucesso técnico, clínico e a taxa de efeitos adversos para a EUS-I foram de 100%, 90% e 0%, respectivamente. A via biliopancreática foi estudada em 81 (76%), estômago 14 (13%), reto 5 (4.6%), esôfago 3 (2.8%), duodeno 2 (1.8%) e mediastino 2 (1.8%) casos. O impacto clínico total foi de 81%. O impacto clínico foi forte e fraco para a via biliopancreática (81), gastrointestinal (24) e mediastinal (2) em 62% e 16%, 54% e 37% e 100% e 0%, respectivamente. A sensibilidade, especificidade e acurácia da EUS-FNA com microhistologia foi de 76.2%, 100% e 84.8%, respectivamente. Conclusão: Os autores concluem que a EUS-D e a EUS-I são efetivas e seguras quando indicadas corretamente para as doenças digestivas em crianças. A EUS-FNA tem elevada acurácia e pode esclarecer a maioria dos casos duvidosos, determinando o diagnóstico preciso das enfermidades digestivas. O impacto clínico foi grande em relação ao diagnóstico e a mudança do tipo de tratamento na maioria das crianças.

Rev. gastroenterol. Peru ; 42(4)oct. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1423947


El cribado de cáncer de páncreas en población de alto riesgo puede mejorar la supervivencia. Sin embargo, hay pocas referencias sobre su aplicabilidad y hallazgos en la práctica clínica habitual. Nuestro objetivo es evaluar los hallazgos de las pruebas de cribado de cáncer de páncreas en individuos de alto riesgo en la práctica clínica y describir las variables asociadas a la presencia de lesiones relevantes. Este es un estudio observacional prospectivo en el que se seleccionaron pacientes con alto riesgo de cáncer de páncreas, según los criterios del Consorcio Internacional de Cribado de Cáncer de Páncreas. Se analizaron variables demográficas, presencia de factores de riesgo de cáncer páncreas y los hallazgos de las pruebas. Posteriormente se compararon pacientes que presentan lesiones relevantes con aquellos sin hallazgos. De 70 pacientes de alto riesgo, 25 cumplieron los criterios de cribado. El síndrome hereditario más frecuente fue el cáncer de mama y ovario hereditario (60%). En once individuos (44%) se identificaron hallazgos y en tres (12%) fueron relevantes: dos tumores papilares mucinosos intraductales y un tumor sólido localizado. La mutación en BRCA2 fue la más frecuente en lesiones significativas (66,7% vs 30%, p=0,376) sin encontrar asociación con diabetes ni tabaquismo (0 vs 18 %, p=0,578 y 0 vs 4,5%, p=0,880 respectivamente). En conclusión, las pruebas de cribado permiten detectar lesiones en estadio precoz o resecables en un importante porcentaje de población de alto riesgo seleccionada. Los hallazgos más relevantes fueron en los pacientes pertenecientes al síndrome de cáncer de mama y ovario hereditario.

Pancreatic cancer surveillance can improve outcomes in high-risk individuals. However, little is known about its applicability and findings in routine clinical practice. Our aim was to evaluate findings on screening tests in high-risk individuals in a clinical practice setting and to analyze factors associated with the presence of relevant pancreatic lesions. We developed a prospective observational study of pancreatic cancer high risk patients that meet criteria of surveillance from the International Cancer of the Pancreas Screening Consortium. The demographic variables, other risk factors and imaging findings are collected. Patients with significant findings are compared to those without noteworthy findings. Of 70 high-risk individuals, 25 fitted the criteria for pancreatic cancer surveillance. The most frequent condition was hereditary breast and ovarian cancer syndrome (60%). We identified eleven abnormal imaging findings (44%) and three of them (12%) were relevant: two intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms and one localized pancreatic neoplasm. BRCA2 mutation was more frequent in patients with significant lesions (66.7% vs 30%, p=0.376) but smoking and diabetes were not associated with relevant findings (0 vs 18 %, p=0.578 and 0 vs 4.5%, p=0.880 respectively). Screening test could detect early-stage or resectable lesions in a significant in a significant percentage of the selected high-risk population. The most relevant findings were in patients belonging to hereditary breast and ovarian cancer syndrome.

Rev. gastroenterol. Peru ; 42(3)jul. 2022.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1423937


Occasionally, cholecystectomy is not possible because the patient is not suitable for surgery, and non-operative management should be performed. In these patients, the non-operative management can be through the percutaneous transhepatic gallbladder drainage (PTGBD) or the endoscopic gallbladder drainage. We decided to compare the efficacy and safety of PTGBD and EUS-GBD in the non-operative management of patients with acute cholecystitis. We conducted a systematic review in different databases, such as PubMed, OVID, Medline, and Cochrane Databases. This meta-analysis considers studies published until September 2021. Six studies were selected (2 RCTs). These studies included 749 patients. The mean age was 72.81 ±7.41 years, and males represented 57.4%. EUS-GBD technical success was lower than PTGBD (RR, 0.97; 95% CI, 0.95-0.99), whereas clinical success and adverse events rates were similar in both groups. Twenty-one deaths were reported in all six studies. The global mortality rate was 2.80%, without differences in both groups (2.84% and 2.77% in the EUS-GBD group and the PTGBD groups, respectively). EUS-GBD and PTGBD were successful techniques for gallbladder drainage in patients with acute cholecystitis who are non-tributary for surgery. EUS-GBD has a similar clinical success rate and a similar adverse events rate in comparison to PTGBD. The high technical success and the low adverse events rate of the EUS approach to gallbladder make this technique an excellent alternative for patients with acute cholecystitis who cannot be undergoing surgery.

En ocasiones, no es posible realizar una colecistectomía debido a que el paciente no es apto para la cirugía, y se debe optar por un manejo no quirúrgico. En estos pacientes, el manejo no quirúrgico puede ser a través del drenaje transhepático percutáneo de la vesícula o bien el drenaje ecoendoscópico de la misma. En el presente trabajo decidimos comparar la eficacia y seguridad de ambas técnicas en el manejo no quirúrgico de pacientes con colecistitis aguda. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión sistemática en diferentes bases de datos, como PubMed, OVID, Medline y Cochrane Databases. Este metanálisis considera estudios publicados hasta septiembre de 2021. Se seleccionaron seis estudios (2 estudios aleatorizados controlados). Estos estudios incluyeron 749 pacientes. La edad media fue de 72,81 ± 7,41 años, y los varones representaron el 57,4%. El éxito técnico del drenaje ecoendoscópico fue menor que el del drenaje percutáneo (RR, 0,97; IC del 95 %, 0,95-0,99), mientras que las tasas de éxito clínico y de eventos adversos fueron similares en ambos grupos. Se reportaron 21 muertes en los seis estudios. La tasa de mortalidad global fue del 2,80%, sin diferencias en ambos grupos (2,84% y 2,77% en el grupo ecoendoscópico y en el percutáneo, respectivamente). El drenaje ecoendoscópico y el drenaje percutáneo fueron técnicas exitosas para el drenaje de la vesícula biliar en pacientes con colecistitis aguda que no son tributarios de cirugía. El drenaje ecoendoscópico tiene una tasa de éxito clínico similar y una tasa de eventos adversos similar al drenaje percutáneo. El alto éxito técnico y la baja tasa de eventos adversos del abordaje ecoendoscópico de la vesícula biliar hacen de esta técnica una excelente alternativa para pacientes con colecistitis aguda que no pueden ser intervenidos quirúrgicamente.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955807


Objective:To investigate the clinical value of transabdominal ultrasonography versus transvaginal ultrasonography in the early diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy. Methods:A total of 100 patients with suspected early ectopic pregnancy who received treatment in Luanping Shengjian Hospital between April 2019 and April 2021 were included in this study. All of them underwent transabdominal and transvaginal ultrasonography. Surgical pathological results were used as the gold standard to analyze the diagnostic efficacy of the two examination methods. The detection rate of ectopic pregnancy by ultrasonography was compared between the two examination methods.Results:Early ectopic pregnancy was detected in 59 cases by transabdominal ultrasonography, among which seven cases were misdiagnosed and 10 cases were missed. Early ectopic pregnancy was detected in 60 cases by transvaginal ultrasonography, among which one case was misdiagnosed and three cases were missed. The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of transvaginal ultrasonography in the early detection of ectopic pregnancy were 95.2%, 97.4% and 96.0%, respectively, which were significantly higher than those of transabdominal ultrasonography (83.9%, 81.6%, 83.0%, χ2 =4.21, 5.03, 8.99, P = 0.040, 0.025, 0.003). Transvaginal ultrasonography showed that detection rates of accessory mass, yolk sac, embryo, intrauterine pseudopregnancy sac, pelvic effusion and original vascular fluctuation were 88.7%, 50.0%, 24.2%, 22.6%, 12.9%, 87.1%, respectively, which were significantly higher than those of transabdominal ultrasonography (64.5%, 19.4%, 4.8%, 4.8%, 1.6%, 56.5%, χ2 = 10.13, 12.85, 9.36, 8.25, 5.87, 14.37, P = 0.001, < 0.001, = 0.002, = 0.004, = 0.015, < 0.001). Conclusion:Transvaginal ultrasonography is superior to transabdominal ultrasonography in the early detection of ectopic pregnancy and has a higher detection rate of sonographic manifestation than transabdominal ultrasonography.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955493


Objective:To explore the diagnostic value of endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) for pancreatic cystic lesions (PCLs).Methods:Clinical data of 211 patients with PCLs, who underwent EUS at least once and were pathologically confirmed in First Affiliated of Naval Medical University from January 2011 to December 2021 was retrospectively analyzed. EUS imaging characteristics, biochemical analysis of cystic fluid and pathological data were recorded. The pathological diagnosis results of intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms and mucinous cystic neoplasms were included in the mucinous lesion group, while pancreatic pseudocyst, serous cystic neoplasms, solid pseudopapillary neoplasms and pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors were included as non-mucinous lesions group; those with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, adenocarcinoma or with atypical or cancer cells were included as malignant lesion group, and the else were included as benign lesions group. The level of CEA in cyst fluid between mucinous and non-mucinous lesions and the level of amylase in cyst fluid between benign and malignant lesion groups were compared, and the area under the curve (AUC) was calculated by drawing receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC), which was used to analyze the differential diagnosis efficiency of cyst fluid CEA and amylase test indexes. The basic characteristics and EUS imaging characteristics, and the diagnostic efficiency of EUS and liquid-based cytology and histopathology between benign and malignant lesions were studied and analyzed.Results:Among the 211 PCL patients, cyst fluid was obtained in 201 patients, of which 188 patients (93.5%) underwent cytological examination, and 33 patients were diagnosed with an accuracy rate of 17.6%; 41 cases were obtained for histological examination, and 23 cases were confirmed, with an accuracy rate of 56.1%. Among all confirmed cases, 45 cases had benign lesions, including 22 cases of mucinous lesions and 23 cases of non-mucinous lesions, with the cyst fluid CEA of 1458.16(19.80, 1500.00), 4.4(0.50, 341.14)ng/ml respectively, and the difference of cyst fluid CEA level between mucinous and non-mucinous lesions was statistically significant( P<0.05). The cyst fluid CEA<10.15 ng/ml could be used to diagnose non-mucinous PCLs with the sensitivity of 89.5%(95% CI0.686-0.981), and the specificity of 66.7%(95% CI0.438-0.837). The cyst fluid amylase levels in benign and malignant lesions were 379.00(50.00, 18405.50), 42.00(13.50, 340.00)U/L, and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). The cyst fluid amylase>747.50 U/L might help to identify benign PCLs with the sensitivity of 91.7%(95% CI0.646-0.996), and the specificity of 48.0%(95% CI0.300-0.665). EUS showed that the proportion of cyst wall thickening, main duct dilatation and cystic solid components in patients with malignant lesions was significantly higher than that in patients with benign lesions, and the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05), while there was no significant difference in the proportion of cyst wall nodules and cystic septum between the two groups. The accuracy of EUS combined with liquid-based cytology or histopathology in malignant lesions was over 80%. Conclusions:The cyst fluid CEA level can help to differentiate non-mucinous PCLs from mucinous PCLs, and the cystic amylase level could be useful to identify the benign and malignant PCLs. EUS combined with cytology or histology had high diagnostic value for malignant or potentially malignant PCLs, and EUS-FNA examination can be recommended as soon as possible for those with high-risk factors.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955490


Objective:To evaluate the clinical application value of endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) in the etiological diagnosis of patients initially diagnosed with idiopathic acute pancreatitis (IAP).Methods:Clinical data of 128 patients who underwent further EUS and magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) after initial diagnosis of IAP at the Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Center of the First Affiliated Hospital of Naval Medical University between January 2015 and February 2022 were collected and divided into a single-episode group (single-episode group, 51 cases) and a multiple-episode group (recurrent group, 77 cases) based on the number of AP episodes. The data and the diagnosis of the etiology of IAP in the two groups by EUS were analyzed and compared with the etiological diagnosis results of MRCP.Results:The differences on basic information such as gender, age, history of smoking, history of alcohol consumption, family history of pancreatic disease, history of cholecystectomy, abnormality of liver function, and severity of pancreatitis between the single-episode group and recurrent group of IAP patients were not statistically significant. The etiology was clarified in 79 (62%) IAP patients after EUS examination, of which 55 (43%) cases had biliary disease (gallstones, microlithiasis, biliary sludge) and 24 (19%) cases had pancreatic disease (chronic pancreatitis, pancreatic divisum, pancreatic interstitial or pancreatic ductal changes). The percentage of patients with biliary disease as the cause of IAP was significantly higher in the single-episode group than in the recurrent group (59% vs 32%), while the percentage of patients with pancreatic disease as the cause of IAP was higher in the recurrent group than in the single-episode group (25% vs 10%), with statistically significant differences ( P values=0.004 and 0.035, respectively). The performance of EUS in diagnosing the etiology of IAP was significantly higher than that of MRCP (62% vs 19%, P=0.032), where EUS was more accurate in detecting biliary microlithiasis or biliary sludge (43% vs 9%, P<0.01). EUS was also superior to MRCP in identifying subtle changes in chronic pancreatitis lesions (small pancreatic nodules, patchy hyperechogenicity, etc.) and intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms(17% vs 7%, P<0.05), but was inferior to MRCP in identifying pancreatic divisum (2 cases vs 4 cases). Conclusions:In view of high diagnostic accuracy and safety of EUS in diagnosing biliary diseases, and based on the fact that most IAPs in China are due to biliary diseases, EUS based management strategy can be considered to be a reasonable approach for evaluation of IAP patients. The MRCP can be used as a supplement to the EUS to identify a controversial etiology.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934078


To evaluate the diagnostic value and safety of endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) in patients with biopsy-negative malignant gastrointestinal stricture, a retrospective analysis was performed on data of patients whose computed tomography scan showed gastrointestinal malignant tumor with complete lumen stricture and endoscopic biopsy results showed negative, who underwent EUS-FNA in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from July 2016 to January 2020. Perioperative complications, technical success rate and accuracy of EUS-FNA were analyzed. Eleven cases included in the study, including 7 males and 4 females, with mean age of 60.3 years. There were 8 esophageal strictures and 3 rectal strictures. All patients successfully underwent EUS-FNA, and malignant tumor was found in 10 cases and no tumor cell was found in 1 case. No complications were reported. EUS-FNA is a safe and valuable approach to diagnosing biopsy-negative malignant gastrointestinal strictures.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958302


Objective:To investigate the drainage efficacy of different types of plastic stents in endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided transgastric drainage for pancreatic pseudocysts.Methods:Clinical data of patients with pancreatic pseudocyst who underwent EUS-guided transgastric drainage in the surgical endoscopic center of the First Hospital of Lanzhou University from March 2014 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were divided into the 10 F double plastic stents group and the 7 F double plastic stents group. The drainage efficacy, complications and long-term outcomes of the two groups were compared.Results:A total of 29 patients were included, 11 in the 10 F double plastic stents group and 18 others in the 7 F double plastic stents group. The operation time of the two groups was 48.2±8.0 min and 34.7±5.8 min, respectively, showing significant difference ( t=5.24, P<0.001). There was no significant difference in the incidence of postoperative complications such as abdominal pain [18.2% (2/11) VS 5.6% (1/18)], fever [9.1% (1/11) VS 11.1% (2/18)] or bleeding (both none) between the two groups (all P>0.05). Two months after the operation, abdominal CT scan showed that the complete disappearance rates of cysts cavity in the 10 F and 7 F groups were 90.9% (10/11) and 88.9% (16/18), respectively, with no significant difference ( P=1.00). Conclusion:There are similar drainage effect and postoperative complications rates between the 7 F and the 10 F plastic stent in EUS-guided transgastric drainage for pancreatic pseudocysts. However, operation with the 7 F stent is more convenient for a shorter time, which is worth of clinical promotion.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958300


Objective:To develop an online interactive cytopathological training program, and to evaluate it for improving the cytopathological diagnostic ability of endoscopists in endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) of pancreas.Methods:A total of 5 500 cytopathological images were collected from 194 patients with pancreatic solid mass who underwent EUS-FNA in Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital from August 2018 to August 2019. The cell type in each cytopathological picture was labeled by senior cellular pathologists, which was used to build a learning and testing platform for online interactive cytopathological training. Five endoscopists without cytopathological background were invited to participate in this training. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of endoscopists in differential diagnosis of cancer and non-cancer before and after training were compared to evaluate the effect of the online interactive cytopathological training program on improving the ability of endoscopists in diagnosis of cytopathology.Results:A cytopathological training platform for endoscopists to learn and take online test was successfully built. Before training, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and accuracy of diagnosis of cancer and non-cancer for endoscopists were 0.55 (95% CI: 0.53-0.58), 0.32 (95% CI: 0.30-0.35), 0.43 (95% CI: 0.41-0.45), 0.44 (95% CI: 0.41-0.47) and 0.43 (95% CI: 0.42-0.45), respectively. After training, the above indicators were 0.96 (95% CI: 0.95-0.97), 0.70 (95% CI: 0.68-0.73), 0.74 (95% CI: 0.72-0.76), 0.95 (95% CI: 0.94-0.96) and 0.81 (95% CI: 0.80-0.83), respectively, which were significantly improved compared with those before ( P<0.001). Conclusion:The online interactive cytopathological training program can improve the understanding and diagnostic ability of endoscopists in pancreatic cytopathology, help to implement rapid on-site evaluation in the process of EUS-FNA, and improve the diagnostic efficiency of EUS-FNA.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958295


To evaluate the efficacy and safety of endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for rectal neuroendocrine tumor (RNET). Data of 71 patients (43 males and 28 females, aged 46.66±10.15 years) with histologically diagnosed RNET ≤15 mm in diameter who underwent ESD in Department One of Gastroenterology, Digestive Diseases Hospital, Heilongjiang Provincial Hospital from December 2012 to January 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. Epidemiological characteristics, endoscopic characteristics, the operation time, complications, pathology results, the consistency of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) and pathology and prognosis were analyzed. Sixty-nine patients had single lesion and 2 patients had multiple lesions (two of each). Seventy lesions (70/73, 95.89%) were?located?in?the?middle-lower?rectal?segment, and 3 lesions (3/73, 4.11%) in the upper segment. The maximum diameter was 8.54±3.12 mm. The en bloc resection rate was 100%. No adverse event was observed. The R0 resection rate was 87.67% (64/73), with 8 had undetermined vertical resection margin and 1 had lymphovascular invasion. EUS showed no case involving the muscularis propria with pathologic coincidence rate of 100.0%. The follow-up period was 4.52±3.85 years (1-9 years). No local recurrence or distant metastasis was found. ESD is safe and effective in RNET ≤15 mm in diameter. For?tumors of G1 without metastasis in preoperative evaluation, close?follow-up?seems?to?be?a?feasible?option with lymphovascular invasion or undetermined margin after?ESD.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958285


Objective:To investigate the characteristics of endoscopic ultrasonography for rectal neuroendocrine neoplasms (R-NENs) of different origin and its influence on the diagnosis and treatment.Methods:A retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted to analyze 56 cases of R-NENs diagnosed by miniprobe endoscopic ultrasonography (MEUS) and/or pathology in the Endoscopy Center of Beijing Chaoyang Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2016 to July 2021. The endoscopic ultrasonography characteristics, pathological features, surgical selection and the follow-up of R-NENs originating from deep mucosa and submucosa were compared.Results:Among the 56 patients, 49 were diagnosed as R-NENs.The diagnostic sensitivity, positive predictive value and diagnostic accuracy of MEUS for R-NENs were 93.88% (46/49), 86.79% (46/53) and 82.14% (46/56), respectively. R-NENs were mainly manifested by medium hypoechoic with MEUS [95.92% (47/49)]. Three R-NENs originated from submucosa were missed diagnosis, with 1 case presenting hypoechoic and 2 cases presenting hyperechoic. There were no significant differences in the tumor diameter, echo intensity under endoscopic ultrasonography, echo uniformity and pathological grade composition between deep mucosal origin and submucosal origin R-NENS (all P>0.05), but there was significant differences in the distance from tumor to anus ( χ2=5.011, P=0.025). The proportion of the distance from tumor to anus ≤5 cm of submucosal origin lesions was significantly higher than that of deep mucosal origin [43.75% (14/32) VS 17.65% (3/17)]. Endoscopic submucosal dissection [67.5% (27/40)] and transanal endoscopic microsurgery [25.0% (10/40)] were the major treatment method, but there were no significant differences in endoscopic ultrasonography manifestations and pathological grading of R-NENs between these two surgical procedures. Conclusion:There is no significant difference in endoscopic ultrasonography manifestations and pathological grade of R-NENs between deep mucosal origin and submucosal origin, suggesting that the prognosis is similar between the two types. It is no significant influence of endoscopic ultrasonography manifestations of R-NENs at different levels of origin.

Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 36(4): 473-479, oct.-dic. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360971


Resumen Introducción: en pacientes con obstrucción biliar distal maligna en quienes la derivación biliar mediante colangiopancreatografía retrógrada endoscópica (CPRE) no sea factible o sea fallida, el drenaje biliar guiado por ultrasonido endoscópico mediante coledocoduodenostomía es una opción terapéutica viable, de la que se describen altas tasas de éxito técnico y clínico con una baja morbimortalidad. Adicionalmente, este método podría ser superior en la mejora de la calidad de vida en comparación con el manejo percutáneo o quirúrgico. Objetivo: describir la experiencia inicial con el drenaje biliar guiado por ultrasonido endoscópico en pacientes con obstrucción biliar maligna en un centro de referencia. Métodos: es una serie de casos retrospectiva de 6 pacientes con obstrucción biliar maligna a quienes se les realizó inicialmente una CPRE que fue fallida, por lo cual se procedió a realizar coledocoduodenostomía guiada por ultrasonografía endoscópica. Se describieron las tasas de éxito técnico, éxito clínico, eventos adversos, tasas de disfunción y tiempo de supervivencia de los pacientes. Resultados: se analizaron 6 casos, predominó el sexo femenino, con un promedio de edad de 71,8 ± 19,8 años; las indicaciones fueron adenocarcinoma de páncreas, tumor periampular y colangiocarcinoma distal. Se observó un éxito técnico en el 100 % de los casos y éxito clínico en 83,3 % de los casos. No se registraron eventos adversos graves. En el seguimiento de los casos se observó una supervivencia del 66,7 % a los 30 días. Conclusión: la coledocoduodenostomía es una alternativa terapéutica viable, segura y efectiva en pacientes con obstrucción biliar maligna en quienes la CPRE fue fallida, con una alta tasa de éxito técnico y clínico.

Abstract Introduction: Patients with malignant biliary distal obstruction who cannot be treated with endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) or who had a failed ERCP, can find alternative treatment in endoscopic ultrasound-guided biliary drainage via choledochoduodenostomy. EUS-CDS performs with high rates of technical and clinical success and with low rates of morbimortality. Moreover, this method could have the potential to improve the patient's quality of life, compared with percutaneous or surgical means. Objective: This study aims to describe the initial experience with endoscopic ultrasound-guided biliary drainage in patients with malignant biliary distal obstruction in a reference center. Methods: Retrospective case review of six patients with malignant biliary obstruction and prior ERCP-placed and failed. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided biliary drainage via choledochoduodenostomy was performed as an alternative method. Technical and clinical success rates, adverse event rates, dysfunction rates, and patient survival time were described. Results: 6 cases were analyzed with a higher proportion of female patients, with a mean age of 71,8 ± 19,8 years. The symptoms were related to pancreas adenocarcinoma, periampullary tumor, and distal cholangiocarcinoma. The procedure was technically successful in 100% of cases and clinically successful in 83% of cases. Serious adverse events were nor reported. After 30 days, a survival rate of 66,7 % was observed. Conclusion: Choledochoduodenostomy is a viable, safe, and effective method in patients with malignant biliary obstruction who had a failed ERCP, and it has high rates of technical and clinical success.

Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Referral and Consultation , Choledochostomy , Adenocarcinoma , Cholestasis, Intrahepatic , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Endosonography , Pancreas , Drainage , Indicators of Morbidity and Mortality , Neoplasms
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 36(3): 391-398, jul.-set. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1347356


Resumen La enfermedad litiásica biliar es una patología frecuente en mujeres embarazadas, y las complicaciones relacionadas con los cálculos biliares durante el embarazo pueden generar desenlaces adversos tanto en la madre como en el feto. La coledocolitiasis en el embarazo requiere de una aproximación diagnóstica adecuada y su manejo busca minimizar los riesgos de las intervenciones médicas. Se describen dos casos de mujeres embarazadas quienes presentan coledocolitiasis documentada por colangiorresonancia. Se realizó el tratamiento con la combinación de ultrasonido endoscópico (USE) y colangiopancreatografía endoscópica retrógrada (CPRE) sin fluoroscopia, con lo cual se logró resolver la coledocolitiasis sin exponer al feto a radiación ionizante, se confirmó la permeabilización del colédoco y se observó una adecuada evolución posoperatoria tanto materna como fetal.

Abstract Biliary lithiasis is a common condition in pregnant women, and complications related to gallstones during pregnancy can lead to adverse outcomes in both the mother and the fetus. Choledocholithiasis during pregnancy requires an adequate diagnostic approach to minimize the risks of medical interventions. The following are two cases of pregnant women with choledocholithiasis diagnosed using magnetic resonance cholangiography. Treatment included a combination of endoscopic ultrasound and retrograde endoscopic cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) without fluoroscopy, achieving the resolution of choledocholithiasis, without exposing the fetus to ionizing radiation, confirming the permeabilization of the common bile duct, and observing an adequate postoperative evolution of both the mother and the fetus.

Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Ultrasonics , Fluoroscopy , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Pregnant Women , Choledocholithiasis , Pathology , Radiation, Ionizing , Therapeutics , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Gallstones , Lithiasis