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1.
Revista brasileira de ciência e movimento ; 29(1): [1-9], nov. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1343754

ABSTRACT

As crianças estão cada vez mais utilizando brincadeiras e jogos eletrônicos, passando muitas horas diante da televisão e isso pode atrapalhar o processo de desenvolvimento motor bem como o desenvolvimento do processo de sobrepeso e obesidade. A educação física escolar é um importante aliado na promoção de hábitos de vida mais ativos, sendo a educação infantil a primeira etapa de escolarização e prática de atividades motoras desta fase é fundamental. O objetivo desse estudo foi avaliar o índice de massa corporal (IMC) e o desempenho motor de escolares com idade de cinco anos dos Centros Municipais de Educação Infantil em Divinópolis/MG. O desempenho motor foi avaliado com o Teste de Coordenação Corporal para Crianças (Körperkoodinations test Für Kinder ­ KTK) composto por quatro testes: equilibrar-se andando de costas, saltos monopedais, saltos laterais e transposição lateral sobre plataforma. O IMC foi calculado a partir de medidas de peso e altura. Os resultados do presente estudo demonstram que 80,65% da amostra apresenta deficiência na coordenação motora, e quando comparado entre os sexos, os meninos apresentaram melhor coordenação motora que as meninas. Ao analisar o IMC e a coordenação motora não foi encontrada qualquer relação significativa entre eles. Pode-se concluir com o presente estudo que o IMC não influenciou no desempenho motor dos alunos, e que a maioria dos alunos está com a coordenação motora abaixo do esperado. A falta de aulas de educação física com o professor especialista e estímulos específicos para o desenvolvimento motor podem ter contribuído para os resultados encontrados neste estudo, reforçando a necessidade do professor de educação física n o ensino infantil.(AU)


: Children are increasingly using games and electronic games, spending many hours in front of the television and this can hinder the process of motor development as well as the development of overweight and obesity. School physical education is an important ally in the promotion of more active life habits, with early childhood education being the first stage of schooling and the practice of motor activities in this phase is fundamental. The objective of this study was to evaluate the body mass index (BMI) and the motor performance of schoolchildren aged five years old from the Municipal Centers of Early Childhood Education in Divinópolis / MG. Motor performance was assessed with the Body Coordination Test for Children (Körperkoordinations test Für Kinder - KTK) composed of four tests: balance on your back, single-legged jumps, lateral jumps and lateral transposition on a platform. BMI was calculated from weight and height measurements. The results of the present study showed that 80.65% of the sample has impaired motor coordination, and when compared between genders, boys showed better motor coordination than girls. When analyzing BMI and motor coordination, no significant relationship was found between them. It can be concluded with the present study that the BMI did not influence the motor performance of the students, and that the majority of the students have motor coordination below the expected. The lack of physical education classes with the specialist teacher and specific stimuli for motor development may have contributed to the results found in this study, reinforcing the need for physical education teachers in early childhood education.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Physical Education and Training , Body Mass Index , Child Rearing , Motor Activity , Play and Playthings , Psychomotor Performance , Television , Weights and Measures , Child , Child, Preschool , Electronics , Overweight , Internet Addiction Disorder , Habits , Obesity
2.
Multimed (Granma) ; 25(3): e2317, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1279472

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El cáncer de próstata suele diagnosticarse tardíamente en obesos debido a que el exceso de tejido adiposo dificulta la detección del tumor al interferir en la exploración física (dificultad para realizar el tacto rectal) y en la confiabilidad de exámenes de diagnóstico complementarios como el Antígeno Prostático Específico (PSA, por sus siglas en inglés), retardando de esta forma la realización de la biopsia prostática. Con el objetivo de identificar la relación entre la obesidad y la agresividad del cáncer de próstata al momento de su diagnóstico, se realizó un estudio transversal, analítico en 136 pacientes diagnosticados con cáncer de próstata mediante biopsia transrectal, en el Hospital Provincial "Carlos Manuel de Céspedes", de Bayamo, Granma, Cuba, desde el 1ro de enero de 2018 hasta el 31 de diciembre de 2020. El análisis de asociación entre las variables (Índice de Masa Corporal [IMC], PSA, Suma de Gleason y Estadio Clínico) se realizó a través de la prueba de Tukey y la U de Mann-Whitney. La edad promedio de los pacientes fue de 66,1 años. No se encontró asociación significativa entre el PSA y el IMC (p > 0,05), sin embargo, el valor del PSA mostró una tendencia a disminuir en la medida que aumentó el IMC. La suma de Gleason y el Estadio Clínico mostraron una asociación directa con el IMC, (p<0,003) y (p=0.000) respectivamente. Los pacientes con sobrepeso y obesidad fueron más propensos a presentar valores de PSA más bajos y mayor Gleason, manifestándose en estos un mayor riesgo de cáncer de próstata agresivo al momento del diagnóstico.


ABSTRACT Prostate cancer is often diagnosed late in obese because excess adipose tissue makes it difficult to detect the tumor by interfering with physical examination (difficulty performing rectal touch) and the reliability of complementary diagnostic tests such as Psa, the delaying prostate biopsy. In order to identify the relationship between obesity and the aggressiveness of prostate cancer at the time of diagnosis, a cross-sectional, analytical study was conducted in 136 patients diagnosed with prostate cancer by transrectal biopsy, at the Provincial Hospital "Carlos Manuel de Céspedes", Bayamo, Granma, Cuba, from January 1, 2018 to December 31, 2020. The association analysis between the variables (Body Mass Index [BMI], PSA, Gleason Sum and Clinical Stage) was performed through the Mann-Whitney Tukey and U test. The average age of patients was 66.1 years. No significant association was found between PSA and BMI (p > 0.05), however, the psa value showed a tendency to decrease as BMI increased. The sum of Gleason and the Clinical Stadium showed a direct association with BMI, (p<0.003) and (p-0.000) respectively. Overweight and obese patients were more likely to develop lower PSA and higher Gleason values, with an increased risk of aggressive prostate cancer at the time of diagnosis.


RESUMO O câncer de próstata é frequentemente diagnosticado tardiamente em obesidade porque o excesso de tecido adiposo dificulta a detecção do tumor interferindo no exame físico (dificuldade em realizar o toque retal) e a confiabilidade de exames diagnósticos complementares como psa, a biópsia da próstata retardando. Como objetivo de identificar a relação entre obesidade e agressividade do câncer de próstata no momento do diagnóstico, foi realizado umestudo transversal e analítico em 136 pacientes diagnosticados comcâncer de próstata por biópsiatransretal, no Hospital Provincial "Carlos Manuel de Céspedes", bayamo, Granma, Cuba, de 1º de janeiro de 2018 a 31 de dezembro de 2020. A análise de associação entre as variáveis (Índice de Massa Corporal [IMC], PSA, Gleason Sum e Estágio Clínico) foi realizada através do teste Mann-WhitneyTukey e U. A idademédia dos pacientes foi de 66,1 anos. Nãofoi encontrada associação significativa entre PSA e IMC (p > 0,05), porém, o valor do PSA apresentou tendência a diminuir à medida que o IMC aumentou. A soma de Gleason e do Estádio Clínico mostrou associação direta com o IMC, (p<0.003) e (p-0,000), respectivamente. Pacientes com sobrepeso e obesidade foram mais propensos a desenvolver menores valores de PSA e Gleason mais elevados, commaior risco de câncer agressivo de próstata no momento do diagnóstico.

3.
Rev. cuba. med. mil ; 50(1): e1070, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289499

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El entrenamiento físico en la formación militar tiene por objetivo desarrollar la preparación física y psicológica frente a condiciones ambientales adversas. Objetivo: Determinar los cambios en la composición corporal y el somatotipo, producto del periodo de entrenamiento físico básico, en la formación militar de cuatro semanas de duración en soldados conscriptos. Método: Se evaluaron 28 varones (edad: 18,9 ± 0,9 años; estatura: 1,75 ± 0,1 m; masa corporal: 67 ± 8,7 kg; índice de masa corporal: 22,5 ± 2,4 y 70,88 ± 26,57 de ∑6 pliegues) que ingresaron al periodo de formación militar en la Fuerza Aérea de Chile, Base Quintero. Se entregó un consentimiento informado previo a la realización del estudio y se siguieron las indicaciones establecidas en la declaraciónn de Helsinki. Los participantes fueron sometidos a un plan de entrenamiento físico con una duración de 4 semanas, en las instalaciones del centro militar. Resultados: Con posterioridad al entrenamiento físico, hubo una disminución significativa de la masa adiposa (p < 0,01), con un aumento de la masa muscular (p < 0,01). No se observaron diferencias significativas en los componentes del somatotipo (Pre: 3,29 - 4,78 - 2,59 vs. Post: 2,73 - 4,72 - 2,73; p = 0,24). Conclusiones: Se concluye que el entrenamiento físico en militares, durante un periodo corto de cuatro semanas, provoca cambios rápidos y significativos en la composición corporal de los soldados; cambios que no alcanzaron a observarse en el somatotipo(AU)


Introduction: The objective of physical training in military training is to develop physical and psychological preparation in adverse environmental conditions. Objective: Determine the changes in body composition and somatotype product of basic physical training in military training for four weeks in conscript soldiers. Methods: 28 men were evaluated (age: 18.9 ± 0.9 years; height: 1.75 ± 0.1 m; weight: 67 ± 8.7 kg; BMI: 22.5 ± 2.4 and ∑6 folds 70.88 ± 26.57) who entered the period of military training in the Chilean Air Force, Quintero headquarters. Informed consent was given before the study; the indications established in the Declaration of Helsinki were followed. The participants were incorporated into a physical training plan for 4 weeks. The program was carried out in the facilities of a military center. Results: After physical training there was a significant decrease in adipose mass (p<0.01) and an increase in muscle mass (p<0.01). There were no significant differences in the somatotype components (Pre: 3.29-4.78-2.59 vs. Post: 2.73-4.72-2.73; p = 0.24). Conclusion: It is concluded that physical training in the military, during a short period of four weeks, causes rapid and significant changes in the body composition of the subjects that are not observed with such clarity through the somatotype(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Young Adult , Body Composition , Exercise , Body Mass Index , Military Personnel , Cross-Sectional Studies , Informed Consent
4.
Repert.Med.Cir ; 30(3): 235-241, 2021. tab.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1363500

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la reducción de la capacidad oxidativa del músculo con el envejecimiento parece jugar un papel importante en la vejez disminuyendo hasta 50%. En zonas elevadas sobre el nivel del mar se producen cambios en la dinámica del oxígeno arterial que se relacionan con el metabolismo del músculo y la sarcopenia. Objetivos: determinar si hay relación entre el VO2pico y el porcentaje de masa muscular, nivel de actividad física e IMC, en adultos que habitan en regiones superiores a 2600 metros sobre el nivel del mar. Metodología: estudio descriptivo de tipo transversal, se incluyeron participantes sin sarcopenia mayores de 50 años, con mínimo un año de residencia en Bogotá, Colombia. Se excluyeron participantes con terapia de reemplazo hormonal, tensión arterial elevada durante la prueba, enfermedad coronaria, valvular o trastornos de la conducción. Se determinó el nivel de actividad física aplicando la encuesta Ainsworthy col, la composición corporal con bioimpedanciometría y VO2pico mediante ergoespirometría. Resultados: la muestra fue de 21 participantes. La mitad de lapoblación mostró VO2pico de 23.7 ml/k/min, IMC de 27.2g/m2 y porcentaje de masa muscular de 35.5%; hay baja correlación entre VO2pico y el porcentaje de masa muscular. La mitad de la población saludable tiene un VO2pico de 28.9 ml/k/min, sedentaria saludable 23.7 ml/k/min y sedentaria riesgosa 21.6 ml/k/min. Conclusiones: el presente estudio mostró que hay baja correlación entre el porcentaje de masa muscular y el VO2pico, sin embargo estos resultados pudieron estar influenciados por el tamaño de la muestra y otros factores.


Introduction: the decrease of muscle oxidative capacity with aging appears to play an important role in old age and is observed to decline by 50%. Changes in arterial oxygen dynamics related to muscle metabolism and sarcopenia are evidenced in high altitudes. Objectives: to determine if there is a relationship between VO2max and muscle mass, physical activity and BMI, in adults living in altitudes over 2600 MAMSL. Methodology: descriptive cross-sectional study in older than 50 years subjects without sarcopenia, who had lived in Bogota, Colombia for at least one year. Subjects with hormone replacement therapy or high blood pressure during this test, coronary artery or valvular heart disease or conduction disorders, were excluded. Physical activity was determined applying the Ainsworthy et al. survey, body composition by bioelectrical impedance analysis and VO2max by ergospirometry. Results: sample size was 21 participants. Half of the population showed a VO2max of 23.7 ml/k/min, BMI of 27.2g/m2 and muscle mass of 35.5%. A low correlation between VO2max and muscle mass was evidenced. Half of the healthy population had a VO2max of 28.9 ml/k/min, healthy sedentary subjects 23.7 ml/k/min and sedentary subjects with risk factors 21.6 ml/k/min. Conclusions: this study showed a low correlation between muscle mass and VO2max. However, these results could have been influenced by the sample size and other factors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Oxygen , Exercise , Sarcopenia , Body Height , Body Weight , Body Mass Index
5.
Podium (Pinar Río) ; 15(3): 460-473, sept.-dic. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1143456

ABSTRACT

Resumen Esta investigación caracteriza el índice de masa corporal (IMC) y la Inteligencia Emocional (IE), diferenciada a través de la atención emocional, claridad de sentimientos y reparación de emociones, de un grupo de 120 escolares de Educación básica del Municipio de Soledad, Atlántico, en edad de 11 años. Para la medición de las variables, se han utilizado los valores propuestos para la medición del Índice de Masa Corporal (IMC) en Colombia, como también el cuestionario Trait Meta-Mood Scale-24 (TMMS24), validado para población colombiana. Los resultados de este trabajo muestran a infantes con desnutrición severa, obesidad y sobrepeso, inclinados hacia la dificultad para atender sus emociones, la reparación de sentimientos y el entendimiento de sus emociones. Por lo tanto, resulta pertinente atender dicha problemática en las instituciones mencionadas, puesto que esta puede conllevar a los infantes a padecer de ansiedad y miedo, asociados al bullying, debido a su estado corporal, que han afectado su autoestima y que pueden llegar a ser determinantes para la toma de decisiones, tales como el suicidio.


Resumo Esta investigação caracteriza o índice de massa corporal (IMC) e a Inteligencia Emocional (IE), diferenciada a través de la atención emocional, claridad de sentimientos y reparación de emociones, de un grupo de 120 escolares de Educación básica del Municipio de Soledad, Atlántico, en edad de 11 años. Para a medição das variáveis, utilizam-se os valores propuestos para a medição do Índice de Masa Corporal (IMC) na Colômbia, como también el cuestionario Trait Meta-Mood Scale-24 (TMMS24), validado para población colombiana. Os resultados deste trabajo muestran a infantes con desnutrición severa, obesidad y sobrepeso, inclinados hacia la dificultad para atender sus emociones, la reparación de sentimientos y el entendimiento de sus emociones. Por lo tanto, resulta pertinente atender dicha problemática nas instituições mencionadas, porque esta puede conllevar a los infantes a padecer de ansiedad y miedo, asociados al bullying, debido a su estado corporal, que han afectado su autoestima y que pueden llegar a ser determinantes para la toma de decisiones, tales como el suicidio.


Abstract This research characterizes the body mass index (BMI) and Emotional Intelligence (EI), differentiated through emotional attention, clarity of feelings and repair of emotions, of a group of 120 schoolchildren from Basic Education in the Municipality of Soledad, Atlántico 11 years old. For the measurement of the variables, the values proposed for the measurement of the Body Mass Index (BMI) in Colombia have been used, as well as the Trait Meta-Mood Scale-24 questionnaire (TMMS24), validated for the Colombian population. The results of this work show infants with severe malnutrition, obesity and overweight inclined towards the difficulty to attend to their emotions, the repair of feelings and the understanding of their emotions. Therefore, it is pertinent to address this problem in the aforementioned institutions, since it may lead to infants suffering from anxiety, fear, and others, associated with bullying due to their body condition, which have affected their self-esteem and may reach be decisive for decision-making such as suicide.

6.
Rev. mex. trastor. aliment ; 10(3): 298-307, ene.-jun. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1377023

ABSTRACT

Resumen Los objetivos principales de este estudio fueron: a. Comparar el índice de masa corporal (IMC) e imagen corporal ([IC] alteración e insatisfacción) dependiendo del sexo y la nacionalidad (española vs. mexicana); y b. Comparar el grado de alteración de la IC dependiendo del IMC y la nacionalidad. Participaron 169 estudiantes universitarios, a quienes se les aplicó el Test de Siluetas de Thompson y Gray (1995), además de obtener su peso y estatura. Los principales hallazgos indican diferencias significativas en el IMC dependiendo de la nacionalidad, no así por sexo; se encontraron altas cifras de sobrepeso y obesidad entre los mexicanos, y altos porcentajes de peso normal entre los españoles. Se encontraron diferencias significativas en la insatisfacción corporal por sexo, y en la alteración por nacionalidad y sexo. Las mujeres de ambas naciones están más insatisfechas que los hombres, mismos que subestiman más sus cuerpos que las mujeres. Los mexicanos alteran en mayor medida que los españoles. Existe mayor subestimación en las personas con sobrepeso y obesidad, relación significativa en la muestra mexicana, pero no en la española. Resultados que son parcialmente congruentes con la literatura previa.


Abstract The objectives of this study were: a. Compare the body mass index (BMI), alteration of body image and body dissatisfaction depending on sex and nationality (Spanish vs. Mexican); y b) Compare the level of body image alteration depending on BMI and nationality. 169 Spanish and Mexican college students participated. To measure body image the silhouettes test of Thompson and Gray (1995) was used, obtaining weight and height. The main findings indicate significant differences in BMI depending of nationality, not like that for sex; high figures of overweight and obesity among Mexicans were found and high percentages of normal weight among Spaniards. Significant differences were found in body dissatisfaction by sex and in the alteration by nationality and sex. Women from both nations are more dissatisfied than men, men underestimate their bodies more than women, Mexican alter to a greater extent than Spaniards. There is greater underestimation in people with overweight and obesity, significant relationship between the Mexican sample, not in the Spanish. The results are partially congruent with the previous literature.

7.
Rev. bras. ciênc. mov ; 28(2): 123-128, abr.-jun. 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1127621

ABSTRACT

A obesidade pode influenciar no baixo desempenho da aptidão cardiorrespiratória (APCR), bem como colaborar com alterações nos níveis de indicadores hematológicos. Objetivo: Verificar se existe associação entre indicadores antropométricos, APCR e perfil hematológico de adolescentes no sul do Brasil. Método: Estudo transversal, em que foram avaliados 1 6 98 ado lescentes (742 do sexo masculino) com idade entre 10 e 17 anos, de escolas da rede pública e particular de Santa Cruz do Sul-RS. A avaliação antropométrica foi realizada, utilizando-se os seguintes parâmetros: IMC e circunferência da cintura (CC). Para o teste de APCR, foi utilizado o test e de co rrida/cam inha do s 6 minutos. Para reconhecimento do perfil hematológico, foram avaliados os seguintes parâmetros: leucócitos (WBC), eritrócitos (RBC), hemoglobina (HBC), hematócrito (HCT) e amplitude de distribuição dos glóbulos vermelhos (RDW). A associação entre as variáveis contínuas foi testada por meio da correlação de Pearson. Foram considerados significativos os valores de p<0,05. Resultados: Nos meninos, identificou-se relação fraca entre IMC com RBC (r=0,293; p<0,001) e com HCT (r=0,271; p <0,001 ). A CC também demonstrou associação fraca com estas duas variáveis hematológicas (RBC: r=0,311; p<0,001; HCT: r=0,291; p<0,001). Os níveis de APCR estiveram associados, também de fo rma fraca e direta, com HBC (r=0,224; p<0,001) e HCT (r=0,258; p<0,001). Para o sexo feminino, os níveis de W BC associaram-se, de forma fraca, com IMC (r=0,208; p<0,001) e com CC (r=0,185; <0,001). Conclusão: Os resultados obtidos no presente estudo evidenciam correlação positiva, porém fraca, entre o perfil hematológico dos adolescentes com as variáveis antropométricas e APCR...(AU)


Obesity might cause cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) to underperform, as well as collaborate with changes in hematological parameters. Aim: To investigate the asso ciation between anthropometric indicators, CRF, and the hematological profiles of adolescents in Southern Brazil. Method: A cross-sectional study of 1,698 adolescents (742 boys, 956 girls), aged between 10 and 17 from p ublic and private schools of Santa Cruz do Sul, State of Rio Grande do Sul, was conducted. Furt h ermore, an anthropometric evaluation of the following parameters was performed: body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC). CRF was evaluated using the 6-minute run/walk test. Hematolo gical p rofile was evaluated based on the following parameters: leucocytes (WBC), erythrocytes (RBC), hemoglobin (HGB), hematocrit (HCT), and red cell distribution width (RDW). The association of continuo us v ariables was tested through Pearson's correlation; p values lower than 0.05 were considered significant. Result s: The boys' BMI presented a weak correlation with RBC (r = 0.293; p < 0.001) and HCT (r = 0.271; p < 0.001). Their WC also presented a weak correlation with both hematological variables (RBC: r = 0.311; p < 0.001; HCT: r = 0.291; p < 0.001). Their CRF levels exhibited a direct but weak asso ciatio n wit h HGB (r = 0.224; p < 0.001) and HCT (r = 0.258; p < 0.001). The WBC levels of girls were fo un d t o be weak ly associated with BMI (r = 0.208; p < 0.001) and WC (r = 0.185; p < 0 .0 01 ). Co nclusio n: Th e result s highlight a positively weak correlation of the hematological profile of adolescents with an throp ometric variables and CRF...(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Hemoglobins , Body Mass Index , Erythrocytes , Walk Test , Cardiorespiratory Fitness , Hematocrit , Leukocytes , Obesity , Cross-Sectional Studies , Erythrocyte Indices , Reference Standards , Waist Circumference , Indicators and Reagents
8.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(1): 17-22, Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056390

ABSTRACT

Thorough knowledge of splenic artery course and morphology may help clinician to provide better practice. This Study aims at finding out if there was a relationship between splenic artery tortuosity index and age, sex, Body Mass Index (BMI) and abdominal cavity diameters. Routine abdominal Computerized Tomography (CT) scan images were retrospectively analyzed for 219 patients. Splenic artery tortuosity index was calculated. Abdominal cavity diameters were measured. Age, sex, and BMI were recorded. Splenic artery straight length (x) mean was 9.41 cm (SD 1.33). Splenic artery tortuous length mean was 15.15 cm (SD 3.31). Splenic artery tortuosity index mean was 1.63 (SD 0.36). Pearson correlation coefficient for Splenic artery tortuosity index vs. age was: 0.02 (P value 0.80). Splenic artery tortuosity index for females vs. males were 1.70 vs. 1.57 (P value 0.01). Pearson correlation coefficient for Splenic artery tortuosity index vs. BMI was 0.02 (P value 0.75). Pearson correlation coefficient for Splenic artery tortuosity index vs. abdominal cavity diameters were: Anterior-Posterior (AP) diameter -0.01 (P value 0.88) and transverse diameter 0.00 (P value 0.98). There may be a relationship between splenic artery tortuosity and female sex, but not with age, BMI and abdominal cavity diameters (AP and Transverse).


El conocimiento del curso y la morfología de la arteria esplénica puede ayudar al médico a proporcionar un diagnóstico y tratamiento oportuno al paciente. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo determinar si existe una relación entre el índice de tortuosidad de la arteria esplénica y la edad, el sexo, el índice de masa corporal (IMC) y los diámetros de la cavidad abdominal. Se tomaron imágenes retrospectivas, de rutina, de 219 pacientes de tomografía computarizada (TC) abdominal. Se calculó el índice de tortuosidad de la arteria esplénica. Se midieron los diámetros de la cavidad abdominal y se registró la edad, sexo y el IMC. La media de la longitud recta de la arteria esplénica (x) fue de 9,41 cm (DE 1,33). La longitud tortuosa de la arteria esplénica fue de 15,15 cm (DE 3,31). La media del índice de tortuosidad de la arteria esplénica fue de 1,63 (DE 0,36). El coeficiente de correlación de Pearson para el índice de tortuosidad de la arteria esplénica vs. edad fue: 0,02 (valor de P 0,80). El índice de tortuosidad de la arteria esplénica para las mujeres frente a los hombres fue de 1,70 frente a 1,57 (valor de P 0,01). El coeficiente de correlación de Pearson para el índice de tortuosidad de la arteria esplénica versus el IMC fue de 0,02 (valor de P 0,75). El coeficiente de correlación de Pearson para el índice de tortuosidad de la arteria esplénica frente a los diámetros de la cavidad abdominal fue: diámetro anterior-posterior (AP) -0,01 (valor P 0,88) y diámetro transversal 0,00 (valor P 0,98). Puede existir una relación entre la tortuosidad de la arteria esplénica y el sexo femenino, sin embargo no se encontró relación con la edad, el IMC y los diámetros de la cavidad abdominal (AP y transversal).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Splenic Artery/anatomy & histology , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Abdomen/diagnostic imaging , Splenic Artery/abnormalities , Splenic Artery/diagnostic imaging , Body Mass Index , Sex Factors , Analysis of Variance , Age Factors , Correlation of Data , Abdomen/anatomy & histology
9.
Fisioter. Mov. (Online) ; 33: e003328, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1133905

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Hyperlordosis can cause several degenerative spinal pathologies in children and adolescents. Objective: Determine whether body mass index, age and sexual maturation predict the occurrence of hyperlordosis in children and adolescents. Method: The study analyzed 380 students aged between 10 and 18 years. Body mass index was evaluated using the reference values suggested by the Fitnessgram test battery, and sexual maturation through Tanner's scale of self-assessed pubic hair growth. Postural assessment was conducted using the DIPA photogrammetry method, version 3.1. (Digital Image Based Postural Assessment) The SPSS 24.0 program was used to analyze the data, and the following statistical tests were applied: chi-squared, Mann-Whitney, Fisher's exact and binary logistic regression. Results: There was statistical significance between hyperlordosis, girls' age and puberty in boys (p <0.05). The adjusted binary logistic regression for the girls (OR = 0.656) indicated that this disorder declined by 34% with advancing age and for stage P2 of puberty in boys (OR = 4.292), and the likelihood of boys' presenting with hyperlordosis at this stage is approximately 4-fold higher. There was no statistical significance between body mass index and hyperlordosis (p> 0.05). Conclusion: The girls' age and boys' stage of puberty were associated with the occurrence of hyperlordosis.


Resumo Introdução: A Hiperlordose lombar pode ocasionar diversas patologias degenerativas na coluna vertebral de crianças e adolescentes. Objetivo: Identificar se o Índice de Massa Corporal, a Idade e a Maturação Sexual são previsores da ocorrência da hiperlordose lombar em crianças e adolescentes. Método: O estudo analisou 380 estudantes entre 10 e 18 anos. O Índice de Massa Corporal foi avaliado por meio dos valores de referência sugeridos pela bateria de testes Fitnessgram e a maturação sexual por meio da auto-avaliação da pilosidade pubiana de Tanner. A avaliação postural foi realizada pelo método de fotogrametria DIPA versão 3.1. (Avaliação Postural Baseada em Imagem Digital). Para análise dos dados foi utilizado o programa SPSS 24.0, tendo sido aplicados os testes estatísticos: Qui-Quadrado, Mann Whitney, Exato de Fisher e Regressão Logística Binária. Resultados: Observou-se que houve significância estatística entre a Hiperlordose lombar e a idade das meninas e a puberdade dos meninos (p<0,05). A regressão logística binária ajustada para o grupo das meninas (OR=0,656) apresentou a posssibilidade de que com o avanço da idade esta patologia diminui sua ocorrência em 34% e no grupo dos meninos (OR=4,292), a puberdade foi significativa na fase P2, verificando-se que a chance dos meninos apresentarem a hiperlordose lombar nesta fase é aproximadamente 04 vezes maior. Não houve significância estatística entre o Índice de Massa Corporal, a Idade e a Maturação Sexual e a hiperlordose lombar (p>0,05). Conclusão: A idade das meninas e a puberdade dos meninos foi associada à ocorrência da hiperlordose lombar.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Students , Body Mass Index , Puberty , Lordosis , Posture , Sexual Maturation , Spine
10.
Rev. Inst. Nac. Hig ; 50(1-2): 22-29, Diciembre 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1118371

ABSTRACT

El objetivo es comparar dos fórmulas de cálculo del Índice de Masa Corporal (IMC) y relacionarlo con otros indicadores como la Circunferencia de Cintura (CC), Índice Cintura-Talla (ICT), Índice Peso Circunferencia de Cintura (IPCC) y etnia. MÉTODOS: Estudio descriptivo, transversal, prospectivo y correlacional. Una muestra de 480 niños y adolescentes, de 6 a 15 años, de dos instituciones educativas de Caracas, Municipio Libertador, seleccionados al azar de los grados y secciones previamente elegidas, se solicitó consentimiento informado a sus representantes. Variables: etnia, sexo, peso, talla, IMC, CC, ICT, % GC e IPCC. Se determinó promedio, desviación, porcentajes, comparación de medias y porcentajes y correlaciones. RESULTADOS: Promedios del IMC-Oxford ligeramente mayores a los del IMC-Quetelet, por edad. Al clasificar según Normopeso, Sobrepeso y Obesidad, promedios de los dos IMC son significativos; promedios de todas las variables, no significativos por sexo, excepto para el % GC (p<0,000), este aumenta considerablemente con la edad. La clasificación de la CC 15,0 % Riesgo sobrepeso y 5,0 % Obesidad; el % GC clasifica 19,5 % en Exceso, mayor en el sexo femenino, hay un alto porcentaje en Déficit (65,8 %). Correlaciona IMC-Q con IPCC (r=0,84), IMC-O con IPCC (r=0,70) e IMC-Q con IMC-O (r= 0,97). Los indicadores CC, ICT e IPCC, se comportan similarmente en los tres grupos de clasificación de los IMC; y en las tres etnias según los percentiles, y los valores de la CC siempre mayores a los del IPCC. CONCLUSIÓN: el IMC-Oxford puede ser utilizado como una nueva opción para evaluar Sobrepeso y Obesidad, en grupos de niños y adolescentes.


The objective is to compare two Body Mass Index (BMI) calculation formulas and relate it to other indicators such as Waist Circumference (CC), Waist-Size Index (ICT), Weight-Waist Circumference Index (IPCC), and ethnicity. METHODS: Descriptive, cross-cutting, prospective and correlative study. A sample of 480 children and adolescents, aged 6 to 15, from two educational institutions in Caracas, Libertador Municipality, randomly selected from the degrees and sections previously chosen, requested informed consent from their representatives. Variables: ethnicity, gender, weight, size, BMI, WC, ICT, BFP and WWCI. Average, deviation, percentages, comparison of means and percentages and correlations were determined. RESULTS: BMI-Oxford averages slightly higher than BMI-Quetelet, by age. When classifying by Normoweight, Overweight and Obesity, averages of the two BMI are significant; averages of all variables, not significant by sex, except for % GC (p<0.000), this increases considerably with age. CC rating 15.0 % Overweight risk and 5.0 % Obesity; % GC ranks 19.5 % in Excess, higher in the female sex, there is a high percentage in Deficit (65,8 %). It maps IMC-Q to WWCI (r-0.84), IMC-O with WWCI (r-0.70), and IMC-Q with IMC-O (r-0.97). The CC, WTS and WWCI indicators behave similarly in the three BMI classification groups; and in the three ethnicities according to the percentiles, and the VALUES of the WC always higher than those of the WWCI. CONCLUSION: BMI-Oxford can be used as a new option to evaluate Overweight and Obesity, in groups of children and adolescents .


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Body Mass Index , Body Size , Overweight , Body Weight , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies , Sex Distribution , Age Distribution , Ethnic Distribution , Waist Circumference , Waist-Height Ratio , Correlation of Data , Obesity
11.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 24(9): 3325-3334, set. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019665

ABSTRACT

Resumo A triagem "Nutritional Risk Screening (NRS-2002)" é uma ferramenta considerada padrão ouro na análise do risco nutricional. Sendo assim, objetivou-se identificar na "NRS-2002" qual ou quais os critérios avaliados que mais contribuem para determinar o risco nutricional. Estudo descritivo transversal e quantitativo com 763 adultos e idosos hospitalizados, no ano de 2015. Aplicada a "NRS-2002" que avalia as variáveis Índice de Massa Corporal (IMC), perda de peso nos últimos 3 meses, redução da ingestão alimentar na última semana e gravidade da doença. A estatística dos dados foi descritiva e analítica por meio do método de regressão logística univariada. Observou-se que 46,4% dos pacientes apresentaram risco nutricional, com maiores chances em homens e idosos. Sendo a perda de peso o critério mais prevalente seguido da redução da ingestão alimentar, o IMC < 20,5kg/m² teve maior efeito no risco nutricional (OR = 31,0; IC 95%:14,21;67,44). Concluiu-se que o IMC < 20,5kg/m² e a perda de peso nos últimos três meses foram os fatores que mais contribuíram na determinação do risco nutricional, sendo a identificação precoce do risco nutricional de extrema importância para o direcionamento da conduta dietoterápica para a melhora da ingestão alimentar com objetivo de recuperação do peso corporal.


Abstract The Nutritional Risk Screening (NRS-2002) is a gold standard tool in nutritional risk analysis. Thus, the present study aimed to identify which one or which of the criteria evaluated in the NRS-2002 most contribute to determine the nutritional risk. This is a descriptive, cross-sectional and quantitative study with 763 adults and elderly people hospitalized in the year 2015. We applied the NRS-2002, which evaluates the variables Body Mass Index (BMI), weight loss in the last 3 months, reduction of food intake in the last week and severity of the disease. The data statistics was descriptive and analytical, using the univariate logistic regression method. It was observed that 46.4% of the patients presented nutritional risk and that men and the elderly had greater chance of risk. Weight loss was the most prevalent criterion, followed by reduced food intake; BMI < 20.5kg/m² had a greater effect on nutritional risk (OR = 31.0, 95% CI: 14.21;67.44). In conclusion, BMI < 20.5kg/m² and weight loss in the last three months are the factors that contributed the most in determining nutritional risk, and early identification of nutritional risk is extremely important for guiding dietary management to improvement of food intake with the objective of recovering body weight.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Nutrition Assessment , Mass Screening/methods , Nutritional Status , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Body Weight , Weight Loss , Body Mass Index , Sex Factors , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Age Factors , Risk Assessment/methods , Middle Aged
12.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 65(6): 845-850, June 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012999

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of overweight and obesity and its association with sleep quality in university students from the Anhui province in China. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in China with 1328 participants. The prevalence of underweight and obesity in university students was estimated according to the reference working group on obesity in China. The sleep quality was evaluated using the standard PSQI (Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index). RESULTS: This study included 470 male and 858 female students from a university in Anhui; 4.4% of the females and 17.7% of the males were overweight or obese. The prevalence of obesity in males was significantly higher than in females, and the prevalence of obesity in higher years was greater than in other years (p<0.05). In general, the mean score for sleep quality was 4.91±2.67; 36.5% of male and 39.1% of female students had poor sleep quality (PSQI score >5). Among the seven components of sleep quality, sleep duration and the use of sleep medication showed significant differences between male and female students and different years (p<0.05). An obvious correlation was found between sleep quality and body mass index (BMI)(p<0.000) in females who took hypnotic drugs. CONCLUSION: This study suggests that the sleep quality of females is probably associated with their BMI. College students are a special group of young adults whose cause of poor sleeping quality and BMI may be significant to study, so the health status of university students can be improved.


RESUMO OBJETIVO: O objetivo do estudo era investigar a prevalência de sobrepeso e obesidade e sua relação com a qualidade do sono em estudantes universitários da província de Anhui, China. METODOLOGIA: Um estudo transversal foi realizado na China com 1328 participantes. A prevalência de baixo peso e obesidade em estudantes universitários foi estimada com base nas referências do Grupo de Trabalho sobre Obesidade da China. A qualidade do sono foi avaliada utilizando o padrão PSQI (Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index). RESULTADOS: O estudo incluiu 470 homens e 858 mulheres, todos estudantes universitários de Anhui; 4,4% das mulheres e 17,7% dos homens foram classificados com sobrepeso ou obesidade. A prevalência da obesidade em homens foi significativamente maior do que em mulheres, e a prevalência da obesidade nos últimos anos foi maior do que em outras categorias (P < 0, 05). Em geral, a pontuação média de qualidade do sono foi 4,91 ± 2,67; 36,5% dos homens e 39, 1% das mulheres tiveram uma qualidade de sono ruim (PSQI > 5). Considerando os sete componentes da qualidade do sono, a duração do sono e o uso de medicação para dormir apresentaram diferenças significativas entre estudantes homens e mulheres de anos diferentes (P < 0,05). Uma clara correlação foi encontrada entre a qualidade do sono e o Índice de Massa corporal (IMC) (P < 0.0000) em mulheres que usavam drogas hipnóticas. CONCLUSÃO: Este estudo sugere que a qualidade do sono das mulheres está provavelmente associada com o IMC. Os universitários são um grupo especial de jovens adultos, por isso é importante para estudar a causa da sua má qualidade do sono e sua relação com o IMC, para que seja possível melhorar a saúde dos estudantes universitários.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Young Adult , Sleep/physiology , Sleep Wake Disorders/physiopathology , Students/statistics & numerical data , Thinness/physiopathology , Body Mass Index , Obesity/physiopathology , Reference Values , Sleep Wake Disorders/etiology , Sleep Wake Disorders/epidemiology , Thinness/complications , Thinness/epidemiology , Time Factors , China/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Obesity/complications , Obesity/epidemiology
13.
Managua; s.n; mar. 2019. 64 p. tab, graf.
Thesis in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1008162

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Determinar las medidas antropométricas y su relación con Enfermedades Crónicas no Trasmisibles en colaboradores de un Call Center del departamento de Managua durante el período Julio- Agosto 2018. DISEÑO: Se realizó un estudio transversal constituido por una muestra de 125 colaboradores de un Call Center del departamento de Managua, el instrumento de recolección de la información estuvo dividida en 3 partes, dedicados a conocer los datos sociolaborales, las medidas antropométricas de índice de masa corporal e índice cintura cadera y las enfermedades crónicas en la población estudiada. RESULTADOS: Predominaron los adultos jóvenes de 21 a 30 años 49.6% (62), de 31 años a 40 años 36 % (45); solteros 60 % (75), de sexo hombre 67.2 % (84); los encuestados presentaron sobrepeso en 39.2 % (49), obesidad grado I en 24 % (30) y obesidad grado II en 6.4% (8). El índice cintura cadera encontrando en hombres y mujeres resultó ser de bajo riesgo y las enfermedades crónicas más frecuentes fueron Hipertensión arterial en un 48.3 % (14), seguida de Diabetes Mellitus en 37.9 % (11). El asma bronquial se presento en 10.3%(3) y cardiopatía en 3.4%(1). La relación del indice de masa corporal con las enfermedades crónicas encontradas en este estudio fue: los individuos con bajo peso no presentaron enfermedades crónicas, el 5.7% (2) presentaron peso normal; 14.3 % (7) se encontraron en sobrepeso,30% (9) estaban en Obesidad Grado I y el 62.5 % (5) en Obesidad II. CONCLUSIONES: De las características sociolaborales la mayoría eran hombres entre las edades de 21-40 años, solteros, con menos de un año de laborar y laboran de 40-48 horas. Más de la mitad de los encuestados presentaron alteración en las medidas antropométricas. Las enfermedades crónicas más frecuentes encontradas fueron la Hipertensión Arterial y Diabetes Mellitus. Según el aumento del perímetro abdominal y grasa corporal expresadas en las medidas antropométricas es posible relacionarlas con las enfermedades crónicas


Subject(s)
Humans , Body Mass Index , Occupational Health , Noncommunicable Diseases , Obesity , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies
14.
Semina cienc. biol. saude ; 40(2): 141-156, jun./dez. 2019. Tab, Ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1223935

ABSTRACT

Avaliar perfil, estado nutricional, índices antropométricos e variação de peso de pacientes idosos atendidos em um ambulatório de nutrição do Sul do Brasil. Material e métodos: Estudo descritivo, realizado de 2014 a 2017. A avaliação foi feita através da análise de dados secundários de prontuários dos pacientes. Foram avaliados na primeira consulta: idade, sexo, patologias, história familiar, altura, hábitos de vida, funcionamento intestinal e estilo de vida. Na primeira e na última consulta: data dos atendimentos, prática e tempo de exercício físico, peso, circunferência da cintura e do pescoço, sendo calculados: número de consultas no período, tempo de intervenção, IMC, índice de conicidade, porcentagem de variação de peso e de perda de excesso de peso entre a primeira e a última consulta. As análises estatísticas foram realizadas no Stata® 11.1 com nível de significância (p<0,05). Resultados: A amostra foi constituída por 68 idosos, essencialmente composta por mulheres (63,24%), com ensino fundamental completo (32,35%) ou incompleto (32,35%), casada (57,35%) e de cor branca (79,41%). A maioria apresentava hipertensão (70,59%), sedentarismo (66,18%), estava acima do peso ideal (82,35%) e com valores acima do recomendado de circunferência da cintura (94,11%), pescoço (89,70%) e do índice de conicidade (97,05%). 82,98% apresentou perda de peso, sendo que 11,77% das mulheres apresentaram perda de mais de 5% do peso entre a primeira e a última consulta. Conclusão: O atendimento ambulatorial nutricional mostrou-se efetivo para promoção da redução das medidas antropométricas, comprovando a necessidade e eficácia da presença do profissional de nutrição neste modelo de atendimento (AU)


To evaluate the profile, nutritional status, anthropometric indices and weight variation of elderly patients attended at a nutrition clinic in the South of Brazil. Material and methods: Descriptive study, carried out from 2014 to 2017. The evaluation was made through the analysis of secondary data of patients' medical records. They were evaluated at the first consultation: age, sex, pathologies, family history height, life habits, intestinal functioning and lifestyle. In the first and last visit: date of the visits, practice and time of physical exercise, weight, waist circumference and neck, being calculated: number of visits in the period, intervention time, BMI, conicity index, percentage of variation weight and loss of excess weight between the first and last consultation. Statistical analyzes were performed on Stata® 11.1 with significance level (p <0.05). Results: The sample consisted of 68 elderly individuals, consisting essentially of women (63.24%), with complete primary education (32.35%) or incomplete (32.35%), married (57.35%) and color (79.41%). The majority had hypertension (70.59%), sedentary lifestyle (66.18%), was above ideal weight (82.35%) and had values above the recommended waist circumference (94.11%), neck (89, 70%) and the conicity index (97.05%). 82.98% presented weight loss, and 11.77% of the women presented loss of more than 5% of the weight between the first and the last consultation. Conclusion: Nutritional outpatient care was effective to promote the reduction of anthropometric measures, proving the need and effectiveness of the presence of the nutrition professional in this model of care


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Body Mass Index , Nutritional Status , Waist Circumference , Pathology , Sedentary Behavior , Ambulatory Care , Habits , Life Style
15.
Rev. venez. cir ; 72(1): 10-15, 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1370342

ABSTRACT

La cirugía bariátrica ha demostrado que, además de producir pérdida de peso importante y mantenida, puede en la mayoría de casos mejorar el control de la glicemia e incluso la remisión de la diabetes en algunos pacientes. Objetivo: Analizar los efectos del bypass gástrico laparoscópico en pacientes con índice de masa corporal (IMC) ≥ 35 kg/m2 y diabetes mellitus tipo 2 (DMT2) intervenidos en el programa de cirugía bariátrica del Hospital Dr. Miguel Pérez Carreño. Método: La investigación es de tipo descriptiva, longitudinal y retrospectiva. La muestra fue de 20 pacientes de la consulta del programa de cirugía bariátrica a los cuales se les realizó bypass gástrico en Y de Roux (BPGYR) entre 2011 y 2015, con diagnóstico de DMT2. Resultados: Posterior al BPGYR, en el periodo de 1 año se observó una disminución significativa de los valores de glicemia, hemoglobina glicosilada (HbA1c) e IMC. Se observó remisión completa de la DMT2 en 75 % de los pacientes, remisión parcial en 10 % y mejoría metabólica en 15 %. Conclusiones: El BPGYR es efectivo en pacientes con DMT2, logrando una remisión del 75% de los pacientes tratados(AU)


Bariatric surgery has demonstrated that, besides producing significant and sustained weight loss, it can in most cases improve glycemic control and even produce diabetes remission in some patients. Objective: To analyze the effects of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP) in patients with BMI ≥ 35 kg/m2 and type 2 diabetes operated in the bariatric surgery program of Dr. Miguel Pérez Carreño Hospital. Method: The investigation was descriptive, longitudinal and retrospective. The sample consisted of 20 patients attending the bariatric surgery program and underwent laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass between 2011 and 2015, with diagnosis of type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Results: After 1 year following RYGBP, significant decrease in glycaemia, glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and BMI was observed. Complete remission was observed in 75 % of patients, partial remission in 10 % and metabolic improvement in 15 %. Conclusions: RYGBP is effective in patients with T2DM, achieving a remission of 75% of treated patients(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Gastric Bypass , Weight Loss , Body Mass Index , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Bariatric Surgery , Body Weight , Obesity, Morbid , Laparoscopy , Glycemic Control
16.
Biociencias ; 14(2): 83-95, 2019. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1095019

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: La actividad física y la alimentación sana son determinantes para el cuidado del peso corporal, como también para la prevención de enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles, especialmente en la población adulta mayor. Objetivo: determinar el Índice de Masa Corporal (IMC) y el nivel de actividad física de adultos mayores del Centro de Vida Conidec, Barranquilla y establecer relación entre ambas. Metodología: Estudio de enfoque cuantitativo, de tipo correlacional y transversal, con una muestra intencional de 130 adultos mayores del Centro de Vida Conidec, Barranquilla, Colombia (48% masculino y 52% femenino), entre los 65 y 85 años (x̄=66,2), haciendo uso del IPAQ-E para la medición de la actividad física y antropometría (peso y talla) para determinar el Índice de Masa Corporal (IMC). Resultados: Se apreció una tendencia de la muestra hacia indicadores de masa corporal asociados al sobrepeso (60,8%), como también al nivel de actividad física bajo (76,2%). Es notoria una correlación negativa entre el índice de Masa Corporal (IMC) y el nivel de actividad física del adulto mayor del Centro de Vida Conidec, Barranquilla, asociada al sobrepeso y la inactividad física (74%). Conclusión: Esta investigación resulta de gran interés en materia de gerontología y geriatría, y fundamentalmente para la sociedad adulta mayor del contexto barranquillero que participa de las actividades que se realizan en los Centros de Vida promovidos por la Alcaldía de Barranquilla, pues permiten el desarrollo de talleres basados en la enseñanza-aprendizaje sobre la importancia de la buena alimentación y los beneficios de la actividad física.


Background: Physical activity and healthy eating are determinants for the care of body weight, as well as for the prevention of chronic noncommunicable diseases, especially in the elderly population. Objective: to determine the Body Mass Index (BMI) and the level of physical activity of older adults of the Conidec Life Center, Barranquilla and establish a relationship between them. Methodology: Quantitative, correlational and cross-sectional study, with an intentional sample of 130 older adults from the Conidec Life Center, Barranquilla, Colombia (48% male and 52% female), between 65 and 85 years (x̄ = 66 , 2), using the IPAQ-E to measure physical activity and anthropometry (weight and height) to determine the Body Mass Index (BMI). Results: There was a tendency of the sample towards indicators of body mass associated with overweight (60.8%), as well as the low level of physical activity (76.2%). A negative correlation between the Body Mass Index (BMI) and the level of physical activity of the elderly of the Conidec Life Center, Barranquilla, associated with overweight and physical inactivity (74%) is notorious. Conclusion: This research is of great interest in gerontology and geriatrics, and fundamentally for the adult society of the Barranquilla context that participates in the activities carried out in the Life Centers promoted by the Mayor's Office of Barranquilla, since they allow the development of workshops based on teaching-learning about the importance of good nutrition and the benefits of physical.


Subject(s)
Humans , Diet , Overweight , Motor Activity
17.
Diaeta (B. Aires) ; 36(165): 8-15, dic. 2018. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1011980

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el embarazo adolescente supone un 15% del total de los nacimientos. A pesar de esta gran prevalencia, el conocimiento y las recomendaciones específicas para este grupo poblacional son escasos. Las embarazadas adolescentes suelen tener ganancias de peso superior a las recomendaciones, aumentando el riesgo de complicaciones obstétricas y neonatales. Objetivo: evaluar la ganancia de peso gestacional en embarazadas adolescentes según las recomendaciones del Institute of Medicine 2009. Materiales y método: estudio observacional descriptivo transversal llevado a cabo en adolescentes con embarazo único en puerperio inmediato evaluadas entre los meses de Agosto del 2017 y Enero del 2018. El IMC pre-gestacional y la ganancia de peso en el embarazo fueron estudiados y comparados con la edad, historia de enfermedades y complicaciones obstétricas. Resultados: el tamaño total de la muestra fue de 89 adolescentes con una media de edad de 17±1,54 años; solo el 4,49% correspondió a menores de 15 años. El diagnóstico nutricional pre-gestacional fue de: bajo peso 6,74%, normopeso 71,91%, sobrepeso 13,48% y obesidad 7,87%. El 22,47%, el 31,46% y 46,07% tuvieron una ganancia de peso inferior, adecuada y superior respectivamente. El 66,67% de las adolescentes con bajo peso evidenciaron una ganancia de peso inferior, mientras que las embarazadas con exceso de peso superaron las recomendaciones en el 57,89% de los casos. Del total de las obesas, el 71,42% presentaron complicaciones en el embarazo. Conclusiones: Casi el 70% de las embarazadas adolescentes presentaron una ganancia de peso inadecuada. Aquellas que comenzaron la gestación con bajo peso ganaron menos de lo recomendado, siendo las embarazadas con exceso de peso las que aumentaron más de lo establecido por las guías. Por último, resulta interesante destacar el desarrollo de complicaciones en el embarazo de las adolescentes obesas(AU).


Introduction: in Argentina, adolescent pregnancy represents 15% of total births. Despite this high prevalence, knowledge and specific recommendations for this population group are low. Adolescent mothers usually have more weight gain than recommended, increasing the risk of obstetric and neonatal complications. Objective: to evaluate the gestational weight gain in adolescent pregnancy following recommendations by the Institute of Medicine 2009. Methods: a cross-sectional observational study was carried out in adolescents with single pregnancies in immediate puerperal period, between August 2017 and January 2018. The pre-pregnancy BMI and the gestational weight gain were studied and compared to age, medical history and obstetric complications. Results: a total of 89 adolescents averaged age 17 ± 1.54 were evaluated; only 4.49% of the sample corresponded to mothers aged under 15. The pre-pregnancy BMI was: underweight 6.74%, normal weight 71.91%, overweight 13.48% and obesity 7.87%. 22.47%, 31.46% and 46.07% had a lower, appropriate and excessive weight gain respectively. 66.67% of underweight adolescents showed a lower weight gain, while the overweight ones exceeded the recommendations in 57.89% of cases. Within total obese, 71,42% presented obstetric complications. Conclusions: nearly 70% of adolescent mothers had an inappropriate weight gain. The adolescents who started the gestation with underweight gained less weight than recommended, and the ones with overweight gained more weight than the one recommended by the guidelines. Lastly, it is worth highlighting the development of obstetric complications in obese adolescents(AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Pregnancy in Adolescence , Weight Gain , Gestational Weight Gain , Adolescent Mothers , Hospitals, State , Obstetrics
18.
ACM arq. catarin. med ; 47(4): 104-115, out.-dez. 2018.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1023269

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A pancreatite aguda (PA) é uma inflamação abrupta do pâncreas. Esta doença pode influenciar em alguns fatores, como alterações no estado nutricional e na ingestão alimentar. Objetivo: Estimar o estado nutricional, a dieta intrahospitalar e os fatores associados à doença em pacientes hospitalizados por PA. Método: Estudo transversal com pacientes diagnosticados com PA durante hospitalização. O estado nutricional dos pacientes foi avaliado por meio de peso e estatura para posterior cálculo do índice de massa corporal (IMC) e consumo dietético (com recordatório de dia alimentar habitual) e hospitalar (com avaliação da aceitação da dieta). Resultados: Foram avaliados 26 pacientes sendo 57,7% do sexo masculino e 46,1% hospitalizados por pancreatite de causa biliar. O sintoma mais comum apresentado foi a dor abdominal (57,7%) e 53,8% estavam em eutrofia no momento da avaliação de acordo com o IMC. Este valor não foi significativo quando comparado os sexos (p>0,05). A maioria dos pacientes recebeu prescrição de jejum (57,7%); 61,5% apresentaram perda de peso, não houve diferença estatística quando se comparou as variáveis do estudo com a classificação do estado nutricional (p>0,05). Conclusão: A maior parte dos pacientes estava com estado nutricional adequado, com ressalvas pois haviam relatos de perda de peso na maioria dos avaliados. A prescrição de jejum esteve presente na maior parte da amostra.


Introduction: Acute pancreatitis (AP) is an abrupt inflammation of the pancreas. This disease may influence some factors, such as changes in nutritional status and food intake. Objective: Evaluate the nutritional status, the hospital diet and the factors associated with the disease in patients hospitalized (BMI) and habitual with usual intake (food day recall) and hospital (with evaluation of diet acceptance). Results: Twenty-Six inpatients were evaluated 57.7% were male and 46.1% were hospitalized for biliary pancreatitis. The most common symptom presented was abdominal pain (57.7%) and according to BMI 53.8% were eutrophic at the time of evaluation, and was not significant when compared to sex (p> 0.05). Most patients received fasting prescription (57.7%); 61.5% presented weight loss, there was no statistical difference when comparing the study variables with the nutritional status classification (p> 0.05). Conclusion: The majority of inpatients had normal nutritional status, with reservations because there was a report of weight loss in the majority of the evaluated ones. The fasting prescription was present in most of the sample.

19.
Perspect. nutr. hum ; 20(2): 171-182, jul.-dic. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002757

ABSTRACT

Resumen Antecedentes: la OMS define la obesidad como un depósito excesivo de grasa que puede ser lesivo para la salud con un gran impacto social. En las últimas dos décadas, se ha incrementado la realización de las cirugías bariátricas como una alternativa para reducir el exceso de peso y grasa corporal, entre las que se destaca la gastrectomía vertical. Objetivo: describir el cambio en el IMC, hábitos alimentarios y actividad física en un grupo de pacientes sometidos a la cirugía de gastrectomía vertical en una clínica de la ciudad de Medellín, entre 2016-2018. Materiales y métodos: estudio descriptivo retrospectivo, en el cual se revisaron historias clínicas de 49 pacientes, 13 hombres y 36 mujeres, sometidos a gastrectomía vertical en una clínica privada de la ciudad de Medellín. Resultados: los pacientes iniciaron con un promedio de IMC de 34,2 kg/m2 y al año posoperatorio descendieron a uno de 24,4 kg/m2 (p=0,00); también hubo una tendencia de mejoría en los hábitos alimentarios, como comer entre comidas y no consumir dulces ni gaseosas. Conclusiones: la cirugía de gastrectomía vertical muestra ser una técnica apropiada para el descenso del IMC, al menos en el primer año de ser realizada.


Abstract Background: The WHO defines obesity as an excess deposit of fat that can be harmful to health with a great social impact. In the last two decades, bariatric surgery has increased as an alternative to reduce excess weight and body fat, of which we highlight the vertical gastrectomy. Objective: To describe the change in Body Mass Index, dietary behaviors, and physical activity in a group of patients undergoing vertical Gastrectomy surgery in a clinic in Medellin, Colombia between 2016-2018. Materials and Methods: Retrospective descriptive study, in which medical records were reviewed in 49 patients, 13 men and 36 women, who underwent vertical gastrectomy in a private clinic in Medellin. Results: Patients started with an average BMI of 34.2 kg/m2 and one year post-surgery they descended to an average BMI of 24.4 kg/m2 (p=0.00); also, an improvement in eating habits such as eating between meals, and less consumption of sweets and soft drinks was found. Conclusions: Vertical Gastrectomy surgery proves to be an appropriate technique for decreasing BMI, at least in the first year post-operative.

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