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1.
Saúde debate ; 46(spe2): 518-526, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1390399

ABSTRACT

RESUMO A crise socioambiental é cada vez mais presente na realidade urbana e rural. A experiência agroecológica neorrural é uma inovação que pode transformar o paradigma produtivo predominante e propor novas formas de relacionamento entre as pessoas. Além disso, pode contribuir para o desenvolvimento de sistemas alimentares que promovem justiça socioambiental, segurança alimentar e nutricional, criação de territórios saudáveis e sustentáveis. O objetivo deste relato de experiência foi apresentar a Comunidade que Sustenta a Agricultura, Educação e Saúde (CSAES) na Chácara Bindu, que desenvolve tecnologias sociais nas áreas de agricultura, educação e saúde no Distrito Federal. O relato da experiência foi desenvolvido em sete itens relacionados com criação, conservação produtiva, educação e saúde no organismo socioagrícola da Chácara Bindu. Destacam-se os vínculos com base na confiança e cooperação, o processo de expansão do modelo da CSAES Bindu a partir de uma Comunidade que Sustenta a Agricultura, a continuidade das entregas de produtos cultivados sem insumos sintéticos e sem agrotóxicos e o acesso das famílias coagricultoras a alimentos saudáveis no contexto de isolamento social imposto pela pandemia da Covid-19.


ABSTRACT The socio-environmental crisis is increasingly present in the urban and rural reality. A neorural agroecological experience is an innovation that can transform the predominant productive paradigm and propose new ways of relationship between people. Furthermore, it can contribute to the development of food systems that promote social and environmental justice, food and nutrition security, and the creation of healthy and sustainable territories. The objective of this experience report was to present the Community that Sustains Agriculture, Education, and Health (CSAES) at Chácara Bindu, which has social technologies in the fields of agriculture, education, and health in the Federal District. The experience report was developed in seven items related to creation, productive conservation, education, and health in the social-agricultural organization of Chácara Bindu. The linkages based on trust and cooperation, the expansion process of the CSAES from a Community that Sustains Agriculture, the continued delivery of products cultivated without synthetic inputs and without pesticides, and the access of co-agricultural families to healthy food stand out in the context of social isolation imposed by the Covid-19.

2.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 27(2): 677-686, Fev. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356088

ABSTRACT

Resumo O uso de plantas medicinais (PM) favorece a integralidade do cuidado na atenção primária à saúde (APS), valorizando o saber popular e o autocuidado. Esta revisão integrativa de literatura objetiva analisar estudos sobre a inserção do uso de PM na APS. A estratégia PICO norteou a busca de evidências, reunindo 18 artigos publicados de janeiro de 2015 a agosto de 2020 nos bancos de dados Biblioteca Virtual de Saúde e PubMed. As variáveis de análise foram o conhecimento dos profissionais da saúde da APS sobre PM e políticas associadas, o uso de PM pelos usuários, destacando seu perfil, fatores que favorecem o uso e a falta de segurança no uso de PM. A literatura aponta insuficiência de conhecimento dos profissionais de saúde sobre as políticas de práticas integrativas e complementares e o uso de plantas para fins medicinais. Os principais usuários são mulheres, idosas, com baixa renda e escolaridade, tanto no Brasil quanto em outros países. Sobre a segurança no uso de PM, frequentemente não há correta identificação de espécie, origem, preparo e dose adequada para cada caso. Por fim, a não abordagem desses conteúdos durante a formação de profissionais da saúde gera menos conhecimento, menos pesquisas e mais preconceito por falta de informação, prejudicando o incentivo e divulgação à comunidade.


Abstract Medicinal plant (MP) use supports comprehensiveness of care in Primary Health Care (PHC), enabling appreciation of popular knowledge and self-care. This integrative literature review aims to analyze researches that approach the insertion of using MP in PHC. PICO strategy was used as a guideline in search of evidence, reuniting 18 articles published between January 2015 and August 2020, in the Virtual Health Library and PubMed databases. The variables of analysis were knowledge of PHC healthcare professionals about MP and associated policies, MP use by its users, highlighting their profile, the reasons that lead to the use and lack of security in MP use. The results show insufficient knowledge of healthcare professionals about Integrative and Complementary Practices policies and the medicinal uses of plants. The main users are women, elderly, with low income and education, either in Brazil or other countries. Regarding safety in MP use, frequently there is no correct identification of species, its origin, its preparation and the appropriate dose for each case. Finally, failure to approach these contents during training of healthcare professionals generates less knowledge, less research and more prejudice due to lack of information, impairing incentive and dissemination to the community.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Plants, Medicinal , Primary Health Care , Brazil , Health Personnel
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928187

ABSTRACT

This study selected three typical Chinese herbs with cold property(Rhei Radix et Rhizoma, Scutellariae Radix, and Coptidis Rhizoma) and another three with heat property(Cinnamomi Cortex, Zingiberris Rhizoma, and Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata) to observe their regulatory effects on metabolism in animal organism, especially on lipid and energy metabolism in mice after a short-(7 d) and long-term(35 d) intervention. The mRNA expression levels of lipid metabolism genes in epididymal adipose tissue and liver were determined by real-time PCR. The oxygen consumption, carbon dioxide production, and energy consumption were detected by metabolic system. After the short-term intervention, the Chinese herbs with heat property significantly reduced epididymal adipose tissue index and elevated the expression levels of acetyl-CoA carboxylase(ACC), lipoprotein lipase(LPL), and carnitine-palmityl transferase 1(CPT-1) in liver and epididymal adipose tissues. However, those with cold property promoted the expression of above-mentioned genes in epididymal adipose tissue. After the long-term intervention, cold and heat Chinese herbs had no significant effect on epididymal adipose tissue index of animals, while cold Chinese herbs could increase carbon dioxide production and energy consumption and reduce activity. These findings demonstrated that the short-term intervention effects of cold and heat Chinese herbs on animal metabolism were significantly stronger than the long-term intervention effects. Specifically, the short-term intervention with cold Chinese herbs enhanced the lipid metabolism in epididymal adipose tissue, while the heat Chinese herbs promoted lipid metabolism in epididymal adipose tissue and liver. The long-term intervention with cold and heat Chinese herbs resulted in no obvious change in lipid level, but long-term intervention with cold Chinese herbs accelerated energy consumption of the body. This study preliminarily observed the effects of cold and heat Chinese herbs on normal animal physiology from lipid and energy metabolism, which would provide reference for explaining the biological basis of Chinese herbs with cold or heat property based on biological response.


Subject(s)
Aconitum , Animals , Carbon Dioxide , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Energy Metabolism , Hot Temperature , Lipids , Mice
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928017

ABSTRACT

The ultra-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-TOF-MS~E) technology was employed to compare the chemical components between the aerial and underground parts of Coptis chinensis samples from different batches. According to the retention time, molecular ion peak, and LC-MS~E fragment information of the reference substances and available literature, we identified a total of 40 components. Thirty-three and 31 compounds were respectively identified in the underground part(taproots) and the aerial part(stems and leaves) of C. chinensis. Among them, 24 compounds, including alkaloids(e.g., berberine and jatrorrhizine) and phenolic acids(e.g., chlorogenic acid, quinic acid, and tanshinol), were common in the two parts. In addition, differential components were also identified, such as magnoline glucoside in the underground part and(±) lariciresionol-4-β-D-glucopyranoside in the aerial part. The analysis of fragmentation pathways based on spectra of reference substances indicated the differences among samples of different batches. Furthermore, we performed the principal component analysis(PCA) for the peak areas of C. chinensis in different batches. The results showed that the underground part and the aerial part were clearly clustered into two groups, indicating that the chemical components contained in the two parts were different. Furthermore, the results of partial least squares discriminant analysis(PLS-DA) identified 31 differential compounds(VIP value>1) between the underground part and the aerial part, mainly including alkaloids, phenolic acids, lignans, and flavonoids. This study proves that C. chinensis possesses great development potential with multiple available compounds in stems and leaves. Moreover, it sheds light on for the development and utilization of non-medicinal organs of C. chinensis and other Chinese medicinal herbs.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Coptis chinensis , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization/methods , Tandem Mass Spectrometry/methods , Technology
5.
Rev. biol. trop ; 69(3)sept. 2021.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1387670

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Numbers of alien plant species are rising around the globe, but not all of them become invasive. Whereas introductions have been documented for several decades in some regions of the world, knowledge on alien species in Western Mexico is limited. Here, we study roadside vegetation along an elevational gradient, which includes a protected area. Objective: We analysed the floristic composition of herbaceous alien species, their distribution patterns, and their relationship with various environmental factors. A relative importance value index (IVI) identified the most important and, therefore, probably invasive taxa. Methods: During 2017 and 2018, roadside vegetation was documented with 4-6 transects every 300 altitudinal meters, from 0 to 2 100 m, for a total of 37 transects. Each transect consisted of five 1 m² plots. All herbaceous species were registered and alien taxa identified. A cluster analysis distinguished grouping of species based on elevation. The potentially invasive species were identified by their IVI, based on the sum of relative frequency and density values. The influence of environmental variables was analysed with a canonical correspondence analysis. Results: Most alien species were grasses; other families were represented by one or two species. The species were grouped into three main clusters. The first group included rare species, the second consisted of species restricted to higher altitudes, and the third group were tropical taxa with a distribution from sea level to medium altitudes. The most important potentially invasive species were: Urochloa maxima, Melinis repens, Eragrostis ciliaris and Cynodon dactylon, all African grasses introduced for grazing. The IVI of the species was related to tree cover, leaf litter depth and surface stone cover for some species and, for others, to soil compaction, distance to major roads and elevation. Conclusions: The alien ruderal species clustered according to the general climate (temperate vs. tropical). Grasses of African origin are of highest concern as invasive species. Although most introductions are related to human disturbance, each species becomes dominant under certain environmental conditions. Thus, management programs must be specifically adjusted to each individual invasive alien.


Resumen Introducción: El número de especies de plantas exóticas está aumentando en todo el mundo, pero no todas las especies se convierten en invasoras. Si bien para algunas regiones la introducción de especies se ha documentado durante varias décadas, para el occidente de México los conocimientos sobre especies exóticas son escasos. Aquí, estudiamos la vegetación de los bordes de las carreteras a lo largo de un gradiente altitudinal en una región que incluye un área protegida. Objetivos: Estudiamos la composición florística de las herbáceas exóticas, sus patrones de distribución y su relación con diversos factores ambientales. El índice de valor de importancia (IVI) de las especies identificó las especies más importantes, y por lo tanto probablemente invasoras. Métodos: Durante el 2017 y 2018 se documentó la vegetación del borde de la carretera con 4-6 transectos en cada nivel de elevación de 300 m, de 0 a 2 100 m, para un total de 37. Cada transecto constó de cinco parcelas de 1 m². Se registraron todas las especies herbáceas y se identificaron las especies introducidas. Un análisis de agrupamiento identificó los grupos de especies basado en sus patrones de distribución relacionadas con la elevación. Las especies potencialmente invasoras se identificaron por su IVI, basado en la suma de la frecuencia relativa y la densidad relativa. La influencia de las variables ambientales fue estudiada mediante un análisis de correspondencia canónica. Resultados: La mayoría de las especies exóticas fueron pastos, otras familias estuvieron representadas por una o dos especies. Las especies formaron tres grupos principales. El primero incluyó especies raras; el segundo las especies distribuidas principalmente en elevaciones altas, y el tercero incluyó los taxones con una distribución desde el nivel del mar hasta elevaciones medias. Las especies más importantes y potencialmente invasoras fueron: Urochloa maxima, Melinis repens, Eragrostis ciliaris y Cynodon dactylon, todas gramíneas africanas introducidas como forraje para el ganado. El IVI de las especies se relacionó con la cobertura de árboles, profundidad de hojarasca y con pedregosidad para algunas especies, y para otras con la compactación del suelo, la distancia a carreteras (federales) y elevación. Conclusiones: Las especies ruderales exóticas se agruparon según el clima general (templado vs. tropical). Las gramíneas de origen africano son las que más preocupan como especies invasoras. Aunque la mayoría de las introducciones están relacionadas con las alteraciones humanas, cada especie se vuelve dominante en determinadas condiciones ambientales. Por ello, los programas de manejo deben ajustarse específicamente a cada especie exótica invasora.


Subject(s)
Introduced Species , Poaceae , Plant Dispersal , Mexico
6.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 394-410, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880913

ABSTRACT

Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has been extensively used to ameliorate diseases in Asia for over thousands of years. However, owing to a lack of formal scientific validation, the absence of information regarding the mechanisms underlying TCMs restricts their application. After oral administration, TCM herbal ingredients frequently are not directly absorbed by the host, but rather enter the intestine to be transformed by gut microbiota. The gut microbiota is a microbial community living in animal intestines, and functions to maintain host homeostasis and health. Increasing evidences indicate that TCM herbs closely affect gut microbiota composition, which is associated with the conversion of herbal components into active metabolites. These may significantly affect the therapeutic activity of TCMs. Microbiota analyses, in conjunction with modern multiomics platforms, can together identify novel functional metabolites and form the basis of future TCM research.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921790

ABSTRACT

Cambodia is rich in medicinal plant resources. One hundred and thirty-three medicinal material samples, including the hole herb, root, stem/branch, leaf, flower, fruit, seed, and resin, were collected from the Orussey Herbal Market in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, and then authenticated by ITS and psbA-trnH. A total of 46 samples were identified based on ITS sequences, belonging to 24 families, 40 genera, and 42 species. A total of 100 samples were identified by psbA-trnH sequences to belong to 42 families, 77 genera, and 84 species. A total of 103 samples were identified by two DNA barcodes. According to the morphological characteristics of the medicinal materials, 120 samples classified into 50 species, 86 genera, and 86 families were identified, and the majority of them were from Zingiberaceae, Fabaceae, and Acanthaceae. Such samples have been commonly used in traditional Cambodian medicine, Ayurvedic medicine, Unani medicine, traditional Chinese medicine, and ethnomedicine, but different medical systems focus on different functional aspects of the same medicinal material. The results of this study have demonstrated that DNA barcoding has a significant advantage in identifying herbal products, and this study has provided basic data for understanding the traditional medicinal materials used in Cambodia.


Subject(s)
Cambodia , DNA Barcoding, Taxonomic , DNA, Plant/genetics , Humans , Plant Leaves , Plants, Medicinal/genetics
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906224

ABSTRACT

Lingnan, locating on the southern coast of China, is a major distribution center of Chinese medicinal materials and imported southern medicine. It is also a well-known patent medicine production base and a foreign trade port. This paper collected relevant historical documents of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) industry of Lingnan in different times, including Chinese herbs, decoction pieces, Chinese patent medicines and TCM shops. TCM industry of Lingnan originated from the Qin dynasty, and began to develop slowly from the Qin and Han dynasties to the southern and northern dynasties. Private drugstores appeared from the Tang and Song dynasties to the Yuan dynasty, and pharmaceutical commodity production appeared in the Ming dynasty. The TCM industry reached its peak in Qing dynasty, and the modern economic form of the TCM industry appeared during the Republic of China (1912—1949). It is of great significance for the inheritance, development and innovation of TCM industry of Lingnan to sort out its development history and clarity its development context.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906125

ABSTRACT

Objective:With the aid of the Inheritance Support System of Traditional Chinese Medicine V2.5 (TCMISS V2.5),to study the experience and prescription rules of professor WANG Jie in the treatment of frequent ventricular premature complexes,and inherit his clinical experience in diagnosis and treatment. Method:Professor WANG Jie's medical records and prescriptions for frequent ventricular premature complexes from 2016 to 2020 were collected and sorted out. Improved mutual information method,association rules,complex system entropy clustering,and unsupervised entropy hierarchical clustering were used to analyze the nature and flavor,channel tropism,concerted application rules,pair and combination of herbs for statistics, association rules analysis and discovery of new prescriptions. Result:A total of 122 prescriptions of professor WANG Jie on the treatment of frequent ventricular premature complexes were collected. 110 herbs,mostly with pungent and sweet flavors,were mainly on spleen channel and also on heart,kidney,liver,lung,and stomach channels. Cinnamomi Ramulus,Paeoniae Alba Radix<italic>,</italic>Os Draconis<italic>,</italic>Ostreae Concha<italic>, </italic>Glycyrrhizae Radix<italic>,</italic>and Jujubae Fructus<italic> </italic>had the highest frequency in use. The high-frequency herbal pair was Cinnamomi Ramulus-Paeoniae Alba Radix(116 times, accounting for 95.08%),the commonly used corner drugs were Cinnamomi Ramulus<italic>-</italic>Os Draconis<italic>-</italic>Ostreae Concha<italic> </italic>(108 times,88.52%),Cinnamomi Ramulus<italic>-</italic>Paeoniae Alba Radix<italic>-</italic>Ostreae Concha (106 times, 86.89%),Cinnamomi Ramulus<italic>-</italic>Paeoniae Alba Radix<italic>-</italic>Os Draconis (106 times,86.89%). Commonly used herbal pair was<italic> </italic>Aucklandiae Radix-Amomi Villosi Fructus. The core prescription herbs included Cinnamomi Ramulus<italic>-</italic>Paeoniae Alba Radix<italic>-</italic>Os Draconis<italic>-</italic>Ostreae Concha<italic>-</italic>Glycyrrhizae Radix<italic>-</italic>Jujubae Fructus<italic>-</italic>Zingiberis Recens Rhizoma<italic>-</italic>Achyranthis Bidentatae Radix<italic>-</italic>Codonopsis Radix<italic>-</italic>Astragali Seu Hedysari Radix<italic>-</italic>Cistanches Herba-Poria<italic>-</italic>Ziziphi Spinosae Semen. Conclusion:Professor WANG Jie's prescription for the treatment of frequent ventricular premature complexes is Guizhi Jia Longgu Mulitang,and the main herbs are Cinnamomi Ramulus,Paeoniae Alba Radix,Os Draconis,Ostreae Concha,Glycyrrhizae Radix,and Jujubae Fructus. The final prescription could be adjusted according to the diseases and symptoms of patients.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906098

ABSTRACT

Objective:<italic>Auxiliary Verse on Drugs and</italic> <italic>methods</italic> <italic>for Zang-Fu Organs (Fuxingjue Wuzangyongyao Fayao)</italic> written by TAO Hong-jing from the Liang dynasty covered many contents from<italic> </italic>a missing prescription book<italic> Classic of Decoction (Tangye Jingfa)</italic>, including a map revealing the compatibility principle of Chinese herbs, namely the Tangye Jingfatu. Represented by a centrosymmetric pentagon, the map describes a unique theoretical system for deficiency-excess syndrome differentiation of five Zang organs (liver, heart, spleen, lung and kidney) and the tonification-purgation and compatibility theory of five flavors (pungent, salt, sweet, sour and bitter). Each Zang organ fixedly corresponds to one "property" flavor (purgation), one "function" flavor (tonification) and one "transformation" flavor (harmonization) resulting from the combination of the former two. For example, the liver can be purged by sour, tonified by pungent, and moderated by sweet transformed by the combination of sour with pungent. The heart can be purged by bitter, tonified by salt, and astringed by sour transformed by the combination of bitter with salt. The spleen can be purged by pungent, tonified by sweet, and dried by bitter transformed by the interaction between pungent and sweet. The lung can be purged by salt, tonified by sour, and dispersed by pungent transformed by the combination of salt with sour. The kidney can be purged by sweet, tonified by bitter, and moistened by salt transformed by the combination of sweet with bitter. This study selected appropriate mathematical tools to analyze the fixed relationship between "property" flavor, "function" flavor and "transformation" flavor among the five Zang organs in “Tangye Jingfatu” and establish a mathematical model revealing the compatibility-transformation relationship among five flavors. Method:Based on the group representation of five elements (wood, fire, earth, metal, and water), the correlations of "property" flavor, "function" flavor, and "transformation" flavor with five elements’ generation-restriction were deduced based on matrix calculation and group theory. The three-dimensional calculation method for vector product was expanded for establishing the mathematical operator of five flavors' compatibility-transformation. Result:<bold>and</bold> Conclusion:There is a mapping relationship of the purging, tonifying, and harmonizing functions represented by the "property" flavor, "function" flavor, and "transformation" flavor of the five zang organs in the "Tangye Jingfatu" with the five elements' generation-restriction. The established mathematical operator contributes to explaining the fixed collocations of five flavor transformation. Based on such algorithm, the tonifying and purging characteristics of five flavors in 10 representative classic prescriptions have been clearly expounded.

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888658

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the use of Chinese medicine (CM) in cancer patients in southern China.@*METHODS@#A total of 1,950 cancer patients finished questionnaires in four provinces in southern China. The survey included socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of participants, dosage forms, efficacy, and side effects.@*RESULTS@#The study results showed that cancer patients with higher education (>12 years) were more likely to accept the treatment of Chinese herbs. There were 54.61% (1,065 cases) of patients chose Chinese herbs for the initial treatment and 14.46% (282 cases) chose Chinese herbs as monotherapy. Most patients (54.51%, 1,063 cases) continuously used CM for more than 6 months, and a few of them (212 cases) used CM for up to 3 years. All kinds of dosage forms of CM had been used, including CM decoction, CM patent prescription and CM injection. Concerning the efficacy in the view of patients, 40.31% (786 cases) believed that it would be effective to take Chinese herbs before they starting the anti-cancer treatment, and the percentage increased to 81.08% after 1-month CM treatment. The effect of Chinese herbs was mainly demonstrated by symptom relief and improvement of quality of life, and 8.31% (162 cases) of patients experienced control of tumor growth and decreased tumor markers. Furthermore, only 14.31% (279 cases) participants reported that they experienced side effects during CM treatment.@*CONCLUSION@#This large scale investigation reflects the current situation of domestic CM usage objectively and comprehensively, which might provide new ways for cancer treatment.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887484

ABSTRACT

This paper introduces the specific clinical experience of professor


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Facial Paralysis/drug therapy , Herbal Medicine , Humans , Moxibustion
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879102

ABSTRACT

As the most advanced environment-friendly production model in the international society, ecological agriculture of Chinese materia medica(CMM) is the only way for the development of modern agriculture. With the proposal of the declaration on ecolo-gical agriculture of CMM, "Don't grab land from farmland, don't be enemies of grass and insects, don't be afraid of barren slopes and forests, and live up to the green and green mountains", the ecological planting of CMM has blossomed all over the country, and formed a scientific theory, technology and model. Based on the theory and method of economics, this paper expounds the comprehensive benefits and development advantages of ecological agriculture of CMM from the perspectives of farmers(producers), patients(consumers) and the country. From the perspective of medicinal farmers, the input and output income of conventional agriculture and ecological agriculture of CMM such as Panax ginseng, Astragalus propinquus, Atractylodes lancea, and Bupleurum chinense were compared, and it was found that ecological agriculture of CMM had obvious advantages in net income, average annual income and input-output ratio, which could better promote farmers' income. From the perspective of patients, according to the same dose, the content of active ingredients in ecologically planted CMMs is significantly higher than that in conventionally-planted herbs, and the amount of effective substances taken by patients is also higher, so as to achieve better therapeutic effect. At the national level, ecological planting of CMM is the key to ensuring the high-quality development of CMM industry, increasing farmers' income, ensuring the safety of people's drug use and promoting the sustainable development of agriculture. It is also an important part of realizing the harmonious development of economy, society and environment and promoting ecological civilization. In general, the declaration on ecological agriculture of CMM embo-dies the core characteristics and goals of ecological agriculture, and also points of the path and vision of ecological agriculture of CMM in the future. The declaration will guide production practice, promote the benefit of farmers, and lay the foundation for the sustainable development of CMM industry.


Subject(s)
Agriculture , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Materia Medica , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Plants, Medicinal
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879101

ABSTRACT

This study steps through four key principles, four open problems and future perspectives of Chinese materia medica(CMM) ecological agriculture by presenting the historical development, existing theories and practice outcomes. Then, it focuses on refining the main principles of CMM ecological agriculture:(1)the principles of ecological niche associated with yield and comprehensive income;(2)principles of biological diversity associated with the integrated control of diseases, pests and weeds;(3)principles of adversity effects associated with the quality improvement of CMM;(4)principles of structural stability associated with the sustainable development of CMM ecological agriculture. On this basis, four burning issues of CMM ecological agriculture were obtained,(1)ecological planting mode and supporting technologies need to be perfect;(2)multi-integrated industrial coupling remains to strengthen;(3) quality assurance system of CMM ecological agriculture and high-quality and favorable price model remains to be formed;(4)awareness of the demonstration and extension of CMM ecological agriculture needs to be desired. Finally, suggestions for the sustainable development of CMM ecological agriculture are put forward:(1)strengthen the national planning and layout, develop CMM ecological agriculture accor-ding to local conditions;(2)pay equal attention to inheritance and innovation, and strengthen the theory and practical technology research of CMM ecological agriculture;(3)strengthen industrial coupling and realize the transformation of CMM ecological agriculture from a production-based to a multi-in-one compound model;(4)intensify standards and brands, building a quality assurance system for CMM ecological products;(5) publicize the demonstration and popularization of CMM ecological agriculture. In summary, the development of CMM ecological agriculture possessed a firmer theory and practice foundation, although there is still much room for improvement. A better field of Chinese medicine agricultural development with immense economic and social benefits will not a question of "if" but "when" by accurately grasp the way forward.


Subject(s)
Agriculture , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Materia Medica , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879063

ABSTRACT

The research on the historical production areas of Dao-di herbs is of great value to the quality evaluation, production base and protection for geographic indications of Dao-di herbs. Current studies mostly focused on the sorting of written sources, but neglected the excavation of image records such as historical maps and topographic maps. This paper aims at exploreing the geographical scope and evolution mode of historical production area of the Dao-di herbs by combining the method of historical map labelling with the traditional literature and historical research methods. It can be divided into three steps: production area name extraction, historical map labelling and textual research on the historical production area of Dao-di herbs. This method may provide a better way to show the geographical scope and topographic features of the historical production areas of Dao-di herbs through historical maps labelling, which is essential to further explore the evolution of production areas of Dao-di herbs from ancient times to the present by comparing historical maps of different periods, and may be helpful to discover the reasons for the formation and evolution of historical producing areas of Dao-di herbs from different perspectives such as environment, climate, humanities, economy, policy, etc. In addition, the historical map database can be used for map labelling to help establish the relationship between the dynasties, historical names, and change cha-racteristics of the scope of the historical production areas of Dao-di herbs in the following research.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Geography , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Plants, Medicinal , Research Design
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879062

ABSTRACT

Sichuan province is very famous for its abundant resources of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM).However, within the scope of administrative division of Sichuan province, the origin records of Dao-di herbs in different historical periods show a dynamic distribution process. On the basis of carefully sorting out the geographical scope of Sichuan province in different historical periods, this article focuses on the textual research of the Dao-di herbs in Sichuan province recorded in the seven mainstream ancient works of materia medica.The results showed that, according to the records of Mingyi bielu and Bencaojing Jizhu, the main distribution areas of Dao-di herbs were mainly in the central and eastern regions of Sichuan province, mainly including Moschus, Coptidis Rhizoma, Zingiberis Rhizoma, Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata and most of the rest materia medica had become unused in the historical process. Qianjin Yifang records that the distribution areas of Dao-di herbs were mainly in the middle and eastern part of Sichuan province.Aconiti Radix, Lateralis Radix Praeparata, Zingiberis Rhizoma, Notopterygii Rhizoma et Radix are still the Dao-di herbs of Sichuan province. According to the book of Bencao Tujing,the main distribution areas of Dao-di herbs are Chengdu Plain, Yibin and Santai, While Toosendan Fructus, Chuanxiong Rhizoma, Zanthoxyli Pericarpium, Aconiti Radix are still the Dao-di herbs of Sichuan province. Ben Cao Gang Mu records the place of origin as Sichuan.Coptidis Rhizoma, Toosendan Fructus, Cyathulae Radix are still the Dao-di herbs of Sichuan pro-vince. Yaowu Chuchanbian and Zengding Weiyao Tiaobian records the place of origin as Sichuan, as well as Kangding, Songpan, Dujiang-yan, Jiangyou, Nanchong, Ya'an, etc. Moschus, Coptidis Rhizoma, Eucommiae Cortex, Phellodendri Chinensis Cortex are still the Dao-di herbs of Sichuan province. The results of this article provide a new understanding of the history and distribution changes of Dao-di herbs in Sichuan province, and can help to further understand the formation connotation of Sichuan Dao-di herbs.


Subject(s)
Aconitum , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Materia Medica , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Rhizome
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878968

ABSTRACT

Dabie Mountains, a unique transition area of subtropical and warm temperate zone, span Anhui, Hubei and Henan pro-vinces with a humid and suitable climate. It is rich in traditional Chinese medicine resources including many Dao-di herbs, and has a profound culture of traditional Chinese medicine with many herbalists in the past. This paper combed the historical geography of Dabie Mountains and development vein of medicinal materials recorded in history, and a textual research on the historical evolution of Dao-di herbs and special herbs in Dabie Mountains was carried out. The administrative region of Dabie Mountains has been changing constantly in history, which includes 25 counties and districts of six cities in Anhui, Henan and Hubei provinces at present. Dabie Mountains abound in a variety of Chinese herbal medicines, which have been recorded in herbal works in the past dynasties and local chronicles in detail. The recorded Dao-di herbs Dendrobium huoshanense, Artemisia argyi, and Poria cocos are well-known in China, and the output of Gastrodia elata, Ganoderma lucidum, and P. cocos is in the forefront of the country. Additionally, there are still many local special herbs emerging in modern times. In a word, this paper reviewed development of historical geography and ancient records of medicinal materials in Dabie Mountains, and made a textual research on the Dao-di herbs and special herbs, will provide a reference for the mo-dern research and intellectual property protection of Dao-di herbs in Dabie Mountains.


Subject(s)
China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Gastrodia , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Plants, Medicinal
18.
Cad. Ibero Am. Direito Sanit. (Impr.) ; 9(4): 28-50, out.-dez.2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1141047

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: identificar como a fitoterapia, uma das práticas integrativas e complementares mais incidentes no Sistema Único de Saúde, tem sido apropriada pelos profissionais que atuam na Estratégia Saúde da Família (ESF) no município do Rio de Janeiro, destacando os limites dessa utilização na perspectiva do direito à saúde integral. Metodologia: por meio de uma metodologia qualitativa, do tipo exploratória, foi realizado um estudo transversal sobre o uso e a prescrição de fitoterápicos e plantas medicinais por médicos, enfermeiros e agentes comunitários de saúde, de dezembro de 2016 a março de 2018, por meio da aplicação de um questionário fechado e entrevista semiestruturada. Resultados: a fitoterapia ainda não foi apropriada pelos profissionais de saúde pesquisados: 66,7% dos médicos e 41,7% dos enfermeiros afirmaram prescrever fitoterápicos, entretanto, a maioria afirmou não ter tido nenhuma instrução sobre o assunto. O cultivo de plantas medicinais foi observado nas visitas domiciliares por 76,9% dos agentes comunitários de saúde e 54% dos enfermeiros. Já o uso pela população foi relatado por 83,3% dos enfermeiros e 80,9% dos médicos. Conclusão: A fitoterapia ainda permanece marginal na ESF. Promover e ampliar o uso da fitoterapia na Atenção Primária à Saúde pode resultar em experiências inovadoras que envolvam usuários, profissionais de saúde e gestores para transformar as condições de saúde da população.


Objective: to identify how professionals who work with Family Health Strategy in the city of Rio de Janeiro, a common integrative and complementary practice in the Public Health System in Brazil, have incorporated phytotherapy into their practice, highlighting the limits of this use from the perspective of the right to integral health. Methodology: using a qualitative exploratory methodology, a cross-sectional study was conducted to identify the use and prescription of herbal medicines and medicinal plants by physicians, nurses, and community health agents from December 2016 to March 2018. Results: the professionals surveyed have not incorporated phytotherapy into their practice. The results show that 66.6% of physicians and 41.6% of nurses prescribe herbal medicines, however, most claimed to have had no instruction on the subject. 76.9% of community health workers and 54% of nurses observed at home visits that the population cultivate medicinal plants and 83.3% of nurses and 80.9% of doctors reported the use by the population. Conclusion: phytotherapy remains marginal in the Family Health Strategy. Promoting and expanding the use of phytotherapy in Primary Health Care can result in innovative experiences involving users, health professionals and managers to transform the population's health conditions.


Objectivo: identificar cómo la fitoterapia, una de las prácticas integradoras y complementarias más comunes en el Sistema Único de Salud, ha sido apropiada por diferentes profesionales que trabajan en la Estrategia de Salud Familiar en la ciudad de Río de Janeiro destacando los límites de este uso desde la perspectiva del derecho a la salud integral. Metodología: utilizando una metodología exploratoria cualitativa, se realizó un estudio transversal sobre el uso y la prescripción de plantas medicinales y fitoterapicos por parte de médicos, enfermeras y agentes comunitarios de salud desde diciembre de 2016 hasta marzo de 2018. Resultados: la fitoterapia aún no ha sido apropiada por los profesionales de la salud encuestados: los resultados muestran que el 66,6% de los médicos y el 41.6% de las enfermeras declararon recetar remedios herbales, sin embargo, la mayoría declaró que no tenían educación sobre el tema. El 76,9% de los agentes comunitarios de salud y el 54% de las enfermeras observaron el cultivo de plantas medicinales en las visitas domiciliarias. El 83,3% de las enfermeras y el 80,9% de los médicos informaron sobre el uso por parte de la población. Conclusión: la fitoterapia sigue siendo marginal en el Estrategia Salud de la Familia. Promover y ampliar el uso de la fitoterapia en la Atención Primaria de Salud puede dar lugar a experiencias innovadoras que involucren a usuarios, profesionales de la salud y gerentes para transformar las condiciones de salud de la población.

19.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-215047

ABSTRACT

Medicinal plants have been used since ancient times as therapeutic agents for treatment of various diseases and ailments. Description of medicinal uses of plants are found abundantly in ancient papyrus writings from various civilizations. Indigenous cultures even today use herbs in their healing rituals. Medicinal plants are considered as rich sources of phytochemical ingredients which play a vital role for the development of new drugs.Nigella sativa (N. sativa) is commonly known as Black seed or Kalongi, sometimes also referred to as miracle herb has been studied extensively for its various medicinal benefits. Apart from being used as a spice it is also used in various traditional systems of medicine including Ayurveda due to its healing properties in the treatment of various diseases. The seeds of Nigella sativa and their oil have been widely used for centuries in the treatment of various ailments throughout the world. And it is an important drug in the Indian traditional system of medicine like Unani and Ayurveda. It has been extensively studied for its biological activities and therapeutic potential and has been shown to possess wide spectrum of activities like diuretic, antihypertensive, antidiabetic, anticancer, immunomodulatory, analgesic, antimicrobial, anthelmintic, analgesic, antiinflammatory, spasmolytic, bronchodilator, gastroprotective, hepatoprotective, renal protective and antioxidant properties. Most of the therapeutic properties of this plant are due to the presence of thymoquinone (TQ) which is a major active chemical component of the essential oil.Research into its therapeutic potential has highlighted its use due to its efficacy as an antioxidant, for glycaemic control, anticancer, antimicrobial and for its various other potential health benefits. Experimental studies have reported that Nigella sativa Oil and Nigella sativa extracts have anti-microbial activity against a wide range of microbes, especially multiple-antibiotic resistant bacteria. The current article tries to present a comprehensive and yet short review of this miraculous herb and its various applications in medicine especially in the backdrop of emerging antibiotic resistant superbugs.

20.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-194997

ABSTRACT

Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder affecting many organs of the body with severs complication if untreated. In India, diabetes is leading major disorder mainly affecting in the urban areas due to change of life style, lack of attention towards exercise and hectic schedule. There is huge availability of allopathic medicines for better treatment but have side effects also. Indian traditional herbs are also used from ancient times for different treatment. Herbal formulations for diabetes are the proven and effective medicines in India and variety of medicinal plant are used to treat complications of diabetes. These Ayurvedic plants and parts of plants have different chemical constituents and can be used as a medicine. These contents also have a rich sources of antioxidant property that used to control the free radical formation. In this research review, our aim is to cover traditional herb and plants from India having anti-diabetes activity, its chemical constitution and active ingredients used for treatment. These plants if we start to used with or without allopathic drug treatment on daily basis can make big differences for control and management of diabetes.

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