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1.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1403143

ABSTRACT

El procedimiento de apendicostomía continente para la realización de enemas anterógrados ha sido publicado ya hace varios años para el tratamiento de la incontinencia fecal y del estreñimiento de muy difícil manejo. Otra indicación del mismo incluye el estreñimiento severo, en el cual se agotaron las medidas farmacológicas y el único tratamiento efectivo es la realización de enemas. El objetivo principal del procedimiento es ofrecer a los niños y sus familias una alternativa a la hora de realizar los enemas, logrando una mayor adherencia al tratamiento y buscando alcanzar una mejor calidad de vida que permita adecuarse a las actividades con sus pares. Por otra parte permite al niño ir logrando cierta independencia gradual a medida que crezca, preparándolos para el futuro y haciéndolos participes activos de su cuidado. Se describen los primeros casos en donde utilizamos en nuestro medio el abordaje laparoscópico, sus indicaciones, la técnica quirúrgica y los resultados iniciales. Hemos constatado como ventaja principal los beneficios del abordaje mínimamente invasivo, como la exploración completa de la cavidad abdominal, el menor dolor postoperatorio, cicatrices más pequeñas, menor creación de adherencias.


The appendicostomy procedure for performing antegrade enemas has been published several years ago for the treatment of fecal incontinence and constipation that are very difficult to manage. The Malone procedure is performed in our setting, especially in patients with fecal incontinence secondary to neurological disorders such as myelomeningocele using a conventional approach. Other indications of it is severe constipation, in which pharmacological measures have been exhausted and the only effective treatment is enemas. The main objective of the procedure is to offer children and their families an alternative when performing enemas, achieving greater adherence to treatment and seeking to achieve a better quality of life that allows them to adapt to the activities of their peers. On the other hand, it allows the child to achieve a certain gradual independence as they grow, preparing them for the future and making them active participants in their care. The first cases in which we use the laparoscopic approach, its indications, the surgical technique and the initial results are described. We think that its main advantage is the benefits of the minimally invasive approach, such as complete exploration of the abdominal cavity, less postoperative pain, smaller scars, and less creation of adhesions.


O procedimento de apendicostomia continente para a realização de enemas anterógrados foi publicado há vários anos para o tratamento de incontinência fecal e constipação de difícil manejo. Outra indicação inclui constipação grave, na qual as medidas farmacológicas foram esgotadas e o único tratamento eficaz são os enemas. O principal objetivo do procedimento é oferecer às crianças e seus familiares uma alternativa na realização dos enemas, alcançando maior adesão ao tratamento e buscando alcançar uma melhor qualidade de vida que lhes permita adaptar-se às atividades com seus pares. Por outro lado, permite que a criança alcance uma certa independência gradual à medida que cresce, preparando-a para o futuro e tornando-a participante ativa em seus cuidados. São descritos os primeiros casos em que utilizamos a via laparoscópica, suas indicações, a técnica cirúrgica e os resultados iniciais. Confirmamos os benefícios da abordagem minimamente invasiva como principal vantagem, como exploração completa da cavidade abdominal, menos dor pós-operatória, cicatrizes menores e menor formação de aderências.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Appendectomy/methods , Laparoscopy/methods , Constipation/surgery , Fecal Incontinence/surgery , Appendectomy/instrumentation , Treatment Outcome , Laparoscopy/instrumentation , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures
2.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 48(5): 817-827, Sept.-Oct. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394392

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: The present study aimed to investigate the factors of prolonged urinary leakage (PUL) after percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) and develop a new and simple scoring system to predict it. Patients and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed patients with renal stones who underwent PCNL at the University of Health Sciences Izmir Bozyaka Training and Research Hospital between April 2011 and January 2020. The patients were divided into two groups according to the presence of PUL, and their preoperative and perioperative data were compared. A multivariate regression analysis was applied to examine the relationship between perioperative descriptors and PUL, and a nomogram was developed using significant predictors. Then, the individual components of the nomogram were assigned points to form a scoring system. Results: There were 92 and 840 patients in the groups with and without PUL, respectively. The results of the univariate logistic regression analysis showed that hydronephrosis grade, parenchymal thickness, duration of nephroscopy, and duration of nephrostomy catheter were significantly associated with PUL. Subsequently, a multivariate regression analysis was carried out with these four factors as possible independent risk factors of PUL after PCNL. Based on the results of this analysis, a nomogram prediction model was developed with an area under the curve value of 0.811, which was consequently used to develop a new simple score system consisting of three characteristics: parenchymal thickness (1-5 points), duration of nephroscopy (1-3 points), and hydronephrosis grade (1-3 points). Conclusion: A novel scoring system is a useful tool for predicting PUL in patients who have undergone percutaneous nephrolithotomy.

3.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 59(3): 428-433, July-Sept. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1403487

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: The Fatigue Rate Index (FRI) is a parameter in anorectal manometry (ARM) to assess sustained voluntary contraction, considering the squeeze pressure and fatigability of the external anal sphincter. It is used in adults to detect fecal incontinence even in patients who present normal squeeze pressures. The FRI in adult patients with functional constipation is similar to controls. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and values of FRI in children in relation to the values previously established in adults and comparing children with functional constipation and retentive fecal incontinence to children without retentive fecal incontinence. Methods: This retrospective study evaluated 105 ARM performed from Jan 2014 to Apr 2015. 42 patients were selected (were able to perform a voluntary contraction and had no co-morbidities other than functional constipation). 14 (33.3%) of those collaborated in sustaining contraction for 40 seconds (s), allowing the evaluation of the FRI. Patients with retentive fecal incontinence secondary to functional constipation (n=7, aged 6 to 13 years, six boys) were our interest group. Patients with functional constipation without fecal incontinence (n=7, aged 6 to 13 years, four boys) were considered a reference group. The ARM were performed with a radial eight-channel perfusion catheter (DynamedTM, São Paulo, Brazil) and the FRI was calculated (Proctomaster 6.4) in the first 20 s and overall 40 s of sustained voluntary contraction. Results: 14 of the selected 42 collaborated in sustaining contraction for 40 s, allowing the evaluation of the FRI. In the first 20 s of contraction, the fecal incontinence group showed a significantly higher mean FRI (2.48±1.39 min) compared to the reference group (1.13±0.72 min, P=0.042), which was not observed in the 40 s interval due to less uniform contraction. The anal resting pressure was higher in the fecal incontinence group (76.83 mmHg) than in the reference group (54.13 mmHg), but the statistical study did not reach significance (P=0.051). Conclusion: The FRI is feasible in children. The mean FRI obtained in this study is lower than the reported in constipated adults. The mean FRI among children with functional constipation and retentive fecal incontinence is higher than among constipated children without retentive fecal incontinence.


RESUMO Contexto O índice de Taxa de Fadiga (ITF) é um parâmetro na manometria anorretal (MAR) que é utilizado para avaliar a contração voluntária sustentada, considerando a pressão máxima de contração e a fatigabilidade do esfíncter anal externo. Este parâmetro é utilizado em adultos para diagnóstico da incontinência fecal mesmo entre paciente que apresentem pressões máximas de contração normais. O ITF em pacientes adultos com constipação é similar a controles. Objetivo: Avaliar a factibilidade e os valores do ITF em crianças com constipação e incontinência fecal por retenção em relação aos valores previamente estabelecidos para adultos, e comparar os dados das crianças com constipação intestinal funcional com e sem incontinência fecal por retenção. Métodos Este estudo retrospectivo avaliou 105 MAR realizadas de janeiro de 2014 a abril de 2015. 42 pacientes foram selecionados (foram capazes de realizar uma contração voluntária e não apresentavam outras comorbidades além da constipação). 14 destes pacientes cooperaram em manter a contração voluntária por 40 segundos, permitindo a avaliação do ITF. Pacientes com incontinência fecal por retenção secundária a constipação (n=7, 6 a 13 anos, seis meninos) constituíram nosso grupo de interesse. Pacientes com constipação funcional sem incontinência fecal por retenção. (n=7, 6 a 13 anos, quatro meninos) constituíram o grupo de referência. As MAR foram realizadas com cateter de perfusão de oito canais radiais (DynamedTM, São Paulo, Brazil) e o ITF foi calculado (Proctomaster 6.4) nos primeiros 20 segundos e também nos 40 segundos totais da contração voluntária sustentada. Resultados: Dos 42 pacientes selecionados, 14 (33%) colaboraram mantendo o platô de contração uniforme durante 40 segundos, permitindo a avaliação do ITF nos primeiros 20 segundos de contração, o grupo com incontinência fecal apresentou uma média de ITF significativamente mais alta (2,48±1,39 min) em comparação ao grupo de referência (1,13±0,72 min, P=0,042), o que não foi observado no intervalo de 40 segundos devido a contração menos uniforme. A pressão anal de repouso foi mais elevada no grupo com incontinência fecal (76,83 mmHg) do que no grupo de referência (54,13 mmHg), porém o estudo estatístico não atingiu significância (P=0,051). Conclusão: O ITF é factível em crianças. A média do ITF obtida neste estudo é mais baixa do que o reportado em adultos constipados (2,8 min). A média do ITF entre crianças constipadas com incontinência fecal por retenção fui superior ao do que observado em crianças constipadas sem incontinência fecal retentiva.

4.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 59(3): 334-339, July-Sept. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1403499

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: The treatment of distal rectal cancer may be accompanied by evacuation disorders of multifactorial etiology. Neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (NCRT) is part of the standard treatment for patients with locally advanced extraperitoneal rectal cancer. The assessment of anorectal function after long-term NCRT in patients with cancer of the extraperitoneal rectum has been poorly evaluated. Objective: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of NCRT on anorectal function and continence in patients with extraperitoneal rectal cancer. Methods: Rectal adenocarcinoma patients undergoing neoadjuvant therapy were submitted to functional evaluation by anorectal manometry and the degree of fecal incontinence using the Jorge-Wexner score, before and eight weeks after NCRT. The manometric parameters evaluated were mean resting anal pressure (ARp), maximum voluntary contraction anal pressure (MaxSp) and average voluntary contraction anal pressure (ASp). All patients underwent the same NCRT protocol based on the application of fluoropyrimidine (5-FU) at a dosage of 350 mg/m2 associated with folic acid at a dosage of 20 mg/m2, intravenously, in the first and last week of treatment, concomitantly with conformational radiotherapy with a total dose of 50.4Gy, divided into 28 daily fractions of 1.8Gy. For statistical analysis of the quantitative variables with normal distribution, the mean, standard deviation, median and interquartile range were calculated. For comparison of two related samples (before and eight weeks after NCRT), Wilcoxon's non-parametric test was used. Results: Forty-eight patients with rectal cancer were included in the study, with a mean age of 62.8 (39-81) years, 36 (75%) of whom were male. The use of NCRT was associated with a decrease in the values of ARp (55.0 mmHg vs 39.1 mmHg, P<0.05) and ASp (161.9 mmHg vs 141.9 mmHg, P<0.05) without changing MaxSp values (185,5 mmHg vs 173 mmHg, P=0.05). There was no worsening of the incontinence score eight weeks after the use of NCRT (3.0 vs 3.3; P>0.05). Conclusion: NCRT was associated with a reduction in the values of ARp and the ASp. There was no change in MaxSp, as well as in the degree of fecal continence by the Jorge-Wexner score.


RESUMO Contexto: O tratamento do câncer retal distal pode ser acompanhado por distúrbios evacuatórios de etiologia multifatorial. A quimiorradioterapia neoadjuvante faz parte do tratamento padrão para pacientes com câncer retal extraperitoneal localmente avançado. A avaliação da função anorretal após neoadjuvância de longa duração em pacientes com câncer de reto extraperitoneal tem sido pouco estudada. Objetivo: O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar os efeitos da neoadjuvância na função anorretal e na incontinência em pacientes com câncer retal extraperitoneal. Métodos: Pacientes com adenocarcinoma de reto candidatos à terapia neoadjuvante foram submetidos a avaliação funcional por manometria anorretal e avaliação do grau de incontinência fecal pelo escore de Jorge-Wexner, pré e oito semanas após a neoadjuvância. Os parâmetros manométricos avaliados foram pressão anal média de repouso, pressão anal de contração voluntária máxima e pressão anal média de contração voluntária. Todos os pacientes foram submetidos ao mesmo protocolo de neoadjuvância baseado na aplicação de fluoropirimidina (5-FU) na dosagem de 350 mg/m2 associada ao ácido fólico na dosagem de 20 mg/m2, por via intravenosa, na primeira e última semana de tratamento, concomitantemente à radioterapia conformacional com dose total de 50,4Gy, dividida em 28 frações diárias de 1,8Gy. Para análise estatística das variáveis quantitativas com distribuição normal, foram calculados a média, desvio padrão, mediana e intervalo interquartil. Para comparação de duas amostras relacionadas (antes e oito semanas após a neoadjuvância, foi utilizado o teste não paramétrico de Wilcoxon. Resultados: Quarenta e oito pacientes com câncer retal foram incluídos no estudo, com média de idade de 62,8 (39-81) anos, sendo 36 (75%) do sexo masculino. O uso de neoadjuvância foi associado à diminuição dos valores de média de pressão de repouso (55,0 mmHg vs 39,1 mmHg, P<0,05) e média de pressão de contração voluntária (161,9 mmHg vs 141,9 mmHg, P<0,05) sem alterar os valores de pressão de contração voluntária máxima ((185,5 mmHg vs 173 mmHg, P=0.05)). Não houve piora do escore de incontinência oito semanas após o uso da quimiorradioterapia neoadjuvante (3,0 vs 3,3; P>0,05). Conclusão: A neoadjuvância associou-se à redução dos valores de média de pressão de repouso e média dos valores contração voluntária. Não houve alteração nos valores de contração voluntária máxima, bem como no grau de continência fecal pelo escore de Jorge-Wexner.

5.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 48(4): 679-685, July-Aug. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385136

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose To characterize the most common presentation and clinical risk factors for artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) cuff erosion to distinguish the relative frequency of symptoms that should trigger further evaluation in these patients. Materials and Methods We retrospectively reviewed our tertiary center database to identify men who presented with AUS cuff erosion between 2007 - 2020. A similar cohort of men who underwent AUS placement without erosion were randomly selected from the same database for symptom comparison. Risk factors for cuff erosion - pelvic radiation, androgen deprivation therapy (ADT), high-grade prostate cancer (Gleason score ≥ 8) - were recorded for each patient. Presenting signs and symptoms of cuff erosion were grouped into three categories: obstructive symptoms, worsening incontinence, and localized scrotal inflammation (SI). Results Of 893 men who underwent AUS placement during the study interval, 61 (6.8%) sustained cuff erosion. Most erosion patients (40/61, 66%) presented with scrotal inflammatory changes including tenderness, erythema, and swelling. Fewer men reported obstructive symptoms (26/61, 43%) and worsening incontinence (21/61, 34%). Men with SI or obstructive symptoms presented significantly earlier than those with worsening incontinence (SI 14 ± 18 vs. obstructive symptoms 15 ± 16 vs. incontinence 37 ± 48 months after AUS insertion, p<0.01). Relative to the non-erosion control group (n=61), men who suffered erosion had a higher prevalence of pelvic radiation (71 vs. 49%, p=0.02). Conclusion AUS cuff erosion most commonly presents as SI symptoms. Obstructive voiding symptoms and worsening incontinence are also common. Any of these symptoms should prompt further investigation of cuff erosion.

6.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 48(4): 649-659, July-Aug. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385138

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose This study examined and compared efficacy, safety, satisfaction, and complications of the retropubic Safyre™ sling and a retropubic hand-made synthetic sling (HMS) in a short-, mid- and long-term follow-up. Methods We retrospectively reviewed a prospectively maintained database of women who underwent Safyre™ or HMS between March 7ths 2005 and December 27ths, 2017. Patients had first assessment (7-10 days), second (40-45 days), and third (sixth month) postoperatively. Between September and December 2018, patients who completed at least one year of surgery, received a telephone call. Follow-up compared quartiles of follow-up time to determine complications (Clavien-Dindo), success rates (International Consultation on Incontinence Modular Questionnaire for Urinary Incontinence Short Form - ICIQ-UI SF), and patient satisfaction. Results Three hundred fifty-one patients underwent surgery and 221 (63%) were evaluated after a median of 78.47 (± 38.69) months, 125 (55%) in the HMS, and 96 (45%) in the Safyre™ group. Higher intraoperative bladder injury was observed with Safyre™ (0% vs. 4.2%, p=0.034), and a tendency for urinary retention, requiring indwelling urinary catheter over 24 hours (2.4% vs. 8.3%, p=0.061). Both HMS (p<0.001) and Safyre™ (p<0.001) presented improvements on ICIQ-UI SF. There were no differences in satisfaction, subjective cure rates, ICIQ-UI SF, or complications between groups. Conclusions Both HMS and Safyre™ have similar satisfaction and subjective cure rates, with marked ICIQ-UI SF score improvement. Higher rates of intraoperative bladder injury were seen in patients who received Safyre™ retropubic sling.

7.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 48(4): 662-671, July-Aug. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385140

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of intravaginal electrical stimulation (IVES) therapies with different treatment frequencies (two or five days in a week) added to bladder training (BT) on incontinence-related quality of life (QoL) and clinical parameters in women with refractory idiopathic overactive bladder (OAB). Material and Methods Fifty-two women with refractory idiopathic OAB were randomized into two groups as follows: Group 1 (n:26) received BT and IVES, two times in a week, for 10 weeks and Group 2 (n:26) received BT and IVES five times in a week, for 4 weeks. IVES was performed 20 minutes in a day, a total of 20 sessions for both groups. Women were evaluated for incontinence severity (24h pad test), pelvic floor muscles strength (perineometer), 3-day voiding diary (frequency of voiding, nocturia, incontinence episodes, and the number of pads), symptom severity (OAB-V8), quality of life (IIQ-7), treatment success (positive response rate), cure/improvement rate and treatment satisfaction (Likert scale). Results There was no statistically significant differences in all parameters between the two groups at the end of the treatment. It was found that the treatment satisfaction scores, cure/improvement and positive response rates were not significantly different between two groups (p>0.05). Conclusion We concluded that the application of IVES twice a week or 5 times a week added to BT were both effective on incontinence-related QoL and clinical parameters in women with refractory idiopathic OAB. These two IVES frequencies had similar clinical efficacy and patient satisfaction with a slight difference between them; 5 times per week IVES has a shorter treatment duration.

8.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 44(7): 654-659, July 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394812

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Urodynamic studies (UDSs) are a set of tests that assess the storage and emptying of urine, and they are widely used by gynecologists and urologists in the management of urinary incontinence (UI), despite the discussion about its indications. The objectives of the present study were to verify whether UDSs are routinely used in the conservative and surgical approaches to female UI, their other clinical indications, and to compare the responses of Brazilian gynecologists and urologists. Methods The present is an opinion survey applied from August 2020 to January 2021 through a semistructured questionnaire about the clinical practice sent by e-mail to all participants. The responses were compared through statistical analyses. Results Of the 329 participants, 238 were gynecologists (72.3%) and 91, urologists (27.7%). Most gynecologists (73.5%) and urologists (86.6%) do not request UDSs before the conservative treatment of UI; but UDSs are indicated in the preoperative period of anti-incontinence surgeries. Most participants request UDSs in the initial approach to overactive bladder (gynecologists: 88.2%; urologists: 96.7%), and the urologist has greater chance to request this study (odds ratio [OR] = 3.9). For most participants, it is necessary to request uroculture before the UDSs. Conclusion Most Brazilian gynecologists and urologists who participated in the present study do not request UDSs before the conservative treatment of UI, according to national and internacional guidelines, and often request it before the surgical treatment for female UI. The indication of this exam in the initial approach of idiopathic overactive bladder should be reviewed by the participants.


Resumo Objetivo O estudo urodinâmico (EU) é um conjunto de exames que avalia o armazenamento e esvaziamento da urina, e é amplamente utilizado por ginecologistas e urologistas no manejo da incontinência urinária (IU), apesar das discussões sobre suas indicações. O objetivo deste estudo foi verificar se a urodinâmica é rotineiramente utilizada nas abordagens conservadora e cirúrgica da IU feminina, além de outras de suas indicações clínicas, e comparar as respostas de ginecologistas e urologistas brasileiros. Métodos Trata-se de uma pesquisa de opinião, realizada entre agosto de 2020 e janeiro de 2021, por meio de questionário semiestruturado composto por perguntas sobre a prática clínica enviado por e-mail a todos os participantes. As respostas foram comparadas mediante análises estatísticas. Resultados Dos 329 participantes, 238 eram ginecologistas (72,3%) e 91, urologistas (27,7%). A maioria dos ginecologistas (73,5%) e urologistas (86,6%) não solicita EU antes do tratamento conservador da IU; mas o EU é indicado no pré-operatório de cirurgias para IU. A maioria dos participantes solicita EU na abordagem inicial da bexiga hiperativa (ginecologistas: 88,2%; urologistas: 96,7%), e os urologistas têm maior chance de solicitar esse exame (razão de chances [RC] = 3,9). Para a maioria dos entrevistados, é necessário solicitar urocultura junto com o EU. Conclusão A maioria dos ginecologistas e urologistas brasileiros que participaram deste estudo não solicita EU antes do tratamento conservador da IU, de acordo com as principais diretrizes nacionais e internacionais, e muitas vezes o solicita antes do tratamento cirúrgico da IU feminina. A indicação desse exame na abordagem inicial da bexiga hiperativa idiopática deve ser revista pelos participantes.

9.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 48(3): 389-396, May-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385107

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To report the prevalence of the definitions used to identify post-prostatectomy incontinence (PPI) after laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP), and to compare the rates of PPI over time under different criteria. Materials and Methods: In the period from January 1, 2000, until December 31, 2017, we used a recently described methodology to perform evidence acquisition called reverse systematic review (RSR). The continence definition and rates were evaluated and compared at 1, 3, 6, 12, and >18 months post-operative. Moreover, the RSR showed the "natural history" of PPI after LRP. Results: We identified 353 review articles in the systematized search, 137 studies about PPI were selected for data collection, and finally were included 203 reports (nr) with 51.436 patients. The most used criterion of continence was No pad (nr=121; 59.6%), the second one was Safety pad (nr=57; 28.1%). A statistically significant difference between continence criteria was identified only at >18 months (p=0.044). From 2013 until the end of our analysis, the Safety pad and Others became the most reported. Conclusion: RSR revealed the "natural history" of PPI after the LRP technique, and showed that through time the Safety pad concept was mainly used. However, paradoxically, we demonstrated that the two most utilized criteria, Safety pad and No pad, had similar PPI outcomes. Further effort should be made to standardize the PPI denomination to evaluate, compare and discuss the urinary post-operatory function.

10.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet. (Impr.) ; 27(6): 2259-2267, jun. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1375000

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivou-se medir a prevalência de autopercepção negativa da saúde e sintomas depressivos em idosos segundo a presença de incontinência urinária, após nove anos de acompanhamento. Trata-se de um estudo de coorte prospectivo de base populacional intitulado Saúde do Idoso Gaúcho de Bagé, no Rio Grande do Sul. Foram entrevistados 1.593 idosos no estudo de linha de base (2008) e 735 entre setembro de 2016 e agosto de 2017. A exposição "incontinência urinária (IU)" foi avaliada no estudo de linha de base e os desfechos "autopercepção negativa da saúde" e "sintomas depressivos" em 2016/17. A razão de odds e o intervalo de confiança de 95% foram calculados com regressão logística bruta e ajustada para variáveis demográficas, sociais, comportamentais e de condições de saúde. A prevalência de IU foi 20,7% em 2008 e 24,5% em 2016/17; a incidência foi de 19,8%, sendo 23,8% entre as mulheres e 14,6% entre os homens (p = 0,009). Idosos com IU no estudo de linha de base apresentaram chances 4,0 (IC95%:1,8-8,8) e 3,4 (IC95%:1,8-6,2) vezes maior de desenvolver autopercepção negativa da saúde e sintomas depressivos, respectivamente, após nove anos de acompanhamento, comparados àqueles sem IU. Os resultados evidenciam maior chance de problemas mentais entre idosos com IU.


Abstract The scope of this study was to measure the prevalence of negative self-perceived health and depressive symptoms in elderly adults according to the presence of urinary incontinence, after a follow-up of nine years. This is a prospective population-based cohort study entitled Bagé Cohort Study of Aging, from Rio Grande do Sul. A total of 1,593 elderly adults were interviewed in the baseline study (2008) and 735 between September 2016 and August 2017. The "urinary incontinence (UI)" exposure was assessed in the baseline study and the outcomes "negative self-perceived health" and "depressive symptoms" in 2016/17. The odds ratio and 95% confidence interval were calculated by Logistic Regression and adjusted for demographic, social, behavioral and health conditions. The prevalence of UI was 20.7% in 2008 and 24.5% in 2016/17; the incidence was 19.8%, being 23.8% among women and 14.6% among men (p = 0.009). Elderly adults with UI at the baseline study had a 4.0 (CI95%: 1.8-8.8) and a 3.4 (CI95%: 1.8-6.2) greater chance to develop negative self-perception of health and depressive symptoms, respectively, after nine years of follow-up, compared to those without UI. The results show a greater probability of mental problems among elderly adults with UI.

11.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 87(3): 245-249, jun. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388732

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: La TVT (tension-free vaginal tape) es una cirugía efectiva, pero no exenta de riesgos. Las complicaciones vasculares ocurren en un 0,9-1,7%; solo el 0,33% se presentan como hematoma masivo, en general asociado a la lesión de variante anatómica corona mortis (CM). OBJETIVO: Reportar tres tipos de manejo en pacientes con hematomas masivos después de cirugía para la incontinencia. MÉTODO: Revisión de casos de hematomas masivos tras TVT. Análisis de tres casos con diferente manejo. RESULTADOS: 1086 pacientes operadas en 10 años, 1% hematomas sintomáticos, 0,36% hematomas masivos. Se presentan tres casos. Caso 1: presenta inestabilidad hemodinámica sin respuesta a volumen ni vasoactivos, requirió laparotomía exploradora y se encontró un vaso sangrante retropúbico, compatible con CM, y un hematoma de 1000 cc. Caso 2: hipotensión que responde a volumen, asintomática al día siguiente de alta, reingresó 12 días después con caída de 6 puntos en la hemoglobina y la tomografía computarizada (TC) mostró un hematoma de 550 cc; recibió drenaje percutáneo. Caso 3: asintomática, alta el primer día posoperatorio, reingresa al quinto día con descenso de 4 puntos en la hemoglobina y la TC informa hematoma de 420 cc, que drena espontáneamente por vía vaginal. Todas las pacientes recibieron 14 días de antibióticos, y permanecieron continentes. CONCLUSIONES: Los hematomas retropúbicos masivos son una complicación poco frecuente. Su manejo considera la estabilización hemodinámica, el control del sangrado y el drenaje.


INTRODUCTION: TVT (tension-free vaginal tape) is an effective surgery, not without risks. Vascular complications occur in 0.9 to 1.7%, of which 0.33% present as massive hematoma, generally associated with injury of an anatomical variant, Corona Mortis (CM). OBJECTIVE: To report three types of management in patients with massive hematomas after anti-incontinence surgery. METHOD: Review of cases of massive hematomas after TVT surgery. Analysis of three cases with different management. RESULTS: 1086 patients operated in 10 years, 1% symptomatic hematomas, 0.36% massive. Three cases are presented. Case 1: hemodynamic instability without response to volume or vasoactive agents, required reoperation with exploratory laparotomy, a retropubic bleeding vessel, compatible with CM, and hematoma 1000 cc was found. Case 2: hypotension responds to volume, asymptomatic at next day in discharge conditions, she was readmitted 12 days later with falled 6-point in Hb, and CT showed hematoma 550 cc; she received percutaneous drainage. Case 3: asymptomatic, discharge on the first day after TVT, readmitted on the 5th day with falled 4-point in Hb, CT informed hematoma 420 cc, spontaneously drains vaginally. Patients received 14 days of antibiotics, remained continent. CONCLUSIONS: Massive retropubic hematomas are an infrequent complication, and management considers hemodynamic stabilization, bleeding control and drainage.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Urologic Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Suburethral Slings/adverse effects , Hematoma/etiology , Hematoma/therapy , Urinary Incontinence/surgery , Intraoperative Complications
12.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 44(5): 503-510, May 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1387910

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives To evaluate the impact of surgical treatment of deep infiltrative endometriosis (DIE) on pelvic floor dysfunction (urinary incontinence [UI], pelvic organ prolapse [POP], fecal incontinence [FI)] or constipation, and sexual function [dyspareunia]). Data Source The present systematic review was performed in the PubMed database. For the selection of studies, articles should be published by January 5, 2021, without language restriction. Study Selection Six randomized controlled studies that evaluated surgical treatment for DIE and the comparison of different surgical techniques were included. Data Collection The studies were selected independently by title and abstract by two authors. Disagreements were resolved by a third author. All included studies were also evaluated according to the Cochrane risk of bias tool and the quality of the evidence was analyzed using the GRADE criteria. Subgroup analysis by different treatments and follow-up periods was also performed. Results Six studies were included in the quantitative analysis. The risk of bias between studies showed an uncertain risk of bias for most studies, with concealment of allocation being the least reported category. The quality of the evidence was considered low. High heterogeneity was found between the studies. No study has evaluated UI or POP comparatively before and after surgery. Conclusion Dyspareunia and FI have improved after the surgical procedure, but it was not possible to demonstratewhich surgical technique was related to these outcomes as there was surgical heterogeneity. This diversity was found across data, with the recommendation of future prospective studies addressing pelvic floor disorders withDIE.


Resumo Objetivos Avaliar o impacto do tratamento cirúrgico para endometriose infiltrante profunda (EIP) nas disfunções do assoalho pélvico (incontinência urinária [IU], prolapso de órgãos pélvicos [POP], incontinência fecal [IF] ou constipação e função sexual [dispareunia]). Fonte de Dados A presente revisão sistemática foi realizada na base de dados PubMed. Para a seleção dos estudos, os artigos deveriam ser publicados até 5 de janeiro de 2021, sem restrição de idioma. Seleção dos Estudos Foram incluídos seis estudos randomizados e controlados que avaliaram o tratamento cirúrgico para EIP e a comparação de diferentes técnicas cirúrgicas. Coleta de Dados Os estudos foram selecionados de forma independente por título e resumo por dois autores. As discordâncias foram avaliadas por umterceiro autor. Todos os estudos incluídos foram avaliados de acordo coma ferramenta Cochrane de risco de viés e a qualidade de evidência foi analisada usando os critérios GRADE. A análise de subgrupo por diferentes tratamentos e períodos de acompanhamento também foi realizada. Resultados Seis estudos foram incluídos na análise quantitativa. O risco de viés mostrou um risco incerto de viés para a maioria dos estudos, sendo a ocultação da alocação a categoria menos relatada. A qualidade de evidência foi considerada baixa. Alta heterogeneidade foi encontrada entre os estudos. Nenhum estudo avaliou a IU ou o POP comparativamente antes e após a cirurgia. Conclusão A dispareunia e a IF melhoraram após o procedimento cirúrgico, mas não foi possível demonstrar qual técnica cirúrgica esteve relacionada a estes desfechos, pois houve heterogeneidade cirúrgica. Esta diversidade foi encontrada nos dados, com a recomendação de estudos prospectivos futuros abordando distúrbios do assoalho pélvico com EIP.

13.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 44(5): 511-518, May 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1387915

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction The Burch procedure (1961) was considered the gold standard treatment for stress urinary incontinence (SUI) before the midurethral slings (MUSs) were introduced, in 2001. Objective This historical perspective of the Burch's timeline can encourage urogynecological surgeons to master the Burch technique as one of the options for surgical treatment of SUI. Search Strategy and Selection Criteria A bibliographic search was performed in the PubMed and National Library of Medicine (NIH) databases with the terms Burch colposuspension AND history AND stress urinary incontinence in the last 20 years. The original article by Burch (1961) was included. The references were read by three authors. The exclusion criterion was studies in non-English languages. Biomedical Library Special Collections were included as historical relevant search. Data Collection, Analysis and Main Results Some modifications of the technique have been made since the Burch procedure was first described. The interest in this technique has been increasing due to the negative publicity associated with vaginal synthetic mesh products. Twenty-nine relevant articles were included in the present review article, and numerous trials have compared Burch colposuspension with MUS. Conclusion This historical perspective enables the scientific community to review a standardized technique for SUI. Burch colposuspension should be considered an appropriate surgical treatment for women with SUI, and an option in urogynecological training programs worldwide.


Resumo Introdução O procedimento de Burch (1961) foi considerado o tratamento padrão ouro para a incontinência urinária de esforço (IUE) antes da introdução dos slings de uretra média (SUMs), em 2001. Objetivo Esta perspectiva histórica da linha do tempo do procedimento de Burch pode encorajar os cirurgiões uroginecológicos a dominar a técnica deste procedimento como uma das opções para o tratamento cirúrgico da IUE. Estratégia de busca e critérios de seleção A busca bibliográfica foi realizada nas bases de dados PubMed e National Library of Medicine (NIH) com os termos Burch colposuspension AND history AND stress urinary incontinence nos últimos 20 anos. O artigo original de Burch (1961) foi incluído. As referências foram analisadas por três autores com exclusão de estudos em idiomas diferentes do inglês. Coleções de bibliotecas biomédicas foram incluídas por ordem de relevância histórica. Coleta de dados, análise e principais resultados Algumas modificações de técnica foram realizadas desde que o procedimento de Burch foi inicialmente descrito. O interesse por essa técnica vem aumentando devido à publicidade negativa associada aos produtos de tela sintética vaginal. Vinte e nove artigos relevantes foramincluídos, e vários estudos compararam a colposuspensão de Burch com SUMs. Conclusão Essa perspectiva histórica possibilita à comunidade científica revisar uma técnica padronizada para a IUE. A colposuspensão de Burch pode ser considerada um tratamento cirúrgico adequado paramulheres com IUE, e uma opção emprogramas de treinamento uroginecológico em todo o mundo.

14.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 48(2): 316-325, March-Apr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364940

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: Overactive bladder (OAB) is a common syndrome associated with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), especially urinary incontinence in children, which may affect the patient's quality of life (QoL). Vitamin D deficiency has been shown to be associated with OAB syndrome. This study evaluated the relationship between vitamin D status and OAB-related symptoms and QoL in children. Materials and Methods: The study included 52 pediatric patients with OAB-related urinary incontinence and 41 healthy children. LUTS were assessed using the Dysfunctional Voiding and Incontinence Symptoms Score (DVISS) questionnaire, and QoL was assessed using the Pediatric Incontinence Questionnaire (PINQ). Oral vitamin D supplementation was given to patients with OAB with vitamin D deficiency. Urinary symptoms and QoL were evaluated before and after vitamin D supplementation. Results: Vitamin D deficiency was more common in the OAB group (75%) than in the control group (36.6%). Logistic regression analysis revealed that vitamin D status (<20ng/mL) was a significant predictor of OAB. Both pre-treatment and post-treatment DVISS and PINQ scores showed a positive correlation. After vitamin D supplementation, 8 (23.5%) patients had a complete response and 19 (55.9%) patients had a partial response. Significant improvement in QoL was also achieved. Conclusions: Vitamin D deficiency is more common in children with urinary incontinence and OAB than in healthy children. Although vitamin D deficiency is not routinely evaluated for every patient, it should be evaluated in treatment-resistant OAB cases. Vitamin D supplementation may improve urinary symptoms and QoL in patients with OAB.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Urinary Incontinence/complications , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Urinary Bladder, Overactive/complications , Urinary Bladder, Overactive/etiology , Quality of Life , Surveys and Questionnaires
15.
Estima (Online) ; 20(1): e0122, Jan-Dec. 2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1379800

ABSTRACT

Objetivo:objetivou-se descrever os procedimentos técnicos operacionais e dados clínicos relacionados à implantação de um programa de atenção à saúde das pessoas com distúrbios do assoalho pélvico em um serviço público de atenção secundária. Método: trata-se de um relato de experiência, baseado em vivências relacionadas à assistência acadêmico-profissional na implantação de serviço voltado aos distúrbios do assoalho pélvico na região do Cariri cearense, realizado de maio a julho de 2021. Resultados: para a implantação do serviço, adotaram-se as seguintes estratégias: rastreamento da rede de atenção à saúde da pessoa com distúrbios do assoalho pélvico; estruturação organizacional do serviço; captação de pessoas com disfunções pélvicas; início dos atendimentos; e seguimento terapêutico. Conclusão: face ao exposto, evidencia-se que o programa de atenção à saúde das pessoas com distúrbios do assoalho pélvico pôde ser implantado satisfatoriamente, tendo em vista a infraestrutura, ao expressivo quantitativo de atendimentos realizados e ao seguimento terapêutico alcançado. Assim, com este relato, espera-se contribuir para o desenvolvimento de novos serviços ambulatoriais voltados a essa área de atuação do enfermeiro estomaterapeuta e da equipe multidisciplinar.


Objective:the objective was to describe the technical operational procedures and clinical data related to the implementation of a health care program for people with pelvic floor disorders in a public secondary care service. Method: this is an experience report, based on experiences related to academic and professional assistance in the implementation of a service aimed at pelvic floor disorders in the Cariri region of Ceará, carried out from May to July 2021. Results: for the implementation of the service, the following strategies were adopted: tracking the health care network for people with pelvic floor disorders; organizational structuring of the service; capturing people with pelvic dysfunctions; start of care; and therapeutic follow-up. Conclusion: in view of the above, it is evident that the health care program for people with pelvic floor disorders could be implemented satisfactorily, considering the infrastructure, the significant amount of care provided and the therapeutic follow-up achieved. Thus, with this report, it is expected to contribute to the development of new outpatient services aimed at this area of work of the stomatherapist nurse and the multidisciplinary team.


Objetivo:El objetivo es describir los procedimientos técnicos operativos y datos clínicos relacionados a la implementación de un programa de atención a la salud de las personas con trastornos del suelo pélvico en un servicio público de atención secundaria. Método: se trata de un reporte de experiencia, basado en vivencias relacionadas a la asistencia académico-profesional en la implementación de servicio destinado a los trastornos del suelo pélvico en la región del Cariri cearense, realizado de mayo a julio de 2021. Resultados: para la implementación del servicio, se adoptaron las siguientes estrategias: rastreo de la red de atención a la salud de personas con trastornos del suelo pélvico; estructuración organizacional del servicio; captación de personas con disfunciones pélvicas; inicio de la atención; y seguimiento terapéutico. Conclusión: frente a lo expuesto, queda evidente que el programa de atención a la salud de las personas con trastornos del suelo pélvico puede ser implementado satisfactoriamente, teniendo en cuenta la infraestructura, el importante número de atenciones realizadas y al seguimiento terapéutico alcanzado. Así, con este informe, se espera contribuir al desarrollo de nuevos servicios ambulatorios destinados a esta área de trabajo del enfermero estomaterapeuta y del equipo multidisciplinario.


Subject(s)
Urinary Incontinence , Delivery of Health Care , Fecal Incontinence , Pelvic Floor Disorders , Enterostomal Therapy
16.
Univ. salud ; 24(1): 36-44, ene.-abr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1361184

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La incontinencia urinaria por esfuerzo (IUE) tiene una alta prevalencia en mujeres adultas, afectando variables psicológicas, sociales y funcionales como la disminución de capacidad de equilibrio, debido a una escasa contribución en los movimientos del tronco hacia una corrección postural. Objetivo: Determinar los efectos de un programa basado en ejercicio muscular de piso pélvico y educación sobre el equilibrio estático y la calidad de vida en mujeres con IUE. Materiales y métodos: Participaron 18 mujeres con IUE durante 12 semanas en 10 sesiones de ejercicio muscular de piso pélvico y educación (hábitos de higiene, micción, ingesta de líquidos). Pre y post-intervención se evaluó equilibrio estático mediante oscilografía postural y calidad de vida mediante el International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire Short-Form (ICQ-SF). Los datos fueron analizados con la prueba no paramétrica de Wilcoxon. Resultados: Se encontró una disminución significativa en el área de desplazamiento del centro de presión en el subtest ojos abiertos (p=0,027) y en el Subtest ojos cerrados (p=0,006). Disminuyó la sintomatología asociada a IUE (p=0,0001). Conclusiones: Pos-intervención mejora equilibrio estático y calidad de vida, confirmando los efectos positivos de este programa que pueden servir de orientación a profesionales de la salud que trabajan con mujeres con IUE.


Introduction: Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) has high prevalence in adult women, affecting psychological, social and functional variables, including decreased balance capacity, due to a lack of trunk movements that contribute to postural correction. Objective: To determine how a program based on pelvic floor muscle exercises and education affects static balance and quality of life of women with SUI. Materials and methods: 18 SUI female patients participated in a 12 week/10 sessions program that included pelvic floor muscle exercises and education (hygiene habits, urination, fluid intake). Static balance and quality of life were assessed before and after the intervention using postural oscillography and the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire Short Form(ICQ-SF), respectively. Data were analyzed with the non-parametric Wilcoxon test. Results: The displacement area of the center of pressure in the open (p=0.027) and closed (p=0.006) subtests showed a significant reduction. Likewise, the amount of symptoms associated with SUI decreased (p=0.0001). Conclusions: Intervention improves static balance and quality of life, confirming the positive effects of this program, which can serve as a guide for health professionals who work with women with SUI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Urologic Diseases , Exercise , Quality of Life , Urinary Incontinence , Urinary Incontinence, Stress , Postural Balance , Healthy Lifestyle
17.
Estima (Online) ; 20(1): e0522, Jan-Dec. 2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1381968

ABSTRACT

Objetivo:Verificar a prevalência e os fatores de risco associados à incontinência urinária em mulheres jovens nulíparas. Método: Revisão integrativa da literatura, realizada através de busca nas bases de dados: Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (MEDLINE), Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências de Saúde (LILACS), Índice Bibliográfico Espanhol em Ciências da Saúde (IBECS) e na Base de Dados de Enfermagem (BDENF), no período de março a junho de 2021, utilizando os descritores: "incontinência urinária", "prevalência", "mulheres", "estudantes" e "adulto jovem" combinados através do operador booleano "AND". Resultados: A busca inicial resultou em 234 artigos e, após aplicação dos critérios de elegibilidade, obteve-se uma amostra final de 5 artigos. Após as análises, evidenciou-se prevalência de incontinência urinária em mulheres jovens nulíparas de 48%. Os fatores de risco foram: atividade física de alto impacto, duração da atividade física, sintomas intestinais e urinários concomitantes. Conclusão: Observou-se que a ocorrência de incontinência urinária em mulheres jovens nulíparas é uma condição comum, os fatores de risco associados demonstram a necessidade de orientação em saúde a essas mulheres para evitar a cronificação do agravo.


Objective:To verify the prevalence and risk factors associated with urinary incontinence in nulliparous young women. Methods: Integrative literature review, performed by searching the following databases: Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (MEDLINE), Latin American and Caribbean Literature in Health Sciences (LILACS), Spanish Bibliographic Index in Health Sciences (IBECS) and in the Nursing Database (BDENF), from March to June 2021, using the descriptors: "urinary incontinence", "prevalence", "women", "students" and "young adult" combined with the Boolean operator "AND". Results: The initial search resulted in 234 articles and, after applying the eligibility criteria, a final sample of 5 articles was obtained. After the analyses, a prevalence of urinary incontinence in young nulliparous women of 48% was evidenced. Risk factors were: high-impact physical activity, duration of physical activity, concomitant bowel and urinary symptoms. Conclusion: It was observed that the occurrence of urinary incontinence in nulliparous young women is a common condition. The associated risk factors demonstrate the need for health guidance to these women to avoid the chronification of the disease.


Objetivo:Verificar la prevalencia y los factores de riesgo asociados a incontinencia urinaria en mujeres jóvenes nulíparas. Método: Revisión integral de literatura realizada a través de búsqueda en las bases de datos: Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (MEDILINE) Literatura Latinoamericana y del Caribe en Ciencias De Salud (LILACS), Índice bibliográfico español en ciencias de salud (IBECS) y en la Base de Datos de Enfermería (BDENF), en el periodo de marzo a junio del 2021 utilizando los descriptores "incontinencia urinaria", "prevalencia", "mujeres", "estudiantes" y "adulto joven" combinados a través del operador booleano "AND". Resultados: Después del análisis se evidenció una prevalencia de incontinencia urinaria en mujeres jóvenes nulíparas de 48%. Los factores de riesgo fueron: actividad física de alto impacto, duración de actividad física, síntomas intestinales y urinarios concomitantes. Conclusión: Se observó que la ocurrencia de incontinencia urinaria en mujeres jóvenes nulíparas es una condición común. Los factores de riesgo asociados demuestran la necesidad de orientación en salud a esas mujeres para evitar la cronificación de la gravedad.


Subject(s)
Students , Urinary Incontinence , Prevalence , Enterostomal Therapy
18.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 42(1): 77-84, Jan.-Mar. 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1375760

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Anal incontinence is defined as the loss of voluntary control of fecal matter or gases with a recurrence period longer than 3 months in individuals aged ≥ 4 years; it has a female predominance. Among the treatment modalities is pelvic physiotherapy, the second line of treatment, which promotes the reeducation, coordination, and strengthening of the muscles of the pelvic floor to enable patients to return to their regular activities of daily living. Objective: To perform a systematic review on the physiotherapeutic treatments used in women between the ages of 18 and 65 years with a diagnosis of anal incontinence. Material and methods Clinical studies written in Portuguese, Spanish and English were searched on the the following databases: Science Direct, Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (Medline) via PubMed, Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro), Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO), and Scopus. Results: Of the 998 articles found, only 4 studies met the inclusion criteria of the present systematic review. The physiotherapeutic approaches to treat women with anal incontinence are biofeedback, Kegel exercises, electrostimulation, and training of the pelvic floor muscles. The average score on the PEDro scale was of 6.25, which indicates that the methodological quality was good. Conclusion: Although pelvic physiotherapy is effective to treat anal incontinence, it must be promoted through the performance of evidence-based scientific research. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Physical Therapy Modalities , Fecal Incontinence/rehabilitation , Obstetric Labor Complications/therapy , Fecal Incontinence/etiology
19.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 42(1): 32-37, Jan.-Mar. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1375765

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the association of fecal incontinence (FI) and lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in patients diagnosed with initial prostate cancer (PC) and after any therapeutic approach (surgery and radiotherapy). Methods: Cross-sectional study using the Cleveland Clinic Incontinence Score (CCIS), the Fecal Incontinence Quality of Life (FIQL) questionnaire, and the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire Overactive Bladder (ICIQ-OAB). Results: A total of 84 patients with PC were included: 40 of them had not started treatment, 31 were submitted to radical prostatectomy (RP), and 13 were submitted to radiotherapy (RT). Those submitted to RT presented higher scores on the ICIQ-OAB (p=0.01). When comparing the whole sample reagarding the patients with and without FI, we observed that the incontinents presented a higher frequency of urinary incontinence (UI) (p<0.001). Moreover, when comparing patients with/without FI within their treatment groups regarding the presence of UI and FIQL scores, we identified that patients undergoing RP presented an association between UI and FI (p<0.001) and a greater impact of FI on the FIQL (p<0.001). Conclusion: Patients submitted to RT present more intense LUTS. Moreover, patients with FI present a higher association with UI, and this association is more marked in those with FI submitted to RP. (AU)


Subject(s)
Prostatic Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms , Quality of Life , Radiotherapy/adverse effects , Surveys and Questionnaires , Fecal Incontinence
20.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 35(1): e1303, ene.-mar. 2022. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1409033

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La retinopatía de la prematuridad es una enfermedad dinámica vasoproliferativa de la retina inmadura postnatal que afecta a los bebés prematuros. Cuando aparecen signos de atipicidad en su diagnóstico o evolución deben descartarse otras entidades vasculares de la retina, que generalmente tienen un trasfondo genético y semejan o coexisten con dicha entidad. Se presenta un caso con características de Retinopatía del prematuro y algunos signos de atipicidad. Se describe su manejo y evolución, así como una breve descripción de las entidades que conforman el diagnóstico diferencial.


ABSTRACT Retinopathy of prematurity is a dynamic vasoproliferative disease of the immature postnatal retina that affects premature babies. When signs of atypicality appear in its diagnosis or evolution, other vascular entities of the retina must be ruled out, which generally have a genetic background and resemble or coexist with said entity. We present a case with characteristics of Retinopathy of prematurity and some signs of atypicality. Its management and evolution are described, as well as a brief description of the entities that make up the differential diagnosis.

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