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1.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 80(6): 654-662, dic. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1250288

ABSTRACT

Abstract We retrospectively analyzed 570 adult patients who received allogeneic stem cell transplantation for malignant diseases. The outcomes were compared according to donor type. Most of the patients (60%) were transplanted for acute leukemia. Median follow-up was 1.6 years. Haploidentical allogeneic stem cell transplantation was more frequently performed for acute myeloid leukemia and in late stages than any other donor type. Non-relapse mortality at 100 days and one year for unrelated and haploidentical donors were similar, 19%-29% vs. 17%-28%, respectively. A significant better non-relapse mortality was observed for matched sibling donors (7%-15%; p < 0.001). Relapse rate was higher in haploidentical donors compared to matched sibling and unrelated donors (three year relapse rate 46%, 39%, 28%; respectively p < 0.001). Haploidentical donors resulted in lower three year progression-free survival and worse 3 year overall survival (32%; p < 0.001 and 42%; p < 0.001) compared with other donors (44% and 55% MSD, 40% and 42% UD, respectively). The incidence of grade II-IV acute graft-versus-host disease was higher in unrelated donors (51% unrelated, 35% haploidentical, 36% matched sibling; respectively; p = 0.001), with no difference in grades III-IV (p = 0.73) or in chronic graft-versus-host disease (p = 0.2) between groups. After multivariate analysis, haploidentical and unrelated donors remained negatively associated with non-relapse mortality (HR 1.95; 95% CI 1.10-3.20 and HR 2.70; 95% CI 1.63-4.46, respectively). Haploidentical donors were associated with a higher risk of relapse and worse overall survival. This analysis shows that haploidentical donors were associated with similar non-relpase mortality and higher relapse rates than unrelated donors. Better results in non-relapse mortality were observed for matched sibling donors.


Resumen Se efectuó un análisis retrospectivo de 570 pacientes adultos que recibieron un trasplante alogénico de precursores hematopoyéticos, comparando los resultados según el tipo de donante. La mediana de seguimiento fue de 1.6 años. El 60% de la población se trasplantó por leucemias agudas. Los trasplantes haploidénticos se hicieron en su mayoría en leucemia mieloide aguda y en estadios tardíos en comparación a otros donantes. La mortalidad libre de enfermedad al día +100 y a 1 año fue similar para los donantes no emparentados y haploidénticos (19% y 29% vs. 17% y 28%, respectivamente). Se obtuvieron mejores resultados con donantes relacionados idénticos (7% y 15%; p < 0.001). La recaída fue mayor en los donantes haploidénticos (tres años 46% haploidénticos, 39% relacionados idénticos, 28% no emparentados; p < 0.003). El trasplante con donante haploidéntico presentó una menor supervivencia libre de progresión y menor supervivencia global a tres años (32%; p < 0.001 y 42%; p < 0.001). La incidencia de enfermedad injerto contra huésped aguda fue mayor en no emparentados (51%, 35% haploidénticos, 36% relacionados idénticos; p = 0.001), sin diferencias en grados III-IV (p = 0.73) o en EICH crónica (p = 0.2). Los trasplantes con donante haploidéntico y no emparentado mantuvieron su asociación negativa con mortalidad libre de enfermedad (HR 1.95; 95%IC 1.10-3.20 y HR 2.70; 95%IC 1.63-4.46), en análisis multivariado. El trasplante haploidéntico se asoció a mayor recaída y a menor supervivencia global. Esta experiencia mostró similar mortalidad libre de enfermedad entre trasplantes con donantes haploidénticos y no emparentados. Los trasplantes relacionados idénticos mostraron menores tasas de mortalidad libre de enfermedad.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Graft vs Host Disease , Retrospective Studies , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Disease-Free Survival , Siblings
2.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 42(1): 40-45, Jan.-Mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090478

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Patients with benign or malignant blood disorders, who require allogeneic stem cell transplantation and lack an identical human leukocyte antigen HLA identicalHL sibling donor, could be transplanted with hematopoietic stem cells from unrelated adult or umbilical cord donors. However, in our country, both approaches are costly and time-consuming options. Methods Over the last few years, haploidentical modalities have been investigated as an alternative donor source, showing similar results to those obtained with identical HLA donors. We started using T-cell-replete haploidentical with post-transplant cyclophosphamide in 2012 and we presented our experience with patients undergoing haploidentical ransplantation compared to SIB. Results Since January 2012 to date, 91 allogeneic transplants have been performed, of which 49 were haploidentical and 42 were HLA identical. The mean age of the patients was 35 years (range: 17-62). The mean CD34/kg × 106 infused per group was 5.93 and 5.89, respectively. Time to granulocyte and platelet engraftment was 11 and 15 days, respectively, for haploidentical, and 12 and 14 days, respectively, for HLA identical (p = 0.10). The 100-day cumulative incidence of global acute GVHD was 34% for haploidentical and 29% for SIHLA identical (p = 0.9). The 2-year overall global graft-versus-host disease was 43% for haploidentical and 41% for HLA identical (p = 0.8). Overall survival, relapse, and transplant and relapse-related mortality were similar between both groups. Conclusion Our experience showed that haploidentical has similar outcomes to those obtained with HLA idential and can be performed in our country safely.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Leukemia , Transplantation, Haploidentical , Lymphoma , Polyomavirus , Graft vs Host Disease
3.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 184-189, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809867

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the efficacy of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) from different donors as first-line treatment for children and adolescents with severe aplastic anemia (SAA) .@*Methods@#The clinical data of 79 children and adolescents with SAA diagnosed from January 2013 to December 2016 in Henan Province were retrospectively analyzed. There were 50 males and 29 females, with a median age of 14(4-18) years. 40 cases received matched sibling transplantation (MSD-HSCT), 17 with unrelated donor transplantation (UD-HSCT), and 22 with haploidentical transplantation (haplo-HSCT).@*Results@#The comparison of MSD-HSCT, UD-HSCT, haplo-HSCT groups was conducted and the median times of neutrophils engraftment were statistically significant [12(9-25) d, 14(10-22) d, 16(11-26) d, respectively (χ2=13.302, P=0.001)], but no difference in+30 d engraftment rate [97.3%(36/37), 100%(15/15), 100%(20/20), χ2=0.959, P=0.619]. The median times of PLT engraftment were not statistically significant [14(6-34)d, 16(7-32)d, 19(10-34)d, respectively, χ2=5.892, P=0.053], and the +30 d engraftment rate had no difference [97.3%(36/37), 100%(15/15), 100%(20/20), χ2=0.959, P=0.619]. The post-transplant infection rate showed no statistically significance [35.0% (14/40), 29.4% (5/17), 45.5% (10/22), χ2=1.158, P=0.560], as well as the incidences of aGVHD, grade III/IV aGVHD and cGVHD(χ2=0.230, P=0.891; χ2=2.628, P=0.269; χ2=3.187, P=0.203). The two-years OS rate was not statistically significant respectively [(77.1±6.7)%, (70.6±11.1)%, (77.3±8.9)%, χ2=0.330, P=0.845]. Severe post-transplant infection (RR=4.617, P=0.009), grade Ⅲ/Ⅳ aGVHD (RR=2.707, P=0.048) were independent risk factors for OS.@*Conclusion@#The overall efficacy of MSD-HSCT, UD-HSCT and haplo-HSCT as first-line therapy for children and adolescents with SAA/VSAA is comparable.

4.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 790-798, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687037

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Background</b>Studies of haploidentical-related donor (HRD) stem cell transplantation using a combination of peripheral blood stem cells (PBSCs) and bone marrow as the graft have reported encouraging results for patients with hematological diseases. However, few studies specifically reported transplantation of only PBSCs from HRDs among patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Here, the long-term outcomes and side effects of unmanipulated HRD PBSC transplantation (HRD-PBSCT) for relapsed/refractory AML were analyzed.</p><p><b>Methods</b>We performed a retrospective analysis of the outcomes in relapsed/refractory AML patients who underwent PBSCT from HRDs (n = 36).</p><p><b>Results</b>Thirty-one (86.1%) patients in the HRD-PBSCT group achieved platelet recovery. The cumulative incidence of acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) in the HRD-PBSCT group was 40.00%, and the cumulative incidence of grades 2-4 aGVHD in this group was 13.33%. A total of 13 patients in the HRD-PBSCT group had recurrent disease at a median of 183 days after transplantation (range: 10-1700 days), reaching cumulative incidences of relapse of 50.28% at 5 years. On multivariate analysis, donor age and patient age >40 years were independent risk factors for inferior disease-free survival or overall survival (P < 0.05). The results of the present study demonstrate rapid and complete neutrophil engraftment, a low incidence of grade 2-4 aGVHD, and promising survival rates in patients after HRD-PBSCT. Thus, granulocyte colony-stimulating factor-primed PBSCs may be a reliable graft source in unmanipulated HRD-HSCT under myeloablative conditioning when no matched sibling donor is available.</p><p><b>Conclusions</b>Our results support the feasibility, effectiveness, and tolerability of PBSCs as a graft source in unmanipulated HRD transplantation under myeloablative conditioning in patients with leukemia.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Graft Survival , Graft vs Host Disease , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor , Metabolism , Humans , Incidence , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Therapeutics , Male , Multivariate Analysis , Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation , Methods , Retrospective Studies
5.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 641-642, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667755

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the advances in the comprehension of the biological characteristics of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) promote the diagnosis and risk stratification. The clinical routine detection of minimal residual disease makes prognosis system more plentiful. More strategies for AML including haploidentical transplantation and target therapy were established.

6.
ARS med. (Santiago, En línea) ; 41(2): 50-53, 2016. Tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1016204

ABSTRACT

El trasplante hematopoyético es una estrategia terapéutica que permite posibilidad de curación en diversas enfermedades benignas y malignas. El autotrasplante tiene demostrada utilidad en mieloma y linfomas permitiendo recuperar la hematopoyesis luego de quimioterapias de alta intensidad. El alotrasplante permite reemplazar hematopoyesis defectuosa y/o introducir un potente efecto inmunológico llamado "efecto de injerto contra tumor". En los últimos años, se han desarrollado nuevos fármacos que permiten optimizar la recolección de progenitores autólogos y se han modificado los esquemas de trasplante, permitiendo un uso más amplio. El haplo trasplante alogénico ha favorecido que los enfermos tengan mejores posibilidades de encontrar donantes. En esta revisión, se analizan brevemente estas nuevas modalidades adoptadas en nuestro programa de trasplante hematopoyético.(AU)


Hematopoietic transplantation offers cure or control in several benign or malignant diseases. Autologous transplantation has proven to be useful in myeloma and lymphoma patients allowing hematopoiesis recovery after high-intensity chemotherapies. Allogeneic transplantation can replace defective hematopoiesis and / or introduce graft-versus-tumor effect. In recent years, new strategies have been developed to optimize autologous progenitor's collection and haploidentical modalities have allowed a wider use of allotransplants. In this brief review these new modalities adopted in our program are analyzed.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Transplantation , Transplantation, Autologous , Transplantation, Haploidentical , Hematopoietic System
7.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 327-330, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-459639

ABSTRACT

The outcome of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) has been improved over past 50 years due to the advances in HLA matching and increasing sources of HSC donors,such as developments and progressions of HLA-matched sibling donor transplantation (MSDT),umbilical cord transplantation (UCBT/CBT),unrelative donor transplantation (URDT),and HLA haploidentical transplantation (haplo-SCT).To review and discuss progressions in field of allo-HSCT,we studied relative advances reports of Education Program Book,54th-ASH,2012.Howeover,the outcomes of allo-HSCT can be quite different according to different diseases,disease phase or patient age.Furthermore,according to our local experiences,we emphasize again significance of HSCT donor safety.

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