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1.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1384328

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo: analizar si existe diferencia en la composición corporal por género y si esta influye sobre el rendimiento físico de jugadores de vóleibol adolecentes. Método: se agruparon veinticinco jugadores de vóleibol (Hombres n = 10, Mujeres n = 15). Se midió la composición corporal y potencia muscular mediante la prueba de salto en contra movimiento y remate de balón. Resultados: se observó que los hombres presentaban una mayor masa muscular junto a una menor grasa corporal relacionada a un mayor rendimiento en las pruebas de rendimiento físico. Conclusión: los hombres presentan una mayor masa muscular y menor grasa corporal junto a un mejor rendimiento en las pruebas de potencia muscular.


ABSTRACT Objective: analyze if there is a difference in body composition by gender and if this influences the physical performance of adolescent volleyball players. Method: twenty-five adolescent volleyball players (Men n = 10, Women n = 15) were grouped together. Body composition and muscle power were measured using the countermovement jump test and volleyball spike. Results: the observations were that men had greater muscle mass together with lower body fat related to higher performance in physical performance tests. Conclusion: men have greater muscle mass and lower body fat along with better performance in muscle power tests.

2.
Adv Rheumatol ; 62: 11, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1374210

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To present an updated and evidence-based guideline for the use of dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) to assess body composition in clinical practice. Materials and methods: This Official Position was developed by the Scientific Committee of the Brazilian Association of Bone Assessment and Metabolism ( Associação Brasileira de Avaliação Óssea e Osteometabolismo , ABRASSO) and experts in the field who were invited to contribute to the preparation of this document. The authors searched current databases for relevant publications in the area of body composition assessment. In this second part of the Official Position, the authors discuss the interpretation and reporting of body composition parameters assessed by DXA and the use of DXA for body composition evaluation in special situations, including evaluation of children, persons with HIV, and animals. Conclusion: This document offers recommendations for the use of DXA in body composition evaluation, including indications, interpretation, and applications, to serve as a guiding tool in clinical practice and research for health care professionals in Brazil.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932943

ABSTRACT

Objective:Explore the predictive value of body composition and related factors in early detection of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM).Methods:949 pregnant women (142 cases in GDM group and 807 cases in normal group) in early pregnancy were selected from March 2019 to March 2020 in Suzhou Municipal Hospital, subject's clinical data were recorded. Body composition was measured by bioelectrical impedance method before the 13th week of pregnancy, and the relationship between age, protein, basal metabolic rate, body mass index (BMI) before pregnancy, body fat percentage, fat mass index (FMI), pregnancy times and the screening results of glucose tolerance in the second trimester of pregnancy were analyzed. The risk factors of GDM were further identified by multivariate regression analysis. Finally, the ROC curve was drawn to determine the diagnostic value of GDM, and the best boundary value was found to calculate the sensitivity and specificity of the indicators.Results:The age (20.82±2.60 vs 22.35±3.64), BMI before pregnancy (20.82±2.60 vs 22.35±3.64), percentage of body fat (29.37±5.63 vs 32.14±5.77), FMI [6.06(5.00, 7.30) vs 6.87(5.60, 8.60)] and pregnancy times [1(1, 2)vs 2(2, 3)] in GDM group were higher than those in normal group. Pregnancy times ( OR=1.232, 95% CI: 1.033-1.471) and FMI ( OR=1.228, 95% CI: 1.057-1.426) are independent risk factors of GDM. When FMI was used to predict the incidence of GDM, the area under the curve (AUC) was 63.0%. Conclusion:Pregnancy times and FMI in early pregnancy can be used as independent predictors of GDM. They provide a basis for scientific adjustment of diet and reasonable exercise, thereby preventing the GDM as early as possible. FMI can be reduced by adjusting the dietary structure and engaging in reasonable exercise, to reduce its risk among pregnant women.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931931

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the changes of mRNA N6-methyladenosine methylation level and methyltransferase-like 3 (METTL3) and demethylase fat mass and obesity-associated (FTO) in the blood of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) compared with normal controls.Methods:From January 2020 to June 2021, totally 40 AD patients treated in the outpatient and inpatient department of Neurology of the Affiliated Hospital of Jining Medical University were selected as the patient group, and 40 healthy volunteers as the control group. The blood samples were collected to extract plasma and peripheral blood mononuclear cells for enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), Western blot (WB), quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) and m6A methylation quantification experiments respectively to detect the methylation levels of METTL3, FTO and m6A. The data were analyzed by SPSS 23.0 statistical software for t-test. Results:The plasma concentrations of METTL3 and FTO protein in AD group were lower than those in control group (METTL3: (22.33±3.01)ng/mL, (25.63±1.70)ng/mL, t=6.055, P<0.01; FTO: (63.51±4.95)pg/mL, (69.60±4.60)pg/mL, ( t=5.704, P<0.01). The band gray values of METTL3 and FTO protein in blood cells in AD group were lower than those in control group (METTL3: 0.399 5±0.028 7, 0.676 6±0.053 3, t=7.935, P=0.001; FTO: 0.439 4±0.017 8, 0.782 6±0.087 6, t=6.652, P=0.003). The expression levels of METTL3 and FTO in blood cell RNA in AD group were lower than those in control group (METTL3: 0.387 8±0.020 3, 1.010 0±0.177 0, t=6.041, P=0.004; FTO: 0.442 8±0.037 1, 1.003 0±0.090 4, t=9.931, P=0.001). The levels of m6A in blood cell RNA in AD group were lower than those in control group((0.000 571±0.000 167)%, (0.002 514±0.001 284)%, t=6.041, P=0.004). Conclusion:The levels of METL3, FTO and m6A methylation are down-regulated in the plasma and peripheral blood mononuclear cells of patients with AD, indicating that there is a certain association between mRNA N6-methyladenosine methylation and AD.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930487

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the role of the fat mass and obesity-associated protein (FTO) in human renal tubular epithelial cells (HK-2) suffering ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI).Methods:The in vitro IRI mo-del was established in HK-2 cells by induction with antimycin A, A23187 and 2-deoxy-D-glucose.The cells were divided into control group and ischemia-reperfusion group (I/R group). The mRNA and protein expressions of FTO, B-cell lymphoma / leukemia 2(Bcl-2)-associated X(Bax), Bcl-2 and cleaved cysteinyl aspartate specific proteinase(cleaved Caspase-3) in HK-2 cells before and after IRI were detected by real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR(qPCR) and Western blot, respectively.Cell apoptosis was measured using flow cytometry.The level ofe N 6-methy-ladenosine (m 6A) RNA was detected by colorimetry. Results:(1) The mRNA expressions of FTO (0.15±0.05 vs.1.00±0.23) and Bcl-2 (0.14±0.07 vs.1.02±0.25) in I/R group were significantly lower than those in control group; While those of Bax (3.10±0.35 vs.1.00±0.13) and cleaved Caspase-3 (4.21±0.56 vs.1.00±0.09) were significantly higher ( t=6.28, 5.84, -9.83, and -9.84, respectively, all P<0.01). (2) The protein expressions of FTO (0.69±0.14 vs.1.37±0.02) and Bcl-2 (0.50±0.12 vs.1.25±0.21) were significantly lower in I/R group than those of control group; While those of Bax (1.04±0.08 vs.0.57±0.06) and cleaved Caspase-3 (0.99±0.05 vs.0.36±0.07) were significantly higher ( t=8.10, 5.49, -8.22, and -12.09, respectively, all P<0.05). (3) Compared with the control group, the apoptosis rate of HK-2 cells in I/R group was significantly higher [(61.70±1.01)% vs.(0.16±0.10)%, t=63.80, P<0.01]. (4) Compared with the control group, the percentage of m 6A modification level in total RNA in I/R group was significantly higher [(3.13±0.21)% vs.(1.10±0.26)%, t=-10.61, P<0.01]. Conclusions:FTO-mediated RNA m 6A modification may affect renal IRI by regulating the apoptosis of HK-2 cells.

6.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 119-129, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927697

ABSTRACT

In the process of animal fat deposition, the proliferation and differentiation of pre-adipocytes and the change of lipid droplet content in adipocytes are regulated by a series of transcription factors and signal pathways. Although researchers have conducted in-depth studies on the transcriptional regulation mechanisms of adipogenesis, there are relatively few reports on post-transcriptional modification on mRNA levels. The modification of mRNA m6A regulated by methyltransferase, demethylase and methylation reading protein is a dynamic and reversible process, which is closely related to fat deposition in animals. Fat mass and obesity associated proteins (FTO) act as RNA demethylases that affect the expression of modified genes and play a key role in fat deposition. This article summarized the mechanism of FTO-mediated demethylation of mRNA m6A in the process of animal fat deposition, suggesting that FTO may become a target for effective treatment of obesity. Moreover, this review summarized the development of FTO inhibitors in recent years.


Subject(s)
Adipocytes , Adipogenesis/genetics , Alpha-Ketoglutarate-Dependent Dioxygenase FTO/genetics , Animals , Obesity/genetics , RNA, Messenger/genetics
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927628

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study aims to investigate the association of metabolic phenotypes that are jointly determined by body mass index (BMI) or fat mass percentage and metabolic health status with the ten-year risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) among Chinese adults.@*METHODS@#Data were obtained from a cross-sectional study. BMI and body fat mass percentage (FMP) combined with the metabolic status were used to define metabolic phenotypes. Multiple linear regression and logistic regression were used to examine the effects of metabolic phenotypes on CVD risk.@*RESULTS@#A total of 13,239 adults aged 34-75 years were included in this study. Compared with the metabolically healthy non-obese (MHNO) phenotype, the metabolically unhealthy non-obese (MUNO) and metabolically unhealthy obese (MUO) phenotypes defined by BMI showed a higher CVD risk [odds ratio, OR (95% confidence interval, CI): 2.34 (1.89-2.89), 3.45 (2.50-4.75), respectively], after adjusting for the covariates. The MUNO and MUO phenotypes defined by FMP showed a higher CVD risk [ OR (95% CI): 2.31 (1.85-2.88), 2.63 (1.98-3.48), respectively] than the MHNO phenotype. The metabolically healthy obese phenotype, regardless of being defined by BMI or FMP, showed no CVD risk compared with the MHNO phenotype.@*CONCLUSION@#General obesity without central obesity does not increase CVD risk in metabolically healthy individuals. FMP might be a more meaningful factor for the evaluation of the association of obesity with CVD risk. Obesity and metabolic status have a synergistic effect on CVD risk.


Subject(s)
Adipose Tissue/anatomy & histology , Adult , Aged , Body Mass Index , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , China/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Humans , Male , Metabolic Diseases/etiology , Middle Aged , Obesity/complications , Phenotype , Regression Analysis , Risk Factors
8.
Int. j. morphol ; 39(6)dic. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385535

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: El objetivo del siguiente estudio fue determinar y comparar los valores de composición corporal, parámetros bioeléctricos y fuerza de prensión manual de escaladores chilenos federados y recreativos. Participaron voluntariamente 13 escaladores chilenos, de los cuales 4 eran federados (25,75 ± 2,87 años) y 9 recreativos (22,33 ± 1,41 años). La composición corporal se evaluó por medio de un impedanciómetro bioeléctrico octopolar multifrecuencia, mientras que la fuerza de prensión manual se determinó con un dinamómetro manual. Si bien no hubo diferencias en las variables de composición corporal entre ambos grupos, el ángulo de fase del tronco fue superior en los federados en comparación a los recreativos (p = 0,011 [95 % IC = 1,10; 5,20]). Respecto a la fuerza de prensión manual, la fuerza relativa fue superior para los federados (p = 0,025 [95 % IC = 0,10; 0,22]), mientras que la diferencia de la fuerza entre la mano dominante y no dominante fue mayor para los recreativos (p = 0,012 [95 % IC = 1,60; 10,05]). Este es uno de los primeros estudios que explora las diferencias entre escaladores chilenos federados y recreativos. Los resultados sugieren una diferenciación a nivel de ángulo de fase y fuerza de prensión manual, lo cual debería corroborarse con futuros estudios.


SUMMARY: This study aimed to determine and compare the body composition, bioelectric parameters, and handgrip strength in federated and recreational Chilean climbers. Thirteen Chilean climbers voluntarily participated, being 4 federated (25.75 ± 2.87 years) and 9 recreational (22.33 ± 1.41 years). Body composition was measured using a multifrequency octopolar bioelectrical impedance meter, while handgrip strength was determined with a dynamometer. Although there were no statistical differences in the body composition variables between groups, the trunk phase angle was statistically higher in the federated compared to the recreational climbers (p = 0,011 [95 % CI = 1,10; 5,20]). Regarding handgrip strength, the relative strength was higher for federated (p = 0,025 [95 % CI = 0,10; 0,22]), while the difference in strength between dominant and non-dominant hand was higher for recreational climbers (p = 0,012 [95 % CI = 1,60; 10,05]). This study is one of the first that explore the differences between federated and recreational Chilean climbers. These results suggest a differentiation at the level of phase angle and handgrip strength, which should be corroborated in future studies.

9.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 97(6): 610-616, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350970

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: The objective was to calculate weight/length (W/L) ratio values and percentiles by sex and gestational age (GA) to estimate fat mass (FM), fat-free mass (FFM) and body fat percentage (BF%) as well as to compare these indices in preterm, small (SGA), and large (LGA) for GA, stunted and wasted infants from a Brazilian cohort of newborns, comparing with the INTERGROWTH-21st. Methods: Secondary, cross-sectional analysis of data obtained of 7427 live-born infants from the BRISA Cohort Study in the city of Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil in 2010. For body composition estimation, W/L ratio was used in multiple regression models. The 3rd, 50th, and 97th percentiles for W/L ratio and body composition measures (FM, FFM, and BF%) were calculated using fractional polynomial regression models. Results: Average W/L ratio was 6.50 kg/m (SD 0.87), while for FM, BF%, and FFM the corresponding values were 359.64 g (145.76), 10.90% (3.05) and 2798.84 g (414.84), respectively. SGA (< 3rd percentile), and wasted infants showed the lowest W/L ratios and measures of body composition. The 3rd, 50th, and 97th percentiles charts of W/L, FM, BF%, and FFM by GA and sex are presented. Conclusions: W/L ratio values of the RP-BRISA Cohort are higher than IG-21st. SGA (< 3rd) and wasted infants showed the lowest W/L ratio and measures of body composition. The body composition references presented here could be used to refine the nutritional assessment of Brazilian newborns and to facilitate comparisons across populations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Body Composition , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cohort Studies , Gestational Age
10.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886141

ABSTRACT

Mitochondria activation factor (MAF) which is high-molecular weight polyphenol contained in black tea and oolong tea can increase the mitochondrial membrane potential. MAF supplementation to mice facilitates endurance running performance after 9-week endurance training and muscle hypertrophy induced by synergist ablation. In this study, we examined the effect of oral MAF supplementation on overall physical fitness (expressed as physical fitness age) in physically active middle-aged and older women. This study is a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial implemented between January and May 2019 at three fitness facilities in Ibaraki, Japan. Seventy middle-aged women aged 55 to 69 years were randomly assigned into placebo (n = 35) and MAF groups (n = 35). The placebo participants took cornstarch-containing capsules, and the MAF participants took MAF-containing capsules twice a day for 80 days consecutively. During the intake period, all participants were instructed to follow 30-min circuit training program at least twice a week. Physical fitness age was computed with eight physical fitness items assessing upper-extremity muscle strength, locomotion, and postural change. The physical fitness age decreased by 1.48 years (95% confidence interval [CI]: -2.66, -0.30) in the placebo group and 3.01 years (95% CI: -4.16, -1.86) in the MAF group. The reduction was greater in the MAF group, but did not reach statistical significance (p = 0.06). The combination of 80-day of MAF intake and circuit exercise showed beneficial results. However, our results did not indicate clear effects on physical fitness age because of low statistical power. Further studies are necessary to reveal the effects of MAF supplementation.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930350

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the current status of body composition and development patterns of children and adolescents aged 6-17 years in Guangzhou.Methods:This was a cross-sectional study involving 8 169 school students from 3 elementary schools and 3 middle schools in Guangzhou from March to December 2019.The fat-free mass (FFM) and fat mass (FM) were measured by the bioelectrical impedance analysis.The fat-free mass index (FFMI) and fat mass index (FMI) were calculated via the height standardization. T test was used to compare quantitative variables between groups.The growth pattern of body composition was described using the Hattori chart. Results:A total of 4 431 boys (54.24%) and 3 738 girls (45.76%) were involved in this study.FFM and FM both increased with age between boys and girls.Except for boys aged 11 years, FFM in boys were significantly higher than that in girls with the same age (all P<0.05). In the age of 7-10 years, FM in boys were significantly higher than that in girls with the same age, while it was significantly higher in girls aged 12 years and older than that of boys at the same age (all P<0.05). The Hattori chart showed that the difference in body composition between genders occurred after 11 years old.In contrast to girls, increases in the weight and body mass index (BMI) in boys were mainly attributed to the FFM development. Conclusions:The development of FFM and FM in children and adolescents varies with age, accompanied with the gender-specific features.FFM in boys is higher than that of girls at the same age.The weight gain in boys is mainly attributed to the development of fat-free tissues, and thus the utility of BMI may lead to the overestimation of obesity.

12.
Prensa méd. argent ; 106(10): 625-632, 20200000. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1362707

ABSTRACT

Introduction. It should be considered that the body constitution which is widely used in the preventive and clinical medicine, leaves an imprint on the body mass index. The objective of this work is to study the features of body mass index and fat body mass in females of different constitutional and age groups. Materials and Methods. Using the method of complex anthropometry and bioimpedancemetry ("Medass"), we have also studied the physical status of 580 ethnic Kyrgyz women living in Osh, Kyrgyzstan and its surroundings. Statistical data processing included the calculation of arithmetic mean and error, as well as the minimum and maximum of each indicator (variation amplitude). The significance of difference was assessed by Student's t-test. Results. The body length and weight and, accordingly, the body mass index, significantly depend on the type of body constitution. The absolute fat mass is also unequal in women of different constitutional groups. The minimum and maximum of the absolute and percentage fat mass in women of the period of adulthood II with different body constitutions are, in general, more than in juvenile period. Conclusion. The obtained results can be used to develop measures aimed at the timely detection of overweight and obesity as well as for the implementation of measures to prevent alimentary-related diseases in juvenile and adulthood period. Somatometric assessment of the physical development can be used in the dynamic monitoring of health status in organized groups: in educational institutions, youth sports schools, enterprises.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Somatotypes/genetics , Body Constitution/ethnology , Body Weight , Feeding and Eating Disorders/prevention & control , Body Mass Index , Anthropometry , Electric Impedance , Overweight/therapy
13.
Rev. cuba. invest. bioméd ; 39(4): e567, oct.-dic. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156454

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El baloncesto es objeto de múltiples estudios que incluye la valoración mediante tecnologías actuales como la bioimpedancia. Objetivo: Comparar los índices de asimetría (IA) de las extremidades superiores e inferiores en jugadores de baloncesto universitario por nivel deportivo. Método: Se evaluaron 24 jugadores de baloncesto de diferente nivel competitivo, representativo 1) universitario (n = 12) y 2) facultad (n = 12). Se determinó la circunferencia de brazos y piernas, además de masa magra y grasa por bioimpedancia. Se determinó el índice de asimetría de los miembros inferiores y superiores y se compararon por nivel deportivo. Resultados: La comparación de los índices de asimetría entre brazos y piernas en el grupo total identificó diferencias estadísticamente significativas (p < 0,05) en lo referente a la masa grasa, con mayor adiposidad en extremidades superiores, y un índice de asimetría de -10,8. Cuando se compararon las mismas variables en función del nivel deportivo, los jugadores representantes de la universidad mostraron mayores valores (p < 0,05) en el índice de asimetría de la masa total, circunferencias, masa magra y masa grasa. Las comparaciones intergrupales señalan diferencias en los índices de asimetría del brazo vs. la pierna en masa magra para ambos grupos (p < 0,05) mientras que los de la facultad mostraron diferencia también para grasa con índice de asimetría de 18,3 (p < 0,05). Conclusiones: Indistintamente del nivel deportivo, existen diferentes niveles del índice de asimetría entre extremidades superiores e inferiores en el componente de masa grasa, aunque menores valores del índice de asimetría fueron característicos de los individuos de mayor nivel deportivo(AU)


Introduction: Basketball has been the object of many studies, including assessments based on current technologies such as bioimpedance. Objective: Compare the asymmetry indices (AI) for upper and lower limbs in university basketball players. Methods: An evaluation was conducted of 24 basketball players from different competitive levels, representing 1) the university (n = 12) and 2) the school (n = 12). Determination was made of arm and leg circumference, as well as lean mass and fat by bioimpedance. The lower and upper limb asymmetry index was estimated and compared between the competitive levels. Results: Comparison of the arms and legs asymmetry indices in the total group revealed statistically significant differences (p < 0.05) as to fat mass, with greater adiposity in the upper limbs and an asymmetry index of 10.8. Comparison of the same variables between the sports levels found that players representing the university displayed higher values (p < 0.05) in the asymmetry index for total mass, circumferences, lean mass and fat mass. Comparison between the groups found differences in the arm vs. leg asymmetry indices for lean mass in both groups (p < 0.05), whereas the school players also showed differences for fat, with an asymmetry index of 18.3 (p < 0.05). Conclusions: Regardless of the sports level, different asymmetry indices are found between upper and lower limbs as to fat mass, though smaller asymmetry index values were characteristic of individuals from a higher sports level(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Basketball/physiology , Electric Impedance , Lower Extremity/physiology , Upper Extremity/physiology , Universities/ethics
14.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet. (Impr.) ; 25(7): 2711-2720, Jul. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1133096

ABSTRACT

Abstract This article aims to evaluate the anthropometric equations developed by selected studies in order to estimate the body composition of neonates. The systematic review consisted in the research of published articles in the following databases: PubMed, Brazilian Virtual Health Library, Embase and ScienceDirect by utilizing the following descriptors: "fat mass, fat free mass, anthropometry, air displacement plethysmography, validation, neonate". For doing so, the PRISMA protocol has been utilized. The bibliographical research resulted in 181 articles. However, only eight were selected for the present review because repetition in different databases and having been performed in adults, during pregnancy, in athletes, in preterm and children. There was discrepancy in terms of study method, mainly over the variables of the anthropometric equations, age and ethnicity of the neonates. All studies used the plethysmography method as a reference apart from one study. Only four studies had their equations validated. The studies that developed anthropometric models for estimating the body composition of neonates are scarce, and the use of these equations needs to be conducted carefully in order to avoid errors in nutritional diagnosis.


Resumo Este artigo tem por objetivo avaliar as equações antropométricas desenvolvidas pelos estudos selecionados para estimar a composição corporal de neonatos. A revisão sistemática consistiu na busca de artigos publicados nas bases de dados PubMed, Biblioteca Virtual de Saúde, Embase e ScienceDirect utilizando os seguintes descritores: "fat mass, fat free mass, anthropometry, air displacement plethysmography, validation, neonate". Para isso foi utilizado o protocolo PRISMA. A busca bibliográfica resultou em 181 artigos. Entretanto, apenas oito foram selecionados para compor a presente revisão por estarem presentes em outras bases de dados, por terem sido realizados com adultos, atletas, prematuros e crianças. Houve discrepância em relação aos métodos dos estudos, sobretudo no que diz respeito as variáveis que compuseram as equações antropométricas. Com exceção de um artigo, todos utilizaram a pletismografia como método de referência. Apenas quatro estudos tiveram suas equações validadas. Além de serem escassos os estudos que desenvolveram equações antropométricos para estimar a composição corporal de neonatos, o uso desses modelos deve ser realizado com cautela para evitar erros no diagnóstico nutricional dos neonatos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Child , Adult , Plethysmography , Body Composition , Skinfold Thickness , Brazil , Ethnicity , Anthropometry
15.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 138(3): 201-207, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1139684

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) practices seem to differ between weekdays and weekends and these pattern changes can affect body fat differently. However, previous studies did not assess the mediation effect of weekday and weekend PA on maintenance of body fat using sophisticated statistical models. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the mediation effect of PA during weekdays and weekends on maintenance of fat mass over a 12-month follow-up. DESIGN AND SETTING: Longitudinal cohort study (12 months) conducted at a public university in Presidente Prudente, Brazil. METHODS: A sample of 225 adults (117 females) was used. Body fatness and fat mass were assessed using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. PA levels were assessed using a pedometer. The statistical analysis consisted of paired-sample t tests, independent-sample t tests, Pearson correlations and mediation models. RESULTS: After 12 months, weekend PA had decreased while body composition indicators remained stable (without changes). The correlation between fat mass at baseline and follow-up was high for both sexes (men: 0.966; women: 0.941; P-value = 0.001 for both). Moreover, PA indices were inversely but moderately related to fat mass at baseline and follow-up. Lastly, weekend PA mediated the association between fat mass at baseline and follow-up (P-value < 0.05) by around 2% and 4%. CONCLUSION: Weekend PA mediated the association between fat mass at baseline and fat mass after one year of follow-up among these adults. Further studies are required to investigate the association between physical activity, body fat and other variables such as dietary patterns and sleep time.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Body Composition , Exercise , Brazil , Cohort Studies , Longitudinal Studies
16.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-210745

ABSTRACT

The present investigation evaluated the effects of low molecular weight galactomannans-based standardized fenugreekseeds extract (LMWGAL-TF) on human subjects with high-fat mass for 8-weeks using a prospective, randomized,double-blind, placebo-controlled design. Twenty-four subjects with percent body fat were randomized to ingest acapsule of LMWGAL-TF (500 mg, once a day) or the matching placebo at a 1:1 ratio for 8 weeks. The outcomemeasurements were recorded at baseline, week-4, and week-8 (end of the treatment). The efficacy outcome includedfat mass (absolute, non-fat mass and %) by skinfold thickness method (along with triceps, suprailiac, and abdominal)and bioelectrical impedance analysis method, body weight, body mass index, and abdominal girth. The standardsafety parameters were measured, such as adverse events, vital signs, hematology, and biochemistry. Eight weeksof LMWGAL-TF supplementation showed significant reduction in suprailiac skinfold thickness (v/s baseline) andabdominal skinfold thickness (v/s baseline and v/s placebo), and percent fat mass, (v/s baseline). The LMWGAL-TFsupplementation was found to be safe and well-tolerated. In conclusion, LMWGAL-TF supplementation showedsafety and efficacy in reducing skinfold thickness (abdominal and suprailiac) and percent body fat in subjects with ahigh fat mass

17.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(1): 16-21, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092470

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To evaluate preoperative and postoperative body fluid distribution with a bioelectrical impedance analyzer in patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass. Methods: Fifteen adult patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass were included in this study. Total body fluid changes, basal metabolism rates, body fat masses, lean body masses, and total cell masses were recorded. The patients' values were measured before anesthesia, after anesthesia, after sternotomy, at the 5th, 30th, and 60th minutes of cardiopulmonary bypass, and on the 1st, 3rd, and 5th postoperative days. All values were compared with preoperative values. Results: Total body fluid changed significantly after cardiopulmonary bypass (P<0.01). Metabolic velocity significantly changed compared to preoperative measurements (P<0.05). Fat mass and lean body mass also changed significantly. Body mass index and phase angle did not change significantly (P>0.05). Conclusion: Changes in body fluids during and after cardiopulmonary bypass are inevitable. The increase in total body weight shows that this fluid load shifts to the extracellular space during bypass and the fluid load in this area passes into the intravascular area in the early postoperative period. This may cause edema and dysfunction in the major organs. Therefore, the fluid balance should be adjusted very carefully, especially during the bypass phase and the early postoperative period.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Body Composition , Cardiopulmonary Bypass , Postoperative Period , Body Weight , Electric Impedance
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811414

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the clinical and metabolic determinants of circulating soluble leptin receptor (CSLR) and free leptin index (FLI) in pre-pubertal obese male children.METHODS: We conducted a preliminary cross-sectional study at three tertiary hospitals and one public primary school. Eighty obese male children without growth and developmental abnormalities aged 5–9 years were recruited. In these children, obesity was solely caused by excessive food intake, and not by acute illness, medications, endocrine abnormalities, or any syndrome. Body mass index (BMI), body fat mass, carbohydrate intake, fat intake, high density lipoprotein cholesterol level, low density lipoprotein cholesterol level, triglyceride level, and Homeostatic Model Assessment for Insulin Resistance are the potential determinants for leptin regulation, which is represented by CSLR level and FLI.RESULTS: Carbohydrate was the main source of energy. BMI and body fat mass had negative weak correlation with CSLR and positive weak correlation with FLI. Furthermore, carbohydrate intake was found to be independently associated with CSLR based on the results of the multiple linear regression analysis. Following an increase in carbohydrate intake, CSLR level decreased progressively without any negative peak.CONCLUSION: Leptin regulation in prepubertal obese male children is associated with body composition and dietary intake. Carbohydrate intake is useful for predicting CSLR. Lipid profiles and insulin resistance are not related to both CSLR and FLI. Treatment and prevention of leptin resistance in obese children should focus on reducing BMI, fat mass, and carbohydrate intake.


Subject(s)
Adipose Tissue , Body Composition , Body Mass Index , Child , Cholesterol, HDL , Cholesterol, LDL , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diet , Eating , Growth and Development , Humans , Insulin Resistance , Leptin , Linear Models , Male , Obesity , Receptors, Leptin , Tertiary Care Centers , Triglycerides
19.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 65(10): 1283-1289, Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041037

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY Body composition assessment at the molecular level is relevant for the athletic population and its association with high performance is well recognized. The four-compartment molecular model (4C) is the reference method for fat mass (FM) and fat-free mass (FFM) estimation. However, its implementation in a real context is not feasible. Coaches and athletes need practical body composition methods for body composition assessment, and the bioelectrical impedance analysis method (BIA) is usually seen as a useful alternative. The aim of this study was to test the validity of BIA (Tanita, TBF-310) to determine the FM and FFM of elite judo athletes. A total of 29 males were evaluated in a period of weight stability using the reference method (4C) and the alternative method (Tanita, TBF-310). Regarding the 4C method, total-body water was assessed by deuterium dilution, bone mineral by DXA, and body volume by air displacement plethysmography. The slops and intercepts differed from 1 (0.39 and 1.11) and 0 (4.24 and -6.41) for FM and FFM, respectively. FM from Tanita TBF-310 overestimated the 4C method by 0.2 kg although no differences were found for FFM. Tanita TBF-310 explained 21% and 72% respectively in the estimation of absolute values of FM and FFM from the 4C method. Limits of agreement were significant, varying from -6.7 kg to 7.0 kg for FM and from -8.9 kg to 7.5 kg for FFM. In conclusion, TBF-310 Tanita is not a valid alternative method for estimating body composition in highly trained judo athletes.


RESUMO A avaliação da composição corporal ao nível molecular é relevante para a população esportiva e sua associação com o alto rendimento é bem reconhecida. O modelo molecular a quatro compartimentos (4C) é o método de referência para as estimativas de massa gorda (MG) e massa livre de gordura (MLG). No entanto, sua implementação no contexto real não é viável. Técnicos e atletas precisam de métodos práticos de composição corporal para a avaliação da composição corporal e o método de análise de impedância bioelétrica (BIA) é geralmente visto como uma alternativa útil. O objetivo deste estudo foi testar a validade da BIA (Tanita, TBF-310) na determinação de MG e MLG em atletas de elite de judô. Um total de 29 atletas masculinos foi avaliado em um período de estabilidade de peso usando o método de referência (4C) e o método alternativo (Tanita, TBF-310). Em relação ao método a 4C, a água corporal total foi avaliada pela diluição de deutério, mineral ósseo por DXA e volume corporal por pletismografia por deslocamento de ar. Os declives e interceções diferiram de 1 (0,39 e 1,11) e 0 (4,24 e -6,41) para MG e MLG, respectivamente. A MG da Tanita TBF-310 superestimou o método 4C em 0,2 kg, embora não tenham sido encontradas diferenças para MLG. A Tanita TBF-310 explicou 21% e 72%, respectivamente, na estimativa dos valores absolutos de MG e MLG do método a 4C. Os limites de concordância foram grandes, variando de -6,7 kg a 7,0 kg para MG e de -8,9 kg a 7,5 kg para MLG. Em conclusão, a TBF-310 Tanita não é um método alternativo válido para estimar a composição corporal em judocas altamente treinados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Plethysmography/instrumentation , Body Composition , Models, Molecular , Martial Arts/physiology , Athletes , Reproducibility of Results , Electric Impedance
20.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(2): 568-575, June 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002260

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to compare body composition (BC) and morphological symmetry differences among elite athletes (n = 132) in six martial arts (judo, karate, fencing, wrestling, taekwondo, kickboxing). Multivariate analysis of variances (MANOVA) was used to compare the following variables: absolute (FFM) and relative (FFMrel) value of fat free mass, percentage of fat mass (FMp), bone mass, protein mass, basal metabolic rate, absolute (TBW) and percentual (TBWp) value of total body water, segmental proportion of muscle mass, phase angle, and percent-age differences between the upper and lower limbs. MANOVA revealed significant differences in BC among the groups (λ = 0.01, F104, 256 = 10.01, p< 0.01, ηp2 = 0.67). No significant differences were observed for FMp, FFMrel, and TBWp (p>0.05). In all other BC variables, significant differences were detected (p<0.05). The comparison of paired differences between limbs revealed significantly greater fluid volume in the preferred arm compared to the non-preferred arm in karate and fencing athletes. Significant differences (p<0.05) in favour of the preferred leg in all combat athletes were detected. This study revealed morphological differences among practitioners of different martial arts and between paired limbs.


El objetivo de este estudio fue comparar la composición corporal (CC) y las diferencias de simetría morfológica entre atletas de élite (n = 132) en seis artes marciales (judo, karate, esgrima, lucha, taekwondo, kickboxing). Se utilizó el análisis multivariado de varianzas (MANOVA) para comparar las siguientes variables: valor absoluto (FFM) y relativo (FFMrel) de la masa libre de grasa, porcentaje de masa grasa (FMp), masa ósea, masa proteica, tasa metabólica basal, absoluto (TBW) y el valor porcentual (TBWp) de líquido corporal total, la proporción segmentaria de la masa muscular, el ángulo de fase y las diferencias porcentuales entre los miembros superiores e inferiores. MANOVA reveló diferencias significativas en BC entre los grupos (λ = 0,01, F104, 256 = 10,01, p <0,01, ηp2 = 0,67). No se observaron diferencias significativas para FMp, FFMrel y TBWp (p>0,05). En todas las demás variables de BC, se detectaron diferencias significativas (p<0,05). La comparación de las diferencias pareadas entre los miembros reveló un volumen de líquido significativamente mayor en el brazo dominante en comparación con el brazo no dominante en karate y atletas de esgrima. Se detectaron diferencias significativas (p<0,05) a favor de la pierna dominante en todos los atletas de combate. Este estudio reveló diferencias morfológicas entre los practicantes de diferentes artes marciales y entre las miembros emparejadas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Body Composition , Martial Arts , Extremities/anatomy & histology , Anthropometry , Adipose Tissue , Multivariate Analysis
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