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1.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(5): 726-733, Sept.-Oct. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407702

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To estimate the frequency of Staphylococcus aureus and cephalosporin nonsusceptible bacteria colonization in patients with proximal femoral fracture during preoperative hospitalization. Methods Prevalence and incidence assessment in 63 hospitalized patients over 1 year. The median time of pretreatment hospitalization was 12 days. Samples were collected from the nostrils, groin skin and anal mucosa during the pretreatment hospitalization and were tested by the disc-diffusion technique. Results The hospital colonization incidence and the prevalence of positive results were 14.3 and 44.4% for S. aureus; 3.2 and 6.4% for meticillin-resistant S. aureus; 28.6 and 85.7% for meticillin-resistant coagulase-negative Staphylococcus; 28.6 and 61.9% for cefazolin nonsusceptible Enterobacteriaceae (KFNSE); and 20.6 and 28.6% for cefuroxime nonsusceptible Enterobacteriaceae (CXNSE). In addition, factors such as to the duration of the pretreatment hospitalization period, being non-walker before fracture, antimicrobial use, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) 4 surgical risk, and previous hospitalization, were related to an increase in the incidence of hospital acquisition and prevalence of colonization by the evaluated strains. The prevalence of colonization by KFNSE was three times higher than by CXNSE on admission, and twice as high at the time of fracture treatment. Conclusion There was a high incidence of hospital colonization and prevalence of colonization by all strains studied, which may guide the indication of prophylactic measures for infection.


Resumo Objetivo Estimar a frequência da colonização por Staphylococcus aureus e as bactérias não suscetíveis à cefalosporina, em pacientes com fratura proximal do fêmur durante a internação pré-operatória. Métodos Avaliação da prevalência e incidência em 63 pacientes hospitalizados ao longo de um ano. O tempo médio de internação pré-tratamento foi de 12 dias. As amostras foram coletadas das narinas, pele da virilha e mucosa anal, durante a internação prévia ao tratamento e testadas pela técnica de disco-difusão. Resultados A incidência da colonização hospitalar e a prevalência de resultados positivos foram de 14,3% e 44,4% para Staphylococcus aureus; 3,2% e 6,4% para S. aureus resistente à meticilina; 28,6% e 85,7% para Staphylococcus coagulase-negativo resistente à meticilina; 28,6% e 61,9% para Enterobacteriaceae não suscetível à cefazolina (KFNSE); e 20,6% e 28,6% para Enterobacteriaceae não suscetível à cefuroxima (CXNSE). Além da duração do período de internação pré-tratamento, os pacientes não deambularam previamente à ocorrência da fratura e nem fizeram uso de antimicrobiano. Além disso, a duração do período de internação pré-tratamento cirúrgico, ser não-deambulador antes da fratura, uso de antimicrobianos, risco cirúrgico IV pela American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) e internação anterior, estiveram relacionados a um aumento na incidência de aquisição hospitalar e prevalência de colonização pelas cepas avaliadas. A prevalência de colonização pela KFNSE foi três vezes maior do que pela CXNSE na admissão e duas vezes maior no momento do tratamento da fratura. Conclusão Observou-se uma alta incidência da colonização hospitalar e prevalência da colonização por todas as cepas estudadas, o que pode orientar a indicação de medidas profiláticas contra a infecção.


Subject(s)
Humans , Staphylococcal Infections/diagnosis , Carrier State , Cross Infection/diagnosis , Enterobacteriaceae Infections , Femoral Fractures , Anti-Infective Agents
2.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(5): 807-814, Sept.-Oct. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407695

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The present study analyzed the incidence of epiphyseal avascular necrosis in patients with slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) treated using a modified Dunn technique. In addition, this study determined the correlation of other variables with this incidence and described treatment complications. Methods This is a retrospective study with 20 patients treated by the same surgical team from 2009 to 2019 and followed up for 2 to 12 years. The analysis included general features, time from presentation to surgical procedure, classification, and intraoperative blood perfusion of the epiphysis, as well as complications and their treatment. Results All cases were severe; 65% were acute on chronic, and 55% of the SCFEs were unstable. Our complication rate was 45%, with 5 cases of avascular necrosis, 2 cases of deep infection, 1 case of material failure, and 1 case of joint instability. The statistical analysis revealed that the risk of necrosis was higher when the surgery occurred after a long hospitalization time and there was no intraoperative epiphyseal perfusion. Four necrosis cases happened within the first 5 years, and 1 case in the last 5 years of the study. Conclusion Our study showed that necrosis was the most common complication. It also revealed that surgery delay and lack of intraoperative epiphysis perfusion potentially predispose to avascular necrosis. Although with no statistical significance, coxofemoral instability occurred in chronic SCFE, and surgical fixation with threaded wires was less effective than fixation with a cannulated screw. The modified Dunn procedure should be reserved for severe cases in which other techniques are not feasible and performed by an experienced, trained, and qualified team.


Resumo Objetivo Analisar a incidência da necrose avascular da epífise no tratamento do escorregamento da epífise proximal do fêmur pela técnica de Dunn modificada, correlacionando-a com outras variáveis. Como objetivo secundário, descrevemos outras complicações encontradas. Métodos Estudo retrospectivo com 20 pacientes tratados entre 2009 e 2019, com seguimento de 2 a 12 anos, tratados pela mesma equipe cirúrgica. A análise incluiu características gerais, tempo entre apresentação e procedimento cirúrgico, classificação, presença de perfusão sanguínea intraoperatória da epífise, avaliação das complicações e seus respectivos tratamentos. Resultados Todos os casos eram graves, 65% crônicos agudizados e 55% dos escorregamentos eram instáveis. Nossa taxa de complicações foi de 45%, sendo 5 casos de necrose avascular, 2 de infecção profunda, uma falha do material e uma instabilidade articular. Pacientes operados com maior tempo após a internação e os sem perfusão intraoperatória da epífise tiveram maior risco de necrose na análise estatística. Considerando o tempo do estudo, tivemos 4 casos de necrose nos primeiros 5 anos e 1 caso nos últimos 5 anos. Conclusão Nosso estudo demonstrou que a necrose foi a complicação mais comum e que o atraso para a realização da cirurgia e a ausência de perfusão da epífise no intraoperatório podem predispor à necrose avascular. Embora não estatisticamente significante, a instabilidade coxofemoral foi observada na forma de apresentação crônica e a fixação cirúrgica com fios rosqueados se mostrou menos eficaz que a fixação com parafuso canulado. Este procedimento deve ser reservado para casos graves nos quais outras técnicas não sejam possíveis e realizado por equipe experiente, treinada e capacitada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Osteotomy , Retrospective Studies , Femur Head Necrosis , Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphyses/complications , Necrosis
3.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(5): 851-855, Sept.-Oct. 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407707

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The present study aims to describe outcomes from a series of surgically treated patients with atypical femoral fracture due to bisphosphonates use, in addition to correlate the time of previous medication use with fracture consolidation time, and to compare the consolidation time of complete and incomplete fractures. Methods This is an observational, retrospective study with 66 patients diagnosed with atypical femur fractures associated with chronic bisphosphonates use. The patients underwent orthopedic surgical treatment at a referral hospital from January 2018 to March 2020. Results All patients were females, with two bilateral cases. Fracture consolidation occurred in all cases, with an average time of 2.3 months and a follow-up time of 5.8 months. The average time of bisphosphonates use was 7.8 years. There was no correlation between the time of previous bisphosphonates use and the time for fracture consolidation. Consolidation time differed in complete and incomplete fractures. Conclusion Surgical treatment with a long cephalomedullary nail resulted in consolidation in all patients. The consolidation time was longer in complete fractures when compared with incomplete lesions, and there was no correlation between the time of previous bisphosphonates use and the consolidation time . Level of evidenceLevel IV, case series


Resumo Objetivo Descrever os resultados de uma série de pacientes tratados cirurgicamente com diagnóstico de fratura femoral atípica associada ao uso de bisfosfonatos, assim como correlacionar o tempo de uso prévio da medicação com o tempo de consolidação da fratura e comparar o tempo de consolidação das fraturas completas e incompletas. Métodos Trata-se de um estudo observacional e retrospectivo de 66 pacientes com diagnóstico de fratura atípica do fêmur associada ao uso crônico de bisfosfonatos. Os pacientes foram submetidos ao tratamento cirúrgico ortopédico em hospital de referência no período de janeiro de 2018 a março de 2020. Resultados Os pacientes incluídos no estudo eram todos do sexo feminino, com dois casos bilaterais. A consolidação da fratura ocorreu em todos os casos com tempo médio de 2,3 meses e seguimento de 5,8 meses. O tempo médio de uso de bisfosfonatos foi de 7,8 anos. Não houve correlação do tempo de uso prévio de bisfosfonatos com o tempo de consolidação das fraturas. Houve uma diferença do tempo de consolidação entre as fraturas completas e incompletas. Conclusão Houve consolidação após tratamento cirúrgico com haste cefalomedular longa em todos os pacientes do presente estudo, sendo o tempo de consolidação maior nas fraturas completas em relação às incompletas, e não houve correlação entre o tempo de uso prévio de bisfosfonatos e o tempo de consolidação. Nível de evidênciaNível IV, série de casos


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Osteoporosis/therapy , Diphosphonates/therapeutic use , Femoral Fractures/surgery
4.
Radiol. bras ; 55(5): 299-304, Sept.-Oct. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1406522

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the role of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the assessment of femoral and acetabular version in developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of 20 consecutive patients with DDH (27 dysplastic hips) who were examined with MRI. In dysplastic and normal hips (DDH and comparison groups, respectively), we evaluated the following parameters: osseous acetabular anteversion (OAA); cartilaginous acetabular anteversion (CAA); femoral anteversion; osseous Mckibbin index (OMI); cartilaginous Mckibbin index (CMI); and the thickness of the anterior and posterior acetabular cartilage. Results: The OAA was significantly greater in the dysplastic hips. The CAA, femoral anteversion, OMI, and CMI did not differ significantly between the normal and dysplastic hips. In the DDH and comparison groups, the OAA was significantly lower than the CAA, the OMI was significantly lower than the CMI, and the posterior acetabular cartilage was significantly thicker than the anterior cartilage. Conclusion: Our findings confirm that MRI is a valuable tool for the assessment of femoral and acetabular version in DDH. Preoperative MRI evaluation has great potential to improve the planning of pelvic and femoral osteotomies.


Resumo Objetivo: Avaliar o papel da ressonância magnética (RM) na avaliação da versão femoral e acetabular na displasia do desenvolvimento do quadril (DDQ). Materiais e Métodos: Estudo transversal de 20 pacientes consecutivos com DDQ (27 quadris displásicos) que foram examinados com RM. Nos quadris displásicos e normais (grupos DDQ e comparação, respectivamente), avaliamos os seguintes parâmetros: anteversão acetabular óssea (AAO), anteversão acetabular cartilaginosa (AAC), anteversão femoral, índice de Mckibbin ósseo (IMO), índice de Mckibbin cartilaginoso (IMC) e espessura da cartilagem acetabular anterior e posterior. Resultados: A AAO foi significativamente maior nos quadris displásicos. A AAC, anteversão femoral, IMO e IMC não diferiram significativamente entre os quadris normais e displásicos. Nos grupos DDQ e comparação, a AAO foi significativamente menor que a AAC, o IMO foi significativamente menor que o IMC, e a cartilagem acetabular posterior foi significativamente mais espessa que a anterior. Conclusão: Nossos achados confirmam que a RM é uma ferramenta valiosa para a avaliação da versão femoral e acetabular na DDQ. A avaliação pré-operatória por RM tem grande potencial para melhorar o planejamento das osteotomias pélvicas e femorais.

5.
Rev. cuba. ortop. traumatol ; 36(2): e478, abr.-jun. 2022. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1409061

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: El rápido crecimiento de la población geriátrica va aparejado al aumento de fracturas por fragilidad. Ello crea la necesidad de un programa integral para el tratamiento del paciente anciano con fracturas por fragilidad y del extremo superior del fémur. Los modelos de comanejo ortogeriátrico son empleados en muchos países. Objetivo: Presentar los distintos modelos de atención ortogeriátrica y analizar el modelo de comanejo de pacientes geriátricos con fracturas por fragilidad, principalmente la fractura del extremo superior del fémur. Métodos: Se realizó una búsqueda en la base de datos PubMed de trabajos publicados entre los años 2010-2020 con los términos: "modelos de atención ortogeriátrica", "comanejo de pacientes ortopédicos geriátricos", "comanejo de fracturas por fragilidad" y "comanejo ortogeriátrico en fracturas del extremo superior de fémur". Conclusiones: El modelo de comanejo de las fracturas por fragilidad y de fémur proximal da como resultado una estadía hospitalaria más corta, tasas de reingreso y de complicaciones más bajas y una tasa de mortalidad menor a la esperada, por lo cual ofrece muchos beneficios para pacientes, médicos y sistema de salud.


ABSTRACT Introduction: The rapid growth of the geriatric population is coupled with the increase in fragility fractures. This creates the need for a comprehensive program for the treatment of the elderly patient with fragility fractures and fractures of the upper end of the femur. Orthogeriatric co-management models are used in many countries. Objective: To present the different models of orthogeriatric care and to analyze the model of co-management of geriatric patients with fragility fractures, mainly fractures of the upper end of the femur. Methods: A search was made in the PubMed database of works published in the years 2010-2020 with the terms "orthogeriatric care models", "co-management of geriatric orthopedic patients", "co-management of fragility fractures" and "co-management orthogeriatric in fractures of the upper end of the femur". Conclusions: The co-management model for fragility and proximal femur fractures results in a shorter hospital stay, lower readmission and complication rates, and a lower-than-expected mortality rate, thus offering many benefits for patients, doctors and health system.

6.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(3): 351-359, May-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388026

ABSTRACT

Abstract Among the pathologies that affect the hip joint, osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) is probably the most intriguing and challenging. It consists of a multifactorial disease with a highly-variable spectrum in its clinical presentation. It has a devastating effect, due to disabling painful conditions, both for usual activities and sports. Given the huge range of risk factors, such as prolonged use of corticosteroids (especially in cases of rheumatologic diseases), trauma sequelae, sickle cell anemia, HIV, alcoholism, smoking, blood dyscrasias, and several other diseases that compromise the blood supply to the femoral head, ONFH has a varied clinical presentation and prognosis, which makes it difficult to determine a specific treatment, especially in cases in which chondral involvement has not yet occurred and the hip joint is still preserved. These are the main factors found in the literature that determine the classifications of this pathology. The range of treatments includes several options for cases in which an attempt is made to save the joint: conservative treatment, traditional decompression and/or combined with some type of adjuvant treatment (homologous grafting, synthetic grafting, vascularized grafts, tantalum screws, and bone marrow aspirate injection), and, for cases in which there is already a subchondral fracture and/or collapse of the femoral head and/or a reduction in the joint space, femoral osteotomies or total hip arthroplasty are commonly performed.


Resumo Entre as patologias que acometem a articulação coxofemoral, a osteonecrose da cabeça femoral (ONCF) é provavelmente a mais intrigante e desafiadora. Consiste em uma doença multifatorial, com um espectro muito variável em sua apresentação clínica. Tem efeito devastador, devido a quadros dolorosos incapacitantes tanto para atividades habituais quanto esportivas. Dada a gama enorme de fatores de risco, tais como uso prolongado de corticoides (principalmente em casos de doenças reumatológicas), sequelas de trauma, anemia falciforme, HIV, etilismo, tabagismo, discrasias sanguíneas, e várias outras doenças que comprometem a irrigação sanguínea da cabeça femoral, a ONCF tem apresentação clínica e prognósticos bem variados, o que dificulta a determinação de um tratamento específico, especialmente em casos nos quais ainda não houve acometimento condral e a articulação do quadril ainda se mantém preservada, sendo estes os principais fatores encontrados na literatura que determinam as classificações desta patologia. No leque de tratamentos, encontramos diversas opções para os casos em que setenta salvar a articulação: tratamento conservador, descompressão simples e/ou associada a algum tipo de tratamento adjuvante (enxertia homóloga, enxertia sintética, enxertos vascularizados, parafusos de tântalo, e injeção de aspirado de medula óssea), e, para casos nos quais já há fratura subcondral e/ou colapso da cabeça femoral e/ou diminuição do espaço articular, reserva-se, comumente, a realização de osteotomias femorais ou artroplastia total do quadril.


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteonecrosis , Transplants , Femur Head/abnormalities , Hip Prosthesis
7.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(2): 241-249, Mar.-Apr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1387997

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective In the present study, we investigated the intra and interobserver agreement of the new Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Osteosynthesefragen/Orthopaedic Trauma Association (AO/OTA) classification for fractures of the proximal extremity of the femur. Methods One hundred hip radiographs were selected from patients who suffered fractures of the trochanteric region or femoral neck. Four orthopedists, fellowship trained hip surgeons, and four orthopedic residents evaluated and classified fractures according to the new AO/OTA system on two separate occasions. The kappa (k) coefficient was used to evaluate intra and interobserver agreement in the different steps of the classification, namely: type, group, subgroup, and qualifier. Results Hip surgery experts obtained almost perfect intraobserver agreement of type, substantial for group and, only moderate, for subgroup and qualifiers. The residents had lower performance, with substantial agreement for type, moderate for group, and reasonable for subgroup and qualifier. In the specialists' interobserver evaluation, there was also a gradual decrease in the agreement between type (almost perfect) and group (moderate), which was even lower for subgroup and qualifiers. Residents had a substantial interobserver agreement for type, moderate for group, and reasonable in the other branches. Conclusion The new AO/OTA classification for fractures of the trochanteric region and femoral neck showed intra and interobserver agreements considered appropriate for type and group, with a drop in the subsequent branches, that is, for subgroup and qualifier. Still, in relation to the old AO/OTA classification, there was an improvement in the agreements for subgroup.


Resumo Objetivo Neste estudo, investigamos a concordância intra e interobservador da nova classificação Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Osteosynthesefragen/Orthopaedic Trauma Association (AO/OTA) para fraturas da extremidade proximal do fêmur. Métodos Foram selecionadas 100 radiografias do quadril de pacientes que sofreram fraturas da região trocantérica ou do colo do fêmur. Quatro ortopedistas cirurgiões de quadril e quatro residentes de ortopedia e traumatologia avaliaram e classificaram as fraturas segundo o novo sistema AO/OTA em duas ocasiões distintas. O coeficiente de kappa (k) foi utilizado para avaliar a concordância intra e interobservadores nos diferentes passos da classificação, a saber: tipo, grupo, subgrupo e qualificador. Resultados Especialistas em cirurgia do quadril obtiveram concordância intraobservador quase perfeita de tipo, substancial para grupo e, apenas moderada para subgrupo e qualificadores. Os residentes tiveram desempenho inferior, com concordância substancial para o tipo, moderada para o grupo, e razoável para o subgrupo e qualificador. Na avaliação interobservadores dos especialistas, também se observou queda gradual da concordância entre tipo (quase perfeita) e grupo (moderada), que se mostrou ainda menor parasubgrupo e qualificadores.Residentestiveramumaconcordânciainterobservadoressubstancialparatipo, moderada para grupo e razoável nas demais ramificações. Conclusão A Nova Classificação AO/OTA para fraturas da região trocantérica e do colo do fêmur mostrou concordâncias intra e interobservadores consideradas adequadas para tipo e grupo com queda nas ramificações subsequentes ou seja para subgrupo e qualificador. Ainda assim em relação à classificação AO/OTA antiga houve melhora nas concordâncias para subgrupo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Femoral Neck Fractures/classification , Femur Neck/diagnostic imaging , Hip Fractures/classification
8.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(2): 267-272, Mar.-Apr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1387984

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To verify how the combined administration of alendronate (ALN) and vitamin D3 (VD) acts on the bone microarchitecture in rats with glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis. Methods The experiment used 32 90-day-old female Wistar rats weighing between 300 and 400g. The induction of osteoporosis consisted of intramuscular administration of dexamethasone at a dose of 7.5 mg/kg of body weight once a week for 5 weeks, except for the animals in the control group. The animals were separated into the following groups: G1 (control group without osteoporosis), G2 (control group with osteoporosis without treatment), G3 (group with osteoporosis treated with ALN 0.2 mg/kg), G4 (group with osteoporosis treated with VD 10,000UI/500μL), and G5 (group with osteoporosis treated with ALN þ VD). The right femurs of the rats were fixed in 10% buffered formaldehyde, decalcified, and processed for inclusion in paraffin. Histological sections were stained with hematoxylin-eosin for histomorphometric analysis. Cortical thickness and medullary cavity were measured in cross-sections. Results There was a statistical difference (p< 0.05) between groups G3 and G5 compared with the positive control group (G2), both related to the measurement of cortical thickness and to the total diameter of the bone. In the evaluation of the spinal area, only the G3 group has shown to be statistically different from the G2 group. Conclusion Concomitant treatment with daily ALN and weekly VD is effective in preventing glucocorticoid-induced bone loss. However, there was no difference between the therapy tested and treatment with ALN alone.


Resumo Objetivo Verificar como a administração conjunta de alendronato de sódio (ALN) e vitamina D3 (VD) atua na microarquitetura óssea em ratas com osteoporose induzida por glicocorticoide. Métodos O experimento utilizou 32 ratas da linhagem Wistar, com peso médio de 300 a 400g, com 90 dias de vida. A indução da osteoporose consistiu na administração de dexametasona na dose de 7,5 mg/kg de peso corporal, por via intramuscular, 1 vez por semana durante 5 semanas, à exceção dos animais do grupo controle. Os animais foram distribuídos nos seguintes grupos: G1 (grupo controle sem osteoporose), G2 (grupo controle com osteoporose sem tratamento), G3 (grupo com osteoporose tratado com ALN 0,2 mg/kg), G4 (grupo com osteoporose tratado com VD 10.000UI/500μL) e G5 (grupo com osteoporose tratado com ALN þ VD). Os fêmures direitos das ratas foram fixados em formol a 10% tamponado, descalcificados e processados para inclusão em parafina. Os cortes histológicos foram corados com hematoxilina-eosina para análise histomorfométrica. A espessura cortical e a cavidade medular foram medidas em cortes transversais. Resultados Houve diferença estatística (p< 0,05) entre os grupos G3 e G5 em relação ao grupo controle positivo (G2), tanto em relação à medida da espessura cortical quanto em relação ao diâmetro total do osso. Na avaliação da área medular, apenas o grupo G3 se mostrou estatisticamente diferente do grupo G2. Conclusão O tratamento concomitante com ALN diário e VD semanal é eficaz para prevenir a perda óssea induzida por glicocorticoide. No entanto, não houve diferença entre esta terapia testada e o tratamento apenas com o ALN.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Osteoporosis/prevention & control , Vitamin D/therapeutic use , Alendronate/therapeutic use , Menopause
9.
Rev. bras. ciênc. mov ; 29(2): [1-15], mar. 2022. tab, ilus, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1366584

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o efeito da aplicação de hormônio do crescimento (Growth Hormone - GH) e treinamento de força (TF) na composição do tecido ósseo de ratos Wistar a partir da Espectroscopia Raman. 40 ratos machos foram distribuídos de forma aleatória em quatro grupos: controle (C [n=10]), controle a aplicação de GH (GHC [n=10]), treinamento de força (T [n=10]) e treinamento de força e aplicação de GH (GHT [n=10]). O treinamento foi composto por quatro séries de 10 saltos aquáticos, realizados três vezes por semana, com sobrecarga correspondente a 50% do peso corpóreo e duração de quatro semanas. O GH foi aplicado na dose de 0,2 UI/Kg em cada animal, três vezes por semana e em dias alternados. Ao final do experimento, os animais foram eutanasiados e coletados os fêmures direitos para realização da análise da composição óssea. A espectroscopia Raman (ER) foi utilizada para observar os seguintes compostos a partir de suas respectivas bandas: colágeno e fosfolipídio (1445 cm-1), colesterol (548 cm-1), glicerol (607 cm-1), glicose (913 cm-1), Pico de carboidrato (931 cm-1 ) e prolina (918 cm-1 ). Para a análise estatística, foram realizados os testes de normalidade de Shapiro-Wilk e análise de variâncias ANOVA one-way, seguida pelo pós-teste de Tukey. Os resultados revelaram aumento nas concentrações de colágeno e fosfolipidio, colesterol, glicerol, glicose, pico de carboidrato e prolina em todos os grupos experimentais, associados ou não à realização do ST e/ou aplicação de GH. Porém, somente o grupo T diferiu significativamente do grupo C (p<0,05). Conclui-se que todas intervenções puderam promover ganho no tecido ósseo, porém, somente o grupo T demonstrou diferença significativa nos compostos minerais analisados. (AU)


The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of the application of growth hormone (GH) and strength training (TF) on the bone tissue composition of Wistar rats using Raman Spectroscopy. 40 male rats were randomly assigned to four groups: control (C [n = 10]), control the application of GH (GHC [n = 10]), strength training (T [n = 10]) and training of strength and application of GH (GHT [n = 10]). The training consisted of four series of 10 water jumps, performed three times a week, with an overload corresponding to 50% of body weight and lasting four weeks. GH was applied at a dose of 0.2 IU / kg to each animal, three times a week and on alternate days. After four weeks, the animals were euthanized and the right femurs were collected to carry out the analysis of the bone composition. Raman spectroscopy (ER) was used to observe the following compounds from their respective bands: collagen and phospholipid (1445 cm-1), cholesterol (548 cm-1), glycerol (607 cm-1), glucose (913 cm-1), Peak carbohydrate (931 cm-1), proline (918 cm-1). For statistical analysis, the Shapiro-Wilk normality tests and ANOVA One-Way analysis of variances were performed, followed by the Tukey post-test. The results revealed an increase in the concentrations of collagen and phospholipid, cholesterol, glycerol, glucose, peak carbohydrate and proline in all experimental groups, associated or not with the performance of ST and / or application of GH. However, only group T differed significantly from group C (p <0.05). It was concluded that all intervention could promote gain in bone tissue, however, only the T group showed a significant difference in the analyzed mineral compounds. (AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Spectrum Analysis , Bone and Bones , Exercise , Rats, Wistar , Resistance Training , Femur , Metabolism , Phospholipids , Spectrum Analysis, Raman , Body Weight , Proline , Growth Hormone , Carbohydrates , Cholesterol , Analysis of Variance , Collagen , Glycerol , Lipids
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939993

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the changes of bone mineral density of distal femur and proximal tibia in patients with spinal cord injury. MethodsNine inpatients with spinal cord injury in Beijing Bo'ai Hospital for rehabilitation from November, 2018 to January, 2021 were recruited. The bone mineral density of distal femur, proximal tibia, total hip and femoral neck at admission and six months after admission was measured. ResultsCompared with the results of admission, the bone mineral density of distal femur, proximal tibia, total hip and femoral neck decreased significantly six months after admission (∣Z∣ > 2.265, P < 0.01). The percentage of decreased bone mineral density in the femoral neck was inversely correlated with the lower extremity movement score at the second measurement (r = -0.515, P = 0.035). ConclusionWithin one year after the onset of spinal cord injury, the bone mineral density of distal femur and proximal tibia decreases.

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934984

ABSTRACT

@#Introduction: Neck of femur fractures are quite common fractures in the elderly. Though a lot is spoken about the various modes of management of these fractures across different age groups, hardly any literary support mentioning their distribution, location and pattern can be found. In this study, we aim to find whether the Singh index, as a marker of osteoporosis on digital radiographs, can predict the location of neck of femur fractures in the elderly population. Materials and methods: We accessed 556 fractured hip radiographs in our institution over the past 5 years (2015- 2020) and correlated with the Singh index, as a marker of degree of osteoporosis, on pre-operative pelvis digital radiographs. Mid coronal CT cuts were also corroborated with the radiographic findings. A control group was set up and 361 radiographs were evaluated in the study group. Results: A total of 124 transcervical fractures (73%) were in Singh index 4, while 76 subcapital fractures (70%) were in Singh index 3. A total of 166 fractures (66%) were found in transcervical region in the age group of 60 to 80 years, while 80 fractures (74%) were in the subcapital region in patients above 80 years. Conclusion: We concluded that transcervical fractures were more common in patients with Singh index 4 (p<0.001) and subcapital more common in patients with Singh index 3(p<0.001). There was also a shift in location of the fractures from the transcervical region to the subcapital region with age above 80 years (p<0.001).

12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934784

ABSTRACT

@#Introduction: Surgical fixation of peri-prosthetic distal femur fractures around knee replacements poses a challenge, especially in frail patients, with variable outcomes reported in the literature. This study looks at the outcomes of a consecutive series of patients presenting with such fractures and treated by using a locking plate fixation. Materials and methods: A total of 21 consecutive patients who were admitted to our trauma unit over 31 months and underwent fixation with the Non-Contact Polyaxial Locking plate system were retrospectively identified and their acute treatment with follow-up outcomes were analysed. Results: The mean age was 81 years and 71% were in ASA grades 3 and 4. Fracture morphologies were classified as per the Su classification, yielding 8 (38%) classified as Su one, 4 (19%) as Su two, and 9 (43%) as Su type three. Postoperatively, 2 patients (9.5%) died due to hospital-acquired pneumonia, and another 2 patients (9.5%) developed wound infections necessitating further return to theatre. Additionally, 2 (9.5%) patients had distal femoral replacements due to non-union. Mean discharge time was 28 days with 12 patients (55% of patients) starting protected weight-bearing six weeks after surgery. Conclusion: The incidence of morbidity, mortality was significant and re-operation was required in patients treated as described, and these were partly attributed to the patient’s average age and the pre-existing comorbidities. Significant variations were noted in the time to discharge, rehabilitation, and time to achieve fracture union. However, the majority of fractures did eventually unite. Patients with comminuted fractures and insufficient bone stock are more likely to progress to non-union and end up requiring revision knee arthroplasty.

13.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 594-602, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932870

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between anterior tibial translation (ATT) and bony morphology around the knee after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury.Methods:A total of 67 patients diagnosed with acute ACL injury without any meniscal lesions were enrolled in this study between September 2019 and August 2020. Preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans were used to measure the ATT of the lateral compartment, and bony morphology was assessed by measuring lateral femoral condyle (LFC) length, LFC height, lateral tibial plateau (LTP) length, LTP slope and by calculating the following ratios: LFC ratio (LFC length/LFC height), knee extension ratio (LFC length/LTP length), and knee flexion ratio (LFC height/LTP length). The status of the anterolateral ligament (ALL) was assessed by preoperative MRI scans and classified as completely injured (44 patients), partially injured (19 patients), or intact (4 patients). The ATT was compared between patients with completely injured ALL and those with partially injured or intact ALL. Pearson correlation analysis between the ATT and each bony variable was performed in ALL-completely-injured patients and ALL-partially-injured or intact patients.Results:Of the 67 patients, 33 were male and 34 were female, with a mean of age 31.7±9.7 years (range 15-47 years). The average of time interval between ACL injury and MRI examination was 26.0±22.0 days (95% CI: 20.7, 31.4 d). The ATT of the lateral compartment was 5.6±4.0 mm (range, -4.9-16.2 mm), the average of LFC length was 37.3±2.5 mm (range, 30.5-43.2 mm), the average of LFC height was 37.4±3.6 mm (range, 30.6-46.3 mm), the average of LTP length was 46.9±4.1 mm (range, 39.0-56.8 mm), the average of LTP slope was 6.3°±3.1° (range, -3.7°-11.6°), LFC ratio was 100.4%±8.1% (range, 84.1%-119.0%), knee extension ratio was 80.0%±5.8% (range, 66.1%-96.3%), and knee flexion ratio was 80.0%±6.0% (range, 66.4%-93.8%). The ATT was greater in patients with completely injured ALL than in patients with partially injured or intact ALL (6.4±4.3 mm vs. 3.9±2.8 mm, t=2.52, P=0.014). The ATT was negatively correlated with LFC height ( r=-0.43, P<0.001) and LTP length ( r=-0.35, P=0.004) and was positively correlated with LFC ratio ( r=0.48, P<0.001), knee extension ratio ( r=0.36, P=0.003), and LTP slope ( r=0.29, P=0.018). All these correlations were still statistically significant in patients with complete ALL injury ( P<0.05), but were no significant in patients with partial ALL injury or intact ALL ( P>0.05). Conclusion:Bony morphology of the distal femur and proximal tibia was associated with ATT after ACL injury. Such an association was more dramatic in patients with a complete ALL injury.

14.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 297-305, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932835

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the various wire tension belt ventral compression wiring technologiesfor treating several types of femoral greater trochanter fractures in total hip replacement, according to the different types of greater trochanter of femur fractures.Methods:From March 2013 to June 2019, a total of 1 280 cases of primary total hip arthroplasty were completed in our hospital, 21 patients with greater trochanter fractures were identified in total hip replacement. There were 11 males and 10 females with an average age of 65.81±6.45 years (range 42-76 years). All of them were unilateral. There were 11 cases on the left and 10 cases on the right. There were 11 cases of osteoarthritis secondary to hip dysplasia, 4 cases of hip osteoarthritis, 4 cases of aseptic necrosis of femoral head and 2 cases of femoral neck fracture. Different wire tension belt ventral compression wiring technologies were used for each fracture type. Harris hip function score, Parker activity score, and visual analogue scale (VAS) score of hip pain were evaluated during follow-up. X-ray films were taken to evaluate the fracture healing, prosthesis position, loosening and dislocation.Results:Three new fracture types were proposed: A transverse fracture from the greater trochanter tip to the base (4 cases); B oblique fracture from the greater trochanter tip to the base (according to the fracture line direction, type B was further divided into types B1 (4 cases) and B2 (6 cases); and C fracture line from the greater trochanter to subtrochanteric plane (7 cases). Among the 21 patients, one died at an early stage, two were lost during follow-up, and 18 were followed up for an average of 30.7±7.6 months. In 18 patients, the mean operation time was 110.0±20.0 min, and the mean intraoperative blood loss was 356.9±115.7 ml. The patients' Harris score was 35.26±5.52 at the preoperative, 65.7±6.42 at the 3 months after operation, and 87.75±6.21 at the final follow-up. The difference was statistically significant ( F=377.23, P<0.001). The patients' Parker score was 2.17±0.98 at the preoperative, 5.94±1.11 at the 3 months after operation,and 8.01±0.77 at the final follow-up. The difference was statistically significant ( F=170.96, P<0.001). The patients' VAS score was 6.22±1.11 at the preoperative, 2.61±0.92 at the 3 months after operation, and 1.28±0.67 at the final follow-up. The difference was statistically significant ( F=139.71, P<0.001). Deep vein embolism, heterotopic ossification was noted in one and another patient, respectively. The patient with non-union refused reoperation and had a broken steel wire, lower-limb limp, and no notable pain at the 12-month follow-up examination. Radiographs of 17 patients showed good location of the femoral prosthesis and no chronic pain. Conclusion:Different types of greater trochanter fractures in total hip arthroplasty were proposed, using different wire tension belt ventral compression wiring technologies for the various types of femoral greater trochanter fractures during total hip replacement can improve clinical outcomes.

15.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 141-148, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932816

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of Notch on periprosthetic fracture (PPF) of the femoral prosthesis after primary total knee arthroplasty.Methods:A total of 34 patients diagnosed with femoral PPF at Xi'an Honghui Hospital were retrospectively collected from January 2013 to December 2020. There were 4 males and 30 females with a mean age of 69.2±7.2 years (range, 55-84 years). A total of 102 patients without PPF were matched by gender and age as the control group in a ratio of 1∶3. There were 12 males and 90 females with a mean age of 69.2±7.2 years (range, 55-84 years). The main observation indexes included patients' general information and factors such as coronal alignment, prosthesis design and Notch conditions. Then, subgroup analysis was performed with the depth and Tayside classification of Notch to analyze their effects on PPF.Results:The PPF and control groups were comparable in terms of baseline information such as gender, age, body mass index (BMI), and surgical side. There was no significant difference between the two groups in coronal alignment (χ 2=1.019, P=0.601) and prosthesis design (χ 2=1.545, P=0.214). There was no statistical difference in Notch between the PPF and control groups (χ 2=3.548, P=0.060). The mean length of Notch in the PPF group was 4.5±2.7 mm, compared with 4.9±2.8 mm in the control group, with no significant difference between the two groups ( t=0.732, P=0.465). Further subgroup analysis using a Notch depth of 3 mm as a cut-off and Tayside classification revealed a statistical difference between the two groups (χ 2=11.262, P=0.004; χ 2=14.601, P=0.003). Compared with patients without Notch, the risk of PPF was higher when the depth of Notch exceeded 3 mm, with an odds ratio ( OR) of 4.88 (95% CI: 1.76, 13.51). The incidence of PPF was higher when Notch depth reached Tayside grade 3 or 4. Compared with patients without Notch, the risk of PPF would be 6.99-fold (95% CI: 1.85, 26.32) higher when Notch depth reached grade 3. In female patients, there was a significant difference in Notch status between the PPF and control groups (χ 2=3.956, P=0.047), with a higher risk of PPF in female patients with Notch, OR 2.33 (95% CI: 1.01, 5.43). In patients who underwent right-sided TKA, the risk of PPF was higher in patients with Notch compared to those without Notch (χ 2=5.502, P=0.019), with an OR of 3.58 (95% CI: 1.19, 10.75). Conclusion:The Notch has no significant effect on the femoral PPF after primary total knee arthroplasty. However, the risk of PPF will increase significantly when the Notch depth exceeds 3 mm or is above Tayside grade 3.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932808

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the biomechanical parameters of Ortho-Bridge system (OBS) and locking compression plate+locking attachment plate (LCP+LAP) in the fixation of femoral periprosthetic type B1 fracture.Methods:The same periprosthetic type B1 fracture of human femur were made, including simple fracture model and comminuted fracture model, 12 in each. And the simple fracture models were randomly divided into 6 pieces of OBS system fixation group and 6 pieces of LCP+LAP system fixation group, and the complex fracture models were also randomly divided into 6 pieces of OBS system fixation group and 6 pieces of LCP + LAP system fixation group. Then the four groups of models were tested by axial compression and torsion tests, and the stiffness of the models under axial compression and torsion angle of the models under torsion test were collected. The axial compression failure test was carried out to collect the vertical load of the ultimate failure test. The axial stiffness, torsion angle and axial failure load of OBS and LCP+LAP fixed simple and comminuted fractures were statistically analyzed by t test. Results:For the test of fixed simple fracture, there was no significant difference ( t=0.535, P=0.522) in the axial stiffness between the OBS group (868.87±157.14 N) and the LCP+LAP group (904.53±44.76 N), whereas the results of torsion test showed that the LCP+LAP group had a higher torsion angle 7.17°±0.52° than the OBS group 5.45°±0.44° ( t=5.616, P<0.001); When fixing comminuted fractures, the OBS group had a higher axial stiffness (145.33±10.34 N) than the LCP+LAP group (84.15±8.94 N) ( t=10.961, P<0.001), but the LCP+LAP group had a higher torsion angle 7.75°±1.17° than the OBS group 5.23°±0.31° ( t=4.652, P=0.001). Ultimate failure test data showed that the failure pressure of OBS fixed group (4 967.49±132.88 N) was higher than LCP+LAP group (3 967.41±145.16 N) ( t=12.447, P<0.001). In the LCP+LAP group, there was destruction of the contact cortex at the fracture site, while in the OBS group, there was destruction of the contact cortex at the fracture site as well as fractures around the proximal fixation screw. Conclusion:OBS group has similar axial compression resistance to LCP+LAP group, but better torsion resistance than LCP+LAP group when it is used to fix B1 simple fracture around femoral prosthesis. When comminuted fracture is fixed, the axial compression resistance and torsion resistance of OBS group are better than LCP+LAP group. The stress is dispersed during OBS fixation, which can better avoid the failure of internal fixation during early functional exercise.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928318

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical effect of using lengthened trochanteric osteotomy wire fixation combined with autologous bone graft in patients undergoing revision total hip arthroplasty.@*METHODS@#From December 2010 to December 2018, 18 patients underwent revision of total hip arthroplasty with extended trochanteric osteotomy wire fixation and autogenous bone graft, including 8 males and 10 females with an average age of (78.89±3.32) years old ranging from 68 to 82 years. The time from the initial replacement to the revision was 9 to 22 (16.33±2.93) years. The patients were followed up regularly after operation. The healing time of osteotomy, the time of full weight-bearing activity, Harris score of hip joint and complications were recorded.@*RESULTS@#All 18 patients were followed up for 16 to 38 months with an average of (25.78±6.65) months. The incision length was 16 to 21 cm with an average of (18.89±1.32) cm; the operation time was 105 to 128 min with an average of (115.44±6.59) min, the bleeding volume was 240 to 285 ml with an average of (267.44±13.77) ml. The healing time of osteotomy was 12 to 18 weeks with an average of (15.61±1.75) weeks. Harris score of hip joint was (47.11±5.04) before operation, (76.39±3.85) during full weight-bearing activities, and (82.22±2.76) at the final follow-up(P<0.05). During the follow-up period, there were no complications such as limb shortening, infection, poor incision healing, prosthesis loosening and sinking, and periprosthetic fracture.@*CONCLUSION@#In revision total hip arthroplasty, the use of extended trochanteric osteotomy wire fixation combined with autologous bone graft can achieve satisfactory clinical results, but the surgeon needs to make a systematic plan for the pre-revision, intraoperative and postoperative recovery.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/methods , Bone Transplantation , Bone Wires , Female , Femur/surgery , Humans , Male , Osteotomy/methods
18.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E040-E044, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920666

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the influence of total hip arthroplasty (THA) on the process of proximal femoral bone remodeling by using the Wolff bone remodeling theory. Methods According to control equation of bone remodeling, the program of bone remodeling was written in Python language. Preoperative femur model and postoperative femur and prosthesis finite element models were established respectively in ABAQUS software. The process of bone reconstruction before and after THA operation was compared to analyze the effect of prosthesis implantation on mechanical properties of the femur in the middle and long term after THA operation. Results The stress in proximal femur continued to decrease after prosthesis implantation, and the stress site was transferred from the femoral head to the prosthesis, resulting in an obvious stress shielding phenomenon. Bone loss in the stress shielding area was serious. The femoral shaft cortical bone became thinner and the stress shielding was relieved. The medial side at the bottom of the prosthesis was compressed, and the stress was significantly higher than that of the lateral side, where the bone was unevenly distributed. Conclusions After THA operation, obvious stress shielding occured at proximal medial side of the femur, leading to bone loss and prosthesis loosening. The difference in stress levels on both sides at the bottom of the prosthesis resulted in an uneven bone distribution, causing the discordance between the prosthesis and the femur, as well as postoperative pain in the middle part of the thigh.

19.
Acta ortop. bras ; 30(5): e255298, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1403042

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on hospital admission and mortality indicators in older adults with fractures of the proximal femur. Methods: Observational and retrospective study that took place from June 2016 to 2020. Patients of both genders who underwent surgical treatment for fractures of the proximal end of the femur, aged over 60 years, were included. Results: The population consisted of 379 patients, treated before (group 1; N = 278; 73.35%) and during the pandemic (group 2; N = 101; 26.65%). Higher mortality was observed in group 2 (N = 24; 23.8%) versus group 1 (N = 10; 3.6%), p < 0.001. The highest proportion of deaths in group 2 was maintained in patients aged 70-79 years (p = 0.011), 80-89 years (p ≤ 0.001) and > 90 years (p ≤ 0.001). In addition, the preoperative time and hospital stay were longer in group 2 compared to group 1 (p ≤ 0.001). Conclusion: The present study demonstrated that the pandemic period increased the mortality rate and the preoperative and hospitalization time in older patients with femur fractures. Thus, the pandemic has affected the care of fractures of the proximal femur in older adults, which reinforces the need to adopt measures to reduce complications and mortality. Level of Evidence II, Retrospective Study.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar o impacto da pandemia de COVID-19 nos indicadores de internação e mortalidade hospitalar em idosos com fraturas do fêmur proximal. Métodos: Estudo observacional e retrospectivo, que ocorreu de junho de 2016 a 2020. Foram incluídos pacientes de ambos os sexos submetidos ao tratamento cirúrgico para fratura da extremidade proximal do fêmur, com idade acima de 60 anos. Resultados: A população foi composta por 379 pacientes, atendidos antes (grupo 1; N = 278; 73,35%) e durante a pandemia (grupo 2; N = 101; 26,65%). Foi verificada maior mortalidade no grupo 2 (N = 24; 23,8%) versus o grupo 1 (N = 10; 3,6%), p < 0,001. A maior proporção de óbitos no grupo 2 se manteve nos pacientes com 70-79 anos (p = 0,011), 80-89 anos (p ≤ 0,001) e > 90 anos (p ≤ 0,001). Os períodos pré-operatório e de permanência hospitalar foram maiores no grupo 2 em comparação ao grupo 1 (p ≤ 0,001). Conclusão: Este estudo demonstrou que o período pandêmico aumentou a taxa de mortalidade e o tempo pré-operatório e de internação em pacientes idosos com fratura do fêmur. Dessa forma, a pandemia tem afetado o atendimento das fraturas do fêmur proximal em idosos, o que reforça a necessidade da adoção de medidas de redução de complicações e mortalidade. Nível de Evidência II, Estudo Retrospectivo.

20.
Acta ortop. bras ; 30(5): e257002, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1403045

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To compare the clinical outcomes between patients with moderate and severe slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) treated with osteotomy at the base of neck and osteoplasty and with healthy individuals. Methods: Comparative cohort with 12 patients (14 hips) with moderate and severe SCFE who underwent osteotomy at the base of neck and osteoplasty between 2007 and 2014. The mean age at surgery was 13.3 ± 2.5 years and the mean follow-up was 3.8 ± 2.2 years. We assessed the level of hip pain by the visual analog scale (VAS) and anterior impingement test (AIT); the level of function using the Harris Hip Score (HHS) and 12-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-12), the range of motion (ROM) by goniometry and Drehmann sign, and the hip muscular strength by isokinetic and Trendelenburg sign. Results: The level of pain was slightly higher in the SCFE cohort compared with healthy hips (VAS, 0.8 ± 1.4 vs 0 ± 0, 0.007; AIT, 14% vs 0%, p = 0.06; respectively). No differences were observed between the SCFE and control cohort for the functional scores (HHS, 94 ± 7 vs 100 ± 1, p = 0.135); except for ROM, with increased internal rotation (37.3º ± 9.4º vs 28.7º ± 8.2º, p < 0.001), and strength, with decreased abduction torque (75.5 ± 36.9 Nm/Kg vs 88.5 ± 27.6 Nm/Kg, p = 0.045) in the SCFE cohort. Conclusion: The osteotomy at the base of neck and the osteoplasty restored the hip motion and muscle strength, except for the abductor strength, to near normal levels, representing a viable option for the treatment of moderate and severe SCFE. Level of Evidence III, Ambidirectional Cohort Study.


RESUMO Objetivo: Comparar resultados clínicos de pacientes com escorregamento epifisário proximal do fêmur (EEPF) moderado e grave tratados com osteotomia basocervical e cervicoplastia com indivíduos saudáveis. Métodos: Coorte comparativa com 12 voluntários saudáveis e 12 pacientes (14 quadris) com EEPF moderado e grave submetidos à osteotomia basocervical e cervicoplastia entre 2007 e 2014. A média de idade na cirurgia foi de 13,3 ± 2,5 anos e o seguimento médio de 3,8 ± 2,2 anos. Avaliou-se nível de dor no quadril utilizando a escala visual analógica (EVA) e o teste de impacto anterior (TIA); nível de função usando o Harris Hip Score (HHS) e o 12-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-12); amplitude de movimento (ADM) com goniometria e sinal de Drehmann; e força muscular do quadril com dinamômetro isocinético e sinal de Trendelenburg. Resultados: O nível de dor foi ligeiramente maior na coorte de EEPF comparado a quadris saudáveis (EVA, 0,8 ± 1,4 vs 0 ± 0, 0,007; TIA, 14% vs 0%, p = 0,06; respectivamente). Não foram observadas diferenças entre os grupos EEPF e controle para os escores funcionais (HHS, 94 ± 7 vs 100 ± 1, p = 0,135), exceto para ADM, com aumento da rotação interna (37,3º ± 9,4º vs 28,7º ± 8,2º, p < 0,001), e força, com diminuição do torque de abdução (75,5 ± 36,9 Nm/Kg vs 88,5 ± 27,6 Nm/Kg, p = 0,045), para o grupo EEPF. Conclusão: A osteotomia basocervical e a cervicoplastia restauraram o movimento do quadril e a força muscular, com exceção da força abdutora, a níveis próximos do normal, representando uma opção viável para o tratamento de EEPF moderado e grave. Nível de Evidência III, Estudo de Coorte Ambidirecional.

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