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2.
Rev. argent. cardiol ; 90(3): 194-202, ago. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407143

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: Una de las causas propuestas del síndrome INOCA (por sus siglas en inglés: Ischemia with Non-Obstructive Coronary Arteries) es la disfunción microvascular (DMV), la cual puede evaluarse en forma no invasiva, mediante la cuantificación del flujo sanguíneo miocárdico (FSM) y la reserva de flujo miocárdica (RFM). Las imágenes de perfusión miocárdica (IPM) y dinámicas con CZT-SPECT en reposo - dipiridamol - y prueba de frio (PF), permiten establecer la presencia de DMV evaluando diferentes mecanismos fisiopatológicos: endotelio independiente o dependiente, respectivamente. Objetivos: Evaluar la utilidad de CZT-SPECT en el diagnóstico de DMV y los diferentes mecanismos patológicos involucrados, en pacientes con diagnóstico de INOCA. Material y métodos: Se incluyeron en forma prospectiva 93 pacientes consecutivos con diagnóstico de INOCA, a los que se les realizó IPM e imágenes dinámicas con CZT-SPECT en reposo-dipiridamol-PF. El FSM se cuantificó con el software 4DM. Se consideró respuesta anormal al dipiridamol una RFM menor a 2 y a la variación del FSM (∆FSM) menor a 1,5 con PF. Se definió DMV a la presencia de una o ambas respuestas anormales. Resultados: El CZT-SPECT detectó DMV en un 85% (n=79) de los pacientes con INOCA. El 42% tuvo respuesta anormal con ambos apremios mientras que el 43% restante, mostró una respuesta alterada del FSM sólo con PF. Conclusiones: El uso de CZT-SPECT empleando ambos apremios, permitió evaluar diferentes mecanismos fisiopatológicos que causan DMV presente en la mayoría de los pacientes con INOCA.


ABSTRACT Background: One of the causes of INOCA (Ischemia with Non- Obstructive Coronary Arteries) is microvascular dysfunction (MVD), which can be noninvasively assessed through the quantification of myocardial blood flow (MBF) and myocardial flow reserve (MFR). Dynamic myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) by CZT-SPECT at rest, with dipyridamole stress test and cold pressor test (CPT) can establish the presence of two different pathophysiological mechanisms of MVD: endothelium-independent or endothelium-dependent, respectively. Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of CZT-SPECT for the diagnosis of MVD and the different mechanisms involved in patients with INOCA. Materials and Methods : A total of 93 consecutive INOCA patients were prospectively included and underwent dynamic MPI with CZT-SPECT at rest and with dipyridamole stress test and CPT. THe MBF was quantified using 4DM® software. A MFR response to dipyridamole <2, and changes in MBF (∆MBF) <1.5 with CPT were considered abnormal responses. MVD was defined in the presence of one abnormal response or both. Results: CZT-SPECT detected MVD in 85% (n=79) of the patients with INOCA. Forty-two percent had an abnormal response to both stressors while 43% presented an abnormal response of MBF only with CPT. Conclusion: The use of CZT-SPECT with both stress tests allowed the evaluation of different possible pathophysiological mechanisms of MVD present in most patients with INOCA.

3.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 119(2): 319-325, ago. 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1383752

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento: Sabe-se que a inflamação desempenha um papel crucial em muitas doenças, incluindo a COVID-19. Objetivo: Utilizando a dilatação fluxo-mediada (DFM), objetivou-se avaliar os efeitos da inflamação na função endotelial de pacientes com COVID-19. Métodos: Este estudo foi realizado com um total de 161 indivíduos, dos quais 80 foram diagnosticados com COVID-19 nos últimos seis meses (48 mulheres e 32 homens com idade média de 32,10±5,87 anos) e 81 eram controles saudáveis (45 mulheres e 36 homens com idade média de 30,51±7,33 anos). Os achados do ecocardiograma transtorácico e da DFM foram analisados em todos os indivíduos. Resultados com p<0,05 foram considerados estatisticamente significantes. Resultados: O ecocardiograma e a DFM do grupo COVID-19 foram realizados 35 dias (intervalo: 25-178) após o diagnóstico. Não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa nos parâmetros ecocardiográficos. Em contraste, a DFM (%) foi significativamente maior no grupo controle (9,52±5,98 versus 12,01±6,18; p=0,01). Na análise multivariada com o modelo stepwise progressivo, a DFM foi significativamente diferente no grupo controle em relação ao grupo COVID-19 (1,086 (1,026-1,149), p=0,04). O teste de correlação de Spearman indicou que a DFM (r=0,27; p=0,006) apresentou correlação positiva fraca com a presença de COVID-19. Conclusão: Os achados deste estudo apontam para disfunção endotelial induzida por COVID-19, avaliada por DFM, na fase inicial de recuperação.


Abstract Background: Inflammation is known to play a crucial role in many diseases, including COVID-19. Objective: Using flow-mediated dilatation (FMD), we aimed to assess the effects of inflammation on endothelial function in COVID-19 patients. Methods: This study was conducted with a total of 161 subjects, of whom 80 were diagnosed with COVID-19 within the last six months (comprising 48 women and 32 men with a mean age of 32.10 ± 5.87 years) and 81 were healthy controls (comprising 45 women and 36 men with a mean age of 30.51 ± 7.33 years). We analyzed the findings of transthoracic echocardiography and FMD in all subjects. All results were considered statistically significant at the level of p < 0.05. Results: The echocardiography and FMD of the COVID-19 group were performed 35 days (range: 25-178) after diagnosis. There was no statistically significant difference in echocardiographic parameters. Differently, FMD (%) was significantly higher in the control group (9.52 ± 5.98 vs. 12.01 ± 6.18, p=0.01). In multivariate analysis with the forward stepwise model, FMD was significantly different in the control group compared to the COVID-19 group (1.086 (1.026 - 1.149), p=0.04). A Spearman's correlation test indicated that FMD (r=0.27, p=0.006) had a weak positive correlation with the presence of COVID-19. Conclusion: Our findings point to COVID-19-induced endothelial dysfunction, as assessed by FMD, in the early recovery phase.

5.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 37(4): 439-446, Jul.-Aug. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394715

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: A weak venous wall is one of the major reasons contributing to vein graft failure after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). We investigated whether adventitial collagen cross-linking by glutaraldehyde reinforces venous wall, preserving the endothelium of veins during high-pressure distention. Methods: Human saphenous veins (SVs) were collected from 40 patients undergoing CABG, and adventitia cross-linking was performed with 0.3% glutaraldehyde for five minutes. The cross-linked SVs were accessed by biodegradation assay, immunofluorescent staining, and tensile test. Native SVs and cross-linked SVs from another 20 patients received the 200 mmHg pressure distention for two minutes. Pressure-induced injury of SVs were accessed by immunohistochemistry and electron microscopy. Results: Time to digestion was 97±13 minutes for native SVs and 720±0 minutes for cross-linked SVs (P<0.05). After adventitial cross-linking, the collagen I fibres of the vein remarkably presented with compact and nonporous arrangement. In the high-stretch region (stretch ratio 1.4-1.8), the Young's elastic modulus of stress-stretch ratio curve in cross-linked SVs was larger than that in native SVs (13.88 vs. 5.83, P<0.05). The cross-linked SVs had a lower extent of endothelial denudation without fibre fracture during high-pressure distension than native SVs. Comparing with the non-cross-linked SVs, the percentage of endothelial nitric oxide synthase staining length on the endothelium of cross-linked SVs was significantly preserved after high-pressure distension (85.2% vs. 64.7%, P<0.05). Conclusion: Adventitial collagen cross-linking by glutaraldehyde reinforced venous wall by increasing stiffness and decreasing extensibility of SVs and mitigated the endothelial damage under high-pressure distension.

6.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(2): 253-264, Mar.-Apr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364973

ABSTRACT

Abstract The regular practice of physical exercise as a non-pharmacological treatment of arterial hypertension (AH) has been encouraged due to causing a series of physiological responses in the cardiovascular system, such as the production of vasoactive substances, including nitric oxide (NO). NO is a relaxation factor released by the endothelium, and the decrease in its bioavailability is related to coronary and arterial diseases, such as AH. This study aimed to perform an integrative literature review to elucidate the effect of physical training on NO levels in patients with AH and to establish a relationship between these levels and blood pressure (BP) control. A literature review was was performed by searching PubMed / MEDLINE, Lilacs, Scielo, Cinahl and Embase databases. The search string used was ("arterial hypertension" OR hypertension) AND (exercise OR "physical exercise" OR "aerobic exercise" OR "exercise training" or "physical activity") AND ("nitric oxide"). We included fully available controlled and uncontrolled clinical trials published in English and Portuguese languages in the last 10 years. The review consisted of 16 articles, of which 13 reported an increase in NO production after the physical training intervention, and three studies found no change. In addition, 15 studies observed a reduction in BP after the intervention. In conclusion, regular practice of physical exercises, advocating moderate intensity, can improve NO bioavailability in pre-hypertensive and hypertensive individuals, which seems to be one of the mechanisms responsible for BP reduction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Exercise/physiology , Hypertension/therapy , Nitric Oxide/metabolism , Endothelium-Dependent Relaxing Factors/metabolism , Arterial Pressure/physiology , Physical Conditioning, Human/physiology , Hypertension/metabolism
8.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 68(1): 73-76, Jan. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360699

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the relationship and prognostic significance of cardio-ankle vascular index, which is a measure of arterial stiffness that can lead to endothelial dysfunction and poor cardiovascular issues in COVID-19 patients, with COVID-19. METHODS: The study included 115 patients, of which 65 patients in the case group with Real time reversetranscription-polymerasechainreaction test positive and diagnosed for COVID-19 and 50 volunteers in the control group. Patients with COVID-19 were classified as moderate/severe or mild COVID-19 in the subgroup analysis based on the severity of the disease. We investigated the relationship between cardio-ankle vascular index and COVID-19 by using the VaSera VS-1000 device to automatically measure each patient's cardio-ankle vascular index and ankle-brachial pressure index. RESULTS: The mean age of participants included in the study was 65.7±10.7 years. Patients and volunteers were statistically similar in terms of age, gender, comorbidities, Charlson comorbidity index scores, and body mass index values (p>0.05). The right-cardio-ankle vascular index value was 9.6±2.4 in the case group and 8.5±1.1 in the control group (p=0.004). The left-cardio-ankle vascular index value was 9.4±2.7 in the case group and 8.5±1.2 in the control group (p=0.01). The right-cardio-ankle vascular index value was 10.8±3.4 in the moderate/severe disease group and 8.8±0.9 in the mild disease group (p=0.008). The left-cardio-ankle vascular index value was 10.7±3.6 in the moderate/severe disease group and 8.5±1.5 in the mild disease group (p<0.001). The right-cardio-ankle vascular index and left-cardio-ankle vascular index values were found to be significantly higher in COVID-19 patients in our study. When receiver operating characteristic analysis was performed to distinguish moderate/severe COVID-19 patients from mild patients, right-cardio-ankle vascular index was area under the curve 0.757 (0.630-0.884), and left-cardio-ankle vascular index was area under the curve 0.782 (0.661-0.902). CONCLUSION: The right-cardio-ankle vascular index and left-cardio-ankle vascular index values increased in COVID-19 patients in our study, and this was thought to be prognostically significant.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Vascular Stiffness , COVID-19/diagnosis , Ankle Brachial Index , SARS-CoV-2 , Ankle , Middle Aged
9.
Surg. cosmet. dermatol. (Impr.) ; 14: 2022;14:e20220157., jan.-dez. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1412342

ABSTRACT

A hiperplasia endotelial intravascular ou tumor de Masson é uma lesão vascular benigna que não possui patogênese bem definida. Acredita-se que a resposta à lesão dos vasos sanguíneos seja um dos principais motivos para o seu desenvolvimento. É uma lesão tipicamente indolor, única e de evolução lenta. O objetivo deste relato é descrever um caso de tumor de Masson em uma região não habitual, na matriz ungueal do hálux, e discutir suas principais características


Intravascular endothelial hyperplasia, or Masson's tumor, is a benign vascular lesion with no well-defined pathogenesis. The response to vascular damage is believed to be one of the main reasons for its development. It is a typically painless injury, solitary, with slow evolution. This report aims to describe a case of Masson's tumor in an unusual place, the hallux nail matrix, and discuss its main characteristics.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934311

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of bone morphogenetic protein 4 (BMP4) on the proliferation and migration of human retinal microvascular endothelial cells (hRMEC) under oxidative stress.Methods:The hRMEC cultured in vitro were divided into control group, 4-hydroxynonenal (HNE) treatment group (4-HNE group), 4-HNE+BMP4 group (BMP4 group). Cell culture medium of 4-HNE treatment group was added with 10 μmmol/L 4-HNE; cell culture of BMP4 group was cultured with 10 μmmol/L 4-HNE, and after stimulation for 6 h, 100 ng/ml recombinant human BMP4 was added. The effects of 4-HNE and BMP4 on hRMEC viability was detected by thiazole blue colorimetric method. The effects of 4-HNE and BMP4 on cell migration was determined by cell scratch test. The relative expression of BMP4 mRNA in the cells of the control group and 4-HNE treatment group and the mRNA expression of the control group, the fibronectin (FN) of BMP4 group, laminin (Laminin), α-smooth muscle contractile protein (α-SMA), and collagen type Ⅰ (Collagen Ⅰ), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) were detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Western blot was used to detect the relative expression of BMP4 protein in the control group and 4-HNE group. The control group and 4-HNE group were compared by t test. Results:Compared with the control group, cell viability ( t=12.73, 16.26, P=0.000 2, <0.000 1), cell migration rate ( t=28.17, 37.48, P<0.000 1, <0.000 1) in 4-HNE group and BMP4 group were significantly increased, and the difference was statistically significant; the relative expression of BMP4 mRNA and protein in the 4-HNE group was significantly increased, and the difference was statistically significant ( t=16.36, 69.35, P=0.000 1, <0.000 1). The qRT-PCR test results showed that compared with the control group, the relative expression of VEGF, FN, Laminin, α-SMA, Collagen Ⅰ, and CTGF mRNA in the cells of the BMP4 group was significantly increased, and the difference was statistically significant ( t=10.61, 17.00, 14.85, 7.78, 12.02, 10.61, P=0.0004, <0.000 1, 0.000 1, 0.001 5, 0.000 1, 0.000 4). Conclusion:BMP4 can induce the proliferation and migration of hRMEC; it can also regulate the expression of angiogenesis factors and fibrosis-related factors in hRMEC.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934272

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the inhibitory effect of lentivirus (LV)-mediated miR-191 on the proliferation and angiogenesis of human retinal vascular endothelial cells (hREC) cultured in vitro.Methods:The hREC cell lines were cultured in vitro and divided into control group, hypoxia group, LV-empty vector (LV-vector) group, and LV-miR-191 (LV-191) group. The LV-vector group and LV-191 group were transferred to the corresponding lentiviral vector respectively. Flow cytometry was used to detect cell transfection efficiency. Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) test was used to detect cell proliferation ability. Scarification test and invasion chamber (Transwell) test were used to detect cell migration ability. Matrigel test was used to detect cell lumen formation ability. Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) was used to detect the relative expression of miR-191 and relative mRNA expression of its downstream target genes p21, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), cell division protein kinase (CDK) 6, cyclin-D1 (Cyclin D1). Independent sample t test was used for pairwise comparison. Results:The results of flow cytometry showed that the transfection efficiency of cells in the control group and the LV-191 group were 0.615% and 99.400%, respectively. The results of CCK-8, scarification, Transwell and Matrigel test showed that, compared with the control group, the number of cell proliferation ( t=6.130, 4.606), the cell mobility ( t=4.910, 6.702), the number of stained cells on the microporous membrane ( t=7.244, 6.724) and the lumen formation ability cells ( t=8.345, 9.859) were significantly increased in the hypoxia group and the LV-vector group ( P<0.01), while the LV-191 group showed completely opposite performance ( t=14.710, 6.245, 5.333, 5.892; P≤0.01). The qPCR test results showed that, compared with the control group and the LV-vector group, the relative expression of miR-191 mRNA in the cells of the LV-191 group was significantly up-regulated ( t=44.110, 42.680), the relative expression of Cyclin D1 mRNA ( t=29.940, 14.010) and CDK6 mRNA ( t=15.200, 7.645) decreased significantly, and the difference were statistically significant ( P<0.01); the relative expression of p21 mRNA increased, however, the difference was not statistically significant ( t=2.013, 2.755; P>0.05). There was no significant difference in the relative expression of VEGF mRNA in the 4 groups of cells ( F=0.966, P>0.05). Conclusions:LV-191 can inhibit the proliferation, migration and tubing of hREC by up-regulating p21 and down-regulating CDK6 and Cyclin D1.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933476

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the protective effect and mechanism of paeoniflorin (pae) on myocardial injury in septic rats.Methods:Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into 4 groups with 10 rats in each group. Rats were intraperitoneally injected with 1.4 ml normal saline and 1.4 ml 5% dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO)solution independently in control group and DMSO group. Rats were intraperitoneally injected with 1.4 ml normal saline and 1.4 ml pae independently, then with 0.1 ml lipopolysaccharide (LPS) 1 hour later in sepsis group and pae group. Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect serum cardiac troponin I (cTnI) levels and myocardial tissue tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα), interleukin(IL)-6, IL-1β, chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 1 (CXCL1), chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 2 (CXCL2), vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1) levels. Evans blue (EB) method was used to detect the EB content of myocardial tissue. HE staining method was used to observe the pathological changes, real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) to detect mRNA expression levels of the above molecules, and Western-blot to detect vascular endothelium-cadherin (VE-cadherin), phosphorylated p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (P-p38MAPK), phosphorylated Src protein (P-Src), Ras-Related C3 Botulinum Toxin Substrate 1 (Rac1) levels.Results:Compared with control group, cTnI level and the EB content in sepsis group increased significantly, and the myocardial inflammatory cell infiltration was obvious. The cTnI level and EB content in pae group were significantly reduced, and myocardial inflammatory cell infiltration was reduced [cTnI: (227.7±15.9)pg/ml vs. (312.9±17.9)pg/ml;EB: (13.2±2.3)μg/g vs. (23.8±2.9)μg/g; P<0.05]. Compared with control group, the levels of TNFα, IL-6, IL-1β, CXCL1, CXCL2, and VCAM-1 in sepsis group were increased. Compared with sepsis group, the above-mentioned molecular levels of pae group were significantly decreased [TNFα: (63.39±9.55)pg/ml vs. (126.54±19.17)pg/ml ;IL-6: (64.03±8.82)pg/ml vs. (85.60±9.52)pg/ml;IL-1β: (69.52±9.23)pg/ml vs. (130.45±15.10)pg/ml;CXCL1: (2 600.19±379.54)pg/ml vs. (4 903.89±533.42)pg/ml;CXCL2: (93.71±10.83)pg/ml vs. (127.24±13.92)pg/ml;VCAM-1: (112.22±13.49)pg/ml vs. (149.32±15.65)pg/ml, both P<0.05]. RT-qPCR results showed that the mRNA expressions of TNFα, IL-6, IL-1β, CXCL1, CXCL2 and VCAM-1 in the sepsis group were increased compared with the control group; Compared with sepsis group, the IL-6 mRNA (1.271±0.139 vs. 1.920±0.191, P<0.05), IL-1βmRNA (1.180±0.130 vs. 1.817±0.191, P<0.05), VCAM-1 mRNA (1.088±0.144 vs. 1.460±0.166, P<0.05) expression decreased significantly in the pae group. Compared with control group, the levels of P-p38MAPK and P-Src in sepsis group increased, and the level of VE-cadherin decreased. Compared with sepsis group, the levels of p38MAPK and P-p38MAPK in pae group were significantly decreased, and the level of VE-cadherin was increased (p38MAPK/β-actin: 1.125±0.078 vs. 1.520±0.164; P-p38MAPK protein: 1.639±0.133 vs. 2.112±0.222; both P<0.05). Conclusion:Paeoniflorin could improve the permeability of cardiac microvascular endothelium in sepsis rats and inhibit the secretion and expression of inflammation-related proteins and genes, which might be related to the inhibition of Src/VE-cadherin pathway by paeoniflorin.

13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929233

ABSTRACT

Iron overload injury is considered to be a part of blood stasis syndrome of arthralgia in traditional Chinese medicine. Its primary therapies include clearing heat and detoxification, activating blood circulation, and removing blood stasis. Lonicera japonica flos (LJF) has long been known as an excellent antipyretic and antidote. Luteoloside (Lut) is one of the main components of LJF and exhibits antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and cytoprotective properties. However, the protection of Lut against iron overload injury and its underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Therefore, HUVECs were exposed to 50 μmol·L-1 iron dextran for 48 h to establish an iron overload damage model and the effects of Lut were assessed. Our results showed that 20 μmol·L-1 Lut not only increased cell viability and weakened LDH activity, but also significantly up-regulated DDAHⅡ expression and activity, increased p-eNOS/eNOS ratio and NO content, and reduced ADMA content in HUVECs exposed to iron overload. Furthermore, Lut significantly attenuated intracellular/mitochondrial ROS generation, improved SOD, CAT, and GSH-Px activities, reduced MDA content, maintained MMP, inhibited mPTP opening, prevented cyt c from mitochondria released into cytoplasm, reduced cleaved-caspase3 expression, and ultimately decreased cell apoptosis induced by iron overload. The effects of Lut were similar to those of L-arginine (an ADMA competitive substrate), cyclosporin A (a mPTP blocker agent), and edaravone (a free radical scavenger) as positive controls. However, addition of pAD/DDAH II-shRNA adenovirus reversed the above beneficial effects of Lut. In conclusion, Lut can protect HUVECs against iron overload injury via the ROS/ADMA/DDAH II/eNOS/NO pathway. The mitochondria are the target organelles of Lut's protective effects.


Subject(s)
Endothelium, Vascular , Glucosides , Humans , Iron Overload , Luteolin , Reactive Oxygen Species
14.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1727-1730, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942850

ABSTRACT

AIM: To analyze the effects of dual viscoelastic agents DisCoVisc and sodium hyaluronate on corneal endothelium of patients after phacoemulsification and foldable intraocular lens(IOL)implantation.METHODS: A total of 247 patients(285 eyes)with cataract treated in Jingmen Aier Eye Hospital between June 2017 and December 2019 were selected, and they were divided into DisCoVisc group(123 cases, 141 eyes)and sodium hyaluronate group(124 cases, 144 eyes)by random number table method. Both groups were treated with phacoemulsification and foldable IOL implantation. DisCoVisc and 1.7% sodium hyaluronate were used as viscoelastic agents in DisCoVisc group and sodium hyaluronate group, respectively. The two groups were compared in terms of intraoperative ultrasound time(UST), cumulative dissipated energy(CDE), time for aspiration of viscoelastic agents after IOL implantation, corneal edema at 1d, 1wk, 1 and 3mo after operation, corneal endothelial cell density(ECD)and ECD loss rates before operation and at 3mo after operation, coefficient variation of corneal endothelial cell size(CV), percentage of corneal hexagonal endothelial cells(6A), intraocular pressure, the proportions of patients with uncorrected visual acuity ≥0.5 and central corneal thickness(CCT)values before and after operation at 1d, 1wk and 1mo.RESULTS:There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups in UST, CDE, aspiration time of viscoelastic agents(P &#x003E;0.05)or corneal edema both rate on day 1 after operation(P&#x003E;0.05). Corneal edema disappeared at 1 wk after operation. The ECD loss rate in DisCoVisc group was significantly lower than that in sodium hyaluronate group at 3mo after operation(P&#x003C;0.05). Intraocular pressure, the proportion of patients with uncorrected visual acuity ≥0.5 and CCT values showed no statistically significant differences between the two groups before and after operation at 1d, 1wk and 1mo(P &#x003E;0.05).CONCLUSION: DisCoVisc, as the viscoelastic agent in phacoemulsification and foldable IOL implantation for patients with Emery-Little grade Ⅱ-Ⅲ lens nucleus hardness, can better protect the patients' corneal endothelium.

15.
Motriz (Online) ; 28: e10220005522, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1406006

ABSTRACT

Abstract Aim: We investigated the effects of continuous or interval aerobic exercise training on vascular reactivity of female rats fed with fructose. Methods: Female Wistar rats (8-wk old) were divided into: sedentary (SD), continuous training (CTR), and interval training (ITR). Moderate intensity training protocols consisted of running 3 days/week for 7 weeks. CTR ran 40 min at 30%-40% of the maximal speed (MS) and TRI consisted of 7 sets of 1 min at 70% of MS followed by 3 min at 35% of MS. Animals were fed with standard chow and fructose (10%) in drinking water. Concentration-response curves to acetylcholine and phenylephrine, and oxidative stress biomarkers, were determined in the aorta. Body weight gain, visceral fat, and plasma triglycerides and glucose were also evaluated. Results: Endothelium-dependent relaxation was significantly increased by both exercise regimens (CTR: Emax = 85 ± 6% and ITR: Emax = 84 ± 1%) compared to sedentary rats (SD: Emax = 62 ± 5%). The contractile maximal response was not different but phenylephrine potency was increased in CTR (pEC50: 8.41 ± 0.19) and reduced in ITR (pEC50: 7.06 ± 0.11) compared to SD (pEC50: 7.77 ± 0.08). In addition, the generation of superoxide was lower in trained groups as compared with sedentary (about −28% in CTR and −22% in ITR). TBARS and nitrate/nitrite levels were not modified. Compared to the SD group, ITR gained 39% less body weight and CTR has 29% less visceral fat. Glucose and triglycerides were not modified. Conclusion: CTR and ITR, carried out 3 days/week, were efficient to improve endothelium-dependent relaxation and reduce superoxide generation in the aorta from female rats fed with fructose.

16.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 55: e12110, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1384141

ABSTRACT

In preparation for tracheal intubation during induction of anesthesia, the patient may be ventilated with 100% oxygen. To investigate the impact of acute isocapnic hyperoxia on endothelial activation and vascular remodeling, ten healthy young men (24±3 years) were exposed to 5-min normoxia (21% O2) and 10-min hyperoxia trials (100% O2). During hyperoxia, intercellular adhesion molecules (ICAM-1) (hyperoxia: 4.16±0.85 vs normoxia: 3.51±0.84 ng/mL, P=0.04) and tissue inhibitor matrix metalloproteinase 1 (TIMP-1) (hyperoxia: 8.40±3.84 vs normoxia: 5.73±2.15 pg/mL, P=0.04) increased, whereas matrix metalloproteinase (MMP-9) activity (hyperoxia: 0.53±0.11 vs normoxia: 0.68±0.18 A.U., P=0.03) decreased compared to the normoxia trial. We concluded that even short exposure to 100% oxygen may affect endothelial activation and vascular remodeling.

17.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 20: eAO0011, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1384790

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To determine whether passive smoking causes morphological and structural changes in the arcuate arteries of rats exposed for 7 to 28 days. Methods Wistar rats aged eight weeks and weighing 260g on average were allocated to a Control or a Smoker Group. Groups were further divided into 4 groups containing 5 animals each. Morphological-functional analysis of the right kidneys was carried out after 7 and 28 days of exposure to the smoke of 40 cigarettes per day. Cigarettes were burned at set times using automated cigarette-burning equipment ("Smoking Machine" - SM-MC-01). At the end of each exposure period, the kidneys were dissected and submitted to histological processing for morphological and quantitative analysis. Results Exposure to cigarette smoke for 7 days led to a decrease in inner vascular diameter. Decreased thickness of the vascular tunica media was observed after exposure for 28 days. Increased thickness of the tunica adventitia, increased total vascular wall thickness, increased total vascular diameter and qualitative increase in collagen deposition were observed. Vascular volume increased after 28 days of exposure. Conclusion Passive smoking has a negative impact on renal vasculature.

18.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e191010, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1384021

ABSTRACT

To compare global endothelial function assessed by pulse wave analysis (PWA) using the ratio of endothelium dependent vasodilatation (EDV) to endothelium independent vasodilatation (EIV) in patients with hypercholesterolemia and controls. 92 subjects [46 hypercholesterolemics, 46 controls] were studied at standardized conditions. Baseline augmentation index (AIx) was assessed followed by the administration of 0.5 mg sublingual nitroglycerine, an endothelium independent vasodilator. AIx was assessed and the maximum change in AIx after nitroglycerine was recorded as EIV. After a washout period of 30 minutes, 400 µg of inhaled salbutamol, an endothelium dependent vasodilator was administered. AIx was assessed again and the maximum change in AIx after salbutamol was recorded as EDV. Global endothelial function was calculated as EDV:EIV ratio. EDV and EIV in patients with hypercholesterolemia compared to controls were 2.97 ± 3.95 and 6.65 ± 3.80 (p<0.001); and 13.41 ± 4.57 and 15.88 ± 4.78 (p=0.01) respectively. EDV:EIV ratio was significantly reduced in patients with hypercholesterolemia compared to controls; 0.21 ± 0.38 and 0.44 ± 0.24 (p<0.001) respectively. EDV:EIV ratio was significantly reduced in patients with hypercholesterolemia compared to controls. PWA is a potential clinical tool to assess global endothelial function in patients with hypercholesterole


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Endothelium/metabolism , Pulse Wave Analysis/methods , Hypercholesterolemia , Patients , Vasodilator Agents/adverse effects
19.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(12): 894-903, Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357097

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Gestational hypertension (GH) is characterized by increased blood pressure after the 20th gestational week; the presence of proteinuria and/or signs of end-organ damage indicate preeclampsia (PE). Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is an antioxidant enzyme with an important role in maintaining endothelial function, and induction of HO-1 by certain molecules shows potential in attenuating the condition's effects over endothelial tissue. HO-1 production can also be stimulated by potassium iodide (KI). Therefore, we evaluated the effects of KI over HO-1 expression in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) incubated with plasma from women diagnosed with GH or PE. Methods Human umbilical vein endothelial cells were incubated with a pool of plasma of healthy pregnant women (n = 12), pregnant women diagnosed with GH (n = 10) or preeclamptic women (n = 11)with or without the addition of KI for 24 hours to evaluate its effect on this enzyme expression. Analysis of variance was performed followed by Dunnet's test for multiple comparisons between groups only or between groups with addition of KI (p ≤ 0.05). Results KI solution (1,000 µM) reduced HO-1 in the gestational hypertension group (p = 0.0018) and cytotoxicity in the preeclamptic group (p = 0.0143); treatment with KI reduced plasma cytotoxicity but did not affect the preeclamptic group's HO-1 expression. Conclusion Our findings suggest that KI alleviates oxidative stress leading to decreased HO-1 expression; plasma from preeclamptic women did not induce the enzyme's expression in HUVECs, and we hypothesize that this is possibly due to inhibitory post-transcriptional mechanisms in response to overexpression of this enzyme during early pregnancy.


Resumo Objetivo A hipertensão gestacional (GH) é caracterizada pelo aumento da pressão sanguínea após a 20ª semana de gestação; a presença de proteinuria e/ou sinais de danos a órgãos como rins, fígado e cérebro indicam pré-eclâmpsia (PE). A heme oxigenase-1 (HO-1) é uma enzima antioxidante com um papel importante na manutenção da função endotelial, e a sua indução por certas moléculas se mostra potencialmente benéfica frente à característica deletéria destas condições sobre o endotélio. Já foi demonstrado anteriormente que a produção de HO-1 pode ser induzida por iodeto de potássio (KI). Portanto, nós avaliamos os efeitos do KI sobre a citotoxicidade e expressão de HO-1 por células de veia de cordão umbilical humano (HUVECs) após incubação com o plasma de mulheres diagnosticadas com GH ou PE. Métodos Células de veia de cordão umbilical humano foram incubadas com pool de plasma de gestantes saudáveis (n = 12), gestantes com GH (n = 10) ou gestantes com PE (n = 11) com ou sem a adição de KI por 24 horas para avaliar a citotoxicidade através da dosagem de lactato desidrogenase e produção de HO-1 por ELISA. Foi realizada ANOVA seguida de teste de Dunnet para múltiplas comparações entre os grupos estudados, considerando significativos valores de p ≤ 0,05. Resultados A solução de KI (1.000 µM) reduziu a produção de HO-1 no grupo GH (p = 0.0018) e a citotoxicidade no grupo PE (p = 0.0143); o tratamento com KI não afetou a produção de HO-1 por HUVECs incubadas com o plasma do grupo PE. Conclusão Nossos achados sugerem que o KI atenua os efeitos do plasma de gestantes com GH ocasionando a diminuição da produção de HO-1; plasma do grupo PE não induziu a produção de HO-1 em HUVECs em comparação ao grupo saudável, e nossa hipótese é a de que tal achado pode ser devido a mecanismos pós-transcricionais em resposta a uma superestimulação da produção de HO-1 nos estágios iniciais da gravidez.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pre-Eclampsia , Hypertension, Pregnancy-Induced , Oxidative Stress , Endothelial Cells , Antioxidants
20.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 34(4)dic. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1409010

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo: Comparar los resultados de los parámetros morfológicos y morfométricos del endotelio corneal a través de la microscopia especular a partir de la utilización del conteo manual y automatizado. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, observacional, de corte transversal de serie de casos en adultos sin alteraciones corneales, en el Servicio de Cirugía Refractiva del Instituto Cubano de Oftalmología "Ramón Pando Ferrer", en el periodo comprendido de enero de 2019 a enero de 2020. Se estudiaron un total de 50 adultos (100 ojos), de los cuales 50 fueron ojos derechos y 50 ojos izquierdos. Se emplearon los porcentajes y los números absolutos para resumir las variables cualitativas. En el caso de las cuantitativas, se utilizó la media con su desviación estándar. Resultados: El 46 % fue del sexo femenino y el 54 % del sexo masculino. Los parámetros morfométricos, como la paquimetría central, fue igual en ambos conteos. A su vez, se obtuvieron mayores valores de densidad endotelial con el conteo automatizado. En los parámetros morfológicos se registró que la hexagonalidad fue superior en el conteo manual y el coeficiente de variabilidad en el conteo automatizado. Las diferencias más marcadas resultaron en el tamaño mínimo, en el máximo y en el promedio de las células endoteliales corneales, con variaciones entre los dos conteos. Conclusiones: Queda demostrado que tanto el conteo manual como el automatizado para el estudio del endotelio corneal pueden ser aplicados en la práctica oftalmológica.


ABSTRACT Objective: Compare the results of morphological and morphometric parameters of the corneal endothelium using specular microscopy with manual and automated counting. Methods: A cross-sectional observational descriptive study was conducted of a case series of adults without corneal alterations attending the Refractive Surgery Service at Ramón Pando Ferrer Cuban Institute of Ophthalmology from January 2019 to January 2020. A total 50 adults were studied (100 eyes: 50 right and 50 left). Percentages and absolute numbers were used to summarize qualitative variables, whereas quantitative variables were evaluated with means and standard deviations. Results: Of the patients studied, 46% were female and 54% were male. Morphometric parameters such as central pachymetry were the same in both countings. Automated counting yielded higher endothelial density values. Morphological parameters showed that hexagonality was greater in manual counting, whereas the coefficient of variability was greater in automated counting. The most obvious differences were observed in minimum size, maximum size and average corneal endothelial cells, with variations between the two countings. Conclusions: It was shown that both manual and automated counting may be used for examination of the corneal endothelium in ophthalmic practice.

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