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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695748


Objective To characterize alcohol-related deaths which were not caused by traffic accident in Shanghai and to provide data support for alcohol-related policy and intervention.Methods All alcohol-positive fatal deaths collected in 2007-2016 from Shanghai Public Security Bureau were classified based on blood alcohol concentration (BAC) and distributed by year,gender,age,season,cause of death (COD),manner of death (MOD) and combined drugs.Results There was no significant correlation of alcohol BAC with year or season.Males (88.4%) were more than females (11.6%).Age of 20-39 years (57.1%),mechanical injury (70.1%),homicide (64.6%) and combined illicit use (37.2%) were the largest proportions in respective categories of age,COD,MOD and drug combination.With the BAC rising,mechanical injury and homicide showed decreased proportions,while burn and accidents showed increased proportions.Conclusions Male and the age of 20-39 years are the major populations for alcohol-related deaths in Shanghai.With the rise of BAC,mechanical injury and homicide decrease,while burn and accident increase.Among the combined use of alcohol and drugs,death from acute intoxication should be paid special attention.

Chinese Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 382-383,386, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-604670


This thesis found the female homicide cases present its own characteristics because of differences in psychological, physiology characteristics, character between males and females through the statistical analysis of age distribution, the relationship between criminal suspects and victims, the classification of crime scenes, injury tools and the mortal wound positions of 116 female homicide cases in Lianyungang between 1993 to 2014. Mostly, the relationship between criminal suspects and victims is family, especially couple or valentine; the crime scenes are frequently indoor, especially bedrooms. They always choose production and life tools when victims are in deep sleep or drunk time to make the victims asphyxia, posioning or drowning. The injuries focus on vitals and usually hit many times lead to mortal wound, agonal trauma and postmortem injury.

Univ. sci ; 20(3): 313-320, Sept.-Dec. 2015. ilus
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-779709


The aim of this study is to report a scavenging event, involving the consumption of a nurse shark, Ginglymostoma cirratum, by tiger sharks, Galeocerdo cuvier, at Fernando de Noronha archipelago, Brazil. Recreational divers found and photographed a bitten nurse shark carcass, just after sighting two tiger sharks near of the site. We estimated the sharks total lengths and discussed aspects of this feeding interaction using of images of forensic analysis. A straight cut on the nurse shark caudal fin, whose total length was estimated as 200 cm, suggest that it was caught by illegal fishing. A skin peeling process on the nurse shark fins indicates that the tiger sharks consumed it after its death, in a scavenging event. This is the first published report of a scavenging event involving the consumption of an elasmobranch by tiger sharks, allowing a better comprehension of tiger sharks' alimentary biology.

El objetivo de este estudio es reportar un evento de necrofagia que involucra el consumo de un tiburón nodriza (Ginglymostoma cirratum) por tiburones tigre (Galeocerdo cuvier) en el archipiélago de Fernando de Noronha, Brazil. Buzos aficionados encontraron y fotografiaron los restos mordidos de un tiburón nodriza, justo después de ver a dos tiburones tigre cerca del lugar. Mediante el análisis forense de imágenes estimamos la longitud total de los tiburones, y discutimos aspectos de esta interacción alimenticia. Una cortada recta en la aleta caudal del tiburón nodriza, cuya longitud total se estimó en 200 cm, sugiere que fue objeto de pesca ilegal. El desprendimiento de la piel observado en las aletas del tiburón nodriza indica que los tiburones tigre lo consumieron después de su muerte, en un evento de necrofagia. Este es el primer reporte publicado de un evento de necrofagia que involucra el consumo de un elasmobranquio por tiburones tigre, lo cual permite una mejor comprensión de su biología alimentaria.

O objetivo deste estudo é relatar um evento de necrofagia, envolvendo o consumo de um tubarão lixa, Ginglymostoma cirratum, por tubarões tigres, Galeocerdo cuvier, no arquipélago de Fernando de Noronha, Brasil. Mergulhadores recreativos encontraram e fotografaram uma carcaca de tubarão lixa com marcas de mordida, logo após avistarem dois tubarões tigres no mesmo local. A análise forense das imagens permitiu estimar o comprimento total dos tubarões, bem como discutir aspectos desta interacão alimentar. Um corte reto na nadadeira caudal do tubarão lixa, cujo comprimento total foi estimado em 200 cm, sugere que ele foi vítima da pesca ilegal. A descamacão das nadadeiras indica que o tubarão lixa foi consumido pelos tubarões tigres depois de morto, em um evento de necrofagia. Este é o primeiro reporte publicado de necrofagia de um elasmobránquio por tubarões tigres, contribuindo para a compreensão de sua biologia alimentar.

Int. j. morphol ; 30(3): 1035-1041, Sept. 2012. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-665521


In situations where the skeletal remains found are too fragmented, it is necessary to assess the human origin of such remains; for this purpose, various parameters are used, both anatomical and histological. The objective of the present study is to evaluate the various histomorphometric parameters to differentiate human from non-human bones, to further construct discriminatory functions that allow interspecies classification. Tibia bones sections from human, bovine, pig, hen, cat, and dog species were used, processed through conventional histological techniques and observed under the microscope with a 40x magnification, analyzing the Haversian Canal Density parameters by mm2, Diameter of the Haversian Canal and the Diameter of the Haversian System which were compared through one way ANOVA with Scheffé post test, p<0.05. Subsequently, the discriminatory functions were constructed for each species and the percentage of well-diagnosed cases was determined. Meaningful differences were found in the parameters analyzed; the discriminatory functions allowed to correctly classify 88.5 percent of the cases. Our results suggest that it is possible to differentiate human skeletal remains from non-human through the observation of their histological characteristics and histomorphometric parameters, but interspecies differentiation requires a more complex analysis...

En situaciones donde los restos óseos que se encuentran están muy fragmentados, es necesario evaluar el origen humano de dichos restos, para ello se utilizan diversos parámetros morfológicos tanto anatómicos como histológicos. El propósito de este estudio fue evaluar los distintos parámetros histomorfométricos para diferenciar hueso humano de no humano, para posteriormente construir las funciones discriminantes que permitan la clasificación interespecies. Se utilizaron secciones de hueso de tibia de individuos de especies: humano, bovino, cerdo, gallina, gato y perro, procesadas mediante técnica histológica convencional y observadas al microscópio con aumento 40x, analizándose los parámetros Densidad del canal de Havers por mm2, Diámetro del canal de Havers y diámetro del sistema Haversiano, los cuales fueron comparados mediante one way ANOVA con Scheffé post test con p<0,05. Posteriormente se construyeron las funciones discriminantes para cada especie y se determinó el porcentaje de casos bien diagnosticados. Se encontraron diferencias significativas en los parámetros analizados, las funciones discriminantes permitieron la correcta clasificación del 88,5 por ciento de los casos. Nuestros resultados sugieren que es posible diferenciar restos óseos humanos de no humanos mediante la observación de sus características histológicas y parámetros histomorfométricos, pero la diferenciación interespecie requiere de análisis más complejo...

Humans , Animals , Forensic Anthropology/methods , Histological Techniques , Bone and Bones/anatomy & histology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Discriminant Analysis , Species Specificity
Int. j. morphol ; 30(2): 588-591, jun. 2012. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-651835


Observation of sexual chromatin has shown to be very helpful in gender forensic diagnosis. In the present study we analyzed the diagnosis performance of the method in, non-treated or treated with conventional bone techniques, exhumed bone pieces. We used long bones of male and female individuals, the method applied is described in Suazo et al. (2010). In the non-treated exhumed pieces, the general accuracy of the method was 75 percent, while in the treated pieces the method was inapplicable due to the lack of cells in the tissue. Our results suggest that it is possible to determine the sex of aged human bones buried under different conditions through a fast and simple histological method, but the treatment with physical and chemical means eliminates the remaining cells in the bone tissue.

La observación de la cromatina sexual ha demostrado ser útil en el diagnóstico forense del sexo. En este estudio analizamos el rendimiento diagnóstico del método en piezas óseas exhumadas no tratadas y tratadas mediante osteotécnica convencional. Utilizamos muestras de huesos largos de individuos de sexo masculino y femenino, el método se aplicó de acuerdo a lo descrito por Suazo et al., (2010). En las piezas exhumadas no tratadas la exactitud general del método fue del 75 por ciento, mientras que en las piezas tratadas el método resultó inaplicable, debido a la ausencia de células en el tejido. Nuestros resultados sugieren que es posible determinar el sexo en osamentas humanas exhumadas de larga data y en diferentes condiciones de enterramiento, mediante un método histológico rápido y sencillo, pero que el tratamiento por medios físicos y químicos elimina las células remanentes en el tejido óseo.

Female , Sex Determination Analysis , Forensic Anthropology/methods , Bone and Bones , Sex Chromatin/ultrastructure , Exhumation