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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-455366


Alport syndrome is a hereditary glomerular basement membrane disease.Hematuria,sensorineural deafness and progressive renal function impairment is the main clinical symptoms.Alport syndrome can be associated with ocular abnormalities,and a few of patients were complicated with diffuse leiomyoma.The incidence of Alport syndrome with diffuse leiomyoma is low,and it mainly invades esophagus,the trachea and female genital tract,et al.Patients with Alport syndrome and diffuse leiomyoma have difficulty in swallowing and postprandial vomiting,recurrent bronchitis symptoms and dyspnea.Diffuse leiomyoma is commonly seen in the esophagus.Alport syndrome with huge esophageal and gastric leiomyoma is rarely seen in clinical practice.In this article,the imaging manifestations of Alport syndrome combined with huge esophageal and gastric leiomyoma is summarized to improve the understanding and diagnostic accuracy of this disease.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-635662


Background Uveal effusion syndrome is uncommon in clinic.To understand the clinical characteristics of uveal effusion syndrome is helpful for rescuing visual acuity of patient.Objective This study was to discuss the diagnosis,classification and surgical outcome of uveal effusion syndrome.Methods This was a descriptive study.The clinical data of 14 eys from 10 patients with uveal effusion syndrome,ineluding ophthalmologic examination,B-scan sonography,ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM),fundus fluorescence angiography (FFA),indocyanine green angiography (ICGA),surgical treatment and prognosis,were retrospectively analyzed.The follow-up period was 6 months.Results The fundus findings of all impacted eyes showed bullous-shape retinal detachment (RD).B-scan sonography revealed retinal and choroidal detachment.A annular peripheral ciliochoroidal detachment was observed in the cases under the UBM.FFA exhibited leopard spots without any leakage from choroid into the subretinal space.ICGA demonstrated diffusely choroidal granular hyperfluorescence in the very early phase,which presented with an increasing intensity as time lapse until the late phase.Full-thickness sclerectomy was performed on 4 eyes of 2 patients and subscleral sclerectomy was performed in 1 eye of 1 patient,achieving a retinal anatomic reattachment after surgery.All of the patients finished the fellow-up.No recurrence of RD was seen during the followup duration.Conclusions Comprehensive preoperative evaluation,including ophthalmologic ultrasonography,MRI and CT,is crucial for accurate classification of uveal effusion syndrome and determine of proper management strategy.