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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 451-466, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929306

ABSTRACT

The combination of chemotherapy and immunotherapy motivates a potent immune system by triggering immunogenic cell death (ICD), showing great potential in inhibiting tumor growth and improving the immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment (ITM). However, the therapeutic effectiveness has been restricted by inferior drug bioavailability. Herein, we reported a universal bioresponsive doxorubicin (DOX)-based nanogel to achieve tumor-specific co-delivery of drugs. DOX-based mannose nanogels (DM NGs) was designed and choosed as an example to elucidate the mechanism of combined chemo-immunotherapy. As expected, the DM NGs exhibited prominent micellar stability, selective drug release and prolonged survival time, benefited from the enhanced tumor permeability and prolonged blood circulation. We discovered that the DOX delivered by DM NGs could induce powerful anti-tumor immune response facilitated by promoting ICD. Meanwhile, the released mannose from DM NGs was proved as a powerful and synergetic treatment for breast cancer in vitro and in vivo, via damaging the glucose metabolism in glycolysis and the tricarboxylic acid cycle. Overall, the regulation of tumor microenvironment with DOX-based nanogel is expected to be an effectual candidate strategy to overcome the current limitations of ICD-based immunotherapy, offering a paradigm for the exploitation of immunomodulatory nanomedicines.

2.
Gac. méd. boliv ; 44(1): 19-28, jun. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286594

ABSTRACT

El virus del dengue (DENV) ha frecuentado nuestro planeta por más de tres siglos. La picadura del Aedes aegypti causa el DENV. El diagnóstico clínico y laboratorial son importantes para el manejo del dengue. Objetivo: caracterizar la presencia de la plaquetopenia, leucopenia y aumento del hematocrito con la evolución y gravedad de los pacientes con Dengue, en el Hospital Univalle, en la ciudad de Cochabamba, Bolivia. Material y métodos: estudio retrospectivo, longitudinal y analítico, desde el 2017 al 2020. Resultados: se identificaron 235 pacientes, 83% el 2020; el 65% entre 19 a 45 años; 54% de sexo masculino, 80% provienen de Cercado-Cochabamba, siendo más del 95% de la zona sud. La prueba de detección de la proteína NS1Ag (AccuBio Tech Co, Ltd.) se usó en 71%; 56% se hospitalizaron; más del 50% presentaron sintomatología entre el 2do y 5to día. Dentro la clasificación del dengue, el 75% perteneció a dengue sin signos de alarma (p= 45% en varones, presentando más de 5 días de hospitalización (p=0,023). Conclusiones: plaquetopenia, leucopenia y el aumento del hematocrito son biomarcadores de severidad clínica y estancia hospitalaria, asociados a un diagnóstico precoz, empleando la sintomatología y pruebas rápidas disponibles; siendo necesario considerar la presencia de pacientes autóctonos de la zona sud de Cochabamba, Cercado.


Dengue virus (DENV) has haunted our planet for more than three centuries. The Aedes aegypti bite causes DENV. Clinical and laboratory diagnosis are important for the management of dengue. Objective: to characterize the presence of plaquetopenia, leukopenia and increased hematocrit with the evolution and severity of patients with Dengue, Hospital Univalle. Material and methods: retrospective, longitudinal and analytical study, 2017 to 2020. Results: 235 patients were identified, 83% in 2020; 65% between 19 to 45 years old; the male sex with 54%. 80% come from Cercado-Cochabamba, of these more than 95% from the southern area. The test with the detection of the NS1Ag protein (AccuBio Tech Co, Ltd.) was used in 71%; 56% were hospitalized; more than 50% presented symptoms between the 2nd and 5th day; Within the dengue classification, 75% belonged to dengue without warning signs (p = 45% in men and represented more than 5 days of hospitalization (p = 0,023). Conclusions: Plaquetopenia, leukopenia and increased hematocrit are biomarkers of clinical severity, hospital stay, associated with an early diagnosis, using the symptoms and rapid tests available; finally, consider the presence of autochthonous patients from the southern area of Cochabamba, Cercado.


Subject(s)
Dengue
3.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 36(2): 165-171, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251086

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Anemia and blood transfusion are risk factors for morbidity/mortality in patients undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). The objective of this study is to analyze the association of blood transfusion with morbidity/mortality in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) under CPB in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. Methods: This is a retrospective analysis using the State of São Paulo Registry of Cardiovascular Surgery from November 2013 to August 2014. Blood transfusion was only considered during surgery or within six hours after surgery. Anemia was defined as hematocrit ≤ 37.5%. Patients < 18 years old were excluded. The sample was divided in four groups - Group I (851, no anemia), Group II (200, anemia without blood transfusion), Group III (181, no anemia and transfusion), and Group IV (258, anemia and transfusion). Results: A total of 1,490 patients were included; 639 (42.9%) were anemic and 439 (29.5%) underwent blood transfusion. Group II showed lower composite morbidity (odds ratio [OR] −0.05; confidence interval [CI] −0.27-0.17; P=0.81) than Group III (OR 0.41; CI 0.23-0.59; P=0.018) or Group IV (OR 0.54; CI 0.31-0.77; P=0.016). Group III was at greater risk of mortality (OR 0.73; CI 0.43-1.03; P=0.02) than Group II, which was exposed only to anemia (OR −0.13; CI −0.55-0.29; P=0.75), or Group IV (OR 0.29; CI −0.13-0.71; P=0.539). Conclusion: Anemia in patients undergoing CABG with CPB is bad, but blood transfusion can be worse, increasing at least 50% the risk for mortality and/or morbidity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Cardiac Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Anemia/etiology , Brazil , Coronary Artery Bypass , Retrospective Studies
4.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(4): 275-282, Apr. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280046

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Childbirth is a biological, psychological, and sociological event that can be a positive or negative experience, and, without support, this period may be potentially damaging. Parturition may distort maternal emotions and lead to short- or long-term disorders such as postpartum depression and anxiety. The present research aims to study the effects of dialectic behavioral therapy-based counseling on depression, anxiety symptoms, and postpartum hematocrit level. Methods The current research is a clinical trial study, and the sample was selected using parturients who were referred to the Health General Center with a diagnosis of postpartum depression and anxiety. The sample size consisted of 116 subjects who agreed to participate in the study. The patients in intervention group underwent group dialectic behavioral counseling (10 sessions/one session per week) and the control group did not receive any type of intervention. The patients were assessed in the first and last sessions as well as 2 months after the end of the sessions, using the Beck depression scale and Spielberg anxiety scale as well as the results of hematocrit tests. Data were analyzed using the IBMSPSS Statistics for Windows, Version 21.0 (IBMCorp., Armonk, NY, USA) Results The results implied the effectiveness of dialectic behavioral therapy on reduction of the depression score, anxiety symptoms (p-value ≤ 0.0001), and hematocrit level (p-value=0.04). The participants' depression, anxiety, and hematocrit levels decreased in the experiment group compared to the control group, and this decrease has remained until the 2-month follow-up. Conclusion It seems that dialectic behavioral counseling reduces the levels of postpartum depression, anxiety, and hematocrits.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Anxiety/blood , Anxiety/therapy , Cognitive Behavioral Therapy/methods , Depression, Postpartum/blood , Depression, Postpartum/therapy , Counseling/methods , Hematocrit , Follow-Up Studies
5.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 999-1002, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909442

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical values of the differences between hematocrit and serum albumin (HCT-ALB) for evaluating the severity of patients with acute paraquat (PQ) poisoning.Methods:Patients with acute PQ poisoning admitted to the Second People's Hospital of Yunnan Province from January 2018 to December 2019 were enrolled, and healthy voluteers during the same period were selected as the control. The general information, poisoning dose and poisoning time of patients, as well as the HCT and serum ALB levels before blood product infusion, intravenous infusion, or hemopurification at admission were collected, and the HCT-ALB was calculated. According to the results of rapid semiquantitative test of PQ in urine at admission, the patients were divided into PQ low concentration group (0-10 mg/L) and PQ high concentration group (30-100 mg/L). The relationship between poisoning time, poisoning dose, HCT-ALB and the degree of acute PQ poisoning were analyzed, and Spearman method was used to analyze the grade correlation.Results:A total of 295 patients with acute PQ poisoning were enrolled, including 118 cases in PQ low concentration group and 177 cases in PQ high concentration group, and another 200 healthy persons matched with PQ patients in gender and age (healthy control group). The poisoning time of PQ low concentration group was significantly longer than that of PQ high concentration group [hours: 11.0 (6.0, 60.0) vs. 8.0 (5.0, 20.5), P < 0.01], but the poisoning dose was significantly lower than that of PQ high concentration group [mL: 10.0 (5.8, 15.0) vs. 40.0 (20.0, 80.0), P < 0.01]. The HCT and HCT-ALB in PQ low and high concentration groups were significantly higher than those of the healthy control group [HCT: (43.14±4.41)%, (43.54±5.40)% vs. (42.14±2.15)%, HCT-ALB: 3.59±6.26, 5.94±7.80 vs. -7.26±3.55, all P < 0.01], but ALB was significantly lower than that of the healthy control group (g/L: 39.54±5.74, 37.60±7.15 vs. 49.40±3.41, both P < 0.01). With the increase of urine PQ concentration, the HCT and HCT-ALB further increased, and ALB further decreased. There were significant differences between PQ high concentration group and PQ low concentration group [HCT: (43.54±5.40)% vs. (43.14±4.41)%, HCT-ALB: 5.94±7.80 vs. 3.59±6.26, ALB (g/L): 37.60±7.15 vs. 39.54±5.74, all P < 0.05]. The poisoning severity of patients with acute PQ poisoning were negatively correlated with poisoning time and ALB ( r values were -0.195 and -0.695, respectively, both P < 0.01), there were positively correlated with poisoning dose, HCT, and HCT-ALB ( r values were 0.650, 0.256, 0.737, respectively, all P < 0.01), and the correlation between HCT-ALB and poisoning severity was the strongest. Conclusion:The HCT-ALB can reflect the poisoning severity of patients with acute PQ poisoning and indirectly reveal the pathological changes of microvessels in patients with acute PQ poisoning.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909178

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application value and complications of two blood transfusion methods used for cesarean delivery.Methods:Sixty parturients undergoing cesarean delivery in Yiwu Central Hospital from January 2013 to December 2019 were included in this study. They were divided into autogenic blood transfusion and allogeneic blood transfusion groups ( n = 30/group) according to different blood transfusion methods used. In the autogenic blood transfusion group, self-storage blood transfusion scheme was used, while in the allogeneic blood transfusion group, allogeneic blood transfusion scheme was used. The amount of postpartum blood loss, amount of autogenic blood transfused, amount of allogeneic blood transfused, hemoglobin, hematocrit and coagulation index before and 3 days after surgery, complications were compared between autogenic blood transfusion and allogeneic blood transfusion groups. Results:Postoperative blood loss in the autogenic blood transfusion group was significantly less than that in the allogeneic blood transfusion group [(9 897.42 ± 215.37) mL vs. (23 081.87 ± 546.23) mL, t = 122.990, P < 0.05]. The amount of autogenic blood transfused in the autogenic blood transfusion group was less than that in the allogenic blood transfusion group [(954.32 ± 143.42) mL vs. (10 474.18 ± 376.87) mL, t = 129.310, P < 0.05). Hemoglobin level and hematocrit at 3 days after surgery in the autogenic blood transfusion group were (106.32 ± 12.19) g/L and (0.39 ± 0.19), which were significantly higher than those in the allogenic blood transfusion group [(86.18 ± 3.25) g/L, 0.34 ± 0.14, t = 8.744, 11.633, both P < 0.05]. D-Dimer and fibrin degradation product levels in the autogenic blood transfusion group were (5.45 ± 1.29) mg/L and (13.42 ± 2.41) mg/L, respectively, which were significantly lower than those in the allogenic blood transfusion group [(8.56 ± 1.47) mg/L, (21.30 ± 3.64) mg/L, t = 8.710, 9.887, P < 0.05]. The incidence of complications in the autogenic blood transfusion group was significantly lower than that in the allogenic blood transfusion group [6.67% (2/30) vs. 36.67% (11/30), χ2 = 7.954, P < 0.05]. Conclusion:Autogenic blood transfusion is highly effective for cesarean delivery of dangerous placenta previa, and it has few complications.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909156

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy of alprostadil injection in the treatment of acute cerebral infarction.Methods:A total of 300 patients with acute cerebral infarction who received treatment in The First People's Hospital of Jiashan, China between August 2016 and August 2018 were included in this study. They were randomly divided into a control group and an observation group ( n = 150/group). Based on conventional treatment, patients in the control group received Xueshuantong power injection treatment and those in the observation group received alprostadil injection treatment. All patients were treated for 14 days. Clinical efficacy was compared between the control and observation groups. Results:In the observation group, infarct volume, plaque area, lumen area, intima-media thickness of the common carotid artery, Crouse score, recanalization rate, Barthel Index, National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score, hematocrit and plasma viscosity in the observation group were (3.16 ± 1.19) cm 3, (0.21 ± 0.05) mm 2, (0.30 ± 0.06) mm 2, (1.05 ± 0.23) mm, (2.18 ± 0.61) points, 98.67% (148/150), (96.38 ± 1.75) points, (6.31 ± 1.08) points, (41.03 ± 4.28)%, (1.12 ± 0.03) mPa/s, respectively, which were superior to those in the control group [ (2.25 ± 1.37) cm 3, (0.68 ± 0.46) mm 2, (0.89 ± 0.54) mm 2, (1.76 ± 0.85) mm, (3.29 ± 0.78) points, 72.00% (108/150), (85.22 ± 1.56) points, (10.18 ± 1.43) points, (50.76 ± 5.31)%, (1.54 ± 0.34) mPa/s, t = 1.869, 1.231, 1.452, 1.326, 2.285, χ2 = 12.528, t = 11.428, 4.28, 17.473, 15.071, all P < 0.05]. Conclusion:Based on conventional treatment, alprostadil injection exhibits good clinical efficacy in the treatment of acute cerebral infarction.

8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1789-1812, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888835

ABSTRACT

Due to its safety, convenience, low cost and good compliance, oral administration attracts lots of attention. However, the efficacy of many oral drugs is limited to their unsatisfactory bioavailability in the gastrointestinal tract. One of the critical and most overlooked factors is the symbiotic gut microbiota that can modulate the bioavailability of oral drugs by participating in the biotransformation of oral drugs, influencing the drug transport process and altering some gastrointestinal properties. In this review, we summarized the existing research investigating the possible relationship between the gut microbiota and the bioavailability of oral drugs, which may provide great ideas and useful instructions for the design of novel drug delivery systems or the achievement of personalized medicine.

9.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-204717

ABSTRACT

Background: Dengue fever is a mosquito born arboviral illness endemic in tropical countries and causes significant mortality and morbidity due to lack of definitive treatment. The objective of this study was to assess the clinical and laboratory profile of confirmed cases of dengue in children up to 12 years of age and also to charactrise the risk factors for severe dengue.Methods: This is a descriptive, observational, retrospective study done in the Department of Pediatrics, Terna Medical College, Nerul, Navi Mumbai, India.   Medical records of all children up to 12 years of age diagnosed to have dengue   were reviewed.  Their clinical and laboratory profile were recorded in a pro forma and analyzed. All cases were classified as per WHO guidelines into non severe and severe dengue cases.Results: Among the 117 confirmed dengue cases, (84.6%) had non severe dengue and (15.4%) had severe dengue. The most common age group affected was 9-12 years (45.3%) with a male to female ratio of 2.4:1. Fever was the most common clinical feature seen in all cases followed by headache (83%), myalgia (81%), ascites (24.7%), vomiting (17.9%). Clinical signs of ascitis, hepatomegally, gastrointestinal bleeding, pleural effusion and shock were predominantly associated with severe dengue cases. Laboratory parameters showed leukopenia in 58.1% and thrombocytopenia (platelet counts <20,000/cumm3) in16.2% cases. Elevated liver enzymes, raised hematocrit (36.3%) and coagulation abnormalities were seen in over 50% dengue cases and were significantly associated with severe dengue dengue.Conclusions: Knowledge of clinical   and laboratory profile of dengue cases of a particular area will help in early prediction of risk factors for severe dengue resulting in favourable outcome of such cases.

10.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 64(4): 454-461, July-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131108

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective Compare the concordance degree between plasma glucose and glucose measurements on Dried Blood Spots (DBS) during pregnancy. Subjects and methods Glucose measurement was performed in pregnant women after a fast of 8-12 hours. Venous blood was collected with sodium fluoride, the plasma was separated, and glucose measured by the enzymatic oxidase glucose method. Capillary blood samples were collected and analyzed by DBS. For statistics, the paired Student's t test, interclass correlation coefficient (ICC), graphic approach of Altman and Bland, and survival - concordance plot were used. Results 307 pregnant women were evaluated, 88.6% without diabetes and 11.4% with previous diabetes. The glucose ranged from 66 to 190 mg/dL [3.66 to 10.55 mmol/L] in plasma and from 53 to 166 mg/dL [2.94 to 9.21 mmol/L] in DBS. The glucose average values were 88.1 ± 12 mg/dL [4.98 ± 0.67 mmol/L] in plasma and 89.2 ±11,5 mg/dL, [4.95 ± 0.64 mmol/L] in DBS - p-value = 0.084. The ICC value was moderate (0.510), and Pearson's correlation coefficient was r = 0.507 p < 0.001. Altman and Bland's graph showed that difference between the values obtained by both methods is -24.62 to 22.3 mg/dL [-1.37 to 1.24 mmol/L]. Significant fixed bias (-1,16 average difference) and proportional bias (r = 0.056; p = 0.33) were not observed. Anemia was associated with differences between plasma glucose and DBS measurements (p = 0.031). Conclusion Capillary glucose in DBS correlates with plasma glucose; however, the methods do not present good concordance. The presence of anemia worsens this result.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Anemia , Blood Glucose , Capillaries , Diabetes, Gestational , Glucose
11.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-213165

ABSTRACT

Background: The management of acute pancreatitis (AP) is determined by an accurate assessment of severity of disease. Numerous severity indicators have been described till date, most of which require reassessment after admission and resuscitation. Authors propose a novel indicator, the neutrophil-lymphocyte and hematocrit (NLH) scoring as a predictor of acute pancreatitis at the initial time of diagnosis. NLH may have a role in predicting the length of hospital stay and intensive care unit admission and also to predict adverse manifestations of severe acute pancreatitis (SAP).Methods: A retrospective analysis of 107 patients done who diagnosed with acute pancreatitis based on Atlanta 2012 definitions, who were admitted and treated between August 2018 and November 2019. NLH score calculated by adding NLR (neutrophil lymphocyte ratio) and Ht (hematocrit) i.e., NLH=NLR+Ht. NLH was also compared with APACHE II score as a standard predictor of prognosis in acute pancreatitis.Results: Median NLH score among the severe group is significantly higher compared to mild and moderate group. NLH score significantly correlated with length of hospital stay and also had a statistically significant correlation with ICU stay. NLH scoring is comparable with APACHE II scoring system in predicting prognosis in acute pancreatitis.Conclusions: NLH score can be used as a predictor of severity of acute pancreatitis, right at the time of initial diagnosis. Further it may predict adverse outcomes, need for ICU care as well as the length of hospital stay. NLH score can be used as a tool to refer at risk patients to tertiary center needing ICU admission.

12.
Femina ; 48(5): 295-300, 20200531. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1099673

ABSTRACT

Este trabalho avaliou a prevalência de anemia puerperal por meio das dosagens de hemoglobina (Hb) e hematócrito (Ht) numa maternidade pública terciária do estado do Piauí e os fatores de risco associados à presença de anemia. No total, 198 puérperas internadas na maternidade foram submetidas a entrevista e análise do prontuário e do cartão pré-natal. Foram feitas coletas de amostra de sangue venoso periférico antes do parto, 24 horas após o parto vaginal e 48 horas após o parto cesariano. A prevalência de anemia pós-parto encontrada na maternidade estudada foi de 27,27%. A presença de anemia pré-parto e gemelaridade e o ganho de peso foram os fatores de risco significativamente associados à anemia pós-parto.(AU)


This study evaluated the prevalence of puerperal anemia using hemoglobin (Hb) and hematocrit (Ht) measurements in a public tertiary maternity hospital in the state of Piauí and the risk factors associated with the presence of anemia. In total, 198 puerperal women admitted to the maternity hospital were interviewed, analyzed the medical record and the prenatal card. A peripheral venous blood sample was collected before delivery, 24 hours after vaginal delivery and 48 hours after cesarean delivery. The prevalence of postpartum anemia found in the maternity studied was 27.27%. The presence of pre-delivery anemia, twinning and weight gain were the risk factors significantly associated with postpartum anemia.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Postpartum Period/blood , Anemia/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Hemoglobins/analysis , Prevalence , Hematocrit
13.
Horiz. méd. (Impresa) ; 20(2): e815, abr.-jun 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1143021

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El presente identifica el grado de influencia de la dieta vegetariana y carnívora en relación con la hemoglobina y hematocrito de los estudiantes de medicina humana de la Universidad Peruana Unión, Lima, 2018. El problema planteado es descubrir si las personas con dieta vegetariana y carnívora presentan deficiencia de hematocrito y hemoglobina. En relación a las personas que llevan una dieta vegetariana, 23 participantes practican diferentes tipos de vegetarianismo. Se consideraron los siguientes rangos, hemoglobina (12 - 16 g/dl) y hematocrito (36-48 %). Se concluye que, en relación a dieta y hemoglobina/hematocrito, la mayoría de los encuestados están en los rangos normales de dichas variables y que las personas que mantienen una dieta vegetariana no presentan un alto grado de deficiencia en los niveles de hematocrito y hemoglobina, y presentan un mejor nivel nutricional que los de dieta carnívora.


ABSTRACT The present study establishes the degree of influence of the vegetarian and carnivore diets on the hemoglobin and hematocrit levels of students of human medicine of the Universidad Peruana Unión, Lima, 2018. The goal was to find out if people who follow a vegetarian or carnivore diet are deficient in hematocrit and hemoglobin. Out of the vegetarians, 23 followed different types of vegetarianism. The following ranges were considered: hemoglobin (12 - 16 g/dL) and hematocrit (36 - 48 %). It is concluded that, regarding the diet and hemoglobin/hematocrit levels, most respondents show normal ranges, and people who follow a vegetarian diet do not present highly-deficient hematocrit and hemoglobin levels, and have a better nutritional level than those who follow a carnivore diet.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-847664

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The intraoperative blood loss of unicompartmental knee arthroplasty is lower than that of total knee arthroplasty, but the difference of postoperative occult blood loss between them has not been widely studied. OBJECTIVE: To compare the difference of occult blood loss between unicompartmental knee arthroplasty and total knee arthroplasty, and to analyze whether patients with preoperative anemia can also undergo unicompartmental knee arthroplasty without the risk of blood transfusion. METHODS: 148 patients with knee osteoarthritis treated in 904 Hospital of the Joint Service Support Force of Chinese PLA from January 2014 to December 2016 were selected. Among them, 58 cases underwent unicompartmental knee arthroplasty and 90 cases underwent total knee arthroplasty. Hemoglobin levels and hematocrit were measured before and 1, 4, 21 and 42 days after operation, and the occult blood loss and blood transfusion rate were calculated. The trial was approved by the Ethics Committee of 904 Hospital of the Joint Service Support Force of Chinese PLA (approval No. 2019-01-03). RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) The hemoglobin level of unicompartmental knee arthroplasty group was higher than that of total knee arthroplasty group at 1 and 4 days after operation (P 0.05). (2) Hematocrit in the unicompartmental knee arthroplasty group was higher than that in the total knee arthroplasty group at 1 and 4 days after operation (P 0.05).(3) From day one to day four after surgery, there was no occult blood loss in the female of unicompartmental knee arthroplasty group, and the average occult blood loss in the male was 4 g/L. The average occult blood loss was 10 g/L in female and 7 g/L in male in total knee arthroplasty group. The occult blood loss in male and female in unicompartmental knee arthroplasty group was lower than that in total knee arthroplasty group (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). (4) The blood transfusion rate was 0% in unicompartmental knee arthroplasty group and 4.4% in total knee arthroplasty group. In patients with preoperative moderate anemia (hemoglobin 60-89 g/L), there was no need for blood transfusion in unicompartmental knee arthroplasty group (n=3), but blood transfusion was needed in 2 of 6 patients in total knee arthroplasty group (33%). (5) The results showed that unicompartmental knee arthroplasty had obvious advantages over total knee arthroplasty in postoperative occult blood loss.

15.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 33(1): e1484, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088501

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Hepatectomies promote considerable amount of blood loss and the need to administrate blood products, which are directly linked to higher morbimortality rates. The blood-conserving hepatectomy (BCH) is a modification of the selective vascular occlusion technique. It could be a surgical maneuver in order to avoid or to reduce the blood products utilization in the perioperative period. Aim: To evaluate in rats the BCH effects on the hematocrit (HT) variation, hemoglobin serum concentration (HB), and on liver regeneration. Methods: Twelve Wistar rats were divided into two groups: control (n=6) and intervention (n=6). The ones in the control group had their livers partially removed according to the Higgins and Anderson technique, while the rats in the treatment group were submitted to BCH technique. HT and HB levels were measured at day D0, D1 and D7. The rate between the liver and rat weights was calculated in D0 and D7. Liver regeneration was quantitatively and qualitatively evaluated. Results: The HT and HB levels were lower in the control group as of D1 onwards, reaching an 18% gap at D7 (p=0.01 and p=0.008, respectively); BCH resulted in the preservation of HT and HB levels to the intervention group rats. BCH did not alter liver regeneration in rats. Conclusion: The BCH led to beneficial effects over the postoperative HT and serum HB levels with no setbacks to liver regeneration. These data are the necessary proof of evidence for translational research into the surgical practice.


RESUMO Racional: As hepatectomias compreendem considerável perda sanguínea e utilização de hemoderivados, o que diretamente estão relacionados com maior morbimortalidade. A hepatectomia hemoconservadora (HH) é modificação da técnica de oclusão vascular seletiva em hepatectomia. Ela pode ser alternativa cirúrgica para evitar ou diminuir o uso de hemoderivados no perioperatório. Objetivo: Avaliar os efeitos da HH sobre o volume globular (VG), concentração de hemoglobina (HB) e sobre a regeneração hepática em ratos. Métodos: Dois grupos de ratos Wistar foram constituídos: controle (n=6) e intervenção (n=6). Os do grupo controle foram submetidos à hepatectomia parcial de Higgins e Anderson e os do grupo Intervenção à HH. VG e HB foram medidos nos dias D0, D1 e D7. A relação peso do fígado/peso do rato foi calculada em D0 e D7. A regeneração hepática foi analisada qualitativamente e quantitativamente. Resultados: Houve diminuição dos níveis de VG e HB nos ratos do grupo controle a partir de D1, atingindo decréscimo de 18% em D7 (p=0,01 e p=0,008 respectivamente); a HH permitiu a manutenção dos níveis de VG e HB nos ratos do grupo intervenção. A HH não alterou a regeneração hepática. Conclusão: HH resultou em níveis maiores de VG e HB pós-operatórios sem alterar a regeneração hepática. Pode-se considerar estes dados como a prova necessária para a translação à pesquisa clinicocirúrgica.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Veins/physiology , Hepatectomy/methods , Liver/surgery , Liver/blood supply , Liver Regeneration , Portal Vein/surgery , Postoperative Period , Blood Volume/physiology , Hepatic Veno-Occlusive Disease/physiopathology , Hemoglobins/analysis , Rats, Wistar , Hematocrit
16.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2777-2781, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837651

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the value of early fluid resuscitation endpoints in evaluating blood volume in patients with acute pancreatitis. MethodsA retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 445 previously untreated patients with acute pancreatitis who were admitted to The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University from 2003 to 2016 and had an onset time of less than 24 hours, and according the fluid resuscitation endpoints of mean arterial pressure (MAP), hematocrit (HCT), and blood urea nitrogen (BUN), the patients were divided into standard-reaching group (MAP >65 mm Hg, BUN <7.14 mmol/L, and HCT ≥0.35 and ≤044, n=219) and non-standard-reaching group (MAP ≤65 mm Hg or BUN ≥7.14 mmol/L or HCT >0.44 or <0.35, n=226). The standard-reaching group represented normal volume, while the non-standard-reaching group represented insufficient volume. The two groups were compared in terms of symptoms, signs, etiology, severity, complication, and prognosis. The chi-square test or the Fisher’s exact test was used for comparison of categorical data between two groups, and the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of continuous data between two groups. ResultsCompared with the standard-reaching group, the non-standard-reaching group had significant increases in white blood cell count, BUN, and Computed Tomography Severity Index of the pancreas (Z=-2.85, -6.725, and -2.293, all P<0.01). As for local complications, compared with the non-standard-reaching group, the standard-reaching group had significantly lower incidence rates of peripancreatic exudation (45.2% vs 54.9%, χ2=4.15, P<0.05) and pancreatic necrosis (10.0% vs 186%, χ2=6.59, P<0.05). As for systemic complications, compared with the non-standard-reaching group, the standard-reaching group had significantly lower incidence rates of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) (0.5% vs 4.4%, χ2=7.26, P<0.05) and renal dysfunction (1.4% vs 6.6%, χ2=7.95, P<0.05). The standard-reaching group had significantly lower proportion of patients with severe pancreatitis and hospital costs than the non-standard-reaching group (both P<0.05). ConclusionFluid resuscitation endpoints can be used to evaluate the blood volume of patients with acute pancreatitis in the early stage after admission, and the patients not reaching the standard of fluid resuscitation tend to develop the complications such as peripancreatic exudation, pancreatic necrosis, ARDS, and renal dysfunction and may have higher hospital costs.

17.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-207063

ABSTRACT

Background: Moderate anaemia seen in about 15-20% of pregnant women. Iron sucrose complex which is used intravenously for the correction of Iron deficiency anaemia. The drug has been able to raise the haemoglobin to satisfactory level when used in moderately anaemic iron deficient pregnant women. The objective of this study was to study the improvement of Hb% after treatment with intravenous Iron sucrose complex in moderately anaemic pregnant women belonging to 24-32 weeks of gestational age.Methods: 50 antenatal patients between gestational age 24-32 weeks with hemoglobin between 8-9.5g/dl were selected and included in this study. They were subjected to blood hemoglobin estimation, hematocrit and peripheral smear study. In each infusion, the maximum total dose administered was 200 mg iron sucrose in 100 ml of normal saline, slow IV infused over 30 minutes. Monitoring was done throughout the infusion to observe for any side effects.Results: Mean hemoglobin among the 50 patients before starting the therapy was 8.172g/dl and the mean hemoglobin at the end of one month of completing the therapy was 11.066g/dl. The rise in mean hemoglobin i.e. the difference in the mean hemoglobin before and after treatment was 2.894g/dl. The p value is 0.0001 which is statistically significant. The mean hematocrit of the 50 patients studied before starting the treatment was 26.772% with a standard deviation of 1.914. The mean hematocrit after completing the therapy was 33.872% with a standard deviation of 1.321. The difference in the mean hematocrit was 7.100% with a p value of 0.0001 which is statistically significant.Conclusions: Intravenous iron sucrose complex is well tolerated and highly efficacious in improving hemoglobin, hematocrit in the treatment of iron deficiency anaemia in antenatal women.

18.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-202392

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Hemodilution during cardiopulmonarybypass is an acceptable method to avoid the complications ofcontinuous flow at the microcirculatory level. Hemodilutionalanemia during cardiopulmonary bypass can lead to inadequateoxygen delivery and, which may result in ischemic organinjury to all the organs especially to the brain, kidney, lungs andliver. Study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of a novelformula for calculating priming volume (PV) and requiredpacked cell (PC) volume to maintain optimal hematocrit levelduring cardiopulmonary bypass.Material and methods: This Prospective interventional studywas done on 150 patients who underwent open-heart surgeriesin our Institute from January 2018 to December 2018. GroupA-75 patients: perfusionist’s old protocol for calculatingpriming volume and required packed cell volume calculationand the nadir hematocrit (Hct) during CPB and postoperativeoutcome monitored. Group B- 75 patients: customizednovel formula was applied for calculating PV and requiredPC volume and the nadir Hct during CPB and postoperativeoutcome monitored and both the groups compared.Results: In our study results showed that maintaining optimalHct of 25% (>20%) in adult and 30% (>25%) by using ournovel customized formula for calculating prime volume andrequired packed cell volume was significantly improvedthe nadir Hct from 19.16% to 21.8% as well as average Hctvalues from 19.7% to 23.4%. Complications of Hemodilutionwere significantly reduced in the study Group B. Mortalitywas reduced to 2.7% from 5.3%. Respiratory complicationlike reintubation rate and nonfatal noncardiogenic pulmonaryedema rates reduced from 34.7% to 17%. Coagulopathy withpostoperative blood products requirement reduced from 20%to 7%.Conclusion: Our Study showed that application of this novelformula is very useful and easy for both the perfusionists andthe surgeons in maintaining optimal Hct during CPB therebyimproving the postoperative results following open heartsurgeries.

19.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-208669

ABSTRACT

Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the efficacy of applying uterine artery tourniquet and intramyometrialvasopressin injection to reduce intraoperative blood loss during abdominal myomectomy.Methods: A comparative interventional study comparing parameters in the two groups of patients containing 24 each whereone received tourniquet application and other received intramyometrial vasopressin.Results: Pre-operative hemoglobin (Hb) was comparable in both mean 10.5 ± 0.50 g/dl in tourniquet group and 10.5 ± 0.47 g/dlin vasopressin group. Pre-operative hematocrit (Hct) was also comparable in both mean 31.8 ± 1.44% in tourniquet groupand 31.7 ± 1.51% in vasopressin group. Mean operative time was 49.0 ± 10.33 min in tourniquet group and 48.8 ± 9.62 min invasopressin group which was statistically indifferent. Amount of mean blood loss in the tourniquet group was 467.9 ± 74.50 cc and356.45 ± 58.35 cc in vasopressin group which is significantly higher in former. Post-operative day 3 Hb was lower in tourniquetgroup 8.94 ± 0.52 g/dl than 9.45 ± 0.52 g/dl in vasopressin group. Reduction in Hb postoperatively was more in tourniquetgroup 1.43 ± 0.45 g/dl than vasopressin group 0.92 ± 0.20 g/dl. Reduction in Hct postoperatively was more (4.82 ± 1.4%) intourniquet group than in vasopressin group (2.74 ± 0.62%). Blood transfusion was required 5 (20.83%) cases in tourniquetgroup, but only in 2 (8.33%) cases of vasopressin group though it was statistically indifferent between both groups.Conclusion: Application of tourniquet had more mean operative time, intraoperative blood loss, and requirement of bloodtransfusion. There is more reduction in Hb and Hct postoperatively in tourniquet application.

20.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-203635

ABSTRACT

This study assessed the impact of the electrochemically activated aqueous solutions (ECA AS) on the growth and formationof the biofilm of lactic acid bacteria (LAB). The effectiveness of biocides produced by the unipolar electrochemicalactivation of aqueous solutions of sodium chloride was studied. It was found that sequential treatment of the biofilm withcatholyte and anolyte (fractions ECA AS) lead to the most pronounced decrease in the growth rate and density of bacteria.The results obtained demonstrate antibacterial efficacy and the possibility of using ECA AS for the prevention anddisinfection of aquatic systems, for example, at the enterprises of the agro-industry and the food industry

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