Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 447
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928912

ABSTRACT

In the perspective of technical evaluation, the pre-marketing regulatory requirements of allergen detection reagents in China, America, European Union were compared, and the regulatory risks and performance requirements of this product were analyzed based on the monitoring of post-marketing adverse events, reference standards and domestic and foreign regulatory documents. In view of the "neck-stuck" problems such as the difficulty of clinical trials, the difficulty of finding comparable contrast reagents and the lack of clinical diagnostic gold standards, this paper discusses and gives regulatory suggestions, with a view to providing technical reference for product R&D, production, evaluation, approval and supervision in this field.


Subject(s)
Allergens , European Union , Indicators and Reagents , Marketing , Reference Standards
2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 3124-3138, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939960

ABSTRACT

Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs), one of the dominating constituents of tumor microenvironment, are important contributors to cancer progression and treatment resistance. Therefore, regulation of TAMs polarization from M2 phenotype towards M1 phenotype has emerged as a new strategy for tumor immunotherapy. Herein, we successfully initiated antitumor immunotherapy by inhibiting TAMs M2 polarization via autophagy intervention with polyethylene glycol-conjugated gold nanoparticles (PEG-AuNPs). PEG-AuNPs suppressed TAMs M2 polarization in both in vitro and in vivo models, elicited antitumor immunotherapy and inhibited subcutaneous tumor growth in mice. As demonstrated by the mRFP-GFP-LC3 assay and analyzing the autophagy-related proteins (LC3, beclin1 and P62), PEG-AuNPs induced autophagic flux inhibition in TAMs, which is attributed to the PEG-AuNPs induced lysosome alkalization and membrane permeabilization. Besides, TAMs were prone to polarize towards M2 phenotype following autophagy activation, whereas inhibition of autophagic flux could reduce the M2 polarization of TAMs. Our results revealed a mechanism underlying PEG-AuNPs induced antitumor immunotherapy, where PEG-AuNPs reduce TAMs M2 polarization via induction of lysosome dysfunction and autophagic flux inhibition. This study elucidated the biological effects of nanomaterials on TAMs polarization and provided insight into harnessing the intrinsic immunomodulation capacity of nanomaterials for effective cancer treatment.

3.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 108-111, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929978

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the diagnostic efficiency of colloidal gold dipstick method (PTH dipstick method) with that of doctors’ experience method based on nano-carbon method for rapid identification of parathyroid gland in thyroidectomy of thyroid cancer.Methods:From March to July 2020, 90 patients underwent thyroid surgery in the Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University participated in the experimental study, and 155 samples underwent empirical judgment, parathyroid dipstick and pathological examination. All operations were performed by senior specialists. SPSS statistics 17.0 software was used for statistical analysis.Results:Seventy-four cases of parathyroid gland confirmed by both pathology and empirical judgment, and 81 cases of non-parathyroid gland confirmed by pathology; 130 cases of parathyroid glands confirmed by both PTH dipstick method and pathology, and 22 cases of non-parathyroid glands confirmed by pathology. The accuracy rate of PTH dipstick method was 85.53% which was much higher than that of empirical judgment method (47.74%). The data were statistically significant ( χ2=49.14, P<0.05). The sensitivity of PTH method was 95.89%, the specificity of PTH method was 75.94%, and the Youden index was 0.7183. The sensitivity of empirical judgment method was 81.3%, the specificity of empirical judgment method was 47.74%, and the Youden index was 0.2904. Conclusions:The diagnostic efficiency of the PTH method is higher than that of empirical judgment method to identify parathyroid gland in thyroid surgery. The two methods can be used together to increase the protection of parathyroid gland during operation.

4.
São Paulo; s.n; s.n; 2022. 191 p. tab, graf.
Thesis in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1378632

ABSTRACT

The interaction of the organic ligands with metal nanoparticle has a very important role for applications in catalysis, as well as other processes involving ligands that can activate or poison the surface of metal nanoparticles. Very little has been studied so far on the role of organic ligands used either in the preparation of nanoparticles for applications in catalysis or addition in the reaction to activate the catalyst. In this thesis, we have studied strategies for the synthesis of metal nanoparticles, their use as components for the preparation of supported catalysts and activation and deactivation processes involving the ligands used as stabilizers or purposely added to the reaction medium or support for stimulate new reactivity and selectivity in reactions of industrial interest, such as hydrogenation. Here, the concept of frustrated Lewis pairs (FLPs) has been expanded to surface-FLP analogous formed by combining gold nanoparticles (NPs) and Lewis bases, such as amines or phosphines, creating a new channel for the heterolytic cleavage of H2, and thereby performing selective hydrogenation reactions with gold. A first approach to improve the catalytic activity of gold nanoparticles was to analyze the effect of nitrogen-containing bases. The starting inactive gold nanoparticles became highly active for the selective hydrogenation of alkyne into cis-alkenes. The hydrogenation proceeded smoothly and fully selective using H2 as the hydrogen source and under relatively mild conditions (80 °C, 6 bar H2). Our studies also have revealed that the presence of capping ligands blocks the adsorption of the amine to the gold surface, avoiding the FLPs interface and thereby leading to low catalytic activity. When the capping ligands were removed from the catalyst surface and an amine ligand was added, the FLPs interface is recovered and an enhanced catalytic activity was observed. Furthermore, we have demonstrated the successful use of simple organophosphorus ligands to boost the catalytic activity of Au NPs for a range of important reduction reactions, namely, epoxides, N-oxides, sulfoxides, and alkynes. Furthermore, the choice of phosphorus-containing ligands resulted in a decrease in the amount necessary to reach high conversion and selectivity in comparison with our previous study with N-containing ligands. The ligand-to-metal ratio decreased from 100 (amine/Au) to 1 (phosphite/Au). The synthesis of gold nanoparticles supported on N-doped carbon supports was used as an alternative method for the synthesis of a heterogeneous active gold catalyst for selective hydrogenations. The main advantage with respect to previous studies was to avoid the addition of external ligands, in large excess, for the activation of gold surfaces via FLP, making the whole process environmentally and economically attractive


A interação dos ligantes orgânicos com nanopartículas de metal certamente tem um papel muito importante para aplicações em catálise, bem como outros processos envolvendo ligantes que podem ativar ou envenenar a superfície de nanopartículas metálicas. Até agora, muito pouco foi estudado sobre o papel dos ligantes orgânicos utilizados na preparação de nanopartículas para aplicações em catálise ou adição na reação para ativar o catalisador. Nesta tese, foram estudadas estratégias para a síntese de nanopartículas metálicas, seu uso como componentes para a preparação de catalisadores suportados e processos de ativação e desativação envolvendo ligantes empregados como estabilizantes ou propositalmente adicionados ao meio de reação ou suporte para estimular novas reatividades e seletividade em reações de interesse industrial, como reações de hidrogenação. Aqui, o conceito de pares de Lewis frustrados (FLPs) foi expandido para o seu análogo de superfície formado pela combinação de nanopartículas (NPs) de ouro e bases de Lewis, como aminas ou fosfinas, criando um novo canal para a clivagem heterolítica de H2 e, assim, realizando reações seletivas de hidrogenação com ouro. Uma primeira abordagem para melhorar a atividade catalítica das nanopartículas de ouro foi analisar o efeito de bases contendo nitrogênio. As nanopartículas de ouro inicialmente inativas tornaram-se altamente ativas para a hidrogenação seletiva de alquino em cis-alquenos. A hidrogenação prosseguiu foi factível e totalmente seletiva usando H2 como fonte de hidrogênio e sob condições relativamente amenas (80 °C, 6 bar de H2). Nossos estudos também revelaram que a presença de estabilizantes pode bloquear a adsorção da base na superfície do ouro, impedindo a formação da interface FLPs e, portanto, levando a baixa atividade catalítica. Quando os estabilizantes foram removidos da superfície do catalisador e um ligante foi adicionado, o FLPs é formado sendo a atividade catalítica aprimorada. Além disso, demonstramos o uso bem-sucedido de ligantes organofosforados atuando como ativadores de Au NPs em uma série de importantes reações de redução, como, epóxidos, N-óxidos, sulfóxidos e alquinos. Além disso, a escolha do ligante fosforado resultou em uma diminuição na quantidade necessária para alcançar alta conversão mantendo a seletividade inalterada. A relação ligante/metal diminuiu de 100/1 (amina/Au) para 1/1 (fosfito/Au). A síntese de nanopartículas de ouro suportadas em carbono dopado com nitrogênio foi utilizada como método alternativo para a síntese de um catalisador heterogêneo de ouro ativo para hidrogenações seletivas. A principal vantagem em relação aos estudos anteriores foi evitar a adição de ligantes externos, em grande excesso, para a ativação de superfícies de ouro via FLP, tornando todo o processo ambiental e economicamente atraente


Subject(s)
Catalysis , Catalyzer , Lewis Bases/antagonists & inhibitors , Gold/agonists , Ligands , Carbon/agonists , Health Strategies , Alkenes/classification , Metal Nanoparticles , Occupational Groups
5.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1981-1993, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927832

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to develop a semi-quantitative immunochromatographic method for rapid detection of Newcastle disease virus (NDV) antibodies by expressing HN protein in rice endosperm bioreactor. The recombinant plasmid pUC57-HN was digested by MlyⅠ and XhoⅠ to retrieve the HN gene, while the intermediate vector pMP3 containing promoter, signal peptide and terminator was digested by NaeⅠ and XhoⅠ. The HN gene and the linearized pMP3 were purified and ligated to form a recombinant plasmid pMP3-HN1. Subsequently, pMP3-HN1 and plant vector pCAMBIA1300 were digested by EcoRⅠ and Hind Ⅲ, and the HN1 gene was cloned into pCAMBIA1300. The recombinant plasmid pCAMBIA1300-HN1 was introduced into Agrobacterium tumefaciens EHA105 by electrotransformation, and the pCAMBIA1300-HN1 was transferred into rice callus by agrobacterium-mediated method. After dark culture, callus screening, differentiation, rooting and transplanting, transgenic rice seeds were obtained 4 months later. PCR identified that the HN gene has been inserted into the rice genome. SDS-PAGE and Western blotting indicated that the HN protein was successfully expressed in the positive rice endosperm. The purity of the HN protein was more than 90% by SP cation exchange chromatography and gel filtration chromatography. According to the national standards for the diagnostic techniques of Newcastle disease HI test (HI≥4log2, positive antibody reaction), a colloidal gold labeled purified HN protein was used to prepare a semi-quantitative test strip by double-antibody sandwich method for rapid detection of NDV antibody. The results showed that the test strip did not cross-react with positive sera against other viruses, and the sensitivity of the test strip reached 1:102 400 for standard positive sera of Newcastle disease. Testing of a total of 308 clinical sera showed that the compliance rate of the test strip with HI test was 97.08%, and the Kappa value was 0.942. In conclusion, high purity recombinant HN protein was obtained from rice endosperm, and a simple, rapid, highly sensitive and highly specific semi-quantitative immunochromatographic strip was developed. The test strip could be used for immune evaluation of the Newcastle disease vaccine.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies, Viral , Chickens , HN Protein/metabolism , Newcastle Disease/prevention & control , Newcastle disease virus/metabolism , Oryza/genetics
6.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1197-1208, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927774

ABSTRACT

8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) is a sensitive and stable biomarker for evaluating DNA oxidative damage. A rapid and sensitive colloidal gold immunochromatographic strip was developed for 8-OHdG detection by a competitive method. The sample pad (glass cellulose film), bonding pad (glass cellulose film), nitrocellulose film and absorbent pad were pasted on the polyvinyl chloride (PVC) base plate to construct the test strip. Colloidal gold (AuNPs) was prepared by the reduction of chloroauric acid with sodium citrate. 8-OHdG antibody (Ab) was coated on the outer layer of AuNPs to form Ab@AuNPs as a probe. Bovine serum albumin (BSA) and 8-OHdG were conjugated with carbodiimide hydrochloride to prepare an artificial antigen, which was used as the coating antigen of detection line. Goat anti mouse polyclonal antibody IgG was used as the coating antibody of control line. The experimental parameters were optimized including the type of nitrocellulose membrane, the formula of loading solution, and the spraying amount of gold labeled antibody. The results showed that the appropriate nitrocellulose membrane was CN 95. The optimal loading solution included BSA (1%), Tween-20 (3%), sucrose (3%) and NaCl (0.9%). The optimal spraying amount of gold labeled antibody was 4 μL. 8-OHdG can be detected by the strip under visible light, and the level of 8-OHdG in urine can be preliminarily determined by comparing the color intensity of T line and C line. The 8-OHdG concentration in urine was further calculated by the gray value of T line and the threshold of detection was 2.55 μg/L. This colloidal gold immunochromatographic strip is simple, rapid and specific for detecting 8-OHdG in human urine to preliminarily evaluate the human status.


Subject(s)
8-Hydroxy-2'-Deoxyguanosine , Animals , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Gold , Gold Colloid/chemistry , Metal Nanoparticles , Mice , Sensitivity and Specificity
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923344

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of influenza in preschool children in Leshan City from 2016 to 2018, and to compare the difference between antigen colloidal gold reagent and nucleic acid detection reagent. Methods A total of 1 100 patients with suspected influenza admitted to Leshan City from January 2016 to December 2018 were selected as the research objects; the clinical data and characteristics of influenza epidemiology of the patients were collected, and the antigen colloidal gold reagent and nucleic acid detection reagent were used to detect influenza. Epidemiological characteristics; using nucleic acid detection as the standard to evaluate the diagnostic value of antigen colloidal gold reagent detection methods. Results The nucleic acid detection gold standard, antigen colloidal gold reagent method to detect influenza The sensitivity and specificity of the pathogen are both greater than 80%, and the AUC of influenza pathogen detection by the antigen colloidal gold reagent method is greater than 0.90, which has high application value . From 2016 to 2018, Leshan City was dominated by type B Y and type A H3N2; the main clinical features were cough, runny nose, and fever (P<0.05); the distribution of characteristics showed that there was no statistics on the sex of children with influenza Significantly, children less than 5 years old accounted for the highest proportion, and the proportion of children in winter and Spring Festival was significantly higher than that in summer and autumn, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusion From 2016 to 2018, influenza virus infections in preschool children in Leshan City were mainly type Y and type A H3N2, and showed obvious age and seasonal characteristics. The antigenic colloidal gold reagent was used in clinical screening for children, but the test was negative. Children who are at high risk should be diagnosed with nucleic acid method as soon as possible.

8.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: e257622, 2022. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1364492

ABSTRACT

Greeen synthesis has been introduced as an alternative to chemical synthesis due to the serious consequences. Metal nanoparticles synthesized through green approach have different pharmaceutical, medical and agricultural applications. The present study followed a green and simple route for the preparation of potentially bioactive gold nanoparticles (Au NPs). Au NPs were prepared via green synthesis approach using crude basic alkaloidal portion of the tuber of Delphinium chitralense. The green synthesized Au NPs were characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) fourier transform infrared (FTIR), and UV-Visible spectrophotometer. Morphological analysis shows that Au NPs have cubic geometry with different sizes. UV-Vis spectroscopic analysis confirmed the synthesis of Au NPs while XRD proved their pure crystalline phase. The Au NPs showed promising dose dependent inhibition of both AChE and BChE as compared to the crude as well as standard drug.


A síntese verde foi introduzida como uma alternativa à síntese química devido às graves consequências. As nanopartículas metálicas sintetizadas através da abordagem verde têm diferentes aplicações farmacêuticas, médicas e agrícolas. O presente estudo seguiu uma rota verde e simples para a preparação de nanopartículas de ouro potencialmente bioativas (Au NPs). As NPs de Au foram preparadas via abordagem de síntese verde usando a porção alcaloide básica bruta do tubérculo de Delphinium chitralense. As NPs de Au sintetizadas verdes foram caracterizadas por microscopia eletrônica de transmissão (TEM), microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV), difração de raios X (DRX), infravermelho com transformada de Fourier (FTIR) e espectrofotômetro UV-Visível. A análise morfológica mostra que as NPs de Au possuem geometria cúbica com tamanhos diferentes. A análise espectroscópica UV-Vis confirmou a síntese de Au NPs enquanto a XRD provou sua fase cristalina pura. O Au NPs mostrou inibição dependente da dose promissora de AChE e BChE em comparação com a droga bruta e padrão.


Subject(s)
Delphinium , Plant Tubers , Enzymes , Nanoparticles , Gold
9.
Braz. dent. j ; 32(6): 8-15, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1355844

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate surface wear, presence of microcracks and surface irregularities of WaveOne (WO) and WaveOne Gold (WOG) instruments before and after multiple uses. Eight Primary instruments of the WO and WOG systems were evaluated, each one was used to prepare six mesial canals of extracted human mandibular molars. The surface of the instruments was evaluated before use (T0), after instrumentation of three (T1) and six (T2) root canals. Surface wear was analyzed using a three-dimensional optical profiler and the presence of microcracks and surface irregularities were evaluated using a tabletop scanning electron microscopy. The Friedman test was used to assess surface wear and Kruskal-Wallis test to evaluate the presence of microcracks and surface irregularities, with a 5% significance level. There was a significant increase in wear in both groups at T2, compared to T0 (p=0.0003). The surface wear after instrumentation of six canals (T2-T0) was statistically greater in the WOG group, than in the WO group (p=0.02), where the presence of microcracks was significantly greater and increased after multiple uses (p<0.05). The presence of surface irregularities in the cutting blade before and after use was statistically greater in the WOG group than WO group (p<0.05). Wear of the cutting blade, microcracks and surface irregularities were observed on the surface topography of all the instruments after multiple uses. These surface changes may affect the cutting efficiency of WOG files and increase the risk of fracture of WO files.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o desgaste de superfície, a presença de microtrincas e irregularidades superficiais dos instrumentos WaveOne (WO) e WaveOne Gold (WOG) antes e após múltiplos usos. Oito instrumentos Primary dos sistemas WO e WOG foram avaliados, cada um utilizado no preparo de seis canais mesiais de molares inferiores humanos extraídos. A superfície dos instrumentos foi avaliada antes do uso (T0), após a instrumentação de três (T1) e seis (T2) canais radiculares. O desgaste de superfície foi analisado utilizando um perfilômetro ótico tridimensional e a presença de microtrincas e irregularidades superficiais foram avaliadas usando um microscópio eletrônico de varredura de bancada. O teste de Friedman foi usado para avaliar o desgaste de superfície e o teste de Kruskal-Wallis para avaliar a presença de microtrincas e irregularidades superficiais, com nível de significância de 5%. Houve um aumento significativo no desgaste em ambos os grupos em T2, comparado a T0 (p=0.0003). O desgaste de superfície após a instrumentação de seis canais (T2-T0) foi estatisticamente maior no grupo WOG que no grupo WO (p=0.02), onde a presença de microtrincas foi estatisticamente maior e aumentou após os múltiplos usos (p<0.05). A presença de irregularidades na superfície da lamina de corte antes e após o uso aumento significativamente no grupo WOG comparado ao grupo WO (p<0.05). Desgaste da lâmina de corte, microtrincas e irregularidades superficiais foram observadas na topografia de superfície de todos os instrumentos após os múltiplos usos. Essas alterações na superfície podem afetar a eficiência de corte dos instrumentos WOG e amentar o risco de fratura dos instrumentos WO.

10.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3323-3333, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921428

ABSTRACT

Vibrio splendidus is an opportunistic pathogen in aquaculture. It can infect a variety of aquaculture animals and has caused huge losses to the aquaculture industry. In this study, a novel and efficient method for detecting V. splendidus was developed by combining the exonuclease Ⅲ amplification strategy with a nucleic acid test strip developed based on gold nanoparticles-labeled DNA probe. The results could be directly visualized by naked eyes, and this system overcame the difficulty in preparation of the monoclonal antibody used in conventional immunostrip. Upon optimization of experimental conditions, the detection limit of the strip was 5 ng/mL for the synthetic oligonucleotide DNA fragment and 10 ng/mL for the actual genomic DNA sample of V. splendidus. This test strip was more sensitive compared with the PCR method and was specific for the detection of V. splendidus. The rapid preparation of nucleic acid strip and the efficient detection of V. splendidus open a new way for the prevention and control of aquatic diseases.


Subject(s)
Animals , DNA Probes , Gold , Metal Nanoparticles , Vibrio/genetics
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912677

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the efficacy of gold micro needle radiofrequency combined with syringe needle subsicion therapy in the treatment of facial acne scars.Methods:A total of 58 patients with facial depression acne scars admitted to our hospital from May 2018 to May 2020 were selected as subjects. There were 28 cases in the control group and the rest was the experimental group. The control group was treated with gold micro needle radiofrequency, and the experimental group was given a small syringe needle on the basis of the control group. After the treatment, the treatment effect and delayed construction period were observed.Results:According to the results of two independent samples Wilcoxon rank sum test, the treatment results of the two groups were different ( Z=2.742 and P=0.006). The effect of experimental group (mean rank 34.74) was better than that of control group (mean rank 23.88). According to =0.05 level, there was no statistically significant difference between the two groups in terms of missed work time after three treatments. There was no significantly difference between the two groups. Conclusions:Gold micro needle radiofrequency combined with syringe needle subsicion therapy for the treatment of facial acne scar has a satisfactory effect, and it is worthy of clinical promotion.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912674

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the analgesic effect of local anesthesia combined with nerve block anesthesia on golden microneedles for improving facial aging.Methods:Between December 2018 and December 2019 in Burn and Plastic Surgery of Nanchong Central Hospital, sixty female patients (between 30 and 58 years old, with an average of 45.2 years old) with natural facial skin aging were randomly divided into two groups: Group A: surface anesthesia group (30 cases); Group B: local anesthesia combined with nerve block anesthesia (30 cases). Intraoperative and postoperative pain scores, length of operation, and incidence of adverse reactions were compared between groups A and B.Results:Pain score during surgery was (6.90±0.96) points in Group A, (3.63±0.72) points in Group B. The difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( t=14.93, P<0.05); Pain score at 30 minutes after operation was (2.03±0.62) in Group A, (0.77±0.73) in Group B, the difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( t=7.28, P<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups in the pain score at 24 hours after operation ( P>0.05); The operation process in group B was simplified, and the treatment time was significantly shortened. The difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( t=17.93, P<0.05). Conclusions:The method of local anesthesia combined with nerve block anesthesia is used in the treatment of gold microneedles to improve the analgesic effect in facial aging, which significantly shortens the treatment time and has fewer adverse reactions. This method is worth popularizing.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910528

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the motion and influencing factors of implanted gold markers in guiding liver stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) using abdominal compression.Methods:Twenty patients with oligometastatic colorectal cancer or primary hepatocellular carcinoma from January 2016 to December 2019 were included. All patients were treated with SBRT under abdominal compression, with 1-3 gold markers were implanted within 2 cm from the lesion before positioning. Four-dimensional computed tomography (4DCT) scan was used for treatment planning. The respiratory cycle was divided into 0-90% respiratory phase images based on the respiratory signal, which were reconstructed by the system (Pinnacle 3 version 9.1; Philips Medical System, Madison, WI, USA), and cone beam CT validation images before radiation exposure were obtained. The liver volume was divided into 3 parts: within 2 cm from the main hepatic portal vein, 2-5 cm from the main hepatic portal vein, and>5 cm from the main hepatic portal vein. The motion of different tumor locations was evaluated. Results:The average intrafractional motion amplitude was (2.63±2.81) mm in the cranial-caudal (CC) direction, (1.35±1.23) mm in the anterior-posterior (AP) direction, and (0.76±0.88) mm in the left-right (LR) direction, respectively. The average interfractional motion amplitude was (3.45±3.06) mm, (2.64±2.60) mm, and (2.23±2.07) mm, respectively. Both the intra-or inter-fractional motion amplitudes in the CC direction were the highest, followed by those in the AP and LR direction (all P<0.001). The motion varied at different tumor locations. The longer distance from the main hepatic portal vein, the larger the intrafractional motion (all P<0.05). To cover the 95% population-based confidence interval, the internal target volume (ITV) was suggested to include the expansion of 3.9 mm, 5.2 mm and 7.9 mm in the LR, AP and CC direction. The expansion of 4.3 mm, 4.4 mm and 6.1 mm was delivered within 2 cm from the main hepatic portal vein, and 3.5 mm, 7.3 mm and 9.7 mm>5 cm from the main hepatic portal vein, respectively. The expansion varied significantly depending on the tumor location, whereas the motion in the CC direction was the largest regardless of the tumor location. The longer distance of the tumor from the main portal vein, the larger expansion in the CC direction. The expansion of tumor > 5 cm from the main portal vein in the AP direction was larger than that of inner parts. Conclusion:Liver tumors at different locations require individual external expansion of ITV.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907408

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the research on gold nanoparticles has made great progress. Gold nanoparticles with different morphologies have good application prospects in drug delivery and tumor treatment. Some gold nanoparticles have entered the stage of clinical trials. Gold nanorods have become important research objects due to their special optical properties and photothermal treatment potential. In this paper, the optical properties and main applications of gold nanorods were reviewed. Gold nanorods have good surface modifiable properties and can be modified through surface ligand exchange to improve their biocompatibility. The photothermal properties of gold nanorods can be improved by adjusting the aspect ratio to adjust the surface plasmon resonance (SPR) peak to achieve near-infrared light excitation. These characteristics make gold nanorods show good application prospects in the detection of biological macromolecules, real-time imaging in vivo, and early diagnosis and treatment of tumors. Using gold nanorods as a carrier and modified with different targeting molecules can improve the targeting of its drug delivery system and reduce damage to normal cells, so as to realize the combined application of chemotherapy and photothermal therapy, and finally achieve a better therapeutic effect. Combining gold nanorods with stem cells or certain specific biomolecules can form a hybrid gold nanorod system which provides new ideas for further improving the efficiency of tumor treatment.

15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1978-1992, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888846

ABSTRACT

Tumor recurrence after surgery is the main cause of treatment failure. However, the initial stage of recurrence is not easy to detect, and it is difficult to cure in the late stage. In order to improve the life quality of postoperative patients, an efficient synergistic immunotherapy was developed to achieve early diagnosis and treatment of post-surgical tumor recurrence, simultaneously. In this paper, two kinds of theranostic agents based on gold nanorods (AuNRs) platform were prepared. AuNRs and quantum dots (QDs) in one agent was used for the detection of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), using fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) technology to indicate the occurrence of

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881373

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study aims to compare the incidence of dentinal microcracks produced by ProTaper Universal (PTU) and ProTaper Gold (PTG) file systems during root canal procedures in different curved canals using a dyeing technique.@*Methods@#Sixty extracted human molars were divided into 3 groups of 20 samples each in terms of root curvature (mild bending group, 10 °-19 °; moderate bending group, 20 °-29 °; severe bending group, 30 °-39 °). Ten samples of each group were then randomly allocated to the PTU and PTG file systems. After preparation, all roots were stained using a dyeing method and sectioned at the most curved plane and 2 mm below and above the most curved plane with a low-speed saw under cold water. A stereomicroscope was used to inspect dentinal microcracks at 60 × magnification, and differences between these three instrument groups were analyzed using the chi-square test.@* Results @# The PTG file system induced significantly fewer dentinal microcracks for total, incomplete and complete cracks (P < 0.05), and the effect was more obvious with increasing canal curvature.@*Conclusion @# With the limitations of this in vitro study, it can be concluded that ProTaper Gold can result in fewer dentinal microcracks than ProTaper Universal.

17.
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(4): 1-6, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1337597

ABSTRACT

Objective: Aim of the present study is to evaluate mechanical properties of a newly developed rotary file, AF Rotary (Fanta Dental, Shanghai, China), and to compare these features with a worldwide spread rotary file, Protaper Gold F2 (PTG F2; Dentsply Maillefer, Ballaigues, Switzerland). Material and Methods: 60 AF Rotary 25.06 and 60 PTG F2 were divided in three groups of 20 files each. A group underwent to cyclic fatigue resistance tests, second group underwent to torsional resistance tests, third group underwent to bending tests. The statistical analysis was performed using t student test with significance level set at 95% (p < 0.05). Results: AF Rotary showed significantly higher torsional resistance and cyclic fatigue resistance (p < 0.05) when compared to the PTG F2. AF Rotary also showed significantly lower bending resistance (p < 0.05) when compared to the PTG F2. Conclusion: Therefore, within the limitations of this study, the results show better performances for AF Rotary compared to PTG F2 regarding the cyclic fatigue test, the torsional test and the bending test. Since the PTG F2 is a commonly used and widely investigated instrument it could be possible to state that the AF Rotary exhibits remarkable in vitro performances. (AU)


Objetivo: O objetivo do presente estudo é avaliar as propriedades mecânicas de uma lima rotativa recém-desenvolvida, AF Rotary (Fanta Dental, Shanghai, China), e comparar essas características com uma lima rotativa mundialmente difundida, Protaper Gold F2 (PTG F2; Dentsply Maillefer, Ballaigues, Suíça). Material e Métodos: 60 AF Rotary 25.06 e 60 PTG F2 foram divididos em três grupos de 20 arquivos cada. Um grupo foi submetido a testes de resistência à fadiga cíclica, o segundo grupo foi submetido a testes de resistência à torção, o terceiro grupo foi submetido a testes de flexão. A análise estatística foi realizada por meio do teste t student com nível de significância de 95% (p <0,05). Resultados: AF Rotary apresentou resistência torcional e resistência à fadiga cíclica significativamente maiores (p <0,05) quando comparado ao PTG F2. AF Rotary também apresentou resistência à flexão significativamente menor (p <0,05) quando comparado ao PTG F2. Conclusão: Portanto, dentro das limitações deste estudo, os resultados mostram melhores desempenhos do AF Rotary em relação ao PTG F2 no que diz respeito ao teste de fadiga cíclica, ao teste de torção e ao teste de flexão. Uma vez que o PTG F2 é um instrumento comumente usado e amplamente investigado, pode-se afirmar que o AF Rotary exibe desempenhos in vitro notáveis. (AU)


Subject(s)
Data Interpretation, Statistical , Flexural Strength , Mechanical Tests
18.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 57: e19040, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350239

ABSTRACT

Diabetes and its complications represent a major cause of morbidity and mortality in diabetes patients. This review is aimed to find the potential of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) to act as therapeutic agents for diabetes and its complications. Here, we outline the literature related to the self-therapeutic effects of AuNPs. The first goal of this review is to highlight and summarize some of the existing studies (10 years ago) in terms of several parameters such as the size of AuNPs, dose, administration route, experimental model, experimental analysis, and findings. The second goal is to describe the self-therapeutic effects of AuNPs against the pathogenesis determinants of diabetic complications. AuNPs have been found to have inhibitory effects on transforming growth factor-ß, antiglycation, antiangiogenic, anti-hyperglycemic, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant effects. AuNPs treatment effectively disrupts multiple pathogenesis determinants in an animal model of diabetes and diabetic complications. The present review provides insight into the potential applications of AuNPs, which may help reduce the incidence of diabetes and its complications


Subject(s)
Therapeutic Uses , Diabetes Complications/drug therapy , Nanoparticles/metabolism , Gold/classification , Organization and Administration , Patients , Models, Animal , Models, Theoretical , Antioxidants/pharmacology
19.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 3060-3091, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922737

ABSTRACT

Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is characterized by the severe inflammation and destruction of the lung air-blood barrier, leading to irreversible and substantial respiratory function damage. Patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) have been encountered with a high risk of ARDS, underscoring the urgency for exploiting effective therapy. However, proper medications for ARDS are still lacking due to poor pharmacokinetics, non-specific side effects, inability to surmount pulmonary barrier, and inadequate management of heterogeneity. The increased lung permeability in the pathological environment of ARDS may contribute to nanoparticle-mediated passive targeting delivery. Nanomedicine has demonstrated unique advantages in solving the dilemma of ARDS drug therapy, which can address the shortcomings and limitations of traditional anti-inflammatory or antioxidant drug treatment. Through passive, active, or physicochemical targeting, nanocarriers can interact with lung epithelium/endothelium and inflammatory cells to reverse abnormal changes and restore homeostasis of the pulmonary environment, thereby showing good therapeutic activity and reduced toxicity. This article reviews the latest applications of nanomedicine in pre-clinical ARDS therapy, highlights the strategies for targeted treatment of lung inflammation, presents the innovative drug delivery systems, and provides inspiration for strengthening the therapeutic effect of nanomedicine-based treatment.

20.
Neotrop. ichthyol ; 19(3): e200155, 2021. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1340228

ABSTRACT

In South America, mercury contamination due to gold mining operations is a threat to both biodiversity and human health. We examined mercury (Hg) concentrations in fishes that constitute important subsistence fisheries from mined and non-mined tributaries in the middle Mazaruni River, Guyana. Mercury concentrations and trophic food web structure (based on carbon and nitrogen stable isotopes) were characterized for primary basal sources and 39 fish species representing seven trophic guilds. Fishes collected at mined sites had higher mercury concentrations; piscivores and carnivores had the highest Hg concentrations and exhibited significant Hg biomagnification. Our results showed that medium- to large-bodied fishes commonly eaten by local people contained Hg values that exceed the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria, and pose a health concern for riverine communities along the Mazaruni River that depend on fish as their main source of protein. Further research to determine the sources of Hg contamination and how it affects human health in this neotropical river must become a top priority. In addition, more research on how Hg contamination impacts the fishes themselves and overall aquatic biodiversity is also needed in the Mazaruni River which has both high fish endemism and diversity.(AU)


Na América do Sul, a contaminação por mercúrio devido às operações de mineração de ouro é uma ameaça à biodiversidade e à saúde humana. Nós examinamos as concentrações de mercúrio (Hg) em peixes que constituem importantes pescarias de subsistência em afluentes minerados e não minerados no médio rio Mazaruni, Guiana. As concentrações de mercúrio e a estrutura trófica da teia alimentar (baseada em isótopos estáveis ​​de carbono e nitrogênio) foram caracterizadas para fontes basais primárias e 39 espécies de peixes representando sete guildas tróficas. Os peixes coletados em locais minerados tiveram maiores concentrações de mercúrio; piscívoros e carnívoros tiveram as maiores concentrações de Hg e exibiram biomagnificação significativa de Hg. Nossos resultados mostraram que peixes de corpo médio a grande comumente consumidos pela população local continham valores de Hg que excedem os critérios da Organização Mundial de Saúde (OMS) e representam uma preocupação para a saúde das comunidades ribeirinhas ao longo do rio Mazaruni que dependem dos peixes como sua principal fonte de proteína. Outras pesquisas para determinar as fontes de contaminação por Hg e como isso afeta a saúde humana neste rio neotropical devem se tornar uma prioridade. Além disso, mais pesquisas sobre como a contaminação por Hg impacta os próprios peixes e a biodiversidade aquática em geral também são necessárias no rio Mazaruni, que tem alto endemismo e diversidade de peixes.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Chemical Contamination , Fishes/physiology , Mercury/toxicity , Food Chain , Bioaccumulation , Mercury Isotopes/chemistry
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL