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1.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(3): 360-368, May-June 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388023

ABSTRACT

Abstract Currently, intracapsular femoral neck fracture (IFNF) is still a great challenge for orthopedists. In spite of the progress that has been made, a high mortality rate persists in the first year, especially in Brazil, where there is no awareness that such fractures in elderly patients should be treated as amedical emergency. The present article seeks to provide an update on the preoperative, surgical, and postoperative approaches.


Resumo Atualmente, a fratura intracapsular do colo femoral (FICF) ainda é um grande desafio para os ortopedistas. Apesar dos grandes avanços feitos, persiste uma grande taxa de mortalidade no primeiro ano, sobretudo no Brasil, onde não há uma conscientização de que tais fraturas nos pacientes idosos devemser tratadas como uma urgênciamédica. O presente artigo busca fornecer uma atualização das condutas pré-operatórias, cirúrgicas e pós-operatórias.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Postoperative Care , Preoperative Care , Femoral Neck Fractures/surgery , Hip Fractures/surgery , Hip Fractures/rehabilitation
2.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(3): 511-520, May-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388018

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The aim of the present study was to compare functional results after Cemented Calcar replacement vis-a-vis Long stem Cemented hemiarthroplasty in patients aged more than 80 years with unstable intertrochanteric fractures. Methods The present prospective, randomized trial included 140 patients with AO/OTA type 31-A2, A3 intertrochanteric femur fracture, randomized into 2 treatment groups and followed-up for a minimum of 2 years. Sixty-seven patients in group A were treated with a cemented calcar replacing prosthesis, and 65 patients in group B were treated with a cemented long stem femoral stem prosthesis. The primary end points were hip functions at 2 years. The secondary end points were the complications encountered, mortality, surgical time, reoperation, blood loss, and activities of daily living. Results There were no major differences between the groups in terms of hip function, quality of life (health related), reoperation, mortality, and blood loss. However, the function in hip joint and activities of daily living deteriorated in both groups in comparison with prefracture levels. Conclusion In octogenarians with an unstable intertrochanteric fracture, cemented calcar replacing prosthesis has similar clinical results in comparison with long stem cemented hemiarthroplasty. Hemiarthroplasty with either implant is a good option in this subset of patients. Level of evidence: I


Resumo Objetivo O objetivo do presente estudo foi comparar os resultados funcionais após a substituição do Calcar cimentado em comparação com a hemiartroplastia cimentada de haste longa em pacientes com mais de 80 anos com fratura intertrocantérica instável. Métodos O presente estudo prospectivo e randomizado incluiu 140 pacientes com fratura de fêmur intertrocantérica, conforme classificação AO/OTA tipo 31-A2, A3, randomizados em 2 grupos de tratamento e acompanhados por um período mínimo de 2 anos. Sessenta e sete pacientes do grupo A foram tratados com uma prótese de substituição do calcar cimentada e 65 pacientes do grupo B foram tratados com uma prótese femoral de haste longa cimentada. Os desfechos primários foram as funções do quadril em 2 anos. Os eventos secundários foram as complicações encontradas, a mortalidade, o tempo cirúrgico, segunda cirurgia, perda de sangue e as atividades do cotidiano. Resultados Não houve grandes diferenças entre os grupos em termos de função do quadril, qualidade de vida (relacionada à saúde), segunda cirurgia, mortalidade e perda de sangue. No entanto, a função da articulação do quadril e as atividades da vida diária se deterioraram em ambos os grupos em comparação com os níveis pré-fratura. Conclusão Nos octogenários com fratura intertrocantérica instável, a prótese de substituição do calcar cimentada apresentou resultados clínicos semelhantes em comparação com a hemiartroplastia de haste longa cimentada. A hemiartroplastia comqualquer umdos implantes é uma boa opção nesse subgrupo de pacientes. Nível de evidência: I


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged, 80 and over , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Hemiarthroplasty , Hip Fractures/therapy , Hip Prosthesis
3.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1383553

ABSTRACT

Las luxaciones traumáticas de cadera son poco frecuentes, y es excepcional la asociación lesional con fracturas del extremo proximal de fémur, habitualmente producidas por accidentes de alta energía. Un correcto diagnóstico, y tratamiento adecuado de la fractura, es la conducta ideal para disminuir las complicaciones. Presentamos el caso de un paciente masculino 49 años trabajador de la construcción que, en un accidente de tránsito, sufre una luxación de cadera asociado a fractura de cuello femoral, con excepcional presentación radiológica, con lesión del nervio CPE (ciático poplíteo externo), en que se realizó artroplastia total de cadera, con buena evolución y rehabilitación, retornando a su actividad laboral a los 11 meses del accidente. A propósito de este caso, realizamos una revisión bibliográfica para evaluar el tratamiento propuesto, el ideal, y pronóstico funcional de estas lesiones.


Traumatic hip dislocations are rare, and associated injuries involving fractures of the proximal end of the femur, usually as a result of high-energy accidents, are exceptional. A correct diagnosis and adequate treatment of the fracture is the most appropriate way to reduce complications. We present the case of a 49-year-old male construction worker who, as a result of a traffic accident, suffers from a hip dislocation associated with a femoral neck fracture, with exceptional radiological presentation, with injury to the EPS (External Popliteal Sciatic) nerve. Total hip arthropathy was performed, with good evolution and rehabilitation, and patient returned to work 11 months after the accident. In this particular case, we carried out a bibliographic review to evaluate the proposed treatment, the ideal treatment, and the functional prognosis of these injuries.


As luxações traumáticas do quadril são raras, e a associação de lesão com fraturas da extremidade proximal do fêmur, geralmente causada por acidentes de alta energia, é excepcional. O diagnóstico correto e o tratamento adequado da fratura é a abordagem ideal para reduzir as complicações. Apresentamos o caso de um operário da construção civil, 49 anos, que, em acidente de trânsito, sofre luxação de quadril associada a fratura do colo do fêmur, com apresentação radiológica excepcional, com lesão do nervo ciático poplíteo externo (CPE), em onde foi realizada a artroplastia total do quadril, com boa evolução e reabilitação, retornando ao trabalho 11 meses após o acidente. Em relação a este caso, realizamos uma revisão bibliográfica para avaliar o tratamento proposto, o ideal e o prognóstico funcional dessas lesões.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Femoral Neck Fractures/surgery , Femoral Neck Fractures/diagnostic imaging , Hip Dislocation/surgery , Hip Dislocation/diagnostic imaging , Treatment Outcome , Femoral Neck Fractures/complications , Hip Dislocation/etiology
4.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(2): 241-249, Mar.-Apr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1387997

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective In the present study, we investigated the intra and interobserver agreement of the new Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Osteosynthesefragen/Orthopaedic Trauma Association (AO/OTA) classification for fractures of the proximal extremity of the femur. Methods One hundred hip radiographs were selected from patients who suffered fractures of the trochanteric region or femoral neck. Four orthopedists, fellowship trained hip surgeons, and four orthopedic residents evaluated and classified fractures according to the new AO/OTA system on two separate occasions. The kappa (k) coefficient was used to evaluate intra and interobserver agreement in the different steps of the classification, namely: type, group, subgroup, and qualifier. Results Hip surgery experts obtained almost perfect intraobserver agreement of type, substantial for group and, only moderate, for subgroup and qualifiers. The residents had lower performance, with substantial agreement for type, moderate for group, and reasonable for subgroup and qualifier. In the specialists' interobserver evaluation, there was also a gradual decrease in the agreement between type (almost perfect) and group (moderate), which was even lower for subgroup and qualifiers. Residents had a substantial interobserver agreement for type, moderate for group, and reasonable in the other branches. Conclusion The new AO/OTA classification for fractures of the trochanteric region and femoral neck showed intra and interobserver agreements considered appropriate for type and group, with a drop in the subsequent branches, that is, for subgroup and qualifier. Still, in relation to the old AO/OTA classification, there was an improvement in the agreements for subgroup.


Resumo Objetivo Neste estudo, investigamos a concordância intra e interobservador da nova classificação Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Osteosynthesefragen/Orthopaedic Trauma Association (AO/OTA) para fraturas da extremidade proximal do fêmur. Métodos Foram selecionadas 100 radiografias do quadril de pacientes que sofreram fraturas da região trocantérica ou do colo do fêmur. Quatro ortopedistas cirurgiões de quadril e quatro residentes de ortopedia e traumatologia avaliaram e classificaram as fraturas segundo o novo sistema AO/OTA em duas ocasiões distintas. O coeficiente de kappa (k) foi utilizado para avaliar a concordância intra e interobservadores nos diferentes passos da classificação, a saber: tipo, grupo, subgrupo e qualificador. Resultados Especialistas em cirurgia do quadril obtiveram concordância intraobservador quase perfeita de tipo, substancial para grupo e, apenas moderada para subgrupo e qualificadores. Os residentes tiveram desempenho inferior, com concordância substancial para o tipo, moderada para o grupo, e razoável para o subgrupo e qualificador. Na avaliação interobservadores dos especialistas, também se observou queda gradual da concordância entre tipo (quase perfeita) e grupo (moderada), que se mostrou ainda menor parasubgrupo e qualificadores.Residentestiveramumaconcordânciainterobservadoressubstancialparatipo, moderada para grupo e razoável nas demais ramificações. Conclusão A Nova Classificação AO/OTA para fraturas da região trocantérica e do colo do fêmur mostrou concordâncias intra e interobservadores consideradas adequadas para tipo e grupo com queda nas ramificações subsequentes ou seja para subgrupo e qualificador. Ainda assim em relação à classificação AO/OTA antiga houve melhora nas concordâncias para subgrupo.

5.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 161-165, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928486

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#The COVID-19 pandemic has caused 1.4 million deaths globally and is associated with a 3-4 times increase in 30-day mortality after a fragility hip fracture with concurrent COVID-19 infection. Typically, death from COVID-19 infection occurs between 15 and 22 days after the onset of symptoms, but this period can extend up to 8 weeks. This study aimed to assess the impact of concurrent COVID-19 infection on 120-day mortality after a fragility hip fracture.@*METHODS@#A multi-centre prospective study across 10 hospitals treating 8% of the annual burden of hip fractures in England between 1st March and 30th April, 2020 was performed. Patients whose surgical treatment was payable through the National Health Service Best Practice Tariff mechanism for "fragility hip fractures" were included in the study. Patients' 120-day mortality was assessed relative to their peri-operative COVID-19 status. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS version 27.@*RESULTS@#A total of 746 patients were included in this study, of which 87 (11.7%) were COVID-19 positive. Mortality rates at 30- and 120-day were significantly higher for COVID-19 positive patients relative to COVID-19 negative patients (p < 0.001). However, mortality rates between 31 and 120-day were not significantly different (p = 0.107), 16.1% and 9.4% respectively for COVID-19 positive and negative patients, odds ratio 1.855 (95% CI 0.865-3.978).@*CONCLUSION@#Hip fracture patients with concurrent COVID-19 infection, provided that they are alive at day-31 after injury, have no significant difference in 120-day mortality. Despite the growing awareness and concern of "long-COVID" and its widespread prevalence, this does not appear to increase medium-term mortality rates after a hip fracture.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Hip Fractures/surgery , Humans , Pandemics , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , State Medicine , United Kingdom/epidemiology
6.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 118-121, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928482

ABSTRACT

Intertrochanteric fractures have become a severe public health problem in elderly patients. Proximal femoral nail anti-rotation (PFNA) is a commonly used intramedullary fixation device for unstable intertrochanteric fractures. Pelvic perforation by cephalic screw is a rare complication. We reported an 84-year-old female who fell at home and sustained an intertrochanteric fracture. The patient underwent surgery with PFNA as the intramedullary fixation device. Routine postoperative examination revealed medial migration of the helical blade that eventually caused pelvic perforation. We performed a cemented total hip arthroplasty as the savage procedure. At the latest follow-up of 12 months after total hip arthroplasty, the patient had no pain or loosening of the prosthesis in the left hip. Pelvic perforation should be considered when choosing PFNA as the intramedullary fixation device, especially in patients with severe osteoporosis wherein the helical blade can be easily inserted during the operation. The lack of devices to avoid oversliding of the helical blade in PFNA is an unreported cause of this complication and should be considered in such cases.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bone Nails/adverse effects , Female , Femur , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary/adverse effects , Hip Fractures/surgery , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928325

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the relationship between preoperative waiting time and prognosis of elderly patients with hip fracture.@*METHODS@#From January 2014 to December 2018, 333 elderly hip fracture patients undergoing surgery were retrospectively analyzed, including 104 males and 229 females, aged from 60 to 99 years with an average of (77.93±8.49) years, and 183 patients were femoral neck fracture, 150 patients were femoral intertrochanteric fracture. Among them, 269 patients (80.78%) had a clustered preoperative waiting time of 2 to 8 days, and then divided into within 4-day group(91 cases) and over 4-day group(242 cases) according to their preoperative waiting time. The survival situation was followed by telephone, and follow-up time started from fracture admission to the death event, or to the research deadline (December 31, 2019). The Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis, and Cox risk proportion model was used to analyze the independent risk factors of hip fracture in elderly patients.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for 12 to 75 months(means 35 months), 59 patients died and the mortality rate was 17.72%(59/333). Compared with within 4-day group, the mortality rate was higher in over 4-day group[20.66%(50/242) vs. 9.89%(9/91), χ2=5.263, P=0.022]. Multiariable Cox regression analysis showed that preoperative waiting time, age, male and Charlson comorbidity index were independent risk factors for the prognosis of hip fracture in elderly patients (all P<0.05), and every 1-day delay was associated with 5% increase of the risk of death[HR=1.05, 95%CI(1.00-1.10), P=0.045]. Subsequent analyse was stratified according to the Charlson comorbidity index (CCI), and found that over 4-day group had a higher mortality rate in patients with CCI<2, with statistically significant difference(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#For elderly patients with hip fracture, most of hospitals could not complete the hip fracture surgery within 48 hours, we also need to shorten the waiting time before surgery, and thereby improve their prognosis.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Femoral Neck Fractures , Hip Fractures/surgery , Humans , Male , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Waiting Lists
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928323

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the incidence and related risk factors of healthy side fracture after hip fracture surgery in the elderly, so as to provide basis for the prevention of re-fracture.@*METHODS@#The data of 452 patients over 65 years old with femoral neck fracture or intertrochanteric fracture treated with hip arthroplasty or proximal femoral intramedullary nailing from June 2012 to June 2017 were analyzed, including 168 males and 284 females, the age ranged from 65 to 97(75.5±7.5) years. There were 191 cases of femoral neck fracture and 261 cases of femoral intertrochanteric fracture. According to whether there was a fracture in the healthy hip after operation, the patients were divided into fracture group and no fracture group. The gender, age, body mass index, fracture type, initial treatment method, bone mineral density, bed time, medical compliance, postoperative short-term delirium, whether there were medical diseases before injury and Harris score of hip joint in the final follow-up were recorded. Univariate Logistic regression analysis was used to screen out the risk factors of healthy side fracture after operation, and then statistically significant risk factors were included in multi factor Logistic regression analysis to screen out the independent risk factors of healthy side fracture after operation of hip fracture in the elderly.@*RESULTS@#Among them, 42 of the 452 patients had hip fractures on the healthy side with an incidence of 9.3%. The average interval between the two fractures was (2.9±2.1) years. Univariate Logistic regression analysis showed that there were significant differences in age, bone mineral density, medical compliance, short-term postoperative deliriun, pre-injury complicated with medical diseases and Harris score of hip joint in the final follow-up (P<0.05). Multivariate Logistic analysis showed that age(OR=4.227), bone mineral density(OR=4.313), combined with medical diseases (OR=5.616) and low hip Harris score at the final follow-up (OR=3.891) were independent risk factors for healthy side fractures after hip fracture surgery in elderly(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The age, bone mineral density, combined with medical diseases and low Harris score of hip joint in the final follow-up are the main risk factors of healthy side fracture after hip fracture in the elderly. It is necessary to strengthen the treatment of medical diseases, anti osteoporosis and improve hip joint function within 3 years after operation, so as to prevent the occurrence of healthy side hip fracture.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bone Density , Female , Femoral Fractures , Femoral Neck Fractures/surgery , Femur , Hip Fractures/surgery , Humans , Male , Risk Factors
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928319

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the risk factors of stroke after of elderly patients with hip fracture after operation.@*METHODS@#From March 2012 to June 2017, 500 elderly patients with hip fracture who underwent hip replacement were selected, including 286 males and 214 females, aged from 60 to 76 years old with an average of (68.49±11.85) years. They were divided into stroke group with 30 cases and control group with 470 cases according to the occurrence of acute stroke within two weeks after operation. The general data and serum contents of cytokines IL-1, IL-6, IL-10 and TNF-α were compared between the two groups. The overall survival of the two groups were followed up.@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in sex, age, anesthesia method, operation time, intraoperative blood loss, preoperative IL-1, IL-6, IL-10 and TNF-α contenta between stroke group and control group(P>0.05). The prevalence of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, atrial fibrillation, intraoperative hypotension, IL-1, IL-6, IL-10 and TNF-α contenta 1 day and 3 days after operation of stroke group were significantly higher than control group(P<0.05);up to the date of follow-up, the cumulative survival rate of stroke patients were significantly lower than those of the control group(P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that intraoperative hypotension, elevated contents of serum IL-1 and TNF-α at 1 and 3 days after operation were risk factors for acute stroke.@*CONCLUSION@#Postoperative stroke in elderly patients with hip fracture affects the prognosis of the disease. The increase of inflammatory cytokines IL-1 and TNF-α after operation is an independent risk factor for stroke.


Subject(s)
Aged , Cytokines , Female , Hip Fractures/surgery , Humans , Hypotension , Interleukin-1 , Interleukin-10 , Interleukin-6 , Male , Middle Aged , Risk Factors , Stroke/etiology , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928263

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the relationship between hemoglobin(Hb) level on admission and survival prognosis of patients with hip fracture.@*METHODS@#From February 2016 to October 2018, 249 elderly patients with hip fracture were surgically treated including 62 males and 187 females;the age ranged from 60 to 91(73.67±10.52) years;the time from injury to operation was (6.79±2.27) d. The clinical and laboratory examination results were collected. The Hb level at admission and the mortality at 30, 90, 180 and 360 days after operation were observed. According to the Hb level at admission, the patients were divided into Hb<120 g/L and Hb≥120 g/L groups. The survival conditions of the two groups at 30, 90, 180 and 360 days after operation were compared and analyzed. Logistic regression was used to analyze the effect of Hb level on death 30, 90, 180 and 360 days after operation.@*RESULTS@#The mortality rates at 30, 90, 180 and 360 days after operation were 5.22%, 9.24%, 16.87% and 20.48% respectively. The level of Hb at admission was a risk factor for prognosis and death 30, 90, 180 and 360 days after operation(P<0.05). The OR(95% CI) were 2.431(1.475-4.006), 2.625(1.468-4.695), 2.276(1.320-3.925) and 2.082(1.221-3.551) respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#The level of Hb at admission can affect the survival and prognosis of elderly patients with hip fracture. We should further study how to manage the level of Hb before operation.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Hemoglobins/analysis , Hip Fractures/surgery , Hospitalization , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
11.
Gac. méd. boliv ; 45(1)2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385000

ABSTRACT

Resumen Las fracturas de cadera representan una causa importante de morbimortalidad en la población adulta, más del 50% corresponden a fracturas laterales, y entre ellas están las inestables que son de difícil manejo. Objetivo: analizar los resultados clínico-radiológicos de pacientes tratados con artroplastía parcial de cadera por fracturas transtrocantericas, utilizando injerto autólogo de calcar femoral. Métodos: el estudio prospectivo de enfoque cuantitativo. La muestra fue de 11 pacientes con fractura transtrocanterica de cadera, en quienes se realizó artroplastía utilizando un injerto de calcar femoral, con un seguimiento entre 4 a 6 meses, en el Hospital Obrero N°2 de Cochabamba. Se analizaron características clínicas, radiológicas y se realiza una descripción de la técnica quirúrgica. Resultados: la edad promedio de la población de estudio fue de 83,4 años, siendo el sexo femenino el 63,6% (7 pacientes) y el sexo masculino 36,4% (4 pacientes). Según la clasificación de la AO para fracturas laterales de cadera, el tipo 31A2.2 fue el principal con 45,5%. Mas del 50% tenían buena estabilidad según las zonas de Gruen. Mas del 60% evolucionaron entre bueno y excelente, según la escala de Harris, con un promedio de 83,65 (rango de 67,1 a 90,8) al tercer mes y un promedio de 84,74 al sexto mes. Conclusiones: el tratamiento de las fracturas laterales de cadera mediante esta técnica, creemos que puede ser una alternativa para el manejo de pacientes con fractura inestable, con altas probabilidades de falla de osteosíntesis y principalmente cuando el paciente y familiares estén de acuerdo con el procedimiento.


Abstract Hip fractures represent an important cause of morbimortality in the adult population, more than 50% correspond to lateral fractures, anc these include unstable fractures that are difficult to manage. Objective: to analyze the clinical and radiological results of patients treatec with partial hip arthroplasty for transtrochanteric fractures, using autologous femoral calcar graft. Methods: prospective study with a quantitative approach. The sample consisted of 11 patients with transtrochanteric hip fracture, who underwent arthroplasty using a femoral calcar graft, with a follow-up of 4 to 6 months, at the Hospital Obrero N°2 of Cochabamba. Clinical and radiological characteristics were analyzed and a description of the surgical technique was made. Results: the average age of the study population was 83.4 years with 63.6% female (7 patients) and 36.4% male (4 patients). According to the AO classification for lateral hip fractures, type 31A2.2 was the main one with 45.5%. More than 50% of the patients had good stability according to the Gruen zones. More than 60% evolved between good and excellent, according to the Harris scale, with an average of 83.65 (range from 67.1 to 90.8) at the third month and an average of 84.74 at the sixth month. Conclusions: we believe that the treatment of lateral hip fractures using this technique can be an alternative for the management of patients with unstable fractures, with a high probability of osteosynthesis failure and mainly when the patient and relatives agree with the procedure.

12.
Rev. colomb. ortop. traumatol ; 36(1): 38-42, 2022. ilus.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1378781

ABSTRACT

Objetivo Determinar la prevalencia de fracturas periprotésicas en pacientes con antecedente de reemplazo de cadera que ingresaron a un servicio de ortopedia entre el 2010 al 2018. Materiales y métodos 709 pacientes fueron atendidos, pero solo 15 pacientes presentaron fracturas periprotésicas. Resultados La prevalencia de fracturas periprotésicas fue del 2.1% (IC 95%: 1.05; 3.17). La mayor parte de los casos se presentaron en el sexo femenino con un porcentaje de 53,3%, con edad promedio de 74.2 año. Las principales causas de fractura periprotésica fueron el trauma en la cadera por caída desde su propia altura. Solo el 12.12% presentaron alguna complicación local o sistémica. Conclusiones La prevalencia de fracturas periprotésicas fue menor del 3%; esta patología depende de distintos factores que se deben tener en cuenta al momento de realizar los procedimientos quirúrgicos.


Objective To determine the prevalence of periprosthetic fractures in patients with a history of hip replacement admitted to an orthopedic service between 2010 and 2018. Materials and methods 709 patients were seen, but only 15 patients had periprosthetic fractures. Results The prevalence of periprotic fractures was 2.1% (95% CI: 1.05; 3.17). The majority of cases occurred in females with a percentage of 53.3%, with an average age of 74.2 years. The main causes of periprotic fracture were hip trauma from falling from its own height. Only 12.12% presented some local or systemic complication. Conclusions The prevalence of periprosthetic fractures was less than 3%; this pathology depends on different factors that must be taken into account when performing surgical procedures.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hip Fractures , Femoral Fractures , Hip Prosthesis
13.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(6): 784-789, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357136

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To measure the levels of vitamin D in patients hospitalized for fractures and to evaluate its relationship with fractures. Methods A primary, analytical, cross-sectional, non-interventional, observational, controlled study was conducted in humans. The serum measurement of: vitamin D, parathyroid hormone (PTH), calcium, phosphorus, magnesium and albumin was performed in 49 patients who were consecutively hospitalized for surgery due to fracture(s) (study group), and in 50 patients without fractures, from the various outpatient clinics, and who underwent routine tests (control group). Results The mean level of 25-hydroxyvitaminD (25[OH]D) in patients with fractures was of 23.78 ± 8.01 ng/mL (61.22% of patients with fractures had hypovitaminosis D). The mean 25(OH)D of the control group was of 37.52 ± 9.21 ng/mL (10% of the patients had hypovitaminosis D). Most cases of hypovitaminosis (96%) did not course with secondary hyperparathyroidism (mean PTH = 41.80 ± 22.75 pg/mL). Conclusion Hypovitaminosis D was found in a significant percentage (61.22%) of the patients who suffered fractures. Further studies on the subject are needed to better understand the influence of hypovitaminosis D on the occurrence of fractures, as well as the benefits of vitamin D supplementation in these patients.


Resumo Objetivo Dosar a vitamina D nos pacientes internados por fratura e avaliar sua relação com as fraturas. Métodos Realizou-se estudo primário, analítico, transversal, não intervencional, observacional, controlado, em seres humanos. Fez-se a dosagem sérica de: vitamina D, paratormônio(PTH), cálcio, fósforo, magnésio e albumina em 49 pacientes que foram internados consecutivamente para cirurgia devido a fratura(s) (grupo de estudo), e em 50 pacientes, dos diversos ambulatórios, sem fraturas, e que realizaram exames de rotina (grupo de controle). Resultados A média de 25-hidroxivitamina D (25[OH]D) nos pacientes com fraturas foi de 23,78 ± 8,01 ng/mL (61,22% dos pacientes com fraturas apresentaram hipovitaminose D). A média de 25(OH)D do grupo de controle foi de 37,52 ± 9,21 ng/mL (10% dos pacientes apresentaram hipovitaminose D). A maioria dos casos de hipovitaminose (96%) não cursou com hiperparatireoidismo secundário (média do PTH = 41,80 ± 22,75 pg/mL). Conclusão A hipovitaminose D foi encontrada em um percentual expressivo (61,22%) dos pacientes que sofreram fraturas. Mais estudos sobre o assunto são necessários para se compreender melhor a influência da hipovitaminose D na ocorrência das fraturas e os benefícios da suplementação com vitamina D nesses pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteoporosis , Avitaminosis , Vitamin D , Vitamin D Deficiency , Fracture Healing , Fractures, Bone , Hip Fractures
14.
Rev. cuba. ortop. traumatol ; 35(1): e284, 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289543

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El motivo de hospitalización más común en los servicios ortopédicos son las fracturas de cadera, de las cuales, las más frecuentes son las del cuello femoral y pertrocantéreas y/o transtrocantéricas. Existen diversos factores de riesgo entre los adultos de 60 años o más, entre ellos, vivir en una residencia de ancianos, deterioro mental, tipo de fractura, entorno social habitual, y presencia de enfermedades sistémicas asociadas con el envejecimiento. Objetivo: Describir y analizar las fracturas de cadera más frecuentes en adultos mayores en el Hospital General Agustín O´Horán, así como describir la distribución bimestral y anual de los casos ocurridos en el estado de Yucatán. Método: Estudio transversal, descriptivo y retrospectivo que incluyó sujetos de ambos géneros de 60 años y más, que habían ingresado por fractura de cadera entre noviembre 2015 y abril 2019. Se utilizaron las variables género, edad, bimestre, año, ubicación anatómica y tipo de traumatismo, clasificación extracapsular e intracapsular. Resultados: La mayoría de los pacientes fueron del sexo femenino (64,53 por ciento), la edad promedio fue 77,67 años. La fractura con mayor número de casos fue la extracapsular (62,25 por ciento) con su subtipo más prevalente que fue la transtrocantérica (35,78 por ciento). El mayor número de casos se presentó en el año 2016, en los meses de enero a abril hubo mayor número de pacientes ingresados. Conclusiones: Existe una prevalencia de fracturas de cadera en mujeres mayores de 60 años, lo que se corresponde con lo reportado a nivel nacional(AU)


Introduction: The most common reason for hospitalization in orthopedic services are hip fractures, of which the most frequent are those of the femoral neck and pertrochanteric and / or transtrochanteric. There are several risk factors among adults age 60 and over, including living in a nursing home, mental decline, type of fracture, common social environment, and presence of systemic diseases associated with aging. Objective: To describe and analyze the most frequent hip fractures in older adults at Agustin O'Horan General Hospital, as well as to describe the bimonthly and annual distribution of the cases that occurred in the state of Yucatan. Method: Cross-sectional, descriptive and retrospective study that included subjects of both genders aged 60 years and over, who had been admitted for hip fracture from November 2015 to April 2019. The variables were used gender, age, two-month period, year, anatomical location and type of trauma, extracapsular and intracapsular classification. Results: Most of the patients were female (64.53 percent), the average age was 77.67 years. The highest number of cases had extracapsular fracture (62.25 percent), the transtrochanteric subtype was the most prevalent (35.78 percent). The largest number of cases occurred in 2016. January to April there the months with higher number of patients admitted. Conclusions: The prevalence of hip fractures in women over 60 years of age, corresponds to that reported at the national level(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Hip Fractures/classification , Hip Fractures/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies , Observational Study
15.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(2): 251-255, Apr.-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251334

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The present study aims to identify the energy required for synthetic proximal femoral fracture after removal of three implant types: cannulated screws, dynamic hip screws (DHS), and proximal femoral nail (PFN). Methods Twenty-five synthetic proximal femur bones were used: 10 were kept intact as the control group (CG), 5 were submitted to the placement and removal of 3 cannulated screws in an inverted triangle configuration (CSG), 5 were submitted to the placement and removal of a dynamic compression screw (DHSG), and 5 were submitted to the placement and removal of a proximal femur nail (PFNG). All samples were biomechanically analyzed simulating a fall on the greater trochanter using a servo-hydraulic machine to determine the energy (in Joules [J]) required for fracture. Results All samples presented basicervical fractures. The energy required for fracture was 7.1 J, 6.6 J, 6 J, and 6.7 J for the CG, CSG, DHSG and PFNG, respectively. There was no statistically significant difference (considering a 95% confidence interval) in energy among the study groups (p = 0.34). Conclusion There was no statistically significant difference in the energy required to cause a synthetic proximal femoral fracture after removing all three implant types and simulating a fall over the greater trochanter.


Resumo Objetivo Identificar a energia necessária para ocorrência de fratura do fêmur proximal em osso sintético após retirada de três modelos de implantes: parafusos canulados, parafuso dinâmico do quadril (dynamic hip screw-DHS) e haste femoral proximal (proximal femoral nail-PFN). Métodos Foram utilizados 25 modelos de ossos sintéticos da extremidade proximal do fêmur: 10 unidades de grupo controle (GC), 5 unidades após colocação e retirada de 3 parafusos canulados colocados em configuração de triângulo invertido (GPC), 5 unidades após colocação e retirada do parafuso de compressão dinâmico (GDHS), e 5 unidades após colocação e retirada da haste de fêmur proximal (GPFN). Uma análise biomecânica foi realizada em todas as amostras simulando uma queda sobre o grande trocânter utilizando uma máquina servo-hidráulica com o objetivo de verificar a energia (em Joules [J]) necessária até a ocorrência de fratura nos diferentes grupos. Resultados Todos os grupos apresentaram fratura basocervical. Os grupos GC, GPC, GDHS e GPFN apresentaram, respectivamente, valores de 7.1J, 6.6J, 6J e 6.7J de energia até ocorrência da fratura. Não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa (intervalo de confiança de 95%) na energia entre os grupos de estudo (p = 0,34). Conclusão Não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa nos valores de energia necessária para ocorrência de fratura da extremidade proximal do fêmur após a retirada de três tipos de implantes utilizando modelos sintéticos simulando queda sobre o grande trocânter.


Subject(s)
Case-Control Studies , Device Removal , Fractures, Bone , Fracture Fixation , Hip/surgery , Hip Fractures
16.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(1): 109-113, Jan.-Feb. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288640

ABSTRACT

Abstract The method presented here consists of a minimally invasive surgical technique for osteosynthesis of transtrochanteric fractures with Dynamic Hip Screw (DHS) 135º. It is indicated in the treatment of 31-A1 and 31-A2 fractures (Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Osteosynthesefragen Classification - AO) that meet the prerequisites required for using DHS. The surgery is performed, preferably, before 48 hours after the fracture. With the use of the same instruments as the traditional surgical technique and the aid of the C-arm, a closed reduction of the fracture and implantation of the DHS is performed by a 2-cm surgical incision, through dissection of the underlying tissues, with minimal bleeding and damage to the soft parts. In the immediate postoperative period, the patient is encouraged to orthostatism and walk with full load, which anticipates hospital discharge and favors early functional rehabilitation. Outpatient return is scheduled at 2, 6, 12 and 24 weeks postoperatively, with radiographic evaluation to assess fracture healing.


Resumo O método aqui apresentado consiste em técnica cirúrgica minimamente invasiva para osteossíntese de fraturas transtrocantéricas com Dynamic Hip Screw (DHS) 135º. Esta técnica é indicada no tratamento de fraturas 31-A1 e 31-A2 (Classificação Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Osteosynthesefragen - AO) que cumpram os pré-requisitos exigidos para o uso do DHS. A cirurgia é realizada, preferencialmente, antes de 48 horas após o acometimento da fratura. Com a utilização do mesmo instrumental da técnica cirúrgica tradicional e auxílio do arco-C, realiza-se redução incruenta da fratura e implantação do DHS por incisão cirúrgica com 2 cm, através de dissecção dos tecidos subjacentes, com mínimo sangramento e agressão às partes moles. No pós-operatório imediato, o paciente é estimulado ao ortostatismo e à deambulação com carga total, o que antecipa a alta hospitalar e favorece a reabilitação funcional precoce. O retorno ambulatorial é agendado com 2, 6, 12 e 24 semanas de pós-operatório, com avaliação radiográfica, a fim de avaliar a consolidação da fratura.


Subject(s)
Humans , Fracture Healing , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Femoral Fractures , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Hip , Hip Fractures
17.
Acta méd. peru ; 38(1): 42-47, ene.-mar 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1278191

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: OBJETIVOS : Determinar las características clínicas y epidemiológicas en adultos mayores con fractura de cadera en un hospital de Lima, Perú. MÉTODO : Estudio tipo serie de casos realizado en el servicio de traumatología del Hospital Central PNP "Luis N. Sáenz" durante el periodo 2015-2018. Se revisaron historias clínicas de pacientes con diagnóstico de fractura de cadera. RESULTADOS : Se incluyeron un total de 140 historias. Se encontró predominio en el sexo femenino (54.3%) y en pacientes mayores de 80 años (45%). Gran parte de estos eventos ocurrieron en el domicilio (81.4%). Las fracturas intertrocantéricas fueron las más frecuentes (60%), sobre todo del lado derecho (51.4%), la osteosíntesis fue la opción terapéutica más usada (62.1%). El dolor (92%) y la impotencia funcional (91.4%) fueron la presentación clínica característica de las fracturas de cadera y la hipertensión arterial la patología más frecuentemente asociada (52.2%). CONCLUSIONES : La fractura de cadera afecta primordialmente a personas mayores de 80 años, en especial al sexo femenino con elevada comorbilidad. El mayor porcentaje se da como resultado de caídas producidas en el domicilio, siendo el dolor del lado afectado la principal manifestación. El tipo de fractura más frecuente es la intertrocantérica y el tratamiento más usado, la osteosíntesis.


ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES : To determine the clinical and epidemiological characteristics in older adults with hip fracture in a hospital in Lima, Peru. METHODS : Case series type study carried out in the trauma department of the PNP Central Hospital "Luis N. Saenz" during the period 2015-2018. Medical records of patients diagnosed with hip fracture were reviewed. RESULTS : A total of 140 medical records were included. A predominance was found in the female sex (54.3%) and in patients over 80 years old (45%). Most of these events occurred at home (81.4%). Intertrochanteric fractures were the most frequent (60%), especially on the right side (51.4%), osteosynthesis was the most used therapeutic option (62.1%). Pain (92%) and functional impotence (91.4%) were the characteristic clinical presentation of hip fractures, and arterial hypertension was the most common associated pathology (52.2%). CONCLUSIONS : Hip fracture primarily affects people over 80 years of age, especially women with high comorbidity. The highest percentage occurs as a result of falls produced at home, with pain on the affected side being the main manifestation. The most common type of fracture is intertrochanteric, and the most used treatment is osteosynthesis.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921899

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare clinical efficacy of intramedullary nail fixation following two-step closed reduction or limited open reduction for femoral subtrochanteric fractures.@*METHODS@#Forty six patients with femoral subtrochanteric fractures were analyzed retrospectively from January 2014 to April 2020. Twenty four patients which including 16 males and 8 females, aged from 34 to 91 years old with an average of (55.42±18.25) years old, were treated with two step closed reduction and intramedullary nail fixation on supine position. Twenty-two patients which including 15 males and 7 females, aged from 33 to 87 years old with an average of (56.31±14.77) years old, were performed limited open reductionand intramedullary nail fixation. Operation time, intraoperative blood loss, complications and fracture healing time were recorded and compared between two groups. Postoperative Harris hip score at 8 months was applied to evalaute joint function.@*RESULTS@#All patients were successfully complete operation without incision infection. All patients were followed up from 8 to 36 months with an average of (18.2± 6.1) months. Introperation blood loss, operation time in closed reduction group were (157.92±51.07) ml, (82.08±13.43) min respectively, while in limited open reduction group were (230.91±87.88) ml, (92.73±12.79) min respectively; while there were statistical difference between two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#Femoral subtrochanteric fractures could be effectively treated by both methods. Two-step closed reduction and intramedullary nail fixation may be more advantageous in less tissue damage, shorter operation time and less intraoperative bleeding.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bone Nails , Female , Femoral Fractures , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Fracture Healing , Hip Fractures/surgery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920837

ABSTRACT

@#Introduction: Fractures around the hip in the geriatric population not only lead to functional but also psychological impairment. Psychiatric disturbances can be associated with poor participation in rehabilitation, increased risk of falling again, and higher rates of mortality. The present study was undertaken to assess the association between the psychological status and functional outcome of surgically managed elderly Indian patients who had sustained fractures around the hip. Materials and methods: The present study was a hospital based prospective, single centre study. One hundred and two geriatric patients who had sustained hip fracture and had been managed surgically, having no cognitive dysfunction, living independently, having unhindered walking capability before the fracture, were included in the study. They were called for follow-up at 3rd, 6th, and 12th month after the hip surgery. Psychological assessment was done by the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and functional outcome by using the Harris hip score (HHS). Results: Our study did not show association between psychological status and functional outcome except in one sub-group. Significant correlation was observed between the psychological status and functional outcome in most of the patients in the extra-capsular group. We have identified improvement in the depression, anxiety and functional scores during the follow-up. Conclusion: We conclude that psychiatric disturbances in a geriatric patient after undergoing a surgery for hip fracture may lead to poor recovery. We recommend that all such geriatric patients should undergo a psychological assessment and proper therapy should be instituted to achieve good functional recovery

20.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1160-1164, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910984

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the risk factors for death within one year after non-operative treatment of hip fractures in the elderly.Methods:Clinical data of 83 elderly patients with hip fractures treated non-operatively from March 2012 to March 2017 who had met the criteria of inclusion and exclusion were included.They were divided into the death group and the survival group according to whether they had died within one year after non-operative treatment.Univariate and multivariate regression analysis were used to screen risk factors for death within one year after non-operative treatment.Results:Of the 83 patients, 26(31.3%)died within one year, including 10(38.5%)from pulmonary infections and 6(23.1%)from acute myocardial infarction.Univariate analysis showed that age, gender, walking ability before a fracture, number of comorbidities, coronary heart disease and COPD each had a significant impact on the death of patients within one year after receiving non-operative treatment( P<0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that age(≥76 years old)( OR=12.704, P=0.001), COPD( OR=5.870, P=0.042)and coronary heart disease( OR=7.451, P=0.007)were independent risk factors for death within one year after non-operative treatment. Conclusions:The mortality is as high as 31.3% in elderly patients with hip fractures within one year after non-operative treatment.The main cause of death is pulmonary infections.Age(≥76 years old), COPD and coronary heart disease are independent risk factors for death within one year after non-operative treatment.

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