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Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 27(2): 316-323, April-June 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1440208


Abstract Introduction Foreign body accidents (FBAs) are frequent in children and can be severe, being a common cause of morbidity and mortality and a public health problem. As these accidents are multifactorial, their cause can only be determined by analyzing the clinical details and characteristics of the object. Knowing the associated mechanisms and factors is essential to determine a risk profile and have a preventive, therapeutic, and diagnostic purpose. Objective The present study aimed to describe the incidence of FBAs in otorhinolaryngology according to their anatomical location, focusing on the aerodigestive system. Methods This is a retrospective study performed by reviewing the medical records of 668 cases seen in the emergency department of a tertiary pediatric hospital in São Paulo, state of São Paulo, Brazil, between 2014 and 2017. Results Foreign bodies (FBs) were found in the digestive system (238/668), in the nasal cavities (206/668), in the ears (182/668), in the oropharynx (34/668), and in the respiratory system (8/668). A total of 91.77% of the patients were treated in the emergency room. The main age group affected was < 5 years old, with no difference between genders. The most frequent complications affected the digestive system and the most serious occurred in cases involving the respiratory system. Conclusion Multidisciplinary teams should be ready in the emergency room to provide adequate care in FBAs. Early diagnosis, FB removal in the emergency room or the surgical center and follow-up are essential. Developing prevention campaigns including a risk profile for certain products and/or materials, helping to ensure safety for consumers, is necessary. For this, a national database with compulsory notification containing relevant information on FBAs in the pediatric population should be created.

Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-221428


Polyembolokoilamania is a rare but serious medical condition that involves the presence of multiple foreign bodies in the patient's body. This condition can be challenging to diagnose and manage in the emergency department. In this chapter, we will discuss the presentation, diagnosis, and management of polyembolokoilamania in the emergency department.

Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-220709


Objectives: To ascertain if aural syringing is a one size ?ts all solution for aural foreign body removal in a rural setting A Record based descriptive study was looked at paediatric and adult patients Methods: with Aural FB (foreign bodies) who visited ER (Emergency) and ENT-OPD (Out Patient Department) of a single institution between January 2022 and December 2022.The Diagnosis of Aural foreign bodies was based on personal history and Otoscopic ?ndings. Patient characteristics, foreign body type, removal attempts and complications were evaluated with respect to clinical setting and patient outcome. The Data was obtained from the records. 86 patients were brought to Results: the emergency department and ENT-OPD over a 12-month period with foreign bodies of the EAC (External Auditory Canal). Otolaryngologists used otoscope and standard metallic aural syringe as their mainstay of management. Analysis of ER and OPD cases revealed Inorganic aural foreign bodies were 65.11% and 34.88% were Organic foreign bodies. Unilateral Purulent Aural Discharge was in 46.51% (40) patients, pain in 17.44% (15), Ear Bleeding in 8.13% (7), conductive hearing loss and tinnitus was 10.46% (9) and itching in 4.65% (4). Duration of Symptoms was <1 week in 65.11% (56) cases ,1-2 weeks in 22.09% (19) and 2-4 weeks in 12.79% (11) cases. Successful removal of foreign bodies from ear by only applying aural syringing was achieved in 91.86% of cases, and usage of other methods of aural foreign body removal Forceps, Hook and Suction in 5.8% and foreign body removal under GA was 2.32% were recorded Aural foreign bodies were commonly seen in paediatric Conclusion population. Patients commonly present to the ER and OPD for removal of EAC foreign bodies. The common inorganic aural foreign bodies were cotton tip, stone and eraser whereas ?y, lice and bee were the organic FB. The most common symptoms and complications of aural FBs, were unilateral purulent discharge followed by pain, ear Bleeding, Tympanic membrane perforation, external meatus laceration, chronic otitis media and facial Nerve paralysis. The most common procedures used were Syringing followed by Forceps, hook and suction. It is observed that aural syringing performed by the trained hands of an otolaryngologist is a very effective method and can almost be described as a one size ?ts all solution for managing foreign bodies in EAC with some notable exceptions.

Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-218451


Background: Orbital cellulitis is defined as acute inflammatory orbital swelling of infectious origin. Most often secondary to sinusitis. Intraocular foreign bodies neglected because of their small size, or sometimes radio-transparent nature, can be difficult to diagnose even with radiology and be responsible for orbital cellulitis. We demonstrate the diagnostic and therapeutic difficulties.Patients and Methods: This is a retrospective descriptive study of patients with unilateral orbital cellulitis revealing neglected intraocular foreign bodies, conducted in the Department of Adult Ophthalmology, Hospital August 20, 1953, involving 58 patients, from January 2015 until December 2020.Results: The average age of the patients was 38.5 years. The most affected age group was between 21 and 30 years with a clear male predominance. A decrease in visual acuity was found in all patients (unilateral blindness 43%) and a cellulitis complicated by a purulent melt (43%). All patients received medical treatment, including intravitreal injections of antibiotics in 71% of cases, and surgical treatment consisting of extraction of the foreign body and immediate evisceration of the eyeball in 25% of cases.Conclusion: Orbital cellulitis, although mostly secondary to sinusitis, can reveal various etiologies such as intra-orbital foreign bodies that can go unnoticed and be life-threatening and functionally damaging, especially when the diagnosis is made late and management is inappropriate. The presence of an intraocular foreign body must be suspected in all cases of orbital trauma associated with a palpebral wound, even if it is minimal, or in the presence of a clinical aggravation. Any delay in diagnosis and/or treatment can lead to serious complications that can affect the functional and even vital prognosis. The surgical treatment consists of the extraction of the foreign body. The recourse to evisceration in our context unfortunately continues to persist at high rates; because of the delay of consultation and thus of the management.

Rev. méd. Urug ; 39(2)2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1508726


La ingesta accidental de cuerpos extraños en una entidad frecuente en la urgencia, presentándose en general como dolor abdominal inespecífico. Presentamos caso que ingirió un escarbadientes de madera cuyo manejo inicial fue conservador. Su evolución fue tórpida, requiriendo cirugía de urgencia por perforación del estómago y páncreas.

Accidental ingestion of foreign bodies is rather a frequent entity in the ER, presenting in general as non-specific abdominal pain. The study presents the case of a patient who ingested a wooden toothpick, the handling of which was conservative. Evolution was torpid, requiring emergency surgery given the perforation of the stomach and pancreas.

A ingestão acidental de corpos estranhos é uma entidade frequente no pronto-socorro, apresentando-se geralmente como dor abdominal inespecífica. Apresentamos um caso de ingestão de palito de madeira cujo manejo inicial foi conservador. Sua evolução foi complicada sendo necessário realizar uma cirurgia de emergência devido à perfuração do estômago e do pâncreas.

Arch. Head Neck Surg ; 51: e20220011, Jan-Dec. 2022.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1401265


Some situations can lead to obstruction of Wharton's duct. Obstructions are usually due to endogenous causes, such as calculi, fibromucinous plugs, stenosis, and malformations of the duct system; however, in rare situations, obstructions can also have exogenous causes, such as foreign bodies. The tortuous anatomy of Wharton's duct hinders the retrograde migration of straight-shaped foreign bodies, as well as makes their spontaneous discharge virtually impossible. Here, we report the case of a 47-year-old woman with an asymptomatic foreign body in Wharton's duct that was spontaneously discharged.

Indian J Ophthalmol ; 2022 Dec; 70(12): 4284-4292
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-224736


Purpose: To report anterior?segment optical coherence tomography (ASOCT) characteristics of different types of corneal and anterior chamber (AC) foreign bodies (FBs) and their usefulness in diagnosis and management. Methods: This is a retrospective descriptive clinical study involving 11 eyes of 11 patients who presented at the outpatient department of a tertiary ophthalmic care center from January 2017 to January 2022. All patients had a diagnosed or suspected corneal FB. All participants underwent a comprehensive ophthalmological examination, followed by slit?lamp photography and ASOCT. FB removal was done where required by an external, internal, or combined approach. Results: The mean age of patients was 28.2 (7–53) years. Ten were male, and one was female. Seven patients had a definitive positive history of injury; in one, there was a history suggestive of trauma, one had the post?operative complication of scleral buckling surgery, and two patients had a history of insect fall in the eyes. Three patients had acute, four had sub?acute, and four had chronic presentations. Descemet’s membrane (DM) breach was suspected in three cases of deep FB, which was later confirmed on ASOCT. In two cases, DM was presumed to be intact clinically, but ASOCT showed an AC penetration. The FB was removed in seven patients, one via slit?lamp, one via an external approach, two via an internal approach, and three via a combined approach. Conclusion: ASOCT facilitates non?invasive rapid imaging of ocular tissue at various depths, provides an accurate assessment of FB characteristics, and thereby serves as an additional tool in our armamentarium for diagnosis and management of deep corneal and AC Fbs

Rev. argent. cir ; 114(4): 355-358, oct. 2022. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1422948


RESUMEN Los cuerpos extraños en el esófago son un problema frecuente en urgencias, debido la mayoría de las veces a ingestión accidental. Presentamos el caso de una paciente femenina de 50 años, sin antecedentes patológicos, que consulta por presentar la ingesta de prótesis dental mientras almorzaba, con posterior disfagia, odinofagia y dolor cervical. Se le realizan radiografías y tomografía computarizada (TC) donde se evidencia imagen radiopaca en esófago cervical. Se interconsulta con el Servicio de Gastroenterología, dada la imposibilidad de extracción de la prótesis por vía endoscópica. Se realiza luego cervicotomía lateral izquierda de emergencia, con esofagotomía, extracción del cuerpo extraño y cierre primario del esófago. La obstrucción del esófago por cuerpos extraños puede ocasionar muchas complicaciones. La consecuente demora en el tratamiento puede llevar a un marcado aumento de la mortalidad. Por eso, en este caso, se prioriza la cirugía ante un riesgo elevado de perforación y hemorragia.

ABSTRACT Esophageal foreign bodies are a common problem in the emergency department, usually due to accidental ingestion. We report the case of a 50-year-old otherwise healthy female patient who sought medical care due to dysphagia, odynophagia and cervical pain after swallowing a partial denture while having lunch. The patient underwent X-rays and a computed tomography (CT) scan which showed a radiopaque image in the upper esophagus. After a failed attempt to remove the denture through endoscopy, surgery was decided via a left lateral emergency cervicotomy with esophagotomy, foreign body removal and primary closure of the esophagus. Esophageal obstruction due to foreign bodies may cause many complications. Treatment delays may result in increased mortality. Thus, in this case we prioritized surgery due to high risk of perforation and bleeding.

Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Esophagostomy , Esophagus , Foreign Bodies , Denture, Partial , Endoscopy
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 35(2)jun. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1441727


Los cuerpos extraños constituyen la segunda forma más común de traumatismos corneales. Pueden localizarse superficiales o intracorneales. Se realiza presentación de caso de paciente con cuerpos extraños intracorneales retenidos de 34 años de evolución secundario a trauma por onda expansiva, con el objetivo de mostrar los hallazgos clínicos y resultados por pruebas diagnósticas como la microscopía confocal corneal, frente de onda corneal por topografía y microscopía especular. La presencia de cuerpos extraños intracorneales en este paciente provocó respuestas en el tejido corneal en dependencia de su composición, nivel de profundidad; evidentes a pesar de tiempo de retención. La presencia de estos induce niveles altos de aberraciones corneales que dependen del grado de afectación.

Foreign bodies are the second most common form of corneal trauma. They can be superficial or intracorneal. A case of a patient was presented, with retained intracorneal foreign bodies of 34 years of secondary evolution due to blast wave trauma. The objective is to show the clinical findings and results of diagnostic tests such as corneal confocal microscopy, corneal wavefront topography and specular microscopy. The presence of intracorneal foreign bodies in this patient provoked responses in the corneal tissue depending on its composition, depth level; evident in spite of retention time. The presence of intracorneal foreign bodies induces high levels of corneal aberrations depending on the degree of involvement.

J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 11(2): 1-7, may. 23, 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1400826


Introduction: Body piercings consist of small holes made with a needle in different parts of the skin or body to introduce a jewel or decorative element. In the oral cavity, most piercings are placed in the tongue. However, some complications may occur, and surgical techniques must be used for their removal. These complications present a certain degree of difficulty due to their position and may challenge the ability of the clinician to access the specific anatomical location. The different imaging techniques, from simple radiography to intraoperative techniques such as image intensifiers, have become an extremely useful tool for locating an object in the three dimensions of space, allowing safe location and extraction. Objective: The aim of this study is to report the case of a complication of a body piercing in the oral cavity and how the use of imaging was decisive for surgical planning and for the quick and effective resolution of the case. Material and Methods: A 14-year-old female patient came looking for treatment. Her mother reported the onset of the condition after the insertion of a needle-like metallic object while performing an artistic perforation in the lingual region. Since the girl was unable to extract the object, she sought medical advice at the Carlos Arvelo Military Hospital in Caracas, Venezuela. Subsequently, an imaging study was performed by means of a Computed Tomography to locate the metallic object. It was observed that the foreign body had migrated to the floor of the mouth/sublingual region, requiring the area to be surgically approached. It was also decided to use an intraoperative image intensifier. The removal of the object was performed satisfactorily. Conclusion: The extraction of foreign bodies placed in the lingual and sublingual region represents a challenge for the clinician due to the number of important anatomical structures that pass through that area. This makes clinicians plan their surgical removal using pre- and intraoperative imaging, to find a less traumatic location, reduce surgical time as well as the risk of damaging adjacent anatomical structures.

Introducción: Los body piercings consisten en producir perforaciones con una aguja en diferentes localizaciones de la piel con el fin de introducir una joya o elemento decorativo a través del agujero producido previamente. En la cavidad oral, la lengua es el sitio de mayor elección; sin embargo, en ciertas ocasiones suelen presentarse ciertas complicaciones, por lo cual se debe recurrir a técnicas quirúrgicas para su remoción presentando cierto grado de dificultad para su localización y la capacidad del clínico para acceder al espacio anatómico. Las diferentes técnicas imagenológicas desde una radiografía simple hasta técnicas intraoperatorias como los intensificadores de imágenes se han convertido en una herramienta sumamente útil para la ubicación de un objeto en las tres dimensiones del espacio, permitiendo una localización y extracción segura para el clínico y el paciente. Objetivo: El propósito de este trabajo es reportar un caso de una complicación de esta práctica en la región bucal y cómo el uso de la imagenología fue determinante para la planificación quirúrgica y la resolución del caso de manera rápida y efectiva. Material y Métodos: Se presenta a consulta una paciente femenina de 14 años de edad, quien madre refiere inicio de enfermedad actual posterior a introducirse objeto metálico tipo aguja de compás con la finalidad de realizar perforación artística en región lingual, al no poder extraer dicho objeto, acude a evaluación en el Hospital Militar Carlos arvelo de Caracas; posterior se realiza estudio imagenológico tipo Tomografía Computarizada para la ubicación del objeto metálico donde se observa que el cuerpo extraño habría migrado hacia el piso de boca/región sublingual, teniendo la necesidad de abordar quirúrgicamente la zona y elegir el uso de intensificador de imagen transoperatorio para retiro del mismo el cual se dio de manera satisfactoria. Conclusión: Los cuerpos extraños desplazados a la región lingual y sublingual representan un desafío para el clínico al momento de extraerlos, esto se debe a la cantidad de estructuras anatómicas importantes que pasan por dicha zona, lo que hace que el clínico opte en su planificación quirúrgica por el uso de imagenología pre y transoperatoria obteniendo así una localización menos traumática, menor tiempo operatorio y menor riesgo de lesión de estructuras anatómicas adyacentes.

Humans , Female , Adolescent , Tongue/surgery , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Foreign Bodies/diagnostic imaging , Mouth Floor/diagnostic imaging , Radiography , Body Piercing , Mouth Floor/surgery
Rev. Fac. Med. (Bogotá) ; 70(1): e302, Jan.-Mar. 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1406790


Abstract Introduction: Toothbrush swallowing, whether voluntary or accidental, is a rare event and must be handled as an emergency, because these foreign bodies, due to their length and hardness, are not expected to pass completely through the digestive tract and may cause serious complications. Case presentation: A 22-year-old woman with an eating disorder (bulimia nervosa) involuntarily swallowed a toothbrush while inducing vomiting. Unfortunately, after the initial assessment in the emergency department, and due to the lack of symptoms, her psychiatric history, and the fact the toothbrush was not observed in imaging studies, she was discharged. Due to the patient's insistence that she was telling the truth, she was referred to a secondary healthcare institution by her treating physician, where the successful endoscopic extraction of the toothbrush was performed 36 hours after it was swallowed. The procedure was carried out with the patient under sedation and by experts in digestive extraction who used an overtube, foreign body forceps, and polypectomy loops. Conclusion: Cases of toothbrush swallowing are rarely reported and occur mainly in people with mental illnesses, such as eating disorders involving self-induced vomiting. Therefore, in these cases, physicians should always believe what these patients say, even in the absence of symptoms and imaging findings, as this enables their timely referral to a digestive service to confirm whether the toothbrush was swallowed or not and to perform the endoscopic extraction as soon as possible, since it can cause serious complications due to its characteristics.

Resumen Introducción. La ingesta de cepillos de dientes, voluntaria o accidental, es una situación poco frecuente que requiere ser tratada como una emergencia, pues por su longitud y dureza, no se espera que estos cuerpos extraños tengan un tránsito completo por el tracto digestivo, lo que puede causar graves complicaciones. Presentación del caso. Mujer de 22 años con trastorno alimentario (bulimia nerviosa) quien al inducirse vomito ingirió involuntariamente un cepillo de dientes. Lamentablemente, después de la valoración inicial en el servicio de urgencias, debido a que no presentaba síntomas, a su antecedente psiquiátrico y a la no identificación del cepillo en estudios de imagen, fue dada de alta. Ante la insistencia de la paciente de decir la verdad, fue remitida por su médico tratante a una institución de salud de segundo nivel, donde, a las 36 horas de la ingesta, se realizó la extracción endoscópica exitosa del cepillo. El procedimiento fue realizado bajo sedación por expertos en extracción digestiva usando un sobretubo, pinzas para cuerpos extraños y asas de polipectomía. Conclusión. Los casos de ingesta de cepillos de dientes son raramente reportados y ocurren principalmente en personas con trastornos psiquiátricos como desórdenes alimentarios que involucran la inducción de vómito. Por tanto, en estos casos siempre se debe creer la versión del paciente, incluso en ausencia de síntomas y hallazgos imagenológicos, pues esto posibilita una remisión oportuna al servicio digestivo para confirmar la ingesta y realizar la extracción endoscópica lo más pronto posible, ya que, por sus características, pueden causar graves complicaciones.

Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 82(1): 8-15, mar. 2022. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1389821


Resumen Introducción: Los cuerpos extraños (CE) en oído, nariz y vía aéreodigestiva superior son el 30% de las urgencia en otorrinolaringología (ORL). No existen datos epidemiológicos nacionales que describan la casuística de CE. Objetivo: Describir la epidemiología de pacientes con diagnóstico de CE evaluados, entre el 2013-2018 en Clínica Santa María de Santiago, Chile. Describir las características de los CE, ubicación, método de extracción y complicaciones. Material y Método: Estudio descriptivo y retrospectivo, basado en revisión de fichas clínicas de pacientes con diagnóstico de CE, analizando variables epidemiológicas y clínicas. Resultados: Se revisaron 1.847 casos con diagnóstico de CE, confirmando 1.494. La mayoría de sexo masculino (53,3%), con un promedio de edad de 16,5 años (rango de 0-95 años). Los CE más prevalentes fueron ótico (52,9%) y nasal (27,9%). El síntoma asociado más frecuente fue la sensación de CE (18,1%). El diagnóstico fue principalmente por examen físico (84%), requiriéndose exámenes complementarios en 18,2%. La extracción fue ambulatoria en su mayoría (84,6%), requiriendo extracción en pabellón el 12,5%. El 5,5% presentó complicaciones, y la tasa de letalidad fue de 0,07%. Conclusión: Esta casuística, única a nivel nacional, nos permite conocer la epidemiología de los CE. Un bajo porcentaje de pacientes fue de riesgo vital, pero el manejo oportuno permite una baja tasa de complicaciones y letalidad.

Abstract Introduction: Foreign bodies (FB) in the ear, nose and upper airway-digestive tract are 30% of the emergencies in otolaryngology (ORL). There is no national epidemiological data that describes the FB casuistry. Aim: To describe the epidemiology of patients who have a diagnosis of a FB evaluated, between 2013-2018, at Santa María Clinic in Santiago, Chile. To describe the characteristics of FB, location, method of removal, and complications. Material and Method: A descriptive and retrospective study, based on review of clinical records of patients with the diagnosis of FB, analyzing epidemiological and clinical variables. Results: 1847 cases with a diagnosis of FB were reviewed, of which 1494 were confirmed. Most were male (53.3%), with an average age of 16.5 years (range 0-95 years). The most prevalent FB locations were otic (52.9%) and nasal (27.9%). The most frequent associated symptom was sensation of a FB (18.1%). The diagnosis was fundamentally based on physical examination (84%), requiring complementary tools in 18.2%. The extraction was mostly ambulatory (84.6%), requiring extraction in the operation room in 12.5%. 5.5% presented complications, and the fatality rate was 0.07%. Conclusion: This casuistry is unique at the national level, and allows us to know the epidemiology of FB. A low percentage of patients correspond to life-threatening locations, but timely management allows a low rate of complications and fatality.

Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Otolaryngology , Foreign Bodies/epidemiology , Chile/epidemiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Sex Distribution , Age Distribution
Rev. SOBECC (Online) ; 27: 1-10, 01-01-2022.
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1381465


Objetivo: Descrever ações de segurança para mitigar o risco de retenção de objetos intracavitários em procedimentos cirúrgicos, na opinião de enfermei-ros especialistas em assistência perioperatória. Método: Estudo qualitativo. Dados oriundos de reunião científica realizada durante o 14o Congresso da Associação Brasileira de Enfermagem em Centro Cirúrgico, em 2019, em São Paulo. Participaram enfermeiros especialistas em enfermagem perioperatória, divididos alea-toriamente em cinco grupos. Indisponibilidade para participar da reunião na íntegra considerou-se critério de exclusão. Compuseram o corpus de dados: gra-vação da reunião e registros dos grupos. Procedeu-se à análise de conteúdo para avaliar os dados. Seguiu-se a Resolução no 466/2012 do Conselho Nacional de Saúde (CNS). Resultados: Participaram 19 enfermeiros de seis estados brasileiros, a maioria mulheres. Ações propostas pelos participantes do estudo, visando a diminuir a retenção de objetos intracavitários: promover educação permanente e multiprofissional; estabelecer e seguir boas práticas institucionais; seguir proto-colo de cirurgia segura; atuar de forma integrada à equipe do serviço de esterilização; usar processos e tecnologias que contribuem para ampliar a segurança do paciente; contar instrumental e materiais cirúrgicos; e fortalecer o trabalho interdisciplinar. Conclusão: Ações para reduzir a retenção de objetos intracavitários incluem educação permanente, trabalho interdisciplinar e multissetorial, seguimento de fluxos e protocolos que visem à segurança do paciente.

Aims: This study aimed to describe the safety actions to mitigate the risk of retention of intracavitary objects in surgical procedures, in the opinion of perioperative care specialist nurses. Methods: This is a qualitative study. Data from a scientific meeting held during the 14th Congress of the Brazilian Association of Nursing in the Surgical Centre, in 2019, in São Paulo. Participants were nurses specialized in perioperative nursing, randomly divided into five groups. Unavailability to participate in the meeting in full was considered an exclusion criterion. The data corpus comprised meeting recording and group records. Content analysis was used to evaluate the data. Resolution no. 466/2012 of the National Health Council (CNS) was follo-wed. Results: A total of 19 nurses, mostly female, from six Brazilian states participated in this study. Actions proposed by the study participants to reduce the retention of intracavitary objects included promoting continuing and multidisciplinary education; establishing and following good institutional prac-tices; following the safe surgery protocol; integrating with the sterilization service team; using processes and technologies that contribute to increasing patient safety; counting surgical instruments and materials; and strengthening interdisciplinary work. Conclusion: Actions to reduce retention of intra-cavitary objects include permanent education, interdisciplinary work, and multisectoral work, following flows and protocols aimed at patient safety.

Objetivo: describir acciones de seguridad para mitigar el riesgo de retención de objetos intracavitarios en procedimientos quirúrgicos, según la opinión de enfermeros especialistas en cuidados perioperatorios. Método: estudio cualitativo. Datos de una reunión científica realizada durante el 14o Congreso de la Asociación Brasileña de Enfermería del Centro Quirúrgico, en 2019, en São Paulo. Participaron enfermeros especialistas en enfermería perioperatoria, divididos aleatoriamente en cuatro grupos. La falta de disponibilidad para participar en la reunión en su totalidad se consideró un criterio de exclusión. El corpus de datos estuvo compuesto por: grabación de la reunión y actas de los grupos. Se realizó un análisis de contenido para analizar los datos. A esto le siguió la Resolución no 466/2012 del Consejo Nacional de Salud (CNS). Resultados: Participaron 19 enfermeros de seis estados brasileños, la mayoría mujeres. Acciones propuestas por los participantes del estudio, con el objetivo de reducir la retención de objetos intracavitarios: promover la educación permanente y multiprofesional; establecer y seguir buenas prácticas institucionales; seguir un protocolo de cirugía seguro; actuar de manera integrada con el equipo del servicio de esterilización; hacer uso de procesos y tecnologías que contribuyan a aumentar la seguridad del paciente; realizar el conteo de instrumentos y material quirúrgico; fortalecer el trabajo interdisciplinario. Conclusión: las acciones para reducir la retención de objetos intraca-vitarios incluyen educación permanente, trabajo interdisciplinario y multisectorial, monitoreo de flujos y protocolos dirigidos a la seguridad del paciente.

Humans , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Perioperative Nursing , Patient Safety , Surgical Instruments , Surgicenters , Environmental Monitoring
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 34-39,F3, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929965


Objective:To explore the clinical characteristic, pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment strategies of gastroinstinal injury caused by magnets ingestion in children.Methods:A retrospective analysis of 46 patients with gastrointestinal tract magnets ingestion in Anhui Provincial Children′s Hospital from October 2017 to September 2021 was performed. Patients were divided into different groups according to gastroinstinal perforation. Some basic information was collected, including gender, age, duration of swallow foreign bodies, quantity of foreign bodies, symptoms, white blood cell, neutrophil, C-reactive protein, therapeutic method, gastroinstinal injury and follow up. Logistic regression. Univariate analysis and multivariate Logistic regression were used to analysis the risk factors of gastroinstinal perforation. Continuous parametric data were summarized using median and interquartile range, differences were evaluated using Wilcoxon Mann-Whitney test.Noncontinuous data were analyzed using chi-square test or corrected chi-square test.Results:Among the 46 patients, there were 33 males and 13 females. The median age was 3 years, with a range of 8 months to 11years. 34 cases had a history of ingesting magnets. The common number of ingested magnets was 2-10 (25 cases). Vomiting (18 cases) and abdominal pain (13 cases)were the commonest complaint. 6 cases tend to pass through the gastrointestinal tract uneventfully, and the remaining cases were successfully extracted by endoscopy (5 cases) and surgery(35 cases). Gastroinstinal perforation was found in 28 cases, and the majority of perforation was located in the ileum (18 cases). Univariate analysis showed that symptom, white blood cell, neutrophil, and CRP were associated with gastroinstinal perforation ( P<0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that symptom( OR=4.715, 95% CI: 1.074-20.696, P=0.040) and CRP( OR=11.605, 95% CI: 1.132-118.981, P=0.039) were independent factors for gastroinstinal perforation. There was no significant correlation between the number of magnets and gastroinstinal perforation ( r=0.276, P>0.05). Conclusions:The ingestion of magnetic foreign bodies in children often requires urgent management.When magnets are located within the prepyloric part of the GI tract, retrieval by endoscopy is recommended.The surgical intervention is required as soon as possible due to the failure of endoscopic treatment.

Arch. méd. Camaguey ; 26: e8360, 2022. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1403277


RESUMEN Introducción: Se define como bezoar al cúmulo de material extraño no digerido que se encuentra en el tubo digestivo de las personas y algunos animales. Por lo general son localizados en el estómago. El tratamiento médico y endoscópico es el de elección, aunque también va a estar determinado por su localización y su causa. El tratamiento quirúrgico se reserva cuando existe alguna complicación o la terapia endoscópica falla. Objetivo: Presentar un caso clínico de una paciente con obstrucción pilórica completa por fitobezoar y tumor del antropíloro. Caso clínico: Paciente femenina de 54 años de edad, con historia de dolor abdominal en epigastrio, pérdida de apetito, astenia y trastornos dispépticos de nueve meses de evolución. Los estudios de imagen informaron la presencia de cuerpos extraños en estómago correspondientes a bezoares. En el transoperatorio se evidencia además tumor en la región antropilórica. Se realizó extracción del bezoar y la gastrectomía subtotal. Conclusiones: La conducta quirúrgica en caso de fitobezoar gástrico va estar determinada por la falla o contraindicación del tratamiento médico y endoscópico.

ABSTRACT Introduction : Bezoar is defined as the accumulation of undigested foreign material found in the digestive tract of people and some animals. They are generally located in the stomach. Medical and endoscopic treatment is the one of choice, although it will also be determined by its location and its cause. Surgical treatment is reserved when there is any complication or endoscopic therapy fails. Objective : To present a clinical case of a patient with complete pyloric obstruction due to phytobezoar and anthropyloric tumor. Case report: A 54-year-old female patient with a history of abdominal pain in the epigastrium, loss of appetite, asthenia and dyspeptic disorders of nine months of evolution. Imaging studies reported the presence of foreign bodies in the stomach corresponding to bezoars. Transoperatively, a tumor is also evidenced in the anthropyloric region. Bezoar extraction and subtotal gastrectomy were performed. Conclusions : The surgical conduct in case of gastric phytobezoar will be determined by the failure or contraindication of medical and endoscopic treatment.

Acta otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 50(2): 144-149, 20220000. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1382349


Introducción: el edema pulmonar posobstructivo (EPPO), o por presión negativa, es una entidad potencialmente mortal, que se desarrolla inmediatamente luego de una obstrucción severa de la vía aérea superior. Materiales y métodos: descripción de una serie de 4 casos de EPPO ocurridos en niños, 3 de ellos secundarios a aspiración de un cuerpo extraño y el otro como complicación de una adenoamigdalectomía. Discusión: la causa más frecuente de la obstrucción de la vía aérea es el laringoespasmo asociado con la manipulación de la vía aérea durante la intubación o las intervenciones quirúrgicas de la vía aérea. Tanto la adenoamigdalectomía, como la extracción de cuerpos extraños en la vía aérea constituyen unas de las intervenciones más frecuentes de la práctica otorrinolaringológica para el tratamiento de la obstrucción de la vía aérea; sin embargo, puede potencialmente desarrollar EPPO. Conclusión: Destacamos la importancia de que el otorrinolaringólogo tenga presente esta afección en niños que presentan dificultad respiratoria tras cualquier obstrucción o intervención quirúrgica de la vía aé bien los cuerpos extraños en la vía aérea en niños suelen presentarse con crisis de asfixia, tos paroxística o dificultad respiratoria luego del evento, también debería pensarse la posibilidad de un evento de aspiración de un cuerpo extraño no presenciado ante un cuadro de edema pulmonar sin causa conocida. Si bien la adenoamigdalectomía es una de las cirugías más frecuente en la práctica otorrinolaringológica, esta potencialmente puede complicarse con EPPO.

Introduction: Post-obstructive pulmonary edema (POPE) or by Negative Pressure, is a potentially fatal entity that develops immediately after a severe obstruction of the upper airway. Materials and methods: Description of a series of four cases of POPE in children, three of them secondary to foreign body aspiration and the remaining one as a complication of adenotonsillectomy. Discussion: The most common etiology of airway obstruction is laryngospasm associated to airway manipulation during intubation or airway surgery. Both adenotonsillectomy and removal of foreign bodies in the airway are one of the most common procedures in otorhinolaryngology practice for management of airway obstruction, however, they can potentially develop EPPO. Conclusion: Although airway foreign bodies in children usually present with sudden episode of choking, paroxysmal cough and/or respiratory distress, the likelihood of an unwitnessed foreign body aspiration event in the presence of unexplained pulmonary edema should also be considered. Although adenotonsillectomy is one of the most common surgeries in ENT practice, it can potentially be complicated by EPPO. We emphasize the importance of the otorhinolaryngologist keeping this condition in mind in children who present respiratory distress after any obstruction or surgical intervention of the airway.

Humans , Pulmonary Edema , Airway Management , Foreign Bodies
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 20: eRC5743, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360396


ABSTRACT Migration of foreign bodies into the urinary tract is a rare event. In certain instances, to unravel the way that objects arrived in the urinary tract is not easy. We report the case of an accidentally swallowed wooden toothpick that migrated and was found in the left ureterovesical junction, protruding into the bladder. Even though the computed tomography scan is widely employed to evaluate the urinary tract, this resource does not have a good sensitivity for detecting foreign bodies. Our report presents an insight into the best imaging approach if wooden toothpicks are suspected. In the present case, the endoscopic treatment was possible with an uneventful outcome and a complete resolution of symptoms.

Humans , Ureter/surgery , Ureter/diagnostic imaging , Foreign Bodies/surgery , Foreign Bodies/complications , Foreign Bodies/diagnostic imaging , Intestinal Perforation , Urinary Bladder/surgery , Urinary Bladder/diagnostic imaging
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 109(3): 177-184, dic. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1372479


Objetivo: Describir en un caso clínico una nueva técni- ca para la localización y la remoción de agujas fracturadas du- rante la anestesia odontológica mediante planificación virtual. Caso clínico: Una paciente de género femenino de 52 años de edad concurre a la Cátedra de Cirugía y Traumatolo- gía Bucomaxilofacial I de la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad de Buenos Aires y relata que dos meses atrás, durante la atención odontológica, se produjo la fractura de la aguja durante la anestesia troncular mandibular. Se realiza diagnóstico y planificación virtual para conocer la ubicación exacta de la aguja y se confecciona un modelo estereolito- gráfico y una guía quirúrgica individualizada para removerla. El uso de una guía quirúrgica individualizada y confeccio- nada mediante planificación virtual permitió ubicar la aguja tridimensionalmente y con mayor precisión en espacios pro- fundos y disminuir tiempos operatorios (AU)

Aim: To describe in a clinical case a new virtual plan- ning technique for locating and removing a fractured dental anesthetic needle. Clinical case: A 52-year-old patient visited the De- partment of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery I (School of Dentistry, University of Buenos Aires) with a retained den- tal needle in the pterygomandibular space. The needle had fractured during inferior alveolar nerve block two months previously. Virtual diagnosis and planning were performed to locate the needle and a stereolithographic model and a customized surgical guide were prepared. The use of cus- tomized surgical guides prepared by virtual planning ena- bled precise location of the dental needle in deep spaces and reduced operating times (AU)

Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Foreign Bodies/surgery , Anesthesia, Dental/instrumentation , Mandible , Needles , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Foreign Bodies/diagnostic imaging , Stereolithography , Intraoperative Complications/surgery , Mandible/surgery , Mandible/diagnostic imaging
Colomb. med ; 52(4): e5005016, Oct.-Dec. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1375238


Abstract Case description: A 5-year-old girl presented to the emergency department with a history of foreign body ingestion. A cervico-thoracoabdominal radiograph demonstrate a foreign body in the esophagus, which seemed to show a double rim sign suspecting a button battery. After an emetic episode and expelling a coin, the child became asymptomatic. Close inspection of the X-ray demonstrated that the image was formed by superimposition of 3 circumferential objects of different sizes. Another X-ray observed the persistence of two superimposed objects. Clinical findings: The girl presented with sialorrhea, odynophagia, and nausea. Vital signs and physical examination were normal. There was no significant medical history. Treatment and Outcome: With the suspicion of multiple impacted esophageal objects, the patient was then taken to the operating room. During the flexible esophagoscopy 2 coins were found in the esophagus, both were removed without difficulty. The patient had an uneventful postoperative recovery and there have been no long-term complications. Clinical relevance: Unusual radiographic findings regarding esophageal foreign bodies have been reported, however, we describe the first case of a child with 3 coins impacted in the esophagus and a new radiological finding in foreign bodies ingestions that allow to avoid misdiagnosis and improve outcomes.

Resumen Descripción del caso: Una niña de 5 años es llevada a urgencias tras la ingesta de un cuerpo extraño. La radiografía cérvico-toraco-abdominal evidenció un cuerpo extraño esofágico con signo de doble halo, lo que hizo sospechar una pila de botón. Tras un vómito con expulsión de una moneda los síntomas desaparecieron. Una inspección minuciosa de la radiografía demostró que la imagen estaba formada por la superposición de 3 objetos circunferenciales de diferentes tamaños. Una nueva radiografía mostró persistencia de dos objetos superpuestos. Hallazgos clínicos: La niña refería odinofagia, náuseas y tenía sialorrea. Los signos vitales y el examen físico eran normales. No tenía antecedentes médicos relevantes. Tratamiento y desenlace: Con la sospecha de impactación esofágica múltiple, la paciente fue llevada al quirófano. Durante la esofagoscopia se encontraron 2 monedas en el esófago que fueron extraídas sin dificultad. La evolución postoperatoria fue favorable y no hubo complicaciones a largo plazo. Relevancia clínica: Aunque se han reportado hallazgos radiográficos inusuales en cuerpos extraños esofágicos, describimos el primer caso de un niño con 3 monedas impactadas en el esófago y un nuevo hallazgo radiológico en la ingesta de cuerpos extraños que permite evitar diagnósticos erróneos y mejorar los desenlaces.