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1.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 39(3)jun. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407786

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: La prueba Aspergillus galactomannan Ag Virclia® (GM-VClia) es una técnica de galactomanano monotest, auto-matizada, basada en inmunoensayo quimioluminiscente (CLIA). Objetivo: Evaluar el desempeño del test de GM-VClia en muestras de suero y lavado bronquioalveolar (LBA) procesadas previamente con el kit Platelia™ Aspergillus EIA (GM-Plat). Materiales y Métodos: Se estudiaron 56 muestras de suero y 40 de LBA, correspondientes a un total de 59 pacientes (algunos con determinación de galactomamano en ambas muestras) con enfermedades pulmonares, hematológicas, LES, Covid-19 y tumores, entre otros. Trece pacientes tuvieron aspergilosis invasora (1 probada y 12 probables). Resultados: La correlación entre ambos métodos para suero y LBA fue r = 0,8861 p < 0,0001 y r = 0,6368 p < 0,001, respectivamente. Hubo una concordancia global de 67,7% (65/96), siendo de 85,7% (48/56) en sueros y 42,5,0% (14/49) en LBA. Al subir el punto de corte en LBA por GM-VClia la concordancia aumentó a 85,7%. Conclusiones: Se observó una mayor correlación y concordancia en sueros que en LBA. El kit GM-VClia presentó una mayor sensibilidad y valor predictor negativo (VPN), que el kit GM-Plat. Las desventajas de GM-VClia, la constituyen la categoría "dudoso", que dificulta la interpretación y que, con los puntos de corte actuales en LBA, la correlación con GM-Plat es menor. Las ventajas son su mayor sensibilidad, facilidad de procesamiento y una mayor rapidez en los resultados.


Abstract Background: The Aspergillus Galactomannan Ag Virclia® (GMVClia) test is a monotest and automated galactomannan technique based on chemiluminescent immunoassay (CLIA). Aim: To evaluate the performance of the GM-VClia test in serum and bronchioalveolar lavage (BAL) samples previously processed with the Platelia ™ Aspergillus EIA kit (GM-Plat). Methods: 56 samples of serum 40 from BAL (some of them with galactomaman determination in both samples), from patients with pulmonary diseases, hematological diseases, SLE, Covid-19 and tumors, among others, were studied. Thirteen patients had invasive aspergillosis (1 proven and 12 probable). Results: The correlation between both methods for serum and BAL was r = 0.8861 p < 0.0001 and r = 0.6368 p < 0.001, respectively. There was a global concordance of 67.7% (65/96), being 85.7% (48/56) in sera and 42.5.0% (14/49) in BAL. By raising the cut-off point in LBA by GM-VClia, the agreement increased to 85.7%. Conclusion: A greater correlation and concordance was observed in sera than in BAL. The GM-VClia kit had a higher sensitivity and NPV than the GM-Plat kit. The disadvantages of GM-VClia are the "doubtful" category, which makes interpretation difficult and that with the current cut-off points in LBA the correlation with GM-Plat is lower. The advantages are its greater sensitivity, ease of processing and faster results.

2.
Acta bioquím. clín. latinoam ; 56(2): 181-186, abr. 2022. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1402955

ABSTRACT

Resumen La enfermedad de Chagas es una parasitosis producida por Trypanosoma cruzi, prevalente principalmente en el continente americano, y observada en regiones no endémicas, producto de viajes y migraciones. El objetivo de este estudio fue comparar el desempeño del ensayo Elecsys® Chagas (Roche Diagnostics Alemania) (ECLIA) para el diagnóstico de la infección chagásica crónica con el método estándar y evaluar su posible empleo en reemplazo del método automatizado existente. Se estudiaron 77 muestras de sueros pertenecientes a pacientes con diagnóstico presuntivo de enfermedad de Chagas, procesadas por los distintos métodos disponibles en la Sección Parasitología del Hospital Muñiz: inmunoensayo quimioluminiscente de micropartículas (CMIA) (Abbott), enzimoinmunoanálisis de adsorción (ELISA) (Wiener) y hemaglutinación indirecta (HAI) (Lab. Lemos S.R.L.). Los resultados de los métodos ELISA y HAI fueron comparados con los obtenidos en la prueba ECLIA, y estos a su vez con el método automatizado disponible. De las muestras analizadas, 22 (28,57%) presentaron IgG anti-T. cruzi y 55 (71,43%) resultaron negativas. Con el método ECLIA se logró un 100% en los parámetros de desempeño, con diferencias en los intervalos de confianza. La razón de verosimilitud positiva y la razón de verosimilitud negativa clasificaron al ensayo como excelente y la potencia global del test apoyó esa afirmación. Los métodos inmunológicos automatizados ayudan a la performance diagnóstica en la etapa crónica de la enfermedad de Chagas, permiten minimizar errores, favorecen la velocidad de emisión de los resultados y, debido a su alta sensibilidad y especificidad, en ciertos escenarios podrían proponerse para usar como única técnica.


Abstract Chagas disease is a parasitosis caused by Trypanosoma cruzi, prevalent mainly in the American continent, and observed in non-endemic regions as a result of travel and migration. The objective of this study was to compare the performance of the Elecsys® Chagas (Roche Diagnostics Alemania) (ECLIA) assay for the diagnosis of chronic Chagas infection with the diagnostic standard, and to evaluate its possible use as a replacement for the existing automated method. A total of 77 serum samples belonging to patients with a presumptive diagnosis of Chagas disease were evaluated, processed by the different methods available in the Parasitology Section of Hospital Muñiz: microparticle chemiluminescent immunoassay (CMIA) (Abbott), enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) (Wiener) and indirect hemagglutination (HAI) (Lab. Lemos S.R.L). The results of the ELISA and HAI methods were compared with those obtained in the ECLIA test, and these in turn with the available automated method. Of the samples analysed, 22 (28.57%) presented IgG anti-T. cruzi and 55 (71.43%) were negative. With the ECLIA method, 100% was achieved in the performance parameters, with differences in the confidence intervals. The positive likelihood ratio and the negative likelihood ratio classify the essay as excellent, and the overall power of the test supports this statement. Automated immunological methods help diagnostic performance in the chronic stage of Chagas disease, allow minimising errors, favour the speed of issuance of results, and due to the high sensitivity and specificity, in certain scenarios, they could be proposed for use as single technique.


Resumo A doença de Chagas é uma parasitose causada pelo Trypanosoma cruzi, prevalente principalmente no continente americano, e observada em regiões não endêmicas em decorrência de viagens e migrações. O objetivo deste estudo foi comparar o desempenho do ensaio Elecsys® Chagas (Roche Diagnostics Alemanha) (ECLIA) para o diagnóstico da infecção crônica de Chagas com o método padrão e avaliar seu possível uso em substituição do método automatizado existente. Foram avaliadas 77 amostras de soro pertencentes a pacientes com diagnóstico presuntivo de doença de Chagas, processadas pelos diferentes métodos disponíveis na Seção de Parasitologia do Hospital Muñiz: imunoensaio quimioluminescente de micropartículas (CMIA) (Abbott), ensaio imunoenzimático de adsorção (ELISA) (Wiener) e hemaglutinação indireta (HAI) (Lab. Lemos S.R.L). Os resultados dos métodos ELISA e HAI foram comparados com os obtidos no teste ECLIA, e estes por sua vez com o método automatizado disponível. Das amostras analisadas, 22 (28,57%) apresentaram IgG anti-T. cruzi e 55 (71,43%) foram negativos. Com o método ECLIA, foram obtidos 100% nos parâmetros de desempenho, com diferenças nos intervalos de confiança. A razão de verossimilhança positiva e a razão de verossimilhança negativa classificam o ensaio como excelente, e a potencia geral do teste conformou essa afirmação. Os métodos imunológicos automatizados auxiliam no desempenho diagnóstico na fase crônica da doença de Chagas, permitem minimizar erros, favorecem a rapidez na emissão dos resultados e, devido à alta sensibilidade e especificidade, em determinados cenários, poderiam ser propostos para uso como técnica única.

3.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 98(2): 136-141, March-Apr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1375776

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: to evaluate the accuracy of an antibody point-of-care lateral flow immunoassay (LFI -Wondfo Biotech Co., Guangzhou, China) in a pediatric population. Methods: children and adolescents (2 months to 18 years) with signs and symptoms suggestive of acute SARS-CoV-2 infection were prospectively investigated with nasopharyngeal RT-PCR and LFI at the emergency room. RT-PCR was performed at baseline, and LFI at the same time or scheduled for those with less than 7 days of the clinical picture. Overall accuracy, sensitivity and specificity were assessed, as well as according to the onset of symptoms (7-13 or ≥14 days) at the time of the LFI test. Results: In 175 children included, RT-PCR and LFI were positive in 51 (29.14%) and 36 (20.57%), respectively. The overall sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive value was 70.6% (95%CI 56.2-82.5), 96.8% (95%CI 91.9-99.1), 90.0% (95%CI 77.2-96.0), and 88.9% (95%CI 83.9-92.5), respectively. At 7-13 and ≥14 days after the onset of symptoms, sensitivity was 60.0% (95%CI 26.2-87.8) and 73.2% (95%CI 57.1-85.8) and specificity was 97.9% (95%CI 88.7-99.9) and 96.1% (95%CI 89.0-99.2), respectively. Conclusion: Despite its high specificity, in the present study the sensitivity of LFI in children was lower (around 70%) than most reports in adults. Although a positive result is informative, a negative LFI test cannot rule out COVID-19 in children.

4.
Rev. Inst. Adolfo Lutz ; 81(Único): e37345, mar.1, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP, VETINDEX, CONASS, SESSP-ACVSES, SESSP-IALPROD, SES-SP, SESSP-IALACERVO | ID: biblio-1391112

ABSTRACT

The present study aims to correlate the sample-to-cutoff ratios (S/CO) distributions of reactive results for HTLV-1/2 antibodies with the detection of proviral DNA in a population of blood donor candidates. It was carried out a retrospective data search of 632 HTLV-1/2 reactive samples, submitted to confirmatory testing from January 2015 to December 2019. Serological screening was performed by chemiluminescent microparticle immunoassay Architect rHTLV-I/II, whereas confirmatory testing was performed by in-house real-time polymerase chain reaction method. 496 out of 632 samples (78%) had undetectable HTLV-1/2 proviral DNA and 136 (22%) had detectable proviral DNA. HTLV infection was not confirmed in any individual for whom the S/CO ratio value was <4, and proviral DNA detection rates gradually escalated as S/CO ratio values increased. The sensitivity and predictive positive value found for the Architect rHTLV-I/II was 100% and 22%, respectively. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis showed that the optimal S/CO ratio value for predicting the presence of HTLV-1/2 was 18.11. High S/CO ratios were more associated with the detection of proviral DNA. The S/CO ratio value <4 suggests excluding true HTLV infection and the risk of blood transmission (AU).


O estudo tem como objetivo correlacionar às distribuições das razões sample-to-cutoff (S/CO) de resultados reagentes para anticorpos HTLV-1/2 com a detecção de DNA proviral em uma população de candidatos à doação de sangue. Realizou-se uma busca retrospectiva de dados de 632 amostras reagentes para HTLV-1/2 submetidas à testagem confirmatória entre janeiro de 2015 a dezembro de 2019. A triagem sorológica foi realizada pelo imunoensaio quimioluminescente de micropartículas Architect rHTLV-I/II, enquanto o teste confirmatório foi realizado pelo método de PCR em tempo real in-house. 496 de 632 amostras (78%) apresentaram DNA proviral indetectável e 136 (22%) apresentaram DNA proviral detectável. A infecção por HTLV não foi confirmada em nenhum indivíduo com valor de S/CO <4 e as taxas de detecção de DNA proviral escalonaram gradualmente à medida que as razões S/CO aumentaram. A sensibilidade e valor preditivo positivo encontrados para o Architect rHTLV-I/II foram 100% e 22%, respectivamente. Utilizando análise de curva ROC, o valor de razão S/CO ideal para predizer a presença de DNA proviral foi de 18,11. Razões S/CO elevadas foram mais associadas à detecção de DNA proviral. Em suma, o valor de S/CO <4 sugere a exclusão de infecção por HTLV e o risco de transmissão pelo sangue (AU).


Subject(s)
Blood Donors , Immunoassay , Human T-lymphotropic virus 1 , Human T-lymphotropic virus 2 , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Infections
5.
Tropical Biomedicine ; : 252-256, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-937026

ABSTRACT

@#Conventional culture method and biochemical tests remain as the ‘gold standard’ method for the identification of S. sonnei which are time-consuming. We have discovered previously the potential of three OMPs of S. sonnei (33.3 kDa, 43.8 kDa and 100.3 kDa) as biomarkers in the diagnostic test for shigellosis. Here, we evaluated the performance of the outer membrane proteins of S. sonnei for the development of an antibody-based immunoassay for the detection of S. sonnei infections. All threetarget proteins were specifically recognized when probed with S. sonnei sera. In addition, another two potential proteins of molecular weight 29.0 kDa and 88.2 kDa in size were also exclusively recognized by the IgA when probed with S. sonnei sera. The optimized ELISA demonstrated higher sensitivity and specificity which exceeded 86.0%. In conclusion, the identified target proteins showed great potential as diagnostic biomarkers for the detection of S. sonnei infections in patients.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936439

ABSTRACT

Objective Limiting antigen avidity enzyme immunoassay (LAg-Avidity EIA) was applied to calculate the HIV-1 incidence of new HIV infections among men who have sex with men(MSM), drug users(DUS), female sex workers(FSW) and male patients in sexually transmitted diseases clinics(STD) in 2017-2020 of Hubei. Methods HIV-1 antibody positive samples were collected from four key groups in the national HIV sentinel surveillance from 2017 to 2020, and tested by the LAg-Avidity EIA to estimate the annual new infection rate of each group. Results The prevalence of MSM was 2.90%, 4.48%, 3.63 and 2.78% from 2017-2020, respectively, which was the highest among the four groups. The rate of late diagnosis increased from 16.67% in 2017 to 28.81% in 2020.The incidence of MSM was 1.64%(0.85%-2.44%),1.41%(0.59%-2.23%),1.46% (0.71%-2.21%) and 0.96%(0.34%-1.57%), respectively, and the difference was not statistically significant (χ2=1.491, P=0.684). The prevalence of STD from 2017-2020 was 0.03%, 0.01%, 0.06% and 0.08%, respectively, with the incidence was 0.09% (-0.06%-0.25%), 0.10(-0.06%-0.26%), 0.26% (0.02%-0.50%) and 0.04%(-0.07%-0.15%). The prevalence and incidence among FSW remains very low, while the prevalence of DUS fluctuated slightly, but no new infections have been detected. Conclusion The incidence of new HIV infection among MSM in Hubei province from 2017-2020 is relatively high compared with other key groups, but the overall trend is declining, thus the intervention of MSM should be further strengthened and expand the coverage of testing in key populations.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920376

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the status of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in children in Wuhan, and to analyze the expression pattern and distribution of serum markers. Methods Five serum markers of HbsA, HbsAb, HbeAg, HbeAb and HBcAb were detected by electrochemiluminescence immunoassay in 67 027 children aged 0-18 years including inpatients, outpatients, and physical examinees in Wuhan Children's Hospital. SPSS24.0 statistical software was used to analyze the results by age and gender. Results The “all negative” detection rate of all 67,027 children was 18.98%. There was a significant difference in the positive rate of HBcAb between male and female. The positive rate of HBcAb was higher in 0~28 days and 1~12 months group and decreased significantly after 1 year old. The positive rate of HBcAb was 5.02% in 1-14 years old but increased slightly in 15-18 years old. Among HBsAb positive children, the positive rate of HBsAb reached the peak of 95.65% in 1~2 years old group and the lowest of 68.90% in 6~14 years old group, and gradually decreased before 15 years old. Among the children with HBsAb concentration ≥100 IU/L, the proportion of 1~2 years old group was the highest (76.99%), and the proportion of 6~14 years old group was the lowest (40.99%). A total of 20 HBsAb serum marker expression patterns were detected, and the detection rates of “single HBsAb+”, “all negative”, “HBsAb+/HBcAb+”, and “HBsAb+/HBeAb+/HBcAb+” were 71.40%, 18.98%, 4.80% and 4.20%, respectively. Among them, 11 kinds of uncommon expression patterns were detected, and 9 kinds of uncommon expression patterns were detected in neonates, with a detection rate of 1.21%, which was higher than that in other age groups. Among all serological patterns, only the detection rate of “single HBcAb+” showed a statistical difference between male and female. Conclusion The HBV infection rate in all ages of 0~18 years old children in Wuhan is low. “Single HBsAb+” is the main serological pattern, and the concentration distribution of HBsAb is mostly in the range of 100-999 IU /L. There is a high “all negative” detection rate. School-age children should be inoculated with hepatitis B vaccine, which may be beneficial to reduce the risk of infection.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934009

ABSTRACT

Objective:To detect the serum levels of SARS-CoV-2-specific IgM and IgG antibodies in patients infected with SARS-CoV-2 and recipients of inactivated vaccine in different periods for understanding their variation patterns in vivo. Methods:Chemiluminescence immunoassay was used to detect the levels of SARS-CoV-2-specific IgM and IgG antibodies in 144 serum samples of 44 COVID-19 patients, 381 serum samples of 118 asymptomatic infected cases and 398 serum samples of 273 inactivated vaccine recipients collected at different periods. The results were statistically analyzed together with basic characteristics and vaccination status.Results:The positive rates of IgM antibody in COVID-19 patients, asymptomatic infected cases and inactivated vaccine recipients were 52.27% (23/44), 23.73% (28/118) and 14.29% (39/273). The positive rate of IgM antibody was higher in COVID-19 patients than in asymptomatic infected cases and vaccine recipients (χ 2=12.106, P=0.001; χ 2=34.755, P<0.001). The positive rates of IgG antibody in the three populations were 100.00% (44/44), 97.46% (115/118) and 98.81% (166/168), and the differences were not statistically significant (χ 2=2.944, P=0.229). In COVID-19 patients, the concentration of IgM antibody in <40 years old group was lower than that in ≥40 years old group (Waldχ 2=6.609, P=0.010), and the concentration of IgG antibody in patients with vaccination was higher than that in patients without vaccination (Waldχ 2=12.402, P<0.001). In asymptomatic infected cases, the concentration of IgG antibody was higher in people with vaccination than in those without vaccination (Waldχ 2=4.530, P=0.033). In SARS-CoV-2 vaccine recipients, the concentration of IgG antibody in <40 years old group was higher than that in ≥40 years old group (Waldχ 2=9.565, P=0.002). Dynamic analysis of antibody levels showed that from week 1 to week 9, the concentrations of IgM and IgG antibodies in COVID-19 patients were higher than those in asymptomatic infected cases and vaccine recipients. Conclusions:The concentrations of IgM and IgG antibodies in COVID-19 patients were higher than those in asymptomatic infected cases and inactivated vaccine recipients. COVID-19 patients aged ≥40 years had higher level of IgM antibody. COVID-19 patients and asymptomatic infected cases who had received vaccination had higher concentration of IgG antibody. Inactivated vaccine showed good immunogenicity after whole course of immunization, and the IgG antibody level in <40 years old group was higher.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931260

ABSTRACT

Inducible T-cell costimulator(ICOS),a homodimeric protein expressed on the surface of activated T-cells,is being investigated as a potential therapeutic target to treat various cancers.Recent studies have re-ported aberrant increases in the soluble form of ICOS(sICOS)in human serum in disease-state patients,primarily using commercial ELISA kits.However,results from our in-house immunoassay did not show these aberrant increases,leading us to speculate that commercial sICOS ELISAs may be prone to inter-ference.We directly tested that hypothesis and found that one widely used commercial kit yields false-positives and is prone to human anti-mouse antibody interference.We then analyzed a panel of healthy,cancer,chronic hepatitis C virus,systemic lupus erythematosus,and diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis human serum using our in-house immunoassay and reported the measured sICOS concentrations in these populations.Since even well characterized immunoassay methods are prone to non-specific interference,we also developed a novel sICOS LC-MS/MS method to confirm the results.Using these orthogonal approaches,we show that sICOS is a low abundance soluble protein that cannot be measured above approximately 20 pg/mL in human serum.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928704

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the risk of reentry in HBV reactive blood donors and feasibility of HBV reentry strategy.@*METHODS@#HBsAg+ or HBV DNA+ donors who had been quarantined for more than 6 months in Jiangsu Province could propose for reentry application. Blood samples were routinely screened by dual-ELISA for HBsAg, anti-HCV, HIV Ab/Ag, and anti- Treponema pallidum and those non-reactive ones were tested by minipool nucleic acid testing (NAT) for three times. To identify occult HBV donors, samples of NAT non-reactive were further tested by electrochemiluminescence immunoassay (ECLIA) for HBV seromarkers (including HBsAg, HBsAb, HBeAg, HBeAb, and HBcAb). Donors of only 4 ECLIA patterns were accepted to reentry, including all 5 HBV seromarkers negative, anti-HBs only but having history of hepatitis B vaccine injection, HBcAb only, HBsAb+ / HBcAb+ with HBsAb more than 200 IU/L. Additionally, the detection rate of HBV infection was compared between routine screening mode and ECLIA, as well as the reentry qualified rate of HBsAg+ and HBV DNA+ blood donors.@*RESULTS@#From Oct. 2016 to Aug. 2019, a total of 737 HBV reactive donors had applied for reentry, including 667 HBsAg+ reactive and 70 HBV DNA+ reactive donors. Among 3 screening methods, the highest HBV detection rate (43.15%, 318/737) was observed on ECLIA, while only 4.75% (35/737) on ELISA and 3.12% (23/737) on NAT, respectively. Among 4 qualified patterns of HBV serological markers, the highest proportion was found in the all negative group (22.90%, 155/677), followed by the group with HBsAb+ only and history of hepatitis B vaccine injection (19.35%, 131/677), and the median concentration of HBsAb was 237.7 IU/L. The unqualified rate of HBV DNA+ donors was 82.86%, which was significantly higher than 47.98% of HBsAg+ donors.@*CONCLUSION@#Routine screening tests merely based on ELISA and NAT could miss occult HBV donors and may not be sufficient for blood safety. HBsAb concentration and vaccine injection history should be included in the evaluation of HBV reactive donors who intend to apply for reentry. There is a relatively larger residual risk of occult HBV infection in blood donors quarantined for HBV DNA reactive.


Subject(s)
Blood Donors , DNA, Viral , Hepatitis B , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens , Hepatitis B virus/genetics , Humans
11.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 49: e20223200, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1387223

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: specialists have an urge for biomarkers that can discriminate indolent prostate cancer from aggressive tumors. Ki67 is a proliferation marker, and its expression is associated with the aggressiveness of several cancers. Objective: analyze the expression of Ki67 in prostate cancer samples correlating with the aggressiveness of the disease. Methods: Ki67 mRNA levels were determined utilizing data from a TCGA cohort (Tumor(n)=492 and control(n)=52). The protein expression was determined on 94 biopsies from patients by immunohistochemical assay. Results: in mRNA, the Ki67 upregulation is associated with cancer tissue (p<0.0001) and worst disease-free survival (p=0.035). The protein upregulation is associated with increase of the ISUP score (p<0.0001), cancer stage (p=0.05), biochemical recurrence (p=0.0006) and metastasis (p<0.0001). We also show a positive correlation between Ki67 expression and ISUP score (r=0.5112, p<0.0001) and disease risk stratification (r=0.3388, p=0.0009). Ki67 expression is a factor independently associated with biochemical recurrence (p=0.002) and metastasis (p<0.0001). Finally, the patients with high Ki67expression shows better survival regarding biochemical recurrence (p=0.008) and metastasis (p=0.056). Patients with high Ki67 expression are 2.62 times more likely to develop biochemical recurrence (p=0.036). Conclusion: Ki67 upregulation is associated with prostate cancer aggressiveness.


RESUMO Introdução: especialistas precisam biomarcadores que podem discriminar o câncer de próstata indolente de tumores agressivos. Ki67 é um marcador de proliferação, e sua expressão está associada à agressividade de vários tumores. Objetivo: analisar a expressão do Ki67 em amostras de câncer de próstata correlacionando com a agressividade da doença. Métodos: os níveis de mRNA de Ki67 foram determinados utilizando dados de uma coorte de TCGA (Tumor(n)=492 e controle(n)=52). A expressão da proteína foi determinada em 94 biópsias de pacientes por ensaio imuno-histoquímica. Resultados: no mRNA, a superexpressão Ki67 está associada ao tecido canceroso (p<0,0001) e à pior sobrevida livre de doença (p=0,035). A superexpressão proteica está associada ao aumento do escore ISUP (p<0,0001), estágio de câncer (p=0,05), recorrência bioquímica (p=0,0006) e metástase (p<0,0001). Também mostramos uma correlação positiva entre a expressão Ki67 e o escore ISUP (r=0,5112, p<0,0001) e a estratificação de risco de doença (r=0,3388, p=0,0009). A expressão Ki67 é um fator independentemente associado à recorrência bioquímica (p=0,002) e metástase (p<0,0001). Finalmente, os pacientes com alta expressão de Ki67 expression mostram melhor sobrevivência em relação à recorrência bioquímica (p=0,008) e metástase (p=0,056). Os pacientes com alta expressão de Ki67 são 2,62 vezes mais propensos a desenvolver recorrência bioquímica (p=0,036). Conclusão: a superexpressão Ki67 está associada à agressividade do câncer de próstata.

12.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1387338

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT This study assessed the technical performance of a rapid lateral flow immunochromatographic assay (LFIA) for the detection of anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgG and compared LFIA results with chemiluminescent immunoassay (CLIA) results and an in-house enzyme immunoassay (EIA). To this end, a total of 216 whole blood or serum samples from three groups were analyzed: the first group was composed of 68 true negative cases corresponding to blood bank donors, healthy young volunteers, and eight pediatric patients diagnosed with other coronavirus infections. The serum samples from these participants were obtained and stored in a pre-COVID-19 period, thus they were not expected to have COVID-19. In the second group of true positive cases, we chose to replace natural cases of COVID-19 by 96 participants who were expected to have produced anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgG antibodies 30-60 days after the vaccine booster dose. The serum samples were collected on the same day that LFIA were tested either by EIA or CLIA. The third study group was composed of 52 participants (12 adults and 40 children) who did or did not have anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgG antibodies due to specific clinical scenarios. The 12 adults had been vaccinated more than seven months before LFIA testing, and the 40 children had non-severe COVID-19 diagnosed using RT-PCR during the acute phase of infection. They were referred for outpatient follow-up and during this period the serum samples were collected and tested by CLIA and LFIA. All tests were performed by the same healthcare operator and there was no variation of LFIA results when tests were performed on finger prick whole blood or serum samples, so that results were grouped for analysis. LFIA's sensitivity in detecting anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgG antibodies was 90%, specificity 97.6%, efficiency 93%, PPV 98.3%, NPV 86.6%, and likelihood ratio for a positive or a negative result were 37.5 and 0.01 respectively. There was a good agreement (Kappa index of 0.677) between LFIA results and serological (EIA or CLIA) results. In conclusion, LFIA analyzed in this study showed a good technical performance and agreement with reference serological assays (EIA or CLIA), therefore it can be recommended for use in the outpatient follow-up of non-severe cases of COVID-19 and to assess anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgG antibody production induced by vaccination and the antibodies decrease over time. However, LFIAs should be confirmed by using reference serological assays whenever possible.

13.
S. Afr. j. infect. dis. (Online) ; 37(1)2022. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1396131

ABSTRACT

Background: Different diagnostic tools could improve early detection of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). A number of antibody-based serological point-of-care tests have been developed to supplement real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR)-based diagnosis. This study describes the validity of an antibody test, namely the immunoglobulin G (IgG)/immunoglobulin M (IgM) Rapid Test Cassette® (BNCP ­ 402 and BNCP402), manufactured by Spring Healthcare Services. Methods: A prospective cohort validation study was undertaken at Chris Hani Baragwanath Academic Hospital between 16 July 2020 and 12 August 2020. A total of 101 patients admitte as COVID-19 cases under investigation were included in the study. They were divided into two categories depending on time since symptom onset: testing performed within seven days (early cohort) and after seven days (late cohort). The rapid antibody test was compared to the RT-PCR. Results: Overall, the test has a sensitivity and specificity of 85.2% and 80.0%, respectively, for a combination of IgG and IgM. Sensitivity and specificity of IgG testing alone were 81.5% and 85%. Sensitivity improved for testing with increasing time from symptom onset; however, specifity was not significantly different. Conclusion: The study data adds to the body of evidence that because of relatively low sensitivity and specificity, there is a limited role for antibody-based point-of-care testing in the acute phase of COVID-19 infection, as was the case with this IgG/IgM Rapid Test Cassette (BNCP ­ 402 and BNCP402). There may exist a role for such testing in patients recovered from prior COVID-19 infection or in seroprevalence studies; however, additional evaluations at later timepoints from symptom onset are required.


Subject(s)
Immunoglobulin M , Sensitivity and Specificity , Early Diagnosis , COVID-19 Serological Testing , COVID-19
14.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 38(1): e00069921, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355976

ABSTRACT

Point-of-care serological tests for SARS-CoV-2 have been used for COVID-19 diagnosis. However, their accuracy over time regarding the onset of symptoms is not fully understood. We aimed to assess the accuracy of a point-of-care lateral flow immunoassay (LFI). Subjects, aged over 18 years, presenting clinical symptoms suggestive of acute SARS-CoV-2 infection were tested once by both nasopharyngeal and oropharyngeal RT-PCR and LFI. The accuracy of LFI was assessed in periodic intervals of three days in relation to the onset of symptoms. The optimal cut-off point was defined as the number of days required to achieve the best sensitivity and specificity. This cut-off point was also used to compare LFI accuracy according to participants' status: outpatient or hospitalized. In total, 959 patients were included, 379 (39.52%) tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 with RT-PCR, and 272 (28.36%) tested positive with LFI. LFI best performance was achieved after 10 days of the onset of symptoms, with sensitivity and specificity of 84.9% (95%CI: 79.8-89.1) and 94.4% (95%CI: 91.0-96.8), respectively. Although the specificity was similar (94.6% vs. 88.9%, p = 0.051), the sensitivity was higher in hospitalized patients than in outpatients (91.7% vs. 82.1%, p = 0.032) after 10 days of the onset of symptoms. Best sensitivity of point-of-care LFI was found 10 days after the onset of symptoms which may limit its use in acute care. Specificity remained high regardless of the number of days since the onset of symptoms.


Os testes sorológicos no local de atendimento (point-of-care) para a infecção pelo SARS-CoV-2 têm sidos utilizados para o diagnóstico da COVID-19. Entretanto, não está plenamente elucidada a acurácia dos testes ao longo do tempo em relação ao início dos sintomas. Nosso objetivo foi de avaliar a acurácia, no local de atendimento, do imunoensaio de fluxo lateral (LFI). Pacientes com ≥ 18 anos de idade que apresentavam sintomas clínicos sugestivos de infecção aguda pelo SARS-CoV-2 foram testados uma vez com RT-PCR da nasofaringe e orofaringe, além do LFI. A acurácia do LFI foi avaliada com intervalos periódicos de 3 dias a partir do início dos sintomas. O ponto de corte ótimo foi definido como o número necessário de dias para atingir a melhor sensibilidade e especificidade. Esse ponto foi utilizado também para comparar a acurácia do LFI de acordo com a situação do paciente (ambulatorial ou hospitalizado). Foram incluídos 959 pacientes, dos quais 379 (39,52%) testaram positivos para SARS-CoV-2 pelo RT-PCR e 272 (28,36%) pelo LFI. Foi atingido o melhor desempenho para o LFI com 10 dias a partir do início dos sintomas, com sensibilidade e especificidade de 84,9% (IC95%: 79,8-89,1) e 94,4% (IC95%: 91,0-96,8), respectivamente. Embora a especificidade não tenha sido diferente entre os grupos de pacientes (94,6% vs. 88,9%, p = 0,051), a sensibilidade foi mais alta nos pacientes hospitalizados que nos ambulatoriais (91,7% vs. 82,1%, p = 0,032) no dia 10 depois do início dos sintomas. A melhor sensibilidade do LFI no local de atendimento ocorre 10 dias depois do início dos sintomas, o que pode limitar seu uso no atendimento agudo. A especificidade permanece alta, independentemente do número de dias desde o início dos sintomas.


Los puestos de atención para pruebas serológicas del SARS-CoV-2 han sido usado para la diagnosis de la COVID-19. No obstante, su precisión a lo largo del tiempo, en lo que respecta a la aparición de los síntomas, no se ha comprendido completamente. Nuestro objetivo fue evaluar la precisión de un puesto de atención de inmunoanálisis de flujo lateral (LFI). Se hizo pruebas a individuos ≥ 18 años, presentando síntomas clínicos compatibles con una infección aguda de SARS-CoV-2, tanto vía nasofaríngea y orofaríngea RT-PCR, como LFI. La precisión de LFI fue evaluada en intervalos periódicos de 3 días con respecto a la aparición de los síntomas. El punto óptimo de corte se definió como el número de días requerido para alcanzar la mejor sensibilidad y especificidad. Este punto también se usó para comparar la precisión del LFI, según el estatus de los participantes: ambulatorios u hospitalizados. Se incluyeron a 959 pacientes, 379 (39,52%) dieron positivo en las pruebas de SARS-CoV-2 RT-PCR, y 272 (28,36%) fueron positivos en los LFI. Se alcanzó el mejor rendimiento de los LFI tras 10 días de la aparición de los síntomas, con una sensibilidad y especificidad de un 84,9% (IC95%: 79,8-89,1) y 94,4% (IC95%: 91,0-96,8), respectivamente. A pesar de que la especificidad no fue diferente (94,6% vs. 88,9%, p = 0,051), la sensibilidad fue mayor en pacientes hospitalizados que en los ambulatorios (91,7% vs. 82,1%, p = 0,032) tras 10 días desde la aparición de los síntomas. La mejor sensibilidad LFI del puesto de cuidado se produce tras 10 días de la aparición de los síntomas, lo que quizás limite su uso en el cuidado de urgencias. La especificidad permanece alta independientemente del número de días desde la aparición de los síntomas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19 , Brazil , Sensitivity and Specificity , COVID-19 Testing , Middle Aged
15.
Rev. cuba. med. trop ; 73(3)dic. 2021.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1408865

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: A finales de 2019, se detectó un nuevo coronavirus en China que provocó una enfermedad respiratoria aguda conocida como COVID-2019. Objetivo: Evaluar siete sistemas comerciales para la detección rápida de anticuerpos para determinar su sensibilidad, especificidad y robustez en nuestras condiciones para ser utilizados por el Sistema Nacional de Salud. Métodos: Se evaluaron siete sistemas para la detección de anticuerpos IgM/IgG. Se conformó un panel de evaluación con muestras de individuos negativos, sueros de otras afecciones previas a la pandemia y de pacientes positivos con la enfermedad. Resultados: Las cifras de sensibilidad general oscilan entre el 25 % y el 88 %, siendo los sistemas Realy Tech y Deep Blue los que mostraron los mejores resultados. La especificidad para ambos fue del 100 %. La tasa de IgM positiva según Realy Tech o Deep Blue aumentó a 94,1 % o 81,8 % en la etapa tardía de la enfermedad. Conclusiones: Los sistemas Realy Tech y Deep Blue detectaron IgM/IgG en suero y en sangre total con adecuada sensibilidad y especificidad. La reactividad cruzada no parece ser un problema. La serología en el caso de COVID-19 no puede utilizarse como diagnóstico pero permite a la vigilancia epidemiológica conocer el estado inmunológico de las poblaciones. Es fundamental analizar la respuesta inmune frente a la infección para realizar la caracterización epidemiológica y potencialmente informar el riesgo individual de futuras enfermedades y el estudio de posibles vacunas.


ABSTRACT Introduction: In late 2019, a new coronavirus was detected in China causing an acute respiratory illness known as COVID-2019. Objective: Evaluate seven commercial systems for the rapid detection of antibodies to determine their sensitivity, specificity and robustness in our conditions to be used by the National Health System. Methods: Seven systems were evaluated for the detection of IgM/IgG antibodies. Evaluation panel with samples from negative individuals, sera from other pathologies prior to the pandemic and from positive patients with the disease were conformed. Results: General sensitivity figures range between 25 and 88%, with the Realy Tech and Deep Blue systems showed the best results. The specificity for both was 100%. The IgM positive rate according to Realy Tech or Deep Blue increased to 94.1 or 81.8% in the late stage of the disease. Conclusions: Realy Tech and Deep Blue systems detected IgM/IgG in serum and in whole blood with adequate sensitivity and specificity. Cross-reactivity does not seem to be a problem. Serology in the case of COVID-19 cannot be used as a diagnostic but it allows epidemiological surveillance to know the immune status of populations. It's essential to analyze the immune response against the infection to carry out epidemiological characterization and potentially inform individual risk of future disease and the study of potential vaccines.

16.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 38(5): 716-719, oct. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388290

ABSTRACT

Resumen La determinación de anticuerpos anti virus hepatitis E (anti-VHE) tiene gran variabilidad dependiendo del ensayo utilizado. En 2015, con un método ELISA manual, publicamos una seroprevalencia de anti-VHE IgG de 32,6% en pacientes con estudio de hepatitis. Existen escasas publicaciones de anti-VHE IgM. Recientemente, se desarrolló el primer método automatizado y en el presente estudio comunicamos la experiencia obtenida. Se analizaron los resultados de 272 pacientes con estudio de anti-VHE IgG y/o IgM mediante técnica automatizada ELFA (VIDAS®), entre mayo de 2018 y agosto de 2020. Se encontró 25,8% (68/264) de positividad para anti-VHE IgG y 3,5% (9/259) para anti-VHE IgM. Cuatro muestras tuvieron ambos anticuerpos positivos. La seropositividad de anti-VHE IgG aumentó con la edad. En conclusión, la seroprevalencia de anti-VHE IgG obtenida fue similar a la publicada previamente. Considerando las ventajas de los ensayos IgM e IgG anti-VHE en el sistema VIDAS®, parecen ser nuevas herramientas valiosas en el estudio serológico de VHE.


Abstract The determination of anti-hepatitis E virus antibodies (anti-HEV) has a high variability depending on the assay used. In 2015, with a manual ELISA method, we reported anti-HEV IgG seroprevalence of 32.6% in patients under hepatitis study. There are few reports of anti-HEV IgM. Recently, it was developed the first automated method and in the present study, we report the experience using this new method. Between May 2018 and August 2020, the results of 272 patients with an anti-HEV IgG and/or IgM study were analyzed using the automated ELFA technique (VIDAS®). Seroprevalence was 25.8% (68/264) for anti-HEV IgG and 3.5% (9/259) for anti-HEV IgM. Four samples were positive for both antibodies. Anti-HEV IgG seropositivity increased with age. In conclusion, the seroprevalence of anti-HEV IgG obtained was similar to previously reported. Taking into account the advantages of these assays, anti-HEV IgM and IgG assays on VIDAS® system, seem to be valuable new tools in serological study of HEV.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Hepatitis E virus , Hepatitis E/diagnosis , Hepatitis E/epidemiology , Immunoglobulin G , Immunoglobulin M , Hepatitis Antibodies , Seroepidemiologic Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Hospitals, University
17.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 67(10): 1480-1484, Oct. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351429

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare the serum samples found reactive (≥1-≤20 signal-to-cutoff ratio) with Elecsys antibodies to hepatitis C virus screening test with innogenetics-line immunassay hepatitis C Virus Score test and to determine the most appropriate threshold value for our country, since positive results close to the cutoff value cause serious problems in routine diagnostic laboratories. METHODS: Antibodies to hepatitis C virus-positive samples from 687 different patients were included in the study. Antibodies to hepatitis C virus antibody detection was performed using Elecsys antibodies to hepatitis C virus II kits (Roche Diagnostics, Germany), an electrochemiluminescence method based on the double-antigen sandwich principle, on the Cobas e601 analyzer (Roche Diagnostics) in accordance with the recommendations of the manufacturer. Samples that were initially identified as reactive were studied again. Samples with ≥1-≤20 signal-to-cutoff ratio reagents as a result of retest were included in the study to be validated with the third-Generation Line immunassay kit (innogenetics-line immunassay hepatitis C Virus, Belgium). RESULTS: A total of 687 samples with antibodies to hepatitis C virus positive and levels between 1-20 S/Co were found to be 56.1% negative, 14.8% indeterminate, and 29.1% positive by innogenetics-line immunassay hepatitis C Virus confirmation test. When the cases with indeterminate innogenetics-line immunassay hepatitis C Virus test results were accepted as positive, the signal-to-cutoff ratio value for antibodies to hepatitis C virus was determined as 5.8 (95% confidence interval) in distinguishing the innogenetics-line immunassay hepatitis C Virus negative and positive groups. CONCLUSION: It was concluded that with further studies on this subject, each country should determine the most appropriate S/Co value for its population, and thus it would be beneficial to reduce the problems such as test repetition and cost increase.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hepatitis C/diagnosis , Hepatitis C Antibodies , Immunoassay , Sensitivity and Specificity , Hepacivirus/genetics
18.
Infectio ; 25(3): 193-196, jul.-set. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1250092

ABSTRACT

Resumen El constante aumento de Enterobacterales productores de carbapenemasas (CPE) se constituye en un problema de salud pública a nivel mundial, por el impacto generado en la mortalidad de los pacientes. El tracto gastrointestinal es el principal reservorio de este tipo de microorganismos, por lo cual, la colonización rectal se convierte en un importante factor de riesgo para el desarrollo de posteriores infecciones. Una de las estrategias de vigilancia epidemiológica activa, es la búsqueda de pacientes colonizados, a través de cultivos de tamización para detectar estos microrganismos multirresistentes. Reportamos el caso de un paciente, con historia de sepsis de origen pulmonar, colonizado por Klebsiella pneumoniae con coproducción de carbapenemasas NDM + KPC y Escherichia coli con carbapenemasa NDM. Este hallazgo es cada vez más frecuente, lo cual implica un reto en su detección y diagnóstico. Se describen características del paciente, procedimientos realizados y hallazgos microbiológicos.


Abstract The constant increase in carbapenemase-producing Enterobacterales (CPE) constitutes a public health problem worldwide, due to the impact generated on the mortality of patients. The gastrointestinal tract is the main reservoir for this microorganism, which is why, rectal colonization becomes an important risk factor for the development of subsequent infections. One of the active epidemiological surveillance strategies is the search for colonized patients through screening cultures, to detect these multi-resistant microorganisms. We report the case of a patient, with a history of sepsis of pulmonary origin, colonized by Klebsiella pneumoniae with co-production of NDM + KPC carbapenemases and NDM carbapenemase-producing Escherichia coli. This finding is more and more frequent, which implies a challenge in its detection and diagnosis. Patient characteristics, procedures performed and microbiological findings are described.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Enterobacteriaceae , Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacteriaceae , Sepsis , Gastrointestinal Tract , Escherichia coli , Infections , Klebsiella pneumoniae
19.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 149(3)mar. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1389451

ABSTRACT

Background: Previous studies have assessed the role of Type 1 diabetes (DM1) antibodies as predictors of the natural history of disease. Aim: To determine the frequency and combinations of positivity for DM1 antibodies in patients with DM1 and the relationship between antibody positivity and the age of the patient. To explore the relationship between history of insulin therapy or diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) at the onset of the disease with antibody positivity in a subsample. Material and Methods: Data was gathered from every sample processed for DM1 antibodies in our laboratory between January 2015 and September 2019. Medical records from 84 patients who tested positive for at least one antibody were revised to study the relationship between insulin therapy or DKA at the onset of the disease with antibody positivity. Results: Forty percent of DM1 antibody tests were positive. Among positive tests, 1, 2, 3 or 4 DM1 antibodies were detected in 48%, 33%, 17% and 3% of cases, respectively. The likelihood of testing positive was inversely related with age for ICA, GAD, IA-2, ZnT8 and directlyproportionalforIAA (p= −0,012; −0,013; −0,014; −0,009; 0,005 respectively). An association between DKA at the onset of the disease and IA-2 positivity was observed (Odds ratio (OR) 5.38 95% confidence intervals (CI) 1.79 − 16.16, P < 0.01). No association was found between IAA positivity and history of insulin therapy (OR 2.25 95%CI 0.63 − 7.90, P = 0.2403). The results obtained from this study represent a novel local profile of DM1 antibody data, highlighting a relationship between antibody positivity and age.

20.
Acta bioquím. clín. latinoam ; 55(1): 21-29, ene. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355545

ABSTRACT

Resumen La determinación de anticuerpos anti-dsDNA es de utilidad para el diagnóstico y seguimiento clínico de pacientes con lupus eritematoso sistémico (LES) y es uno de los criterios de clasificación del SLICC-2012. El objetivo del estudio fue verificar el desempeño del inmunoensayo quimioluminiscente (CLIA) QUANTA Flash dsDNA y compararlo con el método en uso de inmunofluorescencia indirecta en Crithidia luciliae (CLIFT). Se analizaron con ambos métodos 195 pacientes con diagnóstico de enfermedades del tejido conectivo y solicitud de anticuerpos anti-dsDNA. Se obtuvieron 38 sueros positivos, 133 negativos y 24 (12,3%) discordantes. Entre estos resultados discordantes, hubo 17 que correspondieron a pacientes con LES y se agruparon en 16 CLIA+/CLIFT- y 1 CLIA-/CLIFT+. Se verificó el desempeño para precisión siguiendo el protocolo EP15-A2 y la linealidad. Se estudió la concordancia mediante el coeficiente Kappa y la correlación con el coeficiente Rho de Spearman. Se observó mayor sensibilidad diagnóstica para CLIA. El grado de acuerdo fue moderado y se obtuvo buena correlación entre los valores cuantitativos de CLIA y los títulos de CLIFT. De acuerdo al buen desempeño encontrado y a los resultados discordantes analizados, la mejor estrategia para la implementación de CLIA sería utilizarla en combinación con CLIFT, lo que aumentaría la sensibilidad diagnóstica sin perder especificidad.


Abstract The detection of anti-dsDNA antibodies is useful for diagnosis and clinical monitoring of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and it is part of the classification criteria according to SLICC 2012. The purpose of this study was to verify the performance of the chemiluminescent immunoassay (CLIA) QUANTA Flash dsDNA and to compare it with the method currently in use, i.e the indirect immunofluorescence in Crithidia luciliae (CLIFT). One hundred and ninety five patients, who presented connective tissue diseases and required the study of anti-dsDNA antibodies, were analyzed. Thirty eight positive serum samples were obtained, 133 were negative and 24 (12.3%) in disagreement. Within the discordant results, there were 17 that corresponded to patients with SLE and they were grouped in 16 CLIA+/CLIFT- and 1 CLIA-/CLIFT+. The accuracy performance was assessed according to the EP15-A2 protocol and linearity. Concordance and correlation were calculated with the Kappa and Spearman's Rho coefficient, respectively. Based on the good performance observed and the discordant results analyzed, the best strategy for CLIA implementation would be to combine it with CLIFT, which would increase the diagnostic sensitivity without losing specificity.


Resumo A determinação dos anticorpos anti-dsDNA é de utilidade para o diagnóstico e seguimento clinico de pacientes com lúpus eritematoso sistêmico (LES) e é um dos critérios de classificação do SLICC 2012. O objetivo do estudo foi verificar o desempenho do imunoensaio quimioluminescente (CLIA) QUANTA Flash dsDNA e compará-lo com o método em uso imunofluorescência indireta em Crithidia luciliae (CLIFT). Foram analisados com os dois métodos, 195 pacientes com diagnóstico de doenças do tecido conjuntivo e solicitude de anticorpos anti-dsDNA. Os resultados foram agrupados em 38 soros positivos, 133 negativos e 24 (12,3%) discordantes. Entre esses resultados discordantes, 17 corresponderam a pacientes com LES e se agruparam em 16 CLIA+/CLIFT- e 1 CLIA-/CLIFT+. Foi verificado o desempenho para precisão seguindo o protocolo EP15-A2 e a linearidade. Foi estudada a concordância mediante o coeficiente Kappa e correlação com o coeficiente Rho de Spearman. Observou-se maior sensibilidade diagnóstica para CLIA. O grau de acordo foi moderado e boa correlação foi observada entre os valores quantitativos de CLIA e os títulos de CLIFT. Com base no bom desempenho encontrado e nos resultados discordantes analisados, a melhor estratégia para implementar o CLIA seria utilizá-lo em combinação com o CLIFT, o que aumentaria a sensibilidade do diagnóstico sem perder a especificidade.

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