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Säo Paulo med. j ; 140(1): 144-152, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357465


ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: There is still a debate about what constitutes effective and safe postoperative analgesia in hepatectomy surgery. Erector spinae plane (ESP) block may be an important part of multimodal analgesia application in hepatectomy surgery. OBJECTIVES: To compare the effects of ultrasound-guided bilateral erector spinae plane block combined with intravenous (iv) patient-controlled analgesia (iv PCA), in comparison with iv PCA alone, in hepatectomy surgery. DESIGN AND SETTINGS: Randomized prospective single-blinded study in a tertiary university hospital. METHODS: Fifty patients scheduled for elective hepatectomy surgery were included in the study. Patients were randomized into the ESP group or the control group. In the ESP group, bilateral ESP block was performed preoperatively and iv PCA was used. In the control group, only iv PCA was used. Numerical rating scale (NRS) scores at rest and coughing, analgesic requirements and occurrences of nausea and vomiting were recorded. RESULTS: Intraoperative and postoperative opioid consumption, rescue analgesia requirement and resting and dynamic NRS scores were significantly lower in the ESP group (P < 0.05). There was no significant difference between two groups in terms of the presence of dynamic pain after the first postoperative hour. While all patients in the control group had nausea and vomiting, 24% of the patients in the ESP group did not have nausea and vomiting. CONCLUSION: This study showed that ESP block can be used as a part of multimodal analgesia, with the benefit of reducing opioid consumption and postoperative nausea and vomiting in hepatectomy surgery. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: ACTRN12620000466943.

Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 110-116, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913123


Objective To establish a nomogram for overall survival rate after liver resection for primary small hepatocellular carcinoma based on SEER data and external validation of Chinese data. Methods The data of 1809 patients, registered in National Cancer Institute SEER database in 2004-2015, who underwent hepatectomy for primary small hepatocellular carcinoma were extracted as modeling group, and 158 patients with small hepatocellular carcinoma who underwent hepatectomy in Affiliated Hospital of North Sichuan Medical College from 2010 to 2017 were collected as validation group. The univariate Cox risk regression analysis, lasso regression analysis, and multivariate Cox hazard regression analysis were used to investigate the influencing factors for OS after hepatectomy in patients with small hepatocellular carcinoma. A nomogram was established based on the independent influencing factors for OS, and index of concordance (C-index), calibration curves, and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve were used to analyze the predictive ability of the nomogram. The Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and the log-rank test were used to investigate the difference in survival between the high- and low-risk groups. Results The multivariate Cox hazard regression analysis showed that sex (hazard ratio [ HR ]=1.22, 95% confidence interval [ CI ]: 1.05-1.41, P =0.010), Seer stage ( HR =1.51, 95% CI : 1.23-1.85, P < 0.001; HR =10.31, 95% CI : 2.53-42.04, P =0.001), tumor diameter ( HR =1.22, 95% CI : 1.06-1.39, P =0.004), vascular invasion or metastasis ( HR =1.43, 95% CI : 1.24-1.65, P < 0.001), and alpha-fetoprotein ( HR =1.33, 95% CI : 1.16-1.54, P < 0.001) were independent risk factors for OS after hepatectomy for small hepatocellular carcinoma. The modeling group had a C-index of 0.621, and its area under the ROC curve at 1, 2, and 3 years was 0.666(95% CI 0.628-0.704), 0.678(95% CI 0.647-0.708), and 0.663(95% CI : 0.635-0.690), respectively; the validation group had a C-index of 0.718, and its area under the ROC curve at 1, 2, and 3 years was 0.695(95% CI : 0.593-0.797), 0.781(95% CI : 0.706-0.856), and 0.759(95% CI 0.669-0.848), respectively. Risk stratification was performed based on the nomogram, and the Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that for both the modeling group and the validation group, the low-risk group had a significantly better prognosis than the high-risk group ( P < 0.01). Conclusion The model established for survival rate after liver resection for primary small hepatocellular carcinoma can predict the 1-, 2-, and 3-year OS rates and can thus be used in clinical practice in China.

Organ Transplantation ; (6): 111-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907041


Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common malignant tumors worldwide. At present, hepatectomy is one of the most frequent therapeutic options, whereas the high postoperative recurrence rate severely affects the long-term survival of HCC patients. Therefore, it is urgent to choose appropriate therapeutic regime to treat the recurrence of HCC to improve the long-term survival of HCC patients. Surgical treatment is an efficacious treatment for recurrent HCC, including re-hepatectomy, salvage liver transplantation and radiofrequency ablation. Currently, individualized treatment is recommended for postoperative recurrence of HCC. The selection of treatment should be conducted based on the tumor conditions after the first hepatectomy, the characteristics of recurrent tumors, baseline data of patients and recurrence time, etc., aiming to formulate appropriate treatment regimes for patients. In this article, these surgical regimes were reviewed and compared to explore appropriate surgical schemes for postoperative recurrence of HCC, aiming to provide reference for prolonging the survival of HCC patients.

Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 594-600, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922960


Objective To investigate the risk factors for bile leakage after hepatectomy without biliary reconstruction. Methods CNKI, Wanfang Data, VIP, PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and The Cochrane Library were searched for English and Chinese study reports on the risk factors for bile leakage after hepatectomy without biliary reconstruction published up to April 2021. The method of Cochrane systematic review was used for literature screening and data extraction, and Newcastle-Ottawa Scale was used for quality assessment. RevMan 5.4 software was used to perform a meta-analysis of the extracted data. Results A total of 16 articles (13 in English and 3 in Chinese) were included in this study, with a total of 16036 cases. The meta-analysis showed that sex (odds ratio [ OR ]=1.27, 95% CI : 1.09-1.48, P =0.003), diabetes ( OR =1.23, 95% CI : 1.07-1.41, P =0.003), past history of liver surgery ( OR =2.50, 95% CI : 1.74-3.59, P < 0.001), anatomic hepatectomy ( OR =1.58, 95% CI : 1.09-2.30, P =0.02), segment I hepatectomy ( OR =2.56, 95% CI : 1.50-4.40, P < 0.001), central hepatectomy (S4, S5, S8) ( OR =3.51, 95% CI : 2.80-4.40, P < 0.001), left third hepatectomy ( OR =3.53, 95% CI : 2.32-5.36, P < 0.001), and intraoperative blood transfusion ( OR =2.64, 95% CI : 1.93-3.60, P < 0.001) were the risk factors for bile leakage after hepatectomy. Liver cirrhosis, preoperative liver function grade, preoperative chemotherapy, and left/right hemihepatectomy were not the risk factors for bile leakage. Conclusion There are complex influencing factors for bile leakage after hepatectomy, and in addition to the patient's own factors such as sex, diabetes, and past history of liver surgery, intraoperative factors, such as surgical procedures, extent of hepatectomy, and intraoperative blood transfusion, are also risk factors for bile leakage after hepatectomy. The surgeon should conduct adequate preoperative assessment and perform careful operation during surgery to reduce the incidence rate of postoperative bile leakage.

Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 572-576, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922956


Objective To investigate the risk factors for perioperative hypotension in severe patients after liver cancer surgery and its influence on prognosis. Methods A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 422 patients who underwent surgical treatment due to primary liver cancer or metastatic liver cancer and were then admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) of Peking University People's Hospital from January 2014 to December 2019. The 107 patients requiring continuous intraoperative or postoperative pumping of vasoactive drugs (norepinephrine, dopamine, phenylephrine, and epinephrine) to maintain blood pressure were included in the hypotension group, and the 315 patients who did not require the pumping of vasoactive drugs to maintain blood pressure were included in the non-hypotension group. Related clinical data were collected from all patients, including sex, age, body mass index, history of liver surgery, comorbidities, underlying liver diseases, preoperative laboratory examinations, surgical data, and anesthesia, and the two groups were compared in terms of related prognostic indicators (in-hospital mortality, length of ICU stay, length of hospital stay, duration of mechanical ventilation, acute kidney injury, hypoxemia, pulmonary infection, and myocardial injury). The independent samples t -test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between two groups, and the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between two groups; the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between two groups. The clinical indices with P < 0.1 were included in the binary logistic regression analysis to investigate the risk factors for hypotension. Results The overall mortality rate was 1.9% for the severe patients after liver cancer surgery, with a mortality rate of 3.7% in the hypotension group and 1.3% in the non-hypotension group. Compared with the non-hypotension group, the hypotension group had a significantly longer length of ICU stay ( Z =-6.440, P < 0.001), a significantly longer duration of mechanical ventilation ( Z =-6.082, P < 0.001), and a significantly higher proportion of patients with acute kidney injury, hypoxemia, and pulmonary infection after surgery ( χ 2 =25.661, 25.409, and 20.126, all P < 0.001). The clinical indices with P < 0.1 between the two groups (coronary heart disease, ascites, preoperative levels of albumin/platelets/fibrinogen, time of operation and hepatic portal occlusion, laparotomy, blood loss) were included in the binary logistic regression analysis, and the results showed that time of operation (odds ratio [ OR ]=1.004, 95% confidence interval [ CI ]: 1.002-1.006, P < 0.05) and blood loss ( OR =1.151, 95% CI : 1.009-1.313, P < 0.05) were independent risk factors for hypotension in patients undergoing liver cancer surgery, while preoperative albumin level ( OR =0.950, 95% CI : 0.907-0.995, P < 0.05) was a protective factor. Conclusion There is a relatively high incidence rate of hypotension among severe patients after liver cancer surgery, and a longer time of operation and greater blood loss are independent risk factors for hypotension, while a higher preoperative albumin level is a protective factor.

Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(1): 96-105, 20211217. fig, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357579


Introducción. La resección quirúrgica es el tratamiento de elección de las neoplasias primarias y secundarias del hígado. Los pacientes con hepatocarcinoma de los segmentos centrales representan un reto, siendo la hepatectomía extendida la técnica más usada, sin embargo, el riesgo postquirúrgico de falla hepática es alto, dado que la resección puede comprometer entre el 65 % y el 80 % del volumen hepático. La mesohepatectomía es una alternativa que permite dejar un volumen hepático residual suficiente. El objetivo de este trabajo es presentar nuestra experiencia en el tratamiento de pacientes con hepatocarcinomas en segmentos centrales a quienes se les realizó mesohepatectomía. Serie de casos. Se presentan tres pacientes no cirróticos, con hepatocarcinoma en los segmentos 4, 5 y 8, que fueron atendidos en el Hospital San Vicente Fundación, en las sedes de Medellín y de Rionegro, entre 2018 y 2020. Resultados. La mesohepatectomía se realizó mediante ligadura selectiva de los pedículos del segmento 4 y del sector anterior derecho. Se utilizó aspirador ultrasónico y endograpadora para la transección hepática. La duración de la maniobra de Pringle varió entre 16 y 43 minutos. El sangrado promedio fue de 1000 ml. Solo un paciente presentó fuga biliar tipo B. No hubo mortalidad a 30 días. Conclusiones. La mesohepatectomía es una alternativa segura para pacientes con tumores en los segmentos centrales, que permite disminuir el riesgo de falla hepática luego de la resección.

Introduction. Surgical resection is the treatment of choice for primary and secondary neoplasms of the liver. Patients with central segment hepatocarcinoma represent a challenge, with extended hepatectomy being the most widely used technique. However, the postsurgical risk of liver failure is high since resection can compromise between 65% and 80% of liver volume. Mesohepatectomy is an alternative that allows a sufficient residual liver volume to be left. The objective of this work is to present treatment of patients with central segment hepatocarcinoma.Clinical cases. Three non-cirrhotic patients are presented, with hepatocarcinoma in segments 4, 5 and 8, who were treated at the San Vicente Fundación Hospital in Medellín and Rionegro, between 2018 and 2020.Results. Mesohepatectomy was performed by selective ligation of the pedicles of segment 4 and the right anterior sector. An ultrasonic aspirator and endostapler were used for liver transection. The duration of the Pringle ma-neuver ranged from 16 to 43 minutes. The average bleeding was 1000 cc. Only one patient had type B bile leakage. There was no 30-day mortality.Conclusions. Mesohepatectomy is a safe alternative for patients with tumors in the central segments, which reduces the risk of liver failure after resection.

Humans , Liver Failure , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Liver Cirrhosis , Hepatectomy
An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) ; 54(3): 161-166, Dec. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352984


Mujer de 54 años sometida a colecistectomía laparoscópica programada por colecistolitiasis sintomática, el procedimiento fue convertido a abordaje abierto por presencia de bilirragia perioperatoria no localizada, tratada con sutura primaria del lecho vesicular bajo sospecha de un conducto aberrante de Luschka. Al vigésimo día postoperatorio se diagnostica una fístula biliar tras la aparición de bilirragia a través de la herida quirúrgica. Una colangiografía transhepática percutánea mostró una pérdida completa de continuidad con fuga a ese nivel, confirmando la lesión del conducto hepático derecho, con un extremo cortado retraído del conducto hepático. Debido a la compleja lesión de la vía biliar proximal, a los 3 meses de la primera cirugía se realiza una hepatectomía derecha. Aunque la hepatectomía no es un procedimiento estándar para pacientes con lesiones quirúrgicas de la via biliar, debe considerarse como parte del arsenal quirúrgico para la reparación de un grupo seleccionado de pacientes en lesiones postcolecistectomía

A 54-year-old female underwent a planned laparoscopic cholecystectomy due to a symptomatic cholecystolithiasis, the procedure was converted to an open approach due to the presence of a not located perioperative bilirhagia, treated with a primary suture of the gallbladder bed under the suspicion of an aberrant duct of Luschka. On the 20th postoperative day, the patient is diagnosed with a biliary fistula after the appearance of bilirhagia through the surgical wound. A percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography showed a complete loss of continuity with leakage at that level, confirming the right hepatic duct injury, with a retracted cut end from the hepatic duct. Due to the complex proximal bile duct injury, 3 months after the first surgery, a right hepatectomy is performed. Although an hepatectomy is not a standard procedure for patients with IBDI, it should be considered as a part of the surgical armamentarium for the repair of a selected group of patients in postcholecystectomy injuries

Cholecystectomy , Hepatectomy , Bile Ducts
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 25(3): 225-229, set-out. 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348215


Low-level laser therapy has several biological effects; one of them is tissue regeneration. Recent studies have been held on the application of laser therapy on the liver of rats after partial hepatectomy to promote liver regeneration. The aim of this article was to review the recent studies on the effects of low-level laser therapy on rat liver regeneration after partial hepatectomy and the laser parameters used in those studies. A review of recent relevant literature was performed in Pubmed, Scielo, Medline, and Bireme databases. Articles related to the application of low-level laser therapy on hepatic regeneration were included. Articles with hepatic regeneration in the presence of pathologies were not included. Nine studies were found matching the study criteria. In most studies, low-level laser therapy promoted liver regeneration after partial hepatectomy, without further damage to the remaining liver. Not all laser parameters required for the reproducibility of the study were described by all authors. The therapeutic use of low-level laser therapy in liver regeneration can be promising; however, since the liver is a vital organ, and the laser application is intraoperative, future studies are necessary. The parameters used must be properly described and standardized to allow the reproducibility of the study, in order to define a therapeutic window and thus, consider its clinical use. It is also essential to clarify the mechanisms by which laser promotes liver regeneration to guarantee its safety and therapeutic efficacy.

Laserterapia de baixa potência tem vários efeitos biológicos, sendo um deles a regeneração de tecido. Sua aplicação no fígado de ratos após hepatectomia parcial para promoção de regeneração hepática tem sido estudada recentemente. O objetivo deste artigo foi revisar os estudos recentes dos efeitos da laserterapia de baixa potência na regeneração de fígado de ratos após hepatectomia parcial de fígado e os parâmetros de laser empregados. Uma revisão da literatura relevante recente foi realizada nas bases de dados Pubmed, Scielo, Medline e Bireme. Artigos sobre a aplicação da laserterapia de baixa potência na regeneração de fígado foram incluídos. Artigos sobre regeneração hepática na presença de patologias foram excluídos. Nove estudos foram encontrados correspondendo aos critérios do estudo. Na maioria dos estudos, a laserterapia de baixa potência promoveu regeneração hepática após hepatectomia parcial, sem causar danos adicionais ao fígado remanescente. Não foram descritos todos os parâmetros necessários para reprodutibilidade dos estudos por todos os autores. O uso terapêutico da laserterapia de baixa potência na regeneração de fígado pode ser promissor, entretanto, como o fígado é um órgão vital e a aplicação do laser é intraoperativa, estudos futuros são necessários, assim como os parâmetros da aplicação de laser precisam ser descritos apropriadamente e padronizados, para permitir a reprodutibilidade do estudo, para que uma janela terapêutica possa ser definida e seu uso clínico possa ser considerado. Também é essencial esclarecer através de quais mecanismos o laser promove regeneração de fígado para garantir sua segurança e eficácia terapêutica.

Rev. argent. cir ; 113(3): 282-299, set. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356936


RESUMEN Desde la aparición de un programa de Fast Track en cirugía colónica con resultados alentadores, muchos centros se abocaron a su aplicación y mejoramiento. El uso de estos programas en diferentes órganos trajo aparejados los mismos resultados que en cirugía colónica. Las resecciones hepáticas no quedaron excluidas de su uso. En ellas se logró una importante reducción de los días de estancia hospitalaria y de los costos. Entre los puntos que componen estos programas, una adecuada información al paciente y un compromiso de parte de este, la analgesia multimodal, la fluidoterapia y un inicio temprano de la alimentación parecen ser los más importantes.

ABSTRACT Since the development of fast-track programs in colorectal surgery with promising results, many centers started with these programs, and improved them. These programs were applied to different organs with the same results observed in colorectal surgery. Liver resections were not excluded from enhanced recovery programs, with a significant reduction in length of hospital stay and costs. Adequate patient information and commitment, multimodal analgesia, fluid therapy and early oral intake are the most important items of these programs.

Rev. argent. cir ; 113(3): 326-340, set. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356938


RESUMEN Antecedentes: La cirugía hepática videolaparoscópica ha experimentado un importante desarrollo; sin embargo, la mayoría de las hepatectomías continúan haciéndose por vía convencional. Objetivo: presentar la experiencia y aplicabilidad de hepatectomías videolaparoscópicas. Material y métodos: análisis retrospectivo de pacientes sometidos a una hepatectomía entre agosto de 2010 y diciembre de 2019. Analizamos variables preoperatorias, intraoperatorias y posoperatorias. Para evaluar la aplicabilidad, se dividió la muestra en: Etapa 1: agosto de 2010 a diciembre de 2013; Etapa 2: enero de 2014 a diciembre de 2016, Etapa 3: enero de 2017 a diciembre de 2019. Resultados: de 385 hepatectomías realizadas, 119 fueron videolaparoscópicas: 53 (44%) fueron to talmente laparoscópicas, 64 (54%) mano-asistidas y 2 híbridas. La aplicabilidad global fue 31%. En la etapa 1: 23% , en la 2: 30% y en la 3: 44% (p < 0,05). Fueron patología maligna en la etapa 1: 36%, en la 2: 67% y en la 3: 72% (p < 0,05). Hepatectomías mayores: 13%, 31% y 32% en etapas 1, 2, y 3, respectivamente (p < 0,05). El índice de conversión fue 12%, 0% y 11%, respectivamente (p NS). Se utilizó clampeo pedicular en: 6%, 5% y 45%; (p < 0,05). Las complicaciones en la etapa 1 fueron 30%, en la 2: 28% y en la 3: 17%, siendo complicaciones Dindo-Clavien III o más, el 6%, 13% y 5%, respectivamente, p NS. Conclusiones: Aa pesar de su complejidad, las hepatectomías videolaparoscópicas son técnicamente reproducibles. Adquiriendo experiencia, podemos aumentar la aplicabilidad, a favor de la patología oncológica y complejidad, sin comprometer la seguridad del paciente.

ABSTRACT Background: Despite laparoscopic liver resection has significantly evolved, most hepatectomies are performed by the conventional approach. Objective: The aim of this study is to present the initial experience and applicability of laparoscopic liver resections. Material and methods: We conducted a retrospective analysis of patients undergoing liver resection between August 2010 and December 2019. Perioperative, intraoperative and postoperative variables were analyzed. To evaluate applicability, the sample was divided into 3 stages: stage 1, from August 2010 to December 2013; stage 2, from January 2014 to December 2016; and stage 3, from January 2017 to December 2019. Results: Of 385 liver resections performed, 119 were laparoscopic procedures: 53 (44%) were pure laparoscopic procedures, 64 (54%) were hand-assisted (64 patients) and 2 corresponded to hybrid procedures. Global applicability was 31%. In stage 1 1: 23%, in 2: 30% and in 3: 44% (p < 0.05). Malignant lesions: stage 1: 36%, stage 2: 67% and stage 3: 72% (p < 0.05). Major liver resections: 13%, 31% and 32% in stages 1, 2, and 3, respectively (p < 0.05). Conversion rate was 12%, 0% and 11%, respectively (p NS). Hepatic pedicle clamping was used in 6%, 5% and 45%; (p < 0.05). Complications in stage 1 were 30%, in stage 2: 28% and in stage 3: 17%, and Clavien-Dindo complications grade 3 or greater were 6%, 13% and 5%, respectively, p NS. Conclusions: Laparoscopic liver resections are complex procedures but technically reproducible. Applicability increases with the acquisition of experience, not only in malignant lesions but also in complex lesions ensuring safety for the patient.

Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1248722


La mitad de los pacientes con cáncer de origen colorrectal desarrollan metástasis hepáticas durante el curso de su enfermedad y de esas el 80% son irresecables. La resecabilidad se define no por la extensión de la hepatectomía, sino por la función del hígado remanente, por lo que para pacientes con ciertos factores favorables se pueden realizar técnicas de remodelación hepática para aumentar el volumen del hígado remanente para que este sea suficiente. La hepatectomía en dos tiempos se basa en procedimientos secuenciales que buscan tratar metástasis hepáticas colorrectales consideradas inicialmente irresecables, logrando la resección completa de las mismas dejando un remanente hepático funcionante suficiente, lo cual no sería posible en un solo acto quirúrgico. El objetivo de este trabajo es presentar el caso clínico de un paciente portador de metástasis hepáticas sincrónicas de origen colorrectal irresecables, que luego de una quimioterapia de conversión, con el fin de aumentar el futuro remanente hepático y evitar falla hepática postoperatoria y realizar una resección oncológica, fue sometido a una hepatectomía en dos tiempos, técnica utilizada con baja frecuencia en nuestro medio, destacando una evolución favorable, con marcadores tumorales en valores normales y sin evidencia imagenológica de recaída local ni sistémica.

Half of colorectal cancer patients develop liver metastases during the course of their disease, 80% of which are unresectable. Resectability is defined not by the extent of the hepatectomy, but by the function of the liver remnant. Therefore, for patients with certain factors, liver remodeling techniques can be performed to increase volume of the remaining liver so that it is sufficient. Two-stage hepatectomy is performed on colorectal liver metastases which are initially considered unresectable in one stage resection procedures, in which sequential procedures are performed in order to achieve complete resection and preserve a sufficient functioning liver remnant. The objective of this paper is to present the case of a patient with unresectable synchronous colorectal liver metastases, in which after conversion chemotherapy, in order to increase the future liver remnant, avoid postoperative liver failure and perform an oncological resection underwent a two-stage hepatectomy, a technique used with low frequency in our setting, highlighting a favorable evolution, with tumor markers in normal values and without imaging evidence of local or systemic relapse.

Metade dos pacientes com câncer colorretal desenvolve metástases hepáticas durante o curso da doença e, desses, 80% são irressecáveis. A ressecabilidade é definida não pela extensão da hepatectomia, mas pela função do fígado remanescente; portanto, para pacientes com certos fatores favoráveis, técnicas de remodelação hepática podem ser realizadas para aumentar o volume do fígado remanescente de forma que seja suficiente. A hepatectomia em dois estágios é baseada em procedimentos sequenciais que buscam tratar metástases hepáticas colorretais inicialmente consideradas irressecáveis, obtendo ressecção completa, deixando um remanescente hepático funcional suficiente, o que não seria possível em um único ato cirúrgico. O objetivo deste trabalho é apresentar o caso clínico de um paciente com metástases hepáticas sincrônicas irressecáveis ​​de origem colorretal, que após quimioterapia de conversão, com o objetivo de aumentar o futuro remanescente hepático e evitar insuficiência hepática pós-operatória e realizar uma ressecção oncológica, foi submetido a dois Hepatectomia em estágio, técnica utilizada com baixa frequência em nosso meio, evidenciando evolução favorável, com marcadores tumorais em valores normais e sem evidências de imagem de recidiva local ou sistêmica.

Humans , Male , Aged , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Induction Chemotherapy , Hepatectomy/methods , Liver Neoplasms/surgery , Liver Neoplasms/drug therapy , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Capecitabine/therapeutic use , Bevacizumab/therapeutic use , Oxaliplatin/therapeutic use
Rev. argent. cir ; 113(1): 111-116, abr. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1288180


RESUMEN El riesgo de insuficiencia hepática posoperatoria es la limitante de mayor importancia para el trata miento de pacientes con tumores hepáticos malignos primarios o secundarios. Entre las diferentes técnicas para incrementar la resecabilidad de tumores hepáticos se desarrolló una estrategia para pa cientes con tumores previamente considerados como irresecables, técnica conocida como ALPPS (as sociating liver partition with portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy). Informamos acerca de una cirugía ALPPS en terapia reversa en un hombre referido a nuestro centro con diagnóstico sincrónico de cáncer rectal con metástasis hepáticas múltiples consideradas irresecable al momento del diagnóstico.

ABSTRACT The risk for postoperative liver failure is the most important limitation for the treatment of patients with primary or secondary liver cancer. Among the different strategies used to increase resectability in liver tumors, a technique known as ALPPS (associating liver partition with portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy) was developed for patients with tumors previously considered unresectable. We report the case of a male patient referred to our center with a diagnosis of synchronous multiple liver metastases of colorectal cancer considered unresectable who underwent ALPPS using liver-first reverse approach.

Rectal Neoplasms , Methods , Neoplasm Metastasis , Patients , Therapeutics , Colorectal Neoplasms , Risk , Health Strategies , Liver Failure , Hepatic Insufficiency , Diagnosis , Research Report , Hepatectomy , Ligation , Liver
Rev. argent. cir ; 113(1): 43-55, abr. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288173


RESUMEN Las resecciones hepáticas en dos tiempos se desarrollaron para aumentar la resecabilidad de los tumo res hepáticos en pacientes con futuro remanente hepático insuficiente. El ALPPS, descripto en 2011, ha representado un gran avance en el mundo de la cirugía hepatobiliopancreática. Esta técnica acelera la hipertrofia del futuro remanente hepático y reduce el intervalo de tiempo entre las dos cirugías en comparación con las técnicas clásicas. El ALPPS ha ganado popularidad rápidamente, con más de 1200 pacientes incluidos en el registro mundial. Los comités internacionales de expertos se han reunido en dos ocasiones con el fin de emitir recomendaciones, principalmente sobre las indicaciones, selección de pacientes y estandarización de la técnica quirúrgica. Aunque ha demostrado ser superior en términos de resecabilidad (entre el 80-100% frente al 60-90% de la hepatectomía en dos tiempos), su rápida implementación ha sido penalizada con alta morbi mortalidad en las series publicadas, que llega a alcanzar el 40% y el 9%, respectivamente. Además, la evidencia actual sobre los posibles beneficios y desventajas se basa mayoritariamente en estudios observacionales. Presentamos una revisión histórica, describiendo las diferentes modificaciones técnicas que se han lle vado a cabo desde su inicio y realizando una revisión rigurosa en términos de morbilidad, mortalidad y resultados oncológicos.

ABSTRACT Two-stage liver resections were described to increase the resectability of liver tumors in patients with insufficient future liver remnant. The ALPPS procedure, described in 2011, has represented a breakthrough in the field of hepato-pancreato-biliary surgery. This technique accelerates the hypertrophy of the future liver remnant and reduces the interval between the two surgeries compared with previous techniques. ALPPS has gained popularity rapidly, with more than 1200 patients included in the world registry. Recommendations about indications, patient selection and surgical standardization have been discussed twice in international expert meetings. Although ALPPS has proven to be superior in terms of resectability (80-100% versus 60-90% of two-stage hepatectomy), its rapid implementation has been punished with high morbidity and mortality reaching up to 40% and 9%, respectively, in the published series. The current evidence on the possible benefits and disadvantages is mainly based on observational studies. We present a historical review, describing the different technical modifications that have been carried out since its description, with a rigorous review in terms of morbidity, mortality, and oncological outcomes.

Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2732-2736, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905032


Robot-assisted laparoscopy hepatectomy (RALH) is a new technique for surgical operation. Compared with conventional laparoscopic hepatectomy, RALH is more frequently used in complex liver tumor and liver tumor with special locations, but this technique is still under development and is limited by the burden of high costs and surgical devices. Meanwhile, there is a lack of generally accepted and confirmed clinical data, and therefore, the role of RALH is still under debate. This article reviews the surgical indication, learning curve, advantages, and limitations of RALH.

Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2626-2631, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905005


Objective To establish a nomogram for predicting the risk of post-hepatectomy complications (PHC) in hepatic echinococcosis by analyzing the risk factors for PHC in two types of hepatic echinococcosis, and to investigate its value in clinical practice. Methods A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 263 patients with two types of hepatic echinococcosis who underwent hepatectomy in Qinghai University Affiliated Hospital from January 2015 to August 2020, and among these patients, 93 were enrolled as PHC group and 170 were enrolled as control group. The Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between two groups, and the independent samples t -test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between two groups; the chi-square test and the Fisher's exact test were used for comparison of categorical data between two groups. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to screen out independent risk factors for PHC, and a nomogram risk prediction model was established based on the weight of each independent risk factor. The Bootstrap resampling method was used for internal verification of the model; the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was plotted to evaluate the discriminatory ability of the model; calibration curve and the Hosmer-Lemeshow test were used to evaluate the consistency of the model; decision curve analysis (DCA) was performed to verify the clinical effectiveness of the model. Results Albumin-bilirubin (ALBI) score (odds ratio [ OR ]=3.694, 95% confidence interval [ CI ]: 1.860-7.336, P < 0.05), time of operation ( OR =2.848, 95%CI: 1.384-5.859, P < 0.05), intraoperative blood loss ( OR =4.832, 95%CI: 2.384-9.793, P < 0.05), and hydatid diameter ( OR =3.073, 95%CI: 1.528-6.177, P < 0.05) were independent risk factors for PHC in two types of hepatic echinococcosis. A nomogram risk prediction model was established based on the weight of the above four independent risk factors, and the model had an area under the ROC curve of 0.877 (95% CI : 0.831-0.923). The model had a consistency index of 0.871 after internal verification using the Bootstrap resampling method, suggesting that the model had good discriminatory ability. The fitting of the observed value and the actual value of the calibration curve and the Hosmer-Lemeshow test ( P =0.905) showed that the predicted value of the nomogram risk prediction model had good consistency with the actual observed value. When the threshold probability was 35.6%, DCA showed a net clinical benefit of 22%, and the model had good clinical applicability within the threshold probability ranging from 8% to 89%. Conclusion ALBI score, time of operation, intraoperative blood loss, and hydatid diameter are independent risk factors for PHC in patients with two types of hepatic echinococcosis, and the nomogram risk prediction model established based on these factors has good accuracy, consistency, and clinical practicability.

Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2130-2135, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904856


Objective To investigate the application of liver three-dimensional (3D) visualized reconstruction technique in hepatectomy for children with complicated hepatoblastoma. Methods A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 30 children with hepatoblastoma who underwent hepatectomy for radical resection in PLA Rocket Force Characteristic Medical Center from January 2018 to October 2020, and according to whether liver 3D visualization with IQQA-Liver system was performed before surgery, the children were divided into 3D reconstruction group with 15 children and control group with 15 children. The two groups were compared in terms of perioperative parameters, short-term prognosis, and follow-up conditions. The independent samples t -test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between two groups, and the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between two groups; the Fisher's exact test was used for comparison of categorical data between two groups. Results Compared with the control group, the 3D reconstruction group had a significantly higher mean age (55.7±10.2 years vs 28.2±2.7 years, P 0.05). The median follow-up after surgery was 9.5 months. In the 3D reconstruction group, 2 children experienced recurrence and were diagnosed at 10 and 12 months, respectively, after surgery, and they were treated with chemotherapy at the moment; in the control group, 4 children experienced recurrence, which was higher than that in the 3D reconstruction group ( P =0.651), and among these 4 children, 2 had recurrence at 7 months after surgery, received liver transplantation, and survived up to now, and the other 2 children died shortly after recurrence. Conclusion 3D visualized reconstruction technique helps to perform hepatectomy for children with complicated hepatoblastoma more safely and accurately, especially extended hepatectomy for patients with stage POST TEXT III/IV hepatoblastoma, thereby avoiding liver transplantation.

Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2113-2119, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904854


Objective To establish an Early Warning System for Recurrence Scoring after Radical Resection of BCLC stage 0/A Primary Liver Cancer (PLC-EWSPRS), and to investigate its predictive value. Methods A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 232 patients with BCLC stage 0/A liver cancer who underwent radical resection in Affiliated Hospital of Chuanbei Medical College from January 2009 to January 2015, and according to the presence or absence of recurrence within 5 years after surgery based on telephone or outpatient follow-up data, the patients were divided into recurrence group with 103 patients and non-recurrence group with 129 patients. The t -test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between groups, and the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between groups; the chi-square test or Fisher's exact test was used for comparison of categorical data between groups. The indices with statistical significance were included in the binary logistic regression analysis to investigate the risk factors for recurrence of BCLC stage 0/A liver cancer after surgery. Two points were assigned for independent risk factors and one point was assigned for risk factors to establish the PLC-EWSPRS system. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and the area under the ROC curve (AUC) were used to evaluate the diagnostic efficiency of this system. Results Compared with the non-recurrence group, the recurrence group had significantly higher levels of aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and a significantly lower level of albumin (Alb) before surgery ( Z =3.864 and 4.587, t =-5.628, all P < 0.001), as well as a significantly higher proportion of patients with positive HBsAg, capsular invasion, microvascular invasion (MVI), tumor diameter ≥5 cm, liver cirrhosis (moderate-to-severe), non-R0 resection, or death within 5 years ( χ 2 =35.539, 22.325, 13.398, 7.130, 4.312, 4.034, and 18.527, all P < 0.05). The regression analysis showed that preoperative Alb < 40 g/L (odds ratio [ OR ]=5.796, P < 0.001), preoperative ALT ≥40 U/L ( OR =3.029, P =0.002), MVI ( OR =3.981, P =0.003), positive HBsAg ( OR =7.829, P < 0.001), capsular invasion ( OR =5.357, P < 0.001), and non-R0 resection ( OR =3.048, P =0.018) were independent risk factors for recurrence of BCLC stage 0/A liver cancer within 5 years after surgery. According to the assignment criteria of the PLC-EWSPRS system, the recurrence group had the lowest score of 2 points and the highest score of 14 points, while the non-recurrence had the lowest score of 0 point and the highest score of 11 points, and the recurrence group had a significantly higher score than the non-recurrence group ( P < 0.05). The ROC curve analysis showed that the PLC-EWSPRS system had an AUC of 0.918 (95% confidence interval [ CI ]: 0.883-0.953, P < 0.001) in predicting recurrence within 5 years after surgery in patients with BCLC stage 0/A liver cancer undergoing radical resection, and subgroup analysis showed that the system had an AUC of 0.796 (95% CI : 0.695-0.896, P =0.002), 0.859 (95% CI : 0.791-0.927, P < 0.001), and 0.944 (95% CI : 0.839-1.000, P =0.044), respectively, in predicting recurrence within 5 years after surgery in patients with a low score of 0-5 points, a moderate score of 6-10 points, and a high score of 11-14 points. Conclusion The PLC-EWSPRS system has a good value in predicting the recurrence of BCLC stage 0/A liver cancer within 5 years after surgery and thus has important guiding significance for postoperative reexamination and treatment strategy for patients with BCLC stage 0/A liver cancer undergoing radical resection.

Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 506-509, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873793


Liver cancer is one of the most common malignant tumors in China. Surgical resection is still the preferred radical treatment method for patients with liver cancer; however, most patients cannot tolerate surgical resection due to the influence of tumor size, tumor location, liver function, and general condition. In recent years, local ablation techniques, such as radiofrequency ablation and microwave ablation, have developed rapidly and are widely used in clinical practice, and they are even known as new techniques comparable to surgical resection for the radical treatment of liver cancer. This article briefly introduces the application and selection of local ablation and surgical resection in the treatment of liver cancer.

Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 343-347, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873403


ObjectiveTo investigate the three-year follow-up outcomes of hepatocellular carcinoma patients undergoing liver resection (LR) versus liver transplantation (LT). MethodsA retrospective analysis was performed for 171 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma who underwent surgical treatment in Beijing YouAn Hospital, Capital Medical University, from March 2009 to March 2014, and according to the treatment method, they were divided into LR group(n=83) and LT group(n=88). Related clinical data were compared between the two groups. The chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between two groups; the Kaplan-Meier survival curve and the log-rank test were used for comparison of disease-free survival and overall survival between two groups, and the Cox proportional hazards model was used for the univariate and multivariate analyses of disease-free survival and overall survival. ResultsCompared with the LR group, the LT group had a significantly higher proportion of patients with single tumor [45.78% (38/83) vs 85.23% (75/88), χ2=29649,P<0.001], tumor size <3 cm [15.66% (13/83) vs 6705% (59/88), χ2=46.383,P<0001], or high Child-Pugh class [ 964% (8/83) vs 26.14% (23/88),χ2=7833,P=0.005] and a significantly lower recurrence rate of tumor [48.19%(40/83) vs 3295%(29/88) ,χ2=4121,P=0.042]. There was a significant difference in disease-free survival rate between the LR group and the LT group (46.02% vs 80.71%, P=0.006); the LT group had a higher overall survival rate than the LR group (86.99% vs 76.44%, P=0.219). Both univariate and multivariate analyses showed that treatment method was an independent risk factor for disease-free survival (risk ratio[RR]=3383,95% confidence interval[CI]: 1334-8579;RR=0239,95%CI:0093-0.612,both P<005), but the prediction of overall survival by treatment method did not reach statistical significance(P=0232). ConclusionLT is recommended for patients with early-stage hepatocellular carcinoma and can achieve a satisfactory three-year disease-free survival rate.

Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 180-183, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862565


For hepatocellular carcinoma patients with insufficient residual liver volume, associating liver partition and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy (ALPPS) can achieve the goal of rapidly increasing residual liver volume and removing the tumor, but there are still drawbacks and uncertainties. As a new technique in the field of hepatobiliary surgery, the range of application of ALPPS has been expanded and its technique has been further improved in the past 10 years since its inception. This article summarizes the experience in implementing ALPPS in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma in China and globally, analyzes the key issues of the application of ALPPS in hepatocellular carcinoma patients, and discusses its opportunities and challenges in the era of targeted therapy and immunotherapy.