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1.
Rev. ciênc. farm. básica apl ; 43: 1-15, 20220101.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1361855

ABSTRACT

Background/Aim: High-grade gliomas are aggressive brain neoplasms usually refractory to treatment. Recently new treatment approaches have emerged, including immunotherapies. Hence, the aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of immunotherapies in adult patients with high-grade gliomas. Methods: Searches were performed in three databases for relevant studies published until December 2020. Title and abstract screening, full-text review, data extraction, and risk of bias assessment were performed independently by two reviewers. Risk of bias assessment was performed according to the revised Cochrane risk-of-bias tool for randomized trials (RoB 2). Meta-analyses were performed with Review Manager software (version 5.4.1), using risk ratio and 95% confidence intervals as measure of effect, the Mantel-Haenszel method, and random effects models. The quality of evidence assessment was conducted according to the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) approach. Results: Nineteen studies were included in the systematic review, of which 15 reported comparable data for meta-analyses. The outcomes assessed in the meta-analyses were overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS), with subgroups at 6, 12, and more than 12 months. No statistical differences were observed between immunotherapy and conventional treatment, except for the OS subgroup over 12 months. The certainty on the evidence was moderate. Conclusion: There was no evidence of an additional benefit of immunotherapy compared to standard treatment in the synthesis of results from clinical trials. Further high-quality clinical trials are needed to improve the quality of evidence concerning immunotherapies for the treatment of high-grade gliomas.

2.
ARS med. (Santiago, En línea) ; 46(1): 12-19, Mar. 30,2021.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292832

ABSTRACT

Background and aim: Gliomas are the most common primary brain tumors, classified according to their histopathological and genetic features. Tumorigenesis depends on alterations in different genes. The aim of this study was the identification of mutations in IDH1 and TERT genes in gliomas of Argentine patients and to correlate them with clinical features and prognosis. Methods: DNA was isolated from 19 biopsies with different glioma grades matched with blood samples. IDH1 and TERT mutations were studied by PCR amplifica-tion and sequencing. Results: Six out of seven patients with low-grade glioma (grade II) harbor IDH1 mutations, mainly without tumor growth and overall survival of more than 12 months. Eleven out of twelve patients with high-grade gliomas (grade III/IV) showed wild type IDH1, mainly with tumor growth and shorter survival than low-grade gliomas. Mutated TERT promoter was present in 5 out of 11 high-grade gliomas, showing the prevalence of polymorphic C allele. In 1 out of 5 low-grade gliomas with a predominance of T allele. TERT and IDH1 mutations were mutually exclusive in most gliomas. Conclusions: Our results show that genetic tests provided a more accurate prognosis than histopathological analysis. The evolution of gliomas can be predicted primarily by the mutational status of IDH1 and secondarily by other markers, such as TERT mutational status


Antecedentes y objetivo: los gliomas son los tumores cerebrales primarios más comunes y se clasifican según sus características histopatológicas y genéticas. La tumorigénesis depende de alteraciones en diferentes genes. El objetivo de este estudio fue identificar mutaciones en los genes IDH1 y TERT en gliomas de pacientes argentinos y correlacionarlos con la evolución clínica. Métodos: se obtu-vieron 19 muestras pareadas de ADN de gliomas y de la sangre. Las mutaciones en IDH1 y TERT se analizaron por PCR y secuenciación. Resultados: la IDH1 mutada se encontró en 6 de los 7 gliomas de bajo grado (grado II), mayormente sin crecimiento tumoral y una sobrevida mayor de 12 meses. La IDH1 salvaje estaba presente en 11 de los 12 gliomas de alto grado (grado III y IV) mayormente con crecimiento tumoral y menor sobrevida que los tumores de bajo grado. Las mutaciones en el promotor del gen TERT se observaron en 5 de los 11 gliomas de alto grado, con la prevalencia de alelo polimórfico C, en cambio, en gliomas de bajo grado TERT mutado estaba presente en 1 de los 5 gliomas con predominio del alelo T. Las mutaciones en IDH1 y TERT fueron mutuamente excluyentes en la mayoría de los gliomas. Conclusiones: el análisis genético provee un pronóstico más certero que el análisis histopatológico. Nuestros resulta-dos muestran que la evolución de gliomas puede predecirse primariamente por el estado mutacional de IDH1 y secundariamente por mutaciones en otros marcadores tales como el TERT

3.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(3): e9571, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153526

ABSTRACT

Cancer cell lines are widely used as in vitro models of tumorigenesis, facilitating fundamental discoveries in cancer biology and translational medicine. Currently, there are few options for glioblastoma (GBM) treatment and limited in vitro models with accurate genomic and transcriptomic characterization. Here, a detailed characterization of a new GBM cell line, namely AHOL1, was conducted in order to fully characterize its molecular composition based on its karyotype, copy number alteration (CNA), and transcriptome profiling, followed by the validation of key elements associated with GBM tumorigenesis. Large numbers of CNAs and differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified. CNAs were distributed throughout the genome, including gains at Xq11.1-q28, Xp22.33-p11.1, Xq21.1-q21.33, 4p15.1-p14, 8q23.2-q23.3 and losses at Yq11.21-q12, Yp11.31-p11.2, and 15q11.1-q11.2 positions. Nine druggable genes were identified, including HCRTR2, ETV1, PTPRD, PRKX, STS, RPS6KA6, ZFY, USP9Y, and KDM5D. By integrating DEGs and CNAs, we identified 57 overlapping genes enriched in fourteen pathways. Altered expression of several cancer-related candidates found in the DEGs-CNA dataset was confirmed by RT-qPCR. Taken together, this first comprehensive genomic and transcriptomic landscape of AHOL1 provides unique resources for further studies and identifies several druggable targets that may be useful for therapeutics and biologic and molecular investigation of GBM.


Subject(s)
Humans , Glioblastoma/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Minor Histocompatibility Antigens , Genome , Genomics , Cell Line, Tumor , Histone Demethylases , Transcriptome
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910419

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical application value of blood oxygen level dependent functional magnetic resonance imaging (BOLD-fMRI) to the protection of language function in patients with unilateral frontal and temporal lobes glioma receiving postoperative intensity modulation radiation therapy (IMRT).Methods:A total of 27 patients with unilateral frontal and temporal lobe gliomas were treated with postoperative radiotherapy. The planning CT and BOLD-fMRI were performed before radiotherapy, and the language functional areas were delineated based on the fused images of 3D T1 and CT. IMRT technology was used to develop radiotherapy plans with and without language function area protection, naming conventional and protective radiotherapy plans respectively. The maximum radiation dose ( Dmax), average radiation dose ( Dmean), target conformal (CI) and dose uniformity (HI) of PTV of the two plans were compared and analyzed to ensure that the protective radiotherapy plan could meet the radiotherapy standard. Then, the Dmax and Dmean of the language function area were compared and analyzed to evaluate whether the Dmax and Dmean of the language function area were decreased in the protective radiotherapy plan. Results:There were no significant differences in CI, HI, Dmax and Dmean of PTV between the conventional radiotherapy plan and protective radiotherapy plan ( P>0.05). There were statistically significant differences in Dmax and Dmean of Wernicke′s and Broca′s (healthy side and affected side) between the conventional radiotherapy plan and protective radiotherapy plan ( t=3.073-12.707, P<0.05). Dmax and Dmean of Wernicke′s and Broca′s (healthy side and affected side) were decreased in the protective radiotherapy plan compared with the conventional radiotherapy plan, and the decrease was significant in the healthy side. Conclusions:BOLD-fMRI combined with IMRT can not only guarantee the target dose of patients with glioma receiving postoperative radiotherapy, but also reduces the radiation dose to the language function area. Chinese reading task and paragraph comprehension task are the stimulation mode of language function in patients after brain tumor surgery. These tasks are simple and the effect is accurate.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876115

ABSTRACT

@#[Abstract] Objective: To explore the effect of exosome-derived miR-181a on angiogenesis and tumor progression in gliomas. Methods: 83 cases of glioma tissues and 13 cases of peritumoral tissues resected in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Hainan Medical University from August 2017 to December 2019, glioma cells U87, A172, U251, LN229, U373 and microglial cell line HM, were selected to detect the expression of miR-181a in tumor tissues and cells by qPCR method. Glioma U373 cells with miR-181a over-expression or knockdown were constructed, and exosomes were isolated and identified. The effects of exsome-derived miR-181a on angiogenesis of HUVEC cells were investigated by tubule formation and chicken chorioallantoic membrane assay in vitro. Nude mice bearing U373 cell transplanted xenograft was constructed to observe the effect of exsome-derived miR-181a on angiogenesis and tumor growth in vivo. Results: The expression of miR-181a in glioma tissues and cells was significantly higher than that in normal tissues and normal glial HM cells (all P<0.01). The exsome-derived miR-181a could significantly promote the tubule formation of HUVEC cells (P<0.01) and the angiogenesis of chicken chorioallantoic membrane (all P<0.01). In vivo experiments showed that the growth of xenografts was promoted (P<0.05) and the amount of angiogenesis in the tumor tissues was increased in the nude mice after being transfused with exsome-derived miR-181a (P<0.01). Conclusion: miR-181a plays an important role in promoting angiogenesis of gliomas and may be a potential target for diagnosis and treatment of gliomas.

6.
Rev. méd. Panamá ; 40(1): 14-20, ene.2020. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1099573

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los gliomas son tumores malignos altamente celulares del sistema ner­ vioso central. Su grado histológico preoperatorio es de utilidad en el manejo quirúrgico, por lo que la resonancia magnética con secuencias avanzadas intenta brindar mayor información tumoral. Objetivo: Relacionar el coeficiente aparente de difusión (CAD) y celularidad de los gliomas de pacientes entre enero 2015 a diciembre 2017. Metodo­ logía: Retrospectivamente se obtuvieron de archivos clínicos la edad, sexo, tipo, grado histológico y sitio anatómico. Se calculó el CAD en 5mm 2 en los estudios de resonancia magnética preoperatorias y se utilizó las laminillas para conteo de celularidad en 5mm 2 digitalmente. Se utilizó análisis estadísticos descriptivos y coeficiente de correlación entre CDA con celularidad. Se utilizaron valores de p < 0.05 para significancia estadís­ tica. Resultados: 46 casos fueron incluidos, 56.5% fueron hombres. El rango de 41­64 años fueron los más afectados. El glioblastoma fue el tipo histológico más frecuente (47.8%), así como los gliomas de alto grado (73.9%). El 95.7% fueron supratentoriales. La celularidad promedio fue de 3970 ± 2900 vs 2436 ± 948 núcleos/5mm 2 (p = 0.13), con valores promedio de CDA mínimo de 0.813 x 10­3 ± 0.229 mm 2 /s vs 1.052 x 10­3 ± 0.196 mm 2 /s (p = 0.002), para los gliomas de alto y bajo grado respectivamente. La co­ rrelación entre CDA y celularidad fue débil (R = ­ 0.13, p = 0.37). Conclusión: Existe co­ rrelación débil inversamente proporcional entre el CDA y la celularidad con distinción de gliomas de bajo y alto grado con valores de CDA mínimos


Introduction: Gliomas are highly cellular malignant tumors of the central nervous sys­ tem. Its preoperative histological grade is useful in surgical management, so magnetic resonance imaging with advanced sequences tries to provide more tumor information. Objective: Correlate apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and cellularity of gliomas of patients between January 2015 to December 2017. Methodology: Data of age, sex, ty­ pe, histologic grade and anatomic site were retrospectively obtained from clinical archi­ ves. The preoperative magnetic resonance ADC was calculated in a 5 mm 2 region of interest and the microscope slides were used for the cellularity digitally count in 5 mm 2 . Descriptive statistical analysis and correlation coefficient between ADC and cellularity were used. Values of p <0.05 were used for statistical significance. Results: 46 cases were included, 56.5% were men. The 41­64 years ranges were the most affected. Glio­ blastoma was the most frequent histological type (47.8%), as well as high grade glio­ mas (73.9%). 95.7% were supratentorial. The average cellularity was 3970 ± 2900 vs 2436 ± 948 nuclei/ 5mm 2 (p = 0.13), with average minimum ADC values of 0.813 x 10­3 ± 0.229 mm 2 /s vs 1052 x 10­3 ± 0.196 mm 2 /s (p = 0.002), for high­ and low­grade glio­ mas, respectively. The correlation between ADC and cellularity was weak (R = ­ 0.13, p = 0.37). Conclusions: There is a weak inversely proportional correlation between ADC and cellularity. With distinction of low­ and high­grade gliomas with minimum ADC values


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Astrocytes/pathology , Glioma/epidemiology , Oligodendroglioma/epidemiology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Glioblastoma/physiopathology
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826341

ABSTRACT

To explore the utility of apparent diffusion coefficient(ADC)histogram analysis for differentiating genetic subtypes of diffuse lower-grade gliomas. A total of 55 patients with WHO grade Ⅱ/Ⅲ diffuse lower-grade gliomas who underwent preoperative routine brain magnetic resonance imaging and diffusion weighted imaging in our center were retrospectively evaluated.Among whom there were 14 patients with isocitrate dehydrogenase(IDH)wild-type gliomas(IDH group),19 patients with IDH-mutant 1p19q intact gliomas(IDH 1p19q group),and 22 patients with IDH-mutant 1p19q co-deleted gliomas(IDH 1p19q group).The whole-lesion ADC values derived from histogram analysis(including ADC,ADC,ADC5%,ADC10%,ADC25%,ADC50%,ADC75%,ADC90%,ADC95%,ADC,mode,range,skewness,kurtosis,standard deviation,inhomogeneity,and entrophy)were measured for each patient.All parameters between the different genetic subtypes were compared by using the Student's test or Mann-Whitney test.Receiver operating curve(ROC)analysis was used to assess the diagnostic performance of ADC histogram in distinguishing the different genetic subtypes. Compared with IDH group,the ADC75%(=0.021),ADC90%(=0.015),ADC95%(=0.014),ADC (=0.035),range(=0.009),standard deviation(=0.001)and inhomogeneity(=0.001)were significantly lower in IDH group;in contrast,the ADC (=0.031)and kurtosis(=0.020)of IDH group were significantly higher than those in IDH group.The ADC(=0.010),ADC5%(=0.016),ADC10%(=0.012),ADC25%(=0.007),ADC50%(=0.005),ADC75%(=0.015),and mode(=0.002)were significantly higher in IDH 1p19q group than in IDH 1p19q group.Inhomogeneity achieved the highest area under ROC(AUC)(0.811)in differentiating IDH gliomas and IDH gliomas,with a cutoff value of 0.229;the sensitivity and specificity were 85.7% and 73.2%.The mode achieved the highest AUC(0.744)in differentiating IDH 1p19q gliomas and IDH 1p19q gliomas,with a cutoff value was 1448.75×10 mm /s;the sensitivity and specificity were 57.9% and 90.9%. ADC histograms analysis may be helpful to differentiate genetic subtypes in lower-grade gliomas.


Subject(s)
Brain Neoplasms , Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Glioma , Humans , ROC Curve , Retrospective Studies
8.
Rev. cuba. med ; 58(4): e507, oct.-dic. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1139034

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Nimotuzumab es una inmunoglobina de isotipo IgG1, obtenido por tecnología de ADN recombinante. La expectativa de vida de niños con tumores cerebrales recurrentes, refractarios a tratamientos a la cirugía, la radioterapia y la quimioterapia es de un mes aproximadamente. Con este tratamiento la supervivencia alcanza 44,5 meses. Objetivos: Presentar el caso clínico de un paciente con diagnóstico de Astrocitoma anaplásico que recibió tratamiento oncoespecífico concurrente con Nimotuzumab. Presentación de caso: Se realizó la descripción del diagnóstico, tratamiento y evolución de un paciente de 31 años de edad que fue diagnosticado con una neoplasia del sistema nervioso central. (Astrocitoma anaplásico). Recibió la combinación terapéutica de cirugía, radioterapia y anticuerpos monoclonales, lográndose una sobrevida de 39 meses. Conclusiones: La adición del anticuerpo monoclonal al tratamiento estándar de los tumores cerebrales aumentó la sobrevida del paciente, convirtiéndose en una alternativa terapéutica segura, ventajosa y factible como parte del tratamiento convencional en las condiciones asistenciales(AU)


Introduction: Nimotuzumab is an IgG1 isotype immunoglobin, obtained by recombinant DNA technology. Life expectancy is approximately one month in children with recurrent brain tumors, refractory to treatments to surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Survival reaches 44.5 months when using Nimotuzumab. Objectives: To report the clinical case of a patient diagnosed with anaplastic astrocytoma who received concurrent oncospecific treatment with Nimotuzumab. Case report: This paper describes the diagnosis, treatment and evolution of a 31-year-old male patient with neoplasm of the central nervous system (Anaplastic astrocytoma). He received the therapeutic combination of surgery, radiotherapy and monoclonal antibodies, achieving a survival of 39 months. Conclusions: The adding the monoclonal antibody to the standard treatment of brain tumors increased patient survival, making it a safe, advantageous and feasible therapeutic alternative as part of conventional treatment in healthcare conditions(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Astrocytoma/surgery , Astrocytoma/diagnosis , Astrocytoma/therapy , Central Nervous System , Reference Drugs , Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized/therapeutic use , Survival Analysis
9.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 39(4): 115-127, dic. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1099709

ABSTRACT

La neurofibromatosis (NF) comprende un grupo de enfermedades genéticas de herencia autosómica dominante, que se clasifican de la siguiente manera: neurofibromatosis tipo 1 (NF1), neurofibromatosis tipo 2 (NF2) y schwannomatosis (también conocida como neurofibromatosis tipo 3). Esta última es una enfermedad muy infrecuente, con una prevalencia aproximada de 1/126 000 personas, por lo que solo profundizaremos las dos primeras. La NF1, también conocida como la enfermedad de Von Recklinghausen, es la más frecuente de las tres y afecta principalmente la piel y el sistema nervioso periférico. Se caracteriza por la presencia de máculas "café con leche", pecas axilares o inguinales, nódulos de Lisch (hamartomas en el iris) y neurofibromas (tumores de la vaina de nervios periféricos). Otras manifestaciones menos frecuentes, aunque de mayor gravedad, incluyen gliomas del nervio óptico, meningiomas, neurofibromas malignos, escoliosis y displasia de la tibia. Su diagnóstico se suele realizar al nacimiento o durante los primeros años de vida, y se estima que un 50% de quienes la padecen presenta dificultades cognitivas. No hay datos concluyentes sobre la mortalidad en los pacientes con NF1, aunque se sabe que la expectativa de vida es menor que en la población general. La NF2 tiene una prevalencia considerablemente menor que la NF1 y su inicio es más tardío, afectando principalmente a adultos jóvenes. La presentación clínica típica se caracteriza por acúfenos, hipoacusia y ataxia en contexto de la presencia de schwannomas vestibulares bilaterales. Otros hallazgos menos frecuentes incluyen schwannomas de nervios periféricos, meningiomas, ependimomas o astrocitomas. La esperanza de vida es de unos 36 años, con una supervivencia media desde el momento del diagnóstico de 15 años. (AU)


Neurofibromatosis (NF) includes a group of genetic diseases with an autosomal-dominant inheritance pattern, and they are classified as follows: Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1), neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) and Schwannomatosis (also known as neurofibromatosis type 3). This last one is a very rare disease, with an approximate prevalence of 1/126000, so we will only deepen in the first two. NF1, also known as von Recklinghausen disease, is the most frequent, and mainly affects the skin and peripheral nervous system. Its typical manifestations are the presence of café-au-lait macules, axillary or inguinal freckles, Lisch nodules (hamartomas in the iris) and neurofibromas (peripheral nerve sheath tumors). Less frequent manifestations, although more serious, include optic nerve gliomas, meningiomas, malignant neurofibromas, scoliosis and tibial dysplasia. The diagnosis is usually made at birth or during the first years of life, and approximately 50% of patients present cognitive difficulties. There is no conclusive data on mortality in patients with NF1, although it is known that life expectancy is lower than in general population. NF2 has a considerably lower prevalence than NF1, and its onset is later in life, mainly affecting young adults. Its typical clinical presentation is characterized by tinnitus, hearing loss and ataxia in the context in the presence of bilateral vestibular schwannomas. Less frequent findings include peripheral nerve schwannomas, meningiomas, ependymomas or astrocytomas. Life expectancy is about 36 years old, with a median survival from the moment of diagnosis of 15 years. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Adult , Young Adult , Neurofibromatosis 2/etiology , Neurofibromatosis 1/etiology , Neurofibromatoses/classification , Astrocytoma/physiopathology , Ataxia , Scoliosis/physiopathology , Tibia/abnormalities , Tinnitus , Bone Diseases, Developmental/physiopathology , Neuroma, Acoustic/complications , Life Expectancy , Neurofibromatosis 2/epidemiology , Neurofibromatosis 1/physiopathology , Neurofibromatosis 1/mortality , Neurofibromatosis 1/epidemiology , Neurofibromatoses/diagnosis , Optic Nerve Glioma/physiopathology , Ependymoma/physiopathology , Hearing Loss , Iris Diseases/physiopathology , Melanosis/physiopathology , Meningioma/physiopathology , Neurilemmoma/etiology , Neurilemmoma/physiopathology , Neurofibroma/physiopathology , Neurofibroma/pathology
10.
Rev. medica electron ; 41(5): 1129-1141, sept.-oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1094117

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: el astrocitoma anaplásico y el glioblastoma multiforme son las formas más agresivas de glioma maligno. Existen avances en radioterapia, quimioterapia y tratamientos de resección quirúrgica agresiva. Esto último incluye métodos como los de tomografía de coherencia óptica, cirugía guiada por fluorescencia, craneotomía de vigilia, terapia térmica intersticial con láser para la ablación por glioblastoma multiforme, microscopía intraoperatoria confocal y espectrometría de masas intraoperatoria, pero a pesar de todo ello el pronóstico resulta sombrío. Objetivo: determinar el comportamiento de los gliomas de alto grado en el Servicio de Neurocirugía de la provincia Matanzas. Materiales y métodos: estudio observacional, descriptivo, transversal, con los pacientes diagnosticados de gliomas de alto grado, en el Servicio Neurocirugía, de la provincia Matanzas, en el período de 1ero de enero del 2017 a 1ero de enero del 2019, para un total de 40 casos. Resultados: la edad media de las lesiones fue de 52 años, la cefalea fue el síntoma predominante, con el 72,2 %. La sintomatología se presentó con una evolución de menos de un mes. Conclusiones: en el 62 % predominaron los gliomas frontales y la variedad histológica glioblastoma multiforme. La excéresis subtotal se aplicó en la mayor cantidad de cirugías, la calidad de vida al egreso fue superior que al ingreso (AU).


ABSTRACT Introduction. Anaplastic astrocytoma (AA) and Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) are the most aggressive forms of malignant glioma. Despite advances in radiotherapy, chemotherapy and aggressive surgical resection treatments, such as optical coherence tomography, fluorescence-guided surgery, waking craniotomy, laser interstitial thermal therapy for GBM ablation, intraoperative confocal microscopy and intraoperative mass spectrometry, the prognosis remains bleak. Objective: to determine the behavior of high grade gliomas in the Neurosurgery Service of the province of Matanzas. Materials and methods: cross-sectional, descriptive, observational study with patients diagnosed with high-grade gliomas in the Neurosurgery Service of the province of Matanzas, in the period from January 1, 2017 to January 1, 2019, for a total of 40 cases. Results: the average age of the lesionated patients was 52 years; headache was the predominant symptom, with 72.2 %; the evolution at the presentation of symptoms was less than a month. Conclusions: frontal gliomas predominated in 62 % of the cases, and predominated also glioblastoma multiforme histological variety. Subtotal excision was used in most surgeries. Life quality at discharging was higher than at the moment of admission (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Glioma/epidemiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Observational Study , Glioma/surgery , Glioma/diagnosis , Neurosurgery
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802917

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the characteristics of demand of reexamination of patients with low grade gliomas in various stages postoperative, so as to satisfy the demand and increase efficiency for health education of discharged patients with low grade gliomas as well as provide basis for personalized health education and continuous nursing.@*Methods@#The convenient sampling was conducted during the outpatients in Neurosurgical department of Beijing Tiantan Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University from April to March in 2017. The 170 outpatients were surveyed with the author designed questionnaire.@*Results@#The total rate of demand in 170 patients was 100%. Patients had the highest demand for the knowledge of recurrence, which rate was 91.8%. The longer the postoperative time, the lower the overall demand. The lowest rate was more than 12 months after operation, which scored 24 (17, 39). The higher the demand for the knowledge of recurrence. The highest rate was more than 12 months after operation, which scored 16 (11, 16). Professional consultation was a normal and expected way for patients to solve health problems (respectively 95.3% and 95.9%).@*Conclusions@#The demand of postoperative patients with low grade gliomas are not high, but relatively have more demand on the knowledge of recurrence. They have different demand in different postoperative stages, genders, age groups, marital status, current employment status, glioma grades. Professional consultation was a method of health education which patients most willing to take.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-861165

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the value of MR in prediction of glioma isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) 1 mutation status. Methods: Nineteen-two patients with glioma were divided into IDH mutation positive group and negative group, and their imaging characteristics were retrospectively reviewed, including lesions' site, signal intensity, boundary, growth pattern, degree of enhancement and surrounding edema. Then two-class Logistic model was established. Results: There were significant differences between different grades and location of gliomas between the two groups (both P<0.05). There were no significant differences in tumor signal intensity, boundary and growth pattern (P=0.269, 0.606, 0.139). There were statistically significant difference in degree of enhancement and surrounding edema (all P<0.01). Logistic regression analysis showed that the signal uniformity (X1), boundary (X2) and degree of enhancement (X3) of gliomas were statistically significant (P=0.004, 0.037, 0.001), and the regression equation was: logit (P)=2.668+1.415X1-2.097X2-3.229X3 (χ2=41.583, P<0.001), the sensitivity of the model was 70.70%, and the specificity was 80.40%. Conclusion: MRI can be used to non-invasively predict IDH1 mutation status of gliomas before surgical operation.

13.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 828-832, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818331

ABSTRACT

Objective The magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) patterns of multiple gliomas are insufficiently understood because the related studies are rarely reported and mostly with small-size samples. This article summarizes the MR manifestations of multiple gliomas, analyzes their imaging features and proposes some diagnostic ideas. Methods We retrospectively reviewed 303 cases of diffuse glioma pathologically confirmed in our hospital from January 2014 to December 2018, including 240 cases of solitary (79.2%) and 63 cases of multiple gliomas (20.8%). We analyzed the MRI manifestations, summarized the MRI patterns, and investigated the differential diagnosis of multiple gliomas. Results According to the growth patterns, 4 of the 63 cases of multiple gliomas were classified as multicentric and the other 59 as multifocal glioma, and of the 59 cases of multifocal glioma, 35 spread along the white matter fiber bundle, 24 along the subependymal and small vessel space, 6 along the meningia-subarachnoid space, and 41 in a mode of direct invasion. The manifestations of cortical involvement included cortical tubers (37.2% [16/43]), multiple cortical tubers with high-intensity signals on T2WI, diffuse cortical swelling (44.2% [19/43]), frontal cortical swelling with high-intensity signals on T2FLAIR, and enhancement along the cortex (37.2% [16/43]). Interfocal heterogeneity was observed in 45 of 63 cases (71.4%). The imaging features of the lesions were classified into 5 types: metastasis (69.8%), granulomatosis (4.8%), abscess (12.7%), encephalitis (6.3%) and metabolic encephalopathy (6.3%). Conclusion The specific MRI presentations of multiple gliomas are cortical involvement and interfocal heterogeneity. The 5 MRI features of multiple gliomas may help improve the differential diagnosis of the lesions.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-793375

ABSTRACT

@# Objective: : To investigate the expressions of chemokine-like factor superfamily 6 (CMTM6) and programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) in glioma tissues and their correlation with clinicopathological features of patients. Methods: :From January 2012 to December 2015, 86 brain glioma tissues and 30 brain tissues (Control group) from patients operated with decompressive of craniotomy were collected from the FifthAffiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University. The distribution and expressions of CMTM6 and PD-L1 protein in brain glioma tissues were detected by immunohistochemistry and WB methods. The differential expression of CMTM6 and PDL1 between glioma tissues and normal brain tissues was analyzed by t test of two independent samples. Single variant χ2 test was used to analyze the relationship between the expression of CMTM6, PD-L1 and the clinicopathological features of patients. Results: The expression of CMTM6 in glioma tissues was significantly higher than that in control tissues (P<0.01). The expression levels of CMTM6 and PD-L1 in high pathological grade (WHO III-IV) glioma tissues were significantly higher than those in low pathological grade (WHO I-II) glioma tissues (all P<0.01). The expression of CMTM6 was correlated with pathological grade, dizziness history, epilepsy seizure and PD-L1 expression (all P<0.05), while the expression of PD-L1 was correlated with pathological grade, epilepsy seizure and CMTM6 expression (all P<0.05). Conclusion: There is a correlation between the expression of CMTM6 and PD-L1 in glioma tissues, both of which are highly expressed and are expected to be used to study glioma signaling pathways.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-793122

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@# Objective: To explore the mechanism of long non-coding RNA POU3F3 (lncRNAPOU3F3) affecting temozolomide (TMZ)-resistance in high-grade glioma cells via regulating MGMT expression. Methods: Sixty cases of tissues from patients treated at the Department of Neurosurgery, Peking University International Hospital during January 2016 and January 2018 were collected for this study, including 12 cases from brain trauma patients (normal group), 30 cases from primary high-grade glioma patients (primary onset group) and 18 cases from recurrent high-grade glioma patients (recurrence group, accepted surgery+TMZ already). U251 cells were induced with TMZ at the concentration of 1, 2, 4 and 8 μg/ml and maintained normal growth for a week to construct TMZ-resistant U251cell line (U251 TMZ-resistance, U251-TR); and the normal control group was treated with equal volume of physiological saline. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) and Wb were used to detect the mRNA and protein expressions of POU3F3 and MGMT (methylguanine DNA methyltransferase) in normal brain tissues and glioma cells. Lentivirus transfection was used to construct U251 cell line with stable POU3F3 interference (U251-TR siPOU3F3); CCK-8 was used to detect TMZ IC50 value (the half maximal inhibitory concentration) in each group of U251 cells, and Wb was used to detect the expression of MGMT protein in each group of cells. Results: Compared with the normal group and primaryonset group, the expression of POU3F3 in recurrence group was significantly increased (P<0.01). The TMZ IC50 of U251-TR cells was significantly higher than that of U251 cells (P<0.01), and The TMZ IC50 of U251-TR siPOU3F3 cells was significantly lower than that of U251-TR cellsbut higher than that of U251 cells (all P<0.01). The protein and mRNA expressions of POU3F3 and MGMT in U251-TR cells were significantly higher than that in U251 cells (P<0.01), while those expressions in U251-TR siPOU3F3 cells were significantly lower than those in U251-TR cells (P<0.01).Conclusion: lncRNAPOU3F3 is the key factor to promote TMZ resistance in human high-grade gliomas cells, which may exert certain guiding significance in the clinical treatment for TMZ resistance.

16.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1723-1727, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-789930

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the value of intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM)and three-dimensional arterial spin labeling (3D-ASL)technique in preoperative grading diffuse gliomas.Methods Thirty-one patients with diffuse gliomas proved by pathology were enrolled,including 12 cases with low grade gliomas and 19 cases with high grade gliomas.All patients underwent 3D-ASL and IVIM examination before operation.Original dates were disposed in particular software,then the images of cerebral blood flow (CBF), D? and D were obtained,and ROI were selected and relevant parameter values were calculated.The parameter values were analyzed in SPSS,and unpaired two-tailed student t test were performed to compare parameter values between two groups.P<0.05 was regarded as statistically significant. ROC analysis curves were performed to acquire optimum threshold value,sensibility and specificity of each parameter.Finally,the sensibility and specificity of the associating screening of 3D-ASL and IVIM were obtained.Results The CBF and relative CBF(rCBF) values of high grade gliomas group [(103.89±27.00)mL/min?100 g and (4.28±0.63)mL/min?100 g]were significantly higher than those of low grade gliomas group [(63.96±22.17)mL/min?100 g and (2.72±0.84)mL/min?100 g];The D? and relative D?(rD?) values of high grade gliomas group [(3.82 ± 0.60 )mm2/s and 1.9 5 ± 0.30 ]were significantly higher than those of low grade gliomas group [(2.54±0.50)mm2/s and 1.28±0.14],the D and relative D (rD)values of high grade gliomas group [(0.58±0.12)mm2/s and 2.40±0.49]were significantly lower than those of low grade gliomas group [(0.75±0.12)mm2/s and 3.1 1±0.42](P<0.05). Statistical analysis in ROC demonstrated AUC value of 0.879 and 0.917 for CBF and rCBF,optimum threshold value of 79.24 mL/min?100 g and 2.85,sensibility of 84.2% and 100%,specificity of 83.3%and 83.3%;AUC value of 0.925,0.846,0.956 and 0.882 for D?,D ,rD? and rD ,optimum threshold value of 2.95 mm2/s, 0.63 mm2/s,1.40 and 2.95,sensibility of 94.7%,91.7%,94.7%and 75%,specificity of 83.3%,73.3%,91.7% and 94.7%.The sensibility and specificity of the associating screening of 3D-ASL and IVIM were 100% and 9 1.7%.Conclusion IVIM and 3D-ASL can be used to grade diffuse gliomas,and the values of rCBF,rD? and rD are optimal indicator.Combination of IVIM and 3D-ASL can improve the sensibility and specificity of grading diffuse gliomas.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-789151

ABSTRACT

Shikonin has anti-tumor activity,and it not only can inhibit the proliferation,migration and infiltration of glioma cells,but also induce necroptosis of glioma cells via promoting the production of reactive oxygen species.Shikonin combined with endoplasmic reticulum stress inhibitors or regulatory tactics of microRNA expression may further enhance its killing effect on gliomas.Shikonin armed by nanoparticles shows increased targetability to gliomas.Shikonin combined with tumor-targeted therapeutic drugs or chemotherapeutic drugs is expected to overcome the drug resistance of glioma cells.

18.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 545-548, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754948

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the MRI findings of diffuse midline gliomas with H3K27M mutation, and help us understand this new entity and improve the accuracy of diagnosis. Methods The clinical and imaging data of 17 diffuse midline gliomas with H3K27M mutation confirmed by pathology were retrospectively collected from July 2016 to April 2018 in Guangdong Sanjiu Brain Hospital. All patients were performed with pre?contrast and post?contrast MRI examination. All images were analyzed according to the location, shape, boundary, solid or cystic, signal feature, enhancement feature, and degree of edema. Results (1) Location:Six cases located in thalamus,4 cases located in brainstem,1 located in hypothalamus, 6 cases had multiple lesions in the midline and/or involving one or more brain. (2) Morphology and boundary:Seven cases had regular shape and clear boundary, 10 cases had irregular shapes and unclear boundaries. (3) Necrosis, cystic degeneration, hemorrhage: Twelve cases had necrosis or cystic degeneration in varying degree, 4 cases had hemorrhage. (4) Signal and enhancement features: The solid component showed slightly?low or low signal on T1WI, and slightly?high or high signal on T2WI; the cystic component showed obvious low signal on T1WI and obvious high signal on T2WI. T1WI enhancement:Eight cases showed uneven light?moderate enhancements, and all cases were adults; Six cases showed significant enhancements with large or small rings; Three cases showed uneven obvious enhancement. (5) Peritumoral edema: Fourteen cases had mild peritumoral edema,1 case had moderate peritumoral edema,2 cases had obvious peritumoral edema. Conclusion The MRI findings of diffuse midline gliomas with H3K27M mutation had certain characteristics,which can help to improve the level of diagnosis and differential diagnosis.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754477

ABSTRACT

Adjuvant temozolomide-based chemotherapy has become the standard of care for most postoperative glioma patients. However, a large proportion of these patients do not respond to temozolomide. DNA repair enzyme O6-methylguanine-DNA methyl-transferase (MGMT) promoter methylation has emerged as an important molecular marker in patients with gliomas. It is associated with prognosis and resistance to alkylated drugs such as temozolomide. MGMT promoter methylation is the key mechanism of MGMT gene silencing, thereby inhibiting DNA repair and increasing the sensitivity of chemotherapy. We reviewed current data on the prog-nostic and predictive relevance of MGMT testing and clinical trials, summarized the clinical application of MGMT promoter methyla-tion, in order to provide reference for the individualized treatment of glioma patients.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753904

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the advantage of neuronavigation assisted microsurgical resection of gliomas in eloquent areas of brain. Methods The clinical data of 99 patients with gliomas in eloquent areas of brain and underwent microsurgery in the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University from January 2012 to December 2017 were analyzed retrospectively. All patients were divided into two groups: neuronavigator-guided microsurgery group (neuronavigation group,46 cases) and non-neuronavigator-guided microsurgery group (non-neuronavigation group,53 cases). The neuronavigation group received neuronavigation assisted microsurgery, while the non-neuronavigation group received general microsurgery. MRI examination, Karnofsky performance scale (KPS) score and symptomatic improvement rate were used to analyze the extent of resection and postoperative function. Results The total resection rate of neuronavigation group was 91.3% (42/46). Comparing with 73.6% (39/53) total resection rate in non-neuronavigation group,the difference of total resection rate was statistically significant (Z=-2.343,P<0.05). The postoperative symptoms improved both in neuronavigation group and non-neuronavigation group,and the KPS score at discharge were higher than that before operation (P<0.05). No aggravation of symptoms and signs or new complications occurred in all patients except one case of postoperative muscle strength decline in non-neuronavigation group after the surgery. According to tumor size,the total resection rate of neuronavigation group and non-neuronavigation group among patients whose maximum size of tumor≥3cm were 89.5%(34/38) and 72.5%(37/51) respectively. The difference of total resection rate was statistically significant between these two groups (Z=-2.040,P<0.05). Conclusion Neuronavigation assisted microsurgical resection of gliomas in brain eloquent areas can improve the rate of total resection and postoperative quality of life without increase in postoperative complications.

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