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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-478886


ObjectiveToestablisharatmodelofincreasedbloodflow-inducedpulmonaryarterialhypertension generatedbyanastomosisoftheleftcommoncarotidarterytoleftexternaljugularvein.Methods 45maleSDratswere divided into three groups:the shunt group , the ligation group and the sham group .At twelve weeks after the procedure , the general status of the rats was observed . Heart conditions , cardiac output and shunt patency were measured by echocardiography .Right ventricular systolic pressure ( RVSP ) and Qp/Qs were checked by catheterization . Right ventricular hypertrophy index ( RVHI) was calculated and lung tissues were examined by pathology using hematoxylin -eosin and elastin Van Gieson staining .All data were analyzed statistically by one-way ANOVA test using SPSS 16.0.Results There was no significant difference in body weight gains between the groups .The patency rate of shunt was 84.6%.The heart was enlarged in the group shunt .Cardiac output increased significantly in the shunt group than that in the other two groups [(309.8 ±33.1) mL/min?kg vs.(245.6 ±31.9) mL/min?kg, (240.8 ±30.9)mL/min?kg, respectively, P<0.05].In the shunt group Qp/Qs was 2.16 ±0.38 and RVSP increased to (35.8 ±4.9) mmHg, RVHI was 0.3263 ± 0.0342, significantly higher than that of the other groups .The pulmonary arteriolar wall was evidently thickened in contrast to that in the sham group [ ( 22.3 ±1.7 )% vs.( 10.6 ±1.7 )%, P <0.05 ) .Conclusions Anastomosis of the left common carotid artery to left external jugular vein can successfully establish pulmonary arterial hypertension model induced by high blood flow in rats .