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1.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 808-814, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922151

ABSTRACT

Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is the most malignant lung cancer with the highest mortality. At present, the first-line standard treatment is still based on Etoposide and Platinum chemotherapy. However, for SCLC that progresses after first-line therapy, the treatment options are still very limited. Since the molecular mechanism of first-line drug resistance of SCLC is still unclear, and the precision medicine strategy after first-line drug resistance is still in the pre-clinical stage. The proportion of secondary biopsy and genetic testing is very low after the progress of first-line treatment of SCLC. In this study, we report a case of a middle-aged woman who was first diagnosed with SCLC. Adenocarcinoma with sensitive gene mutations and repeated changes of small cell carcinoma were detected by multiple biopsies during the course of the disease, suggesting that the patient may be a special subtype of SCLC - mixed SCLC (M-SCLC). In this case, the patient has been treated with radiotherapy and chemotherapy, immunotherapy and targeted therapy successively, and the survival time has reached 2 years and 8 months. Through the case report and literature review retrospectively, this study aimed to explore the part patients may start to present hybrid histopathologic types or tissue type change after treatment of SCLC. Biopsy pathologic histology and genetic testing is necessary after disease progression to look for potential therapeutic targets, so as to give precise treatment based on molecular markers detection results and provide the patient with the benefit of survival for as long as possible.
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Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma of Lung , Etoposide , Female , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Small Cell Lung Carcinoma/genetics
2.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 782-783, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911116

ABSTRACT

Hereditary leiomyomatosis and renal cell cancer (HLRCC) syndrome is a rare hereditary disease and characterized by cutaneous leiomyoma, uterine leiomyoma and/or renal cell carcinoma, but rarely associated with vena cava embolism. We treated 1 case of HLRCC syndrome patients with inferior vena cava tumor emboli (Mayo grade Ⅳ), confirmed after genetic testing, the patient and her family refused further treatment. The patient died after two months of follow-up after discharge.

3.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 54: e0728-2020, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155535

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) is a causative agent of tuberculosis (TB) that causes death worldwide. METHODS: MTB was subjected to phenotypic drug-susceptibility tests (DST), and drug-resistant genes were sequenced. RESULTS: Previously treated patients were more likely to have positive smear results and exhibit drug resistance. New patients were more likely to be mono SM-resistant and less likely to be INH- and RIF-resistant. The most common mutations were katG (S315T), rpoB (S450L), rpsL (K43R), and embB (M306V). CONCLUSIONS: The proportion of mono-SM-resistant TB among new patients was higher.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Tuberculosis, Multidrug-Resistant , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/genetics , Bacterial Proteins/genetics , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , China , Mutation , Antitubercular Agents/pharmacology
4.
Rev. cuba. reumatol ; 22(2): e761, mayo.-ago. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126814

ABSTRACT

La deformidad de Madelung es una alteración poco común de la articulación de las muñecas. Se vincula a mutaciones del gen SHOX y se caracteriza por alteraciones en el radio, carpo y cúbito, con predominio bilateral. Afecta principalmente a pacientes de sexo femenino y aparece al inicio de la adolescencia. Se presenta una paciente de 15 años de edad, con antecedentes de problemas de salud. Al entrar en la adolescencia comenzó a presentar deformidad en ambas muñecas, más marcada en el lado derecho acompañado de dolor. El diagnóstico de deformidad de Madelung se concluyó mediante la clínica asociado a la positividad de los estudios imagenológicos, basados en los criterios radiográficos de Dannenberg y otros. Se decidió tratamiento quirúrgico, mediante osteotomía doble correctora para longitud y fijación externa de la mano derecha, con la resolución completa de la deformidad y seguimiento en la Consulta Externa de Ortopedia(AU)


Madelung's deformity is a rare alteration of the wrist joint. It is linked to mutations of the SHOX gene. It is characterized by alterations in the radius, carpus and ulna, predominantly bilateral. It mainly affects female patients; signs and symptoms are evident at the beginning of adolescence. To present a case of a patient with a diagnosis of Madelung deformity. The case of a 15-year-old female patient with a health history and family history of interest of an equine clubfoot father is presented. When she entered adolescence, she began to present deformity in both wrists, more marked in the right side accompanied by pain. This is a patient with a Madelung deformity. The diagnosis was concluded by the clinic associated with the positivity of the imaging studies(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Congenital Abnormalities , Lipomatosis, Multiple Symmetrical/surgery , Lipomatosis, Multiple Symmetrical/congenital , Lipomatosis, Multiple Symmetrical/diagnostic imaging
5.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-204656

ABSTRACT

Vanishing white matter disease (VWM) is one of the most prevalent inherited childhood leucoencephalopathies. Childhood ataxia and diffuse central nervous system hypomyelination are the common findings. The disease is characterized by chronic progressive and episodic deterioration with ataxia, spasticity and optic atrophy. VWM is caused by mutation in any of the five genes encoding the subunits of eukaryotic translation initiation factor eIF2B. The disease has an autosomal recessive mode of inheritance. The cause of the disease is unknown. Authors are reporting an 8 year old male child presented with complaint of difficulty while walking since one month and history viral fever was present one month back. MRI revealed bilateral symmetrical periventricular T2 hyperintensities with T1 hypointensities. Perivenular sparing was seen and molecular analysis shown eIF2B4 mutations confirmation of vanishing white matter disease. No specific treatment is available and advised to avoid stress and triggers.

6.
Rev. cuba. hematol. inmunol. hemoter ; 36(2): e1189, abr.-jun. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1149902

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La leucemia mieloide aguda (LMA) es un grupo heterogéneo de desórdenes clonales con una gran variabilidad en términos de patogénesis, características morfológicas, genéticas e inmunofenotípicas. Las mutaciones en el gen NPM1 representan una de las más comunes en las LMA y está asociada con una respuesta clínica favorable. Por citogenética, la inversión del cromosoma 16 define el subgrupo de las LMA de factor de unión al grupo con un pronóstico favorable. Objetivo: Describir un caso con diagnóstico de LMA en los cuales el estudio molecular del gen NPM1 y de la inv(16) fueron positivos. Caso clínico: A nivel molecular, la hibridación in situ fluorescente fue positivo a la inv(16) y por biología molecular fue positivo tanto a la inv(16) como al gen NPM1-A, elementos de baja frecuencia de aparición. Se le administró a la paciente un esquema de poliquimioterapia no intensiva para mejorarla clínicamente. Después de una mejoría clínica inicial, la paciente comenzó con complicaciones y falleció. Conclusiones: La coexistencia de estas dos mutaciones es muy poco frecuente en pacientes con LMA, y a pesar de ser de buen pronóstico la paciente falleció a los pocos días de tratamiento(AU)


Introduction: Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a heterogeneous group of clonal disorders with great variability in terms of pathogenesis, morphological, genetic and immunophenotypic characteristics. NPM1 mutations represent one of the most common in AML and are associated with favorable clinical response. By cytogenetics, chromosome 16 inversion defines, with a favorable prognosis, the core‐binding factor for the subgroup of AMLs Objective: To describe a AML case in which the molecular study of the NPM1 gene and the chromosome 16 inversion were positive. Clinical case: At the molecular level, fluorescent in situ hybridization was positive for chromosome 16 inversion and, by molecular biology, it was positive for both chromosome 16 inversion and for the NPM1-A gene, elements with a low frequency of appearance. The patient was administered a non-intensive combination as part of a chemotherapy regimen to improve her clinical status. After initial clinical improvement, the patient began with complications and died. Conclusions: The coexistence of these two mutations is very rare in patients with AML. Despite presenting a good prognosis, the patient died after a few days of treatment(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 16/genetics , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/diagnosis , Mutation/genetics , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence/methods , Anaplastic Lymphoma Kinase/genetics
7.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 2019 Apr; 15(2): 426-436
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-213636

ABSTRACT

Aims and Methods: Retrospectively, this paper compared the differences of the Epstein–Barr virus (EBV)-encoded small RNAs (EBERs), protein expression and gene mutations of tumor suppressor gene p53 (TP53) in keratinized nasopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (KNSCC) and nonKNSCC, and the relationships between pathological features and the prognosis of patients were analyzed. Results: The positive rate of EBERs hybridization and TP53 expressions was 76.3% and 52.2%, respectively, while the mutation rate of TP53 gene was 39.6%. Logistic regression analysis showed direct relationships between the subtypes of nasopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (NPSCC) and EBERs-positive, or frequent consumption of pickled food. Overall survival rates of patients with positive TP53 expression, the TP53 gene mutations, vascular invasions, organ metastases, lymph node metastasis, and clinical recurrence were significantly lower than those of patients without those symptoms. The poorer prognosis was related to regularly drinking and the advanced age. According to the Cox regression analysis, we found that the main prognostic factors of NPSCC patients were the aging, recurrence, TP53 gene mutations, especially exon 7 or 8 mutations. Conclusions: We concluded that there were the correlations between NPSCC subtypes with EBV infection and frequent intaking of pickled food, while aging, clinical recurrence, and TP53 gene mutations were independent predictors for the poor prognosis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma

8.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 705-708, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800703

ABSTRACT

Transcriptome sequencing (RNA-seq) has unique advantages in analyzing gene fusion, splicing mutations, and gene expression profiles. Single-cell RNA-seq provides powerful tools to reveal cellular heterogeneity in normal and tumor tissues. With the widespread application of high-throughput gene sequencing technology and the rapid reduction in cost, RNA-seq is increasingly used in hematological malignancies research. This article introduces the related research progress in conjunction with reports at the 61st American Society of Hematology Annual Meeting.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745813

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between Hashimoto thyroiditis (HT) and thyroid papillary carcinoma (PTC) by analyzing the expression of BRAF V600E mutation and (N-,H-,K-) RAS codons 12,13 and 61 mutants in cases of multifocal PTC with HT.Methods 80 tumor samples in 37 multifocal PTC with HT cases,were analyzed for the genotypic changes of BRAF V600E,as well as the (N-,H-,K-)RAS codons 12,13 and 61 mutants by DNA sequencing assay and amplification refractory mutation system (ARMS).Results BRAF V600E mutation was detected in 51 samples and RAS gene mutations was found in 3 samples (N-RAS codon 61 mutant in 2 samples and H-RAS codon 61 mutant in 1 sample).Different clonal origin was present in 20 cases of multifocal PTC with HT (54.1%,20/37).There was no statistical significance (P > 0.05) in the incidence of the difference in the origin of tumor cells,compared with the results (61.7%,37/60) of multifocal PTC without HT in the related literature.Conclusion In more than half of multifocal PTC with HT cases,the tumor cells originate from different clones.Our results do not support the opinion that HT predisposes patients to develop PTC,because HT does not have a significant effect on expression of BRAF and RAS gene mutation in PTC,accordingly HT is more likely to be a part of the host tumor immune response system.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791733

ABSTRACT

Familial glucocorticoid deficiency (FGD) is a rare autosomal recessive disease characterized by a single cortisol deficiency and normal aldosterone and renin levels, reported by Shepard et al. in 1959 for the first time. The age of FGD onset may be early or later, from neonatal to adult. The clinical manifestations vary due to the different age at onset. The clinical identification was difficult and would be prone to misdiagnosis because the disease may have many similarities with primary adrenal insufficiency (PAI) caused by other reasons.

11.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 719-726, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775565

ABSTRACT

Brain is the most common site of lung cancer metastasis, and the incidenceis are higher if patients have driver gene mutation. Patients with brain metastasis have a poor prognosis; further, different treatment methods affect the disease status and prognosis. In recent years, with the development of precision medicine, gradual progress has been made in treatments for lung cancer patients with brain metastasis, especially for those with driver gene mutations. This review first highlights the challenges of brain metastasis treatments, and then summarizes the research progress regarding targeted therapies for patients with driver gene mutation-positive lung cancer and brain metastasis. This review could help guide clinical decision making for individualized treatment in daily clinical practice.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699132

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the value of KRAS mutation predicting prognosis of patients with colorectal liver-only metastasis after hepatectomy.Methods The retrospective case-control study was conducted.The clinicopathological data of 79 patients with colorectal liver-only metastasis who underwent hepatectomy in the Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center between October 2010 and October 2016 were collected.KRAS mutation in colorectal cancer tissue was detected by fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and laser flight mass spectrometer.Observation indicators:(1) KRAS mutation;(2) relationship between KRAS mutation and clinicopathological factors of patients with colorectal liver-only metastasis;(3) follow-up and survival situations.Follow-up using outpatient examination and telephone interview was performed to detect recurrence-free survival and overall survival up to June 30,2017.The relationship between KRAS mutation and clinicopathological factors of patients with colorectal liver-only metastasis was analyzed by the chi-square test or Fisher exact probability.The survival curve and time were respectively drawn and calculated by the Kaplan-Meier method,and COX regression model was used for survival analysis.Results (1) KRAS mutation:79 patients received KRAS gene detection of surgical tumor tissues,including 54 in wide-type mutation and 25 in mutant-type mutation.Of 25 patients in mutant-type mutation,mutation at codon 12 of KRAS exon 2 was in 21 patients,and GGT>GAT (G12D),GGT>GTT (G12V),GGT>TGT (G12C),GGT>GCT (G12A) and GGT>CGT (G12R) of mutation types were respectively detected in 13,4,2,1 and 1 patients;mutation at codon 13 of KRAS exon 2 was in 3 patients,with a mutation type of GGC>GAC (G13D);mutation at codon 61 of KRAS exon 3 was in 1 patient,with a mutation type of CAA>CAT (Q61H).(2) Relationship between KRAS mutation and clinicopathological factors of patients with colorectal liver-only metastasis:primary tumor located in right and left hemicolon were detected in 11,14 patients with mutant-type mutation and 7,47 patients with wide-type mutation,respectively,with a statistically significant difference (x2=9.357,P<0.05).(3) Follow-up and survival situations:79 patients were followed up for 2.0-71.0 months,with a median time of 29.0 months.Median recurrence-free survival time and median overall survival time were respectively 11.3 months,43.5 months in patients with mutant-type mutation and 9.9 months,44.3 months in patients with wide-type mutation,respectively,with no statistically significant difference in recurrence-free and overall survivals [hazard ratio (HR)=1.255,1.108,95% confidence interval (CI):0.741-2.126,0.521-2.355,P>0.05].Further analysis:of patients with low clinical risk score (CRS) of Memorial Sloan Caitlin Cancer Center (MSKCC),median recurrence-free survival time was 11.3 months in 17 patients with mutant-type mutation and 23.5 months in 26 patients with wide-type mutation,with a statistically significant difference in recurrence-free survival of patients (HR=2.082,95%CI:1.006-4.307,P<0.05).The median overall survival time was 44.6 months in 17 patients with mutant-type mutation and 49.0 months in 26 patients with wide-type mutation,with no statistically significant difference in overall survival of patients (HR =1.165,95%CI:0.413-3.282,P>0.05).Of patients with high CRS of MSKCC,median recurrence-free survival time and median overall survival time were respectively 5.6 months,28.7 months in 7 patients with mutant-type mutation and 4.5 months,36.7 months in 24 patients with wide-type mutation,with no statistically significant difference in recurrence-free and overall survivals (HR=0.402,1.197,95%CI:0.284-1.656,0.371-3.866,P>0.05).Conclusions KRAS mutation is often detected in patients with right colon cancer.Recurrence-free survival time is obviously reduced in patients with KRAS mutation and low CRS of MSKCC.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697550

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the well-related cardiomyopathy genes in children with cadiomyopathy living in south china.Methods 43 childrens with cardiomyopathy admitted to Guangdong General Hospital between January 2015 to March 2017 were enrolled in this study.A standardized protocol for ultra-high coverage nextgeneration sequencing of the well-related cardiomyopathy genes were performed in all patients.A sequencing of Sanger were used to their immediate family members.Results A total of 28 mutations of pathogenic and suspected pathogenic in 23 genes were identified in 21 patients (48.8%).All of the mutations occurred only once.Conclusions Most cases with cardiomyopathy have gene mutations.The sequencing of the well-related cardiomyopathy genes can assist the clinical diagnosis.And many variants which the test detected need to be followed-up in order to gain benefit for the patients and their families.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692507

ABSTRACT

Papillorenal syndrome,also known as renal coloboma syndrome,is an autosomal donunant inherited condition typically featured by congenital aplasia of kidneys and eyes,most of which occur in childhood.Studies have revealed that a mutation in PAX2 gene is the critical etiology of Papillorenal Syndrome.The PAX2 gene is located at chromosome 10q23-24,encoding PAX2 protein isoform c,which belongs to the transcription factors family paired box family that regulate downstream gene expression and play an important role in development of organs such as the kidney and the eye.Mutations in PAX2 result in structural and functional abnormality of PAX2 protein isoform c,which leads to the dysplasia of the related organs.More than 80 mutations in the PAX2 gene have been currently reported,causing various clinical phenotypes.The mutational analysis of the PAX2 gene would be of help to direct the diagnosis,monitoring and treatment of papillorenal syndrome.This review summarizes the research progress of papillorenal syndrome and mutations in the PAX2 gene.

15.
Salud(i)ciencia (Impresa) ; 22(5): 437-440, mayo-jun. 2017. tab.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1087375

ABSTRACT

Hemoglobin (Hb) Fannin-Lubbock I (beta119 [GH2]), GGC>GAC, Gly>Asp) and Hb Fannin-Lubbock II (beta111 [G13]), GTC>CTC, Val>Leu and beta 119 (GH2), GGC >GAC, Gly>Asp), share the mutation at position 119, both abnormal hemoglobins have similar fast electrophoretic mobility due the Gly>Asp change. Hb Fannin-Lubbock, is classified in the group of unstable hemoglobins, without alteration in their affinity for oxygen; the mutation at amino acid 119 and that of amino acid 111 participate in the interaction of the alpha1beta1 chains, with important links in the stability of the molecule, so that both substitutions could affect the stability of the molecule. Initially the instability of the variant was attributed to mutation 111, however, our group confirmed that the mutation at amino acid 119 is responsible for the instability to the molecule. In this paper, we analyze the first observations of Hb Fannin-Lubbock in 1976 and in 1982, the demonstration of Hb Fannin-Lubbock II by DNA sequencing as well as the evidence of two different mutations by DNA analysis, the Hb Fannin-Lubbock I observed mainly in families of Mexican origin and Hb Fannin-Lubbock II in families of Spanish origin, we also present the hematological characteristics of both types and the indirect evidence that the Hb Fannin-Lubbock I observed in a Mexican family and in a Hind


La hemoglobina (Hb) Fannin-Lubbock I (beta119 (GH2), GGC>GAC, Gly>Asp) y la Hb Fannin-Lubbock II (beta111 (G13), GTC>CTC, Val>Leu y beta119 (GH2), GGC>GAC, Gly>Asp), comparten la mutación en la posición 119, tienen movilidad electroforética rápida similar debida al cambio Gly>Asp. La Hb FanninLubbock se clasifica en el grupo de hemoglobinas inestables, sin alteración en su afinidad por el oxígeno; tanto la mutación en el aminoácido 119 como la del aminoácido 111 participan en la interacción de las cadenas alfa1beta1, por lo que ambas sustituciones podrían afectar la estabilidad de la molécula. Inicialmente la inestabilidad de la Hb se atribuyó a la mutación 111, sin embargo, nuestro grupo confirmó que la mutación en el aminoácido 119 es la responsable de la inestabilidad de la molécula. En este trabajo se analizan las primeras observaciones de la Hb Fannin-Lubbock en 1977 y en 1982, la demostración de la Hb Fannin-Lubbock II por secuenciación de ADN, así como la evidencia de dos mutaciones diferentes por análisis de ADN, la Hb Fannin-Lubbock I observada principalmente en familias de origen mexicano y la Hb Fannin-Lubbock II en familias de origen español, así como las características hematológicas de ambos tipos y la evidencia indirecta de que la Hb Fannin-Lubbock I observada en una familia mexicana y en una familia india se asocian con haplotipos beta distintos, lo que sugiere que surgieron por eventos mutacionales independientes


Subject(s)
Hemoglobins , Hemoglobinopathies , Mutation
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808048

ABSTRACT

The cell origin of primary pulmonary mucinous epithelial tumors includes goblet cells, tracheobronchial mucous glands, the mucous cell metaplasia of ciliated and Clara cells, etc.There are benign, low-grade malignant potential and malignant tumors in this category. The benign tumors encompass mucous gland adenoma and mucinous cystadenoma. Ciliated muconodular papillary tumors are thought to be of low grade malignant potential or uncertain malignant potential neoplasm, while colloid adenocarcinoma and mucinous adenocarcinoma are malignant tumors. Most of primary pulmonary mucinous epithelial tumors are rare even extremely rare lesions. Similar morphological changes exist in the different tumors. Differential diagnosis for these entities may be challenging in pathological diagnosis on biopsies, even surgical sections. The clinicopathologic characteristics should be carefully analyzed to ensure accurate pathologic diagnosis for primary pulmonary mucinous epithelial tumors.

17.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12): 118-122, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-508998

ABSTRACT

Endometrial cancer ( EC) is one of the most common gynecological cancer ,of which the molecular biolog-ical mechanisms is very complex .In recent years, it has been reported that the abnormally regulated PI 3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway is significantly related with endometrial cancer .The mutation and abnormal activation of the receptors and kinase of the PI 3 K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway is a potential therapeutic target of endometrial cancer .

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618358

ABSTRACT

Purpose To investigate the relation of EGFR and KRAS gene mutations with the pathological characteristics in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).Methods The EGFR and KRAS gene mutations were detected and analyzed in 64 patients with NSCLC by capillary electrophoresis and fluorescent probe method.Results In 64 cases,the EGFR gene mutations were detected in 27 patients (42.2%);the KRAS gene mutations in 8 patients (12.5%).The EGFR and KRAS mutations synchronized in 4 patients (6.25%).The mutations rate of EGFR was related to gender,histology type and smoking condition (P < 0.05).There was no association between mutation of EGFR gene with the age,differentiation,lymph node metastasis and TNM stages (P > 0.05).The mutations rate of KRAS gene was higher in adenocarcinoma patients than that in squamous carcinoma (P < 0.01).There was no relationship between mutation of KRAS gene with the gender,age,smoking condition,differentiation,lymph node metastasis and TNM stages (P > 0.05).Conclusion In NSCLC,EGFR gene mutations rate is higher than KRAS gene mutation.The mutation rate of EGFR gene is higher in female,adenocarcinoma and never smokers;the mutations rate of KRAS mutations is higher in patients with adenocarcinoma.The mutations in EGFR and KRAS can exist at the same time.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-616646

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the prevalence of HIV primary drug resistance and drug resistance gene mutations among men who have sex with men (MSM).Methods:We searched eight electronic databases (CNKI,VIP,CBM,Wanfang Database,PubMed,Web of Knowledge,Springer,Medline) for the studies of HIV drug resistance relevant to MSM.Drug resistance and drug resistance mutations data were pooled and analyzed according to statistical test of homogeneity.Subgroups were further divided according to sample size,location,race,quality rating score,sampling time.Results:Forty-three studies were included in this Meta-analysis.The pooled rate of total to protease inhibitor (PI),nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor(NRTI) or non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI) were 10.21% (95% CI 8.65% to12.03%),2.98% (95% CI 2.25% to 3.93%),4.05% (95% CI 3.14% to 5.21%),4.42% (95% CI 3.31% to 5.88%),respectively.The pooled rates of PI major mutation,PI secondary mutations,NRTI mutations and NNRTI mutations were 0.55% (95% CI 0.38% to 0.80%),1.31% (95% CI 0.98% to 1.75%),0.85% (95% CI 0.51% to 1.40%),1.19% (95% CI 0.70% to 2.01%),0.79% (95% CI 0.55% to 1.13%),1.73% (95% CI 1.21% to 2.46%),0.86% (95% CI 0.61% to 1.21%),2.24% (95% CI 1.77% to 2.83%),respectively.Sample size,region,and race were heterogeneous sources;the rate of resistance mutations and gene mutation rate were different in different subgroups.Conclusion:The prevalence of primary drug resistance among MSM was high in Americas and Europe,and it was gradually increased in Asia.We should pay attention to the high incidence of PI secondary mutations.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712044

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the correlation between ultrasonographic features of thyroid nodule and BRAFV600Emutation. Methods A total of 179 patients with 194 suspicious throid nodules were included in this study. They underwent ultrasound, biopsy, pathology and BRAFV600Emutation examination between October 2015 and February 2016 at Chinese PLA General Hospital. The size of nodules were (1.1±0.8) cm. The size, echo, boundary, shape aspect ratio, calcification and capsular invasion of nodules were investigated. The correlation between ultrasonographic features of thyroid nodule and BRAFV600Emutation analyzed by chis-square test and Logistic Regression analysis using statistical data as independent variable, BRAFV600Emutation as dependent variable. Results There were significant different in nodule′s ratio, boundary, capsular invasion characteristic between the BRAFV600Epositive group and the BRAFV600Enegative group(χ2=11.174,45.517,11.046,all P < 0.05),and these signs are possibly associated with BRAFV600Emutation by logistic regression model analysis(OR=2.276,95%CI:1.117-4.638, P < 0.05; OR=8.412, 95%CI: 3.836-18.448,P < 0.001; OR=2.582, 95%CI: 1.138-5.860,P < 0.05). Conclusions The ratio, boundary, capsular invasion characteristic of thyroid nodules are possibly associated with BRAFV600Emutation. These signs can be used to predict BRAFV600Emutation and facilitate subsequent treatment for such nodules.

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