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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719709

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Determine the frequency and prognostic value of circulating Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) DNA copy number in angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL) patients who were treated with dose-adjusted etoposide, prednisone, vincristine, cyclophosphamide and doxorubicin (DA-EPOCH) regimens. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty newly-diagnosed AITL patients were retrospectively enrolled in the present study. All patients were treated with DA-EPOCH regimen. RESULTS: Twenty-two subjects (36.7%) had a EBV DNA-positive test at diagnosis. EBV DNA‒positive patients were associated with lower lymphocyte-monocyte ratio (p=0.024). Median follow-up was 40 months (range, 14 to 100 months). The overall response rate for all the 60 AITL patents were 71.7% (95% confidence interval [CI], 58.6 to 82.5) with 3-year progressive-free survival (PFS) rate of 30.9%±6.1% and overall survival (OS) rate of 60.1%±6.6%. Not only did PFS estimation differ between the EBV DNA‒positive and EBV DNA‒negative group (hazard ratio [HR], 2.24; 95% CI, 1.15 to 4.35; p=0.006), but also worse OS was observed in the pretreatment EBV DNA‒positive group than in the EBV DNA‒negative group (HR, 2.74; 95% CI, 1.22 to 6.19; p=0.006). EBV DNA test positivity was independent prognostic marker for both PFS (HR, 2.17; 95% CI, 1.17 to 4.00; p=0.014) and OS (HR, 3.24; 95% CI, 1.48 to 7.11; p=0.004) after adjusting International Prognostic Index and prognostic index for AITL score. Reduction in EBV copies was significantly associated with therapy-response. CONCLUSION: Circulating EBV DNA level was an important prognostic and monitoring marker for AITL patients who treated with DA-EPOCH regimens which cannot improve outcomes for AITL patients.


Subject(s)
Cyclophosphamide , Diagnosis , DNA , Doxorubicin , Etoposide , Follow-Up Studies , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Humans , Lymphoma, T-Cell , Prednisone , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , T-Lymphocytes , Vincristine
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693463

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the diagnostic value of lymph node fine-needle aspiration (FNA)Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-DNA concentration detection in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) cervical lymph node metastasis.Methods From August to December 2016,36 cases of NPC and 9 cases of other tumors (not correlated with EBV infection) were enrolled in this study at the Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center.All patients received magnetic resonance images (MRI),plasma and cervical lymph node FNA EBV-DNA detection.Results The median concentration of EBV-DNA in FNA fluid (1.39 × 105 copies/ml) in cervical lymph node metastasis was significantly higher than that in plasma (2.00 × 103 copies/ml),with a significant difference (x2 =16.723,P =0.004).The diagnosis sensitivity,specificity,accuracy of the lymph node FNA fluid of EBV-DNA were 86.2% (25/29),71.4% (10/14) and 81.4% (35/43) respectively,which were better than those of MRI [72.4% (21/29),50.0% (7/14) and 65.1% (28/43) respectively] and plasma EBV-DNA [55.2% (16/29),71.4% (10/14) and 60.5% (26/43) respectively].The area under the curve (AUC) of level Ⅰ b cervical lymph node metastasis was calculated,and FNA fluid EBV-DNA (AUC =0.688)was better than MRI (AUC =0.583),with a significant difference (Z =2.476,P =0.008).The EBV-DNA concentration in FNA fluid in cervical lymph node metastasis of patients with other tumors (no correlated with EBV infection) was 0 copy/ml.Conclusion FNA fluid EBV-DNA may improve the diagnostic sensitivity of cervical lymph node metastasis in nasopharyngeal carcinoma,and help to explore the clinical target volume neck nodes at level Ⅰ b cervical lymph node in radiotherapy.

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