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1.
Hepatología ; 5(2): 123-136, mayo-ago. 2024. fig, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1556168

ABSTRACT

Desde los años ochenta se ha explorado el tratamiento para el virus de la hepatitis C, aunque en ese entonces los medicamentos disponibles eran poco toleradas y poco eficaces. En el 2011, la introducción de antivirales de acción directa transformó significativamente el curso de la enfermedad, logrando tasas de curación superiores al 90 % en los pacientes. Este avance ha permitido prevenir complicaciones futuras con efectos adversos mínimos. La presente revisión aborda la línea de tiempo del descubrimiento de los antivirales, su mecanismo de acción, sus indicaciones y potencial impacto en la salud pública.


Since the 1980s, the treatment of hepatitis C has been explored, although at that time, the available medications were poorly tolerated and ineffective. In 2011, the introduction of direct-acting antivirals significantly transformed the course of the disease, achieving cure rates of over 90% in patients. This advance has made it possible to prevent future complications with minimal adverse effects. This review addresses the timeline of the discovery of antivirals, their mechanism of action, and their impact on medicine.

2.
Rev. gastroenterol. Perú ; 44(1): 26-34, ene.-mar. 2024. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1560046

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: Se ha tratado de identificar los factores genéticos relacionados con susceptibilidad para enfermedad inflamatoria intestinal (EII), y los hallazgos actuales se inclinan por un modelo de patología complejo, sin un patrón hereditario claro. Objetivo: Realizar caracterización fenotípica y genotípica de pacientes con EII en población colombiana y describir su posible asociación con predisposición. Materiales y métodos: Serie de casos, 16 pacientes con EII por criterios clínicos y anatomopatológicos, inicio de síntomas gastrointestinales después de los 18 años. Todos tuvieron asesoramiento genético pre-test y se realizaron árboles genealógicos de mínimo tres generaciones. También, genotipificación, por medio de un panel de genes múltiples que incluía genes relacionados con EII y algunos trastornos autoinmunitarios. Finalmente, se realizó análisis genómico de variantes. Resultados: 9 mujeres y 7 hombres, con edad media de diagnóstico de EII 35 años, y 32 años para aparición de síntomas gastrointestinales. 11/16(68,75%) requirieron terapia biológica. 10/16 (62,5%) presentaron refractariedad a terapia estándar. 3/16 (18,75%) tenían antecedentes familiares positivos de EII. 100% casos presentaron al menos un single nucleotide polymorphism relacionado con riesgo de EII en más de un gen. Los genes más relacionados con colitis ulcerosa (CU), fueron CD48, CD6, y TYK2 para CU, y CD6 e ITGAM para la enfermedad de Crohn. El gen más frecuente fue CD6. Se observó en 3/16 (18,75%) presencia de hasta 5 genes, 4 en 3/16 (18,75%), y tres en 5/16 (31,25%). Conclusión: En EII hay presencia de variantes genéticas con predisposición asociada, pero sin patogenicidad confirmada, y cuya sumatoria parece contribuir en su fisiopatología.


ABSTRACT Introduction: Attempts have been made to identify the genetic factors related to susceptibility to inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and the current conclusions are in favor of a complex pathology model, without a clear hereditary pattern. Objective: To perform phenotypic and genotypic characterization of patients with IBD in Colombian population and to describe its possible association with predisposition. Materials and methods: case series, 16 patients with IBD according to clinical and pathological criteria, onset of gastrointestinal symptoms after 18 years of age. All had pre-test genetic counseling and family trees of at least three generations were made. Also, genotyping, using a multigene panel that included genes related to IBD and some autoimmune disorders. Finally, a genomic analysis of variants was performed. Results: 9 women and 7 men, with mean age of diagnosis of IBD of 35 years, and gastrointestinal symptoms appearance of 32 years. 11/16 (68.75%) required biological therapy. 10/16 (62.5%) were refractory to standard therapy. 3/16 (18.75%) had positive family history of IBD. 100% cases presented at least one single nucleotide polymorphism related to IBD risk in more than one gene. The genes most related to ulcerative colitis (UC) were CD48, CD6, and TYK2 for UC, and CD6 and ITGAM for Crohn's disease. The most frequent gene was CD6. It was found presence of up to 5 genes in 3/16 (18.75%), 4 in 3/16 (18.75%), and three in 5/16 (31.25%). Conclusion: In IBD there is the presence of genetic variants with associated predisposition, but without confirmed pathogenicity, and whose sum seems to contribute to its pathophysiology.

3.
Rev. gastroenterol. Perú ; 44(1): 35-40, ene.-mar. 2024. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1560047

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo: Determinar la prevalencia y las características genotípicas de la infección anal por papilomavirus en hombres que tienen sexo con hombres (HSH) VIH-positivos. Materiales y métodos: Es un estudio observacional prospectivo de corte transversal en HSH VIH-positivos del Hospital Nacional Guillermo Almenara Irigoyen, EsSalud, realizado entre setiembre del 2017 y diciembre del 2018. El estudio del papilomavirus se realizó con una técnica de reacción en cadena de polimerasa evaluando 21 genotipos estratificados según el riesgo oncogénico: seis de bajo riesgo y quince de alto riesgo. Resultados: Se evaluaron 214 HSH VIH-positivos. La prevalencia general de la infección anal por papilomavirus fue de 70% (150/214). 86% (129/150) tuvieron genotipos de alto riesgo oncogénico, de ellos 79% (102/129) tuvieron dos o más genotipos de papilomavirus. Los genotipos de alto riesgo oncogénico más frecuentes fueron: VPH-16, 31% (46/150); VPH-52, 22% (33/150); VPH-33, 21% (31/150); VPH-58, 21% (31/150) y VPH-31, 20% (30/150). El VPH-18 alcanzó el 7% (10/150). Los genotipos de bajo riesgo oncogénico más frecuentes fueron: VPH-6, 30% (45/150) y VPH-11, 29% (44/150). Conclusiones: La prevalencia de la infección anal por papilomavirus en HSH VIH-positivos es muy alta en el hospital investigado. La gran mayoría de estas infecciones se producen con genotipos de alto riesgo oncogénico. El papilomavirus 16 fue el genotipo de alto riesgo más frecuente.


ABSTRACT Objective: To determine the prevalence and genotypic characteristics of anal papillomaviruses in HIV-positive men who have sex with men (MSM). Materials and methods: This is a prospective cross-sectional observational study of HIV-positive MSM at Almenara General Hospital between September 2017 and December 2018. HPV detection and typing was performed using a polymerase chain reaction technique that evaluated 21 genotypes stratified according to oncogenic risk into six low-risk and fifteen high-risk. Results: we evaluated 214 HIV-positive MSM. The overall prevalence of anal infection by papillomavirus infection was 70% (150/214). 86% (129/150) were caused by high-risk genotypes, 79% (102/129) of them were affected by a two or more-papillomavirus genotype. The most frequent high-risk genotypes were HPV-16, 31% (46/150); HPV-52, 22% (33/150); HPV-33, 21% (31/150); HPV-58, 21% (31/150) and HPV-31, 20% (30/150). In addition, HPV-18 reached 7% (10/150). The most frequent low-risk genotypes were HPV-6, 30% (45/150) and HPV 11, 29% (44/150). Conclusions: Prevalence of anal papillomavirus infection in HIV-positive MSM is very high in the hospital investigated. Most of these infections occurs with high-risk oncogenic genotypes. Papillomavirus 16 was the most frequent high-risk genotype.

4.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 991-996, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016724

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To systematically evaluate the effects of C3435T polymorphism in ABCB1 gene on lipid-lowering efficacy of statins. METHODS Retrieved from PubMed, Web of Science, the Cochrane Library, CNKI and VIP, the cohort studies on the use of statins were collected from the inception to November 1, 2023. After literature screening, data extraction and quality evaluation, meta-analysis was performed by using RevMan 5.4 software. RESULTS A total of 11 literature involving 1 575 patients were included. The results showed that under the dominant genetic model, the reduction of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) [MD=-1.87, 95%CI (-3.62, -0.13), P=0.04], total cholesterol (TC) [MD=-1.42, 95%CI (-2.80, -0.04), P=0.04] in patients with CT+TT genotype was significantly higher than CC genotype. There was no significant difference in the increase of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) [MD=-0.65, 95%CI (-2.48, 1.18), P=0.49] or the decrease of triglyceride (TG) [MD=-0.05, 95%CI (-2.94, 2.84), P=0.97] between patients with CT+TT genotype and CC genotype. Under the recessive genetic model, the reduction of TC [MD=2.26, 95%CI (0.97, 3.56), P=0.000 6] and the increase of HDL-C [MD=2.38, 95%CI (0.42, 4.35), P=0.02] in patients with TT genotype were significantly higher than CC+ CT genotype. There was no significant difference in the reduction of LDL-C [MD=1.53, 95%CI (-0.10, 3.15), P=0.07] or TG [MD=0.06, 95%CI (-2.98, 3.10), P=0.97] between CC+CT genotype and TT genotype. Under the additive genetic model, the reduction of TC [MD=2.98, 95%CI (1.27, 4.69), P=0.000 6] and LDL-C [MD=2.84, 95%CI (0.67, 5.01), P=0.01] in patients with TT genotype were significantly higher than CC genotype. There was no significant difference in the increase of HDL-C [MD=2.40, 95%CI (-0.17, 4.97), P=0.07] or the decrease of TG [MD=0.97, 95%CI    (-2.93, 4.87), P=0.63] between patients with TT genotype and CC genotype. CONCLUSIONS The reduction of LDL-C and TC in patients with dyslipidemia treated with statins may be related to the heterozygous and homozygous mutation of C3435T in ABCB1 gene, and the reduction of LDL-C and TC in patients with CT or TT genotype is more obvious, compared with patients with CC genotype. The elevation of HDL-C may be related to homozygous mutation, and the effect of HDL-C elevation may be more obvious in patients with TT genotype, compared with CC+CT genotype. However, the change of TG may not be related to the C3435T polymorphism in ABCB1 gene.

5.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 143-149, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016542

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the changes in the pathogen spectrum of viral diarrhea in local pediatric inpatients as well as any variations in genotypes of major pathogens during the COVID-19 control period. MethodsFecal samples were collected from the children <5 years who were hospitalized due to acute gastroenteritis in a pediatric hospital in Shanghai. PCR test was carried out to detect rotavirus, norovirus, sapovirus, astrovirus and enteric adenovirus, and then genotyping was performed for major pathogens. ResultsOut of 546 samples, 37.55% tested positive for virus with the following positive rate ranking: norovirus GⅡ (22.16%), group A rotavirus (16.12%), astrovirus (2.93%), enteric adenovirus (2.38%), sapovirus (0.92%) and norovirus GⅠ (0.18%). The predominant genotype within norovirus GⅡ were GⅡ.4[P31] and GⅡ.4[P16] with a proportion of 24.79% and 14.05% respectively. The detection rate of GⅡ.4[P31] dropped significantly over the 2-year period (χ2=16.140,P<0.001). In addition, an emerging rotavirus genotype G8P [8], which was rarely found nationally, was discovered for the first time locally with an increasing proportion, accounting for 7.95% of all rotavirus positive cases. Phylogenic analysis demonstrated that the representative strains of this genotype were genetically closer to the DS-1-like G8P [8] strain found in Southeast Asia. ConclusionThe changes in the prevalence of various norovirus genotypes together with the emergence of rare rotavirus genotype in the local area illustrate the importance of continuous monitoring of viral diarrhea and genotyping of key pathogens. Increased local activity of the rare genotype also adds new parameters in the efficacy evaluation of marketed vaccines and development of potential new vaccines in near future.

6.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 44-46, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016501

ABSTRACT

Objective @#To investigate the clinical and molecular epidemiological characteristics of 10 patients with enterovirus (EV)-D68 infections in the respiratory tract in Shaoxing City, Zhejiang Province, so as to provide insights into formulation of control interventions for EV-D68 infections.@*Methods@#Clinical specimens were sampled from patients with acute respiratory tract infections (ARTIs) admitted to sentinel hospitals in Shaoxing City from 2021 to 2022, and EV-D68 was detected using real-time fluorescent PCR assay and sequencing of the VP1 region of enterovirus. The epidemiological and etiological characteristics of EV-D68 infected cases were descriptively analyzed. @*Results@#A total of 3 009 specimens were sampled from patients with ARTIs from 2021 to 2022, and the detection of EV-D68 was 0.33%. Of all EV-D68-infected patients, there were 6 men and 4 women, and 5 cases under 18 years of age, 2 cases at ages of 18 to 60 years and 3 cases at ages of over 60 years. EV-D68 infection predominantly occurred in summer (5 cases detected between May and July) and autumn (5 cases detected between September and October). The main clinical symptoms included fever (10 cases), sore throat (9 cases) and cough (8 cases), and all 10 cases recovered well, with no deaths reported. Sequencing identified D3 subtype in all 10 specimens positive for EV-D68. @*Conclusions@#The ARTIs caused by EV-D68 occurred predominantly among children under 18 years of age in Shaoxing City, and was highly prevalent in summer and autumn. D3 was the predominant enterovirus subtype.

7.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 38-43, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011099

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the phenotype and genotype characteristics of autosomal recessive hearing loss caused by MYO15A gene variants, and to provide genetic diagnosis and genetic counseling for patients and their families. Methods:Identification of MYO15A gene variants by next generation sequencing in two sporadic cases of hearing loss at Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine. The sequence variants were verified by Sanger sequencing.The pathogenicity of these variants was determined according to the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics(ACMG) variant classification guidelines, in conjuction with clinical data. Results:The probands of the two families have bilateral,severe or complete hearing loss.Four variants of MYO15A were identified, including one pathogenic variant that has been reported, two likely pathogenic variants,and one splicing variant of uncertain significance. Patient I carries c. 3524dupA(p. Ser1176Valfs*14), a reported pathogenic variant, and a splicing variant c. 10082+3G>A of uncertain significance according to the ACMG guidelines. Patient I was treated with bilateral hearing aids with satisfactory effect, demonstrated average hearing thresholds of 37.5 dB in the right ear and 33.75 dB in the left ear. Patient Ⅱ carries c. 7441_7442del(p. Leu2481Glufs*86) and c. 10250_10252del(p. Ser3417del),a pair of as likely pathogenic variants according to the ACMG guidelines. Patient Ⅱ, who underwent right cochlear implantation eight years ago, achieved scores of 9 on the Categorical Auditory Performance-Ⅱ(CAP-Ⅱ) and 5 on the Speech Intelligibility Rating(SIR). Conclusion:This study's discovery of the rare c. 7441_7442del variant and the splicing variant c. 10082+3G>A in the MYO15A gene is closely associated with autosomal recessive hearing loss, expanding the MYO15A variant spectrum. Additionally, the pathogenicity assessment of the splicing variant facilitates classification of splicing variations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pedigree , China , Deafness/genetics , Hearing Loss/genetics , Phenotype , Hearing Loss, Sensorineural/genetics , Mutation , Myosins/genetics
8.
Braz. j. biol ; 842024.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1469319

ABSTRACT

Abstract Transplanting time and genotype contribute to improving crop yield and quality of eggplant (Solanum melongena L.). A field experiment was conducted to investigate the impact of foliar applied of triacontanol (TRIA) and eggplant genotypes 25919, Nirala, 28389 and Pak-10927,transplanted on 1 March,15 March, and 1 April on exposure to high air temperature conditions. The experiment was performed according to Randomized Complete Block Design and the data was analyzed by using Tuckey,s test . The TRIA was applied at 10µM at flowering stage; distilled water was used as the control. Rate of photosynthesis and transpiration, stomatal conductance, water use efficiency, and effects on antioxidative enzymes (superoxide dismutase, catalase and peroxidase) were evaluated. The 10µM TRIA increased photosynthesis rate and water use efficiency and yield was improved in all genotypes transplanted at the different dates. Foliar application of 10µM TRIA increased antioxidative enzyme activities (SOD, POD & CAT) and improved physiological as well as biochemical attributes of eggplant genotypes exposed to high heat conditions. Highest activity of dismutase enzyme 5.41mg/1g FW was recorded in Nirala genotype in second transplantation. Whereas, lowest was noted in PAK-10927 (2.30mg/g FW). Maximum fruit yield was found in accession 25919 (1.725kg per plant) at 1st transplantation with Triacontanol, whereas accession PAK-10927 gave the lowest yield (0.285 kg per plant) at control treatment on 3rd transplantation. Genotype, transplanting date and application of TRIA improved growth, yield and quality attributes under of heat stress in eggplant.


Resumo O tempo de transplante e o genótipo contribuem para melhorar a produtividade e a qualidade da cultura da berinjela (Solanum melongena L.). Um experimento de campo foi conduzido para investigar o impacto da aplicação foliar de triacontanol (TRIA) e genótipos de berinjela 25919, Nirala, 28389 e Pak-10927, transplantados em 1 de março, 15 de março e 1 de abril de exposição a condições de alta temperatura do ar. O experimento foi realizado de acordo com o Randomized Complete Block Design e os dados foram analisados pelo teste de Tuckey. O TRIA foi aplicado a 10 µM na fase de floração; água destilada foi utilizada como controle. Taxa de fotossíntese e transpiração, condutância estomática, eficiência do uso da água e efeitos sobre as enzimas antioxidantes (superóxido dismutase, catalase e peroxidase) foram avaliados. O TRIA 10 µM aumentou a taxa de fotossíntese e a eficiência do uso da água e o rendimento foi melhorado em todos os genótipos transplantados nas diferentes datas. A aplicação foliar de TRIA 10µM aumentou as atividades das enzimas antioxidantes (SOD, POD e CAT) e melhorou os atributos fisiológicos e bioquímicos de genótipos de berinjela expostos a condições de alto calor. A atividade mais elevada da enzima dismutase 5,41mg / 1g FW foi registrada no genótipo Nirala no segundo transplante. Considerando que o mais baixo foi observado em PAK-10927 (2,30 mg / g FW). A produtividade máxima de frutos foi encontrada no acesso 25919 (1,725 kg por planta) no 1º transplante com Triacontanol, enquanto o acesso PAK-10927 deu a menor produção (0,285 kg por planta) no tratamento de controle no 3º transplante. Genótipo, data de transplante e aplicação de TRIA, melhoramento do crescimento, rendimento e atributos de qualidade sob estresse térmico em berinjela.

9.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e253696, 2024. graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1355862

ABSTRACT

Abstract Transplanting time and genotype contribute to improving crop yield and quality of eggplant (Solanum melongena L.). A field experiment was conducted to investigate the impact of foliar applied of triacontanol (TRIA) and eggplant genotypes 25919, Nirala, 28389 and Pak-10927,transplanted on 1 March,15 March, and 1 April on exposure to high air temperature conditions. The experiment was performed according to Randomized Complete Block Design and the data was analyzed by using Tuckey,s test . The TRIA was applied at 10µM at flowering stage; distilled water was used as the control. Rate of photosynthesis and transpiration, stomatal conductance, water use efficiency, and effects on antioxidative enzymes (superoxide dismutase, catalase and peroxidase) were evaluated. The 10µM TRIA increased photosynthesis rate and water use efficiency and yield was improved in all genotypes transplanted at the different dates. Foliar application of 10µM TRIA increased antioxidative enzyme activities (SOD, POD & CAT) and improved physiological as well as biochemical attributes of eggplant genotypes exposed to high heat conditions. Highest activity of dismutase enzyme 5.41mg/1g FW was recorded in Nirala genotype in second transplantation. Whereas, lowest was noted in PAK-10927 (2.30mg/g FW). Maximum fruit yield was found in accession 25919 (1.725kg per plant) at 1st transplantation with Triacontanol, whereas accession PAK-10927 gave the lowest yield (0.285 kg per plant) at control treatment on 3rd transplantation. Genotype, transplanting date and application of TRIA improved growth, yield and quality attributes under of heat stress in eggplant.


Resumo O tempo de transplante e o genótipo contribuem para melhorar a produtividade e a qualidade da cultura da berinjela (Solanum melongena L.). Um experimento de campo foi conduzido para investigar o impacto da aplicação foliar de triacontanol (TRIA) e genótipos de berinjela 25919, Nirala, 28389 e Pak-10927, transplantados em 1 de março, 15 de março e 1 de abril de exposição a condições de alta temperatura do ar. O experimento foi realizado de acordo com o Randomized Complete Block Design e os dados foram analisados pelo teste de Tuckey. O TRIA foi aplicado a 10 µM na fase de floração; água destilada foi utilizada como controle. Taxa de fotossíntese e transpiração, condutância estomática, eficiência do uso da água e efeitos sobre as enzimas antioxidantes (superóxido dismutase, catalase e peroxidase) foram avaliados. O TRIA 10 µM aumentou a taxa de fotossíntese e a eficiência do uso da água e o rendimento foi melhorado em todos os genótipos transplantados nas diferentes datas. A aplicação foliar de TRIA 10µM aumentou as atividades das enzimas antioxidantes (SOD, POD e CAT) e melhorou os atributos fisiológicos e bioquímicos de genótipos de berinjela expostos a condições de alto calor. A atividade mais elevada da enzima dismutase 5,41mg / 1g FW foi registrada no genótipo Nirala no segundo transplante. Considerando que o mais baixo foi observado em PAK-10927 (2,30 mg / g FW). A produtividade máxima de frutos foi encontrada no acesso 25919 (1,725 ​​kg por planta) no 1º transplante com Triacontanol, enquanto o acesso PAK-10927 deu a menor produção (0,285 kg por planta) no tratamento de controle no 3º transplante. Genótipo, data de transplante e aplicação de TRIA, melhoramento do crescimento, rendimento e atributos de qualidade sob estresse térmico em berinjela.


Subject(s)
Solanum melongena/genetics , Solanum melongena/metabolism , Photosynthesis , Heat-Shock Response , Fatty Alcohols , Antioxidants/metabolism , Antioxidants/pharmacology
10.
Ginecol. obstet. Méx ; 92(2): 60-68, ene. 2024. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1557856

ABSTRACT

Resumen OBJETIVO: Determinar la prevalencia de alteraciones en la citología anal, infección anal por virus del papiloma humano y en la neoplasia intraepitelial anal; además, explorar los factores de riesgo y los serotipos asociados en pacientes con lesión intraepitelial cervical de alto grado, a partir de la hipótesis de que esta población tiene mayor riesgo de lesiones precursoras o cáncer anal. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS: Estudio observacional, descriptivo y transversal, con componente analítico, efectuado en pacientes con diagnóstico de lesión intraepitelial cervical de alto grado (LIEAG) en dos instituciones de salud: una privada y otra pública de Bogotá, atendidas entre enero de 2017 y febrero de 2018. Se efectuó un muestreo no probabilístico, por conveniencia. RESULTADOS: Se incluyeron 119 participantes, en 4 de ellas se evidenció, en la citología anal, el hallazgo de células anormales en el tejido que reviste la parte exterior del cuello uterino. Se encontraron 14 anoscopias anormales que dieron una prevalencia de neoplasia intraepitelial anal del 6.7%. Siete eran neoplasia intraepitelial anal de bajo grado y una de alto grado. Se encontró infección por VPH anal en 45 participantes (37.8%) y se detectaron genotipos de VPH-AR en 29 participantes (24.4%). Más de 3 compañeros sexuales, más de 3 hijos y tener menos de 21 años antes del primer embarazo tuvieron un valor de p < 0.05 que confiere mayor riesgo de infección por VPH anal. CONCLUSIÓN: Es importante establecer en Colombia protocolos para la detección de la neoplasia intraepitelial anal en grupos de alto riesgo, como las pacientes con neoplasia intraepitelial cervical o cáncer de cuello uterino, e incentivar el adiestramiento en la anoscopia de alta resolución en especialistas relacionados con el diagnóstico de patología anogenital.


Abstract OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of alterations in anal cytology, anal human papillomavirus infection, and anal intraepithelial neoplasia, and to explore the risk factors and associated serotypes in patients with high-grade cervical intraepithelial lesion, based on the hypothesis that this population is at higher risk for precancerous lesions or anal cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study, with analytical component, performed in patients diagnosed with high-grade cervical intraepithelial lesion (HG-CIL) in two health institutions: one private and one public in Bogota, visited between January 2017 and February 2018. A non-probabilistic sampling was performed, by convenience, with a sample calculated in 124 patients. RESULTS: 119 participants were included, in 4 of them it was evidenced in the anal cytology, the finding of abnormal cells in the tissue lining the outside of the cervix. Fourteen abnormal anoscopies were found, giving a prevalence of anal intraepithelial neoplasia of 6.7%. Seven were low-grade anal intraepithelial neoplasia and one was high-grade. Anal HPV infection was detected in 45 participants (37.8%) and HR-HPV genotypes were detected in 29 participants (24.4%). More than 3 sexual partners, more than 3 children and being younger than 21 years before first pregnancy had a p-value < 0.05 conferring an increased risk of anal HPV infection. CONCLUSION: It is important to establish protocols in Colombia for the detection of anal intraepithelial neoplasia in high-risk groups, such as patients with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia or cervical cancer, and to promote training in high-resolution anoscopy in specialties related to the diagnosis of anogenital pathology.

11.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 46: e, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1559581

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To examine whether the DDAH2 promoter polymorphisms -1415G/A (rs2272592), -1151A/C (rs805304) and -449G/C (rs805305), and their haplotypes, are associated with PE compared with normotensive pregnant women, and whether they affect ADMA levels in these groups. Methods: A total of 208 pregnant women were included in the study and classified as early-onset (N=57) or late-onset PE (N =49), and as normotensive pregnant women (N = 102). Results: Pregnant with early-onset PE carrying the GC and GG genotypes for the DDAH2 -449G/C polymorphism had increased ADMA levels (P=0.01). No association of DDAH2 polymorphisms with PE in single-locus analysis was found. However, the G-C-G haplotype was associated with the risk for late-onset PE. Conclusion: It is suggested that DDAH2 polymorphisms could affect ADMA levels in PE, and that DDAH2 haplotypes may affect the risk for PE.

12.
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1551897

ABSTRACT

Introduction: genital chlamydia, which is caused by diverse Chlamydia trachomatis genotypes, is largely asymptomatic. We aimed to identify C. trachomatis genotypes causing genital chlamydia among female sex workers attending a sex workers outreach program clinic in Nairobi, Kenya. Methods: this cross-sectional study was conducted between 18 April 2017 and 19 March 2021. Genitourinary complaints from eligible female sex workers were documented using a structured questionnaire. Endocervical swabs were collected for laboratory analysis. C. trachomatis plasmid DNA was extracted, PCR-amplified, and sequenced. Consensus sequences were generated and aligned with reference sequences to determine the C.trachomatis genotypes. Bivariate analysis was used to determine the association between genitourinary complaints and genital chlamydia. Results: endocervical swabs were collected from a total of 348 participants. Of these, 46 (13.2%) were positive for C. trachomatis. Most (297, 85.3%) of the participants presented with pelvic discharge with or without other symptoms. Fifteen (15, 4.3%) had abdominal pain and 3 (0.9%) had an itchy vulva. There was no statistically significant relationship between clinical presentation and genital chlamydia. Twenty-three samples were successfully sequenced. Each sequence was at least 90% identical to each of the 13 references C. trachomatis genotypes A, B, C, D, E, F, G, Ia, J, L1, L2, L2b and L3. Conclusion: we found no significant association between individual genitourinary complaints and genital chlamydia infection. The C. trachomatis genotypes circulating amongst female sex workers in Nairobi could be related to genotypes A, B, C, D, E, F, G, Ia, J, L1, L2, L2b, and L3.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female
13.
Perinatol. reprod. hum ; 37(3): 99-107, sep.-dic. 2023. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1534965

ABSTRACT

Resumen Antecedentes: Chlamydia trachomatis es la bacteria que se detecta con mayor frecuencia en las infecciones de transmisión sexual. Se han identificado 20 genotipos de C. trachomatis mediante el gen ompA y varias genovariantes mediante el análisis de polimorfismo de un solo nucleótido (SNP). En México, el genotipo F es el más frecuente. Objetivo: Identificar la existencia de subtipos del genotipo F. Método: Se analizaron siete cepas del genotipo F de C. trachomatis aisladas en 2011, mediante secuenciación de nucleótidos y mapeo con enzimas de restricción. Resultados: El análisis de SNP mostró dos cepas con el mismo SNP en el nucleótido 288 (C288T), mientras que con enzimas de restricción se identificó una variante con diferente RFLP (polimorfismo de la longitud de fragmentos de restricción) cuando se tratan con la mezcla de enzimas HinfI y TaqI. Conclusión: En México se encuentran dos subtipos del genotipo F y solo las enzimas de restricción HinfI y TaqI pueden identificar la existencia de uno de estos genotipos F.


Abstract Background: Chlamydia trachomatis is the most frequently identified bacterium in sexually transmitted infections. Twenty C. trachomatis genotypes have been determined using the ompA gene and several genovariants by single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) analysis. In Mexico, the F genotype is the most frequent. Objective: To identify subtypes of the F genotype. Method: Seven C. trachomatis genotype F strains isolated in 2011 were analyzed by nucleotide sequencing and restriction enzyme mapping. Results: SNP analysis showed two strains with the same SNP at nucleotide 288 (C288T), while with res-triction enzymes, a variant with different RFLP (restriction fragment length polymorphism) was identified when treated with the mixture of HinfI and TaqI enzymes. Conclusion: In Mexico, there are two subtypes of F, and only with restriction enzymes HinfI and TaqI can identify one of the genovariants of the F genotype.

14.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 120(12): e20230396, dez. 2023. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1527796

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento Genes e suas variantes associadas a fatores ambientais contribuem para o desenvolvimento do fenótipo hipertenso. O gene da subunidade beta 3 da proteína G ( GNB3 ) está envolvido no processo de sinalização intracelular e suas variantes têm sido relacionadas à suscetibilidade à hipertensão arterial. Objetivo Determinar a associação da variante GNB3 (rs5443:C>T) com a hipertensão arterial, parâmetros bioquímicos, idade e obesidade em indivíduos hipertensos e normotensos de Ouro Preto, Minas Gerais. Método A identificação das variantes foi realizada por PCR em tempo real, utilizando o sistema TaqMan®, em amostras de 310 pacientes (155 hipertensos e 155 normotensos). Análises bioquímicas (função renal, perfil lipídico e glicemia) foram realizadas a partir do soro por meio de espectrofotometria UV/Vis e eletrodo íon-seletivo. Foi utilizado um modelo de regressão logística múltipla para identificar fatores associados à hipertensão arterial. A análise das variáveis contínuas com distribuição normal foi realizada usando o teste t de Student não pareado; dados não normais foram analisados usando o teste de Mann-Whitney. Valores de p < 0,05 foram considerados significativos. Resultados A variante rs5443:C>T não esteve associada à hipertensão arterial na população avaliada (p = 0,88). Em relação às medidas bioquímicas, o alelo T esteve associado a níveis elevados de triglicerídeos, glicose e ácido úrico em indivíduos hipertensos (p < 0,05). Conclusão Os presentes resultados mostram a importância do diagnóstico genético para prevenir as causas e consequências de doenças e sugerem que a variante GNB3 rs5443:C>T pode estar associada a alterações no perfil bioquímico em indivíduos hipertensos.


Abstract Background Genes and their variants associated with environmental factors contribute to the development of the hypertensive phenotype. The G protein beta 3 subunit gene (GNB3) is involved in the intracellular signaling process, and its variants have been related to susceptibility to arterial hypertension. Objective To determine the association of the GNB3 variant (rs5443:C>T) with arterial hypertension, biochemical parameters, age, and obesity in hypertensive and normotensive individuals from Ouro Preto, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Method The identification of variants was performed by real-time PCR, using the TaqMan® system, in 310 samples (155 hypertensive and 155 normotensive). Biochemical analyses (renal function, lipid profile and glycemia) were performed from the serum using UV/Vis spectrophotometry and ion-selective electrode. A multiple logistic regression model was used to identify factors associated with arterial hypertension. The analysis of continuous variables with normal distribution was performed using the unpaired Student's t test; non-normal data were analyzed using Mann-Whitney. P < 0.05 was considered significant. Results The rs5443:C>T variant was not associated with arterial hypertension in the evaluated population (p = 0.88). Regarding biochemical measures, the T allele was associated with high levels of triglycerides, glucose and uric acid in hypertensive individuals (p < 0.05). Conclusion These results show the importance of genetic diagnosis to prevent the causes and consequences of diseases and imply that the GNB3 rs5443:C>T variant may be associated with changes in the biochemical profile in hypertensive individuals.

15.
Respirar (Ciudad Autón. B. Aires) ; 15(3): [168-175], sept. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1510524

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la micobacteria no terberculosa (NTM) forma un grupo heterogéneo de microorganismos que pueden causar infección en humanos. Las micobacterias no pigmentadas de rápido crecimiento (MNPCR) son de interés clínico debido al creciente número de pacientes infectados por ellos y a la dificultad del tratamiento. Dentro de este grupo, Mycobacterium fortuitum, Mycobacterium abscessus y Mycobacterium chelonae son reconocidos como patógenos potenciales; estas especies se han aislado de infecciones pulmonares y extrapulmonares. Objetivo: el objetivo de este trabajo es encontrar la frecuencia de aislamiento de especies micobacterianas de rápido crecimiento, específicamente el complejo Mycobacterium fortuitum, de muestras clínicas utilizando la técnica molecular de diagnóstico GenoType Mycobacterium CM. Material y Método: se analizaron 249 aislados de micobacterias no tuberculosas obtenidas de muestras pulmonares y extrapulmonares de pacientes sintomáticos en el período enero 2018-diciembre de 2022. La técnica molecular GenoType Mycobacterium CM se utilizó para identificar la especie. Resultados: Se obtuvieron 77 (3,9%) aislados de especies no pigmentadas de rápido crecimiento, estas se identificaron en orden decreciente: Mycobacterium fortuitum 65 (84,41%), Mycobacterium abcessus 9 (11,68%) y Mycobacterium chelonae 3 (4%). Conclusiones: los resultados reafirman que el complejo Mycobacterium fortuitum es responsable de la mayoría de las infecciones causadas por la micobacteria en rápido crecimiento en humanos. La técnica diagnóstica GenoType Mycobacterium CM es una herramienta útil para la rápida identificación de micobacterias; proporciona resultados precisos en menos tiempo, acortando significativamente el tiempo diagnóstico, permite la aplicación temprana de tratamiento específico, evitando así la propagación de la infección.


Introduction: non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) form a heterogeneous group of mi-croorganisms that can cause infection in humans. Fast-growing non-pigmented my-cobacteria (MNPCR) are of clinical interest due to the increasing number of patients infected by them and the difficulty of treatment. Within this group, Mycobacterium fortuitum, Mycobacterium abscessus and Mycobacterium chelonae are recognized as potential pathogens; these species have been isolated from both pulmonary and ex-trapulmonary infections. Objective: the objective of this work is to find the frequency of isolation of fast-growing non-pigmented mycobacterial species, specifically the Myco-bacterium fortuitum complex, from clinical samples using the GenoType® Mycobacteri-um CM diagnostic molecular technique. Material and Method: 249 isolates of non-tu-berculous mycobacteria obtained from pulmonary and extrapulmonary samples from symptomatic patients in the period January 2018-December 2022 were analyzed. The G e n oTy p e® Mycobacterium CM molecular technique was used to identify the species. Results: 77 (30.9%) isolates of fast-growing non-pigmented species were obtained, these were identified in decreasing order: Mycobacterium fortuitum 65 (84.41%), Myco-bacterium abcessus 9 (11.68%) and Mycobacterium chelonae 3 (4%). Conclusions: the results reaffirm that the Mycobacterium fortuitum complex is responsible for most in-fections caused by fast-growing mycobacteria in humans. The GenoType® Mycobacte-riumCM diagnostic technique is a useful tool for the rapid identification of mycobacte-ria; it provides accurate results in less time, significantly shortening the diagnostic time, it allows the early application of specific treatment, thus avoiding the spread of infec-tion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Nontuberculous Mycobacteria/isolation & purification , Mycobacterium Infections, Nontuberculous/diagnosis , Therapeutics , Molecular Diagnostic Techniques/methods
16.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 45(3): 317-323, July-Sept. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514173

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: To date, 340 antigen-organized 43 blood group systems are recognized, being ABO, Rh, Kell, Duffy, Kidd, MNS and Diego the most clinically relevant. The aim of this study was to assess the distribution of alleles and genotypes of the blood group systems Rh, Kell, Duffy, Kidd, MNS and Diego in 810 blood donors registered in the hemotherapy unit in northwest Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil Methods: We evaluated the genetic variability of blood groups Rh (c.676G>C and c.307C>T), Kell (c.578C>T), Kidd (c.838A>G), Duffy (c.125A>G and c.l-67T>C), Diego (c.2561C>T) and MNS (c.143T>C) in 810 volunteer blood donors of Rio Grande do Sul, southern Brazil. The genetic profiling was performed through allelic discrimination assays using hydrolysis probes (TaqMan®) real-time PCR system. Results: The most frequent blood group genotypes found in our study population were: RHC*Cc (51.5%), RHC*ee (70.1%), FY*A/FY*B (49.3%), GATA -67T/T (93.5%), KEL*2/KEL*2 (93.4%), Jk*A/JK*B (53.2%) and DI*02/DI*02 (95.4%). Some statistical differences were observed on comparing the population of this study with populations from other states in Brazil, mainly with population of Minas Gerais, Bahia and Paraná, which showed some differences from the population of Porto Alegre, which was more similar to those of Santa Catarina and São Paulo Conclusion: The frequency of red blood cell polymorphisms in our study is different from that of blood donors in other regions of Brazil. The results showed the importance of extended genotyping in adequate blood screening and the existence of rare genotypes in Brazilian regular blood donors

17.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 43(Supl. 1): 216-228, ago. 2023.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1533885

ABSTRACT

Introduction. For over a century, Sporothrix schenckii was considered the sole species responsible for sporotrichosis. In 2007, scientific community confirmed the disease could be caused by various Sporothrix species. These species differed in their virulence factors and their antifungal sensitivity. Objective. This study aims to characterize 42 Colombian clinical isolates of Sporothrix spp. phenotypically and genotypically. Materials and methods. Forty-two clinical isolates were characterized using phenotypic methods. It involved various culture media to determine their growth range at different temperatures and to assess the type and distribution of pigment and colony texture. Microscopic morphology was evaluated through microcultures, as well as the conidia diameter, type of sporulation, and morphology. Additionally, the assimilation of carbohydrates was selected as a physiological trait for species identification. Genotyping of 40 isolates was performed through partial amplification of the calmodulin gene, followed by sequence analysis. Results. Molecular studies enabled the identification of 32 isolates of S. schenckii and 8 isolates of S. globosa. The combination of phenotypic and genotypic methods eased these species characterizations and the recognition keys development based on parameters such as growth diameter at 25 and 30 °C, colony texture (membranous or velvety) on potato dextrose agar, and microscopic morphology with predominance of pigmented triangular, elongated oval globose, or subglobose conidia. Conclusions. Confirmation of the phenotypic characteristics and molecular analysis is crucial for identifying Sporothrix species and determining adequate treatment. This study represents the first phenotypical and genotypical characterization of clinical isolates of Sporothrix spp. reported in Colombia.


Introducción. Por más de un siglo se creyó que Sporothrix schenckii era la única especie responsable de la esporotricosis. Sin embargo, en el 2007, se consideró que podría ser causada por diferentes especies de Sporothrix, que difieren en sus factores de virulencia y su sensibilidad a los antifúngicos. Objetivo. Caracterizar fenotípica y genotípicamente 42 aislamientos clínicos colombianos de Sporothrix spp. Materiales y métodos. Se caracterizaron 42 aislamientos clínicos mediante métodos fenotípicos. Se usaron varios medios de cultivo para determinar el rango de crecimiento a diferentes temperaturas, el tipo y la distribución del pigmento, y la textura de las colonias. Se evaluó la morfología microscópica por microcultivos mediante la determinación del diámetro, el tipo de esporulación y la morfología de las conidias. La asimilación de carbohidratos se usó como una característica fisiológica para identificar las especies. La genotipificación de los 40 aislamientos se llevó a cabo mediante la amplificación parcial del gen que codifica para la calmodulina y se confirmó por secuenciación. Resultados. Mediante estudios moleculares, se identificaron 32 aislamientos de S. schenckii y ocho de S. globosa. La combinación de métodos fenotípicos y genotípicos permitió caracterizar las especies y construir claves para su reconocimiento, con base en parámetros como el diámetro de crecimiento a 25 y 30 °C, la textura de las colonias (membranosa, aterciopelada) en agar papa dextrosa y la morfología microscópica con predominio de conidias (triangulares pigmentadas, ovales globosas elongadas, subglobosas). Conclusiones. La caracterización fenotípica y los análisis moleculares son necesarios para identificar las especies de Sporothrix y, de esta forma, elegir el tratamiento indicado. Esta es la primera caracterización fenotípica y genotípica reportada de aislamientos clínicos colombianos de Sporothrix spp.


Subject(s)
Sporotrichosis , Phenotype , Sporothrix , Genotype
18.
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 2023 Jun; 71(6): 2512-2520
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-225089

ABSTRACT

Purpose: Inherited retinal dystrophies (IRD) are a heterogeneous group of retinal diseases leading to progressive loss of photoreceptors through apoptosis. Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) is considered the most common form of IRD. Panel?based testing in RP has proven effective in identifying the causative genetic mutations in 70% and 80% of the patients. This is a retrospective, observational, single?center study of 107 RP patients who had undergone next?generation sequencing?based targeted gene panel testing for IRD genes. These patients were inspected for common phenotypic features to arrive at meaningful genotype–phenotype correlation. Methods: Patients underwent complete ophthalmic examination, and blood was collected from the proband for DNA extraction after documenting the pedigree. Targeted Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) was done by panel?based testing for IRD genes followed by co?segregation analysis wherever applicable. Results: Of the 107 patients, 72 patients had pathogenic mutations. The mean age of onset of symptoms was 14 ± 12 years (range: 5–55). Mean (Best Corrected Visual Acuity) BCVA was 6/48 (0.9 logMAR) (range 0.0–3.0). At presentation, over one?third of eyes had BCVA worse than 6/60 (<1 logMAR). Phenotype analysis with the gene defects showed overlapping features, such as peripheral well?defined chorioretinal atrophic patches in patients with CERKL, PROM1, and RPE65 gene mutations and large macular lesions in patients with RDH12 and CRX gene mutations, respectively. Nummular or clump?like pigmentation was noted in CRB1, TTC8, PDE6A, and PDE6B. Conclusion: NGS?based genetic testing can help clinicians to diagnose RP more accurately, and phenotypic correlations can also help in better patient counselling with respect to prognosis and guidance regarding ongoing newer gene?based therapies.

19.
J Vector Borne Dis ; 2023 Jan; 60(1): 106-110
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-216910

ABSTRACT

Background & objectives: Chikungunya is a reemerging arbovirus infection. Laboratory diagnosis can be done by Classical test involving Rapid Immunochromatography, Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent assay and Molecular methods. The present study was undertaken to know the genotype of the Chikungunya virus (CHICKV) among patients suspected of CHICKV and investigated by virus culture, partial sequencing, Rapid Immunochromatography, and Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent assay (ELISA). To understand different techniques used in Chikungunya diagnosis viz., virus culture, partial sequencing along with Immunochromatography and ELISA. Methods: This is a prospective, laboratory-based study at a tertiary care center. Lateral flow chromatography and ELISA was carried out on serum samples. All 50 samples were cultured and indirect Immunofluorescence was performed on positive samples at Interactive Research School for Health Affairs (IRSHA), Bharati Vidyapeeth Medical College Pune, Maharashtra, India. Virus isolates were subjected to partial sequencing for identification of genotype after confirmation by PCR. Statistical Package of Social Science (SPSS) version 22.0 software was used to calculate the Receiver operating curve (ROC) for different tests. Results: Out of 50 samples, 20 were positive by Immunochromatography, 23 by ELISA, and 3 by culture, PCR confirmed CHIKV isolates and sequencing identified genotypes as East Central South African type. Interpretation & conclusion: CHIKV culture isolates of East Central South African type lineage were predominantly found in the present study. These are also common genotypes present in Asia including India.

20.
DST j. bras. doenças sex. transm ; 35jan. 31, 2023. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1526864

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Human Papillomavirus (HPV) infections are of significant concern in men, given its potential impact on their health and the risk of transmission to partners. Understanding and addressing this infection in men is crucial to evaluate the effectiveness of vaccination in reducing HPV-related diseases. Objective: To assess the impact of HPV vaccination, potential genotype shifts, and adverse effects, through a prospective study conducted with male university students. Methods:The study involved 286 volunteers who were examined at Sexually Transmitted Disease Clinics at the Universidade Federal Fluminense in Niterói, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The HPV prevalence was evaluated using generic PCR, genotyped by DNA microarray and monitored adverse effects. Results: The findings of this study revealed the absence of moderate or severe adverse effects. Genetic shifts were observed, including the disappearance of oncogenic HPV types 16 and 18. Surprisingly, even after completing the full vaccine regimen, students still harbored HPV11 in the oral tract. Furthermore, persistent HPV 6 and 11 infections were identified in three students, who had pre-existing infections prior to vaccination, at the follow-up visit. Multivariate analysis uncovered independent associations, notably an increased risk of HPV infection in the oral tract among men who have sex with men. HPV prevalence rates remained low both before and after the vaccination scheme (T0: 14.7%, T1: 8.7%). Even after the full vaccination scheme, the prevalence remained similar at T2 (14.6%), with no statistically significant differences recorded. HPV11 emerged as the most prevalent type throughout the study, followed by HPV6. Vaccine genotypes were detected in a significant proportion of samples at T0 (85.4%), T1 (89.5%), and T2 (100%). Conclusion: Overall, this study suggests that vaccination may represent a promising approach to reducing HPV-related health risks. These findings shed light on the potential benefits and challenges of HPV vaccination, emphasizing the need for continued monitoring and vaccination efforts


Introdução: As infecções por papilomavírus humano (HPV) são de grande preocupação em homens, dada sua possível influência na saúde deles e no risco de transmissão para parceiros. Compreender e abordar essa infecção em homens é fundamental para avaliar a eficácia da vacinação na redução de doenças relacionadas ao HPV. Objetivo: Avaliar o impacto da vacinação contra o HPV, possíveis alterações genotípicas e efeitos adversos, por meio de um estudo prospectivo realizado em estudantes universitários do sexo masculino. Métodos: O estudo envolveu 286 voluntários examinados em Clínicas de Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis na Universidade Federal Fluminense, em Niterói, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. A prevalência do HPV foi avaliada por polymerase chain reaction (PCR) genérico e genotipada por microarranjo de DNA, e foram monitorados os efeitos adversos. Resultados: Os resultados deste estudo revelaram a ausência de efeitos adversos moderados ou graves. Observaram-se mudanças genéticas, incluindo o desaparecimento dos tipos oncogênicos do HPV 16 e 18. Surpreendentemente, mesmo após a conclusão do esquema completo de vacinação, os estudantes ainda abrigavam o HPV 11 na cavidade oral. Além disso, foram identificadas infecções persistentes pelo HPV 6 e 11 em três estudantes que já tinham infecções preexistentes antes da vacinação e na visita de acompanhamento. A análise multivariada revelou associações independentes, especialmente um aumento no risco de infecção pelo HPV na cavidade oral em homens que têm relações sexuais com homens. As taxas de prevalência do HPV permaneceram baixas tanto antes quanto depois do esquema de vacinação (T0: 14,7%, T1: 8,7%). Mesmo após a conclusão do esquema de vacinação, a prevalência permaneceu semelhante em T2 (14,6%), sem diferenças estatisticamente significativas registradas. O HPV 11 emergiu como o tipo mais prevalente ao longo do estudo, seguido pelo HPV 6. Genótipos da vacina foram detectados em uma proporção significativa de amostras em T0 (85,4%), T1 (89,5%) e T2 (100%). Conclusão: No geral, este estudo sugere que a vacinação pode representar uma abordagem promissora para a redução dos riscos à saúde relacionados ao HPV. Esses achados lançam luz sobre os benefícios e desafios potenciais da vacinação contra o HPV, enfatizando a necessidade de monitoramento contínuo e esforços de vacinação


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Young Adult , Papillomavirus Infections/prevention & control , Papillomavirus Vaccines/administration & dosage , Papillomaviridae/genetics , Brazil/epidemiology , Prospective Studies , Papillomavirus Infections/epidemiology , Genotype
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