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1.
J. appl. oral sci ; 32: e20230337, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528888

ABSTRACT

Abstract During oral surgery and temporomandibular joint repositioning, pain hypersensitivity often occurs due to irritation or inflammation of the nerve endings in the orofacial region. Objective: This study aimed to investigate the effects of ECa 233, a Centella asiatica-standardized extract, on the development of mechanical hyperalgesia and allodynia induced by chronic constriction injury of the infraorbital nerve in mice. Methodology: The right infraorbital nerves of the mice were ligated. Oral carbamazepine (20 mg/kg) or ECa 233 (30, 100, or 300 mg/kg) was administered daily for 21 days. Von Frey and air-puff tests were performed on both sides of the whisker pad on days 0, 7, 14, and 21. Thereafter, the expression of purinergic receptor subtype 3 (P2X3) and voltage-gated sodium channel 1.7 (NaV1.7), a transmembrane protein, in the trigeminal ganglion and c-fos immunoreactivity-positive neurons in the trigeminal nucleus caudalis was assessed. Results: After 21 days of infraorbital nerve ligation, the mice showed allodynia- and hyperalgesia-like behavior, P2X3 and NaV1.7 were upregulated in the trigeminal ganglion, and nociceptive activity increased in the trigeminal nucleus caudalis. However, the oral administration of carbamazepine (20 mg/kg), ECa 233 (100 mg/kg), or ECa 233 (300 mg/kg) mitigated these effects. Nevertheless, ECa 233 failed to affect NaV1.7 protein expression. Conclusion: Carbamazepine and ECa 233 can prevent pain hypersensitivity in mice. Considering the side effects of the long-term use of carbamazepine, ECa 233 monotherapy or combined ECa 233 and carbamazepine therapy can be used as an alternative for regulating the development of hypersensitivity in trigeminal pain. However, further detailed clinical studies should be conducted to provide comprehensive information on the use of ECa 233.

2.
Dement. neuropsychol ; 18: e20230015, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1557680

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT. The immediate early gene exhibits activation markers in the nervous system consisting of ARC, EGR-1, and c-Fos and is related to synaptic plasticity, especially in the hippocampus. Immediate early gene expression is affected by physical exercise, which induces direct ARC, EGR-1, and c-Fos expression. Objective: To assess the impact of exercise, we conducted a literature study to determine the expression levels of immediate early genes (ARC, c-Fos, and EGR-1). Methods: The databases accessed for online literature included PubMed-Medline, Scopus, and ScienceDirect. The original English articles were selected using the following keywords in the title: (Exercise OR physical activity) AND (c-Fos) AND (Hippocampus), (Exercise OR physical activity) AND (ARC) AND (Hippocampus), (Exercise OR physical activity) AND (EGR-1 OR zif268) AND (Hippocampus). Results: Physical exercise can affect the expression of EGR-1, c-Fos, and ARC in the hippocampus, an important part of the brain involved in learning and memory. High-intensity physical exercise can increase c-Fos expression, indicating neural activation. Furthermore, the expression of the ARC gene also increases due to physical exercise. ARC is a gene that plays a role in synaptic plasticity and regulation of learning and memory, changes in synaptic structure and increased synaptic connections, while EGR-1 also plays a role in synaptic plasticity, a genetic change that affects learning and memory. Overall, exercise or regular physical exercise can increase the expression of ARC, c-Fos, and EGR-1 in the hippocampus. This reflects the changes in neuroplasticity and synaptic plasticity that occur in response to physical activity. These changes can improve cognitive function, learning, and memory. Conclusion: c-Fos, EGR-1, and ARC expression increases in hippocampal neurons after exercise, enhancing synaptic plasticity and neurogenesis associated with learning and memory.


RESUMO. O gene precoce imediato (GPI) exibe marcadores de ativação no sistema nervoso constituídos por ARC, EGR-1 e c-Fos e está relacionado à plasticidade sináptica, especialmente no hipocampo. A expressão do GPI é afetada pelo exercício físico, que induz a expressão direta de ARC, EGR-1 e c-Fos. Objetivo: Para avaliar o impacto do exercício físico, realizamos um estudo de literatura para determinar os níveis de expressão dos GPIs (ARC, c-Fos e EGR-1). Métodos: A base de dados utiliza literatura on-line, PubMed-Medline, Scopus e ScienceDirect. O artigo original em inglês usa as seguintes palavras-chave em seu título: (Exercise) AND (c-Fos) AND (Hippocampus), (Exercise) AND (ARC) AND (Hippocampus), (Exercise) AND (EGR-1) AND (Hippocampus). Resultados: O exercício físico pode afetar a expressão de EGR-1, c-fos e ARC no hipocampo, uma parte importante do cérebro envolvida na aprendizagem e na memória. O exercício físico aumenta a expressão do gene c-Fos; sua alta intensidade pode aumentar a expressão de c-Fos, indicando ativação neural. Além disso, a expressão do gene ARC aumentou devido ao exercício físico, onde ARC é um gene que desempenha um papel na plasticidade sináptica e na regulação da aprendizagem e da memória, nas mudanças na estrutura sináptica e no aumento das conexões sinápticas, enquanto o EGR-1 também desempenha um papel na plasticidade sináptica, uma mudança genética que afeta o aprendizado e a memória. De maneira geral, o exercício físico regular pode aumentar a expressão de ARC, c-fos e EGR-1 no hipocampo. Isso reflete as mudanças na neuroplasticidade e na plasticidade sináptica que ocorrem em resposta à atividade física. Essas mudanças podem melhorar a função cognitiva, o aprendizado e a memória. Conclusão: A expressão de c-Fos, EGR-1 e ARC aumenta após o exercício físico nos neurônios do hipocampo, para aumentar a plasticidade sináptica, a neurogênese associada ao aprendizado e à memória.

3.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1684-1695, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981163

ABSTRACT

C-fos is a transcription factor that plays an important role in cell proliferation, differentiation and tumor formation. The aim of this study was to clone the goat c-fos gene, clarify its biological characteristics, and further reveal its regulatory role in the differentiation of goat subcutaneous adipocytes. We cloned the c-fos gene from subcutaneous adipose tissue of Jianzhou big-eared goats by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and analyzed its biological characteristics. Using real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR), we detected the expression of c-fos gene in the heart, liver, spleen, lung, kidney, subcutaneous fat, longissimus dorsi and subcutaneous adipocytes of goat upon induced differentiation for 0 h to 120 h. The goat overexpression vector pEGFP-c-fos was constructed and transfected into the subcutaneous preadipocytes for induced differentiation. The morphological changes of lipid droplet accumulation were observed by oil red O staining and bodipy staining. Furthermore, qPCR was used to test the relative mRNA level of the c-fos overexpression on adipogenic differentiation marker genes. The results showed that the cloned goat c-fos gene was 1 477 bp in length, in which the coding sequence was 1 143 bp, encoding a protein of 380 amino acids. Protein structure analysis showed that goat FOS protein has a basic leucine zipper structure, and subcellular localization prediction suggested that it was mainly distributed in the nucleus. The relative expression level of c-fos was higher in the subcutaneous adipose tissue of goats (P < 0.05), and the expression level of c-fos was significantly increased upon induced differentiation of subcutaneous preadipocyte for 48 h (P < 0.01). Overexpression of c-fos significantly inhibited the lipid droplets formation in goat subcutaneous adipocytes, significantly decreased the relative expression levels of the AP2 and C/EBPβ lipogenic marker genes (P < 0.01). Moreover, AP2 and C/EBPβ promoter are predicted to have multiple binding sites. In conclusion, the results indicated that c-fos gene was a negative regulatory factor of subcutaneous adipocyte differentiation in goats, and it might regulate the expression of AP2 and C/EBPβ gene expression.


Subject(s)
Animals , Goats/genetics , Cell Differentiation/genetics , Adipogenesis/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation , Proteins/genetics , Cloning, Molecular
4.
Chinese Journal of Pharmacology and Toxicology ; (6): 482-483, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992168

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE Cognitive deficit is a com-mon comorbidity in temporal lobe epilepsy(TLE)and that is not well controlled by current therapeutics.Currently,how epileptic seizure affects cognitive performance remains largely unclear.The subiculum is the major out-put of the hippocampus,which projects to entorhinal cor-tex and other more distinct brain regions.Physiologically,the subiculum codes spatial working memory and naviga-tion information including place,speed,and trajectory.Importantly,prior studies have noted the importance of the subiculum in the beginning,spreading,and generaliz-ing process of hippocampal seizure.How seizure-activated neurons in subiculum participate in cognitive impairment remains largely elusive.METHODS In this study,we sought to label the subicular seizure-activated c-fos+ neu-rons with a special promoter with enhanced synaptic activity-responsive element E-SARE in the subiculum,combined with chemogenetics and designer receptors exclusively activated by designer drugs(DREADDs),Ca2+ fiber photometry approaches,and behavioral tasks,to reveal the role of these neurons in cognitive impairment in epilepsy.RESULTS We found that chemogenetic inhibi-tion of subicular seizure-tagged c-fos+ neurons(mainly CaMK Ⅱ α+ glutamatergic neurons)alleviates seizure generalization and improves cognitive performance in the hippocampal CA3 kindling TLE model.While inhibition of seizure-labeled c-fos+ GABAergic interneuron shows no effect on seizure and cognition.As a comparison,che-mogenetic inhibition of the whole subicular CaMK Ⅱ α+ neuron impairs cognitive function in na?ve mice in basal condition.Notably,inhibition of subicular seizure-tagged c-fos+ neurons enhances the recruitment of cognition-responsive c-fos+ neurons via increasing neural excitability during cognition tasks.CONCLUSION Our results dem-onstrate that subicular seizure-activated c-fos+ neurons contribute to cognitive impairment in TLE,suggesting sei-zure-tagged c-fos+ neurons as the potential therapeutic target to alleviate cognitive impairment in TLE.

5.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e18807, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364413

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study aimed to investigate possible changes in the spatial memory of rats and the expression or activity of EGR-1, c-Fos, PKA, and PKC after propofol anesthesia. Thirty-six Sprague-Dawley rats aged 20 months and 36 Sprague-Dawley rats aged three months were each randomly divided into three groups: the control group, the Morris Water Maze (MWM) group, and the propofol group. In the propofol groups of both young and aged rats, the rats were anesthetized by propofol for two or four hours and then performed the MWM test two days or two weeks after anesthesia to assess cognitive function. EGR-1, c-Fos, PKA, and PKC expressions in the rat hippocampus were determined via immunohistochemistry. For the older rats, the escape latency in the P4h/2d group was significantly prolonged (P < 0.05), and the learning curve was right-shifted in the P4h/2w group (P < 0.05). The expression levels of EGR-1, c-Fos, PKA, and PKC in the MWM groups were significantly higher than those in the control groups (P < 0.05). In the P4h/2d group of aged rats, the expression levels of both PKA and PKC were decreased compared with those of the MWM groups. The decreased expression of both protein kinases may be responsible for the observed impairment after propofol anesthesia


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Rats , Propofol/pharmacology , Rats, Sprague-Dawley/classification , Morris Water Maze Test , Anesthesia/adverse effects , Cognition/classification , Cognitive Dysfunction/pathology , Spatial Memory , Hippocampus
6.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 536-541,C8-2, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956722

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the interaction between C-Fos and mitogen activated protein kinase 14 (MAPK14) in rheumatoid arthritis fibroblast-like synoviocytes (RA-FLS), and its effect on the proliferation and apoptosis of RA-FLSs.Methods:RA-FLS and normal fibroblast-like synovial cells (FLS) were cultured. Real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and Western blotting were used to detect the expression levels of C-Fos mRNA and protein in the two groups. RA-FLS cells were divided into C-Fos overexpression group (transfected with pcDNA3.1-Myc-C-Fos plasmid), overexpression control group (transfected with pcDNA3.1-Myc empty plasmid), and C-Fos silent group (transfection siRNA-C-Fos), silence control group (transfection siRNA-NC) and blank control group (without any treatment). CCK-8 method was used to detect cell proliferation in each group, and flow cytometry was used to detect cell apoptosis in each group. Western blotting was used to detect the expression levels of C-Fos, MAPK14, p-MAPK14, ki-67 and Bax protein in each group. The indirect immunofluorescence experiment analyzed the spatial co-localization of C-Fos and MAPK14, and the co-immunoprecipitation experiment analyzed whether there was interactions between C-Fos and MAPK14 protein. The results of the experimental data were analyzed by Graph Pad Prism 5.0 software. The data of normal distribution was shown as Mean ± standard deviation, and the comparison between the two independent samples using the t test. One-way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) was used for overall comparison among the multiple groups in the experimental group, and LSD- t test was used for pair comparison within the group. P<0.05 indicated that the difference was statistically significant. Results:The mRNA levels of C-Fos (5.37±0.91) in RA-FLS were significantly higher than FLS (1.46±0.32) ( t=9.94, P<0.001). The protein levels of C-Fos (1.12±0.15) were significantly higher than FLS (0.81±0.07) ( t=3.18, P=0.017). Compared with the blank control group and the overexpression control group, RA-FLS cells transfected with pcDNA3.1-Myc-C-Fos could promote the proliferation of RA-FLS cells, inhibit apoptosis, significantly up-regulate the expression levels of C-Fos, p-MAPK14, ki-67, and significantly down-regulate cellular Bax protein levels (all P<0.05). Compared with the blank control group and the silent control group, RA-FLS cells transfected with siRNA-C-Fos could inhibit the proliferation of RA-FLS cells, promote apoptosis, down-regulate the expression levels of C-Fos, p-MAPK1, ki-67, and up-regulate the cellular Bax protein expression level (all P<0.05). The results of indirect immunofluorescence experiments showed that both C-Fos and MAPK14 could be expressed in the nucleus of RA-FLS. The co-immunoprecipitation experiment verified that C-Fos and MAPK14 protein interact with each other. Conclusion:The interaction of C-Fos-MAPK14 promotes the autophosphorylation of MAPK14, thereby promoting the proliferation of rheumatoid arthritis fibroblast-like synovial cells and inhibiting apoptosis.

7.
Chinese Herbal Medicines ; (4): 111-116, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953612

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the potential effect of Lysimachia capillipes capilliposide (LCC) on the chemo sensitivity and the stemness of human ovarian cancer cells. Methods: Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK8) was used to measure the IC

8.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 641-656, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-951991

ABSTRACT

The present study was designed to investigate the mechanisms by which P2X7 receptors (P2X7Rs) mediate the activation of vasopressinergic neurons thereby increasing sympathetic hyperactivity in the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) of the hypothalamus of rats with acute myocardial ischemia (AMI). The left anterior descending branch of the coronary artery was ligated to induce AMI in rats. The rats were pretreated with BBG (brilliant blue G, a P2X7R antagonist), nelivaptan (a vasopressin V1b receptor antagonist), or diphenyleneiodonium (DPI) [an nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase inhibitor]. Hemodynamic parameters of the heart were monitored. Myocardial injury and cardiomyocyte apoptosis were assessed. In the PVN of AMI rats, P2X7R mediated microglial activation, while reactive oxygen species (ROS) and NADPH oxidase 2 (NOX2) were higher than in the sham group. Intraperitoneal injection of BBG effectively reduced ROS production and vasopressin expression in the PVN of AMI rats. Moreover, both BBG and DPI pretreatment effectively reduced sympathetic hyperactivity and ameliorated AMI injury, as represented by reduced inflammation and apoptosis of cardiomyocytes. Furthermore, microinjection of nelivaptan into the PVN improved cardiac function and reduced the norepinephrine (AE) levels in AMI rats. Collectively, the results suggest that, within the PVN of AMI rats, P2X7R upregulation mediates microglial activation and the overproduction of ROS, which in turn activates vasopressinergic neuron-V1b receptors and sympathetic hyperactivity, hence aggravating myocardial injury in the AMI setting.

9.
Journal of International Pharmaceutical Research ; (6): 27-32, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-845213

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate analgesic effect of gabapentin(GBP)combined with agmatine(AGM)on diabetic neuropathic pain(DNP)model rats and explore possible mechanism. Methods: SPF SD male rats were injected intraperitoneally with STZ 65 mg/kg to create a neuropathic pain model of diabetic rats. The model rats were randomly divided into 5 groups(n=8): the model group, low-dose GBP group(30 mg/kg, ip), high-dose GBP group(100 mg/kg, ip), AGM group(80 mg/kg, ig)and the GBP-AGM combined group(GBP 30 mg/kg, ip+AGM 80 mg/kg, ig). In addition, a control group was set with 8 randomly selected normal rats. The control group and the model group were intragastrically and intraperitoneally administered an equal volume of physiological saline, respectively, while the test groups were administered drugs with the given dose in the indicated manner, all for continuous 14 days. The rat body mass, tail vein blood glucose, mechanical withdrawal threshold(MWT)and thermal withdrawal latency(TWL) were measured on day 1 before STZ injection and every 7th day after STZ injection, and the plantar tenderness meter was used for the MWT and TWL measurement. The rats were sacrificed 24 h after the last administration, and the spinal cord tissues were harvested. Western blotting was used to detect the expression of p-ERK and c-Fos protein in spinal cord tissues. Results: Compared with the normal control group, the body mass was reduced, blood glucose increased, MWT decreased, and TWL shortened in the model group, all significantly(P0.05)in all of the drug-test groups, while the MWT was increased and the TWL was prolonged in the GBP 100 mg/kg group and the GBP-AGM combined group(both P<0.01). Western blotting results showed that the level of p-ERK and c-Fos protein in the spindal cord was significantly higher in the model group than in the control group(P<0.05). Further, the p-ERK and c-Fos protein level was significantly lower in the GBP+AGM combined group than in the model group(P<0.05)and there was no statistical difference between the GBP 100 mg/kg group and the GBP-AGM combination group. Conclusion: The combination of GBP 30 mg/kg with AGM 80 mg/kg could alleviate neuropathic pain in diabetic rats, which is similar to GBP 100mg/kg and the analgesic effect is likely related to the inhibition of ERK/c-Fos signaling pathway in the spina cord.

10.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 146-152, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872869

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of anemarrhena asphodeloside BⅡ (TBⅡ) on the expressions of nuclear transcription factor-κB receptor activator factor ligand (RANKL), RANK and C-FOS genes during osteoclast differentiation. Method:Molecular docking software LeDock was used to score the docking of TBⅡ with RANKL, RANK and C-FOS. RAW264.7 was treated with soluble RANKL(sRANKL) and divided into control group, sRANKL group (model group), Icariin (Ica) group, low-dose TBIⅡ group (2 μmol·L-1), medium-dose TBⅡ group (4 μmol·L-1), and high-dose TBⅡ group (8 μmol·L-1). The corresponding kit was used to detect iconic enzyme (TRAP) of osteoclast differentiation. Total RNA was extracted by trizol method, Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) was used to detect the expressions of C-FOS, upstream RANKL/RANK and downstream nuclear factor of activated T-cells cytoplasmic 1 (NFATC1), and osteoprotegerin OPG. Result:The molecular docking score were -11.86, -11.38, -12.34 kcal·mol-1, and there might be multiple binding sites between TBII as well as RANKL, RANK and C-FOS. Compared with the control group, the content of TRAP in model group increased significantly (P<0.01), and compared with model group, the content of TRAP in each administration group decreased significantly (P<0.01), and TBⅡ decreased the content of TRAP in a dose-dependent manner. Compared with the control group, the expressions of RANKL, RANK, C-FOS and NFATC1 increased (P<0.01), whereas the expression of OPG decreased (P<0.01) in model group. Compared with model group, the expressions of RANKL, RANK, C-FOS and NFATC1 decreased (P<0.01), while the expression of OPG increased (P<0.01) in each administration group. Conclusion:TBⅡ may inhibit the differentiation of osteoclast precursors into osteoclasts, inhibit osteoclast activity, reduce bone resorption and improve osteoporosis by regulating RANKL/RANK/C-FOS signal pathway.

11.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1571-1578, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880793

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of miR-324-5p on the proliferation of rat glomerular mesangial (HBZY-1) cells and the role of Syk/Ras/c-fos signaling pathway in mediating this effect.@*METHODS@#HBZY-1 cells cultured in vitro were transiently transfected with miR-324-5p mimics or miR-324-5p-mimics-NC followed by treatment with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). MTT assay was used to detect the proliferation activity of HBZY-1 cells, and RT-qPCR was used to detect the expressions of miR-324-5p and the mRNA expressions of Syk, Ras, MEK1/2, ERK1/2 and c-fos mRNA. The protein expressions of p-Syk, Ras, p-MEK1/2, p-ERK1/2 and c-Fos were detected by Western blotting and immunofluorescence assay.@*RESULTS@#MTT assay showed that exposure to LPS significantly enhanced the proliferative activity of HBZY-1 cells. Compared with the cells treated with LPS and LPS + mimics NC, the cells transfected with miR-324-5p mimics prior to LPS exposure exhibited significantly lowered proliferative activity. Transfection with miR-324-5p mimics significantly lowered the mRNA expressions of Syk, Ras, MEK1/2, ERK1/2 and c-fos and the protein expressions of p-Syk, Ras, MEK1/2, ERK1/2 and c-Fos (@*CONCLUSIONS@#miR-324-5p can inhibit the proliferation of rat chronic glomerulonephritis cells induced by LPS by inhibiting Syk/Ras/c-fos signaling pathway and may potentially serve as a diagnostic indicator and a therapeutic target for chronic glomerulonephritis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Cell Proliferation , Lipopolysaccharides , Mesangial Cells , MicroRNAs/genetics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fos , Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases , Signal Transduction , ras Proteins
12.
J Biosci ; 2019 Dec; 44(6): 1-8
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-214216

ABSTRACT

Limitation in the number of insulin-producing pancreatic b-cells is a typical feature of diabetes. It has been indicated thatactivating pancreatic transcription factors can promote the transformation of hepatocytes into insulin-secreting b-like cells,indicating that direct hepatocyte differentiation seems promising as a treatment for diabetes. Nevertheless, the reprogramming efficiency still remains low. Our previous study found that the expression of c-fos-induced growth factor (FIGF)was increased in the pancreatic tissues in partial pancreatectomy mice compared to that in normal mice. Here, we observedthat treatment with Ad-FIGF was found to enhance MafA and Ngn3-induced reprogramming of BNL CL.2 cells to b-likecells with the ability of secreting insulin. And FIGF overexpression increased the levels of histone H3/H4 acetylation atMafA and Ngn3 promoter regions in BNL CL.2 cells. Importantly, in vivo study further confirmed that forced expression ofFIGF facilitated the insulin expression and decreased the blood glucose levels in STZ mice. These results strengthen thepossibility of developing cell-based therapies for diabetes through utilizing b-like cells derived from non-insulin-secretingcells.

13.
Journal of Shanghai Jiaotong University(Medical Science) ; (12): 47-51, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-843523

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the relation between FOS gene and Alzheimer's disease (AD), and the relation between tag single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in rs1063169 and AD in Han Chinese people. Methods: The difference in FOS gene expression in various brain regions between AD patients and healthy people was studied using Alzdata website, and protein-protein interaction (PPI) network among FOS protein and 28 proteins encoded by AD-related susceptibility genes was constructed through String database in order to explore whether FOS gene was associated with AD in these known database. Then, 715 AD patients and 760 healthy controls from Southwest and East China were collected to analyze tag SNP rs1063169 by SNaPshot assay. Results: The cross-platform normalized expression data on Alzdata showed that FOS gene in AD patients expressed differently in entorhinal cortex (P=0.003) and hippocampus (P=0.001) compared with healthy people. PPI network found out that FOS protein had interactions with 4 proteins encoded by AD-related susceptibility genes, which were apolipoprotein E (APOE), clusterin (CLU), β-amyloid precursor protein (APP), and protein-tyrosine kinase 2β (PTK2B). However, there was no significant difference in the frequencies of genotypes and alleles in rs1063169 between the AD cases and the healthy controls (P>0.05). Conclusion: There is differential expression of FOS in the entorhinal cortex and hippocampus of AD patients and healthy people, and FOS protein may have effects on the development of AD through the interaction with proteins encoded by AD-related susceptibility genes, but no relation was found between rs1063169 polymorphism and AD in the collected Han Chinese people.

14.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1357-1363, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-857119

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the anti-neuropathic pain effect of DXL-A-22 and further to explore the potential mechanisms. Methods The anti-neuropathic pain effect was evaluated by chronic constriction injury (CCI) model. The potential anti-neuropathic pain mechanisms of DXL-A-22 was studied by Western blot and qPCR. The acute toxicity was evaluated by ultimate test. Results DXL-A-22 (2,1,0. 5 mg . kg-1 ,i. g.) dose-dependently elevated the mechanical withdrawal threshold (MWT) and the paw withdrawal latency (PWL) in CCI rats (P < 0. 05, P < 0. 01), the percentage of pain threshold elevation (PTE%) and the percentage of Maximal Possible Effect (MPE%) was 108%,86%,71% and 77%,56%,43% respectively on day 7 post-operation. DXL-A-22 (2 mg . kg-1 ,i. g.) significantly reduced the expression of p-CaMK II α, p-CREB, p-JAK2, p-STAT3 proteins and TNF-α mRNA, c-Fos mRNA in DRG (P < 0. 05, P < 0.01), and the percent inhibition was 37%, 48%, 35%,58%, 39% and 32% respectively. The expression of TNF-α mRNA and c-Fos mRNA in spinal pord was reduced by 47% and 72% respectively in CCI rats (P <0. 01). Acute toxicity test showed that DXL-A-22 had no obvious toxicity reaction. Conclusions Spirocyclopiperazinium salt compound DXL-A-22 exerts significant antinociceptive effect on CCI model. The anti-neuropathic pain effect of DXL-A-22 may be related to the inhibition of CaMK II α/CREB and JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathways, and the inhibition of the mRNA expression of TNF-α and c-Fos.

15.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 920-925, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818348

ABSTRACT

Objective The locus coeruleus noradrenergic system regulates the recovery process of general anesthesia, but its mechanism remains unclear. The locus coeruleus has a large amount of projection to the paraventricular nucleus of the thalamus (PVT). This study was to investigate the effect of the α-noradrenergic receptor in PVT neurons in propofol anesthesia. Methods The immunofluorescence technique was used for comparison of the c-fos expression in the PVT neurons collected from male SD rats under propofol anesthesia (the PA group, n = 4) or no anesthesia (the non-PA group, n = 4) and observation of the activity of PVT neurons. PVT microinjection models were established in 40 rats and randomized into four groups of equal number: noradrenaline, phentolamine, propranolol, and isotonic saline. Under propofol anesthesia, the animals received microinjection of noradrenaline, phentolamine, propranolol, and isotonic saline at 1 μL into the PVT, respectively, and were observed for the time of recovery of righting reflex (RORR) and the δ (1-4 Hz), θ (4-8 Hz), α (8-12 Hz), β (12-25 Hz) and γ waves (25-60 Hz) on EEG before and after microinjection. Results The expression of c-fos was significantly reduced in the PA group compared with that in the non-PA control. The Ca2+ signals in the PVT were significantly increased during the propofol induction of the loss of righting reflex (LORR), but decreased in the early stage of and during propofol anesthesia (P < 0.05), and remarkably increased at the emergence of and during RORR (P < 0.05). In comparison with the isotonic saline control, the noradrenaline group showed markedly shortened time of RORR (837.8 s vs 647.7 s, P < 0.05), reduced rate of δ waves (P < 0.05) and elevated rate of β waves (P < 0.05), while the phentolamine group exhibited prolonged time of RORR (837.8 s vs 1045.1 s, P < 0.05) and increased rate of δ waves after microinjection (P < 0.05). Conclusion The α-noradrenergic receptors in PVT neurons play a critical role in promoting recovery from propofol anesthesia.

16.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2206-2209, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817159

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of different doses of total alkaloids from Aconitum racemulosum (ARTA) on serum inflammation factors and FOS protein expression in synovial tissue of joint in collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) model rats, and to investigate its potential mechanism of anti-rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Male SD rats were randomly divided into blank group, model group, positive group (Compound dexamethasone acetate ointment, 0.2 g/kg), ARTA low-dose, medium-dose and high-dose groups (56.26, 112.50, 225.00 mg/kg, by the weight of ARTA in the extract), with 10 rats in each group. Except for blank group, other groups were given subcutaneous injection of Bovine collagen Ⅱ emulsified with incomplete Freund’s adjuvant into the left foot to establish CIA model; the left foot were smeared with relevant medicine from the day of modeling. Blank group and model group were smeared with constant volume of 65% ethanol, 3 times a day, for consecutive 28 days. On the 7th, 14th, 21st and 28th day of administration, the thickness of left hind toe was measured with vernier caliper, and the degree of foot swelling was calculated. The serum contents of IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α in rats were measured by ELISA after last administration. The expression of FOS protein in synovial tissue was determined by immunohistochemical method [expressed by HIS]. The comprehensive score was conculated by entropy weight method. Effects of each dosage on above indexes of CIA model rats were evaluated with the comprehensive score. RESULTS: Compared with blank group, the degree of foot swelling, serum content of inflammatory factors and HIS value were increased significantly in model group (P<0.05). Compared with model group, the degree of foot swelling in each administration group, serum contents of IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α, HIS in positive group and ARTA high-dose group, serum contents of IL-6 and TNF-α in ARTA medium-dose group as well as serum content of TNF-α in ARTA low-dose group were decreased significantly(P<0.05). Comprehensive score of above indicators were 0.37(positive group), 0.31(ARTA high-dose group), 0.23(ARTA medium-dose group) and 0.09(ARTA low-dose group). CONCLUSIONS: ARTA can improve CIA model rats, and the effect tends to increase with the increase of dose. Above effect may be associated with reducing serum content of inflammatory factors and inhibiting the expression of FOS protein in synovial tissue.

17.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 369-377, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775470

ABSTRACT

Immediate-early genes (IEGs) have long been used to visualize neural activations induced by sensory and behavioral stimuli. Recent advances in imaging techniques have made it possible to use endogenous IEG signals to visualize and discriminate neural ensembles activated by multiple stimuli, and to map whole-brain-scale neural activation at single-neuron resolution. In addition, a collection of IEG-dependent molecular tools has been developed that can be used to complement the labeling of endogenous IEG genes and, especially, to manipulate activated neural ensembles in order to reveal the circuits and mechanisms underlying different behaviors. Here, we review these techniques and tools in terms of their utility in studying functional neural circuits. In addition, we provide an experimental strategy to measure the signal-to-noise ratio of IEG-dependent molecular tools, for evaluating their suitability for investigating relevant circuits and behaviors.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Brain , Metabolism , Gene Expression Profiling , Methods , Genes, Immediate-Early , Molecular Imaging , Methods , Neural Pathways , Metabolism , Neurons , Metabolism , Signal-To-Noise Ratio
18.
Chinese Herbal Medicines ; (4): 424-430, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-842113

ABSTRACT

Objective: To research the protective effects of different extracts from Compound Houttuyniae Herba (CHH) and its mechanism through JAK/STAT-SOCS-1 signaling pathway. Methods: The normal group comprised db/m mice (n = 8). db/db mice were randomly divided into seven groups with eight mice in each group according to the applied treatment method: model group, metformin hydrochloride (MH) group, AG490 group, water extract (WE) group, ethanol extract (EE) group, volatile oil (VO) group, and mixture (MG) group (mixture of above three extract) of CHH. After 8 weeks, the general status, biochemical indicators, and renal histological changes in the mice were evaluated, the total RNA and protein were collected and RT-PCR method was used to examine the effect on mRNA expression of JAK2, STAT3, SOCS1, and Western blot method was used to detect the protein expression of JAK2, P-JAK2, STAT3, P-STAT3, SOCS1, c-fos, and c-jun. Immunofluorescence was used to observe the protein expression of c-fos and c-jun in kidney tissue. Results: Compared with normal group, the serum level of TGF-β1, FN of EE, VO, and MG groups were decreased (P < 0.05). Renal function was also improved but not significantly. Also, the renal histology was improved especially in the mixture group. The protein expression of JAK2, STAT3, P-JAK2, P-STAT3, and the genetic expression of JAK2 and STAT3 in kidney tissue were significantly increased in the model group (P < 0.05). Compared with the model group, the expression of P-JAK2 and P-STAT3 was down-regulated in treatment groups; The expression of SOCS-1 of VO and mixture groups were elevated (P < 0.05). Conclusion: CHH has beneficial effects on diabetic renal injury, which may protect and improve the kidney function and reduce urinary protein, maintain the integrity of the kidney structure and function.

19.
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine ; (12): 173-178, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-950451

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore cytotoxicity of Synsepalum dulcificum (S. dulcificum) Daniell (Sapotaceae) on human colon cancer (HCT-116 and HT-29), human monocytic leukemia (THP-1) and normal (HDFn) cell lines, and its effect on the expression of early apoptotic genes, c-fos and c-jun. Methods: Leaf, stem and berry of S. dulcificum were separately extracted by using 2 solvents, 10% ethanol (EtOH) and 80% methanol (MeOH). PrestoBlue® cell viability assay and qRT-PCR assay were conducted to examine the above objectives respectively. Results: Stem MeOH, stem EtOH, and berry EtOH extracts of S. dulcificum were cytotoxic to HCT-116 and HT-29 human colon cancer cells. For HCT-116, IC

20.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 281-285, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806380

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the effect of c-fos on multidrug resistance of laryngeal cancer TU177 cells.@*Method@#Increasing drug concentration gradient is adopted to establish the stability of the laryngeal cancer drug resistance in cell line; RT-PCR and Western blot were used to detect difference of the c-fos between TU177 and TU177/VCR cells; plasmids with human c-fos knockdown or over expression were transfected into TU177/VCR and TU177 cells respectively, and the effects of different treatment on cell proliferation were investigated with MTT.@*Results@#The drug resistance of TU177/VCR cells was 26.25-fold in vincristine (VCR), 7.33-fold in Paclitaxel (TAX), 2.41 in cisplatin (DDP), and 5.50 in 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), comparing with TU177( P<0.05). The TU177/VCR cells had significantly higher c-fos expression compared to TU177 cells( P<0.05). The results showed that the IC50 values of 5-FU for the NC group and c-fos shRNA group were (306.2±6.3)μmol/L and (81.3±3.9)μmol/L, respectively, which was decreased by 73% in the c-fos shRNA group compared to that in the NC group (P<0.05). Similarly, the results showed that the IC50 values for 5-FU were (55.3±9.4) μmol/L in NC group and (288.1±7.3)μmol/L in c-fos WT group, which was increased 5.21-fold in c-fos WT cells.@*Conclusion@#C-fos plays important role in multidrug resistance of larynx cancer cell TU177/VCR, and might become a new molecular target for laryngeal cancer treatment.

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