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1.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 21(2): 232-237, out.2022. fig
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1400142

ABSTRACT

Introdução: a doença arterial obstrutiva periférica (DAOP) tem alta prevalência na população em geral e está associada a elevado risco de eventos cardiovasculares. O índice tornozelo-braquial (ITB), é um exame simples e não invasivo, com alta sensibilidade e especificidade no diagnóstico de DAOP. A patologia pode estar associada a diversos fatores de risco, entre eles a doença renal crônica terminal. Contudo, os dados que avaliam sua prevalência e fatores de risco na população de doentes renais crônicos são escassos. Objetivos: Determinar a prevalência e os fatores de risco da doença arterial obstrutiva periférica em pacientes com insuficiência renal crônica dialítica. Metodologia: trata-se de um estudo transversal, que analisou 117 pacientes com doença renal dialítica. Foram avaliados através de um questionário para identificação dos fatores de risco e submetidos ao teste do ITB, sendo considerado diagnóstico de DAOP quando ITB <0,9. Resultados: o presente estudo evidenciou uma prevalência de DAOP em 11% dos pacientes, sendo 10 classificados como DAOP leve e 3 como moderada. Não foram encontrados pacientes com DAOP severa. Entretanto, 54 pacientes (46,2%) apresentaram rigidez de parede vascular. Assim, foi possível verificar que 67 (57,3%) pacientes apresentaram o ITB alterado. Conclusão: a alta prevalência de DAOP em pacientes com doença renal crônica dialíticafoi análoga ao encontrado por outros autores. É importante ressaltar que pacientes com ITB > 1,3 podem gerar resultados falsos-negativos no diagnóstico de DAOP. Devido a isso, a prevalência pode estar subestimada, o que sugere que o ITB nesses pacientes deve ser avaliado com mais atenção.


Background: peripheral arterial disease (PAD) has a high prevalence in the general population and is associated with a high risk of cardiovascular events. The ankle-brachial index (ABI) is a simple noninvasive exam with high sensitivity and specificity in the diagnosis of PAD. Pathology may be associated with several risk factors, including terminal chronic kidney disease. However, data assessing their prevalence and risk factors in the chronic kidney disease population are scarce. Objectives: to determine the prevalence and risk factors of peripheral arterial disease in patients with dialytic chronic renal failure. Methods: this is a cross-sectional study that analyzed 117 patients with dialytic kidney disease. They were evaluated through a questionnaire to identify risk factors and were submitted to the ABI test, being considered a diagnosis of PAD when ABI <0.9. Results: the present study showed a prevalence of PAD in 11% of the patients, 10 classified as mild and 3 as moderate. No patients with severe PAD were found. However, 54 patients (46.2%) had vascular wall stiffness. Thus, it was possible to verify that 67 (57.3%) patients presented altered ABI. Conclusion: the high prevalence of PAD in patients with dialytic chronic kidney disease was similar to that found by other authors. It is important to highlight that patients with ABI> 1.3 may generate false negative results in the diagnosis of PAD. Because of this, the prevalence may be underestimated, suggesting that ABI in these patients should be evaluated more carefully.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Renal Dialysis , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Ankle Brachial Index , Peripheral Arterial Disease , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cardiovascular Abnormalities
2.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 26(3): 736-747, set-dez. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1399333

ABSTRACT

Contexto: A doença renal crônica representa um sério problema de saúde pública, devido aos crescentes índices de morbimortalidade, e que associado à rotina de sessões de hemodiálise, promove alterações na qualidade de vida dos indivíduos com esta condição. Objetivo: Avaliar os fatores relacionados à qualidade de vida de pacientes renais crônicos em tratamento hemodialítico. Desenho e local: Estudo transversal, quantitativo, composto por 52 pacientes em hemodiálise no hospital Santa Casa de Caridade de Diamantina, Diamantina (MG), em 2017. Métodos: Foram utilizados dois questionários: socioeconômico-demográfico e o instrumento Kidney Disease and Quality of life Short Form. Os dados referentes à qualidade de vida foram analisados pelo programa elaborado e disponibilizado pelo Working Group. Resultados: Como fatores relacionados à baixa qualidade de vida foram encontrados: situação ocupacional (33,65 ± 26,71), peso da doença renal (49,28 ± 21,58), funcionamento físico (53,37 ± 22,39), saúde geral (54,71 ± 27,19) e função emocional (58,97 ± 26,23); em relação à boa qualidade de vida foram encontrados: função sexual (80,17 ± 22,46), função cognitiva (80,26 ± 35,32), satisfação do paciente (83,33 ± 20,51) e estímulo por parte da equipe de diálise (91,59 ± 29,17). Discussão: Por comparação aos trabalhos realizados em Goiânia (2006), Indaiatuba (2009), Mogi das Cruzes (2014) e ao presente estudo (2017) verificaram escores semelhantes na maioria das dimensões avaliadas, a exemplo das funções social e satisfação do paciente. Conclusão: A qualidade de vida apresentou-se como boa na maioria das dimensões avaliadas, entretanto, os fatores determinantes da baixa qualidade de vida reforçam a ideia da implementação de estratégias da equipe de saúde para melhorar a expectativa de vida desses pacientes.


Chronic kidney disease represents a serious public health problem, due to the increasing rates of morbidity and mortality, which, associated with the routine of hemodialysis sessions, promotes changes in the quality of life of individuals with this condition. Objective: To evaluate factors related to the quality of life of chronic renal patients undergoing hemodialysis. Design and location: Cross-sectional, quantitative study, composed of 52 hemodialysis patients at the Santa Casa de Caridade hospital in Diamantina, Diamantina (MG), in 2017. Methods: Two questionnaires were used: socioeconomic-demographic and the Kidney Disease and Quality of instrument life Short Form. Data on quality of life were analyzed using the program developed and made available by the Working Group. Results: As factors related to low quality of life were found: occupational situation (33.65 ± 26.71), weight of kidney disease (49.28 ± 21.58), physical functioning (53.37 ± 22.39), general health (54.71 ± 27.19) and emotional function (58.97 ± 26.23); in relation to good quality of life, sexual function (80.17 ± 22.46), cognitive function (80.26 ± 35.32), patient satisfaction (83.33 ± 20.51) and stimulation on the part were found of the dialysis team (91.59 ± 29.17). Discussion: Comparing the studies carried out in Goiânia (2006), Indaiatuba (2009), Mogi das Cruzes (2014) and the present study (2017) found similar scores in most of the dimensions evaluated, such as social functions and patient satisfaction. Conclusion: Quality of life was shown to be good in most of the dimensions evaluated, however, the determinants of low quality of life reinforce the idea of implementing health team strategies to improve the life expectancy of these patients.


Antecedentes: La enfermedad renal crónica representa un grave problema de salud pública, debido a las crecientes tasas de morbilidad y mortalidad, y la asociada a la rutina de sesiones de hemodiálisis, promueve cambios en la calidad de vida de los individuos con esta condición. Objetivo: Evaluar los factores relacionados con la calidad de vida de los pacientes renales crónicos en tratamiento hemodialítico. Diseño y entorno: Estudio transversal, cuantitativo, compuesto por 52 pacientes en hemodiálisis en el hospital Santa Casa de Caridade de Diamantina, Diamantina (MG), en 2017. Métodos: Se utilizaron dos cuestionarios: socioeconómico-demográfico y el instrumento Kidney Disease and Quality of life Short Form. Los datos relativos a la calidad de vida fueron analizados por el programa preparado y puesto a disposición por el Grupo de Trabajo. Resultados: Como factores relacionados con la baja calidad de vida se encontraron: la situación laboral (33,65 ± 26,71), la carga de la enfermedad renal (49,28 ± 21,58), el funcionamiento físico (53,37 ± 22,39), la salud general (54,71 ± 27,19) y la función emocional (58,97 ± 26,23); en relación con la buena calidad de vida se encontraron: la función sexual (80,17 ± 22,46), la función cognitiva (80,26 ± 35,32), la satisfacción del paciente (83,33 ± 20,51) y el estímulo del equipo de diálisis (91,59 ± 29,17). Discusión: En comparación con los estudios realizados en Goiânia (2006), Indaiatuba (2009), Mogi das Cruzes (2014) y el presente estudio (2017) se encontraron puntuaciones similares en la mayoría de las dimensiones evaluadas, como las funciones sociales y la satisfacción del paciente. Conclusión: La calidad de vida se presentó como buena en la mayoría de las dimensiones evaluadas, mientras que los factores determinantes de la baja calidad de vida refuerzan la idea de la implementación de estrategias del equipo de salud para mejorar las expectativas de vida de los pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Quality of Life , Renal Dialysis , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Physical Fitness , Public Health , Cognition , Sexuality , Nephrology
3.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 42(3): 135-138, sept. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1396307

ABSTRACT

Árnica es una planta medicinal de la especie Arnica montana, endémica en Europa Central y Meridional, perteneciente a la familia Asteracae; rica en flavonoides y compuestos fenólicos, lactonas, helenalina y ácido hexurónico que le dan propiedades cicatrizantes, antiinflamatorias, analgésicas, antimicrobianas y anticoagulantes. Se utiliza en casos de contusiones, dolores musculares, reumáticos y hematomas profundos. El artículo describe ocho casos, que presentaron hematoma profundo por punción infructuosa, en pacientes con insuficiencia renal crónica terminal con esquema de hemodiálisis, donde se aplicó árnica en gel. Por medio de fotografías se registró cómo los hematomas revirtieron a partir del tercer día, mientras que el dolor disminuyó en un 50% al tercer día. (AU)


Arnica is a medicinal plant of the species Arnica Montana, endemic in Central and Southern Europe, it belongs to the Asteracae family, rich in flavonoids and phenolic compounds, lactones, helenalin and hexuronic acid that give it healing, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antimicrobial and anticoagulant properties. It is used in cases of bruises, muscle pain, rheumatic pain and deep bruises. The article describes eight patients with terminal chronic renal failure under hemodialysis, who presented deep hematoma due to unsuccessful puncture of their dialysis fistula. All patients were treated with local gel arnica. Verbal analogue scale (VAS) and qualitative visual image analysis (photography) on how the hematomas reverted on the third day was analyzed. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Arnica , Pain Management/methods , Hematoma/therapy , Homeopathy , Pain Measurement , Punctures/adverse effects , Renal Dialysis , Kidney Failure, Chronic/complications
4.
rev.cuid. (Bucaramanga. 2010) ; 13(3): 1-13, 20220831.
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1402551

ABSTRACT

ntrodution: The immunosuppressive state of patients with CKD increases their risk of developing poor clinical outcomes if they acquire COVID-19 infection. Objetive: To identify the scientific evidence about the repercussions of COVID-19 in hemodialysis patients. Materials and méthods: A systematic review was conducted in this study. The databases Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Science Direct, PubMed, and Virtual Health Library were searched to identify relevant studies. The methodological quality of the studies was assessed using the adapted Downs and Black checklist. The review adhered to the PRISMA guidelines. Results:A total of 16 articles were included after the screening process. All articles had a methodological quality higher than 66.8%. The most common repercussions of COVID-19 in hemodialysis patients were the increased mortality rate (75%), development of typical signs and symptoms of the disease such as fever, cough, dyspnea, and fatigue (68.75%), lymphopenia (68.75%), progression to severe acute respiratory syndrome (56.25%), need for mechanical ventilation (50%), and admission to intensive (50%). Conclusión: The hemodialysis patients are more susceptible to COVID-19 infection and, when infected by SARS-CoV-2, these patients have more adverse clinical outcomes, more serious diseases, higher mortality, and worse prognosis than the general population. The repercussions of COVID-19 in hemodialysis patients reveal a need for preventive nursing care in hemodialysis clinics.


Introducción: El estado de inmunosupresión de los pacientes con enfermedad renal crónica (ERC) aumenta su riesgo de obtener resultados clínicos desfavorables si llegaran a contraer COVID-19. Objetivo: Identificar la evidencia científica acerca de las repercusiones que tiene el COVID-19 en los pacientes en hemodiálisis. Materiales y Métodos: Se realizó una revisión sistemática en este estudio. Se hizo una búsqueda en las bases de datos Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Science Direct, PubMed y Virtual Health Library para identificar estudios relevantes. La calidad metodológica de los estudios se evaluó mediante la lista de chequeo adaptada por Downs y Black. La revisión siguió los lineamientos de la declaración PRISMA. Resultados:Tras el proceso de selección se incluyeron un total de 16 artículos en la revisión. Todos los artículos obtuvieron una calidad metodológica superior a 66,8%. Las repercusiones más comunes del COVID-19 en los pacientes en hemodiálisis fueron el aumento de la tasa de mortalidad (75%), el desarrollo de signos y síntomas típicos de la enfermedad como fiebre, tos, disnea y fatiga (68,75%), linfopenia (68,75%), progresión a un síndrome respiratorio agudo grave (56,25%), necesidad de ventilación mecánica (50%) e ingreso a cuidados intensivos (50%). Conclusiones: Los pacientes en hemodiálisis son más susceptibles a contraer COVID-19 y, cuando contraen el SARS-CoV-2, tienen resultados clínicos más adversos, enfermedades más graves, mayor mortalidad y peor pronóstico que la población general.


Introdução: O estado imunossupressor dos pacientes com CKD aumenta seu risco de desenvolver maus resultados clínicos se eles adquirirem a infecção COVID-19. Objetivo: Identificar as evidências científicas sobre as repercussões da COVID-19 em pacientes com hemodiálise. Materiais e Métodos: Uma revisão sistemática foi conduzida neste estudo. As bases de dados Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Science Direct, PubMed e Virtual Health Library foram pesquisadas para identificar estudos relevantes. A qualidade metodológica dos estudos foi avaliada utilizando a lista de verificação Downs e Black adaptada. A revisão seguiu as diretrizes do PRISMA. Resultados: Um total de 16 artigos foram incluídos após o processo de triagem. Todos os artigos tinham uma qualidade metodológica superior a 66,8%. As repercussões mais comuns da COVID-19 em pacientes de hemodiálise foram o aumento da taxa de mortalidade (75%), desenvolvimento de sinais e sintomas típicos da doença como febre, tosse, dispnéia e fadiga (68,75%), linfopenia (68,75%), progressão para síndrome respiratória aguda grave (56,25%), necessidade de ventilação mecânica (50%) e admissão a intensivo (50%). Conclusões: Os pacientes em hemodiálise são mais suscetíveis à infecção por COVID-19 e, quando infectados pela SRA-CoV-2, estes pacientes têm resultados clínicos mais adversos, doenças mais graves, maior mortalidade e pior prognóstico do que a população em geral. As repercussões da COVID-19 em pacientes de hemodiálise revelam uma necessidade de cuidados preventivos de enfermagem em clínicas de hemodiálise.


Subject(s)
Renal Dialysis , Renal Insufficiency , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19
5.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 68(6): 792-796, June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1387174

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: Prealbumin has been a reliable marker to predict protein energy malnutrition and hypercatabolic state. In this analysis, we particularly aimed to investigate the potential association between serum prealbumin levels and right ventricular dysfunction in patients receiving programmed hemodialysis. METHODS: A total of 57 subjects were included in the analysis. The subjects were then categorized into two groups: right ventricular dysfunction (n=18) and non-right ventricular dysfunction (n=39) groups. In all patients, detailed transthoracic echocardiography (following hemodialysis) were performed along with the evaluation of complete blood count, routine biochemistry parameters, and, in particular, serum prealbumin levels. RESULTS: Mortality rate at 3 years was found to be significantly higher in the right ventricular dysfunction group (p=0.042). Serum prealbumin levels were also significantly lower in the right ventricular dysfunction group compared with the non-right ventricular dysfunction group (23.83±8.50 mg/dL versus 31.38±6.81 mg/dL, p=0.001). In the receiver operating characteristics curve analysis, a prealbumin cutoff value of <28.5 mg/dL was found to predict right ventricular dysfunction, with a sensitivity of 67% and a specificity of 62% (area under the curve: 0.744). In the correlation analysis, a moderate yet significant positive correlation was demonstrated between serum prealbumin and tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (r=0.365, p=0.005). CONCLUSION: This study suggests that low serum prealbumin might serve as a potential predictor of right ventricular dysfunction (and its clinical consequences) in patients receiving programmed hemodialysis.

6.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 140(3): 398-405, May-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1377382

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The high number of patients with end-stage kidney disease (ESRD) on hemodialysis makes it necessary to conduct studies aimed at improving their quality of life. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate brain compliance, using the Brain4care method for intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring, among patients with ESRD before and at the end of the hemodialysis session, and to correlate ICP with the dialysis quality index (Kt/V). DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study conducted at a renal replacement therapy center in Brazil. METHODS: Sixty volunteers who were undergoing hemodialysis three times a week were included in this study. Brain compliance was assessed before and after hemodialysis using the noninvasive Brain4care method and intracranial pressure wave morphology was analyzed. RESULTS: Among these 60 ESRD volunteers, 17 (28%) presented altered brain compliance before hemodialysis. After hemodialysis, 12 (20%) exhibited normalization of brain compliance. Moreover, 10 (83%) of the 12 patients whose post-dialysis brain compliance became normalized were seen to present good-quality dialysis, as confirmed by Kt/V > 1.2. CONCLUSIONS: It can be suggested that changes to cerebral compliance in individuals with ESRD occur frequently and that a good-quality hemodialysis session (Kt/V > 1.2) may be effective for normalizing the patient's cerebral compliance.


Subject(s)
Renal Dialysis , Kidney Failure, Chronic/therapy , Quality of Life , Brain , Cross-Sectional Studies
7.
Rev. cuba. med ; 61(2): e2590, abr.-jun. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408999

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La fístula arteriovenosa por vía quirúrgica para hemodiálisis constituye el acceso vascular de elección, para ese proceder depurador, no obstante, repercute negativamente sobre el aparato cardiovascular. Objetivo: Actualizar aspectos conceptuales y conductuales relativos a la permanencia de la fístula arteriovenosa para hemodiálisis posterior al trasplante renal. Métodos: Se revisó la literatura publicada en los últimos cinco años en las bases de datos; PubMed/Medline y Scopus y las fuentes de información; Cochrane Library y Ebsco. Resultados: La repercusión de la fístula arteriovenosa sobre el sistema cardiovascular tiene una marcada incidencia en diferentes alteraciones estructurales y funcionales del corazón que requieren de la adopción de una conducta destinada a evitar el riesgo. Se examinan puntos de vista convergentes y divergentes relacionados con la pertinencia de la fístula arteriovenosa como acceso vascular creado para hemodiálisis y la posibilidad de mantenerla luego del trasplante renal. Conclusiones: La fístula arteriovenosa supone el acceso vascular de apropiado para la supervivencia en hemodiálisis, sin embargo, las consecuencias de su permanencia sobre el aparato cardiovascular implican riesgo añadido de morbilidad y mortalidad(AU)


Introduction: Surgical arteriovenous fistula for hemodialysis is the vascular access of choice, this purifying procedure, however, has negative impact on the cardiovascular system. Objective: To bring up-to-date conceptual and behavioral aspects related to the permanence of the arteriovenous fistula for hemodialysis after renal transplantation. Methods: The literature published in the last five years was reviewed in PubMed/Medline and Scopus and information sources; Cochrane Library and Ebsco databases. Results: The repercussion of the arteriovenous fistula on the cardiovascular system has a marked incidence in different structural and functional alterations of the heart that require the adoption of a behavior to avoid risks. Convergent and divergent points of view related to the relevance of the arteriovenous fistula as a vascular access created for hemodialysis and the possibility of maintaining it after renal transplantation are examined. Conclusions: The arteriovenous fistula is the appropriate vascular access for survival in hemodialysis, however, the consequences of its permanence on the cardiovascular system imply an added risk of morbidity and mortality(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Cardiovascular System , Arteriovenous Fistula/epidemiology , Renal Dialysis/methods , Kidney Transplantation , Cardiovascular Abnormalities/complications
8.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1408194

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: A pesar del gran avance técnico que representan las fístulas arterio-venosas internas para la hemodiálisis, estas no están exentas de complicaciones que comprometen su durabilidad. Entre ellas se encuentran los aneurismas venosos yuxta-anastomóticos. Objetivo: Presentar el tratamiento quirúrgico utilizado para reparar los aneurismas venosos yuxta-anastomóticos. Presentación del caso: Paciente de 54 años, de género femenino y color de piel negra. Presentó antecedentes de padecer insuficiencia renal crónica de 12 años de evolución, con transplante renal fallido, la cual tuvo un aneurisma venoso yuxta-anastomótico, localizado en una fístula arterio-venosa húmero-cefálica en miembro superior izquierdo, que fue confirmado por eco-doppler. Se emplearon como tratamiento quirúrgico la aneurismectomía y el injerto por sustitución con prótesis vascular expandible de poli-tetrafluoretileno. Finalmente, se preservó la fístula arterio-venosa, así como su permeabilidad. Conclusiones: La evolución fue satisfactoria en cuanto a su durabilidad y utilización como vía de acceso para la hemodiálisis.


ABSTRACT Introduction: Despite the great technical advance represented by internal arterio-venous fistulas for hemodialysis, these are not exempt from complications that compromise their durability. Among them are juxtaanastomotic venous aneurysms. Objective: Present the surgical treatment used to repair juxtaanastomotic venous aneurysms. Case presentation: 54-year-old patient, female and black skin color. She presented a history of chronic renal failure of 12 years of evolution, with failed kidney transplant, which had a juxtaanastomotic venous aneurysm, located in a humerus-cephalic arterio-venous fistula in the left upper limb, which was confirmed by Doppler echo. Aneurysmectomy and replacement grafting with expandable polytetrafluorethylene vascular prostheses were used as surgical treatment. Finally, the arterio-venous fistula was preserved, as well as its permeability. Conclusions: The evolution was satisfactory in terms of durability and use as an access route for hemodialysis.

9.
Rev. cuba. med. trop ; 74(1): e733, ene.-abr. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1408890

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: Las bacteriemias relacionadas con el uso de catéter (BRC) en pacientes con enfermedad renal crónica avanzada (ERCA) representan un importante problema sanitario. Objetivos: Estimar la incidencia de BRC en pacientes con ERCA en el Hospital Ciro Redondo García, Artemisa, Cuba; y describir su relación con el tipo de acceso vascular (AV), así como la conducta médica que se adopta después del diagnóstico. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo entre mayo-octubre del 2019, en el que se incluyó el total de los pacientes (n = 78) de la unidad de hemodiálisis del hospital. Se recogió información acerca del tipo y tiempo de uso del AV. Ante un episodio sugerente de bacteriemia, se obtuvo una muestra de sangre para hemocultivo. Se informó la incidencia de BRC según los criterios de Bouza (2004). Resultados: La tasa de incidencia de BRC se estimó buena (1,18/1 000 días-catéter). Para las producidas por Staphylococcus aureus y por bacterias gramnegativas (Escherichia coli, Enterobacter spp., Pseudomonas spp. y Alcaligenes spp.) las tasas fueron excelentes: 0,44 y 0,88/1 000 días-catéter, respectivamente. Los catéteres venosos centrales se constataron como los AV predominantes. Se verificó que se impuso tratamiento empírico ante signos de probable BRC y este se modificó tras el diagnóstico etiológico específico, acompañado de la retirada del AV siempre que las condiciones clínicas lo permitieron. Conclusiones: Se mantienen en el servicio de hemodiálisis buenas prácticas clínicas para la prevención de BRC. Los agentes etiológicos demostrados obligan a mantener la indicación de tratamiento empírico con antibióticos de amplio espectro.


ABSTRACT Introduction: Catheter-related bacteremias (CRB) in patients with advanced chronic kidney diseases represent a major health problem. Objective: To estimate the incidence of CRB in patients with advanced chronic kidney diseases at Ciro Redondo García Hospital, Artemisa, Cuba; and to describe its relationship with the type of vascular access (VA), as well as the medical protocol adopted after diagnosis. Methods: A descriptive study was conducted between May and October 2019. All patients (n=78) in the hospital hemodialysis unit were included. Information about the type and duration of VA was collected. In the presence of an episode suggestive of bacteremia, a blood sample was obtained for blood culture. The incidence of CRB was informed according to Bouza´s criteria (2004). Results: The incidence rate of CRB was estimated good (1.18/1 000 1000 catheter-days). For those caused by Staphylococcus aureus and by gram-negative bacteria (Escherichia coli, Enterobacter spp., Pseudomonas spp. y Alcaligenes spp.), the rates were excellent: 0.44 and 0.88/1000 catheter -days, respectively. Central venous catheters were the predominant VAs. It was confirmed that empirical treatment was initiated in the presence of signs of a probable CRB, which was modified after specific etiological diagnosis, together with the withdrawal of the VA whenever the clinical conditions allowed it. Conclusions: Good clinical practices for the prevention of CBR are maintained at the hemodialysis service. The confirmed etiological agents make it necessary to continue with the indication of empirical treatment with broad-spectrum antibiotics.

10.
An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) ; 55(1): 27-38, 20220401.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDNPAR | ID: biblio-1366663

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Procesos como la mutagénesis, la carcinogénesis y la teratogénesis son producto de la interacción de agentes de origen endógeno como exógeno que interactúan con la molécula de ADN en forma crónica produciendo rupturas en la doble hélice, y en cromosomas completos resultando en la inestabilidad genómica. El estrés oxidativo al que se encuentran sometidas las células al formarse las especies reactivas de oxígeno (ROS) y también las especies reactivas de nitrógeno (RNS), que pueden provenir de radicales producidos a consecuencia de la diabetes o en estados iniciales de la enfermedad renal crónica o como respuesta a procesos inflamatorios en estados avanzados de estas patologías, actúan como agentes genotóxicos endógenos.Objetivos: Esta investigación tuvo como objetivo determinar el daño basal en la molécula de ADN de pacientes diabéticos hemodializados, a través del ensayo del Cometa, como un bioindicador de inestabilidad genómica., durante seis meses de tratamiento. Materiales y métodos: Se planteó un estudio longitudinal prospectivo de cohorte para comparar los diferentes niveles de daño antes y durante los primeros seis del tratamiento de hemodiálisis. Se evaluó con el test del cometa o electroforesis de células individuales, el daño basal en muestras de sangre venosa de pacientes diagnosticados con Diabetes de tipo II como control negativo y en pacientes diabéticos con enfermedad renal crónica antes de iniciar el tratamiento de diálisis y luego durante el tratamiento. Se utilizó el test de t- Student para muestras independientes y emparejadas. Resultados: Se observó un aumento significativo de daño basal y oxidativo en el material genético de pacientes diabéticos con enfermedad renal crónica, comparados con los controles negativos (p< 0.005) y se observó, además, que el daño celular aumenta con el tratamiento de hemodiálisis (p<0.005). Conclusión: Los resultados obtenidos en esta investigación permiten concluir que el estrés oxidativo tiene un efecto genotóxico y que el nivel de daño genético es un buen bioindicador del avance de la enfermedad renal crónica y que la hemodiálisis induce a un aumento de daño a nivel del material genético, aumentando el riesgo de carcinogénesis.


Introduction: Processes such as mutagenesis, carcinogenesis and teratogenesis are the product of the interaction of agents of endogenous and exogenous origin that interact with the DNA molecule in a chronic way producing ruptures in the double helix, and in complete chromosomes resulting in genomic instability. The oxidative stress to which the cells are subjected when reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reactive nitrogen species (RNS) are formed, which may come from radicals produced as a result of diabetes or in initial stages of chronic kidney disease or in response to inflammatory processes in advanced stages of these pathologies, act as endogenous genotoxic agents. Objectives: This research aimed to determine the basal damage in the DNA molecule of hemodialyzed diabetic patients, through the Comet assay, as a bioindicator of genomic instability, during six months of treatment. Materials and methods: For this research, a prospective longitudinal cohort study was proposed to compare the different levels of genetic damage before and during the first six of hemodialysis treatment. Baseline damage was evaluated with the comet test or single cell electrophoresis, in venous blood samples from patients diagnosed with Type II Diabetes as a negative control and in diabetic patients with chronic kidney disease before starting dialysis treatment and then during treatment. Results: A significant increase in basal and oxidative damage was observed in the genetic material of diabetic patients with chronic kidney disease, compared to negative controls (p< 0.005) and it was also observed that cell damage increases with hemodialysis treatment (p<0.005). The t-Student test was used for independent and paired samples. Conclusion: The results obtained in this research allow us to conclude that oxidative stress has a genotoxic effect and that the level of genetic damage is a good bioindicator of the progression of chronic kidney disease and that hemodialysis induces an increase in damage at the level of the genetic material, increasing the risk of carcinogenesis.


Subject(s)
Renal Dialysis , Comet Assay , Dialysis , Research , DNA , Oxidative Stress
11.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1398234

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La mayoría de los pacientes con enfermedad renal crónica terminal en hemodiálisis desarrollan hiperparatiroidismo secundario. Algunas veces este tipo de hiperparatiroidismo secundario suele ser severo y refractario al tratamiento médico, inclusive algunos desarrollarán hiperparatiroidismo terciario, el tratamiento de ambas situaciones suele ser la paratiroidectomía subtotal o total. Reporte de Caso: Presentamos el caso de un paciente de 29 años, con enfermedad renal terminal en hemodiálisis durante 13 años, quien desarrolló hiperparatiroidismo terciario por lo que fue sometido a paratiroidectomía subtotal con autotrasplante de media glándula; el estudio patológico informó la presencia de un carcinoma de paratiroides en una de las cuatro glándulas paratiroides extirpadas. Conclusión: El carcinoma de paratiroides es una neoplasia rara que causa hiperparatiroidismo primario en menos de 1% de todos los casos, y se ha reportado en algunos pacientes operados por hiperparatiroidismo terciario.


Background: Most patients with terminal chronic kidney disease on hemodialysis develop secondary hyperparathyroidism. Sometimes this type of secondary hyperparathyroidism becomes severe and refractory to medical treatment, some will even develop tertiary hyperparathyroidism, the treatment of both situations is usually subtotal or total parathyroidectomy. Case Report: We present the case of a 29-year-old patient with end-stage kidney disease on hemodialysis for 13 years, who developed tertiary hyperparathyroidism, for which he underwent subtotal parathyroidectomy with half gland autotransplantation; the pathological study reported the presence of a parathyroid carcinoma in one of the four excised parathyroid glands. Conclusion: Parathyroid carcinoma is a rare neoplasm that causes primary hyperparathyroidism in less than 1% of all cases, and has been reported in some patients operated on for the development of tertiary hyperparathyroidism.

12.
Rev. nefrol. diál. traspl ; 42(1): 11-21, mar. 2022. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1395037

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Antecedentes: La restricción de flujo vascular es un método de entrenamiento novedoso que ha demostrado conseguir adaptaciones cardiovasculares y neuromusculares similares a las obtenidas durante el entrenamiento convencional, promete el desarrollo de fuerza y trofismo muscular, combinando la baja intensidad de las cargas y la restricción parcial del flujo sanguíneo en el músculo. Objetivo: Analizar evidencia sobre la efectividad de la restricción del flujo vascular durante el reentrenamiento físico en pacientes con insuficiencia renal crónica con tratamiento de sustitución de la función renal. Material y métodos: Se utilizaron las bases de datos electrónicas; PubMed, Cochrane Library, LILACS, PEDro, Science Direct y Google académico. Se incluyeron ensayos clínicos realizados en personas que recibieron diálisis o hemodiálisis. Se buscaron textos tanto en inglés como español. Resultados: La búsqueda y selección identificó cinco artículos científicos y una tesis doctoral, que fueron evaluados bajo los criterios de la escala PEDro, tres de los cuales medían la fuerza y capacidad física y, los dos restantes,las alteraciones en la adecuación de la diálisis y parámetros hemodinámicos. Conclusiones: Utilizar esta herramienta de rehabilitación y/o entrenamiento tiene efectos positivos clínicamente similares a los del entrenamiento convencional con respecto a la fuerza y la hipertrofia muscular en un amplio rango de edades y estados físicos. Tanto en la función física como en la calidad de vida se constató una mejoría, siendo especialmente interesante para aquella población que, por limitaciones físicas, no pueden beneficiarse de un entrenamiento de alta intensidad.


ABSTRACT Background : Vascular flow restriction is a novel training method that has been shown to achieve cardiovascular and neuromuscular adaptations similar to those obtained during conventional training; it promises the development of muscle strength and trophism, combining the low intensity loads with partial restriction of blood flow in the muscle. Objective: To analyze evidence on the effectiveness of vascular flow restriction during physical retraining in patients with chronic renal failure with renal function replacement therapy. Methods: Electronic databases were used; PubMed, Cochrane Library, LILACS, PEDro, Science Direct, and Google Scholar. Clinical trials conducted in people receiving dialysis or hemodialysis were included. Texts in both English and Spanish were searched. Results: The search and selection identified five scientific articles and a doctoral thesis, which were evaluated under the criteria of the PEDro scale, three of which measured strength and physical capacity and the remaining two, alterations in dialysis adequacy and hemodynamic parameters. Conclusions: Using this rehabilitation and/or training tool has positive effects clinically similar to those of conventional training with respect to strength and muscle hypertrophy in a wide range of ages and physical states. Both physical function and quality of life showed an improvement, being especially interesting for populationslimitedphysically that cannot benefit from high-intensity training.

13.
Rev. nefrol. diál. traspl ; 42(1): 22-40, mar. 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1395038

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction:Non-compliance with diet and fluid restriction is an important and common health behavior problem in the hemodialysis population and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Therefore, investigating the perceptions and experiences of patients undergoing hemodialysis regarding diet and fluid restriction is very important in terms of achieving the management of diet and fluid restriction. Methods: This is a meta-synthesis study. CINAHL, MEDLINE, PubMed, Web of Science, OVID, and Scopus electronic databases were utilized for the literature review. Studies were critically evaluated using the Joanna Briggs critical appraisal tool. Qualitative data were extracted, meta-summarized, and then meta-synthesized. The thematic analysis method was used in the analysis of the data. Results: This review consisted of 23 qualitative studies. The experiences of patients undergoing hemodialysis about diet and fluid restriction were classified into three main themes, namely, "the meaning of diet and fluid restriction for the patient", "perceived barriers", and "patient's own management strategies for diet and fluid restriction". Conclusion: The results of the synthesis in our study indicated that patients undergoing hemodialysis perceived diet and fluid restriction as a complex and challenging process involving a constant struggle. Some personal, social, and systemic barriers perceived by the patients made compliance with diet and fluid restriction even more difficult. More importantly, it was determined that most of the patients were not supported enough in the management of diet and fluid restriction and that they had developed strategies in their own right. In line with these results, we recommend that individual counseling services for diet-fluid restriction of patients undergoing hemodialysis should be increased, the obstacles perceived by the patient should be considered while planning patients' diet-fluid restriction, and that the planning should be realistic and feasible.


RESUMEN Introducción: El incumplimiento de la dieta y la restricción de líquidos es un problema de comportamiento común e importante en la población en hemodiálisis, con impacto en el estado de salud, y que se asocia con aumento de la morbimortalidad. Por lo tanto, investigar las percepciones y experiencias de los pacientes en hemodiálisis con respecto a la dieta y a la restricción de líquidos es muy importante para alcanzar el manejo de los mismos. Métodos: Este es un estudio de metasíntesis. Para la revisión de la literatura se utilizaron las bases de datos electrónicas CINAHL, MEDLINE, PubMed, Web ofScience, OVID y Scopus. Los estudios se evaluaron críticamente utilizando la herramienta de evaluación crítica de Joanna Briggs. Fueron extraídos los datos cualitativos, meta-resumidos y luego meta-sintetizados. En el análisis de los datos se utilizó el método de análisis temático. Resultados: Esta revisión consistió en 23 estudios cualitativos. Las experiencias de los pacientes sometidos a hemodiálisis en relación con la dieta y la restricción de líquidos se clasificaron en tres temas principales, a saber, "el significado de la dieta y la restricción de líquidos para el paciente", "barreras percibidas" y "estrategias de manejo propias del paciente para la dieta y la restricción de líquidos". Conclusión: Los resultados de la síntesis en nuestro estudio indicaron que los pacientes en hemodiálisis percibían la dieta y la restricción de líquidos como un proceso complejo y desafiante que implicaba una lucha constante. Algunas barreras personales, sociales y sistémicas percibidas por los pacientes dificultaron aún más el cumplimiento de las indicaciones. Más importante aún, se determinó que la mayoría de los pacientes no recibieron suficiente apoyo en el manejo de la dieta y la restricción de líquidos y que habían desarrollado estrategias por sí mismos. De acuerdo con estos resultados, recomendamos aumentar los servicios de asesoramiento individual para la restricción dietética-líquida de los pacientes en hemodiálisis, considerar los obstáculos percibidos por ellos al planificar la restricción dietética-líquida y realizar una planificación que sea realista y factible.

14.
Rev. nefrol. diál. traspl ; 42(1): 54-64, mar. 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1395041

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Immunohistochemical staining of Ki-67, CD68 and Bcl-2 have been studied in glomerulonephritis. We aimed to assess these immunohistochemical staining features, hemodialysis initiation and 60 month mortality ratesin crescentic glomerulonephritis. Methods: In this retrospective study, patients, with a previous diagnosisof crescentic glomerulonephritis weredivided into two groups: Hemodialysis Initiated and Not Initiated groups. Kidney biopsy specimens'Ki-67, CD68 and Bcl-2 staining scores were defined as below 5% "0", 5-10% "+1", 11-20% "+2", over 20% "+3". Patients demographic, laboratory data, status ofhemodialysis initiation, and mortality wereobtained from medical records and immunohistochemical staining scores were compared between groups. Estimated glomerular filtration rates (eGFR) were assessed at 0, 6, and 12 months, except patients' ongoing hemodialysis. Results: A total of 56 patients were diagnosed as crescentic glomerulonephritis. Pauci-immune crescentic glomerulonephritis (58.9%) was the most common etiology. Hemodialysis was initiated in 36 patients. Mean age, baseline creatinine, urea, C-reactive protein levels were significantly higher and, hemoglobin and proteinuria levels were significantly lower in the Hemodialysis Initiated group. Immunohistochemical staining scores were not significantlydifferentbetween groups. In Hemodialysis Initiated group, 8.33% of patients were recovered from hemodialysis. Mortality rates were 44,4% and 10% in patients in the group of hemodialysis initiated and not initiated group respectively. When we combine the hemodialysis not initiated patients and patients recovered from hemodialysis;median eGFR atbaseline, 6th and 12th month were32.9, 43.9, and 58.0 mL/min/1.73m2, respectively (p=0.016). Conclusion: Hemodialysis initiation was associated with high mortality. Degree of immunohistochemical staining was similar in both groups. Increment in eGFR was documented in first year in patients, other than the ones on still on hemodialysis.


RESUMEN Introducción: Se ha estudiado la tinción inmunohistoquímica de Ki-67, CD68 y Bcl-2 en glomerulonefritis. Objetivo: Evaluar estas características de tinción inmunohistoquímica, el inicio de la hemodiálisis y la tasa de mortalidad a los 60 meses en la glomerulonefritis crescéntica. Material y métodos: En este estudio retrospectivo, los pacientes, con diagnóstico previo de glomerulonefritis crescéntica se dividieron en dos grupos: Hemodiálisis iniciada y no iniciada.La puntuación de tinción Ki-67, CD68 y Bcl-2 de las muestras de biopsia de riñón se definió del siguiente modo: por debajo del 5% "0", 5-10% "+1", 11-20% "+2", más del 20% "+3".Se compararon los siguientes datos en los pacientes: demografía, resultados de laboratorio, de iniciación de la hemodiálisis y la mortalidad obtenida de los registros médicos y las puntuaciones de tinción inmunohistoquímica entre los grupos.La Tasa de filtrado glomerular estimada(TFGe) fue evaluada a los 0, 6 y 12 meses,excepto en los pacientes en hemodiálisis en curso. Resultados: Un total de 56 pacientes fueron diagnosticados con glomerulonefritis crescéntica. La glomerulonefritis crescénticapauciinmune(58,9%) fue la etiología más común. Se inició hemodiálisis en 36 pacientes.La edad media, los niveles basales de creatinina, urea y proteína C reactiva fueron significativamente más altos, y los niveles de hemoglobina y proteinuria fueron significativamente más bajos en el grupo de Hemodiálisis Iniciada. Las puntuaciones de tinción inmunohistoquímica no fueron significativas entre los grupos. En el grupo de Hemodiálisis Iniciada 8,33% de los pacientes recuperó función renal y salió de diálisis. La tasa de mortalidad en el grupo de Hemodiálisis no Iniciada fue del 10,0% y en el grupo que inicio HD del 44%. Cuando combinamos los pacientes Hemodiálisis no Iniciada y los pacientes recuperados de hemodiálisis la mediana de TGFe en la línea de base, 6º y 12º mes fue 32,9, 43,9 y 58,0 mL/minuto/1,73m2, respectivamente (p<0,016). Conclusión: El inicio de la hemodiálisis se asoció con una alta mortalidad. El grado de tinción inmunohistoquímica fue similar en ambos grupos. El incremento de la TFGe se documentó en el primer año en pacientes distintos de los que aún estaban en hemodiálisis.

15.
Cad. saúde colet., (Rio J.) ; 30(1): 115-126, jan.-mar. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1384308

ABSTRACT

Resumo Introdução A hemodiálise costuma se estender até o final da vida ou até o transplante renal. Objetivo verificar os fatores relacionados aos desfechos clínicos e à sobrevida de doentes renais crônicos em tratamento hemodialítico em uma clínica do sul de Santa Catarina. Método Estudo de coorte retrospectivo. A sobrevida foi avaliada por curvas de Kaplan-Meier e os fatores relacionados ao desfecho, por meio de regressão de Cox, expressos por meio do Hazard Ratio (HR) e intervalo de confiança de 95%. Resultados Entre 120 pacientes, a média de idade foi de 61,8 (±13,9) anos. O principal encaminhamento para hemodiálise foi do nefrologista (33,3%). As principais doenças de base identificadas foram hipertensão arterial (60,8%) e Diabetes Mellitus (29,2%). Foi registrado óbito em 44,2% dos pacientes e sete (5,8%) realizaram transplante. A sobrevida diminuiu de 76,1% em um mês para 49,3% em um ano de tratamento. Encaminhamentos pela UTI (HR 18,1 IC95% 4,49-72,8) e pela Unidade Básica de Saúde (HR 9,27 IC95% 1,48-58,2) foram associados ao óbito, além de valores maiores de cálcio inicial (HR 2,36 IC95% 1,21-4,62) e menores de creatinina final (HR 0,69 IC95% 0,55-0,87). Conclusão O principal desfecho verificado foi o óbito, sendo a sobrevida dos pacientes, avaliada em curto prazo, abaixo do esperado, sugerindo encaminhamento tardio ao tratamento substitutivo.


Abstract Background Hemodialysis usually lasts until the end of life or until kidney transplantation. Objective to verify the factors related to clinical outcomes and survival of chronic renal patients in hemodialysis at a clinic in the south of Santa Catarina Method A retrospective cohort study. Survival was assessed by Kaplan-Meier curves and outcome-related factors were assessed using Cox regression, with comparisons using Hazard Ratio (HR) and 95% confidence intervals. Results Among the 120 patients, the mean age was 61.8 (± 13.9) years. The main sector of referral for hemodialysis was the nephrologist (33.3%). The main underlying diseases identified were hypertension (60.8%) and Diabetes Mellitus (29.2%). Death was recorded in 44.2% of the patients, and seven (5.8%) performed a transplant. Survival decreased from 76.1% in one month to 49.3% in one year of treatment. Referral by intensive care unit (HR 18.1 95% CI 4.49-72.8) and Basic Health Unit (HR 9.27 95% CI 1.48-58.2) were associated with death, besides of higher values of initial calcium (HR 2.36 95%CI 1.21-4.62) and lower final creatinine (HR 0.69 95%CI 0.55-0.87). Conclusion The main outcome was death, being the patient´s survival, evaluated in a short term, lower than expected, suggesting late referral to the substitutive treatment.

16.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1390282

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: la infección asociada a catéter de hemodiálisis es una causa importante de morbimortalidad en los pacientes que requieren hemodiálisis de manera permanente, elevando el riesgo de mortalidad 2 veces más de los que no lo tienen. Por esto resulta imprescindible determinar los factores predisponentes a adquirir esta infección. Objetivos: determinar los factores de riesgo asociados a la infección del catéter de hemodiálisis de los pacientes en el Hospital Nacional de Itauguá. Métodos: se realizó un estudio observacional de casos y controles de 104 pacientes, 52 pacientes como casos y 52 como controles. Resultados: se analizaron las siguientes variables cualitativas como factores de riesgo: desconocimiento del cuidado del catéter (OR: 9,66; p: 0,05), hipertensión arterial (OR: 1,17; p: >0,05) ausencia de infección previa (OR: 2,25; p: <0,05), procedencia rural (OR: 2,67; p: <0,05), ubicación del catéter femoral (OR: 6,51; p: <0,05), colonización con Staphylococcus aureus (OR: 15,6; p: <0,05), curación única semanal (OR: 37,40; p: <0,05) y escolaridad primaria (OR: 2,93; p: <0,05). En cuanto a las variables cuantitativas se analizaron la edad (p: <0,05), tiempo de instalación del catéter (p: <0,05) y tiempo de evolución de la hemodiálisis (p: 0,2) Conclusión: se asociaron de manera significativa a la infección de catéter de hemodiálisis el desconocimiento del cuidado del catéter, la ausencia de turno fijo trisemanal, la procedencia rural, la colonización con Staphylococcus aureus, la curación una vez por semana del catéter y la escolaridad primaria, la edad mayor a 51 años y la instalación reciente del catéter.


ABSTRACT Introduction: Hemodialysis catheter-associated infection is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in patients who require permanent hemodialysis, raising the risk of mortality two times more than those who do not. For this reason, it is essential to determine the predisposing factors to acquire this infection. Objectives: To determine the risk factors associated with hemodialysis catheter infection in patients at the Hospital Nacional of Itauguá. Methods: An observational case-control study of 104 patients was carried out, 52 patients as cases and 52 as controls. Results: The following qualitative variables were analyzed as risk factors: lack of knowledge of catheter care (OR: 9.66; p: 0.05), arterial hypertension (OR: 1.17; p: >0.05), absence of previous infection (OR: 2.25; p: <0, 05), rural origin (OR: 2.67; p: <0.05), femoral catheter location (OR: 6.51; p: <0.05), colonization with Staphylococcus aureus (OR: 15.6; p: <0.05), single weekly cure (OR: 37.40; p: <0.05) and primary education (OR: 2.93; p: <0.05). Regarding the quantitative variables, age (p: <0.05), time of catheter installation (p: <0.05) and time of evolution of hemodialysis (p: 0,2) were analyzed. Conclusion: Ignorance of catheter care, absence of three-week fixed shift, rural origin, colonization with Staphylococcus aureus, catheter healing once a week, primary education, age over 51 years and recent catheter installation were significantly associated with hemodialysis catheter infection.

17.
J. bras. nefrol ; 44(1): 32-41, Jan-Mar. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365039

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Monitoring water quality in mobile dialysis (MD) services, assessing critical points and characterizing the risks inherent in the process, is essential to avoid risks to the patient's health. This study evaluated the microbiological quality of water in the MD of 36 hospitals with intensive treatment in the city of Rio de Janeiro. Methods: 204 water samples were collected from the points of entry to the network (NET), post-osmosis (PO) and dialysis solution (DS). The samples were evaluated for heterotrophic bacteria count, pathogen search, presence of endotoxins and aluminum content. Results: Bacterial contamination at 3 collection points in 36 hospitals was 30% (32/108); 42% from DS, 31% from PO and 17% from NET, with the presence of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Stenotrophomonas maltophilia , Burkholderia cepacia and Ralstonia pickettii in the 3 points. Endotoxin concentrations above 0.25 EU/mL occurred in 77% of the samples (17/22) analyzed in the PO. In the aluminum content, values above 0.01 mg/L were presented in 47% (7/15) of PO samples and 27% (4/15) of NET samples. There is no specific legislation for water used in the MD; therefore, the limits of the RDC of the National Health Surveillance Agency (Anvisa) 11/2014 were used; which regulates conventional hemodialysis services. Conclusion: The results highlight the importance of evaluating water quality in MD services to ensure patient safety and support the sanitary monitoring of this process as a healthcare promoter.


Resumo Introdução: Monitorar a qualidade da água nos serviços de diálise móvel (DM), avaliando os pontos críticos e caracterizando os riscos inerentes ao processo, é fundamental para evitar riscos à saúde do paciente. Este estudo avaliou a qualidade microbiológica da água na DM de 36 hospitais com tratamento intensivo no município do Rio de Janeiro. Métodos: Foram coletadas 204 amostras de água dos pontos de entrada da rede (REDE), pós-osmose (PO) e solução de diálise (SD). As amostras foram avaliadas quanto à contagem de bactérias heterotróficas, pesquisa de patógenos, presença de endotoxinas e teor de alumínio. Resultados: A contaminação bacteriana, em 3 pontos de coleta nos 36 hospitais, foi de 30% (32/108), sendo 42% provenientes da SD, 31% da PO e 17% da REDE, com presença de Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, Burkholderia cepacia e Ralstonia pickettii nos 3 pontos. Concentrações de endotoxina acima de 0,25 EU/mL ocorreram em 77% das amostras (17/22) analisadas na PO. No teor de alumínio, os valores acima de 0,01 mg/L foram apresentados em 47% (7/15) das amostras da PO e 27% (4/15) das amostras da REDE. Não existe uma legislação específica para água utilizada na DM; logo, foram utilizados os limites da RDC da Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária (Anvisa) 11/2014, que regulamenta os serviços de hemodiálise convencional. Conclusão: Os resultados ressaltam a importância da avaliação da qualidade da água nos serviços de DM para garantir a segurança do paciente e subsidiar o monitoramento sanitário desse processo como um promotor de saúde.

18.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 140(2): 297-304, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1366052

ABSTRACT

Abstract BACKGROUND: Standard precautions (SPs) are recommended safety measures for healthcare professionals to follow, with a view to preventing healthcare-related infections (HCRIs) and for their own protection. Inadequate adherence to these measures can lead to occurrences of occupational accidents and HCRIs. OBJECTIVES: To ascertain the knowledge of and adherence to SP measures among the nursing staff of a hemodialysis service and the relationship of these variables to occurrences of work accidents with biological material. DESIGN AND SETTING: Descriptive cross-sectional and correlational study with a quantitative approach developed in a hemodialysis clinic in Minas Gerais. METHODS: Data were collected through sociodemographic questionnaires and questionnaires on knowledge of and adherence to SPs. RESULTS: 29 professionals participated in the study. It is noteworthy that all of them had already participated in training related to SPs. However, no relationship was identified between knowledge of (15.17 points) and adherence to (71.86 points) SPs. In addition, inferential analysis showed that there was a relationship between suffering a work accident with biological material and the sociodemographic data and knowledge of and adherence to standard precautions. CONCLUSION: Knowledge of the SPs that had been established did not mean mastery of the subject. Despite positive results regarding adherence, factors requiring improvement were observed. It was possible to infer the characteristics that gave rise to greater risk of occurrences of accidents at work. Thus, this study showed the importance of assessing knowledge of and adherence to SP, in order to optimize and direct continuing education towards resolving occupational exposure.


Subject(s)
Humans , Guideline Adherence , Hemodialysis Units, Hospital , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Renal Dialysis , Infection Control/methods
19.
Journal of Rural Medicine ; : 193-195, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936724

ABSTRACT

Objective: Treatment options for patients with rheumatoid arthritis on maintenance hemodialysis with an inadequate response to biologic agents have not been reported. In this report, we describe two patients who achieved remission after treatment with peficitinib.Methods: Two 69- and 85-year-old patients with rheumatoid arthritis on maintenance hemodialysis were previously treated with biologics and started on peficitinib 100 mg/day after the secondary failure of biologics.Discussion: In the two cases presented here, rheumatoid arthritis was almost in remission and there were no adverse events, although the patients were switched to peficitinib after secondary failure of the biologic agents. Among Janus kinase inhibitors, peficitinib has the lowest renal excretion; therefore, its administration in patients on dialysis is not contraindicated according to the package insert in Japan. The use of biologic agents in patients on hemodialysis has been reported to be associated with a high incidence of infections; therefore, care should be taken to avoid infections when administering Janus kinase inhibitors.Conclusion: Janus kinase inhibitors with low renal excretion, such as peficitinib, may be effective in patients with rheumatoid arthritis on maintenance hemodialysis who have an inadequate response to biologic agents.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928880

ABSTRACT

Aiming at the current situation of performance testing of hemodialysis extracorporeal circulation tubing, which has slow efficiency, inaccurate measurement, and inconvenient testing, a portable detection system for testing the performance of hemodialysis extracorporeal circulation tubing is designed. The system mainly includes a hardware system and a software system. The hardware system uses STM32F407 single-chip microcomputer as the core to design the driving control of the roller pump; the software system uses the C++ real-time operating system, and the flow detection data is transmitted to the upper computer through RS485 communication and displayed. Experimental showed that the system detects the accuracy and the stability of the flow rate. It has the characteristics of stability and high precision. The relative error of the experimental measurement is within the range of ±10%. The weight of the whole machine is 2 kg, which improves the efficiency by 50% compared with the traditional detection method.


Subject(s)
Computers , Equipment Design , Extracorporeal Circulation , Microcomputers , Renal Dialysis , Software
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