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1.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 48(6): 971-980, Nov.-Dec. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1405165

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: This study aimed to assess the possible healing effect of combination treatment with a hydrogen sulfide (H2S) donor, sodium hydrosulfide (NaHS) plus tadalafil on partial bladder outlet obstruction (PBOO)-induced bladder dysfunction. Materials and Methods: A total of 75 male Sprague-Dawley rats aged 10-wk and 300-350g were divided into five groups; control; PBOO; PBOO+NaHS (5.6mg/kg/day, i.p., 6-wk); PBOO+tadalafil (2mg/kg/day, oral, 6-wk) and PBOO+NaHS+tadalafil. PBOO was created by partial urethral ligation. 6 weeks after obstruction, the in vitro contractile responses of the detrusor muscle and Western blotting, H2S and malondialdehyde assay were performed in bladder tissues. Results: There was an increase in bladder weight(p<0.001) and a decrease in contractile responses to KCl (p<0.001), carbachol (p<0.01), electrical field stimulation (p<0.05) and ATP (p<0.001) in the detrusor smooth muscle of obstructed rats which was normalized after the combination treatment. Cystathionine γ-lyase and cystathionine β-synthase, and nuclear factor kappa B protein levels did not significantly differ among groups. The obstruction induced decrement in 3-mercaptopyruvate sulfur transferase protein expression(p<0.001) and H2S levels(p<0.01) as well as increment in protein expressions of neuronal nitric oxide synthase (NO, p<0.001), endothelial NOS (p<0.05), inducible NOS(p<0.001), hypoxia-inducible factor 1-alpha (p<0.01), and malondialdehyde levels (p<0.01), when combined treatment entirely normalized. Conclusions: Combination therapy has beneficial effects on bladder dysfunction via regulating both H2S and nitric oxide pathways as well as downregulation of oxidative stress and hypoxia. The synergistic effect of H2S and nitric oxide is likely to modulate bladder function, which supports the combined therapy for enhancing clinical outcomes in men with BPH/LUTS.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922576

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the protective effects and underlying mechanisms of Xuebijing Injection (XBJ) on the lung endothelial barrier in hydrogen sulfide (H@*METHODS@#Sprague-Dawley rats were exposed to H@*RESULTS@#The morphological investigation showed that XBJ attenuated H@*CONCLUSIONS@#XBJ ameliorated H


Subject(s)
Animals , Claudin-5 , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Endothelial Cells , Hydrogen Sulfide , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn/drug therapy
3.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 344-351, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933866

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the level of endogenous hydrogen sulfide (H 2S) in contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CIAKI), as well as the potential role of H 2S against CIAKI by down-regulating NLRP3 inflammasome. Methods:Twenty-four healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats, weighing 180-220 g, were randomly divided into three groups according to the random number table method: control group, CIAKI group (iopromide 2.9 g/kg) and CIAKI+NaHS group (NaHS 4 mg/kg for three days before 2.9 g/kg iopromide injection). Kidneys were collected for whole-genome sequencing and bioinformatic analysis. HE and PAS staining were used for kidney histological examination. TUNEL assays were applied to detect renal tubular epithelial injury. Expressions of NLRP3 inflammasome (NLRP3, ASC and caspase-1) were evaluated by immunofluorescence staining. The role of H 2S in contrast (iopromide 200 mgI/kg)-induced injury on human renal tubular epithelium (HK-2 cells) was investigated, and CCK-8 assay was used to detect cellular viability. Results:Compared with the control group, the expression of endogenous H 2S synthetases-related genes [cystathionine β-synthase ( CBS), cystathionine-γ-lyase ( CSE) and 3-mercaptopyruvate sulfurtransferase ( 3- MST)] was lower in CIAKI group (all P<0.05). The gene expression levels of CBS, CSE and 3- MST were negatively correlated with renal function biomarkers serum creatinine, blood urea nitrogen and cystatin-C (all P<0.05). Compared with the CIAKI group, CIAKI+NaHS group showed alleviated creatinine, blood urea nitrogen and cystatin-C, improved histological changes, reduced apoptosis. Moreover, the expression levels of NLRP3, ASC and caspase-1 in CIAKI+NaHS group were lower than those in CIAKI group (all P<0.05). In HK-2 cells, compared with the contrast group, the cellular viability was higher in the contrast+NaHS group; reducing endogenous H 2S by CBS inhibitor could enhance contrast-induced cell viability ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Injury of endogenous H 2S system is pivotal to CIAKI pathogenesis. Up-regulation of H 2S ameliorates renal injury of CIAKI rats, which may be related to regulation of NLRP3 inflammasome.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933429

ABSTRACT

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a disease with multiple chronic metabolic complications characterized by high glucose concentration. The incidence of diabetes mellitus is increasing, but its specific mechanisms of pathogenesis have not been fully elucidated. Hydrogen sulfide (H 2S), as a new member of the gasotransmitter family, is closely related to the regulation of glucose metabolism. Therefore, this review emphatically summarized the production of endogenous H 2S and the mechanisms involved in the regulation of glucose metabolism by H 2S, aiming to provide new directions and perspectives for the research of diabetes mellitus.

5.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e19922, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1384022

ABSTRACT

Angiotensin-II (AgII) is thought to be crucial for tumor growth and progression. Moreover, hydrogen sulfide (H2S) performs a controversial action in cancer pathology. Zofenopril (ZF) is an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor with H2S donating properties. Hence, this study aims at investigating the tumor suppressor activity of ZF and elucidating the involved trajectories in Ehrlich's solid tumor (EST)-bearing mice. EST was induced by the intradermal injection of Ehrlich's ascites carcinoma cells into femoral region. All parameters were assessed after 28 days post-inoculation or one-week thereafter. ZF treatment resulted in significant reduction of tumor weights with marked decrease in IL-6 and VEGF levels in serum, and tumor Ag II and CEA contents. Additionally, the administration of ZF downregulated the tumor gene expression of cyclin-D, ACE-1, and Bcl2 and upregulated the proapoptotic gene, BAX. Moreover, ZF increased CBS gene expression, which is a major contributor to cellular H2S production. In addition, ZF was able to reduce the protein expression of PI3K, pAKT, pGSK-3ß, and NFκB. Our study has provided novel insights into the possible mechanisms by which ZF may produce its tumor defeating properties. These intersecting trajectories involve the interference between PI3K/Akt and CBS signaling pathways


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Carcinoma, Ehrlich Tumor/pathology , Neoplasms , Angiotensin II/adverse effects , Carcinoma/pathology , Gene Expression , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
6.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 65(3): 269-276, May-June 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285167

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate the association between plasma Hydrogen Sulfide (H2S) levels and visceral fat area (VFA) among Chinese young men. Subjects and methods: This cross-sectional study involved 156 Chinese male subjects, aged 18-45 years, who visited the First Hospital of Qinhuangdao (Hebei, China) in 2014 for annual health check-up. Participants were categorized into: low (VFA < 75.57 cm2), medium (75.57 cm2 ≤ VFA<100.37 cm2), and high (VFA ≥ 100.37 cm2) (n = 52/group). We estimated VFA and plasma H2S levels by using bioelectrical impedance analysis and a fluorescence probe-based approach, respectively. The associations of H2S with VFA and obesity anthropometric measures were assessed. Results: In the high VFA group, the body mass index (BMI, 30.4 ± 2.45 kg/m2), total body fat (TBF, 27.9 ± 3.23 kg), plasma H2S (3.5 μmol/L), free fatty acid (FFA, 0.6 ± 0.24 mmol/L), triglyceride (TG, 2.0 mmol/L), and total cholesterol (TC, 5.5 ± 1.02 mmol/L) levels were significantly higher than that of those of the low and medium VFA groups, respectively (P < 0.05). Plasma H2S levels were found to be inversely correlated with VFA, TBF, waist circumference, BMI, FFA, LnFINS, LnHOMA-IR, LnTG, TC, and LDL-C (P < 0.05). Multiple backward stepwise regression analysis revealed an inverse correlation of plasma H2S levels with FFA (β = −0.214, P = 0.005) and VFA (β = −0.429, P < 0.001), independent of adiposity measures and other confounding factors. Conclusion: VFA was independently and inversely associated with plasma H2S levels among Chinese young men. Therefore, determining plasma H2S levels could aid in the assessment of abnormal VAT distribution.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Hydrogen Sulfide , Body Mass Index , China , Cross-Sectional Studies , Intra-Abdominal Fat , Adiposity
7.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 50: 23-28, Mar. 2021. graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292311

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: H2S is proved to be functioning as a signaling molecule in an array of physiological processes in the plant and animal kingdom. However, the H2S synthesis pathway and the responses to cold conditions remain unclear in postharvest mushroom. RESULTS: The biosynthesis of H2S in the Agaricus bisporus mushroom tissues exhibited an increasing tendency during postharvest storage and was significantly triggered by cold treatment. The cystathionine clyase (AbCSE) and cystathionine b-synthase (AbCBS) genes were cloned and proved responsible for H2S biosynthesis. Furthermore, transcriptional and posttranscriptional regulation of AbCSE and AbCBS were crucial for the enzyme activities and subsequent H2S levels. However, the AbMST was not involved in this process. Moreover, the AbCSE and AbCBS genes displayed low identity to the characterized genes, but typical catalytic domains, activity sites, subunit interface sites, and cofactor binding sites were conserved in the respective protein sequences, as revealed by molecular modeling and docking study. The potential transcription factors responsible for the H2S biosynthesis in cold conditions were also provided. CONCLUSIONS: The H2S biosynthetic pathway in postharvest mushroom was unique and distinct to that of other horticultural products.


Subject(s)
Agaricus/chemistry , Cystathionine beta-Synthase/metabolism , Cystathionine gamma-Lyase/metabolism , Hydrogen Sulfide/chemical synthesis , Agricultural Cultivation , Agaricus campestris , Cold Temperature , Food Storage
8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1148-1157, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881190

ABSTRACT

As one of the most lethal diseases, pancreatic cancer shows a dismal overall prognosis and high resistance to most treatment modalities. Furthermore, pancreatic cancer escapes early detection during the curable period because early symptoms rarely emerge and specific markers for this disease have not been found. Although combinations of new drugs, multimodal therapies, and adjuvants prolong survival, most patients still relapse after surgery and eventually die. Consequently, the search for more effective treatments for pancreatic cancer is highly relevant and justified. As a newly re-discovered mediator of gasotransmission, hydrogen sulfide (H

9.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 599-608, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881158

ABSTRACT

Redox-altered plasticity refers to redox-dependent reversible changes in synaptic plasticity

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908640

ABSTRACT

Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a common and important ocular complication of diabetes and has become one of the leading blindness diseases in China.Hydrogen sulfide is the third gas signaling molecule found after carbon monoxide and nitric oxide.Numerous studies have shown that hydrogen sulfide plays an important physiopathologic role in the nervous system, circulatory system, immune system and endocrine system.Recent studies have shown that hydrogen sulfide and its endogenous enzymes are involved in the pathological process of diabetes and diabetic complications.At present, the protective effect of hydrogen sulfide in the development and progression of DR has been verified by some cell experiments and animal experiments.The protective effect of hydrogen sulfide may be realized through inhibiting apoptosis, reducing oxidative stress and inflammation, inhibiting autophagy and neuroprotection.The role of hydrogen sulfide in the pathogenesis of DR was reviewed in this article so as to provide new ideas for the treatment of DR.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-847213

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Researchers believe that hydrogen sulfide (H2S), as an important cell protective molecule, may become a new treatment method to restore the physiological function of diseased cells or organ systems through the artificial regulation of endogenous H2S biosynthesis or in vitro administration of H2S donor. ADT-OH is a slow-release donor of H2S that can improve the survival rate of hippocampal nerve cells with glutamate-induced injury, but studies on the proliferation of cerebral cortical neural precursor cells are rare. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of ADT-OH on the proliferation of neural precursor cells in embryonic cerebral cortex. METHODS: Neural precursor cells from cerebral cortical ventricular zone and subventricular zone of embryonic mice at embryonic 14.5 days were isolated. Neural precursor cells from one fetal mouse were inoculated into one well (24-well plate), and cultured with the medium containing 100 μmol/L ADT-OH. The size and number of neural spheres per well were measured at 3 days after culture. The proliferation rate of cultured neural precursor cells was detected by BrdU labeling. The proliferation of the cells was further verified by immunofluorescence staining with the specific antibody Ki67. The expression of cyclin D1 was finally detected by western blot assay. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Our experimental results showed that ADT-OH could promote the formation of neural spheres, and further detection by BrdU and Ki67 antibody showed that ADT-OH could promote the proliferation rate of neural precursor cells. Meanwhile, the expression of cyclin D1, a proliferation-related gene, was up-regulated in neural precursor cells after ADT-OH treatment. Overall, ADT-OH may promote the proliferation of neural precursor cells by regulating the expression of cyclin D1.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911201

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between the mechanism of exogenous hydrogen sulfide (H 2S)-induced reduction of apoptosis in neurons during focal cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) and PINK1/Parkin pathway-mediated mitochondrial autophagy in rats. Methods:Two hundred and sixteen healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats, aged 6-8 weeks, weighing 250-270 g, were divided into 4 groups ( n=54 each) using a random number table method: control group (group C), I/R group, H 2S group and H 2S plus 3-methyladenine (3-MA) group (H 2S+ 3-MA group). Focal cerebral ischemia was induced by middle cerebral artery occlusion in anesthetized rats.In group H 2S+ 3-MA, 3-MA 10 mg/kg was intraperitoneally injected at 15 min before the onset of reperfusion, while the equal volume of normal saline was given instead in the other groups.In H 2S and H 2S+ 3-MA groups, 0.25% NaSH (a donor of exogenous H 2S) 10 mg/kg was intraperitoneally injected at the onset of reperfusion, while the equal volume of normal saline was given instead in the other groups.At 1, 3 and 7 days of reperfusion, neural function was scored, and corner test (the percentage of left turn was calculated) was performed.Brains were removed and brain tissues were obtained for determination of the cerebral infarct size, Bax, Bcl-2 and caspase-3 positive cells, cell apoptosis, and expression of mitophagy-related protein microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3), PINK1 and Parkin (by Western blot). The percentage of cerebral infarct size, rate of Bax, Bcl-2 and caspase-3 positive cells and apoptosis rate were calculated.The ratio of LC3-Ⅱexpression to LC3-Ⅰexpression (LC3-Ⅱ/LC3-Ⅰ) was also calculated. Results:Compared with group C, the neural function score was significantly decreased, the percentage of left turn, percentage of cerebral infarct size, rate of Bax, Bcl-2 and caspase-3 positive cells, apoptosis rate of neurons, and LC3-Ⅱ/LC3-Ⅰ were increased, and the expression of PINK1 and Parkin was up-regulated at each time point of reperfusion in group I/R ( P<0.05). Compared with group I/R, the neural function score and rate of Bcl-2 positive cells were significantly increased, the percentage of left turn, percentage of cerebral infarct size, rate of Bax and caspase-3 positive cells, and apoptosis rate of neurons were decreased, the expression of PINK1 and Parkin was up-regulated, and LC3-Ⅱ/LC3-Ⅰ were increased at each time point of reperfusion in group H 2S ( P<0.05), and no significant change was found in the parameters mentioned above in group H 2S+ 3-MA ( P>0.05). Compared with group H 2S, the neural function score and rate of Bcl-2 positive cells were significantly decreased, the percentage of left turn, percentage of cerebral infarct size, rate of Bax and caspase-3 positive cells, and apoptosis rate of neurons were increased, the expression of PINK1 and Parkin was down-regulated, and LC3-Ⅱ/LC3-Ⅰ was decreased at each time point of reperfusion in H 2S+ 3-MA group ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The mechanism by which exogenous H 2S inhibits apoptosis in neurons during focal cerebral I/R is related to enhancing mitochondrial autophagy mediated by the PINK1/Parkin pathway in rats.

13.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 109-113, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-844560

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effects of hydrogen sulfide on pulmonary vascular remodeling and its inhibitors in rats with pulmonary hypertension ( PH). Methods Thirty male SD rats were randomly divided into control group ( 10 rats) , model group ( 10 rats) and H2S intervention group ( 10 rats) , PH model was induced by Lilium Wilfordii in model group, on the basis of model group, rats in H2S intervention group were injected with NaHS (56 u,mol/kg) intraperitoneally, while rats in control group were injected with normal saline at the same dose. Four weeks later, the hemodynamic parameters were measured, the right ventricular hypertrophy index (RVHI) was calculated, the pathological changes of pulmonary vessels were detected by HE staining, and the expressions of p38 and c-Jun N-terminal kinase( JNK) proteins in the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) family were detected by Western blotting and Real-time PCR. Results There were significant differences in hemodynamics, RVHI, wall thickness as a percentage of vessel diameter ( WT) % , pulmonary vessel wall area as a percentage of vascular cross-sectional area( WA) % , p38 and JNK in each group (P<0. 05). The expression levels of MSAP, MPAP, RVHI, WT%, WA%, p38 mRNA and JNK mRNA in the model group and H2S intervention group were significantly higher than those in the control group (P<0. 05) , while the levels of MSAP , MPAP , RVHI, WT% , WA% , p38 mRNA and JNK mRNA in H2S intervention group were significantly lower than those in the model group (P<0. 05). The pulmonary artery morphology showed that the wall thickness and lumen stenosis of the model group and the H2S intervention group increased compared with the control group, but the lumen thickness and lumen stenosis of the H2S intervention group were significantly reduced compared with the model group; Western blotting showed that the expressions of p38 and JNK in model group and H2S intervention group were higher than those in control group, while the expressions of p38 and JNK in H2S intervention group were lower than those in model group. Conclusion H2S can improve hemorheology, right ventricular hypertrophy index, alleviate pulmonary artery wall thickening and lumen stenosis, and inhibit pulmonary vascular remodeling in PH rats. Its mechanism may be related to the down-regulation of JNK and p38 protein expression in MAPK signaling pathway by H2S.

14.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811342

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of hydrogen sulfide (H₂S) on the permeability of a cultured human trabecular meshwork cells (HTMC) monolayer and its interaction with nitric oxide (NO).METHODS: After exposing primary cultured HTMCs to 0, 50, 100, and 500 µM sodium hydrogen sulfide (NaHS) for 6 hours, the permeabilities through the HTMC monolayer were measured using a Transwell assay with carboxyfluorescein. The production of NO and eNOS mRNA expression were assessed using the Griess assay and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, respectively. In addition, 0, 1, and 10 µM NaHS and 10 µM sodium nitroprusside (SN) were co-exposed to evaluate the possible synergistic effect of H₂S and NO.RESULTS: Greater than 100 µM NaHS increased the permeability through the HTMC monolayer in a dose-dependent manner (p < 0.05). These increased permeabilities were not accompanied by NO production or eNOS mRNA expression (p > 0.05). When 0, 1, and 10 µM NaHS and 10 µM SN were exposed together, there was no significant change of permeability, NO production, or eNOS mRNA expression (all, p > 0.05).CONCLUSIONS: NaHS at high concentrations increased the permeability of the HTMC monolayer, which was not affected by NO. NaHS at low concentrations did not show a synergistic effect with NO. Thus, H₂S at high concentrations may increase trabecular outflow, which may not be associated with NO.

15.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 792-800, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826897

ABSTRACT

Stomatal density is important for crop yield. In this paper, we studied the epidermal pattern factors (EPFs) related to stomatal development. Prokaryotic expression vectors were constructed to obtain EPFs. Then the relationship between EPFs and hydrogen sulfide (H2S) was established. First, AtEPF1, AtEPF2 and AtEPFL9 were cloned and constructed to pET28a vectors. Then recombinant plasmids pET28a-AtEPF1, pET28a-AtEPF2 and pET28a-AtEPFL9 were digested and sequenced, showing successful construction. Finally, they were transformed into E. coli BL21(DE3) separately and induced to express by isopropyl β-D-galactoside (IPTG). The optimized expression conditions including IPTG concentration (0.5, 0.3 and 0.05 mmol/L), temperature (28 °C, 28 °C and 16 °C) and induction time (16 h, 16 h and 20 h) were obtained. The bands of purified proteins were about 18 kDa, 19 kDa and 14.5 kDa, respectively. In order to identify their function, the purified AtEPF2 and AtEPFL9 were presented to Arabidopsis thaliana seedlings. Interestingly, the H2S production rate decreased or increased compared with the control, showing significant differences. That is, EPFs affected the production of endogenous H2S in plants. These results provide a foundation for further study of the relationship between H2S and EPFs on stomatal development, but also a possible way to increase the yield or enhance the stress resistance.


Subject(s)
Arabidopsis , Genetics , Metabolism , Arabidopsis Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Escherichia coli , Genetics , Genetic Vectors , Genetics , Hydrogen Sulfide , Metabolism , Plasmids , Genetics , Seedlings , Metabolism
16.
Acta odontol. latinoam ; 32(3): 164-171, Dec. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1130722

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Halitosis is highly prevalent in periodontitis and attributed mainly to the presence of volatile sulfur compounds (VSC), where hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is the chief culprit in the characteristic malodor of periodontitis and thus may play an active role in its pathogenesis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of H2S in the acute, intermediate and chronic immuneinflammatory host response and alveolar bone loss in vivo by using an animal model of induced periodontal disease. Thirtysix rats were divided into 2 groups: test group (n = 18), rats exposed to H2S (NaHS H2S donor molecule) and control group (n = 18), rats treated with saline only (Ctrl). All animals had one of their lower second molars ligated to induce periodontal disease (PD). The sound contralateral molar was used as control (H). Each group was subdivided into 3 (n = 6), according to followup time (3h, 5 days and 14 days). The gingival tissue was used for mRNA expression analysis (IL1, IL6, RANKL, OPG and SOFAT) by realtime PCR and the mandibles were analyzed morphometrically. Data analysis showed that the ligature promoted alveolar bone loss, observed mainly at 14 days, both in the group exposed to H2S and in the Ctrl group. H2S administration did not result in additional bone loss. Gene expression showed a significant increase in IL1, IL6, RANKL and SOFAT only in the CtrlPD group (p<0.05). A significant downregulation in OPG expression was observed over time in the CtrlPD group (p<0.05). In conclusion, H2S had no effect on alveolar bone loss in the absence of a ligature. In the presence of a ligature, however, exposure to H2S had an immunoregulatory effect on the expression of proinflammatory and proresorptive cytokines.


RESUMO A halitose é altamente prevalente na periodontite e é atribuída principalmente à presença de compostos sulforosos voláteis (CSV), sendo o sulfeto de hidrogênio (H2S) o principal gás relacionado ao mau odor e que pode estar envolvido na patogênese da doença periodontal. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o efeito agudo, intermediário e crônico do H2S na resposta imunoinflamatória e na perda óssea alveolar em ratos, com e sem doença periodontal induzida. Trinta e seis ratos foram divididos em 2 grupos: teste (n = 18), ratos expostos ao H2S (NaHS molécula doadora de H2S) e grupo controle (n = 18), ratos tratados apenas com solução salina (Ctrl). Todos os animais tiveram um dos seus segundos molares inferiores submetidos à colocação de uma ligadura para o desenvolvimento da doença periodontal (DP), em comparação com o dente contralateral saudável (H). Cada grupo foi subdividido em 3 (n = 6), de acordo com o tempo de eutanásia (3h, 5 dias e 14 dias). Os tecidos gengivais foram utilizados para a análise da expressão gênica (IL1, IL6, RANKL, OPG e SOFAT) por PCR em tempo real e as mandíbulas foram analisadas morfometricamente. Análise dos dados demonstrou que a ligadura promoveu perda óssea alveolar, observada principalmente aos 14 dias, tanto no grupo exposto ao H2S quanto no grupo Ctrl. A administração de H2S não resultou em perda óssea adicional. A expressão gênica demonstrou aumento significativo de IL1, IL6, RANKL e SOFAT apenas no grupo CtrlPD (p <0,05). Uma significativa regulação negativa na expressão de OPG foi observada ao longo do tempo no grupo CtrlPD (p <0,05). Podese concluir que o H2S não teve efeito adicional na perda óssea alveolar, na ausência de ligadura. Entretanto, na presença de ligadura, a exposição ao H2S teve um efeito imunorregulatório na expressão de citocinas próinflamatórias e próreabsortivas.

17.
Salud pública Méx ; 61(5): 698-700, sep.-oct. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1127334

ABSTRACT

Resumen El sargazo es un ecosistema marino milenario que circula en el sentido de las manecillas del reloj en el Océano Atlántico. A partir de 2011, el alga flotante que lo compone ha comenzado a recalar en playas de 19 países del Caribe, con consecuencias ambientales, sanitarias y económicas que deben atenderse con urgencia.


Abstract Sargassum constitutes an ancient marine ecosystem that circulates clockwise on the Atlantic Ocean. Upon 2011, the pelagic seaweed which is the main component of sargassum started to reach beaches on 19 Caribbean countries, with environmental, health and economic impacts that need to be addressed urgently.


Subject(s)
Bathing Beaches , Ecosystem , Sargassum/growth & development , Hydrogen Sulfide/toxicity , Water Movements , Atlantic Ocean , Caribbean Region , Sargassum/chemistry , Environmental Exposure , Gases/toxicity
18.
Acta odontol. latinoam ; 32(2): 79-87, Aug. 2019. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038163

ABSTRACT

Hygiene deficiency causes type 1 (oral) halitosis. There are short and long-term studies on the anti-halitosis effect of mouth rinses but less knowledge on their instant effects. The aim of this study was to compare instant and freshness effects of 8 mouth rinses on type 1 halitosis. Ninety self-reported halitosis patients (19-58 y.o., median 31) were randomly divided into 9 groups. Cysteine (20 mM) challenge test was applied to obtain maximum halitosis level in the mouth of each patient. Single use of 8 different mouth rinses (R1-R8) and tap water (R0) were tested on each group (n=10). Afterward, patients were requested to score oral freshness effect of the mouth rinse on a 5-point scale (0, bad; 5, fresh). Minimum halitosis level was obtained by rinsing with 20 mMol ZnCL2. In each step, oral gas (organic, NH3, SO2, H2S, H2) concentrations were quantified by using a portable multi-gas detector (MX6, IndSci, US). The ANOVA or Kruskal Wallis tests were used to compare the quantitative measurements. R3 (Halitosil Zn) mouth rinse was found to be have the highest instant anti-halitosis effect while the R2 (Colgate plax) had the lowest. The sensation of freshness was highest in R7 (Oxyfresh power mouth rinse lemon-mint) and lowest in R8 (Signal expert protection). The freshness effect was not associated with the anti-halitosis effect (r= 0.185, p=0.608). Mouth rinses containing ZnCl2 without alcohol are instantly effective on halitosis. Mouth rinses containing ethyl and other alcohols (including glycol, sorbitol, menthol, eucalyptol, thymol, xylitol and eugenol) were found to be less effective on halitosis.


La deficiencia de higiene causa halitosis tipo 1 (oral). Se han reportado efectos anti-halitosis a corto o largo plazo de los enjuagatorios bucales, pero se desconocen sus efectos instantáneos. El objetivo de este estudio fue comparar el efecto instantáneo y de frescura de 8 enjuagues bucales en la halitosis tipo 1. Noventa pacientes (19-58 años, mediana 31) que reportaron sufrir halitosis se dividieron aleatoriamente en 9 grupos. Se aplicó la prueba de provocación con cisterna (20 mM) para obtener el máximo nivel de halitosis en la boca de cada paciente. El uso individual de 8 enjuagues bucales diferentes (R1-R8) y agua del grifo (R0) se probó en cada grupo (n = 10). Posteriormente, se pidió a los pacientes que puntuaran el efecto de la frescura oral del enjuague bucal en una escala de 5puntos (0, malo; 5, fresco). El nivel mínimo de halitosis se obtuvo con 20 mMol de ZnCL2 enjuague. En cada paso, se cuantificaron las concentraciones de gases orales (orgánicos, NH3, SO2, H2S, H2) mediante el uso de un detector portátil de múltiples gases (MX6, IndSci, EE. UU.)Se encontró que el enjuague bucal R3 (Halitosil Zn) tiene un mayor efecto antihalitosis instantáneo, mientras que el R2 (Colgate plax) fue el más bajo. El sentido de frescura fue mayor en el enjuague bucal R7 (enjuague bucal Oxyfresh power lemon-mint) mientras que fue bajo en R8 (protección experta de Signal). El efecto de frescura no se asoció con el efecto anti-halitosis (r = 0.185, p=0.608). Los enjuagues bucales que contienen ZnCl2 sin alcohol son instantáneamente efectivos en la halitosis. Se encontró que los enjuagues bucales que contenían etil y otros alcoholes (incluidos glicol, sorbitol, mentol, eucaliptol, timol, xilitol y eugenol) son menos efectivos para el control de la halitosis.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Halitosis/drug therapy , Anti-Infective Agents, Local/therapeutic use , Mouthwashes/therapeutic use , Double-Blind Method , Treatment Outcome , Mouth
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-861737

ABSTRACT

Background: Achalasia is an esophageal motility disorder with unclear etiology. It is characterized by impaired relaxation of the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) caused by irreversible damage to the myenteric plexus of esophagus. Remodeling of lower esophageal smooth muscle has been observed in patients with achalasia. Aims: To investigate the effect of hydrogen sulfide on expression of esophageal remodeling biomarker in animal model of achalasia. Methods: The animal model of achalasia was established by administering benzyldimethyltetradecylammonium chloride (BAC) into the LES in BALB/c mice. Fifteen model mice (treatment group) were administered with sodium hydrosulfide, an exogenous hydrogen sulfide donor, intraperitoneally. The results of esophageal manometry, as well as the expressions of two esophageal remodeling biomarker (actin and elastin, determined by immunohistochemistry) were compared between model mice with or without hydrogen sulfide treatment and the blank control mice. Results: The mouse model of achalasia was established successfully. Compared with the blank control group, the LES pressure and expressions of actin and elastin were significantly increased in model group and treatment group (P<0.05), and the increase was less in treatment group than in model group (P<0.05). Conclusions: Remodeling of lower esophagus is existed in animal model of achalasia. Hydrogen sulfide can inhibit the esophageal remodeling, which provides a theoretical basis for the treatment of achalasia with hydrogen sulfide.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804929

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate an occupational hazardous gas poisoning incident caused by gas leakage in the process of hazardous waste treatment.@*Methods@#An investigation was conducted on a case of occupational acute hazardous gas poisoning caused by waste treatment gas leakage in Shandong province in December 2017. Meanwhile, the clinical data of 5 cases of poisoning patients were analyzed, and the accident related poison test report and other relevant data were analyzed.@*Results@#The incident was caused by the toxic waste did not do labeling work, the workers' protection measures were not in place, the illegal operation and the blind rescue, resulting in a total of 5 people died on the spot, 12 people were hospitalized with poisoning. Among them, 5 patients admitted to our hospital showed varying degrees of damage to the nervous system and respiratory system. After active treatment, they all got better and were discharged.@*Conclusion@#The poisoning is mainly caused by hydrogen sulfide dichloromethane hydrogen cyanide gas leakage serious production liability accident, clinical main performance for the nervous system circulatory system respiratory system and other system damage.

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