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1.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 85(4): 377-381, July-Aug. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1383820

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To determine the incidence of ocular emergencies and patient profiles in a public health eye center in Brazil. Methods: The medical record database of the Fundação Altino Ventura, Recife, Brazil was retrospectively analyzed and included all patients assisted at the ophthalmic emergency room between January 2017 and January 2018. Medical records with incomplete data and outpatient complaints were excluded. For records with multiple visits, only the initial visit was considered. Results: In 1 year, 134,788 patients (mean age at admission: 38.7 ± 22 years; range: 0-99 years) were admitted at the emergency room of the Fundação Altino Ventura. The most frequent diagnoses were conjunctivitis (52,732 cases; 37.3%), blepharitis (7,213 cases; 5.1%), and corneal/conjunctival foreign body (6,925 cases; 4.9%). Corneal/conjunctival foreign body and ocular trauma had an eight- and two-fold higher incidence in male patients, respectively (both p<0.001). Female patients presented a two-fold higher incidence of trichiasis and blepharitis than males (p<0.001). Corneal/conjunctival foreign body and ocular trauma affected more patients in a productive age (>15 years), while corneal ulcers, blepharitis, and trichiasis affected more elderly patients. All diagnostic clusters (e.g., infectious diseases, ocular trauma, foreign bodies, retinopathies, eyelid disorders, corneal diseases, glaucomatous crisis, and neuroophthalmological diseases) were more common during the spring season (p<0.001). Conclusion: The most common ocular emergencies in the present study were infectious diseases and foreign body. However, the incidence of ophthalmological emergencies was influenced by the age and sex of patients, as well as the time of the year.


RESUMO Objetivo: Determinar a incidência de emergências oculares em um centro oftalmológico de referência no Brasil. Métodos: O banco de dados de prontuários da Fundação Altino Ventura, Recife, Brasil, foi analisado retrospectivamente e incluiu pacientes atendidos, entre janeiro de 2017 e janeiro de 2018, na sala de emergência oftalmológica. Foram excluídos os prontuários com dados incompletos e com quadros ambulatoriais. Apenas o primeiro atendimento na emergência foi considerado para análise. Resultados: Em um ano, 134.788 pacientes (idade média de 38,7 ± 22 anos [0-99 anos]) foram admitidos na emergência da Fundação Altino Ventura. Os diagnósticos mais frequentes foram conjuntivite (52.732 casos [37,3%]), blefarite (7.213 casos [5,1%]) e corpo estranho na córnea/conjuntiva (6.925 casos [4,9%]). Corpo estranho na córnea/conjuntiva e trauma ocular foram cerca de 8 vezes e 2 vezes mais incidente em indivíduos do sexo masculino, respectivamente (p<0,001 em ambos). Triquíase e blefarite afetaram ~2 vezes mais pacientes do sexo feminino, respectivamente (p<0,001 em ambos). Corpo estranho na córnea/conjuntiva e trauma ocular afetaram mais pacientes em idade produtiva (>15 anos), enquanto úlcera, blefarite e triquíase da córnea afetaram mais pacientes idosos. Todos os grupamentos de diagnóstico (doenças infecciosas, trauma ocular, corpos estranhos, retinopatias, doenças das pálpebras, doenças da córnea, crise glaucomatosa e doenças neurooftalmológicas) foram mais incidentes na primavera (valor de p<0,001). Conclusão: As emergências oftalmológicas mais comuns no presente estudo foram as doenças infecciosas e o corpo estranho. Porém, a incidência das emergências oculares são fluências pela faixa etária e gênero do paciente, além da época do ano.

2.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 43(2): 21-24, maio-ago. 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1361989

ABSTRACT

Traumas na região da face são comuns devido a sua topografia e à grande exposição do local. As lesões na região maxilofacial são normalmente causadas devido a traumas por acidentes de trânsito, agressão física, acidentes cotidianos como queda da própria altura e de nível. O objetivo deste trabalho é relatar um caso clínico de trauma facial com a presença de corpo estranho impactado na face, bem como o tratamento cirúrgico empregado. Paciente do sexo feminino, 17 anos, foi regulada para o Hospital Geral Cleristón Andrade com histórico de queda de cavalo, cursando com fragmento de madeira (galho de arbusto) tranfixado em região maxilofacial. A paciente foi encaminhada ao centro cirúrgico para a remoção do galho de arbusto transfixado. O procedimento foi rápido, e sua remoção se deu por meio do movimento contrário ao mecanismo de trauma. Lesão como esta possui aspectos singulares e devem ser avaliados multidisciplinarmente na emergência. A remoção desses objetos deve ser realizada de forma a preservar as estruturas dentro do possível, levando em consideração também os fatores estéticos e funcionais envolvidos(AU)


Traumas in the face region are common due to its topography and the great exposure of the place. Injuries in the maxillofacial region are usually caused due to trauma from traffic accidents, physical aggression, everyday accidents such as falling from height and level. The aim of this paper is to report a clinical case of facial trauma with the presence of a foreign body impacted on the face, as well as the surgical treatment used. A 17-year-old female patient was treated at the Cleristón Andrade General Hospital with a history of falling from a horse, taking a wood fragment (shrub branch) transfixed in the maxillofacial region. The patient was referred to the operating room for removal of the transfixed bush branch. The procedure was quick, and its removal took place through a movement contrary to the trauma mechanism. Injuries like this have unique aspects and must be evaluated multidisciplinary in an emergency. The removal of these objects must be carried out in order to preserve the structures as much as possible, also taking into account the aesthetic and functional factors involved(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Maxillofacial Injuries/surgery , Maxillofacial Injuries/therapy , Surgery, Oral , Facial Injuries , Maxillofacial Injuries
3.
Rev. med. vet. (Bogota) ; (44): 33-40, Jan.-June 2022. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1377005

ABSTRACT

Resumo As aves apresentam anatomia e fisiologia únicas. Seu sistema digestório é composto por esôfago, estômago (proventrículo e ventrículo), intestino delgado e intestino grosso. O esôfago apresenta uma dilatação chamada de inglúvio na maioria das aves, que armazena alimentos. Lesões e massas nesses locais ocorrem por diversos motivos, provocando dificuldades alimentares e emagrecimento. A ingestão de substâncias inadequadas pode formar uma massa, repousar no papo e gerar possível intoxicação. O objetivo do trabalho foi descrever um caso de ingluviotomia decorrente de ingestão de corpo estranho em calopsita (Nymphicus hollandicus). A ingluviotomia é um procedimento cirúrgico de urgência, podendo ser optado para a remoção de corpo estranho no inglúvio, sendo que a resolução cirúrgica do problema e a recuperação clínica ocorre sem maiores problemas desde que empregada um conduta clínico-cirúrgica adequada.


Resumen Los pájaros tienen una anatomía y fisiología únicas. Su sistema digestivo consta de esófago, estómago (proventrículo y ventrículo), intestino delgado e intestino grueso. En la mayoría de los pájaros, el esófago tiene una dilatación llamada ingluvie que almacena alimento. En este lugar pueden ocurrir lesiones y masas debido a varias razones, ocasionando dificultades dietarias y pérdida de peso. La digestión de sustancias inadecuadas puede formar una masa, quedarse ahí hasta germinar e intoxicarse. El objetivo de este estudio es hacer un informe de una ingluviotomía debido a la ingestión de un cuerpo extraño en una cacatúa ninfa (Nymphicus hollandicus). La ingluviotomía es un procedimiento quirúrgico de urgencia y se puede escoger para remover un cuerpo extraño en el ingluvium. La resolución quirúrgica del problema y la recuperación clínica ocurren sin mayores problemas si se usa un enfoque clínico-quirúrgico adecuado.


Abstract Birds have a unique anatomy and physiology. Their digestive system consists of esophagus, stomach (proventricle and ventricle), small intestine and large intestine. The esophagus has a dilatation called ingluvies in most birds, which stores food. Injuries and masses in these places can occur for several reasons, causing dietary difficulties and weight loss. Ingestion of inappropriate substances can form a mass, rest in the crop and cause intoxication. The aim of this study was to describe a case of ingluviotomy resulting from the ingestion of a foreign body in cockatiel (Nymphicus hollandicus). Ingluviotomy is an urgent surgical procedure, and it can be chosen to remove a foreign body in the ingluvium. The surgical resolution of the problem and clinical recovery occur without major problems as long as an appropriate clinical-surgical approach is used.

4.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 42(supl.1): 8-16, mayo 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1393990

ABSTRACT

Resumen La alogenosis iatrogénica es la enfermedad causada por la aplicación de biopolímeros con fines estéticos. Sus manifestaciones clínicas pueden presentarse entre las seis horas y los 30 años posteriores a la aplicación, con síntomas locales o sistémicos. El principal rasgo de la histopatología es la presencia de granulomas por cuerpo extraño con reacción de tipo sarcoideo, la cual es difícil de Interpretar por su asociación con la sarcoidosis. Se reporta aquí el caso de una paciente con lesiones granulomatosas de tipo sarcoideo por reacción a cuerpo extraño, secundaria a la aplicación de múltiples sustancias desconocidas en cara y glúteos.


Abstract Iatrogenic allogenosis is a disease caused by the injection of biopolymers with esthetic purposes. Clinical manifestations can occur between six hours and 30 years after the procedure with local and/or systemic symptoms. The pathological findings are characterized by the presence of foreign body granulomas with a sarcoid-like reaction. Its Interpretation Is difficult given Its association with sarcoidosis. We report the clinical case of a female patient with granulomatous lesions In reaction to a foreign body secondary to the multiple application of unknown substances on the face and buttocks.

5.
Med. clín. soc ; 6(1)abr. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1386248

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La presencia de cuerpo extraño en cavidad nasal u ótica es un problema frecuente en pediatría, porque puede producir secuelas severas para la salud del paciente. Estratificar por edades nos ayudaría a definir las medidas más apropiadas ente estos eventos en las distintas edades. Objetivo: Conocer la diferencia de media de edades entre pacientes con cuerpo extraño ótico y nasal. Metodología: Estudio observacional descriptivo con componentes analíticos, de muestreo aleatorio simple. De pacientes pediátricos del Hospital de Clínicas con antecedentes de introducción de cuerpo extraño en fosas nasales y conducto auditivo externo de enero a junio del 2019. Resultados: Fueron analizadas 182 interconsultas al servicio de otorrinolaringología, de pacientes pediátricos con antecedente de cuerpo extraño en oído o fosa nasal. El 47,81 % era del sexo femenino. En el 58,79 % de los casos el motivo de consulta era cuerpo extraño en fosa nasal y en el 41,21 % en oído. Los métodos de extracción más frecuentes fueron la cureta nasal (87,85 %) y el lavado de oído (54,67 %). Los cuerpos extraños más frecuente fue piezas de bijouteri. Solo 2 (1,09 %) pacientes requirieron internación (ambos con retraso en el desarrollo sicomotor) y extracción bajo sedación. El tratamiento más usado posterior a la extracción de oído fue antibióticos tópicos (52 %) y; antibióticos orales combinados con lavados nasales (28,97 %) para los de fosa nasal. La media de edades de pacientes con cuerpo extraño en fosa nasal fue de 2,97 años y en oído 5,59 años, significativamente mayor (p<0,05). Conclusión: Las guías refieren que los niños a partir de los 5 años distinguen lo bueno y lo malo, disminuyen las autointroducciones y esto se vuelve algo más bien accidental; sin embargo, en nuestra experiencia la edad promedio de introducción oído era mayor a 5 años.


ABSTRACT Introduction: The presence of a foreign body in the nasal or otic cavity is a frequent problem in pediatrics, because it can produce severe sequels for the patient's health. Stratifying by age would help us to define the most appropriate measures between these events at different ages. Objective: To know the average age difference between patients with otic and nasal foreign bodies. Methods: Descriptive observational study with analytical components, simple random sampling. Pediatric patients at the Hospital de Clínicas with a history of introduction of foreign body into the nostrils and external auditory canal from January to June 2019. Results: 182 interconsultations were analyzed in the otolaryngology service of pediatric patients with a history of foreign body in the ear or nostril. 47.81% were female. In 58.79% of the cases the reason for consultation was foreign body in the nostril and in 41.21% in the ear. The most frequent extraction methods were nasal curettage (87.85%) and earwashing (54.67%). The most frequent foreign bodies were pieces of bijouteri. Only 2 (1.09%) patients required hospitalization (both with delayed psychomotor development) and extraction under sedation. The most commonly used treatment after ear removal was topical antibiotics (52%) and oral antibiotics combined with nasal lavage (28.97%) for nasal fossa. The mean age of patients with foreign body in the nasal fossa was 2.97 years and in the ear 5.59 years (p<0.05). Conclusion: The guidelines state that children from 5 years onwards distinguish good and bad, decrease autointroductions and this becomes rather accidental; however, in our experience the average age of ear introduction was greater than 5 years.

6.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1389837

ABSTRACT

Resumen La patología quirúrgica de la vía aérea pediátrica suele ser desafiante. Una visualización adecuada de las estructuras faríngeas y laríngeas es absolutamente necesaria para su correcto diagnóstico y tratamiento. Distintos instrumentos, como laringoscopios de intubación, laringoscopios de suspensión y broncoscopios flexibles o rígidos, permiten acceder a la vía aérea. Muchas veces se requiere el uso de una combinación de ellos para abordar con éxito estos problemas. En esta revisión, discutimos el uso de videolaringoscopios en el manejo de condiciones como estenosis subglótica, lesiones de vía aérea y cuerpos extraños. Aunque los anestesiólogos los utilizan frecuentemente para intubaciones difíciles debido a su cámara incorporada que facilita la visión de las estructuras laríngeas, existen escasos informes sobre su uso por cirujanos de vía aérea. Las ventajas sobre la laringoscopía convencional incluyen una mejor visualización, la capacidad de supervisar el procedimiento a través de una pantalla, una mejor ergonomía, que es portátil y que permite una rápida inserción de diferentes instrumentos. Consideramos que es particularmente útil en la dilatación de estenosis subglóticas. Presentamos un método fácil, barato y reproducible para realizarla.


Abstract Surgical pediatric airway diseases are often challenging, and an adequate visualization of pharyngeal and laryngeal structures is absolutely necessary for their correct diagnosis and treatment. Different instruments such as intubation laryngoscopes, suspension laryngoscopes and flexible and rigid bronchoscopes allow for access to the airway, and using a combination of them, is usually required to successfully address these problems. In this review, we discuss the use of videolaryngoscopes in the management of conditions such as subglottic stenosis, airway lesions and foreign bodies. Although commonly used by anesthesiologists for difficult intubations because of their built-in cameras that facilitate the view of laryngeal structures, there are scarce reports on its use by airway surgeons. Advantages over standard laryngoscopy include improved visualization and the ability to supervise the procedure through a screen. We also consider that it allows for improved ergonomics, portability and fast insertion of different instruments. We have found it to be particularly useful in subglottic stenosis dilation and an easy, cheap and reproducible method is also presented.

7.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 26(1): 5-9, Jan.-Mar. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364932

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Airway foreign bodies are emergencies involving multidisciplinary departments like Pediatrics, Aneasthesiology and Otorhinolaryngology. It is always a challenge to diagnose and manage patients who present late to our emergencies. Objective In the present study, we aim to analyze the various challenges faced during the management of tracheobronchial foreign bodies with delayed presentation. Methods A retrospective hospital record-based analysis of patients who presented to us with tracheobronchial foreign bodies from January 2017 to February 2020 was performed. All patients until the age of 16 years old were included in the present study. We assessed the demographics, preoperative, intraoperative and postoperative data of the patients. Results Seventeen patients were analyzed in the study. Among these, 44.4% of the patients had delayed presentation (> 1 month). The majority of the patients had an organic foreign body (Supari or betel nut). All patients underwent rigid bronchoscopy, followed by optical forceps-assisted removal of the foreign body. A total of 82% of the patients had granulations around the foreign body. Conclusion Management of delayed presentation tracheobronchial foreign body is a big challenge for Otorhinolaryngologists. The key factors for preventing complications in the definitive management of tracheobronchial foreign bodies are preoperative planning, multi-discipline teamwork, surgeon expertise and technique.

8.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 42(1): 37-40, mar. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1369159

ABSTRACT

El sangrado genital en niñas prepúberes es un signo poco frecuente y siempre requiere determinar su causa. Se necesitan una detallada anamnesis y examen físico, con el conocimiento adecuado de la anatomía uroginecológica, y, en muchos casos, estudios de imágenes y exámenes complementarios, para arribar al diagnóstico. Se presenta el caso de una niña de 7 años con sangrado genital, cuyo examen físico y estudios complementarios fueron poco concluyentes, y que requirió un procedimiento invasivo para su resolución. (AU)


Genital bleeding in prepubertal girls is a rare sign and always requires determining its cause. A detailed history and physical examination are needed, with adequate knowledge of urogynecological anatomy, and in many cases, imaging studies and complementary tests, to arrive at the diagnosis. We present the case of a 7-year-old girl with genital bleeding, whose physical examination and complementary studies were inconclusive, requiring an invasive procedure for its resolution. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Uterine Hemorrhage/etiology , Vagina/injuries , Foreign Bodies/diagnostic imaging , Paper , Ultrasonography , Gynecological Examination
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920822

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To summarize our experience in the treatment of esophageal foreign bodies. Methods    A retrospective analysis of 149 patients of esophageal foreign bodies in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Air Force Military Medical University from December 2011 to May 2019 was carried out, including 75 (50.3%) females and 74 (49.7%) males with an average age of 57 (2-85) years. Results    There were 146 patients confirmed by endoscopy, and 3 patients were not found foreign body. Among the confirmed patients, 127 patients were removed by gastroscope and 19 patients were treated by operation. Esophageal foreign bodies are mainly related to the types of food. Jujube seed is the most common food foreign body in the northwest China. The injury rate of mucosal was 47.54% within 48 hours. The complication rate of taking out the foreign body after 48 hours was 100.0%. The success rate by endoscopy decreased (P=0.005), if the foreign body combined perforation. There was no statistical difference between the neck and other parts when using ultra-fine gastroscope (P=0.157). Conclusion    The sharper the foreign body is, the easier the perforation is. The earlier the foreign body is removed, the less complications are. The size of the foreign body determines the difficulty of endoscopic removal. Gastroscopy is the first choice for diagnosis and treatment, especially ultra-fine gastroscopy, and the foreign bodies that cannot be removed by endoscopy need surgical treatment.

10.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924402

ABSTRACT

The peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) is widely used as a central venous catheter for both pediatric and adult patients. Fewer procedure-related complications have been reported than for conventional methods using the internal jugular, femoral, or subclavian veins for access. On the other hand, thrombosis and phlebitis are more common than in conventional methods, and sometimes the catheter cannot be removed by manual traction. In this study, a 13-year-old girl had received long-term sedation from a PICC due to neurodegenerative disease. The patient was referred to our department because of difficulty in manual drawing for removal of the PICC. A CT scan showed that the PICC was bent at the right axillary vein and there was a high-density area around it. Surgical treatment was chosen after a joint conference between the department of pediatrics and us to discuss the reliability and invasiveness of the several treatments. Under general anesthesia, an incision was made under the right subclavian bone, and her axillary vein was exposed. The lumen of the vein was filled with a white plaster-like compound, and the catheter itself was buried inside it. The compound was removed, and the bent PICC was straightened and removed from the puncture site. There is no other case for difficult removal of PICC in this form without calcification. We believe that surgical removal was effective in this case because of her vascular structure.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924000

ABSTRACT

Objective @#To discuss and summarize the preventive measures and treatment methods for aspiration/ingestion during dental procedures.@*Methods @# One case of aspiration during an implant operation was reported, and the literature on aspiration/ingestion during oral procedures was reviewed.@*Results@#An implant screwdriver accidentally slipped into the mouth of the patient during implant surgery. The patient experienced no obvious discomfort except a few coughs. The surgeon and assistant paused the procedure immediately to search for the screwdriver, but it was not found. The patient declared that there was no special abnormality, such as breathing disorder or chest distress, so we considered that the foreign body was ingestion. After the implant surgery was completed, no foreign body was found in the stomach via gastroscopy. Chest X-ray and CT showed a dense metal shadow in the lower lobe of the left lung. Under local anesthesia, bronchoscopy and biopsy forceps were used by respiratory physicians to clip out the foreign body. After removal of the foreign body, the patient had no obvious discomfort but a slight cough. Cephalexin and metronidazole were given for three days to prevent infection. Three days later, the patient had no complaints of respiratory discomfort. After reviewing the literature, we found that the operation should be paused immediately after aspiration/ingestion occurs during dental procedures and that the dental chair should be laid down to prevent the foreign body from descending deeper, which may increase the difficulty of removal and cause gastrointestinal and respiratory tract injury. The position of the foreign body should be determined by imaging examination, and the corresponding means to remove the foreign body should be performed.@*Conclusion @# Patients may have no obvious symptoms after aspiration/ingestion during dental procedures, and the foreign body can be removed after imaging examination.

12.
CES med ; 35(3): 325-333, sep.-dic. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1374773

ABSTRACT

Resumen La mamoplastia de aumento consiste en insertar una prótesis dentro del tejido mamario con el fin de alterar su tamaño y forma. Actualmente, se utilizan varios tipos de implantes según su forma, tamaño y material, así como diferentes variaciones en la técnica quirúrgica. Se han descrito complicaciones asociadas por ser considerados cuerpos extraños y la más común es la contractura capsular. Se presenta el caso de una paciente de 41 años a quien se le realizó mamoplastia de aumento con implantes de silicona y de forma atípica presentó un episodio de doble contractura capsular que requirió dos intervenciones adicionales por asimetría y dolor cambiando el implante y nuevamente presentando el mismo fenómeno de manera unilateral en la mama izquierda.


Abstract Augmentation mammoplasty consists of inserting a prosthesis into the breast tissue in order to alter its size and shape. Currently, several types of implants are used according to their shape, size and material, as well as different variations in the surgical technique. Associated complications have been described because they are considered foreign bodies and the most common is capsular contracture. We present the case of a 41 year old patient who underwent augmentation mammoplasty with silicone implants and atypically presented an episode of double capsular contracture that required two additional interventions due to asymmetry and pain by changing the implant and again presenting the same phenomenon unilaterally in the left breast.

13.
Rev. cuba. anestesiol. reanim ; 20(3): e718, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1351987

ABSTRACT

La oxigenación apnéica consiste en la administración de flujos altos de oxígeno a través de algún dispositivo supraglótico mientras el paciente se mantiene en apnea. Se explica por qué el alveolo desnitrogenizado con una composición en su mayor parte de oxígeno, permite la difusión alveolo capilar y genera una presión subatmosférica capaz de arrastrar el flujo de oxigeno existente en el árbol traqueobronquial hasta el mismo alveolo, siempre y cuando no hubiera obstrucción mecánica de la vía aérea. El tiempo aumenta considerablemente hasta que la saturación de oxígeno disminuya, lo que se conoce como tiempo de apnea segura. Se presenta la experiencia de emplear esta técnica en un escolar de 5 años sin antecedentes patológicos, que ingirió un cuerpo extraño (semilla de girasol), la cual se localizaba en vía aérea bronquio principal derecho. Este se extrajo por fibrobroncoscopía bajo anestesia total intravenosa, priorizando la ventilación espontánea hasta localizarlo, y luego, debido a la dificultad que presentó su extracción, se empleó relajación muscular y apnea para optimizar las condiciones de la extracción. Durante este periodo, se empleó la técnica de oxigenación apnéica, la cual se mantuvo durante 12 min. La saturación pulsátil de oxigeno fue mayor al 92 por ciento, tiempo suficiente para culminar la extracción con éxito y sin complicaciones(AU)


Apneic oxygenation consists in the administration of high flows of oxygen through a supraglottic device while the patient remains in apnea. It is explained because the alveolus with low nitrogen concertation/accumulation, with a composition mostly of oxygen, allows capillary alveolus to diffuse, as well as it generates a subatmospheric pressure capable of dragging the oxygen flow existing in the tracheobronchial tree to the alveolus itself, as long as there is no mechanical airway obstruction. The time increases considerably until oxygen saturation decreases, which is known as the safe apnea time. The experience of using this technique is presented is it was used with a five-year-old boy with no pathological history and who swallowed a foreign body (sunflower seed), which was located in the airway, specifically the right main bronchus. The foreign body was extracted by fiberoptic bronchoscopy under total intravenous anesthesia, prioritizing spontaneous ventilation until it was located; and then, due to the difficulty for its extraction, muscle relaxation and apnea were used to optimize the extraction conditions. During this period, the apneic oxygenation technique was used and maintained for twelve minutes. Pulsatile oxygen saturation was greater than 92 percent, enough time to complete the extraction successfully and without complications(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child, Preschool , Ventilation , Bronchoscopy , Airway Obstruction , Foreign Bodies , Anesthesia, Intravenous , Muscle Relaxation
14.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(1): 139-141, 20211217. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357600

ABSTRACT

La apendicitis aguda es una de las patologías más comunes en el ámbito hospitalario. Las formas complicadas pueden ser causadas por objetos puntigudos, afilados, delgados o alargados, ingeridos de forma accidental, y representan una causa inusual con una prevalencia del 0,0005 %


Acute appendicitis is one of the most common pathologies in the hospital setting. The complicated forms can be caused by pointed, sharp, thin or elongated objects, accidentally ingested, and represent an unusual cause with a prevalence of 0.0005%.


Subject(s)
Humans , Appendicitis , Foreign Bodies , Laparoscopy , Abdomen, Acute , Intestinal Perforation
15.
Rev. argent. cir ; 113(3): 375-378, set. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356945

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Se informa el caso de un paciente masculino de 28 años de edad, con antecedente de ingesta volun taria de proyectil metálico 20 días antes de la consulta, que es admitido en nuestro Servicio con sinto matología típica de apendicitis aguda. En ese contexto se practica una apendicectomía convencional. El análisis de las imágenes preoperatorias y los hallazgos quirúrgicos permiten identificar la asociación entre el cuerpo extraño y la apendicitis aguda. La ingesta de cuerpo extraño, sea voluntario o acciden tal, representa una causa sumamente infrecuente de apendicitis aguda, razón por la cual existen pocos informes al respecto en la literatura mundial; este es el primero en la Argentina.


ABSTRACT We report the case of a 28-year-old male patient with a history of voluntary ingestion of a metallic pellet 20 days before who was transferred to our department with typical symptoms of acute ap pendicitis. Under that circumstances he underwent conventional appendectomy. The analysis of the preoperative imaging tests and the intraoperative findings help to identify the association between the foreign body and acute appendicitis. Ingestion of foreign bodies, either accidental or voluntary, is an extremely uncommon cause of acute appendicitis; thus, there are few reports in the international literature. This is the first case reported in Argentina.

16.
Rev. cuba. pediatr ; 93(3): e1510, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1347545

ABSTRACT

La ingestión de un cuerpo extraño es un tipo de lesión no intencionada muy frecuente en la infancia, particularmente en lactantes mayores de 6 meses y preescolares. El propósito deseado con la publicación de esta guía es contar con herramientas actualizadas en el diagnóstico y tratamiento de esta afección que permitan sistematizar la conducta y mejorar la calidad de la asistencia médica. Dentro de los cuerpos extraños más frecuentes tenemos: monedas, imanes, baterías, juguetes pequeños, plásticos, joyas, botones, huesos e impactaciones alimentarias en los niños mayores. La sintomatología varía según la naturaleza del cuerpo extraño, el lugar donde se impacte, que casi siempre es en las estrecheces anatómicas o adquiridas del tubo digestivo o por la presencia de complicaciones. Para confirmar el diagnóstico son necesarios diferentes estudios imagenológicos y endoscópicos, estos últimos con un valor terapéutico. El tratamiento depende de factores como la edad, el tiempo de ingerido, la localización, la presencia de complicaciones, la naturaleza del cuerpo extraño, su número y el potencial lacerante, tóxico o corrosivo. En la mayoría de los casos los cuerpos extraños son expulsados de forma espontánea y tienen un pronóstico favorable, pero queda un grupo de pacientes donde es necesario un tratamiento quirúrgico. Después de realizar una búsqueda de revisiones sistemáticas de calidad y tomando en cuenta la experiencia del Servicio de Cirugía Pediátrica de Matanzas en el tratamiento de estos pacientes se elaboró esta guía que fue discutida y aprobada en el IV Simposio Nacional de Cirugía Pediátrica. La publicación de esta guía permitiría a los servicios de Cirugía Pediátrica emplearla como referencia y aplicarla en sus propias instituciones con el consecuente beneficio para los pacientes(AU)


Ingestion of a foreign body is a very common type of unintentional injury in childhood, particularly in infants older than 6 months and preschoolers. The desired purpose with the publication of this guideline is to have up-to-date tools in the diagnosis and treatment of this condition that allow to systematize the behavior and improve the quality of medical care. Within the most frequent foreign bodies we have: coins, magnets, batteries, small toys, plastics, jewelry, buttons, bones and food impactations in older children. Symptomatology varies depending on the nature of the foreign body, the place where it impacted, which is almost always in anatomical or acquired narrowness of the digestive tract, or by the presence of complications. To confirm the diagnosis, different imaging and endoscopic studies are necessary, the latter with a therapeutic value. Treatment depends on factors such as age, ingestion time, location, presence of complications, the nature of the foreign body, the amount and the lacerating, toxic or corrosive potential. In most cases foreign bodies are expelled spontaneously and have a favorable prognosis, but there is a group of patients left for whom surgical treatment is necessary. After conducting a search for quality systematic reviews and taking into account the experience of Matanzas province's Pediatric Surgery Service in the treatment of these patients, this guideline was created and it was discussed and approved at the IV National Symposium of Pediatric Surgery. The publication of this guideline would allow Pediatric Surgery services to use it as a reference and apply it in their own institutions with the consequent benefit for patients(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Diagnostic Imaging/methods , Practice Guideline , Gastrointestinal Tract/injuries , Foreign Bodies/therapy , Medical Care
17.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 49(2): e500, Apr.-June 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1251502

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Foreign body aspiration (FBA) is a potentially fatal paediatric emergency. Our objective was to highlight the importance of a multidisciplinary approach to difficult/doubtful diagnosis. Case report 34-month-old girl referred for urgent rigid bronchoscopy after suspected metallic blade ingestion (found chewing on it). She had a previous recurrent history of wheezing. The physical examination revealed face/lip wounds, traces of powder on her teeth but no breathing difficulty. The plain X-Ray revealed radiopaque images of the upper pulmonary field and gastric chamber. In the absence of FBA clinical signs but considering a previous history of bronchial hyperresponsiveness, a direct digital radiographic study was performed. There were no images compatible with foreign bodies: the results were interpreted as artefacts and no bronchoscopy was performed. Conclusions A careful pre-anaesthetic evaluation, a high level of suspicion and excellent multidisciplinary communication led to the recognition of false radiologic findings. A conservative approach was followed and invasive procedures in a remote location, with high anaesthetic risk for the paediatric population were avoided.


Resumen Introducción La aspiración de cuerpo extraño (ACE) es una emergencia pediátrica potencialmente fatal. La intención del presente artículo es resaltar la importancia de un abordaje multidisciplinario en caso de un diagnóstico difícil/dudoso. Reporte de caso Se trata de una paciente de 4 meses de edad remitida para broncoscopia rígida de urgencia, luego de la sospecha de ingestión de una hojilla metálica (se encontró a la bebé mordiéndola). La paciente tenía antecedentes de sibilancia. Al examen físico se encontraron heridas en la cara y los labios, rastros de polvo en los dientes, pero no había dificultad respiratoria. El examen de rayos-x mostraba imágenes radio opacas en el cuadrante superior derecho del pulmón y en la cámara gástrica. En virtud de la ausencia de signos clínicos de ACE en una paciente con antecedentes de hiperresponsividad bronquial, se realizó un estudio radiográfico digital. No hubo imágenes compatibles con cuerpos extraños: los resultados se interpretaron como artefactos y no se realizó la broncoscopia. Conclusiones Un cuidadoso examen pre-anestesia, el alto grado de sospecha y una excelente comunicación multidisciplinaria, permitieron el reconocimiento de hallazgos radiológicos falsos. Se siguió un abordaje conservador, evitando así procedimientos invasivos en lugares remotos con alto grado de riesgo para la población pediátrica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant , Respiration , Respiratory Sounds , Eating , Emergencies , Foreign Bodies , Wounds and Injuries , X-Rays , Bronchoscopy , Risk , Artifacts , Absenteeism , Lung , Mastication
18.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 60(2): e1024, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1280223

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El divertículo de Meckel es la anomalía congénita más frecuente del tracto gastrointestinal. Por lo general, cursa asintomático, y su diagnóstico es transoperatorio. Cuando presenta síntomas se deben a sus complicaciones, de las cuales la perforación constituye solo el 0,5 por ciento. Objetivo: Describir las características clínico-quirúrgicas de la presentación de un paciente con divertículo de Meckel perforado por cuerpo extraño. Caso clínico: Paciente adulto de 46 años de sexo masculino, piel blanca, que acude con dolor generalizado en el abdomen que se trasladó a Fosa Ilíaca Derecha, con febrícula. Se interviene quirúrgicamente y se halla divertículo de Meckel perforado por cuerpo extraño. Conclusiones: El pronóstico de esta enfermedad depende de la evolución, diagnóstico precoz y tratamiento aplicado en las distintas complicaciones, así como de la decisión de realizar tratamiento quirúrgico en los hallazgos casuales(AU)


Introduction: Meckel's diverticulum is the most frequent congenital anomaly of the gastrointestinal tract. It is generally asymptomatic, with an intraoperative diagnosis. When it presents symptoms, they are due to its complications, of which perforation accounts for only 0.5 percent. Objective: To describe the clinical-surgical characteristics of a patient who presented with a Meckel's diverticulum perforated by a foreign body. Clinical case: 46-year-old adult patient of the male sex and white skin, who presents with generalized pain in the abdomen that moved to the right iliac fossa and low-grade fever. The patient underwent surgery and a Meckel's diverticulum was found, perforated by a foreign body. Conclusions: The prognosis of this disease depends on the evolution, early diagnosis and applied treatment according to the different complications, as well as on the decision to perform surgical treatment in accidental findings(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Gastrointestinal Tract/abnormalities , Diverticulitis/surgery , Foreign Bodies/etiology , Meckel Diverticulum/complications , Early Diagnosis
19.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 73(2)abr. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388796

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: Reportar un caso de absceso periostomal, su diagnóstico clínico e imagenológico y manejo. Materiales y Método: Paciente de 77 años usuaria de colostomía con dolor abdominal asociado a aumento de volumen y enrojecimiento de la piel alrededor de la colostomía. Una tomografía computada de abdomen muestra un cuerpo extraño perforante de la pared colónica ostomizada, asociado a formación de un absceso. Resultados: Se practica una incisión de la colección, dando salida a gran cantidad de pus y cuerpo extraño correspondiente a tibia de ave. Se inicia cobertura antibiótica y se instala drenaje Penrose. Controles posteriores muestran regresión del absceso y drenaje sin débito. Discusión: 80%-90% de los cuerpos extraños ingeridos son eliminados sin complicación y < 1% producen perforación. Esto es más común en segmentos intestinales angulados o intervenidos quirúrgicamente. La clínica es inespecífica y el diagnóstico requiere una imagen que identifique signos sugerentes. Conclusión: Un absceso periostomal y la perforación intestinal por cuerpo extraño son cuadros infrecuentes. La alta sospecha diagnóstica y una evaluación imagenológica pueden dar una respuesta precisa. Además del manejo quirúrgico, debe asociarse cobertura antibiótica para enteropatógenos y generalmente un sistema de drenaje.


Aim: To report a case of periostomal abscess, its clinical and imaging diagnosis and management. Materials and Method: 77-year-old patient, user of a colostomy with abdominal pain associated to swelling and redness of the skin next to the colostomy. A computed tomography of the abdomen showed a foreign body perforating the ostomized bowel associated to the formation of an abscess. Results: An incision of the gathering was performed, giving out a great quantity of pus and the foreign body, which corresponded to a bird's tibia. Antibiotic therapy was given, and a Penrose drainage installed. Further controls showed regression of the abscess and no flux from drainage. Discussion: 80%-90% of ingested foreign bodies are eliminated without complications and < 1% produce perforation. This is more common in angled intestinal segments or surgically intervened ones. Clinical features are unspecific, and diagnosis requires suggesting imaging signs. Conclusion: Periostomal abscesses and bowel perforation due to foreign body are infrequent. High diagnostic suspicion and an imaging evaluation may give a precise answer. Besides surgical management, antibiotic coverage for enteropathogens must be associated and a drainage system too in most cases.

20.
FAVE, Secc. Cienc. vet. (En línea) ; 20(1): 47-49, ene. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1375459

ABSTRACT

Resumen Un paciente canino macho Kangal de 4 meses que fue llevado a nuestra clínica con antecedentes de tos severa, disestrés respiratorio y anorexia. En el examen clínico se determinó que el paciente tenía dificultad para respirar y una masa firme a la palpación de la región del cuello. Se observó que el reflejo del vómito estaba estimulado en el animal. Como resultado del examen radiográfico y endoscópico, se encontró un cuerpo extraño en la región caudal de la laringe. Una vez realizado el diagnóstico, se anestesió al paciente y se extrajo el cuerpo extraño con la ayuda de un laringoscopio. En el postoperatorio, se le administró al paciente antibióticos parenterales y antiséptico oral durante una semana. Se debate el abordaje de casos de cuerpos extraños en el tracto respiratorio de caninos.


Abstract The subject of this study was a dog brought to our clinic with complaints of severe cough, dyspnea and anorexia. During the clinical examination, a hard mass was detected by palpation of the neck area. Vomiting reflex was observed. As a result of radiographic and endoscopic examination, a foreign body was found in the caudal part of the larynx. After the diagnosis was made, the patient was anesthetized and the foreign body was removed with forceps from the oral cavity. During the postoperative period, the patient was administered parenteral antibiotics and intraoral antiseptic for a week. The approach to foreign body cases in the respiratory tract of dogs is discussed.

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