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Indian J Pathol Microbiol ; 2023 Sept; 66(3): 517-525
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-223470


Background: A disintegrin and metalloproteinases (ADAMs) have emerged as therapeutic targets in many cancers. ADAM10 was particularly studied in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) for its potential role in hepatocarcinogenesis and HCC progression. Objective: To investigate the immunohistochemical (IHC) expression of ADAM10 in HCCs and the adjacent noncancerous tissues from 70 HCC patients, attempting to elucidate any association between ADAM10 and HCC development and/or progression. Materials and Methods: IHC staining for anti-ADAM10 was performed using horseradish peroxidase technique. An extent and intensity-dependent scoring was applied dividing samples into high- and low-expression groups. HCCs were statistically compared in relation with gender, age, cirrhosis, hepatitis C virus (HCV) status, alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) serum level, tumor size, multiplicity, encapsulation/invasion, grade, histological pattern and variant, mitosis, necrosis, vascular emboli, portal thrombosis, stage, recurrence, and mortality. Kaplan–Meier's method was used to analyze disease-free and overall survival (DFS and OS). Results: ADAM10 was expressed in 77.1% of HCCs compared with 42.9% of noncancerous tissues. Differential expression showed significant statistical difference (P = 0.02), as 38.6% of HCCs showed high expression, whereas 92.8% of noncancerous samples showed low expression. No significant differences were observed when high- and low-ADAM10 expression HCCs were compared with respect to all tested prognostic parameters except the HCV status. Patients whose tumors showed high-ADAM10 expression had relatively longer DFS and OS times, but with insignificant log-rank differences. Conclusions: ADAM10 is frequently expressed in HCCs compared with noncancerous hepatic tissues suggesting its role in hepatocarcinogenesis, especially in association with HCV. It has no association with HCC progression or survival. Further studies should be sought to investigate its validity as a therapeutic target.

Indian J Pathol Microbiol ; 2023 Jun; 66(2): 385-387
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-223458


Fibrolamellar hepatocellular carcinoma is a rare primary hepatic tumor that usually occurs in youth. The common presenting features are vague abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting and weight loss. We present a case report of a young male who presented with cholestatic jaundice and on evaluation was diagnosed to have fibrolamellar hepatocellular carcinoma. He underwent successful surgical resection of the tumor. In young individuals presenting with unexplained cholestasis, fibrolamellar hepatocellular carcinoma should be considered.

Indian J Cancer ; 2023 Jun; 60(2): 191-198
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-221776


Background: Diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is difficult on morphology alone in poorly differentiated tumors and metastatic carcinomas. Appropriate immunohistochemical markers are required for definite diagnosis. In this article, we have analyzed the histopathological and immunohistochemical features of HCC and elucidate the best possible immunohistochemistry (IHC) marker combination by comparing the sensitivity of various markers in different grades of tumor. Methods: A total of 116 consecutive cases were analyzed retrospectively. The hematoxylin and eosin stained sections were reviewed in all the cases. IHC was done using hepatocellular specific antigen (HSA), arginase?1, glypican?3, and polyclonal carcinoembryonic antigen (pCEA). The sensitivity of various immunohistochemical markers individually as well as in combination for different tumor grades was determined. Results: Histologically, the predominant subtype comprised of classic variant (109,93.9%) followed by combined hepatocellular and cholangiocarcinoma (4,3.4%) and fibrolamellar variant (3,2.6%). Trabecular pattern was the most common histological pattern. On grading, 65,56.03% were moderately differentiated, 34,29.31% well differentiated, and17, 14.65% poorly differentiated. HSA and polyclonal?CEA showed higher sensitivity than arginase?1 and glypican?3 in well and moderately differentiated tumors. In contrast arginase?1 and glypican?3 showed better sensitivity in poorly differentiated HCC. The overall sensitivity increased to greater than 90% if HSA/polyclonal?CEA is combined with either arginase?1/glypican?3 irrespective of tumor grade. Conclusion: Majority of the tumors were classic variants and moderately differentiated. HSA along with either arginase?1 or glypican?3 is the best combination of immunomarker for identification of hepatocellular differentiation irrespective of tumor grade.

Arq. gastroenterol ; 60(2): 172-177, Apr.-June 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1447398


ABSTRACT Background: Persistent hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection can lead to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) alone, that is, without the development of previous cirrhosis, which makes it of paramount importance to predict the risk patients with chronic hepatitis B have for developing HCC in the future. Thus, the mPAGE-B score was developed in order to predict very low risks of HCC, becoming an important score, since with low risk, patient surveillance can be spread out. Objective: The main objective of this study was to predict the risk of HCC according to the mPAGE-B score for patients with chronic hepatitis B, using antiviral therapy. Methods: A cross-sectional, descriptive, quantitative, and retrospective study was conducted. Patients with chronic hepatitis B from the Hepatology Outpatient Clinic of the Federal University of the Fronteira Sul/HCPF in Passo Fundo, Rio Grande do Sul, covering a period of 12 years, were analyzed. Results: Of the 67 patients submitted to data collection, the mean age at diagnosis was 51.4 (±12.1) years, with a predominance of males (76.1%-n.51). All patients were HBeAg negative at diagnosis and 11 (16.4%) had cirrhosis. Regarding the antiviral regimen, 70.1% used tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) and 29.9% entecavir (ETV). According to m-PAGE-B stratification, 18 (25%) patients were classified as low-risk, 30 (41.7%) as intermediate-risk, and 19 (26.4%) as high-risk of developing HCC. The probability of developing HCC of these 67 patients in 3 years was 0.4% for low, 2.8% for moderate, and 9% for high risk. In 5 years, the probability was 0.5% for low, 4.4% for moderate, and 14% for high risk. Conclusion: This study demonstrates that the mPAGE-B score can be applied to decrease the number of consultations of patients with chronic hepatitis B in specialized outpatient clinics and, based on this population, patients aged ≤40 years may have one consultation per year instead of semi-annual.

RESUMO Contexto: A infecção persistente do vírus da hepatite B (HBV) pode levar ao carcinoma hepatocelular (CHC) de forma independente, ou seja, sem o desenvolvimento de cirrose anteriormente, o que torna de suma importância predizer o risco que os pacientes com hepatite B crônica têm para desenvolver CHC no futuro. Assim, o escore mPAGE-B surgiu com o intuito de prever riscos baixos de CHC, tornando-se um escore de extrema relevância, uma vez que diante de risco baixo, pode-se espaçar a vigilância do paciente. Objetivo: O principal objetivo deste trabalho é predizer o risco de CHC, conforme o escore mPAGE-B, para os pacientes com hepatite B crônica em uso de terapia antiviral. Métodos: Foi realizado um estudo transversal, descritivo, quantitativo e retrospectivo. Foram analisados pacientes com hepatite B crônica do ambulatório de hepatologia, da Universidade Federal da Fronteira Sul/HCPF, em Passo Fundo, no Rio Grande do Sul, abrangendo um período de 12 anos. Resultados: Dos 67 pacientes submetidos à coleta de dados, a média de idade no diagnóstico foi 51,4 (±12,1) anos, com uma predominância do sexo masculino (76,1%-n.51). Todos os pacientes eram HBeAg negativos no diagnóstico e 11 (16,4%) tinham cirrose. Conforme a estratificação do mPAGE-B, 18 pacientes (25%) foram classificados como de baixo risco, 30 (41,7%) como risco intermediário, e 19 (26,4%) como alto risco de desenvolver CHC. A probabilidade de desenvolver CHC desses 67 pacientes em 3 anos é de 0,4% para risco leve, 2,8% para moderado e 9% para alto. Em 5 anos, a probabilidade é de 0,5% para risco leve, 4,4% para moderado e 14% para alto. Conclusão: Este estudo demonstra que o mPAGE-B pode ser um escore aplicado para diminuir o número de consultas de pacientes com hepatite B crônica em ambulatórios especializados e, baseado nessa população, talvez os pacientes com idade ≤40 anos possam ter uma consulta por ano ao invés de ser semestralmente.

Rev. argent. cir ; 115(2): 155-165, abr. 2023. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1449391


RESUMEN La captación de 18 FDG en PET-TC por un adenoma hepatocelular (HCA) es poco frecuente. Esta situación genera dudas en cuanto a los diagnósticos diferenciales y tratamiento. El objetivo de este artículo fue realizar una mini revisión de los últimos 37 años de HCA con avidez por el 18FDG y presentar un nuevo caso. Sobre la base de un estudio realizado por otros autores entre 1984 y 2014, se amplía la búsqueda utilizando las mismas palabras clave hasta el año 2021. Se analizan los datos relevantes. Entre 1984 y 2021 detectamos 38 casos en 37 años. Fue más frecuente en mujeres en edad reproductiva. Los subtipos H-HCA e I-HCA fueron los más frecuentes. El tratamiento quirúrgico fue el más empleado. La diferenciación celular y los trastornos metabólicos de la glucosa y de los lípidos favorecerían la captación de 18FDG. La resección hepática ofrecería mayores garantías permitiendo el estudio completo de la lesión.

ABSTRACT Hepatocellular adenoma (HCA) uptake of 18FDG uptake on PET-CT is rare. This situation poses doubts about the differential diagnoses and treatment. The aim of this article is to perform a mini review of 18FDG avid HCA over the past 37 years and to describe a new case presentation. Based on a study conducted by other authors between 1984 and 2014, we extended the search until 2021 using the same keywords. The relevant data were analyzed. Between 1984 and 2021 we detected 38 cases in 37 years. HCAs were more common in women of childbearing age. The most common types were H-HCA an I-HCA. Surgical resection was the treatment most used. Cell differentiation and glucose and lipid metabolic diseases would favor 18FDG uptake. Liver resection provides better outcomes, allowing for a complete examination of the lesion.

Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-222294


Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common primary tumor of the liver. Extrahepatic metastasis occurs mostly through the hematogenous route and is seen in around one-third of patients with the common sites of involvement being the lungs, regional lymph nodes, bone, adrenal glands, and pancreas. Soft-tissue metastasis from HCC is an extremely rare condition. Here, we present a rare case of an elderly male, with HCC presenting as a soft-tissue mass in the gluteal region. We further provide a detailed discussion regarding the investigative approach used to arrive at the diagnosis and the treatment modalities offered. Case reports like this may offer insight into the possibilities of such unusual presentations and aid the clinician in his endeavor to the early diagnose and treat the patient.

Indian J Biochem Biophys ; 2023 Mar; 60(3): 224-230
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-221634


Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the deadliest cancers in the world and has a high death rate in the world. This research while examining the expression of OCT3 at the mRNA level has also studied gene methylation profile in patients with HCC in comparison with people without HCC. The volunteers were: patients with HCC (n=81) and a healthy control group (n=90). The expression of OCT3was studied using the qRT-PCR method. The methylation profile was evaluated by genomic DNA using methylation specific PCR (MSP) method. The expression level of OCT3 marker mRNA in patients has decreased significantly compared to healthy individuals (0.58 ± 0.311 vs 1.20 ± 0.355, P <0.001). No significant statistical relationship was found between demographic data and OCT3 expression in participants (P >0.05). The amount of methylation (UM + MM) in cancer patients has raised vs controls (P <0.001) and has increased the risk of cancer (OR=0.379, 95% CI=1.171-2.839, P <0.001, and OR=2.727, 95% CI=1.251-5.945, P <0.001, respectively).Changes in OCT3 levels appear to be associated with HCC. Also, changing the methylation pattern of this gene can reveal HCC pathology.

Arq. gastroenterol ; 60(1): 106-131, Jan.-Mar. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1439403


ABSTRACT Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the third most common cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide. The Brazilian Society of Hepatology (SBH) published in 2020 the updated recommendations for the diagnosis and treatment of HCC. Since then, new data have emerged in the literature, including new drugs approved for the systemic treatment of HCC that were not available at the time. The SBH board conducted an online single-topic meeting to discuss and review the recommendations on the systemic treatment of HCC. The invited experts were asked to conduct a systematic review of the literature on each topic related to systemic treatment and to present the summary data and recommendations during the meeting. All panelists gathered together for discussion of the topics and elaboration of the updated recommendations. The present document is the final version of the reviewed manuscript containing the recommendations of SBH and its aim is to assist healthcare professionals, policy-makers, and planners in Brazil and Latin America with systemic treatment decision-making of patients with HCC.

RESUMO O carcinoma hepatocelular (CHC) é uma das principais causas de mortalidade relacionada a câncer no Brasil e no mundo. A Sociedade Brasileira de Hepatologia (SBH) publicou em 2020 a atualização das recomendações da SBH para o diagnóstico e tratamento do CHC. Desde então, novas evidências científicas sobre o tratamento sistêmico do CHC foram relatadas na literatura médica, incluindo novos medicamentos aprovados que não estavam disponíveis na época do último consenso, levando a diretoria da SBH a promover uma reunião monotemática on-line para discutir e rever as recomendações sobre o tratamento sistêmico do CHC. Um grupo de experts foi convidado para realizar uma revisão sistemática da literatura e apresentar uma atualização, baseada em evidências científicas, sobre cada tópico relacionado ao tratamento sistêmico e a apresentar os dados e recomendações resumidas durante a reunião. Todos os painelistas se reuniram para discutir os tópicos e elaborar as recomendações atualizadas. O presente documento é a versão final do manuscrito revisado, contendo as recomendações da SBH, e seu objetivo é auxiliar os profissionais de saúde, formuladores de políticas e planejadores no Brasil e na América Latina na tomada de decisões sobre o tratamento sistêmico de pacientes com CHC.

Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-217870


Background: Primary hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a major health hazard and frequent cause of liver cancers accounting 90% of cancers of liver worldwide. It has high mortality, prevalence, and incidence rate in Sub-Saharan, South Africa, and South-east Asia. Its etiology is associated with infection, dietary habits, and lifestyle factors. Aims and Objectives: The present study was designed to discuss the various possible etiologies for high incidence of HCC in Western Arunachal Pradesh, India. Materials and Methods: Data were collected as one among 33 population-based cancer registries in India under national cancer registry program of national center for disease informatics and research, Indian Council of Medical Research between 2012 and 2014 in Tomo Riba Institute of Health and Medical Sciences, Naharlagun. Data were represented in frequency and percentage using descriptive statistics. Results: With 194 cases, HCC represented 13.5% of overall malignancies in the region. It is 3 times more common in males than in females. Age-adjusted incidence rate for men was 21.44 and for women was 7.05. Conclusion: Western Arunachal Pradesh reported high incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma in the world. This finding may be associated with high prevalence of hepatitis and alcoholism in the region and perhaps also associated with local food habits.

Hepatología ; 4(2): 103-115, 2023. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1428989


Introducción. El acceso al trasplante hepático (TH) en pacientes con carcinoma hepatocelular (CHC) se basa en la aplicación de criterios morfológicos rigurosos estipulados desde 1996, co-nocidos como criterios de Milán. Una de las estrategias descritas para expandir estos criterios se conoce como downstaging (reducción del estadiaje tumoral mediante terapias locorregionales). El objetivo de este estudio fue describir el comportamiento postrasplante de pacientes con CHC que ingresaron dentro de los parámetros de Milán, comparado con el de aquellos pacientes llevados a terapia de downstaging en un centro colombiano. Metodología. Se incluyeron pacientes adultos con cirrosis hepática (CH) y CHC que fueron llevados a TH en el Hospital Pablo Tobón Uribe, entre julio de 2012 a septiembre de 2021. Como desenlace principal se definió recurrencia y tiempo de recurrencia de la enfermedad tumoral, muerte por todas las causas y tiempo al fallecimiento. Se evaluaron las características sociodemográficas y clínicas de cada grupo. Se incluyeron scores pronósticos de recurrencia de la enfermedad tumoral. Resultados. Se trasplantaron 68 pacientes con CH y CHC, 50 (73,5 %) eran hombres y la edad promedio fue 59 años; 51 pacientes (75 %) cumplían con los criterios de Milán y 17 (25 %) fueron llevados a terapia de downstaging previo al TH. No hubo diferencias significativas en la supervivencia global y supervivencia libre de trasplante entre los dos grupos evaluados, p=0,479 y p=0,385, respectivamente. Tampoco hubo diferencia significativa en la recurrencia de la enfermedad tumoral entre ambos grupos (p=0,81). En total hubo 7 casos de recurrencia tumoral (10,2 %) y 11 casos de muerte (16,2 %). Conclusiones. No se encontraron diferencias significativas en recurrencia y mortalidad entre los pacientes que cumplían los criterios de Milán y los trasplantados luego de la terapia de downstaging, en un tiempo de se-guimiento de 53 meses hasta el último control posterior al trasplante hepático. Esta sería la primera evaluación prospectiva de un protocolo de downstaging para CHC en Colombia.

Introduction. Access to liver transplantation (LT) in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is based on the application of rigorous morphological criteria stipulated since 1996, known as the Milan criteria. One of the strategies described to expand these criteria is known as downstaging (tu-mor staging reduction through locoregional therapies). The objective of this study was to describe the post-transplant performance of patients with HCC who were admitted within the Milan parameters, compared with those of patients taken to downstaging therapy, in a Colombian center. Methodolo-gy. Adult patients with cirrhosis and HCC that received LT between July 2012 and September 2021 at the Pablo Tobón Uribe Hospital were included. The main outcome was defined as recurrence and time to recurrence of the tumor disease, death from all causes, and time to death. The socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of each group were evaluated. Tumor disease recurrence prognostic scores were included. Results. Sixty-eight patients with cirrhosis and HCC received LT in the time frame, 50 (73.5%) were men and the mean age was 59 years. Fifty-one patients were trans-planted (75%) fulfilling Milan criteria, and 17 (25%) patients received downstaging therapies before LT. There were no significant differences in overall survival and transplant-free survival between the two groups, p=0.479 and p=0.385, respectively. There was also no significant difference in the recurrence of the tumor disease between both groups (p=0.81). In total there were 7 tumoral recurrences (10.2%) and 11 deaths (16.2%). Conclusions. There were no differences in recurrence and survival between patients transplanted fulfilling Milan criteria and those receiving downstaging therapies, following a mean time of 53 months after LT. This is the first prospective evaluation of the downstaging protocol in Colombia.

Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Survival , Liver Transplantation , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Survivorship , Therapeutics , Fibrosis , Liver Cirrhosis
São Paulo; s.n; s.n; 2023. 93 p. graf, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1437666


A quimioprevenção do câncer refere-se ao uso de compostos naturais ou sintéticos para prevenir o desenvolvimento das neoplasias antes do estabelecimento da malignidade. O ácido butirico (AB) atua como um potente quimiopreventivo na hepatocarcinogênese, reduzindo o número e o tamanho de lesões pré neoplásicas persistentes (pLPN), induzindo a apoptose e modulando mecanismos epigenéticos. Já o ácido caprílico (AC), além da sua atuação como potencializador de absorção, vem sendo investigado na área da prevenção do câncer. Neste cenário, o objetivo do trabalho visa avaliar a atividade quimiopreventiva de lipídios estruturados (EST) obtidos por interesterificação enzimática da tributirina com a tricaprilina, na fase de promoção da hepatocarcinogênese experimental. Após o processo de interesterificação, o produto final apresentou novos triacilgliceróis com composição de duas moléculas de ácido butírico para uma de ácido caprilíco. Ratos machos isogênicos da linhagem Fischer 344 foram submetidos ao modelo do hepatócito resistente, sendo distribuídos em dois grupos e tratados diariamente por via intragástrica com lipídios estruturados (EST) ou com o seu controle isocalórico, a maltodextrina (MD), durante a fase de promoção. Como esperado, não houve diferença estatística (p>0,05) em relação ao peso inicial e final dos animais dos grupos MD e EST, o que indica ausência de toxicidade dos compostos administrados. Na análise macroscópica do fígado, foi observada uma redução de 33,3% no grupo EST em relação ao número médio de nódulos macroscópicos em comparação ao grupo MD, porém essa redução não atingiu diferença estatística (p>0,05). Para a avaliação das lesões pré neoplásicas (LPN) foi utilizada a marcação imunoistoquímica para glutationa-S-transferase (GST-P). O grupo EST apresentou uma redução no número de lesões em remodelação e total GSTP-P+, quando comparado com o grupo MD (p<0,05). Quando avaliada a % de corpúsculos apoptóticos e índice de proliferação celular, não houve diferença estatística entre os grupos (p>0,05). Animais tratados com lipídios estruturados apresentaram maiores (p<0,05) concentrações de AC e AB por grama de tecido hepático em relação ao tratamento com maltodextrina. Em relação aos danos no DNA, o grupo EST resultou em cometas de comprimentos menores (p<0,05), menores níveis de γ-H2AX (p<0,05) e maiores concentrações de p53 nuclear, quando comparados aos animais que receberam maltodextrina, sugerindo uma proteção contra danos no DNA no grupo tratado com EST. Os resultados mostraram que o tratamento com EST resultou em ações efetivas na fase de promoção da hepatocarcinogênese experimental

Cancer chemoprevention refers to the use of natural or synthetic compounds to prevent the development of neoplasms before the establishment of malignancy. Butyric acid (AB) acts as a potent chemopreventive in hepatocarcinogenesis, reducing the number and size of persistent preneoplastic lesions (pLPN), inducing apoptosis and modulating epigenetic mechanisms. Caprylic acid (CA), in addition to its role as an absorption enhancer, has been investigated in the area of cancer prevention. In this scenario, the objective of this work was to evaluate the chemopreventive activity of structured lipids (EST) obtained by enzymatic interesterification of tributyrin with tricaprylin, in the phase of promotion experimental hepatocarcinogenesis. After the interesterification process, the final product presented new triacylglycerols with a composition of two molecules of butyric acid to one of caprylic acid. Isogenic male Fischer 344 rats were submitted to the resistant hepatocyte model, divided into two groups and treated daily intragastrically with structured lipids (EST) or with its isocaloric control, maltodextrin (MD), during the promotion phase. As expected, there was no statistical difference (p>0.05) in relation to the initial and final weight of the animals in the MD and EST groups, which indicates the absence of toxicity of the administered compounds. In the macroscopic analysis of the liver, a reduction of 33.3% was observed in the EST group in relation to the mean number of macroscopic nodules compared to the MD group, but this reduction did not reach a statistical difference (p>0.05). For the evaluation of pre-neoplastic lesions (PNL) immunohistochemical staining for glutathione-Stransferase (GST-P) was used. The EST group showed a reduction in the number of remodeling lesions and total GSTP-P+, when compared to the MD group (p<0.05). Animals treated with structured lipids had higher (p<0.05) concentrations of AC and AB per gram of liver tissue compared to treatment with maltodextrin. Regarding DNA damage, the EST group resulted in comets of shorter lengths (p<0.05), lower levels of γ-H2AX (p<0.05) and high concentration of nuclear p53, when compared to animals that received maltodextrin, suggesting protection against DNA damage in the EST treated group. The results showed that EST treatment resulted in effective actions in the promotion phase of experimental hepatocarcinogenesis

Animals , Male , Rats , Chemoprevention , Lipase/analysis , Neoplasms/pathology , Wounds and Injuries/complications , Biotechnology/classification , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/pathology , Absenteeism
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965574


@#Abstract:Objective To predict the structure and function of sterol O⁃acyltransferase 1(SOAT1)related to hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC)by using bioinformatics tools,in order to understand its mechanism as the marker and therapeutic target of S⁃Ⅲ subtype. Methods The structure,function and protein interaction of SOAT1 were predicted and analyzed by using databases or softwares such as NCBI,STRING,Protscale,SignalP,TMHMM,PSORT,SOPMA,SWISS ⁃ MODEL, NetNGlyc,NetOGlyc,Netphos and ProtParam. Results The protein encoded by SOAT1 was a hydrophobic protein with good stability,which was a nonclassical pathway protein with 8 transmembrane regions,mainly distributed among the cell membrane. SOAT1 was expressed in many tissues,while most of them in the adrenal gland,which showed multiple phosphorylation sites and was mainly involved in the synthesis and catabolism of cholesterol. Conclusion Bioinformatics analysis of structure and function of SOAT1 showed that SOAT1 lipid synthesis and catabolism pathways played an important role,and lipid expression was closely related to the development of cancer,indicating that the treatment of HCC may be achieved by regulating the expression of SOAT1 gene.

Organ Transplantation ; (6): 248-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965049


Objective To evaluate the role of preoperative serological indexes in predicting long-term survival and tumor recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients after liver transplantation, aiming to explore its significance in expanding the Milan criteria. Methods Clinical data of 669 recipients undergoing liver transplantation for HCC were retrospectively analyzed. The optimal cut-off value was calculated by the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. The risk factors affecting the overall survival and recurrence-free survival rates of HCC patients after liver transplantation were identified by univariate and multivariate regression analyses. The correlation between preoperative serum liver enzymes and pathological characteristics in HCC patients was analyzed. The predictive values of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) combined with γ -glutamyl transferase (GGT) and different liver transplant criteria for the survival and recurrence of HCC patients after liver transplantation were compared. Results Exceeded Milan criteria, total tumor diameter (TTD) > 8 cm, AFP > 200 ng/mL and GGT > 84 U/L were the independent risk factors for the overall survival and recurrence-free survival rates of HCC patients after liver transplantation (all P < 0.05). Correlation analysis showed that preoperative serum GGT level was correlated with TTD, number of tumor, venous invasion, microsatellite lesions, capsular invasion, tumor, node, metastasis (TNM) stage, Child-Pugh score and exceeded Milan criteria (all P < 0.05). Milan-AFP-GGT-TTD (M-AGT) criteria were proposed by combining Milan criteria, TTD with serum liver enzyme indexes (AFP and GGT). The 5-year overall survival and recurrence-free survival rates of HCC recipients who met the M-AGT criteria (111 cases of exceeded Milan criteria) were significantly higher than those who met Hangzhou criteria (both P < 0.05), whereas had no significant difference from their counterparts who met the University of California at San Francisco (UCSF) criteria (both P > 0.05). Conclusions Preoperative serological indexes of AFP and GGT could effectively predict the long-term survival and tumor recurrence of HCC patients after liver transplantation. Establishing the M-AGT criteria based on serological indexes contributes to expanding the Milan criteria, which is convenient and feasible.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-961829


ObjectiveTo evaluate the expression level of DNA damage repair gene FANCI in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and its relationship with prognosis, clinical stage and immune infiltration. MethodsIn this study, TCGA, GTEx, TIMER2.0, HPA database and qRT-PCR, western blot and immunohistochemistry were used to analyze the expression of FANCI in HCC and its correlation with different clinical stages; Kaplan-Meier Plotter database was used to explore the relationship between FANCI and the prognosis of HCC; the TISIDB database was used to analyze the relationship between FANCI and immune cell infiltration and immune checkpoints in HCC; the STRING database was used to detect the protein binding with FANCI; the TCGA and GTEx databases were used for GO and KEGG enrichment analysis; Cell experiments were used to explore the role of FANCI in HCC. ResultsCompared with normal tissues, the mRNA and protein expression levels of FANCI in tumor tissues were up-regulated (P<0.001); and HCC patients with high expression of FANCI had poor prognosis (P<0.001); the expression of FANCI in tumor tissues was positively correlated with the number of activated CD4+ T cells, the number of Th2 cells and the expression of immune checkpoints, and B-cell and macrophage infiltration was significantly lower in the FANCI high expression group (P<0.01); GO and KEGG enrichment analysis showed that FANCI-related genes were enriched in various biological processes such as amino acid transmembrane transporter activity; Cell experiments showed that knockdown of FANCI could inhibit the proliferation, invasion and migration of HCC (P<0.05). ConclusionsFANCI is highly expressed in hepatocellular carcinoma tissues, which may play a role in suppressing anti-tumor immunity and acting on pathways such as amino acid transmembrane transport, and is associated with poor prognosis. The proliferation, invasion and migration ability of hepatocellular carcinoma are inhibited after knocking down FANCI.

Afr. J. Clin. Exp. Microbiol ; 24(1): 9-15, 2023. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1414325


Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the twelfth most common cancer and the fifth leading cause of worldwide cancer related death. Chronic hepatitis B infection, caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV) and exposure to aflatoxins is fundamental in the formation of HCC in developing countries. This review of scientific publications aims to establish the detrimental effects of aflatoxin-contaminated foods and highlights the correlation between aflatoxin and hepatitis B viral-associated hepatocellular carcinoma. Research has shown a significant increase in the occurrence of HCC in HBV-infected individuals exposed to fungal toxins. HBV demonstrates the ability to integrate and bind to p53 protein in the host DNA and propagate hepatocyte vulnerability through carcinogenic aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) damage. Although there has been clear evidence about the synergistic interaction of exposure to AFB1 and HBV infection in the induction of HCC, other literature has shown otherwise, mainly because incomplete and vague findings and hypotheses were made in regions where AFB1 and HBV pose a public health risk. Vaccination against hepatitis B and measures such as robust food safety systems to avoid hepatotoxicity and hepatocellular carcinogenesis induced by AFB1 is the most effective methods in the prevention of HCC induced by HBV and AFB1

Hepatitis B virus , Vaccination , Aflatoxin B1 , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Aflatoxins , Hepatitis
Arq. gastroenterol ; 59(4): 540-548, Out,-Dec. 2022.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1420205


ABSTRACT Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is growing in worldwide prevalence and thus, is expected to have a higher number of NAFLD-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in the following years. This review describes the risk factors associated with HCC in NAFLD-patients. The presence of liver cirrhosis is the preponderant one. Male gender, PNPLA3 variants, diabetes, and obesity also appear to predispose to the development of HCC, even in non-cirrhotic subjects. Thus far, intensive lifestyle modifications, including glycemic control, and obesity treatment, are effective therapies for NAFLD/ non-alcoholic steatohepatitis and, therefore, probably, also for HCC. Some drugs that aimed at decreasing inflammatory activity and fibrosis, as well as obesity, were studied. Other data have suggested the possibility of HCC chemoprevention. So far, however, there is no definitive evidence for the routine utilization of these drugs. We hope, in the future, to be able to profile patients at higher risk of NAFLD-HCC and outline strategies for early diagnosis and prevention.

RESUMO A doença metabólica e doença hepática gordurosa metabólica estão aumentando a prevalência mundial e, portanto, espera-se um número maior de carcinoma hepatocelular (CHC) relacionado à doença hepática gordurosa não alcóolica (DHGNA) nos próximos anos. Esta revisão descreve os fatores de risco associados ao CHC em pacientes com DHGNA. A presença de cirrose hepática é a preponderante. Sexo masculino, variantes do gene PNPLA3, diabetes e obesidade também parecem predispor ao desenvolvimento de CHC, mesmo em indivíduos não cirróticos. Até agora, modificações significativas no estilo de vida, incluindo controle glicêmico e tratamento da obesidade, são terapias eficazes para DHGNA/ Esteatohepatite não-alcoolica e, portanto, provavelmente, também para CHC. Alguns medicamentos que propunham-se diminuir a atividade inflamatória e fibrose, bem como a obesidade, foram estudados. Outros dados sugeriram a possibilidade de quimioprevenção do CHC. Até o momento, no entanto, não há evidências definitivas para o uso rotineiro desses medicamentos. Esperamos, no futuro, poder traçar o perfil de pacientes com maior risco de DHGNA-CHC e traçar estratégias para diagnóstico precoce e prevenção.

Medicina (B.Aires) ; 82(5): 695-707, Oct. 2022. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1405725


Resumen El carcinoma hepatocelular (HCC) es el tumor primario más frecuente del hígado, con 905 677 casos diagnosticados en 2020, en todo el mundo, y 830 180 muertes. Es responsable de la novena causa de muerte por cáncer en los hombres y la décima en mujeres en Argentina. A diferencia de otros tumo res de alta prevalencia, la evidencia científica acerca del HCC se limita principalmente a pequeñas cohortes y estudios retrospectivos. El objetivo de este estudio fue describir epidemiológicamente a aquellos pacientes con diagnóstico de HCC en el Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires en un periodo de 12 años. La supervivencia global para nuestra cohorte fue de 58, 46 y 36% a 1, 3 y 5 años respectivamente. El promedio de supervivencia en pacientes con tratamiento paliativo fue de 5 meses, 23 para aquellos que recibieron tratamientos no curativos y 75 meses para los que recibieron tratamientos curativos. El porcentaje de pacientes libres de enfermedad a 1, 3 y 5 años fue de 89%, 76% y 61% respectivamente. Se realizó un estudio minucioso de la etiología, factores de riesgo, incidencia, mortalidad y tratamientos realizados. Su importancia yace en su tamaño muestral, calidad y cantidad de información disponible.

Abstract Hepatocellular carcinoma is the most common primary liver tumor, with 905 677 diagnosed cases and 830 180 deaths, in 2020 worldwide. In Argentina, it accounts for the 9th cause of death for cancer in men and the 10th in women. Unlike other highly-prevalent tumors, scientific evidence for most therapeutic options is limited mainly to small cohorts and retrospective studies. The aim of this study is to characterize and describe epidemiologically patients with diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma in the Italian Hospital of Buenos Aires during a 12-year period. Overall survival for our cohort was 58%, 46%, and 36% at 1, 3 and 5 years respectively. Average survival for patients receiving palliative treatment was 5 months, while for those who received either non-curative or curative treatment was 23 and 75 months respectively. Recurrence-free survival for those patients who under went a curative treatment was 89%, 76% y 61% at 1, 3 and 5 years. A thorough analysis of etiology, risk factors, incidence, mortality and treatment was made. The study's importance lies in its large sample size, quantity and quality of data, and will most certainly stimulate the development of local studies in hepatocellular carcinoma.

Rev. argent. cir ; 114(3): 253-257, set. 2022. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1422934


RESUMEN La presencia de tejido hepático ectópico es una situación inusual que se corresponde con alteraciones en la embriogénesis hepática. Suelen encontrarse de manera incidental y cobran particular importancia por su mayor potencial carcinogénico. El tratamiento de este tipo de patología es habitualmente quirúrgico. Se presenta el caso de una paciente femenina de 27 años que manifestó dolor torácico dorsal; por presentar además una formación evidenciable en la tomografía computarizada se decidió conducta quirúrgica. Asimismo se realiza una revisión bibliográfica del tema.

ABSTRACT Ectopic liver tissue is a rare finding due to aberrant migration of hepatic cells during embryonic development that is mostly found incidentally and has particular relevance because of its significant carcinogenic potential. Surgical management is usually indicated. We report the case of a 27-year-old female patient with thoracic back pain and a mass in the computed tomography scan who underwent surgery. A bibliographic review is also presented.

Arq. gastroenterol ; 59(3): 394-401, July-Sept. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1403498


ABSTRACT Background: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common type of liver cancer. Risk factors for HCC include hepatitis C (HCV) and B (HBV) virus infection, alcoholic cirrhosis and genetic alterations that can affect several cellular pathways. Objective: This study purposed to analyze the gene and serum protein expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), angiogenesis, alpha fetoprotein, cystatin B (CSTB), β-catenin and glypican-3 (GPC3) in groups with HCC, cirrhosis or HCV and controls, and their relation with clinical staging in the HCC and cirrhosis groups, as well its sensitivity and specificity values. Methods: A total of 230 individuals were distributed in Group 1 (G1) - 80 patients with HCC; Group 2 (G2) - 76 patients with cirrhosis due to any etiology; Group 3 (G3) - 33 patients with HCV; Group 4 (G4 - controls) - 41 individuals without clinical or biochemical signs of any liver disease. Gene expression was analyzed by qRT-PCR and serum proteins were performed using the ELISA method. Results: Increased VEGF and angiogenesis, alpha fetoprotein expression could be observed in BCLC stage-D patients compared to stage-B patients, and stage-C patients showed higher expression of β-catenin, compared to stage-B patients (P<0.05). For VEGF and GPC3, discriminatory power was observed between HCC patients and controls (AUC =0.71; 0.82, respectively). CSTB showed discriminatory power in the comparison between patients with HCV and controls (AUC =0.74). Conclusion The present study confirms the sensitivity of serum CSTB in the diagnosis of hepatitis C, and gene expression of VEGF and serum GPC3, confer both sensitivity and specificity for the diagnosis of HCC.

RESUMO Contexto: Carcinoma hepatocelular (CHC) é o tipo mais comum de câncer de fígado. Os fatores de risco para CHC incluem infecção pelo vírus da hepatite C (VHC) e B (VHB), cirrose alcoólica e alterações genéticas que podem afetar diversas vias celulares. Objetivo: Este estudo teve como objetivo analisar a expressão gênica e proteica sérica de VEGF, AFP, CSTB, β-catenina e GPC3 em grupos com CHC, cirrose ou VHC e controles, e sua relação com o estadiamento clínico nos grupos CHC e cirrose, bem como sua valores de sensibilidade e especificidade. Métodos: Duzentos e trinta indivíduos foram distribuídos no Grupo 1 (G1) - 80 pacientes com CHC; Grupo 2 (G2) - 76 pacientes com cirrose de qualquer etiologia; Grupo 3 (G3) - 33 pacientes com VHC; Grupo 4 (G4 - Controles) - 41 indivíduos sem sinais clínicos ou bioquímicos de qualquer doença hepática. A expressão gênica foi analisada por qRT-PCR e as proteínas séricas foram realizadas pelo método ELISA. Resultados: Aumento da expressão de VEGF e AFP pode ser observado em pacientes BCLC estágio D em comparação com pacientes estágio B, e pacientes estágio C apresentaram maior expressão de CTNNB1, em comparação com pacientes estágio B (P<0,05). Para VEGF e GPC3, foi observado poder discriminatório entre pacientes com CHC e controles (AUC = 0,71; 0,82, respectivamente). O CSTB mostrou poder discriminatório na comparação entre pacientes com VHC e controles (AUC =0,74). Conclusão: O presente estudo confirma a sensibilidade do CSTB sérico no diagnóstico da hepatite C, e a expressão gênica de VEGF e GPC3 sérica conferem sensibilidade e especificidade para o diagnóstico de CHC.

Indian J Pathol Microbiol ; 2022 Sept; 65(3): 581-588
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-223384


Aims: We aimed to determine whether lymphocyte activation gene 3 (LAG-3), also known as CD223, is associated with microvessel density (MVD) in primary hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), as well as their clinical significance in predicting survival. Materials and methods: One hundred and twenty-seven patients were enrolled in the study. Samples were obtained on resection at the Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery of the Qingdao Municipal Hospital from June 2014 to June 2016. Immunohistochemistry was used to determine vessel density and LAG-3 abundance. Statistical analyses were performed to test for correlation of LAG-3 density and other clinicopathological variables with overall survival (OS). Results: High LAG-3 abundance was significantly correlated with increased MVD in primary HCC (P < 0.05). The ?2 test revealed a significant association of LAG-3 with preoperative AFP level, tumor diameter, N stage, and the presence of HBV infection (P < 0.05). Patients with high LAG-3 expression had shorter OS compared to those with low LAG-3 expression (P < 0.05). The Cox proportional hazards model showed that both higher LAG-3 and MVD density, age, the number of tumors, preoperative AFP level, tissue differentiation, Child–Pugh grade, and lymph node metastasis correlated with survival. Conclusions: High expression of LAG-3 is associated with angiogenesis and poor prognosis in HCC patients. With the deepening of research, LAG-3 is likely to become a novel biomarker for clinical diagnosis and prognosis and can even be a therapeutic target of HCC.