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2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936472

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo understand the influencing factors of women’s intention to utilize preconception health care services, so as to promote the utilization of preconception care among women with future pregnancy plan. MethodsThe study was conducted at 8 outpatient health clinics of medical institutions providing perinatal health care in Jiading District of Shanghai. Women who had fertility intention for another child were invited to complete an electronic questionnaire from November 2020 to February 2021. ResultsWomen with better pregnancy and birth care behaviors during the last periconception were more likely to utilize preconception care service before the next conception than those with previous poorer behaviors (OR=1.980, 95%CI= 1.061‒3.694, P=0.032). Women with higher preconception care knowledge scores had better pregnancy and birth care behaviors during the last periconception than those with lower knowledge scores (OR=1.362, 95%C1= 1.004‒1.846, P=0.047). ConclusionsIn order to improve the utilization of preconception care among the population with future pregnancy plan, it is necessary to further strengthen health education and social mobilization to promote the preconception eugenic knowledge, planned pregnancy and pregnancy and birth care behaviors.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932951

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the present situation and future development for undergraduate major construction of health service and management.Methods:One hundred and twenty-three domestic universities with undergraduate health service and management major were selected as the research subjects. This paper analyzed the present situation of major distribution and aim setting, faculty, curriculum system, construction of teaching material, enrollment number, graduate destination, among other areas, using network data collection, questionnaire survey, and descriptive analysis methods. It also analyzed the development trend of this major with regards to the national policy guidance and discipline development dynamics.Results:The results showed that the number of domestic universities with undergraduate major for health service and management had increased from 5 in 2016 to 123 at present, with an average annual growth rate of 472.0%. The curriculum system of various universities covered 13 core courses, such as management and introduction to basic medicine. The total credits required for graduation ranged from 149 to 224, and the proportion of practical teaching in the teaching plan ranged from 12.1% to 45.1%. The credit requirements varied greatly; moreover, the proportion of practical teaching in most universities was not high and the content was narrow. Among the 21 universities participating in the questionnaire survey, 47.6% of them focused their education on cultivating versatile talents, 52.4% had 4-6 full-time teachers, 47.2% of all full-time teachers were 31-40 years old, 42.9% universities had teachers with senior professional titles accounting for 30%-40% of the faculty, and 28.6% universities had teachers with doctoral degrees comprising ≥50% of the faculty. The aim setting of most universities was more or less vague, the number of full-time teachers couldn′t meet the needs of major development, and the connotation construction lagged relatively.Conclusions:The inconsistency of the rapid increasing number of universities with the connotation construction of major has become a key barrier to the connotative development of undergraduate major of health service and management. In the future, building the quality of teaching according to national standards; advancing the integration of government, industry, university, research, and implementation; improving faculty quality; and optimizing the curriculum system will be part of the development trend.

4.
Rev. cuba. reumatol ; 23(3)dic. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1409180

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La artritis reumatoide es una enfermedad autoinmune, sistémica, crónica, que afecta con más frecuencia a mujeres que a hombres, y se observa predominantemente en ancianos. El propósito de este trabajo es presentar el resultado de una revisión bibliográfica sobre aspectos generales relacionados con la patogenia de la artritis reumatoide y el manejo terapéutico actual, así como perspectivas futuras de nuevos enfoques terapéuticos. Existen dos subtipos principales de artritis reumatoide según la presencia o ausencia de anticuerpos antiproteína citrulinada. La citrulinación es catalizada por la enzima peptidilarginina-deiminasa dependiente de calcio, que cambia una arginina cargada positivamente a una citrulina polar, pero neutra como resultado de una modificación postraduccional. Este estudio se enfoca en el subconjunto de artritis reumatoide positivo para anticuerpos antiproteína citrulinada y se divide la progresión del proceso de artritis reumatoide en varias etapas. Cabe mencionar que estas etapas pueden ocurrir de forma secuencial o simultánea. Se requiere con urgencia una mejor comprensión de cómo los mecanismos patológicos impulsan el deterioro del progreso de la artritis reumatoide en los individuos con el fin de desarrollar terapias que tratarán eficazmente a los pacientes en cada etapa del progreso de la enfermedad.


ABSTRACT Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic systemic autoimmune disease that arises more frequently in women than in men, and is predominantly observed in the elderly. To present the result of a bibliographic review on general aspects related to the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis and current therapeutic management, as well as future perspectives of new therapeutic approaches. There are two main subtypes of rheumatoid arthritis according to the presence or absence of anti-citrullinated protein antibodies. Citrullination is catalyzed by the calcium-dependent enzyme peptidylarginine deiminase, which changes a positively charged arginine to a polar but neutral citrulline as a result of post-translational modification. This work focuses on the anti-citrullinated protein antibodies -positive rheumatoid arthritis subset and divides the progression of the rheumatoid arthritis process into several stages. It should be mentioned that these stages can occur sequentially or simultaneously. A better understanding of how pathological mechanisms drive the deterioration of rheumatoid arthritis progression in individuals is urgently required in order to develop therapies that will effectively treat patients at each stage of disease progression.

5.
Rev. latinoam. cienc. soc. niñez juv ; 19(1): 271-296, ene.-abr. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251886

ABSTRACT

Resumen (analítico) Este artículo pone de manifiesto la existencia de un elemento transversal en la relación de la juventud con la esfera pública, que contribuye a comprender mejor la naturaleza de sus expresiones políticas: la asimilación de una cierta posición periférica impuesta dentro del espacio social. La idea de espacio social, y en particular la de periferia, contribuyen a dar coherencia a determinados fenómenos y tendencias de la movilización sociopolítica de la juventud en su conjunto. Para ello, se analizan tres movimientos juveniles surgidos en Barcelona durante el año 2019, en los que la juventud tuvo especial protagonismo. Las diferencias y similitudes entre los tres movimientos muestran la versatilidad de la noción de periferia, que sirve para visualizar la precariedad vital que identifica a toda una generación, más allá de sus diferencias.


Abstract (analytical) This article highlights the existence of a transversal element in the relationship of youth with the public sphere, which contributes to a better understanding of the nature of their political expressions: the internalization of a certain imposed peripheral position within the social space. The idea of social space, and in particular the idea of periphery, contributes to give coherence to some phenomena and trends on the sociopolitical mobilization of youth as a whole. To do this, three youth movements emerged in Barcelona during 2019 are analyzed, in which the youth played a special role. The differences and similarities between the three movements show the versatility of the notion of periphery, which serves to visualize the vital precariousness that identifies an entire generation, beyond their internal differences.


Resumo (analítico) Este artigo tem como objetivo destacar a existência de um elemento transversal na relação dos jovens com a esfera pública, o que contribui para a melhor compreensão da natureza de suas expressões políticas: a assimilação de uma determinada posição periférica imposta dentro do espaço social. A ideia de espaço social e, em particular, de periferia, contribui para dar coerência a certos fenômenos e tendências na mobilização sócio-política da juventude como um todo. Para isso, são analisados três movimentos juvenis surgidos em Barcelona em 2019, nos quais os jovens tiveram protagonismo especial. As diferenças e semelhanças entre os três movimentos mostram a versatilidade da noção de periferia, que serve para visualizar a precariedade vital que identifica uma geração inteira, além de suas diferenças internas.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Policy , Movement
6.
Rev. CES psicol ; 14(1): 2-15, ene.-abr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360746

ABSTRACT

Resumen La perspectiva temporal es una variable psicológica que se ha asociado con múltiples comportamientos, entre ellos la conducta sustentable (CS). Son escasos los estudios sobre la relación entre la orientación temporal denominada futuro trascendental y la CS. Objetivo: estimar las relaciones entre dos perspectivas temporales (orientación al futuro y orientación al futuro trascendental) y la conducta sustentable; y su asociación, con el autocuidado y la felicidad. Metodología: estudio correlacional, con un diseño no experimental, transeccional. Participaron 209 personas de una ciudad al noroeste de México, con una edad promedio de 30.33 años, quienes respondieron a un instrumento que constó de ocho escalas Likert que evaluaron perspectiva de futuro, perspectiva temporal de futuro trascendental, conducta proecológica, altruismo, frugalidad, equidad, comportamientos de autocuidado y felicidad subjetiva. Las interrelaciones entre las variables se estimaron mediante un modelo de ecuaciones estructurales. Resultados: las orientaciones temporales al futuro y al futuro trascendental influyen en las conductas sustentables (conducta proecológica, altruismo, frugalidad, equidad), que, a su vez, impactan en la felicidad y el autocuidado de las personas. Conclusiones: Estos hallazgos aportan información valiosa que ayuda a elucidar las características que posee un individuo que orienta su conducta a los ideales de la sostenibilidad.


Abstract Time perspective is a psychological variable that has been associated it with multiple behaviors, including sustainable behaviors. Research on transcendental future perspective is scarce, among the studies on temporal perspective and sustainable behavior, none were found on the relationship between transcendental future and SC. Objective: this research was aimed at assessing the relationship between two-time perspectives (future orientation, transcendent future orientation) and sustainable behavior, and its association with self-care and happiness. Method: a correlational study was developed, with a non-experimental, transactional design. Two hundred nine people from a northwestern city in Mexico participated, with an average age of 30.33 years, who responded to an instrument that consisted of eight Likert scales that evaluated future perspective, transcendental future temporal perspective, pro-ecological behavior, altruism, frugality, equity, self-care behaviors, and subjective happiness. Results: the results were processed within a structural equation model, where it is emphasized that temporal orientations to the future and to the transcendental future influence sustainable behaviors (pro-ecological behavior, altruism, frugality, equity), which, in turn, impact on the happiness and self-care of people. Conclusion: these findings provide valuable information that helps elucidate the characteristics of an individual who guides his behavior to sustainability ideals.

7.
Rev. psicol. organ. trab ; 21(1): 1414-1419, jan.-mar. 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1252075

ABSTRACT

O envelhecimento primário é percebido de forma diferente por cada indivíduo, assim como a percepção de futuro de sua aposentadoria. Este estudo quantitativo investigou a existência de um padrão significativo de características individuais e traços de personalidade relacionados à percepção de futuro da aposentadoria, identificando-os como preditores de comportamento presente em potenciais consumidores de produtos de natureza previdenciária. Os instrumentos foram respondidos de forma eletrônica, sendo considerados para o estudo 11.725 indivíduos com idade entre 20 e 65 anos (M = 42,11; DP = 11,54). A Conscienciosidade apresentou, dentre os traços de personalidade, o maior nível de correlação com a variável que investiga a perspectiva de tempo futuro relativa à aposentadoria. As análises de regressão apresentaram resultados significativos para as variáveis Percepção de Futuro da Aposentadoria e para o traço de personalidade Conscienciosidade, como preditores do comportamento de consumidores de planos de aposentadoria complementar.


Primary aging is perceived differently by each individual, as is the perception of the future of their own retirement. This quantitative study investigated the existence of a significant pattern of individual characteristics and personality traits related to the future perception of retirement, identifying them as predictors of behavior in potential consumers of pension plans. The instruments were answered electronically. and 11,712 individuals aged between 20 and 65 years old were considered for the study (M = 42.11; SD = 11.54). Conscientiousness presented, among the personality traits, the highest level of correlation with the variable that investigates the future time perspective related to retirement. The regression analysis showed significant results for the variables retirement future perception and for the conscientious personality trait, as predictors of behavior for consumers of pension plans.


El envejecimiento primario es percibido de manera diferente por cada individuo, bien como la percepción futura de su jubilación. Este estudio cuantitativo investigó la existencia de un patrón significativo de características individuales y rasgos de personalidad relacionados con la percepción futura de la jubilación, identificándolos como predictores del comportamiento presente en consumidores potenciales de productos de pensiones. Los instrumentos fueron respondidos electrónicamente y se consideraron para el estudio 11,712 individuos entre 20 y 65 años (M = 42.11; SD = 11.54). La estabilidad emocional presentó, entre los rasgos de personalidad, el nivel más alto de correlación con la variable que investiga la perspectiva del tiempo futuro relacionada con la jubilación. Análisis de regresión mostraron resultados significativos para las variables percepción futura de jubilación y para el rasgo de personalidad estabilidad emocional, como predictores del comportamiento de los consumidores de planes de jubilación.

8.
Clinics ; 76: e1999, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153961

ABSTRACT

Preeclampsia is a multifactorial disease. Among these factors, untreated hypertension during pregnancy can result in high morbidity and mortality rates and may also be related to the future development of cardiovascular diseases.Therefore, this systematic review aimed to determine the association of previous preeclampsia with the future development of cardiovascular diseases. Studies on the association between preeclampsia and future cardiovascular diseases published in the last 10 years (2009-2019) were identified from the PubMed/Medline (207 articles), Embase (nine articles), and Cochrane (three articles) databases using the keywords "preeclampsia" and "future cardiovascular diseases", "preeclampsia" and "future heart attack", and "preeclampsia" and "future cardiac disease". After applying the inclusion and exclusion criteria, 15 articles were analyzed by systematic review and meta-analysis according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. The meta-analysis and the determination of the quality of the articles were conducted using RevMan software, version 5.3. Statistically significant differences were observed between the control and previous preeclampsia groups with respect to systolic blood pressure (mean difference [MD] 4.32; 95% confidence interval [95%CI] 3.65, 4.99; p<0.001), diastolic blood pressure (MD): 2.11; 95%CI: 1.68, 2.55; p<0.0001), and insulin level (MD: 2.80; 95% CI: 0.50, 5.11; p<0.001). Body mass index (MD: 2.57, 95%CI: 2.06, 3.07; p=0.0001), total cholesterol (MD: 10.39; 95%CI: 8.91, 11.87; p=0.0001), HDL (MD: 2.83; 95%CI: 2.20, 3.46; p=0.0001), and LDL (MD: 1.77; 95%CI: 0.42, 3.13; p=0.0001) also differed significantly between groups. Thus, the results of the present study showed that women with a history of preeclampsia were more likely to develop cardiovascular disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pre-Eclampsia , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Blood Pressure , Body Mass Index
9.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1183-1190, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921030

ABSTRACT

The exploration and representative achievements of Institute of Acupuncture and Moxibustion, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences are reviewed during the past 70 years since its foundation in the basic research field, e.g. theoretic innovation, literature research, cultural relic study and museum construction, as well as acupuncture-moxibustion standardization. Besides, the analysis is conducted on the relevant aspects that needs to be improved or enhanced. Facing the future and reviewing the original aspiration, the approaches to the new journey of inheritance and innovation in Institute of Acupuncture and Moxibustion have been explored, i.e. discovering rules, creating innovation methods, constructing platform and refining essence.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Therapy , China , Medicine, East Asian Traditional , Moxibustion
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888195

ABSTRACT

Brain-computer interface (BCI) can be summarized as a system that uses online brain information to realize communication between brain and computer. BCI has experienced nearly half a century of development, although it now has a high degree of awareness in the public, but the application of BCI in the actual scene is still very limited. This collection invited some BCI teams in China to report their efforts to promote BCI from laboratory to real scene. This paper summarizes the main contents of the invited papers, and looks forward to the future of BCI.


Subject(s)
Brain , Brain-Computer Interfaces , China , Electroencephalography , Laboratories , User-Computer Interface
11.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 41(spe3): e201165, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1340446

ABSTRACT

Este estudo tem o objetivo de compreender quais os sentimentos relatados por mulheres na espera pela adoção em dois diferentes momentos: na espera durante o processo de habilitação à adoção e na fila do Sistema Nacional de Adoção e Acolhimento (SNA). Esses anseios têm sido descritos na literatura de forma pouco específica no que diz respeito às etapas do processo de adoção, ainda que mulheres em espera pela adoção experimentem emoções singulares devido à indeterminação temporal em sua transição para a maternidade. Participaram deste estudo quatro mulheres, com idade entre 38 e 44 anos, ativas e em espera no SNA há menos de um ano. Por meio da análise qualitativa dos dados, identificou-se que as diferentes fases do processo de adoção mobilizavam diferentes sentimentos. Durante a habilitação à adoção, sentimentos como apreensão, frustração, dor e morosidade foram descritos. Já na espera no SNA, os sentimentos puderam ser alocados em duas categorias: esperança e desesperança. Os resultados desta pesquisa contribuem para a literatura sobre o processo de espera na adoção por meio da elucidação dos sentimentos envolvidos nas duas distintas etapas.(AU)


In their transition to motherhood, women waiting to adopt a child experience a series of emotions of temporal indetermination. However, the literature addressing the longings inherent to each step of the adoption process is still rather scarce. Thus, this study aimed to understand the feelings experienced by women waiting to adopt in two different moments: the adoption application process and the National Adoption Registry (NAR) queue. This study was conducted with four women, aged between 38 and 44 years, who were active and waiting for less than one year in the NAR. A qualitative analysis verified that different feelings were evoked in each phase of the process. Whereas the adoption application process evoked feelings of apprehension, frustration, pain, and slowness, the process referring to the NAR queue arouse feelings that could be allocated into two different categories: hope and hopelessness. These findings contribute to the existing literature on the adoption waiting process, especially by clarifying the feelings evoked in its different stages.(AU)


Este estudio tuvo como objetivo comprender los sentimientos relatados por las mujeres aspirantes a la adopción en dos diferentes momentos: en la espera para el proceso de habilitación a la adopción y en la espera en el Registro Nacional con fines de Adopción (SNA, por sus siglas en portugués). En la literatura se encuentran pocos estudios que abordan las etapas del proceso de adopción, frente a las emociones que las mujeres aspirantes a la adopción experimentan debido a la indeterminación temporal en su transición para la maternidad. En este estudio participaron cuatro mujeres, con edades entre 38 y 44 años, activas y en espera en el SNA hace menos de un año. El análisis cualitativo de los datos apuntó que las diferentes etapas del proceso de adopción movilizaban diferentes sentimientos. Durante la habilitación a la adopción, se relataban sentimientos como la aprehensión, la frustración, el dolor y la morosidad. Ya en espera en el SNA, los sentimientos pudieron ser asignados en dos categorías: esperanza y desesperanza. Los resultados de esta investigación contribuyen a la literatura sobre el proceso de espera por la adopción por medio de la elucidación de sentimientos involucrados en sus etapas.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Adoption , Parenting , Censuses , Women , Records , Registries , Emotions , User Embracement , Hope , Frustration , Respect
12.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 41: e223537, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1346794

ABSTRACT

A partir de uma concepção da adolescência construída por fatores intrapsíquicos e socioculturais, este estudo objetivou compreender as expectativas de futuro de adolescentes e familiares no contexto da medida socioeducativa de internação. Para isso, realizou-se uma pesquisa qualitativa, por meio do delineamento de Estudo de Casos Múltiplos, com dez participantes (cinco adolescentes e cinco respectivos familiares) vinculados a uma instituição de cumprimento da medida socioeducativa de internação. Os dados foram coletados em entrevistas semiestruturadas e nos prontuários dos adolescentes na instituição, que foram analisados por meio da síntese de casos cruzados. Os adolescentes mencionaram o desejo de não mais se envolverem com transgressões no futuro, a centralidade que pretendem que o trabalho assuma em suas trajetórias e o anseio por relações familiares mais próximas e afetivas. Já os familiares, que foram, em sua totalidade, as mães dos adolescentes, pretendiam ser mais participativos e ter mais diálogos com os filhos, bem como manifestaram o desejo de que eles se envolvam com o trabalho. Também enunciaram, em seus relatos, incertezas de que os filhos pudessem voltar a se envolver em transgressões. Além disso, os participantes mencionaram a necessidade de saída de seus territórios para não colocar em risco suas próprias vidas. Assim, denota-se a importância de possibilitar reflexões e ressignificações que acompanhem o fim do período da internação, além das iniciativas nas políticas públicas que contemplem o pertencimento e as questões territoriais referentes ao futuro de adolescentes egressos do contexto socioeducativo.(AU)


From a conception of adolescence based on intrapsychic and sociocultural factors, this study aimed to understand the future expectations of adolescents and their relatives in the context of a socio-educational measure of deprivation of liberty. It consists of a qualitative multiple case study conducted with ten participants (five adolescents and five relatives of these adolescents) related to an institution of deprivation of liberty. Data were collected from semi-structured interviews and patient records and analyzed in the light of the cross-case synthesis. The adolescents mentioned the desire of not getting into future transgressions, turning work into a core element of their trajectories, and tightening family bonds. In turn, the relatives (which were the mothers of the adolescents) intended to be more participative and engage in more dialogues with their children, besides hoping for them to get involved with their jobs. These mothers showed uncertainty towards the possibility of their children committing new transgressions. Moreover, participants mentioned the necessity of moving out to not put their lives at risk. The results highlight the value in enabling reflections and re-significations when adolescents are no longer deprived of liberty, recognizing the importance of public policies that address the feeling of belonging and territorial issues of adolescents egressed from the socio-educational context.(AU)


Desde una concepción de adolescencia basada en factores intrapsíquico y sociocultural, este estudio tuvo como objetivo comprender las expectativas hacia el futuro de adolescentes en contexto de medida socioeducativa de internación y sus familias. Se hizo una investigación cualitativa utilizando el método del estudio de caso múltiple, en la cual participaron diez personas (cinco adolescentes y cinco miembros de las familias de estos adolescentes) vinculadas a una institución de cumplimiento de la medida socioeducativa de internación. Los datos fueron recopilados de entrevistas semiestructuradas y del análisis documental de los reportes de los adolescentes en la institución, los cuales se analizaron por medio de la síntesis de casos cruzados. Los adolescentes relataron la intención de no implicarse en transgresiones en el futuro, del rol central del trabajo que intentarán aplicar en sus trayectorias y de la aspiración a relaciones familiares más cercanas y afectivas. Mientras que los familiares, que fueron las madres de los adolescentes, dijeron que intentarán ser más participativas, establecer relaciones de diálogo con sus hijos y también expresaron la aspiración de que ellos trabajen. También hablaron de las incertidumbres de que sus hijos vuelvan a implicarse en transgresiones. Además, los participantes dijeron que necesitan salir de sus territorios para no poner sus vidas en riesgo. Esto evidencia la importancia de las reflexiones y resignificaciones que acompañan el final del período de internación, además de la necesidad de políticas públicas que incluyan el pertenecimiento y los aspectos territoriales hacia el futuro de estos adolescentes egresos del contexto socioeducativo.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Remedial Teaching , Time , Family , Adolescent , Educational Measurement , Housing , Psychology , Public Policy , Child Welfare , Risk , Crime
13.
Rev. bras. orientac. prof ; 21(2): 215-232, jul.-dez. 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1156181

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste estudo teórico é apresentar as principais teorias, construtos e instrumentos utilizados na literatura internacional sobre perspectiva temporal futura (PTF). A revisão indicou dois tipos de abordagens teóricas. As abordagens atemáticas destacam uma tendência geral que orienta processos psicológicos associados ao futuro, de modo a investigar a PTF com escalas psicométricas cujos itens não se associam a conteúdos específicos. As abordagens temáticas enfocam as antecipações do futuro psicológico no presente e investigam as representações de futuro e os seus aspectos cognitivos, dinâmicos, afetivos e comportamentais. Os métodos de avaliação incluem escalas psicométricas associadas a domínios da vida ou instrumentos em que o conteúdo da PTF é listado de modo indutivo. As duas abordagens não são excludentes, mas complementares.


This theoretical study presents the main theories, constructs, and instruments used in international literature on future temporal perspective (FTP). The review indicated two theoretical approaches about the theme. The athematic approaches highlight a general tendency that guides psychological processes associated with future, in order to investigate FTP with psychometric scales with items not associated with specific contents. The thematic approaches focus on the anticipations of psychological future in present and investigate future representations and their cognitive, dynamic, affective, and behavioral aspects. Assessment methods include psychometric scales associated with life domains or instruments in which FTP content is listed inductively. The two approaches are not exclusive, but complementary.


El objetivo de este estudio teórico es presentar las principales teorías, constructos e instrumentos utilizados en la literatura internacional sobre perspectiva temporal futura (PTF). La revisión indicó dos tipos de enfoques teóricos. Los enfoques atemáticos destacan una tendencia general que orienta procesos psicológicos asociados al futuro, de modo a investigar la PTF con escalas psicométricas cuyos ítems no se asocian a contenidos específicos. Los enfoques temáticos enfocan las anticipaciones del futuro psicológico en el presente e investigan las representaciones de futuro y sus aspectos cognitivos, dinámicos, afectivos y comportamentales. Los métodos de evaluación incluyen escalas psicométricas asociadas a ámbitos de la vida o instrumentos en los que el contenido de la PTF se muestra de forma inductiva. Los dos enfoques no son excluyentes, sino complementarios.


Subject(s)
Psychological Phenomena , Psychometrics , Time , Life , Models, Theoretical
14.
Rev. bras. psicanál ; 54(4): 149-157, out.-dez. 2020. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1288952

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Propomos a ideia de que, para pensar o futuro da psicanálise, faz-se necessário recuperar a perspectiva histórico-temporal, evitando que as bolhas do presente impeçam um olhar em perspectiva. É preciso reconhecer nossos acertos e erros, nossos recalques e recusas defensivas, para quem sabe imaginar um futuro que não esteja condenado à compulsão à repetição. Apresentamos uma reflexão sobre o nosso lugar no cenário das práticas clínicas e sobre o diferencial que temos a oferecer aos jovens profissionais que nos procuram para formação. Sugerimos que, quando inspiradas na psicanálise, na sua ética, mesmo que pontuais e breves, diferentes modalidades de intervenção podem fazer parte da formação no nosso Instituto. Isso permitiria que os analistas atendessem demandas diferentes, que solicitassem adaptações técnicas, mas ancorados numa sólida base metodológica da psicanálise, desenvolvendo assim, ao longo da sua formação, um enquadre interno capaz de dar conta dessa variedade de demandas. Apresentamos a ideia de que transmitir e enriquecer de forma transformadora nosso legado não deve ser pautado por uma verdade imutável a ser imposta, mas por uma tradição vista como fonte inspiradora, que possa ser interrogada e sujeita a críticas e revisões.


ABSTRACT This text proposes the idea that thinking of the future of psychoanalysis brings the need to recover the historical time perspective, avoiding the blur of the present, to see a clear perspective. It is necessary to acknowledge what we have done right and wrong, our repressions and defensive denials, for those who can imagine a future where compulsion and repetition are not likely to be included. We propose the reflection on our place in clinical practice situations and the differential we have to offer those young professionals who look for us for their education and the demands for the current clinical practice. We suggest that when inspired by Psychoanalysis and its ethics, even when specific or brief, different methods of intervention may be part of our Institute. This would allow analysts to respond to any kind of request, requiring technical adjustment, but having a solid methodological basis of Psychoanalysis, developing an internal adjustment during their education and being able to deal with any kind of request. We present the idea that sharing and enriching our legacy in a transformative way may not be based by some imposed and unchangeable truth, but as an inspiring source, that may be questioned, criticized and revised.


RESUMEN El texto propone la idea de que pensar en el futuro del Psicoanálisis implica recuperar la perspectiva histórico-temporal, evitando que las burbujas del presente impidan una mirada en perspectiva. Es necesario reconocer nuestros aciertos y errores, nuestras limitaciones y denegaciones defensivas, para tal vez imaginar un futuro que no esté condenado a la compulsión y repetición. Proponemos la reflexión sobre nuestro lugar en el escenario de las prácticas clínicas y del diferencial que tenemos a ofrecer a los jóvenes profesionales que nos buscan para formación y las demandas de la clínica actual. Recomendamos que cuando estén inspiradas en el Psicoanálisis en su ética, aunque puntual y brevemente, diferentes modalidades de intervención puedan ser parte de la formación de nuestro instituto. Eso permitiría que los analistas atiendan a diferentes demandas, que soliciten adaptaciones técnicas, pero ancladas en una sólida base metodológica del Psicoanálisis, para poder desarrollar a lo largo de su formación un encuadre interno capaz de cumplir con esa diversidad de demandas. Presentamos la idea de que transmitir y enriquecer de manera trasformadora nuestro legado no debe ser pautado por una verdad inmutable impuesta, sino como fuente inspiradora que puede ser cuestionada y que está sujeta a críticas y revisiones.


RÉSUMÉ Ce texte propose l'idée que penser l'avenir de la psychanalyse rend nécessaire la récupération de la perspective historique temporelle, en évitant que les bulles du présent empêchent un regard en perspective. Il faut reconnaître nos réussites et nos échecs, notre refoulement et nos refus défensifs, pour celui qui sait imaginer un avenir qui ne soit pas condamné à la compulsion et à la répétition. On propose la réflexion concernant notre place dans le panorama des pratiques cliniques et du différentiel qu'on peut offrir aux jeunes professionnels qui nous recherchent pour la formation et les demandes de la clinique actuelle. Nous suggérons que lorsque la psychanalyse et son éthique inspirent différentes modalités d'interventions, même que ponctuelles et brèves, celles-ci puissent faire partie de la formation dans notre Institut. Cela permettrait que les analystes répondent à des demandes différentes qui nécessitent d'adaptations techniques, mais ils resteront ancrés dans une solide base méthodologique de la psychanalyse, en développant ainsi tout au long de sa formation un cadre interne capable de rendre compte de cette variété de demandes. Nous présentons l'idée que transmettre et enrichir de façon transformatrice notre héritage, ne doit pas être défini par la vérité immuable qu'on impose, mais en tant qu'une source inspiratrice qui peut être questionnée, soumise à la critique et à des révisions.

15.
E-Cienc. inf ; 10(2)dic. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1384737

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Las bibliotecas públicas no son ajenas al constante cambio de su entorno, siguen tendencias tecnológicas y aplican modelos adecuados a las necesidades de sus usuarios. Derivando de esta idea, este trabajo tiene como objetivo contextualizar de manera breve la época actual en el ámbito de ciencia, tecnología, sociedad y economía incluyendo la crisis sanitaria de la COVID-19, así también, se expone las tendencias que se aplican en la gestión bibliotecaria y qué modelos se están adoptando en el ámbito bibliotecario. Para ello, se realizó una indagación documental de diversas instituciones y autores especializados sobre el tema en los últimos años. Se indica que varias bibliotecas a nivel mundial están diversificando sus servicios y productos con apoyo de las herramientas tecnológicas y han demostrado ser flexibles ante situaciones complicadas. Se concluye que el contexto influye en el desarrollo de programas de la biblioteca, asimismo, las tendencias y modelos están fuertemente relacionadas a la tecnología, más aún, cuando la crisis sanitaria ha ocasionado una aceleración de la virtualización de la gestión bibliotecaria. Además, se persigue la idea de implementar espacios de aprendizaje, creación, participación, inspiración, de encuentro social, de información fiable y de empoderamiento ciudadano, tanto en el ámbito físico como virtual.


Abstract: Public libraries are not unaware of the constant change in their environment, they follow technological trends and apply models appropriate to the needs of their users. Based on this concept, this work aims to briefly contextualize the current era in the field of science, technology, society and economy, including the health crisis of COVID-19, as well as the trends that are applied in the library management and what models are being adopted in the library field. For this, a documentary investigation of various institutions and specialized authors on the subject in recent years was carried out. It is indicated that several libraries worldwide are diversifying their services and products with the support of technological tools and have proven to be flexible in difficult situations. It is concluded that the context influences the development of library programs. Likewise, trends and models are strongly related to technology, even more so when the health crisis has caused an acceleration of the virtualization of library management. In addition, the idea of ​​implementing spaces for learning, creation, participation, inspiration, social encounters, reliable information and citizen empowerment is pursued, both physically and virtual.

16.
J. psicanal ; 53(99): 115-120, jul.-dez. 2020. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1287060

ABSTRACT

Com base em seu amplo percurso e experiência pessoal como psicanalista, o autor se debruça sobre a história da psicanálise para considerar como os aspectos fundamentais da descoberta freudiana estão presentes na psicanálise dos tempos atuais. Em interlocução com analistas em formação, pondera sobre a necessidade de se desenvolver um idioma comum, entre analista e paciente, para o diálogo com pacientes borderline, enfatizando a necessidade de discussão da técnica psicanalítica tradicional para além do debate acerca da frequência de sessões semanais. Conclui que analistas de hoje e de amanhã devem continuamente aprender o ofício, e estar em contato com as mudanças tecnológicas e sociais do mundo em que vivemos.


From his extensive background and personal experience as a psychoanalyst, the author looks at the history of psychoanalysis to consider how the fundamental aspects of Freudian discovery are present in psychoanalysis today. In dialogue with training analysts, he considers the need to develop a common language, between analyst and patient, for the dialogue with borderline patients, placing the need for discussion of traditional psychoanalytical technique beyond the debate about the frequency of weekly sessions. He concludes that analysts of today and tomorrow must continually learn the art and be in touch with the technological and social changes of the world in which we live.


A partir de su amplia trayectoria de trabajo y su experiencia personal como psicoanalista, el autor examina la historia del psicoanálisis para considerar cómo los aspectos fundamentales del descubrimiento freudiano están presentes en el psicoanálisis hoy en día. En el diálogo con los analistas en formación, se plantea la necesidad de desarrollar un lenguaje común, entre el analista y el paciente, para el diálogo con los pacientes fronterizos, situando la necesidad de la discusión de la técnica psicoanalítica tradicional más allá del debate sobre la frecuencia de las sesiones semanales. Concluye que los analistas de hoy y de mañana deben aprender continuamente el oficio y estar en contacto con los cambios tecnológicos y sociales del mundo en el que vivimos.


À partir de sa vaste expérience de psychanalyste, l'auteur se penche sur l'histoire de la psychanalyse pour examiner comment les aspects fondamentaux de la découverte freudienne sont présents dans la psychanalyse aujourd'hui. En dialogue avec les analystes en formation, il réfléchit à la nécessité de développer un langage commun, entre analyste et patient, pour le dialogue avec les patients borderline, plaçant le besoin de discussion de la technique psychanalytique traditionnelle au-delà du débat sur la fréquence des séances hebdomadaires. Il conclut que les analystes d'aujourd'hui et de demain doivent continuellement apprendre le métier et être en contact avec les changements technologiques et sociaux du monde dans lequel nous vivons.


Subject(s)
Psychoanalysis , History
17.
J. psicanal ; 53(98): 143-150, jan.-jun. 2020. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1154742

ABSTRACT

A Associação dos Membros Filiados (AMF) ao Instituto de Psicanálise da Sociedade Brasileira de Psicanálise de São Paulo completa 50 anos. Este texto foi escrito para o simpósio comemorativo dessa data, organizado em torno do eixo passado, presente e futuro. A autora se propõe a pensar o futuro da psicanálise, com base em um ensaio ficcional sobre uma psicanálise distópica.


The Association of Candidates (amf) of the Institute of Psychoanalysis of the Brazilian Society of Psychoanalysis of São Paulo (SBPSP) celebrates 50 years. This article was written for the commemorative symposium of this date, organized on the axis: past, present and future. The author intends to think about the future of Psychoanalysis, based on a fictional essay about a dystopian Psychoanalysis.


La Asociación de Candidatos (amf) del Instituto de Psicoanálisis de la Sociedad Brasileña de Psicoanálisis de São Paulo celebra 50 años. Este texto fue escrito para el simposio conmemorativo de esta fecha, organizado en el eje: pasado, presente y futuro. La autora se propone pensar sobre el futuro del psicoanálisis, a partir de un ensayo ficticio sobre un psicoanálisis distópico.


L'Association des Candidats (amf) du Institut de Psychanalyse de la Société Brésilienne de Psychanalyse de São Paulo fête ses 50 ans en 2020. Ce texte a été écrit pour le colloque commémoratif de cette date, organisé autour de l'axe: passé, présent et futur. L'auteur propose de réfléchir à l'avenir de la psychanalyse, à partir d'un essai fictif sur une psychanalyse dystopique.


Subject(s)
Psychoanalysis , Time , Organizations
18.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-203772

ABSTRACT

Antimicrobial resistance poses a growing threat to public health, as infections from resistant strains of microbial become increasingly difficult and expensive to treat, resulting in prolonged illness and greater risk of death. A cross-sectional descriptive study was done among 471 higher secondary level students of private schools in Kathmandu Valley. Data were collected from Grade 11 and 12 non-science faculty students through self-administered questionnaires. Half (50.5%) of the students gave correct response by saying that antibiotic kills bacteria and 49.1% said that it is for fever. Majority (93.0%) of them said that it should be taken with water. Regarding the response on when to stop taking antibiotic, 46.9% said correctly by saying when all prescribed medicines are taken whereas and 40.8% said that after feeling better. More than half (58.8%) of the students had not heard about antibiotic resistance, whereas those who have heard among them 24% of students said that they had heard from doctor and nurses and 21.8% from family member and friends. Nearly one-third (32.7%) of students knew that antibiotic resistance occurs using antibiotic when they are not necessary. Regarding the response on consequences of antibiotic resistance, more than one-third (38.2%) of students gave correct answer. Nearly half of the students have lack of knowledge about antibiotic. Thus, it is imperative to create awareness among students by introducing a specific course on antibiotic in the 9th and 10th grade core curriculum to prevent antibiotic resistance and its consequences.

19.
Acta colomb. psicol ; 23(1): 346-356, Jan.-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098016

ABSTRACT

Abstract Consideration of future consequences is the extent to which people anticipate and are influenced by the potential future consequences of their current behavior. A well-established tool to measure this behavior is the 14-item Consideration of Future Consequences Scale (CFC-14). The CFC-14 has shown appropriate psychometric properties in several languages. This scale comprises two factors: the CFC-Immediate (CFC-I, 7 items) and the CFC-Future (CFC-F, 7 items). The main goal of this study was to assess the psychometric properties and internal consistency of the CFC-14 Scale in Spanish, using an Argentine sample. A second goal was to determine its convergent validity with impulsivity, and determine differences and invariance across gender and age groups. Using a web-based survey, data were collected from 512 participants (75.2% women) aged 13-74 years (M = 30.8). CFA showed a two-factor model as the best solution for the 13-items version (CFI .961, TLI .952, RMSEA .064 90%IC .054/.074, WRMR 0.979). Standardized regression weights (p ≤ .05) ranged from .50 to .66 for CFC-F and between .43 and .83 for CFC-I. Composite reliability was also adequate: CFC-F achieved p = .80 and CFC-I p = .82. There were no differences across gender and age, but there was a progressive invariance between these groups. The CFC-F and UPPS-P subscales correlations were negative and significant, highlighting the negative and moderate correlation between CFC-F and the lack of premeditation (r=-.41). Thus, CFC-14 has adequate psychometric properties in an Argentine population, although more studies are necessary to determine the robustness of these findings.


Resumen La consideración de las consecuencias futuras se define como el grado en el cual las personas anticipan y son influenciadas por las potenciales consecuencias futuras de su comportamiento actual, y una herramienta muy utilizada para medirla es la Escala de Consideración de las Consecuencias Futuras (CFC-14). Esta escala ha exhibido propiedades psicométricas adecuadas en varios idiomas y se encuentra conformada por dos factores: CFC-Inmediato (CFC-I, 7 ítems) y CFC-Futuro (CFC-F, 7 ítems). El objetivo principal de este estudio fue evaluar las propiedades psicométricas y la consistencia interna de la versión en español de la CFC-14 en una muestra argentina, además de identificar las evidencias de validez convergente con la Escala de Impulsividad y la invarianza en función del género y la edad de los participantes. Para esto, se evaluó mediante una encuesta online a 512 participantes (75.2 % mujeres) de 13 a 74 años (M = 30.8) y se realizó un AFC en el que se encontró un modelo de dos factores como aquel con mejor ajuste para una versión de la escala de 13 ítems (CFI = .961; TLI = .952; RMSEA = .064; IC 90 % = .054-.074; WRMR = 0.979). Específicamente, los pesos de regresión estandarizados (p ≤ .05) fueron de .50 a .66 para CFC-F y de .43 a .83 para CFC-I; los valores de confiabilidad compuesta fueron adecuados, con un p = .80 para CFC-F y un p = .82 para CFC-I; no se observaron diferencias estadísticamente significativas en función del sexo y la edad de los participantes, no obstante, hubo una invarianza progresiva entre estos grupos; y las correlaciones entre las subescalas de la Escala de Impulsividad (UPPPS-P) y la CFC-F fueron negativas y significativas, siendo llamativa la correlación negativa y moderada entre la falta de premeditación y la CFC-F (r = -.41). De este modo, la CFC-14 mostró propiedades psicométricas adecuadas en una muestra argentina, aunque se necesita de más estudios para determinar la robustez de estos resultados.

20.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-215735

ABSTRACT

Background: The main objective of this study was to determine and compare current drug-related knowledge and clinical skills in terms of medication error identification among future healthcare professionals. Methods: Study participantswere asked to identify errors in three different prescriptions. Around 15 minutes were given to complete the questionnaire without using any references in a classroom setting. The medication error identificationrate was calculated based on the number of students that have identified the errors correctly.Results: Among 225 respondents, significant differences were found between the three groups,i.e. Prescription 1 p=0.001, Prescription 2 p=0.023, Prescription 3 p=0.024. Pharmacy students had highermedication erroridentification rate compared to medical and nursing students.Conclusion: Final year pharmacy students were found to have the best drug-related knowledge and clinical skills in terms ofmedication error identification

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