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1.
Medicina UPB ; 41(1): 51-60, mar. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1362696

ABSTRACT

Helicobacter pylori es un carcinógeno tipo I resistente a múltiples antibióticos y con alta prioridad en salud pública. La infección por este microorganismo está influenciada por una interacción compleja entre la genética del huésped, el entorno y múltiples factores de virulencia de la cepa infectante. Afecta al 50 % de la población mundial, provocando afecciones gastroduodenales graves, la mayoría de forma asintomática. El 20 % de los individuos con H. pylori pueden desarrollar a través del tiempo lesiones gástricas preneoplásicas y el 2 % de ellos un cáncer gástrico. Las manifestaciones clínicas gastrointestinales y extragastrointestinales están asociadas a su virulencia y a la respuesta del sistema inmunológico con la liberación de citosinas proinflamatorias, tales como TNF-alfa, IL-6, IL-10 e IL-8, causantes de inflamación aguda y crónica. Múltiples factores de virulencia han sido estudiados como el gen A asociado a la citotoxina (CagA) y la citotoxina vacuolante (VacA), los cuales juegan un rol importante en la aparición del cáncer gástrico. Dada la resistencia cada vez mayor a los antibióticos utilizados, las líneas de estudio en el futuro inmediato deben estar encaminadas en establecer la utilidad de los nuevos antibióticos y la determinación de profagos colombianos en todo el país. Esta revisión tiene como objetivo hacer una puesta al día sobre las características del H. pylori, los mecanismos patogénicos, genes de virulencia, su asociación con el mayor riesgo de cáncer gástrico, farmacorresistencia microbiana y su erradicación.


Helicobacter pylori is recognized as a class I carcinogen resistant to multiple antibiotics and with high priority in public health. The infection caused by this microorganism is influenced by a complex interaction between host genetics, environment, and multiple virulence factors of the infecting strain. It affects 50% of the world population, causing severe gastroduodenal conditions, most of them asymptomatic. Through time, 20% of individuals with H. pylori may develop preneoplastic gastric lesions and 2% of them develop gastric cancer. The gastrointestinal and extra-gastrointestinal clinical manifestations are associated with its virulence and the response of the immune system with the release of pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as TNF-alpha, IL-6, IL-10 and IL-8, which cause acute and chronic inflammation. Multiple virulence factors have been studied, such as cytotoxin-associated gene A (CagA) and vacuolating cytotoxin A (VacA), which play an important role in the development of gastric cancer. Due to the increasing antibiotics resistance, the research in the immediate future should be aimed at establishing the usefulness of the new antibiotics and the determination of Colombian prophages throughout the country. This paper aims to update the characteristics of H. pylori, its pathogenic mechanisms, virulence genes, its association with the increased risk of gastric cancer, microbial drug resistance, and eradication.


Helicobacter pylorié um carcinógeno tipo I resistente a múltiplos antibióticos e com alta prioridade na saúde pública. A infecção por este microrganismo está influenciada por uma interação complexa entre a genética do hospede, o entorno e múltiplos fatores de virulência da cepa infectante. Afeta a 50% da população mundial, provocando afeções gastroduodenais graves, a maioria de forma assintomática. 20% dos indivíduos com H. pylori podem desenvolver através do tempo lesões gástricas pré-neoplásicas e 2% deles um câncer gástrico. As manifestações clínicas gastrointestinais e extragastrointestinais estão associadas à sua virulência e à resposta do sistema imunológico com a liberação de citocinas pró-inflamatórias, tais como TNF-alfa, IL-6, IL-10 e IL-8, causantes de inflamação aguda e crónica. Múltiplos fatores de virulência hão sido estudados como o gene. A associado à citotoxina (CagA) e a citotoxina vacuolante (VacA), os quais jogam um papel importante no aparecimento do câncer gástrico. Dada a resistência cada vez maior aos antibióticos utilizados, as linhas de estudo no futuro imediato devem estar encaminhadas em estabelecer a utilidade dos novos antibióticos e a determinaçãode profagos colombianos em todo o país. Esta revisão tem como objetivo fazer uma atualização sobre as características do H. pylori, os mecanismos patogénicos, genes de virulência, sua associação com o maior risco de câncer gástrico, farmacorresistência microbiana e sua erradicação.


Subject(s)
Humans , Helicobacter pylori , Drug Resistance , Carcinogens , Virulence Factors , Disease Eradication , Immune System , Anti-Bacterial Agents
2.
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 26(1): 102331, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364543

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background Helicobacter pylori infection can cause gastritis, gastric ulcers, duodenal ulcers, and gastric cancer. Its treatment involves different medications, but resistance to these treatments is increasing. It is currently considered a public health problem. Aims to identify regimens used for H. pylori eradication by age group, year of treatment and geographical region of Colombia. Methods A cross-sectional study that identified regimens used H. pylori eradication in outpatient consultations over a 6-year period based on a medication dispensing database of 8.5 million people affiliated to the Colombian Health System. The appropriate regimens were those that included a proton pump inhibitor, associated with two antibiotics recommended by clinical practice guidelines (amoxicillin, clarithromycin, levofloxacin, moxifloxacin, tetracycline, doxycycline, metronidazole, tinidazole, and furazolidone). Results A total of 12,011 patients with a diagnosis of acid-peptic disease and H. pylori infection were identified, who had undergone 12,426 eradication treatment courses. Of these, 98.0% used a proton pump inhibitor (PPI), and 91.1% used amoxicillin. A total of 56.1% of the regimens were considered adequate; of these, 42.0% were a combination of PPI, amoxicillin/clarithromycin. This regimen predominated between 2015 and 2017 for all age groups. Conclusions The management of H. pylori infection in the majority of patients is heterogeneous and inconsistent with current recommendations based on evidence of antimicrobial resistance.

3.
NOVA publ. cient ; 19(37): 121-134, jul.-dic. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365195

ABSTRACT

Abstract Aim. In vitro antimicrobial activities of seven wines (5 reds and 2 whites) from the Douro region (Iberian Peninsule) against eleven clinical strains of Helicobacter pylori were evaluated. Methods. The disk diffusion method, using Columbia Agar supplemented with horse blood (CAB), were used to determine the antimicrobial properties of some wine components against H. pylori strains. Potential interactions of antioxidants contained in the wines and two antimicrobials (amoxicillin and metronidazole) were studied by the disk diffusion method. Results. All the tested strains showed growth in CAB supplemented with 9% of the tested wines but none of them grew in media supplemented with 45% and 67.5% of wine. Similarly, all the tested strains grew in media with the concentration of proanthocyanidins present in the different types of the studied wines. The Minimal Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) values of the wine antioxidant components tested (benzoic acid, catechin, quercetin, and resveratrol) indicate that resveratrol was the most powerful inhibitory substance against H. pylori. An effect of potentiation between amoxicillin and metronidazole and the antioxidants tested was also established. The interaction of amoxicillin and resveratrol or metronidazole and catechin increased the antimicrobial activity against H. pylori. Conclusions. The results obtained suggested a potential role of resveratrol as a chemopreventive agent for H. pylori infection.


Resumen Objetivo. Se evaluó las actividades antimicrobianas in vitro de siete vinos (5 tintos y 2 blancos) de la región del Duero (Peninsula Ibérica) frente a once cepas de Helicobacter pylori de origen clínico. Métodos. Para determinar las propiedades antimicrobianas de algunos componentes del vino sobre las cepas de H. pylori se utilizaron las técnicas de difusión en disco en placas de agar Columbia suplementado con sangre de caballo (CAB). La potential interacción entre las sustancias antioxidantes presentes en los vinos y dos antimicrobianos (amoxicilina y metronidazol) se determinó usando la técnica de difusión en disco. Resultados. Todas las cepas ensayadas mostraron crecimiento en CAB suplementado con el 9% de los vinos analizados, pero no se obtuvo crecimiento de ninguna de las cepas en medios suplementados con el 45% y el 67,5% de vino. Asimismo, todas las cepas ensayadas crecieron en medios con la concentración de proantocianidinas presentes en los diferentes tipos de vinos estudiados. Los valores de concentración mínima inhibitoria (CMI) de los componentes antioxidantes de los vinos ensayados (ácido benzoico, catequina, quercetina y resveratrol) indican que el resveratrol fue la sustancia más potente en la inhibición del crecimiento de H. pylori. También se estableció un efecto de potenciación entre amoxicilina y metronidazol y los antioxidantes ensayados. Las interacciones amoxicilina + resveratrol y metronidazol + catequina aumentaron la actividad antimicrobiana contra H. pylori. Conclusiones. Los resultados obtenidos sugieren un papel potencial del resveratrol como agente quimiopreventivo de la infección por H. pylori.

4.
Más Vita ; 3(4): 33-40, dic. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1355015

ABSTRACT

La gastritis es una enfermedad con una alta morbilidad a nivel mundial, el principal factor de riesgo es la infección por Helicobacter pylori. Objetivo: Describir las características clínicas, histopatológica y endoscópicas en una población con gastritis crónica. Material y métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional de tipo descriptivo, retrospectivo, se incluyeron 49 pacientes que acudieron a la consulta externa del área de gastroenterología, de 18 a 65 años, a quienes se realizó el estudio histopatológico y endoscópico en el Servicio de Gastroenterología en el Hospital General Quevedo, de Los Ríos-Ecuador, durante septiembre 2017 ­ septiembre 2018. Resultados: Se observó predominio del género masculino (65%); en mayores de 40 años (55%), la epigastralgía y la sensación de acidez estomacal, 39% y 35% respectivamente, fueron los síntomas más frecuentes, La positividad para Helicobacter pylori, alcanzó el 86%, y la lesión no erosiva un 73%, existió mayor presencia de la forma no atrófica (84%) sobre la atrófica. Conclusiones: La gastritis crónica predominó en el grupo etario mayor a 40 años y de género masculino, siendo los factores de riesgo de mayor prevalencia la infección por Helicobacter pylori y los asociados al consumo de antiinflamatorios no esteroideos, mala alimentación, alcohol y tabaco, los síntomas como epigastralgía y la sensación de acidez estomacal fueron los más frecuentes. El hallazgo endoscópico fue mayor para las formas no erosivas, y de acuerdo a la histopatología la gastritis no atrófica antral moderada fue la más frecuente(AU)


Gastritis is a disease with high morbidity worldwide, the main risk factor is Helicobacter pylori infection. Objective: To describe the clinical, histopathological and endoscopic characteristics in a population with chronic gastritis. Material and methods: An observational, descriptive, retrospective study was carried out, including 49 patients who attended the outpatient consultation of the gastroenterology area, aged 18 to 65 years, who underwent a histopathological and endoscopic study in the Gastroenterology Service at the Quevedo General Hospital, Los Ríos-Ecuador, during September 2017 - September 2018. Results: A predominance of the male gender was observed (65%); In people over 40 years of age (55%), epigastralgia and the sensation of heartburn, 39% and 35% spectively, were the most frequent symptoms, the positivity for Helicobacter pylori, reached 86%, and the non-erosive lesion 73 %, there was a greater presence of the non-atrophic form (84%) over the atrophic one. Conclusions: Chronic gastritis predominated in the age group over 40 years of age and male, the most prevalent risk factors being Helicobacter pylori infection and those associated with the consumption of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, poor diet, alcohol and tobacco. symptoms such as epigastric pain and the sensation of heartburn were the most frequent. The endoscopic finding was greater for non-erosive forms, and according to histopathology, moderate antral non-atrophic gastritis was the most frequent(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal , Helicobacter pylori/drug effects , Dyspepsia/etiology , Gastric Mucosa/pathology , Gastritis/physiopathology , Peptic Ulcer , Signs and Symptoms , Biopsy , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Acidity , Gastroenterology
5.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 117(4): 637-638, Oct. 2021.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345227
6.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 117(4): 626-636, Oct. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345231

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento: Estudos epidemiológicos recentes demonstraram que alterações na microbiota e seus metabólitos estão associadas à hipertensão arterial sistêmica. A Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) é um dos patógenos bacterianos mais comuns, e a possível associação entre a infecção por H. pylori e a hipertensão é controversa. Objetivos: Este estudo teve o objetivo de esclarecer a associação entre eles e proporcionar uma nova base teórica para detectar a patogênese da hipertensão. Métodos: Foram selecionados estudos caso-controle e transversais sobre a associação entre H. pylori e hipertensão, publicados de 1996 a 2019 indexados nos bancos de dados PubMed, Google Scholar, Chinese Wan Fang Data, e Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI). As razões de chance (RC) combinadas e o intervalo de confiança (IC) 95% foram estimados. O I² foi realizado para avaliar a heterogeneidade estatística. O viés de publicação foi avaliado utilizando-se os testes de Beggs e de Egger. Os dados extraídos foram analisados no software Stata 12.0. A significância estatística foi definida com um p-valor < 0,05. Resultados: Foram cadastrados 17 estudos envolvendo 6376 casos de hipertensão e 10850 controles. A taxa de infecção por H. pylori em pacientes hipertensos e em controles foi de 64,9% e 56,3%, respectivamente. Foi demonstrada uma associação significativamente positiva entre a infecção por H. pylori e a hipertensão, com uma RC global de 2,07 (IC 95%: 1,46-2,94; p < 0,05). A análise de subgrupos revelou que a prevalência de infecção por H. pylori foi associada à hipertensão na região da Ásia e no grupo de caso-controle, as RC (IC 95%) foram 2,26 (1,51-3,38) e 2,53 (1,72-3,72), respectivamente. Depois de estratificar por métodos de detecção, ainda existiam diferenças entre os subgrupos (todos p < 0,05). Conclusão: Esta metanálise indicou que a infecção por H. pylori está associada positivamente à hipertensão.


Abstract Background: Recent epidemiological studies have shown that alterations in microbiota and its metabolites are associated with systemic arterial hypertension. Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is one of the most common bacterial pathogens, and the potential association between H. pylori infection and hypertension are controversial. Objective: This study aimed to clarify their association and provide a new theoretical basis for uncovering the pathogenesis of hypertension. Methods: Case-control and cross-sectional studies on the association between H. pylori and hypertension published from 1996 to 2019 indexed in PubMed, Google Scholar, Chinese Wan Fang Data, and Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI). The pooled odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were estimated. I2 was performed to evaluate the statistical heterogeneity. Publication bias was evaluated using Begg's and Egger's test. The extracted data was analyzed in Stata 12.0. Statistical significance was defined as p-value < 0.05. Results: A total of 17 studies involving 6,376 cases of hypertension and 10,850 controls were enrolled. H. pylori infection rate in hypertension patients and controls were 64.9% and 56.3%, respectively. A significantly positive association was shown between H. pylori infection and hypertension with an overall OR of 2.07 (95% CI: 1.46-2.94; p < 0.05). Subgroup analysis revealed that the prevalence of H. pylori infection was associated with hypertension in the region of Asia and the case-control group, ORs (95% CI) were 2.26 (1.51-3.38) and 2.53 (1.72-3.72), respectively. After stratifying by detection methods, differences still existed in subgroups (all p < 0.05). Conclusion: This meta-analysis indicated that H. pylori infection is positively associated with hypertension.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hypertension/epidemiology , Odds Ratio , Cross-Sectional Studies , Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter Infections/complications , Helicobacter Infections/epidemiology
7.
Rev. peru. med. exp. salud publica ; 38(3): 406-411, jul.-sep. 2021. ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | INS-PERU, LILACS, LIPECS, INS-PERU | ID: biblio-1357387

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo: Analizar la susceptibilidad antimicrobiana de Helicobacter pylori a 5 antibióticos de referencia, en pacientes dispépticos del Servicio de Gastroenterología del Hospital Cayetano Heredia y la Clínica Cayetano Heredia en Lima, Perú. Materiales y métodos: Se colectaron biopsias gástricas de 500 pacientes diagnosticados con dispepsia. A partir de estas biopsias, se aislaron y cultivaron 273 cepas de H. pylori para confirmar la infección mediante el diagnóstico histológico y por cultivo. Finalmente, se analizó la susceptibilidad antimicrobiana mediante el método de microdilución en caldo y se evaluaron los perfiles de resistencia de cada antimicrobiano y los patrones de multirresistencia. Resultados: El diagnóstico de H. pylori por cultivo, comparado con la prueba histológica, reportó una sensibilidad del 83,8%, una especificidad del 89,9% y un área bajo la curva de 0,87 (IC95%: 0,84 a 0,90). La frecuencia de la infección en los servicios de gastroenterología del Hospital y la Clínica Cayetano Heredia fueron del 56,6% (237/419) y 44,4% (36/81), respectivamente. Según el Hospital/Clínica, se determinó la resistencia para amoxicilina (45,1%/29,6%), levofloxacino (71,8%/74,1%) y metronidazol (69,8%/63,0%). Los patrones de resistencia a múltiples antimicrobianos demostraron que las resistencias (dobles y triples) más frecuentes fueron con levofloxacino, metronidazol y amoxicilina. Conclusiones: La resistencia antimicrobiana de H. pylori ha aumentado con respecto a los años previos. Además, la resistencia múltiple de H. pylori presenta altas frecuencias en pacientes infectados. El método de microdilución en caldo podría ser implementado en los diferentes hospitales del Perú como una herramienta de vigilancia de la resistencia de H. pylori a los antimicrobianos.


ABSTRACT Objective: To analyze the antimicrobial susceptibility of Helicobacter pylori to 5 reference antibiotics, in a population of 500 dyspeptic patients from the Gastroenterology Service of the Cayetano Heredia Hospital (n = 419) and the Cayetano Heredia Clinic (n = 81) in Lima, Peru. Materials and methods: Gastric biopsies were collected from 500 patients diagnosed with dyspepsia. From these biopsies, 273 H. pylori strains were isolated and cultured to confirm H. pylori infection by histological and culture diagnosis. Finally, antimicrobial susceptibility was analyzed using the broth microdilution method, and the resistance profiles of each antimicrobial and multi-resistance patterns were evaluated by statistical analysis. Results: The diagnosis of H. pylori infection by culture, compared to histological testing, reported a sensitivity of 83.8%, a specificity of 89.9% and an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.87 (95% CI: 0.84 to 0.90). The frequency of infection in the gastroenterology services of the Cayetano Heredia Hospital and Clinic was 56.6% (237/419) and 44.4% (36/81), respectively. An increase in antimicrobial resistance to Amoxicillin (45.1% / 29.6%), Levofloxacin (71.8%/ 74.1%) and Metronidazole (69.8% / 63.0%) was found in the Hospital and the Clinic, respectively. Multiple resistance patterns showed that the most frequent resistance (double and triple) was to Levofloxacin, Metronidazole and Amoxicillin. Conclusions: The antimicrobial resistance of H. pylori has increased compared to that reported in previous years. Furthermore, H. pylori multiple resistance presents high frequencies in infected patients. The broth microdilution method could be implemented in different hospitals in Peru as a surveillance tool for H. pylori antimicrobial resistance.


Subject(s)
Humans , Helicobacter pylori , Drug Resistance, Multiple , Drug Resistance, Bacterial , Diagnosis
8.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 58(3): 353-358, July-Sept. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345299

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The Prex2 protein is a member of the Rac family proteins that belongs to small G proteins with a critical role in cell migration, cell proliferation, and apoptosis through its effects on PI3K cell signaling pathway and phosphatase activity of PTEN protein. The effect of PREX2 gene expression has been shown in some cancer cells. A survey of PREX2 gene expression in gastric antral epithelial cells of gastric cancer patients with Helicobacter pylori various genotypes infection can conduct to better understanding H. pylori infection's carcinogenesis. METHODS: In a case-control study, PREX2 gene expression was evaluated in gastric antral biopsy samples on four groups of patients referred to Sanandaj hospitals, including gastritis with (n=23) and without (n=27) H. pylori infection and gastric cancer with (n=21) and without (n=32) H. pylori infection. Each gastric biopsy sample's total RNA was extracted and cDNA synthesized by using Kits (Takara Company). The PREX2 gene expression was measured using the relative quantitative real-time RT-PCR method and ΔΔCt formula. RESULTS: The PREX2 gene expression increased in gastric antral biopsy samples of gastritis and gastric cancer patients with H. pylori infection (case groups) than patients without H. pylori infection (control groups) 2.38 and 2.27 times, respectively. The patients with H. pylori vacA s1m1 and sabB genotypes infection showed a significant increase of PREX2 gene expression in gastric cancer antral epithelial cells. CONCLUSION: H. pylori vacA s1m1 and sabB genotypes have the positive correlations with PREX2 gene expression in gastric antral epithelial cells of gastritis and gastric cancer patients.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: A proteína Prex2 é membro das proteínas da família Rac que pertencem a pequenas proteínas G com um papel crítico na migração celular, na proliferação celular e na apoptose através de seus efeitos na via de sinalização celular PI3K e atividade fosfatase da proteína PTEN. O efeito da expressão genética PREX2 tem sido mostrada em algumas células cancerosas. Um levantamento da expressão genética PREX2 em células epiteliais antrais gástricas de pacientes infectados com vários genótipos de Helicobacter pylori pode conduzir a um melhor entendimento da carcinogênese da infecção por H. pylori. MÉTODOS: Em estudo de caso-controle, a expressão genética PREX2 foi avaliada em amostras de biópsia antral gástrica em quatro grupos de pacientes encaminhados aos hospitais de Sanandaj, incluindo gastrite com (n=23) e sem (n=27) infecção por H. pylori e de câncer gástrico com (n=21) e sem (n=32) infecção por H. pylori. O RNA total de cada amostra de biópsia gástrica foi extraído e cDNA sintetizado por meio de kits (Takara Company). A expressão genética PREX2 foi medida utilizando-se o método RT-PCR em tempo real quantitativo relativo e a fórmula ΔΔCt. RESULTADOS: A expressão genética PREX2 aumentou em amostras de biópsia antral gástrica de pacientes com gastrite e câncer gástrico com infecção por H. pylori (grupos de casos) em relação aos sem infecção por H. pylori (grupos de controle) 2,38 e 2,27 vezes, respectivamente. Os pacientes com infecção por genótipos H. pylori vacA s1m1 e sabB apresentaram um aumento significativo da expressão genética PREX2 em células epiteliais antrais de câncer gástrico. CONCLUSÃO: Os genótipos H. pylori vacA s1m1 e sabB têm correlações positivas com a expressão genética PREX2 em células epiteliais antrais gástricas de pacientes com câncer gástrico e gastrites.


Subject(s)
Humans , Helicobacter Infections , Guanine Nucleotide Exchange Factors/genetics , Gastritis/genetics , Gastritis/microbiology , Case-Control Studies , Helicobacter pylori , Epithelial Cells/metabolism , Epithelial Cells/microbiology , Gastric Mucosa
9.
Acta méd. colomb ; 46(3): 25-31, jul.-set. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364272

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: se han descrito cambios morfológicos asociados a la infección gástrica por H. pylori como: gastritis crónica superficial, gastritis atrófica, gastritis folicular y metaplasia intestinal. Importancia: La atrofia y la metaplasia gástrica pertenecen a la cascada de cambios histológicos que conducen al cáncer gástrico. Metodología: estudio retrospectivo de corte transversal en el que se analizaron pacientes con dispepsia; durante su examen se practicó endoscopia y biopsias gástricas. Se documentó infección o no por H. pylori y los cambios morfológicos presentes. Resultado: total de casos positivos para infección H. pylori en biopsias gástricas 127/166 (76.5%), casos negativos para infección H. pylori en biopsias gástricas 39/166 (23.4%). Edad promedio 45.38 años, sexo femenino 80/127 (63%), gastritis crónica superficial 61/127 (48%), gastritis nodular 43/127 (33.87%), atrofia gástrica 7/127 (5.5%), metaplasia intestinal 7/127 (5.5%). Biopsias negativas para H.pylori con diagnóstico de atrofia 5/39 (12.8%), con hallazgo de metaplasia fueron: 4/39 (10.2%). Conclusiones: los cambios morfológicos encontrados en biopsias gástricas son similares a la literatura universal. La atrofia y especialmente la metaplasia intestinal son cambios morfológicos asociados a la infección por H.pylori y son a su vez factores de riesgo para el desarrollo del cáncer gástrico que fueron documentados en la serie que presentamos. Hay casos negativos para la infección H.pylori, con cambios superficiales de atrofia y metaplasia por lo que es recomendable hacer estudios adicionales para descartar completamente la infección por H. pylori. (Acta Med Colomb 2021; 46. DOI: https://doi.org/10.36104/amc.2021.1987).


Abstract Introduction: morphological changes associated with gastric H. pylori infection have been reported, such as chronic superficial gastritis, atrophic gastritis, follicular gastritis and intestinal metaplasia. Importance: Gastric atrophy and metaplasia are part of the cascade of histological changes that lead to gastric cancer. Methods: a retrospective cross-sectional study analyzing patients with dyspepsia; gastric endoscopy and biopsies were conducted during their exams. The presence or absence of H. pylori infection was documented along with the morphological changes present. Results: a total of 127/166 cases were positive for H.pylori infection on gastric biopsy (76.5%), and 39/166 cases were negative for H. pylori on gastric biopsy (23.4%). The average age was 45.38 years, 80/127 (63%) were female, 61/127 had superficial chronic gastritis (48%), 43/127 (33.87%) had nodular gastritis, 7/127 (5.5%) had gastric atrophy, and 7/127 (5.5%) had intestinal metaplasia. Of the biopsies which were negative for H. pylori, 5/39 (12.8%) had a diagnosis of atrophy, and 4/39 (10.2%) had a finding of metaplasia. in those with a diagnosis of atrophy Conclusions: the morphological changes found in gastric biopsies are similar to those reported in the international literature. Atrophy, and especially intestinal metaplasia, are morphological changes associated with H.pylori infection, and, in turn, risk factors for developing gastric cancer, which were documented in our study. There are H. pylori-negative cases with superficial atrophic and metaplastic changes; thus, it is advisable to carry out further studies to completely rule out H. pylori infection. (Acta Med Colomb 2021; 46. DOI: https://doi.org/10.36104/amc.2021.1987).

10.
Ars méd ; 46(3): 60-69, ago. 20, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1363717

ABSTRACT

La infección por Helicobacter pylori es altamente prevalente en el mundo. En Chile, esta bacteria está presente entre un 40-70% de la población y su presencia está asociada a serias complicaciones que van desde la gastritis y el desarrollo de úlceras hasta el cáncer gástrico. Este último, es uno de los carcinomas más frecuentes en nuestro país, con una tasa de mortalidad de 20 por cada 100000 habitantes. Actualmente, el principal tratamiento de erradicación de esta bacteria se basa en triterapias, que consisten en un inhibidor de la bom-ba de protones (IBP) asociado a dos antibióticos en altas dosis. Sin embargo, existe una gran resistencia de H. pylori a los antibióticos, que ha sido reportada por la literatura científica y reconocida por la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS). Esta revisión se enfoca en identificar nuevas estrategias de tratamiento para la erradicación de H. pylori con especial interés en aquellos tratamientos que han sido evaluados contra el crecimiento de este patógeno en forma de biopelículas. Este tipo de crecimiento le confiere a H. pylori una mayor resistencia a los antibióticos. Se analizaron diferentes agentes y formulaciones que han sido reportados. Se destacan el uso de nanopartículas y compuestos naturales, así como formulaciones bioadhesivas que han mostrado disminuir la infección por H. pylori. Sin embargo, se sigue necesitando avanzar en estudios clínicos para comprobar la eficacia de nuevas formulaciones con miras a una exitosa erradicación de H. pylori.


Helicobacter pylori infection is highly prevalent worldwide. In Chile, about 40 to 70% of the population is infected with this pathogen. H. pylori infection is linked with severe complications ranging from gastritis and ulcer development to gastric carcinoma. The latter is one of the most frequent cancers in our country, with a mortality of 20 per 100000 people. The primary eradication treatment for this infection is a tritherapy comprised of a proton pump inhibitor combined with two antibiotics at high doses. However, there is a great resistance of H. pylori to antibiotics, reported by the literature and recognised by the World Health Organization (WHO). This review fo-cuses on identifying novel strategies for eradicating H. pylori with a particular interest in those treatments that have been tested against H. pylori growing in the form of biofilms. This type of microbial growth provides high resistance to antibiotics. We analysed different agents and formulations reported in the literature. Nanoparticles and natural compounds, as well bioadhesive formulations, are among the treatments showing promising results in reducing the infection. However, more clinical studies are needed to validate the efficacy of these novel treatments to successfully eradicate H. pylori.

11.
Rev. habanera cienc. méd ; 20(4): e3293, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289613

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Como consecuencia del desarrollo del tratamiento médico de la úlcera péptica duodenal, el tratamiento quirúrgico ha disminuido notablemente. Objetivo: El objetivo del estudio es describir la progresión del tratamiento de la úlcera péptica duodenal. Material y Métodos: Estudio descriptivo, de corte, desde finales del siglo XIX hasta la actualidad. Se utilizó el método histórico-lógico y un análisis deductivo-inductivo de múltiples fuentes bibliográficas. Desarrollo: A pesar de ser la úlcera una entidad clínica reconocida desde la antigüedad, los cirujanos la consideraron causada por el ácido, y todos los esfuerzos fueron concentrados en eliminar el ácido por medio de una operación. A partir de 1881, se comenzaron a conocer las complicaciones. En la década de los años 30 del pasado siglo, se tratan las complicaciones y también la enfermedad. Desde 1940, además, se conserva el funcionamiento digestivo y aparecen las tres formas básicas de vagotomía. En la década de 1970, se desarrollaron novedosas técnicas quirúrgicas, la endoscopía, la radiología intervencionista y la cirugía mínimamente invasiva. Sin embargo, el tratamiento médico llegó con los poderosos supresores del ácido y el descubrimiento del Helicobacter pylori. Nuevamente la cirugía ha quedado relegada a tratar las úlceras refractarias y las complicadas. Conclusiones: El tratamiento médico, por medio de la terapia anti-Helicobacter asociada a potentes inhibidores de la secreción gástrica ha conseguido su curación; sin embargo, la cirugía todavía tiene un importante papel en el tratamiento de la úlcera refractaria o complicada(AU)


Introduction: Surgical treatment of duodenal peptic ulcer has notably decreased as a consequence of the development of medical treatment. Objective: The objective of this study is to describe the advances in the treatment of duodenal peptic ulcer. Material and Methods: A descriptive study was conducted from the end of the 19th century to the present. The historical-logical method and a deductive-inductive analysis of multiple bibliographic sources were used. Development: Despite ulcer has been recognized as a clinical entity since ancient times, surgeons considered that it is caused by acid; therefore, all efforts were concentrated on removing the acid through an operation. From 1881 on, complications began to be treated. In the decade of the 30s of the last century, complications and the disease were treated. Since 1940, the digestive function has also been preserved and the three basic forms of vagotomy appeared. In the 1970s, novel surgical techniques such as endoscopy, interventional radiology, and minimally invasive surgery were developed. However, powerful acid suppressants as well as the discovery of Helicobacter pylori were taken into consideration for medical treatment. Once again, surgery was relegated to the treatment of refractory ulcers and complicated ulcers. Conclusions: Medical treatment with anti-Helicobacter therapy associated with potent inhibitors of gastric acid secretion has managed its healing; however, surgery still plays an important role in the treatment of refractory or complicated ulcer(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Peptic Ulcer , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Gastric Acid
12.
Rev. inf. cient ; 100(4): e3495, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289650

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La infección por Helicobacter pylori es cada vez más frecuente en los jóvenes peruanos e incrementa su riesgo de padecer neoplasias gástricas. Objetivo: Determinar los hábitos alimentarios y de higiene asociados a la seroprevalencia de infección por Helicobacter pylori en estudiantes universitarios del departamento de Cajamarca, Perú, durante los meses de septiembre a octubre de 2019. Método: Estudio observacional, transversal, prospectivo con un diseño no experimental. La población estuvo conformada por 367 estudiantes de la carrera profesional de Tecnología Médica. El tamaño de la muestra fue de 188 estudiantes de ambos géneros. Se detectaron anticuerpos IgG frente a Helicobacter pylori en suero, mediante el método de inmunocromatografía. Los hábitos alimentarios y de higiene se recopilaron utilizando una encuesta estructurada. Resultados: El 51,1 % de estudiantes presentó anticuerpos IgG frente a Helicobacter pylori. El 31,38 % de los estudiantes que consumía "a veces" alimentos elaborados en la calle resultaron seropositivos a Helicobacter pylori. Aquellos estudiantes que manifestaron lavarse las manos "a veces" (29,79 %) y "siempre" (21,28 %) antes de ingerir los alimentos presentaron anticuerpos IgG contra la bacteria. Además, los estudiantes seropositivos frente a Helicobacter pylori lavaban sus frutas y verduras con el agua del grifo (43,62 %) y consumían agua de grifo no tratada (29,79 %). Conclusión: El consumo de alimentos preparados en la calle, lavado de manos antes de consumir alimentos, tipo de agua para consumo y lavado de frutas y verduras antes de ingerirlas son hábitos alimentarios y de higiene asociados a la seroprevalencia de Helicobacter pylori.


ABSTRACT Introduction: Helicobacter pylori infection is becoming more frequent in the young population of Peru and at the same time increases the risk of gastric neoplasms. Objective: To identify the dietary and higiene habits associated with the seroprevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection in university students at the Cajamarca Department. Assesed period from September throughout October 2019. Method: An observational, cross-sectional, prospective study with a non-experimental design was carried out. A population of 367 students on Medical technology career were involved and 188 of them, in both sex, were selected as trial. It was detected, using the immunochromatography method in serum assay, IgG antibodies against Helicobacter pylori. Dietary and hygiene habits were collected using a well-structed enquiry. Results: It was identified IgG antibodies against Helicobacter pylori infection in 51.1% of students. The 31.38% of those who, not frequently, had consumed food prepared outdoors were seropositive for Helicobacter pylori. Those students who revealed wash their hands, not frequently (29.79%) and frequently (21.28%) before eating, produced antibodies against this bacterial infection. In addition, Helicobacter pylori seropositive students washed their fruits and vegetables with obtained water from the tap (43.62%) and consumed untreated water fom the tap too (29.79%). Conclusions: Food intake outdoors, wash of hands, fruits and vegetables before eating, and the quality of water to be consumption are dietary and hygiene habits associated with the Helicobacter pylori seroprevalence.


RESUMO Introdução: A infecção por Helicobacter pylori é cada vez mais comum em jovens peruanos e aumenta o risco de neoplasias gástricas. Objetivo: Determinar os hábitos alimentares e de higiene associados à soroprevalência da infecção por Helicobacter pylori em universitários do departamento de Cajamarca, Peru, durante os meses de setembro a outubro de 2019. Método: Estudo observacional, transversal, prospectivo com um não experimental. A população foi composta por 367 alunos da carreira de Tecnologia Médica. O tamanho da amostra foi de 188 alunos de ambos os sexos. Os anticorpos IgG contra Helicobacter pylori foram detectados no soro pelo método de imunocromatografia. Os hábitos alimentares e de higiene foram coletados por meio de questionário estruturado. Resultados: 51,1% dos alunos apresentaram anticorpos IgG contra Helicobacter pylori. 31,38% dos alunos que comeram "às vezes" alimentos preparados na rua eram soropositivos para Helicobacter pylori. Os alunos que relataram lavar as mãos "às vezes" (29,79%) e "sempre" (21,28%) antes de comer apresentaram anticorpos IgG contra a bactéria. Além disso, os alunos soropositivos para Helicobacter pylori lavavam frutas e vegetais com água da torneira (43,62%) e consumiam água da torneira não tratada (29,79%). Conclusão: O consumo de alimentos preparados na rua, a lavagem das mãos antes de consumir os alimentos, o tipo de água para consumo e a lavagem de frutas e verduras antes de ingeri-los são hábitos alimentares e de higiene associados à soroprevalência do Helicobacter pylori.


Subject(s)
Humans , Food Hygiene , Helicobacter pylori/isolation & purification , Feeding Behavior , Peru , Students , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies , Biomedical Technology/education , Observational Study
13.
Rev. gastroenterol. Perú ; 41(3): 191-200, jul.-sep 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357346

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción : El presente artículo resume las recomendaciones basadas en evidencia de la guía de práctica clínica (GPC) para el diagnóstico y manejo de la infección por Helicobacter pylori en enfermedades gastroduodenales. Métodos : Se conformó un grupo elaborador de la guía (GEG) que incluyó médicos especialistas y metodólogos que formuló siete preguntas clínicas a ser respondidas por la presente GPC. Se realizaron búsquedas sistemáticas de revisiones sistemáticas y -cuando se consideró pertinenteestudios primarios en PubMed y CCENTRAL durante diciembre 2019 y marzo 2020. Se seleccionó la evidencia para responder cada una de las preguntas clínicas planteadas y la certeza de la evidencia fue evaluada usando la metodología Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE). En reuniones de trabajo periódicas, el GEG usó la metodología GRADE para revisar la evidencia y formular las recomendaciones, los puntos de buena práctica clínica y los flujogramas. Finalmente, la GPC fue aprobada con Resolución Resolución N° 104-IETSI-ESSALUD-2020. Resultados: La presente GPC abordó siete preguntas clínicas, divididas en cuatro temas. En base a dichas preguntas se formularon 12 recomendaciones (3 fuertes y 9 condicionales), 17 BPC, y dos flujogramas (uno de diagnóstico y otro de manejo). Conclusión : El presente artículo resume la metodología y las conclusiones basadas en evidencias de la GPC para el diagnóstico y manejo inicial de la infección por Helicobacter pylori en enfermedades gastroduodenales.


ABSTRACT Introduction : This article summarizes the evidence-based recommendations of the clinical practice guide (CPG) for the diagnosis and management of Helicobacter pylori infection in gastroduodenal diseases. Methods : For the provision of these recommendations, a guideline development group (local GDG) was established, including medical specialists and methodologists that formulated seven clinical questions. Systematic searches of systematic reviews and -when it was considered pertinentprimary studies were conducted in PubMed and CENTRAL during December 2017 and July 2019. The evidence to answer each of the posed clinical questions was selected. The quality of the evidence was evaluated using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) methodology. In periodic work meetings, the local GDG used the GRADE methodology to review the evidence and formulate the recommendations, points of good clinical practice, and flowcharts. Finally, the CPG was approved with Resolution N° 104-IETSI-ESSALUD-2020. Results: This CPG addressed seven clinical questions, divided into four topics. Based on these questions, 12 recommendations (3 strong and 9 weak), 17 points of good clinical practice, and two flowcharts (one for diagnosis and another for management) were formulated. Conclusion : This article summarizes the methodology and evidence-based conclusions from the CPG for for the diagnosis and management of Helicobacter pylori infection in gastroduodenal diseases.

14.
Medicina (Ribeirão Preto) ; 54(1)jul, 2021. fig.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1353724

ABSTRACT

RESUMO: Introdução: A infecção pelo Helicobacter pylori (HP) e fatores ambientais são importantes fatores de risco para gastrite. Estudos apontam correlação entre o sistema ABO e doenças gastrointestinais. Objetivos: caracterizar o perfil sociodemográfico de portadores de gastrite e HP e sua correlação com o sistema do grupo sanguíneo ABO. Materiais e métodos: Estudo prospectivo e descritivo, realizado em Aracaju, Sergipe, Brasil, de abril/2018 a maio/2019. Amostra constituída por 133 pacientes que realizaram endoscopia digestiva alta, análise histopatológi-ca e tipagem sanguínea. Foram diagnosticados com gastrite 93 pacientes. Utilizou-se questionário sociodemográ-fico e clínico. Os dados foram analisados pelo RCore Team 2019 e submetidos a análises descritivas e inferenciais. Nível de significância 5%. Resultados: Idade média 53,7 anos (DP 17,4) sendo 48 (51,6%) do sexo masculino (p=0,018), 56 (65,9%) pardos, 45 (52,9%) casados e 33 (35,5%) tinham empregos fixos. Dos portadores de gastrite, 59 (63,4%) eram do tipo sanguíneo O. Dentre os tipos de gastrite, 31(33,4%) eram enantematosa leve e 16 (51,6%) desses eram do tipo O. Houve prevalência do tipo O em todos os graus de atividade inflamatória. Foi detectado H. pylori em 29 (31,2%) pacientes, sendo o fenótipo O mais prevalente nos graus moderado e severo da infecção. Conclusão: Os homens foram mais acometidos de gastrite, independente do tipo segundo a classificação de Sydney. O fenótipo sanguíneo O foi mais prevalente nos portadores de gastrite, naqueles que apresentaram atividade inflamatória à histologia e em portadores de H. pylori grau moderado e severo. (AU)


ABSTRACT: Introduction: Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection and environmental factors are important risk factors for gastritis. Studies show a correlation between the ABO system and gastrointestinal diseases. Aims: To characterize the sociodemographic profile of patients with gastritis and HP and its correlation with the ABO blood group system. Materials and methods: Prospective and descriptive study, carried out in Aracaju, Sergipe, Brazil, from April / 2018 to May / 2019. Samples were collected from 133 patients who underwent upper digestive endoscopy, histo-pathological analysis, and blood typing. Out of which, 93 patients were diagnosed with gastritis. A sociodemographic and clinical questionnaire was also used. Data analyzed by RCore Team 2019 and submitted to descriptive and inferential analyzes. Results: Average age 53.7 (SD 17.4) with 48 (51.6%) being male (p = 0.018), 56 (65.9%) brown, 45 (52.9%) married and 33 (35.5%) pursuing permanent jobs. Fifty-nine patients (63.4%) out of those with gastritis were blood type O. Among the types of gastritis, 31 (33.4%) were mild enanthematous and 16 (51.6%) of these were type O. There was a prevalence type O in all degrees of inflammatory activity. H. pylori were detected in 29 (31.2%) patients; the most prevalent phenotype being the moderate and severe degrees of infection. Conclusion: Men were mostly affected by gastritis, regardless of the type according to the Sydney classification. The blood phenotype O was more prevalent in patients with gastritis, in those who had inflammatory activity at histology and in patients with moderate, and severe H.pylori. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Blood Grouping and Crossmatching , Helicobacter pylori , Endoscopy , Gastritis
15.
Rev. medica electron ; 43(3): 616-628, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289808

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: la infección por Helicobacter pylori es la enfermedad bacteriana crónica que afecta con mayor prevalencia al ser humano. Objetivo: identificar la frecuencia de infección por Helicobacter pylori y su relación con variables consideradas factores de riesgo de esta infección. Materiales y métodos: estudio de corte transversal realizado en el Policlínico Docente Camilo Cienfuegos, del municipio Habana del Este, durante el año 2018, en un universo de 42 pacientes con 18 años y más de edad, con sospecha clínica y hallazgo endoscópico de úlcera duodenal e informe del resultado de estudio histológico para el diagnóstico de la infección. Se confeccionó una planilla de recolección de datos que incluyó variables como hacinamiento, agua de consumo, lugar de nacimiento, estancia en una institución, contacto con animales y antecedentes familiares. Se determinó relación entre variables con la prueba de chi cuadrado (c2) con significación estadística ɒ = 0,05, y se identificaron variables cuyos coeficientes fueron significativamente diferentes de 0 (p < 0,05). La fuerza de asociación se determinó mediante odds ratio. Resultados: la prevalencia fue de 59,5 %. Se encontró asociación estadística y constituyeron factores de riesgo de infección por Helicobacter pylori, el hacinamiento (c2 = 4,37; OR = 3,89), el agua de consumo (c2 = 4,92; OR = 3,43), el contacto con animales (c2 = 7,41; OR = 6,17) y los antecedentes familiares (c2 = 13,18; OR = 13). Conclusiones: el estudio permitió determinar la prevalencia de infección por Helicobacter pylori y las principales variables asociadas, coincidiendo con otros estudios revisados que tratan el tema (AU).


ABSTRACT Introduction: the infection by Helicobacter pylori is the chronic bacterial disease that affects the human being with greater prevalence. Objective: to identify the frequency of the infection by Helicobacter pylori and its relationship with variables considered risk factors for this infection. Materials and methods: a cross-sectional study was carried out in the teaching Polyclinic Camilo Cienfuegos, municipality Habana del Este, during 2018. In a universe of 42 patients aged 18 years and over, with clinical suspicion and endoscopic diagnosis of duodenal ulcer and histological study report for the diagnosis of the infection. A data collection form was made, which included variables such as: overcrowding, consumption water, place of birth, staying in an institution, contact with animals, and family history. The relationship within variables was found using the chi-square test (c2) with statistical significance ɒ = 0.05, and there were identified variables significantly different from 0 (p < 0.05). The association strength was determined through odds ratio. Results: the prevalence was 59.5%. Statistical association was found and overcrowding (c2 = 4.37, OR = 3.89), consumption water (c2 = 4.92; OR = 3.43), contact with animals (c2 = 7.41, OR = 6.17) and family history (c2 = 13.18, OR = 13) were found risk factors for Helicobacter pylori infection. Conclusions: the study allowed to determine the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection and the main associated variables, coinciding with other reviewed studies dealing with the subject (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Helicobacter pylori/virology , Duodenal Ulcer/diagnosis , Signs and Symptoms , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Helicobacter pylori/pathogenicity , Virulence Factors/physiology
16.
Diagnóstico (Perú) ; 60(2): 79-85, 20210630.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1290620

ABSTRACT

El carcinoma gástrico es uno de los cánceres más frecuentes y más letales en el Perú. Los factores de riesgo son múltiples; destacando al sexo masculino y edad avanzada, ingesta alta de sal, alimentos conservados en sal, carnes y pescados ahumados o secos, alimentos encurtidos, baja refrigeración, baja ingesta de frutas y verduras con baja ingesta de vitaminas A y C, infecciones al virus Epstein Barr y al Helicobacter pylori, exposición a radiación, factores genéticos múltiples, bajos niveles de actividad física, obesidad y pobreza o bajo nivel socioeconómico. La infección de la mucosa gástrica por Helicobacter pylori, Carcinógeno tipo 1, produce lesiones progresivas y sucesivas que pueden evolucionar a través de una serie de pasos intermedios, de gastritis a cáncer. El daño de la infección en la mucosa gástrica puede ser reversible con el tratamiento de la infección excepto cuando se llega a metaplasia intestinal que con frecuencia representa el denominado "punto de no retorno". La emergencia de resistencia antibiótica del Helicobacter pylori impide la recuperación de las lesiones histológicas y facilita el desarrollo del cáncer gástrico.

17.
Medisan ; 25(2)mar.-abr. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1250348

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El cáncer gástrico ocupa el quinto lugar en incidencia de todos los tipos de neoplasias malignas y la segunda causa de muerte por cáncer en el mundo, pues la mayoría de los pacientes presentan más de 60 años de edad al ser diagnosticados. Objetivo: Caracterizar a ancianos con cáncer gástrico según variables de interés. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional y descriptivo, de serie de casos, de 56 pacientes mayores de 60 años con diagnóstico endoscópico e histológico de cáncer gástrico, quienes fueron ingresados en el Hospital Provincial Clínico-Quirúrgico Docente Saturnino Lora de Santiago de Cuba, en el período 2016-2019. Resultados: En la serie predominaron los ancianos de 60-69 años de edad (46,4 %), principalmente del sexo masculino (67,8 %), y los síntomas más frecuentes fueron la epigastralgia (82,1 %) y la saciedad precoz (67,8 %). Entre las características más relevantes de las lesiones tumorales figuraron la localización antropilórica (55,3 %), la forma ulcerada en la endoscopia (51,7 %) y la variedad hística adenocarcinoma moderadamente diferenciado (43,4 %); asimismo, se determinó la existencia de Helicobacter pylori en 52,5 % de los resultados anatomopatológicos de las biopsias. Conclusiones: Resulta importante considerar la presencia de un adenocarcinoma gástrico en los pacientes mayores de 60 años que refieran síntomas digestivos, sobre todos si son hombres y padecen epigastralgia, más aún si al realizarle la esofagogastroduodenoscopia se observa una lesión ulcerada de localización antropilórica.


Introduction: Gastric cancer occupies the fifth place in incidence among all types of malignancies and is the second cause of death in the world, as most of the patients are more than 60 years when being diagnosed. Objective: To characterize aged patients according to variables of interests. Methods: An observational, descriptive and series of cases study was carried out in 56 patients older than 60 years with endoscopic and histologic diagnosis of gastric cancer, who were admitted in Saturnino Lora Teaching Provincial Clinical-Surgical Hospital, during 2016-2019. Results: Elderly in the age group 60-69 years predominated (46.4 %), mainly of the male sex (67.8 %), and the most frequent symptoms were epigastralgia (82.1 %) and the early fullness sensation (67.8 %). Among the most relevant characteristics of the tumoral lesions there were the antropiloric location (55.3 %), the ulcerated presentation in the endoscopy (51.7 %), and the histic variety mildly differentiated adenocarcinoma (43.4 %), likewise, the existence of Helicobacter pylori was confirmed in 52,5 % of the pathological biopsy results. Conclusions: It is interesting to consider the presence of a gastric adenocarcinoma in patients older than 60 years expressing gastric symptoms, mainly if they are men or suffer from epigastralgia, even more if when carrying out the esophagogastroduodenoscopy, an ulcerated lesion of antropiloric location is observed.


Subject(s)
Stomach Neoplasms/diagnosis , Stomach Neoplasms/epidemiology , Aged , Adenocarcinoma/diagnosis , Endoscopy, Digestive System , Helicobacter pylori
18.
Rev. cuba. med. gen. integr ; 37(1): e1288, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1280311

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La infección por H. pylori es considerada como la enfermedad bacteriana crónica más prevalente en el ser humano, pues infecta a más del 50 por ciento de la población mundial. Objetivo: Describir las características clínico epidemiológicas de la infección por H. pylori en pacientes con diagnóstico endoscópico de úlcera péptica. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo realizado en el Policlínico Camilo Cienfuegos; durante el año 2018, en 42 pacientes de 18 y más años, con diagnóstico endoscópico de úlcera péptica e informe del resultado de estudio histológico para el diagnóstico de infección por H. pylori. Se revisaron las historias clínicas y se confeccionó una planilla de recolección de datos que incluyó las variables: grupo de edades, sexo, manifestaciones clínicas, tipo de úlcera, número de lesiones, úlcera activa y metaplasia intestinal. Se utilizó la media y la desviación estándar (DE) y se identificaron los límites de clases superior e inferior. Se calcularon los porcentajes con IC = 95 por ciento. Se estimó la prevalencia general y específica de infección por H. pylori por grupo de edades y sexo. Resultados: El promedio de edad fue de 46,7 años ± 12,02 años. La prevalencia fue de 59,5 por ciento, superior en mayores de 65 años y en hombres. Conclusiones: El estudio permitió describir las características clínico epidemiológicas de la infección por H. pylori en pacientes con diagnóstico endoscópico de úlcera péptica. Fue más frecuente la presencia de síndrome dispéptico, con una única úlcera duodenal en fase activa y sin metaplasia intestinal(AU)


Introduction: Helicobacter pylori infection is considered the chronic bacterial disease most prevalent in humans, since it infects more than 50% of the world population. Objective: To describe the clinical-epidemiological characteristics of H. pylori infection in patients with an endoscopic diagnosis of peptic ulcer. Methods: Descriptive study carried out at Camilo Cienfuegos Polyclinic, during 2018. The study included 42 patients aged 18 and over who had an endoscopic diagnosis of peptic ulcer and a histological study result positive for H. pylori infection. The medical records were reviewed and a data collection form was prepared, which included the following variables: age group, sex, clinical manifestations, type of ulcer, number of lesions, active ulcer, and intestinal metaplasia. The mean and standard deviation (SD) were used, and the upper and lower class limits were identified. The percentages were calculated, with confidence interval at 95 percent. The general and specific prevalence of H. pylori infection was estimated by age group and sex. Results: The mean age was 46.7 years ± 12.02 years. The prevalence was 59.5 percent, higher among those over 65 years of age and among men. Conclusions: The study permitted to describe the clinical-epidemiological characteristics of H. pylori infection in patients with an endoscopic diagnosis of peptic ulcer. The presence of dyspeptic syndrome was more frequent, with a single duodenal ulcer in the active phase and no intestinal metaplasia(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Peptic Ulcer/complications , Endoscopy, Digestive System/methods , Helicobacter Infections/epidemiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies
19.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 36(1): 18-23, ene.-mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251517

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: describir las características sociodemográficas e histopatológicas en pacientes con diagnóstico de adenocarcinoma gástrico en la Clínica Oncológica Aurora, durante el período 2014-2017 en la ciudad de Pasto, Colombia. Métodos: se realizó un estudio descriptivo en una cohorte de 54 pacientes con diagnóstico de cáncer gástrico sometidos a gastrectomía durante los años 2014 a 2017. La información sociodemográfica se obtuvo a través de la historia clínica. El sistema de Sydney y la clasificación de Lauren se usaron para determinar las características histopatológicas. Resultados: la mayoría de los tumores se presentó en hombres mayores de 50 años (relación hombre mujer de 2,6:1). La ubicación predominante fue la región antropilórica. El histotipo tumoral más frecuente fue el intestinal (80%). La prevalencia de Helicobacter pylori en pacientes fue del 24,07% y fue mayor en el histotipo intestinal. La metaplasia intestinal fue la lesión premaligna más prevalente en todos los histotipos tumorales. Conclusiones: en el presente estudio se encontró que la edad mayor a 50 años y el sexo masculino son condiciones asociadas con el cáncer gástrico; hallazgo ya demostrado en estudios previos. Es perentorio avanzar en el mejoramiento de las condiciones de salud pública, control de la infección por H. pylori y tamizaje temprano de lesiones premalignas, pues son factores determinantes en la carcinogénesis de pacientes con carcinomas no cardiales e histotipos intestinales ubicados en la región antrocorporal. Aunque no se encontraron diferencias significativas entre los histotipos tumorales, el adenocarcinoma de tipo intestinal ubicado en la región antropilórica fue el diagnóstico más frecuente.


Abstract Objective: To describe the sociodemographic and histopathological characteristics of patients diagnosed with gastric adenocarcinoma at the Clínica Oncológica Aurora between 2014 and 2017 in the city of Pasto, Colombia. Methodology: A descriptive study was carried out in a cohort of 54 patients diagnosed with gastric cancer who underwent gastrectomy between 2014 and 2017. Sociodemographic information was taken from the medical records of the patients. The Sydney system and Lauren classification were used to determine histopathological characteristics. Results: Most tumors were found in men older than 50 years (with a male:female ratio of 2.6:1). The predominant location was the antropyloric region. The most frequent tumor histotype was intestinal (80%). The prevalence of Helicobacter pylori in patients was 24.07 % and it was most commonly found in the intestinal histotype. Intestinal metaplasia was the most prevalent premalignant lesion in all tumor histotypes. Conclusions: The present study found that the age of 50 and the male sex are conditions associated with gastric cancer. This finding has already been demonstrated in previous studies. Progress in improving public health conditions, controlling H. pylori infection, and early screening of premalignant lesions is imperative, as they are determining factors of carcinogenesis in patients with non-cardia carcinomas and intestinal histotypes located in the anthrocorporal region. Although no significant differences were found among tumor histotypes, intestinal adenocarcinoma in the antropyloric region was the most frequent diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Stomach Neoplasms , Mass Screening , Medical Records , Prevalence , Helicobacter pylori , Diagnosis , Information , Gastrectomy
20.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 58(1): 39-47, Jan.-Mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248990

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: H. pylori chronic atrophic gastritis is a premalignant lesion, and its staging, according to OLGA and OLGIM systems aims to identify patients at increased risk of developing gastric cancer and optimize their follow-up. GastroPanel®, serum biomarkers panel including pepsinogen I (PGI), pepsinogen II (PGII), Gastrin 17 (G17) and anti- H. pylori antibodies is a noninvasive test for adenocarcinoma risk assessment in chronic H. pylori gastritis patients. OBJECTIVE: Prospective study to evaluate the concordance between OLGA and OLGIM grading systems, as well as to evaluate GastroPanel´s performance in patients with premalignant lesions secondary to H. pylori chronic gastritis in Brazil. METHODS: Patients with H. pylori chronic gastritis with premalignant lesions confirmed by histology were recruited from the gastrointestinal clinic of a University Hospital. All participants underwent endoscopic examination with biopsies which were reported according to updated Sydney system and premalignant lesions grading systems (OLGA and OLGIM). Blood samples were collected for biomarkers serological analysis (GastroPanel®, Biohit, Helsinki, Finland). The cut off values used to define high risk patients were those recommended by the manufacturer: PGI ≤30 µm/L and PGI/PGII ≤3. RESULTS: 41 patients were recruited: 28 women, 13 men, mean age 67.3 (47-89, SD: 9.6) years. By OLGA system, were obtained: OLGA 0 (n=1), OLGA I (n=7), OLGA II (n=17), OLGA III (n=9), and OLGA IV (n=7). By OLGIM system, were obtained: OLGIM 0 (n=14), OLGIM I (n=5), OLGIM II (n=10), OLGIM III (n=10), and OLGIM IV (n=2). Regarding histological staging among patients staged as low risk (OLGA/OLGIM 0, I and II) and high risk (OLGA/OLGIM III and IV) for gastric cancer development, the concordance rate found between both classifications was 85.4%. Considering high risk patients, those patients thus included in at least one of the systems the final distribution of our sample considered 24 low-risk and 17 high-risk patients for the development of gastric cancer. To determine by GastroPanel® whether the patient would be at low or high risk of developing gastric cancer, PGI showed a sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of 0.47 (95%CI: 0.26-0.69), 0.67 (95%CI: 0.47-0.82), and 0.58 (95%CI: 0.43-0.72), respectively, while PGI/PGII showed sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of 0.06 (95%CI: 0.01-0.27), 0.83 (95%CI: 0.64-0.93) and 0.51 (95%CI: 0.36-0.66), respectively. CONCLUSION: The histological classifications OLGA and OLGIM presented a substantial concordance rate among themselves. Simultaneous use of both histological classification systems increased the identification's rate of high-risk patients. Biomarker analysis was not effective to distinguish low to high risk patients in the studied population. Further studies are needed to validate its use in clinical practice in Brazil.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: Gastrite atrófica crônica por H. pylori constitui lesão pré-maligna e seu estadiamento de acordo com os sistemas OLGA e OLGIM, visa identificar pacientes com maior risco de desenvolver câncer gástrico e otimizar seu acompanhamento. GastroPanel® é um teste não invasivo composto por painel de biomarcadores séricos incluindo pepsinogênio I (PGI), pepsinogênio II (PGII), gastrina 17 (G17) e anticorpos anti- H. pylori para avaliação de risco de adenocarcinoma gástrico em pacientes com gastrite crônica por H. pylori. OBJETIVO: Estudo prospectivo para avaliar a concordância entre os sistemas de classificação OLGA e OLGIM, bem como avaliar o desempenho do GastroPanel® em pacientes com lesões pré-malignas secundárias à gastrite crônica por H. pylori no Brasil. MÉTODOS: Pacientes com gastrite crônica por H. pylori portadores de lesões pré-malignas confirmadas por histologia (gastrite atrófica e metaplasia intestinal) foram recrutados no ambulatório de gastroenterologia de um hospital universitário. Todos os participantes foram submetidos a exame endoscópico com biópsias de antro e corpo gástricos analisadas de acordo com o Sistema Sydney atualizado e estadiadas pelos Sistemas OLGA e OLGIM de classificação das gastrites. Amostras de sangue foram coletadas para análise sorológica de biomarcadores (GastroPanel®, Biohit, Helsinki, Finlândia). Os valores de corte utilizados para definir pacientes de alto risco para desenvolvimento de câncer gástrico foram os recomendados pelo fabricante: PGI ≤30 µm e PGI/PGII ≤3. RESULTADOS: Foram recrutados 41 pacientes: 28 mulheres, 13 homens, idade média 67,3 (47-89, DP: 9,6) anos. Pelo sistema OLGA, foram obtidos: OLGA 0 (n=1), OLGA I (n=7), OLGA II (n=17), OLGA III (n=9) e OLGA IV (n=7). Pelo sistema OLGIM, foram obtidos: OLGIM 0 (n=14), OLGIM I (n=5), OLGIM II (n=10), OLGIM III (n=10) e OLGIM IV (n=2). Em relação ao estadiamento histológico entre os pacientes de baixo risco (OLGA/OLGIM 0, I e II) e alto risco (OLGA/OLGIM III e IV) para o desenvolvimento de câncer gástrico, a taxa de concordância encontrada entre as duas classificações foi de 85,4%, com valor kappa=0,678 (IC95%: 0,440-0,916). Considerando como pacientes de alto risco, aqueles assim estadiados em pelo menos um dos sistemas, a distribuição final de nossa amostra encontrou 24 pacientes de baixo risco e 17 de alto risco para o desenvolvimento de câncer gástrico. Na determinação pelo GastroPanel® para classificação do paciente como de baixo ou alto risco para desenvolvimento de câncer gástrico, PGI mostrou sensibilidade, especificidade e acurácia de 0,47 (IC95%: 0,26-0,69), 0,67 (IC95%: 0,47-0,82) e 0,58 (IC95%: 0,43-0,72), respectivamente, enquanto a razão PGI/PGII mostrou sensibilidade, especificidade e acurácia de 0,06 (IC95%: 0,01-0,27), 0,83 (IC95%: 0,64-0,93) e 0,51 (IC95%: 0,36-0,66), respectivamente. CONCLUSÃO: As classificações histológicas OLGA e OLGIM apresentaram taxa de concordância substancial entre si. O uso simultâneo de ambos os sistemas de classificação histológica aumentou a taxa de identificação de pacientes de alto risco para desenvolvimento de câncer gástrico. Os resultados do GastroPanel® não foram eficazes para distinguir pacientes de baixo e alto risco para desenvolvimento de câncer gástrico na população estudada. Mais estudos são necessários para validar seu uso na prática clínica no Brasil.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Stomach Neoplasms , Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter Infections , Gastritis , Brazil , Biomarkers , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Metaplasia
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