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1.
Rev. med. (São Paulo) ; 101(5): e-190653, set-out. 2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1395422

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Avaliar a efetividade de um programa educativo multimodal de higienização das mãos para profissionais da saúde de UTIs Neonatal, Pediátrica e Adulto. Método: Trata-se de uma pesquisa quasi-experimental, do tipo série temporal interrompida com um grupo e, portanto, esse foi avaliado antes e após a intervenção. A coleta de dados foi realizada em três períodos: (1) período pré-intervenção, realizada em 2017, observada a adesão à higienização das mãos pelos profissionais de saúde e identificado o consumo de álcool gel; (2) período de intervenção, realizada durante o ano de 2018, no qual foi executado o programa educativo multimodal; (3) período pós-intervenção, no qual foi realizada nova investigação utilizando a mesma metodologia empregada no primeiro período desta pesquisa. Resultados: Foram observadas 640 oportunidades e 327 ações, resultando assim em uma adesão global de 51,09%. O consumo de álcool em gel em 2018 obteve uma média de 27,01 mL/paciente-dia dentro das unidades e no ano de 2017 foi de 43,13 mL/paciente-dia no mesmo período. Conclusão: Apesar do período de intervenção ter ajudado os profissionais a esclarecerem dúvidas, esse ainda se mostrou não ser suficiente para manter os índices encontrados no período pré-intervenção. Pode-se sugerir que medidas educativas que promovam o aumento da adesão à higienização das mãos sejam rotineiramente realizadas. [au]


Objective: To assess the health of a multimodal hand hygiene educational program for Neonatal, Pediatric and Adult health professionals. Method: This is a quasi-experimental research, of the time series type with a group, therefore, the same group was evaluated before and after an intervention. The collection of this study was carried out in three periods: (1) pre-intervention period, carried out in 2017, observing the ingestion of hand hygiene by health professionals and identifying the gel; (2) intervention, carried out during 2018, where the multimodal educational program was implemented; (3) post-intervention period, where a new investigation was carried out using the same methodology used in the first period of this research. Results: 640 opportunities were observed and 327 actions were observed, thus resulting in an overall adherence of 1.09%. The consumption of gel alcohol in 2018 had an average of 27.01 mL/patient-day within the units and in 2017 it was 43.13 mL/patient-day in the same period. Conclusion: Although the intervention helped professionals with doubts, it still proved not to be sufficient for the rates found in the pre-vention period, it can be suggested that educational measures will maintain the increase in the extension of hand hygiene to be routinely performed. [au]

2.
Vigil. sanit. debate ; 10(3): 87-95, agosto 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1393454

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Universidades são ambientes propícios à disseminação de infecções respiratórias agudas de elevada transmissibilidade, como a COVID-19. Objetivo: Avaliar a aplicação das medidas de prevenção e controle da COVID-19 entre estudantes de uma comunidade universitária do Ceará, Brasil. Método: Trata-se de estudo transversal desenvolvido junto aos estudantes da graduação de uma universidade pública do estado do Ceará, regularmente matriculados no semestre 2020.1, em atividades remotas (não presenciais). Para o cálculo da amostra, considerou-se uma população de 30.152 universitários, uma confiança de 95%, 3% de erro amostral e 50% de frequência esperada de uso das medidas de proteção e controle contra a COVID-19 (n = 1.031). Das 2.097 respostas recebidas, ocorreram 360 perdas e foram analisadas 1.737. A coleta de dados foi realizada em  dezembro de 2020, por meio de questionário eletrônico, disponibilizado online, para esta finalidade. Realizou-se uma análise descritiva dos aspectos pesquisados. Resultados: Apesar de 91,2% dos universitários referirem que sempre usavam máscara ao sair de casa, somente 1,4% cumpriram com todas as recomendações para seu manuseio correto; 43,3% referiram lavar as mãos conforme as recomendações das autoridades sanitárias, mas outras medidas de higiene pessoal foram insuficientes; 65,4% referiram que costumavam sair para participar de atividades que não eram de extrema necessidade; e 70,0% eram usuários de transportes públicos. Conclusões: As evidências encontradas predispõem os universitários a riscos frente a COVID-19.


Introduction: Universities are favorable environments for the spread of highly transmissible acute respiratory  infections, such as COVID-19. Objective: To evaluate the application of COVID-19 prevention and control measures among students from a public university in the state of Ceará, Brazil. Method: This is a cross-sectional study developed with undergraduate students, regularly enrolled in semester 2020.1, in remote (non-face-to-face) activities. To calculate the sample, a population of 30,152 students was considered, a confidence of 95%, 3% sampling error and 50% expected frequency of use of protection and control measures against COVID-19 (n = 1,031). Of the 2,097 responses received, 360 were lost and 1,737 were analyzed. Data collection was carried out in December 2020, through an electronic questionnaire, available online, for this purpose. A descriptive analysis of the researched aspects was carried out. Results: Although 91.2% of students reported that they always wore a mask when leaving the house, only 1.4% complied with all the  recommendations for its correct handling. 43.3% reported washing their hands according to the recommendations of the health authorities, but others' personal hygiene measures were insufficient; 65.4% reported that they used to go out to participate in activities that were not of extreme necessity; and 70.0% were public transport users. Conclusions: The evidence found predisposes university students to risks in the face of this pandemic.

3.
Rev. Esc. Enferm. USP ; 56: e20220125, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1394627

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives: To describe the compliance to the practices of hand hygiene and hub disinfection before manipulation of the central venous catheter in two moments: before and after educational intervention. Adherence to hand hygiene was assessed with two methods: direct observation and video camera. Methods: Before and after study conducted with the nursing team in an adult intensive care unit, in São Paulo, Brazil, including 180 observations using video cameras and direct observation. Hand hygiene compliance before catheter manipulation and compliance with the correct technique and the hub disinfection for five seconds were observed. Results: When video cameras recording was observed, hand hygiene compliance increased from 46% to 66% and the use of the proper technique increased from 23% to 46% (p < 0.05). Regarding hub disinfection compliance, no difference was observed between the periods. Hand hygiene compliance in direct observation increased from 83% to 87% and in indirect observation, from 46% to 66% after the intervention. Conclusion: After the educational intervention, hand hygiene compliance before CVC manipulation and the use of the correct technique improved. When observed indirectly, the adherence to these practices was lower, reinforcing the Hawthorne effect.


RESUMO Objetivos: Descrever o cumprimento das práticas de higienização das mãos e desinfecção dos conectores antes da manipulação do cateter venoso central antes e após intervenção educativa. A adesão à higienização das mãos foi avaliada por observação direta e câmera de vídeo. Métodos: Estudo antes e depois realizado com a equipe de enfermagem em unidade de terapia intensiva para adultos, em São Paulo, Brasil, com 180 observações com câmeras de vídeo e observação direta. A adesão à higienização das mãos antes da manipulação do cateter e à técnica correta e desinfecção do conector por cinco segundos foram observadas. Resultados: Quando as câmeras de vídeo foram observadas, a adesão à higiene das mãos aumentou de 46% para 66% e o uso da técnica adequada aumentou de 23% para 46% (p < 0,05). Em relação à adesão à desinfecção do conector, não foi observada diferença entre os períodos. A adesão à higienização das mãos na observação direta aumentou de 83% para 87% e na indireta, de 46% para 66% após a intervenção. Conclusão Após a intervenção educativa, houve melhora na adesão à higienização das mãos antes da manipulação do cateter venoso central e no uso da técnica correta. Quando observada indiretamente, a adesão a essas práticas foi menor, reforçando o efeito Hawthorne.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Describir el cumplimiento de las prácticas de higiene de manos y desinfección del hub antes de la manipulación del catéter venoso central en dos momentos: antes y después de la intervención educativa. La adherencia a la higiene de manos se evaluó con dos métodos: observación directa y cámara de video. Métodos: Estudio antes-después realizado con el equipo de enfermería en una unidad de cuidados intensivos de adultos, en São Paulo, Brasil, que incluye 180 observaciones utilizando cámaras de video y observación directa. Se observaron el cumplimiento de la higiene de manos antes de la manipulación del catéter y el cumplimiento de la técnica correcta y la desinfección del hub durante cinco segundos. Resultados: Cuando se observó la grabación de cámaras de video, el cumplimiento de la higiene de manos aumentó del 46% al 66% y el uso de la técnica adecuada aumentó del 23% al 46% (p<0,05). En cuanto al cumplimiento de la desinfección de hubs, no se observó diferencia entre los períodos. El cumplimiento de la higiene de manos en observación directa aumentó del 83% al 87% y en observación indirecta del 46% al 66% tras la intervención. Conclusión: Después de la intervención educativa mejoró el cumplimiento de la higiene de manos antes de la manipulación del CVC y el uso de la técnica correcta. Cuando se observó indirectamente, la adherencia a estas prácticas fue menor, reforzando el efecto Hawthorne.


Subject(s)
Catheter-Related Infections , Central Venous Catheters , Evidence-Based Practice , Hand Hygiene , Nursing, Team
4.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 75(1): e20210012, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1341055

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives: to analyze hand hygiene determinants of informal caregivers in a hospital environment. Methods: qualitative study conducted with 55 caregivers at a university hospital in the Northeast of Brazil. A semi-structured instrument was used, adapted from Nola Pender's Health Promotion Model, from which the deductive categories were derived. Results: the general behavior included hand hygiene before meals and after using the bathroom. Sensitivity to the requirements for hand hygiene was observed, but the barriers and self-efficacy consisted of the availability of soap or alcohol-based hand sanitizers, the lack of knowledge on the importance of and forgetfulness of the practice. The reinforcement on the importance of the practice and being in a contaminated environment were influencers, and commitment, warnings, and training were indispensable. Conclusions: benefits related to protection from infections were seen as positive determinants for hand hygiene adherence. For non-adherence, factors such as lack of sanitizing supplies, ignorance towards the importance of the activity, and forgetfulness stood out.


RESUMEN Objetivos: analizar determinantes de higienización de manos de cuidadores informales en ambiente hospitalario. Métodos: estudio cualitativo realizado en hospital universitario de Región Nordeste de Brasil, con 55 cuidadores. Utilizado instrumento semiestructurado, adaptado del Modelo de Promoción de la Salud, de Nola Pender, del cual derivaron categorías deductivas. Resultados: conducta general incluyó higiene de manos antes de comidas y después de ir al baño. Observó sensibilidad para higienizar las manos, pero las barreras y la autoeficacia consistieron en la disponibilidad de jabón o alcohol en gel, en el desconocimiento acerca de la importancia y en el olvido de la práctica. Refuerzo de la importancia de la práctica y estar en ambiente contaminado fueron influyentes, siendo imprescindibles compromisos, avisos y entrenamientos. Conclusiones: identificaron determinantes positivos para adhesión de higiene de manos como beneficios relacionados a la protección de infección. Para no adhesión, destacaron factores como ausencia de insumos, desconocimiento de la importancia y olvido.


RESUMO Objetivos: analisar os determinantes de higienização das mãos de cuidadores informais em ambiente hospitalar. Métodos: estudo qualitativo realizado em um hospital universitário da Região Nordeste do Brasil, com 55 cuidadores. Utilizou-se de instrumento semiestruturado, adaptado do Modelo de Promoção da Saúde, de Nola Pender, do qual derivaram as categorias dedutivas. Resultados: o comportamento geral incluiu higiene das mãos antes das refeições e após utilizar o banheiro. Observou-se sensibilidade para higienizar as mãos, porém as barreiras e a autoeficácia consistiram na disponibilidade de sabão ou álcool em gel, no desconhecimento acerca da importância e no esquecimento da prática. O reforço da importância da prática e estar em ambiente contaminado foram influenciadores, sendo imprescindíveis compromissos, avisos e treinamentos. Conclusões: identificaram-se determinantes positivos para adesão da higiene das mãos como benefícios relacionados à proteção de infecção. Para não adesão, destacaram-se fatores como ausência de insumos, desconhecimento da importância e esquecimento.

5.
Rev. epidemiol. controle infecç ; 11(3): 149-156, jul.-set. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1396697

ABSTRACT

Background and objectives: Healthcare-Associated Infections are a problem reported by hospitals worldwide, increasing patient morbidity and mortality, prolonging hospitalization, and increasing health care costs. The hands of health professionals are still the main source of infections, making hand hygiene extremely important for spreading infection control. The objective of this study was to analyze the presence of bacteria on the hands of health professionals after hygiene with alcohol gel in a Neonatal Unit and describe the resistance of microorganisms to antimicrobials. Methods: Hand samples were collected using the modified glove-juice method on both occasions, before and after hand hygiene with alcohol gel. Bacteria were identified by MALDI-TOF and susceptibility tests according to Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute document M100-E29. Results: A total of 214 samples were obtained, of which 104 (48.6%) showed bacterial growth before hand hygiene and 52 (24.3%) after hand hygiene with alcohol gel. There were 217 isolates from the cultures, of which coagulase-negative Staphylococcus was the most frequent with 41 (27.2%) and 24 (36.4%) positive cultures, respectively before and after hand hygiene. The second most frequent microorganism was Klebsiella pneumoniae with 32 (21.2%) and 16 (24.2%), respectively before and after hand hygiene. Multidrug resistance to antimicrobials was detected in 58.1% of gram-positive bacteria and in 34.3% of gram-negative bacteria. Conclusion: A decrease was observed, but not an elimination of the microbial load after hand hygiene with alcohol gel, demonstrating the need for improvements in hand hygiene.(AU)


Justificativa e objetivos: As Infecções Relacionadas à Assistência à Saúde são um problema relatado por hospitais em todo o mundo, aumentando a morbimortalidade dos pacientes, prolongando a hospitalização e aumentando os custos dos cuidados de saúde. As mãos dos profissionais de saúde ainda são a principal fonte de infecções, tornando a higienização das mãos extremamente importante para a disseminação do controle de infecções. O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar a presença de bactérias nas mãos de profissionais de saúde após higienização com álcool gel em uma Unidade Neonatal e descrever a resistência dos microrganismos aos antimicrobianos. Métodos: Amostras de mãos foram coletadas pelo método luva-suco modificado em ambas as ocasiões, antes e após a higienização das mãos com álcool gel. As bactérias foram identificadas por MALDI-TOF e testes de suscetibilidade de acordo com o documento M100-E29 do Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute. Resultados: Obteve-se um total de 214 amostras, das quais 104 (48,6%) apresentaram crescimento bacteriano antes da higienização das mãos e 52 (24,3%) após a higienização das mãos com álcool gel. Foram 217 isolados das culturas, sendo Staphylococcus coagulase-negativo o mais frequente com 41 (27,2%) e 24 (36,4%) culturas positivas, respectivamente antes e após a higienização das mãos. O segundo microrganismo mais frequente foi Klebsiella pneumoniae com 32 (21,2%) e 16 (24,2%), respectivamente antes e após a higienização das mãos. A multirresistência aos antimicrobianos foi detectada em 58,1% das bactérias gram-positivas e em 34,3% das bactérias gram-negativas. Conclusão: Observou-se diminuição, mas não eliminação da carga microbiana após higienização das mãos com álcool gel, demonstrando a necessidade de melhorias na higienização das mãos.(AU)


Justificación y objetivos: Las Infecciones Asociadas a la Atención de la Salud son un problema reportado por los hospitales a nivel mundial, aumentando la morbimortalidad de los pacientes, prolongando la hospitalización y aumentando los costos de la atención médica. Las manos de los profesionales de la salud siguen siendo la principal fuente de infecciones, por lo que la higiene de manos es extremadamente importante para el control de infecciones. El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar la presencia de bacterias en las manos de los profesionales de la salud después de la higiene con alcohol en gel en una Unidad Neonatal y describir la resistencia de los microorganismos a los antimicrobianos. Métodos: Se recogieron muestras de manos mediante el método guante-jugo modificado en ambas ocasiones, antes y después de la higiene de manos con alcohol en gel. Las bacterias se identificaron mediante MALDI- -TOF y pruebas de susceptibilidad de acuerdo con el documento M100-E29 del Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute. Resultados: Se obtuvieron un total de 214 muestras, de las cuales 104 (48,6%) presentaron crecimiento bacteriano antes de la higiene de manos y 52 (24,3%) después de la higiene de manos con alcohol en gel. Hubo 217 aislamientos de los cultivos, de los cuales el Staphylococcus coagulasa negativo fue el más frecuente con 41 (27,2%) y 24 (36,4%) cultivos positivos, respectivamente antes y después de la higiene de manos. El segundo microorganismo más frecuente fue Klebsiella pneumoniae con 32 (21,2%) y 16 (24,2%), respectivamente antes y después de la higiene de manos. Se detectó multirresistencia a los antimicrobianos en el 58,1% de las bacterias grampositivas y en el 34,3% de las bacterias gramnegativas. Conclusión: Se observó una disminución, pero no una eliminación de la carga microbiana después de la higiene de manos con alcohol en gel, lo que demuestra la necesidad de mejoras en la higiene de manos.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Bacteria , Hand Disinfection , Health Personnel , Hand Hygiene , Drug Resistance , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal
6.
Rev. epidemiol. controle infecç ; 11(3): 181-189, jul.-set. 2021. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1396860

ABSTRACT

Background and objectives: Healthcare-associated Infections are a global health concern. Although the best strategy for its prevention is hand hygiene (HH), there is still low compliance by health professionals in the execution of the correct technique. In order to improve compliance with HH, the World Health Organization (WHO) implemented the multimodal strategy, which emphasizes patient participation in health services, in order to encourage professionals to wash their hands. With this, we sought to verify the impact of the implementation of educational strategies with patient involvement and participation in compliance with hand hygiene by health professionals. Methods: An integrative literature review in the CINAHL, LILACS, PubMed, Scopus and WOS databases. Results: The present sample comprised eight international studies that empowered patient participation with intervention strategies on HH and studies in which patients provided feedback on compliance assessment, which reflected in greater compliance with HH by health professionals. Conclusion: Educational interventions with patient participation and involvement proved to be effective for health professionals to comply with HH, especially when all components of the multimodal strategy were adequately addressed.(AU)


Justificativa e objetivos: As infecções relacionadas à assistência à saúde são um problema de saúde mundial. Embora a melhor estratégia para sua prevenção seja a higiene das mãos (HM), nota-se ainda baixa adesão dos profissionais de saúde na execução da técnica correta. Com o propósito de melhorar a adesão a HM, a Organização Mundial de Saúde (OMS) implementou a estratégia multimodal, que ressalta a participação do paciente nos serviços de saúde, a fim de incentivarem os profissionais a higienizar as mãos. Com isso, buscamos verificar o impacto da implementação de estratégias educativas com o envolvimento e participação do paciente na adesão à higienize das mãos por profissionais de saúde. Métodos: Revisão integrativa da literatura nas bases de dados CINAHL, LILACS, PubMed, Scopus e WOS. Resultados: Compuseram a presente amostra oito estudos internacionais, que empoderaram a participação do paciente com estratégias de intervenção sobre HM e estudos no qual o paciente foi provedor de feedback de avaliação da adesão, o que refletiu em maior adesão à HM pelos profissionais de saúde. Conclusão: Intervenções educativas com a participação e envolvimento do paciente se mostraram eficazes para adesão à HM pelos profissionais de saúde, em especial, quando todos os componentes da estratégia multimodal foram adequadamente contemplados.(AU)


Justificación y objetivos: Las infecciones relacionadas con la asistencia sanitaria son un problema de salud mundial. Aunque la mejor estrategia para su prevención es la higiene de manos (HM), aún existe una baja adherencia por parte de los profesionales sanitarios en la ejecución de la técnica correcta. Para mejorar la adherencia a la HM, la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) implementó la estrategia multimodal, que enfatiza la participación del paciente en los servicios de salud, con el fin de incentivar a los profesionales a lavarse las manos. Con esto, buscamos verificar el impacto de la implementación de estrategias educativas con la implicación y participación del paciente en la adherencia a la higiene de manos por parte de los profesionales sanitarios. Métodos: Revisión integradora de la literatura en las bases de datos CINAHL, LILACS, PubMed, Scopus y WOS. Resultados: La presente muestra estuvo conformada por ocho estudios internacionales que empoderaron la participación del paciente con estrategias de intervención en HM y estudios en los que el paciente brindó retroalimentación sobre la evaluación de la adherencia, lo que se reflejó en una mayor adherencia a la HM por parte de los profesionales de salud. Conclusión: Las intervenciones educativas con participación e involucramiento del paciente demostraron ser efectivas para que los profesionales de la salud se adhieran a la HM, especialmente cuando todos los componentes de la estrategia multimodal se abordaron adecuadamente.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Patient Participation , Health Personnel , Hand Hygiene , Health Education
7.
Ars méd ; 46(3): 47-59, ago. 20, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1363714

ABSTRACT

ntroducción: se realizó un análisis de la evidencia disponible sobre intervenciones orientadas a mejorar la adherencia al lavado de manos, para generar recomendaciones para los centros de atención en salud ambulatoria.Materiales y métodos: se realizó una búsqueda en Pubmed, Embase y Epistemonikos, y en las referencias de guías sobre el tema, seleccionando aquellos estudios no observacionales en que se realizaran intervenciones para aumentar la adherencia al lavado de manos en atención en salud. Se clasificaron las estrategias descritas según tipo de intervención, y se evaluaron según su efectividad en mejorar la adherencia al lavado de manos y el seguimiento en el tiempo.Resultados: se seleccionaron 34 estudios experimentales prospectivos, que se clasificaron en 10 grupos según el tipo de intervención realizada, y se evaluaron según efectividad y seguimiento en una escala del I al VII. 24 de 34 estudios mostraron un aumento estadísticamente significativo de la adherencia al lavado de manos mayor al 15% desde el basal o en comparación al grupo control, correspondiendo en su mayoría a estrategias multimodales y de feedback. Discusión: las intervenciones más efectivas para mejorar la adherencia al lavado de manos fueron las que incluían abordajes multimodales y las que incluían feedback. Se hace urgente generar mayor evidencia sobre esta temática en el contexto de atención ambulatoria.


Introduction: To analyze the available evidence on interventions aimed at improving adherence to handwashing, to generate re-commendations for outpatient health care centers. Methods: A search was made in Pubmed, Embase and Epistemonikos, and in the references of guides on the subject, selecting those non-observational studies in which interventions were carried out to increase adherence to handwashing in health care. The strategies described were classified according to the type of intervention, and evaluated according to their effectiveness in improving adherence to handwashing, and its follow-up time afterward. Results: 34 prospective experimental studies were selected, which were classified into 10 groups according to the type of intervention performed, and were evaluated according to effectiveness and follow-up on a scale from I to VII. 24 of 34 studies showed a statistically significant increase in handwashing adherence greater than 15% from baseline or compared to the control group, corresponding mostly to multimodal and feedback strategies. Discussion: The most effective interventions to improve adherence to handwashing were those that included multimodal approaches and the ones that included feedback. It is urgent to generate more evidence on the subject in the context of ambulatory care.

8.
Gac. méd. Méx ; 157(3): 327-331, may.-jun. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346115

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: Ante la pandemia de COVID-19, el apego a las medidas de higiene es un objetivo para disminuir la morbimortalidad. Objetivo: Evaluar el apego a la higiene de manos y medidas de protección durante la pandemia de COVID-19 en un hospital de tercer nivel. Métodos: Estudio transversal acerca del lavado de manos del personal de salud en los cinco tiempos recomendados por la Organización Mundial de la Salud, así como sobre el uso del equipo de protección personal específico. Resultados: Fueron observadas 117 oportunidades de higiene de manos en personal de salud: 40 (34 %) respecto al lavado de manos y 76 (65 %) respecto a su omisión; sobre el apego al uso de careta en cinco (4 %) y sobre la falta de apego en 112 (96 %). Se identificó apego al uso de mascarilla en 65 profesionales de enfermería (87 %), uso adecuado de mascarilla en 56 de ellos (60 %) y uso de careta en uno (1 %.) Conclusión: El personal mostró baja proporción de apego a la higiene de manos y al uso de equipo para la protección específica durante la pandemia de COVID-19.


Abstract Introduction: During the COVID-19 pandemic, adherence to hygiene measures is an objective aimed at reducing morbidity and mortality. Objective: To evaluate adherence to hand hygiene and protection measures during the COVID-19 pandemic in a tertiary care hospital. Methods: Cross-sectional study on health personnel handwashing at the five moments recommended by the World Health Organization, as well as on the use of specific personal protective equipment. Results: One hundred and seventeen hand hygiene opportunities were observed in health personnel. Hand washing was observed in 40 (34 %) and omission in 76 (65 %). Adherence to the use of face shield was observed in five (4 %), and lack of adherence in 112 (96%). Adherence to the use of face mask was observed in 65 nursing professionals (87 %), with appropriate use of the mask in 56 of them (60 %) and use of face shield in one (1 %). Conclusion: Health personnel showed low proportions of adherence to hand hygiene and use of equipment for specific protection during the COVID-19 pandemic.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Personnel, Hospital/statistics & numerical data , Guideline Adherence/statistics & numerical data , Hand Hygiene/statistics & numerical data , Personal Protective Equipment/statistics & numerical data , COVID-19/prevention & control , Personnel, Hospital/standards , Time Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies , Tertiary Care Centers , Hand Hygiene/standards
9.
Rev. Eugenio Espejo ; 15(2): 47-56, 20210516.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248307

ABSTRACT

La adecuada higiene de manos puede reducir la incidencia de muchas enfermedades infecciosas respiratorias e intestinales, entre otras. Se realizó un estudio cuasiexperimental, con el objetivo de implementar un programa educativo acerca de la higiene de manos en 45 niños de 4to grado de la Escuela Primaria Guerrillero Heróico, Cienfuegos, Cuba, durante los meses de octubre 2018 - diciembre 2019. El diseño de un conjunto de acciones respondió a las necesidades de aprendizaje identificadas, produciéndose un cambio significativo con un valor p<0,05. El 80% de los involucrados tuvo un nivel bajo de conocimientos teóricos sobre higiene de manos antes de la aplicación del programa educativo y solo un 6,6 % resultó calificado como bueno. Entre las razones declaradas por las que no se lavan las manos, los infantes señalaron la falta de recur-sos para eso y la insuficiente percepción del riesgo que conlleva esa conducta. La mayoría decla-ró que recibían información al respecto en el ambiente escolar y a través de la televisión.


Proper hand hygiene can reduce the incidence of many infectious respiratory and intestinal diseases, among others. A quasi-experimental study was carried out to implement an educational program on hand hygiene in 45 students of 4th level of the Guerrillero Heróico Elementary School, Cienfuegos, Cuba, during the months of October 2018 - December 2019. The design of a range of actions responded to the identified learning needs, producing a significant change with a value of p <0.05. In this study, the 80% had a low level of theoretical knowledge about hand hygiene before the application of the educational program and only 6.6% were rated as good. Among the reasons stated for not washing their hands, infants indicated the lack of resour-ces for it and the insufficient perception of the risk that this behavior entails. The majority stated that they had received information on the matter at school and on television.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Students , Hygiene , Hand , Schools , Disease , Learning
10.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 38(1)feb. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388201

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: La adherencia a la higiene de manos (HM) por parte del personal de salud es de 38% a nivel mundial. Con la estrategia multimodal de la OMS se incluyeron los preparados de base alcohólica como un componente para la mejora de la HM. La campaña "los 5 momentos de la HM" incentiva a utilizar este producto que, entre otros beneficios, su aplicación ocupa menor tiempo en comparación con el lavado de manos. Objetivo: Conocer cuáles son los factores facilitadores o las barreras que favorecen o dificultan el uso de preparados de base alcohólica por el personal de salud para aumentar la adherencia a la HM según la estrategia multimodal de la OMS. Métodos: Fueron utilizadas dos bases de datos PubMed y CINHAL (años 2009 - 2019). Los artículos fueron seleccionados según criterios de inclusión - exclusión. Resultados: De 30 artículos se seleccionaron 12, los que tenían como tema central la adherencia a la HM, personal de salud y preparados de base alcohólica. Se organizaron en facilitadores y barreras: infraestructura, presentación del producto y capacitación del personal. Discusión: Los facilitadores y barreras que más impacto reportan en aumentar la adherencia a la HM son la infraestructura, acceso, disponibilidad en el punto de atención, presentación del producto y capacitación al personal de salud sobre los productos de base alcohólica para la desinfección de las manos, con el fin de disminuir las IAAS y brindar una atención segura.


Abstract Introduction: The compliance with HH (hand hygiene) practices by health personnel is 38.7% worldwide. Using a multimodal strategy of the WHO (World Health Organization), alcohol based products was introduced. The campaign "The five moments of HH" encourages the use of this product which offers countless benefits, an important one being that it takes much less time compared to hand washing. Objective: To discover what the motivating factors or barriers are that favor or hinder the use of alcohol based products by health personnel, in order to increase compliance with HH according to the WHO multimodal strategy. Methods: Two databases were used; PubMed and CINHAL (from 2009 - 2019) The articles were selected according to inclusion - exclusion criteria. Results: From 30 articles, 12 were selected that had HH compliance, health personnel and alcohol based products as their main topics. They were organized into motivating factors and barriers: using infrastructure, product presentation and staff training. Discussion: Discovering the motivating factors and the barriers is essential to directing the efforts of strategies that include these points and to increase the compliance of HH with health personnel in order to reduce the HCAI (Health Care Associated Infection) and provide safe healthcare.

11.
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1292354

ABSTRACT

Background: The novel Coronavirus was first detected in Wuhan, China in December 2019. In Ethiopia, The COVID-19 pandemic was expanding geopgraphically overtime. Understanding the spatial variation of the pandemic and the level of compliances towards COVID-19 prevention strategies is important to guide focused prevention and control efforts. Aim: This study aimed to explore the level of compliance and spatial variation in COVID-19 prevention strategies in major cities and towns in the Amhara region, Ethiopia. Methods: A community based observational survey was conducted from June 25 to August 10, 2020, in 16 selected cities and towns of the Amhara region. The level of compliance with hand hygiene, physical distancing and mask utilization as per the WHO recommendations were observed from 6,002 individuals and 346 transport services. Getis-Ord Gi* statistics were used to identify hot spot areas with a low level of compliance with COVID19 preventive strategies. Spatial interpolation was performed to predict the level of compliance for un-sampled areas in the region. Results: The practice of hand hygiene, physical distancing and mask utilization were 12.0%, 13% and 26%, respectively. COVID-19 prevention strategies were found to be spacially non-random in Amhara region (Global Moran's I = 0.23, z-score = 9.5, P-value < 0.001). Poor (Hot Spot Areas) COVID-19 Prevention practices were spatially clustered at Northern Amhara (Metema, Gondar, and Woghemira town) and Western Amhara (Moarkos, Enjibara, And Bahir Dar town).Southern (Shewa Robit, and Kemissie Twon) and Eastern (Dessie, Kombolcha, Wolidiya, and Kobo) parts of the Amhara region were spatially clustered as cold spots (better practice) for COVID19 prevention strategies. With regards to the practice of COVID19 prevention strategies, practices were low in northern and northwestern parts of the region ( 5%), whereas this was found to be much higher in the southern part of the region (41%). Conclusion: The level of compliance with regards to hand hygiene, physical distancing and mask utilization exhibit spatial variation across the region. Continuous community-based education using different modalities are necessary to increase the practice of hand hygiene, physical distancing and mask utilization


Subject(s)
Humans , Compliance , Hand Hygiene , Physical Distancing , COVID-19 , Facial Masks
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909293

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the targeted surveillance combined with cluster management on isolation protector use rate and hand hygiene qualification rate in caregivers of patients with respiratory tract multidrug-resistant bacterial infections.Methods:Second Hospital of Shanxi Medical University began to perform targeted surveillance combined with cluster management among caregivers of patients with multidrug-resistant bacterial infections in July 2019. The caregivers of 50 patients with respiratory tract multidrug-resistant bacterial infections who were admitted before targeted surveillance combined with cluster management were included in the pre-implementation group. The caregivers of 50 patients with respiratory tract multidrug-resistant bacterial infections who were admitted after targeted surveillance combined with cluster management were included in the post-implementation group. Multidrug-resistant bacterial infections in caregivers, isolation protector use rate, environmental disinfection and hand hygiene qualification rate were compared between before and after 6 months of targeted surveillance combined with cluster management. The application value of targeted surveillance combined with cluster management in the prevention of respiratory tract multidrug-resistant bacterial infections was analyzed.Results:The number of caregivers with respiratory tract multidrug-resistant bacterial infections in the post-implementation group was lower than that in the pre-implementation group (5 vs. 13, P < 0.05). The proportion of caregivers who wear a mask (94.11%), isolation clothes (80.39%) and gloves (98.03%) in the post-implementation group was significantly higher than that in the pre-implementation group (70.00%, 62.00%, 78.00%, χ2 = 10.027, 4.911, 9.683, all P < 0.05). The proportion of caregivers who were qualified in terms of hand hygiene (82.35%), object surface (76.47%), and keeping the air fresh in the post-implementation group was significantly higher than that in the pre-implementation group (64.00%, 58.00%, 64.00%, χ2 = 4.341, 3.915, 5.450, all P < 0.05). Conclusion:Targeted surveillance combined with cluster management can effectively help prevent respiratory tract multidrug-resistant bacterial infections in caregivers and increase isolation protector use rate and hand hygiene qualification rate.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907767

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the new generation of intelligent ICU Unit based on 5G and artificial intelligence technology.Methods:This study was conducted at the Second Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine from May 2019 to August 2020. Based on a multidisciplinary team including medical, nursing, hospital management, clinical medical engineering, 5G technology, information technology, artificial intelligence technology, logistics service, etc, was assembled to intelligently design and reconstruct an intelligent ICU Unit of Emergency ICU.Results:Based on 5G technology, a new intelligent ICU unit environment was constructed to realize remote and high-speed interaction of multi-dimensional information in ICU, including intelligent assistance of remote monitoring, remote ward rounds, remote consultation and family visits. An intelligent hospital infection prevention and control system was established including automatic identification and alarm of hand hygiene and personal protection.Conclusions:The new generation of intelligent ICU unit combined with 5G and artificial intelligence technology has changed the mode of medical service for critically ill patients and improved the service level, which is worthy of further exploration and application.

14.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 74(3): e20200510, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1288348

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives: to identify the challenges to actions to contain bacterial resistance. Methods: cross-sectional study, carried out in 30 large-sized hospitals in Minas Gerais, from 2018 to 2019. The professionals were interviewed, and the environment and actions to prevent bacterial resistance were observed. Results: regarding the knowledge of health care professionals about the measures of bacterial resistance prevention, 78.3% did not correctly describe the five moments of hand hygiene, and 76.6% did not correctly describe the measures to control bacterial resistance. The simple hygiene of hands, followed by alcohol rubbing was predominant (48.3%) among workers, and soap dispensers were next to alcohol dispensers in 58.3% of the nursing stations in care units. Conclusions: the insufficient knowledge from the professionals, which is a failure related to the physical structure and to personal protection equipment, are factors that difficult the adherence to measures to contain bacterial resistance in hospitals.


RESUMEN Objetivos: identificar dificultades para adhesión a acciones de contención de resistencia bacteriana. Métodos: estudio transversal, realizado en 30 grandes hospitales de Minas Gerais, de 2018 a 2019. Entrevistaron profesionales; observaron ambiente y acciones de prevención de resistencia bacteriana. Resultados: el conocimiento de los profesionales asistenciales acerca de medidas de prevención de resistencia bacteriana, 78,3% no describieron correctamente los cinco momentos para higienización de las manos; y 76,6%, las medidas de control de resistencia bacteriana. Identificó que la higienización simple de las manos seguida por fricción alcohólica fue predominante (48,3%) entre los profesionales y que dispensadores de jabonete y alcohol estaban lado a lado en 58,3% de los puestos de enfermería de las unidades asistenciales. Conclusiones: el conocimiento insuficiente de los profesionales, fallas relacionadas a la estructura física y a los equipos de protección individuales son factores dificultadores para la adhesión a las medidas de contención de resistencia bacteriana en hospitales.


RESUMO Objetivos: identificar as dificuldades para adesão às ações de contenção da resistência bacteriana. Métodos: estudo transversal, realizado em 30 hospitais de grande porte de Minas Gerais, de 2018 a 2019. Entrevistaram-se os profissionais; observaram-se o ambiente e as ações de prevenção da resistência bacteriana. Resultados: sobre o conhecimento dos profissionais assistenciais acerca das medidas de prevenção da resistência bacteriana, 78,3% não descreveram corretamente os cinco momentos para higienização das mãos; e 76,6%, as medidas de controle da resistência bacteriana. Identificou-se que a higienização simples das mãos seguida por fricção alcoólica foi predominante (48,3%) entre os profissionais e que dispensadores de sabonete e álcool estavam lado a lado em 58,3% dos postos de enfermagem das unidades assistenciais. Conclusões: o conhecimento insuficiente dos profissionais, falhas relacionadas à estrutura física e aos equipamentos de proteção individuais são fatores dificultadores para a adesão às medidas de contenção da resistência bacteriana nos hospitais.

15.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1346675

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To analyze the difference in the on-line searches for terms related to hand hygiene during the COVID-19 pandemic in developed and middle-income countries. Material and Methods: The cross-sectional study analyzed the digital data through the Google Trends website to obtain the variation of the relative search volume (RSV) through the terms "alcohol gel" and "handwashing." According to socio-economic development, the countries were divided into two groups: countries from different continents and hemispheres, with more than 15 million inhabitants, with more than 50% of the population with access to the Internet network and over 1,000 confirmed cases of infected with COVID-19. The paired t-test was applied to compare the means. The significance value adopted was p<0.010. Results: The searches related to the term "hand washing" were more significant when compared to the term "alcohol gel," and the term "alcohol gel" presented a higher average volume of research in developed countries (p<0.010). The developed countries had a higher average relative volume of research than middle-income countries (p<0.010). Developed countries sought more for the term "alcohol gel," and the term "hand washing" showed no difference in the volume of research about the country's socio-economic aspect. Conclusion: Developed countries have a higher volume of search for hand hygiene terms. The middle-income countries must create proposals for raising awareness outside the on-line environment so that this information reaches the entire population during the pandemic.


Subject(s)
Humans , Socioeconomic Factors , Developed Countries , Hand Hygiene , Internet Access , COVID-19 , Primary Prevention , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Ethanol
16.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1179863

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Revisar a literatura científica especializada no que se refere à higienização das mãos (HM) dos acompanhantes de pacientes que recebem algum tipo de serviço de saúde. Metodologia: Trata-se de uma revisão narrativa da literatura, realizada através de busca ativa nas bases de dados SciELO, Google Acadêmico e Periódicos CAPES, utilizando os descritores: acompanhantes de pacientes, higiene das mãos, patients escorts e hand hygiene. Resultados: Foi constatado que a literatura se concentra em situações às quais os pacientes pertencem à pediatria, devido à relativa facilidade em encontrar textos que versam quanto à instrução parental acerca da HM. No entanto, houve dificuldades em alcançar resultados que envolvessem pacientes adultos e/ou idosos. Conclusão: É importante realizar mais pesquisas que estudem o hábito da HM por parte dos acompanhantes de pacientes. A escassez de obras relacionadas à temática, mais especificamente no que tange aos acompanhantes de pacientes adultos e/ou idosos, evidencia a omissão de preparo do corpo de profissionais de saúde em atentar-se a tal parte tão crucial para a prevenção das infecções relacionadas à assistência à saúde


Objective: Review the specialized scientific literature regarding hand hygiene (HH) of caregivers of patients receiving some type of health service. Methodology: It is a narrative literature review accomplished through active search in databases SciELO, Google Schoolar and Periódicos CAPES, under the descriptors: acompanhantes de pacientes, higiene das mãos, patients escorts and hand hygiene. Results: It was found that the literature focuses on situations in which patients belong to pediatrics, due to the relative ease in finding texts that deal with parental instruction about HH. However, there were difficulties in achieving results involving adult and/or elderly patients. Conclusion: More research is needed to study the habit of HH by caregivers of patients. The scarcity of works related to the theme, specifically with regard to caregivers of adult and/or elderly patients, shows the omission of preparation of the body of health professionals to pay attention to such a crucial part for the prevention of healthcare-related infections


Subject(s)
Humans , Caregivers , Hand Hygiene , Infection Control/methods , Patient Safety
17.
Saude e pesqui. (Impr.) ; 13(3): 485-493, jul.-set. 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1140628

ABSTRACT

Identificar as ações realizadas pela equipe de SCIH e Gestão da Qualidade para alcançar a meta redução do risco de infecções relacionadas à assistência à saúde. Pesquisa qualitativa, exploratória e descritiva, realizada em duas instituições hospitalares. Houve triangulação de dados com entrevistas, observação e análise documental. Para a análise dos dados utilizou-se a análise de conteúdo. As ações mais realizadas foram educação permanente, identificação e correções de problemas em procedimentos, busca ativa, vigilância e higienização das mãos. Foi possível identificar a ocorrência de eventos adversos. A comunicação e os problemas estruturais aparecem como dificultadores no alcance da meta. As ações identificadas foram práticas tradicionais e muitas vezes ineficientes. A prevenção e o controle de infecções ainda são desafios para as instituições de saúde. Há necessidade de adoção de estratégias inovadoras para alcançar a meta de redução do risco de infecção relacionada à assistência à saúde.


To identify the actions taken by the SCIH and Quality Management team to achieve the goal of reducing the risk of infections related to health care. Exploratory descriptive qualitative study, carried out in two hospitals. There was triangulation of data with interviews, observation and document analysis. For data analysis, content analysis was used. The most performed actions were permanent education, identification and correction of problems in procedures, active search, surveillance and hand hygiene. It was possible to identify the occurrence of adverse events. Communication and structural problems appear as difficulties in reaching the goal. The actions identified are traditional practices and are often inefficient. The prevention and control of infections are still challenges for health institutions. There is a need to adopt innovative strategies to achieve the goal of reducing the risk of infection related to healthcare.

18.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-212493

ABSTRACT

Handwashing is the most cost-effective measure for prevention of a wide spectrum of diseases from respiratory, intestinal, soil transmitted helminthiasis, health-care associated illness to infection with pandemic potential like SARS, MERS and COVID 19. Experts view that handwashing can be the greatest investment in the mankind as it reduces under nutrition, morbidity, mortality and paves way for growth, development, educational attainment of people and thereby achieving healthier communities. Though the evidence of handwashing on health is two centuries old but change in human behaviour seems critical in both developing and developed countries. Hand hygiene is rarely practiced during crucial moments and even rarely soap is used. Therefore emphasis should be given towards a societal shift in behaviour change among children, caretakers and people of all age groups. Every school, community and hospital should be provided with Safe water, Sanitation and adequate Hygiene (WASH) services. Hand hygiene to be given top priority in national health plans by which millions of unnecessary deaths and burden on health care system can be avoided. Nevertheless under the looming threat of the current COVID 19 pandemic, where the exact epidemiology is still evolving and a vaccine doesn’t seem feasible as an immediate measure to control the disease, handwashing should be considered as a ‘social vaccine’ for everyone at every household level.

19.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-210208

ABSTRACT

Background: Hand hygiene when done satisfactorily is one of the most effective ways of preventing hospital acquired infections. However elementary the process may seem, it is one that has been shown to significantly elude health care personnel (HCP).This study aimed at assessing the knowledge, attitude and practice of hand hygiene by HCP at the Federal Medical Centre (FMC) Azare, North-Eastern Nigeria.Methods: The study was a cross sectional survey of HCPwho make direct contact with patients at four randomly selected units of FMC Azare. Using the purposive sampling technique, a structured questionnaire was administered on the respondents. The collected data was analyzed using the statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) version 20.0. Presentation of data was done with tables, in proportions and percentages.Results: Eighty-two (82) HCP were recruited into the study, 64 (78.0%) were males and 18 (22.0%) were females, giving a ratio of 3.6:1. Nursesmade up 43.9%, health assistants 34.1% and doctors 22.0% of the total number. The respondents exhibited a good knowledge of hand hygiene (93.2%). Seventy-seven (93.9%) of the respondents showed a positive attitude while 6.1% had a negative attitude towards hand hygiene. All categories of respondents had good practice scores regarding hand hygiene.Conclusion: The knowledge, attitude and practice of hand hygiene of HCP at FMC Azare is optimal. However, continuous training on infection prevention and control with emphasis on hand hygiene and other strategies is recommended to allow for improvement in compliance to the concept of standard precautions

20.
Bol. venez. infectol ; 31(1): 65-78, ene-jun 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1123369

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La práctica de la higiene de manos por el personal de salud es un elemento esencial para prevenir la transmisión de las infecciones asociadas a la atención sanitaria. El objetivo es evaluar el conocimiento, las prácticas y la actitud del personal de salud médico para la higiene de las manos y las condiciones sanitarias mínimas durante la pandemia de COVID-19 en el Hospital Universitario de Caracas, mayo 2020. Metodología: Estudio de corte transversal intrahospitalario. Población: Médicos adjuntos y residentes, y estudiantes presentes al momento de la visita al Hospital Universitario de Caracas. Instrumentos: Entrevistas, cuestionarios, inspecciones y observaciones del lavado de las manos en trabajo intrahospitalario. Análisis estadístico. Programa SPSS 21 para las estadísticas descriptivas con tablas de distribuciones de frecuencia, promedios, porcentajes, desviaciones estándar y percentiles. Pruebas de Chi2 con límites de confianza del 95 %. Resultados: 42 autocuestionarios, 32 a adjuntos y residentes, 75,6 % jóvenes menores de 30 años y 59 % femeninos. Conocimiento suficiente 74 %, las prácticas auto reportadas el 69 % correctas, y la actitud positiva 87 %. 51 áreas inspeccionadas con fallas de agua 16 %, lavamanos funcionales en 28 % de los ambientes, y falta de jabón, gel alcoholado o toallas desechables. 59 % de los baños para pacientes en malas condiciones sanitarias. Observaciones de higiene de manos durante el acto médico (100 momentos), solo 9 % correctos. La inspección del área de triaje de COVID-19 muestra que se cumplen con lavado de manos con gel alcoholado. La inspección del hospital (OMS) reporta 95 puntos nivel de higiene inadecuado con prácticas de HM y promoción deficientes. Formulario inspección de la OMS ante la COVID-19 arroja fallas en infraestructura, insumos y disponibilidad de EPP y falta de auditorías. Discusión: El conocimiento y las prácticas en puntajes moderados requieren educación médica continua, y la actitud muy positiva del personal de salud permitirán mejorar las prácticas en el lugar de trabajo, siempre que se disponga de la infraestructura, agua y jabón, y de gel alcoholado para el cumplimiento del lavado de las manos en los 5 momentos del acto médico. Conclusión: El hospital requiere mejoras importantes de la infraestructura y la entrega de materiales para la correcta higiene de las manos.


Background: The practice of correct hand hygiene by health workers is a key element in the prevention of health care associated infections. The aim of the study is to assess the knowledge, practice and attitudes of the medical staff on hand hygiene and the minimum sanitary conditions during the COVID-19 pandemic at the Hospital Universitario de Caracas during May 2020. Methods: Transversal study based at the Hospital. Population: medical staff, residents, and medical students present when the inspection team visited the Hospital Universitario de Caracas. Instruments: interviews, questionnaires, inspection and observation of the hand hygiene process during hospital work. Statistical analysis: SPSS 21 software for the descriptive statistics, with frequency distribution tables average, percentage, standard deviation and percentiles. Chi2 test with 95 % confidence limits. Results: 42 self-administered questionnaires, 32 to medical staff and residents, 75,6 % were less than 30 years old and 59 % were female. 74 % had sufficient knowledge, correct self reported practice 69 %, positive attitude 87 %. 51 inspected areas, water failure 16 %, working sinks in 28 % of the areas, lack of soap, alcoholic gel or paper towels. 59 % of patient toilet facilities in bad sanitary conditions. Observations of hand hygiene procedures during medical work (100 moments) were only 9 % correct. Inspection of the COVID-19 triage area showed proper alcoholic gel hand hygiene. Hospital inspection (WHO) reported 95 inadequate hygiene points with deficient hand hygiene and promotion. WHO COVID-19 Inspection Form showed infrastructure failures, lack of supplies and availability of PPE and lack of audits. Discussion: Knowledge and practice had moderate scores which require intervention on the continuous medical education. The staff's positive attitude will allow improvement of practices at the workplace whenever infrastructure and supplies are available, especially soap and water or alcoholic gel, for the 5 moment hand hygiene protocol compliance. Conclusion: The hospital requires important infrastructure and supplies improvements for this purpose.

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