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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e250517, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1355859

ABSTRACT

Abstract Lactobacilli are probiotics with Aflatoxin (AF) detoxification ability, found in fermented products, GIT of animals and environment. Purpose of this study was to investigate the ability of broiler isolates of Lactobacillus against Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1). For this purpose, 5 isolates of Lactobacillus from broiler gut were incubated with 100 ppb AFB1 in aqueous environment and effect of different parameters (cell fractions, time, temperature, pH) on detoxification was determined by HPLC. The ameliorative effect of Lactobacillus salivarius (LS) against AFB1 was studied in broiler. The results revealed that LS (CR. 4) showed the best results (in vitro) as compared to other isolates (L. salivarius (CR. 3, CR, 4), L. agilis (CE. 2.1, CE. 3.1) and L. crispatus (CE. 28). Cell debris of CR. 4 showed significantly higher detoxification (P<0.05). Maximum amount of AFB1 was detoxified at 30°C (97%), pH 4.0 (99%) and 6 h (99.97%). In vivo study showed that AFB1 decreased weight gain (1,269 ± 0.04 gm/ bird), feed consumed (2,161 ± 0.08 gm/ bird), serum total protein (2.42 ± 0.34 gm/ dl), serum albumin (0.5 ± 0.2 2 gm/dl) and antibody titer (4.2 ± 0.83). Liver function enzymes were found (alanine transaminase (ALT): 32 ± 10.7 U/L) and aspartate transaminase (AST): 314.8 ± 27 U/L) elevated in AFB1 fed broilers. Treatment with 1% LS not only decreased the toxic effects of AFB1 (group D) but also improved the overall health of broilers due to its probiotic effects (p<0.05) as compared to control negative (group A). The detoxification ability of LS was better than commercial binder (CB) (0.2% Protmyc). It was concluded that detoxification of AFB1 by Lactobacillus was strain, temperature, pH and time dependent. LS has detoxification ability against AFB1 in vivo.


Resumo Os lactobacilos são probióticos com capacidade de desintoxicação da Aflatoxina (AF), encontrados em produtos fermentados, TGI de animais e meio ambiente. O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar a capacidade de isolados de frango de corte de Lactobacillus contra a Aflatoxina B1 (AFB1). Para tanto, 5 isolados de Lactobacillus de intestino de frango foram incubados com 100 ppb AFB1 em meio aquoso, e o efeito de diferentes parâmetros (frações celulares, tempo, temperatura, pH) na desintoxicação foi determinado por CLAE. O efeito melhorador de Lactobacillus salivarius (LS) contra AFB1 foi estudado em frangos de corte. Os resultados revelaram que LS (CR. 4) apresentou os melhores resultados (in vitro) em comparação com outros isolados [L. salivarius (CR. 3, CR. 4), L. agilis (CE. 2.1, CE. 3.1) e L. crispatus (CE. 28)]. Detritos celulares de CR. 4 mostraram desintoxicação significativamente maior (P < 0.05). A quantidade máxima de AFB1 foi desintoxicada a 30 °C (97%), pH 4.0 (99%) e 6 h (99,97%). O estudo in vivo mostrou que AFB1 diminuiu o ganho de peso (1,269 ± 0.04 g / ave), alimento consumido (2,161 ± 0.08 g / ave), proteína total sérica (2.42 ± 0.34 g / dl), albumina sérica (0.5 ± 0.22 gm / dl) e título de anticorpo (4.2 ± 0.83). As enzimas da função hepática foram encontradas (alanina transaminase (ALT): 32 ± 10.7 U / L) e aspartato transaminase (AST): 314.8 ± 27 U / L) elevadas em AFB1 alimentados com frangos. O tratamento com 1% LS não só diminuiu os efeitos tóxicos de AFB1 (grupo D), mas também melhorou a saúde geral dos frangos devido aos seus efeitos probióticos (p < 0.05) em comparação com o controle negativo (grupo A). A capacidade de desintoxicação do LS foi melhor do que o aglutinante comercial (CB) (0.2% Protmyc). Concluiu-se que a desintoxicação de AFB1 por Lactobacillus foi dependente da cepa, temperatura, pH e tempo. LS tem capacidade de desintoxicação contra AFB1 in vivo.


Subject(s)
Animals , Aflatoxin B1/analysis , Aflatoxin B1/toxicity , Probiotics , Chickens , Lactobacillus , Animal Feed/analysis
2.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e244435, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1285619

ABSTRACT

Abstract Increasing trend in antimicrobial resistance and failure of chemically synthesized antibiotics lead to discover alternative methods for the treatment of bacterial infections. Various medicinal plants are in use traditionally and their active compounds can be further applied for treatment of bacterial diseases. This study was designed to determine the antibacterial activity of Punica granatum (P. granatum L.) (pomegranate) peel extract against Enterobacteriaceae [Escherichia coli (E. coli), Salmonella Typhimurium (S. Typhimurium) and Shigella Dysenteriae (S. Dysenteriae)] and gram-positive bacterium [Staphylococcus aureus (Staph aureus)]. Methanolic extract of P. granatum L. peel was prepared by Soxhlet apparatus method. Total flavonoid and phenolic contents from the extract were determined by High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC). The antibacterial activity of P. granatum L. peel extract was evaluated through agar well diffusion method. HPLC showed the range of phenolics (gallic acid, caffeic acid, benzoic acid, cinnamic acid) and flavonoid compounds. The chemical structures of flavonoid and phenolics found in the methanolic extract of P. granatum L. peel have been reported for the first time. The methanolic peel extract (50 ul) of yellow P. granatum L. showed 26, 10, 10 and 9mm zones of inhibition (ZOI) against S. aureus, S. Typhimurium, S. Dysenteriae and E. coli, respectively. The methanolic extract of red P. granatum L. (100 ul) showed 27, 8, 12 and 15 mm ZOI against Staph. aureus, S. Typhimurium, S. Dysenteriae and E. coli, respectively. Highest ZOI was observed against Staph. aureus. Many of the bacteria studied in the present work may cause serious gastrointestinal infections, which can lead to hemorrhagic diarrhea in children. These infections can be life-threatening to young children and the elderly. There is an incentive to find alternative control measures, such as plant and herbal extracts, especially in lesser-developed countries where traditional antibiotics may not be readily available.


Resumo A tendência crescente na resistência antimicrobiana e na falha dos antibióticos sintetizados quimicamente leva à descoberta de métodos alternativos para o tratamento de infecções bacterianas. Várias plantas medicinais estão em uso tradicionalmente e seus compostos ativos podem ser posteriormente aplicados para o tratamento de doenças bacterianas. Este estudo foi desenhado para determinar a atividade antibacteriana do extrato de casca de Punica granatum (P. granatum L.) (romã) contra Enterobacteriaceae [Escherichia coli (E. coli), Salmonella Typhimurium (S. Typhimurium) e Shigella Dysenteriae (S. Dysenteriae) ] e bactéria gram-positiva [Staphylococcus aureus (Staph aureus)]. O extrato metanólico da casca de P. granatum L. foi preparado pelo método do aparelho de Soxhlet. O conteúdo total de flavonoides e fenólicos do extrato foi determinado por cromatografia líquida de alta eficiência (HPLC). A atividade antibacteriana do extrato da casca de P. granatum L. foi avaliada através do método de difusão em ágar. HPLC mostrou a gama de compostos fenólicos (ácido gálico, ácido cafeico, ácido benzoico, ácido cinâmico) e flavonoides. As estruturas químicas de flavonoides e fenólicos encontradas no extrato metanólico da casca de P. granatum L. foram relatadas pela primeira vez. O extrato metanólico da casca (50 ul) de P. granatum L. amarelo apresentou zonas de inibição (ZOI) de 26, 10, 10 e 9mm contra S. aureus, S. Typhimurium, S. Dysenteriae e E. coli, respectivamente. O extrato metanólico de P. granatum L. vermelho (100 ul) apresentou 27, 8, 12 e 15 mm IOI contra Staph. aureus, S. Typhimurium, S. Dysenteriae e E. coli, respectivamente. O ZOI mais alto foi observado contra Staph. aureus. Muitas das bactérias estudadas no presente trabalho podem causar infecções gastrointestinais graves, que podem levar à diarreia hemorrágica em crianças. Essas infecções podem ser fatais para crianças pequenas e idosos. Há um incentivo para encontrar medidas de controle alternativas, como extratos de plantas e ervas, especialmente em países menos desenvolvidos, onde os antibióticos tradicionais podem não estar prontamente disponíveis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Aged , Pomegranate , Staphylococcus aureus , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Escherichia coli , Anti-Infective Agents
3.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e248083, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1278546

ABSTRACT

Abstract Species of the genus Cordia have shown biological activities, such as anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antioxidant, antiviral, and antifungal activities. The species Cordia glabrata (MART) A.DC. Has no information concerning its phytochemical profile and possible biological activities. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate this profile in ethanolic extracts of young, adult and senescent leaves, as well as their antioxidant, photoprotective, antimicrobial, and virucidal potentials. Phytochemical analysis was performed by TLC (thin-layer chromatography) and showed the presence of flavonoids, tannins, and terpenes. The evaluation by UPLC-MS/MS (Ultra performance liquid chromatography - tandem mass spectrometer) evidenced the presence of caffeic (3.89 mgL-1), p-cumaric (6.13 mgL-1), and ferulic (0.58 mgL-1) acids, whilst, in GC/MS (Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry) analysis there was a greater amount of palmitic (51.17%), stearic (20.34%), linoleic (9.62%), and miristic (8.16%) fatty acids. The DPPH (2,2-Diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) and ABTS+ (2′-Azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid)) radicals were used to verify the potential antioxidant activity, observing a better activity for the leaf extract in the adult phenological stage: 54.63 ± 1.06 µgmL-1 (DPPH) and 44.21 ± 1.69 mM (ABTS). The potential photoprotective activity of the extracts was determined by spectrophotometry and the in vitro values of SPF (Sun Protection Factor) in young and adult leaves (5.47 and 5.41, respectively) showed values close to the minimum SPF of 6.0 required by ANVISA (Brazilian Health Regulatory Agency). It was not observed an antimicrobial activity for Staphylococcus aureus with a minimum inhibitory concentration of 2000 μgmL-1, however the anti-herpetic assay against the Herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) showed a potent virucidal activity at the tested concentrations with CV50 value <0.195 μgmL-1 and a Selectivity Index (SI = CC50 / CV50) greater than 448. The results obtained in this study suggest that extracts of leaves of C. glabrata in their adult phenological stage have potential antioxidant, photoprotective and virucidal activity, considering in vitro test results.


Resumo Espécies do gênero Cordia apresentam atividades biológicas, como anti-inflamatória, analgésica, antioxidante, antiviral e antifúngica. Para a espécie Cordia glabrata (MART) A.DC., ainda não existem informações sobre seu perfil fitoquímico e possíveis atividades biológicas, deste modo, o presente estudo teve como objetivo avaliar este perfil em extratos etanólicos de folhas jovens, adultas e senescentes, bem como o potencial antioxidante, fotoprotetor, antimicrobiano e virucida. A análise fitoquímica foi realizada por CCD (Cromatografia em Camada Delgada), mostrando a presença de flavonóides, taninos e terpenos. Na avaliação por CLAE EM/EM (Cromatografia Líquida de Ultra Eficiência acoplada a Espectrometria de Massas) foi evidenciado a presença dos ácidos caféico (3,89 mgL-1), p-cumárico (6,13 mgL-1) e ferúlico (0,58 mgL-1), paralelamente, na CG/EM (Cromatografia Gasosa acoplada a Espectrometria de Massas) verificou-se maior quantidade dos ácidos graxos palmítico (51,17%), esteárico (20,34%), linoléico (9,62%) e mirístico (8,16%). Os radicais DPPH (2,2-Difenil-1-picrilhidrazil) e ABTS+ (2′-Azino-bis (ácido 3-etilbenzotiazolina-6-sulfônico)) foram utilizados para verificar o potencial antioxidante, observando-se uma atividade superior para o extrato da folha em sua fase fenológica adulta: 54,63 ± 1,06 µgmL-1 (DPPH) e 44,21 ± 1,69 mM (ABTS+). A potencial atividade fotoprotetora dos extratos foi determinada espectrofotometricamente e os valores in vitro de FPS (Fator de Proteção Solar) em folhas jovens e adultas (5,47 e 5,41 respectivamente) apresentaram valores próximos ao FPS mínimo de 6,0 exigido pela ANVISA (Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária). Não foi observada atividade antimicrobiana para Staphylococcus aureus sendo a concentração inibitória mínima de 2000 μgmL-1, no entanto o ensaio anti-herpético contra o vírus Herpes simplex tipo 2 (HSV-2) mostrou uma potente atividade virucida nas concentrações testadas com um valor de CV50 <0,195 μgmL-1 e um Índice de Seletividade (IS = CC50 / CV50) maior que 448. Os resultados obtidos neste estudo sugerem que extratos de folhas de C. glabrata em seu estágio fenológico adulto apresentam potencial antioxidante, fotoprotetora e virucida, considerando os resultados de testes in vitro.


Subject(s)
Cordia , Anti-Infective Agents , Antiviral Agents/pharmacology , Brazil , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Chromatography, Liquid , Plant Leaves , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Antioxidants/pharmacology
4.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 555-562, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920724

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To optimize the existing t hin layer chromatography (TLC)identification and content determination methods of Jizhi syrup. METHODS High performance thin-layer chromatography (HPTLC)was used to identify five medicinal materials in Jizhi syrup ,such as Ilex chinensis ,Houttuynia cordata ,Peucedanum praeruptorum ,Citrus aurantium ,Glycyrrhiza uralensis. High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)was used to determine the contents of procatechuic acid ,ephedrine hydrochloride and naringin in Jizhi syrup. RESULTS HPTLC results showed that the identification spots of pedunculoside , praeruptorin A ,naringin,and liquiritin were clearly displayed ,and the retention factors were in the range of 0.2 to 0.8. After validation,the method had been proved to be strongly specific ,robust and repeatable. HPLC results showed that the linear ranges of protocatechuic acid ,ephedrine hydrochloride and naringin were 4.32-431.67,1.14-114.17 and 7.02-702.33 μg/mL(all r> 0.996),respectively. The average recoveries were 100.61%,100.40% and 99.22%,and RSDs were all less than 2.00%. RSDs of precision(n=6),stability(24 h,n=7)and repeatability (n=6)were all less than 2.00%. The average contents of the three components in 10 batches were 623.3,152.1,1 213.9 μg/mL(RSD<10.00%),respectively. CONCLUSIONS In this study , HPTLC method of one-plate multi-drug is established for the identification of Jizhi syrup. One sample pretreatment method and two TLC conditions are used to realize the rapid identification of five kinds of medicinal materials. An HPLC method is established to determine the content of Jizhi syrup ,which realizes the fast quantification of three active components in Jizhi syrup ,and can be used to optimize the identification and content determination items in the existing legal quality standards of Jizhi syrup.

5.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 319-325, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913090

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To establish the HPLC fingerprint of Mongolian medicine Sanzisan ,and to evaluate its internal quality by chemical pattern recognition technique comprehensively. METHODS HPLC method was used. Using geniposide as reference,HPLC fingerprints of 15 batches of Sanzisan were drawn with Similarity Evaluation System of TCM Chromatogram Fingerprint(2012 edition). Similarity evaluation and common peaks identification were conducted. Combined with cluster analysis (CA),principal component analysis (PCA),and orthogonal partial least squares-discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA),the quality of 15 batches of Sanzisan was evaluated ,and the differential markers that affected its quality were screened. RESULTS There were 29 common peaks in 15 batches of Sanzisan ,and the similarity was no less than 0.952,indicating that the chemical composition of the 15 batches of Sanzisan had good consistency. A total of 13 common peaks were identified ,which were chebulic acid ,gallic acid,punicalin,punicalagin A ,punicalagin B ,jasminoside B ,caffeic acid ,corilagin,geniposide,chebulagic acid ,1,2,3,4,6- O-galloylglucose,chebulinic acid ,ellagic acid. Both CA and PCA could divide 15 batches of Sanzisan into four categories ,and the classification results were consistent ,indicating that the quality of 15 batches of Sanzisan had certain differences. Fourteen differential markers (chebulic acid ,gallic acid ,ellagic acid ,etc)that lead to the quality difference between batches were screened out by OPLS-DA. CONCLUSIONS Established HPLC fingerprint analysis method is simple and stable. Combined with chemical pattern recognition analysis ,it can be used for the quality control of Sanzisan.

6.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 280-286, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913084

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To establish H PLC fingerprint of Rheum palmatum before and after steaming with wine ,and to determine the contents of 3 differential components. METHODS HPLC method was used to establish the fingerprints of 15 batches of R. palmatum (before wine-steaming )and prepared rhubarb (after wine-steaming )and the similarity evaluation was conducted. The chemical pattern recognition analysis was carried out by principal component analysis ,cluster analysis ,partial least squares- discriminant analysis and orthogonal partial least squares-discriminant analysis. The contents of gallic acid ,resveratrol-4′-O- glucoside and resveratrol- 4′-O-(6″-galloyl)-glucoside in 30 batches of samples were determined. RESULTS In the fingerprint study,48 common peaks were demarcated for R. palmatum and 47 for prepared rhubarb as well as 17 common peaks were identified by reference substance. Cluster analysis and principal component analysis showed that R. palmatum derived from Qinghai before and after steaming with wine could be distinguished from those from Sichuan and Gansu. The results of content determination showed that the contents of 3 differential components in R. palmatum derived from Qinghai before and after steaming with wine were higher than those from other two production areas ;the contents of gallic acid in prepared rhubarb derived from those production areas were higher than R. palmatum ;the contents of resveratrol- 4′-O-glucoside and resveratrol- 4′-O- (6″-galloyl)-glucoside in R. palmatum derived from those production areas were higher than prepared rhubarb. CONCLUSIONS Fingerprint and content determination method established in this study can quickly ,scientifically and accurately evaluate the quality of R. palmatum from different producing areas before and after wine steaming ,which provide a basis for the processing specification and quality control of R. palmatum .

7.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: e239539, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1278501

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of the present study was to determine and compare the fatty acids, lipid soluble vitamins, sterols, phenolics, and antioxidant capacities of three endemic Salvia L. taxa (S. euphratica var. Montbret & Aucher ex Bentham leiocalycina (Rech. Fil.) Hedge, S. euphratica var. Montbret & Aucher ex Bentham euphratica (Rech. Fil.) Hedge and S. pseudoeuphratica Rech.Fil.) and to evaluate these results systematically. The fatty acid compositions were determined by using gas chromatography, while the lipid soluble vitamins, sterols, and phenolics were determined by using HPLC. Also, the antioxidant capacities of three Salvia taxa were measured in vitro. Palmitic acid was found as major saturated fatty acid while oleic acid, linoleic acid, α-linolenic acid, and erucic acid were found as major unsaturated fatty acids in the present study. It was found that S. euphratica var. euphratica had lower palmitic acid (8.94 ± 0.71%), total saturated fatty acid (19.16 ± 0.15%), and higher unsaturated fatty acid content (82.08 ± 0.52%) than other studied taxa. Furthermore, it was shown that S. euphratica var. euphratica had different 18.3/18:2 (0.36) unsaturated/saturated fatty acid (4.28) ratios. However, this study demonstrated that Salvia taxa had low lipid soluble vitamins, sterol contents. On the other hand, it was shown that Salvia taxa had similar catechin (509.2 ± 4.21 µg/g and 552.2 ± 9.21 µg/g) and vanillic acid amounts (351.2 ± 2.17 µg/g and 396.8 ± 4.1 µg/g) in this study. And also, it was found that Salvia taxa had high rosmarinic acid content while S. euphratica var. leiocalycina had the highest rosmarinic acid content (1480 ± 7.57 µg/g). On the other hand, it was shown that the two ferulic acid contents of S. euphratica varieties were higher (1175 ±/5.21 µgmg-1740.2 ± 4.82 µg/mg) than the ferulic acid content of S. pseudoeuphratica of which was the lowest (19.2 ± 0.97 µg/mg). The present results suggested that the biochemical results guided the morphological studies, and Salvia taxa have a potent antioxidant capacity.


Resumo O objetivo do presente estudo foi determinar e comparar os ácidos graxos, vitaminas lipossolúveis, esteróis, fenóis e capacidades antioxidantes de três espécies endêmicas de Salvia L. (S. euphratica var. Montbret & Aucher ex Bentham leiocalycina (Rech. Fil.) Hedge, S. euphratica var. Montbret & Aucher ex Bentham euphratica (Rech. Fil.) Hedge e S. pseudoeuphratica Rech.Fil.) e avaliar esses resultados sistematicamente. As composições de ácidos graxos foram determinadas por cromatografia gasosa, enquanto as vitaminas lipossolúveis, esteróis e fenóis foram determinadas por HPLC. Além disso, as capacidades antioxidantes das três espécies de Salvia foram medidas in vitro. O ácido palmítico foi encontrado como ácido graxo saturado principal, enquanto o ácido oleico, ácido linoleico, ácido α-linolênico e ácido erúcico foram encontrados como principais ácidos graxos insaturados no presente estudo. Verificou-se que S. euphratica var. euphratica tem menor teor de ácido palmítico (8.94 ± 0.71%) e ácido graxo saturado total (19.16 ± 0.15%) e maior teor de ácidos graxos insaturados (82.08 ± 0.52%) do que as outras espécies estudadas. Além disso, foi demonstrado que a S. euphratica var. euphratica apresentou diferentes proporções 18:3/18:2 (0.36) de ácidos graxos insaturados/saturados (4.28). No entanto, este estudo demonstrou que o gênero Salvia tinha baixo teor de vitaminas lipossolúveis e baixo conteúdo de esteróis. Por outro lado, foi demonstrado que as espécies do gênero Salvia contém quantidades de catequinas (509.2 ± 4,21 µg/mg-552.2 ± 9.21 µg/mg) e ácido vanílico semelhantes (351.2 ± 2.17 µg/mg 396,8 ± 4,1 µg/mg). Descobriu-se também que o gênero Salvia tinha alto conteúdo de ácido rosmarínico enquanto a espécie S. euphratica var. leiocalycina apresentou o maior teor desse ácido (1.480 ± 7.57 µg/g). Por outro lado, foi demonstrado que os teores de ácido ferúlico da espécie S. eupratica foram maiores (1.175 ± 5.21 µg/mg-1740.2 ± 4.82 µg/mg) do que o conteúdo de ácido ferúlico da espécie S. pseudoeuphratica dos quais foi o mais baixo (19.2 ± 0.97 µg/mg). Os resultados atuais sugerem que os resultados bioquímicos orientaram os estudos morfológicos e as espécies de Salvia têm uma potente capacidade antioxidante.


Subject(s)
Salvia , Turkey , Plant Extracts , Fatty Acids , Antioxidants
8.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 51-57, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907012

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To establish the grade s tandard for Panax quinquefoli um and to evaluate the quality of different grades of medicinal materials. METHODS Totally 24 batches of P. quinquefolium were used as test samples. Pearson correlation analysis method was used to analyze the correlation between qualitative analysis indicators (taproot length ,taproot diameter and weight of single root )and internal component indicators (ethanol-soluble extract ,and the contents of ginsenoside Rg 1,ginsenoside Re , ginsenoside Rb 1,ginsenoside Rc ,ginsenoside Rb 2,ginsenoside Rd ,pseudo-ginsenoside F 11). Combined with chemometrics methods,the reference indexes for the classification of P. quinquefolium were selected ,and the classification standards were formulated. HPLC-ELSD fingerprints of 24 batches of P. quinquefolium were established and their similarity evaluation was also performed. The chromatographic peaks were identified by comparison with the reference substance ,and then the quality of different grades of P. quinquefolium was evaluated by cluster analysis. RESULTS After screening ,taproot diameter ,the weight of single root and the content of ginsenoside Rd were taken as the reference indexes for the classification of P. quinquefolium . According to above 3 indexes,P. quinquefolium were divided into 3 grades:special grade ,first grade and second grade. According to the center value of K-means clustering ,the total score of special-grade medicinal materials was more than 135.40,that of first-grade medicinal materials was 61.82-135.40,and that of second-grade medicinal materials was less than 61.82. In the HPLC-ELSD fingerprints of 24 batches of P. quinquefolium ,25 common peaks were confirmed ,and 7 characteristic peaks were identified. The similarity of the chromatograms of P. quinquefolium of special grade ,first grade and second grade with fingerprints ranged 0.980-0.989,0.962-0.968,0.940-0.949,respectively. The results of cluster analysis showed that different grades of P. quinquefolium could be identified significantly. CONCLUSIONS The grade standard and HPLC-ELSD fingerprints of P. quinquefolium are established,which can be applied for exclusive identification of P. quinquefolium ,and provide reference for its quality control and grade classification.

9.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 26-31, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907008

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To improve the quality standard of T ibetan medicine of Qinjiaohua ,and to provide scientific basis for comprehensive quality evaluation. METHODS The qualitative analysis of 16 batches of Qinjiaohua with different producing areas and different origins was carried out by microscopic and TLC identification. According to the method stated in 2020 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia ,water content ,total ash content ,acid-insoluble ash content and alcohol-soluble extract content were determined. HPLC method was used to determine the contents of 5 components (loganic acid ,swertiamarin,gentiopicrin, swertionolin,isoorientin) in Qinjiaohua. RESULTS The medicinal powder of Qinjiaohua was light brown-yellow ,and the microscopic features of the powder were clear ,and pollen grains ,ducts,non-glandular hairs ,corolla epidermal cells and calyx epidermal cells were all found. The results of TLC indentification showed that there were fluorescent spots of the same color in the chromatogram of the tested product and the corresponding position of substance control (isoorientin). The content ranges of water content,total ash content ,acid-insoluble ash content and alcohol-soluble extract were 5.40%-8.87%,3.76%-6.40%,0.27%-0.58%, 26.81%-42.51%,respectively. The results of content determination methodology met the requirements of pharmacopoeia ;the content ranges of loganic acid ,swertiamarin,gentiopicrin,swertionolin and isoorientin in 16 batches of Qinjiaohua were 3.13-9.36,1.26-22.39,13.80-74.60,1.24-12.22,2.58-14.96 mg/g,respectively. CONCLUSIONS On the basis of the original quality standard of Qinjiaohua ,microscopic identification ,TLC identification ,content determination and examination items of water,total ash ,acid-insoluble ash and alcohol-soluble extract are added. It is preliminarily proposed that water content ,total ash content and acid-insoluble ash content should not exceed 9.0%,6.5% and 0.6%,while the contents of ethanol-soluble extract and gentiopicrin should not be less than 26.0% and 13.8 mg/g,respectively.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923031

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) method for simultaneous determination of the contents of 7 components of chlorogenic acid, caffeic acid, paeoniflorin, ammonium glycyrrhizinate, baicalin, baicalein, and wogonin in Piqin oral liquid. Methods A double-wavelength HPLC method was performed. The column was Agilent Zorbax SB-C18 (250 mm × 4.6 mm, 5 μm). The mobile phase was 0.02% phosphoric acid aqueous solution (A)-acetonitrile (B) gradient elution; Flow rate: 1.0 ml/min; Column temperature: 35℃; Injection volume: 20 μl; Detection wavelength: 0-18.0 min, 325 nm (detect chlorogenic acid, caffeic acid); 18.0-65.0 min, 280 nm (detect paeoniflorin, baicalin, baicalein, ammonium glycyrrhizinate, wogonin). Results The chlorogenic acid, caffeic acid, paeoniflorin, ammonium glycyrrhizinate, baicalin, baicalein and wogonin were completely separated. Seven components have a good linear relationship between the peak area and concentration, with the recoveries between 96.41% and 99.70%. Conclusion This method is simple, accurate and reproducible, and can be used for the quality control of Piqin oral liquid.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923030

ABSTRACT

Objective To revise the determination method in the quality standard of Jingtian Zhitong cream. Methods The total saponins of angelica sinensis, Ligusticum wallichii, Rhizoma corydalis, and Panax notoginseng saponins were qualitatively identified by thin-layer chromatography (TLC). The contents of notoginsenoside R1, ginsenoside Rg1, and ginsenoside Rb1 in the preparation were determined by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Results TLC showed strong specificity and good resolution. The concentration of notoginsenoside R1 showed a good linear relationship in the range of 0.1604 and 2.0050μg (r=0. 999). The concentration of ginsenoside Rg1 showed a good linear relationship in the range of 0.8003 and 10.0035μg (r=1.000). The concentration of ginsenoside Rb1 showed good linearity in the range of 0.6182 and 7.7275μg (r=1.000). The sample recovery rates were 101.43%, 98.75% and 100.95%, respectively. The relative standard deviation (RSD) were 2.56%, 2.71% and 2.75%, respectively. Conclusion The developed method is accurate and reliable with high sensitivity, which can be used for the quality control of Jingtian Zhitong cream.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923029

ABSTRACT

Objective To improve the quality standards of Kunxian capsules (KC) and effectively control the product quality. Methods Triptolide, icariin and hypericin were used as the indicator components, to increase or improve the thin layer chromatography (TLC) identification methods of Kunming begonia, epimedium and dodder. Agilent ZORBA SB-C18 (4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm) as a chromatographic column, the HPLC method for the determination of triptolide was improved with acetonitrile-0.1% formic acid solution as the mobile phase and 220 nm as the detection wavelength. Results The spots in the TLC method of Kunming begonia, epimedium and dodder has strong specificity, good and clear separation of characteristic spots, negative and no interference. The quantitative analysis of the content of triptolide in KC showed that there is a good linear relationship (r=0.9995) between the mass concentration of triptolide and the peak area in the range of 40.16-502.00 μg/ml, the average recovery was 98.12%, RSD was 8.25%, and the accuracy was good. Conclusion The TLC identification method and HPLC method established in this experiment have strong specificity and good reproducibility, and can effectively control the quality of KC.

13.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 507-513, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922927

ABSTRACT

The key factors for producing the best quality Chinese herbal medicines are high-quality germplasm, suitable cultivation area and the proper processing methods for herbal raw materials. Gentiana crassicaulis in Gentiana (Sect. Cruciata), Gentianaceae is one of the original plants of the Chinese herb Qinjiao (Gentianae Macrophyllae Radix), and its type specimen was collected in Lijiang, Yunnan. There is a long planting history of the herb in this area. In this study a sampling plot was designated in these traditional planting areas. G. crassicaulis was planted and herbal raw materials were harvested from the plot. The raw materials were prepared locally and at a pharmaceutical factory in Shanghai using processing methods such as "sweating" or "no sweating", "slicing" or "no slicing" (whole root), and "stoving" or "no stoving" (air drying). The quality of all processed samples was evaluated. In addition, molecular markers were determined for identifying cultivated and wild samples from Lijiang, Yunnan. The results are as follows: ① Samples from the sampling plot and the field are taxonomically identified as Gentiana crassicaulis. ② A total of 270 sequences of trnC-GCA-petN, atpB-rbcL, psbN, ndhB-rps7 and ycf1 were obtained, and three genotypes were determined from the cultivated samples; the type III was shared by both cultivated and wild plants. Based on the molecular markers, a DNA barcoding method to identify cultivated and wild samples of G. crassicaulis from Lijiang, Yunnan was established. ③ Total content of loganic acid and gentiopicroside in all samples was ≥ 2.5%, and above the Chinese Pharmacopoeia (2020) limit. ④ In HPLC fingerprinting, 9 common peaks were assigned and similarity between all samples was > 0.999; and ⑤ In a PCA score plot all slice samples were clustered, while whole root samples were scattered. Therefore, our studies could provide basic data for optimizing the processing method, producing best quality Gentianae Macrophyllae Radix, and evaluating the quality of different ecotype varieties and the multiple origin of herbal medicines.

14.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: e234476, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153484

ABSTRACT

Abstract The Brazilian Cerrado biome consists of a great variety of endemic species with several bioactive compounds, and Anadenanthera peregrina (L.) Speg is a promising species. In this study, we aimed to perform phytochemical characterization and evaluate the antioxidant and antibacterial activities against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli of the hydroethanolic extract of A. peregrina stem bark. The barks were collected in the Botanical Garden of Goiânia, Brazil. The hydroethanolic extract was obtained by percolation and subjected to physicochemical screening, total phenolic content estimation, high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) fingerprinting, and antioxidant (IC50 values were calculated for the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl assay - DPPH) and antibacterial activity determination. The pH of the extract was 5.21 and density was 0.956 g/cm3. The phytochemical screening indicated the presence of cardiac glycosides, organic acids, reducing sugars, hemolytic saponins, phenols, coumarins, condensed tannins, flavonoids, catechins, depsides, and depsidones derived from benzoquinones. The extract showed intense hemolytic activity. The total phenolic content was 6.40 g GAE 100 g-1. The HPLC fingerprinting analysis revealed the presence of gallic acid, catechin, and epicatechin. We confirmed the antioxidant activity of the extract. Furthermore, the extract did not inhibit the growth of E. coli colonies at any volume tested, but there were halos around S. aureus colonies at all three volumes tested. These results contribute to a better understanding of the chemical composition of A. peregrina stem bark and further support the medicinal applications of this species.


Resumo O bioma Cerrado brasileiro apresenta em uma grande variedade de espécies endêmicas com diversos compostos bioativos, e Anadenanthera peregrina (L.) Speg é uma espécie promissora. Neste estudo, objetivamos realizar a caracterização fitoquímica e avaliar as atividades antioxidantes e antibacterianas contra Staphylococcus aureus e Escherichia coli do extrato hidroetanólico de cascas do caule de A. peregrina. As cascas foram coletadas no Jardim Botânico de Goiânia, Brasil. O extrato hidroetanólico foi obtido por percolação e submetido a triagem físico-química, estimativa de conteúdo fenólico total, impressão digital por cromatografia líquida de alta eficiência (HPLC) e determinação da atividade antioxidante (valores de IC50 foram calculados para o ensaio 2,2-difenil-1-picril-hidrazil) e antibacteriana. O pH do extrato foi de 5,21 e a densidade foi de 0,956 g/cm3. A triagem fitoquímica indicou a presença de glicosídeos cardíacos, ácidos orgânicos, açúcares redutores, saponinas hemolíticas, fenóis, cumarinas, taninos condensados, flavonóides, catequinas, depsídios e depsidonas derivados de benzoquinonas. O extrato mostrou intensa atividade hemolítica. O conteúdo fenólico total foi de 6,40 g de GAE 100 g-1. A análise por impressão digital por HPLC revelou a presença de ácido gálico, catequina e epicatequina. Confirmamos a atividade antioxidante do extrato. Além disso, o extrato não inibiu o crescimento de colônias de E. coli em nenhum volume testado, mas houve halos em torno das colônias de S. aureus nos três volumes testados. Estes resultados contribuem para uma melhor compreensão da composição química da casca de A. peregrina e apoia ainda mais as aplicações medicinais desta espécie.


Subject(s)
Plant Bark , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Staphylococcus aureus , Brazil , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Escherichia coli , Phytochemicals , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology
15.
Braz. j. biol ; 81(3): 737-740, July-Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153393

ABSTRACT

Abstract Curcuma longa is an important dietary plant which possess several pharmacological activities, including antioxidant, antimicrobial, anti-inflamatory, anticancer and anti clotting etc. The aim of the present study was to determine the phenolic profile of Curcuma longa and in vitro antioxidant and antidiabetic activities. In HPLC chromatogram of Curcuma longa rhizome extract 15 phenolic compounds were identified namely Digalloyl-hexoside, Caffeic acid hexoside, Curdione, Coumaric, Caffeic acid, Sinapic acid, Qurecetin-3-D-galactoside, Casuarinin, Bisdemethoxycurcumin, Curcuminol, Demethoxycurcumin, and Isorhamnetin, Valoneic acid bilactone, Curcumin, Curcumin-O-glucuronide respectively. The ethanolic extract displayed an IC50 value of 37.1±0.3 µg/ml against alpha glucosidase. The IC50 value of DPPH radical scavenging activity was 27.2 ± 1.1 μg/mL. It is concluded that ethanolic extract of Curcuma long is rich source of curcumin and contain several important phenolics. The in vitro antioxidant and alpha glucosidase inhibitory effect of the plant justifies its popular use in traditional medicine.


Resumo A Curcuma longa é uma importante planta presente na dieta da população, pois possui diversas atividades farmacológicas, incluindo antioxidante, antimicrobiana, anti-inflamatória, anticancerígena, anticoagulante etc. O objetivo do presente estudo foi elucidar o perfil fenólico da Curcuma longa e determinar as atividades antioxidante e antidiabética in vitro do extrato. No cromatograma por HPLC do extrato de rizoma de Curcuma longa, foram identificados 15 compostos fenólicos: digaloil-hexosídeo, hexosídeo de ácido cafeico, curdiona, cumárico, ácido cafeico, ácido sinápico, quercetina-3-D-galactosídeo, casuarinina, bisdemetoxicurcumina, curcuminol, demetoxicurcumina, isoramnetina, bilactona de ácido valônico, curcumina e curcumina-O-glicuronídeo. O extrato etanólico apresentou um valor de IC50 de 37,1 ± 0,3 µg / mL em relação à alfa-glucosidase. O valor de IC50 da atividade de eliminação de radicais DPPH foi de 27,2 ± 1,1 μg / mL. Conclui-se que o extrato etanólico de Curcuma longa é uma rica fonte de curcumina e contém várias substâncias fenólicas importantes. O efeito antioxidante in vitro e inibidor da alfa-glucosidase da planta justifica seu uso popular na medicina tradicional.


Subject(s)
Curcuma , Rhizome , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Phytochemicals , Antioxidants/pharmacology
16.
Rev. colomb. biotecnol ; 23(1): 24-31, ene.-jun. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1289178

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Snake venoms comprise a highly complex mixture of proteins, and there is also a high interspecific and intraspecific variability in their composition, even in the same region. Our aim was to compare the composition of the venoms of Bothrocophias myersi, Crotalus durissus, and Bothrops asper, snakes from the Colombian Andean region by Reverse-Phase High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (RP-HPLC). The venoms were given to the research group under an agreement with Fundación Zoológica de Cali. The venoms pool was obtained by manual extraction, lyophilized and frozen. The venom protein was quantified by direct measurement with Nanodrop® 280 nm. The protein composition was established by RP-HPLC, using a Lichosper 100 RP, C18 column (250X4 mm) with a pore size of 5-m, as well as by Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate-Polyacrylamide Gel Electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). The highest quantity of protein was found in the venom of B. myersi (108.6 mg/ mL) followed by C. durissus (78.1 mg/mL) and B. asper (74.1 mg/mL). All venoms showed bands of 15 and 50 KDa by using SDS-PAGE. B. myersi venom chromatogram exhibited 16 peaks by RP-HPLC. We conclude that the composition of the three venoms is quite similar, being phospholipase A2 the common protein therein, and together with metalloproteinases they were the most abundant protein families in the venom of B. myersi. SDS-PAGE and RP-HPLC techniques allow a first approach to the profile of the venoms, which in turn could clarify the clinical syndrome produced.


RESUMEN Los venenos de las serpientes comprenden una mezcla compleja de proteínas, y existe una alta variabilidad interespecífica e intra-específica en su composición, incluso en la misma región. Nuestro objetivo fue comparar la composición de los venenos de Bothrocophias myersi, Crotalus durissus y Bothrops asper de la región andina de Colombia, mediante cromatografía líquida de alta eficiencia en fase reversa (RP-HPLC). Los venenos fueron entregados al grupo de investigación mediante un convenio con la Fundación Zoológica de Cali. El pool de venenos fue obtenido por extracción manual, liofilizado y congelado. La proteína de los venenos fue cuantificada por Absorbancia 280nm por medición directa con Nanodrop®. La composición proteica se estableció por RP-HPLC, utilizando una columna Lichosper 100 RP, C18 (250X4 mm) con un tamaño de poro de 5-jm, así como por electroforesis en gel dodecil sulfato de sodio-poliacrilamida (SDS-PAGE). La mayor cantidad de proteínas se encontró en el veneno de B. myersi (108.6 mg/mL), seguido de C. durissus (78.1 mg/mL) y B. asper (74.1 mg/mL). Todos los venenos mostraron bandas de 15 y 50 KDa por SDS-PAGE. El cromatograma de B. myersi exhibió 16 picos por RP-HPLC. Concluimos que la composición de los tres venenos es bastante similar, siendo la fosfolipasa A2 la proteína común en estos y junto con las metaloproteinasas fueron las familias de proteínas más abundantes en el veneno de B. myersi. Las técnicas de SDS-PAGE y el RP-HPLC permiten un primer acercamiento al perfil de los venenos, lo que a su vez podría contribuir a esclarecer el síndrome clínico producido.

17.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 51: 40-49, May. 2021. tab, ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1343322

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Scavenger receptor class B (SRB) is a multifunctional protein in animals that participates in physiological processes, including recognition of a wide range of ligands. Astaxanthin is a major carotenoid found in shrimp. However, the molecular mechanism of astaxanthin and SRB protein binding has not been reported. RESULTS: In the present study, a member of the SRB subfamily, named PmSRB, was identified from the transcriptome of black tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon). The open reading frame of PmSRB was 1557 bp in length and encoded 518 amino acids. The structure of PmSRB included a putative transmembrane structure at the N-terminal region and a CD36 domain. Multiple sequence alignment indicated that the CD36 domain were conserved. Phylogenetic analysis showed four separate branches (SRA, SRB, SRC, and croquemort) in the phylogenetic tree and that PmSRB was clustered with SRB of Eriocheir sinensis. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction showed that the PmSRB gene was widely expressed in all tissues tested, with the highest expression level observed in the lymphoid organ and brain. Subcellular localization analysis revealed that PmSRB-GFP (green fluorescent protein) fusion proteins were predominantly localized in the cell membrane. The recombinant proteins of PmSRB showed binding activities against astaxanthin in vitro. CONCLUSIONS: PmSRB was identified and characterized in this study. It is firstly reported that PmSRB may take as an important mediator of astaxanthin uptake in shrimp.


Subject(s)
Animals , Penaeidae , Receptors, Scavenger/metabolism , In Vitro Techniques , Blotting, Western , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Sequence Alignment , Xanthophylls , Receptors, Scavenger/isolation & purification , Receptors, Scavenger/genetics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , Transcriptome
18.
Rev. ciênc. farm. básica apl ; 42: 1-11, 20210101.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1177735

ABSTRACT

Aim: We aimed to develop methods to determine gabapentin (GAB) in biological samples using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with application in pharmacokinetics and therapeutic drug monitoring. Methods: Simple, rapid and efficient HPLC-UV methods to quantify GAB in human plasma and urine were developed and validated for clinical analysis of GAB. The 1-fluoro-2,4-dinitrobenzene (FDNB) was used as derivatization agent. For plasma samples, protein precipitation using acetonitrile was performed, before the derivatization reaction. Urine samples were cleaned-up by liquid-liquid extraction with dichloromethane:n-butanol (1:1, v/v) after derivatized. Amlodipine besilate was used as internal standard (IS). Results: Gabapentin and IS were resolved on LiChrospher® C18 RP column and a mixture of 50 mM sodium phosphate buffer (pH 3.9):methanol (27:73, v/v) as mobile phase, at 1.2 mL/min. The methods used small sample volumes, 100 and 50 µL of plasma and urine, respectively. Linearity was obtained in the interval of 0.2-14 µg/mL in plasma and 2-120 µg/mL in urine. Both methods showed to be selective, without carry-over effect, precise, accurate and stable in different conditions. GAB plasma concentration in patients receiving 600 to 3600 mg/day of GAB ranged between 0.40 to 11.94 µg/mL at steady-state. Conclusions: The methods described in this study were simple, rapid and fulfill all validation requirements. They were easily and successfully applied for population pharmacokinetics and therapeutic drug monitoring of GAB in patients with chronic pain.

19.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 64: e21190530, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153299

ABSTRACT

HIGHLIGHTS The phenolic composition, antioxidant activity and cytotoxic potential of the extracts of C. solstitialis and U. picroides were investigated. Caffeic acid was found as the most abundant phenolic compound in the extracts. Both species showed promising antioxidant activity towards different assays. The highest cytotoxic potential was observed in the extract of C. solstitialis.


Abstract It is known that some genera of the Asteraceae family are commonly used in Turkish folk medicine. Several studies have investigated the biological effects of different extracts of Centaurea and Urospermum species, but studies involving the phenolic composition of C. solstitialis and U. picroides extracts are very limited. This study aimed to investigate the phenolic composition and antioxidant activity of C. solstitialis and U. picroides and evaluate their possible cytotoxic effect. RP-HPLC analysis was used to elucidate the phenolic profiles of the ethanolic extracts of flowering parts of C. solstitialis and U. picroides.The both ethanolic extracts were assessed for their antioxidant properties using DPPH, FRAP, phosphomolybdenum and metal chelating assays. Furthermore, the effect of the extracts on cell viability was evaluated against MCF-7 and PC-3 cancer cells and HEK293 cell line using the MTT assay. The most abundant phenolic compound in both extracts was determined to be caffeic acid, and the amount of this compound was 24078.03 and 14329.59 µg g-1 in the extracts of C. solstitialis and U. picroides, respectively. The antioxidant activity of the extracts was found similar. Compared with U. picroides extract, C. solstitialis extract had higher potential on the inhibition of cell viability. The IC50 value of C. solstitialis on MCF cells was found as 58.53 µg mL-1. These data suggest that the extracts of C. solstitialis and U. picroides may be considered as novel and alternative natural antioxidant and anticancer sources.


Subject(s)
Humans , Asteraceae/chemistry , Cytotoxins/pharmacology , Centaurea/chemistry , Phenolic Compounds/analysis , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Phenols/pharmacology , Plants, Medicinal , Turkey , Caffeic Acids/pharmacology , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , HEK293 Cells
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907682

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish the HPLC fingerprint method for assessing the quality of Moutan Cortex, and to determine the contents of paeonol, paeoniflorin, gallic acid, hydroxyl-paeoniflorin and benzoyl-paeoniflorin of Moutan Cortex in different growth period. Methods:Diamonsil Plus C18 column (250 mm × 4.6 mm, 5 μm) was used with the mobile phase comprising acetonitrile-0.05% formic acid solution and the flow rate of 1.0 ml/min with gradient elution manner. The detected wavelength was 230 nm for paeoniflorin and benzoyl-paeoniflorin, 267 nm for gallic acid, 258 nm for hydroxyl-paeoniflorin and 274 nm for paeonol with temperature column of 25 ℃. Then putting chromatograms into Similarity Evaluation System for Chromatographic Fingerprint of Chinese Materia Medica (2012A) to evaluate the similarity of Moutan Cortex in different growth period; then putting peak area data into SPSS software for cluster analysis and the clustering effect was determined. Results:The HPLC fingerprints established with this method has 23 shared peaks and 5 of them were identified, namely, paeonol, paeoniflorin, gallic acid, hydroxyl-paeoniflorin and benzoylpaeoniflorin. The similarity of Moutan Cortex in different years was between 0.850-0.991. This method has good linear relation ( r≥0.999 5), RSDs of precision, stability tests and reproducibility were lower than 1.6% ( n=6). Different growth periods of Moutan Cortex have obvious influence on the concentration of five compounds. Conclusion:This method is useful to evaluate and discriminate Moutan Cortex at different growth periods so as toprovide scientific reference on the harvest,industrialization and evaluation of Moutan Cortex.

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