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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930323

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinicopathological features, immunophenotype, diagnosis and differential diagnosis of mammary analogue secretary carcinoma of salivary gland (MASC) .Methods:From Jan. 2018 to Jan. 2021, 28 cases of salivary gland MASC were collected in Ningbo Diagnostic Pathology Center, and 10 cases of acinar cell carcinoma and 10 cases of adenoid cystic carcinoma were selected as controls. Immunohistochemical envision method was used to detect the expression of S-100,, DOG-1, CD117, SOX-10, Mammaglobin and Vimentin, and fluorescence in situ hybridization was used to detect the fusion gene of ETV6-NTRK3.Results:The S-100 protein, SOX-10 and Vimentin of MASC of salivary gland were diffusingly positive (28/28) , Mammaglobin (22/28) and CD117 (19/28) were partially positive, and DOG-1 was negative. ETV6-NTRK3 fusion transcription was successfully detected in 26 of 28 salivary gland MASC cases, of which 23 were positive and 3 were negative.Conclusions:Salivary gland MASC is a low-grade malignant epithelium tumor. Comprehensive detection of the expression levels of S-100 protein, SOX-10, DOG-1, Mammaglobin and CD117 is of great value for the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of MASC. FISH detection of ETV6-NTRK3 gene fusion has important reference value for definite diagnosis.

2.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1576-1588, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927802

ABSTRACT

In order to overcome the challenges of insufficient restriction enzyme sites, and construct a fusion-expression vector with flexible fusion direction, we designed an LB cloning system based on the type IIS and type IIT restriction enzymes LguⅠ and BbvCⅠ. The LB cloning system is constructed by inserting the LB fragment (GCTCTTCCTCAGC) into the multiple cloning site region of the broad-host plasmid pBBR1MCS-3 using PCR. The LB fragment contains partially overlapped recognition sites of LguⅠ and BbvCⅠ. Therefore, the same non-palindromic sequence will be generated by these two restriction endonucleases digestion. This feature can be used to quickly and flexibly insert multiple genes into the expression vector in a stepwise and directed way. In order to verify the efficacy of the cloning system, two glycosyltransferase genes welB and welK of Sphingomonas sp. WG were consecutively fused to the LB cloning vector, and the recombinant plasmid was transferred into Sphingomonas sp. WG by triparental mating. The results showed that gene fusion expression has little effect on sphingan titer, but enhanced the viscosity of sphingan. The viscosity of the sphingan produced by recombinant strain Sphingomonas sp. WG/pBBR1MCS-3-LB-welKB was 24.7% higher than that of the wild strain after fermentation for 84 h, which would be beneficial for its application. In conclusion, the application of LB cloning system were verified using Sphingomonas sp. WG. The LB cloning system may provide an efficient tool for fusion expression of target genes.


Subject(s)
Base Sequence , Cloning, Molecular , Fermentation , Plasmids/genetics , Sphingomonas/metabolism
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911450

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the dynamic change and clinical impact of DEK-NUP214 fusion gene in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) receiving allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).Methods:Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RQ-PCR) and multicolor flow cytometry (FCM) were used to detect DEK-NUP214 gene expression and leukemia-associated immunophenotype (LAIP) in 15 newly diagnosed patients with positive DEK-NUP214 and receiving allo-HSCT from September 2012 to September 2017 at Peking University People′s Hospital. The clinical outcome was analyzed using Kaplan-Meier survival curves. The impact of DEK-NUP214 expression was analyzed by log-rank test.Results:The subjects were followed-up with a median period of 657 (62-2 212) days. The median DEK-NUP214 expression level at diagnosis was 488% (274%-1 692%). Thirteen patients achieved complete remission before allo-HSCT. Thirteen patients had a residual DEK-NUP214 expression of 0.38% (0.029%-738.9%) before allo-HSCT. After allo-HSCT, DEK-NUP214 expression in 9/13 patients remained positive, which dropped by around 500 folds (5.7-5 663.0 folds) within a month post-transplant. Five patients died and 2 patients relapsed. The 3-year cumulative incidence of relapse in patients with positive DEK-NUP214 before transplant was 17.5%±11.3% and the 3-year overall survival was 60.5%±13.8%. After allo-HSCT, DEK-NUP214-negative patients had a better outcome.Conclusion:Quantitative monitor of DEK-NUP214 fusion gene could be a sensitive indicator of MRD status after allo-HSCT.

4.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 950-953, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911160

ABSTRACT

Microphthalmia-associated transcription (MiT) family translocation related renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is an important type of renal cell carcinoma, which was included in the new classification of renal tumors by the World Health Organization (WHO) as an independent subtype in 2016. This type of renal cell carcinoma mainly includes Xp11.2 translocation /TFE3 gene fusions associated with renal cell carcinoma and T (6; 11)(p21; q12)/TFEB gene fusion-associated renal cell carcinoma, which has similar clinical features, histology, immunohistochemistry, and molecular genetics, but is significantly different from other renal cell carcinomas. In this review, the clinicopathology and genetics of MiT family translocation associated renal cell carcinoma were reviewed in order to provide guidance and help to the clinical and pathologic work.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907948

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summary the problems that may be encountered in the diagnosis of Xp11.2 translocation/TFE3 gene fusion associated renal cell carcinomas (Xp11 RCC) and to improve the understanding and diagnostic level.Methods:The clinical and pathological data of 5 children with Xp11 RCC pathologically diagnosed in Children′s Hospital of Capital Institute of Pediatrics from January 2015 to December 2019 were collected for retrospective analysis.Results:The 5 cases included 2 males and 3 females with the age of 4-8 years old.All cases presented with abdominal mass.Four cases received radical nephrectomy and radical tumor resection, and 1 case received simple tumor resection after related examination.Routine HE staining, immunohistochemical staining and fluorescence in situ hybridi-zation (FISH) were performed after surgery.The histological morphology of tumor was varied, and the tumor cells were arranged in nest flake, acinar or papillary pattern, with abundant cytoplasm form completely transparent to eosinophilic staining (pink), and gravel-like calcification was visible.Micropapillary arranged tumor cells appeared in 1 case besides classic pattern; in another case, the tumor cells were highly eosinophilic with abundant cytoplasm and visible round or elliptic eosinophilic bodies.The tumor cells in 5 cases showed diffuse and strong expression of TFE3, and FISH assay showed abnormal separation signal.Conclusions:Xp11 RCC is a relatively rare renal malignant tumor with diverse histological morphology, which should be distinguished from other common renal tumors in children.Its immunohistochemical expression and molecular detection are of specificity, and it should be diagnosed based on clinical incidence.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942274

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical features and prognosis of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients with the mixed lineage leukemia (MLL) gene rearrangements AF6 (MLL-AF6) positive.@*METHODS@#In the study, 11 patients who were newly diagnosed with MLL-AF6 positive AML were analyzed retrospectively, related literature was reviewed to clarify the clinical features and prognosis of MLL-AF6 positive patients.@*RESULTS@#Among the 11 patients, there were 6 males and 5 females, with a median age of 36 years. Six patients were diagnosed with AML M5 and five with M4 according to FAB classification (French-American-British classification systems). Gingival swelling and pain occurred in 6 cases and fever occurred in 5 cases. At first diagnosis, the median white blood cells were 55.5×109/L. Immunotype showed the expression of myeloid/monocyte and early stem cell series antigens. The expression level of MLL-AF6 fusion gene (real-time quantitative PCR) was 14.2%-214.5%, and 6/11 cases (54.5%) were associated with high EVI1 gene expression. Mutations of KRAS, TET2, ASXL1, TP53, DNMT3A, and FLT3-ITD were detected by next generation sequencing (NGS) in 4 patients. Chromosome G banding examination showed that 2 cases were t(6;11)(q27, q23) with complex karyotype abnormality, 4 cases with +8 abnormality and 2 cases with normal karyotype. Hematological complete remission (CR) was achieved in 8/11 patients (72.7%) after conventional induction chemotherapy, and primary drug resistance was observed in 3 patients. Two of the eight patients with CR were negative for minimal residual disease (MRD), with a median CR duration of 4.5 months. Two patients with positive MRD and three patients with refractory recurrence underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT), but all died due to leukemia progression. At the end of follow-up on December 1, 2019, 2 patients were alive and 9 died, with median survival time of 9 months.@*CONCLUSION@#The AML patients with MLL-AF6 positive were mostly young, the majority of FAB types were M4 and M5, and most of the patients often had fever as the first symptom, with increased white blood cells, accompanied by organ infiltration, and high EVI1 gene expression. The hematological remission rate of routine chemotherapy is not low, but it is difficult to achieve molecular remission, most of which have early recurrence. Early allo-HSCT in a molecular negative state may prolong the CR duration.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Male , Myeloid-Lymphoid Leukemia Protein/genetics , Oncogene Proteins, Fusion/genetics , Prognosis , Remission Induction , Retrospective Studies
7.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-196481

ABSTRACT

Aims: To explore clinical, histopathological and immunohistochemistry (IHC) features of mammary analogue secretory carcinoma (MASC) with systematic literature review. Settings and Design: Hospital based cross-sectional study. Subjects and Methods: The data of all cases of MASC diagnosed over a period of 1 year i.e., from July 2017 to July 2018 were retrieved. The haematoxylin and eosin (H and E) sections, and IHC sections were studied. A strict histological and recently updated criteria were applied and patients with a confirmed diagnosis of MASC were included in the study. A systematic literature review was conducted by searching the PubMed and National Centre for Biotechnology Information database. Statistical Analysis Used: Microsoft Excel 2010. Results: The present case series is 27th in the English literature and 1stcase series describing its histopathology in the Indian literature. The mean age of presentation is 43 years. Female preponderance was found i.e., M:F ratio of 0.5. Conclusion: Histopathology and if necessary, followed by IHC is required for the confirmation of diagnosis of MASC. We should be aware about this recently described entity which is usually mistaken for other low grade salivary gland carcinomas like Acinic cell carcinoma (AciCC) and Mucoepidermoid carcinoma (MEC). The knowledge about its typical morphology, high degree of suspicion and IHC confirmation with both S-100 and Mammaglobin help in precise diagnosis.

8.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 381-387, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826971

ABSTRACT

Patients with sensitive epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations often respond to tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), but acquired resistance will eventually develop. The most common mechanisms of acquired resistance include secondary EGFR mutation, MET amplification, and histologic transformation. Besides, gene fusions could also mediate the process of acquired resistance. Various gene fusions including rearranged during transfection (RET), v-raf murine sarcoma viral oncogene homolog B1 (BRAF) and anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) could take place after TKIs resistance, the incidence of which is around 1%. The clinical cases and experiments both in vitro and in vivo have proved the role of gene fusions in EGFR-TKI resistance. The combination of EGFR inhibitors and gene fusion inhibitors might be an effective therapeutic method. The understanding of gene fusions at EGFR-TKI resistance may contribute to the subsequent diagnosis and treatment strategy.

9.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 205-209, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-751382

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical features and prognosis of different PML_RARα fusion gene isoforms in acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). Methods The clinical data of 78 patients initially diagnosed with APL in Fujian Medical University Union Hospital from February 2013 to July 2016 were collected. The clinical features and prognosis of different PML_RARα fusion gene isoforms were analyzed. Results There were 32 females (41%) and 46 males (59%) in 78 patients, with a median age of 40 years old (13-68 years old). The most common PML_RARα fusion gene was L type (48.7%, 38/78), followed by S type (46.2%, 36/78) and V type (5.1%, 4/78). The patients with white blood cell count more than 10×109/L (high_risk) occurred mostly in S type (61.1%, 22/36), compared with V type and L type, and there were statistically different (χ 2 = 7.683, P < 0.05). A total of 78 patients included 8 cases (10.2%) of combined CD34 positive, 17 cases (21.8%) of combined FLT3_ITD mutation, 12 cases (15.4%) of combined DNMT3A mutation and 9 cases (11.5%) of additional chromosomal abnormalities. There were no significant differences in CD34 positive, FLT3_ITD, DNMT3A, and the incidence of additional chromosomal abnormalities among the three different isoforms (P>0.05). The most common occurrence of retinoic acid syndrome (RAS) during treatment was S type (21/36), while rare for L type and V type (χ2= 7.633, P< 0.05). There were no statistical differences in the complete remission (CR) rate and disease_free survival rate among the patients with different PML_RARα isoforms (P>0.05). Conclusions The clinical characteristics of different PML_RARα fusion gene isoforms are different, including most_common L type, more_common V type and S type in high risk groups; complicated RAS is commonly found in S type during the treatment. And different isoforms have no effect on the CR and DFS rate.

10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763821

ABSTRACT

Identification of fusion gene is of prominent importance in cancer research field because of their potential as carcinogenic drivers. RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq) data have been the most useful source for identification of fusion transcripts. Although a number of algorithms have been developed thus far, most programs produce too many false-positives, thus making experimental confirmation almost impossible. We still lack a reliable program that achieves high precision with reasonable recall rate. Here, we present FusionScan, a highly optimized tool for predicting fusion transcripts from RNA-Seq data. We specifically search for split reads composed of intact exons at the fusion boundaries. Using 269 known fusion cases as the reference, we have implemented various mapping and filtering strategies to remove false-positives without discarding genuine fusions. In the performance test using three cell line datasets with validated fusion cases (NCI-H660, K562, and MCF-7), FusionScan outperformed other existing programs by a considerable margin, achieving the precision and recall rates of 60% and 79%, respectively. Simulation test also demonstrated that FusionScan recovered most of true positives without producing an overwhelming number of false-positives regardless of sequencing depth and read length. The computation time was comparable to other leading tools. We also provide several curative means to help users investigate the details of fusion candidates easily. We believe that FusionScan would be a reliable, efficient and convenient program for detecting fusion transcripts that meet the requirements in the clinical and experimental community. FusionScan is freely available at http://fusionscan.ewha.ac.kr/.


Subject(s)
Cell Line , Dataset , Exons , Gene Fusion , Sequence Analysis, RNA , Translocation, Genetic
11.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 479-483, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756782

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the expressions of transmembrane protease serine 2-E26 transformation specific (TMPRSS2-ETS) fusion gene and ETS related gene (ERG), ETS variant 1 (ETV1), phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN), androgen receptor (AR) in prostate cancer. Methods A total of 50 cases of prostate cancer paraffin specimens and 30 cases of benign prostatic hyperplasia as the controls in the same period from the Third People's Hospital of Datong between December 2016 and October 2017 were collected. TMPRSS2-ERG, TMPRSS2-ETV1 and TMPRSS2-ETV4 gene fusion status were detected by using fluorescence in situ hybridization. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expressions of ERG, ETV1, PTEN and AR protein. Results In prostate cancer tissues, TMPRSS2-ETS fusion gene positive rate was 70% (35/50), and TMPRSS2-ETS fusion gene was not detected in benign prostatic hyperplasia. The expression of TMPRSS2-ETS fusion gene in prostate cancer patients with different age, serum prostate specific antigen level and whether distant metastasis had no statistically significant differences (all P>0.05). The expression of TMPRSS2-ETS fusion gene in Gleason score>7 patients was higher than that in Gleason score≤7 patients (P< 0.05). The expressions of ERG and ETV1 in prostate cancer tissues werehigher than those in benign prostatic hyperplasia, and the differences were statistically significant (both P<0.05). The expression of PTEN in prostate cancer tissues was lower than that in benign prostatic hyperplasia (P< 0.05). There was no significant difference in the expression of AR between prostate cancer and benign prostatic hyperplasia tissues (P> 0.05). The expressions of TMPRSS2-ETS fusion gene and ERG in prostate cancer were positively correlated (r= 0.302, P< 0.05), and there was no correlation between the expression of TMPRSS2-ETS fusion gene and the expressions of ETV1, PTEN and AR (all P> 0.05). Conclusions The expressions of TMPRSS2-ETS fusion gene and ERG, ETV1 protein are upregulated in prostate cancer, which may involve in the occurrence and development of prostate cancer. The detection of TMPRSS2-ETS fusion genes and ERG protein can provide a reference for the diagnosis of prostate cancer.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754463

ABSTRACT

Larotrectinib (also called LOxO-101, ARRY-470, and VITRAKVI?) is a kind of new high selective and broad-spectrum small molecule that is administered orally. Larotrectinib is tropomyosin receptor kinase (TRK) inhibitor and is used in the treatment of neuro-trophin tyrosine kinase receptor (NTRK) gene fusion in children and in adults. Based on use of larotrectinib against solid tumor in a vari-ety of NTRK gene fusion, larotrectinib has a good curative effect and security. On November 27, 2018, the drug was approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the first time in the world. It is used in the treatment of no unknown drug resistant mutations, a broader shift, or partial surgical treatment, and after the treatment of disease progress of NTRK gene fusion in children and adult pa-tients with solid tumor. This article reviews the latest research progress in the research background, structure, and mechanism of ac-tion, clinical trials, adverse reactions and treatment, and drug resistance mechanism of larotrectinib.

13.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 270-275, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810566

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The diagnostic criteria of lung biopsy specimens by 2015 WHO lung tumor classification were used to evaluate lung biopsy specimens along with detection of genetic alterations of major tumor driving genes including epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR).@*Methods@#The clinical data, histological slides, immunohistochemical stains and special stains of 806 lung biopsy specimens at Beijing Hospital from July 2015 to July 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. Diagnosis of lung cancer was reclassified according to the 2015 WHO lung tumor classification and related gene mutation data were analyzed.@*Results@#During a three-year period, the total number of lung cancer diagnosis was 483 cases, including 221 female and 262 male patients with age ranging from 37 to 85 years (median age of 65 years). There were 40 cases(8.28%) of small cell carcinoma,11 cases (2.28%) of large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma, 3 cases (0.62%) of combined neuroendocrine carcinoma, 2 cases(0.41%) of atypical carcinoid, 208 cases (43.06%) of adenocarcinoma, 92 cases(19.05%) of non-small cell carcinoma, favor adenocarcinoma, 66 cases (13.66%) of squamous cell carcinoma, 42 cases(8.70%) of non-small cell carcinoma, favor squamous cell carcinoma, 16 cases(3.31%) of non-small cell carcinoma, not otherwise specified, and 3 cases (0.62%) of non-small cell carcinoma, possible adenosquamous carcinoma. Among 202 cases tested, 107 cases (52.97%) showed EGFR mutations, including 86 of 133 cases (64.66%) of adenocarcinoma and 18 of 52 cases (34.62%) of non-small cell carcinoma, favor adenocarcinoma. Twenty two cases were found to have T790M mutation among 27 patients after EGFR TKI targeted drug therapy. Immunohistochemical staining of ALK (D5F3) was positive in 3 of 354 cases of non-small cell lung cancer, confirmed by EML4-ALK fusion gene fluorescence PCR. ROS1 gene fusion was found in 1 of 38 cases. Splicing mutations in exon 14 of MET gene were seen in one case of non-small cell carcinoma with spindle cell differentiation.@*Conclusion@#The new diagnostic criteria by the 2015 WHO lung tumor classification is better suited for diagnosing lung biopsy specimens and providing accurate treatment guidance and improving the patient outcome.

14.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 593-595, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797214

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To improve the understanding of idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome (HES) and to be aware of its potential of transforming to acute myeloid leukemia (AML).@*Methods@#The clinical data of one patient diagnosed with HES progressed to AML in the 923rd Hospital of the People's Liberation Army Joint Service Support Force were analyzed, and relevant literatures were reviewed.@*Results@#The patient was diagnosed with idiopathic HES that progressed to AML with FIP1-like-1-platelet-derived growth factor receptor α (FIP1L1-PDGFRA) after 2 years. The patients achieved complete remission after the treatment of chemotherapy combined with tyrosine kinase inhibitor and then received hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. The patient had more than 1 year disease-free survival until the deadline.@*Conclusion@#Idiopathic HES has the potential to transform to AML with FIP1L1-PDGFRA fusion gene positive, therefore regular follow-up should be emphasized.

15.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 588-592, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797213

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the clinical characteristics and prognosis of children B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) with TEL-AML1 fusion gene positive.@*Methods@#Clinical characteristics, therapeutic effects and prognostic factors of 55 children B-ALL patients with TEL-AML1 fusion gene positive in Children's Hospital of Shanxi from January 2013 to June 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. Kaplan-Meier method was used to evaluate 3-year event-free survival (EFS) rate and overall survival (OS) rate. Influencing factors of EFS and OS were evaluated by using Cox regression analysis.@*Results@#TEL-AML1 fusion gene was positive in all 55 children, and no other fusion gene positive was merged. There were 4 patients (7.3%) ≥10 years old. At initial diagnosis, 33 patients (60.0%) had hepatomegaly, 28 patients (50.9%) had splenomegaly, and 27 patients (49.1%) had superficial lymphadenectasis. There were 5 patients (9.1%) with white blood cell count ≥50×109/L, and 19 patients (34.6%) had abnormalities of chromosome. All the 55 children were divided into the low risk group [36 cases (65.5%)], the intermediate risk group [18 cases(32.7%)], high risk group [1 case (1.8%)] according to Morphology, Immunology, Cytogenetics and Molecular Biology (MICM) and adjusted risk. After regular treatments, 50 patients achieved complete remission (CR) on the 15th day. The CR rate after one-course of induction therapy was 100.0%. On the 33rd day, 43 patients (78.2%) had minimal residual disease (MRD) <10-4, 12 patients (21.8%) had MRD≥10-4 and MRD<10-2, 1 patient (1.8%) had MRD≥10-3 at the 12th week. During three to six months, the negative rate of fusion gene was 61.8% (34/55). There were 3 deaths (5.5%), and one (1.8%) of them died of recurrence, and the recurrence time was 27 months from the initial diagnosis; the other 2 cases (3.6%) died of infection during chemotherapy. In 55 patients, the 3-year EFS rate and OS rate was 90.3% and 93.2%, respectively. The 3-year EFS rate and OS rate in the low risk group was 100.0% both; the 3-year EFS rate and OS rate in the intermediate risk group was 78.7% and 86.6%, respectively; the 3-year EFS rate and OS rate in the high risk group was 0 both and one died. EFS rate and OS rate in low risk group were higher than those in the intermediate risk group, and the differences were statistically significant (P < 0.05). The EFS rate was 92.0% and 0 at the 12th week MRD<10-3 group and MRD≥10-3 group, and OS rate was 95.0% and 0 at the 12th week MRD<10-3 group and MRD≥10-3 group (P < 0.05). Cox multivariate analysis showed that MRD at the 12th week was an independent risk factor influencing EFS and OS (OR= 2.971, 95% CI 1.330-6.633, P= 0.008; OR= 2.884, 95% CI 1.295-6.419, P= 0.009).@*Conclusions@#Children B-ALL patients with TEL-AML1 fusion gene positive have a low recurrence rate, high survival rate and good prognosis. Risk stratification and the 12th week MRD are the influencing factors of the prognosis.

16.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 593-595, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-789043

ABSTRACT

Objective To improve the understanding of idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome (HES) and to be aware of its potential of transforming to acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Methods The clinical data of one patient diagnosed with HES progressed to AML in the 923rd Hospital of the Peopleˊs Liberation Army Joint Service Support Force were analyzed, and relevant literatures were reviewed. Results The patient was diagnosed with idiopathic HES that progressed to AML with FIP1-like-1-platelet-derived growth factor receptor α (FIP1L1-PDGFRA) after 2 years. The patients achieved complete remission after the treatment of chemotherapy combined with tyrosine kinase inhibitor and then received hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. The patient had more than 1 year disease-free survival until the deadline. Conclusion Idiopathic HES has the potential to transform to AML with FIP1L1-PDGFRA fusion gene positive, therefore regular follow-up should be emphasized.

17.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 588-592, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-789042

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical characteristics and prognosis of children B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) with TEL-AML1 fusion gene positive. Methods Clinical characteristics, therapeutic effects and prognostic factors of 55 children B-ALL patients with TEL-AML1 fusion gene positive in Childrenˊs Hospital of Shanxi from January 2013 to June 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. Kaplan-Meier method was used to evaluate 3-year event-free survival (EFS) rate and overall survival (OS) rate. Influencing factors of EFS and OS were evaluated by using Cox regression analysis. Results TEL-AML1 fusion gene was positive in all 55 children, and no other fusion gene positive was merged. There were 4 patients (7.3% ) ≥10 years old. At initial diagnosis, 33 patients (60.0% ) had hepatomegaly, 28 patients (50.9%) had splenomegaly, and 27 patients (49.1%) had superficial lymphadenectasis. There were 5 patients (9.1%) with white blood cell count≥50×109/L, and 19 patients (34.6%) had abnormalities of chromosome. All the 55 children were divided into the low risk group [36 cases (65.5%)], the intermediate risk group [18 cases (32.7%)], high risk group [1 case (1.8%)] according to Morphology, Immunology, Cytogenetics and Molecular Biology (MICM) and adjusted risk. After regular treatments, 50 patients achieved complete remission (CR) on the 15th day. The CR rate after one-course of induction therapy was 100.0%. On the 33rd day, 43 patients (78.2%) had minimal residual disease (MRD) <10-4, 12 patients (21.8%) had MRD≥10-4 and MRD<10-2, 1 patient (1.8%) had MRD≥10-3 at the 12th week. During three to six months, the negative rate of fusion gene was 61.8% (34/55). There were 3 deaths (5.5%), and one (1.8%) of them died of recurrence, and the recurrence time was 27 months from the initial diagnosis; the other 2 cases (3.6%) died of infection during chemotherapy. In 55 patients, the 3-year EFS rate and OS rate was 90.3% and 93.2%, respectively. The 3-year EFS rate and OS rate in the low risk group was 100.0% both; the 3-year EFS rate and OS rate in the intermediate risk group was 78.7% and 86.6%, respectively; the 3-year EFS rate and OS rate in the high risk group was 0 both and one died. EFS rate and OS rate in low risk group were higher than those in the intermediate risk group, and the differences were statistically significant (P< 0.05). The EFS rate was 92.0% and 0 at the 12th week MRD<10-3 group and MRD≥10-3 group, and OS rate was 95.0% and 0 at the 12th week MRD<10-3 group and MRD≥10-3 group (P<0.05). Cox multivariate analysis showed that MRD at the 12th week was an independent risk factor influencing EFS and OS ( OR=2.971, 95% CI 1.330-6.633, P=0.008; OR=2.884, 95% CI 1.295-6.419, P=0.009). Conclusions Children B-ALL patients with TEL-AML1 fusion gene positive have a low recurrence rate, high survival rate and good prognosis. Risk stratification and the 12th week MRD are the influencing factors of the prognosis.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743363

ABSTRACT

Purpose To explore the mutation characteristics of common driver genes in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and its relationship with clinicopathological features.Methods Next generation sequencing (NGS) was used to detect the mutations of common driving genes such as EGFR, KRAS, ALK, ROS1, BRAF, MET, RET and HER-2 in 300 paraffin-embedded NSCLC tissues. Results In 300 patients with NSCLC, the mutation rates of EGFR, KRAS, ALK, ROS1, BRAF, MET, RET, HER-2 were 52.00%, 10.33%, 6.67%, 1.67%, 3.67%, 3.33%, 1.00%, and 2.33%, respectively. A case of EGFR 21 exon L858 R mutation was combined with LINCO1446-EGFR gene fusion. EGFR 20 th exon C797 S and T790 M existed in cis or trans form and merged with EGFR sensitive mutations in 1 case each. 3 cases of EGFR gene point mutation was associated with MET gene copy number amplification. EGFR mutations were more commonly detected in non-smoking women with lung adenocarcinoma (P<0.05).KRAS mutations were more commonly found in smoking men (P<0.05). ALK mutations were associated with age (P<0.05), and more commonly noted in patients younger than 60 years.ROS1 fusion mutations were associated with gender (P<0.05), more commonly detected in women. BRAF, MET, RET, and HER-2 gene mutations were not associated with gender, age, smoking, histological type, and c TNM stage. Conclusion EGFR can coexist with other driver gene mutations. Gene mutations and clinicopathological features like gender, age, smoking, and histological types have corresponding links. The incidence of BRAF, MET, RET, and HER-2 mutations is low, and its clinical significance remains to be explored. Coexisting gene mutations and rare mutations discovered by NGS should be taken seriously.

19.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 532-535, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818274

ABSTRACT

Objective XPll.2/TFE RCC is an independent subtype of renal cell carcinoma, which is rare. The aim of this study is to investigate the CT features of Xp11.2/TFE RCC and improve the accuracy of diagnosis. MethodsCT findings of 30 cases from August 2009 to September 2017 of Xp11.2/TFE RCC from Eastern War Zone General Hospital, including location, density, edge, enhancement degree, lymphatic metastasis and others. They were analyzed respectively and compared with those of ccRCC. ResultsThe differences in CT values between tumors and renal cortex and renal medulla was statistically significant different phases (PP< 0.01). Most of patients with Xp11.2/TFE RCC are younger, about (36.4±17.7) years old. Females are more common, accounting for about 70% compared with ccRCC(50%). CT plan scan showed slightly higher density, about (45.2±8.9)HU vs (34.1±4.4)HU, high calcification rate, about 46.7% % vs 10.0% and CT scan with contrast agent showed gradual enhancement. The difference all were statistically significant(P<0.05). Conclusion XPll.2/ has certain CT characteristics. Combined with CT and clinical manifestation of patients, it is helpful to improve the accuracy of preoperative diagnosis.

20.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 749-752, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800713

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the clinical and laboratory characteristics and therapeutic effect of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) with t(2;17;15).@*Methods@#The G-banding technique was used for karyotypic analysis in a female patient with APL who was admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University in December 2018. PML-RARα fusion gene was quickly detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). The real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used to detection 43 kinds of fusion gene, and the gene mutations were detected by next generation sequencing (NGS). The induction therapy was given with oral retinoic acid+ intravenous infusion of arsenic trioxide, followed by 3 courses of retinoic acid+ arsenic trioxide consolidation therapy.@*Results@#The G-banding karyotypic analysis demonstrated 46, XX, t(2;17;15) (q31;q21;q22)[8]/46, XX[2]. FISH results indicated that 62.0% of analyzed cells were positive for the PML-RARα fusion gene. RT-PCR further revealed the positive PML-RARα fusion gene transcript. NGS detection of gene mutations showed no obvious abnormalities. After 39 days of induction therapy with retinoic acid and arsenic trioxide, the patient achieved complete remission (CR). The karyotype was 46XX[20], and PML-RARα/ABL was 0/100. Then, the patient was treated with 3 courses of consolidation therapy, and the results remained in CR.@*Conclusions@#APL with complex t(2;17;15) (q31;q21;q22) is rare, and the morphological characteristics are not typical, but it is still associated with the formation of PML-RARα fusion gene. Retinoic acid+ arsenic trioxide has a good therapeutic effect, and the long-term efficacy still needs follow-up.

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