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1.
Rev. med. (Säo Paulo) ; 101(4): e-190105, jul.-ago. 2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1392150

ABSTRACT

Objetivos. Avaliar o impacto da automação na fenotipagem eritrocitária expandida e o nível de concordância dessa com a metodologia manual em amostras de doadores de sangue atendidos no hemocentro coordenador da Fundação HEMOPA no período de janeiro a dezembro de 2019. Material e Métodos. Foram analisadas 2.700 fenotipagens eritrocitárias realizadas por metodologia manual e automatizada através do equipamento IH500 da BioRad®. Os resultados foram testados quanto ao nível de concordância através do teste de Coeficiente Kappa. Resultados. Das amostras fenotipadas 98,6% (2.662/2.700) foram concordantes em ambas as metodologias e apenas 1,4% (38/2700) foram discordantes. Das 38 amostras discordantes 31,6% referiram-se ao fenótipo Lu(b); 15,8% ao fenótipo Lu(a); 13,1% ao fenótipo Fy(b); 7,9% aos fenótipos Le(b), E, c; 5,3% aos fenótipos N, S, s, Kp(a), P1; e 2,6% aos fenótipos M, Jk(a), Jk(b), Fy(a). Conclusões. O nível de concordância entre os dados obtidos através das técnicas de fenotipagem eritrocitária manual e automatizada foi de 98,6%. Já a implantação dessa metodologia teve um impacto positivo com o aumento em 1.649 amostras processadas a mais em relação ao mesmo período do ano anterior. [au]


Objective. Evaluate the impact of automation on expanded erythrocyte phenotyping and the level of agreement between it and the manual methodology in samples from blood donors treated at the blood center coordinating the Fundação HEMOPA from january to december 2019. Material and Methods. 2,700 erythrocyte phenotyping performed by manual and automated methodology using BioRad® IH500 equipment was analyzed. The results were tested for the level of agreement using the Kappa Coefficient test. Results. Of the phenotyped samples, 98,6% (2,662 / 2,700) were in agreement in both methodologies and only 1,4% (38/2700) were in disagreement. Of the 38 discordant samples, 31,6% referred to the Lu(b) phenotype; 15,8% to the Lu(a) phenotype; 13,1% to the Fy phenotype (b); 7,9% to Le(b), E, c phenotypes; 5,3% to N, S, s, Kp (a), P1 phenotypes; and 2,6% for phenotypes M, Jk(a), Jk(b), Fy(a). Conclusions. The level of agreement between data obtained through manual and automated erythrocyte phenotyping techniques was 98.6%. The implementation of this methodology had a positive impact, with an increase of 1,649 more processed samples compared to the same period of the previous year. [au]

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928752

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the titer of IgG anti-A/B erythrocyte antibody in vivo of the neonate with hemolytic disease of newborn(HDN), and explore its clinical valua in evaluating the severity of HDN.@*METHODS@#300 neonates with HDN, 50 neonates with neonatal hyperbilirubinemiain and 50 healthy neonates were selected as research object and Microtubes Gel Test was used to detect the titer of IgG anti-A/B erythrocyte antibody in vivo. Their clinical data and their mothers' prenatal examination data were retrospectively analyzed. Three hemolysis tests (direct antiglobulin test, free antibody test and release test), irregular antibody screening, and the titer of IgG anti-A/B blood group antibody was determined by serological method. Red blood cells(RBC), hemoglobin(Hb), reticulocytes(Ret) and nucleated red cells were detected by hematology analyzer. Indirect bilirubin and albumin(Alb) were detected by biochemical analyzer. The relationship between the titer of IgG anti-A/B erythrocyte antibody in vivo and the severity of HDN was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#There were six serological diagnosis modes in the HDN group,the difference between modes was statistically significant (P<0.05). The antibody titer relationship between HDN neonates and pregnant women was positive correlation(r=0.8302). The highest antibody titer of release test and free antibody test were 1∶32 and 1∶2, and the difference was statistically significant(P<0.05). RBC, Hb and Alb in HDN patients were lower than those in neonatal hyperbilirubinemia patients and healthy neonates (P<0.05), and were negatively relevant with antibody titer in vivo (r=-0.8016). Bilirubin content in HDN patients were higher than those in neonatal hyperbiliru binemia patients and healthy neonates group(P<0.05), and was positively relevant with antibody titer in vivo (r=0.8731). The hospital day in HDN patients was significantly relevant with the antibody titer in vivo (r=0.8547), but not with the age, sex, weight and ABO blood types (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The detection of antibody titer in HDN patients can be used to evaluate the antibody concentration in vivo, predict the ability of antibody to induce erythrocyte hemolysis, and help to judge the serenrity and prognosis of HDN.


Subject(s)
ABO Blood-Group System , Bilirubin , Blood Group Incompatibility , Erythroblastosis, Fetal , Erythrocytes , Female , Hematologic Diseases , Hemolysis , Humans , Immunoglobulin G , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Retrospective Studies
3.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 41(4): 643-650, oct.-dic. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355739

ABSTRACT

Resumen | Hay pocos reportes de enfermedad hemolítica del feto y del recién nacido causada por aloanticuerpos contra el sistema de antígenos MNS, especialmente, porque los anticuerpos que se generan contra estos antígenos son del tipo IgM, los cuales tienen reactividad a temperaturas inferiores a los 37 °C, y, por lo tanto, no son de importancia clínica. A pesar de ello, se han reportado casos con presencia de anticuerpos anti-M de tipo IgG causantes de la enfermedad hemolítica del recién nacido e, incluso, casos de muerte intrauterina por incompatibilidad materno-fetal en el sistema MNS. El proceso hemolítico se asemeja al causado por los anticuerpos anti-Kell, con anemia progresiva por supresión hematopoyética que induce la destrucción de precursores hematopoyéticos en la médula ósea y ausencia de reticulocitos en la periferia. Se reporta el caso de una mujer con 38,5 semanas de gestación, que presentó discrepancia en la hemoclasificación directa y en la inversa. Como resultado, el recién nacido fue positivo en la prueba de Coombs directa sin que existiera incompatibilidad ABO con la madre. La correlación de estos resultados llevó a la detección de un anticuerpo anti-M en el suero materno. El diagnóstico definitivo fue posible gracias a la discrepancia en la hemoclasificación de la sangre materna. A pesar de que los anticuerpos anti-M usualmente no desempeñan un papel importante en la enfermedad hemolítica perinatal, este caso resalta la importancia de determinar la presencia de diferentes anticuerpos que pueden ser de vital interés a la hora de prevenir resultados graves asociados con dicha condición. Además, abre la puerta a nuevas recomendaciones relacionadas con la tamización y el tratamiento temprano de la hemólisis en los recién nacidos.


Abstract | There are few case reports of hemolytic disease in fetuses and newborns (HDFN) caused by alloantibodies against the MNS blood group system. The reason for this dearth is that antibodies toward these antigens are usually IgM, which not only cannot cross the placental circulation but also react at temperatures below 37°C. They are, therefore, of minimal clinical importance. Nevertheless, cases have been reported in which the presence of anti-M IgG antibodies caused severe HDFN and even intrauterine death in the presence of maternal-fetal MNS incompatibility indicating that they could have a high clinical impact. The hemolytic pattern observed in these cases is similar to that caused by anti-Kell antibodies. Progressive anemia is mediated and developed through hematopoietic suppression inducing the destruction of bone marrow precursor cells with the resulting absence of reticulocytes in peripheral blood. This occurred in the case of a woman at 38.5 weeks of gestation who showed a discrepancy between direct and reverse blood type determination. A direct Coombs test was performed on the newborn's blood, which was positive in the absence of maternal-fetal ABO incompatibility. Further tests were performed and anti-M antibodies were found in the maternal serum screening. Our final diagnosis was largely due to discrepancy issues in maternal blood. Although anti-M antibodies do not usually play a significant role in HDFN, this case stresses the importance of identifying the presence of antibodies that can be crucial in preventing HDFN and lead to new recommendations for the screening and prompt treatment of hemolysis in newborns.


Subject(s)
Blood Group Antigens , Erythroblastosis, Fetal , Blood Group Incompatibility , Coombs Test , Hyperbilirubinemia, Neonatal , Jaundice, Neonatal
4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2561-2566, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886948

ABSTRACT

In order to study the contraindications of the compatibility of Flos Genkwa-Radix et Rhizoma Glycyrrhizae, in this study, the solubilizing and poisoning essence were explored. In this experiment, chromatographic assay, field emission scanning electron microscopy, MTT cytotoxicity evaluation, and other methods were used to study the main chemical components, morphology and toxicity of the ethyl acetate part of Flos Genkwa and its co-decoction with glycyrrhizic acid, in order to clarify Flos Genkwa-Radix et Rhizoma Glycyrrhizae incompatibility provides a new idea for the research on incompatibility of Flos Genkwa-Radix et Rhizoma Glycyrrhizae. The results showed that after co-decoction of the ethyl acetate part of Flos Genkwa with glycyrrhizic acid, high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) detected the dissolution of the toxic component yuanhuacine of 54.8%, while yuanhuacine chromatographic peak was not detected in the Flos Genkwa ethyl acetate part of the single decoction. The increase of co-decoction dissolution rate was observed by scanning electron microscopy, and it was found that glycyrrhizic acid uniformly dispersed the fat-soluble components of Flos Genkwa into nano-scale particles, which improved the solubility and stability in the solution. Furthermore, the results of cytotoxicity evaluation showed that the survival rate of cells decreased after co-decoction, 4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI) staining also gave the same results. In summary, the co-decoction of the ethyl acetate part of Flos Genkwa with glycyrrhizic acid promotes the dissolution of the toxic component yuanhuacine, and makes the part form uniformly distributed nanoparticles, which is conducive to the absorption of the ingredient and increases the toxicity.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879007

ABSTRACT

The study is aimed to investigate the reproductive biology characteristics of Polygonatum cyrtonema, especially including phenology, flower bud differentiation, flowering timing, floral traits, pollen vigor and stigma receptivity. The results showed that P. cyrtonema forms inflorescence before the leaves spread. In the wild, P. cyrtonema is mainly pollinated by insects such as bumblebees, with a seed setting rate of 65.12%. The seed setting rate of indoor single plant isolation or self-pollination enclosed by parchment paper bag is 0, indicating that it is self-incompatible. In Lin'an city, seedlings begin to emerge from mid-March to early April(the temperature is higher than 7.5 ℃), buds begin to emerge from the end of March to mid-April, and then undergo the full bloom stage from mid-to-late April, and the final flowering stage from the end of April to mid-May. The whole flowering period lasts 36 to 45 days. There are obvious differences in the phenology of different provenances. The flowers come into bloom from the base to the top along the aboveground main axis, which usually contain 4-22 inflorescences with(2-) 4-10(-21) flowers per inflorescence. The flowering pe-riod for a single plant is 26-38 days. The single flower lasts about 20-25 days from budding to opening and withers 2 days after pollination, and then the ovary will gradually expand. If unpollinated, it will continue to bloom for 3-5 days and then wither. Flower development period is significantly related to pollen vigor and stigma remittance. The pollen viability is the highest when the flower is fully opened with anthers gathering on the stigma, and the receptivity is the strongest when the stigma protrudes out of the perianth and secretes mucus. The fruits and seeds ripen in October, and proper shading can ensure the smooth development and maturity of the seeds. This study provides a basis for the hybrid breeding and seed production of P. cyrtonema.


Subject(s)
Flowers , Plant Breeding , Pollination , Polygonatum , Reproduction
6.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 74(2): e20200501, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1251153

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives: To analyze potential (in)compatibilities of intravenous drugs based on the scheduling prepared by the nursing team. Methods: historic cohort (retrospective) with 110 adults in critical units. Intravenous medications were identified concomitantly, whose pairs were analyzed for (in) compatibility using the screening system Trissel's™ 2 Compatibility IV-Micromedex 2.0. Parametric and non-parametric statistic were used according to the nature of the variable. Results: 565 pairs of drugs were identified. Of these, 44.9% were compatible; and 8.8%, potentially incompatible. Most potentially incompatible pairs involved substances with alkaline pH such as phenytoin (32%) and sodium bicarbonate (8%) and weak acids such as midazolam (12%) and dobutamine (6%), which could result in precipitate formation. Conclusions: almost half of the mixtures simultaneously administrated was compatible, which indirectly reflects in the organized work between the nursing team and the clinical pharmaceutic in the discussions and decisions related to time scheduling.


RESUMEN Objetivos: analizar las (in)compatibilidades potenciales de medicamentos intravenosos basado en el aplazamiento de horarios realizado por equipo de enfermería. Métodos: cohorte histórica (retrospectiva) con 110 adultos de unidades críticas. Identificaron medicamentos intravenosos aplazados de modo concomitante, cuyas duplas han analizadas cuanto a la (in)compatibilidad por medio del sistema de screening Trissel's™ 2 Compatibility IV-Micromedex 2.0. Utilizó estadística paramétrica y no paramétrica segundo naturaleza de la variable. Resultados: identificaron 565 duplas de medicamentos. De estas, 44,9% compatibles; y 8,8%, potencialmente incompatibles. Mayoría de las duplas potencialmente incompatibles envolvió substancias con pH alcalino como fenitoína (32%) y bicarbonato de sodio (8%) y ácidos débiles como midazolam (12%) y dobutamina (6%), las cuales podrían resultar en precipitación. Conclusiones: casi mitad de las misturas aplazadas simultáneamente fue compatible, aspecto que, indirectamente, refleja el trabajo orquestado entre el equipo de enfermería y el farmacéutico clínico en las discusiones y decisiones acerca del aplazamiento de horarios.


RESUMO Objetivos: analisar as (in)compatibilidades potenciais de medicamentos intravenosos com base no aprazamento de horários realizado pela equipe de enfermagem. Métodos: coorte histórica (retrospectiva) com 110 adultos de unidades críticas. Identificaram-se medicamentos intravenosos aprazados de modo concomitante, cujas duplas foram analisadas quanto à (in)compatibilidade por meio do sistema de screening Trissel's™ 2 Compatibility IV-Micromedex 2.0. Utilizou-se estatística paramétrica e não paramétrica segundo natureza da variável. Resultados: identificaram-se 565 duplas de medicamentos. Destas, 44,9% foram compatíveis; e 8,8%, potencialmente incompatíveis. A maioria das duplas potencialmente incompatíveis envolveu substâncias com pH alcalino como fenitoína (32%) e bicarbonato de sódio (8%) e ácidos fracos como midazolam (12%) e dobutamina (6%), as quais poderiam resultar em precipitação. Conclusões: quase metade das misturas aprazadas simultaneamente foi compatível, aspecto que, indiretamente, reflete o trabalho orquestrado entre a equipe de enfermagem e o farmacêutico clínico nas discussões e decisões acerca do aprazamento de horários.

7.
J Genet ; 2020 Sep; 99: 1-11
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-215489

ABSTRACT

Genome sequence of Acinetobacter baumannii DS002 revealed the existence of seven contigs with features of indigenous plasmids. Of the seven contigs, three of them have shown size and sequence identity. They appeared to have been generated due to the unique recombination events leading to a large-scale recombination and sequence inversions. The rest of the indigenous plasmids have shown significant size variations and contained the genetic repertoire required for the detoxification of formaldehyde and biosynthesis of exopolysaccharides. Genetic modules encoding novel toxin–antitoxin systems were found in most of the plasmids to ensure their survival in the host. In some instances, the toxin and antitoxin coding sequences were found on two different plasmids promoting the cosegregation of these two plasmids into the daughter cells

8.
Acta bioquím. clín. latinoam ; 54(3): 285-292, set. 2020. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1130603

ABSTRACT

Los posibles efectos adversos que se producen en transfusiones incompatibles ABO son un riesgo latente en el uso de concentrados de plaquetas grupo O, por lo que la titulación de hemolisinas anti-A/B constituye una de las estrategias para su prevención. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar la frecuencia de títulos de hemolisinas de isotipos IgG e IgM anti-A/B en donantes de sangre. Se trató de un estudio descriptivo, transversal y aleatorio simple con un tamaño muestral de 308 muestras. Se aplicó la metodología en tubo, gel salino y anti-inmunoglobulina IgG y, mediante soluciones seriadas, se evidenció el título. Adicionalmente, se realizó una encuesta sobre los posibles factores de riesgo para el aumento de estos títulos. Se aplicó estadística descriptiva mediante el uso del software informático SPSS versión 22.0 y la relación entre variables independientes a través del análisis estadístico de Chi-cuadrado y, para establecer la concordancia de las lecturas visuales de las tarjetas de gel, se aplicó el índice kappa. Se determinó la existencia de hemolisinas de isotipo IgG e IgM anti-A/B de títulos superiores a 1/64. Existió una relación estadísticamente significativa entre embarazos y títulos de IgG anti-A/B >1/128 y el aumento de hemolisinas de isotipo IgM y la ingesta de probióticos. Los resultados demostraron la necesidad de implementar la titulación de hemolisinas previo a la transfusión de concentrados plaquetarios no isogrupo, por lo que se recomienda una investigación de riesgo-beneficio y el seguimiento de pacientes con transfusiones de concentrados plaquetarios incompatibles ABO.


The possible adverse effects that occur in incompatible ABO transfusions are a latent risk in the use of group O platelet concentrates, so the titration of anti-A/B hemolysins is one of the strategies for its prevention. The objective of this study was to determine the frequency of hemolysins titers IgG and IgM anti-A/B isotypes in blood donours. It was a simple randomized descriptive cross-sectional study with a sample size of 308 samples. The methodology was applied in tube, saline gel and anti-IgG anti-immunoglobulin and by means of serial solutions the title was verified. Additionally, a survey was conducted on the possible risk factors for the increase in securities. Descriptive statistics were used through the application of the SPSS version 22.0 software and the relationship between independent variables through the Chi-square statistical analysis and the kappa index was applied to match the visual readings of the gel cards. The existence of IgG and IgM anti-A/B isotype hemolysins of titers greater than 1/64 was determined. There was a statistically significant relationship between pregnancies and anti-A/B IgG titres>1/128; and the increase in IgM isotype hemolysins and probiotic intake. The results demonstrate the need to implement hemolysin titration prior to transfusion of non-isogroup platelet concentrates, so a risk-benefit investigation and follow-up of patients with transfusions of ABO incompatible platelet concentrates is recommended.


Os possíveis efeitos adversos que ocorrem em transfusões incompatíveis ABO são um risco latente no uso de concentrados de plaquetas do grupo O, portanto a titulação de hemolisinas anti-A/B é uma das estratégias para sua prevenção. O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar a frequência de títulos de hemolisinas de isotipos IgG e IgM anti-A/B em doadores de sangue. Trata-se de um estudo descritivo transversal aleatório simples, com tamanho de amostra de 308 amostras. A metodologia foi aplicada em tubo, gel salino e anti-imunoglobulina IgG e utilizando soluções em série, o título foi verificado. Além disso, foi realizada uma pesquisa sobre os possíveis fatores de risco para o aumento destes títulos. A estatística descritiva foi utilizada através da aplicação do software informático SPSS versão 22.0 e a relação entre variáveis independentes por meio da análise estatística do qui-quadrado e, para estabelecer a concordância com as leituras visuais dos cartões de gel, o índice kappa foi aplicado. Foi determinada a existência de hemolisinas de isotipo IgG e IgM anti-A/B de títulos maiores que 1/64. Existiu uma relação estatisticamente significante entre gestações e títulos de IgG anti-A/B>1/128; e o aumento de hemolisinas do isotipo IgM e a ingestão de probióticos. Os resultados demonstram a necessidade de implementar a titulação da hemolisina antes da transfusão de concentrados de plaquetas não isogrupo, por isso, recomenda-se uma investigação de risco-benefício e acompanhamento de pacientes com transfusões de concentrados de plaquetas incompatíveis com ABO.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Blood Platelets , Immunoglobulin Isotypes/blood , Software , Immunoglobulin G , Immunoglobulin M , Immunoglobulins , Risk Factors , Probiotics , Hemolysin Proteins , Volunteers , Blood , Blood Donors , Risk , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Morbidity , Titrimetry , Aftercare , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Disease Prevention
9.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-204440

ABSTRACT

Background: Hyperbilirubinemia is a common and often benign disease in the neonatal period. It is the most common cause of readmission in early neonatal period. Prolonged hyperbilirubinemia can result in chronic bilirubin encephalopathy. Increasing the hospital stay of otherwise healthy neonates is not an acceptable solution for medical, social and economic constraints. So, identifying the risk factors for readmission assumes importance. Aim of our study is to identify the risk factors for readmission jaundice in our hospital.Methods: In this study, authors used a questionnaire to find out the risk factors for readmission in those babies who were readmitted with jaundice within 3 weeks of life to our hospital. During the study period, routine treatment practices were followed and there was no deviation from the standard of care for the purpose of research.Results: Of the 2297 deliveries during this study period, 93 babies (4%) were readmitted with jaundice.Among the 93 babies, prevalence of blood group incompatibility was one of the common causes of neonatal jaundice. 46.2% of the babies had an early discharge. Total Serum bilirubin levels were measured by a hospital-based bilirubin assay. Babies with serum bilirubin level above photozones as per American Academy of Pediatrics practice guidelines 2004 were identified and subjected to photo therapy. All the babies in this study responded to photo therapy. No other interventions were needed.Conclusions: Though an early discharge is the most cost-effective strategy in this era of high medical expenditure, we can identify certain high-risk babies, prone for readmission. Blood group incompatibility, infants of primiparous mothers and GDM mothers are more prone to readmission jaundice. Identifying these high-risk babies and educating the mothers is a more cost-effective strategy than prolonging the hospital stay for all babies.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829579

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the genes involved in Wolbachia-induced cytoplasmic incompatibility among three natural populations of Culex pipiens pallens in eastern China, so as to provide insights into the development of preventive and control measures for mosquito-borne diseases based on Wolbachia. Methods The cytoplasmic incompatibility was tested among three natural populations of C. pipiens pallens collected from Nanjing and Wuxi of Jiangsu Province and Tangkou of Shandong Province using reciprocal crosses. Wolbachia infection was detected in C. pipiens pallens using a PCR assay, and the expression of Wolbachia wsp and WD0513 genes was quantified using a fluorescent quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) assay. Results Bidirectional compatibility was found between the natural populations of C. pipiens pallens collected from Nanjing and Wuxi of Jiangsu Province (t = 0.57 and 0.15, both P values > 0.05), while bidirectional incompatibility was seen between the natural populations of C. pipiens pallens collected from Tangkou of Shandong Province and Wuxi of Jiangsu Province (t = 63.81 and 43.51, both P values < 0.01), and between the natural populations of C. pipiens pallens collected from Nanjing of Jiangsu Province and Tangkou of Shandong Province (t = 39.62 and 43.12, both P values < 0.01). Wolbachia wsp gene was amplified in all three natural populations of C. pipiens pallens, and qPCR assay detected no significant difference in the Wolbachia wsp gene expression among the three natural populations of C. pipiens pallens (F = 2.15, P > 0.05). In addition, there was no significant difference in the WD0513 gene expression between the natural populations of C. pipiens pallens collected from Tangkou of Shandong Province and Nanjing of Jiangsu Province (q = 8.42, P < 0.05) or between the natural populations of C. pipiens pallens collected from Tangkou of Shandong Province and Wuxi of Jiangsu Province (q = 7.84, P < 0.05); however, there was a significant difference detected in the WD0513 gene expression between the natural populations of C. pipiens pallens collected from Nanjing and Wuxi of Jiangsu Province (q = 0.40, P > 0.05). Conclusions Different Wolbachia numbers are detected in natural populations of C. pipiens pallens collected from Nanjing and Wuxi of Jiangsu Province and Tangkou of Shandong Province, and WD0513 gene may be involved in the Wolbachia-induced cytoplasmic incompatibility among three natural populations of C. pipiens pallens.

11.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 841-844, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-819098

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To study the potential ris k of Chinese patent medicine for the treatment of stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD),and to provide reference for the safety of clinical drug use. METHODS :Retrieved from Chinese journal full-text database ,CBM,Wanfang database and VIP ,using“stable”“Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease ”“COPD” “Chinese patent medicine ”as retrieval words ,relative literatures about Chinese patent medicine in the treatment of stable COPD were retrieved ,and retrieval time limitation was from their establishment to Sept. 2019. The type and components of Chinese patent medicine were collected. The potential risk of Chinese patent medicine was analyzed in terms of the contraindications of traditional Chinese medicines ,the interaction between traditional Chinese medicines and chemical medicines ,and its effects on stable COPD with other common chronic diseases. RESULTS :Eleven related studies covering 29 kinds of Chinese patent medicines for the treatment of stable COPD were included in this study. There were several incompatibility between two Chinese patent medicines containing Aconitum carmichaelii and eleven Chinese patent medicines containing “Pinellia ternata ,Trichosanthes kirilowii , Bolbostemma paniculatum ,Ampelopsis japonica ,Bletilla striata ”as an ancient rule of traditional Chinese medicine incompatibility “Eighteen antagonisms ”and“Nineteen mutual ”inhibitors. Meanwhile ,it should be avoided that four Chinese patent medicines containing ephedra combined with β2 receptor agonists or theophylline. Moreover ,oral antibiotics and 14 kinds of Chinese patent medicine containing licorice would reduce the curative effect. In addition ,patients with stable COPD who also had hypertension , hyperlipidemia or diabetes should be careful to use Chinese patent medicines containing ingredients such as Glycyrrhiza uralensis , A. carmichaelii ,Ephedra sinica ,Citrus aurantium ,Cornus officinalis ,Fritillaria cirrhosa ,Panax ginseng (Panax notoginseng ). CONCLUSIONS:There are many potential risks (such as combined use ,compatibility)in the use of Chinese patent medicines for stable COPD. It is suggested to comprehensively evaluate the patient ’s previous medical history and medication before using Chinese patent medicines ,so as to provide scientific guide for clinical rational medication.

12.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 53: e20200397, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136816

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION Antibiotic resistance in carbapenemase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae is acquired and disseminated mainly by plasmids. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the occurrence of carbapenemase genes, analyze the genetic diversity by ERIC-PCR, and examine the most common plasmid incompatibility groups (Incs) in clinical isolates of K. pneumoniae from colonization and infection in patients from a hospital in Brazil. METHODS Twenty-seven isolates of carbapenem-resistant K. pneumoniae were selected and screened for the presence of carbapenemase genes and Incs by PCR, followed by amplicon sequencing. RESULTS The bla KPC and bla NDM genes were detected in 24 (88.8 %) and 16 (59.2 %) of the isolates, respectively. Thirteen isolates (48.1 %) were positive for both genes. The IncFIB (92.6 %) and IncQ (88.8 %) were the most frequent plasmids, followed by IncA/C, IncHI1B, and IncL/M, indicating that plasmid variability existed in these isolates. To our knowledge, this is the first report of IncHI1B in Brazil. We found eight isolates with clonal relationship distributed in different sectors of the hospital. CONCLUSIONS The accumulation of resistance determinants, the variability of plasmid Incs, and the clonal dissemination detected in K. pneumoniae isolates demonstrate their potential for infection, colonization, and the dissemination of different resistance genes and plasmids.


Subject(s)
Humans , Klebsiella Infections , Klebsiella pneumoniae/genetics , Plasmids/genetics , Bacterial Proteins/genetics , beta-Lactamases/genetics , Brazil , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Hospitals, Public , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology
13.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-204197

ABSTRACT

: Jaundice is the commonest abnormal finding with an incidence of about 60% in term babies and 80% in preterm babies. It is the commonest cause of admission to hospitals in the newborn period. In preterm babies, the percentage is exceedingly high due to their physiological handicaps and other hazards of prematurity like Asphyxia, septicemia, respiratory and circulatory Insufficiency. Non-physiological or pathological jaundice is also known to occur in (8-9)% of newborns. Its timely detection and optimal management are crucial to prevent brain damage and subsequent neuro-motor retardation. Aims of this study to find out the etiology of jaundice in neonates, admitted in neonates unit attached to SMS medical college Jaipur.Method: This Observational study was conducted in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) and Post Natal Ward attached to SMS medical college Jaipur, after approval from the hospital ethical committee, over a period of 12 months(October 2011 to September 2012. Study was carried on 500 neonates presenting clinically with neonatal hyperbilirubinemia.Result: The onset of jaundice was seen maximum between live hour 24-72 hours (n=290, 58% cases), followed by live hour 72 hours-14 days (n=160, 32%). At more than 2 weeks there was only 3 case (0.6%). The etiological factors in the causation of jaundice in the decreasing order of frequency were exaggerated physiological jaundice accounts for (28%), ABO-incompatibility (24.4%), Rh-incompatibility (13.8%), Idiopathic (10.4%), cephalhematoma (10.2%), septicemia (6%), intrauterine infections (4%), BMJ (1.8%), Galactocemia (0.8%) and G6PD' Deficiency (0.6%) respectively.Conclusion: Hyperbilirubinemia is more severe in newborns, therefore precautionary measure should be adopted by both parents, and clinicians to diagnose and treat the diseases properly.

14.
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 90(3): 267-274, jun. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013833

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: La hiperbilirrubinemia es altamente prevalente en los recién nacidos, con riesgo de compromiso neurológico con bilirrubinemias mayor a 20-25 mg/dl. Esta progresión es prevenible con detección y tratamiento precoz. OBJETIVO: Describir incidencia y factores asociados en pacientes hospitalizados con hiperbilirrubinemia mayor de 20 mg/dl, y el seguimiento de casos sintomáticos durante hospitalización. PACIENTES Y MÉTODO: Estudio retrospectivo de pacientes con hiperbilirru- binemia severa, entre el 2013 y 2016. Se evaluaron factores de riesgo, estratificándose por nivel de bilirrubina, edad de ingreso y edad gestacional. Se compararon los datos con test exacto de Fisher, chi cuadrado y riesgo relativo (RR) en una base de excel, con un error alfa de un p<0.05. Los datos fueron obtenidos a través de la epicrisis electrónica y de la ficha de control a nivel secundarios. RESULTADOS: Durante el periodo, de 25.288 recién nacidos vivos (RNV), 593 se hospitalizaron por hiperbilirrubinemia mayor de 20 mg/dl, 1 por cada 42 RNV; y 59 con bilirrubinemia mayor a 25 mg/dl, 1 por cada 428 RNV. La hiperbilirrubinemia fue más frecuente en varones, con RR 1,22 (IC 95% 1,04-1,44) y en pretérminos tardíos, con un RR 2,39 (IC 95% 1,96-2,93) comparado con RN de término. En los ingresados con más de 4 días, el principal factor asociado fue la baja de peso excesiva, y en los primeros 3 días, la incompatibilidad de grupo clásico. Tres de 10 pacientes con encefalopatía aguda, persistieron con compromiso neurológico, lo que significa 11,8 por 100.000 nacidos vivos. CONCLUSIONES: Los principales factores de riesgo para desarrollar hiperbilirrubinemia severa fueron prematurez, baja de peso excesiva, incompatibilidad de grupo clásico y sexo masculino. Estos hallazgos permiten focalizar la atención en grupos de riesgo y disminuir la probabilidad de daño neurológico.


INTRODUCTION: Hyperbilirubinemia is highly prevalent in newborns, with risk of neurological invol vement with bilirubinemia higher than 20 to 25 mg/dl. This progression is preventable with early de tection and treatment. OBJECTIVE: To describe the incidence and associated factors in hospitalized pa tients with hyperbilirubinemia higher than 20 mg/dl, and the follow-up of symptomatic cases during hospitalization. OATIENTS Y METHOD: Retrospective study of patients with severe hyperbilirubine mia, between 2013 and 2016. Risk factors were evaluated, stratifying by bilirubin level, admission age, and gestational age. The data were compared with Fisher's exact test, chi-square test, and relative risk (RR) in an Excel database, with an alpha error of p <0.05. The data were obtained from the electronic discharge summary and the medical record of secondary level follow-up. RESULTS: During the studied period, out of 25,288 live newborns (NB), 593 were hospitalized due to hyperbilirubinemia higher than 20 mg/dl, one per each 42 live NB; and 59 with bilirubinemia higher than 25 mg/dl, one per each 428 live NB. Hyperbilirubinemia was more frequent in males, with RR 1.22 (95% CI 1.04-1.44), and in late preterm newborns, with RR 2.39 (95% CI 1.96-2.93) compared with term NB. In those admitted with more than four days, the main associated factor was excessive weight loss, whereas in the first three days was classic group incompatibility. Three of ten cases with acute encephalopathy persisted with neurological involvement, which means 11.8 per 100,000 live births. CONCLUSIONS: The main risk factors for developing severe hyperbilirubinemia were prematurity, excessive weight loss, classic group incompatibility, and male sex. These findings allow to focus attention on risk groups and decrease the probability of neurological damage.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Weight Loss , Gestational Age , Hyperbilirubinemia, Neonatal/epidemiology , Severity of Illness Index , Blood Group Incompatibility , Infant, Premature , Sex Factors , Incidence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Hyperbilirubinemia, Neonatal/etiology
15.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 32(2): 110-117, mar.-abr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-987748

ABSTRACT

Background: Warfarin is an oral anticoagulant involved in important interactions with foods and other drugs. Objectives: To evaluate the occurrence of adverse events reported by warfarin users and their relationship with drug interactions. Methods: This was an open cohort, prospective study conducted in an 18-month period with warfarin users attending public health clinics of the city of Ijuí, Brazil. Data were collected by means of interviews administered at patients' home every month. Patients' responses were confirmed by review of medical records when patients sought medical care. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics. Potential drug interactions were evaluated in a database and vitamin K consumption was quantified using a validated method. Results: A total of 68 patients were followed-up; 63 completed the study and 5 died in the study period. Mean number of medications taken by the patients was 9.6 ± 4.5, and mean number of interactions involving warfarin was 2.91 ± 1.52. Most potential interactions increased the risk of bleeding, 61 of them severe interactions and 116 moderate interactions. Eighty-seven episodes of bleeding and 4 episodes of thrombosis were reported by a total of 37 and 4 patients, respectively. At the occurrence of these events, 56.5% of warfarin users were also taking omeprazole, 35.9% were taking simvastatin and 25.0% paracetamol. Most patients had a low vitamin K intake. Conclusions: A high frequency of potential interactions between warfarin and other drugs was detected, but a low intake of foods that could possibly affect the effects of warfarin was observed. Based on our results, it seems prudent to follow patients on warfarin therapy for drug-drug interactions, aiming to control adverse effects and to promote a safe and effective therapy


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Warfarin/adverse effects , Community Health Services/statistics & numerical data , Drug Interactions , Anticoagulants/adverse effects , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use , Vitamin K , Omeprazole/therapeutic use , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Prospective Studies , Statistics as Topic , Treatment Outcome , Drug Monitoring , Simvastatin/therapeutic use , Drug Incompatibility , Pharmacovigilance , Acetaminophen
16.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 41(1): 1-6, Jan.-Mar. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002048

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background ABO blood group incompatibility between donor and recipient is associated with a number of immunohematological complications, but is not considered a major contraindication to allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. However, available evidence from the literature seems to be conflicting as to the impact of incompatibility on overall survival, event-free survival, transplant-related mortality, graft-versus-host disease, and time to neutrophil and platelet engraftment. Methods This single-center, prospective, cohort study included patients with hematological malignancies who underwent a first allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation between 2008 and 2014. Patients receiving umbilical cord blood as the stem cell source were excluded from this analysis. The impact of ABO incompatibility was evaluated in respect to overall survival, event-free survival, transplant-related mortality, acute graft-versus-host disease and engraftment. Results A total of 130 patients were included of whom 78 (60%) were males. The median age at transplant was 36 (range: 2-65) years, 44 (33%) presented ABO incompatibility, 75 (58%) had acute leukemia, 111 (85%) had a related donor, 100 (77%) received peripheral blood hematopoietic stem cells as graft source and 99 (76%) underwent a myeloablative conditioning regimen. There was no statistically significant association between ABO incompatibility and overall survival, event-free survival, transplant-related mortality, grade II-IV acute graft-versus-host disease, neutrophil or platelet engraftment in multivariate analysis. Conclusion These results show that ABO incompatibility does not seem to influence these parameters in patients undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Blood Group Incompatibility , ABO Blood-Group System , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
17.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-206488

ABSTRACT

ABO incompatibility is one of the most common cause of haemolytic disease of fetus and new-born (HDFN). The expression of ABO incompatibility in most of the cases is mild due to the lower expression of A and B Antigens on fetal red cells. ABO incompatibility has affected the first pregnancy and is milder in the subsequent pregnancies.  However, we describe this case with unusually severe form of ABO incompatibility which had an effect not only in her first pregnancy but also in all her subsequent pregnancies, evident as recurrent abortions and both her neonates developed pathological jaundice requiring exchange transfusion. It also emphasizes the fact that ABO incompatibility is not always a benign condition and should be considered in all babies whose mothers have O blood group, even in the presence of a negative DAT. Anticipation of ABO incompatibility not only in the first pregnancy but also in the subsequent pregnancies is necessary. Early diagnosis with cord blood bilirubin can prevent neonatal morbidity.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791976

ABSTRACT

This study reported the outcome of a case of fetal hemolytic disease after multiple intrauterine transfusions due to Rh incompatibility between the mother and fetus. The pregnant women had a history of termination for fetal edema at 29 weeks of gestation due to undecided reason as no relevant tests were conducted. Fetal edema was found and hemolytic disease (severe anemia) was diagnosed at 24 gestational weeks in the index pregnancy. After five intrauterine transfusions, fetal edema and anemia were improved. The baby who was born by cesarean section at 33 gestational weeks, was diagnosed with hemolytic disease and transferred to the neonatology department. After one month of treatment, the baby was improved and discharged. Whereafter he was followed up to one year of age without any abnormality in physical or mental development.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791840

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the strategies of desensitization treatment for ABO incompatible (ABOi) related living-donor kidney transplantation .Methods A retrospective analysis was performed for 14 recipients undergoing ABOi related living kidney transplantation from July 2015 to December 2018 .The clinical outcomes and expenditures of desensitization treatment before and after optimizing desensitization were compared .Results After desensitization treatment , 14 recipients successfully underwent ABOi-kidney transplantation . Within 2 weeks post-transplantation , blood group antibody rebounded to 1:64 in only 1 recipient .Within 1 week post-transplantation ,the serum creatinine levels decreased to 85-165 μmol/L in 14 recipients .Thirteen patients stabilized after 1 week while another patient had an elevated level of serum creatinine at Day 12 post-operation and renal allograft function recovered after treatment . Two cases of rejection were diagnosed by clinical manifestations and 1 case was confirmed by pathological biopsy . Five cases of programmed renal allograft biopsy indicated critical or suspected acute T-lymphocytic rejection within 1 year .Thirteen cases (92 .6% ) demonstrated varying degrees of peritubular capillary deposition of C 4d .One case developed BK viral uropathy within 1 year and four patients of pulmonary infections requiring hospitalization were cured after treatment . During an early stage , the incidence of postoperative infection was 57 .14% and declined to 14 .29% after optimized desensitization .The expenditure of early desensitization treatment was (27004 .86 ± 10719 .85) yuan and (10612 .29 ± 8143 .05) yuan after optimization .And the expenditure of optimized desensitization was significantly lowered (P<0 .05) . During follow-ups ,renal allograft function of 14 recipients remained decent .And the survival rate of recipient/allograft was 100% up to the statistical cut-off point .Conclusions Both desensitization strategies may achieve the goal of desensitization for ABOi kidney transplantation and the outcomes are excellent .The expenditure of desensitization treatment is significantly lowered after optimization .

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-790235

ABSTRACT

Although compatibility is highly advocated in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), inappropriate com-bination of some herbs may reduce the therapeutic action and even produce toxic effects. Kansui and licorice, one of TCM"Eighteen Incompatible Medicaments", are the most representative cases of improper herbal combination, which may still be applied simultaneously under given conditions. However, the potential mechanism of their compatibility and incompatibility is unclear. In the present study, two different ratios of kansui and licorice, representing their compatibility and incompatibility respectively, were designed to elucidate their interaction by comparative plasma/tissue metabolomics and a heatmap with relative fold change. As a result, glycocholic acid, prostaglandin F2a, dihydroceramide and sphin-ganine were screened out as the principal alternative biomarkers of compatibility group; sphinganine, dihydroceramide, arachidonic acid, leukotriene B4, acetoacetic acid and linoleic acid were those of in-compatibility group. Based on the values of biomarkers in each tissue, the liver was identified as the compatible target organ, while the heart, liver, and kidney were the incompatible target organs. Furthermore, important pathways for compatibility and incompatibility were also constructed. These results help us to better understand and utilize the two herbs, and the study was the first to reveal some innate characters of herbs related to TCM"Eighteen Incompatible Medicaments".

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