Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 125
Filter
1.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 44(1): 7-12, Jan.-Mar. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364882

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a novel viral disease with person-to-person transmission that has spread to many countries since the end of 2019. Although many unknowns were resolved within a year and the vaccine is available, it is still a major global health problem. Objective COVID-19 infection may present with a considerably wide spectrum of severity and host factors play a significant role in determining the course of the disease. One of these factors is blood groups. Based on previous experience, it is believed that the ABO blood group type affects prognosis, treatment response and length of stay in the hospital. In this study, our aim was to evaluate whether the blood group had an effect on the length of the hospital stay. To the best of our knowledge, no previous studies have assessed the effect of ABO blood groups, as well as age, on the length of the hospital stay in these settings. Methods In this retrospective cohort study, 969 patients admitted to our hospital between March 15, 2020 and May 15, 2020 were evaluated. The patients were divided into 4 groups according to ABO blood groups. The effect of the ABO blood group by age on the course of the disease, need for intensive care, duration of hospitalization and mortality in patients with COVID-19 infection, especially in geriatric patients, was evaluated. Results Of all the patients, 9.1% required admission to the intensive care unit (ICU), of whom 83% died. The average length of ICU stay was 11 days (0 - 59). The observed mortality rates in blood groups A, B, AB and 0 were 86.4%, 93.3%, 80.0% and 70.8%, respectively, indicating similar death rates in all ABO blood types. When the Rh phenotype was taken into consideration, no significant changes in results were seen. Conclusion As a result, we could not observe a significant relationship between blood groups and clinical outcomes in this study, which included a sample of Turkish patients with COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , ABO Blood-Group System , COVID-19 , Coronavirus , Length of Stay
2.
Aletheia ; 54(1): 55-63, jan.-jun. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1285019

ABSTRACT

RESUMO O presente estudo teve como objetivo descrever indicadores de saúde emocional de mães de bebês internados, considerando o tempo de internação em Unidade de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal (UTIN). Participaram 50 mães de bebês que estavam internados na UTIN da Maternidade Santa Isabel, em Bauru, SP. Para a caracterização da amostra utilizou-se de um questionário sociodemográfico com informações sobre as mães e os bebês. Para a avaliação da saúde emocional materna utilizou-se da Escala de Estresse Percebido (PSS - 14), o Inventário de Ansiedade Traço-Estado (IDATE) e o Inventário de Depressão de Beck (BDI-II). As mães responderam aos instrumentos em seus quartos ou nas dependências da UTI. Os resultados apontaram para índices mais altos de estresse (38%), ansiedade traço (54%) e ansiedade estado (64%). Das mães, 56% apresentaram dois ou mais indicadores clínicos de saúde emocional. Quanto maior o tempo de internação maior a depressão e a ansiedade estado. Os resultados sugerem atenção terapêutica às mães de bebês em UTIN.


ABSTRACT The present study aimed to describe the emotional health indicators of mothers of hospitalized infants, considering the length of hospital stay in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). Fifty mothers of babies who were admitted to the NICU of the Maternidade Santa Isabel, in Bauru, SP, participated. To characterize the sample, a sociodemographic questionnaire was used with information about mothers and babies. For the evaluation of maternal emotional health, the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-14), the Trait-State Anxiety Inventory (IDATE) and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II) were used. Mothers responded to the instruments in their rooms or ICU facilities. The results pointed to higher rates of stress (38%), trait anxiety (54%) and state anxiety (64%). Of the mothers, 56% had two or more clinical indicators of emotional health. The longer the hospitalization time the greater the depression and the anxiety state. The results suggest therapeutic attention to the mothers of infants in NICUs.

3.
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 28(2): 113-118, mar.-abr. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1341272

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción:: La falla cardiaca aguda es un motivo frecuente de consulta a urgencias, genera estancias hospitalarias prolongadas y altos costos para el sistema de salud. Objetivo: Determinar los factores asociados a estancia hospitalaria prolongada en pacientes hospitalizados por falla cardiaca aguda en un hospital universitario. Métodos: Estudio de cohorte retrospectivo, se incluyeron pacientes adultos con falla cardiaca aguda. Se obtuvieron variables demográficas, comorbilidades y resultados de laboratorios de rutina. Se definió hospitalización prolongada, como una estancia mayor a 5 y 10 días respectivamente. Resultados: Un total de 776 pacientes fueron incluidos en el análisis, 56% eran hombres, el promedio de edad fue de 71.5 años, fracción de eyección de 39.8%. Los factores asociados con estancia hospitalaria prolongada fueron: edad, elevación de troponina, hiperglucemia y albúmina < 3 g/dl. Para el corte de 10 días adicionalmente se identificaron: presión arterial sistólica, frecuencia cardiaca y elevación de péptidos natriuréticos. Conclusiones: La evaluación integral de variables clínicas y resultados de laboratorio es útil para identificar pacientes con mayor riesgo de estancias hospitalarias prolongadas.


Abstract Introduction: Acute heart failure is a frequent reason for consulting to emergency department, it generates long hospital stays and high costs for the health system. Objective: To determine the associated factors with prolonged hospital stay in patients hospitalized for acute heart failure in a teaching hospital. Methods: Retrospective cohort study, adult patients with acute heart failure were included. Demographic variables, comorbidities, and routine laboratory results were obtained. Prolonged hospitalization was defined as a stay greater than 5 and 10 days, respectively. Results: A total of 776 patients were included in the analysis, 56% were men, the mean age was 71.5 years, and ejection fraction was 39.8%. Factors associated with prolonged hospital stay were: age, elevated troponin, hyperglycemia, and albumin < 3 g/dl. For the 10-day cut-off, additionally, systolic blood pressure, heart rate and elevation of natriuretic peptides were identified. Conclusions: Comprehensive evaluation of clinical variables and laboratory results is useful to identify patients at increased risk for prolonged hospital stays.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Aged , Hospital Care , Heart Failure , Risk , Costs and Cost Analysis , Hospitalization , Length of Stay
4.
Acta méd. colomb ; 46(1): 7-13, ene.-mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1278149

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: analizar los factores asociados con estancia hospitalaria prolongada en una unidad geriátrica de agudos de un hospital general. Material y métodos: incluyó 2014 pacientes ≥60 años hospitalizados entre enero 2012 y septiembre 2015. La variable dependiente fue la estancia hospitalaria prolongada (>10 días vs ≤10 días). Variables independientes incluyeron las sociodemográficas, de laboratorio, comorbilidad, estado funcional y mental. Para análisis bivariado se empleó la prueba de chi 2 para variables categóricas y de Wilcoxon Two-Sample no-paramétrico para las cuantitativas. Se realizó un modelo multivariado de regresión logística. Resultados: el 51.1% fueron mujeres y la edad promedio fue 82.3 ± 7.2 años. El promedio de estancia fue 14.7 ± 14 días y la mediana fue de 10.6 días. El 50.6% tuvieron estancia prolongada. Aquellos con estancia hospitalaria prolongada se caracterizaron por presentar dependencia funcional, anemia, comorbilidad (Indice de Charlson ≥4), hipoalbuminemia, niveles elevados de reactantes de fase aguda (PCR), y ulceras por presión. Las mujeres tuvieron menos días de hospitalización. La estancia prolongada no se relacionó con las variables sociales. Conclusión: los principales factores independientes en aumentar la estancia hospitalaria son las ulceras por presión, la dependencia funcional, la hipoalbuminemia, la comorbilidad y los niveles elevados de PCR.


Abstract Objective: to analyze the factors associated with prolonged hospital stay in the Acute Geriatric Unit of a general hospital. Materials and methods: the study included 2,014 patients ≥60 years old who were hospitalized between January 2012 and September 2015. The dependent variable was prolonged hospital stay (>10 days vs ≤10 days). The independent variables included sociodemographic, laboratory, comorbidity, and functional and mental status variables. The Chi 2 test for categorical variables and the non-parametric two-sample Wilcoxon test for quantitative variables were employed for bivariate analysis. A multivariate logistic regression model was run. Results: 51.1% of the study subjects were women and the average age was 82.3 ± 7.2 years. The average length of stay was 14.7 ± 14 days, and the median was 10.6 days. Altogether, 50.6% had a prolonged stay. Those with prolonged hospital stay were characterized by having functional dependence, anemia, comorbidity (Charlson Index ≥4), hypoalbuminemia, high levels of acute phase reactants (CRP), and pressure sores. Women had fewer inpatient days. Prolonged length of stay was not related to the social variables. Conclusion: the main independent factors increasing hospital stay are pressure sores, functional dependence, hypoalbuminemia, comorbidity and elevated CRP levels.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Geriatrics , Patients , Aged , Homes for the Aged , Hospital Units , Length of Stay
5.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 60(1): e1033, ene.-mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289375

ABSTRACT

Introducción: En el mundo moderno, el traumatismo es la primera causa de mortalidad y discapacidad en menores de 35 años. Múltiples son los esfuerzos para tratar de definir su pronóstico desde el momento en que se produce. Con el decurso de los años se han creado varias escalas, para describir la gravedad de las lesiones, las alteraciones fisiológicas que se producen, así como para evaluar los sistemas de atención. Objetivo: Describir el comportamiento de los lesionados en el Hospital "Calixto García" según variables. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo, prospectivo y longitudinal en 1582 lesionados atendidos en el servicio de Cirugía General. Resultados: El intervalo trauma/ingreso superó los 60 minutos en un número elevado y la mitad de ellos presentó parámetros clínicos de inestabilidad hemodinámica en la recepción; se logró su compensación en la primera hora de admitidos en 7 de cada 10 lesionados. Más de la mitad desarrolló alguna complicación y predominó la estadía hospitalaria entre 15 y 21 días. Conclusiones: Algunas de las variables estudiadas se comportaron similar a la literatura consultada. Los resultados sugieren la necesidad de implementar un programa de atención prehospitalaria al lesionado más efectivo para mejorar la atención y el índice de sobrevida en los mismos(AU)


Introduction: In the modern world, trauma is the leading cause of death and disability in people under 35 years of age. Multiple efforts are made to define its prognosis from the moment it occurs. Over the years, several scales have been created to describe the severity of injuries, the physiological changes that occur, as well as to assess care systems. Objective: To describe the behavior of injured patients in Calixto García Hospital according to variables. Methods: A observational, descriptive, prospective and longitudinal study was carried out with 1582 injured patients treated in the general surgery service. Results: The trauma/admission interval exceeded sixty minutes in a high number of cases. Half of them presented clinical parameters of hemodynamic instability at admission. Compensation was achieved at the first hour of admission in seven out of ten injured patients. More than half the patients developed some complication. There was a predomination of hospital stay between 15 and 21 days. Conclusions: Some of the variables studied behaved similarly to the way described in the consulted literature. The results suggest the need to implement a more effective prehospital care program for the injured patients to improve care and survival rate(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Wounds and Injuries/complications , Prehospital Care , Reference Standards/methods , Length of Stay , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Survival Rate , Prospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Observational Studies as Topic
6.
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 25(1): 101040, jan., 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249289

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Clostridioides difficile infection (CDI) is the most common cause of healthcare-associated infections in Western countries. Risk factors, mortality, and healthcare utilization for CDI in Latin America are poorly understood. This study assessed risk factors and burden associated with nosocomial CDI in four Latin American countries. Methods: This retrospective, case-control study used databases and medical records from 8 hospitals in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, and Mexico to identify nosocomial CDI cases from 2014 − 2017. Cases were patients aged ≥18 years with diarrhea and a positive CDI test ≥72 h after hospital admission. Two controls (without diarrhea; length of hospital stay [LOS] ≥3 days; admitted ±14 days from case patient; shared same ward) were matched to each case. CDI-associated risk factors were assessed by univariate and multivariable analyses. CDI burden (LOS, in-hospital mortality) was compared between cases and controls. Results: The study included 481 cases and 962 controls. Mean age and sex were similar between cases and controls, but mean Charlson comorbidity index (4.3 vs 3.6; p< 0.001) and recent hospital admission (35.3% vs 18.8%; p< 0.001) were higher among cases. By multivariable analyses, CDI risk was associated with prior hospital admission within 3 months (odds ratio [OR], 2.08; 95% CI: 1.45, 2.97), recent antibiotic use (ie, carbapenem; OR, 2.85; 95% CI: 1.75, 4.64), acid suppressive therapy use (OR, 1.71; 95% CI: 1.14, 2.58), and medical conditions (ie, renal disease; OR, 1.48; 95% CI: 1.19, 1.85). In-hospital mortality rate (18.7% vs 6.9%; p< 0.001) and mean overall LOS (33.5 vs 18.8 days; p< 0.001) were higher and longer, respectively, in cases versus controls. Conclusion: Antibiotic exposure, preexisting medical conditions, and recent hospital admission were major risk factors for CDI in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, and Mexico. CDI was associated with increased in-hospital risk of death and longer LOS. These findings are consistent with published literature in Western countries.


Subject(s)
Cross Infection/epidemiology , Clostridioides difficile , Clostridium Infections/epidemiology , Argentina , Brazil/epidemiology , Case-Control Studies , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Clostridioides , Latin America/epidemiology , Mexico/epidemiology
7.
Ciênc. cuid. saúde ; 20: e54726, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1339649

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Analisar o tempo de espera para correção de fratura de fêmur, seus fatores associados e o desfecho de hospitalização. Método: Transversal exploratório, com a população de idosos ≥60 anos internados por fratura de fêmur no período de 2015 a 2017. Os dados foram coletados através do prontuário físico, com análises estatísticas considerando o nível de significância estatística de p<0,05. Resultados: Dos idosos estudados, 61,4% correspondem ao sexo feminino. Aqueles que permaneceram por mais do que sete dias à espera de cirurgia se associaram ao tempo de hospitalização maior do que 10 dias, lesão por pressão (p<0,001) e ao desfecho óbito (p=0,003). A média de permanência hospitalar foi de 13,8 dias e do tempo esperado pela cirurgia de 6,6 dias. A espera da realização do risco cirúrgico e vaga em unidade de terapia intensiva foram fatores que provocaram atraso na realização da cirurgia em 23,2% dos idosos. Conclusão: Esperar pela cirurgia por mais de sete dias aumentou o tempo de permanência hospitalar e a taxa de mortalidade. Além disso, a ausência de vaga de terapia intensiva e a espera pelo risco cirúrgico contribuíram para o atraso da cirurgia e seu desfecho.


RESUMEN Objetivo: analizar el tiempo de espera para la corrección de fractura de fémur, sus factores asociados y el resultado de hospitalización. Método: transversal exploratorio, con la población de personas mayores ≥60 años internados por fractura de fémur en el período de 2015 a 2017. Los datos fueron recolectados a través del registro médico, con análisis estadísticos considerando el nivel de significancia estadística de p<0,05. Resultados: de los ancianos estudiados, 61,4% eran del sexo femenino. Aquellos que pasaron más de siete días a la espera de cirugía se asociaron al tiempo de hospitalización mayor que 10 días, lesión por presión (p<0,001) como desenlace el óbito (p=0,003). El promedio de permanencia hospitalaria fue de 13,8 días yel tiempo esperado por la cirugía de 6,6 días. La espera por la realización del riesgo quirúrgico y una cama en unidad de cuidados intensivos fueron factores que provocaron el retraso en la realización de la cirugía en 23,2% de los ancianos. Conclusión: esperar por la cirugía por más de siete días aumentó el tiempo de permanencia hospitalaria y la tasa de mortalidad. Además, la falta de camas en cuidados intensivos la espera por el riesgo quirúrgico contribuyeron para el retraso de la cirugía y su desenlace.


ABSTRACT Objective: To analyze the waiting time for femoral fracture repair, its associated factors, and the outcome of hospitalization. Method: This is a cross-sectional exploratory study involving an elderly population aged ≥60 years old and admitted to hospital for femoral fracture from 2015 to 2017. Data were collected from physical medical records, with statistical analyses considering p < 0.05 as the level of statistical significance. Results: Of the studied elderly patients, 61.4% are female. Those who stayed for more than seven days waiting for surgery showed association with a hospital stay longer than 10 days, pressure injuries (p<0.001), and death as outcome (p=0.003). The average hospital stay was 13.8 days, and the expected time until surgery was 6.6 days. Waiting for the surgical risk assessment and waiting for a vacancy in the intensive care unit were factors that caused delay in the surgery among 23.2% of the elderly. Conclusion: Waiting for surgery for more than seven days increased the length of hospital stay and the mortality rate. In addition, the absence of intensive care unit beds and waiting for the surgical risk assessment contributed to the delay in the surgery and its outcome.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , General Surgery , Aged , Femoral Fractures , Hospitalization , Unified Health System , Comorbidity , Health Personnel , Intensive Care Units , Length of Stay
8.
Ciênc. cuid. saúde ; 20: e55208, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1339617

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: analisar os fatores associados às internações hospitalares de longa permanência de pacientes atendidos pelo Sistema Único de Saúde em instituição de alta complexidade. Método: estudo transversal quantitativo a partir de dados secundários de internações hospitalares de 2013 a 2015. Calculou-se a razão de prevalência por Regressão de Poisson bruta e ajustada. Resultados: das 12.689 internações nos anos de estudo, 645 foram de longa permanência (>30 dias), com uma prevalência de 5,1%. Predominaram entre o sexo masculino (62%), > 60 anos de idade (52,6%). As causas mais frequentes da hospitalização foram doenças do aparelho circulatório (33,5%) e causas externas (22,3%). O óbito ocorreu para 45,6%. Na análise bivariada, estiveram estatisticamente associadas às internações de longa permanência as variáveis: sexo, idade (60 anos e mais) o baixo ou a não escolaridade dos indivíduos, ser da 17ª regional de saúde, ter sido internado na especialidade neurocirurgia e ter necessitado de internação em UTI. No entanto, permaneceram no modelo final sexo masculino, residir na regional de saúde do município em análise e ter necessitado de internação em Unidade de Terapia Intensiva. (p<0,001). Conclusão: Estratégias de promoção da saúde voltadas à saúde do homem devem ser desenvolvidas pelo município, especialmente considerando que os mesmos são os que mais perdem a vida pela ausência de cuidados com a saúde e em decorrência dos agravos resultantes de causas externas.


RESUMEN Objetivo: analizar los factores asociados a las internaciones hospitalarias de larga estancia de pacientes atendidos por el Sistema Único de Salud en institución de alta complejidad. Método: estudio transversal cuantitativo a partir de datos secundarios de internaciones hospitalarias de 2013 a 2015. Se calculó la razón de prevalencia por Regresión de Poisson bruta y ajustada. Resultados: de las 12.689 internaciones en los años de estudio, 645 fueron de larga permanencia (>30 días), con una prevalencia de 5,1%. Predominaron entre el sexo masculino (62%), > 60 años de edad (52,6%). Las causas más frecuentes de la hospitalización fueron enfermedades del sistema circulatorio (33,5%) y causas externas (22,3%). El óbito ocurrió para 45,6%. En el análisis bivariado, estuvieron estadísticamente asociadas a las internaciones de larga estancia las variables: sexo, edad (60 años y más) la baja o la no escolaridad de los individuos, ser de la 17ª regional de salud, haber sido internado en la especialidad neurocirugía y haber necesitado de internación en UCI. Sin embargo, permanecieron en el modelo final sexo masculino, residir en la regional de salud del municipio en análisis y haber necesitado de internación en Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos. (p<0,001). Conclusión: Estrategias de promoción de la salud dirigidas a la salud del hombre deben ser desarrolladas por el municipio, especialmente considerando que los hombres son los que más pierden la vida por la ausencia de cuidados con la salud y en consecuencia de los agravios resultantes de causas externas.


ABSTRACT Objective: to analyze the factors associated with long-term hospitalizations of patients treated by the Unified Health System in a highly complex institution. Method: it is a quantitative cross-sectional study based on secondary data on hospital admissions from 2013 to 2015. The prevalence ratio was calculated using crude and adjusted Poisson regression. Results: about the 12,689 hospitalizations during the years of study, 645 were long hospital stay (>30 days), with a prevalence of 5.1%. There was a predominance of males (62%),> 60 years-old (52.6%). The most frequent causes of hospitalization were diseases of the circulatory system (33.5%) and external causes (22.3%). Death occurred to 45.6%. In the bivariate analysis, the following variables were statistically associated with long-term hospitalizations: gender, age (60 years-old and over), low or uneducated individuals, being from the 17th Regional Health Department, having been admitted to the neurosurgery specialty and having needing ICU admission. However, the male gender remained in the final model, staying in the regional health department of the municipality under analysis and requiring admission to the Intensive Care Unit (p <0.001). Conclusion: Health promotion strategies aimed at men's health should be developed by the municipality, especially considering that they are the ones who most lose their lives due to the lack of health care and due to injuries resulting from external causes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Long-Term Care , Hospitalization , Length of Stay , Patients , Bed Occupancy , Unified Health System , Mortality , Death , Delivery of Health Care , Empathy , Men's Health , Health Promotion , Hospitals , Intensive Care Units , Men , Neurosurgery
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908076

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical application effect of early removal of drainage tube in rapid postoperative recovery of patients with thyroid cancer.Methods:A total of 90 thyroid cancer patients admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Henan University of Traditional Chinese Medicine from June 2018 to June 2019 were selected and divided into a control group and a study group according to the order of operation time. Patients in the control group were given routine extubation, and patients in the study group were removed early during rapid recovery after surgery. The complication rate, postoperative hospital stay, satisfaction, extubation time distribution, and drainage port healing rate 3 days after surgery were compared between the two groups of patients.Results:In the study group, the incidence of complications after drainage tube removal during rapid recovery after surgery was 6.7% (3/45), which was significantly lower than that of the control group, 26.7% (12/45), and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2 value was 6.48, P <0.05). The postoperative hospital stay in the study group was (3.25±0.89) days, and the satisfaction score was (97.83±7.25), which was significantly shorter than the control group's (5.68±0.96) days and (92.36±12.19). The difference was statistically significant ( t value was 12.45, 2.59, P <0.05). Conclusions:Early removal of the drainage tube during rapid postoperative recovery of patients with thyroid cancer can effectively reduce the trauma of the drainage tube orifice, shorten the hospital stay, and improve patient satisfaction.

10.
Medisan ; 24(6) tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1143264

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La diabetes mellitus de tipo 2 es una enfermedad crónica, considerada como un importante problema de salud a nivel mundial por su alta prevalencia y repercusión socioeconómica. Objetivo: Caracterizar a pacientes con diabetes mellitus de tipo 2 según variables clínicas y epidemiológicas. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo de 96 pacientes con dicha enfermedad (seleccionados por muestreo aleatorio simple), quienes estuvieron ingresados en el Servicio de Medicina Interna del Hospital General Docente Dr. Guillermo Luis Fernández Hernández-Baquero del municipio de Moa, en Holguín, en el periodo de julio a noviembre del 2018. Resultados: En la serie predominaron el sexo femenino (58,3 %), sobre todo en las edades de 50 a 59 años (34,3 %), el antecedente familiar de diabetes mellitus como factor de riesgo (63,5 %) y la polineuropatía como complicación de mayor gravedad en los pacientes (47,9 %). Se evidenció, además, que el mayor tiempo de evolución de la enfermedad y los factores de riesgo condicionaron la aparición de complicaciones, lo que alargó la estadía hospitalaria. Conclusiones: Los resultados coincidieron con los de varios estudios, lo que demuestra que la diabetes mellitus de tipo 2 tiene un impacto demoledor en la salud del ser humano y, por tanto, una importante repercusión socioeconómica.


Introduction: Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease that is considered as an important health problem worldwide due to its high socioeconomic prevalence and repercussion. Objective: To characterize patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus according to clinical and epidemiological variables. Methods: A retrospective study of 96 patients with this disease was carried out, selected by simple random sampling who were admitted in the Internal Medicine Service of the Guillermo Luis Fernández Hernández-Baquero Teaching General Hospital in Moa, Holguín, from July to November, 2018. Results: In the series there was a prevalence of women (58.3 %), mainly in the ages of 50 to 59 (34.3 %), and the family history of diabetes mellitus as risk factor (63.5 %), as long as polyneuropathy was the most serious complication in the patients (47.9 %). It was also evidenced, that the greater clinical course time of the disease and the risk factors conditioned the emergence of complications, what prolonged the hospital stay. Conclusions: The results coincided with those of several national studies, what demonstrates that type 2 diabetes mellitus have a devastating impact in the human being health and, therefore, an important socioeconomic repercussion.


Subject(s)
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/epidemiology , Length of Stay , Risk Factors , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications
11.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-213215

ABSTRACT

Background: Objective of the study was to compare the outcomes of early versus late cholecystectomy in mild to moderate acute biliary pancreatitis.Methods: This comparative prospective study was conducted at Surgical Department of Qazi Hussain Ahmed Medical Complex, Nowshera from 1st January 2018 to 31st March 2020. Patients with mild to moderate acute biliary pancreatitis (ABP) were included in the study. Patients were divided into two groups. Group 1 having patients undergoing early (operated in 7 days) and Group 2 having patients with delayed (operated after 6 weeks) laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The outcomes like hospital stay, peri and post-operative complications, recurrent cholecystitis and pancreatitis were compared. P<0.05 was considered significant.Results: A total of 300 patients were included with 150 in each group. There were 70 (46.66%) males in group 1 while group 2 consisted of 68 (45.33%) males. The median time interval of operation to the laparoscopic surgery was 5 days in group1 and 42 days in group 2. Peri operative outcomes were not significant between two groups (p=0.6). About 14 (09.63%) patients were converted to open surgery in group1 and 17 (10.53%) in group 2. Postoperative complications were also not significant between two groups (p=1.0). Group 1 had small total length of stay as compared to group 2 (p=0.006). Recurrent biliary events occurred in 63 (42.12%) patients in total with no event in group 1.Conclusions: Patients with mild to moderate ABP having early laparoscopic cholecystectomy present with reduced recurrent biliary events and the total length of hospital.

12.
Infectio ; 24(2): 108-111, abr.-jun. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1114850

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: estimar parámetros de calidad y de costos en el procedimiento de inserción de Catéter Venoso Central y el Catéter Venoso Central de inserción periférica. Metodología: Se evaluaron las historias de niños (edad 31 días -15 años ), que ingresaron al Hospital Universitario del Valle, entre enero de 2011 y diciembre de 2014, que requirieron canalización de una vena central. Se evaluaron variables demográficas, de calidad y se estimaron costos de ambos procedimientos. Resultados: Se evaluaron 100 procedimientos de inserción Central y 100 de inserción periférica, los últimos tuvieron menor tiempo de espera, se realizaron en la habitación, no requirieron ayuno, ni traslado al quirófano, a un menor costo, lo cual impactó la oportunidad de administración de tratamiento farmacológico, la evolución y la estancia hospitalaria. Conclusiones: Se recomienda que el procedimiento de inserción periférica sea la primera elección en niños que requieran tratamientos endovenosos mayores a cinco días, para esto es necesario conformar un grupo que supervise el funcionamiento de los catéteres y brinde educación continua al personal de salud de los servicios de hospitalización y a familiares, contar con una sala de procedimiento para la inserción del PICC que brinde seguridad y adecuado manejo del dolor.


Abstract Aim: to estimate quality and cost parameters of central venous catheter insertion peripheral and central venous catheter procedures. Methods: we reviewed records of 200 children (31 days - years old), hospitalised at a University Hospital between January 2011 and December 2014 who required central vein access. We assessed demographic, quality variables and cost of both procedures. Results: we reviewed records of 100 central insertion and 100 peripheral insertion procedures. Peripheral insertions had less waiting time, were conducted next to the child's bed, without need for fasting or transfering to the operating room, at a lower cost, all of these ensured timely administration of medicaments and nutrition, which resulted in lower stance time. The peripheral insertion also freed surgeon and operating room time to perform other interventions. Conclusions: We recommend that peripheral insertion procedure should be the first choice in children requiring intravenous treatments longer than five days. In order to establish a periferal insertion procedure in a hospital, a team is required to follow-up the patients and provide continuing education to health personnel in services and to family members, there is also a need for an appropiate space for insertion procedures and pain management.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Health Care Costs , Colombia , Day Care, Medical/economics , Catheters , Catheters/statistics & numerical data , Central Venous Catheters
13.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-212939

ABSTRACT

Background: Empyema is the presence of pus in the pleural space that usually follows an episode of pneumonia in pediatric age group. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of management of acute fibrinopurulent stage of empyema by early video assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) in paediatric patients.Methods: The study was carried out at a tertiary care hospital in India. It was a prospective interventional observational study. The study included 40 children between age group 0-12 years attending the surgery in-patient department referred for further management of parapneumonic effusions who had clinical and radiological evidence of empyema and thoracocentesis confirmed purulent exudate in pleural cavity, were subjected to early VATS after thorough pre-operative workup.Results: The mean age was 7.22 years. Average operative time was 135.5 minutes. The mean duration of hospital stay was 7.5 days. Few complications were bleeding, superficial wound infection, bronchopleural fistula, pneumothorax, recurrence of empyema and incomplete expansion of lung.Conclusions: VATS facilitates the management of fibrinopurulent and organised pyogenic pleural empyema with less post-operative discomfort and complications and reduced hospital stay. However larger sample size study is required to come to a definitive conclusion.

14.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-204554

ABSTRACT

Background: Preterm neonates post-natal growth should be similar to the intrauterine growth of the fetus of the same gestational age. This study aims to' evaluate the effects of full enteral feed (60 ml/kg/day of human milk on day one, 20ml/kg/day during feeding advancement) started from day one of life (intervention) in enhancing'' the regain of birth weight compared to that of standard feed (both human milk feeds and intravenous fluid) in a group.Methods: Babies were started on enteral feeds with human milk at the rate of 60ml/kg/day from day one and progressed by increments of 20 ml/kg/day up to maximum enteral feed of 180 ml/kg/day. The primary outcomes like Number of days taken to regain the birth weight, Duration of hospital stay, Incidence of Necrotising Enterocolitis (NEC), Incidence of sepsis, need for intravenous fluid therapy was assessed and statically analysed.Results: Full enteral feeding group infants had lesser days of intravenous fluids. Full enteral feeding group regained birth weight at a mean age of 17.37'4.9 days and in the standard feeding group, birth weight was regained at a mean age of 19.8'4.3. Full enteral feeding group regained birth weight at a mean age of 13.12'2.17 days and in standard feeding group at a mean age of 15.38'3.57and this was statistically significant (p - 0.009). Full enteral feeding group babies had lesser number of days of intravenous fluids compared to babies in standard feeding group. It was statistically significant (p - 0.003).Conclusions: Full enteral feeding practices from day one of life with human milk is feasible, cost effective and safe in hemodynamically stable VLBW infants and results in earlier regain of birth weight

15.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-204534

ABSTRACT

Background: Kangaroo mother care provides Low birth weight babies with warmth, protection from infection and increases the success of breast feeding. Babies who had received KMC care were found to have better neurologic outcome. The aim of the study is to compare the outcome of Kangaroo mother care and conventional method of care among Low birth weight babies in terms of growth and reduction of morbidities such as length of hospital stay, hypothermia and hypoglycemia.Methods: This cross-sectional study included 48 neonates with a birth weight of <2000 grams. Out of them 24 babies received KMC and the other 24 babies were given conventional care with a radiant warmer. The weight gain, length of hospital stay, occurrence of hypothermia and hypoglycaemia were monitored for all babies till discharge.Results: Babies who received KMC had a better weight gain (21.11'2.8 grams/day) versus (15.61'2.6 grams/day) those who received conventional care, and this was found to be statistically significant (p=0.001). Kangaroo mother care provided a statistically significant reduction in the risk of having hypothermia (p=0.03) and hypoglycemia (p=0.04). The babies who received Kangaroo mother care had a shorter length of hospital stay and this was found to be statistically significant (p=0.03).Conclusions: Kangaroo mother care improved the growth and reduced the problems of low birth weight babies such as hypothermia, hypoglycaemia and prolonged hospital stay. Hence, it should be recommended in the care of all these high-risk neonates.

16.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-194671

ABSTRACT

Congestive cardiac failure (CCF) is a worldwide phenomenon and affects millions of people years and is accompanied with high mortality. The present review is undertaken to evaluate the usefulness of Lung Ultrasound Scan in diagnosis and to identify its role as a marker of clinical outcome in patients with Acute LVF. A review of literature was done to find the role of lung ultrasound and clinical congestion score in acute left ventricular failure from search engines such as PubMed, google scholar. Major exclusion criteria were the studies that included patients with Right Ventricular Failure, renal insufficiency, other respiratory causes of breathlessness like pneumonia, pulmonary embolism, pneumothorax and pleural effusion. This review concluded that lung ultrasonography is as a rapid, non-invasive, bedside tool for the diagnosis and risk assessment of pulmonary congestion in Acute LVF.

17.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-204495

ABSTRACT

Background: The aims of the study were to determine the incidence of hyponatremia associated with pneumonia and to assess its utility as an indicator of morbidity in children hospitalized with community acquired pneumonia between 2 months and 5 years of age.Methods: This was a prospective study of children aged 2 months to 5 years hospitalized with community acquired pneumonia. 120 children aged 2 months to 5 years with symptoms of lower respiratory tract infection and had radiological evidence of pneumonia were recruited into the study. Children with chronic diseases, previously treated with intravenous fluids and those with chronic drug intake were excluded from study.Results: Of the 120 children, 40.8% (49/120) had hyponatremia at admission. The relationship of hyponatremia to different clinical and laboratory parameters was analyzed. Sixty-one percent (31/51) of children under 1 year and 26% (18/69) of children between 1 to 5 years of age had hyponatremia (p=0.001). Hyponatremia was seen more commonly in children with severe pneumonia, with initial high temperature(p=0.001), with tachycardia (p=0.001), leukocytosis (p=0.001), increased neutrophils (p=0.001) and reactive thrombocytosis (p<0.001) and in children who had hemodynamic instability on admission (p<0.001). All 11(9.2%) children who required mechanical ventilation had hyponatremia (p<0.001). Consolidation was significantly associated with hyponatremia (p<0.001). Hyponatremia also showed a significant association with prolonged hospital stay (p<0.001).Conclusion: The incidence of hyponatremia in children hospitalised with pneumonia is 40.8%. This study concludes that the hyponatremia shows a significant association with the morbidity of the disease like requirement of intensive care and mechanical ventilation, hemodynamic instability and prolonged hospital stay. Hence the presence of hyponatremia at admission can be used as an indicator of morbidity.

18.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-204442

ABSTRACT

Background: Discharge against medical advice (DAMA) is of serious concern among the pediatrics population. Parent(s)/guardians understanding about the disease and various other factors play role in their decision of DAMA. The aim of this study is to know the prevalence of DAMA in a tertiary care center and to observe the gender stratification in DAMA.Methods: A retrospective survey of medical records of children discharge against medical advice during the period January 2017 to January 2019. Demographic data, length of hospital stay, clinical diagnosis and procedure refused was collected.Results: Total 12977 were discharged during the study period of which, 387 children were DAMA, prevalence of DAMA was 2.9%, male to female ratio among DAMA patients is 1.2:1. The mean length of stay was 4.8 days. Among the DAMA patients' newborns were predominant (61.6 %), p value = 0.0001, highly significant. No significant difference with respect to age and gender (p value = 0.535). Out of 370 DAMA patients, 211 patients who required further investigations and procedure was refused by parents/guardians (p value = 0.0001) highly significant. Phototherapy refusal was most common among newborn (59.7%), followed by neuroimaging and lumbar puncture in children (10.9%).Conclusions: DAMA was observed more among the newborns compared to infants, toddlers and children. Among newborns, phototherapy refusal was most common. In infants and children neuroimaging and lumbar puncture was the most commonly refused procedure. There was no gender bias.

19.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-204436

ABSTRACT

Background: Human milk bank plays an essential role by providing human milk to infants who would otherwise not be able to receive human milk. The aims and Objectives is to study the morbidity and mortality outcome' profile of babies fed with PDHM (pasteurized donor human milk) comparing data between Pre Human Milk Breast bank (2015) and Post Human Milk Breast bank (2016, 2017 and 2018).Methods: Milk bank collect, screen, store, process, and distribute human milk. Retrospective observational study was done in Department of Neonatology, Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology and Women and Children Hospital, Chennai. Data obtained retrospectively comparing data Pre HMB (2015) and Post HMB (2016, 2017 and 2018).Results: In this study authors collected the data comparing Pre human milk bank (Pre HMB) and Post human milk bank (Post HMB).' After starting human milk bank, around 1799 babies were benefitted and 14.45 lakh ml milk was collected from 16000 donor mothers in last 3 years. Bacterial contamination rate of PDHM has reduced to 4.39% (2018) compared to 7.73% (2016) with P Value 0.0042 (statistically significant). CONS and Staphylococcus aureus were the most common Organisms isolated. There was reduction in morbidity profile like sepsis rate, NEC/ Feed intolerance and ROP profile. Mortality profile also reduced to (7.73-9.31%). Duration of hospital and Duration to attain full feeds were improved all GA group babies.Conclusions: In this study, after starting human milk bank there was reduction in mortality, morbidity outcome, sepsis. Duration to attain full feeds' and duration of hospital stay reduced. We concluded that establishment of breast milk bank will be more useful and beneficial for all GA group babies for better outcome.

20.
Rev. argent. cir ; 112(2): 141-156, 2020. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1125795

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: la cirugía robótica es una alternativa a la cirugía abierta, microcirugía láser CO2, o quimiorradioterapia en vía aerodigestiva superior. El robot permite trasladar la técnica quirúrgica abierta a un abordaje mínimamente invasivo, con acceso por boca, para patología benigna y maligna. Actualmente se emplean diferentes terapéuticas con similares resultados oncológicos. Objetivo: introducir una herramienta quirúrgica para abordaje bucal. Comunicar la experiencia inicial con el uso del robot. Evaluar la preservación de respiración y deglución. Analizar variables que determinaron una disminución en la hospitalización. Material y métodos: 13 mujeres y 11 hombres. Edad entre 16 y 82 años, media de 55,08. Total 24 pacientes con enfermedad inflamatoria crónica (8), tumores benignos (4) y malignos (12). Variables consideradas en cirugía robótica: tiempo y lugar de internación, complicaciones, estado respiratorio y deglutorio, uso de técnicas reconstructivas. Se realizó videoendoscopia de deglución para objetivar la seguridad del método. Resultados: tiempo medio de internación: 1,92 días. El 83,3% internado 1 día. El 79,9% en internación general. Unidad cerrada: 20,1%. Ninguna traqueostomía. Cicatrización del lecho por segunda. Sin complicaciones. Edema de lengua: 2 pacientes. Conclusiones: la cirugía robótica favorece la exéresis con baja morbilidady máxima preservación de tejidos sanos. Disminuye: edema posoperatorio, uso colgajos para reparar el lecho, traqueotomía temporaria, tiempo de internación. La videoendoscopia de deglución demuestra utilidad para determinar la deglución segura. Limitante del presente trabajo es el tamaño de la muestra. Es importante incrementar el número de pacientes para valorizar supervivencia y calidad de vida.


Background: robotic surgery is an alternative to open surgery, CO2 laser microsurgery, or chemoradiation for the upper aero-digestive tract. This system allows surgeons to use the open surgical technique in a minimally invasive approach through the mouth to treat benign and malignant disorders. Different treatments are currently used with similar oncologic outcomes. Objective: the aim of this study was to introduce a surgical tool through transoral approach, report the initial experience with the use of the robotic system, evaluate respiratory and digestive functional preservation and analyze the variables associated with shorter hospital length of stay. Material and methods: A total of 24 patients (13 women and 11 men, mean age 55.08 years [16-82]) were included. Eight patients had chronic inflammatory disease, four had benign tumors and 12 had cancer. The variables considered in robotic surgery were hospital length of stay, place of postoperative care, complications, respiratory and swallowing function and use of reconstructive techniques. Flexible endoscopic evaluation of swallowing was performed to document safe function. Results: mean length of stay was 1.92 days; 83.3% stayed for one day; 79.9% were admitted to the general ward and 20.1% stayed in intensive or intermediate care units. None of the patients required tracheostomy. Healing of the surgical bed occurred by secondary intention. There were no complications. Tongue edema occurred in two patients. Conclusions: robotic surgery favors tumor removal with low morbidity and maximum preservation of healthy tissues while reducing postoperative edema, use of flaps for reconstruction, temporary tracheostomy and hospital length of stay. Flexible endoscopic evaluation of swallowing is useful to determine safe swallowing function. The main limitation of our study is the sample size. It is important to increase the number of patients to evaluate survival and quality of life.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Robotic Surgical Procedures/methods , Head and Neck Neoplasms/surgery , Argentina , Postoperative Period , General Surgery/methods , Deglutition , Capsule Endoscopy
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL