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China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 542-546, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881636


OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of arsenic on the homeobox D10( HOXD10) gene expression in peripheral blood lymphocytes and human lung adenocarcinoma cell A549. METHODS: ⅰ) A total of 59 workers exposed to arsenic from a arsenic factory were selected as the exposure group and 17 local people without arsenic exposure were chosen as controls by using judgment sampling method. Hydride generation-cold hydrazine trapping-atomic absorption spectrometry was used to detect arsenic levels in urine of these 2 groups. The expression of HOXD10 in peripheral blood lymphocytes was detected by real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction( qRT-PCR).ⅱ) The A549 cells were treated with arsenic trioxide( As_2O_3) with concentration of 0. 0,0. 1,0. 5,1. 0 and 2. 0 μmol/L,and the survival rate of cells was examined by colorimetric assay. The expression of HOXD10 was detected by qRT-PCR. RESULTS: ⅰ) The levels of inorganic arsenic,methylarsonic acid,dimethyl arsenate,total arsenic in the urine,and the relative expression of HOXD10 mRNA in peripheral blood lymphocyte in exposure group were higher than that of the control group( P < 0. 05).ⅱ) As_2O_3 decreased the survival rate of A549 cells in a dose-dependent manner( P < 0. 01) and lead to a dose-dependent increase of HOXD10 mRNA expression( P < 0. 01). A549 cell survival rate and relative expression of HOXD10 mRNA showed a negative correlation,the correlation coefficient was-0. 777( P < 0. 01). CONCLUSION: Arsenic can up-regulate HOXD10 expression in the peripheral blood of occupational arsenic exposure individuals. As_2O_3 can inhibit the proliferation of A549 cells,which may be related to the up-regulation of HOXD10 expression.