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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e253616, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1355880

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study evaluated the effect of the volatile oil of Alpinia zerumbet (VOAz) on caveolin-1 gene expression and muscular fibrosis. The rats were immobilized to induce fibrosis of the gastrocnemius muscle, and they were treated with VOAz. Collagen quality was assessed by histology and the expression of the caveolin-1 (CAV-1) gene was evaluated using qPCR. Histomorphological analysis indicated a significant reduction in the perimeter, width, and intensity of collagen in the treated groups, thus showing that the oil was effective in regulating the quality of collagen at the three concentrations. The results of expression levels suggested a decrease in the lesioned group and in two treatment groups (0.0115 µg/g and 0.009 µg/g). However, with the lowest concentration (0.0065 µg/g), no significant difference was observed, with levels similar to those found in healthy tissue. Therefore, the results showed that VOAz has the potential to be a non-invasive and low-cost alternative to aid in the treatment of muscular fibrosis.


Resumo Este estudo avaliou o efeito do óleo volátil de Alpinia zerumbet (OVAz) na expressão do gene da caveolina-1 e na fibrose muscular. Os ratos foram imobilizados para induzir a fibrose do músculo gastrocnêmio, e foram tratados com OVAz. A qualidade do colágeno foi avaliada com histologia e à expressão do gene caveolina-1 (CAV-1) foi avaliada usando qPCR. A análise histomorfológica indicou uma redução significativa no perímetro, largura e intensidade do colágeno nos grupos tratados. Os resultados dos níveis de expressão sugeriram diminuição nos grupos de lesão e em dois grupos de tratamento (0,0115 µg/g e 0,009 µg/g). No entanto, com a menor concentração (0,0065 µg/g), não foi observada diferença significativa, apresentando níveis semelhantes aos encontrados em tecido saudável. O uso do OVAz foi eficaz para reverter as alterações do colágeno causadas pela fibrose, e sua menor concentração apresentou uma possível tendência de aumento na expressão do CAV-1. Portanto, os resultados mostraram que o OVAz tem potencial para ser uma alternativa não invasiva e de baixo custo para auxiliar no tratamento da fibrose muscular.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Oils, Volatile/pharmacology , Collagen/metabolism , Alpinia/chemistry , Caveolin 1/metabolism , Muscles/drug effects , Fibrosis , Plant Oils/pharmacology , Brazil , Rats, Wistar , Disease Models, Animal , Muscles/pathology
2.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e242708, 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339382

ABSTRACT

Abstract MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are essential nonprotein-coding genes. In a range of organisms, miRNAs has been reported to play an essential role in regulating gene expressions at post-transcriptional level. They participate in most of the stress responsive processes in plants. Drought is an ultimate abiotic stress that affects the crop production. Therefore understanding drought stress responses are essential to improve the production of agricultural crops. Throughout evolution, plants have developed their own defense systems to cope with the adversities of environmental stresses. Among defensive mechanisms include the regulations of gene expression by miRNAs. Drought stress regulates the expression of some of the functionally conserved miRNAs in different plants. The given properties of miRNAs provide an insight to genetic alterations and enhancing drought resistance in cereal crops. The current review gives a summary to regulatory mechanisms in plants as well as miRNAs response to drought stresses in cereal crops. Some possible approaches and guidelines for the exploitation of drought stress miRNA responses to improve cereal crops are also described.


Resumo MicroRNAs (miRNAs) são genes essenciais não codificadores de proteínas. Em uma variedade de organismos, foi relatado que miRNAs desempenham papel essencial na regulação da expressão gênica em nível pós-transcricional. Eles participam da maioria dos processos responsivos ao estresse nas plantas. A seca é um estresse abiótico final que afeta a produção agrícola. Portanto, compreender as respostas ao estresse da seca é essencial para melhorar a produção de safras agrícolas. Ao longo da evolução, as plantas desenvolveram seus próprios sistemas de defesa para lidar com as adversidades do estresse ambiental. Entre os mecanismos de defesa está a regulação da expressão gênica por miRNAs. O estresse hídrico regula a expressão de alguns dos miRNAs funcionalmente conservados em diferentes plantas. As propriedades dadas dos miRNAs fornecem uma visão das alterações genéticas e aumentam a resistência à seca nas safras de cereais. A revisão atual apresenta um resumo dos mecanismos regulatórios nas plantas, bem como a resposta dos miRNAs ao estresse hídrico nas plantações de cereais. Algumas abordagens e diretrizes possíveis para a exploração das respostas do miRNA ao estresse da seca para melhorar as safras de cereais também são descritas.


Subject(s)
MicroRNAs/genetics , Droughts , Stress, Physiological/genetics , Crops, Agricultural/genetics , Crop Production
3.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 37(4): 481-487, Jul.-Aug. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394721

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Presenilin 1 (PSEN1), catalase (CAT), glutathione-S-transferase (GST) and paraoxonase 1 (PON1) play a vital role in prediction, diagnosis and therapy of metabolic disorders. Methods: Metabolic enzyme activities and lipid peroxidation in serum of cerebrovascular diseases (CVD) and coronary artery diseases were measured by spectrophotometric methods. mRNA was isolated from leukocytes of the patient group and healthy adult patients. Quantitative gene expression of PSEN1, CAT and GST mRNA was identified by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR). Results: The PSEN1, CAT and GST expression in patients showed significant differences compared to the control group. PSEN1 expression in leukocytes was significantly about twice as high as that of the control group in patients with CVD. The GST, CAT and PON1 activity showed significant differences in patient groups compared to the control group. Conclusion: The mRNA expression levels can be used as a potential biomarker in the diagnosis of atherosclerosis that occurs as a result of the metabolic disorder. In atherosclerotic patients, antioxidant status is independently related to an increased risk of cardiovascular events. Antioxidant activities and mRNA expressions may have predictive value, as well as available risk factors.

4.
Entramado ; 18(1): e215, ene.-jun. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1384881

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Comprender el control de la determinación del sexo y la diferenciación sexual en peces es fundamental para mejorar aspectos de manejo, productividad, economía y conservación de las especies. El objetivo de esta revisión es brindar información de los principales mecanismos genético-moleculares de determinación y diferenciación sexual en peces teleósteos. La búsqueda de información se desarrolló entre 2019 - 2021 a través de bases de datos bibliográficas utilizando frases como: "sex determination fish", "sexual differentiation fish'" y "sex neotropical fish". La selección de la información se realizó llevando en consideración máximo 10 años de publicación, descartando documentos considerados como tesis de maestra o doctorado. La determinación del sexo puede ser definido por sistemas cromosómicos como XX/XY ZZ/ZW XX/X0, ZZ/Z0, XXI, XX2 y XIX2Y o modulado por diferentes genes autosómicos tales como cyp19al , fox12, figla, dmrtl , sox9, amh ygsdf sin embargo, a pesar de los grandes avances en la investigación en el área molecular; el proceso de regulación en la determinación y diferenciación del sexo en peces aún no está completamente dilucidado, especialmente en especies Neotropicales.


AВSTRАСT Understanding the control of sex determination and sexual differentiation in fish is essential to improve aspects of management, productivity economy and conservation of the species. The objective of this review is to provide information on the main genetic-molecular mechanisms of sexual determination and differentiation in teleost fish. The information search was developed between 2019 - 2021 through bibliographic databases using phrases such as: "sex determination fish", "sexual differentiation fish" and "sex neotropical fish". The selection of the information was carried out taking into consideration a maximum of 10 years of publication, discarding documents considered as master's or doctoral theses. The sex determination can be defined by chromosome systems such as XX/XY, ZZ/ZW, XX/X0, ZZ/ Z0, XXI, XX2 and XIX2Y or modulated by different autosomal genes such as cyp19al1 fox12, figla, dmrtl: sox9, amh, and gsdf, However despite the great advances in research in the molecular area, the regulation process in the determination and differentiation of sex in fish is not yet fully elucidated, especially in species Neotropical.


RESUMO Compreender o controle da determinação do sexo e a diferenciação sexual nos peixes é fundamental para melhorar a gestão, produtividade, economia e conservação das espécies. O objetivo desta revisão é fornecer informação sobre os principais mecanismos genéticos-moleculares da determinação e diferenciação sexual em peixes teleósteos. A busca da informação foi realizada entre 2019 - 2021 através de bases de dados bibliográficas, utilizando frases como: "sex determination fish", ""sexual differentiation fish" y ""sex neotropical fish". A seleção da informação foi realizada levando em consideração no máximo 10 años de publicação, descartando-se documentos considerados como teses de mestrado ou doutorado. A determinação do sexo pode ser definida por sistemas cromossômicos como XX/XY, ZZ/ZW XX/X0, ZZ/Z0, XXl, XX2 e XIX2Y ou modulada por diferentes genes autossômicos tais como cyp19al , fox12, figla, dmrtl1 sox9, amh e gsdf no entanto, apesar dos grandes avanços na pesquisa molecular o processo de regulação na determinação e diferenciação do sexo nos peixes ainda não está totalmente elucidado, especialmente nas espécies Neotropicais.

5.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 68(4): 470-475, Apr. 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376146

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: Heat shock protein A2 has been reported to be tightly associated with tumorigenesis and tumor progression. This study aimed to determine the oncogenic and immunological roles of Heat shock protein A2 in pancreatic cancer by bioinformatics. METHODS: Expression of Heat shock protein A2 in tumorous and normal specimens of pancreatic cancer was analyzed using the Cancer Genome Atlas and the Cancer Genome Atlas + Genotype-Tissue Expression data sets, respectively. Relationships of Heat shock protein A2 expression with immune infiltrates in pancreatic cancer were assessed. Heat shock protein A2-associated coexpressed genes in pancreatic cancer were obtained, followed by the implementation of enrichment analysis. RESULTS: The data demonstrated that Heat shock protein A2 was significantly overexpressed in tumorous samples compared with normal samples. Heat shock protein A2 expression was remarkably positively interrelated with CD8+ T cell, neutrophil, dendritic cell, and macrophage, but not with CD4+ T and B cells. Heat shock protein A2 expression was markedly positively relevant to both cancer-associated fibroblast and endothelial cell. Enrichment data revealed that Heat shock protein A2 was intimately involved in the tumorigenesis and progression of pancreatic cancer. CONCLUSION: Heat shock protein A2 is upregulated in pancreatic cancer and is closely associated with tumor immunity and aggressive progression.

6.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 68(4): 456-462, Apr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376153

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: The phosphoinositide 3-kinase/protein kinase AKT/mammalian target of rapamycin signaling pathway is essential for proper cellular metabolism and cell growth. However, aberrant activation of this pathway has been linked to the progression and metastasis of breast cancer. Recently, the role of long non-coding RNAs in interfering with the cell signaling pathways involved in cell growth and metabolism has been identified. HOX antisense intergenic RNA is an long non-coding RNA whose abnormal expression has been associated with development, therapy resistance, and metastasis of breast cancer. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the long non-coding RNA HOX antisense intergenic RNA is linked to the phosphoinositide 3-kinase/protein kinase AKT/mammalian target of rapamycin signaling pathway in breast cancer cells. METHODS: HOX antisense intergenic RNA was silenced in the breast cancer cell line MCF-7 using siRNAs. Subsequently, the gene expression level of HOX antisense intergenic RNA, PI3K, AKT, and mTOR was assessed using real-time RT-PCR. Also, the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol- 2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl-tetrazolium bromide) assay was used to analyze cell proliferation. RESULTS: The results revealed that HOX antisense intergenic RNA knockdown can downregulate the expression of PI3K, AKT, and mTOR RNAs compared to negative control in MCF-7 cells. In addition, the proliferation of breast cancer cells was significantly reduced following the HOX antisense intergenic RNA silencing. CONCLUSION: This study may introduce HOX antisense intergenic RNA as a molecule involved in the upregulation of the phosphoinositide 3-kinase/protein kinase AKT/mammalian target of rapamycin signaling pathway in breast cancer cells that may contribute to breast cancer cell proliferation.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904722

ABSTRACT

Objective @# To observe the clinical significance of miR-135b-5p in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) tissues and to conduct a bioinformatics analysis of its predicted target genes.@*Methods @#The expression levels of miR-135b-5p in OSCC tissues and adjacent normal tissues were compared using data from TCGA and GEO databases, and the correlations of miR-135b-5p expression level with clinicopathologic characteristics were analyzed. Fresh tissues were collected in the clinic, and the expression of miR-135b-5p was verified by quantitative real-time PCR. The target genes with enriched pathways were analyzed by using bioinformatics methods. A protein-protein interaction network was constructed to screen hub genes.@*Results @#The expression levels of miR-135b-5p were significantly upregulated in OSCC tissues compared to adjacent normal tissues (P < 0.001) and had a good diagnostic capability (AUC=0.960, P < 0.001). The expression level of miR-135b-5p was positively correlated with histopathological grading (P=0.011). Enrichment analyses revealed that the target genes of miR-135b-5p were significantly associated with tumor-related signaling pathways, such as the calcium signaling pathway, the cGMP-PKG signaling pathway and the cAMP signaling pathway. Ten core target genes were obtained by screening: DLG2, ANK3, ERBB4, SCN2B, NBEA, GABRB2, ATP2B2, SNTA1, CACNA1D, and SPTBN4.@*Conclusion@#miR-135b-5p may act as an oncogene miRNA in OSCC and has the potential value of acting as a diagnostic biomarker and therapeutic target for OSCC.

8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 2239-2251, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929406

ABSTRACT

The potential medicinal value of Ma bamboo (Dendrocalamus latiflorus), one of the most popular and economically important bamboo species in China, has been underestimated. In the present study, we found that D. latiflorus leaf extract (DLE) reduced fasting blood glucose levels, body weight, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol with low liver toxicity in db/db mice. In addition, gene expression profiling was performed and pathway enrichment analysis showed that DLE affected metabolic pathways. Importantly, DLE activated the AKT signaling pathway and reduced glucose production by downregulating glucose-6-phosphatase (G6PC) and phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase 1 (PCK1) expression. Moreover, network pharmacology analysis identified rutin as an active component in DLE through targeting insulin growth factor 1 receptor (IGF1R), an upstream signaling transducer of AKT. Due to its hypoglycemic effects and low toxicity, DLE may be considered an adjuvant treatment option for type 2 diabetes patients.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929232

ABSTRACT

Natural products (NPs), especially those from traditional herbal medicines, can evidently modulate human gene expression at multiple levels, leading to a wide diversity of bioactivities. Although numerous bio-functions of NPs for human body have been found, there is little understanding about how NPs achieve it, as less attention was drawn to the definite mechnism by which NPs regulate gene expression. Furthermore, based on the rapidly advancing knowledge of mechanisms for gene regulation in recent years, newly-understood mechanisms, such as post-transcriptional regulation, are found to be involved in NP-elicited bio-effects, providing a new perspective on understanding the role of NPs in gene expression. Therefore, in the current review, we summarize the function of NPs in gene expression from the perspectives of transcriptional, post-transcriptional, and post-translational regulation, which will reinforce the understanding of NP-induced effects in gene expression and facilitate the exploration of more NPs with potential therapeutic effects.


Subject(s)
Biological Products/pharmacology , Gene Expression , Gene Expression Regulation , Humans
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927912

ABSTRACT

Dof(DNA binding with one finger), a unique class of transcription factors in plants, play an important role in seed development, tissue differentiation, and metabolic regulation. To identify the number and function of Dof gene family members in Panax ginseng, this study identified the members of Dof gene family in P. ginseng and systematically analyzed their structures, evolution, functional differentiation, expression patterns, and interactions using bioinformatics methods at the transcriptome level. At the same time, the association analysis of Dof genes from P. ginseng with key enzyme genes for ginsenoside synthesis was carried out to screen the candidate PgDof genes involved in the regulation of ginsenoside biosynthesis. The results showed that there were 54 genes belonging to the Dof gene family in P. ginseng from Jilin. All PgDof genes had Zf-Dof conserved motifs, implying that they were evolutionarily conserved and could be divided into five groups. Expression pattern analysis confirmed that the expression of PgDof gene family members in different tissues, different year-old P. ginseng, and different farm varieties varied significantly. Simultaneously, as revealed by "gene-saponin content" and "gene-gene" linkage analysis, an important candidate PgDof14-1 gene involved in the regulation of ginsenoside biosynthesis was obtained. From the established genetic transformation system of this gene in the hairy roots of P. ginseng, a positive hairy root clone was determined. This study has laid a theoretical foundation for the study of Dof gene family in P. ginseng.


Subject(s)
Gene Expression Profiling/methods , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant , Ginsenosides , Panax , Plant Proteins/metabolism , Plant Roots/metabolism , Transcriptome
11.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: e237214, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249258

ABSTRACT

Abstract Artemisia absinthium L. is an important herb that is widely cultivated in different parts of the world for its medicinal properties. The present study evaluated the effects of four concentrations of nanoparticles treatment (0, 10, 20 and 30 mg L-1) and NaCl salinity stress (0, 50, 100 and 150 mM NaCl) and their interactions with respect to the expression of two key genes, i.e. DBR2 and ADS, in the biosynthesis pathway of artemisinin in A. absinthium. Total RNA was extracted and a relative gene expression analysis was carried out using Real-Time PCR. The amount of artemisinin was also determined by HPLC. All the experiments were performed as factorial in a completely randomized design in three replications. The results revealed that salinity stress and nanoparticles treatment and their interaction affected the expressions of these genes significantly. The highest levels of ADS gene expression were observed in the 30 mg L-1 nanoparticles-treated plants in the presence of 150 mM salinity stress and the lowest levels in the 10 mg L-1 nanoparticles-treated plants under 50 mM salinity stress. The maximum DBR2 gene expression was recorded in the 10 mg L-1 nanoparticles-treated plants in the absence of salinity stress and the minimum expression in the 100 mM salinity-stressed plants in the absence of nanoparticles treatment. Moreover, the smallest amounts of artemisinin were observed in the 150 mM salinity-stressed plants in the absence of nanoparticles and the highest amounts in the 30 mg L-1 nanoparticles-treated plants. The maximum amounts of artemisinin and ADS gene expression were reported from the plants in the same nanoparticles treatment and salinity stress conditions. In this regard, the amount of artemisinin was decreased by half in the plants containing the highest DBR2 gene expression. Meanwhile, no significant correlation was observed between these gene expressions and the artemisinin amount in the other nanoparticles-treated plants under different levels of salinity stress. The biosynthetic pathway of secondary metabolites appears to be very complex and dose not directly dependent on these gene expressions.


Resumo Artemisia absinthium L. é uma erva importante que é amplamente cultivada em diferentes partes do mundo por suas propriedades medicinais. O presente estudo avaliou os efeitos de quatro concentrações de tratamento com nanopartículas (0, 10, 20 e 30 mg L-1) e estresse de salinidade com NaCl (0, 50, 100 e 150 mM NaCl) e suas interações com relação à expressão de dois genes-chave, isto é, DBR2 e ADS, na via de biossíntese da artemisinina em A. absinthium. O RNA total foi extraído, e uma análise de expressão gênica relativa foi realizada usando PCR em tempo real. A quantidade de artemisinina também foi determinada por HPLC. Todos os experimentos foram realizados como fatorial, em delineamento inteiramente casualizado, em três repetições. Os resultados revelaram que o estresse por salinidade e o tratamento com nanopartículas e sua interação afetaram significativamente as expressões desses genes. Os níveis mais altos de expressão do gene ADS foram observados nas plantas tratadas com nanopartículas de 30 mg L-1 na presença de estresse de salinidade de 150 mM, e os níveis mais baixos, nas plantas tratadas com nanopartículas de 10 mg L-1 com estresse de salinidade de 50 mM. A expressão máxima do gene DBR2 foi registrada nas plantas tratadas com nanopartículas de 10 mg L-1 na ausência de estresse de salinidade, e a expressão mínima, nas plantas estressadas com salinidade de 100 mM na ausência de tratamento com nanopartículas. Além disso, as menores quantidades de artemisinina foram observadas nas plantas com estresse de salinidade de 150 mM na ausência de nanopartículas, e as maiores quantidades, nas plantas tratadas com nanopartículas de 30 mg L-1. As quantidades máximas de expressão de genes de artemisinina e ADS foram relatadas a partir das plantas no mesmo tratamento com nanopartículas e condições de estresse de salinidade. A esse respeito, a quantidade de artemisinina diminuiu pela metade nas plantas que contêm a expressão gênica DBR2 mais alta. Enquanto isso, nenhuma correlação significativa foi observada entre essas expressões gênicas e a quantidade de artemisinina nas outras plantas tratadas com nanopartículas sob diferentes níveis de estresse de salinidade. A via biossintética dos metabólitos secundários parece ser muito complexa e não depende diretamente dessas expressões gênicas.


Subject(s)
Artemisia absinthium/genetics , Artemisia annua , Artemisinins , Nanoparticles , Plant Proteins , Titanium , Salt Stress
12.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 55: e11820, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1374708

ABSTRACT

The aim of the present study was to verify the role of lactate as a signaling molecule in cardiac tissue under physiological conditions. C57BL6/J male mice were submitted to acute running bouts on a treadmill at different exercise intensities (30, 60, and 90% of maximal speed - Smax) under the effect of two doses (0.5 and 5 mM) of α-cyano-4-hydroxycynnamate (CINN), a blocker of lactate transporters. Cardiac lactate levels, activity of the enzymes of glycolytic [hexokinase (HK) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH)] and oxidative metabolism [citrate synthase (CS)], and expression of genes also related to metabolism [LDH, nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (NRF-2), cytochrome oxidase IV (COX-IV), and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator 1-alpha (PGC-1α)] were evaluated. Elevated cardiac lactate levels were observed after high intensity running at 90% of Smax, which were parallel to increased activity of the HK and CS enzymes and mRNA levels of PGC-1α and COX-IV. No changes were observed in cardiac lactate levels in mice running at lower exercise intensities. Interestingly, prior intraperitoneal administration (15 min) of CINN (0.5 mM) significantly reduced cardiac lactate concentration, activities of HK and CS, and mRNA levels of PGC-1α and COX-IV in mice that ran at 90% of Smax. In addition, cardiac lactate levels were significantly correlated to both PGC-1α and COX-IV cardiac gene expression. The present study provides evidence that cardiac lactate levels are associated to gene transcription during an acute bout of high intensity running exercise.

13.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 36: e048, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1374752

ABSTRACT

Abstract: PAR1 is a G-coupled protein receptor that regulates several cellular metabolism processes, including differentiation and proliferation of osteogenic and cementogenic related cells and our group previously demonstrated the regenerative potential of PAR1 in human periodontal ligament stem cells (hPDLSCs). In this study, we hypothesized that PAR1 regulates the cementogenic differentiation of hPDLSCs. Our goal was to identify the intracellular signaling pathway underlying PAR1 activation in hPDSLC differentiation. hPDLSCs were isolated using the explant technique. Cells were cultured in an osteogenic medium (OST) (α-MEM, 15% fetal bovine serum, L-glutamine, penicillin, streptomycin, amphotericin B, dexamethasone, and beta-glycerophosphate). The hPDLSCs were treated with a specific activator of PAR1 (PAR1 agonist) and blockers of the MAPK/ERK and PI3K pathways for 2 and 7 days. The gene expression of CEMP1 was assessed by RT-qPCR. The activation of PAR1 by its agonist peptide led to an increase in CEMP1 gene expression when compared with OST control. MAPK/ERK blockage abrogated the upregulation of CEMP1 gene expression induced by PAR1 agonist (p < 0.05). PI3K blockage did not affect the gene expression of CEMP1 at any experimental time (p > 0.05). We concluded that CEMP1 gene expression increased by PAR1 activation is MAPK/ERK-dependent and PI3K independent, suggesting that PAR1 may regulate cementogenetic differentiation of hPDLSCs.

14.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: e241081, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1285584

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study investigated the use of melatonin to arrest the effects of apoptosis in vitrified zebrafish (D. rerio) embryos. Dechorionated embryos at 22-24 somite-stage were divided (n = 60/treatment) into a non-vitrified (Control Group, 0 M melatonin) and vitrified treatments with 0 M (T1), 1 µM (T2) and 1 mM of melatonin (T3). For vitrified treatments, a solution methanol/propylene glycol based was used and the embryos stored in -196 °C for a week. After thaw, survival rate, scanning electron microscopy, expression of anti (bcl-2) and pro-apoptotic (bax/caspase-3) genes, reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation and DNA fragmentation analyses were performed. No live embryos were obtained from vitrified treatments, observing a rapid degeneration immediately after thawing, with the vitelline layer rupture and leakage of its content, followed by breakdown of epithelial cells and melanisation of the tissue. Regarding the apoptotic process, T3 had the highest relative gene expression, for the three genes (P < 0.05) furthermore, T2 had similar expression of pro-apoptotic genes to CG (P < 0.05). ROS formation revealed that CG presented lower percentage of embryo surface area affected (3.80 ± 0.40%) (P < 0.05), in contrast, no differences were found among the other groups. T1 was most significantly (P < 0.05) damaged by DNA fragmentation. The vitrified groups with melatonin had similar damage levels of CG (P > 0.05). The inclusion of 1 µM of melatonin in the vitrifying solution, countered the effects of apoptotic process in post-thaw embryos, suggesting its utility in cryopreserving fish embryos.


Resumo Este estudo investigou o uso da melatonina para conter os efeitos da apoptose em embriões vitrificados de zebrafish (D. rerio). Embriões descorionados no estágio de 22-24 somitos foram divididos (n = 60 / tratamento) em tratamento não vitrificado (Grupo Controle, melatonina 0 M) e tratamentos vitrificados com 0 M (T1), 1 µM (T2) e 1 mM de melatonina (T3). Para os tratamentos vitrificados, utilizou-se uma solução à base de metanol/propilenoglicol e os embriões foram armazenados em -196 °C por uma semana. Após o descongelamento, foram realizadas análises de taxa de sobrevivência, microscopia eletrônica de varredura, expressão dos genes anti (bcl-2) e pró-apoptóticos (bax/caspase-3), formação de espécies reativas de oxigênio (EROS) e análises de fragmentação de DNA. Não foram obtidos embriões vivos a partir dos tratamentos vitrificados, observando uma rápida degeneração imediatamente após o descongelamento, com ruptura da camada vitelina e vazamento de seu conteúdo, seguida de quebra das células epiteliais e melanização do tecido. Em relação ao processo apoptótico. T3 apresentou expressão gênica relativa alta para os três genes (P <0,05), além disso, T2 apresentou expressão semelhante as dos genes pró-apoptóticos de GC (P <0,05). A formação de EROS revelou que GC apresentou menor percentual de área de superfície embrionária afetada (3,80 ± 0,40%) (P <0,05), ao contrário, não foram encontradas diferenças entre os outros grupos. T1 foi mais significativamente (P <0,05) danificado pela fragmentação do DNA. Os grupos vitrificados com melatonina apresentaram níveis de dano semelhantes ao do GC (P> 0,05). A inclusão de 1 µM de melatonina na solução de vitrificação, contrariou os efeitos do processo apoptótico em embriões pós-descongelamento, sugerindo sua utilidade na criopreservação de embriões de peixes.


Subject(s)
Animals , Zebrafish , Melatonin/pharmacology , Cryopreservation , Apoptosis
15.
Clinics ; 77: 100066, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394295

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: Gelfoam scaffold is a feasible and safe non-invasive technique for Adipose tissue-derived Stem Cell (ASC)-delivery in the treatment of frozen-thawed ovarian autografts. This study seeks to analyze the genes expression profile of rat frozen-thawed ovarian autografts treated with scaffold-based delivery of adipose tissue-derived stem cells. Methods: Eighteen adult Wistar rats were distributed into three groups: Control (frozen-thawed only); Group 1 (Gl) and Group 2 (G2) (frozen-thawed ovaries treated with culture medium or ASC, respectively). Both treatments were performed immediately after autologous retroperitoneal transplant with scaffold-based delivery. The ovarian grafts were retrieved 30 days after transplantation. Quantitative gene expression (qPCR) for apoptosis, angiogenesis, and inflammatory cytokines (84 genes in each pathway) were evaluated by RT-PCR. Graft morphology (HE), apoptosis (cleaved-caspase-3), neoangiogenesis (VEGF), and cellular proliferation (Ki-67) were assessed. Results: In grafts treated with ASC, the apoptosis pathway showed the highest number of genes over-regulated — 49 genes — compared to inflammation cytokines and angiogenesis pathway — 36 and 23 genes respectively, compared to grafts treated with culture medium. Serpinb5 family was highlighted in the angiogenesis pathway and Cxcl6 in the inflammation cytokines pathway. In the apoptosis pathway, the most over-regulated gene was Cap-sasel4. ASC treatment promoted the reduction of cleaved caspase-3 in the theca internal layer and increased cell proliferation by Ki-67 in the granulosa layer without altering VEGF. A mild inflammatory infiltrate was observed in both groups. Conclusion: ASC therapy in rat frozen-thawed ovarian autografts promoted an abundance of genes involved with apoptosis and inflammatory cytokines without compromising the ovary graft morphology and viability for short time. Further studies are necessary to evaluate the repercussion of apoptosis and inflammation on the graft in the long term. HIGHLIGHTS The scaffold-based delivery therapy with adipose tissue-derived stem cells in the rat ovarian autografts seems to be the best option when compared to direct injection or systemic route. Ovarian grafts treated with adipose tissue-derived stem cells showed the highest number of genes over-regulated in the apoptosis pathway, compared to inflammation cytokines and angiogenesis pathway. Capsase14 was the most over-regulated gene in the apoptosis pathway. The treatment with adipose tissue-derived stem cells in ovarian grafts treated didn't compromise the ovary graft morphology and viability for short time.

16.
Rev. Investig. Salud. Univ. Boyacá ; 8(2): 110-130, 20211201. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1369463

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Para diseñar vacunas es necesario comprender la función de los antígenos de Plasmodium spp. in-volucrados en la invasión a células hospederas. Diferentes investigaciones han generado proteínas recombinantes utilizando sistemas de expresión heterólogos y así han obtenido moléculas semejantes a las nativas. Con estos avances se desarrollan estrategias que bloquean la infección de estos patógenos. Objetivo: Describir las características y los aspectos metodológicos más importantes de los sistemas de expresión de las proteínas recombinantes en estudios funcionales de Plasmodium spp. Metodología: Revisión descriptiva de estudios publicados en Pubmed, Science Direct, Embase y Medline, entre 2010 y 2020, que incluyeran sistemas recombinantes en células de Escherichia coli, de mamífero y sistemas libres de células, para estudios funcionales de antígenos de Plasmodium falciparum y Plasmodium vivax. Se revisaron 70 artículos originales y 58 cumplieron con los criterios establecidos. Resultados: Obtener proteínas recombinantes mediante un sistema procariota, de mayor rendimiento y bajo costo, ha permitido estudiar un número importante de antígenos. Los sistemas con células de mamífero y libres de células, que permiten modificaciones postraduccionales y plegamiento adecuado de moléculas, se usan para producir librerías de antígenos con estructura conformacional similar a la nativa. Conclusión: El estudio de los antígenos de Plasmodium spp. implicados en la infección y desarrollo de células diana requiere una adecuada selección del método de producción recombinante. El refinamiento de procesos de expresión en sistemas procariotas, eucariotas e in vitro, mediante ingeniería genética y cultivo celular, permitirá mejores rendimientos y menor costo.


Introduction: Understanding the function of Plasmodium spp. Antigens involved in invasion of host cells is necessary to design vaccines. Different studies have generated recombinant proteins using heterologous expression systems, obtaining molecules similar to native ones. These advances are es-sential to develop strategies that block the infection of these pathogens. Objective: Describe the most important characteristics and methodological aspects of recombinant protein expression systems in functional studies of Plasmodium spp. Methodology: Descriptive review of studies published in Pubmed, Science Direct, Embase and Medline, between 2010 and 2020, that included recombinant systems in Escherichia coli cells, mam-malian and cell-free, for functional studies of Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax antigens. 70 original articles were reviewed, 58 met the established criteria. Results: Obtaining recombinant proteins by means of a prokaryotic system, with higher performance and low cost, has allowed functional studies of a significant number of antigens. Mammalian cell and cell free systems, which allow for post-translational modifications and adequate folding of molecules, are used to produce antigen libraries with native-like conformational structure. Conclusion:Plasmodium spp. antigen study involved in infection and development in target cells, re-quires adequate selection of the recombinant production method. The refinement of expression pro-cesses in prokaryotic, eukaryotic and in vitro systems, through genetic engineering and cell culture, will allow better yields and lower cost


Introdução: Para desenvolver vacinas, é necessário entender a função dos antígenos de Plasmodium spp. envolvidos na invasão das células hospedeiras. As pesquisas têm gerado proteínas recombinan-tes utilizando sistemas de expressão heterólogos para obter moléculas similares às nativas. Com estes avanços, estratégias que bloqueiam a infecção destes patógenos estão sendo desenvolvidas. Objetivo: Descrever as características mais importantes e aspectos metodológicos dos sistemas de expressão de proteínas recombinantes em estudos funcionais de Plasmodium spp. Metodologia: Revisão descritiva dos estudos publicados em Pubmed, Science Direct, Embase e Medline, entre 2010 e 2020, que incluíram sistemas recombinantes em células de Escherichia coli, de mamífero e sistemas livres de células, para estudos funcionais dos antígenos de Plasmodium fal-ciparum e Plasmodium vivax. Setenta artigos originais foram revisados e 58 preenchiam os critérios estabelecidos. Resultado: A obtenção de proteínas recombinantes usando um sistema procariótico, com maior rendimento e baixo custo, permitiu o estudo de um número significativo de antígenos. Sistemas de células mamíferas e sem células, que permitem modificações pós-tradução e dobramento adequado das moléculas, são usados para produzir bibliotecas de antígenos com uma estrutura semelhante à nativa. Conclusão: O estudo dos antígenos Plasmodium spp. envolvidos na infecção e no desenvolvimento das células-alvo requer uma seleção adequada do método de produção recombinante. O refinamento dos processos de expressão em sistemas procarióticos, eucarióticos e in vitro, através da engenharia genética e da cultura celular, permitirá melhores rendimentos e menores custos.


Subject(s)
Plasmodium falciparum , Plasmodium vivax , Gene Expression , Malaria , Antigens
17.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 41(4): 706-720, oct.-dic. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355744

ABSTRACT

Abstract | Introduction: Broccoli (Brassica oleracea) is well known for its properties as an anticancer, antioxidant, and scavenger of free radicals. However, its benefits in enhancing spermatogenesis have not been well established. Objective: To study broccoli aqueous extract effects on sperm factors and the expression of genes Catsper1, Catsper2, Arl4a, Sox5, and Sox9 in sperm factors in mice. Materials and methods: Male mice were divided randomly into six groups: (1) Control; (2) cadmium (3 mg/kg of mouse body weight); (3) orally treated with 200 µl broccoli aqueous extract (1 g ml-1); (4) orally treated with 400 µl of broccoli aqueous extract; (5) orally treated with 200 broccoli aqueous extract plus cadmium, and (6) orally treated with 400 µl of broccoli aqueous extract plus cadmium. We analyzed the sperms factors and Catsper1, Catsper2, Arl4a, Sox5, and Sox9 gene expression. Results: An obvious improvement in sperm count and a slight enhancement in sperm motility were observed in mice treated with broccoli extract alone or with cadmium. Sperm viability was reduced by broccoli extract except for the 200 µl dose with cadmium, which significantly increased it. Interestingly, Arl4a gene expression increased in the 400 µl broccoli- treated group. Likewise, the Arl4a mRNA level in mice treated with cadmium and 200 µl of broccoli extract was higher than in the cadmium-treated mice. Furthermore, broccoli extract enhanced the mRNA level of Catsper2 and Sox5 genes in mice treated with 200 µl and 400 µl broccoli extract plus cadmium compared with the group treated solely with cadmium. Conclusion: The higher sperm count in broccoli-treated mice opens the way for the development of pharmaceutical products for infertile men.


Resumen | Introducción. El brócoli (Brassica oleracea) se conoce por sus propiedades como anticancerígeno, antioxidante y eliminador de radicales libres. Sin embargo, sus beneficios en la espermatogénesis aún no se han determinado suficientemente. Objetivo. Estudiar los efectos del extracto acuoso de brócoli sobre los factores espermáticos y la expresión de los genes Catsper1, Catsper2, Arl4a, Sox5 y Sox9 en ratones. Materiales y métodos. Los ratones machos se dividieron aleatoriamente en seis grupos: 1) control; 2) tratados con cadmio, 3 mg/kg de peso corporal; 3) tratados con 200 µl de extracto acuoso de brócoli (1 g ml-1); 4) tratados con 400 µl de extracto acuoso de brócoli; 5) tratados con 200 µl de extracto acuoso de brócoli más cadmio, y 6) tratados con 400 µl de extracto acuoso de brócoli más cadmio. El extracto acuoso de brócoli se administró por vía oral. Se analizaron los factores espermáticos y la expresión de los genes Catsper1, Catsper2, Arl4a, Sox5 y Sox9. Resultados. Se observó una mejoría obvia en el recuento y una ligera mejoría en la motilidad de los espermatozoides, en ratones tratados con extracto de brócoli solo o con cadmio. La viabilidad de los espermatozoides se redujo con el extracto de brócoli, excepto con la dosis de 200 µl más cadmio, la cual la aumentó significativamente. Curiosamente, la expresión del gen Arl4a aumentó en el grupo tratado con 400 µl del extracto. Asimismo, el ARNm del Arl4a en ratones tratados con cadmio y 200 µl del extracto, fue más abundante que en los ratones tratados solo con cadmio. Además, el extracto de brócoli aumentó la cantidad de ARNm de los genes Catsper2 y Sox5 en ratones tratados con 200 y 400 µl de extracto de brócoli más cadmio, en comparación con el grupo tratado únicamente con cadmio. Conclusión. El mayor número de espermatozoides en ratones tratados con brócoli abre el camino al desarrollo de productos farmacéuticos para hombres infértiles.


Subject(s)
Spermatogenesis , Brassica , Cadmium , Gene Expression , Mice
18.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 52: 35-44, July. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1283494

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Alginates are polysaccharides used in a wide range of industrial applications, with their functional properties depending on their molecular weight. In this study, alginate production and the expression of genes involved in polymerization and depolymerization in batch cultures of Azotobacter vinelandii were evaluated under controlled and noncontrolled oxygen transfer rate (OTR) conditions. RESULTS: Using an oxygen transfer rate (OTR) control system, a constant OTR (20.3 ± 1.3 mmol L 1 h 1 ) was maintained during cell growth and stationary phases. In cultures subjected to a controlled OTR, alginate concentrations were higher (5.5 ± 0.2 g L 1 ) than in cultures under noncontrolled OTR. The molecular weight of alginate decreased from 475 to 325 kDa at the beginning of the growth phase and remained constant until the end of the cultivation period. The expression level of alyA1, which encodes an alginate lyase, was more affected by OTR control than those of other genes involved in alginate biosynthesis. The decrease in alginate molecular weight can be explained by a higher relative expression level of alyA1 under the controlled OTR condition. CONCLUSIONS: This report describes the first time that alginate production and alginate lyase (alyA1) expression levels have been evaluated in A. vinelandii cultures subjected to a controlled OTR. The results show that automatic control of OTR may be a suitable strategy for improving alginate production while maintaining a constant molecular weight.


Subject(s)
Polysaccharide-Lyases/metabolism , Oxygen Transfer , Azotobacter vinelandii/metabolism , Oxygen/metabolism , Gene Expression , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Azotobacter vinelandii/genetics , Alginates/metabolism , Fermentation , Molecular Weight
19.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 52: 21-29, July. 2021. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1283484

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Super-paramagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPION) contain a chemotherapeutic drug and are regarded as a promising technique for improving targeted delivery into cancer cells. RESULTS: In this study, the fabrication of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) was investigated with loaded Dextran (DEXSPION) using the co-precipitation technique and conjugated by folate (FA). These nanoparticles (NPs) were employed as carriers and anticancer compounds against liver cancer cells in vitro. Structural, magnetic, morphological characterization, size, and drug loading activities of the obtained FA-DEX-5-FUSPION NPs were checked using FTIR, VSM, FESEM, TEM, DLS, and zeta potential techniques. The cellular toxicity effect of FA-DEX-5-FU-SPION NPs was evaluated using the MTT test on liver cancer (SNU-423) and healthy cells (LO2). Furthermore, the apoptosis measurement and the expression levels of NF-1, Her-2/neu, c-Raf-1, and Wnt-1 genes were evaluated post-treatment using flow cytometry and RT-PCR, respectively. The obtained NPs were spherical with a suitable dispersity without noticeable aggregation. The size of the NPs, polydispersity, and zeta were 74 ± 13 nm, 0.080 and 45 mV, respectively. The results of the encapsulation efficiency of the nano-compound showed highly colloidal stability and proper drug maintenance. The results indicated that FA-DEX-5-FU-SPION demonstrated a sustained release profile of 5-FU in both phosphate and citrate buffer solutions separately, with higher cytotoxicity against SNU-423 cells than against other cells types. These findings suggest that FA-DEX-SPION NPs exert synergistic effects for targeting intracellular delivery of 5-FU, apoptosis induction, and gene expression stimulation. CONCLUSIONS: The findings proved that FA-DEX-5-FU-SPION presented remarkable antitumor properties; no adverse subsequences were revealed against normal cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/drug therapy , Fluorouracil/administration & dosage , Liver Neoplasms/drug therapy , Polymers , Gene Expression/drug effects , Drug Delivery Systems , Apoptosis/drug effects , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Delayed-Action Preparations , Nanoparticles/administration & dosage , Magnetite Nanoparticles , Flow Cytometry
20.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(spe2): 50-53, Apr.-June 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280084

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Extraction of effective components from Pueraria lobata has important value for skeletal muscle quality and gene expression. The improvement effect of traditional high-intensity intermittent training on skeletal muscle has not been obvious, and it is difficult to guarantee the properties of some volatiles. Based on this, this paper analyzes the effect of high-intensity intermittent training on skeletal muscle quality and gene expression in Pueraria lobata. Based on a brief summary of extraction of Pueraria lobata, status of research on the pharmaceutical components of Pueraria lobata was summarized. Different specimens of Pueraria lobata were selected as research objects, and the process of high-intensity intermittent training was designed. High-intensity intermittent training, solvent extraction and water solvent extraction were combined together to design the fixed-bed continuous extraction scheme. According to the influence of Pueraria lobata on skeletal muscle quality, the influence of intermittent training on skeletal muscle quality was analyzed. The extraction results showed that Pueraria lobata combined with high-intensity intermittent training can effectively improve the content of skeletal muscle and ensure the effective expression of skeletal muscle gene.


RESUMO A extração de componentes eficazes da Pueraria lobata tem importante valor para a qualidade músculoesquelética e para a expressão genética. O efeito da melhoria do tradicional treinamento intervalado de alta intensidade na estrutura músculoesquelética não tem sido óbvio, e é difícil garantir as propriedades de alguns voláteis. Com base nisso, este estudo analisa o efeito do treinamento intervalado de alta intensidade na qualidade músculoesquelética e na expressão genética na Pueraria lobata. Com base num breve resumo da extração da Pueraria lobata, resumiu-se o andamento das pesquisas sobre os componentes farmacêuticos da Pueraria lobata. Diferentes amostras de Pueraria lobata foram selecionadas como objeto de pesquisa, e formulou-se o processo do treinamento intervalado de alta intensidade. O treinamento intervalado de alta intensidade, a extração de solventes e a extração de solventes à base de água foram combinadas para conceber o sistema de extração contínua de leito fixo. De acordo com a influência da Pueraria lobata na qualidade músculoesquelética, analisou-se a influência do treino intervalado na qualidade músculoesquelética. Os resultados da extração mostraram que a Pueraria lobata, combinada com treino intervalado de alta intensidade, pode melhorar, de maneira eficaz, o teor músculoesquelético e garantir a expressão eficaz da expressão genética do músculoesquelético.


RESUMEN La extracción de componentes eficaces de la Pueraria lobata tiene un importante valor para la calidad músculoesquelética y para la expresión genética. El efecto de la mejora del tradicional entrenamiento intercalado de alta intensidad en la estructura músculoesquelética no ha sido obvio, y es difícil garantizar las propriedades de algunos volátiles. Basándose en eso, este estudio analiza el efecto del entrenamiento intercalado de alta intensidad en la calidad músculoesquelética y en la expresión genética en la Pueraria lobata. Basándose en un breve resumen de la extracción de la Pueraria lobata, se resumió el andamiento de las investigaciones sobre los componentes farmacéuticos de la Pueraria lobata. Diferentes muestras de Pueraria lobata fueron seleccionadas como objeto de investigación, y se formuló el proceso del entrenamiento intercalado de alta intensidad. El entrenamiento intercalado de alta intensidad, la extracción de solventes y la extracción de solventes a base de agua fueron combinadas para concebir el sistema de extracción continua de lecho fijo. De acuerdo con la influencia de la Pueraria lobata en la calidad músculoesquelética, se analizó la influencia del entrenamiento intercalado en la calidad músculoesquelética. Los resultados de la extracción mostraron que la Pueraria lobata, combinada con entrenamiento intercalado de alta intensidad, puede mejorar, de manera eficaz, el tenor músculoesquelético y garantizar la expresión eficaz de la expresión genética del músculoesquelético.


Subject(s)
Humans , Plant Extracts/administration & dosage , Gene Expression , Muscle, Skeletal/drug effects , Pueraria/chemistry , High-Intensity Interval Training/methods
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